EP3265832A1 - Electrical assembly for measuring a current intensity of a direct-current circuit by means of the anisotropic magnetoresistive effect - Google Patents

Electrical assembly for measuring a current intensity of a direct-current circuit by means of the anisotropic magnetoresistive effect

Info

Publication number
EP3265832A1
EP3265832A1 EP16703305.9A EP16703305A EP3265832A1 EP 3265832 A1 EP3265832 A1 EP 3265832A1 EP 16703305 A EP16703305 A EP 16703305A EP 3265832 A1 EP3265832 A1 EP 3265832A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
measuring
line
current
positive
electrical
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
EP16703305.9A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Zoltan HERICS
Csaba NAGYNEMEDI
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Magna Powertrain AG and Co KG
Original Assignee
Magna Powertrain AG and Co KG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE102015203732 priority Critical
Application filed by Magna Powertrain AG and Co KG filed Critical Magna Powertrain AG and Co KG
Priority to PCT/EP2016/052548 priority patent/WO2016139028A1/en
Publication of EP3265832A1 publication Critical patent/EP3265832A1/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R33/00Arrangements or instruments for measuring magnetic variables
    • G01R33/02Measuring direction or magnitude of magnetic fields or magnetic flux
    • G01R33/06Measuring direction or magnitude of magnetic fields or magnetic flux using galvano-magnetic devices, e.g. Hall effect devices; using magneto-resistive devices
    • G01R33/09Magnetoresistive devices
    • G01R33/096Magnetoresistive devices anisotropic magnetoresistance sensors
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R15/00Details of measuring arrangements of the types provided for in groups G01R17/00 - G01R29/00 and G01R33/00 - G01R35/00
    • G01R15/14Adaptations providing voltage or current isolation, e.g. for high-voltage or high-current networks
    • G01R15/20Adaptations providing voltage or current isolation, e.g. for high-voltage or high-current networks using galvano-magnetic devices, e.g. Hall-effect devices, i.e. measuring a magnetic field via the interaction between a current and a magnetic field, e.g. magneto resistive or Hall effect devices
    • G01R15/205Adaptations providing voltage or current isolation, e.g. for high-voltage or high-current networks using galvano-magnetic devices, e.g. Hall-effect devices, i.e. measuring a magnetic field via the interaction between a current and a magnetic field, e.g. magneto resistive or Hall effect devices using magneto-resistance devices, e.g. field plates
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R15/00Details of measuring arrangements of the types provided for in groups G01R17/00 - G01R29/00 and G01R33/00 - G01R35/00
    • G01R15/14Adaptations providing voltage or current isolation, e.g. for high-voltage or high-current networks
    • G01R15/20Adaptations providing voltage or current isolation, e.g. for high-voltage or high-current networks using galvano-magnetic devices, e.g. Hall-effect devices, i.e. measuring a magnetic field via the interaction between a current and a magnetic field, e.g. magneto resistive or Hall effect devices
    • G01R15/207Constructional details independent of the type of device used
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R19/00Arrangements for measuring currents or voltages or for indicating presence or sign thereof
    • G01R19/10Measuring sum, difference or ratio
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R33/00Arrangements or instruments for measuring magnetic variables
    • G01R33/0005Geometrical arrangement of magnetic sensor elements; Apparatus combining different magnetic sensor types

Abstract

The invention relates to an electrical assembly, comprising a direct-current circuit and a current-measuring device (8) for measuring a current intensity of the direct-current circuit (7), wherein the direct-current circuit (7) has a direct-current source, a positive line (1), and a negative line (2), wherein the positive line (1) is electrically connected to a positive pole (3) of the direct-current source and the negative line (2) is electrically connected to a negative pole (4) of the direct-current source, wherein the current-measuring device (8) comprises a measuring element (5), wherein the positive line (1) and the negative line (2) extend parallel to each other at least in a measurement region (6) and the measuring element (5) is arranged in the measurement region (6), wherein the measuring element (5) is designed in such a way that the measuring element measures a current on the basis of the anisotropic magnetoresistive effect during current flow.

Description

 ELECTRICAL STRUCTURE FOR MEASURING A CURRENT STRENGTH OF A DC CIRCUIT BY MEANS OF THE ANISOTROPIC MAGNETORESISTIVE EFFECT

Field of the invention

The present invention relates to an electrical structure comprising a DC circuit and a current measuring device for measuring a current intensity of the DC circuit.

State of the art

The potential-free current measurement is used in a wide variety of technical areas that deal with electrical energy transmission - as in the field of automotive technology.

In electric and hybrid motor vehicles, a wide variety of energy storage devices are used, with the currently most well-known representatives of energy storage devices in the automotive application being battery systems based on lithium-ion secondary batteries.

