ES2621788T3 - Facade structure and / or translucent roof - Google PatentsFacade structure and / or translucent roof Download PDF
- Publication number
- ES2621788T3 ES2621788T3 ES03785855.2T ES03785855T ES2621788T3 ES 2621788 T3 ES2621788 T3 ES 2621788T3 ES 03785855 T ES03785855 T ES 03785855T ES 2621788 T3 ES2621788 T3 ES 2621788T3
- Prior art keywords
- glass support
- Prior art date
- Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
- 239000011521 glasses Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 300
- 240000006028 Sambucus nigra Species 0.000 claims description 31
- 238000007789 sealing Methods 0.000 claims description 20
- 239000007943 implant Substances 0.000 claims 1
- 239000000463 materials Substances 0.000 description 9
- 229920001296 polysiloxanes Polymers 0.000 description 7
- 230000000875 corresponding Effects 0.000 description 5
- 229910052751 metals Inorganic materials 0.000 description 5
- 239000002184 metals Substances 0.000 description 5
- 210000001503 Joints Anatomy 0.000 description 3
- 229910052782 aluminium Inorganic materials 0.000 description 3
- 239000000945 fillers Substances 0.000 description 3
- 238000000034 methods Methods 0.000 description 3
- 210000000481 Breast Anatomy 0.000 description 2
- 230000037250 Clearance Effects 0.000 description 2
- 229910000831 Steel Inorganic materials 0.000 description 2
- 230000005540 biological transmission Effects 0.000 description 2
- 230000035512 clearance Effects 0.000 description 2
- 230000003100 immobilizing Effects 0.000 description 2
- 238000002513 implantation Methods 0.000 description 2
- 239000010959 steel Substances 0.000 description 2
- 206010040925 Skin striae Diseases 0.000 description 1
- 230000001154 acute Effects 0.000 description 1
- 280000121333 better, Inc. companies 0.000 description 1
- 238000002485 combustion reactions Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000010276 construction Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000001035 drying Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000009432 framing Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000009434 installation Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000002955 isolation Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000004519 manufacturing process Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000000465 moulding Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000002093 peripheral Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000003825 pressing Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000036633 rest Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000035943 smell Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000003860 storage Methods 0.000 description 1
- E—FIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
- E06—DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
- E06B—FIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
- E06B1/00—Border constructions of openings in walls, floors, or ceilings; Frames to be rigidly mounted in such openings
- E06B1/04—Frames for doors, windows, or the like to be fixed in openings
- E06B1/36—Frames uniquely adapted for windows
- E06B1/363—Bay windows
- E—FIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
- E06—DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
- E06B—FIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
- E06B3/00—Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
- E06B3/54—Fixing of glass panes or like plates
- E06B3/5427—Fixing of glass panes or like plates the panes mounted flush with the surrounding frame or with the surrounding panes
Facade structure and / or translucent roof
The present invention refers to a translucent facade and / or roof structure for buildings according to the preamble of claim 1.
From document AT 398 796 a glass support is known for an insulating glass element for glass facades of buildings, which has fastening pivots that protrude laterally and which can be incorporated respectively into a groove on an insulating glass pane. The glass support also has a fixing strip that can be incorporated into a threaded groove in the facade profile. For a fixing of the glass support a screw nozzle is provided, which can be screwed into a threaded groove on the profile, to fix the glass support and immobilize the flat elements, in particular insulating glass crystals, in a tight manner on a meeting. In this already known glass support there is the disadvantage that it is relatively difficult to assemble. This is due to the fact that during the assembly the strip-shaped projection has to be placed in the threaded groove and, in addition to this, the lateral fastening pivots must be incorporated respectively in the grooves on the insulating glass pane. This is almost always done by framing the glass support, if the flat elements, in particular insulating glass crystals, are only suspended with ease. This way of proceeding is, however, relatively complicated and it is not possible, with the fixed flat elements, in particular insulating glass crystals, to further mount a support of the glass, which on both sides has fastening pivots.
Document DE 37 14 629 publishes a facade, in which a support is provided, which can be immobilized with a screw on a profile. The support comprises arms that protrude laterally, which engage in a spacer between two crystals.
Also document US4799344 publishes a similar facade.
Therefore, the object of the present invention is to improve a translucent facade and / or roof structure of claim 1, such that the glass support for fixing insulating glass elements to profiles is easy to assemble, where a subsequent installation with the immobilized insulating glass elements must also be possible.
This object is solved with a glass support with the characteristics of claim 1. According to it, the glass support has in this respect, on the side turned towards the profile, a fundamentally flat seat surface that can be applied to the front edge of the threaded grooves of the profile. Preferably, a strip-shaped supplement is provided in this regard on the lower side of the glass support, which in particular can be insignificantly incorporated into the threaded groove in order to center the glass support.
If the glass support has on the side turned towards the profile essentially a flat bottom side, which can be placed on the threaded groove to fix the glass support, the glass support can be mounted more fatally, since it is not necessary to incorporate any ribbon in the threaded groove and at the same time a lateral support arm in the groove of an insulating glass pane. Rather, the glass support can be placed from above on the threaded groove and only has to be fixed laterally with the clamping arm in a corresponding groove of the insulating glass pane. Precisely if only one support arm is provided on the glass support, this placement process can be carried out relatively easily.
Because the lower side of the glass support is also provided with a strip-shaped supplement, which to center the glass support can be incorporated in the threaded groove in particular in an insignificant way (this means early to such an extent that centering occurs , in particular less than 2 mm, eg 0.5 mm), the assembly is simplified even more, since the glass support is automatically oriented through the supplement when it is secured. Preferably, additional bevels are provided on the supplement, in such a way that in the case of a possible oblique position before the consolidation a centering occurs in the desired position.
Preferably, the glass support is also rotatably arranged in the front edges of the threaded groove, to engage the at least one lateral clamping arm with the groove in the insulating glass element.
By means of the rotating configuration of the glass support it can easily be mounted, since the glass support can be placed on the threaded groove of the profile, where the arm or the clamping arms are oriented parallel to the groove threaded, and after a 90 ° turn the glass support can be positioned in such a way that the arm or the clamping arms (n) engage in the grooves of the insulating glass elements.
