ES2328009T5 - Soft contact lens with long-term capacity - Google Patents

Soft contact lens with long-term capacity Download PDF

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Publication number
ES2328009T5
ES2328009T5 ES00981765T ES00981765T ES2328009T5 ES 2328009 T5 ES2328009 T5 ES 2328009T5 ES 00981765 T ES00981765 T ES 00981765T ES 00981765 T ES00981765 T ES 00981765T ES 2328009 T5 ES2328009 T5 ES 2328009T5
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ES2328009T3 (en
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Junichi Iwata
Tsuneo Hoki
Seiichirou Ikawa
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CooperVision International Holding Co LP
Asahi Kasei Aime Co Ltd
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CooperVision International Holding Co LP
Asahi Kasei Aime Co Ltd
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Priority to JP35737699 priority
Priority to JP11-357376 priority
Priority to JP11-3586 priority
Priority to JP358699 priority
Priority to JP35869999 priority
Priority to PCT/JP2000/008912 priority patent/WO2001044861A1/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29DPRODUCING PARTICULAR ARTICLES FROM PLASTICS OR FROM SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE
    • B29D11/00Producing optical elements, e.g. lenses or prisms
    • B29D11/00009Production of simple or compound lenses
    • B29D11/00038Production of contact lenses
    • B29D11/00125Auxiliary operations, e.g. removing oxygen from the mould, conveying moulds from a storage to the production line in an inert atmosphere
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F226/00Copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by a single or double bond to nitrogen or by a heterocyclic ring containing nitrogen
    • C08F226/02Copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by a single or double bond to nitrogen or by a heterocyclic ring containing nitrogen by a single or double bond to nitrogen
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F226/00Copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by a single or double bond to nitrogen or by a heterocyclic ring containing nitrogen
    • C08F226/06Copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by a single or double bond to nitrogen or by a heterocyclic ring containing nitrogen by a heterocyclic ring containing nitrogen
    • C08F226/10N-Vinyl-pyrrolidone
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F283/00Macromolecular compounds obtained by polymerising monomers on to polymers provided for in subclass C08G
    • C08F283/12Macromolecular compounds obtained by polymerising monomers on to polymers provided for in subclass C08G on to polysiloxanes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F290/00Macromolecular compounds obtained by polymerising monomers on to polymers modified by introduction of aliphatic unsaturated end or side groups
    • C08F290/02Macromolecular compounds obtained by polymerising monomers on to polymers modified by introduction of aliphatic unsaturated end or side groups on to polymers modified by introduction of unsaturated end groups
    • C08F290/06Polymers provided for in subclass C08G
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F290/00Macromolecular compounds obtained by polymerising monomers on to polymers modified by introduction of aliphatic unsaturated end or side groups
    • C08F290/02Macromolecular compounds obtained by polymerising monomers on to polymers modified by introduction of aliphatic unsaturated end or side groups on to polymers modified by introduction of unsaturated end groups
    • C08F290/06Polymers provided for in subclass C08G
    • C08F290/061Polyesters; Polycarbonates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F290/00Macromolecular compounds obtained by polymerising monomers on to polymers modified by introduction of aliphatic unsaturated end or side groups
    • C08F290/02Macromolecular compounds obtained by polymerising monomers on to polymers modified by introduction of aliphatic unsaturated end or side groups on to polymers modified by introduction of unsaturated end groups
    • C08F290/06Polymers provided for in subclass C08G
    • C08F290/065Polyamides; Polyesteramides; Polyimides
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F290/00Macromolecular compounds obtained by polymerising monomers on to polymers modified by introduction of aliphatic unsaturated end or side groups
    • C08F290/02Macromolecular compounds obtained by polymerising monomers on to polymers modified by introduction of aliphatic unsaturated end or side groups on to polymers modified by introduction of unsaturated end groups
    • C08F290/06Polymers provided for in subclass C08G
    • C08F290/068Polysiloxanes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B1/00Optical elements characterised by the material of which they are made
    • G02B1/04Optical elements characterised by the material of which they are made made of organic materials, e.g. plastics
    • G02B1/041Lenses
    • G02B1/043Contact lenses
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02CSPECTACLES; SUNGLASSES OR GOGGLES INSOFAR AS THEY HAVE THE SAME FEATURES AS SPECTACLES; CONTACT LENSES
    • G02C7/00Optical parts
    • G02C7/02Lenses; Lens systems ; Methods of designing lenses
    • G02C7/04Contact lenses for the eyes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F220/00Copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and only one being terminated by only one carboxyl radical or a salt, anhydride ester, amide, imide or nitrile thereof
    • C08F220/02Monocarboxylic acids having less than ten carbon atoms; Derivatives thereof
    • C08F220/10Esters
    • C08F220/12Esters of monohydric alcohols or phenols
    • C08F220/16Esters of monohydric alcohols or phenols of phenols or of alcohols containing two or more carbon atoms
    • C08F220/18Esters of monohydric alcohols or phenols of phenols or of alcohols containing two or more carbon atoms with acrylic or methacrylic acids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F220/00Copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and only one being terminated by only one carboxyl radical or a salt, anhydride ester, amide, imide or nitrile thereof
    • C08F220/02Monocarboxylic acids having less than ten carbon atoms; Derivatives thereof
    • C08F220/52Amides or imides
    • C08F220/54Amides
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F222/00Copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by a carboxyl radical and containing at least one other carboxyl radical in the molecule; Salts, anhydrides, esters, amides, imides, or nitriles thereof
    • C08F222/10Esters
    • C08F222/1006Esters of polyhydric alcohols or polyhydric phenols, e.g. ethylene glycol dimethacrylat
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F230/00Copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and containing phosphorus, selenium, tellurium or a metal
    • C08F230/04Copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and containing phosphorus, selenium, tellurium or a metal containing a metal
    • C08F230/08Copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and containing phosphorus, selenium, tellurium or a metal containing a metal containing silicon

Abstract

Soft hydrogel contact lens, with a surface contact angle in a range of 10-50º and 30-90º according to the method of the captive bubble in water and the method of the sessile drop in air, respectively, with a permeability to oxygen not less than 60 as Dk value and a water content not less than 5% by weight, comprising a copolymer obtained by polymerization of at least one type of hydrophilic siloxane monomer represented by the following formula (1): * * (See formula) ** in which X1 is a polymerizable substituent represented by the following formula (2): ** (See formula) ** in which R5 is a hydrogen or a methyl group; Z1 is a linking group selected from -NHCOO-, -NHCONH-, -OCONH-R6-NHCOO-, -NHCONH-R7-NHCONH- and -OCONH-R8-NHCONH- (R6, R7 and R8 are hydrocarbon groups with between 2 and 13 carbon atoms); m is 0-10; n is 3-10; P is 0 when m is 0 and 1 when m is not less than 1; q is an integer between 0 and 20; R1, R2, R3 and R4 are groups independently selected from hydrocarbon groups having between 1 and 12 carbon atoms or trimethylsiloxy groups; and structure [Y1] has a polysiloxane structure comprising not less than 2 sequential siloxane bonds.

Description

Soft contact lens with long-term capacity

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a superior soft contact lens in terms of the possibility of use to

5 long term (possibility of prolonged use). More precisely, the present invention relates to a soft hydrogel contact lens that does not exhibit adhesion to the cornea during use and possesses superior performance in terms of lens movement, comfort during use and possibility of prolonged use. .

The present invention also relates to an ophthalmic lens material comprising a copolymer of

10 hydrophilic polysiloxane. Similarly, the present invention relates to a hydrophilic copolymer with superior characteristics of water wettability, oxygen permeability, resistance to deposit formation, flexibility, optical transparency and strength, useful as a soft contact lens.

TECHNICAL BACKGROUND

Conventionally, polysiloxane compounds, such as dimethylsilicone compounds as examples

Typical, they have been widely used at industrial level, by themselves or as modifiers of other materials by virtue of their specific functions, such as thermal resistance, electrical insulation, flexibility, lubrication and water repellency. For example, polydimethylsiloxane with methacrylic groups at both ends, which is a polymerizable polysiloxane, has been used as a polymer modifier in acrylic polymers or polystyrene, using the polymerization function. Polysiloxanes are used as selective membranes to the permeation of

20 gases, due to its high gas permeability, and also as biomaterials or medical materials, due to its low influence on the human organism. There are numerous studies and patent applications related to its application in a contact lens taking advantage of its superior properties of oxygen permeability, flexibility and optical transparency (for example, patents JP-B-63-29741 and JP No. 1430546, 2532406 and 2716181 ).

EP 0 908 744 discloses silicone hydrogel polymers useful for the manufacture of contact lenses.

US 4,711,943 discloses hydrophilic siloxane monomers and dimers, for contact lens materials.

Contact lenses are mainly classified as soft and hard type lenses. The lenses of

30 hard contacts are literally hard, and their use is uncomfortable. However, a recent and notable improvement in its oxygen permeability has resulted in products that allow continued use. On the other hand, soft contact lenses have characteristics of softness and comfort of use, although they pose numerous problems. Soft contact lenses are classified, in greater detail, into hydrogel and non-hydrogel type lenses.

35 Soft hydrogel contact lenses are composed of copolymers of hydrophilic monomers such as hydroxyethyl methacrylate and N-vinyl pyrrolidone as the main component and are prepared by turning, molding or injection molding procedures, followed by a swelling treatment in a physiological saline solution with the aim of obtaining a lens with a water content between approximately 40-80%.

40 Soft non-hydrogel contact lenses include, for example, a silicone rubber lens obtained by thermal curing of a mixture of polydimethylsiloxane terminated with vinyl dimethylsilyl groups at both ends of its molecular chain and methylhydrogenpolysiloxane by a method of molding after the addition. of a platinum-based catalyst, and a flexible lens with an elastic modulus comprised between soft and hard types, composed of polyperfluoroether as the main component, bonded with polymerizable groups such as

45 methacrylic groups at both ends (JP patents 1278540 and 1677573). Another example for the manufacture of a soft non-hydrogel contact lens having convenience of use is to prepare a lens by turning a hard substrate obtained by copolymerization of (meth) acrylic acid and (meth) acrylate, followed by a esterification and / or transesterification treatment (JP Patent No. 952157).

The manipulation of a soft contact lens of an aqueous nature poses numerous drawbacks, such

50 as poor oxygen permeability, fracture propensity, reduced durability and need for periodic boil sterilization, due to the easy deposition of the lacrimal components and the possibility of germ proliferation. Soft contact lenses with a higher water content have a certain degree of improvement in oxygen permeability, which is not high enough, and do not have a satisfactory resistance necessary in a lens suitable for prolonged use.

For its part, a soft non-hydrogel contact lens also poses the following problems. Silicone lenses, which were initially received with great expectation due to their extremely high oxygen permeability, have a weak capacity for wetting tears, due to the hydrophobicity of the lens surface. Although attempts have been made to apply surface treatments intended to improve hydrophilic properties, such as plasma processing and grafting of hydrophilic monomers, sufficient levels of hydrophilic properties and durability have not been achieved. Another problem is the adhesion during its use and the formation of tear protein and lipid deposits. In order to solve these problems, a soft hydrogel contact lens composed of a silicone hydrogel with a high oxygen permeability has been proposed, but whose characteristics of surface wettability and propensity to fouling due to lipid accumulation remain insufficient, which means that this lens is inferior as a lens suitable for prolonged use (for example, Japanese patents No. 1421481, JP-A-6-503276, JPA-7-505169, JP-A-7-508063 and JP-A -8-245737).

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

After extensive studies on the characteristics of the materials for a soft contact lens intended to solve the aforementioned problems, the inventors have achieved the present invention by discovering that the objectives could be obtained by imparting specific characteristics to a lens material.

The inventors discovered that hydrophilic siloxane copolymers and monomers with amide groups containing monomers with an N-vinyl group were very useful in solving the problems mentioned above, and that the contact lenses obtained in a specific polar mold , in particular, were useful for solving the problems cited above, thereby developing the present invention.

The present invention includes the descriptions indicated in the claims.

