EP3243160A1 - Privacy and security systems and methods of use - Google Patents

Privacy and security systems and methods of use

Info

Publication number
EP3243160A1
EP3243160A1 EP15877281.4A EP15877281A EP3243160A1 EP 3243160 A1 EP3243160 A1 EP 3243160A1 EP 15877281 A EP15877281 A EP 15877281A EP 3243160 A1 EP3243160 A1 EP 3243160A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
embodiments
privacy
security enclosure
enclosure
invention
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP15877281.4A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Teddy David THOMAS
Harald Quintus-Bosz
Manas Chandran Menon
Anthony Clegg PARKER
Klaus Heribert RENNER
Julien Prosper Marc AKNIN
Christopher O. Evans
Bing Xu
Huyen Nguyen Ngoc Cam LE
Fa Dai
John STADILLE
Michael Fong
John Kinnard
Craig Ovans
Andres PARADA
John Deros
Andrew Goodfellow
Justin David Cumming
Gregg Draudt
Eric SMALLWOOD
Piotr DIDUCH
Christopher R. MCCASLIN
Elias R. SAMIA
Evan HUTKER
Robert Francis Hartmann
Stuart Eric SCHECHTER
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ppip LLC
Original Assignee
Ppip LLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US201562100462P priority Critical
Priority to US201562161759P priority
Priority to US201562195903P priority
Priority to US201562198635P priority
Priority to US201562209249P priority
Application filed by Ppip LLC filed Critical Ppip LLC
Priority to PCT/US2015/050054 priority patent/WO2016111727A1/en
Publication of EP3243160A1 publication Critical patent/EP3243160A1/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F21/00Security arrangements for protecting computers, components thereof, programs or data against unauthorised activity
    • G06F21/70Protecting specific internal or peripheral components, in which the protection of a component leads to protection of the entire computer
    • G06F21/86Secure or tamper-resistant housings
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F2200/00Indexing scheme relating to G06F1/04 - G06F1/32
    • G06F2200/16Indexing scheme relating to G06F1/16 - G06F1/18
    • G06F2200/163Indexing scheme relating to constructional details of the computer
    • G06F2200/1633Protecting arrangement for the entire housing of the computer

Abstract

Some embodiments include a privacy/security apparatus for a portable communication device that includes a housing assembly configured to at least partially attenuate at least one of sound energy, acoustic energy, and electromagnetic energy including light, optical, and IR energy and RF radiation from passing through the housing assembly. The housing assembly includes a Faraday cage with two or more portions, and at least one protective shell coupled to or forming at least one aperture. The at least one aperture is configured and arranged to at least partially enclose the portable communication device so that at least a portion of the portable communication device is positioned within at least one portion of the Faraday cage, and the at least one seal coupled or integrated with the protective shell. The housing assembly can be an articulating assembly, a sliding assembly, and can include an active acoustic jamming or passive acoustic attenuation element.

Description

PRIVACY AND SECURITY SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF USE RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application claims priority from Provisional Application No. 62/100,462, filed on January 6th, 2015, Provisional Application No. 62/161,759, filed on May 14th, 2015, Provisional Application No. 62/195,903, filed on July 23rd, 2015, Provisional Application No. 62/198,635, filed on July 29th, 2015, and Provisional Application No. 62/209,249, filed on August 24th, 2015, the entire contents of which are incorporated herein by reference.

BACKGROUND

[0002] Mobile communication and computing devices such as cellular phones, smart phones, computer laptops and tablets etc., are becoming essential personal accessories, oftentimes rarely out of sight of the user. Desktop computers, gaming consoles, wearable devices such as "Smart" watches and Google Glass® already have or eventually will have audio and video recording capabilities, as well as a wide variety of RF transmit/receive capabilities for communication. The advent of the "Internet of Things" (or the "Internet of Everything"), in which most every day devices, from thermostats and appliances to food packages, clothing, medical devices and automobiles (to name a few) have or will have audio, video and RF capabilities is also upon us. Moreover, all of the previously mentioned devices have or someday will potentially include other sensors such as gyroscopes, accelerometers, and proximity, temperature, light, pressure, and other sensors. Ongoing improvements in RF transceiver technology and advancements in the miniaturization of audio-visual capabilities and other devices such as microphones, video cameras and displays provide the user with unparalleled ability to receive, process, and transmit large volumes of data. Devices can record audio and visual information from their environment, process the data either locally or remotely (e.g., "cloud" storage and/or processing) for audio and video transfer directly to a user, or to virtually anywhere in the world capable of receiving a wireless and/or intemet service.

[0003] Increasing publicity regarding surveillance and the steady rise in the capability of mobile communication and other devices has precipitated an increased awareness of privacy/security concerns associated with such device use. Currently, mobile communication and computing devices do not incorporate so-called "intelligent awareness" to automatically alter their audio-video and transceiver behavior based on a user's environment or requirements, let alone alter behavior to their wishes (such as a user's desire to turn off any of their device's specific capabilities). For example, cellular phones do not know when a user is in a movie theater to automatically turn-off or convert to a quiet-alert mode, and are not easily switched to a secure mode to prevent unwanted reception of RF signals or acquisition of audio visual information from their immediate environment. Furthermore, improvements in wireless network infrastructure enabling location through triangulation, proximity, and ubiquitous use of GPS technology within mobile devices have allowed accurate device location detection, potentially allowing the dissemination of confidential user information.

[0004] In general, device manufacturers and network providers (cellular, internet, private or public networks WiFi and other such networks) rarely, if ever, allow users to totally control reception and transmission of RF or a device's audio-video capabilities. Even with the control that is possible, hackers, malware and other malicious people or code can hijack these functions. Conventional cases or peripheral devices which add features or capabilities or provide protection, aesthetic or other value or do not provide users with full control of their devices' capabilities

SUMMARY

[0005] Some embodiments include a privacy/security apparatus for a portable communication device comprising a housing assembly configured to at least partially attenuate at least one of sound energy, acoustic energy, and electromagnetic energy including light, optical, and IR energy and RF radiation from passing through the housing assembly. The housing assembly comprises a Faraday cage comprising two or more portions, and at least one protective shell coupled to or forming at least one aperture. The at least one aperture is configured and arranged to at least partially enclose the portable communication device so that at least a portion of the portable communication device is positioned within at least one portion of the Faraday cage, and the at least one seal coupled or integrated with the protective shell.

[0006] Some embodiments include a privacy/security apparatus where the housing assembly includes an articulating assembly configured and arranged to articulate a portion of the housing assembly to one or more positions to enable a user to insert or enclose and remove the portable communication device. In some other embodiments, the housing assembly includes a sliding assembly configured and arranged to slide a portion of the housing assembly to one or more positions to enable a user to insert, enclose or remove the portable communication device. In some embodiments, the housing assembly includes at least one active acoustic jamming or passive acoustic attenuation element.

[0007] In some embodiments of the invention, housing assembly is configured and arranged to be movable between an open and a closed position to enable a user to insert or enclose and remove the portable communication device. In some embodiments, the housing assembly comprises a sheath. In other embodiments, the housing assembly comprises a hood assembly and a base assembly. Further, the base assembly includes a Faraday base assembly forming at least one of the portions of the Faraday cage.

[0008] In some embodiments, the at least one seal comprises an environmental seal. In some further embodiments, the at least one seal comprises an RF seal. In some embodiments, the at least one seal comprises at least one of a magnetic seal, an electromagnetic seal, an acoustic seal, and an optical seal. In some embodiments, the at least one seal comprises a fingerstock element. In some further embodiments, the seal includes at least one elastomeric element positioned adjacent to the fingerstock. In some embodiments of the invention, the at least one elastomeric element is positioned within at least a portion of the fingerstock.

[0009] Some embodiments of the invention include a housing assembly that includes at least one port configured to couple with the portable communication device. In some embodiments, the at least one port comprises at least one of a sound transfer port, an RF transfer port, a data transfer port, a power transfer port, and an optical port. In some embodiments, the at least one protective shell includes a decorative layer or region. In some embodiments of the invention, the decorative layer or region comprises at least one of a patterned surface, a window, a display, an emblem, and a logo.

[0010] Some embodiments of the invention include a privacy/security apparatus where the housing assembly includes at least one controller configured and arranged to modulate at least one privacy/security setting. In some embodiments, the at least one privacy/security setting includes a setting that alters the magnitude of energy reaching the portable communication device through the housing assembly. In some further embodiments, the energy comprises at least one of sound energy, RF energy, electrical energy, electromagnetic energy, and optical and/or IR energy. [001 1] In some embodiments of the invention, the housing assembly includes at least one microphone. In some embodiments, the housing assembly includes at least one speaker or sound generator. In some embodiments, the housing assembly includes at least one compression seal configured and arranged to couple with at least one of a microphone, a speaker, a camera, a display, a sensor, and an RF antenna of the portable communication device.

[0012] Some embodiments of the invention include a housing assembly that includes active acoustic protection. In some embodiments, the active acoustic protection comprises a random noise generator generating a signal which is acoustically delivered to at least one microphone of the portable communication device.

[0013] In some embodiments, the housing assembly includes at least one DC pass- through configured and arranged to pass direct current through the Faraday cage. In some further embodiments, the housing assembly includes an onboard power supply.

[0014] Some embodiments of the invention include a privacy/security apparatus where the movement of the hood assembly results in the covering of all of the portable communications device's microphones and cameras in a closed position, and the uncovering of all of the portable communications device's microphones and cameras in an open position.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0015] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a partially open privacy/security enclosure according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0016] FIG. 2 is a perspective view of an open privacy/security enclosure according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0017] FIG. 3 is a partial cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0018] FIG. 4 shows a cross-sectional view of passive acoustical attenuation technology according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[0019] FIG. 5 shows an assembly view of passive acoustical attenuation technology according to at least one embodiment of the invention. [0020] FIGS. 6A and 6C shows an assembly view of passive acoustical attenuation technology according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[0021] FIGS. 6B, 7A, 7B, 7C, and 7D show perspective views of passive acoustical attenuation technology according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[0022] FIGS. 8A, 8B, 9A, 9B, and 9C show perspective views of active acoustical attenuation technology according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[0023] FIG. 10 illustrates a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0024] FIG. 1 1 illustrates a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure according to another embodiment of the invention.

[0025] FIG. 12 illustrates a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure according to a further embodiment of the invention.

[0026] FIG. 13 illustrates a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure adjacent to smart phone according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0027] FIG. 14 illustrates a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure adjacent to smart phone according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0028] FIG. 15 illustrates a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure adjacent to smart phone according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0029] FIG. 16 is a perspective view of an open privacy/security enclosure according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0030] FIG. 17 is a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure lid portion of FIG. 16 according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0031] FIG. 18 is a perspective view of an open privacy/security enclosure according to another embodiment of the invention.

[0032] FIG. 19 is a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure lid portion of FIG. 18 according to one embodiment of the invention [0033] FIG. 20A is a cross-section view through region A of the privacy/security enclosure of FIG. 2 according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0034] FIG. 20B is a perspective view of ring seal for use in a privacy/security enclosure according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0035] FIG. 21 is a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure according to another embodiment of the invention.

[0036] FIG. 22 is a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure according to another embodiment of the invention.

[0037] FIGS. 23A, 23B, 23C, 24A, 24B, 25A, 25B, 25C, 25D, 26A, 26B, 27A, 27B, 28A, and 28B illustrate active RF attenuating privacy/security enclosure devices in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0038] FIGS. 29, 30A-30B, 31, and 33A-33B illustrate active acoustical attenuating privacy/security enclosure devices in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0039] FIGS. 34A-34D depict assembly and perspective views of a sock assembly and components for a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0040] FIG. 35 depicts the sock assembly of FIGS. 34A-34C within a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0041] FIG. 36 depicts another embodiment of a sock assembly within a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0042] FIGS. 37A-37C depicts a gel-piston assembly for acoustical control within a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0043] FIGS. 38A-38C depict a cover actuated acoustical control assembly in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0044] FIGS. 39A-C show different views of a mechanized foldable sock assembly for a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. [0045] FIGS. 40A-40C depict a mechanized foldable sock assembly for a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0046] FIG. 41 illustrates an internal/external antenna design for a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0047] FIG. 42 illustrates an internal/external antenna design for a privacy/security enclosure including an internal antenna ground plane connected to the shield box in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0048] FIG. 43 illustrates an internal/external antenna design for a privacy/security enclosure including an internal and external antenna ground plane connected to the shield box in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0049] FIG. 44 illustrates a front perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure in a closed position in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0050] FIG. 45 illustrates a rear perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure in a closed position in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0051] FIG. 46 illustrates a front perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure in a partially open position in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0052] FIG. 47 illustrates a rear perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure in an open position in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0053] FIG. 48 illustrates a perspective view of a sock assembly for a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0054] FIG. 49 illustrates a perspective view of a sock assembly for a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0055] FIG. 50 illustrates a rear perspective view of a sock assembly for a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0056] FIG. 51 illustrates a top view of a sock assembly for a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. [0057] FIG. 52 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a sock assembly for a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0058] FIG. 53 illustrates an exploded assembly view of a sock assembly for a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0059] FIG. 54 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure showing gasket seals according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0060] FIGS 55A-55C illustrate views of a privacy/security enclosure lid with a U- channel gasket according to another embodiment of the invention.

[0061] FIG. 56 illustrates a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure with mesh fabric gaskets according to a further embodiment of the invention.

[0062] FIGS. 57A-57B illustrate a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure with mesh fabric gaskets according to a further embodiment of the invention.

[0063] FIG. 58 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0064] FIG. 59 illustrates a cross-sectional view of an edge of a privacy/security enclosure according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0065] FIG. 60A shows a perspective view of a portion of a privacy/security enclosure according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0066] FIG. 60B shows a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0067] FIG. 60C shows a cross-sectional view of an edge of the privacy/security enclosure shown in FIGS. 60A-60B according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0068] FIG. 61A illustrates a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0069] FIG. 6 IB illustrates a cross-sectional perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure according to one embodiment of the invention. [0070] FIGS. 61C-61F illustrate various alternative embodiments of gasket seals for a privacy/security enclosure according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0071] FIGS. 62A-62F illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure in progressive stages of opening and device insertion or removal according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0072] FIG. 63A illustrates a perspective view of a closed privacy/security enclosure according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0073] FIG. 63B illustrates a cross-sectional view of the privacy/security enclosure of FIG. 63 A according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0074] FIG. 63C illustrates the privacy/security enclosure of FIG. 63A in an open configuration according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0075] FIG. 63D illustrates a cross-sectional view of the privacy/security enclosure of FIG. 63 C according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0076] FIGS. 64A illustrates an assembly view of a privacy/security enclosure according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0077] FIG. 64B illustrates a base shell assembly view of a privacy/security enclosure according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0078] FIG. 64C illustrates a hood sub-assembly view of a privacy/security enclosure according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0079] FIGS. 65A-65E depict various views of a privacy/security enclosure in use according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0080] FIGS. 66A-66C depict various views of a privacy/security enclosure in use according to one embodiment of the invention.

[0081] FIGS. 67A-67F depict various views of a privacy/security enclosure in use according to one embodiment of the invention. [0082] FIG. 68 shows a privacy/security enclosure according to another embodiment of the invention.

[0083] FIG. 69 shows a privacy/security enclosure according to another embodiment of the invention.

[0084] FIG. 70 shows a privacy/security enclosure according to another embodiment of the invention.

[0085] FIGS. 71A-71D show privacy/security enclosures according to various embodiments of the invention.

[0086] FIGS. 72A-72D depict a privacy/security enclosure in use in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0087] FIGS. 73A-73C depict a privacy/security enclosure in use in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0088] FIGS. 74A-74D depict a privacy/security enclosure in use in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0089] FIGS. 75A-75F depict a privacy/security enclosure in use in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0090] FIGS. 76A-76D depict a privacy/security enclosure in use in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0091] FIGS. 77A-77C depict a privacy/security enclosure in use in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0092] FIGS. 78A-78C depict a privacy/security enclosure in use in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0093] FIGS. 79A-79C depict a privacy/security enclosure in use in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[0094] FIGS. 80A-80F illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention. [0095] FIG. 81A-81D illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[0096] FIGS. 82A-82D illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[0097] FIGS. 83A-83D illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[0098] FIGS. 84A-84D illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[0099] FIGS. 85A-85C illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00100] FIGS. 86A-86D illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00101] FIGS. 87A-87E illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00102] FIGS. 88A-88C illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00103] FIGS. 89A-89E illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00104] FIGS. 90A-90F illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00105] FIGS. 91A-91C illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00106] FIGS. 92A-92E illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00107] FIGS. 93A-93C illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention. [00108] FIGS. 94A-94D illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00109] FIGS. 95A-95C illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[001 10] FIGS. 96A-96B illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[001 11] FIGS. 97A-97C illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[001 12] FIGS. 98A-98B illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[001 13] FIGS. 99A-99C illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[001 14] FIGS. lOOA-lOOC illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[001 15] FIGS. 101A-101C illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[001 16] FIGS. 102A-102C illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[001 17] FIGS. 103A-103B illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[001 18] FIGS. 104A-104B illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[001 19] FIGS. 105A-105C illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00120] FIGS. 106A-106C illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention. [00121] FIGS. 107A-107D illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00122] FIGS. 108A-108C illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00123] FIGS. 109A-109C illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00124] FIGS. 1 10A-110C illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00125] FIGS. 1 11A-11 1B illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00126] FIGS. 1 12A-112B illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00127] FIGS. 1 13A-113B illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00128] FIGS. 1 14A-114B illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00129] FIGS. 1 15A-115B illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00130] FIGS. 1 16A-116B illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00131] FIGS. 1 17A-117B illustrate various views of a privacy/security enclosure according to at least one embodiment of the invention.

[00132] FIG. 1 18 depicts a microphone blocking assembly according to one embodiment of the invention.

[00133] FIG. 1 19 depicts a microphone blocking assembly according to one embodiment of the invention. [00134] FIG. 120 depicts a microphone blocking assembly according to one embodiment of the invention.

[00135] FIG. 121 depicts a microphone blocking assembly according to one embodiment of the invention.

[00136] FIG. 122 depicts a microphone blocking assembly according to one embodiment of the invention.

[00137] FIGS. 123A-123C depict views of a microphone blocking assembly according to one embodiment of the invention.

[00138] FIGS. 124A-124B depict views of a microphone blocking assembly according to one embodiment of the invention.

[00139] FIGS. 125A-125G depict privacy/security enclosure housing cross-sections according to one embodiment of the invention.

[00140] FIGS. 126A-126C depict various views of a privacy/security enclosure housing according to one embodiment of the invention.

[00141] FIGS. 127A-127D illustrate user device insertion and positioning into a privacy/security enclosure according to one embodiment of the invention.

[00142] FIGS. 128A-128H illustrate cross-sectional detail views of privacy/security enclosure housing gasket seals according to one embodiment of the invention.

[00143] FIG. 129 illustrates a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure including a partial cutaway interior view showing RF gaskets according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00144] FIG. 130 illustrates an interior view from line 2 of FIG. 129 according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00145] FIG. 131 illustrates a cross-sectional view of the privacy/security enclosure of FIG. 129 through cut line 3 of FIG. 130 according to some embodiments of the invention. [00146] FIG. 132 illustrates a fingerstock according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00147] FIG. 133 illustrates a close up cross-sectional view of the privacy/security enclosure of FIG. 129 through cut line 5 of FIG. 131 showing a dual fingerstock and base gasket according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00148] FIG. 134 illustrates an example of the view of FIG. 133 including a single fingerstock and base gasket according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00149] FIG. 135 illustrates an assembly view of FIG. 133 depicting insertion of a lid insertion onto the base of a privacy/security enclosure with the lid comprising fingerstock grooves according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00150] FIG. 136 illustrates the assembled view of FIG. 135 according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00151] FIG. 137 illustrates a compound gasket assembly according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00152] FIG. 138 illustrates a cross sectional view of a compound gasket assembly according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00153] FIG. 139 illustrates a rear view of a compound gasket assembly according to one embodiment of the invention.

[00154] FIG. 140 illustrates a front view of a compound gasket assembly according to one embodiment of the invention.

[00155] FIG. 141 illustrates an example of the view of FIG. 133 including a dual fingerstocks (of FIG. 138) and base gasket according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00156] FIG. 142 illustrates an example of the view of FIG. 133 including a dual fingerstocks and base gasket according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00157] FIG. 143 illustrates an example of the view of FIG. 133 including dual fingerstocks of FIG. 138 according to some embodiments of the invention. [00158] FIG. 144 illustrates an example of the view of FIG. 133 including dual fingerstocks of FIG. 138 according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00159] FIG. 145 illustrates an example of the view of FIG. 133 including a single fingerstock of FIG. 138 according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00160] FIG. 146 illustrates an example of the view of FIG. 133 including a single fingerstock of FIG. 138 according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00161] FIG. 147 illustrates a compound gasket assembly according to some further embodiments of the invention.

[00162] FIG. 148 illustrates a cross sectional view of a compound gasket assembly according to some further embodiments of the invention.

[00163] FIG. 149 illustrates a rear view of a compound gasket assembly according to further embodiments of the invention.

[00164] FIG. 150 illustrates a front view of a compound gasket assembly according to further embodiments of the invention.

[00165] FIG. 151 illustrates an example of the view of FIG. 133 including a dual fingerstocks and base gasket according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00166] FIG. 152 illustrates an example of the view of FIG. 133 including a dual fingerstocks and base gasket according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00167] FIG. 153 illustrates an example of the view of FIG. 133 including a dual fingerstocks and base gasket according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00168] FIG. 154 illustrates an example of the view of FIG. 133 including a dual fingerstocks and base gasket according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00169] FIG. 155 illustrates an example of the view of FIG. 133 including a single fingerstock according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00170] FIG. 156 illustrates an example of the view of FIG. 133 including a single fingerstock according to some embodiments of the invention. [00171] FIG. 157A-C illustrate custom fingerstocks according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00172] FIG. 158A-C illustrate custom fingerstocks according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00173] FIG. 159A-159C illustrates custom fingerstocks integrated with a privacy/security enclosure according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00174] FIG. 160 illustrates RF attenuation behavior of various embodiments of the invention.

[00175] FIGS. 161A-161C illustrate perspective views of various embodiments of a privacy/security enclosure.

[00176] FIGS. 162A-162C illustrate perspective views of various embodiments of a privacy/security enclosure.

[00177] FIGS. 163A-163C illustrate perspective views of various embodiments of a privacy/security enclosure.

[00178] FIGS. 164A-164C illustrate perspective views of various embodiments of a privacy/security enclosure.

[00179] FIGS. 165A-165C illustrate perspective views of various embodiments of a privacy/security enclosure.

[00180] FIGS. 166A-166C illustrate perspective views of various embodiments of a privacy/security enclosure.

[00181] FIGS. 167A-167C illustrate perspective views of various embodiments of a privacy/security enclosure.

[00182] FIGS. 168A-168C illustrate perspective views of various embodiments of a privacy/security enclosure.

[00183] FIGS. 169A-169B illustrate perspective views of various embodiments of a privacy/security enclosure. [00184] FIGS. 166A-166C illustrate perspective views of various embodiments of a privacy/security enclosure.

[00185] FIGS. 167A-167C illustrate perspective views of various embodiments of a privacy/security enclosure.

[00186] FIGS. 168A-168C illustrate perspective views of various embodiments of a privacy/security enclosure.

[00187] FIGS. 169A-169B illustrate perspective views of various embodiments of a privacy/security enclosure.

[00188] FIGS. 170A-170B illustrate perspective views of various embodiments of a privacy/security enclosure.

[00189] FIGS. 171A-171B illustrate perspective views of various embodiments of a privacy/security enclosure.

