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Vessel sealing instrument

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Publication number
EP2974683A1
EP2974683A1 EP20150179958 EP15179958A EP2974683A1 EP 2974683 A1 EP2974683 A1 EP 2974683A1 EP 20150179958 EP20150179958 EP 20150179958 EP 15179958 A EP15179958 A EP 15179958A EP 2974683 A1 EP2974683 A1 EP 2974683A1
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EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
jaw
members
member
pivot
electrosurgical
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP20150179958
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP2974683B1 (en )
Inventor
Jeffrey M. Roy
Mark J. Huseman
Ryan C. Artale
Roy Goodwin
David Galbraith
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Covidien LP
Original Assignee
Covidien LP
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B18/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating
    • A61B18/12Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating by passing a current through the tissue to be heated, e.g. high-frequency current
    • A61B18/14Probes or electrodes therefor
    • A61B18/1442Probes having pivoting end effectors, e.g. forceps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B18/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating
    • A61B18/12Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating by passing a current through the tissue to be heated, e.g. high-frequency current
    • A61B18/14Probes or electrodes therefor
    • A61B18/1442Probes having pivoting end effectors, e.g. forceps
    • A61B18/1445Probes having pivoting end effectors, e.g. forceps at the distal end of a shaft, e.g. forceps or scissors at the end of a rigid rod
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B2018/00571Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body for achieving a particular surgical effect
    • A61B2018/0063Sealing
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B18/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
    • A61B18/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating
    • A61B18/12Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating by passing a current through the tissue to be heated, e.g. high-frequency current
    • A61B18/14Probes or electrodes therefor
    • A61B18/1442Probes having pivoting end effectors, e.g. forceps
    • A61B2018/1452Probes having pivoting end effectors, e.g. forceps including means for cutting
    • A61B2018/1455Probes having pivoting end effectors, e.g. forceps including means for cutting having a moving blade for cutting tissue grasped by the jaws
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49002Electrical device making
    • Y10T29/49117Conductor or circuit manufacturing
    • Y10T29/49174Assembling terminal to elongated conductor

Abstract

A bipolar electrosurgical instrument, comprising:
first and second shafts each having a jaw member extending from a distal end thereof;
a bifurcated pivot member extending from one of the jaw members and configured to extend through an opening defined in the other jaw member;
a pivot plate coupled to the bifurcated pivot member such that the pivot plate and the bifurcated pivot member are configured to rotate within the opening upon movement of the first and second shafts relative to one another to effect movement of the jaw members between a first position wherein the jaw members are disposed in spaced relation relative to one another and a second position wherein the jaw members cooperate to grasp tissue;
a proximal shaft connector operably coupled to at least one of the first and second shafts and configured to connect the bipolar electrosurgical instrument to a source of electrosurgical energy adapted to provide first and second electrical potentials to the bipolar electrosurgical instrument; and
an electrosurgical cable including a first conductive lead configured to connect to the first electrical potential and a second conductive lead configured to connect to the second electrical potential, at least one of the first or second conductive leads configured to extend through the bifurcated pivot member to connect to a respective jaw member.

Description

    BACKGROUND Technical Field
  • [0001]
    The present disclosure relates to forceps used for open surgical procedures. More particularly, the present disclosure relates to a forceps which applies a combination of mechanical clamping pressure and electrosurgical current to seal tissue.
  • Description of Related Art
  • [0002]
    Electrosurgical forceps, e.g., commonly used in open surgical procedures, are configured to grasp, dissect and/or clamp tissue. Electrosurgical forceps is a simple plier-like tool which utilizes both mechanical clamping action and electrical energy to respectively constrict vessels and effect hemostasis by heating the tissue and blood vessels to coagulate, cauterize and/or seal tissue. Electrosurgical forceps may be configured for monopolar or bipolar use. For the purposes herein, the present disclosure is directed to electrosurgical forceps that are configured for bipolar use.
