EP3502327A1 - Composite core yarn, article of clothing comprising a composite core yarn, method for producing a composite core yarn and use of a composite core yarn - Google Patents

Composite core yarn, article of clothing comprising a composite core yarn, method for producing a composite core yarn and use of a composite core yarn Download PDF

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Publication number
EP3502327A1
EP3502327A1 EP17210449.9A EP17210449A EP3502327A1 EP 3502327 A1 EP3502327 A1 EP 3502327A1 EP 17210449 A EP17210449 A EP 17210449A EP 3502327 A1 EP3502327 A1 EP 3502327A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
composite core
core yarn
filament
yarn
clothing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
EP17210449.9A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Konugoglu Hakan
Aydin Gökhan
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sanko Tekstil Isletmeleri Sanayi Ve Ticaret AS
Original Assignee
Sanko Tekstil Isletmeleri Sanayi Ve Ticaret AS
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sanko Tekstil Isletmeleri Sanayi Ve Ticaret AS filed Critical Sanko Tekstil Isletmeleri Sanayi Ve Ticaret AS
Priority to EP17210449.9A priority Critical patent/EP3502327A1/en
Publication of EP3502327A1 publication Critical patent/EP3502327A1/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/22Yarns or threads characterised by constructional features, e.g. blending, filament/fibre
    • D02G3/36Cored or coated yarns or threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/02Yarns or threads characterised by the material or by the materials from which they are made
    • D02G3/12Threads containing metallic filaments or strips
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/22Yarns or threads characterised by constructional features, e.g. blending, filament/fibre
    • D02G3/32Elastic yarns or threads ; Production of plied or cored yarns, one of which is elastic
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/44Yarns or threads characterised by the purpose for which they are designed
    • D02G3/441Yarns or threads with antistatic, conductive or radiation-shielding properties
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D1/00Garments
    • A41D1/002Garments adapted to accommodate electronic equipment
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B2560/00Constructional details of operational features of apparatus; Accessories for medical measuring apparatus
    • A61B2560/04Constructional details of apparatus
    • A61B2560/0462Apparatus with built-in sensors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/02Detecting, measuring or recording pulse, heart rate, blood pressure or blood flow; Combined pulse/heart-rate/blood pressure determination; Evaluating a cardiovascular condition not otherwise provided for, e.g. using combinations of techniques provided for in this group with electrocardiography or electroauscultation; Heart catheters for measuring blood pressure
    • A61B5/024Detecting, measuring or recording pulse rate or heart rate
    • A61B5/02438Detecting, measuring or recording pulse rate or heart rate with portable devices, e.g. worn by the patient
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2401/00Physical properties
    • D10B2401/16Physical properties antistatic; conductive
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2401/00Physical properties
    • D10B2401/18Physical properties including electronic components
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2501/00Wearing apparel
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2509/00Medical; Hygiene

Abstract

The present invention provides a composite core yarn comprising at least two conductive filaments (13, 14) as a core and a cover layer (10) which encapsulates the core. For providing a adaptable composite core yarn, the cover layer (10) comprises staple fibers. A woven fabric comprising the composite core yarn as well as an article of clothing comprising the composite core yarn is provided together with a method of producing the composite core yarn and a description of different utilizations of the composite core yarn in different applications is likewise provided.

Description

  • The present invention relates to a composite core yarn which has electric conductivity.
  • Yarns which have electric conductivity may be used in various fields such as clothing applications or in the semi-conductor industry.
  • US 2014/0242868 A1 describes an electrically conductive yarn used for textiles wherein staple and metal fibers are mixed, which mixture then forms the yarn.
  • In the field of electronics, electrically conductive yarns are e.g. disclosed in US 2014/0170919 A1 and WO 2014/092781 A1 .
  • In US 2014/0170919 A1 , a core is provided which is encapsulated by first and second electrically conductive layers surrounding the core. This encapsulated wire is also encapsulated by a conventional polymer layer, to provide electric isolation.
  • In WO 2014/092781 A1 metallic filaments are provided, which are embedded in an insulation material, which is encapsulated by a polymer layer to provide an electric isolation
  • A further yarn which is an elastic ring spun yarn, is disclosed in EP 2 145 034 B1 . To create a natural feeling in combination with high stability and endurance, an elastic core filament is provided, around which further filaments may be twisted by ring spinning. This twisted core is encapsulated by so-called staple fibers, which are made of natural materials, to provide a natural feeling to the yarn.
  • The present invention provides a high performance yarn having an improved electric conductivity combined with adaptable surface optic and/or haptic aspects.