[00190] FIGS. 171C-171D illustrate user interfaces and uses of user interfaces of a privacy/security enclosure according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00191] FIGS. 172A-172C, and 173-187 illustrate detailed perspective views of various embodiments of a privacy/security enclosure according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00192] FIGS. 188-189, and 190A-190D illustrates icon displays of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00193] FIGS. 191A-191F illustrates an overview of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00194] FIG. 192 illustrates a circuit system layout of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00195] FIG. 193 illustrates an operational state diagram of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. [00196] FIG. 194 illustrates a state cycle diagram of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00197] FIGS. 195A-195B illustrates partial interior perspective views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00198] FIG. 196 illustrates a partial cut-away view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00199] FIGS. 197A-197B illustrates a close-up view of the partial cut-away view in FIG. 196 in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00200] FIGS. 198A-198D illustrates partial interior views of portions of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00201] FIGS. 199A-199E illustrates exterior views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00202] FIGS. 200A-200D illustrates exterior views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00203] FIGS. 201A-201E illustrates exterior views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00204] FIGS. 202A illustrates a privacy/security enclosure including removable Faraday enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention

[00205] FIG. 202B depicts a removable Faraday enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention

[00206] FIG. 203 depicts an assembly view of a privacy/security enclosure including removable Faraday enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention

[00207] FIGS. 204A-204C, and 205A-205F illustrate privacy/security enclosures including removable Faraday enclosures and privacy/security enclosures that can be used with removable Faraday enclosures in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. [00208] FIG. 206 illustrates a frequency profile of pink noise in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00209] FIG. 207 illustrates a frequency profile of human voice in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00210] FIG. 208 illustrates front view of a computer or display monitor including a mounted privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00211] FIG. 209 illustrates a close up view of the privacy/security enclosure of FIG. 208 in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00212] FIG. 210 illustrates a close up front perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure in a covered and protected configuration in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00213] FIG. 21 1 illustrates a close up front perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure in an uncovered and unprotected configuration in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00214] FIGS. 212A-212C illustrate an internal architecture view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00215] FIGS. 213A-213B illustrates a front and rear perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00216] FIG. 214 depicts a reconfiguration of a mounted privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00217] FIG. 215 depicts a reconfiguration of a mounted privacy/security enclosure in accordance with another embodiment of the invention.

[00218] FIG. 216 illustrates architecture views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00219] FIGS. 217A-217C illustrates views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. [00220] FIGS. 218A-218C illustrates views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some further embodiments of the invention.

[00221] FIG. 219 illustrates an operational view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00222] FIG. 220 illustrates an operational view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some further embodiments of the invention.

[00223] FIG. 221 illustrates an operational view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00224] FIG. 222 illustrates an operational view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some further embodiments of the invention.

[00225] FIG. 223 illustrates an operational view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00226] FIG. 224 illustrates an operational view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some further embodiments of the invention.

[00227] FIG. 225 illustrates an operational view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00228] FIG. 226 illustrates an operational view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some further embodiments of the invention.

[00229] FIG. 227 illustrates a rear view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00230] FIG. 228 illustrates a rear view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00231] FIG. 229 illustrates a front view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00232] FIG. 230 illustrates a side view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. [00233] FIG. 231 illustrates a side internal view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00234] FIGS. 232A-232C illustrate perspective views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00235] FIGS. 233A-233C illustrate perspective views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00236] FIGS. 234A-234C illustrate perspective views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00237] FIGS. 235A-235C illustrate perspective views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00238] FIGS. 236A-236C illustrate perspective views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00239] FIGS. 237A-237C illustrate perspective views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00240] FIGS. 238A-238D illustrate perspective views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00241] FIGS. 239A-239C illustrate perspective views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00242] FIGS. 240A-240C illustrates perspective views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00243] FIGS. 241A-241C illustrates perspective views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00244] FIGS. 242A-242C illustrates perspective views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00245] FIGS. 243A-243D illustrates perspective views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. [00246] FIGS. 244A-244C illustrates perspective views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00247] FIGS. 245A-245C illustrates perspective views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00248] FIGS. 246A-246D illustrate perspective views of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention in accordance with some embodiments of the invention

[00249] FIG. 247 illustrates a privacy/security enclosure mounting assembly view in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00250] FIG. 248 illustrates a front perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00251] FIG. 249 illustrates a rear perspective view of the privacy/security enclosure of FIG. 248 mounted to a display device in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00252] FIG. 250 illustrates a front perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00253] FIG. 251 illustrates a rear perspective view of the privacy/security enclosure of FIG. 250 mounted to a computer or display device in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00254] FIG. 252 illustrates a front perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00255] FIG. 253 illustrates a rear perspective view of the privacy/security enclosure of FIG. 248 mounted to a computer or display device in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00256] FIG. 254 illustrates a front perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. [00257] FIG. 255 illustrates a rear perspective view of the privacy/security enclosure of FIG. 250 mounted to a computer or display device in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00258] FIG. 256 illustrates a perspective view of a computer or display mounted privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00259] FIG. 257 illustrates a perspective view of a computer or display mounted privacy/security enclosure including a partial internal component view in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00260] FIG. 258 illustrates a side view of a computer or display mounted privacy/security enclosure including a partial internal component view in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00261] FIGS. 259, 259A, 259B, 260, 260A, 260B, 261, 261A illustrates internal release mechanisms in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00262] FIGS. 262-263 illustrate rear perspective views of computer or display mounted privacy/security enclosures in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00263] FIGS. 264A-264B illustrates rear perspective views of privacy/security enclosures including textures in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00264] FIGS. 265A-265B illustrate rear perspective views of computer or display mounted privacy/security enclosure with cable management in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00265] FIG. 266 illustrates a front perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00266] FIG. 267 illustrates a front perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure with a hood or cover portion removed according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00267] FIG. 268 illustrates an exploded assembly view of portions of the privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. [00268] FIG. 269 illustrates components of the Faraday base assembly of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00269] FIG. 270 illustrates an exploded assembly view of portions of the Faraday base assembly in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00270] FIG. 271 illustrates an exploded assembly view of portions of the privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00271] FIG. 272 illustrates an exploded assembly view of portions of the privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00272] FIGS. 273-276 illustrate perspective views of privacy/security enclosures including mechanical isolation in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00273] FIG. 277 illustrates an end view of a privacy/security enclosure including broadband vibration in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00274] FIG. 278 illustrates an end view of a privacy/security enclosure including active vibration cancellation in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00275] FIGS. 279 and 280 illustrate internal cross-sectional views of a privacy/security enclosure with in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00276] FIGS. 281-282, and 283-284 illustrate light transmission within a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00277] FIGS. 285A-285E illustrate privacy/security enclosures for device cameras in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00278] FIG. 286 illustrates a privacy/security enclosure including a Faraday sleeve in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00279] FIGS. 287A-287B illustrate privacy/security enclosures for use with device cases in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00280] FIG. 288 illustrates a USB-powered active portion of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. [00281] FIGS. 289A-289C illustrate tethered privacy/security enclosures in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00282] FIG. 290 illustrates an ultrasonic clip-on privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00283] FIG. 291 illustrates a vacuum seal over microphone in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00284] FIG. 292 illustrates internal air flow acoustic muffling in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00285] FIGS. 293A-293B illustrate perspective views of a privacy/security enclosure and method of use in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00286] FIGS. 294A-294B illustrate privacy/security enclosures for docked devices in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00287] FIGS. 295A-295D illustrate privacy/security enclosures for partial cases in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00288] FIG. 296 illustrates a tethered privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00289] FIG. 297 illustrates a noise emitter in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00290] FIG. 298 illustrates a cover add-on privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00291] FIGS. 299A-299D illustrate privacy/security enclosures for a Microsoft Kinect™ system in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00292] FIGS. 300A-300B illustrate a fold-down cover privacy/security enclosure for a Microsoft Kinect™ system in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00293] FIG. 301 illustrates a remote cover privacy/security enclosure for a Microsoft Kinect™ system in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. [00294] FIGS. 302A-302B illustrate an elevator recess cover privacy/security enclosure for a Microsoft Kinect™ system in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00295] FIG. 303 illustrates an attachable cover privacy/security enclosure for a Microsoft Kinect™ system in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00296] FIG. 304 illustrates a power interruption privacy/security device in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00297] FIGS. 305A-305B illustrate a Faraday cylinder privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00298] FIG. 306 illustrates a privacy/security enclosure including optical blinding in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00299] FIG. 307 illustrates a Microsoft Kinect™ system audio interference system in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00300] FIG. 308 illustrates an IR sticker privacy/security system in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00301] FIGS. 309A-309B illustrate manually operated privacy/security enclosures in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00302] FIGS. 310A-310B illustrate privacy/security protection of a remote control in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00303] FIGS. 31 1A-31 IB illustrate a remote controlled cove privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00304] FIG. 312 illustrates a smart glass privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00305] FIG. 313 illustrates an on-off remote battery circuit breaker in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00306] FIGS. 314-315, 316A-316B, and 317A illustrate an automobile privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. [00307] FIG. 317B illustrates a privacy/security system in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00308] FIGS. 317C and 317D illustrate mechanical, electrical, and electromechanical systems of a vehicle that can be controlled by the privacy/security system of FIG. 317B in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00309] FIGS. 318A-318C illustrates a travel case privacy/security system in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00310] FIGS. 319A-319B illustrate a protective suitcase privacy/security system in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00311] FIG. 320 illustrates a Faraday cage in bag privacy/security system in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00312] FIG. 321 illustrates a Faraday sleeve privacy/security system in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00313] FIG. 322 illustrates a lockbox privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00314] FIG. 323 illustrates a safe-type privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00315] FIG. 324 illustrates a tackle box privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00316] FIG. 325 illustrates a letter box privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00317] FIG. 326 illustrates a roundabout cage-type privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00318] FIG. 327 illustrates a built-in type privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. [00319] FIGS. 328A-328F illustrate seals and seal structures in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00320] FIG. 329 illustrates privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00321] FIG. 330 illustrates a schematic of a privacy/security system in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00322] FIG. 331 illustrates a system schematic of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00323] FIG. 332 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00324] FIG. 333 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00325] FIG. 334 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00326] FIG. 335 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security system in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00327] FIG. 336 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00328] FIG. 337 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00329] FIG. 338 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00330] FIG. 339 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00331] FIG. 340 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. [00332] FIG. 341 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00333] FIG. 342 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00334] FIG. 343 illustrates a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00335] FIG. 344 illustrates a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00336] FIG. 345 illustrates a circuit diagram for a DC pass-through in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00337] FIG. 346 illustrates a front view of a DC pass-through assembly implementing the circuit of FIG. 345 in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00338] FIG. 347 illustrates a rear view of the DC pass-through assembly of FIG. 346 in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

[00339] FIG. 348 illustrates secure/private communication between user devices secured and protected in privacy/security enclosures in accordance with some embodiments of the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[00340] Before any embodiments of the invention are explained in detail, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited in its application to the details of construction and the arrangement of components set forth in the following description or illustrated in the following drawings. The invention is capable of other embodiments and of being practiced or of being carried out in various ways. Also, it is to be understood that the phraseology and terminology used herein is for the purpose of description and should not be regarded as limiting. The use of "including," "comprising," or "having" and variations thereof herein is meant to encompass the items listed thereafter and equivalents thereof as well as additional items. Unless specified or limited otherwise, the terms "mounted," "connected," "supported," and "coupled" and variations thereof are used broadly and encompass both direct and indirect mountings, connections, supports, and couplings. Further, "connected" and "coupled" are not restricted to physical or mechanical connections or couplings. Unless specified or limited otherwise, the terms "seal," "seals," and "sealed" and variations thereof are used to broadly encompass a range of levels of sealing, from at least some or partial sealing, to substantially complete or full sealing with substantially no leakage through the seal. Unless specified or limited otherwise, the term "phone(s)," "smartphone(s)," "tablet(s)," "computer(s)," and figures depicting such devices are intended to be used generically and interchangeably with each other and for any other such device(s) with one or more microphones and/or camera(s) and/or RF transceiver(s) and/or optical transceivers and/or infrared transceivers and/or wired networking capability and/or other sensor(s). Unless specified or limited otherwise, the terms "USB," and "micro-USB" refer to all standard charging interfaces for consumer electronic devices, including proprietary connectors such as Apple's Lightning™ connector.

[00341] The following discussion is presented to enable a person skilled in the art to make and use embodiments of the invention. Various modifications to the illustrated embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles herein can be applied to other embodiments and applications without departing from embodiments of the invention. Thus, embodiments of the invention are not intended to be limited to embodiments shown, but are to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and features disclosed herein. The following detailed description is to be read with reference to the figures, in which like elements in different figures have like reference numerals. The figures, which are not necessarily to scale, depict selected embodiments and are not intended to limit the scope of embodiments of the invention. Skilled artisans will recognize the examples provided herein have many useful alternatives and fall within the scope of embodiments of the invention.

[00342] Embodiments of the invention described herein include privacy/security devices, privacy/security systems and methods of use of these devices and systems for providing or facilitating a user's privacy/security. Unless specified or limited otherwise, the term "privacy/security enclosure" can be used throughout to describe embodiments of a structure forming at least a partial enclosure, chamber, cover, case, sleeve, channel, conduit, window, and variations thereof to broadly encompass rendering a range of levels of privacy/security to a user, from at least some or partial privacy/security, to substantially complete or complete privacy/security with substantially no private information leakage through the privacy/security enclosure. Further, the term "privacy/security enclosure" can be used throughout to describe embodiments of a system providing privacy/security control to a user.

[00343] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a partially open privacy/security enclosure 100 according to at least one embodiment of the invention. The privacy/security enclosure 100 includes structure and functions as described below that can apply to at least one other privacy/security enclosure described herein, including some or all of the privacy/security enclosures disclosed and described and shown the related figures. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can comprise a structure that can least partially envelop at least one device comprising an RF transceiver and/or an audio device, and/or a video device, and/or an audio/video/RF protection device(s), and/or a near- field communication (hereinafter "NFC") device, and/or a device comprising a radio-frequency identification (hereinafter "RFID") device. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include a structure that can least partially envelop, wrap, or cover at least a portion of a user device. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can be used to temporarily, semi-permanently, or permanently block or at least partially attenuate audio or video transmission when positioned adjacent to, proximate to, or coupled to at least a portion of a user device. In some embodiments, the devices protected by the privacy/security enclosure can comprise a mobile or stationary communication device, including, but not limited to, a cellular phone, a smart phone, a car microphone, a paging device, a wearable device such as a smartwatch and/or a wearable phone, a computing device such as a computer, tablet or laptop, a portable or stationary gaming device, a portable or stationary video or audio device, and/or a combination of two or more of the devices described.

[00344] In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can comprise a device including a housing assembly that can comprise a rigid or semi-rigid, structurally self- supporting privacy/security enclosure that can be at least partially opened or closed by a user, and/or can include a portion that can be moved, adjusted, opened or closed by a user to adjust a level of privacy/security. In some embodiments, at least a portion of the housing assembly can be moved with respect to another portion of the housing assembly. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include a structure that can least partially envelop at least one user device comprising an RF transceiver and/or an audio device, and/or a video device, and/or an audio/video/RF protection device(s), and/or a near-field communication (hereinafter "NFC") device, and/or a radio-frequency identification (hereinafter "RFID") device. For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can be used to cradle, and temporarily or permanently store at least one user device such as a smart phone, or other communication device. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include at least one gasket or O-ring (hereinafter referred to as an "RF gasket") that is capable of at least partially attenuating or blocking at least one transmission or signal comprising radio frequency radiation (hereinafter referred to as "RF"). Further, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can be formed of a material capable of at least partially attenuating RF radiation emitted to or from any RF antennas or transceivers positioned inside the privacy/security enclosure (e.g., such as those forming part of the user's smart phone).

[00345] In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can comprise a protective enclosure (or shield in other embodiments) that can selectively at least partially block one or more monitoring, sensing and/or surveillance capabilities of the various devices. For example, in some embodiments of the invention, the privacy/security enclosure only covers the audio portion of a desktop computer (or other device with a microphone such as an Xbox Kinect®). In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure does not provide RF protection, but reduces or limits the microphone's ability to capture audio content. In some embodiments, a microphone security portion of the shield can be activated using a button. In some further embodiments, the activation of another button can direct an opaque shield to cover the front of a device's camera (such as a camera on the Xbox Kinect®). In some embodiments, the invention minimizes or prevents scanning, information insertion, manipulation or retrieval, code insertion, manipulation or retrieval or hacking of protected devices via RF technologies.

[00346] In some further embodiments of the invention, the privacy/security enclosure can suppress the ability of various other sensors when enclosed within the privacy/security enclosure. For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can substantially block and/or damp the signals reaching other sensors such as accelerometers, gyroscopes, magnetometers to name a few. In some embodiments, the enclosure can include materials, structures and/or approaches (for example, foams, fabrics, springs, specific shapes and/or materials, suspension and/or isolation systems, vibration dampening techniques etc.), configured to at least partially mask, block, attenuate, distort, confuse and/or otherwise reduce and/or eliminate the ability of any sensor to perform its primary and/or any other function of which it is capable (for example a gyroscope or accelerometer used to record and/or detect/decipher audio communication). In some embodiments, the enclosure can include active/powered components to at least partially mask, block, attenuate, distort, confuse and/or otherwise reduce and/or eliminate the ability of any sensor to perform its primary and/or any other function of which it is capable (for example, a gyroscope or accelerometer could otherwise be used to record and/or detect/decipher audio communication).

[00347] In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include RF gaskets extending around at least a portion of an interface or housing of the privacy/security enclosure. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include RF gaskets extending completely around a region of an upper and/or lower portion of the privacy/security enclosure. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can comprise a Faraday cage configured to attenuate, or at least partially block, reception or transmission of RF radiation. In some embodiments, the Faraday cage includes and/or is formed by the one or more RF gaskets. In some embodiments of the invention, when used in combination with one or more RF shield layers (coated, embedded, or attached to any portion of the privacy/security enclosure) the combination of the privacy/security seal formed by the one or more of the aforementioned RF gaskets and one or more RF shield layers can form a Faraday cage. In some embodiments, the Faraday cage can substantially attenuate or at least partially block RF transmission into and/or out of the privacy/security enclosure. As used herein, the term RF shield is intended to mean a barrier that is able to partially or substantially attenuate, at least partially prevent transmission through, or at least partially block transmission of RF. For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include at least one RF gasket positioned within, coupled to, or integrated with the base portion and/or the lid portion of the privacy/security enclosure. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include an RF gasket that can attenuate or at least partially block some or all RF transmission including, but not limited to, zero generation wireless signals, first generation wireless signals, second generation wireless signals, third generation wireless signals, fourth generation wireless signals, fifth generation wireless signals, any global positioning satellite signal (such as "GPS" or "GLONASS"), Bluetooth® wireless signals, RFID electromagnetic radiation, WiFi wireless signals, two-way radio RF signals, UHF or VHF signals (such as a citizen's band radio signal or other radio signal emitted from a 'walkie-talkie' type device), high-speed and millimeter wave signals, and/or near- field wireless signals. Bluetooth® is a registered trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc.

[00348] In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can at least partially attenuate or blocking at least one transmission or signal comprising an optical signal, infrared signal, ultraviolet signal, image or video, and/or acoustic signal. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include at least one seal or gasket extending around at least a portion of an interface between the privacy/security enclosure and the user's device that can at least partially block or attenuate an optical signal, image or video, and/or acoustic signal, and/or an RF signal.

[00349] In some embodiments of the invention a combination of one or more grooves within a portion of the privacy/security enclosure can be used with one or more o-rings or gaskets to provide various levels of sealing of the privacy/security enclosure. For example, a dual groove structure or a single groove can be implemented with a tongue structure that can be used with or without an o-ring. In some embodiments, any of the o-rings or gaskets can comprise an RF shield (i.e., can function as an RF attenuating gasket) and therefore can enable a ring seal for use in a privacy/security enclosure. In some embodiments, any o-ring or gasket can comprise a polymer-based matrix material including metal filaments dispersed in a matrix to form a polymer composite material. In some embodiments, the polymer matrix can comprise a homopolymer and/or copolymer, and can comprise an elastomeric polymer such as rubber. In some other embodiments, the o-ring or gasket can comprise a carbon fiber-filled matrix material including metal filaments dispersed in a matrix to form a carbon fiber composite material.

[00350] In some embodiments, any o-ring or gasket can be capable of forming a compliant privacy seal between portions of the privacy/security enclosure (e.g., between an upper and a lower portion and/or between two halves of the privacy/security enclosure). Further, in some embodiments, the formed seal can be capable of functioning as an environmental barrier in addition to functioning as an RF shield. For example, in some embodiments, the formed seal can be capable of providing a water and/or moisture barrier in addition to functioning as an RF shield. Further in some embodiments, when used in combination with one or more RF shield layers (coated, embedded, or attached to any portion of the privacy/security enclosure) the combination of the privacy seal and the one or more RF shield layers can form a Faraday cage to substantially attenuate or at least partially block substantially all RF transmission into the privacy/security enclosure and/or substantially attenuate or at least partially block substantially all RF transmission out from the privacy/security enclosure.

[00351] In some embodiments, more than one type of o-ring or gasket can be used. In some embodiments, each o-ring or gasket type can be optimized for a specific function (either to at least partially block or attenuate RF, sound, light, moisture, etc.). However, any one o-ring or gasket can function to attenuate or at least partially block a combination of RF, sound, light, etc. For example, in some embodiments, one or more o-rings or gaskets can function to attenuate RF, and one or more o-rings or gaskets can function to attenuate sound, and one or more o-rings or gaskets can function as an environmental barrier. Moreover, in some embodiments, one or more of the o-rings or gaskets can be larger or smaller than one or more other o-rings or gaskets. For example, in some embodiments, one or more of the grooves can be larger or smaller than one or more other groove so as to be capable of cradling a complementarily-sized o-ring.

[00352] In some embodiments of the invention, RF protection can be accomplished using a labyrinth and one or more gaskets. In some embodiments, rather than using a double labyrinth, a variety of other options can be deployed to improve manufacturability, space consumption etc., without reducing our performance. Some factors impacting gasket and labyrinth design in some embodiments include the use of gaskets that can be compressed by at least 20% to about 50% of their height in order to provide suitable attenuation.

[00353] In some embodiments, depending on the physical architecture of the privacy/security enclosure (e.g., size and/or geometry matched to one or more devices), a double labyrinth around the entire diameter of the privacy/security enclosure may be required. In this instance, some embodiments may require significant force to compress the gaskets. Further, some embodiments may require latches with mechanical advantage that can help the user close the case and hold the lid in position, as well as hinges that can support the force constantly being created by the compressed gaskets. Some further embodiments can deploy architectures that enable the labyrinth and gasket to be shorted. Other embodiments can deploy gaskets that are positioned at the bottom of the labyrinth.

[00354] In some embodiments, any of the aforementioned RF gaskets can be configured to form a compliant privacy/security seal between any number of portions of the privacy/security enclosure (e.g., between an upper and a lower portion and/or between two halves of the privacy/security enclosure). Further, in some embodiments, the formed seal can be capable of functioning as an environmental barrier in addition to functioning as an RF shield. For example, in some embodiments of the invention, one or more RF gaskets can provide the secondary benefit of minimizing the transmission of air, water, dust and other such substances from passing into the interior of the privacy/security enclosure when it is closed. In some embodiments, other or additional environmental or sealing gaskets can be included that are more specifically designed for this purpose. Furthermore, the environmental or sealing gaskets can be used with one or more RF gaskets as required. In some embodiments of the invention, a combination of one or more grooves within a portion of the privacy/security enclosure can be used with one or more RF gaskets to provide various levels of coupling, seating, and sealing of the privacy/security enclosure. In some embodiments, at least some portion of the upper and/or lower portions of the privacy/security enclosure can comprise at least one form, cavity, or depression (i.e. forming a groove) for coupling to at least one RF gasket.

