EP3441340A1 - Single sheet handling device for inputting and for dispensing of rectangular individual sheets, in particular banknotes, into or out of a container - Google Patents

Single sheet handling device for inputting and for dispensing of rectangular individual sheets, in particular banknotes, into or out of a container Download PDF

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Publication number
EP3441340A1
EP3441340A1 EP18189949.3A EP18189949A EP3441340A1 EP 3441340 A1 EP3441340 A1 EP 3441340A1 EP 18189949 A EP18189949 A EP 18189949A EP 3441340 A1 EP3441340 A1 EP 3441340A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
stack
container
separating
elements
12a
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
EP18189949.3A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Günter Holland-Letz
Ayhan Aslan
Ludger Hoischen
Martin LÖSER
Dirk Brexel
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wincor Nixdorf International GmbH
Original Assignee
Wincor Nixdorf International GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE102008018935A priority Critical patent/DE102008018935A1/en
Application filed by Wincor Nixdorf International GmbH filed Critical Wincor Nixdorf International GmbH
Priority to EP09731979.2A priority patent/EP2268563B1/en
Priority to PCT/EP2009/054446 priority patent/WO2009127648A2/en
Publication of EP3441340A1 publication Critical patent/EP3441340A1/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H3/00Separating articles from piles
    • B65H3/08Separating articles from piles using pneumatic force
    • B65H3/10Suction rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H1/00Supports or magazines for piles from which articles are to be separated
    • B65H1/02Supports or magazines for piles from which articles are to be separated adapted to support articles on edge
    • B65H1/022Supports or magazines for piles from which articles are to be separated adapted to support articles on edge with non-controlled means for advancing the pile to present the pile to the separating device, e.g. weights or spring
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H1/00Supports or magazines for piles from which articles are to be separated
    • B65H1/02Supports or magazines for piles from which articles are to be separated adapted to support articles on edge
    • B65H1/025Supports or magazines for piles from which articles are to be separated adapted to support articles on edge with controlled positively-acting mechanical devices for advancing the pile to present the articles to the separating device
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H1/00Supports or magazines for piles from which articles are to be separated
    • B65H1/02Supports or magazines for piles from which articles are to be separated adapted to support articles on edge
    • B65H1/027Support fully or partially removable from the handling machine, e.g. cassette, drawer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H29/00Delivering or advancing articles from machines; Advancing articles to or into piles
    • B65H29/38Delivering or advancing articles from machines; Advancing articles to or into piles by movable piling or advancing arms, frames, plates, or like members with which the articles are maintained in face contact
    • B65H29/40Members rotated about an axis perpendicular to direction of article movement, e.g. star-wheels formed by S-shaped members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H3/00Separating articles from piles
    • B65H3/02Separating articles from piles using friction forces between articles and separator
    • B65H3/04Endless-belt separators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H3/00Separating articles from piles
    • B65H3/02Separating articles from piles using friction forces between articles and separator
    • B65H3/06Rollers or like rotary separators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H3/00Separating articles from piles
    • B65H3/02Separating articles from piles using friction forces between articles and separator
    • B65H3/06Rollers or like rotary separators
    • B65H3/0638Construction of the rollers or like rotary separators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H3/00Separating articles from piles
    • B65H3/02Separating articles from piles using friction forces between articles and separator
    • B65H3/06Rollers or like rotary separators
    • B65H3/0653Rollers or like rotary separators for separating substantially vertically stacked articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H3/00Separating articles from piles
    • B65H3/02Separating articles from piles using friction forces between articles and separator
    • B65H3/06Rollers or like rotary separators
    • B65H3/0669Driving devices therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H3/00Separating articles from piles
    • B65H3/02Separating articles from piles using friction forces between articles and separator
    • B65H3/06Rollers or like rotary separators
    • B65H3/0676Rollers or like rotary separators with two or more separator rollers in the feeding direction
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H31/00Pile receivers
    • B65H31/04Pile receivers with movable end support arranged to recede as pile accumulates
    • B65H31/06Pile receivers with movable end support arranged to recede as pile accumulates the articles being piled on edge
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H31/00Pile receivers
    • B65H31/04Pile receivers with movable end support arranged to recede as pile accumulates
    • B65H31/08Pile receivers with movable end support arranged to recede as pile accumulates the articles being piled one above another
    • B65H31/10Pile receivers with movable end support arranged to recede as pile accumulates the articles being piled one above another and applied at the top of the pile
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H31/00Pile receivers
    • B65H31/04Pile receivers with movable end support arranged to recede as pile accumulates
    • B65H31/12Devices relieving the weight of the pile or permitting or effecting movement of the pile end support during piling
    • B65H31/18Positively-acting mechanical devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H31/00Pile receivers
    • B65H31/22Pile receivers removable or interchangeable
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H31/00Pile receivers
    • B65H31/26Auxiliary devices for retaining articles in the pile
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H5/00Feeding articles separated from piles; Feeding articles to machines
    • B65H5/06Feeding articles separated from piles; Feeding articles to machines by rollers or balls, e.g. between rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H83/00Combinations of piling and depiling operations, e.g. performed simultaneously, of interest apart from the single operation of piling or depiling as such
    • B65H83/02Combinations of piling and depiling operations, e.g. performed simultaneously, of interest apart from the single operation of piling or depiling as such performed on the same pile or stack
    • B65H83/025Combinations of piling and depiling operations, e.g. performed simultaneously, of interest apart from the single operation of piling or depiling as such performed on the same pile or stack onto and from the same side of the pile or stack
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D11/00Devices accepting coins; Devices accepting, dispensing, sorting or counting valuable papers
    • G07D11/10Mechanical details
    • G07D11/12Containers for valuable papers
    • G07D11/13Containers for valuable papers with internal means for handling valuable papers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D11/00Devices accepting coins; Devices accepting, dispensing, sorting or counting valuable papers
    • G07D11/10Mechanical details
    • G07D11/16Handling of valuable papers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D11/00Devices accepting coins; Devices accepting, dispensing, sorting or counting valuable papers
    • G07D11/10Mechanical details
    • G07D11/16Handling of valuable papers
    • G07D11/165Picking
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2301/00Handling processes for sheets or webs
    • B65H2301/40Type of handling process
    • B65H2301/42Piling, depiling, handling piles
    • B65H2301/421Forming a pile
    • B65H2301/4214Forming a pile of articles on edge
    • B65H2301/42142Forming a pile of articles on edge by introducing articles from beneath
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2301/00Handling processes for sheets or webs
    • B65H2301/40Type of handling process
    • B65H2301/44Moving, forwarding, guiding material
    • B65H2301/442Moving, forwarding, guiding material by acting on edge of handled material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2402/00Features of construction
    • B65H2402/40Features of frame, housing or mounting of the handling apparatus
    • B65H2402/45Features of frame, housing or mounting of the handling apparatus door (s)
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2404/00Parts for transporting or guiding the handled material
    • B65H2404/10Rollers
    • B65H2404/11Details of cross-section or profile
    • B65H2404/111Details of cross-section or profile shape
    • B65H2404/1114Paddle wheel
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2404/00Parts for transporting or guiding the handled material
    • B65H2404/10Rollers
    • B65H2404/11Details of cross-section or profile
    • B65H2404/111Details of cross-section or profile shape
    • B65H2404/1115Details of cross-section or profile shape toothed roller
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2404/00Parts for transporting or guiding the handled material
    • B65H2404/20Belts
    • B65H2404/23Belts with auxiliary handling means
    • B65H2404/231Belts with auxiliary handling means pocket or gripper type
    • B65H2404/2311Belts with auxiliary handling means pocket or gripper type integrally attached to or part of belt material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2404/00Parts for transporting or guiding the handled material
    • B65H2404/20Belts
    • B65H2404/23Belts with auxiliary handling means
    • B65H2404/232Blade, plate, finger
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2404/00Parts for transporting or guiding the handled material
    • B65H2404/60Other elements in face contact with handled material
    • B65H2404/64Other elements in face contact with handled material reciprocating perpendicularly to face of material, e.g. pushing means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2404/00Parts for transporting or guiding the handled material
    • B65H2404/60Other elements in face contact with handled material
    • B65H2404/65Other elements in face contact with handled material rotating around an axis parallel to face of material and perpendicular to transport direction, e.g. star wheel
    • B65H2404/652Other elements in face contact with handled material rotating around an axis parallel to face of material and perpendicular to transport direction, e.g. star wheel having two elements diametrically opposed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2404/00Parts for transporting or guiding the handled material
    • B65H2404/60Other elements in face contact with handled material
    • B65H2404/65Other elements in face contact with handled material rotating around an axis parallel to face of material and perpendicular to transport direction, e.g. star wheel
    • B65H2404/655Means for holding material on element
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2404/00Parts for transporting or guiding the handled material
    • B65H2404/60Other elements in face contact with handled material
    • B65H2404/69Other means designated for special purpose
    • B65H2404/693Retractable guiding means, i.e. between guiding and non guiding position
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2405/00Parts for holding the handled material
    • B65H2405/20Cassettes, holders, bins, decks, trays, supports or magazines for sheets stacked on edge
    • B65H2405/21Parts and details thereof
    • B65H2405/211Parts and details thereof bottom
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2405/00Parts for holding the handled material
    • B65H2405/30Other features of supports for sheets
    • B65H2405/31Supports for sheets fully removable from the handling machine, e.g. cassette
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2407/00Other means designed for special purposes
    • B65H2407/30Means for preventing damage of handled material
    • B65H2407/33Means for controlling access to the area confining the handled material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2701/00Handled material; Storage means
    • B65H2701/10Handled articles or webs
    • B65H2701/19Specific article or web
    • B65H2701/1912Banknotes, bills and cheques or the like

Abstract

The invention relates to a single-sheet handling device (14a to 14d, 30, 200, 252, 270, 350) for inputting and outputting rectangular individual sheets (38) into and out of a container (12a to 12d). These rectangular single sheets may be banknotes (38) in particular. The single-sheet handling device (14a to 14d, 30, 200, 252, 270, 350) has a feed device, the feed elements for sheet-feeding single sheets (38) and for storing these individual sheets (38) in a stack (36) of individual sheets in the container ( 12a to 12d). Furthermore, the single-sheet handling device has a separating device, which comprises separating elements for the sheet-by-sheet removal of individual sheets (38) of the stack (36) from the container (12a to 12d). The feeding elements and the separating elements are arranged separately from the container (12a to 12d).

