ES2239304T3 - Compressed candle of multiple layers and manufacturing method. - Google Patents

Compressed candle of multiple layers and manufacturing method.

Info

Publication number
ES2239304T3
ES2239304T3 ES03703710T ES03703710T ES2239304T3 ES 2239304 T3 ES2239304 T3 ES 2239304T3 ES 03703710 T ES03703710 T ES 03703710T ES 03703710 T ES03703710 T ES 03703710T ES 2239304 T3 ES2239304 T3 ES 2239304T3
Authority
ES
Spain
Prior art keywords
candle
layer
mold
compression
sail
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
ES03703710T
Other languages
Spanish (es)
Inventor
Sandra E. Blevins-Steer
Kathryn H. Ferguson
Robert G. Gray
Nihila Ravirajan
Georgia A. Tenhagen
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
S C Johnson and Son Inc
Original Assignee
S C Johnson and Son Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US34507102P priority Critical
Priority to US345071P priority
Application filed by S C Johnson and Son Inc filed Critical S C Johnson and Son Inc
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of ES2239304T3 publication Critical patent/ES2239304T3/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11CFATTY ACIDS FROM FATS, OILS OR WAXES; CANDLES; FATS, OILS OR FATTY ACIDS BY CHEMICAL MODIFICATION OF FATS, OILS, OR FATTY ACIDS OBTAINED THEREFROM
    • C11C5/00Candles
    • C11C5/008Candles characterised by their form; Composite candles, e.g. candles containing zones of different composition, inclusions, or the like
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11CFATTY ACIDS FROM FATS, OILS OR WAXES; CANDLES; FATS, OILS OR FATTY ACIDS BY CHEMICAL MODIFICATION OF FATS, OILS, OR FATTY ACIDS OBTAINED THEREFROM
    • C11C5/00Candles
    • C11C5/02Apparatus for preparation thereof
    • C11C5/021Apparatus for preparation thereof by compressing solid materials in a mould without heating

Abstract

A method of manufacturing a stratified compression candle in which two immediately adjacent layers do not contain the same dye, the process of which comprises the operations of: a. Prepare x + 1, where x is an integer equal to or greater than 1, granule layer mixtures or solid fuel powder, each layer mixture containing particles of a compatible solid fuel having a particle size of about 500 to about 2000 micrometers, each layer mixture containing one or more dyes, and optionally, a volatile active ingredient of the group consisting of aromas, insect control agents, sanitary agents and deodorants; b. Add the x + 1 layer mixtures of operation "a" to a candle mold in a sequential manner so that there are not two layer mixtures immediately adjacent within the mold having the same dye, each layer mixture being added in an amount sufficient to produce a layer of a desired thickness; c. Apply such layer blends in the mold to a compression force to configure a sail shape within the mold, said sail shape having a substantially horizontal upper surface, a substantially horizontal lower surface and one or more vertical surfaces communicating with said horizontal upper and lower surfaces defining the shape of the candle, said candle form having x + 1 substantially horizontal layers, and each layer having a desired vertical thickness; d. Forming during operation "c" or after it one or more vertical wick cavities arranged axially within said sail shape; and. Place a combustible wick inside each axially arranged vertical wick cavity; such a wick being placed so that it extends from a flame keeping distance, above the substantially horizontal upper layer of that candle, to or near the lower horizontal layer of that candle shape; and then f. Recover a stratified compression sail.

Description

Multi-layer compressed candle and method of manufacturing.

Technical field

This invention relates to the dispensing of one or more active materials, volatile in the air, from a candle product. More specifically, the invention relates to a procedure for manufacturing a molded candle product by compression that has multiple layers, each having a different color or appearance Optionally, one or more can be included Additives in each layer. The additive can be an aroma, an agent sanitary, a deodorant, an insect control compound, any other volatile material, or mixtures thereof that are want them to be distributed and can be combined with the candle fuel. When the additive is an aroma, it is preferred that two immediately adjacent layers of the candle do not contain the same aroma.

Background of the invention

Candles have been known and used since primitive times. A typical wax candle consists of a body solid or semi-solid from a fuel source, usually wax, such as a petroleum derivative or a synthetic polymer fuel and contains an embedded fuel wick axially

Candles have become a very popular way of supply of active ingredients, usually aromas in the last years. Candles are offered that attract both its smell and its visual appearance This type of candle usually incorporates an oil aromatic in a body of wax. As the wax melts into the burning candle, aromatic oil is released from the well of liquefied wax.

Candles that offer a unique fragrance have been offered for several years and have presented a huge consumer attraction. Also, the molten candles that they have multiple colored layers that often offer a diversity of aromas in a unique way have been marketed and They have succeeded. One of the problems with stratified candles produced spills is the time needed to heat and cool solid fuel, usually wax, since each layer must be poured individually and then cooled before adding a adjacent layer. This increases production time and energy requirements if artificial cooling methods are used to decrease production time. These problems limit the commercial production of stratified candles using spill.

Conventional poured aromatic candles They have inconveniences and other limitations. The candles are prepared typically by means of the fusion process. Compositions of Wax containing aromas must be developed and treated carefully to ensure proper oil release aromatic of the well of liquefied wax. This procedure can be Difficult and high consumption. In addition, candles with more than one layer aromatic that use fusion procedure technology are limited by the same cost and other inconveniences limitations Stratified candles are known by the EP-A-0719855. Clearly, if a technique can be developed for candle making stratified by a compression technique that requires less energy, make it more adaptable for large-scale production, and whose candles provide aesthetically multicolored layers pleasing to the visual sense that optionally contain a volatile active ingredient, now found in poured candles, It would be a breakthrough in the technique. Preferably that kind of candle it would contain multiple layers presenting each layer a different color or appearance With the highest preference that type of candle would include multiple layers presenting each layer a color or appearance different, and each layer containing a fragrance or perfume, with the condition that two adjacent layers did not contain the same perfume or fragrance

Consequently, an object of this invention is provide the technique with a method for manufacturing a product in the form of a stratified candle. Another object of this invention is to provide the art with a method for manufacturing of a stratified candle-shaped product that is capable of disperse a volatile active material such as a fragrance, a insect control agent, health aid, deodorant or Similary. Another object of this invention is still to provide the technique a stratified compression sail product that is aesthetically pleasing and can be used for dispersion of a volatile active material. Another object of the invention is provide the technique with a stratified compression sail in the that each layer has a different color than any layer adjacent, and each layer additionally contains a fragrance that is different from that of any other adjacent layer. Other objects and advantages will be apparent from the description of the invention and accompanying examples.

