EP3132506B1 - Cable outlet - Google Patents

Cable outlet Download PDF

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Publication number
EP3132506B1
EP3132506B1 EP15720590.7A EP15720590A EP3132506B1 EP 3132506 B1 EP3132506 B1 EP 3132506B1 EP 15720590 A EP15720590 A EP 15720590A EP 3132506 B1 EP3132506 B1 EP 3132506B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
cable outlet
cable
outlet
curable polymer
connector
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP15720590.7A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP3132506A1 (en
Inventor
Marc Lindkamp
Ralf Martin KLEIN
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Harting Electronics GmbH and Co KG
Original Assignee
Harting Electronics GmbH and Co KG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE102014105442.3A priority Critical patent/DE102014105442A1/en
Application filed by Harting Electronics GmbH and Co KG filed Critical Harting Electronics GmbH and Co KG
Priority to PCT/DE2015/100146 priority patent/WO2015158327A1/en
Publication of EP3132506A1 publication Critical patent/EP3132506A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP3132506B1 publication Critical patent/EP3132506B1/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/46Bases; Cases
    • H01R13/52Dustproof, splashproof, drip-proof, waterproof, or flameproof cases
    • H01R13/5205Sealing means between cable and housing, e.g. grommet
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/46Bases; Cases
    • H01R13/52Dustproof, splashproof, drip-proof, waterproof, or flameproof cases
    • H01R13/5216Dustproof, splashproof, drip-proof, waterproof, or flameproof cases characterised by the sealing material, e.g. gels or resins
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/56Means for preventing chafing or fracture of flexible leads at outlet from coupling part
    • H01R13/562Bending-relieving
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R43/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining, or repairing of line connectors or current collectors or for joining electric conductors
    • H01R43/005Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining, or repairing of line connectors or current collectors or for joining electric conductors for making dustproof, splashproof, drip-proof, waterproof, or flameproof connection, coupling, or casing

