ES2246740B1 - Module and installation to measure and manage electrical consumption. - Google Patents

Module and installation to measure and manage electrical consumption. Download PDF

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Publication number
ES2246740B1
ES2246740B1 ES200501631A ES200501631A ES2246740B1 ES 2246740 B1 ES2246740 B1 ES 2246740B1 ES 200501631 A ES200501631 A ES 200501631A ES 200501631 A ES200501631 A ES 200501631A ES 2246740 B1 ES2246740 B1 ES 2246740B1
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Spain
Prior art keywords
consumption
electrical
installation
module
modules
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
ES200501631A
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Spanish (es)
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ES2246740A1 (en
Inventor
Jesus Bartolome Garcia
Jose Gabriel Bergas Jane
Miquel Teixido Casas
Jose Angel Zabalegui Labarta
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Home Multienergy SL
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Home Multienergy SL
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Priority to ES200501631A priority Critical patent/ES2246740B1/en
Publication of ES2246740A1 publication Critical patent/ES2246740A1/en
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Publication of ES2246740B1 publication Critical patent/ES2246740B1/en
Application status is Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J13/00Circuit arrangements for providing remote indication of network conditions, e.g. an instantaneous record of the open or closed condition of each circuitbreaker in the network; Circuit arrangements for providing remote control of switching means in a power distribution network, e.g. switching in and out of current consumers by using a pulse code signal carried by the network
    • H02J13/0006Circuit arrangements for providing remote indication of network conditions, e.g. an instantaneous record of the open or closed condition of each circuitbreaker in the network; Circuit arrangements for providing remote control of switching means in a power distribution network, e.g. switching in and out of current consumers by using a pulse code signal carried by the network for single frequency AC networks
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B70/00Technologies for an efficient end-user side electric power management and consumption
    • Y02B70/30Systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies for improving the carbon footprint of the management of residential or tertiary loads, i.e. smart grids as climate change mitigation technology in the buildings sector, including also the last stages of power distribution and the control, monitoring or operating management systems at local level
    • Y02B70/32End-user application control systems
    • Y02B70/3258End-user application control systems characterised by the end-user application
    • Y02B70/3266The end-user application being or involving home appliances
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S20/00Systems supporting the management or operation of end-user stationary applications, including also the last stages of power distribution and the control, monitoring or operating management systems at local level
    • Y04S20/20End-user application control systems
    • Y04S20/24End-user application control systems characterised by the end-user application
    • Y04S20/242End-user application control systems characterised by the end-user application the end-user application being or involving home appliances

Abstract

Module and installation to measure and manage the electrical consumption of a series of devices (6) individually, so that from the measurement that said modules (1) provide about the electrical energy demanded by each of said devices ( 6), a central server (2) diagnoses its status, the information obtained and demanded by the user in question is monitored and it is possible to interact with them, even interrupting the supply under certain circumstances, for example devices (6) in standby mode for long periods of time. The installation object of this invention allows that not only the user whose electrical installation is being managed has access to the information processed by the server (2), but that any authorized person has access through a series of remote access terminals (5 ).

Description

Module and installation to measure and manage the electrical consumption

Object of the invention

The present invention relates to a module of measure and to an installation comprising at least one of said modules and that allows to measure and manage the electrical consumption of a series of devices individually, so that from of measuring its consumption allows to diagnose its state of activity, monitor the information obtained, both individual as added and interact with them.

The measurement and consumption management facility electrical object of this invention has application in both the domestic as in the industrial and tertiary sector. Between the benefits derived from its implementation highlight the saving of energy both at a particular level and at a global level, the increase of energy efficiency and the possible exchange of information individual and aggregated among the agents involved, that is, between the final consumer, the producing and marketing companies electrical, management and even the manufacturers of electric appliances.