Description

  • The invention relates to a single sheet handling device for input and output of rectangular sheets in and out of a container. Such rectangular single sheets are in particular banknotes which are automatically fed to the container for storage or automatically removed for dispensing from the container.
  • From the documents US 4,616,817 . US Pat. No. 6,682,068 and WO 00/24662 arrangements are known in which deposited banknotes are fed to individual storage compartments which are not separable from the arrangements. From the document DE 33 25 182 C2 is another arrangement for storing single sheets in fixed not separable from the arrangement storage compartments known to be used in the stacking wheels for feeding the single sheets in the storage compartments. Further, a variety of arrangements for storing individual sheets in a stack are known in which the stacking direction is arranged vertically and the feed elements are arranged above the stack. Such arrangements are for example from the documents EP 0 714 078 B1 . DE 32 37 821 C2 and GB 2 301 092 A known. On the other hand, a variety of arrangements for the removal of individual sheets of a stack are known. In particular, the document discloses EP 0 364 790 a revolving trigger with a profiled surface. Furthermore, so-called cash recycling devices known, in which deposited banknotes are fed to a storage compartment and removed in later disbursements this subject again. Such a cash recycling device with storage compartments that can not be separated from the device is known, for example, from the document EP 0 148 310 known.
  • From the document DE 199 04 540 A1 a banknote storage container for cash dispensers is known. Furthermore, from the document US 6,889,897 B2 a banknote storage container is known in which a plurality of feeding elements and, alternatively, a plurality of separating elements are arranged in the form of a cassette banknote storage container itself. However, this has the disadvantage that these elements must also be present in replacement cassettes and space must be provided for the feeding and separating elements in the cassette itself, which is lost for the bank note deposit. Furthermore, a disadvantage of the arrangement of feeding and separating elements in the cassette is that they increase the weight of the cassette and thereby the transport costs for transporting the cassette is increased. However, in order to enable the feeding of banknotes into a banknote container and the removal of banknotes from the same container, the feeding and separating elements must be positioned exactly to the stacking surface or end face of the banknote stack in the container for reliable banknote transport into and out of the container to enable.
  • The object of the invention is to provide a single-sheet handling device for inputting and outputting rectangular individual sheets, in particular of banknotes, into or out of a container in which a container which can be easily constructed and separable from the feeding and separating elements of the single-sheet handling device can be used.
  • This object is achieved by a single sheet handling device having the features of claim 1 and by a cash deposit and cash dispensing device and by a system having at least one cash deposit machine and at least one cash dispensing machine, which are set forth in the independent claims. Advantageous developments of the invention are specified in the dependent claims.
  • By a single sheet handling device for input and output of rectangular sheets with the features of claim 1 single sheets can be fed to a container in a simple manner and individual sheets are removed from the same container. The arrangement of the feed elements and the separating elements separate from the container, a simple construction of the container is possible and the weight of the container can be significantly reduced compared to an arrangement of feed elements and separating elements in the container. Such a single-sheet handling device is particularly suitable for use in an ATM, wherein, as needed, a commercial exchange of full and / or empty Containers takes place so that for each arranged in the ATM container at least one other exchange container for exchange is kept in reserve against this container arranged in the ATM. Thus, it is desirable that the containers can be manufactured with relatively little effort. By arranging the feed elements and the separating elements separate from the container, this is possible in a simple manner.
  • It is advantageous if the feed elements position a single sheet to be fed to the container in front of the stack surface formed by an end face of the stack. As a result, this supplied single sheet is subsequently the foremost single sheet of the stack. Thus, the front or rear side of the fed single sheet subsequently forms the end face of the stack.
  • In a further development of the invention, at least a part of the feed elements and at least a part of the separating elements are designed and arranged such that they at least in a feed or singling operation of the single sheet handling device at least one sheet located in a single sheet receiving area of the container by at least one opening of an end boundary wall contact the cut sheet receiving area. This makes it easy to easily access the feed elements and the separating elements to the foremost single sheet of the stack or to a single sheet to be fed.
  • Furthermore, in one embodiment of the invention, it is provided that the single sheet handling device has at least one active drive for changing the position of a frontal boundary wall of the container designed as a flap, wherein the drive initiates or effects the movement of the flap into a feed and / or singulation position. in which a supply and / or removal opening for supplying or removing the single sheets is released. As a result, the individual sheets can be transported out of the container in a simple manner via the released supply and / or removal opening into the container.
  • This embodiment of the invention can be developed in particular by the fact that the active drive moves the flap into a rest position before or during the operational separation of the container from the feed and separating elements, preferably before or during a removal operation for the operational removal of the container from an ATM wherein the flap is arranged in the rest position such that the supply and / or removal opening is closed and preferably locked. When moving the flap in the rest position preferably at least a portion of the individual sheets of the stack is pressed into the cut sheet receiving area of the container. As a result, all individual sheets of the stack are securely arranged in the cut sheet receiving area when the container is separated from the feeding and separating elements becomes. In the arrangement of the flap in the rest position unauthorized removal of banknotes is difficult.
  • Furthermore, it is advantageous in this embodiment, when the drive moves the flap at least then from the feeding and / or separating position in the rest position and from the rest position to the feeding and / or separating position when a change of the operating mode of the feed operation in the singling operation or if a change of the operating mode from the separating operation into the feeding operation takes place. As a result, at least the front individual sheets of the stack are pressed into the single sheet receiving area and brought into a defined starting position for the change of the operating mode or brought into a defined starting position for the subsequently provided operating mode.
  • Further, it is advantageous in this embodiment, when the cut sheet handling device has engagement elements for actuating the flap upon contact of the container with the elements of the single sheet handling device arranged separately from the container, wherein the drive moves the flap on movement into the feed and / or singulation position over the Engaging elements against a spring force for moving and / or holding the flap in the rest position actively drives. This makes it possible to arrange the drive separately from the container and to operate the flap securely on the engagement elements.
  • In a development of the invention, at least one separating element has at least one separating wheel, preferably a suction roller with suction elements arranged on its outer circumferential surface for contacting a single sheet. It is advantageous if suction cups are provided on the outer surface of the suction roller through which a single sheet adheres to the suction roller. Alternatively or additionally, the separating wheel can be a take-off wheel with an outer circumferential surface having a profiling, wherein the profiling preferably consists of transverse ribs. With such separating elements a simple and secure separation of the individual sheets of the stack located in the container is possible.
  • Furthermore, it is advantageous if the separating device has at least two separating rollers arranged on the same driven shaft, which have a uniform peripheral surface. The separating rollers are preferably mounted resiliently mounted on the shaft so that the separating rollers evenly contact the arranged on the front side of the stack first banknote at the front or rear side at least in a singulation mode to avoid twisting banknote when separating and discharging. The separating rollers preferably have a profiled surface, wherein at least the surface of the separating rollers has a material with a high coefficient of friction. Further It is advantageous that the separating rollers have a profile, preferably transverse grooves or suction cups on the peripheral surface.
  • In the invention, it is advantageous to arrange the single sheets standing one behind the other on their horizontal edge standing as a stack in the container. As a result, a high packing density can be achieved. Furthermore, the container may have a relatively low height, whereby a plurality of containers can be arranged one above the other in conventional ATMs or in conventional automatic safes. Furthermore, the containers can be transported lying, whereby a good stackability of the container is ensured.
  • The container is preferably a closed replaceable cassette. By such a closed cassette unauthorized removal of cut sheets by persons who come in contact with the cassette, made difficult or avoided because the removal of sheets from the cassette manipulation of the cassette is required, which usually leaves visible traces, causing the manipulation the cassette can be immediately noticed and detected. Furthermore, such a cassette offers the possibility to supply banknotes in a simple manner to banknotes and to remove banknotes from the ATM. Due to the closed cassette, a further outer packaging for transport, for example, by a money-handling company is not required. Furthermore, it is advantageous if the container has a plurality of interconnected slats movable, which prevents at least unauthorized access to the flap in a closed position, wherein a drive element or an engagement element before or upon removal of the container from the feeding and separating elements, the slats automatically the lock position brings. Such a separation occurs in particular when removing a container from an ATM or from an automatic cash deposit, for example, when replacing the container. By arranging the slats in the closed position direct access to the flap is not possible. Tampering with the flap is thus more difficult because the lamellae would have to be removed beforehand. The interconnected slats are also referred to as blinds or blinds.
  • In the invention, it is particularly advantageous if at least the active drive elements for driving the separating elements and the active drive elements for driving the feed elements are not part of the container and thus separated from the container. As a result, these drive elements do not have to be provided once for each container, but only for a container space provided by the single-sheet handling device. If at least one replacement container provided, the cost of producing the container can be significantly reduced. Furthermore, the containers are subject to greater wear, so that when replacing a worn container then these drive units and optionally in Container provided feed elements and / or separating elements would have to be replaced with the container, whereby a significant overhead compared to the proposed solution is required.
  • Furthermore, in one development of the invention, at least one actively driven limiting element is provided, which is movable in the stacking direction and in the opposite stacking direction and limits the stacking space in the single-sheet receiving region by its position variably. By the active drive of the limiting element, which may be realized for example by an electric motor arranged in the container, an on-demand zooming in and out of the stacking space is possible in a simple manner. Furthermore, the stack in the container can be compressed or compressed if necessary. Furthermore, it is possible with the help of the actively driven limiting element to move the stack to a feeding and / or separating area, so that the foremost single sheet of the stack comes securely in contact with the feeding and / or separating elements. By such a limiting element, the individual sheets can be kept in a position in which they are arranged standing on its horizontal edge as a stack. The limiting element may be designed, for example, as a transfer carriage.
  • In a further development of the invention, a Doppelblattabstreifelement is provided on a transport path for further transport of the withdrawn with the aid of the separating element Einzelblätter a together with a first Separates single sheet discharged from the stack second single sheet from the first single sheet and holds in the feed and removal area or transported back to a feed area and / or back into the container. As a result, double deductions, ie the removal of two banknotes, can be securely prevented even if two banknotes adhere to one another.
  • It is advantageous if the Doppelblattabstreifelement comprises at least one arranged on a shaft stripper and / or at least one arranged on the shaft stripper. The stripping wheel or the stripping roller are non-rotatably connected to the shaft, wherein the shaft is stationary in the singling operation or driven counter to the transport direction of a sheet to be removed. In the feed mode, the direction of rotation of the stripper wheel or the stripper roller coincides with the transport direction of a single sheet to be fed. Alternatively, the shaft may be a stationary shaft, with the scraper wheel or scraper roller having one-way rotation in only one direction of rotation so that rotation of the scraper wheel or scraper roller is possible without rotation of the shaft upon feeding a cut sheet into the feed area or container , As a result, the double-sheet stripping element does not hinder the transport of the single sheet to be fed into the feed area.
  • Further, the stripping wheel or the stripping roller can be driven via the shaft on which it is arranged by means of a drive unit, wherein the direction of rotation of the Abstreifrades or the stripping roller for stripping the second single sheet of the movement of the discharged sheet is opposite.
  • In an advantageous first embodiment of the invention, the feed device can have at least one at least one winged impeller as feed element and furthermore comprise at least one drive unit for driving the at least one impeller. The drive unit rotates the impeller upon feeding a single sheet to be fed into the container such that the blade presses against the face of a stack of cut sheets in the cut sheet receiving area of the tray and pushes at least a portion of these cut sheets at least temporarily into the cut sheet receiving area and a free feed area for positioning the sheet To be supplied single sheet produced in front of the end face of the stack. As a result, the single sheet to be fed can easily be transported into the free feed area without its transport movement being hindered by excessive friction with the foremost single sheet or with the end face of the stack.
  • In this first embodiment of the invention, it is advantageous if a control unit controls the drive unit such that the blade of the impeller during the feeding has a distance from the leading edge of the supplied single sheet and that the supplied single sheet does not contact the blade during feeding. As a result, the movement of the single sheet is not affected by contact with the Wing obstructed. The single sheet is thus not deformed during feeding, in particular not compressed, and can be easily positioned in front of the front side of the existing stack.
  • It is advantageous to provide at least two impellers, which have the same axis of rotation, preferably with a single driven by a drive unit of the supply shaft rotatably connected, wherein the wings of the impellers preferably have a lateral distance from each other and are aligned, ie at the same angle protrude from the rotatable shaft. The drive unit rotates the shaft and thus the impellers when feeding another single sheet such that both wings at a lateral distance from each other, ie parallel, press against the end face of a stack of individual sheets in the single sheet receiving area of the container, so that at least a portion of these individual sheets at least be temporarily pressed at the contact points with the two wings in the cut sheet receiving area of the container. As a result, a uniform gap, ie a feed area, for positioning the further single sheet in front of the end face of the stack can be produced. It is particularly advantageous to provide three, four, five or six impellers, which are arranged rotatably on a common shaft, wherein depending on the size of the individual sheets of the stack all or only part of the pointing in the direction of the stack wings when feeding a further single sheet press against the end face of the stack of individual sheets located in the single sheet receiving area of the container and at least one part push these individual sheets at least temporarily in the cut sheet receiving area of the container. The wings of the impellers have a lateral offset to each other, so that the stack top, ie the end face of the stack, are contacted at a plurality of contact points, which are arranged substantially parallel to the front edge and parallel to the trailing edge of the single sheet, of the wings. Preferably, the impellers are arranged distributed over the entire width of a permissible sheet width for a fed sheet. It is advantageous to provide in particular six impellers, wherein between the four inner impellers the same first distance is provided and wherein the outer impellers have a relation to the first distance smaller second distance to the second and fifth impeller.
  • Furthermore, it is advantageous in the first embodiment of the invention to additionally provide a sensor arrangement, preferably a light barrier arrangement, for detecting a sheet edge of a single sheet to be fed to the container with the aid of the feed device. The drive unit of the feed device starts the drive of the at least one impeller a preset time after the detection of the sheet edge of the single sheet by the sensor arrangement, wherein the sensor arrangement preferably detects the leading edge of the single sheet. Before starting the drive of the at least one impeller, this is preferably in a Zuführgrundstellung in which the wing is oriented substantially horizontally and the front side of the stack as far as possible with the wings in the cut sheet receiving area of the container pushes or hineinschiebt. This creates a sufficiently large feed area, ie a sufficiently large lead-in area, of a single sheet transported via transport into the feed area, so that this can be positioned unhindered in front of the end face of the stack and subsequently forms the stack surface, ie the end face of the stack.
  • Furthermore, it is particularly advantageous in the first embodiment of the invention, when the enveloping circle of the wing of the impeller is selected and when the impeller is arranged such that the vertex of the enveloping circle is disposed at about the same height as the leading edge of the largest possible be fed to the container Single sheet in its arrangement in the cut sheet receiving area of the container. As a result, a lowest possible height of the container can be achieved with a reliable function, since at least for the impeller no space above the sheet pile is required.
  • Further, it is advantageous in the first embodiment of the invention to provide at least one slant deflector, by which the leading edge of a fed single sheet is guided towards the front side of the stack and held on the stack, wherein the slant deflector has a lateral offset to the impeller and wherein the slant deflector is preferably is resiliently mounted. As a result of the oblique deflector, it is thus ensured that even in the case of a relatively wide feed area, a transport transported into this feed area Single sheet rests at least with the leading edge on the front side of the stack. Due to the resilient mounting of the oblique deflector, the oblique deflector is pressed by the spring force in the direction of the front side of the stack, so that a single sheet with the front edge touches the oblique deflector at the inlet to the feed area at least in the last part of the transport path, the oblique deflector deflected if necessary against the spring force can be. The end of the stack facing the end of the Schrägabweisers presses against the Schrägabweiser facing the front of the single sheet and pushes it to the stack located in the container or limits the maximum distance between the supplied sheet and the front of the stack already in the container. Furthermore, a deflection of the oblique deflector against the spring force then takes place when the stack is moved further in the singling operation towards the separating elements, ie out of the single-sheet receiving region.
  • Further, in the first embodiment of the invention, it is advantageous if the front portion of the vane of the vane has a curvature opposite to the direction of rotation of the vane in feeding the single sheet. Characterized the end face of the stack located in the container is contacted with the outer curvature, whereby only a relatively small force is required to pass the wing on the front side of the stack and for pushing at least a portion of the stack into the cut sheet receiving area of the container. Further, by the curvature, the friction between the wing surface and the the front side of the stack arranged single sheet is reduced and it edges are avoided, scraping on the surface of the single sheet and can interfere with damage of the single sheet. The curvature of the wing thus a smooth and trouble-free flow is possible. The wing including the curved front portion is not flexible but rigid, so that the wing and the curved front portion of the wing are not or only slightly elastically deformed in contact with the end face of the stack. The wing is therefore preferably rigid.
  • Further, it is advantageous if the at least one impeller has a hub from which protrudes the at least one wing, wherein the wing projects substantially tangentially from the hub. Through the hub, a simple arrangement of the impeller on an axle or a shaft is possible. Due to the tangential connection of the wing to the hub, the longitudinal axis of the wing windeschief to the axis of rotation, wherein the curvature in the front region of the wing is oriented such that an axis of rotation intersecting parallel to the wing longitudinal axis extending intersects the curved front portion of the wing. As a result, even with the arrangement of two such wings tangentially to the hub offset by 180 ° with a vertical orientation of the wing axes only a relatively narrow area for arranging these wings with curvature needed, whereby at such a vertical arrangement of the wing axes of the stack up to the Separation elements can be pushed. Such a design of the impeller is only a relatively small space for the impeller required. In a horizontal orientation of the wing longitudinal axis of the at least one wing, in which the wing contacts the end face of the stack, the impeller is in a Zuführgrundstellung. In a vertical orientation of the wings, ie, a vertical orientation of the wing axes, the impeller is in a removal basic position, since for the removal of individual sheets from the container, the wings are not needed. The single sheets contact a take-off wheel or another separating element for removing at least one single sheet from the stack. The wing axis is considered to be the longitudinal axis of the non-curved portion of the wing.
  • In the first embodiment of the invention, it is also advantageous to provide at least two further impellers, which are arranged on a common drivable shaft and their wings during a rotational movement of the shaft at least the trailing edge of a container fed to the single sheet move toward the stack, if the fed sheet before the end face of the stack already in the container is positioned. In this way, in particular, the lower part of the single sheet can be moved toward the stack in the case of a standing arrangement of the individual sheets on its longitudinal side, whereby the single sheet is then positioned on the front side of the stack and subsequently forms the front side of the stack. At least a portion of the wings of the impellers is flexible and is elastically deformed as the blade advances in the lower portion of the single sheet, with a force on the lower portion of the single sheet toward the existing stack due to the elastic deformation and additionally by the rotational movement is exercised. Preferably, the wings are made of an elastic material. Furthermore, it is advantageous if the three wings are provided which protrude from a hub of the impeller at 0 °, 90 ° and 180 °, preferably tangentially. Thereby, the wings can be aligned by a suitable rotation of the shaft so that no wing protrudes into the transport path, so that a single sheet can get into the feed area, without contacting one of the wings of the other impellers.
  • In a further development of the invention according to a second embodiment, the feed device has at least one circulating conveyor belt, wherein the conveyor belt has at least one transport tab for receiving a portion of a single sheet to be fed to the container. By such a conveyor belt located in the transport tab sheet can be performed in front of the stack located in the container, in which case no or only a relatively small feed space between a frontal flap of the container and the front of the stack located in the cut sheet receiving portion of the container is required.
  • Preferably, at least two, in particular three conveyor belts are arranged side by side, wherein the at least one transport tab of each conveyor belt is arranged at the same circulation position, so that a supplied single sheet is guided simultaneously in each case a transport tab each in a lateral spaced conveyor belt and is transported in the transport tab until it is in front of the front of the Container located stack is positioned. Preferably, the transport tab is connected at an edge transversely to the direction of rotation of the conveyor belt with this. Furthermore, it is advantageous if the transport tab extends from the edge along the conveyor belt. The other edges of the transport tab are not connected to the conveyor belt, so that the transport tab tangentially protrudes in an advantageous development of the second embodiment in an arrangement of the edge on a curvature of the conveyor belt of the curvature. The transport tab preferably has substantially the same width as the conveyor belt. As a result, the entire bandwidth can be used as a receiving area of the transport tab.