  • In order to solve the aforementioned problem, according to a first arrangement a core yarn having the features defined in claim 1 is provided.
  • This core yarn is discriminated over the closest prior art, which is WO 2014/092781 A1 , in that a cover layer comprising staple fibers is provided. Such staple fibers are distinct fibers which have a certain length. The staple fibers may comprise a plurality of different lengths. Such staple fibers in textile technology are named non-continuous fibers for differentiating these fibers from so-called continuous filament fibers. These filaments may have an indefinite length.
  • By providing a cover layer, comprising staple fibers or, which is preferable, constituted by staple fibers, the encapsulation of the electrically conductive filaments which serve as the core, ensures the adaptability of the surface properties of the core yarn.
  • Depending on the utilization of the yarn it may also be enough to provide only one electrically conductive filament instead of at least two electrically conductive filaments. This is in particular the case it the filament is constituted by the later described coated filament, which may have a non-electrically conductive core and an electrically conductive cover layer.
  • According to a further arrangement, the core of the composite core yarn may further comprise an elastic filament having elasticity in the longitudinal direction. Elasticity is the ability to deform reversibly under stress. By combining the elasticity with an electric conductivity, the endurance of the yarn can be further improved. In particular, forces may act in longitudinal direction without breaking the complete yarn.
  • The elasticity may have a young modulus (in GPa) of 0.01 to 5, more preferably 0.01 to 0.5 in particular, 0.01 to 0.1. Alternatively or additionally the elongation may be in the range of 1 to 500%. Wherein the % value defines the relative elongation from a relaxed state to a state, where the yarn is expanded to the maximum where a reversible contraction can still occur. Further preferred elongations are: 2%, 3%, 4%, 6%, 8%, 10%, 13%, 15%, 18%, 20%, 50%, 100%, 200%, 300%, 400%. The aforementioned values may each separately serve as lower or upper borders.
  • According to a further arrangement, the elastic filament may be a separate filament which is not constituted by the at least two conductive filaments. Hence, the composite core yarn at least comprises three filaments which at least three filaments make up the core which is embedded in the cover layer comprising staple fibers. By combining at least one, or preferably only one elastic filament, with at least two electrically conductive filaments, the endurance of the yarn can be improved since the stretch abilities are good which reduces the probability that the conductivity of the yarn is distorted if one electrically conductive filament breaks, as there is still a second electrically conductive filament present. While it is advantageous that the electrically conductive filaments are made of a different material and/or constitution, electrically conductive filaments having the same composition and/or constitution are usable as well.
  • Alternatively or additionally, the at least one of the electrically conductive filaments may have a respective elasticity to also constitute the elastic filament. In this case the presence of a further non electrically conductive filament in the core can be omitted.
  • The electing of at least three filaments provides further possibilities for the adaptability of the composite core yarn. According to a further arrangement, the at least two conductive filaments are wound around the elastic filament. This may be done by a ring spinning technique as is described in EP 2 145 034 B1 . When the respective electrically conductive filaments are wound around the elastic filament, there is the advantage that the electrically conductive filaments, which may be filaments having no substantial elasticity, are able to expand in length and not be broken by expansion. When, for example, the electrically conductive filaments are aligned in parallel with respect to each other in the longitudinal direction in the core and not wound around an elastic filament or any other filament, the breakage probability that at least one electrically conductive filament is broken, increases in comparison with the situation where the respective electrically conductive filaments are wound around the elastic filament.
  • The at least two conductive filaments may be selected from the group of the following: a) a metal filament made of a metallic material, and b) a coated filament. The coated filament may have a core of a substantially not electrical conducting material and a surface layer of an electrical conductive material. It is advantageous that one of the at least two filaments is the metal filament and that the at least second of the filaments, is the coated filament. By having the different types of electrically conductive filaments, the physical property of the composite core yarn may be tuned.
  • In particular, by combining an electrically conducting coating with a non-electrical conductive core, the core material basically defines the elongation properties of the filament while the respective coating defines the electric conduction properties. Conversely thereto, when a metal filament is used, this metal filament is very susceptible to breaking which is not the case for the coated filament.
  • The coated filament may simultaneously provide the elasticity to simultaneously constitute the elastic filament. In this case, the presence of a further elastic filament can be omitted. This coated filament having electric conductivity and elasticity may also be provided as a single filament which is encapsulated by staple fibers as an alternative to the aforementioned inventive composite core having the at least two conductive filaments as a core material.
  • According to a further arrangement, the composite core yarn is a ring spun core yarn.