Background of the invention

The electricity supply companies electrical meters have been installed for years in order of knowing the consumption of each of the subscribers and billing the corresponding amount. In recent years the accountants implanted have improved their performance allowing, for example, count the energy consumed in the different rates timetables

Other teams more perfected than mentioned double billing counters allow you to monitor and control not only the electrical energy consumed by all of the installation, but also another additional variable other than It will depend on the application in each case. An electronic team of this type is described in document ES 522 582 A1, which refers to a team specially designed for implantation in plants industrial and comprising, among other elements, a microprocessor that handles data related to energy consumption Electric, coal, gasoline or water.

Document ES 2 147 527 A1 describes a system of control of energy consumption in the domestic sphere that has The objective is to authorize the consumption prior payment of the amount corresponding to the amount that the user wishes to spend and consume. For this, the consumer must buy a payment card in which the value of the amount of energy is stored that can be consumed, complementing said card with a reader located in the house to which the data contained in the card. When the energy corresponding to the payment has been consumed The supply is cut, so its purpose is not both to provide information to the supply company about the amount to be billed, but rather that of allowing the own consumer control the amount of money spent on Energy.

Other application device in the field Domestic is defined in ES 2 200 382 T3, which measures and indicates the immediate and / or accumulated energy consumption in the home, motivating The reduction of electricity consumption. Account for that said device with a screen indicating, on a scale percentage, the relationship between the accumulated energy consumption and the average consumption calculated over a selected period of time, so it is not necessary to update the data when prices change nor is it necessary for the user to have knowledge technical, since the indicator uses exclusively a scale percentage.

Similar to the previous one and also for the scope domestic, is the consumption indicator device that describes the document ES 2 019 776 A6. This device in the form of a small box it comprises a screen to display the information, a series of keys that allow the customer to select the value they want display, relays to activate or deactivate circuits with non-critical loads and a microcontroller. Information provided by the device is very varied, for example the block tariff in use, current consumption for each tariff block or the consumption in each tariff block at the end of the period of billing.

Although all the devices analyzed previously they are considered very useful, because not only provide information to the user about the total energy consumed, as is the case with conventional counters, but which also show more complex and elaborate information, by example temporary or historical averages, it is considered that it would be adequate to have a device that will report not only the energy consumed by the entire installation, but for each one of the electrical appliances connected to it.

In this regard, document ES 2 121 560 A1 is refers to a programmable power consumption alarm that allows know in real time the consumption of a family home, controlling the total consumption of the electrical installation or of A specific area. Like other devices already analyzed, said warning has an alphanumeric screen to enter a limit value of the expected energy cost up to a date determined. This alarm can be used as a control peripheral energy in a home automation installation, since it can communicate the readings to a personal computer or similar to manage automatically the appropriate connection or disconnection maneuvers of loads in the house.

On the other hand, the incorporation of controls to distance in many appliances and other appliances electrical in general has greatly influenced the consumption of energy, especially at the domestic level. This influence on consumption It is mainly due to the fact that electrical appliances equipped with such remote controls are rarely found off, considering by state off that in consumption Electric is null. These devices when they are not being used they are in a state generally known as standby or stand by, state in which the device deactivates all its systems except the reception system and / or others of a minor nature, of way that is qualified to receive the orders in form of signal that arrive from the remote control, acting in consequence.

Although the power consumption in mode Standby is lower than consumption during the operating state of the electrical apparatus, it is estimated that the energy consumed in this state can assume up to 15% of the electricity that the same device consumes during operation. So, for example, in the case of a television that is running for six hours per day, consumption throughout the day is 45% higher if the device stays in standby mode when it is not working in instead of shutting down completely, situation is in which consumption It is null.

Taking into account that the number of devices electrical systems that include remote control and / or character systems minor, and therefore can remain in standby or standby mode, It is very high, especially in the domestic sphere, it would be convenient have a device that would detect this state of wait, acting on the electrical appliance and reducing consumption electric.