[00355] In some embodiments, at least some portion of the privacy/security enclosure can comprise a metal or metal alloy. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can comprise a metal core structure. Some embodiments include a metal or metal alloy that can comprise stainless steel, magnesium, aluminum, titanium, or a titanium-magnesium alloy. In some embodiments, one or more components of the enclosed chamber can comprise a metal or metal alloy that is milled from a solid block. In some further embodiments, one or more components of the enclosed chamber can be stamped from raw sheet stock. For example, in some embodiments, components of the enclosed chamber such as a privacy/security enclosure base and/or a privacy/security enclosure lid can comprise stamped aluminum or magnesium alloy. In some other embodiments, the lid can be formed by other conventional manufacturing processes such as molding (e.g. injection molding or thermoforming), die- cutting, laser cutting, or printed using a three dimensional printer, etc.

[00356] In some other embodiments, the lid can be formed by other conventional manufacturing processes such as molding (e.g. injection molding or thermoforming), die- cutting, machining, laser cutting, printed using a three dimensional printer, thixo-forming, impact extruded or deep drawn, etc. In some further embodiments, the Faraday enclosure can be formed from conductive fabric or plastic infused with conductive elements or plastic coated or plated with conductive elements. In some embodiments, the Faraday enclosure and/or any portion of the privacy/security enclosure can be anodized and/or can comprise a polymer.

[00357] In some embodiments, at least a portion of any of the components, or subassemblies, housings and/or interconnects of the privacy/security enclosures herein can comprise a metal or a metal alloy substrate or coating. In some embodiments, the substrate or coating can comprise a base metal (e.g., such as nickel) with varying thicknesses of plated metals, including, but not limited to gold, palladium nickel, and titanium blend plating options. In some embodiments, the substrate or coating can comprise a metal or metal alloy (e.g., such as beryllium copper) that can electrically couple the cover to the base, and when closing the case. In some further embodiments, at least a portion of the substrate or coating can comprise copper or a copper alloy. In some other embodiments, at least a portion of the substrate or coating can comprise nickel or a nickel alloy (e.g., a nickel-copper alloy), or an alloy of copper and tin. In some embodiments, a nickel layer can be used as a diffusion barrier for a contact outer layer or surface that comprises gold. In some embodiments, at least a portion of the substrate or coating can comprise iron or steel. In some embodiments, at least a portion of the substrate or coating can comprise aluminum, magnesium, or mixtures or alloys thereof. Other useful coatings or layers can include silver, tin, or palladium.

[00358] In some embodiments, any of the aforementioned metals or metal alloy can be selected and used to form one or more electrical contacts of the privacy/security enclosure depending on the required function and/or performance. Examples of such contacts can include electrical contacts for RF shielding such as a rim or other electrical contact of the Faraday cage of the privacy/security enclosure. In some embodiments, one or more contacts can comprise a gold or gold alloy material. In some further embodiments, the contacts can comprise titanium nitride. In some other embodiments, the contacts can comprise palladium, palladium nickel, or some other pure or blended form of noble metal, which at least partially resists corrosion and oxidation. In some embodiments of the invention, various mated surfaces can use the same or different metals or metal alloy combinations for their contact surfaces, to improve or manage characteristics including, but not limited to, RF shielding performance, durability, longevity, mating sound and/or tactile feel/impression, frictional polymerization, contact resistance, conductivity, appearance, strength, fretting, hardness, and/or cost. For contacts including coatings, or modified surfaces of base metals, formation or deposition can proceed by any conventional technique including plating, cladding, electrolytic deposition, electro-less deposition, or vapor deposition among others.

[00359] In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can comprise a metal core structure. Some embodiments include a metal or metal alloy that comprises stainless steel, magnesium, aluminum, titanium, or a titanium-magnesium alloy, or combinations thereof. In some embodiments, one or more components of the chamber can comprise a metal or metal alloy that is milled from a solid block. In some further embodiments, one or more components of the cover can be stamped from raw sheet stock. For example, in some embodiments, portions of the privacy/security enclosure can comprise stamped aluminum or magnesium alloy. In some other embodiments, the cover can be formed by other conventional manufacturing processes such as molding (e.g. injection molding or thermoforming), die-cutting, machining, laser cutting, printed using a three dimensional printer, etc.

[00360] In some other embodiments, at least a portion of one or more of the privacy/security enclosures described herein can comprise a material such as a polymer, or polymer composite. For example, in some embodiments, at least a portion of one or more of the privacy/security enclosures described herein can comprise an injection molded, extruded, or thermo-form polymer. In some embodiments, the polymer can comprise polyethylene, polypropylene, or polyethylene-polypropylene copolymers. In some further embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can comprise at least one polymer comprising aramids (aromatic polyamides), poly(m-xylylene adipamide), poly(p-xylylene sebacamide), poly (2,2,2-trimethyl-hexamethylene terephthalamide), poly(piperazine sebacamide), poly(metaphenylene isophthalamide) (Nomex) and poly(p-phenylene terephthalamide), aliphatic and cycloaliphatic polyamides, including the copolyamide of 30% hexamethylene diammonium isophthalate and 70% hexamethylene diammonium adipate, the copolyamide of up to 30% bis-(-amidocyclohexyl) methylene, terephthalic acid and caprolactam, polyhexamethylene adipamide, poly(butyrolactam), poly(9-aminonanoic acid), poly(enantholactam), poly(caprillactam), polycaprolactam, poly(p-phenylene terephthalamide), polyhexamethylene sebacamide, polyaminoundecanamide, polydodecanolacatam, polyhexamethylene isophthalamide, polyhexamethylene terephthal amide, polycaproamide, poly(nonamethylene azelamide), poly(decamethylene azelamide), poly(decamethylenesebacamide), poly [bis-4-aminocyclohexyl)methane 1,10-decanedi- carboxamide](Qiana)(trans), and aliphatic, cycloaliphatic and aromatic polyesters including poly(l,4-cyclohexylidene dimethyl eneterephthalate) cis and trans, poly(ethylene-2,6- naphthalate), poly(l,4-cyclohexane dimethylene terephthalate) (trans), poly(decamethylene terephthalate, poly(ethylene terephthalate), poly(ethylene isophthalate), poly(ethylene oxybenzoate), poly(para-hydroxy benzoate), poly(beta,beta dimethylpropiolactone), poly(decamethylene adipate), or poly(ethylene succinate), or mixtures thereof.

[00361] In some further embodiments, at least a portion of any of the privacy/security enclosures described herein can comprise at least one polymer formed of extended chain polymers by the reaction of beta-unsaturated monomers of the formula RlR2-C=CH2,where Rl and R2 are either identical or different, and are hydrogen, hydroxyl, halogen, alkylcarbonyl, carboxy, alkoyxycarbonyl, heterocycle or alkyl or aryl, where the alkyl or aryl can be substituted with one or more substituents including alkoxy, cyano, hydroxyl, akyl or aryl, and extended chain polymers including polystyrene, polyethylene, polypropylene, poly(l-octadecene), polyisobutylene, poly(l-pentene), poly(2-methylstyrene), poly(4- methylstyrene), poly(l-hexene), poly(l-pentene), poly(4-methoxystyrene), poly(5 -methyl- 1- hexene), poly(4-methylpentene), poly(l-butene), poly(3 -methyl- 1-butene), poly(3 -phenyl -1- propene ), polyvinyl chloride, polybutylene, polyacrylonitrile, poly(methyl pentene-1), poly(vinyl alcohol), poly(vinyl-acetate), poly(vinyl butyral), poly(vinyl chloride), poly(vinylidene chloride), vinyl chloride-vinyl acetate chloride copolymer, poly(vinylidene fluoride), poly(methyl acrylate, poly(methylmethacrylate), poly(methacrylonitrile), poly(acrylamide), poly(vinyl fluoride ), poly(vinyl formal), poly(3 -methyl- 1-butene), poly(l- pentene), poly(4-methyl- 1-butene), poly(l-pentene), poly(4-methyl-l-pentene), poly(l- hexane), poly(5 -methyl- l-hexene),poly(l-octadecene), poly(vinyl cyclopentane), poly(vinylcyclohexane), poly(a-vinylnaphthalene),poly(vinyl methyl ether),poly(vinylethylether), poly(vinyl propylether), poly(vinyl carbazole), poly(vinyl pyrrolidone), poly(2-chlorostyrene), poly(4-chlorostyrene), poly(vinyl formate), poly(vinyl butyl ether), poly(vinyl octyl ether), poly(vinyl methyl ketone), poly(methylisopropenyl ketone), or poly(4-phenylstyrene), or mixtures thereof.

[00362] In some further embodiments of the invention, at least a portion of the privacy/security enclosure can comprise a polymer thermoset material. For example, in some embodiments of the invention, the thermosetting polymer can comprise an epoxide-based technology. In some embodiments, epoxies based on saturated or unsaturated aliphatic, cycloaliphatic, aromatic and heterocyclic epoxides can be used to form at least a portion of the privacy/security enclosure. In some further embodiments, useful epoxides can comprise glycidyl ethers derived from epichlorohydrin adducts and polyols, particularly polyhydric phenols. Another useful epoxide is the dlglycidyl ether of hisphenol A. Additional examples of useful poly epoxides are resorcinol diglycidyl ether, 3,4-epoxy-6-methylcyclohexylmethyl- 9, 10-epoxystearate, l,2,-bis(2,3-epoxy-2-methylpropoxy)ethane, diglycidyl ether of 2,2-(p- hydroxyphenyl) propane, butadiene dioxide, dicyclopentadiene dioxide, pentaerythritol tetrakis(3,4-epoxycyclohexanecarboxylate), vinylcyclohexene dioxide, divinylbenzene dioxide, 1,5-pentadiol bis(3,4-epoxycyclohexane carboxylate), ethylene glycol bis(3,4- epoxycyclohexane carboxylate), 2,2-diethyl-l,3-propanediol bis(3,4- epoxycyclohexanecarboxylate), 1 ,6-hexanediol bis(3,4-epoxycyclohexanecarboxylate),2- butene- 1 ,4-diol-bis(3 ,4-epoxy-6-methylcyclohexane carboxylate), 1,1, 1 -trimethylolpropane- tris-(3,4-epoxycyclohexane carboxylate), 1,2,3-propanetriol tris(3,4- epoxycyclohexanecarboxylate), dipropylene glycol bis(2-ethylexyl-4,5-epoxycyclohexane- 1 ,2-dicarboxylate),diethyleneglycol-bis(3 ,4-epoxy-6-methylcyclohexane carboxylate), triethylene glycol bis(3,4-epoxycyclohexanecarboxylate),3,4-epoxycyclohexyl-methyl-3,4- epoxycyclohexanecarboxylate,3 ,4-epoxy- 1 -methylcyclohexyl methyl-3 ,4-epoxy- 1 - methylcyclohexane-carboxylate,bis(3,4-epoxycyclohexylmethyl) pimelate, bis(3,4-epoxy-6- methylenecyclohexylmethyl)maleate, bis(3,4-epoxy-6-methylcyclohexylmethyl) succinate, bis(3,4-epoxycyclohexylmethyl) oxalate, bis(3,4-epoxy-6-methylcyclohexylmethyl) sebacate, bis(3,4-epoxy-6-methylcyclohexylmethyl)adipate, bis(3,4-epoxycyclo-hexylmethyl) terephtalate, 2,2'-sulfonyldiethanol bis(3,4-epoxycyclohexanecarboxylate), N,N'-ethylene bis(4,5-epoxycyclohexane-l,2-dicarboximide),di(3,4-epoxycyclohexylmethyl)-l,3- tolylenedicarbamate,-3,4-epoxy-6-methylcyclohexane carboxaldehyde acetal, 3,9-bis(3,4- epoxycyclohexyl) spirobi-(methadioxane), and the like.

[00363] In some other embodiments of the invention, thermosetting resins based on aromatic vinyl esters can be used to form at least a portion of the privacy/security enclosure. These can include a condensation product of epoxide resins and unsaturated acids usually diluted in a compound having double bond unsaturation such as vinyl aromatic monomer (e.g., styrene and vinyl toluene, and diallyl phthalate). Illustrative of useful vinyl esters are diglycidyl adipate, diglycidyl isophthalate, di(2,3-epoxybutyl) adipate, di(2,3-epoxybutyl) oxalate, di(2,3-epoxyhexy 1) succinate, d(3,4-epoxybutyl) maleate, d(2,3-epoxyoctyl) pimelate, di(2,3-epoxybutyl) phthalate, di(2,3-epoxyocty 1) tetrahydrophthalate, di(4,5- epoxy-dodecyl) maleate, di(2,3-epoxybutyl) terephthalate, di(2,3-epoxypentyl) thiodipropionate, di(5,6-epoxy-tetradecyl) diphenyldicarboxylate, di(3,4-epoxyheptyl) sulphonyldibutyrate, tri(2,3-epoxybutyl) 1,2,4 butanetricarboxylate, di(5,6-epoxypentadecyl) maleate, di(2,3-epoxybutyl) azelate, di(3,4-epoxybutyl) citrate, di(5,6-epoxyoctyl) cyclohexane-l,3-dicarboxylate, di(4,5-epoxyoctadecyl) malonate, bisphenol-A-fumaric acid polyester and the like.

[00364] In some embodiments, at least a portion of the privacy/security enclosure can include a filler material. For example, some embodiments can include a thermoplastic or thermosetting resin that includes at least some filler material dispersed through at least a portion of the privacy/security enclosure. In some embodiments, the filler material can be dispersed substantially homogenously through at least a portion of at least one layer of the privacy/security enclosure. In some other embodiments, the filler material can be substantially unevenly distributed through at least a portion of the privacy/security enclosure. For example, in some embodiments, the filler material can be dispersed substantially unevenly through at least a portion of at least one layer of the privacy/security enclosure. In some embodiments, the filler material can be amorphous or crystalline, organic or inorganic material. In some other embodiments, the particle size of the filler material can be between 1-10 microns. In some other embodiments, at least some portion of the filler material can be sub-micron. In some other embodiments, at least a portion of the filler can comprise a nano- sized particle filler material. In some embodiments, the filler can comprise a fibrous material. In some embodiments, at least a portion of the filler can be oriented in a preferred direction.

[00365] In some further embodiments of the invention, at least a portion of one or more of the privacy/security enclosures described herein can comprise an animal-based material such as leather or suede, and/or a plant derived material cellulosic material such as wood, cork, and/or a wood-based composite material.

[00366] Some embodiments of the invention can include one or multiple rows of fingerstock bonded into a cover assembly or any interface between at least two portions of the privacy/security device. In some embodiments, in some or each row of fingerstocks, a hollow or solid conductive elastomer can be used. In some embodiments of the invention, in some or each row of fingerstocks, conductive elastomer can comprise a generally circular cross-section. In some further embodiments of the invention, in some or each row of fingerstocks, conductive elastomer can comprise a generally oval cross-section. In some other embodiments of the invention, in some or each row of fingerstocks, conductive elastomer can comprise a generally square or rectangular cross-section. In some embodiments, the bearing surface on the base can be nickel-plated for conductivity and surface hardness.

[00367] In some embodiments, at least some portion of the structurally self-supporting enclosed chamber can comprise a metal or a metal alloy. Some embodiments include a metal or metal alloy that can comprise stainless steel, magnesium, aluminum, titanium, or a titanium-magnesium alloy. In some embodiments, one or more components of the enclosed chamber can comprise a metal or metal alloy that is milled from a solid block. In some further embodiments, one or more components of the enclosed chamber can be stamped from raw sheet stock. For example, in some embodiments, components of the enclosed chamber such as a privacy/security enclosure base and/or a privacy/security enclosure lid can comprise stamped aluminum or magnesium alloy. In some other embodiments, the lid can be formed by other conventional manufacturing processes such as molding (e.g., injection molding or thermoforming), die-cutting, laser cutting, or printed using a three dimensional printer, etc.

[00368] In some embodiments, at least some portion of the privacy/security enclosure including the structurally self-supporting enclosed chamber can comprise a polymer or polymer composite. In some other embodiments, at least some portion of the structurally self-supporting enclosed chamber can comprise a composite. In some further embodiments, at least some portion of the structurally self-supporting enclosed chamber can comprise a polymer or polymer composite that includes a metal (such as a metal flake, metal powder, or a metal alloy coating, or other metal dispersion). Some embodiments include a metal or metal alloy that can comprise stainless steel, aluminum, or magnesium. In some embodiments, numerous other materials can be incorporated into various embodiments of the privacy/security enclosure. For example, some embodiments can use injection molded plastic portions, and a wide variety of other conventional product materials such as wood, composite and/or ceramic. Moreover, in some embodiments, the privacy case can comprise a finished surface such as a polished surface. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can comprise a box for corporate boardrooms that would encompass multiple devices (similar to any commercial cigar box). In some embodiments, metallic meshes/fabrics and/or conductive metallic paints and finishes can be applied to one or more portions of the privacy/security enclosure (internally or externally) to create the RF shield and/or Faraday cage.

[00369] Some embodiments of the invention include a privacy/security enclosure with an inner shell coupled to an outer shell. In some embodiments, the inner shell and outer shell can comprise the same material (e.g., the inner and outer shells can each comprise a metal, or a polymer or a composite, and so on). In some other embodiments, the inner shell and outer shell can comprise different materials. For example, in some embodiments, components of the enclosed chamber such as a privacy/security enclosure base inner shell and/or a privacy/security enclosure lid inner shell can comprise a stamped metal or metal alloy (e.g., such as an aluminum and/or magnesium alloy), and a privacy/security enclosure base outer shell and/or a privacy/security enclosure lid outer shell can comprise a non-metal material such as an injection molded polymer or polymer composite material. In this instance, the inner and outer shells of the base and lid can be coupled by a variety of conventional coupling methods including but not limited to a snap-fit, a latch, a hinge, or combinations thereof.

[00370] In some other embodiments, at least some portion of the structurally self- supporting chamber can comprise a flexible and/or compliant material. In some embodiments, the material can include at least one of a cloth or fabric, a polymer or polymer composite film or sheet, or other flexible material. In this instance, the privacy/security enclosure can be structurally supported by one or more enclosed user devices, such as a mobile or stationary communication device. For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can comprise a flexible bag that can lay flat or be folded when empty, but can be configured to expand to accommodate at least one RF transceiver such as a mobile or stationary communication device.

[00371] Referring now to FIG. 1, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 100 can comprise a rigid, structurally self-supporting enclosed chamber. For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 100 can comprise a clam-shell type enclosure including an inner region 105 formed by coupling a lower portion, and an upper portion of a main housing 110. Some embodiments include at least one user device (such as the RF transceiver comprising a smart phone as depicted, and shown as device 10) positioned in the inner region 105. The privacy/security enclosure 100 can cradle the user device, and the upper portion can at least partially enclose one or more devices by at least partially moving and closing a base portion 120 and a lid portion 115.

[00372] In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 100 can include a base portion 120 and a lid portion 115 coupled by at least one pivot. For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 100 can include a base portion 120 and a lid portion 115 coupled by at least one conventional hinge mechanism 107. In some embodiments, the base portion or the lid portion can be shaped to accommodate at least a portion of a hinge mechanism 107. In some embodiments, one or more edges of the base portion 120 can include at least one notch capable of providing clearance for a pivot mechanism. In some embodiments, the base portion 120 or lid portion 115 or both can include a plurality of notches for providing clearance or for attachment of various portions of a pivot mechanism. Further, in some embodiments, the base portion 120 or lid portion 1 15 or both can include a plurality of apertures for providing attachment of various portions of a pivot mechanism. For example, in some other embodiments, one or more surfaces of the base portion 120 and/or one or more surfaces of the lid portion 1 15 can include at least one aperture capable of securing one or more components of the privacy/security enclosure 100. In some embodiments, any one of the above-mentioned apertures can include an attachment member (e.g., a screw, rivet or other coupling structure).

[00373] Some embodiments include a liner 130 positioned in the base portion 120 and/or the lid portion (not shown). As shown in FIG. 1, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 100 can include a liner 130 that can be shaped to fit substantially seamlessly from the outer periphery of the base, and can include at least one inner storage cavity. For example, in some embodiments, the liner 130 can include a storage cavity 135 shaped to cradle an RF transceiver (device 10). The example embodiments shown in FIG. 1 includes a storage cavity 130 positioned substantially centrally within the base portion 120, and shaped to cradle and at least partially surround the device 10. In some embodiments, the liner 130 can comprise RF and/or acoustic shielding material forming a sealing interface 125.

[00374] In some embodiments, the base portion 120 and lid portion 115 can be coupled and pivoted with respect to each other to enable at least partial access to an inner region 105 of the privacy/security enclosure 100 by opening to an angle of between about 0° to about 90°. Referring to FIG. 2, some embodiments include a privacy/security enclosure 200 that opens to an angle of between about 90° and about 180°. [00375] The privacy/security enclosure 200 comprises a main housing 210 including a base portion 220, and a lid portion 215 coupled by a hinge mechanism 207 shown coupled along a one edge of the base portion 220 and the lid portion 215. The base portion 220 and lid portion 215 can be coupled and pivoted with respect to each other to enable at least partial access to an inner region 205 of the privacy/security enclosure 200 by opening to an angle of between about 90° and about 180°. In some other embodiments, the base portion 220 and lid portion 215 can be pivoted with respect to each other and angled at an angle of greater than about 180° (not shown). For example, in some embodiments, the base portion 220 and lid portion 215 can be pivoted with respect to each other and angled at an angle of about 190°. In some embodiments, this can allow the privacy/security enclosure 200 to lay substantially fully open on a surface (e.g., such as a desk) and accommodate a base portion 220 that is thicker than the lid portion 215. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosures 100, 200 can be closed, providing no access to the inner regions 105, 205 and effectively shielding the contents of the privacy/security enclosures 100, 200 from RF signals, and/or preventing sounds outside the enclosure from being monitored. For example, as shown in FIGS. 10-15, showing various views of numerous embodiments of a closed privacy/security enclosures 1000, 1100, 1200, 1300, 1400, 1500, the privacy/security enclosures can include a base and lid portions where the base portion is substantially parallel to the lid portion, and the base portion and lid portion are substantially matingly coupled and/or engaged.

[00376] In some embodiments, the hinge mechanisms 107, 207 can comprise a conventional friction hinge (such as a conventional friction hinge found in a conventional laptop computer). In some other embodiments, the hinge mechanism can comprise an open hinge mechanism, such as the hinges distributed by Taili Glasses Parts Co., ltd. (ht^://www.tailiglassesparts.com/eyeglasses hinges.html . In some other embodiments, the hinge mechanisms 107, 207 can comprise a closed hinge mechanism, and can be sourced through Alibaba.com(http://www.alibaba.com). ALIBABA" and "ALIBABA.COM" and related icons and logos are registered trademarks or trademarks or service marks of Alibaba Group Holding Limited. In other embodiments, the hinge mechanisms 107, 207 can comprise other types of coupling members capable of allowing the pivoting portions of the privacy/security enclosures 100, 200 to pivot and/or rotate with respect to each other. For example, in some embodiments, the hinge mechanisms 107, 207 can comprise a conventional spring-clip. [00377] In some further embodiments, the base and lid portions of the privacy/security enclosures 100, 200 can be decoupled. For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosures 100, 200 can be configured to enable a user to separate the base and lid portions. For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosures 100, 200 can include separate base and lid portions that can be matingly coupled and/or engaged by the user. Consequently, in some embodiments, a user can then choose to open the privacy/security enclosures 100, 200 by decoupling the base and lid portions.

[00378] In some embodiments, at least some portion of the privacy/security enclosure can include a radio-frequency shield (hereinafter referred to as an "RF shield"). As used herein, the term "RF shield" is intended to mean a barrier that is able to substantially attenuate, at least partially prevent transmission through, or at least partially block transmission of RF radiation (hereinafter referred to "RF"). For example, in some embodiments of the invention, the RF shield can attenuate (i.e. reduce in signal strength) an RF signal by about 100 dB. In some other embodiments, the RF shield can provide greater than about 100 dB signal attenuation. In some embodiments, the RF shield can attenuate an RF signal by less than about 100 dB while still disrupting effective communication.