  • [0003]
    Bipolar electrosurgical forceps (forceps) utilize two generally opposing electrodes that are disposed on the inner opposing surfaces of jaw members associated with the end effector of the forceps and that are both electrically coupled to an electrosurgical generator. Each electrode is charged to a different electric potential and includes a respective seal plate; the seal plates are isolated from each other. Design of the isolated seal plates requires separate and unique wires to enable RF energy for vessel sealing (opposite poles for alternating current). Typically, because of the limited space of the forceps, one of the wires is routed directly to one of the seal plates and the other wire is routed indirectly around, i.e., "looped," about a pivot member that pivotably couples a pair of shafts associated with the forceps. Looping one of the wires around the pivot member may result in the "looped" wire being exposed to the surgical environment when the jaw members are moved, e.g., from an open to clamped position. As can be appreciated, exposing the wire to the surgical environment may result in damage to the wire, which, in turn, may decrease the operative life of the forceps. Moreover, "looping" the wire around the pivot member may increase manufacture costs, i.e., more wire is needed to loop around the pivot member, and may increase manufacture time of the forceps, i.e., more time is needed to loop the wire around the pivot member.
  • SUMMARY
  • [0004]
    The present disclosure provides a bipolar electrosurgical instrument for use in open surgery. The bipolar electrosurgical instrument includes first and second shafts each having a jaw member extending from a distal end thereof. A handle is disposed at proximal ends of the shafts for effecting movement of the jaw members relative to one another about an integrally formed bifurcated pivot member that is supported on one of the jaw members. The jaw members movable relative to one another about the pivot member from a first position wherein the jaw members are disposed in spaced relation relative to one another to a second position wherein the jaw members cooperate to grasp tissue therebetween. A proximal shaft connector operably couples to one of the first and second shafts and is configured to connect the bipolar electrosurgical instrument to a source of electrosurgical energy providing first and second electrical potentials. A first conductive lead is adapted to connect to the first electrical potential and a second conductive lead is adapted to connect to the second electrical potential. One of the first and second conductive leads extends through the pivot to connect to a respective jaw member.
  • [0005]
    The present disclosure provides a bipolar electrosurgical instrument for use in open surgery. The bipolar electrosurgical instrument includes first and second shafts each having a jaw member extending from a distal end thereof. A handle is disposed at proximal ends of the shafts for effecting movement of the jaw members relative to one another about a pivot member from a first position wherein the jaw members are disposed in spaced relation relative to one another to a second position wherein the jaw members cooperate to grasp tissue therebetween. A first conductive lead is adapted to connect to a first electrical potential and a second conductive lead is adapted to connect to a second electrical potential. One of the first and second conductive leads extends through the pivot to connect to a respective jaw member.
  • [0006]
    The present disclosure also provides a method for routing electrical leads through a bipolar electrosurgical instrument. The method includes forming first and second shafts with respective handles at proximal ends thereof and an end effector having two pivotably coupled jaw members at distal ends thereof. One of the jaw members includes a pivot member integrally formed thereon. The pivot member is configured to receive one of a first conductive lead and a second conductive lead therethrough. A step of the method includes coupling the first and second leads to one of the first and second shafts and routing each of the first and second conductive leads therethrough. One of the first and second conductive leads is coupled directly to one of the jaw members and one of the first and second conductive leads is routed through the pivot member and to the other jaw member.
  • [0007]
    The present disclosure also provides an electrosurgical instrument comprising first and second jaw members for compressing tissue therebetween in a closed position and applying electrosurgical energy between the jaw members and through the compressed tissue. The jaw members move between an open position and the closed position about a pivot. The pivot comprises a disc rotatably seated in a hollow of one of the jaw members that is engaged by a projection from the other jaw member. In an embodiment, the projection is integrally formed with the other jaw member and the disc is a separate part with respect to the jaw members. In an embodiment, the disc seats against a flange of the jaw member and the projection from the other jaw member extends through an opening defined through the jaw member about which opening the flange is located. In an embodiment, the disc includes a recess or opening and the projection includes a further projection that is stepped relative to the projection, wherein the further projection is engaged in the recess or opening. In an embodiment, the projection is provided by a base portion and the further projection is provided by an extension from the base portion. In an embodiment, the base portion is circular and is rotatably seated in a hollow on one side of the jaw member with the disc rotatably seated in the hollow in the other side of the jaw member, wherein the extension extends through the opening through the jaw member.