In view of the above documents and the problem presented, the objective of the present invention is to develop both a measurement module and an installation comprising at least one of said modules and which allows managing the electrical consumption of a series of devices, both individual as jointly, taking measures of the amount of energy consumed by each one of them. The information processed and provided by the installation described below consists of both the consumption and the diagnosis of the devices separately or of the electrical installation, whether domestic, of the tertiary or industrial sector, in its entirety. It is also desirable that the invention allows programming and interacting with electrical appliances whose consumption is quantified, for example detecting waiting states, generally referred to as
stand-by, and acting accordingly, automatically or scheduled and telematically or autonomously.

Description of the invention

The invention described below It consists of a module for measuring and detecting states of operation of the electrical device to which it is associated, so that from a series of data and orders from both the external as of the device itself (for example, related data with electric power consumption), can detect the state of operation and consumption of the device and act on it, regulating its power and consequently its mode of operation.

The invention also extends to a installation which, comprising at least one of said modules, as well as a central server and media between different modules and said server, allows to measure and manage the power consumption of a series of devices individually, monitoring said consumption and acting on each of the appliances

Although this description describes refers to the term apparatus in general, by said denomination are understood both commonly used appliances at home as the elements of electricity consumption in offices, such as computers, screens, printers or photocopiers. Also included in this term is the industrial machinery that It works connected to the mains, as well as luminaires and others fixed installation devices.

The module of measurement and detection of states that a described below includes intended measuring elements, as its name indicates, to the consumption data electrical of the electrical device to which it is directly or indirectly associated. These measuring elements are based on the same principles as ammeters, voltmeters and others similar instruments that provide consumption data electrical, specifically the intensity of current, voltage and power factor, which corresponds to the offset between the waves of current and voltage

Each of the modules also includes a receiving element that is in charge of receiving the orders that the user directly or the installation below will describe, send to the module in question. The receiving element can consist of a button or button that the user manually activates or in a more complex device that receives orders by radio frequency, ultrasound, infrared, via Power Line Domestic Comunication (PLC), or any other.

The microprocessor incorporated in each module It aims to detect the operating status of the electrical device to which the module is associated in question, for which it is fundamentally based on the analysis of consumption data of said device. Also, based on these consumption data and external orders, the microprocessor generates the appropriate orders to regulate the operation of the apparatus. For this, the module includes means of action that receive orders from the microprocessor and, depending on them, cause the opening or closing of the power supply circuit to the device, thus regulating its operation and consumption electric.

The invention also consists of a installation to measure and manage the electrical consumption of a series of devices individually, that is, the installation it has the necessary means to measure the electrical consumption of each of the devices connected to an electrical installation, since either in the domestic sphere, in the industrial sector or in the tertiary.

In front of other known devices, in the that the only data provided are those corresponding to the energy consumed by the entire installation, that is, by all appliances connected to the mains, the installation that being described provides consumption values individual in addition to the aggregate values, that is, both by devices particularly connected to a system as per the set of implanted systems. This feature allows diagnose device activity states and specifically standby or standby mode, interact on each one of the devices individually or aggregate and in a telematically or automatically as in the case of suspension of power supply to devices in standby state, and monitor individual or aggregate consumption of the devices, and consequently, be able to contrast the actual consumption with the technical specifications of the devices and contrast the quality of supply electric.

The installation object of this invention includes as measuring elements a series of modules such as previously described that are associated with each of the devices whose power consumption you want to know.

The installation includes, in addition to these modules, a central computer, detached from the location of the measuring modules and concentrators, which acts among other things as server, and that, through its processing capacity and data obtained by the modules, calculates the active power values consumed, reactive power, apparent power, evolution in the time of energy consumed, registration and channeling of telematic drives and any other data that may considered of interest to manage the operation of the electrical installation or get any derived information that It may be of interest to any agent involved. Information result of the calculations made by the central server is displayed from any device that can connect and interact with the central server using the new ones connectivity technologies such as internet protocol, GSM network, GPRS, UMTS or others, notwithstanding that this data or part of they can be displayed in the system modules so individualized and direct through liquid crystal displays or Similar.