Description of the invention

The stratified candle products of the The present invention is manufactured by a compression technique as exemplified in US Pat. No. 6,019,804, of Requejo and others, whose description is incorporated by reference in this descriptive memory. In Requejo, additives containing compress are compressed. wax granules such as coloring agents or fragrances for get candle-shaped products that have properties exceptional Requejo, however, describes only the training of a candle product, which has a layer, or, a candle product homogeneous that includes only a set of additives. The Wax granules used to form candle products can be configured for example by the technique described in the Patent from the USA No. 4,614,625, by Wilson, whose description is incorporated also for your reference in this specification.

Adding successive layers of granules in a mold compression candle, compressing the wax granules to form a body of wax, and then adding an appropriate wick, can a stratified compression sail product be produced. He Procedure will be exemplified and explained better later.

The basic procedure used to form Compression sail products of this invention include the operations of:

to. Prepare x + 1, where x is an integer equal to or greater than 1, granule or powder layer mixtures of solid fuel, each layer mixture containing a fuel compatible solid that has a particle size of around 500 to about 2000 micrometers and preferably around 600 to 1190 micrometers, with the proviso that when they are added to the candle mold, two layers of mixture immediately adjacent not have the same color or appearance, and that each layer mix optionally contain one or more different group additives Aroma compound, insect control agents, aids sanitary, deodorants, or the like and mixtures thereof. When the additive is an aroma it is preferred that there are not two layers of adjacent mix containing the same aroma;

b. Add the x + 1 layer blends of the operation "a" to a candle mold in a sequential manner so that no there are adjacent layer mixtures inside the mold that have the same color or appearance, each layer mixture being added to the mold in sufficient quantity to produce a layer that has a thickness desired after operation compression operation "C";

C. Submit such layer mixtures in the mold to a compression force to configure a sail shape inside of the mold, said sail shape having an upper surface substantially horizontal, a substantially lower surface horizontal and one or more vertical surfaces that communicate with said horizontal upper and lower surfaces defining the shape of the candle, having said candle shape x + 1 layers, having each layer a desired thickness;

d. Form during operation "c" or after of it one or more vertical wick cavities arranged axially within said sail shape;

and. Place a combustible wick inside each axially arranged vertical wick cavity; being placed such wick so that a maintenance distance of flame above the substantially horizontal top layer of that sail to or near the horizontal bottom layer that way sailing and so

F. Recover a compression candle stratified

Optionally, one or more vertical wicks axially arranged can be inserted into the candle during the compression molding process and therefore no cavity wick has to be formed, nor has operation of any subsequent insertion to produce the candles of this invention.

The solid fuel used in the preparation of The candle products of the present invention are obtained from of granules or solid fuel powder. Procedures for obtain granules or solid fuel powder are found in the U.S. Pat. No. 4,641,625 and 6,109,804. The fuel solid used in this invention can be a paraffin wax conventional, a natural wax, a synthetic polymer or the like. The Waxes useful in the present invention should be solid to the room temperature, water repellent, soft texture, basically with hydrocarbon structure (hydrogen and carbon), Low toxicity, low odor, and low reactivity. Useful waxes in the invention can come from any of five sources main ones that include animals (beeswax), plants (wax soybeans and carnauba (South American palm), minerals (mountain wax, ozocerite or wax extracted from lignites), petroleum (paraffinic wax), and materials produced by chemical synthesis (polyethylene, Fischer Tropsch method or hydrogenation of natural gas, coal, etc.).

In a preferred embodiment of this invention the Solid fuel is a paraffin wax material. The materials Paraffin wax of this type are well known and can be obtained from a variety of sources and suppliers such as Grupo Internacional, Inc., Exxon / Mobil Corporation, Chevron Products Company Lubricants & Specialty Products as well as Other suppliers In a preferred embodiment of this invention the paraffin wax is a refined paraffin wax that has a melting point in the range of around 54.4 to 65.5 ° C, and a maximum oil content of about 1.0%. The amount of oil contained in paraffin is limited because Excessive amounts of oil affect the product quality of resulting compressed candle. Such refined paraffin waxes are known to those skilled in the art, and set as an example by IGI Paraflex 1239 of the International Group, Inc. Toronto, Ontario, Canada

The solid fuel source used in the Preparation of the sailing products of this invention can be Formulated with additional additives. These additives can include:

to. microcrystalline wax materials that have a melting point in the range of 65.5 to 76.6 ° C;

b. C 14 to C 20 fatty acids;

C. wax crystal modifiers;

d. stability additives that include ultraviolet stabilizers;

and. dyes; Y

F. volatile active additives of the compound group of perfumes, deodorants, sanitary agents, and the like.

The microcrystalline wax materials are generally oil waxes obtained from small waste (vacuum distillation residues) or treating lower wax than treatment tank or pump rod wax. Grades typical show a much finer crystalline structure than that of paraffinic waxes and the possibility of forming soft mixtures with oil or solvent The lower degrees of fusion (for example, in the range of 57.2 to 62.7 ° C) they are very flexible and adhesive, and they contain a wide range of molecular types that include a high proportion of "non-normal" paraffins. These materials are used to improve the quality of the finished wax product, and the combustion of the finished wax product. Wax materials Microcrystalline can be obtained from a number of sources. A Microcrystalline wax material is the Bareco Victory Lite wax that It can be obtained from Bareco Products in Rock Hill, South Carolina. When used, microcrystalline wax is usually present at a level of about 0.5% to about 5% by weight of the granules, preferably from about 1% to about 4% by weight of the granules and most preferably around from 1.5% to about 3% by weight of the granules. The term "granule" as used herein means the inclusion of solid fuel particles that include powders, and defined by the particle size margins that include the same.

The C 14 a fatty acid ingredient C 20 can also be obtained commercially, usually as a mixture of fatty acids such as stearic acid, acid palmitic and oleic acid. These materials can be used to improve the finished wax product. C 14 fatty acid to C_ {20} can be used in the manufacture of candles this invention at a level of about 1% to about 20% in weight of the granules, preferably from about 3% to about 8% by weight of granules, and most preferably around from 3.5% to about 6% by weight of granules. Fatty acids are offered for sale by a variety of manufacturers that include Akzo Nobel Chemicals, Inc., Witco Corporation, Henkel Corp. Chemicals Group, and the like.