  • In such ring spinning, the filaments and/or also the staple fiber material which may be supplied as roving, is fed e.g. in drafting rollers and thereafter spun and wound around a rotating spindle. Further details concerning the ring spinning are described in EP 2 145 034 B1 , in particular [0049] to [0053] and Fig. 4 thereof, which disclosure is incorporated herein by reference.
  • The staple fibers may comprise at least one or a mixture of fibers from the group of: natural, recycled and/or synthetic fibers and/or fibers made of the following materials: cotton , viscose, polyester, wool, linen, alpaca, vicuna, angora, cashmere, kapok, manila, flax, hemp, ramie, hessian, sisal, coir, asbestos, glass, azlon, acetate, triacetate, acryl, aramid, nylon, olefin, which are used to form the cover layer, can be selected from the following: cotton, viscose, polyester, wool, linen, alpaca, vicuna, angora, cashmere, kapok, manila, flax, hemp ramie, jute, sisal, coir, asbestos, glass, azlon, acetate, triacetate, acryl, aramid, nylon, olefin. The respective fibers made of the aforementioned material may be used as a single material fiber mixture or a composition of any one of the aforementioned different material fibers in one of different lengths. The respective fibers may be natural fibers, synthetic fibers and/or recycled fibers.
  • The metal which forms the metal filament or the electrical conductive material of the surface layer of the coated filament may be selected from the following elements or alloys thereof: copper, silver, iron, gold, magnesium, steel. Any other electrically conductive metal or metal alloy may also be utilized.
  • The respective non-electrically conductive material constituting the core of the coated filament may be selected from the following: polyamide (PA), Polyethersulfon (PES), Polybutylenterephthalat (PBT), Polyethylenterephthalat (PET) and a combination thereof. Any other continuous filament which is made of natural synthetic and regenerated materials can be used as a core of a coated filament.
  • The metal filament may have a thickness of 0.0001 micron to 1.5000 micron. Further preferred thicknesses are: 0.0010 micron, 0.0100 micron, 0.1000 micron; 0.5000 micron, 1.0000 micron, or any sum or difference of one or more of the aforementioned values. The aforementioned values may each separately serve as lower or upper borders of a thickness range. The thickness on the one hand defines the conductivity as well as the probability that the yarn breaks. Therefore, the selection of the respective metal filament thickness in the aforementioned ranges depends on the desired properties of the final core yarn.
  • The thickness of the coated filament and/or the thickness of the elastic filament may be between 1 or 5.498 denier. Further preferred thicknesses are: 1.500 denier, 1.800 denier, 2.500 denier, 3.000 denier, 4.400 denier, 5.000 denier. The aforementioned values may each separately serve as lower or upper borders of a thickness range.
  • Denier is a unit of measurement for the linear mass density of fibers in grams per 9.000 meters of the fiber. This means that 1 denier is 1 gram per 9000 meter. In other words, denim is measured in mass of yarn in g per 9000 meter.
  • The core yarn itself, which may have the cover layer of staple fibers and at least two filaments, has a thickness preferably between 1 and 6.000 denier. Further preferred thicknesses are: 1.500 denier, 1.800 denier, 2.500 denier, 3.000 denier, 4.400 denier, 5.000 denier. The aforementioned values may each separately serve as lower or upper borders of a thickness range.
  • According to a further aspect, a woven fabric is provided which comprises the composite core yarn described in the foregoing section. In particular, the composite core yarn may constitute the warp and/or weft yarn of the woven fabric.
  • However, the present invention is not delimited to woven fabrics. Also other fabrics like knitted fabric, or non woven fabrics can contain the yarn as a component or may be completely set up of this yarn. The inventive yarn may be used in circular knitted and/or in flat knitted fabrics.
  • A knitted fabric comprising the inventive composite core yarn may also be provided.
  • According to a further aspect, an article of clothing is provided which comprises the aforementioned composite core yarn.
  • The article of clothing includes shoes, t-shirts, jackets, but however, first layer clothing such as socks, underwear t-shirts are preferred because the functionality of the articles with the electric conductivity may then provide a better transmission/contact with the human body, when a human being wears the respective article. However, the article of clothing is not delimited thereto and may be any article of clothing.
  • In the article of clothing, one or more wire paths may be provided. The wire path is comprised of the composite core yarn or may be in particular constituted by the composite core yarn, having a configuration which is described in the foregoing section.
  • The wire path may extend within the woven fabric or may be embroidered on the material of which the article of clothing is made.
  • The wire path may be a distinctive path which extends from one specific location of the clothing to a second specific location of the clothing to allow the selective transfer of signals between the respective two locations.