Description

  • The invention is based on a cable outlet according to the preamble of the independent claim 1.
  • Such cable outlets are required to mechanically fix, mechanically fix and mechanically stabilize cables that are routed away from appliances, housings or connectors to the device or connector. Cable outlets, which allow a mechanical stabilization of the cable, are also called kink protection.
  • Such cable outlets enclose the cable and are attached to a cable outlet spigot. The cable outlet is molded to the housing, device or connector into which the cable passes. In the prior art, such cable outlet connection to most of a thread, which is usually designed as an external thread.
  • On the thread a cable outlet is screwed with a corresponding thread. By screwing a clamping sleeve or provided in the cable outlet clamping member is usually mechanically deformed or pressed radially inward, whereby the cable is mechanically fixed within the cable outlet.
  • A disadvantage of this type of cable outlet that they are only partially protected against contamination and the ingress of moisture. In addition, the guided cable is mechanically stressed very strong. Over tightening the cable outlet may cause injury to the cable.
  • Furthermore, this type of cable outlet is not secured against manipulation and can be screwed on and screwed on as often as desired. It is not clear to the user whether the connection has already been opened and possibly manipulated.
  • Another known type of cable outlet are cable outlets, which are molded directly in the production. Here, the cable and the cable outlet nozzle is mechanically overmolded. This is a very advantageous type of cable outlet because they can be used as a kink protection at the same time.
  • A disadvantage of overmolded cable outlets, however, is that they must be manufactured in a production with appropriate machinery. An assembly on site is not possible without machines and corresponding equipment.
  • The EP 0 859 429 A2 shows a connecting device for moisture-proof, electrically connecting two multicore cable ends, in particular for use in the heating area, which is improved in terms of their heat resistance and their sealing properties. This is achieved by a sleeve element. The sleeve member is an enclosed cavity, which in the connection area filled with a curable, heat-resistant and electrically insulating sealant.
  • From the US 2004/161968 A1 An electrical connector is known. This is to simplify the installation and wiring of different conductor cross-sections through the use of a rupturable seal.
  • In the US RE37,340 E is similar to the one in the EP 0 859 429 A2 the use of a sealant for sealing the designated there as a wire connector connector provided.
  • The DE 10 2012 202 225 A1 discloses a primarily one-piece connector with a seal for improved transmission of a shield. For this, the seal consists of an electrically conductive and an elastic material.
  • A connector, in particular a coaxial connector, with an adhesive layer is in the US 2009/014212 A1 disclosed. The adhesive layer, consisting of adherent microcapsules, serves on the one hand the sealing and on the other hand the mechanical connection.
  • From the US Pat. No. 7,253,362 B1 is a housing, in particular a device with a plurality of housings known. At least one of the housings includes a concave housing with an open side. One or more elastomeric films surround one or more cables. The films are used to seal the cables from environmental conditions.
  • In the US 2007/066134 A1 For example, a chemically bonded coaxial cable connector is known which connects the ends of coaxial cables to ports without the need for crimping tools or dies. For this, the connector has a cylindrical sleeve which is filled with an adhesive component for fixing a seal.
  • The DE 20 2004 018 347 U1 shows a device for the introduction of cables consisting of two half-shells. The device has an opening. The opening also has an internal thread. Alternatively, the opening is followed by a threaded neck with internal thread divided by a parting line in half shells. In the opening or the threaded connector is a longitudinally split double nipple with external thread with a longitudinally divided sealing body and divided in two in the longitudinal direction Screwed pressure screw. The sealing body is clamped by means of the pressure screw in the axial and radial directions.
  • From the US 2013/118803 A1 is a curing sealant known for use in electrical connectors.
  • The object of the invention is to provide a cable outlet, which agrees the advantages of the already known from the prior art solutions. The cable outlet should be field ready, need no special tools or machines for manufacturing and thereby be environmentally sealed, easy to handle, as well as safe against manipulation and unauthorized opening and can accommodate a wide range of different strength cables.
  • The object is solved by the characterizing features of independent claim 1. Advantageous embodiments of the invention are specified in the subclaims.
  • In the invention, it is a cable outlet, which is formed from a sleeve-shaped base body, wherein the base body consists of several sub-segments. In an embodiment of a plurality of sub-segments is advantageous to form them hermaphroditic. So only one sort of parts needs to be kept.
  • The main body is intended to be plugged or screwed onto a cable outlet spigot. The cable outlet connection is provided on a housing, device or connector from which a cable is to be led away. In this case, the cable outlet nozzle advantageously surrounds the cable leading away.
