ES2595728T3 - Composition comprising propylene-olefin and carbon black copolymer waxes - Google Patents

Composition comprising propylene-olefin and carbon black copolymer waxes Download PDF

Info

Publication number
ES2595728T3
ES2595728T3 ES08168510.9T ES08168510T ES2595728T3 ES 2595728 T3 ES2595728 T3 ES 2595728T3 ES 08168510 T ES08168510 T ES 08168510T ES 2595728 T3 ES2595728 T3 ES 2595728T3
Authority
ES
Spain
Prior art keywords
preferably
component
composition
weight
propylene
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
ES08168510.9T
Other languages
Spanish (es)
Inventor
Pirko Kolditz
Gerd Dr. Hohner
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Clariant International Ltd
Original Assignee
Clariant International Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Clariant International Ltd filed Critical Clariant International Ltd
Priority to EP08168510.9A priority Critical patent/EP2184316B1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of ES2595728T3 publication Critical patent/ES2595728T3/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L23/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L23/02Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers not modified by chemical after-treatment
    • C08L23/04Homopolymers or copolymers of ethene
    • C08L23/08Copolymers of ethene
    • C08L23/0807Copolymers of ethene with unsaturated hydrocarbons only containing more than three carbon atoms
    • C08L23/0815Copolymers of ethene with aliphatic 1-olefins
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08JWORKING-UP; GENERAL PROCESSES OF COMPOUNDING; AFTER-TREATMENT NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C08B, C08C, C08F, C08G
    • C08J3/00Processes of treating or compounding macromolecular substances
    • C08J3/20Compounding polymers with additives, e.g. colouring
    • C08J3/22Compounding polymers with additives, e.g. colouring using masterbatch techniques
    • C08J3/226Compounding polymers with additives, e.g. colouring using masterbatch techniques using a polymer as a carrier
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L23/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L23/02Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers not modified by chemical after-treatment
    • C08L23/04Homopolymers or copolymers of ethene
    • C08L23/08Copolymers of ethene
    • C08L23/0846Copolymers of ethene with unsaturated hydrocarbons containing other atoms than carbon or hydrogen atoms
    • C08L23/0853Vinylacetate
    • C08L23/0861Saponified vinylacetate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L23/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L23/02Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers not modified by chemical after-treatment
    • C08L23/10Homopolymers or copolymers of propene
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L23/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L23/02Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers not modified by chemical after-treatment
    • C08L23/10Homopolymers or copolymers of propene
    • C08L23/14Copolymers of propene
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OR DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C11/00Use of gas-solvents or gas-sorbents in vessels
    • F17C11/005Use of gas-solvents or gas-sorbents in vessels for hydrogen
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08JWORKING-UP; GENERAL PROCESSES OF COMPOUNDING; AFTER-TREATMENT NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C08B, C08C, C08F, C08G
    • C08J2423/00Characterised by the use of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Derivatives of such polymers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/00Use of inorganic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/02Elements
    • C08K3/04Carbon
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/00Use of inorganic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/02Elements
    • C08K3/04Carbon
    • C08K3/041Carbon nanotubes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2205/00Polymer mixtures characterised by other features
    • C08L2205/03Polymer mixtures characterised by other features containing three or more polymers in a blend
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L23/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L23/02Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers not modified by chemical after-treatment
    • C08L23/04Homopolymers or copolymers of ethene
    • C08L23/06Polyethene
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2310/00Masterbatches
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2314/00Polymer mixtures characterised by way of preparation
    • C08L2314/06Metallocene or single site catalysts
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L51/00Compositions of graft polymers in which the grafted component is obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L51/06Compositions of graft polymers in which the grafted component is obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers grafted on to homopolymers or copolymers of aliphatic hydrocarbons containing only one carbon-to-carbon double bond

Abstract

Composition Z which is a master mix, containing the composition Z from 50 to 100% by weight, the% by weight being based on the total weight of the composition Z, of the sum of a component A and a component B, in which component A is a propylene-olefin copolymer wax and component B is a carbon black, the propylene-olefin copolymer wax of propylene monomers being prepared and 0.1 to 50% by weight of at least one compound of formula (II), ** Formula ** Ra being selected from the group consisting of H and of unbranched or branched C2-18 alkyl; the% by weight being based on the total weight of the monomers.

Description

5

10

fifteen

twenty

25

30

35

40

Four. Five

fifty

55

60

65

DESCRIPTION

Composition comprising copo waxes Propylene olefin and carbon black

The invention relates to compositions comprising certain propylene-olefin and carbon black (CB) copolymer waxes, the compositions being in the form of master mixtures, and their use to produce conductive polymers and articles made of conductive polymers.

In the plastic industry, it is common to use additives in the form of compounds or master mixes.

For the purposes of the invention, master blends are compositions comprising a polymer polymer and the additive, in which the additive is present in the master mix at higher concentrations than in the final application and the polymer is often not the polymer of The final application. Preferred concentrations of the additives in a master mix range from 0.1 to 90% by weight, more preferably from 1 to 80% by weight, even more preferably from 6 to 80% by weight, with the% by weight being based each time. in the total weight of the master mix.

For the purposes of the invention, the compounds are compositions comprising a polymer and the additive, in which the additive is present in the compound in the desired final concentration of the final application or the final article, and the polymer is the desired polymer of the final application or the final article, so that the compound is simply brought to the desired form of the final application or the final article by a physical forming process.

The conductive compounds and the final products made of conductive compounds are characterized, for the purposes of the invention, by an electrical surface resistance of 10-6 ohm to 1011 ohm, preferably 10-5 ohm to 1011 ohm, more preferably 0, 1 ohm to 109 ohm.

The electrical surface resistance is defined in accordance with DIN EN 61340-5-1 and is measured in accordance with DIN EN 61340-2-3 in those cases, where the test sample shows a dimension of at least 80 mm x 120 mm or a diameter of at least 110 mm.

In those cases, where the test sample shows neither a dimension of at least 80 mm x 120 mm nor a diameter of at least 110 mm, the electrical surface resistance is determined according to EC 93 with a flat sample of the size of 60 mm x 40 mm and the rectangular electrode size a = 40 mm, b = 3 mm and g = 10 mm directly printed with conductive silver paint on the surface of the sample.

Master mixtures and / or compounds containing CB as an additive and which are used to produce conductive polyolefins have to meet demanding requirements: the compositions must have a very low viscosity to give good processability, they must have a high load, i.e. high concentration of CB, which is characterized in% by weight of CB, the% by weight being based on the weight of the total composition, if not indicated otherwise, and it should be possible to establish the desired conductivity in the final article. The additional requirements are: high thermal conductivity, in the case of a master mix, good miscibility and compatibility with the polymer of the final application or the final article, also good dispersion of the CB in the master and / or compound mixture, very adverse effects small on the mechanical and thermal properties of the final article, in particular with respect to impact resistance, tensile strength or resistance to heat deformation.

Conductive polyolefins are used to produce items that are used in regions, areas or applications where there is a high risk of explosion; these will be summarized, for the purposes of the invention, for reasons of brevity, as articles for use in explosion protection.

In addition, only conductive polyolefins can be colored by electrostatic powder coatings. This field of use will be mentioned, for the purposes of the invention, as an electrostatic powder coating.

In addition, conductive polyolefins are used to produce containers that have little electrostatic charge, if any, and are used, for example, in the packaging of electronic components.

Conductive polyolefins are also used as bipolar plates in fuel cells.

EP 244 626 A1 describes CB in a polymer.

The known compositions do not satisfy all current industry requirements, as mentioned above. There is a need for master mixtures containing CB that meet the current requirements and, in particular, that have the required viscosity and load and by which the required conductivity of the polyolefins can be established.

Master blends comprising certain propylene-olefin copolymer waxes and CB have

5

10

fifteen

twenty

25

30

35

40

Four. Five

fifty

55

60

surprisingly improved properties.

The object of the invention is a composition Z, as defined in claim 1, comprising a component A and a component B, wherein

component A is a propylene-olefin copolymer wax, and component B is a carbon black (CB),

the propylene-olefin copolymer wax of the propylene monomers being made and 0.1 to 50% by weight of at least one compound of formula (II),

H

C

which is selected from the group consisting of H and unbranched or branched C2-18 alkyl; the% by weight being based on the total weight of the monomers.

Preferably, the propylene-olefin copolymer wax is made of propylene and 0.1 to 50% by weight, more preferably 1 to 40% by weight, even more preferably 2 to 30% by weight, especially 2 to 2 20% by weight, the% by weight being based, in each case, on the total weight (100%) of the monomers, of at least one, preferably 1, 2 or 3, more preferably 1, compound of formula ( II).

Preferably, Ra is H, that is, the propylene-olefin copolymer wax is a propylene-ethylene copolymer wax. Therefore, the combined amounts of the propylene monomers and the compound of formula (II) total 100% by weight, the% by weight being based, in each case, on the total weight (100%) of the monomers .

Composition Z is a master mix MB.

For the purposes of the invention, a conductive polymer CP has a specific surface resistance of LSSR load of preferably less than or equal to 130, particularly preferably less than or equal to 120, measured on a compression molded plate produced from the polymer CP driver; the lower limit in each preferred upper limit for the LSSR is preferably -15,000, particularly preferably-10,000, in particular-1,000, especially-100, very especially-10.

Further, for the purposes of the invention, a CP conductive polymer based on an ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer preferably has an LSSR of less than or equal to 650, particularly preferably less than or equal to 450, in particular less than or equal to 400, especially less than or equal to 300, measured on a flat film produced from the conductive polymer CP; the lower limit at each preferred upper limit for the LSSR is preferably -15,000, particularly preferably -10,000, in particular -1,000,

especially -100, very especially -10.

