ES2635052B1 - Device indicating the occupation status of a parking space - Google Patents

Device indicating the occupation status of a parking space Download PDF

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Publication number
ES2635052B1
ES2635052B1 ES201630390A ES201630390A ES2635052B1 ES 2635052 B1 ES2635052 B1 ES 2635052B1 ES 201630390 A ES201630390 A ES 201630390A ES 201630390 A ES201630390 A ES 201630390A ES 2635052 B1 ES2635052 B1 ES 2635052B1
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Spain
Prior art keywords
device
means
characterized
preceding
parking space
Prior art date
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Active
Application number
ES201630390A
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Spanish (es)
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ES2635052A1 (en
Inventor
Joan Comellas Cabeza
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Circontrol S A
Circontrol Sa
Original Assignee
Circontrol S A
Circontrol Sa
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Circontrol S A, Circontrol Sa filed Critical Circontrol S A
Priority to ES201630390A priority Critical patent/ES2635052B1/en
Publication of ES2635052A1 publication Critical patent/ES2635052A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of ES2635052B1 publication Critical patent/ES2635052B1/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/01Detecting movement of traffic to be counted or controlled
    • G08G1/04Detecting movement of traffic to be counted or controlled using optical or ultrasonic detectors
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/14Traffic control systems for road vehicles indicating individual free spaces in parking areas
    • G08G1/141Traffic control systems for road vehicles indicating individual free spaces in parking areas with means giving the indication of available parking spaces
    • G08G1/142Traffic control systems for road vehicles indicating individual free spaces in parking areas with means giving the indication of available parking spaces external to the vehicles
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/14Traffic control systems for road vehicles indicating individual free spaces in parking areas
    • G08G1/145Traffic control systems for road vehicles indicating individual free spaces in parking areas where the indication depends on the parking areas
    • G08G1/146Traffic control systems for road vehicles indicating individual free spaces in parking areas where the indication depends on the parking areas where the parking area is a limited parking space, e.g. parking garage, restricted space

Abstract

Device indicating the occupation status of a parking space. # Device (1) indicating the occupation status of a parking space (2) comprising means of detection (3) of the occupation of the parking space and means signaling (4) of the state of occupation of the parking space, also incorporating lighting means (6) of the parking space.

Description

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DESCRIPTION

Device indicating the occupation status of a parking space

Technical sector of the invention

The device indicating the occupancy status of a parking space of the present invention allows drivers who are looking for a parking space for their vehicle to indicate the occupancy status of each of the parking spaces.

Background of the invention

Devices indicating the occupancy status of a parking space are known that allow drivers who are looking for a parking space for their vehicle in a parking lot to be informed of the occupancy status of each of the parking spaces, for example, by means of indicators bright red or green depending on whether the square is occupied or free.

However, the known devices are limited to simply informing drivers of the state of occupancy of the seats, without offering any additional help for the parking of the vehicle or favoring an environment conducive to the maneuverability of the vehicle when entering and leaving the square. parking.

It is therefore an objective of the present invention to disclose a device indicating the occupancy status of a parking space that also facilitates the driver's maneuvers to enter and exit the parking space.

Explanation of the invention.

The device indicating the occupation status of a parking space of the present invention is one that includes means for detecting the occupation of the parking space and means for signaling the occupation status of the parking space.

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In essence, the device is characterized in that it further comprises lighting means of the parking space, the detection means, the signaling means and the lighting means being arranged in the same housing, so that these signaling and signaling means lighting are integrated in the same housing, obtaining a compact module of easy installation that in addition to allowing to detect and signal the occupation of the parking space, allows to illuminate said parking space, for example, when it is occupied, so that a driver You can maneuver to enter and exit the parking space comfortably with your vehicle even when the parking lot is dark. It is also envisioned that the lighting of the parking space can be carried out in a different way, for example, in a constant manner, or as has been predisposed in the device.

It is also known that the device comprises programmable control means, integrated in the device, to control the operation of the lighting means as previously indicated. Preferably, these control means will be connected to a communication network, so that they can transmit the occupation status of the parking space to a central server and can receive instructions for the operation of the lighting means. It is also envisaged that the control means can be programmed during the use of the device to modify its operation, for example to regulate the lighting of the lighting means depending on the occupation of the parking floor or a schedule, which will be indicated by the central server

It is also known that the control means are adapted to activate the lighting means when the detection means detect an occupation of the parking space, thus allowing the driver of the vehicle to be illuminated while parking, even when the parking lot is dark . In addition, advantageously the lighting of the parking space during this time allows the driver, when wanting to close the vehicle, to clearly see the vehicle lock.