  • [0008]
    In an embodiment, there is provided a knife reciprocally movable between an extended position for cutting tissue held between the jaw members and a retracted position with respect to the jaw member. Preferably, the pivot is formed by first and second parts defining a space between them. Preferably, the reciprocal path of the knife passes through the space.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING
  • [0009]
    Various embodiments of the present disclosure are described hereinbelow with references to the drawings, wherein:
    • FIG. 1 is a side, perspective view of an open forceps according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;
    • FIG. 2 is a enlarged view of the indicated area of detail in FIG. 1 showing an end effector assembly of the open forceps depicted in FIG. 1;
    • FIG. 3 is an internal, side view of a jaw member associated with the end effector assembly depicted in FIG. 2 showing the inner-working components thereof;
    • FIG. 4 is a enlarged view of the indicated area of detail in FIG. 3 showing a pivot member associated with the open forceps depicted in FIG. 1;
    • FIG. 5 is a side view of the jaw members with one of the jaw members shown in phantom illustrating a wire routed through the pivot member of FIG. 4; and
    • FIGS. 6A-6C are perspective views illustrating the jaw members in various positions.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • [0010]
    Detailed embodiments of the present disclosure are disclosed herein; however, the disclosed embodiments are merely examples of the disclosure, which may be embodied in various forms. Therefore, specific structural and functional details disclosed herein are not to be interpreted as limiting, but merely as a basis for the claims and as a representative basis for teaching one skilled in the art to variously employ the present disclosure in virtually any appropriately detailed structure.
  • [0011]
    Referring now to FIGS. 1-6C, and initially with reference to F1G.1, a forceps 10 for use with open surgical procedures is illustrated. Forceps 10 includes elongated shaft portions 12a and 12b each having a proximal end 16a and 16b, respectively, and a distal end 14a and 14b, respectively. The forceps 10 includes an end effector assembly 100 that attaches to distal ends 14a and 14b of shafts 12a and 12b, respectively. The end effector assembly 100 includes a pair of opposing jaw members 110 and 120 that are pivotably connected about a pivot member 150 (pivot 150).
  • [0012]
    In the drawings and in the descriptions which follow, the term "proximal", as is traditional, will refer to the end of the forceps 10 which is closer to the user, while the term "distal" will refer to the end which is further from the user.
  • [0013]
    Shaft 12a includes a handle 17a and shaft 12b includes handle 17b. Finger holes 18a and 18b are respectively disposed at the proximal ends 16a and 16b for receiving a finger of the user. As can be appreciated, finger holes 18a and 18b facilitate movement of the shafts 12a and 12b relative to one another which, in turn, pivot the jaw members 110 and 120 from an open position (FIGS. 6A and 6B) wherein the jaw members 110 and 120 are disposed in spaced relation relative to one another to a clamping or closed position (FIGS. 1, 2, 5 and 6C) wherein the jaw members 110 and 120 cooperate to grasp tissue therebetween.
  • [0014]
    One of the shafts, e.g., 12b, includes a proximal shaft connector 19 that is designed to connect the forceps 10 to a source of electrosurgical energy such as an electrosurgical generator (not shown). More particularly, proximal shaft connector 19 mechanically cooperates to secure an electrosurgical cable 210 to the forceps 10 such that the user may selectively apply electrosurgical energy as needed. The proximal end of the cable 210 includes a plug (not shown) having a pair of prongs which are configured to electrically and mechanically engage the electrosurgical energy generator. The interior of cable 210 houses a pair of leads 210a and 210b (FIG. 1) which conduct the different electrical potentials from the electrosurgical generator to the jaw members 110 and 120, as explained in greater detail below.
  • [0015]
    In certain embodiments, a ratchet (not shown) may be operably coupled to the forceps 10 for selectively locking the jaw members 110 and 120 relative to one another at various positions during pivoting.
  • [0016]
    For a more detailed description of the forceps 10 including the ratchet, end effector 100 including jaw members 110 and 120 (and operative components associated therewith), and electrosurgical cable 210 (including line-feed configurations and/or connections), reference is made to commonly owned U.S. Patent No. 7,329,256 to Johnson et al., filed on December 23, 2005 .
