EP2892030B1 - Method, device and toll system for detecting vehicles driving on road sections - Google Patents

Method, device and toll system for detecting vehicles driving on road sections Download PDF

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EP2892030B1
EP2892030B1 EP14075002.7A EP14075002A EP2892030B1 EP 2892030 B1 EP2892030 B1 EP 2892030B1 EP 14075002 A EP14075002 A EP 14075002A EP 2892030 B1 EP2892030 B1 EP 2892030B1
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secondary
vehicle
xxx
primary
2e
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French (fr)
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EP2892030A1 (en
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Thomas Jestädt
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Toll Collect GmbH
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Toll Collect GmbH
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07BTICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
    • G07B15/00Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at one or more control points
    • G07B15/06Arrangements for road pricing or congestion charging of vehicles or vehicle users, e.g. automatic toll systems
    • G07B15/063Arrangements for road pricing or congestion charging of vehicles or vehicle users, e.g. automatic toll systems using wireless information transmission between the vehicle and a fixed station

Description

  • The invention relates to a method and a device for detecting the passage of sections of road through a vehicle according to the preamble of the respective independent claim.
  • The German toll collection system operated by Toll Collect GmbH uses an on-board unit (OBU), which is carried by the toll vehicle and serves to detect the primary sections of the vehicle being tracked in a detection area. which includes primary sections of the German motorway network.
    For detection, location-sensitive primary recognition objects, which are each linked to at least one identifier of a primary route section, are stored decentrally in a vehicle device carried by the vehicle.
    The vehicle device detects at least one sequence of a plurality of consecutive vehicle positions in the detection area in order to check in a first step vehicle positions respectively in an initial primary comparison with location data of primary recognition objects by the vehicle device to a spatial correlation of the vehicle position with a particular primary recognition object.
    If the primary comparison results in a spatial correlation of the vehicle position with a specific primary recognition object, then the vehicle device checks in the course of the initial or a post-initial primary comparison of at least one vehicle position and / or at least one further travel measured variable with data of a first specific primary recognition object a certain primary section of track associated with the particular primary recognition object has been traveled.
    If the initial or post-initial comparison reveals that a particular primary route section linked to the particular primary recognition object has been traveled, the identifier of the particular primary route section in the vehicle device is stored as a vehicle with or without a vehicle-specific route section-specific toll. With the assignment of the vehicle-specific route segment-specific toll fee to the vehicle device by storage in the vehicle device and / or assigned to the vehicle device in a central data processing device, the toll fee is considered to be charged.
    From the publications DE 10 2008 011 290 A1 and WO 2012 176 973 A1 For example, a navigation device is known, for which a region is determined from a motion profile recorded by the navigation device, with respect to which updated map data is provided by a central device of the navigation device.
  • From the publication DE 10 2005 055 835 a mobile detection unit of an electronic toll collection system is known, which includes a localization unit and a transmitting / receiving unit for data exchange with a central processing unit or a central computer network. In order to provide a mobile detection unit (OBU), which allows operation of the mobile detection unit in toll collection systems of different toll operators with different requirements both in the hardware and in the software sector, without having to significantly modify or standardize the already existing toll collection systems, this known mobile detection unit with a first, the operation only in a first toll collection system enabling software and with a basic software, which allows the operation in addition to the first toll collection system in at least one different toll collection system, the mobile detection unit optionally between an operation by means of the first software and the basic software is switchable. The German motorway network, as the primary road network, covers about 5,000 primary sections of track over an area of approximately 13,000 km, with an average length of 4 km, to which the primary recognition objects are stored in the vehicle equipment.
    The German federal road network as a secondary road network includes a significant larger number of secondary sections, not only because it is about three times the size of the primary road network at about 40,000 kilometers, but also because there is a significant increase in the number of inflows and outflows, especially in urban areas Departures, each marking the beginning and end of a section.
  • For the particular fixed part of the vehicle in the built-in in-vehicle facilities, there is now the problem that the storage space of the vehicle equipment is not sufficient to accommodate all secondary detection objects, which are each associated with at least one identifier of a secondary section. In the absence of storage space, these in-vehicle devices are unable to detect the driving of primary and secondary sections by a vehicle in the coverage area of the Federal Republic of Germany with one and the same process.
  • It is therefore an object of the invention to provide a method and apparatus for detecting the driving of both primary and secondary sections by a vehicle in a detection area comprising these primary and secondary sections.
  • The object according to the invention is achieved by a method and a device according to the independent claims. Preferred embodiments of the invention are the subject of the dependent claims.
  • In summary, the invention provides detection of vehicular primary and secondary linkage detection in a coverage area by a method and vehicle facility in which primary detection objects of primary road sections are stored remotely in the vehicle facility and centrally located secondary detection objects in a central data processing facility, wherein vehicle locations, for which the vehicle device could not detect a spatial correlation with a primary recognition object, are stored in the vehicle device before being checked for spatial correlation with one of the centrally provided secondary recognition objects.
    In accordance with its method aspect, the invention provides a method for detecting vehicle access by a vehicle in at least one coverage area of primary and secondary links, to the localized primary recognition objects, each associated with at least one identifier of a primary link, decentralized in one of the vehicle entrained vehicle device, which detects at least one sequence of a plurality of consecutive vehicle positions in the detection area, wherein in a first step vehicle positions respectively in an initial primary comparison with location data of primary recognition objects by the vehicle device checked for a spatial correlation of the vehicle position with a particular primary recognition object which is characterized in that to the detection area spatially sensitive secondary detection objects, each with at least one identifier in a second step, vehicle positions for which no spatial correlation with a primary recognition object was determined in the initial primary comparison of the first step by the vehicle device in a secondary data Storage mode of operation of the vehicle device are stored as secondary vehicle positions at least temporarily in the vehicle device, and in a third step stored secondary vehicle positions are respectively checked in an initial secondary comparison with location data centrally provided secondary recognition objects on a spatial correlation of the secondary vehicle position with a particular secondary recognition object.
    In the course of a primary comparison with primary recognition objects available on the vehicle device, the vehicle device thus advantageously automatically recognizes which vehicle positions it must store as secondary vehicle positions so that they are available for later secondary comparison with secondary recognition objects that are not present on the vehicle device.
  • Thus, it is not necessary that secondary detection objects are permanently stored on the vehicle equipment. It is sufficient according to the invention to store at least temporarily secondary vehicle positions in the vehicle device. The number of stored vehicle positions can be limited to 3001, which means that on a 75 km route, a vehicle position is saved every 25 m. These 3001 secondary vehicle positions may then be subjected to a secondary comparison with a limited selection of secondary recognition objects for which the storage space on the vehicle device is sufficient after the vehicle device has received selected secondary recognition objects from the central data processing device based on at least one of the secondary vehicle positions.