The position of the insulating glass elements and the profile can already be fixed for subsequent mounting and the glass support can also be easily mounted in the case of narrower space conditions. The glass support can be manufactured with a relatively small construction height, which also leads to cost savings.
According to the invention, two grooves are provided on the support surface, in which the front edges of the threaded groove can be incorporated by positioning the at least one lateral clamping arm in the groove of the insulating glass element. By means of these grooves, a mounting aid is obtained, which indicates to the assembler the correct orientation of the arm or of the lateral fastening arms (s) in the grooves, since a slight interlocking of the glass support occurs during the rotating movement. For an assembly aid of this type it is also sufficient if instead of the striae only a central projection on the support of the
glass, which engages in the threaded groove, as soon as the strip-shaped projection is oriented parallel to the threaded groove. The provision of grooves in the seating surface has the advantage that an overdraft of the glass support is hindered, in particular if the front edges of the threaded groove can be incorporated primarily in a positively shaped connection in the grooves.
Preferably, the threaded channel in the glass support has a housing for a screw head, which is arranged below the groove of the glass support. In this way, during mounting, the screw can be placed inlaid, to free the slot so that the glass support for the mounting can be grasped and turned by means of a tool. The screw head does not prevent this process, since it is arranged in the housing below the groove. After mounting the glass holder, the groove can then be used to insert a joint.
The groove is therefore configured preferably inlaid, so that a joint foot can be fixed in the groove.
If a clamping arm on opposite sides is provided respectively on the glass support and the glass support is symmetrically configured along a central plane parallel to the groove of the glass support, improper assembly is avoided, since both clamping arms can be screwed in the same way in the respective groove of an insulating glass element. In the case of two clamping arms, insulating glass elements can be fixed on opposite sides of the glass support, while a glass support is provided on a side structure on an edge of an insulating glass element, which only has a clamping arm
A facade structure with insulating glass elements is also provided, which at least by segments have a groove on the edge side respectively and are fixed on profiles through several glass supports according to the invention. Adjacent to the glass supports, an insulating strip in the threaded groove on the profile is arranged in this respect, so that a high thermal attenuation is also achieved in the profile area.
The glass support and the insulating strip preferably have approximately the same height and a gasket with a joint foot is immobilized in the groove of the glass support and, adjacent thereto, in an groove an insulating strip. In this way the gasket can be fixed peripherally around an insulating glass element and the gasket can be immobilized with a high pressure, where the clamping pressure of the sealing skirt is sufficient for a seal. Therefore, the usual filling in the state of the art of the joint between two insulating glass elements with silicone or other filling material can be dispensed with, since the fixing of the joint on the insulating strip and the glass support is responsible of a sufficient seal and isolation.
If a continuous groove for immobilizing a joint is provided on the upper side of the glass support away from the profile, the support structure can be sealed in a signal manner. The groove is preferably configured on the slit-shaped glass support, such that a joint foot can be embedded in the groove. In order to obtain a particularly good thermal attenuation, an insulating strip in the threaded groove can be provided additionally adjacent to the glass support, in which a groove is provided on the far side of the profile, in which a gasket can be incorporated continues, which is then immobilized on the insulating strip and the glass support. This support of the joint makes it possible to dispense with a subsequent filling of the slit between two flat elements with silicone. This is due to the fact that the joint is continuously supported in such a way that corresponding sealing skirts can be applied with a certain pre-tension to the front sides of opposite flat elements, so that an adiaonal seal is no longer needed.
The glass support can preferably be immobilized to the profile through two screws, such that the glass support is secured protected against rotation to the profile. The screw heads may be arranged in this respect essentially embedded below the groove in the glass holder, such that the groove capacity of the groove is maintained, for example to accommodate the gasket.
To absorb particularly large loads, the transition between the at least one clamping arm and a side wall of the glass support is rounded, preferably with a radius greater than 5 to 10 mm.
According to a variant that can be considered independent, a support arm of the glass support is configured, which can be incorporated into a groove of an insulated glass glass, curved as it is viewed in the axial direction of the profile. In this way the clamping arm can be implanted in the groove with an angle, and the insulating glass glass can be mounted with a corresponding angle on the profile or with respect to an adjacent insulating glass glass. If, on both sides of the profile, the support arm of a glass support is configured respectively curved, the flat elements can be arranged forming between them the desired angle, for example in a corner area with 90 °. In this way they can also be used in so-called structural glazing structures, in which the fixing elements do not protrude from the outer glass of the insulating glass. By means of the curvature in the clamping arm, the glass support can also be used for different angles, precisely if the curved terminal segment is shortened, so that only a part of the curvature is already available, such that the insulating glass It can be applied with another angle in relation to the profile. In this way it is only necessary to keep a crystal prepared for different angles.
According to a preferred embodiment, the at least one clamping arm has a central segment, which extends parallel to the floor segment, and a terminal segment that connects to the same curved section. If the curved area of the clamping arm extends immediately from a seating surface on the profile to one side, excessively narrow space conditions may occur for the means of fixing on the profile, since the flat elements must be accommodated with a
certain clearance in lateral direction. The central rectilinear segment thus bridges the necessary lateral section between the fixing of the glass support and the engagement in the groove of the insulating glass.
Preferably, stripes are provided in the curved terminal segment of the clamping arm to mark an angle of the curvature. In this way, the glass support can be adapted to the desired angle to immobilize the insulating glass glass, where the clamping arm is cut along a strip. In this regard, the curved terminal segment may be configured with a corrugated cross section and a corrugated sine may form a mark to separate an unnecessary part of the terminal segment, and a corrugation ridge may form a linear seating surface for the wall of the groove of an insulating glass pane. An undulating ridge of this type also has the advantage that some tolerance compensation can take place, for example if the insulating glass glass tilts or moves somewhat as a result of pressure or heat loads. In this respect the spherical segments of the ripples produce a linear surface that makes contact with the wall of a groove in the insulating glass pane, to compensate for small tolerances.
