ES1064577U - Solar follower for photovoltaic electric power plant, perfected (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding) - Google Patents

Solar follower for photovoltaic electric power plant, perfected (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding) Download PDF

Info

Publication number
ES1064577U
ES1064577U ES200602788U ES200602788U ES1064577U ES 1064577 U ES1064577 U ES 1064577U ES 200602788 U ES200602788 U ES 200602788U ES 200602788 U ES200602788 U ES 200602788U ES 1064577 U ES1064577 U ES 1064577U
Authority
ES
Spain
Prior art keywords
solar
panels
platform
power plant
translation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
ES200602788U
Other languages
Spanish (es)
Inventor
Alejandro Garcia Davila
Original Assignee
Alejandro Garcia Davila
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Alejandro Garcia Davila filed Critical Alejandro Garcia Davila
Priority to ES200602788U priority Critical patent/ES1064577U/en
Publication of ES1064577U publication Critical patent/ES1064577U/en
Granted legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S30/40Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement
    • F24S30/45Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement with two rotation axes
    • F24S30/452Vertical primary axis
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2030/10Special components
    • F24S2030/14Movement guiding means
    • F24S2030/145Tracks
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking

Abstract

Solar tracker for photovoltaic power station, refined, of the type including a fixed horizontal circular track or for movement of wheels pertaining to a rotating movable upper platform, defined by a support structure of a plurality of solar panels platform twisting and orienting them appropriately by a photodetector and a timer, characterized in that the solar panels (13) are mounted preferably two large panels (12) coplanar covering the whole surface and fixed therein, said panels (12 ) oscillating to rotate about a central, common horizontal axis (11) to both rotate by means of respective electric motors and screw mechanism nut to change its orientation from a vertical position to sunrise to noon when adopting the accurate tilt angle depending on the seasons, returning to the position view tical at sundown. (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

Description

Seguidor solar para central eléctrica fotovoltaica, perfeccionado.Solar tracker for power plant photovoltaic, perfected.

Objeto de la invenciónObject of the invention

La presente invención, según lo expresa el enunciado de esta memoria descriptiva, se refiere a un seguidor solar para central eléctrica fotovoltaica, perfeccionado, y como tal comporta características relevantes y ventajosas respecto de los que se construyen actualmente y son de su mismo tipo.The present invention, as expressed by the set forth in this specification, refers to a follower solar for photovoltaic power plant, perfected, and as such involves relevant and advantageous characteristics with respect to those that are currently built and are of the same type.

Antecedentes de la invenciónBackground of the invention

Las centrales eléctricas de placas solares que se construyen actualmente, la forman series de células fotoeléctricas ubicadas de forma fija, es decir, que se mantienen en una misma posición que es la más adecuada para captar los rayos solares a una determinada hora del día, cuando éstos inciden perpendicularmente. El rendimiento es pequeño al no aprovechar totalmente la acción solar.The solar panel power plants that They are currently built, the series of cells photoelectric located in a fixed way, that is, they are maintained in the same position that is best suited to capture the rays solar at a certain time of day, when they affect perpendicularly. Performance is small by not taking advantage Totally solar action.

También se han montado sin éxito por su elevado coste, unas placas solares en pequeño número, las cuales pueden oscilar alrededor de un eje vertical al que están vinculadas. Para que el rendimiento sea suficiente para la instalación de este tipo de placas es necesario montar un elevado número de dispositivos giratorios con sus respectivos motorreductores, lo que encarece notablemente la instalación.They have also been mounted unsuccessfully because of their high cost, solar panels in small numbers, which can oscillate around a vertical axis to which they are linked. For that the performance is sufficient for the installation of this type of plates it is necessary to mount a large number of devices rotating with their respective gearmotors, which makes it more expensive notably the installation.