  • The great advantage of the invention is therefore, the small remaining storage space remaining after the permanent storage of all primary detection objects of the detection area on the vehicle device for detecting the driving of primary sections still on the vehicle device, with respect to the necessary recognition of the driving of secondary sections dynamic to manage and temporarily store only those data which are necessary in sections for detecting the passage of secondary sections of an individually traveled section of the detection area.
    Although primary sections are advantageous, but not mandatory, the sections of a parent road network with streets of several lanes per direction (for example, highways), and secondary sections the sections of a sub-road network with roads, of which the number of lanes for each direction usually not greater as one is (for example federal highways). Other criteria such as the structural separation and the structural unit of the two lanes or exceeding and falling below a certain traffic density in the size of the number of vehicles that drive the respective sections per unit time, serve to define primary and secondary sections.
    According to the invention, primary and secondary link sections are distinguished on the one hand by the different memory locations of the recognition object serving to identify them: Primary recognition objects which are linked to primary link sections are in each case-but not necessarily exclusively-decentrally stored in the vehicle device; Secondary recognition objects associated with secondary links are in each case, but not necessarily exclusively, centrally stored in the central data processing device. On the other hand, the primary recognition objects are those recognition objects which are decisive as to whether vehicle positions are subsequently subjected to a comparison with secondary recognition objects after comparison with the primary recognition objects. According to the invention, the comparison with primary recognition objects is the first (primary) comparison of a vehicle position with a recognition object. If it is successful in the sense that a spatial correlation is detected, a comparison of the vehicle position with secondary recognition objects is preferably omitted; if it is unsuccessful, a second (secondary) comparison of the vehicle position with secondary recognition objects then takes place according to the invention.
    Thus, link segments may also be arbitrarily divided into primary and secondary link segments, for example at random, and even in different ways for different vehicle devices and at different and varying time periods in different partitions. Preferably, the division is made by the central data processing device and a corresponding set of primary recognition objects transmitted from the central data processing device to the vehicle device which replaces the optionally existing on the vehicle device set of primary recognition objects.
    This manipulation of the vehicle device can be prevented or any tampering with the vehicle device can be detected faster.
    In particular, in the detection area, the number of primary route sections is greater than the number of secondary route sections. In particular, the number of primary detection objects stored to the detection area in the vehicle device is greater than the number of secondary detection objects stored to the detection area in the central data processing device.
  • In particular, the primary and secondary detection objects each comprise at least one georeferenced geometric object characterized at least by location data, wherein the primary and secondary comparisons of vehicle positions with primary and / or secondary detection objects include a check as to whether the vehicle position is georeferenced by the location data of the respective georeferenced geometric object Object defined detection area lie.
    Such georeferenced geometric objects are also referred to as geo objects for short. They are each characterized by at least one first geographical position defining their position and by at least one second geographical position or relative length value which, in combination with the first geographical position, defines the size and / or orientation of the geo-object.
    Examples of this are the recognition circuit with a center at the first geographical position and a length value for the radius and the detection line whose end points are given by the first and the second geographical position. The recognition line as a one-dimensional recognition object can be extended by a length value to a rectangle with rounded corners as a two-dimensional recognition object whose edge always has a distance from the recognition line to the size of the length value (hereinafter referred to as "round corner").
    The length value can also be specified in general for each recognition object within the framework of a computer program product for carrying out the method according to the invention and thus implicitly part of the recognition object without being explicitly part of the recognition object.
    Geographically, the geo-objects are preferably positioned to intersect the sections of track that are to be recognized. Thus, the detection line as a virtual toll gate span a toll road in a stretch of road and a primary detection circuit include a node as a junction of two immediately adjacent primary sections along with their ups and downs to roads of the secondary road network.
    Advantageously, recognition regions are defined as subregions of the coverage area in which vehicle positions can be relevant for detecting the driving of primary and secondary road sections. Vehicle locations that are within the primary detection areas defined by primary geo objects of the primary detection object are considered primary vehicle locations that are not associated with secondary detection objects because the secondary geo objects of the secondary detection objects do not overlap with the primary detection objects.
    Except for an exception described below, various primary geo-objects do not overlap and do not overlap different secondary geo-objects.
  • Figuratively speaking, the detection area is a lake with islands of primary geo-objects, where secondary vehicle positions are stored on the water during movement and primary vehicle positions are detected when moving over the land of the islands (see island model).
  • Preferably, the geographic locations of the geo-objects and the vehicle locations are each represented, detected, processed, and stored as a pair of longitude and latitude coordinates, for example, in units of milliboose seconds, respectively.
  • Preferably, in addition to the sequence of vehicle positions, at least one further route measurement variable and / or at least one sequence of at least one further route measurement variable is detected by the vehicle device in connection with the vehicle positions and / or determined from the detected vehicle positions.
    These further travel measurement variables include the direction of travel, the vehicle speed, the acquisition time of the vehicle position and the identifier of the last traveled recognition object or geo-object. The direction of travel can either be obtained as so-called heading from the signals of satellites of a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) or by comparing two or more consecutive vehicle positions.
    The combination and, if appropriate, weighted averaging of both methods for determining the direction of travel is possible.
    The vehicle speed may be obtained from either the Doppler frequency shift of the satellite signals or the quotient of the spatial separation of two consecutive vehicle positions and the time interval of the detection times of these two consecutive vehicle positions.
    The combination and possibly weighted averaging of both methods for determining the vehicle speed is possible.
    These further (secondary) Fahrwegmessgrößen can be used to detect the driving of sections of track, if the vehicle positions as (main) Fahrwandensize not meaningful enough to make a decision in favor of or against a drive on a section.
    Thus, if the first initial primary comparison of at least one vehicle position with location data of the particular primary recognition object for which a spatial correlation with the vehicle position has been determined is not sufficient to arrive at the conclusion that a primary recognition object determined with the first a first primary primary link, a post-primary primary comparison of at least one further path metric with data of the particular primary recognition object, in combination with the result of the primary comparison, may be sufficient to determine that a first associated with the first designated primary recognition object was traveled on primary section of the route.
    For this post-initial comparison, the recognition object comprises at least one additional, data-dependent secondary recognition variable, which has a reference angle together with angular tolerance range for the direction of travel and / or a reference identifier of a previously traveled geo-object (or, more generally, recognition object) in addition to the spatially data-dependent main recognition variable of the geoobject. represents.
    In general, the recognition rule defined for a particular link, whether primary or secondary, includes a sufficient recognition condition or multiple necessary recognition conditions that are sufficient in combination with each recognition condition for coincidence of data from one or more guideway metrics with recognition size data or a series of several recognition quantities of the recognition object within a predetermined maximum deviation, and a consequence or several consequences resulting from the satisfaction of the sufficient recognition conditions, a consequence of which is the recognition of the travel of the route segment linked to the recognition variable or the series of recognition variables.