  • The respective article of clothing may have one or more electrodes which are connected to a respective end of one wire path and the other end of the wire path may be connectable to a control station, which control station is adapted to communicate with the electrode.
  • By doing so it is not necessary to provide distinct, commonly known cables from the location where the control station is mounted, to the location where the electrodes which may serve as sensors for sensing body functions, are provided.
  • Each respective wire path may have an electrically non-conductive coating which prevents the transfer of the electric current in the radial direction of the wire path to the surrounding area.
  • A pocket for containing the respective control station may be incorporated in the clothing. The control station may be connected to respective terminals which are provided at ends of the respective wire paths to transfer signals via the wire paths to the electrodes.
  • The electrodes may be electrode pads. Electrode pads may be patches of a conductive material, for example, a woven or non-woven textile material which is integrally formed in the article of clothing.
  • The article of clothing may have a plurality of wire paths which are connected to respective electrodes wherein at least one electrode is positioned in the region of the human heart and at least a further electrode is positioned at an extremity of the human body, for example at one or both shoulders, and/or at one or both hips and/or at one or both knees, and/or at one or both feet, and/or at one or both hands.
  • With such a constitution, physical functions, in particular, heart functions may be measured.
  • It is preferred that the respective article of clothing has a certain compression functionality and thus is a piece of compression clothing as otherwise the respective interaction of the sensors/electrodes and the human body is probably not sufficient for receiving good signals to track the physical activity of the human body.
  • The control station may be adapted to supply an electric current to the electrodes and to receive information from the electrodes to display a physical activity of the human body.
  • According to a further aspect, a method is provided for producing a composite core yarn.
  • The method comprises the steps of supplying at least two electrically conductive filaments as a core, supplying staple fibers, and spinning the at least two electrically conductive filaments with the staple fibers such that the cover layer which comprises the staple fibers encapsulates the core to form the conductive yarn. However, all other possible methods for producing such a composite core yarn are not excluded by this inventive method.
  • Examples of such spinning methods are ring spinning, open end spinning and air jet spinning. However, in particular the utilization of a ring spinning method is advantageous.
  • The use of the aforementioned composite core yarn is disclosed for at least one of the following aspects: use in mobile devices, use in sensor elements, use as filter elements, use in health care facilities, use for microwave applications, use in sportswear, use in health gear, use in smart textiles and use in gloves and for use in soft rooftops for convertible automobiles. Further areas of utilization are any areas where the following technical functions are advantageous conductive properties, anti-static properties, anti-bacterial properties, anti-fungal properties, electromagnetic shielding properties.
  • For facilitating the understanding of the invention, some specific embodiments are explained in the following which, however, do not limit the scope of the general description.
  • The respective features, which are mentioned in the foregoing, and the distinct features outlined in the following with respect to the specific examples may be combined with each other in any form.
  • In particular,
    • Figure 1 shows a cross-section of a first arrangement of a composite core yarn;
    • Figure 1b, shows a view along the longitudinal direction of the core of the composite core yarn shown in Figure 1a;
    • Figure 2 shows an example of a ring spinning machine and process to form the core yarn shown in Figure 1, and
    • Figure 3 shows an example of an article of clothing which is a compression t-shirt in which wire paths constituted by composite core yarn of Figure 1 are provided.
  • A sketch of a ring spinning machine is shown in Figure 2. Reference numbers 1 to 4 as denoted in Figure 2 are bobbins from which the roving 16 (bobbin having reference number 4) or filaments (bobbins having reference numbers 1, 2 and 3) are supplied to a respective drafting 5, 6, 7, 8 stage which comprises drafting rollers
  • The roving or filament are supplied from the bobbins 1, 2, 3, and 4 to the drafting rollers contained in a respective drafting stage 5, 6, 7, 8), where the material is drafted between the drafting rollers. From the stage the drafted material is supplied to a spindle 9 (ring spinning spindle).
  • The respective set up shown in Figure 2 is not intended to delimit the invention. However, the respective bobbins 1, 2, 3, 4 as well as the respective drafting stages 5, 6, 7, 8 each may be provided one after each other and adjacent to each other in the horizontal or in the vertical direction.
  • Moreover it should be noted, that in Figure 2 there is only shown one section for producing one single inventive yarn. However, two or more of said sections may be placed one after each other in the horizontal direction. Each section may be one unit wherein a plurality of units may be provided one subsequent to the other to make a plurality of yarns simultaneously.
  • Between the drafting stage and the spindle in the present stage a twisting stage 11 is provided wherein in the present arrangement shown in Figure 3 the filaments 13, 14, and 15 from the bobbins 1, 2 and 3 are first wound around each other and, thus, twisted.