In order to obtain a simple fixing of the glass support, an outstanding centering supplement is provided in the floor segment to be incorporated into a threaded groove on the profile. This results in precise positioning of the glass support on the profile.
If the floor segment is configured in the form of a strip and can then be fixed with two screws to the profile, a protection against torsions of the glass support is achieved, and a high load can be transmitted.
The glass support preferably has a hollow chamber, in which the screw heads can be housed to immobilize the glass support. In this way it can be connected to the upper side of the hollow chamber, in such a way that a flat surface is configured towards the outside, which is particularly well suited for the application of filling material, in particular because the filling material can be positioned also flat and not wavy.
According to the invention, a support structure for flat elements arranged at an angle with a corresponding glass support is also provided. The curvature in the glass support can be configured in such a way that adjacent flat elements can be immobilized, for example, at an angle of between 90 ° and 160 °. Preferably, the grooves are then fastened on the profile to accommodate a joint through a slat on the profile, where the orientation of the groove on the profile can be modified by flexing. In this way, high storage costs for different profiles and glass support can be saved, since different angles of the flat elements between them can be obtained with one and the same glass support or profile.
According to another variant, an insulating strip in the threaded groove is applied adjacent to the glass support respectively, in which a groove is provided on the far side of the profile, in which a continuous joint is immobilized between adjacent flat elements. extends through the glass support and the insulating strip. By means of a joint arrangement, there is no need to fill the gap between the flat elements with silicone, since the joint is supported at least on the insulating strip and sufficient clamping forces can be provided to seal the intermediate space through skirts of sealing or elastic sealing strips, even if a considerable load is produced due to meteorological influences. By supporting the gasket on the insulating strip, a combustion can be safely avoided, which could lead to tightness.
Preferably, the seal has sealing skirts on opposite sides, which make elastic contact respectively with a front edge of the insulating glass pane. Sealing skirts can also guarantee a safe shutter with extreme weather conditions. In this respect, the sealing skirts may be curved in the direction away from the profile, so that when the joint is embedded, the sealing skirts are automatically oriented in the prestressed position.
According to another embodiment of the invention, a continuous groove for immobilizing a joint is provided on the upper side of the glass support away from the profile. In this way the joint can be immobilized continuously in the groove of the insulating strip and the groove of the glass support, in such a way that a fundamentally uninterrupted support of the joint is obtained. The groove in the glass holder is aligned in this respect preferably with the groove of the insulating strip.
In order to obtain a simple assembly of the joint, the groove on the glass support and the insulating strip is configured in the form of a groove, so that it is possible to draw the joint without a tool. If the joint foot is disposed in this respect to the bottom of the respective groove, the joint foot can also be tightened insignificantly through the subsequent mounting position, so that no end by carelessness they introduced it under pressure from the gasket, for example because the gasket foot makes too much contact with the bottom of the groove. In this respect, the groove bottom and the joint foot are preferably configured in a v-shape, whereby simple assembly and centering are achieved.
According to another embodiment, the joint has, on opposite sides, first sealing skirts and second sealing skirts, which make contact respectively with a front edge of an insulating glass pane. Preferably, the first shutter skirts, arranged on the far side of the profile, longer than the second shutter skirts, such that the second shutter skirts only represent a safety class, for example if the first shutter skirts They are damaged. Longer shutter skirts also form the optics of a space
intermediate sealed with silicone, which gives the advantage that both kinds of sealing can be used side by side.
Next, the invention will be explained in more detail on the basis of an exemplary embodiment, with reference to the attached drawings. Here they show:
FIG. 1 a perspective view of a facade structure with an example of realization of a glass support during assembly;
Figure 2 a cut-away side view of the facade structure of Figure 1, with the glass support in the assembled state;
Figure 3 a sectional view of the glass support;
Figure 4 a perspective view of a support structure;
Figure 5 a side view through the support structure of Figure 7;
Figure 6 a sectional view through a glass support for a support structure similar to Figure 4;
Figure 7 a perspective view of the glass holder of Figure 6;
Figure 8 a plan view cut on a support structure with a glass support;
Figure 9 a plan view cut on a support structure with a glass support according to the invention with a shortened clamping arm;
Figure 10 a side view on the glass support, and
Figure 11 a perspective view of the glass holder of Figure 8;
Figure 12 a perspective view of a support structure for insulating glass glass with the individual mounting steps;
Figure 13 a perspective view of a tool during assembly in a support structure according to Figure 12;
Figure 14 a side view cut through the tool of Figure 13;
Figure 15 a side view on the tool of Figure 13;
Figure 16 a perspective view of the tool of Figure 13;
Figure 17 a perspective view of the tool of Figure 13;
Figure 18 a perspective view of a support structure according to the invention;
Figure 19 a sectional view through the support structure of Figure 18; Y
Figure 20 shows a cross-sectional view of the joint used in the support structure according to Figure 18.
Figure 1 shows a facade structure 1, in which on a profile 2 they are fixed as flat elements about
insulating glass elements 3. This facade structure 1 can be used both in the area of an exterior wall and in
roof glazing. The insulating elements 3 are located in the edge area on joints 4, which are arranged in grooves 5 of the profiles 2.
Between the grooves 5 a threaded groove 6 is provided, which is signed by two opposite slats, on which grooves are provided on the inner side. The threaded groove 6 is used, in addition to housing fixing means, also to accommodate an insulating strip 7 having a groove 70 directed towards the outer side. The threaded groove 6 is also used to immobilize a support of the glass 9 according to the invention and can also be used to provide cover sheaths not shown, which can be attached on the outer side of the insulating glass elements 3.
The insulating glass elements 3 have on the outer side a peripheral groove 8 in the edge area, which is formed on a separator profile, which is positioned between two glass crystals on the edge side. The separator profile with the slot 8 is held through the filler material between the glass crystals.