The wax crystal modifiers that can be used in the practice of this invention are generally polymers and copolymers of ethylene and alphaolefins that act modifying the behavior of the crystals of a wax paraffinic These polymers have the ability to bind oil, thereby increasing the hardness and opacity of the wax paraffinic These polymers may include anhydride copolymers. ethylenomaléico, olefinic copolymers of alphaethylene, polyalphaolefins, and the like. Wax Crystal Modifiers Suitable can be obtained from a variety of sources. A preferred wax crystal modifier is a material alpha olefin sold under the trade name Vybar® 103 that can Obtained from the Baker Petrolite polymer division Corporation, St. Louis, Mo. Experts are aware of the great variety of wax crystal modifiers available that can be used in the manufacture of candles invention. Wax glass modifiers are used typically at a level of about 0.5% to about 10% in granule weight, and preferably from about 1% to about 8% by weight of granules, and most preferably around from 1.5% to about 4% by weight of granules or powder.

Optional stability agents include materials that act to stabilize ingredients in the candle, specifically dyes, against UV degradation.

The dye is an optional ingredient and can comprise one or more pigments and dyes in an amount of about from 0% to about 2% by weight and preferably from 0.00001% to about 0.01% by weight of the granulated wax composition. A preferably constituent pigment is an organic dye in form of fine powder suspended in a liquid medium such as an oil mineral. A normally constituent dye dissolves in a organic solvent such as toluene or xylene. A diversity of pigments and dyes suitable for making candles are relates in US Pat. No. 4,614,625. Wax product of this invention can be manufactured without pigments or dyes provided the color or appearance of layers immediately Adjacent can be distinguished by a consumer. It also prefers to use oil-soluble dyes as candle dyes of this invention since pigments, which are solid, can sometimes work by sealing the wick of a burning candle. The pigments can however be used as colorants in this invention if carefully selected, and levels are used appropriate in which the shutter can be minimized. The pigments can be used as coatings or similarly in the candles of this invention in which the sealing is not a factor. Since the lack of a dye also defines a different appearance of the candle product, a dye as used in this memory it can also mean the absence of a Colorant. Also, different levels of a dye or a combination of dyes can be used to configure different shades of a color, for example a blue tint can be used to obtain a blue color of the powders, and a greater amount to get a navy blue, and the term dye means also, therefore, variations in the level of one or more dyes or pigments used to obtain different shades thereof color.

The preferred volatile active additive to be used in the candles of this invention is a refreshing ingredient from air. When the volatile active additive is used, it can be present at a level of about 0% to about 20% in weight of the granules, and preferably about 1.0% at around 10% by weight. Most preferably, around 2.0% to about 5% by weight of the granules is composed of volatile active ingredient. The air cooling ingredients they are preferably aromas or liquid perfumes comprising one or more volatile organic compounds that can be obtained from perfumery suppliers such as International Flavors & Fragances, Firmenich International SA, Takasago International Corp. USA, Noville Inc., Quest Co., and Givaudan SA.

Most aromatic materials Conventional are volatile essential oils. The aroma can be a synthetically formed material, or an oil obtained so natural such as bergamot oil, bitter orange, lemon, tangerine, caraguay, cedar leaf, clove leaf, cedar wood, geranium, lavender, oregano, "petitgrain", white cedar, patchouli, lavandina, "neroli" (from the flowers of the orange tree), absolute rose, and the like

A wide variety of chemical compounds are known in perfumery, such as aldehydes, ketones, esters, alcohols, terpenes, and the like. An aroma can be of composition relatively simple, or it can be a complex mixture of components natural and synthetic chemicals.

A typical flavored oil may comprise woody / earthy bases containing exotic constituents such such as sandalwood, algalia, patchouli oil, and Similar. A flavored oil may have a slight fragrance floral, such as a rose or violet extract. Oil Flavored can also be formulated to provide odors of pleasant fruits, such as lime, lemon or orange.

The synthetic types of aromatic compositions, alone or in combination with natural oils, they are described in the U.S. Pat. No. 4,314,915, 4,411,829 and 4,434,306, incorporated herein by reference. Other aromas artificial liquids include geraniol, geranyl acetate, eugenol, isoeugenol, linalool, linalyl acetate, alcohol phenethyl, ethylmethyl ketone, methylonone, isobornyl acetate, and the like

Volatile active ingredients can also be of a liquid formulation containing an insect repellent such as citronella, or a therapeutic agent such as eucalyptol or menthol. The volatile active agent can be any material that can be incorporated into the solid fuel source and that can be volatilized by the heat of combustion of the source of solid fuel. The volatile active agent can be an agent sanitary such as for example triethylene glycol.

When selecting candle additives stratified of the invention, it is sometimes considered appropriate have complementary aromas in adjacent layers to get that the fragrances between successive layers are mixed, or to get a release of aromas that is not unpleasant for the smell of some people. The same is true for the feeling of color. between adjacent layers of the stratified candle. Here too, the color selection between adjacent layers may be important to create a proper aesthetic appearance. In addition, in the selection of active layers between two adjacent layers, it is permissible within within the scope of this invention place a non-aromatic layer between two aromatic layers. The two aromatic layers adjoining the no Aromatic can be of the same or different fragrance. When select colors for each layer of the stratified candle, two adjacent layers should not be the same color, but separate layers by a different color they can be the same color and / or aroma. By Therefore, the aroma and / or color can be repeated, while the color and / or The aroma is not repeated in an immediately adjacent layer. This also within the scope of this invention create a candle not aromatic, in which only the color between two adjacent layers is different and no volatile additive is present.

The candle product of the present invention as It has been exposed above is formed by compressing a fuel solid, preferably paraffin wax. In another embodiment of this invention provides a method comprising molding by compression compositions of granulated or powdered wax for form a stratified candle product that has a density of around 0.80 to around 0.92 and preferably around from 0.85 to 0.92 grams per cubic centimeter, in which the Granulated wax composition is a mixture of ingredients that understands:

(a) between about 60% and about 95% and preferably from about 70% to about 93% by weight of refined paraffin wax that has a melting point in the margin from about 54.4 ° C to about 65.5 ° C and preferably from 57.2ºC at around 62.7ºC, and a maximum oil content of about 1.0%;

(b) between about 0% and 20% by weight and preferably from 1 to 3.5% by weight of microcrystalline wax which have a melting point in the range of 65.5 ° C to 82.2 ° C;

(c) between about 2% and 20% by weight and preferably 3 to 8% by weight of fatty acid ingredient C 14 to C 20;

(d) between 0 and 5% by weight and preferably from 1 to 5% by weight of a polymer wax crystal modifier;

(e) between about 0 and about 10% in weight of a volatile active ingredient; Y

(f) between about 0 to 2% by weight of coloring ingredient; in which the granulated wax composition It has a density of about 0.50 to 0.65 grams per centimeter cubic.