  • Downstream of the twisting stage 11 and upstream of the spindle 9 there is an encapsulation stage 12 provided wherein the respective roving 16, comprising the staple fibers, is made to form the cover layer encapsulating the twisted core, which is constituted by the filament 13, 14 and 15.
  • In the example shown in Figure 2, the respective filament having reference sign 13 is a metal filament which is made of a metal material, the filament having reference sign 14 is a coated filament having a core of a substantially not electrically conductive material and a surface layer of an electric conductive material and the filament with reference sign 15 is an elastic filament having a certain elasticity in at least the longitudinal direction.
  • In the case in Figure 2, the respective metal filament 13 and the coated filament 14 are wound around the elastic filament 15 in the twisting stage 11.
  • Thereafter, the roving, comprising the staple fibers, is provided in the encapsulation stage 12 to form an encapsulating cover layer to the core which is made up of the metal filament 13, the coated filament 14 and the elastic filament 15.
  • Although in the present case, a ring spinning is described, the preparation of the composite core yarn is not delimited to the method of ring spanning, but can be made by any method which is able to provide a cover layer which encapsulates the core which comprises one or more filaments. Alternatives of such ring spinning methods are open end spinning and air jet spinning.
  • The example shown in the present case has a twisted core, the filaments in the core are not necessarily twisted, they can, e.g., extend in parallel with respect to each other as well.
  • Although in the present case there is provided the metal filament 13, the coated filament 14 and the elastic filament 15 this is not essential.
  • The at least two conductive filaments may be selected from the group of the following: a) a metal filament made of a metallic material, and b) a coated filament. The coated filament may have a core of a substantially not electrical conducting material and a surface layer of an electrical conductive material. It is advantageous that one of the at least two filaments is the metal filament and that the at least second of the filaments, is the coated filament. By having the different types of electrically conductive filaments, the physical properties of the composite core yarn may be adapted.
  • The elastic filament may be a separate filament which is not constituted by the at least two conductive filaments. Hence, the composite core yarn at least comprises three filaments which at least three filaments make up the core which is embedded in the cover layer comprising staple fibers. By combining at least one, or preferably only one elastic filament with at least two electrically conductive filaments, the endurance of the yarn can be improved, as the stretch abilities are good, and the probability that the conductivity in the yarn is distorted if one electrically conductive filament breaks, is reduced as there is still a second electrically conductive filament present. It is advantageous that the electrically conductive filaments are made of a different material and/or constitution, but however also electrically conductive filaments having the same composition and/or constitution are useable.
  • Staple fibers in the meaning of the present invention are fibers or clusters of fibers which have a single or different length. Conversely thereto, a filament is a single fiber having a substantially indefinite length.
  • This explanation corresponds to the understanding of "staple fiber" and "filament" in the textile industry.
  • A composite core yarn which is generated by ring spinning, as described with reference to Figure 2, is shown in Figure 1a and Figure 1b.
  • In Figure 1b, the inner center of the core of the composite core yarn is constituted by the elastic filament 15 while the respective electrically conductive filaments 13, 14, in particular the metal filament 13 and the coated filament 14, is wound around the elastic filament.
  • However, such a respective spiral wound of the at least two conductive filaments about the elastic filament, is not necessary. At least a composite core yarn is provided which has as a core, at least two electrically conductive filaments. They may be extended in parallel to each other or wound around each other, with or without a combination of a further independent elastic filament.
  • However, one of the respective electrically conductive filaments, or two of the elastically conductive filaments may provide elasticity such that there is no necessity to provide at least a third filament having the desired elasticity.
  • Such an elastic filament may also be provided by a coated filament configuration having a core of a substantially not electrically conductive material which is however preferably elastic in its longitudinal direction. The surface layer of an electrically conductive material may be a metal which is per se not elastic. The provision of two electrically conductive filaments prevents the danger that there is no conductivity if the respective one of the electrically conductive filaments is broken.
  • The staple fibers may comprise at least one or a mixture of fibers from the group of: natural, recycled and/or synthetic fibers and/or fibers made of the following materials: cotton, viscose, polyester, wool, linen, alpaca, vicuna, angora, cashmere, kapok, manila, flax, hemp, ramie, hessian, sisal, coir, asbestos, glass, azlon, acetate, triacetate, acryl, aramid, nylon, olefin which are used to form the cover layer can be selected from the following: cotton, viscose, polyester, wool, linen, alpaca, vicuna, angora, cashmere, kapok, manila, flax, hemp ramie, jute, sisal, coir, asbestos, glass, azlon, acetate, triacetate, acryl, aramid, nylon, olefin. The respective fibers made of the aforementioned material may be used as a single material fiber mixture or a composition of any one of the aforementioned different material fibers in one of different lengths. The respective fibers may be natural fibers, synthetic fibers and/or recycled fibers.