On the support of the glass 9, protruding support arms 13 are provided, where in this case two support arms 13 are provided for each support of the glass 9. It is also possible to configure only one support arm 13. The width 11 of the support of the glass 9 or of the clamping arms is less than the distance 12 between two insulating glass elements 3. A threaded channel 22 is provided in the glass support 9 to guide a screw 10 through it, so that the glass support 9 can be fixed in threaded groove 6 of profile 2.
For mounting, the glass holder 9 is first equipped in the position characterized by the A with a screw 26, where a screw head 26 can be incorporated into a housing in the glass holder 9. The glass holder 9 can Grip in this way in a groove 16 by means of a tool, and be incorporated in the slit between two insulating glass elements 3 (position B).
As soon as a seating surface 14 of the glass support 9 is located on the front edges of the threaded groove 6 the glass support 9 rotates approx. 90 °, so that the clamping arms 13 engage respectively in a groove 8 of an insulating glass element 3. The screw 10 is then screwed completely into the threaded groove 6, to immobilize on the profile 2 the glass support 9 and with it the insulating glass elements 3.
Figure 2 shows the glass holder 9 in the mounting position. The support of the glass 9 is located in this respect with a seating surface 14 on the front edge of the threaded groove 6. The clamping arms 13 engage in the groove 8 of the insulating glass elements 3, so that they are pressed with a certain pressing pressure against the joints 4, to be attached to the profile 2.
Towards the outer side, a gasket 15 is provided, which with its foot engages in a groove 16 of the glass support 9. The gasket 16 has sealing skirts 27, which with a previous delta tension are pressed against the front sides of the elements of insulating glass 3 and are responsible for a sufficient seal. The gasket 15 is fastened with the gasket foot adjacent to the support of the glass 9 in the groove 70 in the insulating strip 7, such that the gasket 15 is securely held continuously and is responsible for a sufficient seal. It is not necessary to additionally fill the back area of the joint with silicone.
In figure 3 the support of the glass 9 according to the invention has been shown in section. The glass support 9 has a seating surface 14, in which two stripes 17 are lowered with recesses. The stripes 17 have in this respect approx. a width in accordance with the two front edges of the threaded groove 6, such that the threaded groove 6 can be incorporated fundamentally in a positive joint in the stripes 17. The strips 17 are used as a mounting aid, such that with a turn of the glass holder 9 can smell or feel the correct orientation of the glass holder 9 by a slight fit. It is also possible to provide instead of the guide strips 17 only a central projection, which engages in the threaded groove 6.
The glass holder 9 has two clamping arms 13, which respectively comprise a narrower strip 18 and a pumped end 19. The pumped end 19 has the advantage that there is a defined seating surface of the clamping arm in the groove 8 of the insulating glass elements 3. In addition to this the insulating glass elements 3 can perform in the assembly position invaluable movements, which may arise due to considerable wind loads. Then the insulating glass element 3 may move somewhat around the pumped end 19.
The screw-on glass holder 9 has a central groove 16 centrally, which is equipped with a V-shaped bottom 20, which is configured correspondingly to the foot of the seal 15. The V-shaped groove 16 has lateral recesses 21 for securing the positive joint of the joint 15. The glass support 9 is constructed in this respect in such a way that the position of the groove 16 is approximately the same height as the groove 70 of the insulating strip 7. In this way the gasket 15 retains a continuous seating surface. In addition, side groove walls 24 are also provided on the support of the glass 9, which contributes to a secure fastening of the joint 15.
In the support of the glass 9, a threaded channel 22 is also provided centrally, which in the terminal area has on the side turned towards the profile 2 a small projection 23 in the form of a strip, which captures the fixing means, for example the screw 10 , so that it cannot be lost during assembly. The threaded channel 22 also has a housing for a head 26 of the screw 10, so that it can be arranged hidden below the groove 16. For this purpose the threaded channel 22 has an enlarged opening in the upper area, where the head 26 of the screw 10 rests on bevels 25 in the threaded channel 22. The function of the groove 16 is not limited because of the embedded arrangement of the screw head 26.
The screw-on glass holder 9 can be made of metal or other suitable material. In the embodiment shown, the support of the glass 9 is equipped with two clamping arms 13. For the fixing of an insulating glass element 3 on the edge side, a support of the glass 9 is sufficient, which only has one clamping arm. 13.
A support structure 101 shown in Figure 4 comprises a profile 102, on which several flat elements 103 are fixed. The flat elements 103 are immobilized in the edge area in a tight manner on a joint 104, which is embedded in a groove 105 of the profile 102. The profile 102 composed of metal, for example aluminum or steel, further comprises a threaded groove 106, in which an insulating strip 107 is incorporated. The insulating strip 107 is not, however, continuously configured, but has with interruptions determined some interruptions, so that a support of glass 109 can be fixed to the threaded groove 106.
The glass support 109 has one or two laterally protruding arms 113, which are respectively incorporated in a groove 8 arranged on the edge side on the flat elements 103.
As can be seen in Figure 5, the fixing of the glass holder 109 is carried out through a screw 124, which is screwed into the threaded groove 106 of the profile 102. On the far side of the profile 102 it is configured both on the insulating strip 107 a groove 170 as on the support of the glass 109 a groove 116, which are arranged at approximately the same height and house a gasket 115. The gasket 115 is held continuously in the grooves 170 and 116 and has sealing skirts 127 , which make contact with front sides of the flat elements, in particular of insulating glass crystals 13 and are responsible for sufficient sealing. Due to the continuous support of the joint 115, it is no longer necessary to additionally fill the gap between the flat elements, in particular insulating glass crystals 103, with silicone.
A support of the glass 109 is shown in Figures 6 and 7. The support of the glass 109 has an essentially flat bottom side 114, on which a strip-shaped supplement 117 is provided for centering in the threaded groove 106. Supplement 117 in the form of a strip is provided with side bezels 112 to help centering. In this way, the insulating glass glass 103 together with the glass holder 109 can be placed on the profile 102.
