ES2668485T3 - Method and system for the production of an image by means of tiles on a wall, floor or ceiling - Google Patents

Method and system for the production of an image by means of tiles on a wall, floor or ceiling Download PDF

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Publication number
ES2668485T3
ES2668485T3 ES12180559.2T ES12180559T ES2668485T3 ES 2668485 T3 ES2668485 T3 ES 2668485T3 ES 12180559 T ES12180559 T ES 12180559T ES 2668485 T3 ES2668485 T3 ES 2668485T3
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Spain
Prior art keywords
tiles
image
production
arrangement
tile
Prior art date
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Active
Application number
ES12180559.2T
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Spanish (es)
Inventor
Birgit Evermark
Original Assignee
Birgit Evermark
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
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Priority to SE1150745A priority Critical patent/SE536423C2/en
Priority to SE1150745 priority
Application filed by Birgit Evermark filed Critical Birgit Evermark
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M5/00Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein
    • B41M5/0041Digital printing on surfaces other than ordinary paper
    • B41M5/0047Digital printing on surfaces other than ordinary paper by ink-jet printing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M5/00Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein
    • B41M5/0041Digital printing on surfaces other than ordinary paper
    • B41M5/007Digital printing on surfaces other than ordinary paper on glass, ceramic, tiles, concrete, stones, etc.
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M7/00After-treatment of prints, e.g. heating, irradiating, setting of the ink, protection of the printed stock
    • B41M7/0081After-treatment of prints, e.g. heating, irradiating, setting of the ink, protection of the printed stock using electromagnetic radiation or waves, e.g. ultraviolet radiation, electron beams

Abstract

Method of producing a tile arrangement, comprising the steps of; - choose an image (20 ') for an arrangement (2) of tiles, - arrange to have said image (20') in digital form on a computer device (5), - choose a tile (3) to be used for the arrangement (2) of tiles, - using software in said computing device (5) to produce a production template (20 ") that allows the transfer of said image (20 ') to a desired number of said tiles (3) , - using a production unit (9) for the transfer of said production template (20 ") to each of said tiles (3), characterized by chemically treating an upper surface (35) of said tiles (3) in shape after pickling by means of a pickling acid, thereafter said image (20 ') is transferred directly to each of said tiles (3) by means of a production unit (9) using a UV inkjet printer flat.