In addition, for the purposes of the invention, a conductive polymer CP based on a linear low density polyethylene preferably has an LSSR of less than or equal to 650, more preferably less than or equal to 385, even more preferably less than or equal to 300, measured on a flat film produced from the conductive polymer CP; the lower limit at each preferred upper limit for LSSR is preferably -15,000, particularly preferably-10,000, in particular-1,000, especially -100, very especially -10.

In addition, for the purposes of the invention, a conductive polymer CP based on a polypropylene preferably has an LSSR of less than or equal to 250, more preferably less than or equal to 200, measured on a flat film produced from the conductive polymer CP; the lower limit at each preferred upper limit for the LSSR is preferably -15,000, particularly preferably -10,000, in particular -1,000,

especially -100, very especially -10.

The LSSR is calculated by multiplying the base ten logarithm of the absolute value of the surface resistance, measured in ohm, by the second power of the absolute value of the load of the conductive polymer CP by the Cb in% by weight, the% based on weight in the total weight of the conductive polymer CP. Thus, for example, a pressed plate (compression molded) having a CB load of 3% by weight based on the total weight of the pressed plate (compression molded) and a surface resistance of 1.0 * 1015 ohm It has an LSSR of 135.

Furthermore, for the purposes of the invention, a CP conductive polymer based on an ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer or a linear low density polyethylene preferably has an electrical surface resistance of less than or equal to 9 * 106, more preferably of less than or equal to 9 * 105, even more preferably less

image 1

5

10

fifteen

twenty

25

30

35

40

Four. Five

fifty

at or equal to 9 * 104, especially less than or equal to 9 * 103, measured on a flat film produced from the leading conductor CP; The lower limit at each preferred upper limit for the electrical surface resistance is preferably 1 * 10-5, more preferably 1 * 10-4, most especially 1 * 10-3.

Furthermore, for the purposes of the invention, a polypropylene based CP conductor preferably has an electrical surface resistance of less than or equal to 9 * 108, more preferably less than or equal to 9 * 107, even more preferably less of 9 * 106 or more, especially less than or equal to 9 * 105, measured on a flat film produced from the conductive polymer CP; The lower limit at each preferred upper limit for the electrical surface resistance is preferably 1 * 10-5, more preferably 1 * 10-4, most especially 1 * 10-3

Preferably, propylene-olefin copolymer waxes are characterized by a narrower molar mass distribution, especially when they have been synthesized with metallocene catalysis. The molar mass distribution is characterized by the average molar mass by weight (Mw value [g / mol]) and the average molar mass by number (Mn value [g / mol]).

Preferably, Mn is 500 to 50,000 g / mol, more preferably 1,000 to 35,000 g / mol, even more preferably 1,100 to 25,000 g / mol.

Preferably, Mw is 1,000 to 14,000 g / mol, more preferably 1,900 to 100,000 g / mol, even more preferably 2,100 to 70,000 g / mol.

Preferably, Mw divided by Mn, in the following so-called Mw / Mn value, is preferably 1.0 to 3.0, more preferably 1.5 to 2.9, even more preferably 1.7 to 2.8; especially from 2.1 to 2.7; more especially from 2.2 to 2.5; while in the case of conventional waxes not catalyzed with metallocene, the Mw / Mn value is at least 3.1 and can reach 7 or 8.

Possible catalysts, which can be used for the production of propylene-olefin copolymer waxes, are preferably Ziegler-Natta catalysts and metallocene catalysts, for example, those mentioned in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Vol. A 28, Weinheim 1996, S. 151-152.

Propylene-olefin copolymer waxes, preferably propylene-ethylene copolymer waxes, can also be manufactured by thermal degradation of suitable high molecular weight propylene-olefin copolymers, preferably propylene-ethylene copolymers.

Preferably, propylene-olefin copolymer waxes are waxes that have been prepared in the presence of metallocenes as a catalyst. The special capabilities of metallocene catalysts are used to synthesize propylene-olefin copolymer waxes with selective profiles and completely new properties. The use of metallocene catalysts provides special combinations of melting point, viscosity and molecular weight of a propylene-olefin copolymer wax.

Propylene-olefin copolymer waxes, preferably propylene-olefin copolymer waxes with metallocene, are preferably largely or completely amorphous and can be further modified to make them polar, if necessary. For the purposes of the invention, it largely means more than 80% by weight, preferably more than 90% by weight, in particular more than 95% by weight, especially more than 99% by weight, with the% by weight based on each case in the total weight of the wax.

Propylene olefin copolymer waxes with metallocene are prepared using metallocene compounds of the formula (I).

R1

\ /

R3

M>

/ \

R2

R4

This formula encompasses compounds of formula (la),

image2

formula (lb)

5

image3

and formula (Ic)

image4

10

In formulas (I), (la) and (lb), M1 is a Group IVb, Vb or VIb metal of the Periodic Table, preferably titanium, zirconium, hafnium, vanadium, niobium, tantalum, chromium, molybdenum, tungsten, particularly preferably titanium, zirconium, hafnium.

fifteen

R1 and R2 are identical or different and are each, independently of each other, a hydrogen atom, a

5

10

fifteen

twenty

25

30

35

40

Four. Five

fifty

C1-C10 alkyl group, preferably C1-C3, in particular methyl, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, preferably C1-C3, a Ca-Cio aryl group, preferably C6-C8, a Ca-Cio aryloxy group, preferably C6-C8 , a C2-C10 alkenyl group, preferably C2-C4, a C7-C40 arylalkyl group, preferably C7-C10, a C7-C40 alkylaryl group, preferably C7-C12, a C8-C40 arylalkyl group, preferably C8-C12 or a halogen atom, preferably a chlorine atom.

R3 and R4 are identical or different and are each, independently of each other, a monodyl or polyhydric hydrocarbon radical which together with the central atom M1 can form a sandwich structure. R3 and R4 are preferably cyclopentadienyl, indenyl, tetrahydroindenyl, bencindenyl or fluorenyl, the basic skeletons being capable of harboring additional substituents or bridging together. In addition, one of the radicals R3 and R4 may be a substituted nitrogen atom, where R24 has one of the meanings of R17 and is preferably methyl, tert-butyl or cyclohexyl.

R5, Ra, R7, R8, R9 and R10 are identical or different and are each, independently of each other, a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, preferably a fluorine, chlorine or bromine atom, a C1-C10 alkyl group , preferably C1-C4, an aryl group Ca-Cm preferably Ca-C8, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, preferably C1-C3, a radical -NR162, -SR1a, -OSIR163, -SIR1a3 or -PR162, where R1a is a C1-C10 alkyl group, preferably C1-C3 or a Ca-C1o aryl groups, preferably Ca-C8 or in the case of radicals containing Si or P can also be a halogen atom, preferably a chlorine atom, or two radicals adjacent R5, Ra, R7, R8, R9 or R10 together with the carbon atoms that connect them form a ring. Particularly preferred ligands are the substituted compounds of the basic skeletons cyclopentadienyl, indenyl, tetrahydroindenyl, bencindenyl or fluorenyl.

R13 is

 R17 1
 R17 I R17 1 R17 R17 I

 - M2 - | ’
 1 —M2— M2 - 9 1 —M2 - I CR19— - l 9 O — M2- I

 R18
 ris R18 1 RIS 1 ris

 R17
   R17 I R17 I
 R17

 -C
 -----> - 0— 1 -M2 -----, ------ M2 ------ 0- —M2 -----

 Ris
   ris Ris ris

image5

= BR17, = AIR17, -Ge-, -Sn-, -O-, -S-, = SO, = SO2, = NR17, = CO, = PR17 or = P (O) R17, where R17, R18 and R19 they are identical or different and are each, independently of each other, a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, preferably a fluorine, chlorine or bromine atom, a C1-C30 alkyl group, preferably C1-C4, in particular a methyl group , a C1-C10 fluoroalkyl group, preferably a CF3 group, a Ca-C10 fluoroaryl groups, preferably a pentafluorophenyl group, a Ca-C10 aryl group, preferably Ca-C8, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, preferably C1-C4, in Particularly a methoxy group, a C2-C10 alkenyl group, preferably C2-C4, a C7-C40 aralkyl group, preferably C7-C10, a C8-C40 arylalkyl group, preferably C8-C12 -or a C7-C40 alkylaryl group, preferably C7-C12, or R17 and R18 or R17 and R18 together with the atoms that connect them form a ring.

M2 is silicon, germanium or tin, preferably silicon or germanium.

R13 is preferably = CR17R18, = SiR17R18, = GeR17R18, -O-, -S-, = SO, = PR17 or = P (O) R17.

11 12 17

R and R are identical or different and independently have one of the meanings of R.

m and n are identical or different and are each 0, 1 or 2, preferably 0 or 1, with m plus n 0, 1 or 2, preferably 0 or 1.

A A W C A-J .JO

R and R are identical or different and independently have one of the meanings of R and R.