  • [0017]
    Referring now to FIG. 2, an enlarged view of the end effector 100 is shown. End effector 100 includes opposing jaw members 110 and 120 that are pivotably coupled to each other via the pivot 150 that is integrally formed with one of the jaw members, e.g., jaw member 110. Jaw members 110 and 120 including pivot 150 are configured such that the leads 210a and 210b connect to the respective jaw members 110 and 120 without the need to "loop" one or both of the leads 210a and 210b around the pivot 150 such that exposure of the leads 210a and 210b to the surgical environment is minimized, if not completely eliminated. In the illustrated embodiment, jaw member 110 is supported on shaft 12a at distal end 14a thereof and jaw member 120 is supported on shaft 12b at a distal end 14b thereof (FIG. 1).
  • [0018]
    Referring to FIG. 3, jaw member 110 is shown in unassembled and detached from jaw member 120. Jaw member 110 includes a jaw housing 117 having proximal and distal ends 117a and 117b. Distal end 117b is configured to support a seal plate 118 that is isolated from the rest of the jaw housing 117. Proximal end 117a is configured to support the pivot 150. In the illustrated embodiment, the proximal end 117a is elongated with a generally rectangular configuration that may include an arcuate or curved proximal portion (not shown).
  • [0019]
    In the embodiment illustrated in the representative figures a generally longitudinal channel 130 of suitable configuration extends substantially along a length of the proximal end 117a (as best seen in FIG. 3). The channel 130 is configured to receive a cutting element or the like, e.g., a knife blade (not shown). More particularly, the channel 130 is configured such that the cutting element may be translated therethrough for cutting or severing tissue that has been electrosurgically or otherwise treated. The channel 130 is also configured to align the cutting element with a longitudinal knife channel that is operably disposed on one or both of the jaw members 110 and 120. For purposes herein, it may be assumed that the longitudinal knife channel is operably disposed on both the jaw members 110 and 120. The depth of the channel 130 is of such configuration that the lead 210a does not impede and/or contact the knife blade when the knife blade is translated through the channel 130 and the longitudinal knife channel on the jaw members 110 and 120. To this end, an area "A" (FIG. 4) is defined between a pair of sidewalls 130a and 130b that defines the channel 130.
  • [0020]
    As can be appreciated, in the instance where the forceps 10 is not configured to cut or sever tissue, the jaw member 110 may be configured without the slot 130; this of course will depend on the contemplated uses of a manufacturer, a specific surgical procedure, etc.
  • [0021]
    Referring now to FIG. 4, a wire or lead guide slot 152 is suitably proportioned and operably disposed on the proximal end 117a of the jaw housing 110. The lead guide slot 152 includes a generally elongated configuration and is configured to house the lead 210a and provide a mechanical interface or "pathway" between the lead 210a and seal plate 118. Lead 210a may be secured within the lead guide slot 152 via one or more suitable securement methods, e.g., press-fit, adhesive, etc. In the illustrated embodiment, the lead 210a is press-fit in the lead guide slot 152 and, subsequently, overmolded thereto such that the distal end of lead 210a is in electrical communication with the seal plate 118, as best seen in FIGS. 3 and 5. The distal end of the lead 210a may be secured to seal plate 118 via any suitable method, such as crimping, soldering, etc. Securing lead 210a in this manner facilitates maintaining the lead 210a in a relatively fixed position while also allowing the lead 210a to "flex" or "bend" when the jaw members 110 and 120 are moved from the open to the clamped position, and vice versa (see FIGS. 6A-6C). In the illustrated embodiment, the lead guide slot 152 is oriented at an angle with respect to the longitudinal channel 130, see FIGS. 3 and 4. Disposing the lead guide slot 152 at an angle with respect to the longitudinal channel 130 relieves the stress on the lead 210a when the jaw members 110 and 120 are moved from the open to the clamped position, and vice versa.
  • [0022]
    To facilitate placement and/or securement of the lead 210a within the lead guide slot 152, a proximal end 153 of the lead guide slot 152 is operably disposed in close proximity to the pivot 150 and adjacent the channel 130, as best seen in FIG. 4. The proximal end 153 of the lead guide slot 152 does not breach the area "A" defined by the pair of sidewalls 130a and 130b of the channel 130; this facilitates keeping the knife blade and the lead 210a from contacting each other during translation of knife blade through the channel 130.