    In this respect, after the qualification of vehicle positions as secondary vehicle positions in the second method step according to the invention, any further travel measurements detected or determined in connection with the secondary vehicle positions may at least temporarily be stored as secondary travel measures in the vehicle device and used to detect secondary carriage sections in the third method step according to the invention become.
    Embodiments of the method according to the invention provide that the storage of secondary position data in the vehicle device in a secondary data non-storage operating mode of the vehicle device is omitted, wherein the vehicle device due to the result of a first initial primary comparison of at least one vehicle position with data of a first specific primary recognition object or a first post-initial primary comparison of at least one further travel metric detected by the in-vehicle device in association with the vehicle positions and / or determined from the detected vehicle positions, with data of a first determined primary recognition object that includes a first associated with the first determined primary recognition object was moved from the secondary data storage mode of operation in the secondary data non-storage operating mode and as a result of the result of a second initial primary comparison of at least one vehicle position with data of a second determined primary recognition object or a second post-initial primary comparison of at least one further travel measurement acquired by the vehicle device in association with the vehicle positions and / or from the detected vehicle positions determining that data of a second particular primary recognition object has not traveled on a second designated primary link segment associated with the second designated primary recognition object, changes from the secondary data non-storage operating mode to the secondary data storage operation mode.
    Alternatively or cumulatively, it may be provided that the storage of secondary position data in the vehicle device in a secondary data non-storage operating mode of the vehicle device is omitted, the vehicle device due to the result of a first primary comparison of at least one vehicle position with data of a first specific primary recognition object or a first post -initial primary comparison of at least one further travel metric detected by the in-vehicle device related to the vehicle positions and / or determined from the detected vehicle positions, with data of a first determined primary recognition object that no first designated primary route section associated with the first determined primary recognition object from the secondary data non-storage operation mode to the secondary data storage operation mode, and as a result of the result of a second initial primary comparison of at least one vehicle position with data of a second determined primary detection object or a second post-initial primary comparison of at least one further driving distance detected by the vehicle device in connection with the vehicle positions and / or determined from the detected vehicle positions with Data of a second specific primary recognition object that one with the second from the secondary data storage operating mode to the secondary data non-storage operating mode.
    Post-initial comparisons are each temporally downstream of an initial comparison. As a rule, they are only used if the initial comparison is not sufficient to detect a tracing of the route section linked to the recognition object.
    With each of these two further developments of the method according to the invention, the storage of secondary position data is restricted to sections of the detection area which are not accompanied by a primary
  • Section of the route. This can advantageously be dispensed with an unnecessary storage of secondary position data and the secondary comparison of the third method step according to the invention.
    The change from the secondary data storage operating mode to the secondary data non-storage operating mode occurs when in the secondary data storage operating mode, the driving of a primary route section has been detected because no secondary route sections can be used on the primary route sections. The change from the secondary data non-storage operation mode to the secondary data storage operation mode is made when it is detected in the secondary data non-storage operation mode that no primary road section has been traveled by a primary recognition object determined in the primary comparison because this detection corresponds to the primary road network of has been left on primary sections of the route, making it necessary to test the route for driving on secondary sections outside the primary road network.
  • In the sea-island model, the first sections correspond to bridges between the islands of primary recognition objects. As long as these bridges are used as part of the land-based land transport, there is no storage of secondary position data, which only occurs on waterborne maritime traffic. A change from the secondary data non-storage operation mode to the secondary data storage operation mode is made in the image of the sea-island model in the island-side landing from the island to the lake, a change from secondary data storage mode to the secondary data non-storage mode after sea-side landing of the See on the island when a bridge is used to reach a neighboring island, that is: the land route and not the sea route.
  • Hybrid primary recognition objects are primary recognition objects that are also linked to at least one identifier of a secondary route section in addition to at least one identifier of a primary route section. Such hybrid recognition objects are, for example, those which comprise a recognition circuit as the main recognition variable, which comprises a node as a connection point between two directly adjoining primary and secondary route sections. Such a node is given, for example, wherever it is possible to drive from a secondary route section to a primary route section or to depart from a primary route section to a secondary route section.
    Thus, the primary recognition object may include a primary secondary recognition amount (eg, a primary heading reference angle) associated with the identifier of the primary link and a secondary secondary recognition value (eg, a secondary heading reference angle) associated with the identifier of the secondary link.
    Embodiments of the method according to the invention can provide that, in the first initial or in a post-initial primary comparison of at least one vehicle position and / or at least one further travel measured variable with data of a first specific hybrid primary recognition object, it is checked that a hybrid primary recognition object determined with the first the first linked secondary section was used.
    Hybrid primary recognition objects can advantageously reduce the number of secondary recognition objects.
  • Supplementary secondary detection objects are secondary detection objects whose secondary geo-objects each spatially overlap or are identical to the primary geo-object of a supplementary primary detection object. Supplementary secondary recognition objects are alternatives to the hybrid primary recognition objects in that they compensate for the lack of primary recognition objects in possible links to secondary links by providing another recognition object having this linkage.
    Supplementary secondary recognition objects can be displayed if the recognition rule, which is used to distinguish between secondary and primary route sections based on hybrid primary recognition objects, is so complex that it is more data and / or computation time, two separate recognition rules with supplementary primary and secondary detection objects.
    Embodiments of the method according to the invention provide that vehicle positions for which a spatial correlation with a particular primary recognition object has been determined in the first step in the initial primary comparison of the first step are at least temporarily stored by the vehicle device as primary vehicle positions in a first data storage area of the vehicle device and stored primary vehicle positions are stored as secondary vehicle positions by the vehicle device in a second data storage area of the vehicle device in a further step when in the course of a post-initial primary comparison of at least one stored primary vehicle position or at least one further distance measured by the vehicle device in the Connected with the vehicle positions detected and / or determined from the detected vehicle positions, with data of the determined prim ren detection object has been detected by the vehicle means that not associated with the particular primary recognition object of certain primary section has been traveled.
    On the one hand, with this measure it can be achieved that hybrid primary recognition objects are checked in the course of the secondary comparison for a spatial correlation with secondary vehicle positions and / or on the basis of secondary travel measured variables in general for a driving of a secondary route section. In this case, it is sufficient, instead of the necessary for the detection of the secondary link segment hybrid primary detection object to store the same only centrally in the central data processing device, and only this identifier for comparison with secondary vehicle positions is transmitted from the central data processing device to the vehicle device. This data volume can be saved in the course of the transfer of selected secondary recognition objects of the central data processing device to the vehicle device.
    On the other hand, alternatively or cumulatively, this measure can be used to generate secondary vehicle positions that can be checked for spatial correlation with parallel secondary recognition objects, and / or (in general) sequences of secondary driving measurements that are generated on the basis of parallel secondary recognition objects the possible driving of a secondary section of the route is checked.