The glass support 109 also has a lateral clamping arm 113, which is formed by a narrower strip 118 as well as a spherical head 120. By means of the thicker head 120, which in the groove 108 sits on the insulating glass pane 103, a slight oblique position of the flat elements 103 can be achieved up to a maximum of 10 °, without limiting the
function of securing the glass holder 109. With this glass holder 19, rounded rods of the support structure can also be constructed.
For a particularly large force transmission, the transition between the clamping arm 113 and a side wall of the glass support 109 to 119 is rounded. The radius has preferably been chosen greater than 5 or 10, so that loads can be transmitted well through the rounded area.
The glass support has two holes 111, in which the screws 124 can be screwed to immobilize the glass support
109 on the profile 102. The screws 124 can be accommodated in this respect embedded in the glass holder 109, where the hole 111 is widened below the slot 116 by a bevel 123 (a depression) and the head of the screw 124 is housed primarily below slot 116.
The slot 116 of the glass holder 109 is V-shaped in the bottom area and has oblique wall elements 122, which are configured correspondingly to the inclination of the joint foot of the joint 115. Between the foot of gasket and bezel 122 is provided some play, so that gasket 115 can be better incorporated into slot 116. On the side walls
110 opposite the groove 116 are also provided with projections 121, so that the groove 116 is configured in the form of a groove and can hold the seal 115 permanently.
The glass holder 109 shown is preferably made of metal or other suitable material. In the exemplary embodiment shown, only a clamping arm 113 is provided. It is also possible to provide a clamping arm 113 on the opposite side, to fix two flat elements 103 to the glass holder 109.
In Figure 8 a support structure 201 is shown in the form of an exterior or roof wall glazing, which is configured as a structure called structural glazing, which externally does not have any visible fixing part. The support structure 201 comprises a profile 202 and flat elements, in particular insulating glass crystals 203, having an outer glass crystal 233 with an edge area protruding above an inner glass crystal 234. Between the glass crystals 233 and 234, a separator 230 is provided, on which a slot 232 is arranged. The slot 232 comprises grooved walls 231 oriented flat, which are used to immobilize the insulating glass glass 203.
The flat elements 203 with the inner glass crystal 234 make contact with a joint 204, which is embedded in a groove 205 of the profile 202. The grooves 205 are connected through a strip 225 to the profile 202, which is bent correspondingly to the orientation of insulating glass glass 203 in relation to profile 202.
A threaded groove 206 for housing insulating strips and fixing means is also provided on the profile 202, where also the glass support 207 according to the invention is immobilized in the threaded groove 206. For this purpose one or more screws 20 are provided, which immobilize the support of the glass 207 in a tight manner on the profile 202 through a screw head 221.
An injectable joint seal 209 is provided between a slit 208 between adjacent outer glass crystals 233. So that this seal 209 cannot reach the glass recess, a so-called pre-filler 210 has been inserted between the glass support 207 and the joint seal 209.
In the exemplary embodiment shown in Figure 8 the flat elements 203 are arranged the flat elements 203 forming an angle of 90 °. The glass support 207 respectively has a clamping arm 211 with a curved shaped terminal segment 233, which at the ends is incorporated respectively in the groove 232. With respect to a plane of the threaded channel, the insulating glass glass 203 is applied through of the glass support 207 with an angle of 45 °, where flat elements 203 are applied to both sides of the threaded groove 206.
As shown in Figure 9, the same glass support 207 can also be used to fix flat elements 203 on a profile 202 forming another angle. The curved terminal segment 223 has been shortened in this exemplary embodiment, so that only a part of the terminal segment is already engaged in the groove 232 of the insulating glass glass 203. Correspondingly, the outer glass crystal 233 already only protrudes insignificantly above the inner glass crystal 234, and the groove 205 is oriented through the strip 225 with another angle. The two adjacent flat elements 203 are arranged in this respect at an angle of 160 °. It is also possible to immobilize on a profile 202 the flat elements 302 with any other angle, one adjacent to the other, through the support of the glass 207.
As can be seen in Figure 10, the glass support 207 comprises a floor segment 212, on which a centering supplement 213 is formed that projects in the form of a strip. The centering supplement 213 is incorporated in the threaded groove and is responsible for a correct positioning of the support of the glass 207 on the profile 202, where the side walls of the centering supplement 213 may be slightly obliquely configured, to ensure a binding immobilization positive in shape or brown in threaded groove 206.
The glass support 207 further comprises a hollow chamber 214, which is used to house the heads 221 of the screws 220, such that the heads 223 do not protrude above the glass support 207. On an upper side 219 of the chamber hollow 214 a central segment 222 of the clamping arm 211 is connected, which is configured in plane and extends perpendicularly to the central plane of the threaded groove 206. The curved terminal segment 223 is connected to this central segment 222.
The curved terminal segment 223 is configured as corrugated and comprises several undulation breasts 216 or strips and undulating ridges 217, which protrude outwards in a pumped manner. The undulation breasts 216 form aids to the marking, which indicate that angle is reached starting from a central plane through the curved terminal segment 223. In the exemplary embodiment shown, an angle is covered through the last undulating ridge 217. 45 °, such that this last ridge ridge 217 is suitable for immobilization in a 90 ° corner. If, however, it is desired to mount adjacent flat elements, in particular insulating glass crystals 203, with a smaller angle, the curved end segment 223 can be correspondingly shortened, where by means of the pumped conformation of the undulating ridges 217 certain compensation of tolerances and in a certain area a linear seating surface of an undulating ridge 217 is produced on the wall 231 of the groove 232 of the insulating glass glass 203. Assembly errors are marked by marking the individual angular margins, and the glass support 207 can be shortened in the work.
The corrugated configuration of the curved terminal segment 223 offers, in addition to the linear load transmission, the additional advantage that longitudinal dilations of the insulating glass glass 203 can be easily compensated, since the corrugated support surfaces only have reduced frictional resistance .
As shown in Figure 11, the support of the glass 207 comprises in the upper area two openings 218, in which the screws 220 can be incorporated. In the floor segment 212 of the support of the glass 207 corresponding openings are provided with a smaller diameter. The glass support 207 thus has an outer flat bearing surface, since the screw heads 221 are arranged embedded in the hollow chamber 214 and, thus, the filler can be applied well to the glass support 207.