The equipment and procedures for compression of granulated or powdered wax are described in the publication "Candle Powder Compression", by M. Kheidr (Group International, 1990), incorporated by reference. Molding by compression can be performed under conditions that include a molding force of 907 to 1,814 kilograms and preferably of 1,089 to 1,270 kilograms. With the highest preference a compression force of 1,089 to 1,179 kilograms. The times of compression may vary between about 1 and about 20 seconds and a temperature of the granulated wax between 15ºC and 25ºC.

The particle size distribution of the granulated wax composition that provides properties suitable to the final product is described with a powder density between about 0.50 to 0.65 grams per centimeter cubic and subsequently allows compression molding of a multiple stratified candle product that has a density of 0.80 to 0.92 grams per cubic centimeter. This procedure is described in US Pat. No. 6,019,804 previously incorporated into this memory by reference.

In another embodiment, this invention includes candles compression molded granulated wax offering Superior compression characteristics of granulated wax, which form small compositions of uniform wax crystals, which when compression molded in finished candles can provide uniform combustion throughout the entire sail and very Good from one layer to another.

In another embodiment, the invention provides a compression molded candle product that has a wick axially arranged vertically, or multiple vertical wicks axially arranged, consisting of a molten mixture of Ingredients comprising:

(a) between about 60 to 95% by weight of wax refined paraffinic that has a melting point in the margin of around 54.4 at 65.5 ° C and a maximum oil content of about 1.0%;

(b) between about 0 to 20% wax microcrystalline that has a melting point in the range of 65.5 to 82.2 ° C;

(c) between about 2 and 20% by weight of C 14 to C 20 fatty acid ingredient;

(d) between 0 and 5% by weight of an ingredient polymer wax crystal modifier;

(e) between 0 and 10% by weight of an ingredient volatile asset; Y

(f) between 0 and 2% by weight of ingredient Colorant; in which the granulated wax composition has a powder density between 0.50 and 0.65 grams per cubic centimeter.

One of the essential aspects of this invention is the process of manufacturing a molded candle by multiple stratified compression of granulated wax. The invention provides a compression molded sail product, which is composed of granulated wax compositions that they have an orderly manner in individual colored layers and aromatics of a density of about 0.80 to 0.92 grams per cubic centimeter. In another embodiment of the present invention, the Candle product can have a coating medium applied (it is say dip coated) having a thickness comprised between 0.2 and 0.9 millimeters on the surface of the candle. This medium Dip coating can be smooth or textured.

Suitable coating compositions may include one or more ingredients selected from a compound group paraffinic wax microcrystalline wax, natural wax, acids fatty and amides, polyolefins and celluloses.

In another embodiment of the present invention, the Candle product can have a smooth or textured finish that it depends on how the candle is treated both in the mold and during the mold removal. A smooth finish can be obtained by applying a source of heat to the compression mold while the candle is being compressing, which produces a hardness on the surface of the candle and has a thickness of 0.2 to 0.9 millimeters. A surface textured can be obtained in the candle product to be extracted from the compression mold, or the mold used may be set to leave a desired impression on the candle.

The candle product of the present invention is characterized by a superior combination of density and hardness. With regarding the combustion characteristics, a candle product of the present invention can maintain a wick flame height between 1 and 4 centimeters during the combustion period of the wick.

The candle product of the present invention develops a side wall effect during combustion. The formation of side walls under combustion conditions of Normal wick is intended to provide flame containment inside the candle to allow optimal ingredient release air freshener The formation of side walls provides also aesthetic benefits (the walls appear to shine when the flame is contained inside), it maintains the appearance stratified throughout the life (the walls remain intact, so that multiple layers can still be seen), and It helps contain the molten well and prevent spills. In conditions fuse combustion, a concavity of molten wax develops in the candle matrix that typically has an axial depth from 3 to 10 millimeters.

The candle product of the present invention it can have the shape of a candle that is self-stable, which can be cylindrical, oval, square, triangular, octagonal, rectangular, exagonal or any combination or shape of the side walls of the same, and pyramidal, spherical, hemispherical, shaped of egg or bucket and typically has a diameter of about 3.5 cm to about 25 cm and preferably, about 5 cm to around 15 cm and most preferably around 7.4 cm to about 8 cm. The candle products of this invention may have a height between 7.5 cm and 25 cm, and preferably from about 10 to about 13 cm. With the highest preference the candle product of the present invention It will have a height of about 10 cm to about 10.5 cm. A self-supporting vertical candle made in accordance with the invention can present a combustion regime between 2 to 5 grams per hour with wick (s) positioned in the center of braided cotton, cotton / cotton / linen paper, or a synthetic wick of a material such as rayon. A preferred wick material is the braided cotton with or without paper or a paper core.

A candle product of the present invention It can be positioned on a carrier or glass container, metal, or non-flammable compositions such as origin plastic or mineral, or it can be positioned on a non-surface adequate flammable.

The wicks used by the candles of the The present invention can be obtained commercially. The experts in The candle making technique will be able to determine easily the appropriate wick materials and suppliers, based on the solid fuel used, the active ingredient volatile included in the formulation, the combustion regime desired, and the like.

The following examples better illustrate the present invention

Example I

This example illustrates the preparation of a granulated wax composition and compression molded candle, stratified, which has 3 layers (x = 2) in accordance with this invention.

For a composition of a layer, a wax of refined paraffin (IGI Paraflex 1239 MP, 60 ° C); it mixes previously with a polymer derived from ethylene (Vybar 103, MP 76 ° C) until the polymer is fully integrated in the paraffin wax refined A concentrate of aroma / dye / UV inhibitor of IFF Stargazer 18 (can be obtained from International Flavors & Fragances), Sandoplast Yellow 3G, Sandoplast Red 2G (can Obtain both from Clariant Gmbh, Pigments and Additives Division, Frankfurt) and Cyasorb UV 531 (can be obtained from Cytec Industries, Inc., West Patterson, New Jersey) mix until all components dissolve.

The following four streams: wax / polymer
premixed, aroma concentrate / dye / inhi-
UV bidor, stearic acid (Emersol 150 MP 65.5 ° C that can be obtained from Henkel Corp.), and microcrystalline wax (Bareco's Victory Lite Wax MP 80 ° C) are fused simultaneously with the formula using a four-head measuring system and mixed by means of an online mixing procedure.