It is also known that the control means comprise a timer adapted to activate the lighting means for a predetermined time when the detection means detect an occupation of the parking space. In this way, it is achieved that the lighting means only illuminate the parking space a

enough time for the driver to park and leave the vehicle, without the

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lighting means must be constantly activated.

It is also known that the lighting means generate a luminous flux greater than 400 lumens, preferably 450 lumens, which allows to offer a sufficient level of lighting to access the vehicle in comfort, in addition to allowing the driver to help in case they fall keys or other objects to the ground.

It is also known that the means of lighting means generate a light beam whose luminous flux is higher in its periphery than in its axis, allowing the illuminance to be distributed over the parking space, so that the peripheral area of the parking space, which is where the user will move to enter and exit the vehicle.

It is also known that the means of lighting means generate a symmetrical light beam, allowing both side peripheral areas of the parking space to be illuminated equally.

It is also known that the means of lighting means generate a light beam with an opening angle of between 85 and 95 degrees, preferably 90 degrees, which allow the device to be placed at a sufficient distance from the parking space so that the lighting of the parking space is correct and also allows other users to see the means of signaling the occupation status of the parking space.

It is also known that the device determines a support plane for its placement and attachment to a roof of a car park and the lighting means generate a light beam whose axis forms an angle between 25 and 35 degrees, preferably 30 degrees, with the normal to said support plane, that is, with the vertical once installed, allowing the light beam to be oriented towards the parking space from a distance to the parking space from which the rest of the users are allowed to see the signaling means of the occupation status of the parking space.

It is disclosed that the detection means and the lighting means are arranged at the same end of the housing, thus allowing both the detection signal of the detection means and the lighting cone of the lighting means to go

directed to the parking space, while the signaling means, arranged

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At the other end of the accommodation they can be visualized by vehicle drivers looking for free parking spaces. In this way the device can be advantageously installed between the parking space and a parking aisle without additional elements being necessary.

It is also known that the lighting means have a power of at least 2W, preferably a power of 3W, thus achieving sufficient parking space lighting.

It is also known that the lighting means are formed by at least one white LED light source, allowing low consumption to achieve the necessary light intensity, while having a long duration, thus avoiding having to replace the means of lighting during the life of the device.

It is also known that the detection means comprise an ultrasound distance sensor, so that the lighting means do not interfere with the detection means. Preferably, the detection means will be formed by two ultrasound distance sensors, thus allowing to ensure detection

It is also known that the signaling means comprise an RGB LED, that is, a polychromatic LED that allows its activation in different colors to indicate, for example, that the square is empty by activating with green color or that the square is busy activating With red color.

Brief description of the drawings

The attached drawings illustrate, by way of non-limiting example, the device for detecting the occupation status of a parking space of the present invention. In these drawings:

Fig. 1 shows a diagram of the components of the device of the present invention; Fig. 2 shows a diagram of the distribution of the luminous flux in the light beam generated by the device of the present invention in a plane transverse to the axis direction of the light beam;

Fig. 3 shows the device of the present invention installed in a square of

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free parking; Y

Fig. 4 shows the device of the present invention installed in an occupied parking space.

Detailed description of the drawings

Fig. 1 presents a schematic view of the device 1 indicating the occupancy status of a parking space 2 of the present invention. As can be seen, the device 1 comprises means 3 for detecting the occupation of the parking space 2, formed by at least one distance sensor 10 by ultrasound. Preferably, the detection means 3 will be formed by two distance sensors 10, which would be superimposed on the device 1 of Fig. 1, which allow to detect the distance at which a target is found by emitting an ultrasound signal and detection of bounced echo in the target in a known way. By means of this known technique, the detection means 3 allow to determine the distance at which the objective is. If this distance is less than the ground distance, which will have been previously calibrated, it will mean that the parking space is occupied. Naturally, it is also provided that the detection means 3 of the occupation of the parking space 2 may be of another type, such as optical sensors.

The device 1 is also provided with signaling means 4 of the state of occupation of the parking space 2 arranged in the same housing 5 as the detection means 3. This housing 5 can be for example a sealed box, so that the device 1 is a compact and easily installable module, for example, on the roof of a car park adjacent to a parking space 2, both in metal and tube channels. The signaling means 4 can be for example an RGB LED, which allows its illumination in red or green, which, depending on its color, allows the drivers to be indicated that the square is free or occupied.

The device further comprises lighting means 6 arranged in the housing 5, such as a white light LED source of at least 2W and preferably 3W, which allows the correct illumination of parking space 2, generating a luminous flux greater than 400 lumens, for example 450 lumens, which will allow lighting between 20 and 22 luxes in parking space 2.