THE BEST WAY TO CARRY OUT THE PRESENT INVENTION

The present invention discloses a method for manufacturing a soft hydrogel contact lens with a contact angle of the lens surface in a range of 10-50 ° and 30-90 ° according to the method of the captive bubble in water, and the sessile drop method in air, respectively, with an oxygen permeability of not less than 30 and a water content of not less than 5%, and also a soft hydrogel contact lens with a surface contact angle comprised in a range of 10º and 40º, preferably between 10º and 30º and more preferably between 15º and 30º, according to the method of the captive bubble in water, and between 30º and 80º, preferably between 40º and 70º according to the drop method sessile in air, with an oxygen permeability of not less than 80, preferably not less than 100, and a water content of not less than 9%.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PRESENT INVENTION

The invention mentioned above will be described in detail below.

The present invention discloses a method for manufacturing a soft hydrogel contact lens with a contact angle of the lens surface in a range of 10-50 ° and 30-90 ° according to the method of the captive bubble in water and the sessile drop method in air, respectively, with an oxygen permeability of not less than 30 and a water content of not less than 5%.

By controlling the surface characteristics of the lens, it is possible to disclose a contact lens capable of presenting superior characteristics in terms of water wettability of the lens surface during a prolonged period of use, high oxygen permeability , reduced accumulation of protein and lipid deposits, stable movement of the lens and poor adhesion to the cornea. Preferably, a soft contact lens that can be used continuously for 30 days can be achieved by maintaining the contact angle of the lens surface within a range between 10 ° and 40 °, more preferably between 10 ° and 30 °, and still more preferably between 15 ° and 30 ° according to the method of the captive bubble in water and also between 30 ° and 80 °, more preferably between 40 ° and 70 ° according to the method of the sessile drop in air, an oxygen permeability of not less than 80, more preferably not less than 100, and a water content not less than 9%.

A contact angle of the surface of a contact lens of the present invention greater than 50 ° according to the method of the water-captive bubble often results in a fouling of the surface of the lens by lipids, so it is not desirable . Although it is desirable to have a lower contact angle, materials with contact angles of less than 10 ° are not suitable, due to the easy accumulation of low molecular weight proteins inside the lens and the lower physical properties, such as Tensile strength, which are normally observed with these types of materials. On the contrary, contact angles greater than 90 ° are also not desirable according to the sessile drop method in air, due to turbidity generation during use, easy adhesion to the cornea as a result of an extreme increase in fouling by lipids, and deformation of the lens.

In addition, in general, a lower limit of the contact angle of the material, according to the sessile drop method, is set at a value of, preferably, 30 °, due to superior physical properties, such as tensile strength. An oxygen permeability of less than 30 is not desirable, due to a greater load on the cornea, which makes it difficult to use continuously. It is not desirable that the water content be less than 5%, since this would significantly increase the fouling of the lens surface by proteins and lipids, and would cause an extremely high increase in adhesion to the cornea.

The use of hydrophilic siloxanyl methacrylate has revealed a contact lens with a high oxygen permeability, a lower accumulation of protein and lipid deposits, a higher water wettability on the surface of the lens maintained during a period of use prolonged, stable movement of the lens and less adhesion to the cornea.

Any polymer can be used for the method of manufacturing a soft contact lens according to the present invention, as long as it contains hydrophilic monomers such as N-vinyl pyrrolidone, N, N’-dimethylacrylamide and N-vinyl-N-methylacetamide.

Preferred hydrophilic monomers of the present invention are amide monomers with N-vinyl groups and, in particular, N-vinylpyrrolidone or N-vinyl-N-methylacetamide can give contact lenses with superior surface wettability. An example of said contact lens comprises a polymer composed of between 5% and 20% by weight of hydrophilic siloxanyl methacrylate, represented by formula I1, between 15% and 30% by weight of tris (trimethylsiloxy methacrylate) ) silylpropyl, between 25% and 35% by weight of N-vinylpyrrolidone, between 20% and 30% by weight of N-dimethylacetamide, between 5% and 10% by weight of trifluoroethyl methacrylate, between 5% and 10% by weight of 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethoxy-2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate and between 0.2 and 2% by weight of ethylene glycol dimethacrylate.

The method of the present invention includes, for example, a method of cutting by turning a polymer block followed by polishing, a method of injecting a monomer composition into a mold with a corresponding lens shape followed by polymerization, and a method to form only one side of a lens by an injection method using a polymerization mold and then finish the other side by a method of cutting by turning and polishing, etc. A feature of the present invention is that it is possible to manufacture a contact lens by a method of cutting by turning and polishing. A lens manufactured by a turning and polishing cutting method is preferred, because it has the same polymeric composition both on the surface and inside the lens, and shows a stable behavior of the lens in terms of water wettability and accumulation of protein and lipid deposits, together with the small changes suffered by surface characteristics during prolonged use.

Also, a polymer composed of a hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer, represented by general formula II, can be used for methods of manufacturing a contact lens of the present invention as described in claim 1:

wherein R1 is hydrogen or a methyl group; each of R2, R3, R4 and R5 is a hydrocarbon group with between 1 and 12 carbon atoms or a trimethylsiloxy group; And it consists of the structural units (I ') and (II') shown above, the relationship between the structural unit (I ') and the structural unit (II') between 1:10 and

10: 1 and the total number of structural units (I ') and (II') being comprised between 7 and 200; each of b and c is an integer between 1 and 20, being the same or different from each other; p is an integer between 0 and 20; X is a group -NHCOO- or a group -OOCNH-R10-NHCOO- (R10 is a hydrocarbon group with between 4 and 13 carbon atoms):

wherein each of R6 and R7 is a hydrocarbon group with between 1 and 12 carbon atoms, each of R8 and 10 R9 is a hydrocarbon group or a fluorinated hydrocarbon group with between 1 and 12 carbon atoms; and at least one of R8 and R9 is a fluorinated hydrocarbon group.

The above hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer can be copolymerized with the copolymerizable monomers described above. In addition, copolymers comprising polysiloxane monomers with polymerizable unsaturated groups at the molecular ends, which are described in JP-B-3 patents, can also be used.

15 240021, JP-B-3-257420, JP-B-4-50814, JP-B-5-45612, JP No. 2592356, etc., and which are represented by the following formulas (4a) - (7a):

wherein R1 is hydrogen or a methyl group; each of R2, R3, R4 and R5 is a hydrocarbon group or a trimethylsiloxy group; each of R6 and R7 is a hydrocarbon group with between 1 and 12 carbon atoms; each of a and 20 c is an integer between 1 and 20; and b is an integer between 10 and 100.

wherein R1 is hydrogen or a methyl group; each of R2, R3, R4 and R5 is methyl or a trimethylsiloxy group; each of R6 and R7 is a hydrocarbon group with between 1 and 12 carbon atoms; each of a and c is an integer between 1 and 20; p is an integer between 0 and 20; b is an integer between 10 and 100; X is a group -NHCOO- or

A group -OOCNH-R8-NHCOO- (R8 is a hydrocarbon group with between 4 and 13 carbon atoms).

wherein R1 is hydrogen or a methyl group; each of R2, R3, R4 and R5 is a hydrocarbon group with between 1 and 12 carbon atoms or a trimethylsiloxy group; And it consists of the structural units (I) and (II) shown above, the relationship between the structural unit (I) and the structural unit (II) between 1:10 and

10: 1 and the total number of structural units (I) and (II) being between 7 and 200; each of b and c is an integer between 1 and 20, being the same or different from each other; p is an integer between 0 and 20.

wherein each of R6 and R7 is a hydrocarbon group with between 1 and 12 carbon atoms, each of R8 and 10 R9 is a hydrocarbon group or a fluorinated hydrocarbon group with between 1 and 12 carbon atoms; and at least one of R8 and R9 is a hydrocarbon group substituted with fluorine atom (s).

wherein X is a substituent with a radically polymerizable unsaturated group; Y is R9 or X; c is 0-500; b is 1500; each of R3 and R4 is a group selected from an alkyl group, a hydrocarbon group with between 1 and

Carbon atoms, a halogenated alkyl group with between 1 and 10 carbon atoms and a trimethylsiloxy group, being the same or different from each other; R5 is a fluorinated substituent bonded with at least one hydroxyl group; each of R1, R2, R6, R7, R8 and R9 is a group selected from a fluorinated substituent with at least one hydroxyl group, an alkyl group with between 1 and 10 carbon atoms, halogenated alkyl groups with between 1 and 10 carbon atoms and a trimethylsiloxy group, being the same or different from each other, and being the same or different from R5.

Among these, copolymers with siloxane methacrylates, fluoroalkylsiloxane methacrylates, fluoroalkyl methacrylates, fluoroalkyl methacrylates containing hydroxyl groups, hydrophilic monomers, crosslinkable monomers with two or more unsaturated groups in a molecule, and monomer of monoxyl groups with one molecule polymerizable unsaturated at the molecular ends, due to its well-balanced physical properties, such as oxygen permeability, accumulation of deposits and mechanical strength.

It is possible to manufacture a contact lens comprising the polysiloxane monomer described above as the main component by conventional lens manufacturing methods, such as the molding method.

by injection, in which a monomer composition is injected into a polymerization mold with a corresponding lens shape, followed by copolymerization. Particularly preferred is a lens manufactured using a polymerization mold made of a material with polar groups on a surface, such as an ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer, polyamide and polyethylene terephthalate, due to the formation of a thick hydrophilic layer and

5 stable on the surface of the lens, to the small changes suffered by the surface characteristics during its prolonged use, together with a stability in its behaviors, such as a superior wettability to water and a reduced accumulation of protein and lipid deposits.

The present invention includes methods for manufacturing the following.

(1) A material for ophthalmic lenses obtained by copolymerization of at least one or more types of compounds according to the following point (a) and one or more types of compounds according to the following point (b).

(a) Hydrophilic polysiloxane monomers represented by the formula (1b):

wherein X is a polymerizable substitution group represented by the formula (2b):

Wherein R5 is hydrogen or a methyl group; Z1 is a linking group selected from -NHCOO-, -NHCONH-, -OOCNH-R6-NHCOO-, -NHCONH-R7-NHCONH- and -OOCNH-R8-NHCONH- (R6, R7 and R8 are hydrocarbon groups with 2 and 13 carbon atoms); m is 0-10; n is 3-10; p is 0 when m is 0 and 1 when m is not less than 1; q is an integer between 0 and 20;

each of R1, R2, R3 and R4 is a hydrocarbon group with between 1 and 12 carbon atoms or a group

Trimethylsiloxy; And it consists of the union of the structural units [I] and [II] represented by the following formulas, the proportion between the structural unit [I] and the structural unit [II] being included, that is, [I] / [II ], between 0.1 and 200, and the total number of structural units [I] and [II] between 10 and 1000 being included:

in which each of R9 and R10, equal or different from each other, is a group selected from a group

Hydrocarbon with 1 to 12 carbon atoms, a fluorinated hydrocarbon group with 1 to 12 carbon atoms and a trimethylsiloxy group; each of R11 and R12 consists of a hydrocarbon group with between 1 and 12 carbon atoms, a trimethylsiloxy group or a hydrophilic substituent and at least one of R11 and R12 is a hydrophilic substituent. In the present invention, a hydrophilic substituent refers to a linear or cyclic hydrocarbon group linked with at least one substituent selected from a hydroxyl group and an oxyalkylene group.

30 (b) Monomers containing amide with an N-vinyl group

(2) An ophthalmological lens material described in the previous point (1), in which the structural unit Y consists of the union of the structural units [I '], [II'] and [III '] represented by the formulas following:

wherein R13 is a hydrophilic substituent that is a linear or cyclic hydrocarbon group linked with at least one substituent selected from a hydroxyl group and an oxyalkylene group; The link ratio of the structural units [I '], [II'] and [III '] is ([I'] + [II ']) / [III'] = 0,5-100 and [II '] / [I '] = 0-1, and the total number of [I'], [II '] and [III'] being between 10 and 1000.

(3) A material for ophthalmic lenses described in the previous point (2), in which the structural unit Y consists of the union of the structural units [I '], [II'] and [III '], the proportion of Structural unit link [I '], [II'] and [III '] is ([I'] + [II ']) / [III'] = 1-50 and [II '] / [I'] = 0.01-0.5, and the total number of [I '], [II'] and [III '] between 20 and

500

(4) A material for ophthalmic lenses according to the previous point (1), in which the hydrophilic substituent of the hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer is expressed by the formula (3b) or the formula (4b):

-
R14 (OH) to (3b)

wherein R14 is a hydrocarbon group with between 3 and 12 carbon atoms and may have a -O-, -CO-or -COO- group inserted between the carbon atoms; the number of hydroxyl groups in the same carbon atom is limited to only one; a is not less than 1.