En el Modelo de Utilidad nº 200103096, uno de cuyos solicitantes es el mismo de la presente invención, se contempla un seguidor solar que consigue aprovechar el máximo de la energía solar al contar con paneles solares que se encuentran constantemente orientados en acimut y elevación respecto al Sol, haciendo un seguimiento a lo largo del día y dependiendo también de la estación del año, mediante motorreductores gobernados por un autómata programable.In Utility Model No. 200103096, one of whose applicants are the same as the present invention, contemplate a solar tracker that manages to take full advantage of the solar energy by having solar panels that are constantly oriented in azimuth and elevation with respect to the Sun, tracking throughout the day and also depending on the season of the year, by means of geared motors governed by a programmable automata.

Esto se consigue con una plataforma horizontal fija al suelo y que cuenta con un carril circular elevado, quedando perfectamente nivelada mediante puntales. Sobre esta plataforma se encuentra otra giratoria dotada de ruedas y en cuya estructura existe un bastidor con una cierta angulación o disposición en rampa, en el que están tendidos horizontalmente una pluralidad de ejes a los que están fijadas sendas alineaciones de placas solares que pueden orientarse desde la posición vertical hasta la de máxima angulación al mediodía cuando el Sol está en lo más alto, recuperando la posición vertical al anochecer y quedando así preparadas para iniciar otro nuevo ciclo.This is achieved with a horizontal platform fixed to the ground and which has an elevated circular rail, remaining perfectly leveled by struts. On this platform find another swivel equipped with wheels and whose structure there is a frame with a certain angulation or arrangement in ramp, in which a plurality of horizontally laid axes to which solar plate alignments are attached which can be oriented from the vertical position to the maximum position  angulation at noon when the sun is at the top, recovering the vertical position at dusk and thus remaining ready to start another new cycle.

Existe un mecanismo de giro simultáneo de todos los ejes horizontales.There is a mechanism of simultaneous rotation of all the horizontal axes.

El giro en acimut se consigue mediante un motorreductor acoplado a una de las ruedas, girando hasta 210º ó 14 horas del recorrido solar aparente, desde la salida del sol hasta el ocaso, regresando por la noche a la posición inicial para quedar preparado para otro ciclo.The azimuth turn is achieved by a gearmotor coupled to one of the wheels, turning up to 210º or 14 hours of apparent solar travel, from sunrise to the sunset, returning at night to the starting position to stay Prepared for another cycle.

Se ha comprobado que puede mejorarse el movimiento de orientación de las placas optimizando y simplificando el funcionamiento y la estructura de soporte.It has been proven that the plate orientation movement optimizing and simplifying Operation and support structure.

Descripción de la invenciónDescription of the invention

En líneas generales, el seguidor solar para central eléctrica fotovoltaica, perfeccionado, objeto de la invención, se encuentra mejorado básicamente en la estructura móvil de instalación de las placas solares, eliminando tantos ejes horizontales de giro de las mismas como hemos comentado en el apartado anterior.In general, the solar tracker for photovoltaic power station, perfected, object of the invention, is basically improved in the mobile structure of installation of solar panels, eliminating so many axes horizontal rotation of the same as we have commented in the previous section.

Conforme a la invención, todas las placas quedan coplanarias y montadas fijas en ventajosamente dos grandes paneles, o un panel dividido en dos mitades, siendo esta única superficie captora de la luz solar la que es orientable al girar alrededor de un eje horizontal, desde la posición vertical hasta la de máxima angulación y viceversa.According to the invention, all plates remain  co-planar and fixed mounted advantageously in two large panels, or a panel divided into two halves, this being unique surface area that captures sunlight, which is rotatable around a horizontal axis, from the vertical position to the of maximum angulation and vice versa.

Esto se consigue el estar las placas solares dispuestas en dos paneles coplanarios que giran en un eje horizontal central a la superficie. El eje está sustentado en una estructura robusta de barras que conforman la plataforma superior giratoria.This is achieved by being solar panels arranged in two coplanar panels that rotate on one axis Central horizontal to the surface. The axis is supported in a robust structure of bars that make up the upper platform swivel

El giro de los paneles se consigue a través de motores eléctricos independientes y giran simultáneamente para ir adaptando su orientación a la posición aparente del sol, a través de mecanismos respectivos de husillo-tuerca.The rotation of the panels is achieved through independent electric motors and turn simultaneously to go adapting its orientation to the apparent position of the sun, through of respective spindle-nut mechanisms.