    To carry out the third method step according to the invention, a decentralized detection can be provided, comprising at least one stored secondary vehicle position by the vehicle device in an intermediate step preceding the second step and third step by means of a mobile radio communication device included in the vehicle device the central data processing device is sent, the central data processing device based on the received at least one secondary Vehicle position determined from a plurality of secondary detection objects, a set of selected secondary detection objects whose location data spatially correlate with the secondary vehicle position to a predetermined extent, and sends the selected secondary detection objects together with the associated identifiers of the secondary sections to the vehicle device, and the vehicle device receives the selected secondary detection objects and at least temporarily stores them in the vehicle device to perform in the third step the initial secondary comparison of secondary vehicle positions with respect to the selected secondary detection objects.
    The initial secondary comparison may already be sufficient to clearly identify the driving or non-driving of a secondary section of the route. If the initial secondary comparison is not sufficient for this recognition, then in a post-initial secondary comparison of secondary travel measures with data of secondary recognition objects-for example with data of a secondary secondary recognition variable-this recognition can be completed.
    The vehicle device preferably deletes at least the received selected secondary recognition objects from the vehicle device after it has carried out the third method step according to the invention. Preferably, the deletion occurs after the initial or post-initial secondary comparison has resulted in the result of driving or not following a secondary route section.
    Preferably, along with the received selected secondary detection objects, the secondary vehicle positions and / or secondary path measurements that were subjected to the comparison with the selected secondary detection objects are also deleted.
    With the data erasure described, memory space for the re-storage of new secondary vehicle positions and of new selected secondary recognition objects in the vehicle device can advantageously be released.
    In particular, the number of selected secondary detection objects received by the central data processing device is less than the number of primary detection objects stored to the detection area in the vehicle device.
  • Alternatively or cumulatively, for decentralized detection, a central recognition may be provided for carrying out the third method step according to the invention, comprising a set of several stored secondary vehicle positions by the vehicle device in an intermediate step preceding and following the second step by means of a sent by the vehicle device mobile communication device is sent to the central data processing device, and the central data processing device performs the initial secondary comparison of received secondary vehicle positions with location data of the selected secondary recognition objects in the third step.
    The initial secondary comparison may already be sufficient to clearly identify the driving or non-driving of a secondary section of the route. If the initial secondary comparison is not sufficient for this recognition, then in a post-initial secondary comparison of secondary travel measures with data of secondary recognition objects-for example with data of a secondary secondary recognition variable-this recognition can be completed.
    For this purpose, a sequence of secondary route measurement quantities can be transmitted from the vehicle device to the central data processing device and / or generated by the central data processing device from the received secondary vehicle positions.
  • It may further be provided that after performing the third step, the central data processing device sends a response message to the vehicle device for all those secondary vehicle positions of the set of stored secondary vehicle positions for which the implementation of the third step was provided.
    This response message may include information about the secondary links (for example, the identifiers of the secondary links) for which a run was detected in the course of the initial or post-initial secondary comparison, or contain information that in the course of the initial or post-initial Secondary comparison, no secondary passage was detected.
    It is preferably provided that the vehicle device deletes stored secondary vehicle positions from the vehicle device after receiving the response message. In each case a plurality of secondary vehicle positions can be combined to form a common average secondary vehicle position, which are stored instead of the original secondary vehicle positions for documentation purposes.
    A central detection may be provided in addition to the decentralized detection already described in order to carry out a central-side check of the decentralized detection of the vehicle device after the vehicle device has transmitted the result of the decentralized detection to the central data processing device, wherein in the case of a discrepancy of the result of the central Detection of the result of the decentralized detection by the central data processing device, an error signal is generated.
  • It can be provided that between a central detection operating mode of the vehicle device and the central data processing device in which the third method step according to the invention is carried out by the central data processing device, and a decentralized detection operating mode of the vehicle device and the central data processing device in which the third method step according to the invention the vehicle device is running, is changed.
    Thus, it can be provided that the central data processing device automatically recognizes on the basis of the number of received vehicle positions, whether it remains (in particular with respect to the vehicle device) in a central recognition operating mode or changes into this, or if it remains in a decentralized detection operating mode or changes in this , If, for example, it only receives a single vehicle position from the vehicle device, then the central data processing device automatically decides to remain in the decentralized detection operating mode or to change to it. Instead, if it receives a set of multiple vehicle positions from the vehicle device, the central data processing device automatically decides to remain in the central recognition mode of operation or to change to it. Alternatively, the central data processing device may interpret a corresponding command or code from the vehicle device as to which detection mode of operation it is to apply to the secondary vehicle positions involved.
    Analogously, based on data received from the central data processing device, the vehicle device can determine in which recognition operating mode it has to remain or in which it has to change.
    Alternatively, the vehicle device can automatically recognize in which of the detection operating modes it is used for the respective detection area by comparing the associated central or decentralized detection operating mode with comparison of the detected vehicle positions with location data defining the respective detection area, using one of several detection areas has to work.
  • This makes it possible to carry out the method according to the invention in different detection areas in different detection operating modes.
    According to its device aspect, the invention provides a vehicle device for detecting the passage of at least primary links through a vehicle in a primary and secondary track sections comprising detection area, the at least one position determining means for determining a plurality of successive vehicle positions of the vehicle, at least one mobile communication device for communicating with a central data processing device, at least one decentralized data storage device comprising one or more decentralized data memories, in which are stored localized primary recognition objects, each associated with at least one identifier of a primary link, and at least one decentralized processor configured, from the Position determining device transmitted vehicle positions each primary in an initial primary comparison with location data prima check on a spatial correlation of the vehicle position with a particular primary recognition object, and characterized in that the distributed processor is further configured, in a secondary data storage operating mode of the vehicle device vehicle positions, for each in the initial primary comparison no spatial correlation with a primary Detection object has been determined to at least temporarily store as secondary vehicle positions in the decentralized data storage device, and to transfer from the stored secondary vehicle positions at least one secondary vehicle position to the mobile communication device for sending the at least one secondary vehicle position to the central data processing device, and the decentralized processor further configured is, provided centrally by the mobile communication device secondary detection objects that the bere associated secondary vehicle position are assigned to receive and to check the stored secondary vehicle positions respectively in an initial secondary comparison with location data of the centrally provided secondary recognition objects on a spatial correlation of the secondary vehicle position with a particular secondary recognition object. For example, detected vehicle positions can be stored before the initial primary comparison in a first decentralized data memory of the decentralized data storage device, for example, the memory of the decentralized processor primary detection objects together with their associated identifiers of the primary sections in a second decentralized data memory of the decentralized data storage device, such as a EEPROM, and the secondary vehicle positions in a third decentralized data memory of the decentralized data storage device, such as a removable from the vehicle device memory card.