-
R15- (OR16) b-OZ2 (4b)

wherein R15 is a hydrocarbon group with between 3 and 12 carbon atoms and can have a group of -O-, -COo -COO- inserted between the carbon atoms; R16 is a hydrocarbon group with between 2 and 4 carbon atoms, and the number of carbon atoms can be different from each other when b is not less than 2; b is 1-200; Z2 is a group selected from hydrogen, a hydrocarbon group with between 1 and 12 carbon atoms and -OOCR17 (R17 is a hydrocarbon group with between 1 and 12 carbon atoms).

(5) An ophthalmic lens material described in the previous point (4), in which the hydrophilic substituent is selected from formulas (5b), (6b) and (7b):

-
C3H6OH (5b)

-
C3H6OCH2CH (OH) CH2OH (6b)

-
C3H6OC2H4OH (7b)

(6)
 An ophthalmic lens material described in the previous point (4), in which the hydrophilic substituent is selected from formulas (8b) and (9b):

(7)
 An ophthalmological lens material described in the previous point (1), in which the monomer containing an amide group with an N-vinyl group is selected from N-vinylformamide, N-vinyl acetamide, N-vinylisopropylamide, Nvinyl-N-methylacetamide , N-vinyl pyrrolidone and N-vinylcaprolactam.

(8)
 An ophthalmological lens material described in the previous point (7), in which the monomer containing an amide group with an N-vinyl group is N-methylacetamide or N-vinyl pyrrolidone.

(9)
 An ophthalmic lens material described in any of the preceding points (1) to (8), comprising

-C3H6 (OC2H4) COH
(8b)

-C3H6 (OC2H4) dOCH3
(9b)

in which c and d are 2-40.

at least 10% and 99% by weight of a hydrophilic polysiloxane 5 monomer and between 1% and 90% by weight of a monomer containing an amide group with an N-vinyl group .

(10)
 An ophthalmic lens material described in the previous point (9), comprising a copolymer composed of at least 30% to 95% by weight of a hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer and between 5% and 70% in weight of a monomer containing an amide group with an N-vinyl group.

(eleven)
 An ophthalmic lens material described in any of the preceding points (1) to (10), which

10 comprises a copolymerized copolymer further comprising a crosslinkable monomer linked to a urethane group.

(12) An ophthalmic lens material described in the previous point (11), prepared by copolymerization of monomers comprising a crosslinkable monomer represented by the formula (10b):

In which each of R16 and R18, equal or different from each other, are hydrogen or a methyl group; Z3 is a urethane linkage group; R17 is a group selected from hydrocarbon groups with between 2 and 10 carbon atoms and a polyoxyethylene group represented by - (C2H4O) gC2H4- (g is 2-40); f is 0-10; e is 0 when f is 0 and 1 when f is not less than 1.

(13)
 An ophthalmic lens material described in the previous point (11) or (12), in which a crosslinkable monomer 20 is represented by the formula (11b):

(14) A soft contact lens made with an ophthalmic lens material described in any of the preceding points (1) to (13).

(fifteen)
 An ophthalmological lens in a mold using an ophthalmic lens material described in any of the preceding points (1) to (14), characterized in that said mold is made of a material with a polar group.

(16) An ophthalmological lens described in the previous point (15), characterized in that the mold material is insoluble in a polymerizable monomer composition and at least one side of the mold to form the lens surface has a contact angle with water not exceeding 90º.

(17)
 An ophthalmological lens described in any of the previous points (15) or (16), wherein the material of the mold is a resin selected from polyamide, polyethylene terephthalate and ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer.

(18)
 An ophthalmological lens described in the previous point (17), wherein the mold material is ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer.

(19)
 An ophthalmological lens described in any of the preceding points (15) to (18), characterized by polymerization by means of irradiation of UV rays or visible light.

35 (20) An ophthalmological lens described in any of the preceding points (15) to (19), wherein the ophthalmic lens is a soft contact lens.

In this specification, the structural units [I] and [II] of hydrophilic polysiloxane monomers are expressed as a block type bond, but the present invention also includes a type of random bond. A hydrophilic substituent present in said polysiloxane monomers is a linear or cyclic hydrocarbon group.

linked to at least one substituent selected from a hydroxyl group and an oxyalkylene group and, preferably, a group such as that represented by the following formula (3b) or (4b):

-
R14 (OH) to (3b)

wherein R14 is a hydrocarbon group with between 3 and 12 carbon atoms and can have a group -O-, -CO-or -COO-inserted between the carbon atoms; the number of hydroxyl groups in the same carbon atom is limited to only one; a is not less than 1.

-
R15- (OR16) b-OZ2 (4b)

wherein R15 is a is a hydrocarbon group with between 3 and 12 carbon atoms and can have a group of -O-, -CO- or -COO-inserted between the carbon atoms; R16 is a hydrocarbon group with between 2 and 4 carbon atoms, and the number of carbon atoms can be different from each other when b is not less than 2; b is 1-200; Z2 is a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a hydrocarbon group with between 1 and 12 carbon atoms and -OOCR17 (R17 is a hydrocarbon group with between 1 and 12 carbon atoms).

Preferred hydrophilic groups include: monohydric alcohol substituents, such as -C3H6OH, -C8H16OH, -C3H6OC2H4OH, -C3H6OCH2CH (OH) CH3, -C2H4COOC2H4OH and -C2H4COOCH2CH (OH) C2H5; polyhydric alcohol substituents, such as -C3H6OCH2CH (OH) CH2OH, -C2H4COOCH2CH (OH) CH2OH and -C3H6OCH2C (CH2OH) 3; and polyoxyalkylene substituents, such as -C3H6 (OC2H4) 4OH, -C3H6 (OC2H4) 30OH, -C3H6 (OC2H4) 10OCH3 and -C3H6 (OC2H4) 10- (OC3H6) 10OC4H9. Among these, particularly preferred groups are: alcohol substituent such as -C3H6OH, -C3H6OCH2CH (OH) CH2OH and -C3H6OC2H4OH; and polyoxyethylene substituent such as -C3H6 (OC2H4) cOH and -C3H6 (OC2H4) dOCH3 (c and d are 2-40) from the viewpoints of superior hydrophilic properties and oxygen permeability.

A fluorine-containing substituent gives the material resistance to the accumulation of deposits, but an excess of substitution adversely affects the hydrophilicity properties. The use of a hydrocarbon substituent with 1 to 12 carbon atoms, bonded with fluorine atoms, among which are included: group 3,3,3-trifluoropropyl, group 1,1,2,2-tetrahydroperfluorooctyl and group 1,1,2,2-tetrahydroperfluorodecyl. Among these, the 3,3,3-trifluoropropyl group is the most preferred, in view of its hydrophilic properties and oxygen permeability. In addition to the hydrophilic substituent and the fluorine-containing substituent, the substituents bonded to a Si atom include a hydrocarbon group having between 1 and 12 carbon atoms or a trimethylsiloxy group, being the same or different from each other. The preferred group is an alkyl group with between 1 and 3 carbon atoms and the methyl group is particularly preferred. A polysiloxane chain with a small substituent, such as a methyl group, is flexible and has good oxygen permeability.

The proportion of link numbers of the siloxane structural unit [I] and the siloxane structural unit linked to the hydrophilic substitute [II], [I] / [II], is between 0.1 and 200. When reduced the proportion of the structural unit of siloxane [I], the flexibility and oxygen permeability of the siloxane chain decrease, while the lower content of the hydrophilic substituent decreases the hydrophilic properties and impairs the water wettability of the surface. The total number of siloxane structural units [I] and [II] is preferably between 10 and 1000, more preferably between 20 and 500. A shorter polysiloxane chain reduces the flexibility and oxygen permeability of the polymer. It is not desirable that the siloxane chain be too long, due to a notable increase in the viscosity of the polysiloxane monomer itself, which results in difficulties in the manufacture and handling of the monomer, together with a lower degree of polymerization.

From the point of view of polymerization, it is preferred that the polymerizable unsaturated groups be bonded to the ends of a siloxane chain and the structure of the unsaturated group is acrylate or methacrylate group. As the linking group to the Si atom, a hydrocarbon group containing urethane or urea bonds is preferred, and may be linked to the Si atom through an oxyethylene group. The urethane or urea type bond is very polar and enhances the hydrophilic properties and resistance of the polymer. A structure with two groups of this bond can be introduced by a reaction with a diisocyanate type compound, and the linking group between the isocyanate type bonds is a hydrocarbon with between 2 and 13 carbon atoms and can be linear, cyclic or aromatic. An aliphatic hydrocarbon is more preferred, due to its superior light resistance properties. Compounds of the diisocyanate type used include trimethylene diisocyanate, hexamethylene diisocyanate, cyclohexyl diisocyanate, isophorone diisocyanate, 4,4'-dicyclohexyl diisocyanate and 2,4-torylene diisocyanate and the like.

There are various methods of synthesis of the hydrophilic polysiloxane monomers disclosed in the present invention. As an example, the following are included: A ring opening polymerization of a mixture of cyclic siloxane with hydrosilane (Si-H), cyclic siloxane with a hydrocarbon group and disiloxane with hydroxyalkyl groups at both ends, together with a cyclic siloxane with a group Fluoride-substituted hydrocarbon in certain cases, is performed using an acid catalyst, such as sulfuric acid, trifluoromethanesulfonic acid or an acid clay to obtain a polysiloxane-type compound containing a hydrosilyl group, which has hydroxyl groups at both ends. In this case, siloxane-type compounds with various types can be obtained.

degrees of polymerization and introductory proportions of the substituent with fluorine and of hydrosilyl groups by modifying the feed rates of each of the cyclic siloxane and disiloxane compounds.

Next, isocyanate-substituted acrylates or isocyanate-substituted methacrylates are reacted with the hydroxyl groups located at the ends of polysiloxanes, to obtain a fluorinated siloxane compound containing hydrosilane, which has polymerizable unsaturated groups at both ends. In the present invention, isocyanate substituted methacrylates include monomers such as methacryloxyethyl isocyanate and methacryloyl isocyanate. Isocyanate compounds with an acrylate or methacrylate group obtained by reacting an acrylate or methacrylate containing a hydroxyl group, such as hydroxyethyl methacrylate and hydroxybutyl acrylate, with various diisocyanate type compounds are also used.

Next, the hydrophilic polysiloxane monomers can be obtained by adding a hydrophilic compound with an unsaturated hydrocarbon group to the hydrosilane, using a transition metal catalyst, such as chloroplatinic acid, by a reaction called hydrosilylation. In the hydrosilylation reaction, it is known that a dehydrogenation reaction occurs as the opposite reaction if an active hydrogen compound, such as a hydroxyl group or a carboxylic acid, is present. Therefore, if these active hydrogen atoms are present in a hydrophilic compound to be introduced, the secondary reaction must be suppressed by previously protecting the active hydrogen atom or by adding buffering agents (see, for example, USP Nos. 3907851 and JP -B-62-195389).

Another route for the synthesis is represented by the following method: After the synthesis of the polysiloxane-type compound containing a hydrosilyl group, which has hydroxyl groups at both ends, the hydrophilic compound is introduced by prior hydrosilylation and then the groups are introduced polymerizable at both ends of the siloxane, by reaction with isocyanate substituted methacrylate, or the like.

Also in this case, if there is an active hydrogel, which is reactive with the isocyanate, in the hydrophilic compound, it is necessary to avoid the secondary reaction with the isocyanate by introducing a protective group. Alternatively, a silicate ester derivative, such as a dimethoxysilane or diethoxysilane compound, can be used instead of a cyclic siloxane as the starting raw material. Also, mixtures of two or more of the hydrophilic polysiloxane monomers obtained in this way can be used.

In a copolymer as a material for an ophthalmic lens, in particular, as a material for a hydrogel contact lens of the present invention, a hydrophilic monomer is indispensable as a comonomer component, in addition to the addition of the hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer. Preferably, an amide monomer, which contains an N-vinyl group between them, is useful for obtaining transparency, resistance to accumulation of deposits and superior surface wettability. Although the reason for the superiority of the amide monomer containing an N-vinyl group is unclear, it is assumed that a structure of separate phases may be formed at the micromolecular level during copolymerization with the hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer disclosed in The present invention, due to the notable differences in terms of copolymerization capacity, molecular weight and polarity that these monomers have, which gives the surface of the lens stable properties of resistance to accumulation of deposits and hydrophilicity, while maintaining the same Transparency time.