Preferred metallocenes are:

• bis (1,2,3-trimethylcyclopentadienyl) zirconium dichloride,

• bis (1,2,4-trimethylcyclopentadienyl) zirconium dichloride,

to

5

10

fifteen

twenty

25

30

35

40

Four. Five

fifty

55

60

65

• bis (1,2-dimethylcyclopentadienyl) zirconium dichloride,

• bis (1,3-dimethylcyclopentadienyl) zirconium dichloride,

• bis (1-methylindenyl) zirconium dichloride,

• bis (1-n-butyl-3-methylcyclopentadienyl) zirconium dichloride,

• bis (2-methyl-4,6-di-i-propylindenyl) zirconium dichloride,

• bis (2-methylindenyl) zirconium dichloride,

• bis (4-methylindenyl) zirconium dichloride,

• bis (5-methylindenyl) zirconium dichloride,

• bis (alkylcyclopentadienyl) zirconium dichloride,

• bis (alkylindenyl) zirconium dichloride,

• bis (cyclopentadienyl) zirconium dichloride,

• bis (indenyl) zirconium dichloride,

• bis (methylcyclopentadienyl) zirconium dichloride,

• bis (n-butylcyclopentadienyl) zirconium dichloride,

• bis (octadecylcyclopentadienyl) zirconium dichloride,

• bis (pentamethylcyclopentadienyl) zirconium dichloride,

• bis (trimethylsilylcyclopentadienyl) zirconium dichloride,

• biscyclopentadienildibencilzirconium,

• biscyclopentadienyldimethylzirconium,

• bystetrahydroindenylzirconium dichloride,

• dimethylsilyl-9-fluorenylcyclopentadienylzirconium dichloride,

• dimethylsilylbis-1- (2,3,5-trimethylcyclopentadienyl) zirconium dichloride,

• dimethylsilylbis-1- (2,4-dimethylcyclopentadienyl) zirconium dichloride,

• dimethylsilylbis-1- (2-methyl-4,5-bencindenyl) zirconium dichloride,

• dimethylsilylbis-1- (2-methyl-4-ethylindenyl) zirconium dichloride,

• dimethylsilylbis-1- (2-methyl-4-i-propylindenyl) zirconium dichloride,

• dimethylsilylbis-1- (2-methyl-4-phenylindenyl) zirconium dichloride,

• dimethylsilylbis-1 - (2-methylindenyl) zirconium dichloride,

• dimethylsilylbis-1 - (2-methyltetrahydroindenyl) zirconium dichloride,

• dimethylsilylbis-1-inddenylzirconium dichloride,

• dimethylsilylbis-1-adenyldimethylzirconium,

• dimethylsilylbis-1-tetrahydroindenylzirconium dichloride,

• diphenylmethylene-9-fluorenylcyclopentadienylzirconium dichloride,

• diphenylsilylbis-1-indenylzirconium dichloride,

• ethylene bis-1- (2-methyl-4,5-bencindenyl) zirconium dichloride,

• ethylene bis-1- (2-methyl-4-phenylindenyl) zirconium dichloride,

• ethylene bis-1- (2-methyltetrahydroindenyl) zirconium dichloride,

• ethylene bis-1- (4,7-dimethylindenyl) zirconium dichloride,

• ethylene bis-1-indenylzirconium dichloride,

• ethylene bis-1-tetrahydroindenylzirconium dichloride,

• indenylcyclopentadienylzirconium dichloride,

• Isopropylidene (1-indenyl) (cyclopentadienyl) zirconium dichloride,

• Isopropylidene (9-fluorenyl) (cyclopentadienyl) zirconium dichloride,

• phenylmethylsilylbis-1 - (2-methylindenyl) zirconium dichloride,

and also the alkyl or aryl derivatives of these metallocene dichlorides.

To activate the single site catalyst systems, suitable cocatalysts are used. Suitable cocatalysts for metallocenes of formula (I) are organoaluminum compounds, in particular aluminoxanes or aluminum-free systems such as RxNH4-xBR214, RxPH4-xBR214, R 3CBR 4 or BR 3. In these formulas, x is 1 to 4, the radicals R21 are identical or different, preferably identical and are each, independently of each other, C1-C10 alkyl or C6-C18 aryl or two radicals R20 together with the atom that connects them form a ring and the radicals R21 are identical or different , preferably identical and are each, independently from each other, C6-C18 aryl which may be substituted by alkyl, haloalkyl or fluorine. In particular, R20 is ethyl, propyl, butyl or phenyl and R21 is phenyl, pentafluorophenyl, 3,5-bistrifluoromethylphenyl, mesityl, xylyl or tolyl.

In addition, a third component is often necessary to maintain protection against polar catalyst poisons. Organoaluminum compounds such as triethylaluminum, tributyl aluminum and others, and also mixtures of these compounds, are suitable for this purpose.

Depending on the process, catalysts from a single support site can also be used. Preference is given to catalyst systems in which the residual contents of the support material and the cocatalyst do not exceed a concentration of 100 ppm in the product.

Propylene olefin copolymer waxes with metallocene are known substances, they can be prepared according to EP 321 852 A1 or EP 384 264 A1.

5

10

fifteen

twenty

25

30

35

40

Four. Five

fifty

55

60

65

Preferred propylene-olefin co-polymer waxes with metallocene are propylene-ethylene copolymer waxes and are prepared by copolymerization of propylene with ethylene using the metallocene catalyst dimethylsilylbisindenylzirconium dichloride by the process presented in EP 384 264 A, in particular in analogy with the method of Examples 1 to 16.

They are used in a finely particulate state, preferably pulverized or ground, or also in granular form.

Additional preference is given to grafted propylene-olefin copolymer waxes. Preferred grafted propylene-olefin copolymer waxes are modified propylene-olefin copolymer waxes modified from 0.5 to 10% by weight of maleic amphiphide, the% by weight based on the sum of the weights of the starting materials Propylene-olefin copolymer wax and maleic antidrido.

Preferably, component A comprises 1, 2, 3 or 4, more preferably 1 or 2, even more preferably 1, propylene-olefin copolymer wax.

Unless otherwise indicated, a specific surface area of mass is determined by the adsorption surface area of Brunauer Emmet Teller (BET), measured using nitrogen in accordance with ASTM D3037; This surface area will be referred to as BET surface area from now on.

CBs usually show an intrinsic conductivity, but CBs can also have negative effects on the polymeric resin, for example, reduced mechanical properties. By using a special CB range, high conductivity with low load can be achieved, for the purposes of the invention these Cb are called conductive carbon blacks (CCB). The CCBs have an oil absorption rate in a specific range and a BET surface in a specific range, which is why they differ from conventional CB.

The preferred CCB has an oil absorption index (OAN) measured in accordance with ASTM D2414 of 100 to 500 ml / 100 g, more preferably 150 to 400 ml / 100 g, even more preferably 170 to 350 ml / 100 g .

The preferred CCB has a BET surface area of 30 to 2000 m2 / g, more preferably 50 to 1,500 m2 / g, even more preferably 60 to 1,250 m2 / g, especially 65 to 200 m2 / g.

The CB and CCB can preferably be obtained from the companies Cabot, Phelps Dodge, Timcal, Degussa and Akzo.

As component B, preferably 1 type of CB is used, but it is also possible to use more than 1 CB, preferably 1.2 or 3, in particular 1 or 2, different CBs.

Composition Z may comprise additional substances.

The additional substances are preferably selected from the group consisting of carbon nanotubes (CNT) and graphite.

Preferred CNTs are single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) or multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MwCNT), MWCNT being preferred.

Preferred CNTs have a BET surface area of 50 to 1000 m2 / g, particularly preferably 200 to 600 m2 / g, in particular 250 to 560 m2 / g.

Preference is given to MWCNT having a wall structure composed of 2 to 50 carbon layers, in particular 3 to 15 carbon layers.

Preferred MWCNTs have an average external diameter (defined as the average of the numerical distribution) of 1 to 500 nm, particularly preferably 2 to 100 nm, in particular 3 to 60 nm, especially 3 to 20 nm.

There are various techniques and processes to produce CNT that differ in terms of different production methods or different catalyst particles. This leads, among other things, to a different residual catalyst content in the CNT.

Preference is given to CNT having a residual catalyst content of 20% by weight or less, particularly preferably 8% by weight or less, in particular 5% by weight or less, especially 3% by weight or less, the% by weight being based in each case on the total weight of the CNT.

Preference is given to CNT which are described in document W02006 / 050903 A and can be obtained by the process described in this document. The description of this document, in particular claims 1 to 10, describing the technical characteristics of the process described for producing carbon nanotubes and the carbon nanotubes that can be obtained by this process, therefore, is expressly incorporated by reference in East

5

10

fifteen

twenty

25

30

35

40

Four. Five

fifty

55

60

65

point.

Particular preference, therefore, is given to CNT which can be obtained by decomposing a gaseous hydrocarbon over a heterogeneous catalyst comprising Mn, Co and a support material, Co and Mn being present in amounts of 2 to 98 mol% based in the total content of active components in metallic form, and optionally additionally contains Mo; Particular preference is also given to carbon nanotubes having a main diameter of 3 nm to 150 nm and have been produced using this catalyst; where light hydrocarbons such as aliphatic and olefins, individually or in admixture, are preferably used as starting materials and the process is preferably carried out continuously or in batches, based on the introduction of the catalyst and the discharge of the carbon nanotubes formed with the spent catalyst; and the catalyst is preferably introduced into the reaction space in a way in which the principal catalytically active components are present as oxides, partially or completely reduced, or as hydroxide. Additional details of this process can be found in the description of WO2006 / 050903 A. In particular, these carbon nanotubes produced in this way make it possible, surprisingly, to produce Z compositions having a low viscosity and at the same time a high load; the desired conductivities in the polyolefins can be established; and the surface resistance of polyolefins is low.

Preference is given to using CNT which are coated with polyolefins or copolymers of ethylene-vinyl acetate. The coating is preferably applied by in situ polymerization. Particular preference is given to MWCNT coated with polyethylene and with polypropylene, in particular with polyethylene.

Preference is given to using CNT that have become easier to disperse by modification or activation of its surface. Particularly preferred surface treatments of CNTs are by plasma or gamma radiation, with particular preference given to plasma-treated MWCNT.

CNTs can preferably be obtained from the companies Mitsui, Arkema, Nanocyl, Thomas Swan & Co Ltd., CNI and in particular Bayer Material Science AG.

Preferably, 1 type of CNT is used, but it is also possible to use more than 1 CNT, more preferably 1, 2 or 3, in particular 1 or 2 different CNT.