La estructura que rigidiza los propios paneles está equilibrada respecto del eje de giro de los mismos y materializa una disposición prismático triangular de perfiles con cerchas, tirantes y correas dispuestas entre ellas.The structure that stiffens the panels themselves is balanced with respect to their axis of rotation and it materializes a triangular prismatic arrangement of profiles with trusses, braces and straps arranged between them.

Para facilitar la comprensión de las características de la invención y formando parte integrante de esta memoria descriptiva, se acompañan unas hojas de planos en cuyas figuras, con carácter ilustrativo y no limitativo se ha representado lo siguiente:To facilitate the understanding of characteristics of the invention and forming an integral part of this Descriptive report, accompanying some sheets of plans in whose figures, with an illustrative and non-limiting nature represented the following:

Breve descripción de los dibujosBrief description of the drawings

Figura 1.- Es una vista en perspectiva del seguidor solar para central eléctrica fotovoltaica, perfeccionado, acorde con la invención.Figure 1.- It is a perspective view of the solar tracker for photovoltaic power plant, perfected, according to the invention.

Figura 2.- Es una vista similar a la figura 1 desde otra posición.Figure 2.- It is a view similar to figure 1 from another position.

Figura 3.- Es una vista en alzado lateral del mismo seguidor solar de las figuras 1 y 2 tal del mismo seguidor solar.Figure 3.- It is a side elevation view of the same solar tracker of figures 1 and 2 such of the same tracker solar.

Figura 5.- Es una vista en alzado frontal posterior del mismo seguidor solar.Figure 5.- It is a front elevation view back of the same solar tracker.

Figura 6.- Es un detalle del sistema de rodadura y guiado de la plataforma superior para variar el acimut.Figure 6.- It is a detail of the rolling system and guided the upper platform to vary the azimuth.

Descripción de la forma de realización preferidaDescription of the preferred embodiment

Haciendo referencia a la numeración adoptada en las figuras, el seguidor solar para central eléctrica fotovoltaica, perfeccionado, que la invención propone, está formado por la plataforma fija (1) de la que forma parte el raíl o pista circular (2) y las patas (3) de apoyo en el suelo para nivelación de la pista circular (2). La referencia (4) designa los perfiles de rigidización de la estructura de la plataforma fija (1).Referring to the numbering adopted in the figures, the solar tracker for photovoltaic power plant, perfected, which the invention proposes, is formed by the fixed platform (1) of which the rail or circular track is part (2) and the support legs (3) on the ground for leveling the circular track (2). Reference (4) designates the profiles of stiffening of the structure of the fixed platform (1).

La plataforma móvil, giratoria alrededor del eje vertical central concéntrico a la pista circular (2), está referenciada con el número (5) y es portadora de las ruedas (6) que descansan en la pista circular (2).The mobile platform, rotating around the axis  central vertical concentric to the circular track (2), is referenced with the number (5) and is a carrier of the wheels (6) that they rest on the circular track (2).

La plataforma móvil (5) incluye una estructura de brazos radiales (7) que se unen a una perfilería poligonal de contorno (8), de la que forma parte la barra diametral (9) de la que parten los puntales verticales (10) de sujeción del eje horizontal (11) alrededor del cual son oscilantes los paneles (12) portadores de las placas solares (13) (dos paneles (12) en este ejemplo de realización). La referencia (14) designa los tirantes de rigidización de los puntales verticales (10).The mobile platform (5) includes a structure of radial arms (7) that join a polygonal grid of contour (8), of which the diametral bar (9) of the splitting the vertical struts (10) for securing the shaft horizontal (11) around which the panels (12) are oscillating solar panel carriers (13) (two panels (12) in this embodiment example). Reference (14) designates the braces of stiffening of vertical struts (10).

Cada uno de los paneles (12) está soportado en una robusta estructura de cerchas y correas referenciada en general con el número (15).Each of the panels (12) is supported in a robust structure of trusses and belts referenced in general with the number (15).