The use of such a battery system requires a complex battery management, in particular to ensure safety, reliability and the required service life goals. An exact knowledge of all battery-relevant quantities, such as internal resistance, current and voltage, is the basic prerequisite of a successful battery management. For example, the aging of a battery can be determined by measuring an internal resistance. By means of voltage measurement in combination with a current measurement, the state of charge of a battery can be determined and a current measurement over time can be used to determine the discharged and / or applied charge.

Frequently, current measurement also plays an important role in the safety management of a battery system. Here, the current measurement is used, for example, for monitoring safety-relevant functions or for fault detection.

The current measurement is usually done by

a.) Measurement of a voltage drop via an inserted into the circuit resistor (shunt)

b.) Measurement of magnetic fields of a current-carrying conductor using a magnetoresistive effect, such as the Hall effect and / or the anisotropic magnetoresistive effect (AMR effect).

The document DE 10 2012 006 269 A1 describes, for example, a sensor arrangement for measuring a current intensity. In this case, the sensor arrangement comprises a current sensor which has at least one current detection element which detects a load current through an electrical conductor and provides an electrical measurement signal as a function of this load current. The current detection element is preferably described in this document as a resistance element, wherein it is explained that this can also be a magnetic field sensor element.

DE 43 00 605 C2 describes a sensor chip which operates in particular on the basis of the AMR effect and thus measures current by recording a magnetic field (a magnetic field gradient) in a potential-free manner. To the great sensitivity of the Magnetic field sensitive sensor system to minimize (homogeneous) interference fields is made by the special arrangement of the magnetically sensitive elements a Magnetfeldgradiometer. For example, in order to be able to provide the magnetic field gradient, a U-shaped design of the current conductor through which the current to be measured flows is proposed in the document. The disadvantage here is that the normally flowing in straight conductors current must be performed by a U-shaped conductor, which requires, inter alia, an increased production and construction space expenses. The document DE 198 38 536 A1 discloses an apparatus and a method for forming one or more magnetic field gradients by a current conductor which is straight at the location of the magnetic field measurement. Here, a straight conductor with a recess, such as a slot or a groove is presented. In the recess, the magnetic field-sensitive element, which is designed as Magnetfeldgradientenmeßgerät arranged. Furthermore, the possibility of arranging two Absolutfeldmeßgeräte described in the recess.

Summary of the invention

It is an object of the invention to provide an electrical structure for determining a current intensity of a DC circuit, which is characterized by a low space requirement and a minimized component complexity.

The object is achieved by an electrical structure comprising a DC circuit and a current measuring device for measuring a current of the DC circuit, wherein the DC circuit comprises a DC power source, a positive line and a negative line, wherein the positive line with a positive pole of the DC power source and the negative line with a Negative pole of Power source is electrically connected, wherein the current measuring device comprises a measuring element, wherein the positive line and the negative lead at least in a measuring range parallel to each other and in the measuring range, the measuring element is arranged, wherein the measuring element is designed such that it is the current flow based on the anisotropic magnetoresistive effect measures a current.

According to the invention, the electrical structure has a DC circuit and a current measuring device.

According to the present invention, the DC circuit includes a DC power source, a positive power line and a negative power line.

The positive line of the DC circuit is according to the invention electrically connected to a positive pole of the DC power source.

The negative line of the DC circuit is according to the invention electrically connected to a negative terminal of the DC power source. Plus line and minus line are thus flowed through by the same stream.

According to the invention, the current measuring device of the contactless measurement of a current of the DC circuit (DC) is used. It has for this purpose a measuring element, wherein this measuring element is arranged according to the invention in a measuring range.

According to the invention, the positive line and the minus line run parallel to each other in the measuring range. The measuring element is designed such that it measures a current during current flow on the basis of the anisotropic magnetoresistive effect.

By such an inventive electrical structure can be determined by the arrangement of the measuring element in the measuring range of the DC circuit in current flow in the simplest way, the corresponding current of the DC circuit.

Furthermore, the space required for this is minimized, so that a high integration density of all individual components is ensured.

In addition, in comparison to the prior art, the material and / or component requirements, in particular the electrical lines (positive line and / or negative line) and EMC filter measures relating, lowered.

Due to the use of the anisotropic magnetoresistive (AMR) effect and the arrangement of positive line and negative line to each other and, for example, a housing of the electrical structure, a current measurement of high accuracy and high robustness is realized.

Further developments of the invention are specified in the dependent claims, the description and the accompanying drawings.

Preferably, the measuring element is arranged in a side view of the electrical structure in the measuring range above the plus line and the minus line.