Preferred graphites have a dibutyl phthalate (DBP) oil absorption measured in accordance with DIN 53601 of 30 to 300 g of DBP / 100 g, particularly preferably 40 to 170 g of DBP / 100 g, in particular 50 to 150 g of DBP / 100 g.

Preferred graphites have a BET surface area of 0.1 to 50 m2 / g, particularly preferably 1 to 40 m2 / g, in particular 1.5 to 30 m2 / g.

It is possible to use both graphites of natural origin and graphites produced synthetically.

Graphite can preferably be obtained from the companies Timcal, SGL Carbon or Nationals de Graphite.

The weight ratio of CNT to CB is preferably 1:99 to 99: 1, particularly preferably 1:19 to 19: 1, in particular 1: 9 to 1: 1.

The weight ratio of CNT to graphite is preferably 1:99 to 99: 1, particularly preferably 1:90 to 90: 1, in particular 1:85 to 1: 1.

The weight ratio of graphite to CB is preferably from 1:99 to 99: 1, particularly preferably 19: 1 to 1:19, in particular from 10: 1 to 1: 1.

Preferably, the composition Z contains from 50 to 90% by weight, more preferably from 60 to 85% by weight, even more preferably from 65 to 80% by weight of graphite, the% by weight being based in each case on the weight of the total Z composition.

When the CNT, CB and graphite are used simultaneously, the weight ratio of CB to graphite is preferably from 1:99 to 99: 1, more preferably from 1:40 to 40: 1, even more preferably from 1:20 to 1: 1, in particular from 1:10 to 1: 1.

In one embodiment of the invention, the particular component B preferably contains both CB and graphite.

In another embodiment of the invention, the particular component B preferably contains only CB and no graphite and no CNT.

The weight ratio of component A to component B in composition Z is preferably 1:99 to 99: 1, particularly preferably 1:90 to 90: 1, in particular 1:85 to 85: 1.

5

10

fifteen

twenty

25

30

35

40

Four. Five

fifty

55

60

65

When component B does not contain graphite or CNT, the weight ratio of component A to component B in composition Z is preferably 1: 1 to 1:50, more preferably 1: 1 to 1:40, even more preferably 1 : 1 to 1:35, especially 1: 1 to 1:20, more especially 1: 1 to 1:10.

When component B contains graphite and / or CNT in addition to CB, the weight ratio of component A to component B in composition Z is preferably 1: 1 to 1:99, more preferably 1: 1 to 1:90, even more preferably from 1: 1 to 1:85, especially from 1: 1 to 1:50, more especially from 1: 1 to 1:40, even more especially from 1: 1 to 1:35.

Composition Z preferably contains as an additional substance a component C, which is 1 or more, preferably 1.2 or 3, more preferably 1, dispersant. Preferred dispersants are esters of polar acids of C10-30 alcohols, in particular C10-30 alkylsulphonates, neoalkoxy titanates, neoalkoxyzaconates, monoalkoxy titanates or monoalkoxyconconates. More preferably, component C is a sodium alkyl sulfonate, even more preferably sodium C10-18 alkyl sulfonate.

Component C provides an improved dispersion of the CNT.

Composition Z preferably contains as an additional component F one or more, preferably 1 or 2, more preferably 1, metal stearates, more preferably the metal stearate is selected from the group consisting of calcium stearates and zinc stearates. The weight ratio of component B to component F is preferably 1: 1 to 1: 100, more preferably 1:10 to 1:80, even more preferably 1:30 to 1:70.

Composition Z preferably contains as an additional substance a component D, the component D being at least one, preferably 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5, more preferably 1 or 2, even more preferably 1, polar or non-polar wax different from one propylene-olefin copolymer wax.

Preferably, component D is selected from the group consisting of polyethylene waxes, propylene homopolymer waxes, C4-10 1-olefin homopolymers and ethylene copolymers and C4-10 1-olefins.

More preferably, component D is a polyethylene wax or a homopolymeric propylene wax.

More preferably, component D is selected from the group consisting of polyethylene waxes prepared by high pressure polymerization or with a Ziegler-Natta catalyst or with a metallocene catalyst, and homopolymeric propylene waxes prepared with a Ziegler catalyst. Natta or metallocene; even more preferably, these types of waxes have a drip point or softening point above 100 ° C, more preferably from 110 to 170 ° C, even more preferably from 115 to 166 ° C.

Component D waxes can also be oxidized or grafted. Oxidized polyethylene waxes are preferred, preferably with acid numbers between 5 and 30 mg of KOH / g. Preferably, the graft is made with 0.5 to 10% by weight of maleic anhydride, the% by weight being based on the sum of the weights of the wax and maleic anti-starting materials; more preferably, the graft is made on polyethylene waxes with metallocene or on homopolymeric waxes of propylene with metallocene.

Preferably, in the case of polyolefin waxes with metallocene as component D, Mn is from 500 to 50,000 g / mol, more preferably from 1,000 to 35,000 g / mol, even more preferably from 1,100 to 25,000 g / mol.

Preferably, in the case of polyolefin waxes with metallocene as component D, Mw is from 1,000 to 140,000 g / mol, more preferably from 1,900 to 100,000 g / mol, even more preferably from 2,100 to 70,000 g / mol.

Preferably, in the case of polyolefin waxes with metallocene as component D, the Mw / Mn value is preferably 1.0 to 3.0, more preferably 1.5 to 2.9, even more preferably 1.7 to 2.8; especially from 2.1 to 2.7; more especially from 2.2 to 2.5.

Preferably, in the case of case of polyolefin waxes without metallocene as component D, the average molar mass in weight Mw is in the range of 1,000 to 20,000 g / mol and / or the average molar mass in number Mn is in the range of 500 to 15,000 g / mol.

The weight ratio of component A to component D is preferably 10: 1 to 1:10, particularly preferably 4: 1 to 1: 4, in particular 3: 1 to 1: 3.

A further object of the invention is a composition Z comprising the components A and B and a component P, the component P being an organic polymer.

Preferably, component P is selected from the group consisting of thermoplastic polycondensates, styrene polymers, polyamides, polyesters, polycarbonates, polyacrylates, polyacrylate copolymers, polyacetals,

5

10

fifteen

twenty

25

30

35

40

Four. Five

fifty

55

60

65

polyaducts, polyolefins, polyolefin copolymers and mixtures of these substances.

Component P is preferably selected from the group consisting of thermoplastic polycondensates, more preferably thermoplastic polyesters, even more preferably polycarbonate (PC), polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) and polyethylene terephthalate (PeT).

Component P is preferably selected from the group consisting of styrene polymers, more preferably polystyrene (PS), styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer (SAN), acrylonitrile-polybutadiene-styrene (ABS) graft polymer and styrene-block copolymers. ethylene-butadiene-styrene (SEBS).

Component P is preferably selected from the group consisting of polyamides, more preferably polyamide 46 (PA46, polyamide 6 / 6t (PA6 / 6T), polyamide 6 (pA6), polyamide 12 (PA12) and polyamide 6.6 (PA6.6).

Component P is preferably selected from the group consisting of polyacrylates and polyacrylate copolymers, more preferably polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) and copolymer of ethylene and methyl acrylate, even more preferably polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA).

Component P is preferably selected from the group consisting of polyacetals, more preferably polyoxymethylene (POM).

The component P and the organic polymer OP are identical or different and are independently selected from each other preferably from the group consisting of polyducts, more preferably polyurethanes, even more preferably thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) elastomers.

Component P is preferably selected from the group consisting of polyolefins and polyolefin copolymers.

More preferably, component P is selected from the group consisting of polyolefins, polyolefin copolymers and polyacrylate copolymers, even more preferably polyolefin or a polyolefin copolymer.

When the composition Z is a conductive polymer CP, the component P is preferably a polyolefin or a polyolefin copolymer.

Most preferred polyolefin polyolefins or copolymers as component P are selected from the group consisting of

• polyethylene (PE), preferably high density polyethylene (HOPE), medium density polyethylene (MDPE), low density polyethylene (LDPE), linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), low density polyethylene with metallocene (mLDPE) and linear low density polyethylene with metallocene (mLLDPE),

• polypropylene (PP), preferably polypropylene homopolymer (PPH), random polypropylene copolymer (PP-R) and polypropylene block copolymers (PP-block-COPO),

• polyolefin plastomers, preferably 1-octene polymers with ethylene, and

• PE copolymers, preferably ethylene vinyl acetate copolymers (EVA), ethylene and methyl acrylate copolymers (EMA), ethylene and butylacrylate copolymers (EBA), ethylene and ethyl acrylate copolymers (EEA), cycloolefin copolymers (COC) ;

even more preferably from the group consisting of

• PE, preferably HOPE, LDPE and LLDPE,

• PP, preferably PPH, PP-R and PP-block-COPO,

• polyolefin plastomers, preferably 1-octene polymers with ethylene, and

• PE copolymers, preferably EVA and EMA.

Composition Z preferably comprises a component E, component E being a copolymer of ethylene and methyl acrylate. Component E is preferably used when a composition Z has to be produced, which contains a polymer selected from the group consisting of PC, PBT, PET, Ps, SAN, ABS, PA6 or PA6.6 as component P. Component E provides a better compatibility of the Z composition with the P component.

Composition Z preferably contains

from 0.1 to 100% by weight of the sum of the components A and B,

the% by weight being based in each case on the total weight of the composition Z.

Preferably, the composition Z comprises

from 0.05 to 99.95% by weight of component A, from 0.05 to 99.95% by weight of component B;

5

10

fifteen

twenty

25

30

35

40

Four. Five

fifty

55

60

65

more preferably, the composition Z comprises

from 0.1 to 99.9% by weight of component A, from 0.1 to 99.9% by weight of component B;

even more preferably, the composition Z comprises

from 1 to 99% by weight of component A, from 1 to 99% by weight of component B;

the% by weight being based in each case on the weight of the total composition.