  • The metal which forms the metal filament 13 or the electrically conductive material of the surface layer of the coated filament 14, may be selected from the following elements or alloys thereof: copper, silver, iron, gold, magnesium, steel.
  • The respective non-electrically conductive material constituting the core of the coated filament 14 may be selected from the following: polyamide (PA), Polyethersulfon (PES), Polybutylenterephthalat (PBT), Polyethylenterephthalat (PET) and a combination thereof.
  • The metal filament 13 may have a thickness of 0.0001 micron to 1.500 micron. Further preferred thicknesses are: 0.0010 micron, 0.0100 micron, 0.1000 micron; 0.5000 micron, 1.0000 micron, or any sum or difference of one or more of the aforementioned values.
  • The aforementioned values may each separately serve as lower or upper borders of a thickness range. The thickness on the one hand defines the conductivity as well as the probability that the yarn breaks. Therefore, the selection of the respective metal filament thickness in the aforementioned ranges depends on the desired properties of the final core yarn.
  • The thickness of the coated filament 14 and/or the thickness of the elastic filament 15 may be between 1 or 5.498 denier. Further preferred thicknesses are: 1.500 denier, 1.800 denier, 2.500 denier, 3.000 denier, 4.400 denier, 5.000 denier. The aforementioned values may each separately serve as lower or upper borders of a thickness range.
  • Denier is a unit of measurement for the linear mass density of fibers in grams per 9000 meters of the fiber. This means that 1 denier is 1 gram per 9000 meter.
  • The core yarn itself, which may have the cover layer of staple fibers and at least two filaments, has a thickness preferably between 1 and 6.000 denier. Further preferred thicknesses are: 1.500 denier, 1.800 denier, 2.500 denier, 3.000 denier, 4.400 denier, 5.000 denier. The aforementioned values may each separately serve as lower or upper borders of a thickness range.
  • In the embodiment shown in Fig. 2, first the respective elastic filament 15 twisted together with the metal filament 13 and the coated filament 14 before the encapsulation with the staple fibers is done. However, any further, alternative sequence may be used. For example, only two fibers may be twisted or only a single fiber may be encapsulated by the staple fibers. It is also shown in this figure that one of the electrically conductive filaments is a metal filament and that the other filament is a coated electrically conductive filament, this is also not essential and any combination thereof also more than two electrically conductive filaments can be used which can be wound around an elastic filament or which may be aligned in parallel to each other.
  • This composite core yarn may be used for providing one or more electric paths 22 in an article of clothing.
  • An example of such an article of clothing is the t-shirt shown in Figure 3.
  • Other examples of articles of clothing are for instance, shoes, gloves, socks, underwear, t-shirts, pullovers and jackets may also be used. However, first layer clothing such as socks, underwear t-shirts are preferred, because the functionality of the articles with the electric conductivity may then provide a better transmission/contact with the human body, when a human being wears the respective article. However, the article of clothing is not delimited thereto and may be any article of clothing.
  • It is shown in Figure 3 that there are provided in total 10 electrically conductive paths 22 which connect a respective control station 17 with respective electrodes 18, 19, 20. The group of electrodes having reference sign 18, are provided on the t-shirt in a region of the heart of a human being. The respective electrodes having reference sign 19 are provided at the extremities of the main body, in particular, at both front sides of the shoulders. The respective electrodes having reference sign 20 are provided at the extremities of the main body, in particular, at both and both front sides of the hips.
  • Between the respective electrodes which are made in the present embodiment as electrode pads, and the control station 17 signals can be transferred via the wire paths 22. Thus, a physical activity of the heart or any other physical activity may be measured.
  • The electrode pads may be made of an electrically conductive material, also a woven or non-woven material which is integrally formed in the material of the t-shirt or the article of clothing itself.
  • The respective control station 17 may be mounted deconnectably from respective plug/s which are provided at the ends of the wire paths 22.
  • The respective control station 17 may be provided in a pocket 21 of the clothing.
  • Via an Application (App) on a mobile device, the respective control station 17 may be controlled e.g. by means of wireless communication.
  • The respective wire path may be encapsulated in a non-conductive material such that a non-conductive coating prevents a transfer of an electric current between the wire path core and the radial surrounding area.
  • In particular, the wire path may be embroidered in the article of clothing.