The central server also includes, separately of the components common to all computers, one or more bases of data in which it stores the data related to each module, both those taken directly by said module and the information result of its processing (average values, maximum values and minimums, statistics by device, etc.). This data record It therefore contains the history of each of the devices at that a module has been associated, which allows to analyze the evolution of the behavior of the device as a function of time, evolution that can be displayed in alphanumeric or graphic form in the media of visualization described above.

Other types of data collected on the server central contain information regarding the standard consumption of a series of devices available in the market. The purpose of this second type of data is none other than detecting the type of device which is discussed, as described below, thus eliminating the need to program each of the modules according to the apparatus which they associate.

The installation also includes means of communication through which a communication is established bilateral between each of the modules and the central server, it is that is, the modules send information to the server, information concerning the consumption of electricity and the identifier of each module, but they also receive information from that server, by example, the opening or closing telematic drive commands of the means of action.

Said means of communication include means of transmission, a concentrator element and a communication network. The transmission means are incorporated in each of the modules and send the data related to electricity consumption taken by the measuring elements, as well as the module identifier, identifier that is usually a code, which identifies it unambiguously in front of the central server. These means of transmission not only send data to the central server but also they also receive orders from that server, such as the opening and closing orders of the means of action. As possible embodiments of these means of transmission between measurement modules and the concentrator element contemplates the transmission via domestic PLC (Power Line Communication), radio frequency or any other means of transmission.

The concentrator element receives the data sent by the transmission media of each module, adapting them conveniently for transmission to the central server, to which they are sent through a communication network, which is also the responsible for connecting the central server with access terminals remote standards such as personal computers, phones mobile phones, PDAs, etc. The communication network can be any by the one that can pass Internet protocol (PLC, ADSL, lines dedicated, etc.), GSM network or any other means of communication.

The way in which the invention allows identify the nature of the device whose consumption is measuring Each of the modules, as well as their status and diagnosis, is based in the fact that each type of device performs a series of characteristic operations and in a specific order depending on the use for which it is intended, and that these are different from those of any other type of device, so the electrical consumption of each of the processes linked to each device is different from those of any other type Therefore, any type of device has a characteristic profile of power consumption depending on the time, which allows the type of device to be detected to be detected is associated with each of the modules, as well as the status of consumption in which the device in question is.

A clear example in this regard, and that It constitutes one of the main advantages that the invention presents compared to other devices, it is the detection of waiting states (commonly called stand by) of devices, state in which consumes up to 15% of the electricity required in conditions normal operation. The invention allows, once Once a standby state has been detected, a program is activated which, in based on an adjustable time, automatically order the associated module to the apparatus in question of cutting off the electricity supply by means of opening of the means of action of said module, thus acting as individually on any device or, in parallel, the invention allows the meter module itself to contain the logic or program to autonomously and automatically cut the electricity supply by opening the means of action previously described. In both cases the invention considers the recovery of the power supply by user intervention or Well automatically. It is also possible to detect Instantly the malfunction of a device, acting in the same way as in the previous case.

Several possible ones have been considered physical configurations of the modules associated with each of the appliances connected to the mains, according to the needs of the user or the characteristics of the installation whose consumption is want to manage Thus, for example, the possibility of that the modules are configured so that they are installed between the plug of the appliance and an outlet of the installation electric This first option allows at least two other possible practical realizations.

In those sockets of the electrical installation, normally wall sockets, in which only one device is connected through its corresponding power plug, the one in which the module consists of a housing whose Inside houses all the components of the measuring module. Said housing also includes the corresponding plugs intended to be housed in the power outlet, as well as two receptacles by way of plug in which the power plug of the device in question is connected, that is, the device is plugged into the mains through of the measuring module, which in this way performs the corresponding measurements and their possible autonomous actions described above and sends them, together with their identifier, to the element
concentrator

It has been considered, however, that another possible embodiment of the invention fits those power outlets in which more than one device is connected, usually through a strip In this case, a measuring module is inserted in each of the sockets of said strip, so that each of the devices that connect to it through its power plug will interpreted as a different device and as such has its own identifier, which is sent, together with the measures taken, by each of the modules to the concentrator element.