Composition Z is a master mix MB, composition Z contains from 50 to 100% by weight, more preferably from 70 to 100% by weight, especially from 95 to 100% by weight, the% by weight being based in each case on the total weight of the composition Z, of the sum of the components A and B; more especially the composition Z consists of the component A and B.

When composition Z is a master mix MB and does not comprise graphite or CNT, composition Z preferably comprises

from 6 to 97% by weight of component A, from 3 to 94% by weight of component B;

more preferably

from 7.5 to 95% by weight of component A, from 5 to 50% by weight of component B;

even more preferably

from 25 to 90% by weight of component A, from 10 to 40% by weight of component B;

especially

from 55 to 90% by weight of component A, from 10 to 35% by weight of component B;

more especially

from 55 to 90% by weight of component A, from 13 to 35% by weight of component B;

the% by weight being based in each case on the total weight of the composition Z. In case the composition Z comprises the components A, By P, the composition Z preferably comprises

5 to 99.9% by weight of component P,

from 0.1 to 95% by weight of the sum of component A and component B; more preferably

10 to 90% by weight of component P,

10 to 90% by weight of the sum of component A and component B, even more preferably

from 12.5 to 90% by weight of component P,

10 to 87.5% by weight of the sum of component A and component B,

the% by weight being based in each case on the total weight of the composition Z; especially preferably, the% by weight of components A, B and P total 100%.

When composition Z is a CP inducing polymer and component B does not contain graphite or CNT, composition Z preferably comprises

from 1.0 to 45% by weight of component A,

5

10

fifteen

twenty

25

30

35

40

Four. Five

fifty

55

60

65

from 0.1 to 15% by weight of component B, from 5 to 98.9% by weight of component P;

more preferably

from 2 to 40% by weight of component A, from 0.5 to 12.5% by weight of component B, from 5 to 97.5% by weight of component P;

even more preferably

from 2.5 to 35% by weight of component A, from 1 to 12.5% by weight of component B, from 5 to 96.5% by weight of component P;

in particular

from 2.5 to 30% by weight of component A, from 2 to 12.5% by weight of component B, from 5 to 95.5% by weight of component P;

the% by weight being based in each case on the total weight of the composition Z.

When composition Z is a CP inducing polymer and contains graphite, composition Z preferably comprises

from 1 to 83.9% by weight of component A, from 0.1 to 15% by weight of component B, from 10 to 90% by weight of graphite, from 5 to 88.9% by weight of component P;

more preferably

from 3 to 80% by weight of component A, from 0.5 to 12.5% by weight of component B, from 15 to 85% by weight of graphite, from 5 to 81.5% by weight of component P;

even more preferably

from 3 to 80% by weight of component A, from 1 to 12.5% by weight of component B, from 15 to 85% by weight of graphite, from 5 to 81% by weight of component P;

in particular

from 3 to 80% by weight of component A, from 2 to 12.5% by weight of component B, from 15 to 85% by weight of graphite, from 5 to 80% by weight of component P;

the% by weight being based in each case on the total weight of the composition Z.

Composition Z preferably contains from 0.1 to 10% by weight, more preferably from 0.1 to 5% by weight, even more preferably from 0.5 to 3% by weight, the% by weight being based on each case in the total weight of the composition Z, of component C.

Composition Z preferably contains from 0.1 to 70% by weight, more preferably from 0.5 to 60% by weight, even more preferably from 12 to 25% by weight, with the% by weight being based on the weight in each case. Total composition Z, component D.

When composition Z is a master mix MB, composition Z preferably contains from 0.5 to 70% by weight, more preferably from 5 to 60% by weight, even more preferably from 12 to 25% by weight,% based by weight in each case in the total weight of the composition Z, of component D.

5

10

fifteen

twenty

25

30

35

40

Four. Five

fifty

55

60

65

When the composition Z is a compound CO, the composition Z preferably contains from 0.1 to 15% by weight, more preferably from 0.5 to 10% by weight, even more preferably from 1 to 6% by weight, the basis being % by weight in each case in the total weight of the composition Z, of component D.

Composition Z preferably contains from 0.1 to 50% by weight, more preferably from 10 to 40% by weight, even more preferably from 15 to 35% by weight, the% by weight being based on the total weight of each case. the composition Z, of component E.

The invention additionally provides a process for producing a composition Z, characterized in that component A and component B and any additional component are physically mixed with each other.

The mixing of the components can happen in one stage or in a plurality of stages.

As mixing apparatus for physical mixing, it is possible to use the usual mixing apparatus in the plastics industry, preferably an apparatus selected from the group consisting of extruders, kneaders, presses, injection molding machines and paddle mixers. When the composition Z is a master mix MB, the mixing apparatus are preferably extruders, kneaders and / or paddle mixers. When the composition Z is a CP inducing polymer, the mixing apparatus are preferably extruders, presses and injection molding machines, particularly preferably extruders.

The mixing preferably takes place continuously or in batches, particularly preferably continuously, in the case of a master mix MB preferably by extrusion or kneading, particularly preferably by extrusion, and in the case of a CP inductor preferably by extrusion or injection molding or pressing, particularly preferably by extrusion.

The mixing is preferably carried out at a temperature of 80 to 300 ° C.

In the case of an MB master mix, the mixing is preferably carried out at a temperature of 80 to 200 ° C, particularly preferably 100 to 180 ° C, in particular 110 to 150 ° C; in the case of a CP conductive polymer, the mixing is preferably carried out at a temperature of 80 to 300 ° C, particularly preferably 100 to 280 ° C.

The mixing time is preferably from 5 seconds to 36 hours, more preferably from 5 seconds to 25 hours, even more preferably from 5 seconds to 10 hours.

The mixing time in the case of continuous mixing is preferably from 5 seconds to 1 h, particularly preferably from 10 seconds to 15 min.

The mixing time in the case of batch mixing is preferably from 1 min to 10 h, particularly preferably from 2 min to 8 h, in particular from 2 min to 5 h, especially from 2 min to 1 h, so particularly preferable from 2 to 15 min.

In the case of a conductive polymer CP, component A and component B are preferably mixed in the form of a master mix MB with component P. In addition, a premix of master mix MB with granulated component P is preferably used for physical mixing.

The invention further provides the use of the composition Z for the production of a CP conductive polymer or as a CP conductive polymer.

When composition Z is a master mix MB, composition Z is preferably used to produce a conductive polymer CP, in particular to produce a conductive polyolefin.

When composition Z is a conductive polymer CP, composition Z is preferably used to produce a conductive polyolefin or as a conductive polyolefin.

When composition Z contains a component E, composition Z is preferably used to produce a non-conductive polyolefin polymer or as a non-conductive polyolefin polymer.

The production of a conductive polyolefin from a Z composition, in particular from a CP conductive polymer, is carried out by processes analogous to those described above for the production of a Z composition, in particular a CP conductive polymer, with the steps of the analog process and process parameters.

For the purposes of the invention, conductive poffmeres are polymers having a surface resistance of 10-6 ohm to 1011 ohm, preferably 10-5 ohm to 1011 ohm, in particular 0.1 ohm to 109 ohm.

5

10

fifteen

twenty

25

30

35

40

Four. Five

fifty

55

60

65

The Z compositions are preferably used for the production of or as conductive polymers and / or articles made of conductive polymers for use in explosion protection.

The Z compositions are preferably used for the production of or as conductive polymers and / or articles made of conductive polymers that can be colored by electrostatic powder coating.

The Z compositions are preferably used for the production of or as conductive polymers from which containers are produced that have little electrostatic charge capacity, if any. For the purposes of the invention, low electrostatic charge capacity, if any, preferably means a surface resistance of 10-6 ohm to 1011 ohm, preferably 10-5 ohm to 1011 ohm, in particular 0.1 ohm to 109 ohm, and an electrostatic discharge time of 10% of the original charge of less than or equal to 2 seconds.

The electric charge capacity is defined in accordance with DIN EN 61340-5-1 and is measured in accordance with DIN EN 61340-2-1.

The Z compositions are preferably used for the production of or as conductive polymers, preferably conductive polyolefins, which are used as bipolar plates in fuel cells.

In addition, the Z compositions are suitable for use as additives in polymers or as polymers, in particular for mechanical reinforcement and to increase electrical conductivity, also as a material for use in gas and energy storage, for coloring and as a flame retardant, such as electrode material or to produce conductive tracks and conductive structures and as emitter on screens. The Z compositions are preferably used in or as a polymer, ceramic or metal composites to improve electrical or thermal conductivity and mechanical properties, for the production of or as conductive coatings and composite materials, as colorant, in bats, condensers, screens ( for example, flat screens) or fluorescent screens, as a field effect transistor, as a storage medium for, for example, hydrogen or lithium, in membranes, for example for gas purification, as a catalyst or as a support material for, by for example, catalytically active components in chemical reactions, in fuel cells, in the medical sector, for example, as a framework for the control of cell tissue growth, in the diagnostic field, for example, as markers, and also in chemical analysis and physical (for example, in atomic force microscopes); for the production of or as conductive polymers and / or articles made of conductive polymers for use in explosion protection, for the production of or as conductive polymers and / or articles made of conductive polymers that can be colored by electrostatic powder coating, for the production of or as conductive polymers from which containers are produced that have little electrostatic charge capacity, if any, for the production of or as conductive polymers, preferably conductive polyolefins, which are used as bipolar plates in fuel cells .