Description

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DESCRIPTION
Method and system for the production of an image by means of tiles on a wall, floor or ceiling Technical field
This invention relates to a system and method of producing a tile arrangement, comprising the steps of; choose an image for an arrangement of tiles, arrange to have said image in digital form on a computer device, choose a tile to be used for the arrangement of tiles, use software in said computer device to produce a production template that allows the transfer of said image to a desired number of said tiles, use a production unit for the transfer of said production template in each of said tiles.
Technical background
The use of applying images to walls, floors and / or ceilings has long been a means for individuals and organizations to "decorate" a closed space, for example, a room. Tiles are building elements that are preferred in many different situations thanks to their aesthetic appearance and also their ability to provide strength and durability. The production of tiles includes relatively many stages of production and in order to provide profitability it is necessary to produce a large number of each tile, which has its own aesthetic appearance. This last fact limits the ability to provide a customer with a personalized image applied through traditionally produced tiles. Production systems that can be used to produce individually designed tiles are known, but these systems are either very expensive or complex (for example, US 2007/0246148 and US 2007/0085983) and therefore the cost for such tiles are very high, which results in limited availability of such tiles.
Document US2007 / 0115336 refers to a method of digital inkjet printing method comprising the following procedures: 1. Choose the basic material, 2. Perform the pre-preparation of the basic material, 3. Print graphics directly on basic materials ; and, 4. Perform subsequent surface preparation of basic materials to protect the surface graphics of basic materials; based on the procedures, choose the appropriate basic material to have the basic material with more variable colors, so that the graphics, the colors are not limited, more saturated colors, better scratch resistance and water resistance; The graphics can remain in the basic material longer with good weather resistance and quality in deposit standard.
EP2497647 (which constitutes the prior art according to art. 54 (3) EPC) describes a procedure for decorating an enameled ceramic tile, comprising the steps of: (a) applying a primer composition on the tile and optionally removing the primer over tile composition; (b) applying an ink composition comprising a radiation curable component in the primer composition by inkjet technology and (c) curing the ink composition. The method may further comprise the step of (d) optionally providing a protective coating on the top of the cured ink composition.
There is a need for a production system and method that allows more cost-effective production of individually designed tiles.
Brief Description of the Invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a more cost-effective method / system for the production of custom tiles, which is allowed by means of a system / method as defined in the appended claims.
Thanks to the invention, the use of conventionally produced tiles as a basic raw material for the production of custom tiles is facilitated, which dramatically increases flexibility, and reduces cost, for the production of such custom tiles.
Brief description of the figures
In the following, the invention will be described with reference to the attached figures, in which:
Figure 1 shows a schematic view of a room with a wall part according to the invention,
Figure 2 shows an image used as the original to produce part of the tiled wall according to the invention,
Figure 3 schematically shows the steps to transform the original image into a production template,
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Figure 4 schematically shows a first stage of preparation for tiles according to the invention, and, Figure 5 schematically shows the production line for a tile arrangement according to the invention. Detailed description
In Fig. 1, a room is shown in a schematic manner, a room having a wall 1, in which a tile arrangement 2 according to the invention has been arranged in a part thereof. The tile arrangement 2 comprises a number of tiles 3 (or clinkers, tiles or the like), in this example twelve tiles, which together have an image 20, which can be chosen individually. Therefore, each tile, for example, 31 and 32, has a fraction of a total image 20 ’and by placing the tiles in a predetermined manner on the wall 1 they will present an image 20 in its entirety according to the chosen image 20’. As is evident, the tiles can also be arranged naturally in the rest of the wall 1, for example, by the use of conventional tiles in a traditional manner. In addition, it is understood that the entire wall 1 can be used to present an image 20, or a plurality of images, and furthermore that the presentation of the image can be achieved through the use of tiles of varying size. In addition, of course, it is evident that the image, or images in fact, can also be applied to either one or all of the wall, ceiling and floor.
In figure 2, an original image 20 'is shown which is intended to be used to present the image that will be produced by means of tiles 3 on a wall 1. Image 20' can be a hand-painted image, of any kind, or of made any kind of image that is located on a substrate (not shown) that can be managed for the production of a production template. A very convenient format for the original 20 ’image is a digital photograph, which should preferably be of high quality to allow high quality magnification and reproduction.
In figure 3, a schematic view of a production installation 4, 5, 6, 7 for the production of a production template 20 "is shown. In Figure 3, an embodiment is presented in which the original desired image 20 ′ is in the form of an image is a soul-shaped substrate, for example, a sheet of paper or a sheet of tissue. Then, the substrate 20 ’is introduced into a scanner 4 that transforms the image 20’ into a digital representation and transmits the image to a computer device 5. The computing device 5 has a software that allows the production of a production template 20 ". As indicated, computer 5 can preferably be connected to the Internet 7 and / or to a database 6 (which in fact can be stored internally in computer 5). By connecting to the database 6 (or Internet 7), the person in the computing device 5 can choose a desired basic tile 3 from a wide variety of available tiles registered in the database 6 and / or identified on the Internet 7. In addition, the person in the computing device 5 is aware of (preferably stored in the computing device) all the necessary input data of the customer who has requested the arrangement 2 of tiles, for example, the size of the area for image 2, preferences regarding the quality of tiles, preferences regarding the size of each tile, preferences regarding the base color of the tiles, etc. Based on all input data, the person in the computing device 5 will make an appropriate choice of a tile 3 for the production of the template 20 "and the computing device 5 will produce through the specific software a production template 20 'which includes each 31, 32, etc. of all the tiles 3 that are needed to form the image 20 of the tile arrangement 2.