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The device 1 is furthermore provided with programmable control means 7 which are also integrated in the housing 5 connected to the detection means 3 and the signaling means 4, so that depending on the distance obtained by the detection means 3 the control means 7 can establish the color of the signaling means 4 to reflect the occupation status of the parking space 2 and so that a driver can remotely determine the occupation status of the parking space 2. In addition, the control means 7 are in turn connected to the lighting means 6, so that they can also control the activation of the lighting means 6 to illuminate the parking space 2 as established. For example, control means 7 can be programmed to activate the lighting means 6 when the detection means 3 detect an occupation of the parking space 2. Thus, in a parking lot provided with devices 1 installed in each parking space 2, the number of illuminated parking spaces 2 will indicate the number of occupied spaces, so the overall lighting level of the parking lot will be proportional to its occupancy. Naturally, the control means 7 may in turn be provided with a timer 9 adapted to activate the lighting means 6 only for a predetermined time, or which can be programmed, when the detection means 3 detects an occupation of the parking space. 2. Although direct connections between the control means 7 and the different components have been indicated in Fig. 1, it is also envisioned that the control means 7 can be connected to controllers of each of the components. It is also provided that the device 1 is provided with an electrical power source, such as a 48V direct current source.

The operating logic of the control means 7 can be programmed both before installing the device 1 and once installed, for example, by means of a communication network 8 which they are connected to. In this way, not only the control means 7 can receive programming instructions in relation to how the lighting means 6 should be operated, but also the control means 7 can inform the occupation status of the parking space 2 a a central server This communication network 8 can be for example a network of type RS485 of known type. For example, by means of said communication network 8 it can be established that the lighting means 6 of all the devices 1 connected to the communication network 8 are activated, if an additional level of parking lighting is necessary. Naturally I also

provides that the light intensity of the lighting means 6 can be adjusted by

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programming in the control means 7.

As can also be seen in Fig. 1, the device 1 determines a support plane 14 for placement on the roof of the car park, both the detection means 3 and the lighting means 6 being directed towards the parking space , as will be seen below, so that the lighting means 6 generate a light beam 17 whose axis forms an angle between 25 and 35 degrees, preferably 30 degrees, with the normal 15 to said support plane 14, that is to say , with the vertical once installed. It is further noted that the opening angle a of said lighting means 6 in the XY plane will be approximately between 85 and 95 degrees, preferably 90 degrees.

Fig. 2 shows a diagram of the distribution of the light flux in the light beam generated in the transverse plane in the direction of the axis of the light beam, that is, the YZ plane, in which it can be seen that the light beam 17 generated by the lighting means 6 is symmetrical in this plane and is not uniformly distributed, but the luminous flux at the periphery of its axis 16, that is, in the area away from the center, will be greater in the direction of the axis 16 , thus allowing to illuminate with greater intensity the peripheral area of the parking space. It is envisioned that the light beam 17 also has these same characteristics in the XY plane. This distribution of the light beam 17 can be achieved both by conveniently providing a plurality of power supplies and by suitable optics. The opening angle a of the lighting means 6 in the YZ plane will also be between 85 and 95 degrees, preferably 90 degrees.

As previously seen in Fig. 1, the detection means 3 and the lighting means 6 are arranged at the same end of the housing 5, while the signaling means 4 are arranged at the opposite end of the housing 5 Thus, as can be seen in Fig. 3, the device 1 can be installed adjacent to a parking space, so that on the one hand the drivers approaching with their vehicle to the parking space 2 a through a central corridor 11 of the car park, the signaling means 4 of the device 1 can be seen without obstructing its vision the columns 12 of the car park. Advantageously, being the detection means 3 at the other end of the housing 5, these are closer to the parking space 2, so that they can give a more truthful reading of their occupation status,

without users crossing the central corridor 11 being able to falsify the reading of the means of

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detection 3. In turn, the lighting means 6 are arranged at this other end, which is closer to the parking space 2, allowing the light beam 17 to be directed more directly.

Fig. 3 shows the device 1 installed in a parking lot to indicate if a parking space 2 is free or occupied. As can be seen, in the situation presented in Fig. 3 in which the parking space 2 is free, it is observed that the detection means 3 of the device 1 will indicate that the parking space 2 is free, so that signaling means 4 will inform drivers of this situation, for example, by means of a green color. Thus, in a car park that is provided with multiple parking spaces 2, a device 1 adjacent to each parking space 2 will be installed to indicate the occupation status of that parking space 2.

By occupying a vehicle the parking space 2, for example, in the manner illustrated in Fig. 4, the detection means 3 will determine that a target exists before the ground, foreseeably a vehicle. Naturally, it is envisaged that the control means 7 be prepared to avoid false positives of occupation in a known manner, such as waiting for the distance to be maintained long enough to verify the occupation of the parking space 2. By detecting the occupation of the parking space 2, it will be indicated on the signaling means 4, for example, by a red color, that the parking space 2 is occupied by a vehicle 13 and the lighting means 6 will be activated, so that they emit a light beam 17 so that the driver can maneuver and park comfortably in the parking space 2, being able to see the parking space 2 illuminated. The lighting of the parking space 2 can be maintained for a predetermined time as described above, until the parking space 2 is free, or according to other ways as programmed device 1.