[00379] In some embodiments, any privacy/security enclosure described herein can include an RF shield that can be capable of attenuating or at least partially blocking RF radiation from entering or exiting the privacy/security enclosure. In some embodiments, this can allow for bandwidth selectable pass-through capabilities. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can form a Faraday cage capable of substantially attenuating RF signals (whether emitted from one or more mobile or stationary communication devices, or whether emitted from another source). For example, in some embodiments, at least a portion of the privacy/security enclosure is formed of a material substantially attenuating to RF radiation emitted from one or more mobile or stationary communication devices. In some other embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can be formed of a material including at least a portion that is capable of substantially attenuating radio-frequency radiation emitted from outside of the privacy/security enclosure. For example, in some embodiments, at least a portion of the RF shield and/or Faraday cage can comprise aluminum, magnesium, copper, steel, or other conductive metal, metallic paints or coatings, wire mesh fabrics in one or more layers or orientations etc., or plastics infused with conductive elements, conductive compounds, and/or conductive mixtures. In some embodiments, at least a portion of the Faraday cage can be optically translucent or transparent. Some embodiments can include a screen emulator. For example, in instances where the privacy/security enclosure includes substantial portions that are not optically transparent, a screen emulator can be used to replicate the enclosed device's screen on a screen that is outside of the privacy/security enclosure.

[00380] In some embodiments, one or more slots, windows, or openings can be formed in any portion of the privacy/security enclosure Faraday cage. In some embodiments, this can allow for features such as connecting internal and external antennas, each or all of which can provide varying levels of attenuation or gain at various frequencies. Further, in some embodiments, this can allow cables or wires to pass into the privacy/security enclosure for various purposes including charging the battery of internal devices, or the battery of the privacy/security enclosure, or to access any other internal component from the outside of the enclosure. Further, in some embodiments, the one or more slots, windows, or openings can be used to allow certain RF transmissions through based on the size and location of the slot/opening (e.g. such as in the case of the use of a slot antenna). Some embodiments of the invention can pass certain frequency ranges (with or without attenuation or gain) while attenuating other frequencies. In some embodiments, this can be achieved using one or more slots, windows, or openings that are configured in an open or partially open position. In some embodiments, when the one or more slots, windows, or openings that are configured in a closed configuration, some or all RF frequencies can be attenuated (thereby minimizing leakage).

[00381] Further, some embodiments can comprise mechanical or electro-mechanical switches and cut-offs, band pass filters, and other technologies, alone or in combination with each other and/or with antennas, repeaters, amplifiers and other such technologies.

[00382] In some embodiments, at least a portion of the privacy/security enclosure is formed of a material substantially attenuating RF radiation emitted to or from any RF antennas or transceivers when they are positioned inside the privacy/security enclosure. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can comprise a Faraday cage to substantially attenuate, or at least partially block reception of RF radiation. Some embodiments of the invention can comprise an RF shield layer positioned within or on at least a portion of a base portion, or a lid portion, or both. For example, FIG. 3 shows a partial cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure 300 according to one embodiment of the invention that includes an RF shield layer 305.

[00383] The privacy/security enclosure 300 shown includes an enclosure shell or housing 310 that encloses an inner region 320. Attached to the housing 310 is an RF shield layer 305. At least some portion of the RF shield layer 305 can be placed between the enclosure shell 310 (i.e., where the enclosure shell 310 as shown could be at least some portion of the base and/or at least some portion of the lid) and an enclosure liner 315. In other embodiments, the RF shield layer 305 can be placed in other regions of the privacy/security enclosure 300. For example, the RF shield layer 305 could be placed on the outside of the enclosure shell 310 (e.g., as a cover material) or embedded in the enclosure shell 310. In some embodiments, the enclosure shell layer 305 can include layers of metal, alloy, wire, a wire mesh, a pure metallic casing, or some other electrically conductive material. In other embodiments, the enclosure liner 315 can comprise the RF shield (i.e., the enclosure liner 315 performs a function of providing a physical lining of the enclosure and also functions as an RF shield). As shown in FIG. 3, in some embodiments, the RF shield layer 305 can extend across an entire inner surface of the enclosure shell 310 of the privacy/security enclosure 300. The view as shown includes a partial cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure according to some embodiments of the invention. The view is not meant to limit the scope of the invention, and one of ordinary skill in the art would recognize that the view would also be representative of an opposite side of the privacy/security enclosure (i.e., a base portion or a lid portion or both). In this instance, the enclosure shell 310 as shown can be either a base portion or a lid portion (e.g., such as base portion 220 or a lid portion 215 of privacy/security enclosure 200), and the RF shield layer 305 can extend across an entire inner surface of the privacy/security enclosure 300 (wherein the portion 302 as shown could function as a base portion or a lid portion). In some embodiments, the RF shield layer 305 can be substantially continuous. In other embodiments, the RF shield layer 305 can be discontinuous (i.e., it can be patterned and/or can contain gaps or apertures of various sizes).

[00384] In some embodiments, materials useful for fabricating an RF shield for at least one embodiment of the invention described herein can include materials comprising of metal, metal alloys, or any other conductive material including ultra-conductive film or coating. For example, some embodiments can include a polymer and/or carbon-fiber based layer (e.g., a film, coating or cover) that can include at least one conductive layer. Some embodiments can utilize LORD® "UltraConductive Film and Coatings for Lightning Strike Protection" products with 121dB attenuation (found at the following web address: http://www.lord.com). In some embodiments, tests have shown that a carbon composite coated with the LORD® "UltraConductive Film" achieved 121 dB of EMI shielding, equivalent to that of a solid 1- mm thick aluminum layer.

[00385] Other materials useful for fabricating an RF shield for at least one embodiment of the invention can include materials comprising Lessemf.com, Y-Shield paint with 30 to 40 dB attenuation @ 1 to 18 GHz, http://www.lessemf.com/paint.html, an EMP Faraday Bag with 40 db @ 1 to 10 GHz, http://www.lessemf.com/cellphon.html, and shielding fabric with 50 to 80 dB @ 10MHz to 3 GHz, ht<p://www.lessemf.com/fabric.html

[00386] Still other materials useful for fabricating an RF shield for at least one embodiment of the invention can include materials comprising Ibagroup.com RF paint with 30 to 40 dB attenuation, see http://www.lbagroup.com/products/shielding-paints, and fabric with 80 to 100 db attenuation @ 200 MHz to 10 GHz, see h1^://ww^ lbagrou .corn/ rodιιcts/rf-shielding-fabrics.

[00387] Other materials useful for fabricating an RF shield for at least one embodiment of the invention can include materials comprising an Aaronia RFI shield fabric with 80 to 100 db attenuation @ 1 GHz to 10 GHz, such as those available from Kaltman Creations, 11c, see http://www.kaltmancreationsllc om^

[00388] Other materials useful for fabricating an RF shield for at least one embodiment of the invention include 3M™ Dri-Shield (metalized polyester and polyethylene with 45 dB attenuation) available from 3M Company.

[00389] Still other materials useful for fabricating an RF shield for at least one embodiment of the invention include nickel coated graphite mats, nickel coated steel foils and copper mesh with 70 to 93 dB @ 10 MHz to 17GHZ, available from Fiberforge

(http://www.fiberforge.com).

[00390] In some further embodiments of the invention, materials useful to form an RF shield in one or more embodiments of the invention include a layer of material comprising a polymer-based matrix material including metal filaments dispersed in a matrix to form a polymer composite material. In some embodiments, the polymer matrix can comprise a homopolymer and/or copolymer, and can include at least one ceramic, and/or at least one polymer-ceramic mixture. For example, in some embodiments, the RF shield can comprise a layer of material comprising nickel filaments dispersed in polyethersulfone ("PES") as disclosed in "Nickel Filament Polymer-Matrix Composites With Low Surface Impedance and High Electromagnetic Interference Shielding Effectiveness", Xiaoping Shui and D. D. L. Chung, Journal of Electronic Materials, Vol. 26, No. 8, 1997.

[00391] In some other embodiments, materials useful in one or more embodiments of the invention include a layer of material comprising a carbon fiber-based matrix material including metal filaments dispersed in a matrix to form a carbon fiber composite material. In some embodiments, the carbon fiber matrix can comprise a homopolymer and/or copolymer, and can include at least one ceramic, and/or at least one polymer-ceramic mixture. In some embodiments, the metal filaments can comprise nickel filaments. In some further embodiments, the metal filaments can include copper filaments and/or stainless steel filaments.

[00392] Some embodiments of the invention can include using fabrics with copper or metallic wire/wire mesh woven into base fabric, with layering and/or crossed fabric layers. In some embodiments, an RF shield can be placed between layers of cloth fabric. For example, in some embodiments, an RF shield layer as described earlier can be formed into or embedded in a cloth fabric. In this example embodiment, the cloth layer can then be used to line at least some portion of the inner region (e.g., the inner region of the base portion, or lid portion or both, and/or at least some portion of the outside of the privacy/security enclosure).

[00393] As described earlier, FIGS. 10-15 show perspective views of privacy/security enclosures in which the base portion and lid portion are substantially matingly coupled and/or engaged to form a closed privacy/security enclosure. The mobile communication device (device 10) shown in FIGS. 1-2 or FIGS. 13-15 would be shielded from view by the enclosures shown in FIGS. 10-15. Further, in some embodiments, the shell of the privacy/security enclosure can be non-transparent (i.e., substantially attenuating to visible light) and capable of shielding the inner region of the privacy/security enclosure from view. For example, the privacy/security enclosures 1000, 1 100, 1200, 1300, 1400, 1500 shown in FIGS. 10-15 and described herein can completely prevent direct viewing of any enclosed communication device, and can prevent video cameras or other visible light sensors from imaging the enclosed communication device. [00394] In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include a cover that is capable of at least partially covering at least one video camera within at least one user device. In some embodiments, the cover can be the base or lid portion, and/or can comprise a further structural component integrated within, coupled with, or included within the privacy/security enclosure. For example, in some embodiments, at least some portion of the privacy/security enclosure can comprise a material that is at least partially or substantially fully attenuating to visible light radiation. For example, in some embodiments, the lid portion can comprise a translucent region or "window", capable of allowing some light to enter and exit the privacy/security enclosure. In this instance, a user can be able to view the presence or absence of any mobile or stationary communication device within a closed privacy/security enclosure (i.e., the user can understand the presence of the device without opening the privacy/security enclosure). However, in this instance, the translucent region would not enable a user or another individual or imaging device to read and comprehend a visual display of the communication device, or read and comprehend any information printed or inscribed on the communication device. In some other embodiments, other portions of the privacy/security enclosure can include at least one region capable of at least partially attenuating visible light radiation. For example, some embodiments include a base portion and/or a lid with one or more translucent regions. In some embodiments, one or more cameras (i.e., still or moving picture recording apparatus sensitive to the visible light, infrared light and/or UV light) will be attenuated to an extent that renders video recording devices enclosed within the privacy/security enclosure incapable of recording images outside of the enclosure. In some other embodiments of the invention, other sensors of enclosed devices such as light, proximity, heat/thermal, biometric and other such sensors will be partially or substantially fully blocked by the privacy/security enclosure.

[00395] In some further embodiments of the invention, the privacy/security enclosure can suppress sound to substantially eliminate eavesdropping. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can substantially block and/or damp the signals reaching audio sensors and microphones. For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include audio blocking so that typical conversation-level audio outside the privacy/security enclosure will not be intelligible or discernible by the enclosed device's microphone. In some embodiments, the enclosure can include sound dampening layers/materials. For example, in some embodiments, at least a portion of the privacy/security enclosure is formed of a material substantially attenuating sound emitted from one or more mobile or stationary communication devices. In some other embodiments, at least a portion of the privacy/security enclosure is formed of a material substantially attenuating sound emitted from outside of the privacy/security enclosure.

[00396] In some further embodiments of the invention, the privacy/security enclosure can suppress the ability of various other sensors when enclosed within the privacy/security enclosure. For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can substantially block and/or damp the signals reaching other sensors such as accelerometers, gyroscopes, magnetometers. In some embodiments, the enclosure can include materials configured to at least partially block or attenuate a signal that would normally be sensed by any accelerometers, gyroscopes, or magnetometers that may be coupled to one or more enclosed devices.

[00397] In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can comprise a structure that includes at least one sound attenuation layer. For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include a sound attenuation layer coupled with the enclosure liner 315 shown in FIG. 3. Further, in some embodiments, the enclosure liner 315 can comprise a sound attenuation layer. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include a sound attenuation layer positioned within the privacy/security enclosure so that it is immediately adjacent to a microphone and/or a loudspeaker of a device 10.

[00398] In some embodiments, sound attenuation can be accomplished by increasing the thickness of one or more regions of the privacy/security enclosure. For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can comprise a base portion and/or a lid portion with increased thickness to provide a level of sound attenuation that is greater than that provided for base portion and/or a lid portions that are thinner. In some embodiments, when the base portion and/or lid portion comprises an inner and outer shell, either the inner shell or outer shell or both can be made thicker in order to provide increased sound attenuation. Increasing the thickness of any portion of the privacy/security enclosure can increase the mass of the privacy/security enclosure in some embodiments.

[00399] By definition, every frequency has a corresponding wavelength (impacted by phase velocity). In some embodiments, for any privacy/security enclosure, there can be a frequency that resonates based at least in part on its dimensions, material of construction, and mass. If the resonant frequency falls within the audible frequency spectrum, it is more likely that the sound pressure wave will pass to the interior of the privacy/security enclosure. However, in some embodiments, the stiffness or shape of the privacy/security enclosure can push these resonant frequencies away and/or out of the audible voice range. In some embodiments, the material used, its mass, formed shape, and any reinforcing structures such as internal ribbing can increase the stiffness for a particular dimension and modify sound resonance within the privacy/security enclosure.

[00400] In some embodiments, sound attenuation can be accomplished using at least one low pressure or vacuum region or pocket within the privacy/security enclosure. For example, one or more vacuum pockets can be integrated in a base portion and/or a lid portion of a privacy/security enclosure to provide a sound attenuation function. In some embodiments, the vacuum pocket can be integrated into a wall of the base portion or the lid portion, integrated within an inner shell coupled to an outer shell of the base or lid portions, or formed by coupling an inner shell to an outer shell to form a vacuum pocket between the inner and outer shells. In some embodiments, a vacuum pump can create at least a partial vacuum in at least a portion of the interior of the privacy/security enclosure. In some embodiments, the vacuum pump can be a separate unit or integrated into the privacy/security enclosure in some embodiments, and can be actuated in various known ways including a motor or a manual actuator.

[00401] Some embodiments include other sound attenuation that can be used alone, or with those described previously. Some embodiments of the invention can include at least one vibration dampener. For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include at least one material and/or at least one component capable of attenuating a vibration. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include a vibration dampening coating. The coating can be applied to at least some region of a base portion and/or a lid portion (including for example be applied to one or more metal regions or components). In some further embodiments, the vibration dampening coating can comprise a lead- impregnated vinyl. In some other embodiments, the vibration dampening can be achieved using an aerogel material in the form of a coating, sheet, or one or more layers. In other embodiments, the vibration dampening coating can include at least one conventional acoustical dampening material.

[00402] In some embodiments, sound attenuation can be enabled using at least one vibration damping structural feature capable of coupling with any surface of any enclosed device. For example, in some embodiments, sound attenuation can be enabled using at least one structural feature capable of coupling with one or more microphones of an enclosed device. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include at least one structural sound attenuator (e.g., such as a cap or header or footer) positioned inside the privacy/security enclosure that is capable of pressing against one or more microphones of any enclosed device in order to reduce, muffle, and/or substantially block sound from being picked-up by the one or more microphones.

[00403] Some embodiments include a vibration damping structural feature comprising an isolation cage. For example, in some embodiments, one or more regions of the privacy/security enclosure can include a suspended vibration isolation cage. In some embodiments, at least one user device can be placed within the vibration isolation cage, and suspended within the privacy/security enclosure in order to attenuate vibrations reaching or being emitted from one or more enclosed devices. Some embodiments include a suspended vibration isolation cage coupled to an inner surface of the privacy/security enclosure using a conventional suspension mount. For example, in some embodiments, the vibration isolation cage can be coupled to an inner surface of the privacy/security enclosure using a coupler comprising an elastomeric material. In other embodiments, the coupler can comprised a fluid-filled chamber in which the fluid is selected for its attenuation of certain vibration frequency ranges.

[00404] FIGS. 4, 5, 6A-6C, and 7A-7D show perspective views of passive acoustical attenuation technology according to at least one embodiment of the invention. For example, FIG. 4 shows one example of a privacy/security enclosure 400 that is filled with vibration damping foam 415 that can exclude (i.e., displace) sound carrier air, while also providing damping of enclosure vibration caused by exterior sound. As shown, in some embodiments, each portion 405, 410 of the privacy/security enclosure 400 can be at least partially filled with vibration damping foam 415 with at least one deformation seal 430 and at least one o- ring seal 435. Further, in some embodiments, the phone side surface of each half of the damping foam can be shaped or otherwise contoured with one or more features 420. For example, in some embodiments, the phone side surface can include a trough and/or depression 425 to accommodate and/or cradle at least a portion of a phone. Some embodiments can include one or more ridges 422 to support and/or suspend a phone. In some embodiments, at least a portion of the phone side surface of the foam 415 can comprise a high deformation material. In some further embodiments, at least some of one or more foam portions 415 can comprise a gel-like material 445 comprising sound absorbing materials.

[00405] Some embodiments can include passive acoustical protection using multiple air- to-enclosure boundaries. In this instance, each successive boundary can provide additional attenuation. For example, as depicted in the assembly view of FIG. 5, in some embodiments, at least one enclosure boundary can include an acoustical reflective outer layer with a "dead" inner layer (shows as 550) including latch 555. Some embodiments include an enclosure 500 comprising an adsorptive shell half 510 and shell half 514 with gasket labrynth interface 575, fuzzy interior 570, and suspension hooks 585. Some embodiments include a suspended frame 515 including an elastomeric enclosure forming an aperture 530 and extension inserts 525 for coupling with the suspension hooks 585. In some embodiments, the device 10 can be inserted into the frame 515 and supported within the enclosure 500.

[00406] In some embodiments, while the assembly shown in FIG. 5 provides a substantially airtight seal (which also provides protection against water and dust etc.), the primary reason for the gasket labyrinth interface 575 is for RF attenuation. In some embodiments, the gasket labyrinth interface 575 can comprise a conductive gasket that can form at least a portion of a Faraday cage capable of providing RF protection. For example, some embodiments can include a gasket portion comprising a soft elastomer that can be shaped to extend at least a partial distance around the interface between two portions of the privacy/security enclosure. In some embodiments, the gasket portion can include inserts that comprise sound dampening foam and/or the aforementioned gel comprising sound dampening foam. In some embodiments, at least some portion of the privacy/security enclosure 500 (e.g., such as at least one enclosure boundary) can include suspension hooks 585, and in some embodiments, at least part of the gasket portion 515 can couple with one or more of the hooks 585. In some further embodiments, the one or more of the inner enclosures (forming a boundary between an outer enclosure) can comprise a sound absorbing shell. In some embodiments, the outer surface of one or more inner enclosures can comprise at least one suspension damper capable of attenuating and isolating one internal enclosure from another (internal or outer) enclosure. In some embodiments, the target microphone can be excited by vibrations caused by sound pressure waves. In some embodiments, an internal suspension system for one or more communication devices (such as a phone) can reduce the amount of vibration that reaches the microphone. Other benefits can include drop and shock protection.

[00407] Some embodiments of the invention can enable a user to upgrade and/or customize and/or maintain the acoustical dampening of the privacy/security enclosure. For example, as shown in FIG. 6B, some embodiments of the invention can include a privacy/security enclosure 650 comprising one or more assemblies including an installable microphone sealing material (with assembly 600 shown in FIG. 6A and an embodiments of a seal of the privacy/security enclosure 650 shown in FIG. 6C). In some embodiments, a tight seal applied directly to any microphone within the privacy/security enclosure 650 can further reduce the sound pressure waves that reach the microphone(s). As shown in FIG. 6B, some embodiments include a privacy/security enclosure 650 including an elastomeric trampoline- type suspension assembly 660. In some embodiments, the suspension assembly 660 can be coupled to one portions of the privacy/security enclosure 650, and can be configured to be coupled to a grip an enclosure portion. For example, referring to the assembly view 600 of FIG. 6A, some embodiments include a case 605, trampoline suspension 610, and grip case 615. Further, auxiliary microphone plug 625, foam 620, and main microphone plug 630 can be assembled into the case 605 for sealing one or more microphones of a user's device. In some embodiments, a main microphone plug 630 can be coupled to the grip enclosure portion (grip case 615), and in some further embodiments, the auxiliary microphone plug 625 can be coupled to the grip case 615. In some embodiments, the main microphone plug 630 and/or the auxiliary mic plug 625 can attenuate sound to prevent it being sensed by one or more microphones in the device 10 (shown in FIG. 6B).

[00408] In some embodiments, two portions of the privacy/security enclosure 650 can include at least one o-ring capable of sealing at least a portion of the privacy/security enclosure 650. Further, in some embodiments, the at least one sealing o-ring can comprise a substantially airtight or near airtight seal formed substantially around the seam of the privacy/security enclosure 650. In this instance, when the privacy/security enclosure 650 is closed, the airtight seal reduces the sound waves reaching the target microphone. Other benefits include air, water and dust protection. Further, in some embodiments, at least a portion of one or more portions of the privacy/security enclosure can include a copper plated lining and/or layer. For example, FIG. 6B shows a cross-sectional view of the privacy/security enclosure 650 showing a device 10 held within the suspension assembly 660 formed by the assembly 600 shown in FIG. 6A. FIG. 6C shows a partial assembly view of a section of the case 605. For example, the wall section 670 coupled to wall section 680 (forming a case half 605b) can be coupled to the case half 605a as shown. The case half 605b can comprise the sections 670, 680 coupled using a screw 687. The wall section 680 can include a copper plate 685 in some embodiments. Further, the wall section 670 can include a groove 692 containing a sealing o-ring 690 into which a tongue portion 606 of the case half 605a is inserted to form the privacy/security enclosure 650.

[00409] Some embodiments of the invention can include a combination of sound attenuation technologies. For example, as shown in FIGS. 7A-7D, some embodiments can utilize elastomeric webs to suspend the phone and vibration damping inserts. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 700 can include sound dampening foam distributed between one or more elastomeric ribs. For example, FIG. 7A shows the privacy/security enclosure 700 including a case shell form by a base half 705 and a lid half 708. In some embodiments, a foam web 720 can be positioned in one or more of the halves 705, 708. Soft foam 725, 730 can also be integrated as shown. FIG. 7C shows a partial assembly view of a section of the case 705. For example, the wall section 762 (forming a portion of the case half 708b) can be coupled to a wall section 759 (forming a portion of a case half 705a). The wall section 759 is shown including an outer wall 755, which in some embodiments includes a multi-layer steel wall 765. Further, in some embodiments, foam section 750 and rib section 760 can be coupled to the wall section 759. At least one Faraday gasket 770 with air and water tight seal 775 can be coupled to a tongue 785 of the wall section 762 by coupled with the seal formed from gasket or o-ring 780. The wall section 762 can comprise a gasket 790 coupled to an outer wall 795. FIG. 7D shows a close-up view of a device 10 coupled with a portion of the foam frame 796, 798 when positioned in the privacy/security enclosure 700 as described. In some embodiments, the foam 725, 730, 750 can comprise a soft, open cell memory foam that utilizes elastomeric webs (ribs 760) to suspend the phone and vibration damping inserts between the webs that also act as shock absorbers in the case of severe impact. In some embodiments, the case shell (e.g., formed by outer walls 755, 795 shown in FIG. 7C) can also be a composite structure designed for sound blocking, damping, and RF shielding characteristics (as well as video and other shielding characteristics). Further, in some embodiments, foam-faced plungers can be positioned to compress against the microphone ports of a communication device when the enclosure is closed. [00410] Some embodiments of the invention include active acoustical control. For example, some embodiments include active masking of audio listening devices using at least one audio masking device. In some embodiments, active acoustical control can comprise at least one sound generator (such as a speaker) transmitting audio masking signals such that any enclosed microphone and/or microphone recording of one or more targeted devices is not able to distinguish the masking signals from other audio content that may or may not have been present at the time of the broadcast of the masking signal. In some embodiments, the audio content can comprise babble, chirps, pink noise, or white noise. Thus, in some embodiments sound is recorded but audibly buried with the signals that are broadcast so that the sounds are substantially indistinguishable from the masking signal. A variety of masking sounds can be used for this purpose including, but not limited to high or low frequency sounds (including those outside of unassisted human perception). In some instances, the audio masker can be a standalone feature or device, and can include a powered speaker option. For example, FIGS. 8A-8B show one embodiment of the invention including a privacy/security enclosure 800 comprising an elastomeric suspension portion (810 coupled with 825), and at least one speaker that can emit sound in the general area of one or more communication devices (e.g., such as a phone). In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 800 comprising a housing including a base portion 810 and a lid portion 815. Further, the privacy/security enclosure 800 can include an active sound system 850 positioned within the housing 805 that can utilize one or more piezoelectric transducers 830, 840, 845. In some embodiments, a battery 870 is provided for powering the active sound system 850, and optionally for use as an auxiliary power supply for a phone via conventional electromechanical or inductive coupling technologies.