  • The cable outlet connection can be round or square. Depending on the version of the cable outlet spigot and the cable outlet is carried out accordingly. In this case, either the entire main body of the cable outlet have the shape of the cable outlet nozzle, or only the inside of the cable outlet be designed to ensure a positive connection between the cable outlet and cable outlet connection.
  • According to the invention, a polymer is provided on the inside of the main body of the cable outlet, which is curable. These may be different types of thermosetting polymers. Polymers containing a solvent that volatilizes by evaporation and thus the polymer solidifies are conceivable, as well as two-component polymers that cure when mixed. It is also possible to use polymers which cure by exposure to light or heat.
  • The curable polymer provided on the inside of the main body is directly attached or provided with a thin protective film, depending on the type of polymer. The protective film can show various designs. Either a protective film that must be removed before installing the cable outlet, or a thin protective film, which is destroyed when installing the cable outlet to a cable outlet nozzle and thus the curing of the polymer is set in motion.
  • Advantageously, the curable polymer is provided on the inside of the base body so that it is connected to the base body, the cable carried out and the cable outlet connection after installation of the cable outlet. This ensures that a secure, tight connection between the components is made.
  • The combination of body, cable and cable outlet spigot through the cured polymer thus ensures the mechanical fixation of the cable to the cable outlet spigot and protects against the ingress of environmental influences such as moisture and dust. Thanks to the use of a flexible material as the basic body, the flexibility of the cable connection is maintained and the cable outlet also serves as kink protection.
  • According to the invention, the curable polymer is provided in a groove which advantageously extends on the inside of the base body over its circumference. As a result, the polymer is held and after curing of the polymer, a tensile bond between the polymer and the body is guaranteed.
  • The invention is particularly advantageous due to its easy handling, which makes it possible to use the cable outlet also field-assembled.
  • All you have to do is insert and connect the cable into the cable outlet of a device, housing or connector. The cable outlet is either positioned beforehand - with a one-piece base body - or after the cable has been connected - with a multi-part base body - on the cable. By sliding the cable outlet on the cable outlet nozzle, the curable polymer is distributed in the interior of the body and brought into connection with the body, the cable and the cable outlet nozzle. After curing of the polymer, the cable outlet is fully assembled.
  • Depending on the polymer used, either a protective film must be removed from the polymer before it is plugged on. In a preferred embodiment, the protective film by sliding the cable outlet on the cable outlet nozzle by the Cable outlet spigot destroyed, or at least torn, whereby the polymer can be distributed in the body.
  • In a further embodiment, the curable polymer also has an adhesive property to allow an improved connection between the cable outlet nozzle, the cable outlet and the cable.
  • embodiment
  • An embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the drawings and will be explained in more detail below. Show it:
  • Fig. 1
    a perspective view of a cable outlet on a connector;
    Fig. 2
    the cable outlet Fig. 1 in a perspective exploded view;
    Fig. 3
    a half-shell of a main body of the cable outlet in a perspective view;
    Fig. 4
    also a half-shell of a main body of the cable outlet in a perspective view;
    Fig. 5
    a partially opened cable outlet accordingly Fig. 1 in perspective view;
    Fig. 6
    another cable outlet from a perspective view;
    Fig. 7
    the cable outlet Fig. 6 before final assembly to a connector in a perspective partial section; and
    Fig. 8
    the cable outlet Fig. 6 in the final assembled state in a perspective partial section.
  • The figures contain partially simplified, schematic representations. In part, identical reference numerals are used for the same but possibly not identical elements. Different views the same elements could be scaled differently.
  • The FIG. 1 shows a perspective view of a cable outlet 1 to a connector 11. The cable outlet 1 consists of two similar, hermaphroditic half-shells 4a / 4b together form a base body 4. The connector 11 is designed in this example as a circular connector.
  • From the back of the main body 4, a cable 2 is inserted into the cable outlet 1, which is connected in the connector 11. The front of the main body 4 is plugged onto the connector 11.
  • In the FIG. 2 is the cable outlet off FIG. 1 shown in a perspective exploded view. The two half shells 4a / 4b are shown exploded. Visible here is a cable outlet nozzle 3 of the connector 3, on which the half shells 4a / 4b of the cable outlet 1 are held.