  • Further, it is advantageous if in the second embodiment of the invention, the endless conveyor belt is deflected via at least one driven shaft and driven by means of this shaft in a transport direction, wherein the edge at which the transport tab is connected to the conveyor belt, in the transport direction of the conveyor belt is provided at the front edge of the transport tab.
  • It is particularly advantageous in the second embodiment, when the conveyor belt has two transport tabs, which are arranged at a circular arrangement of the conveyor belt 180 ° offset on the outer circumference of the conveyor belt. However, the conveyor belt is preferably guided over two shafts, so that the conveyor belt has no circular circumference in the installed position. It is further advantageous in the second embodiment, when at least the conveyor belt or the conveyor belt and the at least one transport tab in the circumferential direction of the endless conveyor belt have a perforation for engagement of a spiked wheel. By such a sprocket and such a perforation slippage between the drive shaft and the conveyor belt can be avoided. This is particularly important if at least two conveyor belts are provided with a time offset from each other, each using at least one transport tab for receiving a portion of a supplied single sheet to ensure a parallel orientation of the transport tabs permanently.
  • Furthermore, it is advantageous in the second embodiment to provide a first preferably rotatable actuator that presses in a first mode of operation for removing the single sheet from the container at least the front edge opposite the rear edge of the transport tab against the conveyor belt and / or in a second mode of operation for feeding a single sheet into the container a gap between the rear edge of the transport tab and the conveyor belt generated and / or this gap is increased. This ensures that an area of a supplied single sheet is safely guided into the transport tab or that when removing a single sheet from the container protruding from the conveyor belt transport tab does not protrude into the transport path for the removal of the single sheet. In this case, the actuating element in the first operating mode, a supply and removal area release the pressure flap of the trailing edge of the transport lug to the conveyor belt by the actuation element and / or the actuation element in the second operating mode open the transport lug in the input and output area so that a single sheet transported into the feed and removal area is transported into the transport lug and into the transport tab is positioned in a position in front of the front of the stack in the container forming the first single sheet of the stack.
  • Furthermore, it is advantageous to provide at least one pressure element, preferably at least one impeller, which presses a fed-in individual sheet and / or at least part of the further individual sheets of the stack present in the container into the container.
  • Furthermore, it is advantageous in the second embodiment of the invention to provide at least one stripping element, which is arranged such that the stripping a transported using the transport tab in front of the end face of the stack single sheet in a further rotation of the conveyor belt in the supply and removal area in one position holds back against the front of the stack in the container and thereby pulls out of the transport tab. As a result, the single sheet can be positioned in a simple manner in front of the front side of the stack.
  • Furthermore, it is advantageous in the second embodiment of the invention to provide at least one oblique deflector, by which the leading edge of a supplied note and / or the upper portion of a supplied note is led to the stack. The inclined deflector has a lateral offset to the circulating conveyor belt, wherein the inclined deflector is preferably spring-mounted. Further, it is advantageous if the inclined deflector also serves as a stripping element, wherein the device then has a combined Schrägabweiser- and stripping.
  • In an alternative third embodiment of the invention, the feeding device and the separating device have at least one combined stacking and separating wheel as a combined feeding and separating element. This stacking and separating wheel has chambers which form at its chamber bottom a stop for the individual sheets to be supplied to the container. Furthermore, the stacking and separating wheel comprises at least one separating element, which can be moved out of the peripheral surface of the stacking and separating wheel. In a further development of the stacking and separating wheel according to the third embodiment, the stacking and separating wheel has two chambers, which are preferably arranged at a distance of 180 °. By providing a plurality of chambers, a faster positioning of a chamber in the transport path of individual sheets to be supplied is possible. It is particularly advantageous to provide three stacking and separating wheels arranged at an axial distance from one another on a common stacking and separating wheel shaft. The drive of the stacking and separating wheels is preferably carried out over the stacking and separating wheel shaft. This can ensure that the chambers are aligned in parallel so that a fed single sheet is guided with one area in each case a chamber of each stacking and separating wheel. Coordinating several drive units is thus not necessary.
  • In a batch mode for taking over the individual sheets from a transport path for depositing the individual sheets in the container, the at least one stacking and separating wheel is preferably positioned so that a portion of the supplied single sheet is insertable into the chamber. A drive unit rotates the stacking and separating wheel parallel to a portion of the feeding movement of the cut sheet, wherein the cut sheet remains in the chamber and wherein upon rotation of the stacking and separating wheel, a control member actuates a clamping member associated with the chamber so that the clamping member moves the cut sheet in the Chamber via a clamp connection holds. As a control is preferably a cam.
  • In an advantageous development of the third embodiment, a separating mode is further provided, in which a control moves the at least one separating element at least for a preset period of time from the peripheral surface of the stacking and separating wheel, wherein a drive unit rotates the stacking and separating wheel, so that from the Peripheral surface moved out separating element that the contacted front end stacking surface forming the front single sheet of the stack located in the container. By rotating the stacking and separating wheel, the foremost single sheet is displaced and fed to at least one transport element for further transport of the single sheet. It is advantageous that a control activates a separating lever in such a way that the separating element is moved outwards, ie away from the axis of rotation of the separating and stacking wheel. This control may in particular comprise a cam.
  • Further, it is particularly advantageous to provide a stripping element which stops a befindliches in the chamber of the stacking and separating wheel single sheet in its movement, wherein a clamping connection made by the clamping element between the stacking and separating and the single sheet is released when the stripping the Movement of the cut sheet stops. The release is in turn controlled by the or another control, which preferably comprises at least one cam. It is particularly advantageous if a drive unit continues to rotate the stacking and separating wheel after the stripping element has stopped the direction of movement of the single sheet. As a result, the supplied single sheet is simply pulled out of the chamber.
  • Furthermore, it is advantageous in the third embodiment of the invention to provide at least one oblique deflector, by which the leading edge of a supplied single sheet is guided to the stack. The slant deflector has one lateral offset to the stacking and separating wheel, wherein the inclined deflector is preferably spring-mounted. It is particularly advantageous to provide a combined Schrägabweiser- and stripping.
  • In the third embodiment of the invention, it is furthermore advantageous to provide a sensor arrangement, preferably a light barrier arrangement, for detecting a sheet edge of the single sheet to be fed to the container by means of the stacking and separating wheel, and for the drive unit to preset the drive of the at least one stacking and separating wheel Time after the detection of the sheet edge after the detection of the single sheet by the sensor arrangement starts. It is particularly advantageous if the sensor arrangement detects the front edge of the single sheet, since then only a small distance between the detection range of the sensor arrangement and the position for feeding the single sheet receiving chamber of the stacking and separating wheel is present.
  • Another aspect of the invention relates to a cash and cash dispensing device, with one of the above-mentioned single-sheet handling devices and a container, wherein the container with a possibly located in the container sheet or with multiple optionally located in the container sheets from the cash and cash dispensing device is removable and wherein the single-sheet handling device with the driven feed elements of the feed device to the driven separating elements of the singulator in the Money deposit and cash dispenser remains. It is advantageous if in the cash and cash dispensing device, the container is exchangeable for a similar container.
  • A third aspect of the invention relates to a system comprising at least one cash deposit machine and at least one ATM, in which the cash deposit machine has at least one feeding device with feeding elements for sheet feeding of individual sheets and for storing these individual sheets in a stack of individual sheets in a replaceable container. The cash dispenser has at least one separating device with separating elements for sheet-wise removal of the individual sheets of the stack from the same container. The container is removed from the cash deposit machines and used in the cash dispenser. At least a portion of the container in the cash deposit machines supplied single sheets are removed from the container in the cash dispenser. The feed elements and the separating elements are each not part of the container but preferably part of the cash or cash dispenser. It is advantageous if at least the cash machine has an authenticity checking unit for checking the authenticity of the deposited banknotes.
  • A fourth aspect of the invention relates to a circulating conveyor belt with a first elastically deformable strip of material and with a second elastically deformable Strip of material. A first end of the first material strip is connected to the inside of the second material strip via a first strip-shaped first connecting region extending transversely to the running direction of the conveyor belt. A portion of the second web of material having the first end of the second web of material extends beyond the first interconnect portion and forms a transport tab for receiving a portion of a cut sheet between the transfer tab and the first strip of material. In the third aspect of the invention, it is advantageous to connect a second end of the second strip of material via a second strip-shaped connecting region, extending transversely to the direction of rotation of the conveyor belt, of the inside of the first strip of material. In this case, it is advantageous if a region of the first material strip with the second end of the first material strip extends beyond the second connection region and forms a second transport lug for receiving a region of a single sheet between the transport lug and the second material strip. The transport tabs are preferably arranged offset by 180 ° on the outer circumference of the conveyor belt. The first and second strips of material preferably have the same dimensions.
  • Further, it is advantageous if the first and the second strip of material have a perforation for engagement of a spiked wheel. As a result, a slip-free drive of the conveyor belt through the spiked wheel is possible.
  • It is particularly advantageous if this perforation extends along the circumference of the conveyor belt approximately in the middle of the conveyor belt. As a result, only a spiked wheel or a roller with spikes must be provided in order to safely drive the conveyor belt slip-free. The engagement of the spikes of the spiked wheel approximately in the middle of the conveyor belt ensures that the conveyor belt does not warp when driving. Furthermore, the conveyor belt can be axially positioned by the sprocket, whereby a displacement of the conveyor belt in the direction of the shaft ends of a deflection shaft, d. H. a drifting, is avoided.
  • The first and second strips of material are preferably foil strips, for example polyethylene foil strips. The foil strips have a uniform material cover, which lies in the range between 0.001 mm and 0.5 mm. Such polyethylene film strips and other suitable film strips may in particular be welded together by a welding process, such as an ultrasonic welding process, in particular to produce the first and second bonding regions.
  • Further features and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description which, in conjunction with the accompanying figures, the invention with reference to embodiments explained in more detail.
  • Show it:
  • FIG. 1
    arranged in an ATM vault with four cassettes for storage of banknotes and each associated with each cassette separating and stacking module;
    FIG. 2
    a schematic representation of the separating and stacking module according to a first embodiment of the invention, the feeding elements and separating elements are shown in a stack basic position;
    FIG. 3
    a schematic representation of the separating and stacking module according to FIG. 2 wherein the feed elements and a fed bill are shown in a second feed position;
    FIG. 4
    a schematic representation of the separating and stacking module according to the FIGS. 2 and 3 wherein the feed elements and a fed bill are shown in a third feed position;
    FIG. 5
    a schematic representation of the separating and stacking module according to the FIGS. 2 to 4 wherein the feed elements and a fed bill are shown in a fourth feed position;
    FIG. 6
    a schematic representation of the singulation and stacking module according to the FIGS. 2 to 5 wherein the feeding elements and the separating elements are shown in a separating position for withdrawing a banknote from the stack present in the container;
    FIG. 7
    an arrangement with the separating and stacking module according to the FIGS. 2 to 6 with further elements of the cassette for storing the banknotes and a driver for actuating a note retracting shutter, the note retracting shutter being shown in an open position;
    FIG. 8
    the arrangement after FIG. 7 with a closed note return flap;
    FIG. 9
    a portion of the cassette for storing the banknotes after separating the cassette from the separating and stacking module after the FIGS. 2 to 8 ;
    FIG. 10
    a three-dimensional representation of the drive elements for driving arranged in the cassette near the front side vanes;
    FIG. 11
    a three-dimensional representation of the drive elements for driving the Notenrückzugsklappe;
    FIG. 12
    a three-dimensional representation of a lower arranged separately from the cartridge impeller shaft and transmission elements for driving this Flügelradwelle;
    FIG. 13
    a three-dimensional representation of separating elements for removing a banknote from the cassette and for further transport of the withdrawn banknote;
    FIG. 14
    a three-dimensional representation of a separating and stacking module according to a second embodiment of the invention with three juxtaposed conveyor belts each with transport tabs for feeding and with a take-off wheel for separating banknotes;
    FIG. 15
    a simplified side view of the singulation and stacking module according to FIG. 14 wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in a first position for feeding a banknote;
    FIG. 16
    the side view of the singulation and stacking module after FIG. 15 wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in a second position when feeding a banknote;
    FIG. 17
    the side view of the separating and stacking module after the FIGS. 15 and 16 wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in a third position when feeding a banknote;
    FIG. 18
    the side view of the separating and stacking module after the FIGS. 15 to 17 wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in a fourth position when feeding a banknote;
    FIG. 19
    a simplified side view of the singulation and stacking module according to the FIGS. 14 to 18 alternative separating and stacking module for stacking and separating banknotes, wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in a first position when feeding a banknote;
    FIG. 20
    the side view of the singulation and stacking module after FIG. 19 wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in a second position when feeding a banknote;
    FIG. 21
    the side view of the separating and stacking module after the FIGS. 19 and 20 wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in a third position when feeding a banknote;
    FIG. 22
    the side view of the separating and stacking module after the FIGS. 19 to 21 wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in a fourth position when feeding a banknote;
    FIG. 23
    one in the vault FIG. 1 arranged banknote cassette with a separating and stacking module for feeding and removing banknotes after the FIGS. 15 to 18 ;
    FIG. 24
    a top view of a stacking and separating wheel shaft of a separating and stacking module of a third embodiment of the invention with a total of three arranged on this shaft stacking and separating wheels;
    FIG. 25
    a perspective view of the separating and Stapelradwelle with the singulation and stacking wheels after FIG. 24 ;
    FIG. 26
    a side view of the stacking and Einzzelungsradwelle after FIG. 25 ;
    FIG. 27
    a schematic representation of an arrangement of elements of a stacking and separating wheel and other elements of the separating and stacking module of the third embodiment of the invention in a starting position for removing a banknote from the container;
    FIG. 28
    the arrangement after FIG. 27 with a trigger element activated;
    FIG. 29
    the arrangement after the Figures 27 and 28 , wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in the further transport of a withdrawn banknote;
    FIG. 30
    the arrangement after the FIGS. 27 to 29 , wherein the feeding and separating elements in one Starting position for supplying a banknote are shown;
    FIG. 31
    the arrangement after the FIGS. 27 to 30 wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in a second feeding position;
    FIG. 32
    the arrangement after the FIGS. 27 to 31 wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in a third feeding position;
    FIG. 33
    a side view of the stacking and separating wheel according to the third embodiment of the invention;
    FIG. 34
    the stacking and separating wheel after FIG. 33 in a further side view;
    FIG. 35
    a perspective view of the stacking and separating wheel after the Figures 33 and 34 ;
    FIG. 36
    the stacking and separating wheel after the FIGS. 33 to 35 in a further side view;
    FIG. 37
    an arrangement of the cassette in an ATM with feeding and separating elements of the third embodiment of the invention;
    Figure 38
    a side view of a separating and stacking module according to a fourth embodiment of the invention, are shown in the supply elements and separating elements in a first feed position;
    FIG. 39
    the singulation and stacking module after Figure 38 wherein the feed elements are shown in a second feed position;
    FIG. 40
    the singulation and stacking module according to the Figures 38 and 39 wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in a third feeding position; and
    FIG. 41
    the separation and stacking module according to Figures 38 to 40 , wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in a singulating position.
  • In FIG. 1 is a arranged in an ATM vault 10 with a total of four superposed exchangeable cassettes 12a to 12d shown. Each cassette 12a to 12d is associated with a separating and stacking module 14a to 14d, with the aid of which banknotes in the respective cassette 12a to 12d are removed and, alternatively, banknotes are fed to the respective cassette 12a to 12d with the aid of the separating and stacking module 14a to 14d can. The banknotes are stored in the cassettes 12a to 12d as a stack, the banknotes standing on its longitudinal side in the cassettes 12a to 12d are arranged. With the aid of transport elements 16a to 16d, the banknotes can be fed to the separating and stacking modules 14a to 14d and removed from these separating and stacking modules 14a to 14d. With the aid of the transport elements 16a to 16d, which in particular comprise belts, rollers and / or switches, a transport path 18 is formed, via which banknotes are supplied from a transfer point 20, via which the banknotes are supplied to the safe 10 or are discharged from the safe 10 a selected separating and stacking module 14a to 14d are transported. Furthermore, a banknote taken from one of the cassettes 12a to 12d with the aid of the separating and stacking module 14a to 14d associated with this cassette can be fed to the transport elements 16a to 16d and along the transport path 18 via the transfer interface 20 to an operating unit of the ATM located above the vault 10 be transported with at least one input and output tray.
  • Typically, banknotes to be deposited are stored in the input and output compartment as a bundle and separated in the upper part of the ATM, so that they are successively fed along the transport path 18 via the transfer interface 20 to the vault 10. Furthermore, the bills taken from the cassettes 12a to 12d are transported one by one along the transport path 18 via the transfer interface 20 from the vault 10 and then stacked into a stack by means of a known stacking device, which is designed, for example, as a stacker wheel. This bundle is then output through the input and output tray. Furthermore, the ATM has a suitable control unit and other elements, such as a card reader and optionally safety devices for authenticating an operator.
  • Alternatively, the in FIG. 1 shown vault 10 with the cassettes 12a to 12d, the separating and stacking modules 14a to 14d and the transport elements 16a to 16d are also used in an automatic cash deposit.
  • The banknotes are preferably transported along the transport path 18 at a transport speed of ≥ 1.2 m per second, preferably ≥ 1.4 m per second, and removed from the cassettes 12a to 12d at a corresponding speed or to these cassettes 12a to 12d fed to a corresponding speed.
  • In FIG. 2 a separating and stacking module 30 according to a first embodiment of the invention is shown. In particular, the separating and stacking module 30 can after FIG. 2 as a separating and stacking module 14a to 14d FIG. 1 be used. Elements having the same structure and / or the same function are identified by the same reference numerals.
  • In addition to separating and feeding elements of the separating and stacking module 30, elements of the cassette 12a used for the stacking and separating functions are shown. The separating and stacking module 30 has as separating elements three juxtaposed take-off wheels 32, which are arranged resiliently mounted on a take-off wheel shaft 34 and are non-rotatably connected to this shaft 34. At the in FIG. 2 Side view shown only one of the take-off wheels 32 is visible. Further, the Abzugsradwelle 34 is resiliently mounted at one end, so that it is horizontally displaceable at this shaft end and is pressed by the spring force to the front side of the cartridge 12a and thus against the end face of a arranged in the cassette 12a stack 36 of banknotes, if this Stack 36 is arranged in a singulation position. A first banknote 38 to be supplied in the direction of the arrow P0 is fed by means of drive wheels 44 arranged on a main drive shaft 42 into a supply area 46 in front of the stack 36 located in the cassette 12a.
  • Further, a guide member 48 is provided that the drive wheels 44 partially encloses and that the movement the bill 38 around the drive wheels 44 around. Further, a pinch roller 50 is provided, by means of which the banknote 38 are pressed for transport to the drive wheels 44. Further, two stripping rollers 52 are arranged on a shaft 53, which have a freewheel in the present embodiment, so that they rotate according to a rotational movement of the drive wheels 44 in the direction of the arrow P1 drawn without rotation of the shaft 53 accordingly. In a drive of the drive wheels 44 opposite to in FIG. 2 The wiping rollers 52 preferably have a peripheral surface made of rubber or other material with a relatively high coefficient of static friction, so that when two banknotes get into the gap between the drive wheel 44 and stripper roller 52, the wiping roller 52 facing Banknote is stripped from the drive wheel 44 facing bill and not further transported to the pressure roller 50. This can ensure that only one banknote is removed at the same time when banknotes are removed from the cassette 12a.
  • The separating and stacking module 30 also has a plurality of impellers 54 arranged on a drive shaft 62, each having two vanes 58, 60 projecting tangentially from a hub 56 of the impeller 54. The wings 58, 60 are rotatably connected to the drive shaft 62, so that the impellers 54 by means of a drive unit via this shaft 62 in the direction of rotation of the arrow P2 shown are driven. The ends of the wings 58, 60 are curved counter to the direction of rotation, so that upon rotation in the direction of the arrow P2 the end face of the stack 36 with its curved outside contact. In the present exemplary embodiment, the stack 36 comprises a plurality of banknotes having a relatively small first height, one banknote of which forms the front side of the stack 36, and a plurality of banknotes of a larger second height, one banknote of which forms the rear side of the stack 36.
  • The impeller 54 is in FIG. 2 in a stacking base position, in which a horizontally oriented wing 60 of the impeller 54 presses against the end face of the stack 36 and presses the banknotes of the stack 36 out of the feed region 46 into the cassette 12a. In this stack basic position of the impeller 54, the banknote 38 is transported into the feed region 46. When the banknote 38 is transported into the feed area 46, the take-off wheel 32 is additionally driven in the direction of the arrow P6, that is to say in the feed direction of the banknote 38. When the leading edge of this bill 38 falls below a preset distance from the wing 60, the impeller 54 is rotated via the drive shaft 62 so that the leading edge of the bill 38 does not contact the wing 60.