Claims (18)

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    1. - Device (1) indicating the occupation status of a parking space (2) comprising means for detecting (3) the occupation of the parking space and signaling means (4) for the occupation status of the parking space, characterized in that it also incorporates lighting means (6) of the parking space.
  2. 2. - Device (1) according to the preceding claim, characterized in that it further comprises programmable control means (7) for controlling the operation of the lighting means (6).
  3. 3. - Device (1) according to the preceding claim, characterized in that the control means (7) are adapted to activate the lighting means (6) when the detection means (3) detect an occupation of the parking space (2) ).
  4. 4. - Device (1) according to the preceding claim, characterized in that the control means (7) comprise a timer (9) adapted to activate the lighting means (6) a predetermined time when the detection means (3) detect a occupation of the parking space (2).
  5. 5. - Device (1) according to any one of claims 2 to 4, characterized in that the programmable control means (7) are connected to a communication network (8).
  6. 6. - Device (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the lighting means (6) generate a luminous flux greater than 400 lumens.
  7. 7. - Device (1) according to the preceding claim, characterized in that the lighting means (6) generate a luminous flux of 450 lumens.
  8. 8. - Device (1) any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the means of lighting means (6) generate a light beam (17) whose luminous flux is greater in its periphery than in its axis (16).
  9. 9. Device (1) any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the
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    lighting media means (6) generate a symmetrical light beam (17).
  10. 10. - Device (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the lighting means (6) generate a light beam (17) with an opening angle (a) of between 85 and 95 degrees.
  11. 11. - Device (1) according to the preceding claim, characterized in that the opening angle (a) is 90 degrees.
  12. 12. - Device (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that it determines a support plane (14) for placement and attachment to a ceiling and the lighting means (6) generate a light beam (17) whose axis (16) forms an angle of inclination (P) between 25 and 35 degrees with the normal (15) of said support plane.
  13. 13. - Device (1) according to the preceding claim, characterized in that the inclination angle (P) is 30 degrees.
  14. 14. - Device (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the lighting means (6) have a power of at least 2W
  15. 15. - Device (1) according to the preceding claim, characterized in that the lighting means (6) have a power of 3W
  16. 16. - Device (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the lighting means (6) are formed by at least one LED source of white light.
    17. Device (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the detection means (3) comprise a distance sensor (10) by ultrasound.
  17. 18. - Device (1) according to the preceding claim, characterized in that the detection means (3) are formed by two ultrasound distance sensors (10).
  18. 19. - Device 1 according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized
    because the signaling means (4) comprise at least one RGB LED.
    eleven
ES201630390A 2016-04-01 2016-04-01 Device indicating the occupation status of a parking space Active ES2635052B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ES201630390A ES2635052B1 (en) 2016-04-01 2016-04-01 Device indicating the occupation status of a parking space

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ES201630390A ES2635052B1 (en) 2016-04-01 2016-04-01 Device indicating the occupation status of a parking space
EP17382165.3A EP3226223A1 (en) 2016-04-01 2017-03-31 Device for indicating parking space occupancy status

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
ES2635052A1 ES2635052A1 (en) 2017-10-02
ES2635052B1 true ES2635052B1 (en) 2018-07-05

Family

ID=58549108

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
ES201630390A Active ES2635052B1 (en) 2016-04-01 2016-04-01 Device indicating the occupation status of a parking space

Country Status (2)

Country Link
EP (1) EP3226223A1 (en)
ES (1) ES2635052B1 (en)

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2756959B1 (en) * 1996-12-09 1998-12-31 Guermonprez Marc occupation signaling Method for parking and location means for the implementation of such process
EP2232462B1 (en) * 2007-12-21 2015-12-16 Leddartech Inc. Parking management system and method using lighting system
US20100265100A1 (en) * 2009-04-20 2010-10-21 Lsi Industries, Inc. Systems and methods for intelligent lighting
CA2762869A1 (en) * 2011-12-20 2013-06-20 Premier Lighting Ltd. Wireless lighting and electrical device control system
US20140005961A1 (en) * 2012-06-29 2014-01-02 TCS International, Inc. Occupancy sensing
CN104376740A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-02-25 生迪光电科技股份有限公司 Parking management devices and parking management system

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Publication number Publication date
ES2635052A1 (en) 2017-10-02
EP3226223A1 (en) 2017-10-04

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