These first two physical configurations of the module included in the installation object of this invention are applicable to any electrical installation, both domestic and industrial level, although initially they are considered especially advantageous for those electrical installations that they wish to be managed afterwards, that is, once they are finished and in functioning.

In the event that the electrical installation wishes managed permanently has been considered another two possible configurations of the measuring modules, which in this case they are installed in the power outlet of the mains installation, that is, on the part of the wall sockets that it is inserted behind said wall, so that the appearance does not change outside of the socket. The power plug of the device in issue plugs normally to the wall outlet and its consumption is measured by the module inserted in said socket, or two, positioning the measuring module at any intermediate point in the electrical network where one or more devices we want is individualized measure together as one.

It also contemplates the possibility of including the measuring modules individually within their own devices that you want to measure your consumption by entering the installation of the measuring module in the production chain of said appliances

The invention that has been described presents multiple advantages over other similar devices, for example the fact that not only make consumption measurements individualized, process and monitor them, but also act consequently on electrical appliances, thus allowing manage your consumption and get very valuable information so automatic It is also considered a very advantageous feature the possibility offered by the installation to detect stand states by or fault and act on them autonomously or telematically or through direct action, as well as possibility that all agents involved in the consumption of energy have access to individual or aggregated information provided by the installation simply using a terminal remote access that is connected to the communication network.

The agents involved are the main beneficiaries of the invention and among them are, by for example, the users themselves, the supply company and electricity marketer, device manufacturers and Even the administration.

The user is benefited because he has complete information regarding consumption and the state of your electrical installation, and has the guarantee that it is Properly managing electricity consumption. Also, the invention allows intelligent consumption management of the devices and an energy saving when disconnecting, for example, devices in standby or standby state, thus avoiding consumption unnecessary.

As for the electricity company and agents marketers, its benefit derives primarily from the amount of information available and the possibility of Communicate directly with the end user. Based on the detailed information provided by the management facility the company knows the uses, customs and detailed profile of consumption of your client individually and aggregate, which will allows to develop marketing and commercial strategies more customized, thus loyalty to the client in question. He too system would allow, in case of user acceptance and according to the possible legal provisions in force, a temporary suspension of devices on a scheduled basis and identify vital devices to to maintain an uninterrupted supply to scheduled cuts from the electricity companies themselves.

The manufacturers of electrical appliances both appliances like any industrial machine connected to the managed electricity network, have reliable information of the operation of these devices, which allows them to correct their future production possible failures detected and really know what that the customer demands, so, like the company electric, you can develop custom strategies and more effective. In addition, they could include manufactured devices in measuring modules individually in order to improve benefits in terms of consumption and the information offered to device user.

The administration itself also appears as agent involved and benefited, because he has access to a complete information about the way in which the consumption of electricity and can promote, based on it, new policies of energy saving or citizen awareness.

Description of the drawings

To complement the description that is being performing and in order to help a better understanding of the characteristics of the invention, according to an example preferred practical implementation of it, is accompanied as integral part of said description a set of drawings where with an illustrative and non-limiting nature, what has been represented next:

Figure 1.- Shows a representation schematic of a measuring module object of the invention.

Figure 2.- Shows a representation schematic of the installation object of this invention.

Figure 3.- Shows a representation schematic of the internal configuration of a module of the included in the management facility.

Figure 4.- Shows a perspective view of a possible physical configuration of an individual measurement module of the installation.

Figure 5.- Shows a plan view of a second possible physical configuration of the modules, which incorporate in each of the sockets of an electric power strip.

Preferred Embodiment of the Invention

In view of the figures, it can be seen in the same a schematic representation of the invention, which It basically consists of an installation to manage consumption electrical of a series of devices (6) connected to an installation electrical, whether a private home, an installation industrial or any facility whose consumption you want to know and Manage effectively.