Separately and simultaneously, they are prepared Additional compositions using the same mixing method. For the second layer, a refined paraffin wax (IGI Paraflex 1239 MP 60 ° C) is premixed with Vybar 103 until the polymer is fully integrated in refined paraffin wax. A IFF 1814 HBA aroma / dye / UV inhibitor concentrate, Clariant Sandoplast yellow 3G and Cyasorb UV 531 mix up that all components are dissolved. The pre-mix of Wax / polymer and fragrance concentrate / dye / inhibitor UV are further mixed by means of a mixing procedure in line with the same stearic acid and microcrystalline wax used in 1 layer mixture. A third layer that uses identical ingredients, except that the concentrate of fragrance / dye / UV inhibitor was IFF Moonblossom 47, Clariant Sandoplast Green 3G, Nitro Fast Blue 2B and Cyasorb UV 531 mixed until all components dissolved. The pre-mix of Wax / polymer and fragrance concentrate / dye / inhibitor UV were further mixed by means of a mixing procedure in line as with the other two layers.

Wax compositions layer mixing candle separated are kept at a temperature of around 65 to around 80 ° C and are pumped separately to respective tanks of compensation until the ingredient mixtures are homogeneous. The candle wax compositions are then pumped to respective separate wax deposits in a drum system of Kurschner wax spray and the compositions are maintained at a temperature of about 68º to about 80ºC. The Spray drums are set at a speed of approximately 42 meters / minute. The room temperature of spraying is maintained at a temperature of no more than around of 15 ° C and relative humidity of approximately 50%. The spray room temperature may vary based at the temperature of the material being sprayed dry, the humidity relative, and the composition of the material being sprayed. The Routine experimentation may be necessary to determine the optimum temperatures for any individual material at room temperature and humidity. Candle Wax Mat for each layer it is pumped through a collecting system of spray from a spray drum reservoir and it spray 15 centimeters above the drum, from the nozzles. The wax is sprayed in the air and is semi-solidified before Contact the surface of the drum. The spray drum is maintained at a temperature of 7 ° to 24 ° C. The granulated wax is pick up in the spray cap and then scrape off the drum and transfers in a vibrating conveyor that drives it inside the drum for each of the compositions for later cooling. The granulated wax is collected at the end of the drum and They are fed by vacuum in separate maintenance hoppers. For him filling and compression of the cavity mold suitable for multiple layers in a single mold, granulated waxes are maintained at temperatures between 17 and 32 ° C.

The object dimension for the candle directly From the press it is 7.60 cm in diameter by 10.16 cm in height. For a vertical sail of this dimension, the total weight is around of 366 grams and the weight of each layer is about 122 grams. Weights are given for reference purposes only since Candles are manufactured so that they meet specifications of volume.

Example II

This example illustrates the preparation of a Compression molded, multilayer, candle product in accordance with the present invention.

The granulated candle waxes of Example I are transferred from the spray drum to three separate stationary hoppers and maintained at a temperature of 20 to 32 ° C. Granulated waxes are transferred from the stationary hoppers to the feed tube matrix of the Progressive Automation compression column column candle press. The feeding tube matrix consists of 3 rows each containing 6 cavities that are filled with granulated wax for each layer. The matrix of feeding tubes passes on a stationary table of the press and fills one of the two sets of 6 cavity head units with a volume of 122 grams of the matrix of feeding tubes for one layer per candle, until the cavity is filled with a total of 366 grams of granulated wax, which therefore represent three distinct layers of granulated wax composition in a single
candle.

The table then rotates one of the 6 units of head cavities filled with the three wax compositions granulated, 180 degrees to a compression station, in which the granulated wax is compressed into the cavity from the top down, forming a contour gap of approximately 40 millimeters per 9.5 mm in the dimension towards the bottom of the candle. Waxes granules are compressed with a force between 1088.6 and 1,270.1 kilograms, during a rest period of approximately 5 seconds to produce a candle that is of a density of 0.83 a 0.92 grams per cubic centimeter, at which time, the molds of the cavities are heated by means of water shirts to a temperature between 10 and 40 ° C.

The compressed candles are then extracted from the molds of the cavities, then placed on a system indexed hollow conveyor, with the bottom side up to have a slack space for the top of the candle, and transferred to a wick laying machine progressive automation in which cotton wicks are inserted, cotton / paper, cotton / linen or synthetic, with or without braids paper or paper cores, which have a length of about 9 about 11.5 cm from the Technical Braiding Gmbh (machine technical braiding) on the sails from the bottom to allow the wicks are placed level in the upper portion of the hole and to a total depth of 1.2 cm from the bottom of the candle. Though the candles are inverted with the bottom up, the Candles with wicks are dosed with approximately 0.2 to 0.5 grams of paraffin wax at a temperature between 65 and 85 ° C to seal the wicks in place, then they are transferred to a second station in which the cavity is filled with between 8 and 12 grams of candle wax that has been recovered from scraped candles, and to a temperature between 60 and 80 ° C and preferably 60 at 70 ° C. Candles that have been filled with wax in the cavity lower are then passed through a tunnel of cooling at a temperature of 13 to 25 ° C for a period of approximately 12 to 20 minutes. In the practice of this invention it is it is necessary for the selected wick to extend out of the part top of the candle a distance that keeps the flame. In the Practical this distance is 6.3 mm to 25.4 mm.

The resulting candles were aesthetically pleasant and burned satisfactorily.

Claims (29)