    Preferably, the position determining means is constituted by a GNSS receiver which receives signals from satellites of a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) and processes them to position data of vehicle positions.
    In embodiments of the vehicle device according to the invention, the decentralized processor is configured to detect, in addition to the vehicle positions, at least one further route measurement variable and / or at least one sequence of at least one further route measurement variable by the vehicle device in connection with the vehicle positions from the position determination device and / or from the position determination device transmitted vehicle positions to determine from vehicle positions, for each of which was determined in the initial primary comparison of the first step, a spatial correlation with a particular primary recognition object, the corresponding vehicle position as the primary vehicle position and / or at least one further, with the corresponding vehicle position contiguous, Fahrwegmessgröße as a primary Fahrwegmessgröße at least temporarily in a first data storage area of the decentralized data storage device to store, and in Secondary data storage mode of operation of the vehicle device to store the secondary vehicle positions in a second data storage area of the decentralized data storage device, wherein the decentralized processor is further configured in the course of an initial or a post-initial primary comparison of at least one primary vehicle position and / or at least one further Fahrmaßmessgröße Check data of the particular primary discovery object as to whether a particular primary stretch associated with the particular primary discovery object has been traveled.
  • This provides an advantageous memory concept for primary driving measurements and secondary driving metrics, including secondary vehicle positions, which allows secondary vehicle locations to be stored in a location where they are not overwritten by primary vehicle locations and / or other primary driving metrics used for a post-initial primary comparison is required for the eventual determination as to whether a primary route section has been traveled or has not traveled on a primary route section whose identifier is linked to the specific primary identification object.
  • In embodiments of the inventive in-vehicle device providing decentralized detection, the distributed processor is configured to, from the mobile communication device, respond to the transmitted at least one secondary vehicle position by a set of a plurality of selected location-sensitive secondary detection objects of the coverage area, each having at least one identifier selected secondary link sections, along with the identifiers of these selected secondary link sections to receive and store in the decentralized data storage arrangement and stored secondary vehicle positions respectively in an initial secondary comparison with location data selected secondary detection objects on a spatial location of the secondary vehicle position with a particular selected secondary detection object to consider. In this case, the decentralized processor may additionally be configured to delete the set of stored selected secondary recognition objects from the decentralized data storage device after checking all secondary vehicle positions provided for initial secondary comparison for spatial correlation with the selected secondary recognition objects.
  • In embodiments of the vehicle device according to the invention, which provide central detection, the distributed processor is configured to transmit from the stored secondary vehicle positions a set of multiple secondary vehicle positions to the mobile communication device for sending the at least one secondary vehicle position to the central data processing device. Further, the remote processor may be configured to receive from the mobile communication device in response to the dispatched set of multiple secondary vehicle positions a response message having at least one secondary link identifier or information indicating that the second multiple vehicle position being sent is not a secondary identifier Section was determined to receive. In addition, the distributed processor may be configured to erase at least some of the stored secondary vehicle locations from the decentralized data storage arrangement in response to the received response message.
  • The device-technical aspect of the invention also provides a toll collection system with a vehicle device according to the invention and a central data processing device that provides at least one central communication device for communication with at least one vehicle device according to the invention at least one central processor for processing secondary vehicle positions and at least one central data storage device comprising one or more central data storage devices in which a plurality of location-sensitive secondary detection objects of the detection area, each associated with at least one identifier of a secondary road section, are stored, wherein the central processor is configured to receive from the central communication device at least one secondary vehicle position.
  • In embodiments of the toll system according to the invention, which provide decentralized detection, the central processor is configured to determine from the received at least one secondary vehicle position from the plurality of secondary detection objects stored in the central data storage arrangement a set of selected secondary recognition objects whose location data are contained in one spatially correlate given measure with the secondary vehicle position, and to transmit the selected secondary recognition objects together with their associated identifiers of the secondary link sections to the central communication device for sending the set of selected secondary recognition objects together with the identifiers of the selected secondary link sections associated therewith to the vehicle device that has provided the at least one secondary vehicle position.
  • In embodiments of the toll system of the present invention, which provide central detection, the central processor is configured to map secondary vehicle positions of the received set of multiple secondary vehicle positions into initial secondary comparison with location data of the plurality of secondary detection objects stored in the central data storage arrangement for spatial correlation of the secondary ones Vehicle position with a particular secondary detection object to check. Further, after checking all of the secondary vehicle positions of the set of secondary vehicle positions for which the initial secondary comparison was made to spatially correlate with secondary detection objects, the central processor may be configured to send the response message to the central communication device for dispatch to the vehicle device that provided the set of multiple secondary vehicle positions.
    The response message may include a set of recognized secondary links for which it may charge a toll to the decentralized processor of the in-vehicle device. However, this is not mandatory, because the collection of a toll for the use of a secondary section of the route does not have to be done in the vehicle device, but can also be carried out by the central processor of the central data processing device.
  • The invention will be explained in more detail with reference to the travel route of a vehicle in an embodiment. Show this
  • Fig. 1
    the schematic representation of a detection area with primary sections of the second intersecting highways and secondary sections of federal highways and toll-free sections of subordinate streets, which is superimposed on an array of primary detection objects and secondary detection objects, and
    Fig. 2
    the schematic representation of a toll system according to the invention with a vehicle device according to the invention and a central data processing device.
  • The route of a vehicle, not shown is in Fig. 1 represented by a dotted curve. It leads from the secondary section 2S-112 of the main road B1 in the southeast of the illustration over the primary sections 1S-162 and 1S-152 of the Federal Highway A1, secondary sections 2S-227 of the Federal Highway B2 in the west, 2S-474 of the Federal Highway B4 and 2S- 320 and 2S-319 of the federal highway B3, through the location-1 and toll-free sections finally on the primary route section 1S-451 of the A4 in the northeast of the figure. In this case, each directional lane of the motorways between two nodes, where can be ascended to the directional lane or departed from the directional lane, defined as their own primary sections, the nodes between two immediately adjacent primary sections of a highway in Fig. 1 are shown as rectangles and the motorway junction between two highways as a square.
    The details of the Federal highway and federal road designations are purely fictitious, as well as the mentioned numbers of recognition objects, recognition rules and so on, the numbers given in relation to the relations of "greater and less than" in practice are correct.
    The vehicle carries a vehicle device 100 of the toll system from Fig. 2 with it, which is temporarily via a mobile communication link 200 in the data exchange with a central data processing device 300 of the toll system. The vehicle device 100 may be designed as a so-called on-board unit (OBU) and be permanently installed in the vehicle. The vehicle device 100 may alternatively be configured as a portable mobile phone, which does not even have to be mounted in the vehicle in order to contribute to carrying out the recognition method according to the invention in the same way as an on-board unit. For this purpose, the mobile phone can have an on-board unit analog computer program (a so-called toll application).