Figure 1 schematically shows the internal composition of a meter module (1) according to the present invention. The module (1) shown simply deals with the measurement and limitation of consumption of standby or standby modes of the electrical devices (6) associated with it. In this specific application, the module (1) acts completely autonomously, that is, it is not part of an installation as will be described later, but it makes internally the decisions to open the circuit and consequently cut the power supply to the

 \ hbox {apparatus (6).} 

A module (1) autonomous meter according to the present invention basically comprises measuring elements (16), for the data collection related to consumption, and a receiving element (21). This receiving element, responsible for receiving user orders, normally related to the restoration of supply electric after cutting for reasons of energy saving, it can be, as mentioned above, a manual button or a receiver suitable to the type of signal transmitting the order (radio frequency, infrared, etc.).

Logically, since this module (1) is autonomous and not part of a more complex installation, includes a microprocessor (19) in which it processes all the information that has and depending on which determines the mode of operation of the device and generates the supply regulation orders electric. These orders are received by the means of action (17), which are the elements that cause the opening or closing of the power circuit to the device (6).

Figure 2 schematically represents the management facility that is being described, comprising basically a series of modules (1), each associated with one of the devices (6) connected to the desired mains manage, a central server (2) that processes the information provided by said modules (1) and sends the relevant orders telematics, and media (3, 4, 18) to through which a bilateral communication is established between said modules (1) and said central server (2). In this figure you have represented different appliances (6) appliances, although the possibility of the object management facility is contemplated of this invention has an industrial application, in which case said appliances would correspond to industrial machinery and not to appliances normally present in homes private individuals

The mentioned means of communication (3, 4, 18) encompass a series of elements that allow the exchange of information between the different components of the installation. Every one of the appliances (6) electricity consumers has associated a module (1) meter, comprising the transmission means (18) suitable for sending data related to electricity consumption, data that are obtained by the measuring elements (16), and that, next to the identifier code of the module (1) in question, they are transmitted to a hub element (3) and from it to the server central (2), which thus unequivocally identifies the module (1) and the device (6) associated with it. These means of transmission (18) not only send information to the concentrator element (3) but that also receive information from other components of the installation.

The concentrator element (3) is responsible for receive information from each of the modules (1) of measure, information that is adapted by said element (3) to be processed by the central server (2), which comprises, among others elements, a microprocessor and at least two databases. A first database is the one that stores the consumption data of each module (1), which allows the server (2) to prepare historical of the consumption of each of the devices (6), graphics and others information of interest. A second server database central (2) stores the standard consumption data of a series of apparatus (6), so that by comparison of the received data at all times and stored data is able to detect the type of the apparatus (6) in question, as well as the state of consumption of the same. Account the central server (2) with remote accessibility for view information from any device that can connect to it, thus showing the user the information requested.

Also the communication network (4) included in the installation it is included under the denomination of means of communication. Said network (4) connects the central server (2) with a series of remote access terminals (5) and with the element concentrator (3), so that both the supplier of electric power like device manufacturers and own administration have access to the information provided by the management facility

Figure 3 schematically represents the internal composition of each of the measurement modules (1) that they are part of the described installation and that, associated to each of the devices (6), provide information of interest regarding its consumption and its operation. As it has been represented in this third figure, each of the modules (1) also includes of the elements described above and common to the modules (1) individual and autonomous measurement, transmission means (18), which In addition to receiving such information, they are responsible for sending the data corresponding to the measures taken, as well as the code that identifies them. The possibility that in a concrete embodiment said transmission means (18) consist of radio frequency transmitters. Logically, each of the Measurement modules (1) also comprise a power supply (20) responsible for providing the necessary energy for the operation of the rest of its components.

As the first practical example of the invention is attached figure 4, in which a module (1) intended to be connected between the power plug (14) of the device (6) to which it is associated and the outlet (15) of the electrical installation. The module (1) according to this embodiment basically consists of a housing (11) in whose interior the electrical components of the module (1) are housed, a plug (12) intended to be inserted into the outlet (15) and a plug (13) into which the power plug (14) is inserted of the electrical apparatus (6), which is thus connected to the mains through the module (1).