1. A method of manufacturing a candle stratified compression in which two layers immediately adjacent do not contain the same dye, whose procedure It includes the operations of:
to. Prepare x + 1, where x is an integer equal to or greater than 1, granule or powder layer mixtures of solid fuel, each layer mixture containing particles of a compatible solid fuel that have a particle size of around 500 to about 2000 micrometers, containing each layer blend one or more dyes, and optionally, an ingredient volatile active group consisting of aromas, control agents insects, sanitary agents and deodorants;
b. Add the x + 1 layer blends of the operation "a" to a candle mold in a sequential manner so that no there are two immediately adjacent layer mixtures inside the mold having the same dye, each layer mixture being added in a sufficient quantity to produce a layer of a thickness wanted;
C. Submit such layer mixtures in the mold to a compression force to configure a sail shape inside of the mold, said sail shape having an upper surface substantially horizontal, a substantially lower surface horizontal and one or more vertical surfaces that communicate with said horizontal upper and lower surfaces defining the candle shape, said candle shape having x + 1 layers substantially horizontal, and each layer having a thickness desired vertical;
d. Form during operation "c" or after of it one or more vertical wick cavities arranged axially within said sail shape;
and. Place a combustible wick inside each axially arranged vertical wick cavity; being placed such wick so that it extends from a maintenance distance of flame, above the substantially horizontal top layer of that candle, to or near the lower horizontal layer of that candle shape; and so
F. Recover a compression candle stratified
2. The method of claim 1, wherein Each layer mixture contains a fragrance additive, and two mixtures immediately adjacent layer do not contain the same fragrance.
3. The method of claim 2, wherein the value of x is 2.
4. The method of claim 2, wherein the compression force in operation "c" is around 1,088 to 1270 kg.
5. The method of claim 2 wherein each layer mixture is added to the mold in operation "b" of a way that produces a unique layer appearance in each candle.
6. The method of claim 5, wherein the candle is a column candle that has a width of about 5 cm to about 15 cm and a height of about 7.5 cm to about 25 cm
7. A method for making a candle Stratified compression comprising the operations of:
to. Prepare x + 1, where x is an integer equal to or greater than 1, granule or powder layer mixtures of solid fuel, each layer mixture containing a fuel compatible solid that has a particle size of around 500 to about 2000 micrometers and an effective amount of a Colorant;
b. Add layer blends to a candle mold such that two immediately adjacent layer mixtures do not contain the same dye;
C. Compress such layer mixtures to set up a candle shape inside the mold;
d. Form a wick cavity during compression, or after this, within that form of candle;
and. Place a combustible wick inside such wick cavity; such a wick being placed so that it extends a flame keeping distance above the part superior of such candle; and so
Recover a compression candle stratified
8. The method of claim 7, wherein Each layer of the stratified compression sail comprises:
to. between about 60 to 95% by weight of wax paraffin having a melting point in the range of 54.4 to 65.5 ° C and a maximum oil content of about 1.0%,
b. between about 0 to 20% by weight of wax microcrystalline that has a melting point in the range of 65.5 to 82.2 ° C,
C. between about 1 to 20% by weight of C 14 to C 20 fatty acid ingredient,
d. between 0 and 5% by weight of an ingredient polymer wax crystal modifier,
and. between about 0 to 10% by weight of a volatile active ingredient, and
F. between about 0 to 2% by weight of coloring ingredient; wherein the granulated wax composition has a powder density between about 0.50 and 0.65 grams per centimeter
cubic.
9. The method of claim 8, wherein the volatile active ingredient is an aroma and two adjacent layers not They contain the same aroma.
10. The method of claim 8, wherein The volatile active ingredient is a control additive insects
11. The method of claim 8, wherein The volatile active ingredient is a sanitary additive.
12. The method of claim 9, wherein The value of x is 2.
13. The method of claim 11, wherein The compression force in operation "c" is around 1088.6 to about 1,270.1 kg.
14. The method of claim 11, wherein the mixture is added to the mold in such a way that a Unique appearance on each candle.
15. The method of claim 11, wherein The candle is a column candle that has an approximate width of around 5 to about 15 cm and a height of about 7.5 to about 25 cm.
16. A stratified compression sail that has been prepared through the operations of:
to. Prepare x + 1, where x is an integer equal to or greater than 1, particle or powder layer mixtures, each layer mixture containing a compatible solid fuel that It has a particle size of around 600 micrometers at around 1190 micrometers, and each layer mixture contains one or more dyes and optionally, a volatile active ingredient of the group consisting of aromas, insect control agents, agents sanitary ware and deodorants;
b. Add the x + 1 layer blends of the operation "a" to a candle mold in a sequential manner so that no mixture of adjacent layer inside the mold contains the same layer mixture of each dye that is added in an amount that produce a substantially horizontal layer of a thickness wanted.
C. Submit such layer mixtures in the mold to a compression force of about 1088 kg to about 1270 kg to configure a candle inside the mold, having said shape sailing a substantially horizontal upper surface, a substantially horizontal bottom surface, and one or more vertical surfaces that communicate with said upper surfaces and lower defining the shape of the candle, having said shape of sail x + 1 substantially horizontal layers, and each layer having a desired vertical thickness;
d. Form during operation "c" or after of it one or more vertical wick cavities arranged axially within said sail shape;
and. Place a combustible wick inside each axially arranged vertical wick cavity; being placed the wick so that a maintenance distance of flame above the substantially horizontal top layer of that sail to or near the horizontal bottom layer that way sailing Y
F. Recover a compression candle stratified, in which each layer of granules or combustible dust solid contains:
i.
between about 60% to 95% by weight of refined paraffin wax which It has a melting point in the range of about 54.4 at 65.5 ° C and a maximum oil content of about 1.0%;
ii.
between about 0 to 20% by weight of microcrystalline wax that has a melting point in the margin of 65.5 at 82.2 ° C;
iii.
between about 2 to 20% by weight of an ingredient of C 14 to C 20 fatty acids;
iv.
between 0 and 5% by weight of an ingredient polymer wax crystal modifier;
v.
between about 0 to 10% by weight of a volatile active ingredient; Y
saw.
between about 0 to 2% by weight of coloring ingredient; in which the granulated wax composition It has a powder density between about 0.50 and 0.65 grams per cubic centimeter.
17. The candle of claim 16, wherein the volatile active ingredient is an aroma, and two adjacent layers Intermediates do not contain the same aroma.
18. The candle of claim 16, wherein the Optional volatile active ingredient is a control compound of insects
19. The candle of claim 16, wherein the Optional volatile active ingredient is a sanitary compound.
20. A stratified compression sail that it comprises x + 1 layers, where x is an equal or greater integer than 1, containing each layer:
i.
between about 70% to about 93% by weight paraffin wax refined that has a melting point in the margin of around 54.4ºC at 65.5ºC and a maximum oil content of around 1.0%;
ii.
between about 1% to about 20% by weight microcrystalline wax having a melting point in the range of 65.5 to 82.2 ° C;
iii.
between about 3 and about 8% by weight of a C 14 fatty acid ingredient a C 20;
iv.
between about 1% to about 5% by weight of a wax crystal modifying ingredient polymer;
v.
between about 1% and about 10% by weight of an active ingredient volatile; Y
saw.
between about 0.0001% to around 2% by weight coloring ingredient; in which the composition of granulated wax has a density between about 0.50 and 0.65 grams per cubic centimeter, in which two layers adjacent do not contain the same dye and in which said candle contains at least one fuel wick arranged vertically
21. The stratified compression sail of the claim 17, wherein the volatile active ingredient is a aroma and there are no two layers that contain the same aroma.
22. The stratified compression sail of the claim 21, wherein x is an integer from 1 to 10.
23. The stratified compression sail of the claim 22, wherein x is 2.
24. The stratified compression sail of the claim 17, wherein the volatile active ingredient is Citronella
25. The stratified compression sail of the claim 17, wherein the volatile active ingredient is triethylene glycol.
26. The stratified compression sail of the claim 22, wherein the aroma in each layer is complementary of the aroma in an adjacent layer.
27. The stratified compression sail of the claim 22, wherein the candle has a density of about from 0.85 to 0.92 grams per cubic centimeter.
28. A method of manufacturing a candle stratified compression, the procedure of which includes operations of:
TO.
Prepare x + 1, where x is an integer equal to or greater than 1, solid fuel granule layer mixtures, containing each layer blend a compatible solid fuel that has a size of particles from about 500 to about 2000 micrometers, each layer mixture containing an effective amount of a dye, and optionally, one or more different volatile active ingredients from the group consisting of aromas, insect control agents, sanitary agents and deodorants;
B.
Add the x + 1 layer mixtures of the operation "A" to a candle mold in a sequential manner of so that there are no immediately adjacent layer mixtures inside of the mold containing the same dye, each being added layer blend in an amount sufficient to produce a layer substantially horizontal of a desired thickness, having placed in that mold one or more axially arranged wicks;
C.
Submit such layer mixtures in the mold at a compression force to form a candle inside the mold, said candle shape having an upper surface substantially horizontal, a substantially lower surface horizontal and one or more vertical surfaces that communicate with said horizontal upper and lower surfaces defining the shape of the candle, having said candle shape x + 1 layers, having each layer a desired thickness, and said wick extending a flame holding distance above the surface substantially horizontal top of that candle, and
D.
Remove said candle from the mold so that recover stratified compression characteristics and issue burning aromas
29. The stratified compression candle produced by the method of claim 28.
ES03703710T 2002-01-04 2003-01-03 Compressed candle of multiple layers and manufacturing method. Active ES2239304T3 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US34507102P true 2002-01-04 2002-01-04
US345071P 2002-01-04