Furthermore, the measuring element is preferably arranged in a plan view of the electrical structure in the measuring range between the positive line and the negative line. It is particularly advantageous if, in a plan view of the electrical structure, the measuring element is arranged substantially centrally between the positive line and the negative line, that is, the distance of the positive line facing side edge of the measuring element to the positive line and the distance of the negative line facing Side edge of the measuring element to the negative lead are substantially equal.

The distance between the positive and negative leads and the positioning of the sensing element above the positive and negative leads (vertical position) is determined by the maximum measured amperage and by the dimensions of the plus and minus conductors, essentially their cross-section.

The current direction in the positive line is preferably opposite to the current direction in the negative line.

According to an advantageous embodiment variant, the measuring element has a housing with electrical connections, a semiconductor chip and at least one magnetic field-sensitive element. In a particularly preferred embodiment, the measuring element is an AMR sensor.

In order to ensure the function of the structure according to the invention, the measuring element is arranged on a printed circuit board. The printed circuit board is the carrier of the measuring element and other electrical components and allows the electrical connection between the measuring element and other electrical components. In addition, the printed circuit board is a separation between a low voltage region (measuring element level) and a high voltage region (DC circuit level). In a further preferred embodiment variant, the positive line and the negative line are essentially strip-like. These are in particular cuboid, non-ferromagnetic sheet metal parts made of, for example, copper or aluminum.

However, the cross section of the positive line and / or negative line need not be square - it may also be cylindrical, oval, etc. executed.

It is of advantage if the strip-like positive lead and the strip-like negative lead, at least in the measuring range, are symmetrically mirrored onto the vertical axis.

In an advantageous embodiment, the positive line and the negative line are particularly preferably arranged equidistantly in the measuring area.

Particularly preferably, the DC power source is a battery, in particular a battery for a motor vehicle.

Brief description of the drawings

The invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the drawings.

Fig. 1 shows a plan view of an exemplary mechanical structure according to the invention.

2 shows a sectional view of an exemplary inventive mechanical construction.

Fig. 3 shows schematically a plan view of a measuring element, a

 Plus line and a minus line. Fig. 4 shows a schematic perspective view of a

 Measuring element, a positive line and a negative line.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 shows a plan view of an exemplary electrical construction according to the invention.

The electrical structure has a DC circuit 7 and a current measuring device 8.

According to the invention, the DC circuit 7 comprises a DC power source, a positive power line 1 and a negative power line 2. The positive line 1 of the DC circuit 7 is electrically connected to a positive pole 3 of the DC power source.

The negative line 2 of the DC circuit 7 is electrically connected to a negative terminal 4 of the DC power source.

The current measuring device 8 is used for contactless measurement of a current intensity of the DC circuit 7 (DC). It has for this purpose a measuring element 5, wherein this measuring element 5 is arranged in a measuring range 6.

The plus line 1 and the minus line 2 run parallel to one another in the measuring area 6. In addition, the positive line 1 and the negative line 2 are arranged equidistantly in the measuring range 6. The measuring element 5 is designed such that it measures a current during current flow on the basis of the anisotropic magnetoresistive effect.

The measuring element 5 is arranged centrally in the measuring area 6 between the positive line 1 and the minus line 2 in the plan view of the electrical structure shown in FIG. 1 on a printed circuit board 9.

In the illustrated embodiment of the electrical construction according to the invention, the measuring element 5 in a plan view of the electrical structure in the measuring area 6 covers the positive line 1 and the minus line 2 at least partially.

FIG. 3 also shows schematically the arrangement of the measuring element 5 in the measuring region 6 between the positive line 1 and the minus line 2. The plus line 1 and the minus line 2 run parallel to one another in the measuring area 6. The plus line 1 and the minus line 2 are equidistant in the measuring range 6. FIG. 2 shows a side view of an exemplary electrical construction according to the invention. The side view in this figure (FIG. 2) shows a sectional plane along the line AA shown in FIG. Again, the positive line 1 and the negative line 2, this time in cross section, are shown.

Here, the plus line 1 and the minus line 2 have a strip-like design and are arranged horizontally but vertically, so that the surfaces of the strips face one another on the left and right and the narrow sides of the strips point up and down. In addition, the positive line 1 and the negative line 2 are arranged equidistantly in the measuring range 6 and run parallel to each other. The entire surfaces of the strips are therefore arranged parallel to one another in the measuring area.