[00411] In some further embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include an acoustical attenuation comprising an elastomeric suspension that is removable from the privacy/security enclosure to allow easy fitting of the phone. As illustrated in FIGS. 9A-9C, in some embodiments, the elastomeric suspension 900 can include a vibration isolating portion 955 comprising sound dampening foam that can be located at the microphone ports. Further, some embodiments can also include active/powered acoustical transmission via a speaker 930 coupled through a port 925. For example, in some embodiments, a portion of the foam 960 directly adjacent to the microphone port can include at least one embedded speaker 975 within the foam 985 coupled to a silicone frame portion 980 of the elastomeric suspension 900 (shown in FIG. 9C) capable of introducing noise within the vicinity of the microphone port of a communication device. In some embodiments, embedded speakers 975 can be included based on the geometry of one or more enclosed devices in order to offer the flexibility to be used with different communication devices that can vary in size, quantity, and shape. Moreover, in some embodiments, embedded speakers 975 can be included based on the quantity and/or sizes of microphones. In some embodiments, the broadcast of noise can create a signal that can limit or prevent a microphone in the privacy/security enclosure from detecting the presence and/or intelligibility of voices. In some embodiments, the noise can be deterministic, partly-deterministic, or a random sound envelope. In some embodiments, the noise signal could be chirping (a single tone starting from some frequency and shifting to another frequency that can go over an audible frequency range and repeat). In some embodiments, the noise can comprise a random chirping (e.g., a sequence of random chirps played serially). Further, in some embodiments, each chirp can cover some portion of the audible range. Some further embodiments include a crowd noise and/or babble (e.g., multiple, substantially simultaneous speaking voices). Some other embodiments can include random and/or colored noise (e.g., random noise with a specific shape in the frequency domain including white noise, pink noise, brown noise, blue noise, gray noise, or other). Some embodiments of the invention can include a speaker driver to produce any one of the above mentioned noise sound envelopes within the privacy/security enclosure 900 or some portion of the privacy/security enclosure 900 (e.g. a sock or other mechanism holding one or more devices). In some embodiments, the sound driver (e.g., a speaker) can be configured for low power consumption, accuracy in reproducing the desired random noise source, and one or more front and back driver volume controls.

[00412] Some embodiments include selective activation of acoustical masking. For example, in order to conserve power or to minimize obtrusive noise, some embodiments include a microphone capable of detecting the presence of speech. In some embodiments, when speech is detected, noise is broadcast to at least partially mask the speech (through a process of listening and responding). In some further embodiments, a broadcast tail (e.g. some time period, which may vary based on goal) can be used when speech is no longer detected (to accommodate pauses in conversation). Further, some embodiments include varying the power level of the noise signal being broadcasted based on the volume of speech detected. Further, some embodiments of the invention include broadcasting a low volume of sound substantially all of the time. Some embodiments of the invention can also include various controls (e.g., buttons or some other such interface) that can allow users to either activate or bypass the listen and response and/or other features. In some embodiments, a user can use the controls to selectively broadcast noise continuously at varying power levels, or to turn the device off entirely to allow for calls, or for some other such purpose, including those in which no audio masking is desired.

[00413] Some embodiments of the invention include access ports. For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include at least one slot or aperture configured to allow access to a device port. In some embodiments, at least some portion of the base and/or the lid of the privacy/security enclosure can include one or more apertures or slots that can enable access to an enclosed device. In some embodiments, one or more access ports can enable power, audio, video, or other signals to be transmitted into and out of the privacy/security enclosure. Further, in some embodiments, a power supply, an audio signal, and/or a video signal can be transferred into or from any device within the privacy/security enclosure while substantially attenuating or substantially blocking receipt and transmission of RF signals to and from the privacy/security enclosure.

[00414] In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include at least one accessory pouch. For example, as shown in FIG. 2, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 200 can include at least one accessory pouch 202 such as an internal sleeve or pocket capable of securing documents, credit or debit cards, driver's license, etc. In some embodiments as shown, the lid portion 215 can include the accessory pouch 202 including a plurality of pockets or compartments 202a. In some other embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 200 can include at least one accessory pouch capable of securing an accessory selected from a group consisting of a pen, a pencil, coin currency, paper or plastic currency notes, USB memory sticks, and keys (e.g., house or automobile keys and key fobs). In some embodiments, the pouch 202, 202a can comprise a metal mesh wallet.

[00415] In some embodiments, at least some portion of the privacy/security enclosure can include a colored covering. For example, in some embodiments, at least some portion of the base portion or lid portion of the privacy/security enclosure can be colored (e.g., the base or lid can be red in color). In some embodiments, at least some portion of the privacy/security enclosure can include a multiple colored covering. For example, in some embodiments, at least some portion of the base or the lid of the privacy/security enclosure can comprise multiple colors. [00416] Some embodiments include a privacy/security enclosure that can include a patterned surface. For example, in some embodiments, at least some portion of the base or the lid of the privacy/security enclosure can include a patterned surface. In some embodiments, at least some portion of the base or the lid of the privacy/security enclosure can include printed text. In some embodiments, at least some portion of the base or the lid of the privacy/security enclosure can be textured.

[00417] In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include a covering layer. For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can comprise a substantially structurally supporting member including for example a base and lid portion, and at least some portion of the base or the lid of the privacy/security enclosure can be covered by at least one covering layer. In some embodiments, the covering layer can comprise carbon fiber. In other embodiments, the covering layer can comprise a polymer film or a fabric-based material. In some embodiments, the shape of the outer surface of the privacy/security enclosure can dictate the material used for the covering layer and the process used to couple the covering layer to the outer surface of the privacy/security enclosure shell (e.g., by coupling to either the base portion or the lid portion).

[00418] In some further embodiments, colors, patterns, textures, prints, or inserted materials can be applied to inside of the privacy/security enclosure (e.g., to liners, accessories, socks, and/or blocking foams etc.,) as well as to hinges and/or latches on the outside of the privacy/security enclosure.

[00419] FIG. 10 illustrates a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure 1000 according to one embodiment of the invention including filleted corners. The privacy/security enclosure 1000 can comprise a housing 1005 including a base portion 1020 and lid portion 1010 coupled by a hinge 1030. As shown, in some embodiments, the corners of the base portion and the lid portion base portion 1020 (shown as 1026) and lid portion 1010 (shown as 1024) can be filleted so that the corners are curved, and the outer edge of the base portion and the lid portion can comprise a curved surface.

[00420] FIG. 11 illustrates a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure 1100 according to another embodiment of the invention. The privacy/security enclosure 1 100 can comprise a housing 1 105 including a base portion 1120 and lid portion 1 110 coupled by a hinge 1130. As shown, in some embodiments, the corners (1126) of the base portion 1120 and the corners (1124) of the lid portion 1 110 can be curved. Further, the edge interfaces of the corners of the base portion and the lid portion can be substantially flat as they meet with the top surfaces of the portions 11 10, 1 120. For example, the edge interface 1 128 formed with the top surface 11 12 can be substantially flat proximate the corner 1 124). Further, the transition from the top surface of the base portion and to the wall surface 1 126a of the base portion 1120, and the transition from the top surface 1 112 to the wall surface 1 124a of the lid portion 1 110 can include a sharp or abrupt edge. Moreover, in some embodiments, the edge can be at least partially curved.

[00421] FIG. 12 illustrates a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure according to a further embodiment of the invention. As shown, in some embodiments, the corners of the base portion 1220 (shown as 1224) and the corners of the lid portion 1210 (shown as 1214) can be curved. Further, the base portion 1220 and the lid portion 1210 can include a curved transition region from their respective top surface (top surface 1211 of the lid portion 1210 being visible in the view of FIG. 12) to the wall surface 1216. In some embodiments as shown, the corners 1224, 1214) can include a reduction in the radius of curvature of the corners 1224, 1214 (as compared with the embodiments of FIG. 10 and 11). In some embodiments, the reduced radius in the corners 1224, 1214 can reduce distortion and wear of the surfaces of the privacy/security enclosure 1200.

[00422] Some further embodiments of the invention include a privacy/security enclosure design comprising at least one outside cover feature. For example, FIGS. 13-15 show perspective views of various embodiments of a privacy/security enclosure. FIG. 13 illustrates a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure 1300 adjacent to user device 10 in which the outer cover 1340 comprises a longitudinal feature 1330. The housing 1305 can comprise a base portion 1320 and lid portion 1310 including an outer cover 1340. The outer cover 1340 can include the feature 1340 that can extend at least a partial length of the housing 1305. In some embodiments, the feature 1340 can comprise any color or texture as described earlier. Further, in some embodiments, the feature 1340 can comprise a window, layer, logo, emblem, display, or other functional or aesthetic feature.

[00423] FIG. 14 illustrates a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure adjacent to smart phone according to one embodiment of the invention in which the outer cover comprises a central feature, and FIG. 15 illustrates a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure adjacent to smart phone according to one embodiment of the invention that includes a central feature extending across the width of the privacy/security enclosure. For example, referring to FIG. 14, the housing 1405 can comprise a base portion 1410 and lid portion 1415 including an outer cover 1430. The portions 1410, 1415 are shown coupled by a pivot or hinge assembly 1420. The outer cover 1430 can include the centrally located feature 1440 that can extend at least a partial length of the housing 1405. In some embodiments, the feature 1440 can comprise any color or texture as described earlier. Further, in some embodiments, the feature 1440 can comprise a window, layer, logo, emblem, display, or other functional or aesthetic feature. Further, referring to FIG. 15, the housing 1505 can comprise a base portion 1510 and lid portion 1515 including an outer cover 1550. The outer cover 1550 can include the centrally located feature 1555 that can extend at least a partial length of the housing 1505. In some embodiments, the feature 1555 can comprise any color or texture as described earlier. Further, in some embodiments, the feature 1555 can comprise a window, layer, logo, emblem, display, or other functional or aesthetic feature. Further, in some embodiments, a side 1540 of the privacy/security enclosure 1500 can comprise any color or texture as described earlier. The embodiments shown in FIGS. 13- 15 depict a user device 10 (e.g., a smart phone) positioned adjacent to the closed privacy/security enclosures, and in each enclosure represent one embodiment of a user device that can be enclosed by the adjacent privacy/security enclosure.

[00424] As described earlier, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can be closed. In some instances, closure and sealing of a base and lid portion of a privacy/security enclosure can be facilitated by the use of at least one tongue and groove. As discussed earlier, FIG. 3 shows a cross-sectional view of at least a portion of an outer rim of a shell enclosure of a privacy/security enclosure that can include a tongue and groove ring (shown as 325). In other embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include single tongue and groove architecture. Some embodiments can include a groove positioned on a base portion and a single tongue positioned on a lid portion, configured and arranged to matingly engage when the privacy/security enclosure is closed. In some embodiments, either one or both of a base portion and a lid portion can include an inner surface comprising a tongue and groove structure. Moreover, in some embodiments, the use of a plurality of tongue and grooves, with each tongue and groove including a conductive gasket, can add incremental RF shielding based at least in part on the number of tongues, grooves, and conductive gaskets. For example, FIG. 16 is a perspective view of an open privacy/security enclosure 1600 according to one embodiment of the invention. The privacy/security enclosure 1600 can comprise a main housing 1605 including a base portion 1610 and a lid portion 1615 enclosing an inner region 1602. In some embodiments, a groove 1625 can extend at least partially around the edge 1610a of the base portion 1610, and a groove 1635 can extend at least partially around the edge 1615a of the lid portion 1615.

[00425] FIG. 17 is a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure lid portion 1615 or base portion 1620 of the privacy/security enclosure 1600 of FIG. 16 according to one embodiment of the invention. The wall section 1700 can be coupled to wall section 1710, and surface 1750. The groove 1775 (representing either of the grooves 1625 or 1635 of FIG. 16) is shown at least partially extending into the wall section 1700.

[00426] In some embodiments, any privacy/security enclosure described herein can include two closely spaced tongue and groove structures (e.g., as represented by the cross- sectional view of FIG. 3). For example, FIG. 18 is a perspective view of an open privacy/security enclosure 1800 according to another embodiment of the invention. The privacy/security enclosure 1800 can comprise a main housing 1805 including a base portion 1810 and a lid portion 1815 enclosing an inner region 1802. In some embodiments, a groove 1825 can extend at least partially around the edge 1810a of the base portion 1810, and a groove 1835 can extend at least partially around the edge 1815a of the lid portion 1815.

[00427] FIG. 19 is a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure lid portion 1815 or base portion 1820 of the privacy/security enclosure 1800 of FIG. 18 according to one embodiment of the invention. The wall section 1900 can be coupled to wall section 1905, and surface 1915. The grooves 1925, 1935 (representing either of the grooves 1825 or 1835 of FIG. 18) are shown at least partially extending into the wall section 1900.

[00428] In some embodiments, the one or more grooves can extend around an outer perimeter of the inner region (e.g., as shown in the example embodiment of FIG. 16), and can be positioned immediately adjacent to the inner region. In some other embodiments, the one or more grooves can extend around an outer perimeter of the inner region (e.g., as shown in FIG. 16), and can be located immediately adjacent to the outer surface of the base or lid portion. In some further embodiments, the one or more grooves can extend around an outer perimeter of the inner region (e.g., as shown in FIG. 16), and can be substantially centrally positioned between the inner region surface and the outer surface. [00429] In some embodiments, any privacy/security enclosure disclosed herein can include an upper ring and a lower ring, in which the upper ring is capable of engaging the lower ring to form a seal. The upper ring can include at least two members capable of engaging a plurality of slots or grooves within the lower ring, and the lower ring can include a plurality of members capable of engaging a plurality of slots or grooves within the upper ring. In some further embodiments, the lower ring can include at least two members capable of engaging a plurality of slots or grooves within the upper ring, and the upper ring can include a plurality of members capable of engaging a plurality of slots or grooves within the lower ring. In some other embodiments, the upper ring can include at least one member capable of engaging a plurality of slots or grooves within the lower ring, and the lower ring can include one or more members capable of engaging one or more slots or grooves within the upper ring. In some further embodiments, the lower ring can include at least one member capable of engaging one or more slots or grooves within the upper ring, and the upper ring can include a plurality of members capable of engaging one or more slots or grooves within the lower ring.

[00430] FIG. 20A is a cross-section view through region A of the privacy/security enclosure of FIG. 2 according to one embodiment of the invention. The section 2000 can comprise a lower ring 2010 and an upper ring 2015. The groove assembly 2050 (shown comprising ring seal 2070 in FIG. 20B) can comprise a seal 2025 position in the upper ring 2015, and at least one seal 2040 positioned in the lower ring 2010. The seals 2025, 2040 can comprise an RF or EMI o-ring seal in some embodiments. FIG. 20B is a perspective view of ring seal 2070 for use in a privacy/security enclosure according to one embodiment of the invention. The ring seal 2070 can comprise a corrugated frame comprising at least one groove 2080 bounded by at least one extension 2075. In some embodiments, the at least one groove 2080 can be used to house a gasket or o-ring.

[00431] Various numbers of grooves can be used in some embodiments. For example, one embodiment of a dual groove structure can be seen in FIG. 19, and a single groove example is illustrated in FIG. 17. In some embodiments, any of these groove structures can be implemented with a tongue structure such as the tongue architecture illustrated in FIG. 20A, and can be used with or without an o-ring. For example, in some embodiments, one or more o-rings can be placed between any of the upper members of the upper ring and the slots of the lower ring, and/or between any of the members of the lower ring and the slots of the upper ring. In some embodiments, any one of the plurality of o-rings (e.g., any one of the o-rings seals 2040, 2050 shown in FIG. 20A) can comprise an RF shield (i.e., can function as an RF attenuating gasket) and therefore, can enable a ring seal for use in a privacy/security enclosure. In some embodiments, any one of the plurality of o-rings can comprise a polymer- based matrix material including metal filaments dispersed in a matrix to form a polymer composite material. In some embodiments, the polymer matrix can comprise a homopolymer and/or copolymer, and can comprise an elastomeric polymer such as rubber. In some other embodiments, any one of the plurality of o-ring can comprise a carbon fiber-filled matrix material including metal filaments dispersed in a matrix to form a carbon fiber composite material. In some embodiments, any one of the plurality of o-rings seals 2050, 2050 shown in FIG. 20A can be capable of forming a compliant privacy seal between an upper ring and lower ring of a privacy/security enclosure.

[00432] In some embodiments, the formed seal can be capable of functioning as an environmental barrier in addition to functioning as an RF shield. For example, in some embodiments, the formed seal can be capable of providing a water and/or moisture barrier in addition to function as an RF shield. In some embodiments, the plurality of o-rings seals 2040, 2050 shown in FIG. 20A can be capable of forming a substantially water-resistant or substantially water-proof privacy seal between an upper ring and lower ring of a privacy/security enclosure. Further in some embodiments, when used in combination with the RF shield layer described earlier and shown in FIG. 3, the combination of the privacy seal form by the structure of FIG. 20A and the RF shield layer 305 of FIG. 3 can form a Faraday cage to substantially attenuate or at least partially block substantially all RF transmission into the privacy/security enclosure, and/or substantially attenuate or at least partially block substantially all RF transmission out from the privacy/security enclosure. In this instance, at least a portion of the o-ring seals 2040, 2050 can be electrically conductive.

[00433] In some embodiments, more than one type of o-ring can be used with any of the upper members of the upper ring and the slots of the lower ring, and/or between any of the members of the lower ring and the slots of the upper ring structures described above. In some embodiments, each o-ring type can be optimized for a specific function (either to at least partially block or attenuate RF, sound, light, moisture, etc.). However, any one o-ring can function to attenuate or at least partially block a combination of RF, sound, light, etc. For example, in some embodiments, one or more of the o-rings can function to attenuate RF, and one or more o-rings can function to attenuate sound, and one or more o-rings can function as an environmental barrier. Moreover, in some embodiments, one or more of the o-rings can be large or smaller than one or more other o-rings. For example, in some embodiments, one or more of the grooves can be larger or smaller than one or more other groove so as to be capable of cradling a complementarily-sized o-ring.

[00434] Some embodiments include alternative arrangements and geometries for providing a configurable privacy/security enclosure. For example, FIG. 21 is a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure 21 10 according to another embodiment of the invention. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 2110 can include a housing 2105 comprising a bottom enclosure portion 21 15 including an inner region 2130, and a lid portion 21 10 coupled by at least one hinge mechanism 2105. The lid portion 2110 can also include an inner region 2135 to accommodate an upper portion 10a of a device 10. As depicted in FIG. 21, in some embodiments, the bottom enclosure portion 2115 and the lid portion 2110 can be pivoted with respect to each other by the at least one hinge mechanism 2105. Moreover, as shown, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 2100 can include a bottom enclosure portion 2115, and a lid portion 2110 coupled along one edge proximate the at least one hinge mechanism 2105. The bottom enclosure portion 21 15 and the lid portion 2110 can be pivoted can be positioned and pivoted with respect to each other to enable at least partial access to the inner regions 2130, 2135 of the privacy/security enclosure 2100. Moreover, in some embodiments, the bottom enclosure portion 21 15 and the lid portion 2110 can be coupled along one longitudinal side, and angled at an angle of between about 0° and about 90° (shown as pivot angle P). In some further embodiments, the bottom enclosure portion 2115 and the lid portion 2110 can be coupled along one longitudinal side, and angled at an angle greater than about 90°.

[00435] In some embodiments, the bottom enclosure portion 21 15 and the lid portion 21 10 can at least partially enclose and/or cradle one or more mobile or stationary communication devices within their respective inner regions 2130, 2135. Moreover, in some embodiments, at least some portion of at least one mobile or stationary communication device can be enclosed by the bottom enclosure portion 21 15, and at least some portion (e.g., an upper portion 10a) of the mobile or stationary communication device can extend outwardly from the inner region 2130 defined by the bottom enclosure portion 2115. [00436] In some embodiments, the lid portion 21 10 can include a latching mechanism 2127, and the bottom enclosure portion 2115 can include a latch 2125 coupled to the at least one side of the bottom enclosure portion 2115 of the privacy/security enclosure 2100. Further, the lid portion 2110 can include a latch coupling 2140 coupled to at least one side of the lid portion 21 10 of the privacy/security enclosure 2100. In some embodiments, the coupling 2140 can be coupled with the latch 2125. For example, in some embodiments, when the bottom enclosure portion 2115 and the lid portion 2110 are pivoted so as to be coupled together (i.e., the pivot angle P between the bottom enclosure portion 21 15 and the lid portion 21 10 is about zero), the privacy/security enclosure 2100 is closed and at least some portion of the latch 2125 can couple with the latch coupling 2140 to secure the bottom enclosure portion 2115 to the lid portion 2110. In some other embodiments, the latch 2125 can include other structures suitable for engaging and securing the bottom enclosure portion 2115 to the lid portion 21 10, including conventional clips, magnetic latches, Velcro latches, etc.

[00437] Some embodiments include an alternative arrangement and geometry for providing a configurable privacy/security enclosure. For example, FIG. 22 is a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure 2200 according to another embodiment of the invention. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 2200 can include a bottom enclosure portion 2210 including an inner region 2230, and a lid portion 2215 capable of being coupled to the bottom enclosure portion 2210. As depicted in FIG. 22, in some embodiments, the bottom enclosure portion 2210 and the lid portion 2215 can be separated with respect to each other. Moreover, as shown, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 2200 can include the bottom enclosure portion 2210 and a separate lid portion 2215 capable of being positioned and aligned to allow a user to close the privacy/security enclosure 2200 (to substantially enclosing a mobile or stationary communication device such as the device 10 shown) by sliding the lid portion 2215 onto the bottom portion 2210 (e.g., similar to the operation of a conventional memory stick enclosure). In some embodiments, a user can grasp the lid portion 2215 to slide off and remove the lid portion 2215 from the bottom enclosure portion 2210 so as to enable at least partial access to the inner region 2230 of the privacy/security enclosure 2200. As illustrated in FIG. 22, in some embodiments, the bottom enclosure portion 2210 can at least partially enclose and cradle a mobile or stationary communication device or devices (with upper portion 10 extending out of the inner region 2230). Moreover, in some embodiments, at least some portion of the mobile or stationary communication device can be enclosed by the bottom enclosure portion 2210 and at least some portion (an upper portion 10a) of the mobile or stationary communication device can extend outwardly and away from the bottom enclosure portion 2210 and into the lid portion 21 10 when the lid portion 2110 is position coupled to the bottom enclosure portion 2210.

[00438] In some other embodiments, the bottom enclosure portions 21 15, 2210 can be longer or shorter than shown. For example, in some embodiments, the bottom enclosure portions 21 15, 2210 can be longer to enable a greater proportion of a mobile or stationary communication device to be enclosed and cradled, and to allow a lesser proportion of a mobile or stationary communication device to extend outwardly and away from the bottom portion. In some embodiments, this can provide a user or casual observer reduced access to one or more displays or one or more controls of one or more mobile or stationary communication devices. Conventional optical filters can also be used to limit casual observer observation in some embodiments.