El giro de la plataforma móvil (5) para hacer un seguimiento solar en acimut se consigue en este caso con los dos motorreductores (16) dispuestos en oposición diametral en la perfilería poligonal de contorno (8).The turn of the mobile platform (5) to make a  solar tracking in azimuth is achieved in this case with both gearmotors (16) arranged in diametral opposition in the polygonal contour profiles (8).

El movimiento angular de oscilación de los paneles solares (12) alrededor del eje horizontal (11), se lleva a cabo con motores de accionamiento de respectivos mecanismos husillo-tuerca no representados en las figuras para no complicarlas innecesariamente, siendo un mecanismo en sí conocido y fácil de acoplar entre la parte fija y la móvil a la que se desea transmitir movimiento.The angular oscillation movement of the solar panels (12) around the horizontal axis (11), it takes out with drive motors of respective mechanisms spindle-nut not shown in the figures for not complicate them unnecessarily, being a mechanism in itself known and easy to attach between the fixed and the mobile part to which You want to transmit movement.

En el detalle ampliado que muestra la figura 6 se observa el dispositivo de rodadura para giro de la plataforma móvil (5) mediante pares de ruedas (6) y se observa también un soporte de guiado referenciado con (17) dispuesto en posición intermedia entre
dichas ruedas (6).
In the enlarged detail shown in Figure 6, the rolling device for rotation of the mobile platform (5) is observed by means of pairs of wheels (6) and there is also a guide support referenced with (17) arranged in an intermediate position between
said wheels (6).

Claims (1)

1. Seguidor solar para central eléctrica fotovoltaica, perfeccionado, del tipo de los que incluyen una plataforma fija o pista circular horizontal para circulación de unas ruedas pertenecientes a una plataforma superior móvil, giratoria, definida por una estructura de soporte de una pluralidad de placas solares, girando y orientándose éstas adecuadamente por medio de una célula fotoeléctrica y un programador horario, caracterizado porque las placas solares (13) están montadas en preferentemente dos grandes paneles (12) coplanarios cubriendo toda su superficie y fijas en ellos, siendo dichos paneles (12) oscilantes al girar respecto de un eje horizontal (11) central y común a ambos, girando por mediación de sendos motores eléctricos y mecanismo de husillo-tuerca para cambiar su orientación desde una posición vertical a la salida del Sol, hasta mediodía cuando adopta la angulación precisa de inclinación dependiendo de las estaciones del año, retornando a la posición vertical en el ocaso.1. Improved solar tracker for photovoltaic power plant, of the type that includes a fixed platform or horizontal circular track for the circulation of wheels belonging to a mobile, rotating upper platform, defined by a support structure of a plurality of solar panels , turning and orienting them properly by means of a photoelectric cell and a time programmer, characterized in that the solar panels (13) are preferably mounted on two large coplanar panels (12) covering all their surface and fixed on them, said panels (12 being) ) oscillating when turning with respect to a horizontal axis (11) central and common to both, rotating by means of two electric motors and spindle-nut mechanism to change its orientation from a vertical position at sunrise, until noon when it adopts the precise angulation of inclination depending on the seasons of the year, returning to the position see Tical at sunset.
ES200602788U 2006-12-28 2006-12-28 Solar follower for photovoltaic electric power plant, perfected (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding) Granted ES1064577U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ES200602788U ES1064577U (en) 2006-12-28 2006-12-28 Solar follower for photovoltaic electric power plant, perfected (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ES200602788U ES1064577U (en) 2006-12-28 2006-12-28 Solar follower for photovoltaic electric power plant, perfected (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
ES1064577U true ES1064577U (en) 2007-04-01

Family

ID=38319370

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
ES200602788U Granted ES1064577U (en) 2006-12-28 2006-12-28 Solar follower for photovoltaic electric power plant, perfected (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

Country Status (1)