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
ES2239304T3 true ES2239304T3 (en) 2005-09-16

Family

ID=23353367

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
ES03703710T Active ES2239304T3 (en) 2002-01-04 2003-01-03 Compressed candle of multiple layers and manufacturing method.

Country Status (9)

Country Link
US (1) US6769905B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1397474B1 (en)
AT (1) AT293666T (en)
AU (1) AU2003206412A1 (en)
CA (1) CA2472636C (en)
DE (1) DE60300532T2 (en)
ES (1) ES2239304T3 (en)
MX (1) MXPA04006528A (en)
WO (1) WO2003057810A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2296564A1 (en) * 2007-10-23 2008-04-16 Gustavo Fernand Selleng Sica Solid perfume product includes refined paraffin, stearic acid, synthetic wax and essences or perfume
ES2321465A1 (en) * 2007-06-29 2009-06-05 Juan Morro Rossello Paraffin air freshener and process for obtaining it.

Families Citing this family (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7722352B2 (en) * 2004-02-17 2010-05-25 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Multi-piece candle fuel element
US7568912B2 (en) * 2004-02-17 2009-08-04 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Multi-piece candle fuel element
US6645261B2 (en) 2000-03-06 2003-11-11 Cargill, Inc. Triacylglycerol-based alternative to paraffin wax
US6503285B1 (en) * 2001-05-11 2003-01-07 Cargill, Inc. Triacylglycerol based candle wax
US7128766B2 (en) * 2001-09-25 2006-10-31 Cargill, Incorporated Triacylglycerol based wax compositions
US7192457B2 (en) * 2003-05-08 2007-03-20 Cargill, Incorporated Wax and wax-based products
US7731492B2 (en) * 2004-09-10 2010-06-08 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Fuel charge for melting plate candle assembly and method of supplying liquefied fuel to a wick
US7850327B2 (en) * 2004-12-06 2010-12-14 Enchanted Lighting Company, Llc Apparatus, logic and method for emulating the lighting effect of a candle
EP2292697A1 (en) 2005-01-10 2011-03-09 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Candle and candle wax containing metathesis and metathesis-like products
US7654822B2 (en) 2005-07-15 2010-02-02 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly including a fuel element with a locating recess and a melting plate with a locating protrusion
US20070020571A1 (en) * 2005-07-22 2007-01-25 Burkhamer Ronald E Multi-region compressed wax article and method for making same
US20070048684A1 (en) * 2005-08-31 2007-03-01 David Cole Candle and method of making same
CN101563434B (en) * 2006-07-12 2012-01-25 埃莱文斯可更新科学公司 Hot melt adhesive compositions comprising metathesized unsaturated polyol ester wax
EP2121846B1 (en) * 2007-02-16 2011-10-26 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Wax compositions and methods of preparing wax compositions
MX2009013053A (en) * 2007-05-30 2010-01-18 Elevance Renewable Sciences Prilled waxes comprising small particles and smooth-sided compression candles made therefrom.
WO2008157436A1 (en) 2007-06-15 2008-12-24 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Hybrid wax compositions for use in compression molded wax articles such as candles
US8550895B2 (en) * 2007-07-26 2013-10-08 Wms Gaming Inc. Wagering a potential future award for a greater award opportunity
DK2545151T3 (en) 2010-03-10 2014-02-17 Elevance Renewable Sciences Lipid-based wax composition substantially free of fat bloom and method of preparation
PL214728B1 (en) * 2010-04-21 2013-09-30 Korona Spólka Akcyjna Layered candle and method for producing a layered candle
TR201809108T4 (en) 2010-05-12 2018-07-23 Elevance Renewable Sciences Natural oil-based marking compositions and methods of making them.
US20110294081A1 (en) * 2010-05-27 2011-12-01 Mclaren Margaret Jean Transforming container candles and uses thereof
EP2590911B1 (en) 2010-07-09 2014-05-14 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Waxes derived from metathesized natural oils and amines and methods of making
DE102010036580A1 (en) * 2010-07-23 2012-01-26 Vollmar Gmbh Fuel-form-pressing comprises simultaneously filling at least a 2 form-section of a hollow-form having a common, vertical interface with at least differently colored fuel powders along the interface, and compacting to a fuel form
US8573967B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2013-11-05 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
CA2818752C (en) 2010-11-23 2019-09-10 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Lipid-based wax compositions substantially free of fat bloom and methods of making
BRPI1101583A2 (en) * 2011-04-06 2013-07-16 Americo Arnoni Jr used cooking oil processing tablet, and processing and utilization machines
CA2841137A1 (en) 2011-07-10 2013-01-17 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Metallic soap compositions for various applications
US9523063B2 (en) 2012-11-09 2016-12-20 Natalie Hurst Stackable segmented candle system and method of use
US10039851B2 (en) * 2014-01-28 2018-08-07 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wax melt system
SG11201705638RA (en) 2015-03-11 2017-09-28 Exxonmobil Res & Eng Co High oil content waxes for food grade and high quality uses and the methods of making the same
CN106693229B (en) * 2016-01-11 2019-09-03 湖北航天化学技术研究所 It is a kind of to judge that the oxygen of solid Oxygen Generator oxygen supply progress is lit up using smell
WO2017202868A2 (en) * 2016-05-24 2017-11-30 Cup Candle Gmbh Candle comprising a compostable plastic element
DE102017005346A1 (en) 2017-05-31 2018-12-06 Maha Alusi Candle and method and construction kit for its production
WO2018224481A1 (en) * 2017-06-06 2018-12-13 Firmenich Sa Wax formulations having improved release characteristics
US10519399B2 (en) 2018-05-04 2019-12-31 Lucy M. Campbell Candle with scent