  • The separating and stacking module 30 further comprises a total of four inclined deflectors 64, which are pressed in the present embodiment with its end facing the stack 36 by means of a prestressed spring 65 against the end face of the stack 36. The oblique arrangement of the oblique deflectors 64, the upper portion of the bill 38 moves in contact with the inclined deflector 64 to the end face of the stack 36 out.
  • On the shaft 62, five further upper impellers 54 are arranged and non-rotatably connected thereto, so that the shaft 62 serves as a drive shaft for this total of six impellers 54. An in FIG. 2 visible lower impeller is designated by the reference numeral 66. Furthermore, in FIG. 2 individual elements of the cassette 12a shown as such. B. a note retracting flap 68, the in FIG. 2 is shown in an open state and has been moved by means of separate from the cassette 12a arranged drive elements in this open position. Furthermore, in FIG. 2 not shown springs which exert a force on the note retracting flap 68 in the direction of its closed position.
  • The separating and stacking module 30 has a pressure device 45, which contacts a banknote 38 positioned in the feed region 46 in front of the front side of the stack 36 and presses this banknote 38 at least at the contact points against the front side of the stack 36. The pressing device 45 is designed to contact the banknote 38 in its lower half when it is positioned in front of the end face of the stack 36. The pressure device 45 may comprise at least one designed as a pressure pin anchor of a pull or thrust magnet or coupled to the anchor Andruckstift.
  • Further, at the bottom of the bill receiving area of the cassette 12a, there are provided two cassette impellers 72 which are rotatably connected to the drive shaft 71 together with pulleys for deflecting belts 70 located at the bottom of the bill receiving area of the cassette 12a. Further, on this drive shaft 71, a gear (not shown) is arranged, which is non-rotatably connected to this drive shaft 71 and via which the drive shaft 71 is driven by a separate from the cartridge 12a arranged drive unit, if another coupled to the drive unit gear with this Gear arranged on the drive shaft 71 is engaged. These gears are engaged when the cassette 12a has been correspondingly inserted into receptacles provided in the vault 10 and is in the operating position for feeding and removing bills.
  • With the aid of the cassette vane wheels 72 and the belt 70, at least a part of the banknote stack 36 located in the banknote receiving area of the cassette 12a is transported away from the delivery area 46 at least in the lower area of the banknotes of the stack 36, so that banknotes 38 fed by means of the upper vane wheel 54, with the aid of the slant deflector 64 and / or by means of the note retracting flap 68 can be pressed into the banknote receiving area of the cassette 12a during the closing process. After feeding the banknote 38 into the feed region 46, ie when its trailing edge is no longer in the area between the drive wheel 44 and the pressure roller 50, the lower impeller 66 is rotated so that at least one vane 74, 76, 78 of the lower impeller 66 presses the trailing edge and / or the lower portion of the banknote 38 against the end face of the stack 36. This pressing of the lower region by means of the lower impeller 66 takes place substantially simultaneously with the movement of the banknote 38 effected by the oblique deflector 64 towards the stack 36.
  • Furthermore, the separating and stacking module 30 comprises a light barrier arrangement 39, which detects the leading edge of a fed banknote 38 in the area between the drive wheel 44, so that starting from the time of arrival of the leading edge of the fed banknote 38 and a preset delay time, the drive of the impeller 54 via the drive shaft 62 is started. The light barrier arrangement 39 comprises a prism arrangement for twice deflecting a light beam emitted by a light source, the light source and a light sensor for detecting the light beam emitted by the light source being arranged on the same side of the transport path for feeding and discharging a banknote 38. The prism arrangement is arranged on the opposite side of the transport path. As a result, a secure detection is given in particular because the light beam crosses the transport path of the banknotes twice. Furthermore, a simple compact arrangement of the light source and the light sensor on only one side of the transport path is possible.
  • Further, the lower impeller 66 has been further rotated. Furthermore, the separating and stacking module 30 comprises a stripping element 75 to optionally banknotes 38 on Adhere to the surface of the drive wheel 44, to release from this and lead into the feed region 46. The stripping element 75 is preferably pressed by a spring force against a stop and thereby held in the position shown.
  • In FIG. 3 is that in FIG. 2 illustrated singulation and stacking module 30, wherein the feed elements 52, 54 and the transported into the feed area 46 banknote 38 are shown in a second feed position, which is different from the in FIG. 2 different stacking basic position.
  • The banknote 38 is at the in FIG. 3 shown feed position opposite to in FIG. 2 shown position further transported into the feed area 46. Because of already related to FIG. 2 described control of the drive of the impeller 54, this has been driven via the drive shaft 62 in the direction of the arrow P2, so it now the in FIG. 2 has shown position. This ensures that a distance between the front edge of the banknote 38 and the wing 60 is maintained, so that the supplied banknote 38 does not contact the wing 60 and the feeding movement of the banknote 38 is not affected by contact with the wing 60.
  • Further, the lower impeller 66 is further rotated so that the wing 74 of the lower impeller 66 approaches the trailing edge of the fed bill 38 and subsequently presses the trailing edge and the lower portion of the fed bill 38 against the stack 36. The wings 74, 76, 78 are tangentially from a hub of the lower impeller 66, preferably at 0 °, 90 ° and 180 °. The wings 74, 76, 78 of the impeller 66 are made of an elastic material, preferably made of a rubber and / or plastic material and preferably curved in the direction indicated by the arrow P4 direction of rotation of the lower impeller. As a result, the vanes 74 to 78 press with a relatively large force against the lower region of the supplied banknote 38 during a rotational movement of the lower impeller 66 in the direction of the arrow P4 and then deform to between the front-side stack bottom edge of the stack 36 and the hub of the lower Impeller 66 to be pulled through. The wings 74 to 78 are so from the hub of the impeller 66 from that they need to be pivoted at a rotational movement of the arrow P4 only a relatively small angle to the hub to at least partially abut the peripheral surface of the hub.
  • In FIG. 4 is a further schematic representation of the separating and stacking module 30 after the FIGS. 2 and 3 illustrated, wherein the feed elements 54, 66 and the supplied banknote 38 are shown in a third feed position. In this third feeding position, the upper vane 54 is further rotated in the direction of the arrow P2.
  • In FIG. 5 is a schematic representation of the separating and stacking module 30 after the FIGS. 2 to 4 shown, wherein the feed elements 54, 66 and the supplied banknote 38 are shown in a fourth feed position. Opposite the in FIG. 4 3, the upper impeller 54 has been further rotated in the direction of the arrow P2, so that the wing 58 is pivoted into the feed region 46 and subsequently into the in FIG. 2 shown staple basic position is further rotated, in which the front curved portion of the wing 58 presses against the supplied banknote 38 and pushes it together with other banknotes of the stack 36 in the banknote receiving area of the cassette 12a. In the lower region of the supplied banknote 38, the three wings 74 to 78 are guided past the trailing edge of the supplied banknote 38 until they are again in the banknote 38 FIG. 2 arranged stack base position are arranged. Further, the lower portion of the bill 38 is pressed by the pressing device 45 against the front side of the stack 58, whereby a flutter of the bill 38, which is particularly effected by the passing wings 74 to 78, is reduced.
  • The note retracting flap 68 has a multiplicity of openings through which the upper impeller 54, the oblique deflector 64 and the take-off wheel 32 pass and, depending on the operating state of the separating and stacking module 30, contact a banknote 38. For the further take-off wheels 32, the further upper impellers 54 and the further oblique deflectors 64 further openings in the note retracting flap 68 are provided so that these, in the same manner as already for the feeding and separating elements 32, 54, 64 explained, the banknote 38 can contact through the note retracting flap 68 therethrough. In the open position of the note retracting flap 68, there is a feed and removal opening at least across a width of the widest feedable banknote 38, which is identified by the arrow P5. In this way, a banknote 38 to be removed from the cassette 12a is transported through the supply and removal opening to the drive wheels 44 and with the aid of the drive wheels 44, which then oppose the arrow direction of the arrow P1 are driven, further transported to the transport elements 16a.
  • In FIG. 6 is a further schematic representation of the separating and stacking module 30 after the FIGS. 2 to 5 wherein the feeding elements and the separating elements and the banknote stack 36 arranged in the cassette 12a are shown in a separating position for withdrawing a banknote 38 from the banknote stack 36 present in the cassette 12a. The wings 58, 60 of the upper impeller 54 are connected via the drive shaft 62 in an in FIG. 6 shown stack basic position has been rotated and remain in this staple basic position during the entire separation process for removal and removal of a banknote 38 from the cassette 12a.
  • With the aid of a driven by an electric motor 80 displacement carriage 82, the stack 36 is moved to a separating position to the take-off wheel 32, so that the Front side of the stack 36 and the end face of the stack 36 forming banknote 38 is pressed against the lateral surface of the Abzugsrades 32 and against the surface of parallel to Abzugsrad 32 arranged further take-off wheels 32. By moving the stack 36 toward the take-off wheel 32, the oblique deflector 64 is pivoted about the axis of rotation 63, as a result of which the spring 65 generating the pressing force of the oblique deflector 64 is pretensioned or further pre-stressed. To remove the end face of the stack 36 forming banknote 38 is carried out by means of a drive unit, a rotation of the take-off wheel 32 in the direction of arrow P7, opposite to the direction indicated by the arrow P6 rotational direction of the take-off wheel 32 in the FIGS. 2 to 5 is directed. As a result of this rotation of the take-off wheel 32, the foremost banknote 38 of the stack 36 is pushed or transported downwards past the stripper rollers 52 into the area between drive wheels 44 and pressure roller 50. The surfaces of the drive wheels 44 and the take-off wheels 32 preferably have a relatively high coefficient of friction. Preferably, the surfaces of the take-off wheels 32 and the drive wheels 44 are formed of rubber or other material having similar coefficients of friction. In addition, the surface of the Abzugsrades 32 is structured by transverse grooves. By means of these transverse grooves, a greater adhesion between the surface of the take-off wheel 32 and the banknote 38 to be moved downwards can be generated.
  • For removal or further transport of a shifted by means of the take-off wheels 32 down banknote 38, the drive wheels 44 are driven in the direction of arrow P8. The lower impeller 66 is positioned in a separating basic position, that its wings 74 to 78 do not protrude into the transport path for removal and further transport of the banknote 38.
  • The transfer carriage 82 has axles 84, 86 which each extend from the transfer carriage 82 to the side walls of the cassette 12a laterally delimiting the stack 36, guide wheels 92, 93 engaging in guide rails 88, 90 being provided at the ends of the axes. The guide rails 80, 90 are formed in or on the side walls.
  • In FIG. 7 is an arrangement with the singulation and stacking module 30 after the FIGS. 2 to 6 with further elements of the cassette 12a for storing the banknotes and with a drive for actuating the note retracting flap 68, the note retracting flap 68 being shown in the illustration FIG. 7 is shown in an open position.
  • A drive unit 96 shifts a pusher 98 via gear stages 100, 102, in the direction of the arrow P10. The gear stages 100, 102 each generate a reduction. The output gear of the gear stage 102 engages in a formed on the thrust element 98 rack 104 for moving the thrust element 98 a. The thrust element 98 also has elongated holes 106, 108, through the guide pins, not shown protrude, wherein the displacement region of the thrust element 98 is limited by these guide pins and the slots 106, 108. The pushing element 98 also has a bevel 110. In FIG. 7 the thrust element 98 is shown in a position in which no further displacement in the direction of the arrow P10 is possible by the already mentioned limitation of the displacement range. With the help of the thrust element 98 has a pivotable about the axis of rotation 112 lever 114 has been pivoted. By pivoting the lever 114, the note retracting flap 68 has been moved away from the end face of the stack 36, whereby an already in connection with the FIGS. 2 to 5 explained supply and separation opening P5 is opened. By pivoting the lever 114 in the in FIG. 7 As shown, a spring 116 is provided for retracting the note retracting flap 68, which exerts a restoring force on the note retracting flap 68. This restoring force is transmitted from the note retracting flap 68 at least partially to the lever arm 118. By this restoring force of the second lever arm 120 is pressed in the present embodiment from below against the thrust element 98. The slope 110 of the thrust element 18 is formed as a wedge-shaped slope, whereby the thrust element 98 is also referred to as a wedge slide. Hereinafter related to FIG. 8 closing the note retracting door 68 will be explained in more detail.
  • In FIG. 7 Furthermore, a drive shaft 122, driven via the motor 80, for displacing the displacement carriage 82 and a gearwheel 124, connected to the shaft 122 in a rotationally fixed manner at one end of the drive shaft 112, are shown. The Gear 124 engages a rack 120 formed on the lower guide rail 90 fixedly connected to the cassette 12a. Alternatively to the arrangement shown, the gear 124 for engaging a rack formed on the cassette 12a may be combined with one of the guide rollers 92, 94 or may replace it.
  • Furthermore, at the in FIG. 7 arrangement shown, a further sensor arrangement 126 in addition to the light barrier arrangement 39 already mentioned above. The sensor arrangement is provided for monitoring the feed region 46 and, in the present exemplary embodiment, is designed as a transverse light barrier. With the aid of the transverse light barrier 126, banknotes 38 can be detected when they are in the feed region 46.
  • Further, a drive unit 128 and a gear stage 130 for driving the drive shaft 42 is shown, on which the drive wheel 44 is arranged. The drive units 128, 96, 80 are embodied in the present exemplary embodiment as electric motors, preferably as stepper motors or as direct-current motors, although one part of the drive units may also be designed as stepping motors and another part as direct-current motors.
  • In FIG. 8 is the arrangement after FIG. 7 shown with a closed note retracting flap 68. For closing the note retracting flap 68, the pushing element 98 is connected by means of the drive unit 96 and the gear stages 100, 102 has been moved in the direction of arrow P11. Thereby, the lever 114 has been pivoted about the force introduced by the spring 116 in the note retracting flap 68, after a arranged at the end of the lever arm 120 rotatable guide roller 134 has been guided in the sliding movement in the direction of the arrow P11 on the slope 110 upwards. Thereby, the lever arm 118 is pivoted counterclockwise about the rotation axis 112, so that the note retracting flap 68 is rotated about a rotation axis 136 and the removal and supply port P5 is at least closed so far that the removal of a bill of the stack 36 is not or only very cumbersome is.
  • In FIG. 9 For example, a portion of the cassette 12a for storing banknotes after separating the cassette 12a from the separating and stacking module 30 is shown. The cassette 12a is for separating from the feeding and separating elements of the stacking and separating module 30 in the direction of the arrow P12 (see FIG FIG. 8 ) has been separated by pulling out the cassette 12a from an opening of the safe 10. The note retracting flap 68 has been previously pivoted by an active drive by means of the drive unit 96 by a corresponding movement of the thrust element 98 in its closed rest position. Until the note retracting door 68 is not located in the rest position, the cassette 12a is locked against being pulled out.
  • Alternatively, the pivoting of the note retracting flap 68 is performed when the cassette 12a is moved in the direction of the arrow P12 automatically via the spring force of the spring 116, since even with a movement of the cassette 12a in the direction of arrow P12, the guide roller 134 of the lever arm 120 is guided along the slope 110 of the thrust element 98 so that the lever 114 is pivoted by the spring force of the spring 116 and the note retracting door 68 is closed. Further, the cassette 12a has a plurality of mutually connected slats 138a to 138g for closing the end face 140 of the cassette 12a. The lamellae 138a to 138g are connected to the respective adjacent lamellae or formed in the connection region such that a relative pivoting of the lamellae 138a to 138g about the axes of rotation 142a to 142e in a limited angular range is possible, so that the laterally guided in guide rails 144 Lammellen 138a to 138g are guided along a predetermined by the guide rails cam track. The slats 138a to 138g are shifted to an area below the banknote receiving area of the cartridge 12a when the inserted cartridge 12a is in a working position. In the working position, the feeding and separating elements can contact a banknote 38 arranged at the front side of the stack 38 through the openings in the note retraction flap 68. When closed, the slats 138a-138g cover both the substantially vertical face 140 of the cassette 12a and an area from the face 140 below the note-retracting shutter, so that the entire feed and removal area is completely covered by the slats 138a-238g. when the cassette 12a is removed from the vault 10.
  • Moving the Lammelen 138a to 138g in the in FIG. 9 shown closed position and the displacement of the lamellae 138a to 138g in an open position is preferably via engagement elements when inserting and pulling out of the cassette 12a in the vault 10 or from the vault 10. When pushing in then takes place preferably an intervention of at least one in the vault 10th fixedly arranged engagement element in at least one engagement opening at least one lamella 138a to 138g. As a result of the engagement of the engagement element in the engagement opening, the lamellae 138a to 138g are opened like a roller shutter or a blind when the cassette 12a is pushed further into the safe 10, ie in a direction opposite to the arrow P12, so that the end face 140 of the cassette 12a as well an area on the underside of the cassette 12a is opened from the end face 140 of the cassette 12a. This lower area preferably extends to the front side of the banknote stack 38, so that in particular the wings 74 to 78 of the lower impeller 66 can contact the banknote stack 36 as described.
  • As a result of the at least one engagement element projecting into the engagement opening, when the cassette 12a is displaced in the direction of the arrow P12, the slats 138a to 138d are restored to the position shown in FIG FIG. 9 shifted shown in the closed position in which no access to the note retracting flap 68 and the present in the cassette 12a banknote stack 36 is possible. The slat 138g is at least partially covered by a bottom plate of the cassette 12a, so that the cassette 12a is moved by sliding the slats 138a until 138g is completely closed in the closed position. Thus, in this closed position there are no openings through which notes or parts of banknotes could be taken.
  • In FIG. 10 3, there is shown a three-dimensional view of the drive elements for driving cassette vane wheels 72 arranged in the cassette 12a near the end face 140 and the shaft 53 with the lower vane wheels 66 thereon and the scraper rollers 52 arranged thereon. By an electric motor 146, the drive shaft 71 is driven via a plurality of gear stages 148 to 154, on which a gear 158 two toothed pulleys 160a, 160b and a plurality of cassette impellers 72a to 72e rotatably arranged. About the pulleys 160a, 160b designed as a toothed belt bottom belt 70a, 70b are guided and deflected. As already described, the belts 70a, 70b contact the underside of the banknotes standing upright on the belts 70a, 70b, which are present in the stack 36 in the cartridge 12a, or at least part of these banknotes. In the foregoing figures, only the impeller 72e as the impeller 72 and the belt 70b as the belt 70 have been illustrated and designated. In the description, similar elements which are plural in a concrete arrangement are provided with the reference numerals themselves, when they are shown only once in the corresponding figure, and each with an additional continuous small letter when the element exists several times in a figure is.
  • Only the shaft 71 and the elements 158, 160a, 160b, 72a to 72e disposed thereon are part of the cassette 12a. The remaining elements of the gear stages 148, 150, 152, 154 and the electric motor 146 are arranged separately from the cassette 12a. If the cassette 12a is in an operating position pushed into the vault 10, a gearwheel of the gear stage 154 engages in the gear wheel 158 arranged on the shaft 71 of the cassette 12a, so that the shaft 71 rotates on the output shaft of the motor 146 is driven and rotated.
  • In FIG. 11 a three-dimensional representation of the drive elements for driving the note retracting flap 68 is shown. As already related to FIG. 7 1, the drive of the note retracting flap 68 is effected via an electric motor 96 which, via gear stages 100, 102 and a toothed rack 104a, 104b formed on the thrust elements 98a, 98b, displaces the thrust elements 98a, 98b in parallel. The rotary motion initiated by the motor 96 is transmitted via a shaft 166 and a gear 103 disposed at the other end of the shaft 166, which meshes with the rack 104a. Thereby, the driving rotational movement is converted into a linear movement, by which the pushers 98a, 98b are displaced in parallel. In addition to the oblong holes 106a, 108a for guiding the movement of the pusher element 98a, the pusher element 98a has an opening 162 through which further elements of the singulation and stacking module 30 can be made. In addition, the thrust element 98b has, in addition to the slots 106b, 108b, a further opening 164, through which further elements of the singulation and stacking module 30 can be guided. The Lever arms 118a, 118b contact the note retracting flap 68 on opposite sides, so that when the sliding elements 98a, 98b are displaced in parallel, this note retracting flap 68 is simultaneously opened or closed via the ends of the lever arms 118a, 118b.
  • In FIG. 12 is a three-dimensional representation of a lower 55 and shown with transmission elements for driving this Flügelradwelle 55. In addition to the lower impellers 66a to 66e, two stripping rollers 52a, 52b are arranged on the shaft 55. The lower impellers 66a and 66b are arranged on a shaft 55 over the shaft 55 freely rotatable sleeve 168a and rotatably connected to this sleeve 168a. With this sleeve 168a a gear 170a is further rotatably connected, so that the sleeve 168a via the gear 170a can be driven independently of the shaft 55. At one end of the shaft 55, a double gear 172 is freely rotatably mounted on the shaft. This double gear 172 is used together with other gears 174, 176 and together with a belt drive 178 to reduce the drive speeds of a drive unit 175. The rotational movement of the rotatably mounted on a drive shaft 180 gear 176 on the drive shaft 180 and from this drive shaft 180 via other gears 182, 184, 186 on the rotatably connected to the sleeves 168a, 168b, 168c connected gears 170a, 170b, 170c transmitted.
  • At the opposite end of the gear 172 of the shaft 55, a further gear 186 is arranged, which via a Freewheel is connected to the shaft 55, so that a rotational movement of the stripping rollers 52a, 52b in the direction of arrows P20 P22 is possible when the shaft 55 is not driven via the gear 186 in the direction of the arrows P20, P22. To prevent a double trigger, ie to prevent the simultaneous discharge of two banknotes from the container 12a, the stripper rollers 52a, 52b are also driven in the direction of rotation of the arrows P20, P22 via the shaft 55 and the gear 186. In other embodiments, the gear 186 may be rotatably connected to the shaft 55, thereby eliminating the freewheel. Then, the scraper rollers 52a, 52b are to be driven by feeding a banknote 38 into the feeding section 46 by a driving unit via the gear 186 and the shaft 55 in the direction of the arrows P20, P22.
  • In FIG. 13 a three-dimensional representation of separating elements for removing a banknote 38 from the cassette 12a and for further transport of the withdrawn banknote 38 is shown. The already mentioned three take-off wheels 32a, 32b, 32c, which are non-rotatably connected to the drive shaft 34 and which are resiliently mounted on this shaft 34, are driven to print the banknote 38 arranged on the end face of the stack 36. The shaft 34 is connected via a magnetic coupling 188 with a drive unit, not shown, wherein the connection to the drive unit can be produced or separated as required by the magnetic coupling 188. This separation option via the coupling 188 is particularly useful when the drive unit for driving the shaft 34 further elements of the singulation and stacking module 30 and / or further transport elements 16a to 16d drives and the take-off wheels 32a to 32c should not always perform a rotational movement when the other elements are driven._Auf the main drive shaft 42, the drive wheels 44a to 44n are arranged. Between the drive wheels 44d, 44e, 44f, 44g and between the drive wheels 44h, 44i, 44j, 44k, a retaining element 190a to 190f is arranged in each case. The retaining elements 190a to 190f are finger-like from a shaft 194, with which they are rotatably connected, from. By means of a pivoting arrangement for rotating the shaft 194 by only a few angular degrees, the retaining elements 190a to 190f can be moved out with their end remote from the shaft 194 from the spaces between the drive wheels 44d to 44g and 44h to 44k, so that they from the Hüllmantelfläche to this Drive wheels 44b to 44k emerge and pressed against the surface of the stripper rollers 52a, 52b. The banknotes present between the wiping rollers 52a, 52b and the retaining members 190a to 190f are thus pressed by the retainer members 190a to 190f against the wiper rollers 52a, 52b for preventing a double trigger. The swivel assembly includes a drive magnet 192 as a drive unit.