An amide monomer containing an N-vinyl group is selected from N-vinylformamide, N-vinyl acetamide, Nvinylisopropylamide, N-vinyl-N-methylacetamide, N-vinyl pyrrolidone and N-vinylcaprolactam, and the use of a mixture of two is contemplated. or more types of monomers. In particular, N-vinyl-N-methylacetamide and Nvinylpyrrolidone are preferred.

As for the copolymerization composition, a copolymer is comprised of between 10% and 99% by weight of a hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer and between 1% and 90% by weight of an amide monomer containing a group N -vinyl and, more preferably, it is comprised of between 30% and 95% by weight of a hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer and between 5% and 70% by weight of an amide monomer containing an N-vinyl group. A lower content of hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer reduces oxygen permeability and flexibility. An excessive content of the amide monomer containing an N-vinyl group increases the water content and reduces the resistance.

A material disclosed in the present invention also includes copolymers obtained by the addition of monomers other than the hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer and the amide monomer containing an Nvinyl group. Any monomer can be used in the present invention, as long as it is copolymerizable and, among them, hydrophilic monomers are useful as materials of an aqueous nature. This is because they have a good compatibility with the hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer and can also improve the surface wettability of the polymer and modify the water content. These include, for example, monomers containing a hydroxyl group, such as 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, 2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate, 4-hydroxybutyl acrylate and glycerol methacrylate; monomers containing a fluorine substituted group, such as 3- (1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethoxy) -2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate; monomers containing a carboxyl group such as methacrylic acid, acrylic acid and itaconic acid, monomers containing alkyl substituted amino groups such as dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate and diethylaminoethyl methacrylate; monomers of

acrylamide or methacrylamide such as N, N'-dimethylacrylamide, N, N'-diethylacrylamide, N-methylacrylamide, methylene bisacrylamide and diacetone acrylamide; monomers containing oxyalkylene groups such as methoxypolyethylene glycol monomethacrylate and polypropylene glycol monomethacrylate; and the like

Siloxanyl acrylates are also useful comonomers for adjusting oxygen permeability. These include, for example, tris (trimethylsiloxy) silylpropyl methacrylate, bis (trimethylsiloxy) methylsilylpropyl methacrylate and pentamethyldisiloxanyl methacrylate. Likewise, polymerizable polydimethylsiloxane substituted with methacrylate groups and the like can be used.

Other monomers that can be used include fluorinated monomers such as fluoroalkyl acrylates and fluoroalkyl methacrylates, for example, trifluoroethyl acrylate, tetrafluoroethyl acrylate, tetrafluoropropyl acrylate, pentafluoropropyl acrylopropyl acrylate acrylate or acrylate acrylate acrylate these acrylates.

In addition, if necessary, alkyl acrylate monomers and alkyl methacrylate monomers can be used. These include, for example, methyl acrylate, ethyl acrylate, n-propyl acrylate, n-butyl acrylate, stearyl acrylate and methacrylates corresponding to these acrylates. In addition, monomers with a high glass transition temperature (Tg), such as cyclohexyl methacrylate, tert-butyl methacrylate and isobornyl methacrylate can be used to improve mechanical properties.

Similarly, crosslinkable monomers other than hydrophilic polysiloxane monomers can be used to improve mechanical properties and stability, and adjust the water content. These include, for example, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate, diethylene glycol dimethacrylate, triethylene glycol dimethacrylate, polyethylene glycol dimethacrylate, trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate, pentaerythritol tetramethacrylate, bisphenol methacrylate methacrylate; the acrylates corresponding to these methacrylates; siloxane derivatives such as 1,3-bis (3-methacryloxypropyl) tetramethyldisiloxane and the like.

The inventor of the present invention has found that crosslinkable monomers bonded with a urethane group, in a polymerization composition disclosed in the present invention, showed a particularly superior performance in terms of compatibility and hydrophilicity, in addition to an improvement in mechanical properties. Bifunctional crosslinkable monomers represented by the formula (10b) are preferred:

wherein R16 and R18 are hydrogen or a methyl group and may be the same or different from each other; Z3 is a urethane type linkage group; R17 is selected from hydrocarbon groups with between 2 and 10 carbon atoms or a polyoxyethylene group expressed by - (C2H4O) gC2H4 (g is 2-40); f is 0-10; e is 0 when f is 0 and 1 when f is not less than 1.

Although the reasons for the superiority of the above compounds as crosslinkable monomers are not clear, they are considered to have good compatibility and copolymerization capacity, and contribute to the improvement of resistance by intermolecular interactions, because the polysiloxane monomers Hydrophilic disclosed in the present invention have a similar urethane group structure. As examples of crosslinkable monomers of the urethane bond type, there may be mentioned: 2-methacryloylcarbamoyloxyethyl methacrylate, 2- (2-methacryloxycarbamoyloxy) ethyl acrylate, 2- (2-methacryloxyethylcarbamoyloxy) propyl methacrylate, 2-methacryloxyethyl methacryloxyethyl methacryloxyethyl methacryloxyethyl methacryloxyethyl ether.

In particular, crosslinkable monomers represented by formula (11b) are preferred:

These crosslinkable monomers can be used alone or in combination with two or more types.

In order to improve the balance of the characteristics of a hydrophilic material, such as optical characteristics, oxygen permeability, mechanical strength, deformation recovery, resistance to accumulation of deposits during use, dimensional stability in the tear and its durability, mixtures of monomers of these copolymerizable monomers can be used and, if necessary, various additives can be added before or after polymerization. Examples of additives include dyes or pigments with various color characteristics, as well as UV absorbers. Also, when a lens is manufactured using a mold, mold release agents, such as surfactants, can be added in order to improve the separation of the lens from the mold.

A polymer used for the manufacturing method of the present invention is formed in an ophthalmic lens by means of the so-called molding method, in which a mixture of monomers comprising, for example, a hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer and an amide monomer containing an N-vinyl group is poured into a mold, after which a radical polymerization is carried out following the known method, or by the so-called centrifugal injection method, in which the monomer mixture is fed to a rotating hemispherical mold , after which the polymerization is carried out. In these cases, the polymerization of a solution of the monomer mixture to which solvents have been added is used in a mold to adjust the degree of polymerization or the swelling ratio of the lens. As solvents to be added, those capable of perfectly dissolving the monomers are used. As examples, there may be mentioned alcohols such as ethanol and isopropanol; ethers such as dimethyl sulfoxide, dimethylformamide, dioxane and tetrahydrofuran; ketones such as methyl ethyl ketone; esters such as ethyl acetate; and the like Also, two or more of these combined solvents can be used.

Any mold material can be used for polymerization by molding or injection polymerization, as long as it is substantially insoluble to the monomer mixture and the lens can be separated after polymerization. For example, polyolefin resins such as polypropylene and polyethylene can be used, and materials with polar groups on the surface and a small contact angle with water are preferred. In the present invention the polar group refers to an atomic group with a strong affinity for water, and includes a hydroxyl group, a nitrile group, a carboxyl group, a polyoxyethylene group, an amide group, a urethane group, and the like. A preferred mold material is insoluble in a polymerization monomer composition and has a contact angle with water, at least, in the part that forms a surface of the lens, not exceeding 90 °, preferably between 65 ° and 80 °, according to the sessile gout method. A lens formed using a mold material with a surface contact angle of less than 80 ° has a particularly higher water wettability and stable behavior in terms of accumulation of lipid deposits and the like. A mold material with a surface contact angle less than 65 ° is not practical, because it presents difficulties for the separation of the lens from the mold material after polymerization, which results in tiny surface damage or fractures at the edges of the lens. A mold material soluble to monomer compositions is also difficult to use in practice, because it entails the problem of lens separation, results in a rough lens surface and a low level of transparency. For example, acrylic or styrenic resins, such as methyl methacrylate copolymer and styrene copolymer, cannot be used because they are soluble in a composition composed of amide monomers disclosed in the present invention, although they have molding characteristics superior.

More preferably, a mold material is a resin selected from polyamide, polyethylene terephthalate and ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer, and the ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer is particularly more preferred from the point of view of ease of molding, resulting in a dimensionally stable mold and imparting stable water wettability to the lens. The ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer resin to be used is available under the names "Soarlite" of The Japan Synthetic Chem. Ind. Co. Ltd. or "EVAL" of Kuraray Co., Ltd. In the present invention can be used in the present invention various degrees with a copolymerization ratio of ethylene between approximately 25% and 50% per mole. In addition, it is difficult to use polyethylene terephthalate with low crystallinity as a mold material, due to the problem of solubility with monomer compositions, although an improved crystallinity quality can be used. For example, a film subjected to stretching of polyethylene terephthalate can be used in a mold.

As a method to initiate polymerization in a lens mold, a photopolymerization method can be used to polymerize by irradiation of UV or visible light in the presence of photopolymerization initiators in a mixture of monomers, or a radical polymerization method for thermally polymerize using azo type compounds or organic peroxides. Examples of photopolymerization initiators can be mentioned ethyl benzoin ether, benzyl dimethyl acetal,?,? '- diethoxyacetophenone and 2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyldiphenylphosphine oxide, examples of organic peroxide include benzoin peroxide and t- peroxide butyl, and as examples of azo-type compounds are azobisisobutyronitoryl and azobisdimethylvaleronitoryl. Among them, it is preferred to use a photopolymerization process, because it achieves a stable polymerization with a short cycle time.

If necessary, the surface of the molded lens can be modified by applying a plasma treatment, an ozone treatment, a graft polymerization, or the like.

The manufacturing method of the present invention further includes the use of the following compounds as a hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer represented by the formula (1).

(1) A bifunctional organosiloxane monomer represented by the following formula (1c):

5 in which each of R1, R2, R3 and R4 is a group selected from -CH3 and -CH2CH2CF3, being the same or different from each other; m + n is an integer between 7 and 1000;

R5 is a group selected from a hexamethylene group, a tetramethylene group, a dicyclohexylmethane group, a hydrogenated tolylene group, a hydrogenated xylylene group and an isophorone group; a is an integer between 0 and 20; R6 is a group selected from - (C2H4O) l-, - (CH2C (CH3) HO) l and - (C4H8O) l-, with l being an integer

10 between 1 and 40.

(2) A bifunctional organosiloxane monomer represented by the following formula (2c):

in which each of R7, R8, R11, R12, R13, R14, R17 and R18 is a group selected from -CH3 and -CH2CH2CF3, being the same or different from each other; m, o, p and r are integers between 5 and 500; b is an integer between 0 and 20;

5 each of R9, R10, R15 and R16 is a group selected from -CH3 and - (CH2CH2O) sCH3, being the same or different from each other; n and q are an integer between 1 and 500; s is an integer between 1 and 40;

R19 is a group selected from a hexamethylene group, a tetramethylene group, a dicyclohexylmethane group, a hydrogenated tolylene group, a hydrogenated xylylene group and an isophorone group;

R20 is a group selected from - (C2H4O) l-, - (CH2C (CH3) HO) l- and - (C4H8O) l-; l is an integer between 1 and 40.

10 (3) A bifunctional organopolysiloxane monomer represented by the following formula (3c):

in which each of R21 and R22 is a group selected from -CH3- and -CH2CH2CF3 being at least one of them -CH3; m is an integer between 5 and 500; m + n is an integer between 7 and 1000; c is an integer between 0 and 20;

each of R23 and R24 is a group selected from -CH3 and -CH2CH2CF3 being at least one of them -CH2CH2CF3; n is an integer between 0 and 500;

R25 is a group selected from a hexamethylene group, a tetramethylene group, a dicyclohexylmethane group, a hydrogenated tolylene group, a hydrogenated xylylene group and an isophorone group;

R26 is a group selected from - (C2H4O) l-, - (CH2C (CH3) HO) l- and - (C4H8O) l-; l is an integer between 1 and 40;

The R5 group of the formula (1c), the R19 group of the formula (2c) and the R25 group of the formula (3c) are residual groups of bifunctional isocyanate and include, for example, hexamethylene diisocyanate, tetramethylene diisocyanate, diisocyanate of 2,4,4-trimethyl-1,6-hexamethylene, methyl 2,6-diisocyanatecaproate, 3-isocyanatomethyl3,5,5-trimethylcyclohexyl isocyanate, dicyclohexylmethane-4,4'-diisocyanate, hydrogenated xylene isocyanate, diisocyanate of hydrogenated tolylene and isophorone diisocyanate. Among these, residual groups of hexamethylene diisocyanate and isophorone diisocyanate are preferred, in view of the well-balanced mechanical characteristics imparted to a lens;

R6, R20 and R26 are residual groups of polyoxyalkylene glycol and include groups such as polyethylene glycol, polypropylene glycol and polytetraethylene glycol, and those with a degree of polymerization between 1 and 40 can be used. Among them, polyethylene glycol is preferred because it imparts to the Lens superior characteristics in terms of water wettability and resistance to the accumulation of deposits.