[00439] In some other embodiments, at least a portion of the bottom portion or the lid portion of any of the privacy/security enclosures shown in FIGS. 1, 2, and 8A, and 10-12, can include an access window. In some embodiments, the access window can enable direct viewing access to the inner region of the privacy/security enclosure. In some other embodiments, the access window can comprise RF signal opacity. In some embodiments, one or more mobile or stationary communication devices can be positioned in the privacy/security enclosure so that any conventional antenna can be immediately adjacent to the access window. In some other embodiments, the access window can enable a user to access one or more controls of any mobile or stationary communication device within the privacy/security enclosure.

[00440] Some embodiments include an alternative arrangement and geometry for providing a configurable privacy/security enclosure. For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include an inner region, capable of extending or retracting one or more mobile or stationary communication devices. In some embodiments, a device cradled within the inner region of the privacy/security enclosure can be extended out of the inner region and/or retracted into the inner region.

[00441] Some embodiments include other arrangements and geometry for providing a configurable privacy/security enclosure. In some embodiments, the lid portion can be a telescoping and retracting lid. For example, in some embodiments, the lid portions 115, 215 as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 can comprise a telescoping and/or retractable lid. In this instance, at least a portion of the telescoping and/or retractable lid can be extended or retracted to at least partially cover or uncover the mobile or stationary communication device.

[00442] Some embodiments of the invention include an onboard power source. For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include at least one power source capable of providing power to the privacy/security enclosure and/or one or more devices within the privacy/security enclosure. Some embodiments of the invention include a rechargeable and/or replaceable battery capable of powering enclosure components such as microcontrollers and processors, speakers, and sound drivers, one or more light sources (such as LED's), switches, power amplifiers, signal generators, and any of numerous other electronic components. Some embodiments of the invention include a rechargeable and/or replaceable battery or another rechargeable and/or replaceable power source such as a power storage capacitor. For example, in some embodiments, any one of the privacy/security enclosures described herein can comprise or include a rechargeable and/or replaceable battery or other rechargeable and/or replaceable power source capable of charging a user device while positioned in the privacy/security enclosure. In this example embodiment, power can be delivered by plugging into an external power socket such as a wall socket or a car adapter socket. Further, some embodiments include an onboard power source such as a rechargeable and/or replaceable battery or other power source (such as a power storage capacitor) as a sole power source that can be capable of charging a user device while positioned in the privacy/security enclosure. In this instance, the onboard power source can be capable of charging the user device and/or can be capable of powering the user device.

[00443] Any of the embodiments depicted in the figures and description above can include passive attenuation or at least partial blocking of at least one of RF, sound, and/or light as described earlier and/or signals detectable by sensors within targeted devices (e.g. gyroscopes, accelerometers, magnetometers, light sensors, proximity sensors, cameras, thermal sensors etc.) Some further embodiments can include an active/powered attenuating, at least partially blocking, interfering and/or masking of at least one of RF, sound, light and/or signals detectable by sensors within contained devices, some of which are illustrated in FIGS. 23A, 23B, 23C, 24A, 24B, 25A, 25B, 25C, 25D, 26A, 26B, 27A, 27B, 28A, and 28B, and FIGS. 29-33. [00444] In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure includes at least one system capable of active/powered attenuation. In some embodiments, since regulatory requirements may not allow transmission of interfering RF signals at the desired level, positioning one or more RF transmitters along or inside of an RF shield may reduce transmissions to acceptable levels outside of the privacy/security enclosure. In some embodiments, while not a regulatory constraint, the same concept applies to active audio masking, with a benefit of any active audio transmission being less obtrusive because it is attenuated by the passive audio attenuation characteristics of the privacy/security enclosure.

[00445] In some further embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include at least one system capable of actively attenuating and/or substantially masking or blocking sound and/or vibration. Other embodiments include at least one system capable of passively or actively attenuating or substantially blocking video and/or video or imaging (e.g., by passively or actively blocking a video camera). Other embodiments include at least one system capable of passively or actively attenuating, confusing, altering or substantially blocking data gathered by other sensors contained on a device targeted/within the privacy/security enclosure including, but not limited to, sensors such as thermometers, motion sensors, compass, proximity sensors, magnetic sensors, gyroscopes, gravitational sensors, thermal imaging sensors, humidity sensors, barometric sensors, UV sensors, step counters, orientation sensors, gaming sensors, rotational sensors, molecular sensors, olfactory sensors, accelerometers and others.

[00446] In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can actively substantially block or interfere with an electronic communication. For example, the electronic communication can comprise an RF signal (such as a cellular, WiFi, a GPS signal, and a Bluetooth® signal), and/or an RFID or other RF tracking device. In some other embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include a conventional RF jammer. In some embodiments of the invention, the privacy/security enclosure can include or comprise a rechargeable and/or replaceable battery enclosure capable of providing power to an RF jammer. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can passively and/or actively attenuate and/or interfere with or at least partially block substantially all RF transmission including, but not limited to, a zero generation wireless signal, a first generation wireless signal, a second generation wireless signal, a third generation wireless signal, a fourth generation wireless signal, a fifth generation wireless signal, a global positioning satellite signal, (such as "GPS" or "GLONASS"), a Bluetooth wireless signal, RFID electromagnetic radiation, a WIFI wireless signal, a two-way radio RF signal, a UHF or VHF signal (such as a citizen's band radio signal or other radio signal emitted from a 'walkie talkie' type device), high-speed and millimeter wave signals, and a near-field wireless signal. In some embodiments of the invention, the privacy/security enclosure can include at least one transmitter capable of emitting a blocking or interfering signal. In some embodiments, the blocking or interfering signal can be capable of attenuation, interfering with and/or at least partially blocking a signal from passing through the privacy/security enclosure, and can at least partially block, interfere and/or attenuate a signal confined to an area proximity of device, including inside and outside of the privacy/security enclosure. Further, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can at least partially block and/or attenuate a signal when the privacy/security enclosure is closed (i.e., when the enclosure is enclosing one or more user devices, or when the privacy/security enclosure is open). In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can emit a blocking or interfering signal when the enclosure is open or when the enclosure is closed.

[00447] In some embodiments, noise and/or a ripple is added to the DC power supply or ground inside the communication device. Some embodiments can include capacitive, inductive coupling, antenna coupling, or direct connection introduction of noise. In some embodiments, single tone swept signal sources, band filtered white noise, multiple tones with modulation, or some combination of these techniques across some or all frequency bands can be used. In some embodiments, various tone types or noise sources (or combination thereof) can be generated in non-regulated frequency bands (or within the transmission limits of regulated frequency bands) such that the sources interweave to create interfering signals in restricted regulatory bands. In some embodiments, induced noise and/or a ripple can affect RF subsystems of some communication devices (e.g., such as the frequency synthesizers). In some embodiments, noise and/or a ripple is added that can defeat multiple DC regulators within the communication device.

[00448] FIGS. 23A-23C illustrate an active RF attenuation privacy/security enclosure according to another embodiment of the invention. For example, some embodiments can include an interfering signal that can be coupled capacitively to the phone's circuits (e.g., FIG. 23A, showing privacy/security enclosure 2300 with active noise circuit 2310). In this instance, no wired electrical connection is needed in some embodiments. In some other embodiments, a ground connection can be made through the headphone jack or charging port (FIG. 23B, showing privacy/security enclosure 2325 with active noise circuit 2330). Some further embodiments can include an inductive interference of one or more circuits within the communication device (FIG. 23C with privacy/security enclosure 2350 and active noise circuit 2360). For example, in some embodiments, an interfering signal can be coupled inductively to the phone's circuits. In this instance, no electrical connection is needed, and various selected areas of the communication device can be targeted. In some other embodiments, a direct connection can relay an interfering signal via the charging port, test ports or multiple ports (headphone and charging port, battery contacts) of a communication device.

[00449] In some embodiments, passive components designed to alter a phone's antenna behavior are placed in strategic locations near the phone's antennas. For example, FIGS. 24A-24B illustrates an active RF attenuation using a device positioned adjacent to the phone. In this instance, the phone's antenna efficiency can be reduced so that reception and transmission of signals is disrupted. In some other embodiments, the active components can be positioned near the phone's antenna. For example, as illustrated in FIGS. 24A-24B, including user devices 2400 and 2450, in some embodiments, a parasitic antenna (2410 in FIG. 24A and 2460 in FIG. 24B) can be placed near the phone's antenna(s). In this instance, the parasitic antenna can couple with the phone's antenna. In some embodiments, the parasitic antenna can at least partially change the resonant frequencies and circuit matching of the phone's antenna, and the parasitic antenna can intercept RF power and channel it into a resistor. Some embodiments include a movable / switchable antenna. For example, in some embodiments, in order to disable or enable individual phone functions at will, an external antenna system can be either electrically controllable, or physically moveable so that its functionality can be turned on or substantially turned off.

[00450] Some embodiments include the addition of electronic switches or phase shifters that allow more complex antenna structures to be configurable electronically. As depicted in FIGS. 25A-25D, showing systems 200, 2515, 2530, and 2545, in some embodiments, the resonant frequency, spatial layout, and directionality of the phone's antenna can be controlled automatically. In this instance, individual phone systems can be affected, and can provide the ability optimize and/or enhance the antenna's attenuation in a given direction. In some embodiments, a parasitic antenna can be switchable (e.g., electronically), and a parasitic antenna can be tuned for various frequency bands (device 2500 including switchable antenna 2510, shown as antenna 2515 with switch 2520 in FIG. 25B). In some further embodiments, an array of antenna elements (shown as 2545 using the array 2530 shown in FIG. 25C with one or more antennas 2535) can be electrically reconfigured or tuned in order to vary its effect on the phone.

[00451] In some embodiments, one or more features of one or more communication devices can be modified. For example, FIGS. 26A-26B illustrate an active RF attenuation privacy/security enclosures 2600, 2650 according to another embodiment of the invention. In some embodiments, an internal RF test port can be used to directly introduce RF signals into one or more receivers of the device (shown as 2610 coupled through port 2615). In some further embodiments, it can be possible to attenuate a received signal by shorting the internal antenna lead at a test port. In some embodiments, it can be possible to connect to RF test points inside the device. For example, in some embodiments, an external RF interference generator can be directly connected to a phone's RF subsystem via a cable that, in some embodiments, can reduce the amount of radiated interference (shown as 2655 with switch 2660). Some further embodiments include modification of the battery of the device to ensure that the device is powered off when desired.

[00452] Some embodiments include inductive coupling interference directly into critical circuits inside the communication device. For example, FIGS. 27A-27B illustrate an active RF attenuation privacy/security enclosures 2700, 2750 according to another embodiment of the invention. Using the circuit 2715, it can be possible transmit RF interference through the phone's antenna. In some embodiments, this can be achieved by adding an electromagnetic structure outside the phone. This structure can induce concentrated and targeted RF interference into vulnerable circuits in the phone. In some further embodiments, an antenna coupling can be utilized to disrupt one or more functions of a communication device. For example, in some embodiments, RF interference can be injected into the phone via an external antenna (shown as 2760 in FIG. 27B) that is designed to optimize coupling to the phone's internal antenna. In some embodiments, inductive coupling is likely to cause less electromagnetic interference than antenna coupling.

[00453] Some further embodiments can include the use of a transparent Faraday cage (e.g., as depicted in FIG. 28A showing privacy/security enclosure 2800 including transparent Faraday cage 2810). Referring to FIG. 28B, in some further embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 2850 can include a very low power base station 2870 coupled to external antenna 2865, and transmitting to/from antenna 2860, which in some embodiments can prevent the communication device from logging or connecting to actual base stations.

[00454] Some embodiments include an option to enhance communication when the privacy/security enclosure and/or any enclosed user device is not in a blocking mode. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure and/or the user's device(s) can be controlled to enable or disable communication of RF, sound, and/or light or other signals detectable by sensors within the targeted device. In some embodiments, these features can be activated directly by a control on or within the privacy/security enclosure and/or within the user's device(s), or by a remote device.

[00455] Further, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include an option to selectively at least partially block or unblock one or more communication frequencies. In this instance, the communication frequency can be an RF frequency, an audio frequency, or a light frequency. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure and/or the user's device(s) can be controlled to partially or substantially fully enable or disable communication of one or more frequencies of RF, sound, light and/or other signals detectable by sensors within the targeted device(s). In some embodiments, these features can be activated directly by a control within the privacy/security enclosure, and/or on or within the user's device, or by a remote device. In some embodiments, attenuation and/or masking and interference of all RF, sound, and/or light frequencies can be turned off or turned on. Further, in some embodiments, frequency selection can be used to control the passage and emission of RF, sound or light frequencies to and from the enclosed user device(s) without affecting other internal functions of the user device (e.g., no disruption of internal function of devices such as smart phones, tablets, or laptops are affected, and calendars, MP3 players, readers, apps, games etc. that do not require the interfered with, masked or blocked signal to function), while positioned within an inner region of the privacy/security enclosure.

[00456] Some embodiments of the invention include one or more systems to measure ambient field levels. For example, in some embodiments, ambient field levels of RF, sound, and/or light can be measured for purposes of actively interfering with, masking or blocking RF, sound or light. In some embodiments, measurements can be made by at least one component of the privacy/security enclosure and/or by one or more user devices coupled to the privacy/security enclosure. In some embodiments, ambient field levels can be provided as a function of strength of various frequencies.

[00457] In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include at least one active interfering, masking and/or blocking control of RF, sound and/or light or other signal whose output is impacted by one or more variables provided by one or more systems to measure ambient field levels. For example, in some embodiments, ambient field levels of RF, sound, and/or light can be measured for purposes of actively interfering, masking and/or at least partially blocking RF, sound or light at an interfering, masking and/or blocking power level required for a specific effect.

[00458] In some further embodiments of the invention, a privacy/security enclosure can comprise at least one component or device for active blocking of video devices. For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include at least one device capable of blinding a camera to prevent unauthorized view. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include at least one light source capable of overdriving a camera and/or imaging chip. For example, in some embodiments, at least one light emitting diode can be configured to overdrive an imaging device of a user's device(s) with the privacy/security enclosure. In other embodiments, other light or optical sources can be used to blind and/or overdrive an imaging device.

[00459] Some embodiments can include active attenuating, interfering, masking and/or substantially blocking of sound. Further, in some embodiments, active attenuation can be configured to modify how sound is received, processed, and transmitted by the communication device. For example, FIGS. 29, 30A-30B, and 31-33 illustrate active acoustical attenuating privacy/security enclosure devices in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. For example, some embodiments can de-correlate the pressure the microphones see from the sound pressure created by the speech that has to be masked. For example, as shown in FIG. 29 depicting the system 2900, in some embodiments, a sealing gasket 2920 can be installed around each microphone 2915 that creates a sealed chamber 2918 around each microphone 2915. In some embodiments, a gasket or enclosures/shield attached to the gasket can be equipped with at least one speaker in order to generate a masking sound. In some further embodiments, a pneumatic piston 2940 coupled to a motor 2930 can be used. For example, in some embodiments, a gasket 2920 is installed around each microphone 2915 that can create a sealed chamber around each microphone 2915. In some embodiments, each chamber created in part by the gasket 2920 can be coupled to or equipped with a pump that can pressurize and/or depressurize the microphone chamber, thereby degrading microphone capability/performance.

[00460] Some embodiments of the invention can utilize parasitic noise. For example, FIG. 30A illustrates an active acoustical attenuation privacy/security enclosure 3000 according to another embodiment of the invention. In this instance, mechanical motion can be used to create a noise that will be superimposed to the speech that has to be masked. If the level of this parasitic noise is high enough compared to the speech level, the resulting sound will not be understandable. The parasitic noise can be induced using a variety of methods. For example, in some embodiments, a vibrator 3010 can be leaned against the phone (e.g., close to each microphone) and a parasitic sound can be produced by vibration of the vibrator through impacts against a surface coupled to the microphone. Referring to FIG. 30B, in some further embodiments, a cymbal or a bell assembly 3050 can be used adjacent to the microphones. In this instance, sound can be directed to the microphone (within privacy/security enclosure 3015) from the cymbal or a bell 3020 and/or from sound produced by impact of the cymbal or a bell with an adjacent structure 3055. In some further embodiments, the vibrator can be an electromechanical component (piezoelectric actuator) or a clock-style wind up mechanism (shown as 3025). In some other embodiments, the vibrator can be a brush with multiple hairs that are pushed and rotated against a hard surface to create multiple friction sounds.

[00461] Some embodiments of the invention can deploy electrically produced noise. Some embodiments can use electrically produced noise (via a speaker for example) to mask the sound picked up by the microphone. For example, some embodiments include a chirp or warble noise that can be a single tone with a frequency that evolves with time (see for example FIG. 31 showing a plot 3100 including noise profile 3105). Some other embodiments can include an envelope of noise, where the noise's frequency content is shaped to the typical human speech frequency content in order to efficiently mask it. Some embodiments include a self-babble. In this instance, speech is recorded with the enclosure, then processed (played backwards, mixed, filtered, etc.). Some further embodiments include a speech shaped noise. In this instance, the noise's frequency content is real-time amplitude shaped to the speech to match in order to efficiently mask it. Some other embodiments include saturating noise. In this instance, a single frequency tune is played at the most sensitive frequency of the microphones in order to saturate the signal.

[00462] Some embodiments include an electromagnetic source to produce a parasitic signal close to the phone (source 3205 directed to privacy/security enclosure 3200 depicted in FIG. 32). This signal will induce an electrical signal in the system which will be superposed to the electrical signal given by the microphones (depending on the susceptibility of the system).

[00463] In some further embodiments, a physical barrier can be used to attenuate sound. For example, FIG. 33A-B illustrates active acoustical attenuation privacy/security enclosures 3300, 3325 according to another embodiment of the invention. Referring to FIG. 33A, in this example, a physical shield 3300 can be positioned very close the microphones in order to attenuate the sound and pressure at the microphones. In some embodiments, the physical barrier can comprise a switchable shield. In this example, a shield can be mounted on rails, and can be placed in front of the microphones whenever sound masking is required. Some embodiments can include a horn, or trumpet, or pipe shaped shield. In this example, a shield is shaped to attenuate external speech signal and to amplify a generated parasitic signal. Some other embodiments can include an audio conductive material. Referring to FIG. 33B, showing a cross-section of a privacy/security enclosure 3325, in some embodiments, a conduit 3330 can be installed between an additional speaker and the microphones. The conduit 3330 can be filled with a sound conductor, and one of its extremities can be mechanically coupled to the speaker 3340. The other extremity can be placed as closed as possible to the microphones of a user's device within the privacy/security enclosure 3325 in order to deliver a parasitic sound as efficiently as possible. The shell 3332 of the conduit 3330 can act as a physical shield, while the sound conductor material 3335 can act as an amplifier for the parasitic sound. In this instance, the sound conductor 3335 can be aluminum, brass, glass, or other material that can conduct sound to a greater degree than air.

[00464] In some embodiments, an assembly of acoustical attenuation covers can form an envelope covering a portion of one or more communication devices (such as a smart phone). For example, some embodiments can comprise a sock-like enclosure that can cover all or a partial portion of one or more communication devices. In some embodiments, the sock-like enclosure can include or be coupled to one or more acoustical attenuation materials or structures capable of muffling one or more microphones within the communication device. For example, FIGS. 34A-34D illustrates assembly and perspective views of a sock assembly 3400 and components for a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention, and FIG. 35 depicts the sock assembly 3400 of FIGS. 34A-34C within a privacy/security enclosure 3500 in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. For example, FIGS. 34A depicts a sock assembly 3400 including an enclosure 3405 comprising a base cap 3415, hood cap 3410, and a strap 3420 for coupling the caps 3415, 3410. FIG. 34B shows a cross-section of a privacy/security enclosure 3450 that includes a sock assembly portion 3460 supporting a user device 10, and FIG. 34C shows a cross-section of a privacy/security enclosure 3465 including an enclosure 3455 that includes a sock assembly portion 3475 including blocking foam pads 3470 supporting a user device 10. In some embodiments, the end cap assembly 3425 including upper and lower blocking foam pads 3427, 3429 shown in FIG. 34D can be used for sock assembly portion 3460 shown in FIG. 34B and/or sock assembly portion 3475 shown in FIG. 34C. Referring to FIG. 35, the privacy/security enclosure 3500 is shown comprising 3505 including a base portion 3510 and lid portion 3515. The sock assembly 3400 is shown position in the base portion 3510 of the privacy/security enclosure 3500 enclosing user device 10.

[00465] Some embodiments of the invention can comprise a double sock design that uses two end covers that are connected with an elastic band. Further, in some embodiments, the upper and/or lower sock covering can apply blocking material (such as a foam material) against microphone ports covered by or adjacent to the respective sock. In this instance, an axial force applied by the elastic band and the upper sock can force the blocking material against the lower microphone port to increase sound attenuation. In other embodiments, the axial force applying the blocking material to microphones covered by or adjacent to a respective sock can be generated by springs, friction springs, ratchets, or any of a variety of other mechanisms. In some further embodiments, the upper sock or interior linings or other portions of the interior of the enclosure (or blockers attached to or part of the base or lid of the enclosure) can apply the blocking material to one or more microphone ports located on the top and bottom of the enclosed device(s). In this instance, the sock assembly enclosing one or more communication devices can float inside the enclosure or can include clearance holes. In this instance, blocking material pads located on the top and bottom covers can squeeze the phone between the privacy/security enclosure halves only when the privacy/security enclosure is closed, nearly closed or when the sock is in a down position (regardless of the open/close status of the enclosure itself). Moreover, in this configuration, the upper and lower sock can provide vibration isolation to one or more enclosed communication devices.

[00466] In some embodiments, the sock-like enclosure can comprise a single piece, and in other embodiments, the sock-like enclosure can comprise a plurality of coupled pieces. Some embodiments can include one or more gaps or apertures in the sock. In some embodiments, the sock-like enclosure can include portions that are disposable or re-useable. In some embodiments, various portions of the sock-like enclosure can be approximately equal in size. In other embodiments, portions of the sock-like enclosure can be smaller or larger than other portions. For example, FIG. 36 depicts another embodiment of a sock assembly 3625 within a privacy/security enclosure 3600 in which the upper sock portion (shown as 3627) has a reduced size over the example provided in FIGS. 34A-34D and 35. This example embodiments shows the privacy/security enclosure 3600 comprising a main housing 3605 including a base portion 3610 coupled to a lid portion 3615. The sock assembly 3625 is shown enclosing a user device 10 and positioned in the base portion 3610. In this instance, the smaller upper sock portion 3627 can apply clamping force to the lower microphone blocking foam (not shown), and in some embodiments, can be positioned in the privacy/security enclosure so that the blocking foam pads in the two enclosure portions (i.e., halves) can be positioned against the front and rear microphone ports on the communication device (i.e., such as on an Apple iPhone ®). In this example, the upper blocking foam pad 3631 is shown coupled to the lid portion 3615, and can be positioned to couple or cover a microphone of the user device 10 when the lid portion 3610 is closed. iPhone® is a trademark of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries.

[00467] Some embodiments of the privacy/security enclosure can include other vibration and/or acoustical attenuation materials such as gels and gel-like materials. For example, FIGS. 37A-37C depict a gel-piston assembly for acoustical control within a privacy/security enclosure 3700 in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 3700 (shown as including main housing 3705 enclosing user device 10) can include a gel-like material 3725 constrained on at least five sides which, when deformed by the top enclosure half during closure, can press blocking foam against the bottom microphone port. In some embodiments, the gel-like material 3725 can be gel like in that it is incompressible, cohesive, viscous, and mechanically robust, capable of repeated opening and closing operations of the privacy/security enclosure. This can allow the gel-like material 3725 to perform its own foam retraction function when the privacy/security enclosure is opened. For example, in some embodiments, the user can set the phone in a pocket with clearance, and the gel-like material 3725 can then remove that clearance and compress the blocking foam when the enclosure is closed. FIG. 37B shows a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure 3750 including the gel-like material portion 3755 coupled at an interface 3756 with an end of the user device 10 and an interface 3757 at the end of the main housing 3752.