  • The drive shaft 34 is driven via the magnetic coupling 188 and arranged at one end of the shaft 34 gear 189. The opposite end of the shaft 34 is pressed by means of a pressure device 195 in the direction of the note stack 36. The pressure device 195 further comprises a pressure sensor, which at least one position of the detected in the pressing device 195 end of the drive roller 34 detected. Due to the resilient mounting of the take-off wheels 32a to 32c, which are preferably arranged on a common sleeve 196, wherein the sleeve 196 is resiliently mounted on the drive shaft 34, the take-off wheels 32a to 32c with a desired preset contact pressure aligned parallel to the end face of the stack 36 are pressed so that no skewed withdrawal of the notes 12a to be removed from the cassette 12a takes place. The take-off wheels 32a to 32c are rotatably mounted on the sleeve 196, wherein the sleeve 196 is rotatably connected to the drive shaft 134. Due to the resilient mounting of the sleeve 196 on the drive shaft 34, however, a common pivoting of the take-off wheels 32a to 32c is possible, so that they align themselves by a pressure of the take-off wheels 32a to 32c on the front side of the stack 36 parallel to this end face and thereby a parallel withdrawal of allow existing banknote 38 on the front side of the stack 36.
  • The drive shaft 42 is driven via the arranged at one end of the drive shaft 42 gear 198 via drive elements of a arranged in the vault 10 central distribution module, the further transport elements 16a to 16d of the transport path 18 drives. This gear 198 is designed as a double gear and drives the drive side of the magnetic coupling 188 at. As a result, no separate drive for driving the drive wheels 44 and the take-off wheels 32 in the separating and stacking module 30 is required.
  • By means of the separating and stacking module 30 according to the first embodiment of the invention, a module separation takes place between the cassette 12a and the feeding and separating elements. As a result, a simple design inexpensive cassette 12a can be used, wherein the feeding and separating elements are arranged in the safe 10 or in the cash machine and remain on the removal of the cassette 12a in the safe 10 or in the cash machine. The cassette 12a can be used in a first ATM for depositing and withdrawing banknotes (cash recycling) and used in a new configuration of the same ATM or in the use of this cassette 12a in another ATM as pure payout cassette 12a. It is advantageous to arrange the cassette 12a in such a way that the end face of a banknote stack 36 present in the cassette 12a is arranged perpendicularly, ie. H. that the stacking direction or the stacking depth is horizontal. However, the separating and stacking module 30 and the cassette 12a can also be arranged so that the stacking direction or the stacking depth is vertical, wherein the front side of the stack 36, deducted from the banknote 36 from the stack and the stack 36 more notes can be supplied is then arranged horizontally at the top of the stack 36.
  • The upper two-bladed vanes 54 with rigid vanes 58, 60 are formed and arranged such that the enveloping circle of the vanes 58, 60 terminates upwardly at about the maximum allowable note height and in the horizontal Stacker basic position also supports a stack 36 formed from the smallest permissible banknotes 38 or pushes further into the cassette 12a. In a feed operation for feeding a banknote 38, a wing turn occurs, ie, before feeding the banknote 38, the first wing 60 contacts the end face of the stack 36 and after feeding the banknote 38, the second wing 58 contacts the end face of the stack 36 a dynamic triggering of the wing envelope as a function of the banknote leading edge of the banknote 38 to be fed, detected by the light barrier arrangement 39, wherein the turnaround time is selected such that a banknote just fed 38 is displaced towards the stack 36 or beaten to the stack 36 with the outer curvature of the curved wing end becomes. The turnaround time is preferably set as a function of the size of the fed banknote 38, that is, it varies as a function of size. The slant deflectors 64 guide a fed banknote 38 away from the center of the wing 60 or 58 of the impeller 54 toward the front of the stack 36. The vanes 74, 76, 78 of the lower impeller are tangentially connected to a hub of the impeller 66, with the front Area of the wings 74, 76, 78 each having a curvature. The curvature is formed so that the blade tips in the direction of rotation of the impeller 54 when feeding a banknote 38 ahead of the remaining part of the wings 58, 60.
  • The main drive shaft 42 with the drive wheels 44 is continuously driven by an electric motor for driving the transport elements of the transport path 18, wherein the drive shaft 34 with the take-off wheels 32 arranged thereon can be selectively coupled or decoupled via the magnetic coupling 188 with the drive of the drive wheels 44. The continuous drive of the drive wheels 44 and the optional drive of the take-off wheels 32 is effected by a central drive for the arranged in the safe 10 transport elements 16 a to 16 d, which has a large torque reserve, so that difficult to be separated bank notes, z. As adherent, freshly printed banknotes or notes with polymer film, isolated by means of the take-off wheels 32 and can be transported by means of the drive wheels 44. In this case, the take-off wheels 32 are driven by the switched magnetic coupling 188 until the bank note has reached the detection range of the light barrier arrangement 75 arranged in the region of the drive wheels 44. This has the advantage that the overall procedure for deduction and further transport of the banknote 38 in case of delays in the deduction or further transport, for example, as a result of adhering banknotes, not out of step, as may occur in rigidly mechanically coupled separating drives. Rather, the arrival of a sheet edge of the banknote to be removed 38, the removal is simply continued, so that the control for the removal of the banknote 38 in response to the event "arrival of the sheet edge of the withdrawn banknote 38 in the detection range of the light barrier arrangement" event-controlled.
  • For trouble-free feeding of a banknote into the cassette 12a, at least in the first embodiment of the invention, the following conditions are to be met:
  1. 1. In front of the front side of the banknote stack 36, a free feed area (free space) 46 for the banknote 38 to be supplied has to be generated against the stacking pressure of the stack 36 and kept free from the stacking pressure of the stack 36.
  2. 2. The trailing edge of a fed banknote 38 must be guided to the stack 36 as soon as it has left the contact region between the drive wheel 44 and the pressure roller 50 or between the drive wheel 44 and the stripper roller 52.
  • The already mentioned stack pressure is determined in particular by the stack thickness, the state and the properties of the bank notes arranged in the stack 36 and the position of the transfer carriage 82. Almost throughout the entire period in which the banknote 38 to be supplied is transported into the feed region 46, the stack 36 is pressed out of the feed region 46 with the aid of the upper impellers 54. For this purpose, a plurality of impellers 54 are arranged distributed on the horizontally arranged in the first embodiment of the invention drive shaft 62 over the maximum allowable note width. The drive shaft 62 is driven with the vaned wheels 54, preferably by means of a stepper motor, wherein the drive shaft 62 is rotated by 180 ° each time a banknote 38 is fed. As already mentioned, the impellers 54 are driven such that the front edge of a fed banknote 38 projects into the feed region 46 Wings 58, 60 not contacted, but rather that a minimum distance between the front edge of the supplied banknote 38 and the wing 58, 60 by a suitable control of the stepping motor for driving the drive shaft 62 takes place. The wings 58, 60 have a relatively small width. In the present embodiment, they have a width of 6 mm. In the intervals between the feeding of two banknotes are the impellers 54 in the stacking basic position, in which the projecting into the feed area 46 wings 60 contact the sheet stack 36 below the smallest allowable note height. In the present embodiment, the smallest allowable note height is 58 mm.
  • Furthermore, this is already related to FIG. 1 described pressure element 45 in the in FIG. 5 shown feed position, so that it contacts the supplied banknote 38 in the lower half and presses against the end face of the already located in the cassette 12a stack 36. The pressure element 45 comprises in particular a thrust magnet whose armature is moved upon activation of the thrust magnet such that one end of the armature or a further element connected to one end of the armature presses against the pressure element 45 facing front or back of the banknote 38 and the Banknote 38 shifts at least in the contact area towards the front side of the already existing stack 36 and presses against this end face of the existing stack 36. As a result, in particular a so-called fluttering of the lower region of the fed banknote 38 during contacting or after contacting the lower edge or the lower portion of the fed banknote 38 as a result of contact with the wings 72 to 76 of the lower impeller 66 avoided.
  • The circulation time of the upper impeller 54 in a rotation through 180 ° is preferably preset so that the supplied banknote 38 is pushed by the second wing 58 to the front side of the stack 36 and pressed against this, as soon as the supplied banknote 38, the contact area between the drive wheel 44th and the pinch roller 50 has left. In particular, the oblique deflectors 64 cause relatively large banknotes, which are arranged as stacks 36 in the cassette 12a, not to bend over the wing 60 pressing against the end face of the stack 36 in the stack base position and into the area above the wing 60 in the stacking basic position protrude. Without these slant deflectors 64, the banknote or banknotes of the stack 36 arranged at the front side could be pulled upward by the wing 60 during a rotary movement of the impeller 54. The lower impeller 66 is preferably rotated when supplying a banknote 38 together with the drive wheels 44, wherein the lower impellers 66, as already described, independently of the counter shaft 55 are driven or rotatable. During transport of the banknote 38 into the feed region 46, the flexible vanes 74 to 78 of the lower vanes 66 are elastically deformed and wound onto the hub of the respective impeller 66 so that a helical arrangement of the wound vanes 74 to 78 takes place. Once the trailing edge of the bill 38, the contact area between the drive wheel 44 and the pinch roller 50 and between the drive wheel 44th and leaving the stripper rollers 52a, 52b, subsequently, the first wing 74-78 engaging under the banknote trailing edge strikes against the lower portion of the banknote 38 and pushes this lower area upwardly and against the stack 36.
  • The drive of the lower impellers 66 also takes place via a separate stepping motor which drives the shaft 55 with the scraper rollers 52a, 52b arranged thereon via a freewheel, so that the scraper rollers 52a, 52b are also driven in the feed direction of the banknote 38 when a banknote 38 is fed thereby at least not obstructing the feeding of the banknote 38. As already mentioned, the lower impellers 66 each have three wings 74 to 78, the bases of which are not uniformly distributed over the circumference, and leave a gap of 180 ° in the present embodiment. For separating, ie for discharging, a banknote 38 from the cassette 12a, the lower impeller 66 is then aligned so that no wing 74 to 78 projects into the transport path for the removal of the withdrawn banknote 38. This position of the wings 74 to 78 of the lower impeller 66 are in FIG. 6 shown.
  • The wings 74 to 78 are not center-centric arranged as explained at the hub of the lower impeller 66 but are laterally tangential. Thereby, the wings 74 to 78 can perform the described elastic deformation at a relatively low stress of the material. In particular, the foot zone associated with the hub of the impeller 66 will engage each of the wings 74-78 upon application the wings 74 to 78 to the hub at a rotational movement of the impeller 66 is not as much angled, as in a center-centric connection of the wings 74 to 78 to the hub.
  • The note retracting door 68 is in its in FIG. 8 illustrated rest position preferably locked by means of locking elements on the cassette housing to ensure during transport of the cassette 12a that the note retracting flap 68 remains in the rest position. The movement of the note retracting shutter 68 is controlled via scenes provided in or on the outer walls of the cassette 12a. Here are associated with the note retracting flap 68 guide elements in engagement with the scenes, wherein preferably these guide elements are locked by means of the locking elements. Thus, the note retracting flap 68 must remain in the locked state in this rest position as long as the locking elements are engaged with the guide elements.
  • With the help of the already related to the FIGS. 7 . 8th and 11 described drive the note retracting flap 68, this is then in the substantially vertical in FIG. 7 pivoted position shown in which it releases the feed and removal opening i5.
  • Below, the procedure for feeding a banknote is briefly summarized again. After this Insertion of the cassette 12a and after opening the note retracting flap 68 of the transfer carriage 82 is moved synchronously with the bottom belt 70 in the direction of the separating and stacking module 30. As a result, the transfer carriage 82 presses the bank notes present in the note accommodation area of the cassette 12a as stack 36 against the take-off wheels 32. As already explained, the take-off wheel shaft 34 is spring-mounted on one side, wherein the deflection of the non-driven shaft end of the drive shaft 34 is analogous and / or with the aid of a sensor arrangement is recorded digitally. With the aid of the detected deflection, a pressure optimization can be carried out when separating, ie when withdrawing banknotes.
  • After the transfer carriage 82 with a preset maximum pressure has pressed the banknote stack 36 present in the cassette 12a against the take-off wheels 32, the direction of movement of the transfer carriage 82 is reversed and a preset return path is covered. Due to different grades of grades, the required stacking space is different, in particular in the stack of notes 36 having a relatively large number of banknotes, so that a different pressure force from the notes to the feeding and separating elements of the separating and stacking module 30 occurs at a constant withdrawal path of the sliding carriage 82. In a first step, the transfer carriage 82 is moved away from the singulation and stacking module 30 by a first path. Subsequently, an indirect stack pressure determination is carried out, wherein the upper impeller 54 is to be rotated from the separation basic position in the stack basic position. Parallel to this rotational movement of the Upper impeller 54 of the transfer carriage 82 is further moved away from the singulation and stacking module 30, wherein at the same time the bottom belts 70 are driven so that they move the standing on the belt 70 notes from the separating and stacking module 30. This is continued until the wings 58, 60 of the upper impeller 54 have reached the stack base position or until the sensor arrangement 126 no longer detects a banknote in the detection area.
  • During the described positioning operation of the transfer carriage 82, the drive of the upper impeller 54 by means of the stepping motor is carried out at a reduced stepping motor current and with respect to the normal drive frequency reduced frequency. The allowable touch pressure can thus be determined by the moment of the stepper motor. Although stepper motors are in principle unsuitable for torque control, since a stepping motor skips over steps when a limit torque is exceeded, the torque falls to zero when steps are skipped. The torque is only rebuilt after four more steps. In order to prevent a backward movement, a freewheel is arranged on the drive shaft 62. During the adjustment process, a pulsating drive signal is used to drive the stepper motor, which increases with each pulse up to the value valid for the selected low frequency. This is repeated until the Zuführgrundstellung or stack basic position of the impeller 54 is reached, in which the non-curved portion of the wings 58, 60 is aligned substantially horizontally. Alternatively, instead of the stepping motor, a DC-DC motor or brushless DC motor (DLBC) may be used. Such motors are better suited for adjusting the stacking pressure, and thus better for positioning the transfer carriage 82, due to available torque controls. However, then a position detection and control to detect the angular position of the drive shaft 62 and the upper impeller 54 is required. Such a positioning control is relatively expensive.
  • After adjusting the stacking pressure of the pile of notes 36 on the wings 58, 60 of the upper impeller 54, a positioning control takes place in the lower region of the bank notes arranged as a stack 36. For this purpose, a sensor arrangement 126 designed as a transverse light barrier is provided, which is arranged at the boundary of the maximum required feed area 46 in the so-called stack foot zone and thus monitors the area in front of the end face of the stack 36. With continuously rotating lower impellers 66, the bottom belts 70 and impellers 72 disposed in the cassette 12a are also driven from the supply area 46 into the sheet receiving area of the cassette 12a to transport the sheet stack 36 until the light barrier assembly 126 no longer detects a banknote in its detection area. The feeding of banknotes 38 then takes place with continuously rotating drive wheels 44 and continuously rotating lower impellers 66. The take-off wheels 32 are rotated over the magnetic coupling 188 at least temporarily, in particular in order to prevent entanglement of the leading edge of the supplied banknote 38 on the lateral surface of the take-off wheels 32.
  • For each transaction, up to 200 banknotes 38 may be supplied to the cassette 12a. For each fed banknote 38, the transfer carriage 82 is moved in synchronism with the bottom straps 70 by a preset return path away from the singulation and stacking module 30, i. H. moved back in the cassette 12a. If this default retraction path is insufficient, after feeding a banknote 38 it will at least partially remain in the detection range of the monitoring light barrier arrangement 126 and be detected by it, as this banknote 38 could not be pushed sufficiently far into the spike node receiving area. The preset withdrawal path is in particular not sufficient if used banknotes 38 have a greater resulting note thickness in the stack due to their deformation. The preset return path of the transfer carriage 82 is thus not sufficient to provide the bills supplied sufficient stacking space available. If the light barrier arrangement 126 detects a banknote in the detection area, the transfer carriage 82 is displaced away from the singulation and stacking module 30 by an additional return path.
  • Further, a Zwischenkomprimieren is provided because at too large a preset return movement of the transfer carriage 82 or uneven banknotes a relative poor filling level in the cassette 12a would be achieved. For this purpose, before a further transaction, a Zwischenkomprimierungsvorgang is provided if more than 150 banknotes, a maximum of 200 banknotes have been supplied. The procedure corresponds to the already described process for adjusting the stacking pressure after feeding the cassette 12a or before positioning the upper impeller 54 in the stack basic position. By intermediate compression, the air gaps created by a preset generous increment in the retraction of the shuttle carriage 82 are at least partially removed from the stack 36 by compressing the entire stack 36.
  • After singulation in which the unbent portions of the vanes 58, 60 of the upper impeller 54 are oriented substantially vertically, the impeller 54 is again rotated to a stacking base position in which the unbent portions of the vanes 58, 60 of the upper impeller 54 are essentially level. In this stacking basic position, all the bills of the stack 36 are arranged in the cassette 12a, so that the cassette 12a can be removed from the safe 10 as soon as the note return flap 68 has been swung inwards. The pivoting of the note retracting flap 68 in the rest position is carried out as already mentioned with the aid of FIG. 11 If the cassette 12a can be removed without further preparation, in particular in the low-power state of the ATM, the note retracting flap 68 must always be pivoted to the rest position, if currently no supply and no removal operation is performed.
  • In FIG. 14 is a three-dimensional representation of a singulation and stacking module 200 according to a second embodiment of the invention with three juxtaposed conveyor belts 202 to 206 each shown with transport tabs 202a to 206a. With the aid of the transport tabs 202a to 206a, banknotes are fed to the cassette 12b. Furthermore, the separating and stacking module 200 has two take-off wheels 208, 210 with the aid of which the bank notes present as a stack 36 in the cassette 12b are removed individually from the cassette 12b, ie, the bank notes are separated.
  • The endless conveyor belts 202 to 206 are guided over upper deflecting rollers 212 to 216, which have lateral guides in the manner of a pulley for laterally guiding the endless conveyor belts 202 to 206. The deflection rollers 212 to 216 are non-rotatably connected to a drive shaft 218, which is driven by an electric motor 220. The drive of the shaft 218 via a belt drive 222. Further, for each conveyor belt 202 to 206 each have a lower guide roller 224 to 228 provided which are freely rotatably mounted on a drive shaft 230 for driving the take-off wheels 208, 210 and via suitable axial limiting elements in their axial position on the drive shaft 230 are held. The endless conveyor belts 202 to 206 and the transport straps 202a to 206a have a perforation along the circumference of the endless conveyor belt 202 to 206 with a plurality of holes arranged at equal distances from one another. The upper pulleys 212 to 216 have to the perforation of the conveyor belts 202 to 206 complementary protruding spines, which engage in the perforation, so that both a further lateral guidance and a slip-free drive of the conveyor belts 202 to 206 takes place.
  • The drive of the conveyor belts 202 to 206 takes place in the direction of the arrow P50. With the aid of engagement elements, which are each preferably designed as a single-wing impeller 232 to 240, a gap between the circulating conveyor belt 202 to 206 and the respective downwardly opened transport tabs 202a to 206a can be generated or increased, so that the conveyor belts 202 to 206 a Zuführgrundstellung respectively.
  • In the same manner as described in the first embodiment of the invention, the feeding of a banknote 38 via the drive wheels 44. By opening the transport tabs 202a to 206a by means of the wings 232 to 240, a feed region between the circulating conveyor belt 202 to 206 and generated on the outside of the transport tabs 202a to 206a adjacent banknote stack 36. In this feed area, a banknote 38 to be supplied is transported. As a result, in each case an area of this banknote 38 is introduced into the transport straps 202a to 206a or guided between the transport straps 202a to 206a and the conveyor belts 202 to 206. After portions of the fed bill 38 are positioned in the transport tabs 202a to 206a, the conveyer belts 202 to 206 in the direction of the arrow P50 substantially coincide with the driven the same rotational speed, such as the speed at which the supplied banknote 38 has been conveyed by means of the drive wheels 44 in the transport tabs 202a to 206a. Furthermore, stripping elements, not shown, are provided which prevent the banknote arranged with regions in the transport straps 202a to 206a from further circulation with the conveyor belts 202 to 206 and thereby pull the transport straps 202a to 206a in a further drive of the conveyor belts 202 to 206. These stripping elements are arranged such that the banknote 38 drawn from the transport straps 202a to 206a is positioned opposite the end face of the stack 36 already in the cassette 12a. Furthermore, pressure elements 242 to 248 are provided, which protrude via a pull magnet 247 from the regions between the transport belts 202 to 206 and which press the end face of the stack 36 already present in the cassette 12a opposite the banknote 38 against the front side of the stack 36. so that the supplied banknote 38 forms the new front side of the stack 36.
  • The lower portion of a fed bill 38 is additionally pressed by the impellers 232 to 240 to the banknote stack 36. In FIG. 14 Furthermore, individual elements of the cassette 12b, such as the transport belts 70a, 70b and transport rollers 249a to 249d are shown. Also, the stripping elements 52a, 52b and the already in connection with FIG. 13 and the first embodiment of the invention illustrated retaining elements 190a to 190f shown in its rest position according to the first embodiment and the second embodiment of the invention. This in FIG. 14 Separation and stacking module 200 shown further comprises a magnetic coupling 242, via which the main drive shaft 42 with the drive wheels 44 is selectively driven.
  • In FIG. 15 is a simplified side view of the singulation and stacking module 200 after FIG. 14 shown, wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in a first position for feeding a banknote 38. A lower impeller 232 engages the transport tab 202a after the transport belt 202 has been moved against the direction of arrow P50 in a Zuführgrundstellung. The impeller 232 has two protruding rigid wings. By the engagement of a wing of the impeller 232 in the transport tab 202a, this is opened further, so that a fed banknote 38 is guided into the area between the endless circulating conveyor belt 202 and provided on the outer peripheral surface transport tab 202a. Furthermore, the singulation and stacking module 200 comprises a stepping motor 250 as a drive unit, which drives the drive shaft 53 for driving the impellers 232 via a belt drive 251 and the magnetic coupling 242. Further, unlike the cartridge 12a of the first embodiment, the cartridge 12b shown in connection with the second embodiment has no vanes disposed in the cartridge 12a, but the already mentioned transport rollers 249a to 249d having a profiled peripheral surface. The profile of the transport rollers 249a to 249d has transverse ribs through which creates a positive connection with the banknotes in contact with the wheels 249a to 249d with their lower edge becomes. As a result, the banknotes can be transported safely in the direction of the stack 36 or into the cassette 12b. The pressure element 242 is in FIG. 15 simplified illustrated as a swivel lever. Both the pivoting levers 242 to 248 serving as pressing elements and the profiled transporting rollers 249a to 249d can also be used in the first embodiment of the invention, in the same way the impellers of the first embodiment arranged in the cassette 12a and those in FIG FIG. 8 shown and described in this context pressure element can be used in the second embodiment of the invention.