  • The cable 2, which is connected at the back to the connector 1, is inserted into the cable outlet connection 3 of the connector 1. On the inside of the half-shells 4 a / 4 b, a curable polymer 8 can be seen, which is intended to be placed around the cable outlet connection 3 and the cable 3. By mounting the half-shells 4a / 4b to a base body 4 (FIG. FIG. 1 ), the curable polymer 8 fills the space between the cable outlet connection 3, cable 2 and base 4 in a form-fitting manner.
  • The hardening of the polymer 8 after assembly results in a mechanical fixation between the cable outlet 1, the cable outlet connection 3 and the cable 2. The curable polymer 8 is expediently provided in the base body 4 in such a way that it lies in the region of the rear end of the Cable outlet 3 is attached.
  • The FIG. 3 shows a half-shell 4a / 4b of a main body 4 of the cable outlet 1 isolated in a perspective view. In the front area shown on the left, the half-shell 4a / 4b has a positive opening 5 which is adapted to the cable outlet connection 3. As a result, a twisting of the cable outlet 1 on the cable outlet connection 3 is not possible.
  • In an advantageous embodiment, the positive-locking opening 5 are also formed as a thread which can be screwed onto the cable outlet connection 3.
  • The middle region of the half-shell 4a / 4b is designed as a cable guide 6 and serves to guide a cable 2 in the cable outlet 1. On the back, shown here right, the half-shell 4a / 4b, a cable entry opening 10 is formed. This taper serves to seal the interior of the cable outlet 1 in the region of the cable entry from the environment. Depending on the material used for the half-shell 4a / 4b, this area, or the entire half-shell 4a / 4b may be formed of flexible material.
  • In the area between the positive opening 5 and the cable guide 6, the half-shell 4 a / 4 b is formed on the inside a groove 7, which is provided for receiving the curable polymer 8. The groove 7 is suitably arranged so that is concealed in the assembled state of the cable outlet nozzle 3. This ensures that the cable outlet nozzle 3 is guided into the cable outlet 1, displaces the curable polymer 8 and distributed in the interior of the cable outlet 1.
  • The half-shell 4a / 4b off FIG. 3 is in FIG. 4 shown again, but with a remote from the half shell 4a / 4b shown protective film 9. The protective film 9 is provided for sealing the curable polymer 8, that this does not harden before mounting. In this case, the protective film 9 may be a removable element, which must be removed before mounting the cable outlet 1 on a cable outlet nozzle 3.
  • An advantageous embodiment of the protective film 9 provides to make this very thin, so that when installing the cable outlet 1 on a cable outlet nozzle 3, the protective film 9 is destroyed by this and the curable polymer 8 can be distributed in the cable outlet 1.
  • In the FIG. 5 is the cable outlet 1 off FIG. 1 shown again in a partially open view, wherein a half-shell 4a is not shown to allow a view of the interior of the cable outlet 1. It can be seen that the cable outlet connection 3 has penetrated into the curable polymer 8 and displaced it.
  • As a result, the curable polymer has 8 from its original position in the groove 7 (see FIG. 3 and FIG. 4 ) distributed throughout the interior of the cable outlet 1. The curable polymer 8 has thus penetrated from the positive opening 5 into the cable guide 6 and has enclosed the cable 2.
  • Another cable outlet 1 is in the FIG. 6 shown. In this embodiment, the base body 4 is integrally formed. Again, the curable polymer 8 is provided on the inside of the base body 4 in a groove 7. Unlike the execution of the FIGS. 1 to 5 here the cable outlet 1 must be placed on the cable 2 before mounting, before the cable 2 is inserted into the cable outlet 3. The two-part design of the main body 4 of the FIGS. 1 to 5 makes it possible to install the cable outlet 1 even after installation of the cable 2.
  • The cable outlet 1 from the FIG. 6 is in the FIG. 7 in partially assembled state shown in section. Shown is a section through the connector 11 and its cable outlet connection 3 in which the cable 2 is inserted. The cable outlet 1 is already placed on the cable 2, but not yet pressed on the cable outlet nozzle 3.
  • The curable polymer 8 is provided annularly on the inside of the base body 4 in the groove 7, wherein the cable 2 is not yet in contact with the curable polymer 8.
  • The FIG. 8 shows the fully assembled cable outlet 1 on the cable outlet nozzle 3 of the connector 11 also in section. By penetrating the cable outlet nozzle 3 in the curable polymer 8, the protective film 9 was destroyed on the curable polymer 8 and the curable polymer 8 in the spaces between the cable outlet nozzle 3, body 4 and the cable 2 distributed.
  • Depending on the strength of the inserted cable 2, more or less curable polymer 8 stretches into the intermediate space. As a result, the cable outlet 1 according to the invention can be used very flexibly for different cable thicknesses. The thicker the cable 2, the more material can extend into the space of the cable guide 6. When a thin cable 2 is inserted, the curable polymer 8 is sufficient to make a connection between the cable outlet 3, base 4 and the cable 2, without much material is pressed into the cable guide 6.
  • LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS
  • 1
    cable outlet
    2
    electric wire
    3
    Cable outlet socket
    4
    body
    4a
    half shell
    4b
    half shell
    5
    positive opening
    6
    cable management
    7
    groove
    8th
    hardenable polymer
    9
    protector
    10
    Cable entry port
    11
    Connectors