    The vehicle device 100 comprises a decentralized data storage device 120 with a RAM as the first decentralized data memory 121, a removable memory card as a second decentralized data memory 122 and an EEPROM as a third decentralized data memory 123, a GNSS position determining device 130 for determining the vehicle positions from signals from satellites of a GNSS, It receives a cellular communication device 140 for partially wireless communication with the central processing device 300, a radio clock 150 for providing a uniform time signal, a DSRC device 160 for dedicated short distance communication with roadside controllers or control vehicles, and a remote processor 110 wired or is wirelessly connected to each of the aforementioned components in a communication formed connection.
    The third decentralized data store 123 stores a set of primary recognition objects 1E-XXX. The communication connection between the vehicle device 100 and the central data processing device 300 has with the vehicle-device-side mobile communication device 140 (GSM, UMTS, and / or LTE module) a first, decentralized end and with the central-side central communication device 340 in the form of a modem second, central end up. Between both ends, the communication takes place via the mobile radio communication connection 200 between the mobile radio communication connection and a base station 240 (BTS, Node B) of a mobile radio network and via at least one gateway 210 of a wired telecommunication network to the central communication device 340.
  • The central data processing device 300 comprises, in addition to the already mentioned central communication device 340, a central data storage device 320 with a RAM as the first central data memory 321, a first hard drive as a second central data memory 322 and a second hard drive as a third central data memory 323 and a central processor 310, the wired or is wirelessly connected to each of the aforementioned components in a communication formed connection.
  • The second central data store 322 is a primary database of 5,000 primary recognition records of primary recognition objects 1E-XXX, each having a primary recognition rule with the primary identifier 1S-XXX of a primary link, or a plurality of primary recognition rules having multiple primary identifiers 1S-XXX, 1S -YYY of a plurality of primary links, and a secondary database of 100,000 secondary discovery records of secondary discoveries 2E-XXX / 2E-XXXX, each having a secondary detection rule with the secondary identifier 2S-XXX of a secondary link or a plurality of secondary detection rules with multiple secondary identifiers 2S-XXX, 2S-YYY of multiple secondary links are stored.
    The recognition data sets each comprise object data (location data and possibly angle data and / or other data) of the recognition object, condition data for the comparison of the object data with the data of the travel measurement variables, and consequence data for the result upon fulfillment of all necessary recognition conditions defined by the condition data, wherein the consequence data for each detection rule comprises an identifier of a route section.
  • In a first memory area of third decentralized data store 123 is also the primary database of 5,000 primary recognition records of primary recognition objects 1E-XXX, each having a primary recognition rule with primary identification 1S-XXX of a primary link or multiple primary recognition rules with multiple primary identifiers 1S-XXX, 1S-YYY of a plurality of primary road sections are linked, which the vehicle device has received from the central data processing device 300 via the mobile radio communication link 200.
    With a second memory area, there is a residual memory area in the third decentralized data memory 123, the storage volume of which constitutes one fifth of the first memory area.
  • During the journey, the position determination device 130 determines vehicle positions and the direction of travel angle every second, which it makes available to the decentralized processor 110. Vehicle locations that are less than 10 meters away from their predecessor vehicle location are discarded by the remote processor without further treatment. With no claim to scale, each point of the route symbolizes Fig. 1 a detected vehicle position of the vehicle.
    In the course of driving on the main road B1, the decentralized processor 110 checks whether it is within the range of one of the primary recognition circuits by primary comparing the vehicle positions with the primary recognition circuits as main recognition quantities of the primary recognition objects 1E-XXX for each vehicle position. On the secondary sections 2S-112, 2S-113, 2S-114 and 2S-115 of the main road B1, this is not the case for the vehicle positions recorded there.
    The remote processor is in the secondary data storage mode of operation. Consequently, until the entry into the primary recognition circuit 1E-167, all vehicle positions that are on the B1 with sufficient spatial distance to its predecessor are stored as secondary vehicle positions by the remote processor 110 in the second distributed data memory 122. In addition, the heading angles detected with each secondary vehicle position are stored as secondary heading angles in the second remote data memory 122.
    The remote processor is in decentralized detection mode. Of the set of stored secondary vehicle positions, the first stored secondary vehicle position is determined by a 10-minute elapsed time since the first secondary vehicle position is detected or 10 kilometers of total distance traveled since the first secondary vehicle position was detected by the remote processor 110 Mobile communication device 140 for transmission to the central data processing device 300 transmitted.
  • The central processor 310 receives the first secondary vehicle position from the central communication device 340, which maintains the connection with the vehicle device. The gateway 210 is embodied as an anonymization server which hides the identity of the vehicle device 100 or of the mobile radio communication device 140 with respect to the central data processing device 300.
    The central processor selects from all the secondary records of the coverage area stored in the second central data store 322 the secondary detection rules of all the recognition objects whose location data are located within a radius of 30 km around the first secondary vehicle location. These are 300 secondary records with secondary detection rules that contain the secondary detection objects 2E-113, 2E-114, 2E-115, 2E-117, 2E-222, and 2E-223, along with their associated secondary links. The selected secondary data sets are transferred from the central processor 310 to the central communication device 340 for transmission to the vehicle device 100.
  • The remote processor 110 receives the selected secondary records from the cellular communication device 140 and stores them in the second data storage area of the third remote data store 123, overwriting the oldest existing secondary records of secondary recognition rules in the second data storage area of the third remote data store 123.
    For the set of stored secondary vehicle positions, the remote processor 110 now checks, for each secondary vehicle position in the course of an initial secondary comparison, whether the secondary vehicle position spatially coincides with a particular one of the selected secondary recognition objects. This spatial correlation is given to the secondary recognition circuits as the main recognition feature of the secondary recognition objects when the secondary vehicle location is within a particular secondary recognition circle defined by a geographic location of its center and a length value of its radius.
    For the secondary position data, the processor determines a spatial correlation with the particular secondary detection objects 2E-113, 2E-114 and 2E-115 as part of the initial secondary comparison. The particular secondary recognition objects 2E-114 and 2E-115 each include two sub-recognition objects of two exit angles with associated tolerance ranges, each associated with one of two secondary linkages via respective recognition conditions. The particular secondary recognition object 2E-113 each comprises three side recognition objects of three exit angles with associated tolerance ranges, each associated with one of three secondary road sections (2S-112, 2S-113, 2S-643) via respective recognition conditions.