In Figure 4, a pretreatment unit 8 is shown. The tiles 3, in a traditional manner, comprise a rear side 34, within an appropriate surface for fixing it, an intermediate layer 36 that forms the core of the tile, and an upper surface 35 that is intended for exposure. The upper surface 35 often comprises a sintered / enameled layer of a material that is not suitable for the application of any printed material. As a consequence, before applying any desired decoration on the tiles 3, they are treated in the pretreatment device 4 to transform the upper surface 35 into a modified surface 35 ’that is appropriate for the application of printing material. Many different kinds of treatments can be used for surface modification 35. The most preferred treatment according to the invention is the use of etching to chemically transform surface 35 into a printable upper surface 35 ’.
With regard to the pretreatment of the tiles 3, the main purpose of that is to provide a surface that is appropriate for the transfer of the impression to it, and that is sustainable. There are many different methods that can be used in order to achieve an appropriate 35 ’surface. A preferred embodiment includes the use of pickling, ie using a pickling acid. The pickling acid is placed on the upper surfaces 35 of the tile, which is preferably done by spraying it on the surface 35. Alternatively, the tiles 3 can be submerged in a container (located inside the pretreatment device 8) containing the acid from pickling Several kinds of pickling acids are viable, which may include complementary content, depending on what kind of basic material and top surface are those of the tile 3 to be treated. Preferably, a mixture of at least two acids from the group of hydrofluoric acid, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid and hydrochloric acid is used. Tests have shown that nitric acid is preferably the main ingredient in the mixture, and then preferably contains at least 50% nitric acid. Once applied, the pickling acid is allowed to come into contact with the surfaces 35 during a period of
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sufficient time (preferably, between 1 and 24, more preferably between about 2 and 6 hours) to modify the surfaces 35 to be printable surfaces 35 ’. Also, the period of time in contact with the surfaces will naturally vary depending on the properties of the surfaces 35. Once a desired roughness / surface property of the tile 3 has been achieved, the tile 3 is cleaned, for example, by washing it with water , preferably warm water, between 20 and 70 degrees C °, often more preferably between 30 and 50 degrees C °. Thereafter, the upper surfaces 35 'of the tile 3 are protected, for example, by wrapping it in a protective coating and moving to the installation that has the printing device 9.
Before introducing the tiles 3 into the printing device 9, the coating is first removed and, thereafter, the upper surface 35 ’is cleaned in order to remove possible stains and / or particles. A preferred cleaning medium is based on some kind of alcohol as an active cleaning substance.
According to an alternative method, surfaces can be roughened by abrasive blasting. Also, another kind of abrasive method can be used to obtain the desired surfaces 35 ’.
Once the tiles 3 have been prepared for printing, they will be introduced into a production unit 9 in which the print is made in the upper layer 35 'of each tile using the template 20 "of traditional production and printing technology, for example, using a flatbed printer. As a consequence, each of the tiles, 31, 32, etc. necessary will be produced to represent a specific fraction of said image 20 by means of the production unit 9, that is to say to reproduce each and every one of the fractions of the total image 20 that is intended to be applied to the wall 1. Before the delivery of the tiles, a protective layer (not shown) is provided on top of the printed image of each tile 3, for example, by applying varnish or any appropriate kind of seal, which may vary depending on the environment in which you are going to apply tile arrangement 2.
Figure 5 shows that a single tile passes through the production unit 9 at a time to receive a fraction of the total image 20. Naturally, it may be possible to feed the production unit 9 with a matrix containing more than one tile, for example, containing a row of tiles (for example, 3 tiles) or multiple rows, for example, twelve tiles as shown In Figure 1, I either print a subfraction of the total image 20 in the matrix, or the entire image 20 at once, which means that each tile 31.32 receives a fraction of the total image 20. Then, the printable width w ’of the production unit will have to be at least that corresponding to the width w of the image 20.
A fundamental advantage with the production method / system according to the invention is that the cost for a custom tile image 2 can be drastically reduced, compared to known methods. An additional very important advantage is that it is easily feasible to reproduce one or more tiles 3 at a later stage (for example, due to damage) since the production template 20 "can be easily stored for a very long period of time, implying that the Reproduction will be possible at a relatively low cost.
With regard to printing on tile surfaces 35, this can be achieved by using a flat UV (ultraviolet) inkjet printer, for example, a Durst, RBS Rigid Board Set, or Durst RBS30DM Rigid Premium Board Set. This technology is based on a digital inkjet concept, in which the printing ink reacts / hardens when exposed to ultraviolet light. Preferably, the ink should be free of VOCs (volatile organic compounds).
With respect to the subsequent treatment, that is to say the treatment after removing the tiles 31, 32 from the printing device 9, these 3 are properly cleaned first, preferably by spraying an appropriate cleaning product on the printed surface 35 ', by example, a product to remove silicon. Thereafter, a protective surface is applied to the upper part of the printed upper surfaces 35 'to the tiles 31, 32. The preferred method of applying a protective layer is by spraying paint of a durable transparent layer, for example, an appropriate transparent varnish. Preferably, the protective layer is applied in multiple layers. Thereafter, the protective layer hardens, for example, resting at room temperature for a period of time, or at elevated temperature if a shorter period of time is desired. Alternatively, powder varnish can be used, in which the protective layer is obtained by melting the powder at elevated temperature (for example in an oven). A further alternative embodiment to achieve the protective layer is the use of a transparent film, which is either self-adhesive or is made adhesive by applying a high temperature (hot melt).
The invention is not limited by what has been described above, but may vary within the scope of the appended claims. For example, one skilled in the art knows that many different kinds of seals can be used, for example, also by using the sintering of a seal in the tiles 3. Furthermore, it is clear that the flexibility of the production method allows a great variety with respect to many of the parameters, for example, allowing the use of basic tiles 3 of different sizes and / or colors for the production of the image 2. Furthermore, it is evident that the method / system according to the invention is not limited to the use of tiles but can also be used together with any similar kind of basic building material, for example, clinker, stone slabs, etc.