  • In FIG. 16 is the side view of the singulation and stacking module 200 after FIG. 15 illustrated, wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in a second position when feeding a banknote 38. During the further circulation P50 of the endless conveyor belt 202, the banknote 38 arranged in some areas in the transport straps 202a to 206a has been pulled out of these transport straps 202a to 206a, the banknote 38 and the entire stack 36 being pushed away from the conveyor belt 202 with the aid of the pressure elements 242 to 248 have been. While the pile of banknotes 36 is pushed away from the conveyor belt 202, the endless conveyor belt 202 is driven against the direction of the arrow P50, in parallel with the lower impeller 232 is further driven and rotated. In this case, one wing of the impeller 232 presses the lower area of the banknote 38 against the banknote stack 36.
  • In FIG. 17 is the side view of the separating and stacking module 200 after the FIGS. 15 and 16 shown, wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in a third position when feeding the banknote 38. In this position it can be seen that a wing of the lower impeller 232 at the same time surrounds the trailing edge of the fed banknote 38 and also engages in the transport tab 202a.
  • In FIG. 18 is the side view of the singulation and stacking module after the FIGS. 15 to 17 2, wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in a fourth position, in which the lower area of the supplied banknote 38 has been displaced towards the stack by means of the lower impeller 232 and at the same time the transporting tab 202a has been opened for supplying a further banknote.
  • In FIG. 19 is a simplified side view of the singulation and stacking module 200 after the FIGS. 14 to 18 alternative singulation and stacking module 252 shown for stacking and separating banknotes. The feeding and separating elements are shown in a first position when feeding a banknote. The singulation and stacking module 252 differs from the singulation and stacking module 200 according to the FIGS. 14 to 18 by the formation of the lower impeller 232, wherein the two wings of the lower impeller 232 at the separating and stacking modules 200, 252 each have an angular distance of 141 ° and 219 °. In the separating and stacking module 200, the impeller 232 is rotated such that when feeding a banknote 38, the wings are arranged such that they face the banknote 38 with their smaller angular spacing of 141 °. In the separating and stacking module 252, the lower impeller 232 is rotated in such a way that the blades of the impeller 232 with their large angular spacing of 219 ° face the supplied banknote 38. In FIG. 19 the transport tab 202a in the same manner as in connection with FIG. 15 opened for a banknote 38 to be supplied.
  • In FIG. 20 is the side view of the separating and stacking module 252 after FIG. 19 shown, wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in a second position when feeding the banknote 38. The lower impeller is simultaneously rotated when driving the conveyor belt 202 against the direction P50, so that the in FIG. 16 Down arranged wings of the impeller 232 surrounds the trailing edge of the fed bill 38 and at the same time engages in the transport tab 202 a, as shown in FIG. 21 is shown. As a result, the wing pushes the lower portion of the fed banknote 38 towards the stack 36 and simultaneously opens the transport tab 202a, as shown in FIG FIG. 22 is shown.
  • In FIG. 23 is one in the vault 10 after FIG. 1 arranged banknote cassette 12b with a separating and stacking module 200 according to the second embodiment of the invention shown for feeding and removing banknotes. Furthermore, a section of the transport path 18 and a transport roller pair 260 with a drive roller 262 and a pressure roller 264 are shown. With the help of the transport roller pair 260, a transport path for banknotes between the separating and stacking module 200 and the transport path 18 is formed. The transport elements of the transport path 18 and arranged in this transport path switches are in FIG. 23 not shown. The separating and stacking module 200 is already in the stacking basic position in the illustration according to FIG. 23, in which a banknote to be fed to the cassette 12b can be transported into the gap between the opened transporting lug 202a and the endless conveyor belt 202 by means of the drive wheel 44. The transfer carriage 82 disposed in the cassette 12b is in FIG FIG. 23 not shown.
  • The conveyor belts 202 to 206 with the transport straps 202a to 206a are also referred to as dandruff belts, since the transport straps 202a to 206a are in the form of scales on the respective conveyor belt 202 to 206. Preferably, both the endless conveyor belts 202 to 206 and the transport tabs 202a to 206a are made of a polyester film having a uniform thickness in the range of 0.1 to 0.75 mm, preferably in the range of 0.2 to 0.35 mm. A strength of 0.25 has proved to be advantageous. The singulation and stacking module 200 according to the second embodiment of the invention is also particularly suitable for a vertical cassette arrangement, ie in an arrangement of the cassette such that the end face of the stack 36 is arranged in a horizontal plane, preferably at the top of the stack.
  • A particular advantage of the separating and stacking module 200, 252 with the conveyor belts 202 to 206 is that a banknote 38 to be supplied is protected in the transport straps 202a to 206a when it is transported in front of the end face of the stack 36. The banknote 38 is covered in the front note section by the relatively wide transport tabs 202a to 206a and has no direct contact with the end face of the stack 36 in the area of the transport tabs 202a to 206a. As a result, the fed banknote 38 can not get caught in projecting areas of used banknotes. Also, compared to other embodiments, lower demands are placed on the rigidity of the banknotes to be supplied against buckling. By the conveyor belts 202 to 206, a flat and low-mass design of the feed is possible. Furthermore, a linear guidance of the banknote is achieved by the transport belt 202, which is deflected by means of two deflection rollers with the transport straps 202a to 206a. The endless conveyor belt 202 with the at least one transporting lug 202a, preferably with two transporting lugs each, can be produced from two stamped foils which are welded to the endless conveyor belt 202 with transporting lug 202a at at least two connecting points, preferably by a respective welded connection. As a welding method, an ultrasonic welding method is particularly suitable. The withdrawal of a banknote from the cassette 12b takes place in the embodiments according to the FIGS. 14 to 23 in the same way as for the first embodiment in conjunction with the FIGS. 2 to 13 described.
  • In FIG. 24 1 is a plan view of a stacking and separating wheel shaft 270 of a separating and stacking module of a third embodiment of the invention with a total of three stacking and separating wheels 272 to 276 arranged on this shaft. The Stapelradwelle 270 is driven by an electric motor, wherein the drive of the shaft 270 via a non-rotatably connected to the shaft 270, the toothed belt pulley 278 takes place. Furthermore, a total of three toothed belt pulleys 280 to 284 are non-rotatably connected to the stacking and separating wheel shaft 270, by means of which toothed belts 286 to 290 can drive freely rotatably mounted cam disks on a shaft arranged parallel to the stacking and separating shaft 270.
  • In addition to the separating and stacking wheels 272 to 276, two additional stacking wheels 292, 294 are provided which have no take-off elements and thus no separation function. The separating and stacking wheels 272 to 276 each have two pull-out elements 272a, 272b, 274a, 274b, 276a, 276b which can be moved out of the peripheral surface of the separating and stacking wheels 272 to 276. The outsides of these trigger elements 272a to 276b are each profiled by transverse grooves and have a relatively high coefficient of friction, so that banknotes already at a relatively low pressure force with the help of the trigger elements 272a to 276b can be moved or deducted. For example, at least the surface of the trigger members 272a to 276b is made of a rubber material.
  • Furthermore, the stacking and separating wheel shaft 270 has control levers 296, 298, the end of which is remote from the stacking and separating wheel shaft 270 for controlling the movement of the retaining or pressing elements 190_. Furthermore, clamping elements arranged via the control levers 296, 298 in the stacking and separating wheels 272 to 276 can be controlled via a cam disc arranged on the already mentioned parallel shaft and / or via cam disks arranged in the stacking and separating wheels. The belt drives 280 to 290 for driving the cams, of which in FIG. 24 the pulleys 280 to 284 arranged on the stacking and separating wheel shaft 270 and the toothed belts 286 to 290 are shown to have a gear ratio to the pulleys coupled to the cams. In the present embodiment, the separating and stacking wheels 272 to 270 each have two stacking chambers, wherein a transmission ratio of 1 to 2 is provided, so that the cams have twice the number of revolutions, as the stacking and separating wheel shaft 270th
  • FIG. 25 shows a perspective view of the separating and Stapelradwelle 270 after FIG. 24 , In the presentation after FIG. 25 are each a chamber 272 c to 276 c for receiving a portion of a supplied bill of the separating and stacking wheels 272 to 276 and the Stacking wheels 292 and 294 shown. The visible chamber of the separating and stacking wheel 272 is designated by the reference numeral 272c, the visible chamber of the separating and stacking wheel 274 is denoted by the reference numeral 274c and the chamber of the separating and stacking wheel 276 is denoted by the reference numeral 274c. The visible chamber of the stacking wheel 292 is designated by the reference numeral 292c and the visible chamber of the stacking wheel 294 is designated by the reference numeral 294c.
  • In FIG. 26 is a side view of the stacking and separating wheel shaft 270 after the Figures 24 and 25 shown, in which also the second chamber 292d of the stacking wheel 292 is visible.
  • The FIG. 27 shows the side view of the separating and stacking wheel 272 with the chambers 272c and 272d for receiving banknotes. Furthermore, the axis of rotation 300 of the cam 302 parallel to the separating and stacking wheel shaft 270 is shown. The cam 302 is scanned by the lever 296, wherein depending on the course of the cam 302 via the lever 296 at least one of the two trigger elements 272a, 272b can be moved out of the peripheral surface of the separating and stacking wheel 270 to the in the cassette 12c at a Front end of the stack 36 arranged banknote to contact.
  • In FIG. 27 is a starting position for separating (separation basic position) of existing in the cassette 12c Banknotes arranged in a stack 36 are shown. An impeller 304 having a blade 306 is rotated in a singulation mode so that the blade 306 does not protrude into the transport path for transporting the bank notes pushed down from the front of the stack 36 by means of the withdrawal members 272a, 272b. As a result of the rotational movement of the singling and stacking wheel 272, the banknote arranged one end face of the stack 36 is pushed downwards in a transport gap between the drive wheel 44 and the pressure roller 50. Furthermore, the in FIG. 27 shown arrangement Abstreifrollen 52, which are not rotated when removing a banknote or are rotated during removal alternatively against the transport direction of the bill, so that in a double deduction, the second behind the stripping of the stripping 272a, 272b contacted note down with shifted bill not in the Transport gap between the drive wheel 44 and the pressure roller 50 comes. The arrangement further comprises a sensor arrangement for detecting the front edge of a banknote 38 to be paid off. In addition, the sensor arrangement can detect the trailing edge of the transported banknote 38. The sensor arrangement comprises, in particular, a light source 308 and a receiver 310 which, together with an evaluation unit, not shown, form a light barrier sensor arrangement. When supplying banknotes, the impeller 304 is rotated such that the wing 304 protrudes into the transport path for the removal of banknotes, so that in particular the supplied banknotes can not get into this transport gap.
  • In FIG. 28 is the arrangement after FIG. 27 shown with the outwardly pivoted trigger element 272a, wherein the trigger element 272a contacted in the moved-out state, the surface of the arranged on the front side of the stack 36 banknote 38 and in a further rotational movement of the separating and stacking wheel 272, the banknote 38 down into the transport gap between the Scraper element 52 and the drive wheel 44 and between the pinch roller 50 and the drive wheel 44 pushes. As an alternative to the shown belt drive of the cam plate 302, the cam plate 304 can also be driven via an electric motor, preferably a stepper motor, possibly together with further cam discs.
  • In FIG. 29 is the arrangement after the Figures 27 and 28 shown, wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in a position in which the arranged on the end face of the stack 36 banknote 38 has already been pushed into the transport gap between the drive wheel 44 and the pressure roller 50. As a result, the banknote 38 interrupts the light beam between the light source 308 and the receiver 310, so that the light barrier arrangement detects the removed banknote 38.
  • In FIG. 30 is the arrangement after the FIGS. 24 to 29 , wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in an operating mode for feeding banknotes into the cassette 12c. There is already a banknote stack 36 in the cassette 12c. The impeller 304 with the wing 306 is rotated so that the banknotes of the Stack 36 and other fed banknotes 38 can not get into the area between the drive wheel 44 and stripping 52 and drive wheel 44 and pinch roller 50. A banknote 38 to be supplied is fed to the assembly from the transport path 18 via transport elements 312, 314, 316 and a diverter 318, the diverter 318 continuing to serve as a guide element. The supplied banknote 38 is transported into the chamber 272c with sections of its front area. The separating and stacking wheel 272 is in FIG. 30 in a start position for feeding banknotes into the cassette 12c.
  • In FIG. 31 is the arrangement after the FIGS. 27 to 30 shown, wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in a second feed position. An unillustrated clamping element controlled by a further cam and a further lever 320a presses the banknote 38 in the chamber 272c from the inside against the outside of the chamber so that the banknote 38 is clamped in the chamber 272c. The process is controlled so that a rotation of the separating and stacking wheel 272 is started at the latest when the front edge of the fed banknote 38 has reached the chamber bottom or the end face of the chamber 272c, which forms a stop for the banknote 38 in the transport direction. After the front edge of the banknote 38 has reached the end face of the chamber 272c or immediately thereafter, the banknote 38 is clamped in the chamber 272c under the control of the cam plate, controlled by the lever 320a. In this case, the lever 320a is pressed against the spring force of a spring 322a against the outside of the chamber 272c.
  • In FIG. 32 is the arrangement after the FIGS. 27 to 31 shown, wherein the feeding and separating elements are shown in a third feed position, in which the separating and stacking wheel 272 relative to the in FIG. 31 shown second feed position is rotated further. This supply position of the clamped in the chamber 272c portion of the banknote 38 is still disposed in the chamber 272c. In the in FIG. 32 In the position shown, the clamping lever 322a is released via the cam, so that, although the area of the banknote 238 is still in the chamber 272c, it is no longer clamped. Further, the rear portion of the banknote 38 is no longer in engagement with the transport elements 312 to 318, whereby the banknote 38 is lifted due to their rigidity from the lateral surface of the separating and stacking wheel 272 and thereby upright to the front side of the stack 36 back. In a further rotational movement of the separating and stacking wheel 272, the front edge of the supplied banknote 38 abuts against a plurality of stripping elements 324 arranged between the drive wheels 44, by means of which the movement of the banknote 38 is stopped. At the same time, the separating and stacking wheel 272 is further rotated, so that the front region of the banknote 38 is no longer arranged in the chamber 272c during a corresponding further rotation of the separating and stacking wheel 272. As a result, the supplied banknote 38 is no longer in engagement with the separating and stacking wheel 272. Due to the rigidity of the supplied banknote 38, this aligns so that they are located immediately in front of the front side of the already in the cassette 12c Stack 36 is arranged and forms the new front side of the stack.
  • In FIG. 33 is a side view of the stacking and separating wheel 272 according to the third embodiment of the invention without inner cam shown. The cam, not shown controls the movement of the clamping lever 320a, 320b, wherein the springs 322a, 322b press the lever ends against the cam. In FIG. 34 is the stacking and separating wheel 272 after FIG. 33 in a further side view and in FIG. 35 shown in a perspective view. FIG. 36 shows a further side view of the stacking and separating wheel 272, wherein the in FIG. 33 shown side opposite the stacking and separating wheel 272 is shown without a second cam. With the aid of this second cam disk, the movement of the stripping elements 272a, 272b out of the peripheral surface of the stacking and separating wheel 272 is controlled via a respective lever assigned to the respective stripping element 272a, 272b. There are provided springs which press the lever end of the lever, which is not connected to the stripping elements, against the cam disk. The stripping elements are moved out with the aid of the spring force of these springs depending on the course of the cam from the peripheral surface of the stacking and separating wheel 272.
  • In FIG. 37 Figure 11 is a side view of the cassette 12c, together with a note retracting door 326 similar to the note retracting door 68, which has opposite the note retracting flap 68 to the stacking and separating wheels 272 to 278 and the separating wheels adapted cutouts. Furthermore, further transport elements for providing a transport path 18 are shown. In contrast to the described first and second embodiments of the invention are for the singulation and stacking module according to the third embodiment of the invention, two switches in the transport path 18 to be arranged, since the separating and stacking module to be supplied banknotes 38 the stacking and separating wheels 272 to 276 in supplied to the upper area and withdrawn banknote are discharged from the stacking and separating wheels 272 to 276 in the lower area. The note retracting door 326 and the banknote stack 36 are in FIG. 37 in its stacking and separating position and in a rest position, wherein the note return flap in the rest position by the reference numeral 326 'and the banknote stack by the reference numeral 36' denotes.
  • In Figure 38 is a side view of a separating and stacking module 350 shown according to a fourth embodiment, the alternative to the separating and stacking modules 30, 200, 252, 270 of the first three embodiments of the invention as separating and stacking module 14a to 14d FIG. 1 can be used. The separating and stacking module 350 is likewise engaged with the cassette 12a, as in connection with the first embodiment of the invention according to FIGS FIGS. 2 to 13 explained. Furthermore, the function and the structure are right the impellers 54, the note retracting shutter 68, the drive wheel 44, the Abstreifrades 52 with the first embodiment of the invention match.
  • In contrast to the first embodiment of the invention according to the FIGS. 3 to 13 is in the fourth embodiment, a lower impeller 232 according to the second embodiment of the invention according to the FIGS. 15 to 23 intended. Further, a pressing device 352 is provided instead of the pressing device 45. The pressure device 352 comprises a traction magnet drive 354 which is coupled to a pressure ram 358 via a lever 356. The movement of the traction magnet drive 354 is deflected about a stationary axis of rotation 360. Furthermore, the movement of the plunger 358 is preferably limited or guided by further guide elements, not shown. The axis of rotation 360 is preferably formed by a housing frame protruding from a housing frame 362 arranged laterally of the separating and stacking module 350, which protrudes through a complementary opening provided in the lever 356 and thereby forms a deflection axis or axis of rotation 360.
  • In the in Figure 38 the banknote 38 is transported into the feed region 46, wherein the impeller 54 is already moved out of its stacking basic position in order to provide the banknote 38 with sufficient space also upwards and not to obstruct the movement of the banknote 38 when it is fed into the supply region 46 in particular, not to form a height stop. At the in FIG. 39 shown feeding position, the upper impeller 54 has been further rotated. In the in FIG. 39 shown position of the impeller 54 is the already explained wing envelope of the impeller 54. Further, the lower impeller 232 has been rotated. Furthermore, the traction magnet drive 354 has been activated so that the pressure ram 358 contacts the supplied banknote 38 in its lower half and presses it in the direction of the end face of the stack 36.
  • In FIG. 40 For example, another subsequent feed position is shown in feeding the bill 38 into the cassette 12a. In this case, the lower impeller 232 and the upper impeller 54 have been further rotated, whereby the second wing 58 more contacted with the outside of the curved portion of the wing 58, the fed banknote 38 in its upper half and the banknote 38 by the further movement of the impeller 54th moved further in the stack base position in the direction of the stack 36 and presses against the end face of the stack 36. Similarly, the lower impeller 232 is further rotated and contacts the supplied banknote 38 in its lower half, preferably at its lower edge, and presses the lower portion of the supplied banknote 38 against the front of the stack 36 already in the cassette 12a FIG. 40 have shown that a further banknote 40 is already transported into the feed region 46 in this feed position. By pressing the banknote 38 against the front side of the stack 36, the banknote 38 forms the following Front side of the stack 36. The further procedure when feeding the banknote 40 coincides with the described procedure for feeding the banknote 38.
  • In FIG. 41 is the singulation and stacking module 350 after the Figures 38 to 40 shown, wherein the separating and stacking elements are shown in a singulating position. The upper impeller 54 has been rotated to the stack base already described in connection with the first embodiment. Furthermore, the stack 36 located in the cassette 12a has been moved towards the take-off wheel 32, so that the front side of the banknote 38 forming the end face of the stack 36 is pressed against the lateral surface of the take-off wheel 32. By a rotary movement of the take-off wheel 32, the banknote 38 is pushed down into the gap between the drive wheel 44 and the stripping roller 52 and between the drive wheel 44 and the pressure roller 50. By a corresponding rotational movement of the drive wheel 44, the thus separated banknote 38 is transported further to the transport path 18. The note retracting flap 68 is in the in the FIGS. 38 to 41 shown in an open position and can be actuated in the same manner as in connection with the first two embodiments in conjunction with the FIGS. 2 to 37 described.
  • The individual elements described in connection with one of the four exemplary embodiments may alternatively or additionally also be used in the case of the respective other described embodiments may be used alone or in combination as a limiting feature of the following claims.
  • LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS
  • 10
    safe
    12a to 12d
    cassette
    14a to 14d
    Separation and stacking module
    16a to 16d
    transport elements
    18
    transport path
    20
    Transfer interface
    30
    Separation and stacking module
    32
    pull-off
    34
    Abzugsradwelle
    36
    Stack of notes
    38
    bill
    39
    Light barrier arrangement
    40
    bill
    42
    Main drive shaft
    44
    drive wheel
    45
    pressure device
    46
    feeding
    48
    guide element
    50
    pinch
    52
    stripper
    53
    drive shaft
    54
    impeller
    56
    hub
    58, 60
    wing
    62
    drive shaft
    63
    axis of rotation
    64
    inclined deflector
    65
    feather
    66
    lower impeller
    68
    Note retracting shutter
    70, 70a, 70b
    belt
    71
    drive shaft
    72, 72a to 72e
    Kassettenflügelrad
    74, 76, 78
    Wing of the lower impeller
    75
    stripping element
    80
    electric motor
    82
    Transfer cars
    84, 86
    axis
    88, 90
    guide rails
    92, 94
    guide wheels
    96
    drive unit
    98
    push element
    100, 102
    gear stages
    104
    rack
    106, 108
    slots
    110
    slope
    112
    axis of rotation
    114
    lever
    116
    feather
    118, 120
    lever arm
    122
    drive shaft
    124
    gear
    126
    sensor arrangement
    128
    drive unit
    130
    gear stage
    134
    role
    136
    Rotary axis of the note retraction flap
    138a to 138g
    lamellae
    140
    Front side of the cassette
    142a to 142e
    rotational axes
    144
    guide rail
    146
    electric motor
    148 to 154
    gear stages
    156
    drive shaft
    158
    gear
    160, 160a, 160b
    pulleys
    162, 164
    opening
    166
    wave
    168
    shell
    170
    gear
    172
    double gear
    174, 176
    gear
    175
    engine
    178
    belt drive
    180
    drive shaft
    182, 184, 186
    gears
    188
    magnetic coupling
    189
    gear
    190a to 190f
    Retaining element
    192
    pull magnet
    194
    wave
    195
    pressure device
    196
    shell
    198
    gear
    200
    Separation and stacking module
    202 to 206
    conveyor belts
    202a to 206a
    transport tabs
    208, 210
    pull-off wheels
    212 to 216
    upper pulleys
    218
    drive shaft
    220
    electric motor
    222
    belt drive
    224 to 228
    lower pulleys
    230
    drive shaft
    232 to 240
    one-winged impeller
    242 to 248
    pressure elements
    249a to 249d
    transport wheels
    250
    stepper motor
    251
    belt drive
    252
    Separation and stacking module
    260
    Transport roller pair
    262
    drive roller
    264
    pressure roller
    270
    Stacking and separating wheel shaft
    272 to 276
    Stacking and separating wheel
    272c to 276c
    chamber
    272d to 276d
    chamber
    278
    Timing pulley
    280 to 284
    Timing pulley
    286 to 290
    toothed belt
    292, 294
    stacking
    296 to 302
    control lever
    292c, 294c
    chamber
    300
    axis of rotation
    302
    cam
    304
    impeller
    306
    wing
    308
    light source
    310
    light receiver
    312, 314, 316
    transport elements
    318
    switch
    320
    lever
    322
    feather
    324
    stripping element
    326
    Note retracting shutter
    350
    Separation and stacking module
    352
    pressure device
    354
    pull magnet
    356
    lever
    358
    pressure rams
    360
    axis of rotation
    362
    housing frame