The support of the glass 207 shown can preferably be extruded from metal, for example aluminum, and then cut to the desired length. Other materials can also be used for manufacturing.
In the exemplary embodiment shown, the curvature is circularly configured on the terminal segment 223. It is also possible to provide a curvature with different radii on the glass support 27.
Another support structure 301 shown in Figure 12 for a structure with structural glazing comprises a profile 302, on which flat elements 303 can be immobilized. On the profile 302 joints 304 are embedded in grooves 305, in which they are located The flat elements, in particular insulating glass crystals 303, form brown. In order to fix the flat elements, in particular insulating glass crystals 303, the profile 302 has a threaded groove 306, to which the glass supports 310 as are fixed! as an insulating strip 307. The supports of the glasses 310 have one or two laterally protruding arms 311, which are provided to engage in a groove 309 of an insulating glass pane 303. The groove 309 is arranged on a spacer 308 between two glass crystals of the insulating glass glass 303 and can be extended, by choice, for the entire length or only for a partial area.
Screws 312 are provided for the assembly of the glass supports 310, which are screwed through a threaded channel in the glass holder 310 in the threaded groove 306 on the profile 302. In addition, this is provided on each glass support 310 a slot 313, which in the mounting state is used to immobilize a joint, which extends along the insulating strip 307 and the glass holder 301. For mounting, however, the slot 313 can also be used for the engagement of a tool tightening device.
As can be seen in Figure 12, the glass holder 310 is oriented first in such a way that the clamping arms 311 run parallel to the threaded groove 306 and can be incorporated between a slit 314 of two flat elements 303. Then the glass support 310 is rotated 90 °, so that the clamping arms 311 engage in the groove 309. The glass support 310 is then immobilized through the screw 312. The flat elements 303 are peripherally fastened through several glass stands 310 on profiles 302.
For mounting a tool is used, as shown schematically in Figure 13. The tool comprises a handle 320, which has an opening 322 on the side away from the profile 302. On the side turned towards the profile 302 a device is provided. tightening 321, which protrudes from the handle 320. For mounting, a screw 312 is first implanted in a nozzle in the tool and then the glass holder 310 is pre-fixed to the tightening device 321 by clamping. The tool is then implanted together with the glass holder 310 in the slit 314 between the flat elements 303 and rotated 90 ° through the handle 320. In this respect a seat flange 325 disposed on the handle is located above the flat elements 303. The rotation of the handle 320 can be seen well by configuring the handle in the form of a strip. The screw 312 is then immobilized by means of a screwdriver not shown, through the nozzle provided in the tool. The seat flange 325 on the lower side has been formed on the handle 320. The clamping device 321 is positioned in this respect on a tubular segment 326 and protrudes from the handle 320 for implantation between two flat elements 303.
As can be seen in Figure 14, the nozzle comprises a first allrical segment 322 with a larger diameter, a trunk-shaped segment 323 and a second cylindrical segment 324 with a smaller diameter. The segment 323 in a truncated shape is used in this regard as an aid to the guidance, such that the fixing bolt 312 and / or a screwdriver can be more easily incorporated in the segment 322 and then automatically oriented during implantation.
In the exemplary embodiment shown, the nozzle comprises a housing 330 for a screw head and a cylindrical segment 329 with a smaller diameter than the adjacent areas. In this way a screw 312 can be fastened in the housing 330 between the
tool and glass holder 310, without being lost carelessly. The narrowed cylindrical segment 329 prevents the screw 312 from sliding through the tool.
In Figure 15 the tool is shown in a side view, where in particular the clamping device 321 can be seen well. The clamping device 321 has lateral surfaces 328 that run indinated with respect to each other in the form of a cradle, which they run forming an acute angle a, preferably between 1 ° and 10 °. The lateral surfaces 328 can be rough, so that the support of the glass 310 or other object can be well imprisoned.
In Figures 16 and 17 the tool in perspective has been represented again. The clamping device 321 is formed by two projections applied to the tubular segment 326, which can then engage in a groove 313 of the glass holder 310 or in a recess on an object. The handle 320 is configured as a hollow profile and has housings 327, in which spacers or other molding devices can be mounted.
In the embodiment shown, the tool is made of plastic material, which can also be transparent so that the object to be mounted remains visible. It is also possible to use other materials for the tool.
In addition to this the tool and the assembly procedure have been explained in more detail in relation to the immobilization of flat elements 303 on a profile 02 for structures with structural glazing. The tool can however be used universally also for the assembly of other objects.
A support structure 401 shown in Figure 18 comprises a profile 402, on which several flat elements are fixed, in particular insulating glass crystals 403. The flat elements 403 are immobilized tightly in the edge area on a joint 404, which is embedded in a groove 405 of the profile 402. The profile 402 composed of metal, for example aluminum or steel, further comprises a threaded groove 406, which is incorporated in an insulating strip 407. The insulating strip 407 is not configured however of continuously, but it has interruptions with certain separations, so that a support of the glass 409 can be fixed to the threaded groove 406.
The glass support 409 has one or two protruding lateral support arms 413, which are respectively incorporated in a groove 408 disposed on the edge side on the flat elements 403. The insulating glass 403 comprises an interior glass glass 430 and a glass of outer glass 431, between which a spacer 432 is arranged, on which the groove 408 is formed to accommodate the clamping arms 413 of the glass support 409.
As can be seen in figure 19, the fixing of the glass support 409 is carried out through a screw 424, which is screwed to the threaded groove 406 of the profile 402. On the far side of the profile 402 they are configured both on the insulating strip 407 a groove 470 as on the support of the glass 409 a groove 416, which are arranged aligned at approximately the same height and house a gasket 415. The gasket 415 is held continuously in the grooves 470 and 416 and has sealing skirts 427 curved outwardly, which make contact with the front sides of the outer glass pane 431 of the flat elements 403 and are responsible for a sufficient seal. By means of the elastic seat of the sealing skirts 427, tolerances across the width of the gap between adjacent flat elements can also be compensated. Due to the continuous support of the seal 415, it is no longer necessary to additionally fill the gap between the flat elements 403 with silicone.