Country Link
ES (1) ES1064577U (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2300222A1 (en) * 2007-06-25 2008-06-01 Mac-Puar Servicios Industriales, S.L. Solar tracker has series of solar panels grouped in rows and arranged in parallel on rotating structure and support panels, which turn over fixed rolling structure
ES2342867A1 (en) * 2007-11-30 2010-07-15 Cruz Castro Renovables, S.L. Solar follower (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
ES2343825A1 (en) * 2008-01-02 2010-08-10 Sendekia Arquitectura E Ingenieria Sostenible, S.L Solar fixer to two axes (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
GR1007242B (en) * 2009-12-21 2011-04-20 Κωνσταντινος Στεφανιδης Rotary and inclinable installation of photovoltaic elements
WO2020070527A1 (en) * 2018-10-04 2020-04-09 Gkamanis Achilleas An improved solar power station

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2300222A1 (en) * 2007-06-25 2008-06-01 Mac-Puar Servicios Industriales, S.L. Solar tracker has series of solar panels grouped in rows and arranged in parallel on rotating structure and support panels, which turn over fixed rolling structure
ES2342867A1 (en) * 2007-11-30 2010-07-15 Cruz Castro Renovables, S.L. Solar follower (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
ES2343825A1 (en) * 2008-01-02 2010-08-10 Sendekia Arquitectura E Ingenieria Sostenible, S.L Solar fixer to two axes (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
GR1007242B (en) * 2009-12-21 2011-04-20 Κωνσταντινος Στεφανιδης Rotary and inclinable installation of photovoltaic elements
WO2020070527A1 (en) * 2018-10-04 2020-04-09 Gkamanis Achilleas An improved solar power station

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
ES2308910B1 (en) BIAXIAL SOLAR FOLLOWER.
KR100968402B1 (en) Apparatus for tracking condensing sunlight of sliding type
ES2288418B1 (en) AUTONOMOUS AND INTERACTIVE MODULAR SYSTEM OF SOLAR ENERGY PRODUCTION.
ES2304116B1 (en) SOLAR TRACKER.
KR20120123101A (en) Automatic sunlight-tracking device
KR200468300Y1 (en) an angle adjusting apparatus of a solar-cell module
ES2268938B1 (en) SOLAR FOLLOW-UP PLATFORM OF HORIZONTAL CROSSED AXLES WITH COUNTER WEIGHTS.
ES1064577U (en) Solar follower for photovoltaic electric power plant, perfected (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
KR101046230B1 (en) Solar Power Generator with Column Condenser
ES2301430B1 (en) SOLAR FOLLOWER OPERATED BY A SINGLE MOTOR.
CN104777849A (en) Horizontal-shaft scale-type dual-shaft dual-linkage tracking bracket device
ES2322527A1 (en) Photovoltaic solar follower (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
KR200457360Y1 (en) Solar Tracker Installation Based on Concrete
ES2304113B1 (en) TWO-AXLE CIRCULAR SOLAR FOLLOWER, FOR SMALL AND LARGE SOLAR COLLECTOR FACILITIES WITH A POWER RANGE BETWEEN 5KWP-2MWP AND SURFACE BETWEEN 50M2-25,000M2.
RU171448U1 (en) DEVICE FOR AUTOMATIC ORIENTATION OF THE SOLAR BATTERY
CN204101988U (en) High power concentrator module solar tracking holder device
ES1063823U (en) Support structure for solar followers (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
KR101118253B1 (en) Apparatus for chasing solar of sunlight collecting panel
ES2344492B1 (en) IMPROVEMENTS INTRODUCED IN THE PATENT OF INVENTION P.200603326 / 3 BY: BIDIRECTIONAL SOLAR FOLLOWER.
ES2368544B1 (en) SOLAR FOLLOWER TO TWO AXLES.
CN101567647A (en) Solar power station
ES2331721B2 (en) SOLAR FOLLOWER BASED ON INDIVIDUAL DRIVE PARALLEL KINEMATICS.
CN215216741U (en) Adjustable solar heat collection plate support frame
CN210892205U (en) Solar heat pump stable fixing base
CN207408834U (en) A kind of solar inclined single-shaft tracking system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
FG1K Utility model granted
FC1K Utility model refused

Effective date: 20071030