    Claims (14)

    1. Single-sheet handling device for inputting and outputting rectangular individual sheets, in particular banknotes, into or out of a container,
      with feed devices (14a to 14d, 30, 200, 252, 270, 350), the feed elements for feeding individual sheets (38) in sheets and for depositing these individual sheets in a stack (36) of individual sheets (38) in the container (12a to 12d), and
      with a separating device (14a to 14d, 30, 200, 252, 270, 350), which comprises separating elements for the sheet-by-sheet removal of individual sheets (38) of the stack (36) from the container (12a to 12d),
      wherein the feeding elements and the separating elements are arranged separately from the container (12a to 12d),
      characterized,
      in that at least one actively driven limiting device (82) is provided, which is movable in the stacking direction and opposite to the stacking direction and limits the stacking space in the single-sheet receiving region in the container (12a to 12d).
    2. Apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the limiting device in the container (12a to 12d) is arranged and preferably comprises a sliding carriage, held by means of the limiting device, the individual sheets (38) of the stack (36) in a position in which they standing their horizontal edge standing as a stack (36).
    3. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the individual sheets (38) are arranged one behind the other, each standing on its longitudinal edge as a stack (36) in the container (12a to 12d).
    4. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the feed device has at least one at least one winged impeller (54) as feed element, and that the feed device comprises at least one drive unit for driving the at least one impeller (54), wherein the drive unit drives the impeller (54 ) when feeding another single sheet (38) rotates such that the wing (58, 60) presses against the end face of a stack (36) of individual sheets (38) located in a single-sheet receiving area of the container (12a to 12d) and at least temporarily removes at least part of these individual sheets (38) into the single-sheet receiving area of the container (12a to 12d ) and generates a free feed area for positioning the further single sheet (38) in front of the end face of the stack (38).
    5. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the feed elements position a single sheet (38) to be fed to the container (12a to 12c) in front of the stack surface formed by an end face of the stack (36).
    6. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that at least a part of the feed elements and at least a part of the separating elements are designed and arranged such that they at least in a feed or singulation operation of the single sheet handling device (14a to 14d, 30, 200, 252 , 270, 350) contact at least one single sheet (38) located in a single sheet receiving area of the container (12a to 12d) through at least one opening (P 5) of an end boundary wall (68, 326) of the single sheet receiving area.
    7. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the single sheet handling device (14a to 14d, 30, 200, 252, 270, 350) at least one active drive (96) for changing the position of a front flap as a flap (68, 326) formed boundary wall the container (12a to 12d), wherein the drive (96) causes the movement of the flap (68, 326) in a feed and / or singulation position, in which a supply and / or removal opening for feeding and / or removing the Single sheets (38) is released.
    8. Apparatus according to claim 7, characterized in that the active drive (96) the flap (68, 326) before or during the separation of the container (12a to 12d) from the feeding and separating elements, preferably before or during a removal operation for removing the Container (12a to 12d) from an ATM, moved to a rest position, wherein the flap (68, 326) is arranged in the rest position such that the supply and / or removal opening (P 5) is closed, wherein the flap (68 , 326) preferably at least a portion of the individual sheets (38) of the stack (36) in the single sheet receiving portion of the container (12a to 12d) pushes.
    9. Apparatus according to claim 7 or 8, characterized in that the drive (96) the flap (68, 326) at least then from the feeding and / or separating position in the rest position and from the rest position moved to the feeding and / or separating position, when a change of the operating mode from the feed operation in the singulation mode or when a change of the operating mode from the singulation to the feed mode.
    10. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the container is a closable exchangeable cassette (12a to 12d).
    11. Device according to one of the preceding claims 7 to 10, characterized in that the container (12a to 12d) has a plurality of interconnected sliding slats (138a to 138g), which prevents at least an unauthorized access to the flap (68, 326) in a closed position wherein a drive member or an engagement member automatically brings the lamellae (138a-138g) into the closed position prior to or upon removal of the container (12a-12d) from the supply and singulation members.
    12. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that at least the active drive elements for driving the separating elements and the active drive elements for driving the feed elements are not part of the container.
    13. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the feed elements comprise at least one displacement element (45, 42 to 48, 352), the one fed before the end face of the stack (36) positioned single sheet (38) at least in a contact region with the displacement element (45, 242 to 248, 352) to the end face of the stack (36) out.
    14. Apparatus according to claim 13, characterized in that a drive unit (247, 354) actively drives the displacement element (242 to 248, 352) for carrying out the displacement movement.
    EP18189949.3A 2008-04-15 2009-04-15 Single sheet handling device for inputting and for dispensing of rectangular individual sheets, in particular banknotes, into or out of a container Pending EP3441340A1 (en)