Another possible concrete realization of the module (1) Measurement object of this invention is shown in the figure 5. In this case the modules (1) are configured so that are inserted in each of the sockets (23) of a strip (22) electrical, maintaining each of the modules (1) the corresponding differentiated identifier but considering the possibility that some of the elements considered in the case of the autonomous individual module (1), such as the microprocessor (19), the transmission means (18) or the power supply (20), are shared by all modules (1) included in the strip (22). It also contemplates the possibility that both the receiving element (21) of each module (1) as the possible element common receiver (24) for all of them be buttons or push buttons or well any of the options already discussed above.

Claims (7)

1. Measurement and state detection module configured to be associated with an electrical device, comprising measuring elements (16) for data collection related to the electrical consumption of the device (6) in question and an order receiving element (21) outside the module, it is characterized in that it comprises:
a microprocessor (19) that, depending on the External orders and consumption data, detects the status of operation of the device and generates the appropriate orders to regulate its operation; Y
means of action (17) receiving orders generated by said microprocessor and, depending on these, cause the opening or closing of the power supply circuit to apparatus, thus regulating its operation and its electrical consumption.
2. Module according to the preceding claim characterized in that it comprises a plug (12) configured to be inserted into an outlet (15) and a plug (13) into which the power plug (14) of the apparatus (6) can be inserted, so that the module is installed between the electrical outlet (15) of the electrical installation and the device (6) whose consumption it regulates.
3. Module according to claim 1 characterized in that it is configured to be incorporated in each of the sockets (23) of an electrical strip (22), so that each of the modules (1) included in said strip (22) is associated to the apparatus (6) whose power plug (14) is inserted into said socket (23).
4. Module according to claim 1 characterized in that it is configured to be inserted into the own outlet (15) from the power supply of the installation, so that not vary the exterior appearance of said socket (15).
5. Installation to measure and manage the electrical consumption of a series of devices individually, which allows monitoring said consumption and act on each of the devices automatically or telematically, thus regulating its consumption,
characterized in that it comprises:
at least one module (1) according to any of the previous claims;
a central server (2) comprising a microprocessor that processes the data related to each module (1), stores them in a first database and compares them with standard consumption data stored in a second database, detecting the type of device in question and the state of consumption of the same, sending the appropriate orders to the means of action (17) of each of the modules (1) to act on the apparatus (6), and showing, in a display means, the information of interest; Y
communication means (3, 4, 18) through which a bilateral communication is established between each of the modules (1) and the central server
(2).
6. Installation according to the preceding claim, characterized in that the communication means (3, 4, 18) comprise:
transmission means (18) incorporated in each one of the modules (1), which send the data related to consumption electrical taken by the measuring elements (16) as well as the module identifier (1) that identifies it unequivocally in front of the central server (2) and receive orders from said central server (2);
a concentrator element (3) that receives the data sent by the transmission means (18) and adapts them to its processing by the central server (2); Y
a communication network (4) that connects the central server (2) with a series of remote access terminals (5) and with the concentrator element (3).
7. Installation according to any of claims 5 and 6 characterized in that it comprises software installed in the central server (2) and / or in one of the remote access terminals (5) programmed to simulate the effect that the introduction of possible variations in the electrical supply or in the electrical installation can cause on the electrical consumption of the installation.
ES200501631A 2005-07-05 2005-07-05 Module and installation to measure and manage electrical consumption. Expired - Fee Related ES2246740B1 (en)

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Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4644320A (en) * 1984-09-14 1987-02-17 Carr R Stephen Home energy monitoring and control system
IT1310142B1 (en) * 1999-08-20 2002-02-11 Merloni Elettrodomestici Spa A device, system and method for monitoring a household utenzaelettrica, in particular a household appliance.
GB2409048B (en) * 2003-12-09 2007-07-11 Peter Steven Robertson Electricity metering

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