  • However, any other attachments to the article of clothing are also possible.
  • This example concerning the t-shirt is only one example where the composite core yarn may be used in applications. Other applications are: use in mobile devices, use in sensor elements, use as filter elements, use in health care facilities, use for microwave applications, use in sportswear, use in health gear, use in smart textiles and use in gloves and for use in soft rooftops for convertible automobiles
  • Reference sign list
  • 1, 2, 3, 4
    Bobbin
    5, 6, 7, 8
    Drafting stage
    9
    Spindle
    10
    Cover layer
    11
    Twisting stage
    12
    Encapsulation stage
    13
    Metal filament
    14
    Coated filament
    15
    Elastic filament
    16
    Roving
    17
    Control station
    18
    Electrode
    19
    Electrode
    20
    Electrode
    21
    Pocket
    22
    Wire path

Claims (25)

  1. Composite core yarn comprising at least two electrically conductive filaments (13, 14) as a core and a cover layer (10) which encapsulates the core,
    characterized in that
    the cover layer (10) comprises staple fibers.
  2. Composite core yarn according to claim 1, characterized in that the core further comprises an elastic filament (15) having an elasticity in at least longitudinal direction thereof.
  3. Composite core yarn according to claim 2, characterized in that the elastic filament (15) has an elasticity in the range of 1 to 500%.
  4. Composite core yarn according to claim 2 or 3, characterized in that the elastic filament (15) is a separate filament and not constituted by the at least two conductive filaments (13, 14).
  5. Composite core yarn according to claim 2 or 3, characterized in that the at least two conductive filaments (13, 14) are wound around the elastic filament (15).
  6. Composite core yarn according to any one of the foregoing claims, characterized in that the at least two conductive filaments (13, 14) are selected from the group of i) a metal filament (13) made of a metallic material; and ii) a coated filament (14) having a core of an substantially not electrically conducting material, and a surface layer of an electrically conductive material.
  7. Composite core yarn according to any of claims 2 to 5, characterized in that at least one electrically conductive filament of the at least two electrically conductive filaments (13, 14) is a coated filament (14) having a filament core of an substantially not electrically conducting material, wherein at least the filament core having an elasticity in at least a longitudinal direction thereof, such that the coated filament (14) constitutes the elastic filament.
  8. Composite core yarn according to any one of the foregoing claims, characterized in that the composite core yarn is a ring spun yarn.
  9. Composite core yarn according to any one of the foregoing claims, characterized in that the staple fibers comprises at least one or a mixture of fibers from the group of: natural, recycled and/or synthetic fibers and/or fibers made of the following materials: cotton , viscose, polyester, wool, linen, alpaca, vicuna, angora, cashmere, kapok, manila, flax, hemp, ramie, hessian, sisal, coir, asbestos, glass, azlon, acetate, triacetate, acryl, aramid, nylon, olefin.
  10. Composite core yarn according to any one of the foregoing claims, characterized in that the metal form which the metal filament (13) is made and/or the electrically conductive material of the surface layer of the coated filament (14) is selected from the following: copper, silver, steel, iron, gold, magnesium and alloys thereof, or any other electrically conductive metal or metal alloy.
  11. Composite core yarn according to any one of the foregoing claims, characterized in that the substantially not electrically conducting material of the core of the coated filament (14) is selected from the following: polyamide (PA), Polyethersulfon (PES), Polybutylenterephthalat (PBT), Polyethylenterephthalat (PET) and a combination thereof.
  12. Composite core yarn according to any one of the foregoing claims, characterized in that the metal filament has a thickness of 0,0001 micron to 1500 micron.
  13. Composite core yarn according to any one of the foregoing claims, characterized in that the coated filament (14) and/or elastic filament (15) has a thickness from 1 denier to 5498 denier.
  14. Composite core yarn according to any one of the foregoing claims, characterized in that the composite core yarn has a thickness of denier 1 to 6000
  15. A woven fabric comprising the composite core yarn according to anyone of the foregoing claims, in particular as a warp and/or weft yarn.
  16. A knitted fabric comprising the composite core yarn according to anyone of the foregoing claims.
  17. An article of clothing comprising the composite core yarn according to any one of the foregoing claims 1 to 14, the woven fabric according to claim 15, or the knitted fabric according to claim 16.
  18. The article of clothing according to claim 17, characterized in that the article of clothing is provided with one or more wire paths (22) which comprise the composite core yarn, which wire path is/are adapted to be connected between an electrode (18, 19, 20) mounted on an inner surface of the article of clothing and a control station (17), which is adapted to communicate with the electrode (18, 19, 20).