Composition Z may contain additional components, preferably

• dyes, organic and inorganic dyes and pigments being possible as dyes; as organic pigments, preference is given to using azo or diazo pigments, coated azo or diazo pigments or polycyclic pigments; Preferred polycyclic pigments are dicetopyrrolopyrrole, phthalocyanine, quinacridone, perylene, dioxazine, anthraquinone, thiomdigo, diaryl pigments or quinoftalone; As inorganic pigments, preference is given to using metal oxides, mixed oxides, aluminum sulfates, chromates, powdered metals, pearlescent pigments (mica), light pigments, titanium oxide, cadmium lead pigments, iron oxides, silicates, nickel titanates, cobalt pigments or chromium oxides suitable for pigmentation;

• fillers such as silica, zeolites, silicates such as aluminum silicates, sodium silicate, calcium silicates, chalk, talc;

• auxiliaries, preferably blowing agents, nucleating agents, peroxides, antioxidants;

• antistatics, preferably glyceryl stearate, glyceryl monostearate, alkylamines, ethoxylated alkylamines, alkylsulfonates, glyceryl esters or mixtures (combinations) thereof;

• UV absorbers and stabilized amine light stabilizing compounds (FIALS), slip agents, anti-fog agents, anti-condensation agents and / or suspension stabilizers, fire retardants; antioxidants or other usual plastic additives;

• or mixtures of these.

The compositions Z, in the form of a master mix MB or in the form of a conductive polymer CP, are surprisingly characterized by a low viscosity that can be obtained at the same time as a high load with CB; in particular, a load of the master mix MB can be achieved with up to 20% by weight, even up to 25% by weight, in many cases even up to 30% by weight and sometimes even more, of CB, with% based by weight in the total weight of the master mix MB, without being the viscosity so bad that the master mix MB can no longer be produced and processed, or without forming a master mix at all; in addition, the desired conductivities and the desired low surface resistances in the conductive polyolefins can be established. The high solids content combined with a low viscosity makes it possible for the introduction of additives in the polymer to be cheap; in addition, the wear of the molds is minimized and rapid homogenization and uniform distribution of the CB is possible.

5

10

fifteen

twenty

25

30

35

40

Four. Five

fifty

55

60

65

In the Z compositions, the CBs are well dispersed and / or distributed in the master mix and / or composition. The quality of the dispersion and / or distribution is determined qualitatively by optical means on pressed plates or films (compression molded), for example, with microtome cuts, in addition, a high quality of the dispersion and / or distribution leads to a low Typical deviation of the surface resistance measured at various sites in the sample, 10 sites are often chosen to determine this typical deviation. Fluidity, impact hardness, heat deformation temperature (i.e. deformation temperature under load) and tensile strength also meet the requirements. The viscosity or fluidity is determined according to DIN ISO 1133 and is expressed as the melt flow rate MFR, the impact hardness is determined according to DIN EN ISO 179, the heat deformation temperature (i.e. the temperature deformation under load) is determined in accordance with DIN EN ISO 75-1 and tensile strength is determined in accordance with DIN EN ISO 527-1.

Additional test methods:

The properties of the product are determined by the following methods, unless otherwise indicated:

Determination of the molar masses and distribution of molar mass, that is to say the Mw and Mn values, is done by gel permeation chromatography (GPC) according to DIN 55672, but at a temperature of 135 ° C and in solvent 1, 2-dichlorobenzene, where the waxes dissolve completely; PE standards available on the market are used for calibration.

Drip point determination is performed using a drip point Ubbelohde instrument in accordance with DIN 51801/2 (° C).

Determination of the ring / ball softening point is made in accordance with DIN EN 1427 (° C). For accuracy purposes, if the softening point is given as an integer in the description or in the claims, it means ", 0 C", for example "130 C" means "130.0 C"; if not indicated otherwise.

Determination of the viscosity of waxes in accordance with DIN 53018 (mPa * s)

Density determination according to ISO 1183 (g / cm3)

Determination of bulk density by DIN EN ISO 60 (kg / m3)

Determination of the saponification index by ISO 3681 (mg of KOH / g)

Determination of acid number by ISO 2114 (mg of KOH / g)

Determination of the modulus of elasticity by DIN In ISO 527-1 (MPa).

Determination of the content of vinyl acetate with IR spectroscopy with Fourier transform (FTIR), for calibration using commercially available EVA standards.

Determination of the metal content by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS), for calibration, metal standards available in the market are used

Determination of the ash content by annealing the residue at 900 ° C in a muffle furnace for 60 min. Determination of the d50 value by a Mastersizer 2000 laser diffraction, Fa. Malvern Sample preparation: a small amount (approx. 0.5 to 3 g) of the sample is suspended with ultrasonic treatment for 5 min in a solution of 0.5 ml of Arkopal N 090, 3 drops of isopropanol and 20 ml of water.

The SR-1 method for determining the electrical surface resistance is in accordance with DIN EN 61340-2-3.

The SR-2 method for determining the electrical surface resistance is in accordance with EC 93.

Melting point measurement method: differential scanning calorimetna (DSC) according to ISO 3146.

The torque [Nm] of the extruder and the pressure in the molten state at the head of the extruder [bars] is read in the machine and is a measure of the viscosity or fluidity of the flux in the extruder.

Examples

Substances used:

Component A1: propylene-ethylene copolymer wax having an ethylene content of 8% to 10% by weight based on the total weight of monomers, an Mn value of 6700 g / mol, an Mw value of 15500 g / mol, an Mw / Mn value of 2.3 and a density of 0.86 to 0.89 g / cm3.

Component A2: propylene-ethylene copolymer wax having an ethylene content of 11% to 13% by weight based on the total weight of monomers, an Mn value of 2900, an Mw value of 6400 g / mol, an Mw value / Mn of 2.2 g / mol and a density of 0.86 to 0.89 g / cm3.

Component B1: CB that has an oil absorption index (OAN) of 320 ml / 100 g and a BET surface area of> 700 m2 / g.

Component B2: MWCNT that have been produced by decomposition of a gaseous hydrocarbon on a heterogeneous catalyst containing Mn, Co and a support material, with Co and Mn being present in metallic form in quantities of 2 to 98 mol%, based on the content of active components and, optionally, also Mo and have an average external diameter (defined as the average of the numerical distribution) of 10 to 16 nm, a wall structure composed of 3 to 15 layers of carbon, a catalyst content residual of less than 6% by weight, a length of 1 to 10 micrometers and an apparent density of 150 to 350 kg / m3.

5

10

fifteen

twenty

25

30

35

40

Four. Five

Component B3: synthetic graphite having a dibutyl phthalate (DBP) oil absorption measured in accordance with Din 53601 of 52 g of DBP / 100 g and a BET surface area of 3 m2 / g.

Component B4: CB that has an oil absorption index (CAN) of 70 ml / 100 g.

Component C1: C12-C18 sodium alkylsulfonate having an active substance content of at least 90% by weight, based on the total weight.

Component D1: non-polar polyethylene wax homopolymers, produced using Ziegler-Natta catalysts, having a viscosity of 640 to 660 mPa * s, measured at 140 ° C, a drip point in the range of 117 to 122 ° C , a density of 0.92 to 0.94 g / cm3 (measured at 20 ° C), an acid value of 0 mg of KOH / g, an Mn value of 1800 g / mol, an Mw value of 5600 g / mol, an Mw / Mn value of 3.1 and a saponification rate of 0 mg of KOH / g.

Component D2: non-polar polyethylene wax homopolymers, produced using Ziegler-Natta catalysts, having a viscosity of 280 to 320 mPa * s, measured at 140 ° C, a drip point in the range of 127 to 132 ° C , a density of 0.96 to 0.98 g / cm3 (measured at 20 ° C), an acid value of 0 mg of KOH / g, an Mn value of 1600 g / mol, an Mw value of 4800 g / mol, a Mw / Mn value of 3.0 and a d50 value of 7.0 to 9.8 micrometers. Component D3: polyolefin wax with modified polyethylene metallocene with maleic anhydride having a viscosity of 130 to 150 mPa * s, measured at 140 ° C, a drop point of 122 to 125 ° C, a density of 0.97 a 1.00 g / cm3, an Mn value of 1200 g / mol, an Mw value of 3000 g / mol, an Mw / Mn value of 2.5 and an acid number of 17 to 19 mg of KOH / g.

Component D4: montanic ester waxes, partially saponified, having a viscosity of 280 to 340 mPa * s, measured at 120 ° C, a drip point in the range of 96 to 104 ° C, a density of 0.99 a 1.04 g / cm3 (measured at 20 ° C), an acid number of 9 to 14 mg of KOH / g and a saponification rate of 108 to 115 mg of KOH / g.

F1 component: zinc stearate having a metal content of 11% and a melting point of 120 ° C. Component F2: calcium stearate that has an ash content of 10% and a melting point of 155 ° C. Component P1: Polypropylene block copolymer (PP-block-COPO) having a density of 0.90 g / cm3, an MFR of 4 g / 10 min and an elastic modulus of 1200 MPa.

Component P3: ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymer having a density of 0.952 g / cm3, an MFR of 7 g / 10 min (measured at 190 ° C / 2.16 kg) and a vinyl acetate content 27.5% by weight based on EVA. Component P4: linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) having a density of 0.90 g / cm3, an MFR of 1.0 g / 10 min (measured at 190 ° C / 2.16 kg) and an elastic modulus 80 MPa

Component P5: PPH having a density of 0.91 g / cm3, an MFR of 120 g / 10 min (measured at 230 ° C / 2.16 kg) and an elastic modulus of 1450 MPa.

The% by weight mentioned below is based on the total weight of the mixture or article; the parts are parts by weight; "ex." means example, "eg cp." means comparative example; "T-Extr." shows the extruder temperature in ° C; "CB-L" means "carbon black charge" and is the CB content in% by weight, the% by weight being based on the total weight of the composition; unless otherwise indicated.