  • [0023]
    With reference again to FIGS. 3 and 4, pivot 150 is bifurcated including a pair of spaced-apart members 150a and 150b. Members 150a and 150b are operably disposed on each side of the longitudinal channel 130, see FIG. 3. In the illustrated embodiment, the members 150a and 150b are spaced-apart from each other at a distance that is at least as equal to a width of the longitudinal channel 130; this facilitates translation of the knife blade therethrough.
  • [0024]
    Each of members 150a and 150b includes a generally half-cylindrical or semi-cylindrical configuration that together form a split cylindrical configuration configured for engagement with a corresponding aperture 176 on the jaw member 120, to be described in greater detail below. More particularly, member 150a includes a stepped configuration having a base portion 154a for supporting an extension 154b thereon (FIGS. 3 and 4) that is configured to engage a pivot plate 160 operably disposed on the jaw member 120. Likewise, member 150b includes a stepped configuration having a base portion 156a for supporting an extension 156b thereon (FIGS. 3 and 4) that is configured to engage pivot plate 160 operably disposed on the jaw member 120.
  • [0025]
    One or more jaw aperture stops 162 (one jaw aperture stop 162 ("stop 162") is illustrated in the representative drawings) of suitable proportion are associated with the pivot 150 (FIGS. 3, 4, 6B and 6C). The stop 162 is configured to limit movement of the jaw members 110 and 120 to a predetermined point when the jaw members 110 and 120 are moved to the open position. With this purpose in mind, stop 162 is operably disposed adjacent one of the two spaced-apart members 150a and 150b. For illustrative purposes, the stop 162 is shown disposed adjacent spaced-apart member 150b. Stop 162 may include any suitable shape and is configured to slidably reside within a corresponding groove 164 disposed on the jaw member 120 (FIGS. 5 and 6C). Stop 162 includes a generally arcuate or curved proximal) end, edge or sidewall 166 (FIGS. 4 and 6B) that is contoured to match a corresponding arcuate or curved end, edge or sidewall 168 that partially defines the groove 164 (as best seen in FIG. 6C). Matching the contours of the sidewalls 166 and 168 facilitates rotating the jaw members 110 and 120 from the open to closed positions. When the jaw members 110 and 120 have moved a predetermined distance, the sidewall 166 of the stop 162 contacts the sidewall 168 of the cavity 164 and prevents further movement of the jaw members 110 and 120 away from each other (see FIG. 6B in combination with FIG. 6C); this increases the operational life expectancy of the lead 210a and, thus, the operational life expectancy of the forceps 10.
  • [0026]
    Referring to FIGS. 5 and 6A-6C, jaw member 120 is illustrated in phantom. Jaw member 120 and jaw member 110 are substantially identical to one another. In view thereof, only those features unique to jaw member 120 are described herein.
  • [0027]
    A wire or lead guide slot 155 is suitably proportioned and operably disposed on the proximal end 127a of the jaw housing 120 (shown in phantom in FIG. 6A). The lead guide slot 155 provides a mechanical interface or "pathway" between the lead 210b and the seal plate 128. Lead 210b may be secured within the lead guide slot 155 and to the jaw housing 127 via one or more of the aforementioned securement methods, e.g., press-fit, adhesive, etc. In the illustrated embodiment, the lead 210b is press-fit in the lead guide slot 155, the distal end crimped or soldered to the jaw housing 127 adjacent the seal plate 128 and, subsequently, overmolded thereto such that the lead 210b is in electrical communication with the seal plate 128. A Proximal end of the lead guide slot 155 opens into a raceway 170 (FIGS. 6A-6C).
  • [0028]
    Raceway 170 is operably disposed at the proximal end 127a of the jaw housing 127 and includes a generally elongated configuration with a narrowed proximal end 172 and broadened distal end 174. The raceway 170 provides a path or a point of egress for the leads 210a and 210b from the shaft 12b into the jaw housings 117 and 127.
  • [0029]
    Proximal end 172 of the raceway is configured such that when the leads 210a and 210b are positioned therein, the leads 210a and 210b remain in a substantially fixed orientation, i.e., the leads 210a and 210b are "press fit" into the proximal end 172 of the raceway.
  • [0030]
    In certain embodiments, it may prove useful to fixedly secure the leads 210a and 210b within the proximal end 172 of the raceway 170.