Family Cites Families (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3254512A (en) 1960-06-17 1966-06-07 Dacom Inc Candles and method of making same
US3385649A (en) 1964-06-29 1968-05-28 Charles M. Hicks Candle package and method of making candle
US3388960A (en) 1966-07-01 1968-06-18 Francis J. Cangialosi Segmental candle
US3702495A (en) 1970-09-08 1972-11-14 Hallmark Cards Method of producing compression molded candles
US3706523A (en) 1970-11-16 1972-12-19 John H Kumm Resistage candle device
US3898039A (en) 1972-06-15 1975-08-05 Tong Joe Lin Article having fumigant containing substrate for diffusion promoting candle
US3826606A (en) 1973-08-07 1974-07-30 B Hicks Segmented candle
DE2445265C3 (en) * 1974-09-21 1978-12-21 Gebr. Ditzel Gmbh, 6922 Meckesheim
US4077110A (en) 1974-11-04 1978-03-07 Reiher Wilfred L Method for making candles
US4320575A (en) 1977-11-01 1982-03-23 Karlsson Lars H Apparatus for manufacturing candles
DE2932111A1 (en) 1979-08-08 1981-02-26 Hans Stukenbrock Wax candle - made from container contg. loose paraffinic powder into which wick is freely inserted
US4449987A (en) 1981-10-29 1984-05-22 Avon Products, Inc. Fragrant insect repellent composition and combustible candle composition containing same
US4427366A (en) 1982-02-19 1984-01-24 Moore Kenneth L Scented candle
US4614625A (en) 1983-02-28 1986-09-30 Lumi-Lite Candle Company, Inc. Method of imparting color and/or fragrance to candle wax and candle formed therefrom
US4568270A (en) 1985-03-01 1986-02-04 Ortiz, Inc. Biconstituent candle
NZ215360A (en) 1985-03-04 1988-05-30 Univ Queensland Dynamic compaction of material; stress wave reflector between material and compactor
EP0255843A1 (en) 1986-08-05 1988-02-17 Württembergische Parfümerie-Fabrik GmbH Process for preparing differently coloured solid powder formulations
GB2213162A (en) 1987-12-07 1989-08-09 Ki Yip Chemical Works Limited Decorative candle
FR2638118A1 (en) 1988-10-20 1990-04-27 Adl Automation Method and apparatus for compression and control of compression of pulverulent and pressed materials by applying
US6079975A (en) 1994-09-14 2000-06-27 Conover; Donald R. Multi-layer candle having different fragrances in each layer
DE69418336D1 (en) 1994-12-28 1999-06-10 Hautekiet Kaarsenfabriek Nv A process for the manufacture of candles and derived products
US5693273A (en) 1995-09-11 1997-12-02 Redound Industries, Inc. Method of making multi-porosity porous plastic strips
US6019804A (en) 1997-11-25 2000-02-01 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Compression-molded candle product
EP0994177A3 (en) 1998-10-13 2001-05-16 INTERNATIONAL FLAVORS & FRAGRANCES INC. Multifunctional and/or multi-aroma imparting, multisectional, multiwick candles; kits for preparing same; processes for preparing same and processes for using same
US6129771A (en) 1999-03-30 2000-10-10 Aunt Bee's, Inc. Gel candle and method of making
US6203313B1 (en) 2000-06-09 2001-03-20 Rebbecca L. Holmes Candle having reconfigurable shape

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2321465A1 (en) * 2007-06-29 2009-06-05 Juan Morro Rossello Paraffin air freshener and process for obtaining it.
ES2296564A1 (en) * 2007-10-23 2008-04-16 Gustavo Fernand Selleng Sica Solid perfume product includes refined paraffin, stearic acid, synthetic wax and essences or perfume

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
AU2003206412A1 (en) 2003-07-24
CA2472636C (en) 2008-08-26
AT293666T (en) 2005-05-15
EP1397474A1 (en) 2004-03-17
MXPA04006528A (en) 2004-11-10
EP1397474B1 (en) 2005-04-20
DE60300532D1 (en) 2005-05-25
WO2003057810A1 (en) 2003-07-17
US20030134244A1 (en) 2003-07-17
US6769905B2 (en) 2004-08-03
CA2472636A1 (en) 2003-07-17
DE60300532T2 (en) 2005-09-29

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
KR100377634B1 (en) Decorative product with icons and manufacturing method thereof
US5324490A (en) Deodorant container and perfumed stable gel assembly and method of manufacture
US4110261A (en) Fragrance-emitting article having a polymer-petroleum wax composition
US6695611B2 (en) Safety candle
US6079975A (en) Multi-layer candle having different fragrances in each layer
US8961171B2 (en) Candle having a planar wick and method of and equipment for making same
US6129771A (en) Gel candle and method of making
CA2689194C (en) Prilled waxes comprising small particles and smooth-sided compression candles made therefrom
US6066329A (en) Transparent gel candles
US7291187B2 (en) Scented candles
US6544302B2 (en) Composite candle compositions
US3926655A (en) Clear perfumed polyamide resin and method of making it
US5843194A (en) Clear gel formulation for use in transparent candles
US6099877A (en) Food product that maintains a flame
US4438010A (en) Soap tablet including perfume-containing plastic core and process for preparing same
US20010010803A1 (en) Decorative candle and method of manufacturing the same
CN1074238A (en) A process for preparing a perfume capsule composition
US20060236593A1 (en) Candle refill kit and method of use
US6068472A (en) Method of making candle
US6544303B2 (en) Heat activated perfume candle
ES2216151T3 (en) Procedure for the manufacture of an object on the bse of a parfine, and object on the base of a parfine.
US6033210A (en) Paraffin/petrolatum candle and method of forming the same
US6063144A (en) Non-paraffin candle composition
US4614625A (en) Method of imparting color and/or fragrance to candle wax and candle formed therefrom
US20060057530A1 (en) Fuel charge for melting plate candle assembly and method of supplying liquefied fuel to a wick