Eg or ex. cp. 1 to 15

The various components in the examples are homogenized together in a twin screw extruder, the respective master mixtures are obtained, details and results are given in tables A and B. For ex. 15, which produces MB15, was used: 25 parts of component A1, 50 parts of component B4, 12.5 parts of component d4 and 12.5 parts of component F2, the T-Extr. It was 100 to 160 ° C.

 Table A

 ex.
 master mix T-Extr. used components [parts]

 [° C] A1 B1 D1 D2 F1 P1 P3 P4

 one
 MB1 100 to 160 50 25 15 8.5 1.5 - - -

 2
 MB2 140 to 190 54 20 16 8.5 1.5 - - -

 3
 MB3 140 to 190 36.5 15 7.5 4 0.5 - 36.5 -

 4
 MB4 140 to 190 6.5 15 7.5 4 0.5 - 66.5 -

 ex. cp. 5
 MB5 200 to 230 - 15 - - - - 85 -

 ex. cp. 6
 MB6 200 to 230 - 25 - - - - - 75

 ex. cp. 7
 MB7 200 to 230 - 25 9.0 5.0 1.0 - - 60

 ex. cp. 8
 MB8 200 to 230 7.5 25 9.0 5.0 1.0 - - 52.5

 ex. cp. 9
 MB9 200 to 230 12.5 30 - - - - - 57.5

 ex. cp. 10
 MB10 220 to 230 - 15 - - - 85 - -

 eleven
 MB11 100 to 160 75 25 - - - - - -

 ex. cp. 12
 MB12 - - 25 75 - - - - -

 ex. cp. 13
 MB13 200 to 230 - 30 12.5 - - - - 57.5

 ex. cp. 14
 MB14 200 to 230 6.25 30 6.25 --- --- --- --- 57.5

Table B

 ex.
   CB-L parameters MFR result MFR

 master mix [% in pesol [° C / kgl [g / 10 mini

 one
 MB1 25 190/10 16

 2
 MB2 20 190/10> 100

 3
 MB3 15 190/10> 100

 4
 MB4 15 190/10 40

 ex. cp. 5
 MB5 15 190/10 8

 ex. cp. 6
 MB6 25 230 / 21.6 5.5

 ex. cp. 7
 MB7 25 230 / 21.6 6.0

 ex. cp. 8
 MB8 25 230 / 21.6 8

 ex. cp. 9
 MB9 30 230 / 21.6 0.2

 ex. cp. 10
 MB10 15 - -

 fifteen
 MB15 50 190 / 21.6 28

 eleven
 MB11 25 230 / 21.6> 100

 ex. cp. 12
 MB12 25 - -

 ex. cp. 13
 MB13 30 230 / 21.6 1.96

 ex. cp. 14
 MB14 30 230 / 21.6 1.6

MB5 is very hard and difficult to distribute in a small number. MB10 and MB12 are very brittle and difficult to granulate or cannot be produced in a conventional master mix, because no granules are formed. A conventional premix was used ._________________________________________________

Eg or ex. cp. 51 to 55, 63 to 65 and 71 to 75

The various components in the examples were premixed with component P3 in a drum mixer and mixed and homogenized in an extruder of a single Brabender spindle having a mixing section, the T-Extr. was from 130 to 150 ° C, the details are given in table C. A flat film with a thickness of 1 mm was obtained by extrusion through a flat film die.

The flat film was conditioned at 23 ° C and 50% relative humidity for at least 24 hours. The measured values 10 are given in table C.

 Table C

 Ex.
 used components [parts CB-L SR-1 LSSR

 MB1 MB2 MB3 MB4 MB5 P3 [% by weight] [Ohm]

 51
 30 - - - - 70 7.5 1 * 10'n 619

 52
 - 37.5 - - - 62.5 7.5 7 * 105 329

 53
 - - 50 - - 50 7.5 3 * 106 364

 54
 - - - 50 - 50 7.5 5 * 10'n 658

 ex. cp. 55
 - - - - 50 50 7.5 5 * 1012 714

 63
 - - 58.3 - - 41.7 8.75 5 * 103 283

 64
 - - - 58.3 - 41.7 8.75 8 * 103 299

 ex. cp. 65
 - - - - 58.3 41.7 8.75 2 * 109 712

 71
 40 - - - - 60 10.0 2 * 104 430

 73
 - - 66.7 - - 33.3 10.0 5 * 103 370

 74
 - - - 66.7 - 33.3 10.0 2 * 103 330

 ex. cp. 75
 - - - - 66.7 33.3 10.0 1 * 10 '700

Eg or ex. cp. 81 to 85, 91 to 95

The various components in the examples were premixed with component P4 in a drum mixer and mixed and homogenized in an extruder of a single Brabender spindle that feeds a mixing section, the T-Extr. was from 190 to 200 ° C, details are given in table D. A flat film with a thickness of 1 mm was obtained by extrusion through a flat film die.

20 The flat film was conditioned at 23 ° C and 50% relative humidity for at least 24 hours. The measured values are given in table D.

 Table D

 Ex.
 used components [parts CB-L SR-1 LSSR

 MB6 MB7 MB8 MB9 MB11 P4 [% in weight [Ohml

 ex. cp. 81
 30 - - - - 70 7.5> 1 * 10fj> 730

 ex. cp. 82
 - 30 - - - 70 7.5 1 * 107 394

5

10

fifteen

twenty

25

 Table D

 Ex.
 used components [parts CB-L SR-1 LSSR

 MB6 MB7 MB8 MB9 MB11 P4 [% in weight [Ohml

 83
 - - 30 - - 70 7.5 1 * 105 281

 84
 - - - 25 - 75 7.5 5 * 104 264

 85
 - - - - 30 70 7.5 2 * 106 354

 ex. cp. 91
 40 - - - - 60 10 1 * 10 '700

 93
 - - 40 - - 60 10 6 * 103 378

 94
 - - - 33.3 - 66.7 10 5 * 103 370

 95
 --- --- --- --- 40 60 10 1 * 104 400

Eg or ex. cp. 101,102 and 103

The various components in the examples were premixed with component P1 in a drum mixer and mixed and homogenized in an extruder of a single Brabender spindle that feeds a mixing section, the T-Extr. was from 240 to 250 ° C, details are given in table E. A flat film with a thickness of 1 mm was obtained by extrusion through a flat film die.

The flat film was conditioned at 23 ° C and 50% relative humidity for at least 24 hours. The measured values are given in table E.

 Table E

 Ex.
 used components [parts CB-L SR-1 LSSR

 MB1 MB10 MB15 P1 [% by weight] [Ohm]

 101
 20 - - 80 5.0 4 * 107 190

 hey cp. 102
 - 33.3 - 66.7 5.0 3 * 10ri 287

 103
 - - 30 70 15 1,200 693

Eg cp. 121 and 122

The various components in the examples are homogenized together in a twin screw extruder and master mixtures are obtained; the details are given in table F.

 Table F

 ex.
 master mix T-Extr. used components [parts

 [° C] A2 B1 B2 B3 C1 D3 P5

 ex. cp. 121
 MB121 230 to 260 - 5 - 78 - - 17

 ex. cp. 122
 MB122 100 to 130 78 - 20 - 2 - -

 The MB121 master mix is very brittle and difficult to granulate.

 The MB122 master mix is not brittle and
 It can be easily granulated.

Eg or ex. cp. 133,134 and 135

The various components in the examples were mixed and homogenized in an extruder of a single Brabender spindle that had a mixing section, the T-Extr. was from 260 to 275 ° C, the rotational speed of the extruder of a single Brabender spindle was constant at 80 revolutions per minute in all experiments; 1.5 mm thick plates were obtained by extrusion through a flat film die; details are given in table G.

 G table

 Ex.
 used component plates [parts Torque Fusion pressure SR-2

 MB121 MB122 [Nml [barl [Ohml

 ex. cp. 133
 EP133 100 - 44.0 185 (18.50 MPa) 0.99

 134
 EP134 95 5 29.0 101 (10.10 MPa) 0.70

 135
 EP135 90 10 25.0 90 (9.00 MPa) 0.59

Claims (12)