[00468] Some embodiments include other mechanical assemblies to assist in one or more sealing operations within the privacy/security enclosure. For example, FIGS. 38A-38C depict a cover actuated acoustical control assembly 3800 in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. FIG. 38a shows a perspective view of the cover actuated acoustical control assembly 3800 with a main housing 3805 enclosing a user device 10. In this example embodiment, a privacy/security enclosure 3800 cover mechanism 3825 can comprise a leaf spring or two-link assembly 3827 which can be displaced in a downward direction by the closing upper portion of the privacy/security enclosure (not shown). FIG. 38B shows a partial front view of the privacy/security enclosure 3800 cover mechanism 3825, and FIG. 38C shows a partial cross-sectional view of the privacy/security enclosure 3800 cover mechanism 3825. In some embodiments, the structure can act on another leaf or linkage pair to translate the lateral force to a longitudinal force thus removing clearance between the communication device and blocker, and can apply sealing force against the bottom microphone port. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure cover mechanism 3825 can comprise a leaf spring or two-link assembly 3827 which can include a controllable stroke. In some further embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure cover mechanism 3825 can comprise a leaf spring or two link assembly 3827 which can include force cover actuation or a user button actuation.

[00469] In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include at least one sock-like enclosure that is at least partially mechanized. For example, FIGS. 39A-C show different views of a mechanized foldable sock assembly 3900 for a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. In some embodiments, one or more communication devices (user device 10) can be placed in the mechanized foldable sock assembly 3900 that includes one or more articulating members 3925 that can be configured to move a portion 3910 of a sock-like enclosure 3905 to at least partially enclose at least one communication device (such as a user device 10). In some embodiments, the user can press down on the upper portion 3910 of the mechanized foldable sock assembly 3900 to induce the collapsing of the cradle 3907 in a longitudinal direction as well as a folding of the cradle 3907 down into the lower enclosure half (3915). In some embodiments, the mechanized foldable sock assembly 3900 can latch in this state with the privacy/security enclosure closed. Further, in some embodiments, the upper portion 3910 can include clearance holes 3912 for blocking foam to be attached to the top and bottom portions of the privacy/security enclosure. Moreover, the mechanized foldable sock assembly 3900 can enable a controlled force to be applied to the blocking foam. FIG. 39C shows a partial cross-section of the mechanized foldable sock assembly 3900 enclosed within a case or shell 3945 including case halves 3950, 3955. The cross-sectional view of the upper portion 3910 shows blocking foam 3902 in position. In some embodiments, the mechanized foldable sock assembly 3900 can enable a user to control the position of one or more sock-like enclosures, and control any portion of the communication device that can extend from and/or be visible from any vantage point.

[00470] FIGS. 40A-40C illustrates further embodiments of the invention including a mechanized foldable sock assembly 4000 for a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. FIG. 40B shows the cradle assembly 4001 with upper and lower enclosure portions 4005, 4010 and articulating assembly 4003 including upper and lower rocker arms 4025, 4020. FIG. 40A shows a partial view of the mechanized foldable sock assembly 4000 in an upright configuration. As shown, in some embodiments, as the communication device (user device 10) reaches its final location within the cradle assembly 4001, two rockers 4070, 4080 can actuate which in turn press blocking foam 4040 against microphone ports (shown in FIG. 40C). In some embodiments, the block foam mechanism can include a vibration isolation feature because the communication device lacks direct contact with either of the privacy/security enclosure portions. Further, by using an articulating cradle and/or integrated rockers, the blocking foam application force can be relatively high with little effort from the user due to the trigonometric advantage of the linkage arrangement.

[00471] FIGS. 48-52 illustrate various views of a sock assembly 4800 including a device cradle assembly 4805 and various device positioning assemblies for raising and lowering the position of at least one device within the cradle assembly 4805. FIG. 53 depicts an assembly view of the sock assembly 4800 of FIGS. 48-52. For example, FIGS. 48 and 49 illustrate perspective views of a sock assembly 4800 for a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. In some embodiments, the sock assembly 4800 can comprise a cradle assembly 4838 comprising a moveable cradle 4840 and a fixed cradle 4830 coupled to a base portion 4810. In some embodiments, the base portion 4810 can include one or more elements 4835 for interfacing with a cradled device (such as a user device 10). In some embodiments, the element 4835 can comprise a foam, or other suspension component. Some embodiments of the invention include a cradle assembly 4805 structured to guide and facilitate capture and fixation of a cradle device. In some embodiments, the moveable cradle 4840 can be slidably positioned in the sock assembly 4800 from a first end 4805a towards a second end 4805b of the sock assembly 4800. In some embodiments, the moveable cradle

4840 can include a cavity 4841 for positioning at least one device (such as a user device 10) within the sock assembly 4800. Further, in some embodiments, when positioned in the cavity

4841 of the moveable cradle 4840, any cradled device can be moveably positioned within the sock assembly 4800 by slidably moving the moveable cradle 4840 in the sock assembly 4800 from the first end towards 4805a the second end 4805b of the sock assembly 4800. Movement of the cradle 4840 can be facilitated using a guide cavity 4825 positioned in the guide base 4820 that is coupled to the fixed cradle 4830 and the base 4810 (see FIG. 53).

[00472] In some embodiments, the moveable cradle 4840 can include one or more apertures or slotted portions to facilitate access to one or more functions of a cradled device. For example, as shown in at least FIGS. 48 and 49, in some embodiments, an upper side of the moveable cradle 4840 can include a slot portion 4840a. In some embodiments, a user can reach into the sock assembly 4800 to access one or more functions of a cradled device by accessing the device through the slot portion 4840a. Moreover, in some embodiments, the slot portion 4840a can facilitate a user creating grip and/or leverage to position the cradle 4840 and any cradled devices in a fixed position.

[00473] In further embodiments, the moveable cradle 4840 can comprise one or more holes 4840b (and clustered into groups in some embodiments) in specific areas of the upper and/or lower sock assembly 4800. In some embodiments, this can allow sound to pass to or from the interior of the sock assembly 4800 (i.e. to allow use of the speakerphone microphone and speaker while the phone or other device is in the sock assembly 4800). In some embodiments, a device positioned in the cradle and sock assembly 4800 while it is in a fixed position may have audio blocking material applied to a microphone(s) enclosed by or adjacent to a sock. In some embodiments, when the device is released from the fixed position, mechanisms to push the device away from such audio blocking material can be included in the sock assembly 4800. For example, in some embodiments, the mechanisms can be one or more springs or material that reverts to an expanded volume when not under some level of pressure or any other such typical mechanism. In some embodiments, a construct attached to a portion of the interior, interior lining or privacy/security enclosure base or lid can be used to ensure that sock assemblies 4800 are pushed to a downward position (regardless of whether or not they are enclosing a transmission device), when the enclosure is being closed. In some embodiments, this configuration can prevent damage occurring to interior mechanisms, assemblies, and other such contents by the closing and/or latching of the enclosure. In some embodiments of the invention, the privacy/security enclosure can include one or more mating plugs for headphone, power, and other such ports can be included in various sock mechanisms to assist users with the proper orientation of their device in the sock. In some further embodiments, privacy/security enclosure sock assemblies can provide pass through holes for charging cables or other features, enabling charging or other functions while the communication device is in the sock and the enclosure is open or closed. Other embodiments of the invention can comprise a privacy/security enclosure that can provide for charging devices (or other such functions) while one or more devices are in the sock (regardless of whether open or closed). In some embodiments, this can be achieved via mating connectors (i.e. male connectors on the interior of the sock assembly 4800 plugged into the device itself while in the sock). In some embodiments, the male connectors can then be connected through the sock assembly 4800 to female connectors on the exterior of the sock assembly 4800. In some embodiments, native power and other such cables (e.g. for headsets etc.) can be plugged, mimicking the functionality of being plugged directly into the device itself), and enabling power cables (or other functions) to connect to the sock (and thus through to the enclosed device) at angles and in positions no longer constrained by the device's position within the sock or privacy/security enclosure.

[00474] In some embodiments of the invention, the privacy/security enclosure including a sock assembly 4800 can have the ability to handle multiple makes, models, and types of devices, while still providing levels of audio, video, RF and other forms of protections. For example, in some embodiments, the sock assembly 4800 can be sized to house the largest of the supported devices and have mechanisms that guide and/or secure or grip a varying number of smaller devices via clamping, springing, elastic or other such mechanisms. [00475] In some embodiments of the enclosure, the positioning of blocking foams, tuning of speaker volumes, and placement of active audio protection speakers and/or microphones can be tuned to be able to handle multiple supported devices within the same enclosure. In some embodiments of the invention, the privacy/security enclosure can include active audio components broadcasting masking sounds into a sock assembly 4800, regardless of whether the enclosure is open or closed, and adjustable seals can be used at the entry of the sock assembly 4800 in order to reduce masking audio sounds leaving the interior of the sock.

[00476] In some embodiments, the cradle assembly 4805 can be slidably moved in the sock assembly 4800. FIG. 53 illustrates an exploded assembly view of a sock assembly 4800 for a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. In some embodiments, the sock assembly 4800 can comprise at least one rail 4880 and at least one rail slot 4825. In some embodiments, the cradle assembly 4805 can be coupled to the at least one rail 4880. In some embodiments, the at least one rail 4880 can couple to the at least one rail slot 4825. Further, in some embodiments, the cradle assembly 4805 can be slidably moved in the sock assembly 4800 by sliding the cradle assembly 4805 coupled to the at least one rail 4880 that is slideaby coupled to the at least one rail slot 4825 by a pivot 4860.

[00477] In some embodiments, the cradle assembly 4805 can be slidably moved between defined positions defined a position ladder 4850 within the guide base 4820 of the sock assembly 4800. For example, FIG. 50 illustrates a rear perspective view of a sock assembly 4800 for a privacy/security enclosure showing a plurality of position notches 4855 within the position ladder 4850, and FIG. 52 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a sock assembly 4800 for a privacy/security enclosure taken through the cross-section line shown in FIG. 52 showing the position notches 4855 in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. In some embodiments, the position notches 4855 can be formed within a portion of the guide base 4820. For example, in some embodiments, the position notches 4855 can be formed in a lower side of the sock assembly 4800 as part of the position ladder 4850. In some embodiments, the base portion 4810 can comprise a notch aperture 4812. In some embodiments, the notch aperture 4812 can be positioned adjacent one or more of the position notches 4855 so that the notches 4855 are visible through the rear of the sock assembly 4800. In some embodiments, a spring 4870 can be coupled to the pivot 4860 at one end and to a fixed point 4875 of the guide base 4820. To enable movement of the cradle 4840, a stop 4885 coupled to the at least one rail 4880 can incrementally move between one or more of the notches 4855 under tension of the spring 4870. The movement of the cradle 4840 is bounded by the end 4822 coupled to the guide base 4820 at the first end 4805a of the sock assembly 4800, and towards a second end 4805b of the sock assembly 4800 by coupling of the stop 4885 to the end 4852 of the position ladder 4850.

[00478] Some embodiments of the previously mentioned sock assembly 4800 can include one or more defined positions, which in some embodiments can enable an enclosed device to be positioned up to an angle of about 90° with a level surface. In some embodiments, the device can be moved from an elevated position in the sock assembly 4800 to a substantially flat position (i.e., substantially parallel with the surface that is supporting the privacy/security enclosure). Some embodiments can use a tensioner such as a spring 4870, multiple springs, a dampened spring, a spring-loaded or biased peg, or other conventional biasing element to apply a force to the device in one or more elevated or angled positions and when moving the device from one defined position to another defined position.

[00479] For example, in some embodiments, the cradle 4840 can be pivotally positioned in the sock assembly 4800. In some embodiments, the cradle 4840 can include a pivot mechanism (pivot 4860) for pivotally positioning at least one device within the sock assembly 4800. Further, in some embodiments, when pivotally positioned in the cavity of the sock assembly 4800, a cradled device can be pivotally positioned toward or away and/or at least partially out of the sock assembly 4800 by pivotally moving the cradle 4840 in the sock assembly 4800 using the pivot mechanism 4860. For example, FIG. 51 illustrates a top view of a sock assembly 4800 for a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention, and shows a pivot mechanism 4860 positioned at the base 4841 of the cradle 4840 within the sock assembly 4800. Further, the cross-sectional view and exploded assembly view shown in FIGS. 52 and 53 illustrate the pivot mechanism 4860 coupled the cradle 4840 in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. As shown, in some embodiments, the pivot mechanism 4860 can comprise a plurality of position ridges 4861 positioned on a pivot gear 4865 and configured to couple with a position stop 4862. Furthermore, in some embodiments, the pivot mechanism 4860 can be coupled to at least one tensioner, such as a spring 4870, multiple springs, a dampened spring, a spring-loaded or biased peg, or other conventional biasing element to apply a force to the cradle assembly and any object nestled within the cradle assembly. [00480] In some embodiments, the cradle 4840 can be pivotally rotated using the pivot mechanism 4860 by rotating the pivot gear 4865 to engage at least one of the plurality of position ridges 4861 with the position stop 4862. In some embodiments, as the cradle 4840 is pivoted out away from the sock assembly 4800, the tensioner (spring 4870) can extend and store potential energy. Moreover, in some embodiments, any stored potential energy within the tensioner can be used to at least partially move the cradle 4840. For example, in some embodiments, an extended tensioner can be used to reversibly pivot the cradle 4840 and move the cradle 4840 towards the sock assembly 4800 housing and/or return the cradle 4840 to a prior position adjacent or within the sock assembly 4800 housing. Further, in some embodiments, at least a portion of the tensioner can be viewed and/or accessed through the rear of the sock assembly 4800.

[00481] In some embodiments, any device positioned within the cradle assembly can be rotated away from the sock assembly 4800 and/or rotated towards the sock assembly 4800. For example, in some embodiments, a device (such as a phone) can be positioned into the cradle 4840 and pivoted towards and away from the sock assembly 4800 using the pivot mechanism 4860 as described above. In some embodiments, a user can rotate the cradle 4840 to facilitate positioning or using a device within the cradle 4840. For example, in some embodiments, the cradle 4840 can be pivoted away from the sock assembly 4800 housing using the pivot mechanism, and a device (such as a phone) can be positioned into the cradle 4840. In some embodiments, a user can use the pivot gear 4865 to engage at least one of the plurality of position ridges/position stops (or infinite positions with pivot mechanisms using a tensioned spring or other such mechanism) such that a device can be more easily loaded into the cradle 4840 or used/operated while within the cradle 4840. In some embodiments, the position (flat or elevated to any degree) of the device (such as a phone) can modify the security level applied by the privacy/security enclosure. For example, in some embodiments, when the device is lying flat in the privacy/security enclosure, a basic level of audio security can include the device operating normally except for using one or more of the microphones enclosed by or adjacent to any of the sock assemblies (e.g. via the application of attenuating technologies such as blocking foam or speakers transmitting a masking signal) or being compressed against blocking foam on the bottom side of the enclosure or enclosure liner or interior. In other embodiments of the invention, the privacy/security enclosure can be configured so that one or more microphones covered by any portion of the sock mechanism can include an audio masking signal applied within or near to the sock, and interfering with the microphone's ability to record and recover non-masking audio content, regardless of sock position/elevation.

[00482] In some embodiments, one or more antennas can be positioned on the outside of the Faraday cage of a privacy/security enclosure, and tuned to one or more frequencies (e.g., wideband frequencies). In some embodiments, the one or more antennas can be coupled to one or more antennas internal to the Faraday cage. In some embodiments, the antennas can be permanent or switchable (e.g., switchable using a mechanical or electro-mechanical switch). The antenna gain, directionality, radiation pattern, and coupling characteristics to other antennas can be changed and modified to meet any specific performance standard.

[00483] In some embodiments, the performance characteristics can be modified by a variety of parameters including the distance to the Faraday cage (which can detune antennas), the type of dielectric material used in the antenna, and the choice of electromagnetic band gap structures or other such materials or devices to optimize antenna performance. In some embodiments, the combination of these capabilities are used to allow all or a specific subset of frequencies into the privacy/security enclosure, and through to the housed device. In some embodiments, examples of selective frequency antenna use can include for example, allowing Bluetooth® through to play music in the car on the car's speakers, allowing cellular signals through to receive calls, allowing NFC/RFID through for mobile payments/checkout while at least partially blocking all other frequencies etc., and not attenuating WiFi, GPS or Bluetooth® such that retail stores or other entities, devices, or people cannot or have more difficulty tracking movement and/or location.

[00484] Some embodiments of the invention include a privacy/security enclosure including one or more external antennas that can comprise of one more antennas with a wide bandwidth to cover cellular, GPS, WIFI/BT (700M-2.7GHz + margin) and/or one or more antennas to operate within narrow, more specific frequency bands (e.g. Bluetooth). In some embodiments, the external antenna(s) can include a high antenna gain (to compensate for coupling and connection loss). In some further embodiments, the external antenna(s) can preserve the cellular antenna pattern, and in some embodiments, the antenna(s) can be omnidirectional. In some embodiments, the external antenna(s) can be configured to function near a metal surface (e.g., such as a shield box). [00485] Some embodiments of the invention include a privacy/security enclosure including one or more internal/coupling antenna. In some embodiments, the one or more internal/coupling antenna can be capable of operating at a wide bandwidth to cover cellular, GPS, WIFI/BT (700M-2.7GHz + margin) and/or be tuned to best operate within narrow, more specific frequency bands (e.g. Bluetooth® etc.). In some embodiments, the internal/coupling antenna can include a high coupling efficiency, and be capable of functioning near a metal surface (e.g., such as a shield box). In some embodiments, the internal/coupling antenna can be compatible with multiple cell phones. In some embodiments, the internal/coupling antenna can enable selectivity options for cellular and connectivity (GPS, WIFI/BT) (i.e. through filtering technologies, antenna tuning, etc.)

[00486] Some embodiments of the invention can include a privacy/security enclosure comprising an internal/coupling antenna(s) and an external antenna(s). For example, FIG. 41 illustrates an internal/external antenna design for a privacy/security enclosure in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. Further, FIG. 42 illustrates an internal/external antenna design for a privacy/security enclosure including an internal antenna ground plane connected to the shield box, and FIG. 43 illustrates an internal/external antenna design for a privacy/security enclosure including an internal and external antenna ground plane connected to the shield box in accordance with some embodiments of the invention. As illustrated in FIG. 41, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 4101 can enclosed a cell phone comprising cellular, GPS, and/or WIFI/BT antennas (shown as 4100). The privacy/security enclosure 4101 can comprise a shield box 41 10 enclosing the device, and two coupled antennas. Further, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 4101 can comprise a ground plane externally coupled to the external antenna, and a ground plane enclosed within the shield box, coupled to the internal antenna. For example, FIG. 41 shows the privacy/security enclosure 4101 with an internal and an external antenna radiating element (shown as antenna radiating element 4150 with antenna ground plane 4160, and antenna radiating element 4130 with antenna ground plane 4140) including a coupling 4120 between the antennas.

[00487] As illustrated in FIG. 42, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 4201 can enclosed a cell phone comprising cellular, GPS, and/or WIFI/BT antennas (shown as 4200). The privacy/security enclosure 4201 can comprise a shield box 4210 enclosing the device, and two coupled antennas. In some embodiments, the internal ground plane of the internal antenna can be coupled to the shield box. The privacy/security enclosure 4201 includes an internal and an external antenna radiating element (shown as antenna radiating element 4250 with antenna ground plane 4260, and antenna radiating element 4230 with antenna ground plane 4240), with a coupling 4220 between the antennas.

[00488] Further, as shown in FIG. 43, in some embodiments, both the external ground plane and the internal ground plane can be coupled to the shield box. As illustrated in FIG. 43, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 4301 can enclosed a cell phone comprising cellular, GPS, and/or WIFI/BT antennas (shown as 4300). The privacy/security enclosure 4301 can comprise a shield box 4310 enclosing the device, and two coupled antennas each coupled to the shield box 4310. In some embodiments, the internal ground plane of the internal antenna and the external antenna can be coupled to the shield box. For example, the privacy/security enclosure 4301 includes an internal and an external antenna radiating element (shown as antenna radiating element 4350 with antenna ground plane 4360, and antenna radiating element 4330 with antenna ground plane 4340), with a coupling 4320 between the antennas.

[00489] In some embodiments, any number of the features described earlier can be implemented in the privacy/security enclosure 4400 illustrated in FIGS. 44-47. Further, in some embodiments, any number of the features described earlier can function based at least in part on the relative position of the base portion 4410 with respect to the lid portion 4415 of the main housing 4405. In some embodiments, the base portion 4410 and/or lid portion 4415 or both can include at least one extended portion for at least partially housing and providing attachment for various portions of a pivot mechanism. For example, FIG. 44 illustrates a front perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure 4400 in a closed position (i.e., the base portion 4410 and lid portion 4415 are coupled, and positioned substantially parallel with respect to each other. As can be seen in FIG. 45, illustrating a rear perspective view of the privacy/security enclosure 4400 of FIG. 44, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 4400 can include a contoured region 4427 comprising an outward extension of the lid portion 4415 coupling to an outward extension of the base portion 4410. In some embodiments, at least a portion of the outwardly extending portions of the base and lid portion 4415 can at least partially house a pivot mechanism 4425. In some embodiments of the invention, the privacy/security enclosure 4400 can comprise an extended portion formed from portions of an outward extension of the lid portion 4415 coupling to an outward extension of the base portion 4410.

[00490] In some embodiments, the extended portion can be comprise a substantially rounded and contoured shape, extending gradually outward from each end of the privacy/security enclosure 4400 to generally centrally positioned region extending along at least a partial length of the privacy/security enclosure 4400. In some embodiments as shown, the central region of the extended portion can be positioned substantially equidistant from each end of the privacy/security enclosure 4400. Further, in some embodiments as shown, the extended central portion can be comprise a substantially rounded and contoured shape, generally smoothly integrated with portions of the extended portion at each end of the privacy/security enclosure 4400, In some other embodiments, the extended portion can comprise other shapes than those illustrated. For example, in some embodiments, the extended portion can comprise substantially rounded and contoured portions, and/or angular, square, or rectangular portions.

[00491] In some embodiments of the invention, the base and lid portions 4410, 4415 of the privacy/security enclosure 4400 shown in FIGS. 44-45 can be moved with respect to each to provide access to the inner region 4402 of the privacy/security enclosure 4400. Moreover, as shown, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 4400 can include a bottom enclosure portion (comprising the base portion 4410), and a lid portion 4415 coupled along one edge. In some embodiments, each portion 4410, 4415 can be positioned and pivoted with respect to each other to enable at least partial access to the inner region 4402 of the privacy/security enclosure 4400. For example, in some embodiments, the base portion 4410 and a lid portion 4415 can be pivotally moved with respect to each other to open and close the privacy/security enclosure 4400. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 4400 can include a base portion 4410 and a lid portion 4415 coupled by at least one pivot mechanism 4425. For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 4400 can include a base portion 4410 and a lid portion 4415 coupled by at least one conventional hinge mechanism 4425. In some embodiments, the hinge mechanism 4425 can comprise any of the aforementioned hinge mechanisms. Further, in some embodiments, the base portion 4410 or lid portion 4415 or both can include one or more apertures for providing attachment of various portions of a pivot mechanism within the extended portion (not shown). Moreover, in some embodiments, the hinge mechanism 4425 can be at least partially shielded from view by integrating at least partial portions of the hinge mechanism within portions of the extended portion (e.g., the outwardly extending portions of the base and lid portions 41 10, 41 15 can at least partially housing a pivot mechanism as described earlier). In some embodiments, the inner region 4402 can include a base enclosure 4430 that can be used to cradle or enclose a user's device.