  • [0031]
    Distal end 174 of the raceway 170 opens into the groove 164 defined by the arcuate or curved sidewall 168 (FIGS. 6B and 6C). Moreover, the distal end 174 of the raceway 170 opens into the area "A" defined between the two spaced-apart members 150a and 150b, see
  • [0032]
    FIGS. 4 and 6A-6C, for example. This facilitates routing the lead 210a through the raceway 170 and between the two spaced-apart members 150a and 150b, such that the lead 210a may be ultimately secured within the lead guide slot 152, see FIG. 3.
  • [0033]
    A generally circumferential opening 176 of suitable proportion is operably disposed on the jaw member 120 (FIGS. 2 and 6A-6C). The opening 176 is configured to receive the pivot 150 including the two spaced-apart members 150a and 150b such that the pivot 150 including the two spaced-apart members 150a and 150b are rotatably movable thereabout.
  • [0034]
    A circumferential groove 178 of suitable proportion is operably disposed within the opening 176 and is configured to accommodate rotatable movement of the pivot plate 160 (FIG. 2). To this end, the groove 178 includes a circumferential lip or flange (not explicitly shown) that is configured to provide a seat for the pivot plate 160.
  • [0035]
    Pivot plate 160 is seated on the circumferential flange of the groove 178 and within the opening 176. Pivot plate 160 includes two half cylindrical openings 161 and 163. Openings 161 and 163 are configured to couple to respective spaced-apart members 150a and 150b, as best seen in FIG. 2. Openings 161 and 163 may couple to the respective spaced-apart members 150a and 150b via one or more suitable coupling methods, e.g., solder joint, braze joint, weld joint, adhesive, press-fit, friction-fit, etc. In the illustrated embodiment, the openings 161 and 163 are coupled to the respective spaced-apart members 150a and 150b via a spot weld.
  • [0036]
    In an assembled configuration, the forceps 10 is utilized in a manner that is conventional in the relevant arts. More particularly, an operator grasps the forceps 10, moves the jaw members 110 and 120 to the open position, positions tissue between the jaw members 110 and 120, clamps down on the tissue therebetween and treats the tissue, e.g., seals the tissue. In certain instances, a knife blade is, subsequently, translated through the jaw members 110 and 120. However, unlike conventional forceps, where one or more of the leads 210a and 210b are exposed to the surgical environment when the jaw members 110 and 120 are moved to the open position, use of the forceps 10 with one of the leads, e.g., lead 210a, routed through the pivot 150 does not expose the lead 210a to the surgical environment, see FIGS. 6A-6C, for example. Accordingly, the risk of compromising the integrity of the lead 210a is diminished, if not eliminated.
  • [0037]
    From the foregoing and with reference to the various figure drawings, those skilled in the art will appreciate that certain modifications can also be made to the present disclosure without departing from the scope of the same. For example, in embodiments, it may prove useful to dispose the stop 162 on the jaw member without the pivot 150 and dispose the corresponding sidewall 168 on the jaw member with the pivot 150.
  • [0038]
    A method for routing electrical leads 210a and 210b through a bipolar electrosurgical instrument, e.g., forceps 10, is also disclosed. A step of the method includes forming first and second shafts 12a and 12b with respective handles 17a and 17b at proximal ends thereof and an end effector 100 having two pivotably coupled jaw members 110 and 120 at distal ends thereof. One of the jaw members, e.g., jaw member 110, includes a pivot 150 formed integrally thereon. The pivot 150 is configured to receive one of the electrical leads, e.g., electrical lead 210a, therethrough. The method includes coupling the electrical leads 210a and 210b to one of the first and second shafts, e.g., shaft 12b, and routing each of the electrical leads 210a and 210b therethrough. Electrical lead 210b is coupled directly to the jaw member 120 and electrical lead 210a is routed through the pivot 150 and to the jaw member 110.
  • [0039]
    While several embodiments of the disclosure have been shown in the drawings, it is not intended that the disclosure be limited thereto, as it is intended that the disclosure be as broad in scope as the art will allow and that the specification be read likewise. Therefore, the above description should not be construed as limiting, but merely as exemplifications of particular embodiments. Those skilled in the art will envision other modifications within the scope and spirit of the claims appended hereto.