A bifunctional organopolysiloxane monomer represented by the formula (1c) and (2c) can be obtained, for example, by reacting two molar equivalents of a diol with a polysiloxane structure obtained by an insertion reaction with ring opening between 1.3 -bis- (hydroxyethoxypropyl) tetramethyldisiloxane, octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane and 1,3,5-trifluoropropyltrimethylcyclotrisiloxane, with an isocyanate-modified compound at both ends of the polyethylene glycol obtained, for example, by a reaction of polyethylene glycol with two molar equivalents of diisocyanate together with diisocyl hexane together with diisocyl hexane together with diisocyl hexane together methacryloxyethyl isocyanate.

In addition, a bifunctional organopolysiloxane monomer represented by the formula (3c) can be obtained, for example by reacting a diol with a polysiloxane structure obtained by an insertion reaction with ring opening between 1,3-bis- (hydroxyethoxypropyl) tetramethyldisiloxane and octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane together with, if necessary, 1,3,5-trifluoropropyltrimethylcyclotrisiloxane, with an excess amount of an isocyanate modified compound at both ends of the polyethylene glycol obtained, for example, by a reaction of two molar equivalents of hexamethylene diisocyanate, followed by a reaction of the product thus obtained with an excess amount of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate.

An ophthalmological lens material obtained by copolymerizing a hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer and an amide monomer containing an N-vinyl group disclosed in the present invention, is superior in terms of transparency, water wettability, oxygen permeability and strength. to the accumulation of deposits. Although the material can be used for a hard lens, such as a hard contact lens, it is useful for application in the soft lens, in particular in a soft hydrogel contact lens. Of course, the material is also useful for use in an intraocular lens or a corneal lens. An ophthalmological lens material disclosed in the present invention includes a soft hydrogel contact lens with a contact angle in a range of 10-50 ° and 30-90 ° according to the method of the water captive bubble and the method of the sessile drop in air, respectively, with an oxygen permeability of not less than 30 and a content

10 of water not less than 5%, and also a soft contact lens of hydrogel with a contact angle comprised in a range of 10º and 40º and between 30º and 80º, according to the method of the captive bubble in water and according to the sessile drop method in air, respectively, with an oxygen permeability of not less than 80 and a water content of not less than 9%. These give rise to a contact lens suitable for continuous use for 30 days, as described above.

In the following, the present invention will be explained in more detail by means of the examples, although the present invention should not be limited by these examples.

The evaluation methods for the lens characteristics of Examples 1 to 7 and Comparative Examples 1 to 3 are as follows.

(1) Water content

20 A soft contact lens was immersed in purified water at 37 ° C for 72 hours. After extracting it and drying the surface water, the lens was weighed accurately. Then, the lens was dried at 80 ° C in a vacuum dryer until a constant weight was obtained. The water content was calculated from the weight change, with the following formula.

water content = (weight / weight difference before drying) x 100 (%)

(2) Oxygen permeability (Dk value)

25 The Dk value was determined in physiological saline solution at 35 ° C according to the standard Dk value measurement procedure of the Japan Contact Lens Association, using an oxygen permeability measuring instrument for films , Model K-316-IPI manufactured by Rika Seiki Ind. Co., Ltd.

An expression for the value Dk; x 10-11 (cm2 / s) • (ml O2 / ml x mmHg)

(3) Traction module

30 Specimens with an approximate width of 3 mm of the central part of a lens were cut and the tensile modulus (unit; dyne / cm2) was determined from the initial slope of a stress-load curve obtained by the test of tension with a speed of 100 mm / min in a physiological saline solution at 25 ° C, using an Autograph (Model AGS-50B manufactured by Shimadzu Corp.).

(4) Accumulation of protein deposits

35 A fouling model solution was prepared with the following composition.

NaCl 0.9% by weight

NaH2PO4 0.0418% by weight

Na2HPO4 0.076% by weight

Egg Lysozyme 0.2% by weight

40 Bovine serum albumin 0.388% by weight

CaCl2 (H2O) 2 0.0407% by weight

A lens was immersed in 2 ml of the solution at 37 ° C for 24 h, then washed by stirring in purified water for 30 min, after which the surface water was extracted and gently cleaned.

Next, the lens was immersed in 2 ml of protein analysis reagent (BCA liquid), followed by a

45 reaction at 40 ° C for 5 hours, and UV absorption at 562 nm was measured using a spectrophotometer (Model V550 manufactured by Japan Spectrophotometer Co., Ltd.)

The amount of adhered proteins per lens was determined using an independently measured calibration line.

(5) Accumulation of lipid deposits

A lens was immersed in a dispersed phosphoric acid buffer solution containing 1% olive oil and kept at 40 ° C for 20 hours in a constant temperature oven. The lens was immersed in 5 ml of purified water in a container and then washed by stirring for 30 s. The washing was repeated five times. After drying under vacuum, the lens was subjected to an extraction process in a mixture of chloroform / methanol solvents: 2/1. The extract was colored with triglyceride reagent G and absorption at 505 nm was measured using a spectrophotometer (Model V-550 manufactured by Japan Spectrophotometer Co., Ltd.). The amount of accumulation of lipid deposits per lens was determined using an independently measured calibration line.

(6) Water wettability

The water wettability of the surface of a soft contact lens was evaluated by measuring the contact angle. The contact angle was measured according to the captive bubble method in purified water with the aid of a contact angle measuring instrument (Model CA-DT manufactured by Kyowa Kaimen Kagaku Co., Ltd.). In addition, in order to assess the wettability to water in a dry state of the lens, measurement was also carried out according to the sessile drop method. The contact angle measurements according to the captive bubble method and the sessile drop method were performed at 25 ° C in accordance with the Journal of Japan Contact Lens Society, 25 (1), 100, 1983. A small Value and difference in both methods indicate superior wettability to water, along with a small change in lens drying. Likewise, water wettability in a lens recovered after use was evaluated, by visual inspection of the state of a film of water maintained on the surface of the lens after its removal of the preservative liquid. The cases in which the wet state remained on the entire surface for a period of not less than 30 s were classified as "superior", the cases in which the wet state was lost even partially in less than a second were classified as " bad ", and the cases in which the wet state was maintained at an intermediate time were classified as" good ".

(7) Proof of use in the eyes of rabbits

The corneal curvature of a white rabbit was measured and a lens with a diameter of 13.5 mm, 0.05 mm thick at the center, -3.00 diopters of power and a base curve greater than the curvature measured at approximately 0.2 mm to perform a utilization test and an observation was made for 21 days. A state of use was recorded and the cornea was inspected every 7 days by visual inspection and fluorescence staining.

(8) Vickers hardness measurement

A microhardness analyzer was used for small loads (Model MVK-IS manufactured by Akashi Seisakusyo Co., Ltd.). The specimen was polished to a mirror finish, stored in a desiccator with silica gel, and then the hardness was measured at 25 ° C.

Example 1

[Synthesis of hydrophilic siloxanyl methacrylate]

A solution of 12.4 g of 2-isocyanatoethyl methacrylate in 30 ml of cyclohexane was prepared and then said solution was added dropwise to a solution of 30 g of tris (trimethylsiloxy) silylpropyloxyethyl alcohol in 50 ml of cyclohexane with 0.03 g of dibutyltin laurate, after which the mixture was allowed to react for 24 hours at 50 ° C. After completion of the reaction after confirming the disappearance of the isocyanate group by an infrared spectrum, the reaction mixture was stirred by adding water, and further stirred after adding 500 ml of nhexane, and then about 1000 ml of a saturated aqueous NaCl solution. . The organic layer was separated and dried by adding magnesium sulfate. Removal of the solvent under reduced pressure resulted in 32 g of hydrophilic siloxanyl methacrylate, represented by the following formula I1:

[Lens Preparation]

A mixture of 9.5 parts by weight of the hydrophilic siloxanyl methacrylate obtained, 23.5 parts by weight of tris (trimethylsiloxy) silylpropyl methacrylate, 30.5 parts by weight of N was dissolved and mixed in a nitrogen atmosphere -vinylpyrrolidone, 23.5 parts by weight of N-dimethylacrylamide, 7 parts by weight of trifluoroethyl methacrylate, 5 parts by weight of 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethoxy-2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate, 0.9 parts by weight of ethylene glycol dimethacrylate and 0.1 parts by weight of azobisisobutyl nitrile (hereinafter "AIBN").

The mixture was added to a test tube made of propylene with a diameter of 16 mm, and polymerized for 72 hours at 90 ° C, resulting in a transparent polymer with a Vickers hardness of 8.4.

From the polymer obtained in this way, a lens with a base curve: 9.0 mm, power: -3.00 diopters, diameter: 14.0 mm and thickness in the center: 0.05 mm was prepared by a procedure of cutting by turning and polishing. After swelling of the dry lens obtained in a physiological saline solution for 3 hours, followed by an impregnation solution for 16 hours at 90 ° C, a soft hydrogel lens was obtained. The obtained lens showed, after soaking in purified water for 72 hours at 37 ° C, a water content of 46% and a tensile modulus of 1.0 x 107 dynes / cm2. The accumulation of protein and lipid deposits in the lens was evaluated by immersing the lens in a fouling model solution, resulting in a lower accumulation of deposits, such as 10 µg / lens in the case of proteins and 40 µg / lens in the case of lipids. In addition, the oxygen permeability (Dk value) measured with a disc with a given thickness was 60, and the water wettability was 22 ° according to the captive bubble method and 60 ° according to the sessile drop method.

The lenses described above were placed in the eyes of a white rabbit for 21 days continuously, and presented a smooth movement without adhesion and a poor accumulation of deposits on the lenses. In addition, it was proven that the prolonged use of the lenses was sufficiently safe, without causing any problems in the eyes of the rabbit. The recovered lenses retained superior water wettability, and there was no change in the behavior of the lens during use.

Example 2

A transparent polymer was obtained by polymerization, following the same method described in Example 1, with the exception that 18 parts by weight of hydrophilic siloxanyl methacrylate and 15 parts by weight of tris (trimethylsiloxy) silylpropyl methacrylate were used. From the polymer obtained in this way, soft hydrogel lenses with a water content of 44% and a tensile modulus of 1.2 x 107 dynes / cm2 were prepared. In addition, the accumulation of protein and lipid deposits was as low as 5 µg / lens and 38 µg / lens, respectively, with a Dk value of 60. Water wettability was 20 ° according to the captive bubble method and of 56º according to the sessile drop method.

Example 3

As a hydrophilic siloxanyl methacrylate, a monomer was synthesized with an alkyl fluorosiloxanyl group represented by the formula (2a) in a manner similar to the synthesis method described in Example 1. The monomer obtained was polymerized similarly to the method of Example 1, giving instead of a polymer, from which lenses were prepared in a manner similar to the method described in Example 1. The water content and tensile modulus were 40% and 1 x 107 dynes / cm 2, respectively. In addition, the accumulation of protein and lipid deposits was as low as 12 µg / lens and 35 µg / lens, respectively, with a Dk value of 65. Water wettability was 20 ° according to the captive bubble method and 57º according to the sessile drop method.

Example 4

As a hydrophilic siloxanyl methacrylate, a monomer with an alkyl siloxanyl group (1 = 10) represented by the formula (3a) was synthesized in a manner similar to the synthesis method described in Example 1. The monomer obtained was polymerized in a similar manner to the method of Example 1, resulting in a polymer, from which lenses were prepared in a manner similar to the method described in Example 1. The water content and tensile modulus were 40% and 0.9 x 107 dynes / cm2, respectively. In addition, the accumulation of protein and lipid deposits was as low as 15 µg / lens and 45 µg / lens, respectively, with a Dk value of 68. Water wettability was 24 ° according to the captive bubble method and of 63º according to the sessile drop method.