Claims (6)

  1. Cable outlet (1) for fixing a cable (2) to a cable outlet connecting piece (3) of a plug-and-socket connector (11), consisting of a sleeve-shaped body (4), wherein a curable polyer (8) is provided on the inside of the sleeve-shaped body (4),
    characterized in that
    a groove (7) is provided on the inside of the body (4), the curable polymer (8) is disposed in the groove (7), and the sleeve-shaped body (4) consists of multiple sub-segments.
  2. Cable outlet (1) according to Claim 1,
    characterized in that
    the curable polymer (8) is covered with a protective film (9).
  3. Cable outlet (1) according to Claim 2,
    characterized in that
    the protective film (9) consists of a thin-walled material which is susceptible to being acted upon mechanically.
  4. Cable outlet (1) according to one of the preceding claims
    characterized in that
    the sleeve-shaped body (4) consists of two half shells (4a/4b).
  5. Cable outlet (1) according to Claim 4,
    characterized in that
    the half shells (4a/4b) of the body (4) are hermaphroditic.
  6. Cable outlet (1) according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized in that
    the curable polymer (8) is self-curing upon contact with ambient air.
EP15720590.7A 2014-04-16 2015-04-08 Cable outlet Active EP3132506B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102014105442.3A DE102014105442A1 (en) 2014-04-16 2014-04-16 Cable outlet
PCT/DE2015/100146 WO2015158327A1 (en) 2014-04-16 2015-04-08 Cable outlet

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP3132506A1 EP3132506A1 (en) 2017-02-22
EP3132506B1 true EP3132506B1 (en) 2018-12-26

Family

ID=53052640

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP15720590.7A Active EP3132506B1 (en) 2014-04-16 2015-04-08 Cable outlet

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (1) US9774132B2 (en)
EP (1) EP3132506B1 (en)
DE (1) DE102014105442A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2015158327A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102014105442A1 (en) * 2014-04-16 2015-10-22 HARTING Electronics GmbH Cable outlet
DE102015104628B3 (en) * 2015-03-26 2016-09-15 Phoenix Contact E-Mobility Gmbh Connector housing
US10505292B2 (en) * 2016-05-24 2019-12-10 Hubbell Incorporated Oxide inhibitor capsule
US10297944B2 (en) * 2017-03-17 2019-05-21 Simon Simmonds Single pole connector

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US20070066134A1 (en) * 2005-09-19 2007-03-22 Burris Donald A Chemically attached coaxial connector
US20130118803A1 (en) * 2011-11-10 2013-05-16 Thomas & Betts International, Inc. Curing system for sealing an electrical fitting

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US3755615A (en) * 1972-09-29 1973-08-28 Amp Inc Adapter assembly for sealing a connector part
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US5397859A (en) * 1993-12-10 1995-03-14 The Whitaker Corporation Enclosure with sealant for spliced coaxial cables
AU5572598A (en) * 1997-01-28 1998-08-18 Whitaker Corporation, The Seal for an electrical connector, method for manufacturing seal and use of a seal
EP0859429A3 (en) 1997-02-17 1999-03-31 Wiemeyer, Frank Connecting device and method for manufacturing an electrical connection
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070066134A1 (en) * 2005-09-19 2007-03-22 Burris Donald A Chemically attached coaxial connector
US20130118803A1 (en) * 2011-11-10 2013-05-16 Thomas & Betts International, Inc. Curing system for sealing an electrical fitting

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP3132506A1 (en) 2017-02-22
DE102014105442A1 (en) 2015-10-22
CN106256050A (en) 2016-12-21
WO2015158327A1 (en) 2015-10-22
US20170025788A1 (en) 2017-01-26
US9774132B2 (en) 2017-09-26

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