  • In the course of a post-initial comparison, for each of the particular secondary detection objects, the remote processor 110 checks whether one and if so which detection condition is met that matches the secondary heading angles of at least two of the last three secondary vehicle locations in the respective secondary detection circle or its mean value with the respective exit angle within the tolerance of +/- 10 degrees associated with the respective exit angle. The respective secondary heading angles correspond, according to the post-initial comparison, to the exit angles associated with the particular secondary links 2S-113, 2S-114 and 2S-115. The remote processor detects these secondary lanes as busy, stores the secondary lanes recognized as fast in the second remote data store 122, and clears or releases the set of compared secondary vehicle positions and secondary vehicle angles for rewriting by new secondary vehicle positions and new secondary heading angles.
    Together with the secondary road sections identified as run, the decentralized processor 110 charges a toll charge for each of the secondary road sections identified as traveled by storing a charge amount associated with the respective secondary road sections identified as traveled in the second decentralized data store 122.
    The tolls collected are, under certain conditions, transmitted by the vehicle device 100 to the central data processing device 300 with notification of the identity of the vehicle device or registered vehicle registration mark for payment by a user account linked to the identity of the vehicle device or the registered vehicle registration plate.
  • Vehicle positions and heading angles are temporarily stored as primary vehicle positions and primary heading angles in the first remote data store 121 for which the remote processor 110 determines, during the initial primary comparison, that they originate from an area within the primary recognition scope of the primary recognition object 1E-167.
    In the course of a post-initial primary comparison of exit angles associated with primary line segments with primary heading angles, the remote processor 110 determines that the primary line segment 1S-162 of the Federal Highway A1 has been traveled.
    Upon detection of the passage of this primary link, the remote processor switches from the secondary data storage mode of operation to the secondary data non-memory mode of operation. Vehicle positions that are detected on the highway as the journey progresses are not stored as secondary position data, regardless of whether they have been spatially correlated with a primary recognition object in the initial primary comparison.
  • During travel on the primary route section with the identification 1S-162, the vehicle passes the virtual boundary G, which is stored as a polygon with corresponding geographical positions in the first memory area of the third decentralized data memory 123. Passing the boundary governs a detection mode change from the decentralized detection mode to the central detection mode when traveling in the south-north direction, and for a detection mode change from the central detection mode to the decentralized detection mode when driving in the north direction. south direction. As a result of detecting the passing of the boundary G, the distributed processor 110 places the vehicle device 100 from the decentralized detection mode to the central detection mode, which provides that the initial secondary comparison be performed by the central data processing device 300.
  • Vehicle positions for which a spatial correlation with a particular primary recognition object has been determined in the initial primary comparison are stored by the remote processor 110 along with the associated heading angles as primary travel measures in the first remote data store 121 to be followed by post-primary primary comparison with minor recognition variables - here the exit angles - a determination of a driving of one or no primary section of the track to be available. For the particular primary detection object 1E-156, the travel of the primary road section 1S-152 is detected. For the particular primary recognition object 1E-145, the traffic of no primary route section - and thus the leaving the primary road network of federal motorways - is determined.
    Upon detection of this non-travel of primary link, the remote processor switches from the secondary data non-storage mode to the secondary data storage mode and stores primary travel measurements of primary vehicle positions and primary heading angles stored in the first remote data memory 121 as secondary vehicle measurements of secondary vehicle positions and secondary heading angles.
  • In a first variant of this embodiment, the primary recognition object 1E-145 is a hybrid primary recognition object in which secondary exit angles are linked as secondary secondary recognition quantities to the secondary legs 2S-226 and 2S-227, whereby in the course of the post-primary primary comparison by the decentralized Processor driving on the secondary section 2S-227 is detected.
    In a second variant, a secondary detection object 2E-227 supplementary to the primary detection object 1E-145 is stored in the central data processing device and is provided centrally for the initial and post-initial secondary comparison. In the case of this second variant, the supplementary primary detection object takes up less memory space in the first memory area of the third decentralized data memory 123 than in the case of the first variant.
  • For this embodiment, the second variant is chosen. When driving on the sections 2S-227 and 2S-474, vehicle positions are stored as secondary vehicle positions by the decentralized processor 110 in the second decentralized data memory 122 in the absence of existing primary recognition objects for this route. A storage of further Fahrmaßmessgrößen remains in the central detection mode of operation, whereby the amount of data to be transmitted to the central data processing device can be significantly reduced. Finally, the central processor 310 is configured to determine the heading angles between them by the vectorial subtraction of adjacent vehicle positions from the set of received secondary vehicle positions.
  • As the primary recognition target 1E-134 primary recognition zone proceeds through the primary primary match, primary vehicle positions and primary heading angles are stored by the remote processor 110 as the primary travel measures in the first remote data store 121 to compare with the post-primary primary compare Resulting secondary variables lead to the result that no primary section of track was traveled at the location of this primary object of recognition. As a result, the primary vehicle positions are stored by the remote processor 110 as secondary vehicle locations in the second remote data store 122 and the primary heading angles and primary vehicle locations are deleted from the first remote data store 121.
    A total of 1001 secondary vehicle positions are stored until the exit from the closed village of Location 1 in a northerly direction. This number is the trigger for the remote processor 110 to pass a first set of 1001 secondary vehicle positions to the cellular communication device 140 for transmission to the central data processing device 300.
    Again, the disclosure of the identity of the vehicle device to the central data processing device 300 is blocked by the anonymization server of the gateway 210, leaving the first set of 1001 secondary vehicle positions unassigned.
    After dispatch of the 1001 vehicle positions and a first individual data record identifier to the central data processing device 300, the decentralized processor 110 instructs the mobile radio communication device 140 to terminate the communication connection to the central data processing device.
  • The central processor 310 successively subjects the 1001 secondary vehicle positions stored in the first central data store 321 to an initial secondary comparison with secondary detection objects to determine those particular secondary detection objects that have spatial correlation with certain secondary vehicle positions within the constraints imposed by the particular secondary Geo objects of the particular secondary recognition objects 2E-227, 2E-475, 2E-321, 2E-320, 2E-319 and 2E-3181 are defined. For the particular secondary vehicle positions, as described above, the central processor 310 determines certain secondary heading angles associated with the determined secondary preceding vehicle positions of the determination pair of particular secondary predecessor and child vehicle positions.
    The main recognition variables of the particular secondary recognition objects 2E-227, 2E-475, 2E-321 and 2E-320 are secondary geo-objects in the form of recognition circles.
    In the post-initial secondary comparison of vehicle direction angles within the detection circuits with exit angles associated with particular secondary sections, the central processor determines that secondary sections 2S-227, 2S-474, 2S-320 and 2S-319 have been traveled.
    The primary identifiers of the particular secondary detection objects 2E-319 and 2E-3181 within the closed locality location-1 are secondary geo-objects in the form of detection lines spanning roads in their geographical position and with a tolerance range of 30 meters tolerance distance to the detection line surrounding the detection line describe a recognition area in the form of a rectangle of the length of the recognition line and the width of the double tolerance distance LT with half circles placed on both sides in the direction of the length axis from the radius of the tolerance distance LT (round corner).