Example 5

A mixture of 15 parts by weight of hydrophilic siloxanyl methacrylate, 25 parts by weight of tris (trimethylsiloxy) silylpropyl methacrylate, 27 parts by weight of N-vinyl pyrrolidone, 20 parts by weight of was polymerized in the same manner as in Example 1 N-dimethylacrylamide, 7 parts by weight of trifluoroethyl methacrylate, 5 parts by weight of 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethoxy-2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate, 0.9 parts by weight of ethylene glycol dimethacrylate and 0.1 parts in AIBN weight, resulting in a transparent polymer with a Vickers hardness of 7.5.

From the polymer obtained in this way, lenses were prepared by the method of cutting by turning and polishing, so that they had a base curve of 8.5 mm, a power of -3.00 diopters, a size of 14.0 mm and a thickness in the center of 0.05 mm. The dried lenses obtained were swollen in a physiological saline solution for 3 hours, followed by an impregnation solution for 16 hours at 90 ° C to give rise to soft lenses of an aqueous nature. The water content and the tensile modulus of the slow ones obtained after immersion in purified water for 72 hours at 37 ° C were 30% and 1.1 x 107 dynes / cm 2, respectively. The accumulation of protein and lipid deposits in the lens was evaluated by immersing the lens in a fouling model solution, resulting in a lower accumulation of deposits, such as 12 µg / lens in the case of proteins and 35 µg / lens in the case of lipids. In addition, the oxygen permeability coefficient (Dk value) measured with a disc with a given thickness was 75, and the water wettability was 22 ° according to the captive bubble method and 60 ° according to the sessile drop method.

The lenses described above were placed in the eyes of a white rabbit for 21 days continuously, and presented a smooth movement without adhesion and a poor accumulation of deposits on the lenses. In addition, it was proven that the prolonged use of the lenses was sufficiently safe, without causing any problems in the eyes of the rabbit. The recovered lenses showed good wettability to water, and did not undergo any changes during use.

Example 6

The monomer mixture used in Example 1, with the exception that AIBN was exchanged for 2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyldiphenylphosphine oxide (hereinafter "TPO"), was poured into a lens-shaped mold, made of ethylene copolymer - Vinyl alcohol, to achieve an injection polymerization and then polymerized by UV irradiation, followed by hydration to give soft contact lenses. The evaluation of the physical properties of the lens, performed in the same manner as in Example 1, resulted in a water content of 46% and a Dk value of 60, both equal to those observed in Example 1, and the accumulation of protein and lipid deposits turned out to be as low as 18 µg / lens and 150 µg / lens, respectively. The water wettability was 22 ° according to the captive bubble method and 54 ° according to the sessile drop method, without showing a reduction in water wettability of a surface after drying. A test of prolonged use in the eyes of rabbits showed a lower accumulation of deposits and absence of deformation. Likewise, water wettability was maintained at a higher level without any change during use, and the aqueous film on the surface did not disappear when the lens of the impregnation solution was removed.

Comparative Example 1

A polymerization was carried out following the same method described in Example 1, with the exception that non-hydrophilic siloxanyl methacrylate and 33 parts by weight of tris (trimethylsiloxy) silylpropyl methacrylate were used. Button-shaped specimens were prepared from the polymer thus obtained. An inspection of the distortion demonstrated the existence of a slight optical distortion. Soft hydrogel lenses were prepared in the same manner as in Example 1. The results of the evaluation of their physical properties resulted in a water content of 45% and a Dk value of 45, both equal to the results of Example 1 , but the accumulation of protein and lipid deposits amounted to 20 µg / lens and 255 µg / lens, respectively. The water wettability was 21 ° according to the captive bubble method and 110 ° according to the sessile drop method, and worsened with drying, with a noticeable change in the contact angle.

A prolonged use test in the eyes of rabbits showed a greater accumulation of deposits and a partial deformation of the lens. The recovered lenses exhibited a low water wettability and showed a state in which the lens lost the aqueous film on its surface immediately after removing it from the impregnation solution.

Comparative Example 2

The monomer mixture described in Example 6 was poured into a lens-shaped mold for injection polymerization made of polypropylene and then polymerized by UV irradiation, followed by a swelling procedure to give rise to contact lenses. soft The evaluation of the physical properties of the lenses, performed in the same way as in Example 1, resulted in a water content of 46% and a Dk value of 60, both equal to those observed in Example 6, but showed greater accumulations of protein and lipid deposits of 45 µg / lens and 450 µg / lens, respectively. The water wettability was 26 ° according to the captive bubble method and 115 ° according to the sessile drop method, showing a notable difference between them, and the water wettability of a surface was reduced with drying. A prolonged use test in the eyes of rabbits showed a large accumulation of deposits and partial deformation of the lens. Likewise, water wettability changed dramatically and the aqueous film on the surface disappeared immediately when the lens was removed from an impregnating solution.

Example 7

A hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer represented by the formula (8a) was synthesized by a reaction of the corresponding dihydroxypropylpolysiloxane and 2-isocyanatoethyl methacrylate

A mixture of monomers, consisting of 70 parts by weight of the hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer described above, 15 parts by weight of N-vinyl pyrrolidone, 15 parts by weight of N, N-dimethylacrylamide, 5 parts by weight of trifluoroethyl methacrylate, 1 part by weight of ethylene glycol dimethacrylate and 0.5 parts by weight of TPO, it was poured into a lens-shaped mold for injection polymerization, made of ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer and then polymerized by UV irradiation, followed by hydration to give rise to soft contact lenses. The evaluation of the physical properties of the lenses, performed in the same way as in Example 1, resulted in a water content of 23% and a Dk value of 160, and a low accumulation of protein and lipid deposits, of 18 ? g / lens and 50? / lens, respectively. Water wettability was 21º according to the

captive bubble method and 54 ° according to the sessile drop method, without showing a reduction in water wettability of a surface after drying.

A test of prolonged use in the eyes of rabbits showed a low accumulation of deposits and absence of deformation. Also, the water wettability was maintained at a higher level without any change during use, and the aqueous film on the surface did not disappear for 60 seconds when the lens was removed from the impregnation solution.

in which,

10 Number of (I): approximately 65 Number of (II): approximately 46 (I) / (II) = 1.41

Comparative Example 3

The monomer mixture described in Example 7 was poured into a lens-shaped mold for injection polymerization made of polypropylene and then polymerized by UV irradiation, followed by a hydration process to give contact lenses. soft The evaluation of physical properties

15 of the lens, performed in the same manner as in Example 7, resulted in a water content of 24% and a Dk value of 165, and presented a much higher adhesion of proteins and lipids, of 60 µg / lens and 350 µg / lens, respectively. The water wettability was 26 ° according to the captive bubble method and 120 ° according to the sessile drop method, showing a notable reduction in water wettability of a surface with drying.

20 A prolonged use test in the eyes of rabbits resulted in the lenses becoming cloudy due to a high accumulation of deposits, and also deformed. Water wettability varied during use and the water film of a surface disappeared immediately after removal from a storage liquid.

The present invention will be described in more detail with reference to the following Synthesis Examples,

Examples 8 to 22 and Comparative Examples 4 to 14. However, the present invention is not limited by these Examples. Each evaluation element was measured as follows.

(1) Optical transparency

The evaluation was carried out by visual inspections and the results were classified as follows: perfectly transparent without turbidity; Or, translucent with turbidity; ?, opaque with turbidity; X.

(2)
 Water wettability

The wettability to purified water was evaluated by visual inspections. The lenses were removed vertically after immersion in purified water for one day and then the wettability to the water was classified according to the time in which the water film was maintained: 5 seconds or more; Or, 1-5 seconds; ?, 1 second or less; X.

(3)
 Water wettability in dry state

A lens was immersed in purified water and then extracted. After removing the adhered water, the lens was left for 10 minutes at 25 ° C. After immersion in purified water, the lens was extracted vertically and then the wettability to the water was evaluated and classified according to the time in which the water film was maintained: 5 seconds or more; Or, 1-5 seconds; ?, 1 second or less; X.

(4)
 Contact angle

The contact angle of a drop of water on a surface of a mold material was measured with the aid of a contact angle measuring instrument (manufactured by Kyowa Kaimen Kagaku Co., Ltd., Model CA-DT) at 25 ° C ( according to the method of sessile drop in air).

(5)
 Water content

The measurement was performed according to the method described in Examples 1 to 7.

(6)
 Oxygen permeability (Dk value)

The measurement was performed using the electrode method using an oxygen permeability measuring instrument for Model K-316-IPI films manufactured by Rika Seiki Kogyo Co., Ltd. according to the standard Dk value measurement method of Japan Contact Lens Association ("Japanese Contact Lens Association"). As specimens for the measurement, lenses with a diameter of 14 mm and a thickness between approximately 0.1 and 0.5 mm were prepared using a mold. The measurement was performed in a physiological saline solution at 35 ° C. An oxygen permeability value was obtained from the slope of a line representing the magnitude of the oxygen permeation versus the thickness of the sample. The Dk value was expressed in units of x 10-11 [(ml x cm) / (cm2 x s x mmHg)].

(7)
 Tensile strength

The measurement was performed using an Autograph AGS-50B manufactured by Shimadzu Corp. in a physiological saline solution at 25 ° C. The resistance at the time of breakage was measured with a central part with a width of 3 mm cut from a lens. One unit is (g / mm2).

(8)
 Accumulation of lipid deposits

The measurement was performed according to the method described in Examples 1 to 7.

(9)
 Solubility

The solubility of a mold material to a mixture of monomers was evaluated by the following method. A drop of a mixture of monomers was dropped on a flat surface of various types of mold and sheet-type materials, and held for 1 hour at 25 ° C. After removing the monomer mixture with a soft cloth, the cleaned surface was inspected and classified as follows: unchanged; Or, cloudy surface; ?, corroded and irregular surface; X.

Synthesis Example 1

[Synthesis of polysiloxanediol with hydrosilane groups (A1)]

A mixture of 150 g of octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, 22.6 g of 1,3,5-trimethyltrifluoropropylcyclotrisiloxane, 17.4 g of 1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxane, 7.2 g of 1,3-bis (4) was stirred -hydroxypropyl) tetramethyldisiloxane, 200 g of chloroform and 1.5 g of trifluoromethanesulfonic acid for 24 hours at 25 ° C, and then washed repeatedly with purified water until the pH of the mixture reached a neutral value. Once the water was separated, the chloroform was removed by distillation under reduced pressure. The residual liquid was dissolved in isopropanol, re-precipitated in methanol and then the volatile components were removed from the separated liquid under vacuum to give a clear viscous liquid. Said liquid was siloxanediol with hydrosilane groups (A1) expressed by the following formula, with a yield of 98 g. In this case, although the structural formula of the linking group Y is shown as a block structure composed of each siloxane unit, it actually contains random structures, and

This formula shows only a proportion of each siloxane unit. This is also the case in the following synthesis examples.