Claims (8)

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    Method of producing a tile arrangement, comprising the steps of;
    - choose an image (20 ’) for an arrangement (2) of tiles,
    - arrange to have said image (20 ’) in digital form on a computer device (5),
    - choose a tile (3) to be used for the arrangement (2) of tiles,
    - using software in said computing device (5) to produce a production template (20 ") that allows the transfer of said image (20 ') to a desired number of said tiles
    (3),
    - use a production unit (9) for the transfer of said production template (20 ") to each of said tiles (3),
    characterized by chemically treating an upper surface (35) of said tiles (3) in the form of pickling by means of a pickling acid, thereafter said image (20 ') is transferred directly to each of said tiles (3) by means of a production unit (9) using a flat UV inkjet printer.
    Method according to claim 1, characterized in that said pickling acid is a mixture of at least two acids from the group of hydrofluoric acid, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid and hydrochloric acid.
    Method according to claim 1, characterized in that said tiles (3) are chosen from a class of ready-to-use and conventional tiles.
    Method according to claim 2, characterized in that said mixture preferably contains at least 50% nitric acid.
    Method according to claim 1, characterized in that said chemical treatment includes impregnation.
    Method according to any preceding claim, characterized in that said production template (20 ") is stored in a database (6) arranged to allow the reproduction of one or more of said tiles (31,32) forming said arrangement (2) of tiles.
    Method according to any preceding claim, characterized by the use of a UV hardening ink for printing.
    System for the production of a tile arrangement comprising;
    - a computer device (5) that has software that allows the storage of an image (20 ’) and the production of a production template (20”) for an arrangement (2) of tiles,
    - means (4) for preparing said image (20 ’) to be in digital form,
    - a database (6) of data and / or web connection (7) that allows access in said computing device (5) to necessary parameters related to a desired tile (3) to be used for the arrangement (2) of tiles ,
    - software and processor means in said computing device (5), arranged to produce a production template (20 ') in which said image (20') is transferred to a desired number of said tiles (3),
    - a production unit (9) arranged to use said production template for the transfer of said production template (20 ") to each of said tiles (3),
    characterized in that said system further comprises a pretreatment unit (8) for chemical treatment of an upper surface (35) of said pickling tiles by means of acid and that said production unit (9) includes means using a printer of flat UV inkjet, arranged to directly transfer said image (20 ') to said tiles (3).
    System according to claim 8, characterized by using tiles (3) chosen from a class of ready-to-use and conventional tiles.
    System according to claim 8, characterized in that said chemical treatment includes impregnation.
    System according to any of claims 8-10, characterized by including a database (6) for storing said production template (20 ") arranged to allow the reproduction of one or more of said tiles (31,32) which they form said arrangement (2) of tiles.
ES12180559.2T 2011-08-16 2012-08-15 Method and system for the production of an image by means of tiles on a wall, floor or ceiling Active ES2668485T3 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SE1150745A SE536423C2 (en) 2011-08-16 2011-08-16 Method and system for producing an image by tile on a wall, floor or ceiling
SE1150745 2011-08-16