  19. The article of clothing according to claim 17 or 18, characterized in that the wire path (33) has an electrically non-conductive coating which prevents the transfer of an electric current between an wire path core and the radial surrounding area thereof.
  20. The article of clothing according to any one of claims 17 to 19, characterized in that the wire path (22) is embroidered to the article of clothing.
  21. The article of clothing according to any one of claims 17 to 20, characterized in that the article of clothing further comprises at least one electrode (18, 19, 20) mounted on an inner surface thereof, such that it is configured to contact a human bodies skin directly or indirectly; and a pocket (21), which is adapted to receive a control station (17), which is adapted to communicate with the electrode (18, 19, 20) via the wire path (22).
  22. The article of clothing according to any one of claims 17 to 21, characterized in that a plurality of wire paths (22) are provided which are connected to a respective electrode (18, 19, 20), wherein from the electrodes (18, 19, 20) at least one is adapted to be in the region of a human being's heart, and at least one is adapted to be positioned at an extremity of the human being, away from the region of the heart.
  23. The article of clothing according to any one of claims 17 to 22, characterized in that the control station (17) is adapted to supply an electric current to the electrodes and to receive information from the electrodes to display a physical activity of a human being.
  24. Method of producing a composite core yarn having the features of any one of claims 1 to 14,
    the method comprises the steps of
    supplying at least two electrically conductive filaments (13, 14) as a core,
    supplying staple fibers, and
    spinning the at least two electrically conductive filaments (13, 14) with the staple fibers such that the cover layer (10) which comprises the staple fibers encapsulates the core to form the conductive yarn.
  25. Use of the composite core yarn of any one of the claims 1 to 14 in at least one of the following: mobile devices, sensor elements, filter elements, health care facilities, microwave applications, sport gear, health gear, smart textiles.
EP17210449.9A 2017-12-22 2017-12-22 Composite core yarn, article of clothing comprising a composite core yarn, method for producing a composite core yarn and use of a composite core yarn Pending EP3502327A1 (en)

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EP17210449.9A EP3502327A1 (en) 2017-12-22 2017-12-22 Composite core yarn, article of clothing comprising a composite core yarn, method for producing a composite core yarn and use of a composite core yarn

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EP17210449.9A EP3502327A1 (en) 2017-12-22 2017-12-22 Composite core yarn, article of clothing comprising a composite core yarn, method for producing a composite core yarn and use of a composite core yarn
CA3086287A CA3086287A1 (en) 2017-12-22 2018-12-21 Composite core yarn, article of clothing comprising a composite core yarn, method for producing a composite core yarn and use of a composite core yarn
RU2020123614A RU2750863C1 (en) 2017-12-22 2018-12-21 Core composite yarn, a garment containing core composite yarn, a method for producing core composite yarn, and the use of core composite yarn
US16/957,084 US20200347527A1 (en) 2017-12-22 2018-12-21 Composite core yarn, article of clothing comprising a composite core yarn, method for producing a composite core yarn and use of a composite core yarn
PCT/EP2018/086696 WO2019122378A1 (en) 2017-12-22 2018-12-21 Composite core yarn, article of clothing comprising a composite core yarn, method for producing a composite core yarn and use of a composite core yarn
TW107146351A TW201932658A (en) 2017-12-22 2018-12-21 Composite core yarn, article of clothing comprising a composite core yarn, method for producing a composite core yarn and use of a composite core yarn
JP2020554932A JP2021509159A (en) 2017-12-22 2018-12-21 Composite core yarn, clothing containing composite core yarn, manufacturing method of composite core yarn and use of composite core yarn

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EP3502327A1 true EP3502327A1 (en) 2019-06-26

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EP (1) EP3502327A1 (en)
JP (1) JP2021509159A (en)
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WO (1) WO2019122378A1 (en)

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CN110512327A (en) * 2019-08-23 2019-11-29 浙江中鼎纺织股份有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the high-elastic core-spun composite yarn of half worsted
CN110699804A (en) * 2019-10-16 2020-01-17 江苏华鹿纺织有限公司 Sirospun yarn based on CM800 stretch yarn and preparation method thereof
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CN112680848A (en) * 2020-12-08 2021-04-20 安徽颍上县富颍纺织有限公司 Blending cotton yarn with antistatic effect
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CA3086287A1 (en) 2019-06-27
RU2750863C1 (en) 2021-07-05
TW201932658A (en) 2019-08-16
US20200347527A1 (en) 2020-11-05
WO2019122378A1 (en) 2019-06-27

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