[Synthesis of polysiloxane dimethacrylate with hydrosilane groups (B1)]

A mixture of 50 g of the siloxanediol described above, 3.9 g of methacryloxyethyl isocyanate, 100 g of dehydrated acetone and 0.02 g of dibutyl tin dilaurate was poured into an amber flask and stirred for 24 hours at 25 ° C, and then stirred further after adding 1.4 g of purified water. Subsequently, the

10 acetone by distillation under reduced pressure and the resulting liquid was washed with methanol, after which the volatile components were removed again under vacuum, to give rise to a clear viscous liquid. Said liquid was polysiloxane dimethacrylate with hydrosilane groups (B1) expressed by the following formula, with a yield of 48.7 g:

[Synthesis of polysiloxane dimethacrylate with alcohol groups (C1)]

A mixture of 48 g of the polysiloxane dimethacrylate (B1) described above, 11.6 g of allyl alcohol, 96 g of isopropyl alcohol, 0.04 g of potassium acetate, 10 mg of chloroplatinic acid and 10 mg of di -t-butylcresol

in a flask with a reflux condenser and heated with stirring for 3 hours at 50 ° C. The reaction mixture was filtered and then the isopropanol was removed by distillation under reduced pressure, after which a wash with a methanol / water mixture was performed. Subsequent removal of volatile components under vacuum resulted in a transparent viscous liquid. Said liquid was polysiloxane dimethacrylate with alcohol (C1) groups represented by the following formula:

Synthesis Example 2

10 [Synthesis of polysiloxane dimethacrylate with alcohol groups (C2)]

A mixture of 35 g of the polysiloxane dimethacrylate with hydrosilane groups (B1) described in Synthesis Example 1, 15 g of 3-allyloxy-1,2-propanediol, 80 g of isopropyl alcohol, 0.03 g of acetate was charged of potassium, 6 mg of chloroplatinic acid and 7 mg of di-t-butylcresol in a reflux condenser flask, and were reacted and purified in a manner similar to that described in the synthesis of (C1) in the Synthesis Example 1 to give rise to 33 g of

15 a clear viscous liquid. The product was polysiloxane dimethacrylate with alcohol groups (C2) in which the linking group Y of the formula (B1) of Synthesis Example 1 is represented by the following formula:

Synthesis Example 3

[Synthesis of polysiloxanediol with hydrosilane groups (A2)]

A mixture of 190 g of octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, 100 g of 1,3,5-trimethyltrifluoropropylcyclotrisiloxane, 7.7 g of 1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxane, 14.4 g of 1,3-bis (2-) was charged hydroxyethyloxypropyl) tetramethyldisiloxane, 300 g of chloroform and 2.3 g of trifluoromethanesulfonic acid in a flask, and were synthesized and purified similarly to siloxanediol (A1) described in Synthesis Example 1 to give rise to 110 g of a liquid viscous transparent. As a result of the analysis, the product was polysiloxanediol with hydrosilane groups (A2) represented by the

25 following formula:

[Synthesis of polysiloxanediol with polyoxyethylene groups (D1)]

5 A mixture of 35 g of the polysiloxanediol with hydrosilane groups (A2) described above, 14 g of allylmethyl polyoxyethylene ether (approximately 400 molecular weight), 100 g of isopropyl alcohol, 0.03 g of potassium acetate and 6 mg was charged of chloroplatinic acid in a reflux condenser flask and were refluxed for 3 hours under a nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was filtered and then the isopropanol was removed by distillation under reduced pressure, after which a wash with a mixture of

10 methanol / water. Subsequent removal of volatile components under vacuum resulted in 42 g of a transparent viscous liquid. As a result of the analysis, the product was polysiloxanediol with polyoxyethylene groups of the terminal methoxy type (D1) represented by the following formula:

[Synthesis of polysiloxane dimethacrylate with polyoxyethylene (C3) groups]

A mixture of 40 g of the polysiloxanediol with polyoxyethylene groups (D1) obtained and 85 g of dehydrated acetone was loaded into an amber flask and dissolved. Then, 2.0 g of methacryloxyethyl isocyanate was added to the solution, and it was stirred for 3 hours at 25 ° C. After adding 1.4 g of purified water, the solution is

20 stirred for another 2 hours, after which acetone was removed by distillation under reduced pressure. The residual liquid was washed with a mixture of methanol / water and then the volatile components were removed under vacuum to give 48.7 g of a transparent viscous liquid. As a result of the analysis, the product was polysiloxane dimethacrylate with terminal methoxy (C3) polyoxyethylene groups represented by the following formula:

Synthesis Example 4

5 [Synthesis of polysiloxanediol with hydrosilane groups (A3)]

A mixture of 150 g of octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, 12 g of 1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxane, 6.8 g of 1,3-bis (2-hydroxyethyloxypropyl) tetramethyldisiloxane, 200 g of chloroform and 1.5 g of trifluoromethanesulfonic acid in a flask, and they were synthesized and purified in a similar way to the siloxanediol (A1) described in Synthesis Example 1 to give 95 g of a transparent viscous liquid. As a result of the analysis, the product was the

10 polysiloxanediol with hydrosilane groups (A3) represented by the following formula:

[Synthesis of polysiloxane dimethacrylate with hydrosilanes (B2)]

A mixture of 50 g of the polysiloxanediol (A3) described above, 10 g of hexamethylene diisocyanate, 100 g of dehydrated acetone, 0.02 g of dibutyltin laurate and 2 mg of di-t-butylcresol were charged into a flask with reflux condenser and were refluxed for 2 hours under a stream of nitrogen. 20 g of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate was added to the reaction mixture and then refluxed for a further 2 hours. After adding 6 g of purified water, the mixture was allowed to stand overnight at room temperature. TO

Then, the acetone was removed by distillation under reduced pressure. Subsequent removal of volatile components under vacuum resulted in a transparent viscous liquid. The product was 36 g of polysiloxane dimethacrylate with hydrosilane groups (B2) represented by the following formula:

[Synthesis of polysiloxane dimethacrylate with alcohol groups (C4)]

5 A mixture of 30 g of the polysiloxane dimethacrylate described above, 12 g of 2-allyloxyethanol, 60 g of isopropyl alcohol, 0.03 g of potassium acetate, 6 mg of chloroplatinic acid and 3 mg of di-t- Butylcresol in a flask with a reflux condenser and heated with stirring for 3 hours at 50 ° C under a nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was filtered and then the isopropanol was removed by distillation under reduced pressure, after which a wash with a methanol / water mixture was performed. The subsequent withdrawal of

10 volatile components under vacuum resulted in 24 g of a transparent viscous liquid. The product was polysiloxane dimethacrylate with alcohol groups (C4) with the linking group Y of the structural formula (B2) represented by the following formula:

Synthesis Example 5

[Synthesis of polysiloxane dimethacrylate with hydrosilane groups (B3)]

A mixture of 50 g of the polysiloxanediol (A2) described in Synthesis Example 3, 3.9 g of methacryloxyethyl isocyanate, 100 g of dehydrated acetone and 0.02 g of dibutyltin dilaurate was poured into an amber flask and It was stirred for 24 hours at 25 ° C under nitrogen atmosphere. After adding 1.4 g of purified water, the mixture was stirred for a further 3 hours. Acetone was removed by distillation under reduced pressure and the resulting liquid was

20 washed with methanol. The removal of volatile components again under vacuum resulted in a transparent viscous liquid. The product was 46 g of polysiloxane dimethacrylate with hydrosilane groups (B3) represented by the following formula:

A mixture of 40 g of the polysiloxanediol with hydrosilane groups, 20 g of polyoxyethylene allyl ether (weight) was loaded

5 molecular approximately 400), 80 g of isopropyl alcohol, 0.04 g of potassium acetate and 8 mg of chloroplatinic acid in a reflux condenser flask and were refluxed for 3 hours under a nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was filtered and then the isopropanol was removed by distillation under reduced pressure, after which a wash with a methanol / water mixture was performed. Subsequent removal of volatile components under vacuum resulted in 42 g of a transparent viscous liquid. As a result of the analysis, the

The product was polysiloxane dimethacrylate with terminal hydroxyl group polyoxyethylene groups (C5), in which the Y-linking group of the structural formula (B3) is represented by the following formula:

Synthesis Example 6

[Synthesis of polysiloxane dimethacrylate with polyoxyethylene (C6) groups]

A mixture of 40 g of the polysiloxanediol with hydrosilane groups (B3) obtained in Synthesis Example 5.40 g of polyoxyethylene allylmethyl ether (molecular weight approximately 1500), 120 g of isopropyl alcohol, 0.04 g of acetate was charged of potassium and 8 mg of chloroplatinic acid in a reflux condenser flask and were refluxed for 3 hours under a nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was filtered and then the isopropanol was removed by distillation under reduced pressure, after which a wash was performed with

20 a mixture of methanol / water. Subsequent removal of volatile components under vacuum resulted in 38 g of a transparent viscous liquid. As a result of the analysis, the product was polysiloxane dimethacrylate with polyoxyethylene groups of the terminal methoxy group type (C6), in which the Y link group of the structural formula (B3) is represented by the following formula:

Synthesis Example 7

[Synthesis of 2- (2-methacryloxyethylcarbamoyloxy) ethyl methacrylate]

A mixture of 13 g of dried 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate was reacted with a desiccant, 15.6 g of methacryloxyethyl isocyanate and 60 g of dehydrated acetone in the same manner as in Synthesis Example 5 to give the represented compound by the formula (11a) (hereinafter "MIEM"):

Example 8

A mixture of 80 parts by weight of polysiloxane dimethacrylate with alcohol groups (C1) was mixed with stirring

10 described in Synthesis Example 1, 10 parts by weight of N-vinyl-N-methylacetoamide (hereinafter "VMA"), 6 parts by weight of isobornyl methacrylate ("IBM"), 4 parts in Tetraethylene glycol dimethacrylate weight (hereinafter "4ED") and 0.5 parts by weight of 2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl diphenylphosphinoxide (hereinafter "TPO"). Next, the monomer mixture was injected into a mold to give rise to a contact lens made of an ethylene-vinyl alcohol resin (hereinafter "EVOH resin") (manufactured by The Japan

15 Synthetic Chem. Ind. Co., Ltd., Soarlite S) and then irradiated by UV rays for 1 hour in a light exposure equipment to give rise to a lens-shaped polymer. The lens thus obtained was immersed in ethyl alcohol overnight and then immersed in water, after which it was heated at 90 ° C for 3 hours. The lens thus obtained proved to be transparent and flexible, and presented good wettability to water. The evaluation of physical properties showed a water content of 10%, an oxygen permeability (Dk) of 256, a

20 tensile strength of 185 g / mm2 and an accumulation of lipid deposits of 40 µg. In addition, the contact angle of the EVOH resin used and the water was 73 °. The results of the evaluation on its characteristics are shown in Table 1.

Examples 9-13

Lenses were obtained using the hydrophilic polysiloxane monomers described in Synthesis Examples 2 to 6

25 by polymerization and processing with the same compositions and conditions as in Example 8. The results of the evaluation on its characteristics are described in Table 1.

Comparative Examples 4 and 5

Comparative lenses were prepared by polymerization and processing with the same compositions and conditions as in Example 8, with the exception that polydimethylsiloxane dimethacrylate (R1) or the

Polysiloxane dimethacrylate with alcoholic groups (R2) represented by the following formulas, instead of the hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer. The results obtained are collected together in Table 1.

Example 14

5 A mixture of 60 parts by weight of polysiloxane dimethacrylate with polyoxyethylene (C3) groups, 35 parts by weight of N-vinyl pyrrolidone (hereinafter "NVP"), 5 parts by weight of cyclohexyl methacrylate (hereinafter) "CH"), 1 part by weight of ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (hereinafter "ED") and 0.5 part by weight of TPO, and its photopolymerization was carried out in a mold made of EVOH resin in the same way as in Example 8 to obtain a lens. The results of the evaluation of the lens thus obtained are shown in Table 3.

10 Examples 15 to 18 and Comparative Examples 6 to 8

Mixtures of monomers with the compositions shown in Table 2 were light cured in the same manner as in Example 12 to obtain lenses. The results of the evaluation are shown in Table 3.

Example 19

A lens was prepared in exactly the same way as in Example 8, with the exception that the

Crosslinkable monomer ("MIEM") described in Synthesis Example 5 instead of 4ED, and the lens obtained was evaluated. The results of the evaluation demonstrated the obtaining of a transparent lens with good water wettability and improved resistance, which had a water content of 12%, an oxygen permeability (Dk) of 245 and a tensile strength of 285 g / mm2.

Example 20

A lens was prepared in exactly the same manner as in Example 10, with the exception that the crosslinkable monomer ("MIEM") described in Synthesis Example 5 was used instead of 4ED, and the lens obtained was evaluated. The evaluation results showed a water content of 23%, an oxygen permeability (Dk) of 181 and an improved tensile strength of 305 g / mm2.

Examples 21 to 22 and Comparative Examples 9 to 14

A lens was prepared in exactly the same manner as in Example 8, with the exception that molds made of each resin shown in Table 4 were used, instead of the mold to form lenses made of EVOH resin. The results of the evaluation of the solubility and contact angle of each resin material and each lens are shown together in Table 4.

The present invention will be described in more detail with reference to Examples 23 to 38 and Examples

Comparatives 15 to 19, although the present invention is not limited by these Examples. In addition, each evaluation element was measured as follows.

The values of (1) Water content, (2) Oxygen permeability (Dk value) and (3) Water wettability (contact angle) were measured by the methods described in Examples 1 to 7. The (4) Test of use in the eyes of rabbits was carried out for 30 days following the method of the test of use described in Examples 1 to 7, performing the same inspections.

Examples 23-26

The contact lens utilization tests described in Examples 1, 5, 6 and 7 were again performed, extending the period to 30 days. All the lenses showed good movement, little accumulation of deposits, did not cause abnormalities in the eyes of rabbits and proved safe enough for prolonged use.

Example 27

The contact angle of the hydrogel contact lens obtained in Example 8 was measured, giving rise to a value of 18 ° according to the captive bubble method and 57 ° according to the sessile drop method. In addition, a test of use in the eyes of rabbits for 30 days also demonstrated the absence of lens adherence and abnormalities in the eyes of domestic rabbits.