  1. 5
    10
    fifteen
    twenty
    25
    30
    35
    40
    Four. Five
    fifty
    55
    60
    1. Composition Z which is a master mix, containing composition Z from 50 to 100% by weight, with% by weight based on the total weight of composition Z, of the sum of a component A and a component B, in which
    component A is a propylene-olefin copolymer wax and component B is a carbon black,
    the propylene-olefin copolymer wax of the propylene monomers being prepared and 0.1 to 50% by weight of at least one compound of formula (II),
    H
    /C -
    Ra being selected from the group consisting of H and of unbranched or branched C2-18 alkyl; the% by weight being based on the total weight of the monomers.
  2. 2. Composition according to claim 1, wherein Ra is H.
  3. 3. Composition Z according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the carbon black has a BET surface area, the BET surface area measured using nitrogen according to ASTM D3037, from 30 to 2000 m2 / g.
  4. 4. Composition Z according to one or more of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the carbon black has an oil absorption rate, measured in accordance with ASTM D2414, from 100 to 500 ml / 100 g.
  5. 5. Composition Z according to one or more of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that composition Z contains an organic polymer as an additional P component.
  6. 6. Composition Z according to claim 5, characterized in that the component P is selected from the group consisting of thermoplastic polycondensates, styrene polymers, polyamides, polyesters, polycarbonates, polyacrylates, polyacrylate copolymers, polyacetals, polyaducts, polyolefins, copolymers of polyolefin and mixtures of these substances.
  7. 7. Composition Z according to one or more of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that composition Z contains a dispersant as an additional component C.
  8. 8. Composition Z according to one or more of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the composition Z contains at least one wax different from a propylene-olefin copolymer wax as component D.
  9. 9. Composition Z according to one or more of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that composition Z contains a copolymer of ethylene and methyl acrylate as an additional component E.
  10. 10. Process for producing a composition Z defined in one or more of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that component A and component B and any additional components are physically mixed with each other
  11. 11. Use of the composition Z defined in one or more of claims 1 to 9, for the production of a CP inducing polymer.
  12. 12. Use of the composition Z defined in one or more of claims 1 to 9 as additives in polymers or as polymers, in particular for mechanical reinforcement and to increase electrical conductivity, also as a material for use in gas and energy storage , for coloring and as a flame retardant, as electrode material or to produce conductive tracks and conductive structures and as an emitter on screens, in or as a polymer, ceramic or metal composite materials to improve electrical or thermal conductivity and mechanical properties, for production of or as conductive coatings and composite materials, as colorant, in bats, condensers, screens (for example, flat screens) or fluorescent, as field effect transistor, as storage medium, in membranes, as catalyst or as support material , in fuel cells, in the medical sector, in the field of diagnosis and also in chemical and physical analysis, for production of conductive polymers and / or articles made of conductive polymers for use in explosion protection, for the production of conductive polymers and / or articles made of conductive polymers that can be colored by electrostatic powder coating, for the production of conductive polymers to from which containers are produced that have little electrostatic charge capacity, if any, for the production of conductive polymers, preferably conductive polyolefins, which are used as bipolar plates in fuel cells.
    image 1
ES08168510.9T 2008-11-06 2008-11-06 Composition comprising propylene-olefin and carbon black copolymer waxes Active ES2595728T3 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP08168510.9A EP2184316B1 (en) 2008-11-06 2008-11-06 Composition comprising propylene-olefin-copolymer waxes and carbon black

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
ES2595728T3 true ES2595728T3 (en) 2017-01-03

Family

ID=40568573

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
ES08168510.9T Active ES2595728T3 (en) 2008-11-06 2008-11-06 Composition comprising propylene-olefin and carbon black copolymer waxes

Country Status (11)

Country Link
US (1) US8741183B2 (en)
EP (1) EP2184316B1 (en)
JP (1) JP5389180B2 (en)
KR (1) KR101630891B1 (en)
CN (1) CN102137887B (en)
ES (1) ES2595728T3 (en)
HK (1) HK1156063A1 (en)
HU (1) HUE030729T2 (en)
PL (1) PL2184316T3 (en)
TW (1) TWI461488B (en)
WO (1) WO2010051941A2 (en)

Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2184324A1 (en) * 2008-11-06 2010-05-12 Clariant International Ltd. Compositions comprising propylene-olefin-copolymer waxes and carbon nanotubes
ES2365100T3 (en) * 2008-11-06 2011-09-22 Clariant Finance (Bvi) Limited Procedure for the production of organic polymeric profiles.
TWI525025B (en) 2009-04-10 2016-03-11 Symbotic Llc Storage and retrieval systems
US9008884B2 (en) 2010-12-15 2015-04-14 Symbotic Llc Bot position sensing
JP6062944B2 (en) * 2011-08-22 2017-01-18 エンシンク,インコーポレーテッド Reversible polarity operation and switching method for a ZnBr flow battery connected to a common DC bus
TWI622540B (en) 2011-09-09 2018-05-01 辛波提克有限責任公司 Automated storage and retrieval system
JP6184056B2 (en) 2012-04-09 2017-08-23 リケンテクノス株式会社 Resin composition
WO2015037383A1 (en) 2013-09-10 2015-03-19 リケンテクノス株式会社 Electrically conductive resin composition, and film produced from same
KR101830957B1 (en) * 2016-02-19 2018-02-22 금호석유화학 주식회사 Method for manufacturing conductive resin composition

Family Cites Families (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3610388C2 (en) * 1986-03-27 1987-12-23 Bernhard Dr. 2071 Tremsbuettel De Wessling
DE3743321A1 (en) 1987-12-21 1989-06-29 Hoechst Ag 1-olefinpolymerwachs and process for its manufacture
DE3904468A1 (en) 1989-02-15 1990-08-16 Hoechst Ag Polypropylene wax and process for its manufacture
JP3171851B2 (en) * 1992-02-17 2001-06-04 三井化学株式会社 Heat-fixing type electrophotographic developer material
US5330568A (en) * 1992-10-26 1994-07-19 Eastman Chemical Company Low softening point homopolypropylene wax
US5844037A (en) * 1996-07-24 1998-12-01 The Dow Chemical Company Thermoplastic polymer compositions with modified electrical conductivity
US6331372B1 (en) * 1999-10-08 2001-12-18 Lexmark International, Inc. Toner particulates comprising an ethylene propylene wax
DE10159955A1 (en) * 2001-12-06 2003-06-26 Clariant Gmbh Use of polar-modified polyolefin waxes in photo toners
JP3841733B2 (en) * 2002-09-06 2006-11-01 カナヱ化学工業株式会社 Conductive composition, conductive paint, conductive adhesive and electromagnetic wave shielding agent containing the same
FR2847586B1 (en) * 2002-11-27 2005-01-14 Centre Nat Rech Scient Composite material, its use for the management of thermal effects in a physico-chemical process
DE10329200A1 (en) * 2003-06-28 2005-02-03 Mahle Filtersysteme Gmbh Adsorption filter for fuel vapors
DE10332135A1 (en) * 2003-07-16 2005-02-17 Clariant Gmbh Use of waxes as a filler modifier
DE102004016790A1 (en) * 2004-04-06 2005-11-17 Clariant Gmbh Use of waxes as modifier for filled plastics
WO2006018777A1 (en) * 2004-08-18 2006-02-23 Basell Poliolefine Italia S.R.L. Process for producing clear polypropylene based stretch blow molded containers with improved infrared heat-up rates
DE102004054959A1 (en) * 2004-11-13 2006-05-18 Bayer Technology Services Gmbh Catalyst for producing carbon nanotubes by decomposition of gaseous carbon compounds on a heterogeneous catalyst
JP2007224175A (en) * 2006-02-24 2007-09-06 Toyo Ink Mfg Co Ltd Electroconductive composition and molded article thereof
KR20090035743A (en) * 2006-08-04 2009-04-10 플레이텍스 프로덕츠, 인크. Lubricious compositions and articles made therefrom
JP2009053357A (en) * 2007-08-24 2009-03-12 Ricoh Co Ltd Electrostatic charge image developing toner, two-component developer and image forming method
ES2365100T3 (en) * 2008-11-06 2011-09-22 Clariant Finance (Bvi) Limited Procedure for the production of organic polymeric profiles.
EP2184324A1 (en) * 2008-11-06 2010-05-12 Clariant International Ltd. Compositions comprising propylene-olefin-copolymer waxes and carbon nanotubes
US8961834B2 (en) * 2011-03-23 2015-02-24 Sabic Global Technologies B.V. Carbon nanotube masterbatch, preparation thereof, and use in forming electrically conductive thermoplastic composition

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
TW201031710A (en) 2010-09-01
TWI461488B (en) 2014-11-21
WO2010051941A3 (en) 2010-09-23
KR101630891B1 (en) 2016-06-15
HK1156063A1 (en) 2015-07-03
WO2010051941A2 (en) 2010-05-14
JP2012507586A (en) 2012-03-29
EP2184316A1 (en) 2010-05-12
CN102137887A (en) 2011-07-27
CN102137887B (en) 2014-07-30
US20110193031A1 (en) 2011-08-11
US8741183B2 (en) 2014-06-03
KR20110083711A (en) 2011-07-20
PL2184316T3 (en) 2017-08-31
JP5389180B2 (en) 2014-01-15
EP2184316B1 (en) 2016-08-31
HUE030729T2 (en) 2017-05-29

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
ES2328611T3 (en) Films of polymer blends.
CA2391896C (en) Propylene polymer composition
JP3919628B2 (en) Thermoplastic resin composition
EP1549712B1 (en) Polymer compositions comprising a low viscosity, homogeneously branched ethylene/alpha-olefin extender
KR101257967B1 (en) Filled tpo compositions, methods of making same, and articles prepared from the same
CA2562429C (en) Scratch resistant propylene polymer composition
KR101354871B1 (en) Resin dispersion, coating materials, laminates, and processes for production of the same
CN101326237A (en) Polypropylene composition comprising a propylene homopolymer component
US20020061976A1 (en) Propylene polymer composition
CN101712779B (en) Polypropylene nano composite material and preparation method thereof
CN100365060C (en) Propylene resin composition
CN104073190A (en) Adhesive propylene polymer composition suitable for extrusion coating of paper substrates
WO2006098452A1 (en) Propylene polymer composition, use thereof, and process for production of thermoplastic polymer composition
JP2003517081A (en) Pigment concentrates and their preparation
CN103917595B (en) TRPP based resin composition and molded body thereof
CN1221593C (en) Process for producing colored resin cmposition and utilization thereof
US6201069B1 (en) Polypropylene/propylene-ethylene copolymer composition and process for the preparation thereof
Nikkhah et al. Investigation of properties of polyethylene/clay nanocomposites prepared by new in situ Ziegler–Natta catalyst
JP4736435B2 (en) Polypropylene resin composition
CN101065411B (en) Polypropylene and application of said polypropylene to electric material
JP4736417B2 (en) Polypropylene resin composition
AU645134B2 (en) Polybitene-1 resin composition
US20020013397A1 (en) Coloring resin composition and molded articles
JP2004083608A (en) Resin composition for automotive part
CN101061163A (en) Pre-expanded polypropylene resin particle and in-mold forming molded object