The glass support 409 has holes, in which screws 424 can be screwed for immobilization on the profile 402. The screws 424 can be housed in this respect embedded in the glass support 409, where the head of the screw 424 is arranged embedded deep below slot 416.
The groove 416 of the glass support 409 is V-shaped in the floor area and has oblique wall elements, which are configured correspondingly to the inclination of the joint foot of the joint 415. Between the joint foot and the bevel is provided with a small clearance, so that the gasket 415 can be better embedded in the groove 416. In the opposite side walls of the groove 416, inwardly oriented projections are also provided, so that the groove 416 is shaped in shape slit and seal 415 can hold permanently.
In Fig. 20, the joint 415 is shown in transversal drying. The joint 415 comprises on opposite sides a first sealing skirt 427 and on the side turned towards the profile 402 a second shorter sealing skirt 419, which also makes contact with the front edge of an insulating glass 403.
The seal 415 also has a compressible seal piece 418, which has projections 417 protruding laterally, which are responsible for a secure fastening in a groove 416 or 470 embedded. In the area of the joint foot 418 a hollow chamber 421 is provided, so that the joint foot 418 can be easily compressed and embedded in the grooves 416 and 470. On the side turned outward the joint 415 is configured optically shaped. attractive, so that along with the sealing skirts 427 an outer contour is obtained in the form of W.
- 510fifteentwenty25303540Four. Fivefifty5560651. Transparent facade and / or roof structure with a support structure, witha) at least one insulating glass glass (3, 103, 203, 303), which is fixed at least on a profile (2, 102, 202, 302),b) where on groove glass (3, 103, 203, 303) a groove (8, 108, 232) is provided on the edge side at least by segments,c) in which a clamping arm (13, 113, 223) of a glass support (9, 109, 207) engages, which can be immobilized through at least one screw in a threaded groove (6, 106, 206 ) of the profile (2, 102, 202), whered) the glass support (9, 109, 207) is configured on the side turned towards the profile (2, 102, 202, 302) of a seat surface or a fundamentally flat bottom side (o) (14, 114, 212), which can be applied to the front edges of the threaded grooves (6, 106) of the profile (2, 10),e) where, preferably on the lower side of the glass support (9, 109, 207), a supplement (117, 13) is provided in the form of a strip, which for centering the glass support (9, 109, 207 ) can be insignificantly incorporated into the threaded groove, characterized in thatf) two strips (17) are provided on the seating surface (14), in which when positioning the at least one lateral clamping arm (13) in the groove (8) of the insulating glass element (3) , the front edges of the threaded groove can be incorporated(6), andg) The front edges of the threaded grooves (6) can be housed primarily in union with geometric fit on the stripes (17).
- 2. Translucent facade and / or roof structure according to claim 1, characterized by a threaded channel (22) for guiding through it a screw (10), into which a threaded groove (6) of the profile (2) can be screwed to immobilize the glass support (9), where a groove (16) on the glass support (9) is provided on the far side of the profile (2).
- 3. Translucent facade and / or roof structure according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the glass support (9) can rotate on the front edges of the threaded grooves (6), to engage the at least one, lateral support arm (13) with the groove (8) in the insulating glass element (3).
- 4. Translucent facade and / or roof structure according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the groove (16, 116) of the threaded channel (6) has a housing for a head (26, 126) of a screw (10) , which is arranged below the groove (16, 116) of the glass support (9, 109).
- 5. Translucent facade and / or roof structure according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the groove (16, 116) is configured embedded in the glass support (9, 109).
- 6. Translucent facade and / or roof structure according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the groove (16, 116) is configured on the V-shaped glass support (9, 109) in the floor area.
- 7. Facade structure and / or translucent roof according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that on the support of the glass (9) two clamping arms (13) are provided on opposite sides and the glass support (9) is configured symmetrically along a central plane parallel to the groove (16) of the glass holder (9).
- 8. Facade structure and / or roof transluded according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that adjacent strips (7) are arranged adjacent to the glass support (7) in the threaded groove (6) on the profile (2) ), where the glass support (9) and the insulating strips (7) have approximately the same height and a joint with a joint foot in the groove (16) of the glass support (9) is immobilized and, so adjacent to it, in a groove (70) an insulating strip (7).
- 9. Translucent facade and / or roof structure according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that lateral implant beams (112) are provided on the supplement (117).
- 10. Translucent facade and / or roof structure according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a continuous groove (116) is provided on the upper side of the glass support (109) away from the profile (102) for fixing a gasket (115).
- 11. Translucent facade and / or roof structure according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the groove (116) is configured embedded in the support of the glass (109) and the joint foot is disposed loosely with respect to the bottom of the slot (116).
- 12. Translucent facade and / or roof structure according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the glass support (109) can be immobilized on the profile (102) through screws (124), wherein the heads of the Screws (124) are arranged essentially embedded below the groove (116) in the glass holder (109).
- 13. Translucent facade and / or roof structure according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the transition between the at least one support arm (113) and a side wall of the glass support (109) is rounded, preferably with a radius greater than 5 to 10 mm.
- 14. Translucent facade and / or roof structure according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that an insulating strip (107) in the threaded groove (106), respectively, is provided adjacent to the glass support (109), respectively. the one on the far side of the profile (102) is provided a groove (107), in which a continuous joint (115) is extended which extends5 on the glass support (109) and the insulating strip (107).