[00492] In some embodiments, the lid portion 4415 can be moved to a partially open position. For example, FIG. 46 illustrates a front perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure 4400 in a partially open position. In some embodiments, the lid portion 4415 can be moved to a partially open position so that the lid portion 4415 is pivoted about the base portion 4410 and positioned to about 45° with respect to the base portion 4410. In some further embodiments, the lid portion 4415 can be pivoted about the base portion 4410 and positioned between about a 0° (i.e., the lid is closed) to about 190° or higher with respect to the base portion 4410.

[00493] In some further embodiments, the lid portion 4415 can be moved so that the lid portion 4415 is pivoted about the base portion 4410 and positioned at other angles with respect to the base portion 4410. For example, in some further embodiments, the lid portion 4415 can be moved to a partially open position so that the lid portion 4415 is pivoted about the base portion 4410 and positioned to about 90° with respect to the base portion 4410.

[00494] In some other embodiments, the lid portion 4415 can be moved further from the aforementioned partially open positions so that the lid portion 4415 is pivoted about the base portion 4410 and positioned to other angles with respect to the base portion 4410. For example, in some other embodiments, the lid portion 4415 can be moved further from the aforementioned partially open positions so that the lid portion 4415 is pivoted about the base portion 4410 and positioned to about 190° so that the privacy/security enclosure 4400 lid portion 4415 can rest against a supporting surface when substantially fully open and be stable (i.e., not tip) with respect to the base portion 4410. Further, FIG. 47 illustrates a bottom rear perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure 4400 in a similar open position.

[00495] In some other embodiments, the lid portion 4415 can be moved to other positions from the aforementioned partially open positions so that the lid portion 4415 is pivoted about the base portion 4410 and positioned to other angles with respect to the base portion 4410. For example, in some embodiments, the lid portion 4415 can be moved by a user to open positions so that the lid portion 4415 is pivoted about the base portion 4410 and positioned to at angles between greater than about 0° and less than about 45° with respect to the base portion 4410. In some embodiments, the lid portion 4415 can be moved to open positions so that the lid portion 4415 is pivoted about the base portion 4410 and positioned to at angles between greater than about 45° and less than 90° with respect to the base portion 4410. In some embodiments, the lid portion 4415 can be moved to open positions so that the lid portion 4415 is pivoted about the base portion 4410 and positioned to at angles greater than about 90° and less than about 180° with respect to the base portion 4410. In some other embodiments, the lid portion 4415 can be moved to extended open positions so that the lid portion 4415 is pivoted about the base portion 4410 and positioned to at angles greater than about 180° and less than about 360° with respect to the base portion 4410.

[00496] In some embodiments, the base portion 4410 of the privacy/security enclosure 4400 shown in FIGS. 44-47 can comprise a base housing 441 1 comprising a bottom side coupled to four base sides. In some embodiments as shown, the base sides can comprise a generally curved side wall extending from the bottom side to a generally curved outer base edge. Further, in some embodiments, the lid portion 4415 can comprise a lid housing 4416 comprising a top side coupled to four lid sides. In some embodiments as shown, the lid sides can comprise a generally curved side wall extending from the top side to a generally curved outer lid edge. In some embodiments, the lid side can comprise a generally curved surface. In some other embodiments, at least a portion of the lid side can be generally flat. Further, in some embodiments, the generally curved outer lid edge can be shaped to generally or substantially complement the generally curved outer base edge. Therefore, in some embodiments, when the privacy/security enclosure 4400 in closed so the privacy/security enclosure 4400 can include the base portion 4410 and the lid portion 4415 coupled substantially continuous along one edge by coupling the generally curved outer lid edge to substantially complement the generally curved outer base edge to form a substantially sealed enclosure.

[00497] In some embodiments, privacy can be enhanced by disabling or making less effective one or more of the following sensors or systems through the use of motors, magnets or known signal blocking or attenuating techniques: accelerometers, magnemometers, gyroscopes, Near Field Communication systems, humidity sensors, infrared or other light sensors, orientation sensors, pressure sensors, force sensors, proximity sensors, rotational or vector sensors, significant motion sensors, pedometers and any other sensors or systems.

[00498] Within the FIGS. 54-128H, details of various labyrinth and gasket architectures are provided. For example, as shown, in FIG. 54, the privacy/security enclosure 5400 include a "knife edge" 5415 where the edge 5410 of the lid portion 5408 of the privacy/security enclosure 5400 can be positioned and wedged between two or more gaskets 5240 positioned within a groove 5407 of a base portion 5405 of the privacy/security enclosure 5400.

[00499] Some further embodiments of the invention include privacy/security enclosures that allow RF pass through capabilities, where specific frequencies can be allowed to pass through the Faraday cage while maintaining protection against other frequencies (i.e. while maintaining privacy protection of the device). Some embodiments include privacy/security enclosures that allow an RF pathway to be closed to reinstate a RF protection via an RF/Antenna cut-off switch.

[00500] Some embodiments of the invention include privacy/security enclosures that include RF filtering and/or RF band selection. In some embodiments, RF bands that can pass through the enclosures are adjacent to other bands that can be blocked or attenuated. For example, band 40 and 41 of the cellular spectrum are adjacent to the bands that carry WiFi and Bluetooth (which overlap). In order to pass WiFi and Bluetooth while still providing protection against cellular bands, some embodiments include a series of filter that allow this to happen.

[00501] Some embodiments of the invention include a privacy/security enclosure that includes at least one external to internal interface and communication apparatus. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can enable passing certain types of information from inside to outside the Faraday cage without compromising its protection (i.e., information can be transmitted from the enclosed device while maintaining privacy protection of the device).

[00502] Some embodiments of the invention include privacy/security enclosures that enable DC power pass-through. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can enable charging of one or more batteries within the privacy/security enclosure. Further, some embodiments also enable charging of batteries of one or more enclosed devices. Moreover, in some embodiments, charging of one or more batteries in the privacy/security enclosure and one or more batteries of at least one enclosed device can occur substantially at the same time. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can comprise one or more charging conductors or wires that pass through the Faraday cage of the privacy/security enclosure for purposes such as charging. Prior art designs would be akin to putting one or more antennas through the Faraday cage, but some embodiments of the invention allows charging to take place without materially degrading the enclosure's RF protection. Further, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can comprise one or more charging conductors or wires that pass through the Faraday cage of the privacy/security enclosure for purposes such as charging that do not require a user to connect and disconnect separate leads on the inside and/or outside of the privacy/security enclosure.

[00503] Some embodiments of the invention include privacy/security enclosures that comprise one or more optical pass-through components, regions, or structures. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include one or more micro-controllers on both the inside and outside of the Faraday cage. In some embodiments, in order to allow the microcontrollers to communicate with each other without including additional holes for additional conductors/wires, holes can be included to allow communication via optical signaling without materially degrading the performance of the Faraday cage.

[00504] In some embodiments, power (e.g., for one or more LED's), data, or other information and/or electromagnet radiation can be passed through the Faraday cage while maintaining privacy protection for the enclosed device. Some embodiments of the invention can enable a head set pass-through. For example, in some embodiments, a user can plug a headset into the outside of the privacy/security enclosure (through the Faraday cage) to access a corresponding feature or port on the device enclosed inside the Faraday cage in the privacy/security enclosure while maintaining privacy protection of the enclosed device.

[00505] Some embodiments of the invention include at least one form of audio protection. Some embodiments of the invention include an open case audio protection" ("OCAP"). For example, in some embodiments, audio protection can be enabled while the privacy/security enclosure is open. In this instance, a user can use at least a portion of the functionality of the device while maintaining audio protection. For example, where the enclosed device is a phone, the privacy/security enclosure can provide a user with at RF functionality (e.g., to check if calls are coming in and/or to receive and/or respond to text messages). The privacy/security enclosure can also provide a user with screen access (e.g. to send and/or receive emails, check calendars, notes, To Do's, play games, use apps etc.). Further, the privacy/security enclosure can provide a user with access to the use of a front and rear facing camera, and use of various buttons and device functions requiring physical access by the user.

[00506] Some embodiments of the invention include listen and respond capabilities. Some embodiments enable a user to use one or more microphones to listen to the environment and play one or more masking signals when sound is detected. Some embodiments include a privacy/security enclosure that comprises one or more microphones that are band limited to specific frequencies that are associated with voice. In this instance, the microphones have a lowered noise floor that is below the threshold of microphones in enclosed user devices (e.g. the enclosed, phone, computer, tablet etc.) For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can comprise one mic in the middle of the low frequency of the common voice frequency band and another in the middle of the medium frequency voice band. In some embodiments, by being very deep (in terms of noise floor) in each of these areas, the presence of speech can be detected (while not capturing the voice content) while ensuring privacy/security enclosure protection is activated.

[00507] Some embodiments of the invention include speaker and/or speaker driver selection specifically for masking. Some embodiments include a privacy/security enclosure that can produce one or more specific waveforms to mask human speech. Moreover, some embodiments include speakers that can produce the masking signal with minimal power consumption.

[00508] In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can change and/or delay a starting time for the masking signal. For example, in some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure includes a control system that enables the system and/or the user to select and vary the amount of time between speech detection and masking signal activation.

[00509] In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can change the masking signal tail time. For example, after speech ceases, the control system can stop the transmission of the masking signal substantially immediately. In some further embodiments, after speech ceases, the control system can include a transmission of the masking signal that comprises a tail (i.e. a transmission for a certain period of time after speech ceases). In some embodiments, this can minimize obtrusiveness as testing indicates that a constant start/stop is more obtrusive than continuous transmission. In some embodiments, tuning the tail can allow substantially continuous broadcast through the normal starts and stops and pauses that are a part of human conversation. Further, in some other embodiments, the volume of the masking signal can be varying. In some embodiments, the control system or the user can vary the volume of the masking signal based on the volume of the detected sound (e.g. such as a human voice).

[00510] In some embodiments of the invention, the privacy/security enclosure can include an obfuscation and/or randomness setting. In some embodiments, for a variety of reasons, the privacy/security enclosure can prevent an unauthorized listener from detecting the presence of speech. In some embodiments, in the obfuscation and/or randomness mode, the privacy/security enclosure can randomly broadcast to simulate protection even if no one is speaking, thereby diminishing the ability of an unauthorized listener of detecting when there is actual speech by a user using the system.

[00511 ] Some embodiments of the invention include an always on mode. In this instance, the privacy/security enclosure includes active audio masking that is always on. In this mode, the privacy/security enclosure can maintain privacy protection substantially constantly.

[00512] Some embodiments of the invention include user signaling. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can include one or more LED's or other forms of communication to indicate when the privacy/security enclosure is providing protection, which mode the privacy/security enclosure is in (always on, obfuscation and/or randomness mode setting, etc.), and/or can be configured to flash anytime the privacy/security enclosure is broadcasting.

[00513] Some embodiments of the invention include remote activation. In some embodiments of the invention, a privacy/security enclosure can include audio technologies that can be used independently of RF and other protection technologies. For example, some embodiments include the capability to remotely activate various modes of audio protection. For example, some embodiments can include a remote control that activates audio protection in the privacy/security enclosure that can attach to a smart TV or gaming console that can include built-in microphones. Other examples include cars and any other electronic device with a microphone. This can capture three concepts: 1) The audio protection can be used/applied independent of any other type of protection (RF, etc.); 2) The audio protection can be packaged to protect against any device that has microphone (car, TV, etc.) and 3) Any audio protection can be activated in one or more ways: a.) automatically by some sensing and/or control mechanism built into the product; b.) by physical user interaction/activation (some type of physical button or switch etc.) and c.) a remote activation capability that uses a non-physical interface (RF, infrared/light based, sound (perhaps voice or sound activated by saying a keyword, clapping or something similar.)

[00514] Some embodiments of the invention include a noise delivery system that takes the masking signal generated by one or more speakers within the privacy/security enclosure and delivers it to the various microphones that are being protected by the privacy/security enclosure. Some embodiments of the invention include a privacy/security enclosure that comprises a collection point. This is the point at which signals generated by the speakers are captured and are coupled to the delivery system. Some example embodiments include an open port near a privacy/security enclosure speaker or a shaped capture point that changes or impacts capture and delivered signals.

[00515] Some embodiments of the invention include a delivery system. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure can comprise a system that channels a signal through at least a portion of the physical architecture of the privacy/security enclosure and delivers it proximate the microphones of the device against which are being protected. Some example embodiments can include tubes (e.g. similar to tubes used to deliver sound to the ear in a conventional hearing aid). Some example embodiments include channels or paths that are built into the privacy/security enclosure. In some embodiments, depending on the location and proximity of the microphones being delivered a signal, the transmission of the speaker can be propagated to the microphone. In some embodiments, the length, diameter, shape, material and stiffness of the tubes and channels can vary and can impact the signal that is being delivered by the privacy/security enclosure.

[00516] Some embodiments of the invention can include one or more microphone attachment and/or sealing mechanisms. In some embodiments, a physical element of the privacy/security enclosure architecture can be placed against the surface of the device against microphones that are being protected. In some embodiments, this physical element can comprise a seal or gasket that minimizes the escape of our masking signal to the surrounding environment, and thereby can reduce the noise detected by people nearby. For example, in some embodiments, the tube delivering the sound can open to a hole which is greater than the location of the microphone so that when it is sealed and/or attached, a substantial majority of the signal can be delivered to the microphone rather than to the environment.

[00517] Some embodiments of the invention include an extensible design. In some embodiments, in order to facilitate reusing one design to be able to protect against multiple devices, embodiments of the invention include a privacy device that includes be the ability to slide or move the delivery point in order to accommodate devices with different microphone locations.

[00518] Some embodiments of the invention include an audio pass-through. In some embodiments, if a user receives a phone call that they want to take, they can be provided with the option to remove the sealed delivery element such that they can take the call (including if they want to do so on speakerphone, for a video call etc.) Some embodiments can improve audio clarity depending on the physical architecture of the privacy/security enclosure. Some embodiments include holes that are placed on the mechanism that holds the protected device in place. In this instance, if the holding mechanism overlaps with a microphone and/or speaker, audio pass-through applies in both directions, listening to the caller and passing through the audio content of the speaker. In some embodiments, the sealing can attenuate an external audio signal coming from outside the seal to the microphone as well as attenuate a masking signal going from inside the seal to outside (that can reduce obtrusiveness). In some embodiments, depending on the degree of external audio attenuation, the level of the masking signal can be lower on one microphone position versus another.

[00519] In some embodiments, using any of the previously mentioned protection technologies, other sensor protection can be provided by a privacy/security enclosure. Some embodiments can provide protection and/or degradation of the performance of all sensors contained within various electronic devices as disclosed herein.

[00520] Some embodiments of the invention include shock absorption features. These features help protect against falls, but also can act as a shock absorber that helps minimize vibrations caused by sound from reaching the IMU's within specific devices.

[00521] In some embodiments of the invention, RF gasketing can provide the secondary benefit of minimizing the transmission of air, water, dust and other such substances from passing into the interior of the case when it is closed. In some embodiments, other environmental gaskets can be added to that are more specifically designed for this purpose.

[00522] Some embodiments of the invention enable the user to select different levels or types of protection provided any given time. Some embodiments provide multiple selectable states, each of which provides different types or levels of protection.

[00523] For embodiments of the invention that include cases that can close, ramps or other features can be provided that prevent damage to interior portions of the case in the event the user is closing the case without having put at least one portion of the interior in the optimal state. In some embodiments of the invention that do not include a sock or lifting mechanism that allows the enclosed device to be elevated, kickstands can be built into or on top of the back of such products to provide similar functionality. Tacky or soft elements can be added to cases or housings to minimize slipping and sliding of products when they are on slippery surfaces.

[00524] Some embodiments of the invention allow users to use as much of their native device functionality as possible. Accordingly, some embodiments of the invention provide access to both front and rear facing cameras, side buttons, and other device controls.

[00525] Some embodiments of the invention do not use the previously described sock mechanisms. Accordingly, some embodiments utilize different ways of loading, unloading and holding protected devices within the case. Some embodiments include different ways to interface with various ports and plugs on the phone (i.e. power, headset etc.) In some embodiments, access is not provided to some or all of these capabilities while the device is within the case (even if the case is closed to provide RF protection).

[00526] Some embodiments of the invention include passive RF protection and passive audio protection. Some of these embodiments include a microphone blocker and a corresponding release function. In some embodiments, when a user takes a sock out of down mode (wherein passive audio protection is provided while the case is open) and the phone is sprung up to an angled position within the case, ready for use, a lift mechanism lifts the phone from the audio sealing material inside the bottom of the sock. These embodiments allow speakerphone and video calls to be made without muffling the clarity of the speaker at the other end of the call as well as the clarity of the speaker using the case. Some of these embodiments use foam (or springs or other such mechanisms) that lift the phone when the phone is not in the compressed or "down" mode. Some embodiments include holes drilled or otherwise formed into the bottom of the sock (or include a grill or some other such pass through method) that allow sound to pass through more easily.

[00527] Some embodiments of the invention include passive RF protection and active audio protection. Some of these embodiments of the invention can include shapes that are dissimilar from a bathtub type of design. These alternative embodiments can leverage knife edge labyrinth and gasket designs etc. in order to provide a compact and effective device.

[00528] Some embodiments of the invention include different Faraday cage designs. While some embodiments include one piece cases with a book-type of hinge, other embodiments use vertical hinges, two-piece or multi-piece products with removable pieces that both do and do not attach to the pieces that were not removed from the protected or enclosed device.

[00529] Some embodiments of the invention include a user interface comprising controls and status indicators. The user interface can display different modes and status using LED's or other visual or audio features. Embodiments of the invention that use active audio masking technology can include a user interface which users to turn the device on/off and/or activate different modes, provide battery and other status, etc.

[00530] Further embodiments of privacy/security enclosures including components, assemblies, and methods of use are shown in FIGS. 55A-128H. For example, FIGS. 55A- 55C illustrates views of a privacy/security enclosure lid with a U-channel gasket according to another embodiment of the invention. The main housing 5505 can include at least one peripheral u-shaped channel or groove 5520 into which a portion of a lid 5510 can be inserted. The u-shaped channel or groove 5520 can include a gasket 5530 that at least partially fills the u-shaped channel or groove 5520 and the enclosed portion of the lid 5510.

[00531] FIG. 56 illustrates a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure 5600 with mesh fabric gaskets 5625 according to a further embodiment of the invention. In some embodiments, two rows of mesh fabric gaskets 5625 can be formed into a u-shaped channel or groove of the privacy/security enclosure 5600. FIGS. 57A-57B illustrates a perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure 5600 with mesh fabric gaskets according to a further embodiment of the invention. For example, the main housing 5605 can include at least one channel 5608 into which a lid portion 5610 can be inserted between gaskets 5620 comprising an upper gasket 5625a and a lower gasket 6525b.

[00532] Further gasket configurations can be seen in FIG. 58 illustrating a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure 5800 according to one embodiment of the invention. A lid or gasket portion 5810 can be positioned between an interface 5815 formed between an upper portion 5805 and lower portion 5808 of the privacy/security enclosure 5800. In some embodiments, gaskets 5820 can be positioned in the interface 5815 between the upper and lower portions 5805, 5808. In some embodiments, a single gasket can be used placed in the interface 5815 between the lid or gasket portion 5810 and the upper portion 5805, or between the lid or gasket portion 5810 and the lower portion 5805.

[00533] FIG. 59 illustrates a cross-sectional view of an edge of a privacy/security enclosure 5900 according to one embodiment of the invention. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 5900 can comprise a lower portion 5905 including a groove 5907, and an upper portion 5910 including a tongue 5912. In some embodiments, tongue 5912 can be positioned in the groove 5907 and one or more gaskets 5925 can be place between the tongue 5912 and the lower portion 5905 (e.g., on one or both sides of the tongue 5912 as described for the example embodiment of FIG. 58).

[00534] FIG. 60A shows a partial perspective view of a portion of a privacy/security enclosure 6000 according to one embodiment of the invention. FIG. 60B shows a cross- sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure 6000 according to one embodiment of the invention. FIG. 60C shows a cross-sectional view of an edge of the privacy/security enclosure 6000 shown in FIGS. 60A-60B according to one embodiment of the invention. In some embodiments the privacy/security enclosure can comprise lid portion 6005 positioned engaged with a base portion 6015 with a gasket 6010. Referring to FIGS. 60B and 60C, in some embodiments, the base portion 6015 can comprise first groove 6025 and second groove 6027, and the lid portion 6005 can comprise first tongue 6030 and second tongue 6035. The base portion can also comprise a base tongue 6020 between the grooves 6025, 6027, and the lid portion 6005 can comprise a groove 6033 between the tongues 6030, 6035. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 6000 can comprise a gasket seal 6007 including gasket 6010 comprising the second tongue 6035 positioned in the second groove 6027, the tongue 6020 positioned in the groove 6033, and the first tongue 6030 positioned in the first groove 6025.

[00535] FIG. 61A illustrates a cross-sectional view of a privacy/security enclosure 6100 according to one embodiment of the invention. FIG. 61B illustrates a cross-sectional perspective view of a privacy/security enclosure 6100 according to one embodiment of the invention. Referring to FIGS. 61A-61B, in some embodiments, the main housing 6105 of a privacy/security enclosure 6100 can comprise a base portion 6110 coupled to a lid portion 6115, and a gasket seal 6120 can be formed within the wall 61 12 of the base portion 6110. FIGS. 61C-61F illustrate various alternative embodiments of the gasket seals 6120 for a privacy/security enclosure 6100 according to one embodiment of the invention. For example, referring to FIG. 61C, some embodiments include a gasket seal 6120a comprising a tongue and groove architecture comprising a groove 6130 and a tongue 6140 at least partially inserted in the groove 6130. In some embodiments, an inner gasket 6150 (e.g., such as a fabric gasket as described earlier) can be positioned in the groove 6130 between the inner wall 61 12a of the wall 61 12 and the tongue 6140. Referring to FIG. 61D, in some embodiments, the gasket seal 6120 can comprise a gasket seal 6120b. In this example embodiments, groove 6130 can include tongue 6140 positioned between an inner and outer gasket 6150, 6151. In this instance, the inner gasket 6150 can be positioned in the groove 6130 between the inner wall 61 12a of the wall 61 12 and the tongue 6140, and the outer gasket 6151 can be positioned in the groove 6130 between the outer wall 6112b of the wall 6112 and the tongue 6140.

[00536] Referring to FIG. 6 IE, some embodiments include a gasket seal 6120c comprising a tongue and groove architecture comprising a groove 6130 and a tongue 6140 at least partially inserted in the groove 6130. In some embodiments, an inner gasket 6150 can be positioned in the groove 6130 between the inner wall 61 12a of the wall 6112 and the tongue 6140, and a base gasket 6152 (e.g., such as a mesh gasket) can be positioned at the bottom of the groove 6130 between the tip of the tongue and the bottom of the groove 6130. Referring to FIG. 6 IF, in some embodiments, the gasket seal 6120 can comprise a gasket seal 6120d. In this example embodiments, groove 6130 can include tongue 6140 positioned between an inner and outer gasket 6150, 6151. In this instance, the inner gasket 6150 can be positioned in the groove 6130 between the inner wall 6112a of the wall 6112 and the tongue 6140, and the outer gasket 6151 can be positioned in the groove 6130 between the outer wall 61 12b of the wall 61 12 and the tongue 6140. Further, an inner gasket 6150 can be positioned in the groove 6130 between the inner wall 61 12a of the wall 61 12 and the tongue 6140, and a base gasket 6152 (e.g., such as a mesh gasket) can be positioned at the bottom of the groove 6130 between the tip of the tongue and the bottom of the groove 6130.

[00537] Some embodiments include pivoting and/or articulating privacy/security enclosures that can enable functional and elegant options for a user to insert or remove a device (e.g., such as user device 10). For example, FIGS. 62A-62F various views of a privacy/security enclosure 6200 in progressive stages of opening and device insertion or removal according to one embodiment of the invention. In some embodiments, the privacy/security enclosure 6200 can comprise a lower case 6210, coupled to an inner enclosure 6245 and an articulating enclosure 6240. In some embodiments, an outer case or shell 6250 can at least partially enclosure the inner enclosure 6245. In so