    Priority Applications (3)

    Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
    DE102008018935A DE102008018935A1 (en) 2008-04-15 2008-04-15 Sheet handling apparatus for inputting and outputting of rectangular single sheets, in particular banknotes, into or from a container
    EP09731979.2A EP2268563B1 (en) 2008-04-15 2009-04-15 Device for handling single sheets, for introducing and distributing rectangular single sheets, especially bank notes, respectively into and out of a container
    PCT/EP2009/054446 WO2009127648A2 (en) 2008-04-15 2009-04-15 Device for handling single sheets, for introducing and distributing rectangular single sheets, especially bank notes, respectively into and out of a container

    Related Parent Applications (1)

    Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
    EP09731979.2A Division EP2268563B1 (en) 2008-04-15 2009-04-15 Device for handling single sheets, for introducing and distributing rectangular single sheets, especially bank notes, respectively into and out of a container

    Publications (1)

    Publication Number Publication Date
    EP3441340A1 true EP3441340A1 (en) 2019-02-13

    Family

    ID=41078545

    Family Applications (6)

    Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
    EP18189947.7A Pending EP3441338A1 (en) 2008-04-15 2009-04-15 Single sheet handling device for inputting and for dispensing of rectangular individual sheets, in particular banknotes, into or out of a container
    EP18189944.4A Pending EP3441336A1 (en) 2008-04-15 2009-04-15 Single sheet handling device for inputting and for dispensing of rectangular individual sheets, in particular banknotes, into or out of a container
    EP18189949.3A Pending EP3441340A1 (en) 2008-04-15 2009-04-15 Single sheet handling device for inputting and for dispensing of rectangular individual sheets, in particular banknotes, into or out of a container
    EP18189945.1A Pending EP3441337A1 (en) 2008-04-15 2009-04-15 Single sheet handling device for inputting and for dispensing of rectangular individual sheets, in particular banknotes, into or out of a container
    EP09731979.2A Active EP2268563B1 (en) 2008-04-15 2009-04-15 Device for handling single sheets, for introducing and distributing rectangular single sheets, especially bank notes, respectively into and out of a container
    EP18189948.5A Pending EP3441339A1 (en) 2008-04-15 2009-04-15 Single sheet handling device for inputting and for dispensing of rectangular individual sheets, in particular banknotes, into or out of a container

    Family Applications Before (2)

    Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
    EP18189947.7A Pending EP3441338A1 (en) 2008-04-15 2009-04-15 Single sheet handling device for inputting and for dispensing of rectangular individual sheets, in particular banknotes, into or out of a container
    EP18189944.4A Pending EP3441336A1 (en) 2008-04-15 2009-04-15 Single sheet handling device for inputting and for dispensing of rectangular individual sheets, in particular banknotes, into or out of a container

    Family Applications After (3)

    Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
    EP18189945.1A Pending EP3441337A1 (en) 2008-04-15 2009-04-15 Single sheet handling device for inputting and for dispensing of rectangular individual sheets, in particular banknotes, into or out of a container
    EP09731979.2A Active EP2268563B1 (en) 2008-04-15 2009-04-15 Device for handling single sheets, for introducing and distributing rectangular single sheets, especially bank notes, respectively into and out of a container
    EP18189948.5A Pending EP3441339A1 (en) 2008-04-15 2009-04-15 Single sheet handling device for inputting and for dispensing of rectangular individual sheets, in particular banknotes, into or out of a container

    Country Status (6)

    Country Link
    US (6) US8485432B2 (en)
    EP (6) EP3441338A1 (en)
    JP (2) JP5518839B2 (en)
    CN (2) CN102007059B (en)
    DE (1) DE102008018935A1 (en)
    WO (1) WO2009127648A2 (en)

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