- 15. Facade structure and / or translucent roof according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the joint with sealing skirts (127) makes contact with the front sides of opposite flat elements, in particular insulating glass crystals (103) .10
Priority Applications (11)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|DE20300135U DE20300135U1 (en)||2003-01-08||2003-01-08||Holder for double glazing panels at angle to each other in e.g. walls or roofs, has curved arm for inserting into groove in panel|
|DE2003100208 DE10300208A1 (en)||2003-01-08||2003-01-08||Tool for assembling insulated glass panels has clamping device to hold glass holder which is fitted, then aligned into assembly position and fixed by inserting bolt into guide through handle|
|DE20300136U DE20300136U1 (en)||2003-01-08||2003-01-08||Holder for securing double glazing to profiles, especially in facades, has flat surface for urging against end of screw groove in profile|
|DE20300137U DE20300137U1 (en)||2003-01-08||2003-01-08||Supporting structure for a building facade or attic window|
|DE20300134U DE20300134U1 (en)||2003-01-08||2003-01-08||Support construction for double glazed facades or sky lights, has glass holder screwed onto profile via its flat underside|
|PCT/EP2003/014397 WO2004063517A2 (en)||2003-01-08||2003-12-17||Façade and/or transparent roof construction and associated tool for assembling the surface elements|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|ES2621788T3 true ES2621788T3 (en)||2017-07-05|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|ES03785855.2T Active ES2621788T3 (en)||2003-01-08||2003-12-17||Facade structure and / or translucent roof|
Country Status (4)
|EP (1)||EP1581715B1 (en)|
|AU (1)||AU2003294882A1 (en)|
|ES (1)||ES2621788T3 (en)|
|WO (1)||WO2004063517A2 (en)|
Families Citing this family (13)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|SE528645C2 (en) *||2005-05-30||2007-01-09||Flex Fasader Ab||Insulating glass element and the arrangement in glass facade|
|WO2007086083A1 (en) *||2006-01-24||2007-08-02||Tecnoimage Srl||Supporting frame for covering elements|
|DE102006059792B4 (en) *||2006-12-15||2009-09-17||Eduard Hueck Gmbh & Co. Kg||Holder for plate-shaped components|
|DE102007012854A1 (en) *||2007-03-17||2008-09-18||Hydro Building Systems Gmbh||Façade and / or light roof construction|
|FR2938596B1 (en)||2008-11-20||2010-12-17||Norsk Hydro As||System for assembling three bodies between them to form a substantially "t" shaped part and application to curved walls|
|FR2938595B1 (en)||2008-11-20||2010-12-17||Norsk Hydro As||System for assembling three bodies between them to form a substantially "t" shaped part and application to curved walls|
|AT522695T (en)||2009-05-06||2011-09-15||Akotherm Gmbh||Façade, especially glass façade|
|FR2965289B1 (en) *||2010-09-23||2012-11-02||Profils Systemes||Device for sealing a carpentry assembly|
|EP2444579B1 (en)||2010-10-20||2014-05-07||Cuhadaroglu Metal Sanayi Ve Pazarlama Anonim Sirketi||Curtain wall system wherein a special connection system is used for plate materials such as glass, aluminium sheet, etc.|
|DE102012102497A1 (en) *||2012-03-22||2013-09-26||Norsk Hydro Asa||Connector, tool for assembling and using a connector|
|AT512685B1 (en)||2012-03-30||2016-08-15||JOSKO Fenster und Türen GmbH||Device for connecting wall parts, in particular glass elements|
|ITPD20130050A1 (en) *||2013-02-28||2014-08-29||Alprogetti Srl||of glass panels for curtain walls restraining device and method for the installation of said device|
|WO2019112450A1 (en)||2017-12-06||2019-06-13||Smolarczyk Mariusz Adam||Curtain wall|
Family Cites Families (6)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|US4799344A (en) *||1985-06-28||1989-01-24||Vision Engineering & Design, Inc.||Mechanical-adhesion glazing|
|DE3714629C2 (en)||1987-05-02||1997-08-21||Johann Henkenjohann||Facade wall of a building|
|DE4005106A1 (en) *||1990-02-17||1991-08-22||Wicona Bausysteme||Screws and clamping strips - are used to fasten panels or glass panes to supporting frames|
|AT398796B (en)||1993-06-08||1995-01-25||Brueder Eckelt & Co Glastech||Insulating glass element for glass facades or the like.|
|FR2727165B1 (en) *||1994-11-22||1996-12-27||Audo Daniel||Assembly of translucent panels with non-visible external mechanical fixing|
|NL1016724C2 (en) *||2000-11-28||2002-05-29||Reynolds Architectuursystemen||Tile wall comprising posts and panels, has panel plates held together by spacer elements with wing parts clamped between posts and fixing parts|
Also Published As
|Publication number||Publication date|
|US8966849B1 (en)||System for mounting wall panels to a wall structure|
|US4809475A (en)||Facade system of metal sections|
|US4829740A (en)||Apparatus for joining wall panels|
|EP0472109B1 (en)||System of profiles for fixing glass panes|
|US4850175A (en)||Spacer assembly for multiple glazed unit|
|AU2001287356B8 (en)||Building panel, assembly and method|
|DE10132557C2 (en)||Mounting profile for mounting photovoltaic modules and mounting system|
|KR950008989B1 (en)||Window glass provided with an inser table marginal trimming strip|
|AT396272B (en)||Wall or roof element|
|CA1286871C (en)||Storefront framing system|
|US9617733B2 (en)||Curtain wall elements|
|US20040031220A1 (en)||Transom-mullion structure|
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|JP2004300865A (en)||Building board with solar battery|
|JP2005347291A (en)||Solar cell module|
|EP2273028B1 (en)||An insulating frame for a roof window|
|EP0566677A1 (en)||Skylight assembly|
|EP2144300B1 (en)||Framework for a plate-shaped solar element|
|US20020031398A1 (en)||Attachment device for mounting a glass pane fixedly to a structure, such as a building and a facade having attachment devices for mounting glass panes fixedly to a structure, such as a building|
|EP0430667B1 (en)||Cladding panel and system|
|US9068353B1 (en)||Dry joint wall cladding attachment system|
|KR20060066197A (en)||Sheath type curtain wall system having an adiabatic structure using a gasket|
|US20010000274A1 (en)||Building glass facade of a building, clamping arrangement in a facade, and a clamping arrangement for clamping a building glass pane in a facade|