  • Numbered statements of invention:
  • [0040]
    1. 1. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument, comprising:
      • first and second shafts each having a jaw member extending from a distal end thereof and a handle disposed at a proximal end thereof for effecting movement of the jaw members relative to one another about an integrally formed bifurcated pivot member that is supported on one of the jaw members, the jaw members movable from a first position wherein the jaw members are disposed in spaced relation relative to one another to a second position wherein the jaw members cooperate to grasp tissue therebetween;
      • a proximal shaft connector operably couples to at least one of the first and second shafts and is configured to connect the bipolar electrosurgical instrument to a source of electrosurgical energy providing first and second electrical potentials to the bipolar electrosurgical instrument; and
      • an electrosurgical cable including a first conductive lead adapted to connect to the first electrical potential and a second conductive lead adapted to connect to the second electrical potential, at least one of the first and second conductive leads extending through the pivot member to connect to a respective jaw member. Preferably, one of the leads extends through the pivot member and one of the leads extends around the pivot member. Preferably, the leads extend within a lumen provided by a tubular form of one of the shafts.
    2. 2. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to 1, wherein the pivot member is operably disposed at a proximal end of one of the jaw members.
    3. 3. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to 1, wherein a wire guide slot is operably disposed on at least one of the jaw members and is configured to receive the conductive lead such that the conductive lead is maintained in a relatively fixed position when the jaw members move from the first position to the second position and vice versa. Preferably, the lead is press-fit in the slot. Preferably, the slot extends from the pivot member to the jaw member.
    4. 4. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to 1, wherein the pivot member includes at least two spaced-apart members that are configured to receive the conductive lead therethrough. That is, the conductive lead is disposed in a space defined between the spaced apart members. In an embodiment, the instrument includes a knife translatable from a retracted position to an extended position to sever tissue held between the jaw members. Preferably, the knife moves in the space defined by the spaced apart members during the translation thereof.
    5. 5. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to 4, wherein the at least two spaced-apart members include a generally semi-cylindrical shape.
    6. 6. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to 4, further comprising at least one jaw aperture stop operably associated with the pivot member and operably disposed adjacent at least one of the two spaced-apart members, the at least one jaw aperture stop configured to limit movement of the jaw members relative to one another.
    7. 7. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to 6, wherein at least one of the jaw members includes a groove defined therein configured to engage the at least one jaw aperture stop.
    8. 8. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to 4, wherein the at least two spaced-apart members are configured to engage an opening defined in at least one of the jaw members.
    9. 9. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to 8, wherein the at least two spaced-apart members each include a respective base portion that is configured to support a corresponding extension thereon.
    10. 10. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to 9, wherein the extensions on the respective base portions are configured to engage respective openings defined in a pivot plate that is operably disposed on the jaw member without the pivot member.
    11. 11. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to 10, wherein the pivot plate is operably disposed within a circumferential groove defined in at least one of the jaw members and is configured to facilitate rotation of the pivot member when the jaw members move from the first position to the second position and vice versa.
    12. 12. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to 11, wherein the respective extensions are secured to the respective openings of the pivot plate via one of soldering, brazing, welding and adhesive.
    13. 13. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to 2, wherein a longitudinal groove is defined in and operably disposed along a length of the proximal end of the jaw member that includes the pivot member, the longitudinal groove disposed in substantial alignment with opposing longitudinal knife channels operably disposed along a respective length of the jaw members.
    14. 14. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to 13, further including a knife blade selectively translatable within the longitudinal groove on the jaw member with the pivot member and the longitudinal knife channels of the jaw members from a first position proximal to tissue grasped between the jaw members to a second position distal to tissue to sever tissue held between the jaw members.
    15. 15. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument, comprising:
      • first and second shafts each having a jaw member extending from a distal end thereof and a handle disposed at a proximal end thereof for effecting movement of the jaw members relative to one another about a pivot member that is supported on one of the jaw members, the jaw members movable from a first position wherein the jaw members are disposed in spaced relation relative to one another to a second position wherein the jaw members cooperate to grasp tissue therebetween; and
      • a first conductive lead adapted to connect to a first electrical potential and a second conductive lead adapted to connect to a second electrical potential, at least one of the first and second conductive leads extending through the pivot to connect to a respective jaw member.