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
ES2668485T3 true ES2668485T3 (en) 2018-05-18

Family

ID=46934409

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
ES12180559.2T Active ES2668485T3 (en) 2011-08-16 2012-08-15 Method and system for the production of an image by means of tiles on a wall, floor or ceiling

Country Status (6)

Country Link
EP (1) EP2596959B1 (en)
DK (1) DK2596959T3 (en)
ES (1) ES2668485T3 (en)
NO (1) NO2596959T3 (en)
PL (1) PL2596959T3 (en)
SE (1) SE536423C2 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TR201502075A2 (en) * 2015-02-20 2016-01-21 Dekor Sanat Reklam Dekorasyon San Tic Ltd Sti A new patchwork production technique.

Family Cites Families (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3715795A (en) * 1971-06-04 1973-02-13 Hayne Ind Inc Process of making a mirror backed picture unit
DE4115500C2 (en) * 1991-05-11 1994-07-14 Schott Glaswerke Process for the production of decorated glass ceramic articles
NZ242143A (en) 1991-05-30 1994-03-25 Sulzer Ag Apparatus for refuelling gas fuel tank; part of pressurised gas tank is load-bearing part for compressor housing
DE19803310A1 (en) 1998-01-29 1999-08-05 Zschimmer & Schwarz Gmbh & Co Low viscosity solvent system, useful for preparation of printing media for the decoration of fired and unfired ceramic surface(s)
US6350496B1 (en) * 2000-10-13 2002-02-26 Ronan Engineering Company Method for producing permanent drawings and markings on plastic tiles or tiles made of polycarbonate
US20020057458A1 (en) * 2000-11-14 2002-05-16 Cullen Davis Image subdivision for reassembly into composite entity
US20070115336A1 (en) 2004-07-30 2007-05-24 Ko Victory H Digital ink jet printing process method
ITRE20040106A1 (en) 2004-09-08 2004-12-08 Sacmi Method and system for the decoration of ceramic tiles
US20070085983A1 (en) 2005-10-17 2007-04-19 Photo Man Image Corporation Digital ink jet printing process
GB2436080B (en) * 2006-02-15 2010-11-24 Satish Mistry Method and apparatus for creation of composite artwork
US20070246148A1 (en) 2006-04-19 2007-10-25 Barnes Daniel A Method of making mosaic tiles and tiles made thereby
EP1882597B1 (en) * 2006-07-24 2009-06-24 Océ-Technologies B.V. Method of producing a tiled print product
US8640413B2 (en) * 2008-08-21 2014-02-04 Masonite Corporation Laser-marked multi-component assemblies, kits, and related methods
EP2497647A1 (en) * 2011-02-15 2012-09-12 Bergstein B.V. Process for decorating glazed ceramic tiles

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
SE536423C2 (en) 2013-10-22
SE1150745A1 (en) 2013-02-17
EP2596959A3 (en) 2013-07-17
EP2596959B1 (en) 2018-02-14
EP2596959A2 (en) 2013-05-29
DK2596959T3 (en) 2018-05-28
NO2596959T3 (en) 2018-07-14
PL2596959T3 (en) 2018-07-31

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