Examples 28 to 33 and Comparative Examples 15 to 17

The contact lenses prepared in Example 10, Examples 14 to 18 and Comparative Examples 6, 8 and 11 were evaluated by a test of use in the eyes of rabbits in a manner similar to that described in Example 18. The results are collected in Table 5

Example 34

Contact lenses were prepared using 100 molds made of EVOH resin in the same manner in terms of monomer composition and procedures as described in Example 19. Only 2 defective parts were observed, which were partially splintered at their edges, and No defects were observed in the remaining 98 lenses, demonstrating that the present invention represents a very useful process for industrial manufacturing.

Comparative Example 18

Using the same monomer composition as in Example 44, a preparation of 100 contact lenses with molds made with AS resin [acrylonitrile-styrene copolymer (40/60)] was evaluated. It was not possible to obtain any satisfactory lens, 35 pieces fractured into fragments and the others splintered at the edges or had superficial damage.

Comparative Example 19

In the same way as in Comparative Example 18, a preparation of 100 contact lenses with molds made with AM resin (acrylonitrile-methyl acrylate copolymer, Barex-210 supplied by Mitsui Toatsu Chemicals Inc.) was evaluated. However, 90 pieces failed to maintain the shape of the lens because they fractured into fragments when separated from the mold, while the remaining 10 pieces were broken or splintered at the edges, so it was not possible to achieve satisfactory lenses.

Example 35

A mixture of 50 parts by weight of the hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer represented by the following structural formula (4c), 20 parts by weight of tris (trimethylsiloxy) silylpropyl methacrylate, 25 parts by weight of VMA, 5 parts by weight of CH was stirred , 1 part by weight of ED, 0.5 parts by weight of TPO and 80 parts by weight of 2-butanol, then injected into a mold made of EVOH resin, after which it was subjected to UV irradiation for 1 hour. The lens thus obtained was immersed in ethyl alcohol overnight. After replacing the alcohol with water, the lens was heated at 90 ° C for 3 hours. The evaluation of the hydrogel contact lens thus obtained showed a water content of 32% and a Dk value of 125. The contact angle was 24 ° according to the captive bubble method and 77 ° according to the sessile drop method . A test of use in domestic rabbits showed a good movement of the lens, a low accumulation of deposits after 30 days of use and a good wettability to water.

Example 36

A mixture of 80 parts by weight of the hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer represented by the following structural formula (5c), 20 parts by weight of NVP, 1 parts by weight of ED, 0.5 parts by weight of TPO and 80 was dissolved with stirring parts by weight of 2-butanol, and a contact lens was prepared in a manner similar to that described in Example 35. The evaluation of the lens showed a water content of 13%, a Dk value of 225, and an angle of 24 ° contact according to the captive bubble method and 70 ° according to the sessile drop method. A test of use in domestic rabbits also demonstrated a good movement of the lens, a low accumulation of deposits and the maintenance of good wettability to water.

Example 37

A contact lens was prepared in the same manner described in Example 35, with the exception that the monomer represented by the following structural formula (6c) was used as a hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer. The lens thus obtained had a water content of 28%, a Dk value of 166, and a contact angle of 22 ° according to the captive bubble method and 69 ° according to the sessile drop method. A test of use in rabbits

It showed a good movement of the lens, a low accumulation of deposits after 30 days of use and a good wettability to water.

Example 38

A contact lens was prepared in the same manner described in Example 36, with the exception that the monomer represented by the following structural formula (7c) was used as a hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer. The lens thus obtained had a water content of 27%, a Dk value of 285, and a contact angle of 18 ° according to the captive bubble method and 53 ° according to the sessile drop method. A test of use in rabbits showed a good movement of the lens, a low accumulation of deposits after 30 days of use and the

10 maintaining good wettability to water.

Table 1

Example No.
Depolisiloxane monomer (Synthesis Example No.) Transparency Water wettability Water content (%) Alloxygen permeability (x10-11) Latency Resistance (g / mm2) Accumulation of lipid deposits (! G)

Example 8
C1 (Synthesis Example 1) OR OR 10 256 185 40

Example 9
C2 (Synthesis Example 2) OR OR 14 218 174 32

Example 10
C3 (Synthesis Example 3) OR OR 22 186 210 35

Example 11
C4 (Synthesis Example 4) OR OR 12 240 235 62

Example 12
C5 (Synthesis Example 5) OR OR twenty 183 207 35

Example 13
C6 (Synthesis Example 6) OR OR 3. 4 145 168 twenty

Comparative Example 14
R1 ? X 5 200 120 150

Comparative Example 15
R2 OR ? 18 195 115 65

Table 2

(units: parts by weight)

Example No.
Polysiloxane (C3) NVP VMA AC3 MMA Dma HEMA 3EM OHF CH ED

Example 14
60 35 5 one

Example 15
fifty fifteen fifteen twenty 5 one

Example 16
fifty fifteen twenty fifteen 5 one

Example 17
60 35 5 one

Example 18
40 twenty twenty 10 10 5 one

Comparative Example 6
60 35 5 one

Comparative Example 7
60 35 5 one

Comparative Example 8
60 twenty fifteen 5 one

The abbreviations in the table represent the following monomers.NVP: N-vinylpyrrolidoneVMA: N-vinyl-N-methylaethoamideAC3: 3-tris (trimethylsiloxy) silylpropyl methacrylateMMA: methyl methacrylateDMA: N, N-dimethylacrylamideHEMA: methacrylate-2-HMA: 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl OHF methacrylate: 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethoxy-2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate CH: cyclohexyl methacrylate ED: ethylene glycol di-methacrylate

Table 3 Table 4

Example No.
Transparency Water wettability Water content (%) Oxygen permeability (x10 -11) Accumulation of lipid deposits (! G)

Example 14
OR OR 38 81 85

Example 15
OR OR 24 148 65

Example 16
OR OR 27 154 fifty

Example 17
OR OR 33 108 28

Example 18
OR OR 31 94 44

Comparative Example 6
OR X 7 132 446

Comparative Example 7
? ? 26 118 385

Comparative Example 8
OR OR 32 115 295

Lens behavior

Example No.
Mold Resin Type Solubility of laresin Contact angle of the resin (º) Transparency Water wettability Water wettability in dry state

Example 8
I SEE OR 73 OR OR OR

Example 21
PET OR 75 OR OR OR

Example 22
PA OR 68 OR OR ?

Comparative Example 9
ACE ? 77 OR OR ?

Comparative Example 10
A.M ? 61 OR OR ?

Comparative Example 11
PP OR 110 OR ? X

Comparative Example 12
$ X 92 ? X X

Comparative Example 13
PC X 76 ? ? X

Comparative Example 14
PMMA X 65 ? ? X

The abbreviations in the table represent the following resins: EVOH: ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymerPET: polyethylene terephthalatePA: nylon 66AS: acrylonitrile-styrene copolymer (40/60) AM: acrylonitrile-methyl methacrylate copolymer (75/25) PP: polypropylenePS: polystyrenePC: polycarbonatePMMA: polymethyl acrylate

Table 5

Example No.
Lens Preparation Example Contact angle (º) Proof of use in rabbits (30 days)

Captive bubble method
Droplet Method Adhesion to the cornea Accumulation of deposits Water wettability

Example 28
Example 10 26 48 no limited higher

Example 29
Example 14 2. 3 63 no limited higher

Example 30
Example 15 28 75 no limited higher

Example 31
Example 16 28 77 no limited higher

Example 32
Example 17 17 55 no limited higher

Example 33
Example 18 2. 3 66 no limited higher

Comparative Example 15
Comparative Example 6 36 95 it is produced abundant bad

Comparative Example 16
Comparative Example 8 27 98 it is produced abundant bad

Comparative Example 17
Comparative Example 11 55 110 it is produced abundant bad

Industrial applicability

The present invention discloses a method for the manufacture of a soft contact lens that has a small and stable contact angle to water on its surface, a reduced accumulation of deposits during use, a high oxygen permeability, an absence of adhesion of the lens to the cornea and about 5 longer extended period of use characteristics. In addition, an ophthalmic lens material obtained by copolymerization of a hydrophilic siloxane monomer and an amide group monomer containing an N-vinyl group of the present invention are superior in terms of transparency, water wettability and, in particular, resistance superior to the accumulation of lipid deposits. In addition, the strength and durability are further improved after the addition of a crosslinkable monomer with a linking group

10 urethane Similarly, polymerization in a mold comprising a resin with polar groups can impart stable water wettability to a lens. The material is particularly useful for a soft contact lens and therefore has a superior performance in terms of contact lens for a prolonged period of use.

Claims (9)

  1.  CLAIMS
    1. A method for manufacturing a soft hydrogel contact lens with a surface contact angle in a range of 10-50 ° and 30-90 ° according to the method of the captive bubble in water and the method of the sessile drop in air, respectively, with an oxygen permeability of not less than 60 as a DK value and a water content of not less than 5% by weight, comprising a copolymer obtained by polymerization of at least one type of hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer represented by the following formula (one):
    wherein X1 is a polymerizable substituent represented by the following formula (2):
    In which R5 is a hydrogen or a methyl group; Z1 is a linking group selected from -NHCOO-, -NHCONH-, -OCONH-R6-NHCOO-, -NHCONH-R7-NHCONH- and -OCONH-R8-NHCONH- (R6, R7 and R8 are hydrocarbon groups with 2 -13 carbon atoms); m is 0-10; n is 3-10; p is 0 when m is 0 and 1 when m is not less than 1; q is an integer from 0-20; R1, R2, R3 and R4 are groups independently selected from hydrocarbon groups with 1-12 carbon atoms or trimethylsiloxy groups; and the structure [Y1] presents a
    15 polysiloxane structure comprising not less than 2 sequential siloxane bonds,
    with at least one type of hydrophilic monomer, which is an amide monomer containing an N-vinyl group, in which said lens is not modified when applying a plasma treatment.
  2. 2. A method for manufacturing a soft hydrogel contact lens according to claim 1, wherein the contact lens is manufactured by polymerization in a mold, wherein a mold material is insoluble in
    A composition of polymerizable monomers and at least one side of the mold to form the surface of a lens has a polar group.
  3. 3. A method for manufacturing a soft hydrogel contact lens according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the structure [Y1] is a structural unit represented by the following formula:
    Wherein R9 and R10 are groups selected from hydrocarbon groups with 1-12 carbon atoms, hydrocarbon groups substituted with fluorine atom (s), trimethylsiloxy group and hydrophilic substituents, and may be different from each other in the sequential chain; and r is 7-1000.
  4. 4. A method of manufacturing a soft hydrogel contact lens according to any one of the
    claims 1 to 3, wherein the contact lens is a molded lens and said molded lens is not modified by applying a plasma treatment, ozone treatment or graft polymerization.
  5. 5.
     A method for manufacturing a soft hydrogel contact lens according to any one of claims 1 to 4, obtained by copolymerizing a crosslinkable monomer bonded with urethane groups and having no silicone structure, in addition to said hydrophilic polysiloxane monomer .
  6. 6.
     A method for manufacturing a soft hydrogel contact lens according to claim 5, wherein the crosslinkable monomer is represented by the following formula (14):
    wherein R34 and R35 are hydrogen or a methyl group and may be the same or different from each other; Z4 is a group of
    5 -NHCOO- link; R36 is selected from hydrocarbon groups with 2-10 carbon atoms or a polyoxyethylene group represented by - (C2H4O) gC2H4- (g is 2-40); f is 0-10; e is 0 when f is 0 and 1 when f is not less than 1.
  7. 7. A method for manufacturing a soft hydrogel contact lens according to any one of claims 4 to 6, wherein the surface contact angle is in a range of 10
    10 50º and 30-90º according to the method of the captive bubble in water and the method of the sessile drop in air, respectively, oxygen permeability not less than 30 as DK value and a water content not less than 5% by weight.
  8. 8. A method for manufacturing a soft hydrogel contact lens according to claim 7, wherein the surface contact angle is in a range of 10-40 ° and 30-80 ° according to the captive bubble method in water and the sessile drop method in air, respectively, oxygen permeability not less than
    15 80 as DK value and a water content not less than 9% by weight.
  9. 9. A method for manufacturing a soft hydrogel contact lens according to claims 1-8, wherein the mold consists of a resin selected from polyamide, polyethylene terephthalate and ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer.
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