    16. 16. A method for routing electrical leads through a bipolar electrosurgical instrument, the method comprising:
      • forming first and second shafts with respective handles at proximal ends thereof and an end effector having two pivotably coupled jaw members at a distal end thereof, wherein at least one of the jaw members includes a pivot member integrally formed thereon, the pivot member configured to receive one of a first conductive lead and a second conductive lead therethrough; and
      • coupling the first and second leads to at least one of the first and second shafts and routing each of the first and second conductive leads therethrough, wherein one of the first and second conductive leads is coupled directly to one of the jaw members and the other one of the first and second conductive leads is routed through the pivot member and to the other jaw member.
    17. 17. A method according to 16, wherein the forming step includes forming the pivot member at a proximal end of the jaw member, wherein pivot member that includes at least two spaced-apart members that are configured to receive the one of the first and second conductive lead that is routed through the pivot member.
    18. 18. A method according to 16, wherein the forming step includes forming a wire guide on the jaw member with the pivot member, wherein the wire guide is configured to receive the one of the first and second conductive leads that is routed through the pivot member.
    19. 19. A method according to 16, wherein the at least two spaced-apart members include a generally semi-cylindrical shape.
    20. 20. A method according to 16, wherein the forming step includes forming at least one jaw aperture stop on the jaw member with the pivot member, wherein the at least one jaw aperture stop is configured to limit movement of the jaw members relative to one another.

Claims (11)

  1. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument, comprising:
    first and second shafts each having a jaw member extending from a distal end thereof;
    a bifurcated pivot member extending from one of the jaw members and configured to extend through an opening defined in the other jaw member;
    a pivot plate coupled to the bifurcated pivot member such that the pivot plate and the bifurcated pivot member are configured to rotate within the opening upon movement of the first and second shafts relative to one another to effect movement of the jaw members between a first position wherein the jaw members are disposed in spaced relation relative to one another and a second position wherein the jaw members cooperate to grasp tissue;
    a proximal shaft connector operably coupled to at least one of the first and second shafts and configured to connect the bipolar electrosurgical instrument to a source of electrosurgical energy adapted to provide first and second electrical potentials to the bipolar electrosurgical instrument; and
    an electrosurgical cable including a first conductive lead configured to connect to the first electrical potential and a second conductive lead configured to connect to the second electrical potential, at least one of the first or second conductive leads configured to extend through the bifurcated pivot member to connect to a respective jaw member.
  2. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to claim 1, wherein the bifurcated pivot member is disposed at a proximal end of one of the jaw members.
  3. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to claims 1 or 2, further comprising a wire guide slot disposed on at least one of the jaw members and configured to maintain at least one of the first or second conductive leads in a relatively fixed position when the jaw members move between the first and second positions.
  4. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to claims 1, 2 or 3, wherein the bifurcated pivot member includes a pair of spaced-apart members.
  5. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to claim 4, wherein each of the pair of spaced-apart members has a generally semi-cylindrical shape.
  6. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to claims 4 or 5, wherein the pivot plate includes a pair of spaced-apart openings configured to receive the pair of spaced-apart members of the bifurcated pivot member.
  7. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the pivot plate is configured to rotate within a circumferential groove defined in the opening to facilitate rotation of the bifurcated pivot member within the opening upon movement of the first and second shafts relative to one another.
  8. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to any of the preceding claims, further comprising at least one jaw aperture stop operably associated with the bifurcated pivot member and configured to limit movement of the jaw members upon movement of the jaw members to the first position.
  9. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to claim 8, wherein at least one of the jaw members defines a groove therein configured to engage the at least one jaw aperture stop upon movement of the jaw members to the first position.
  10. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to any of the preceding claims, further comprising a longitudinal knife channel extending through at least one of the jaw members.
  11. A bipolar electrosurgical instrument according to claim 10, further comprising a knife configured to reciprocate through the bifurcated pivot member and the longitudinal knife channel.
EP20150179958 2010-09-30 2011-09-29 Vessel sealing instrument Active EP2974683B1 (en)

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US12895020 US9005200B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2010-09-30 Vessel sealing instrument
EP20110183265 EP2436328B1 (en) 2010-09-30 2011-09-29 Vessel sealing instrument

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EP20170168924 EP3225206A1 (en) 2010-09-30 2011-09-29 Vessel sealing instrument

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US20150164580A1 (en) 2015-06-18 application

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