The measuring element 5 is arranged in the illustrated side view of the electrical structure in the measuring range 6 above the positive line 1 and the negative line 2 on the circuit board 9. 4 also shows schematically the arrangement of the measuring element 5 in the measuring region 6 above the plus line 1 and the minus line 2. The positive line 1 and the minus line 2 run parallel to one another in the measuring range and are equidistant. 3 shows schematically a plan view of a measuring element 5, a positive line 1 and a minus line 2. The oppositely extending arrows shown in FIG. 3 indicate the current direction in the positive line 1 and the negative line 2. The current direction in the positive line is opposite to the current direction in the negative line.

4 shows schematically a perspective view of a measuring element 5, a positive line 1 and a minus line 2. The positive line 1 and the minus line 2 are here essentially designed as elongated cuboid, like a strip. They are equidistant and parallel to each other.

LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS

1 plus line

 2 negative lead

3 positive pole

 4 negative pole

 5 measuring element

 6 measuring range

 7 DC circuit 8 Current measuring device

9 circuit board

Claims

claims
Electrical construction comprising a DC circuit (7) and a
Current measuring device (8) for measuring a current of the DC circuit (7), wherein the DC circuit (7) comprises a DC power source, a positive line (1) and a negative line (2), wherein the positive line (1) with a positive pole (3) of the DC power source and the negative lead (2) is electrically connected to a negative pole (4) of the DC source, the current measuring device (8) comprising a measuring element (5),
characterized in that the plus line (1) and the minus line (2) extend parallel to each other at least in one measuring area (6) and in the measuring area (6) the measuring element (5) is arranged, wherein the measuring element (5) is designed such that it at current flow, measuring a current based on the anisotropic magnetoresistive effect.
Electrical construction according to claim 1,
The measuring element (5) is arranged in a side view of the electrical structure in the measuring area (6) above the positive line (1) and the negative line (2).
Electrical construction according to claim 1 or 2,
characterized in that the measuring element (5) in a plan view of the electrical structure in the measuring range (6) between the positive line (1) and the negative line (1) is arranged.
4. Electrical construction according to claim 3,
 That is, in a top view of the electrical structure, the measuring element (5) is arranged substantially centrally between the positive line (1) and the minus line (2).
5. Electrical construction according to one of the preceding claims,
 That is, the current direction in the positive lead (1) is opposite to the current direction in the minus lead (2).
6. Electrical construction according to one of the preceding claims,
 That is, the measuring element (5) has a housing with electrical connections, a semiconductor chip and at least one magnetic field-sensitive element.
7. Electrical construction according to one of the preceding claims,
 That is, the measuring element (5) is an AMR sensor.
8. Electrical construction according to one of the preceding claims,
 That is, the measuring element (5) is arranged on a printed circuit board.
9. Electrical construction according to one of the preceding claims,
characterized in that the positive line (1) and the negative line (2) are designed substantially strip-like.
10. Electrical construction according to claim 9,
 That is, the plus line (1) and the minus line (2) are arranged symmetrically at least in the measuring area (6), mirrored on the vertical axis.
11. Electrical construction according to one of the preceding claims,
 That is, the plus line (1) and the minus line (2) are arranged equidistantly in the measuring area (6).
12. Electrical construction according to one of the preceding claims,
 It is not possible that the DC source is a battery.
EP16703305.9A 2015-03-03 2016-02-05 Electrical assembly for measuring a current intensity of a direct-current circuit by means of the anisotropic magnetoresistive effect Pending EP3265832A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102015203732 2015-03-03
PCT/EP2016/052548 WO2016139028A1 (en) 2015-03-03 2016-02-05 Electrical assembly for measuring a current intensity of a direct-current circuit by means of the anisotropic magnetoresistive effect

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP3265832A1 true EP3265832A1 (en) 2018-01-10

Family

ID=55310819

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP16703305.9A Pending EP3265832A1 (en) 2015-03-03 2016-02-05 Electrical assembly for measuring a current intensity of a direct-current circuit by means of the anisotropic magnetoresistive effect

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (1) US20180045793A1 (en)
EP (1) EP3265832A1 (en)
CN (1) CN107407697A (en)
WO (1) WO2016139028A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102017200050A1 (en) * 2017-01-04 2018-07-05 Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft Connection module for an electrical energy storage and energy supply system

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DE10108640A1 (en) * 2001-02-22 2002-09-19 Infineon Technologies Ag Contact-free current measurement device has an array of two similar magnetic field sensors for measuring equal currents flowing in opposite directions in parallel conductors, such that measurements are insensitive to position
US20070279053A1 (en) * 2006-05-12 2007-12-06 Taylor William P Integrated current sensor
DE102007062633B4 (en) * 2007-12-22 2010-04-15 Sensitec Gmbh Arrangement for potential-free measurement of currents
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20180045793A1 (en) 2018-02-15
CN107407697A (en) 2017-11-28
WO2016139028A1 (en) 2016-09-09

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