    Namely, within the closed locality, the secondary road section 2S-318 is divided into four secondary road sections, each beginning and / or ending at the junctions of subordinate roads. The transit journey on the B3 through location-1 provides the secondary route section 2S-318 as a whole in full use. A transit journey, which partially uses subordinate roads, provides only partial sections of the secondary route section 2S-318 - a minimum of one and a maximum of three. These subsections are referred to as 2S-318-1, 2S-318-2, 2S-318-3 and 2S-318-4 starting from the western recognition object 2E-319 in the eastward direction of travel, wherein for linking all four subsections (2S-318 -1, 2S-318-2, 2S-318-3, 2S-318-4) = 2S-318
  • Compared to the secondary detection rules, which have secondary recognition objects with recognition circuits, there is therefore a significant difference in terms of the conditions that have to be fulfilled in AND combination to consequently recognize the recognition of a secondary link for secondary recognition rules that have these recognition lines as the main recognition variable provide.
    For example, for recognition object 2E-319 with the main recognition variable "recognition line" LA (PosX-1, PosY-1, PosX-2, PosY-2, LT), the first secondary recognition variable exit angle1 WA1 (alpha1, delta-alpha-1) with alpha1 = 75 ° from north = 0 ° and the second secondary recognition variable exit angle2 WA2 (alpha2, delta-alpha2) with alpha2 = 255 ° the first recognition rule (LA, WA1) → 2E-319 and the second recognition rule (LA, WA2) → 2S- 319th In the present eastern direction of travel, therefore, no route section is detected for the passage of the recognition line 2E-319 in the recognition region of the round corner specified by the recognition line in consequence of the fulfilled first recognition rule, but only the driving of the recognition object itself. This consequence is referred to as travel measurement variable "traveled recognition object". registered. For the secondary recognition object 2E-3181 following in the course of the route with the main recognition variable "recognition line" LB (PosX-1, PosY-1, PosX-2, PosY-2, LT), the first secondary recognition variable exit angle 1 WB1 (alpha1, delta-alpha-1 ) with alpha1 = 0 ° from north = 0 ° and the second secondary recognition parameter exit angle 2 WB2 (alpha2, delta-alpha2) with alpha2 = 180 °, the first recognition rule (LB, WB1, 2E-319) → 2S-318-1 applies second recognition rule (LB, WB1, 2E-3182) → 2S-318-2, the third recognition rule (LB, WB1, 2E-3183) → (2S-318-2, 2S-318-3), the fourth recognition rule (LB , WB1, 2E-318) → 2S-318-2, 2S-318-3, 2S-318-4) and the fifth recognition rule (LB, WB2) → 2E-3181, wherein the first to fourth recognition rules each represent a third sub recognition quantity have the identifier of the immediately before used recognition object.
    For the detection object 2E-3181 determined by the central processor 310 in the course of the initial secondary comparison, the central processor determines the coincidence of the heading angles with the exit angle 1 WB1 in a northerly direction in the course of a first post-initial comparison In the course of a second post-initial comparison, the compliance of the last-traveled recognition object with the specification of the first recognition rule, so that the central processor 310 registers the secondary route section with the identifier 2S-318-1 covered by the first recognition rule as being driven.
  • The first set of registered secondary lanes 2S-227, 2S-474, 2S-320, 2S-319 and 2S-328-1 are stored by the central processor 310 associated with the first individual record identifier in the third central data store 322.
    The distributed processor 110 of the vehicle device 100 is configured to send the identity of the vehicle device or the vehicle registered vehicle along with the first individual record identifier to the central data processing device after a predetermined period of time has elapsed since the first set of secondary vehicle positions or other predetermined conditions 300 to send. This makes it possible for the central processor 310 to assign the first set of secondary sections to the vehicle based on the vehicle data stored centrally in the third central data memory under the identity of the vehicle device or the vehicle (maximum permissible total weight, number of axles, pollutant class, etc.) calculate the secondary route sections and raise the toll for the use of the particular secondary sections by linking the tolls with the identity of the vehicle set-up or the vehicle.
  • Via this collection process, the central data processing device 300 sends back to the vehicle device 100 a response message with information about the particular secondary route sections (for example in the form of their identifications) to which a toll has been charged. As a result of receiving the reply message, the remote processor 110 initiates deletion of the first set of secondary vehicle locations from the second remote data store 122 or releases the second remote data store 122 memory area to be rewritten with new secondary vehicle locations by the secondary vehicle locations of the first set occupied at secondary vehicle positions.
  • Previously, the remote processor has already stored further secondary vehicle positions in the second decentralized data memory 122 as the vehicle progresses, without overwriting the secondary vehicle positions of the first set. Upon detection of the primary lane 1S-451, the remote processor 110 relocates the vehicle device from the secondary data storage mode to the secondary data non-storage mode, completes and ships the second set of secondary vehicle positions with a stock of 820 secondary vehicle positions the number of 1001 secondary vehicle positions has been reached, together with a second individual record identifier to the central data processing device 300.
    In the course of the initial secondary comparison with the secondary vehicle positions of the second set, the central processor 310 ascertains that the secondary detection object 2E-533 was used as the only secondary detection object, but ascertains that none with the secondary one in the course of the post-initial secondary comparison Recognition object 2E-533 linked secondary section was traveled.
    In the course of the newly established communication connection by the vehicle device 100 with the central data processing device 300 for transmitting the identity of the vehicle device or the vehicle together with the second individual data record identifier, the decentralized processor 110 receives from the central data processing device 300 the message that no secondary link section in the course of traveled on the route described by the second set of secondary vehicle positions. As a result, the remote processor 110 initiates deletion of the second set of secondary vehicle locations from the second remote data store 122 or releases that memory area of the second remote data store 122 to be rewritten with new secondary vehicle locations occupied by the secondary vehicle locations of the second set of secondary vehicle locations is.
  • LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS
  • 100
    vehicle equipment
    110
    distributed processor
    120
    decentralized data storage arrangement
    121
    first decentralized data store
    122
    second decentralized data store
    123
    third decentralized data memory
    130
    Location facility
    140
    decentralized mobile communication device
    150
    Radio Clock
    160
    DSRC device
    210
    gateway
    240
    Cellular base station
    300
    central data processing device
    310
    central processor
    320
    central data storage arrangement
    321
    first central data memory
    322
    second central data memory
    323
    third central data memory
    340
    central communication device
    1S-XXX
    first primary section XXX
    1S-YYY
    second primary stretch YYY
    1E-XXX
    first primary recognition object XXX
    1E-YYY
    second primary recognition object YYY
    2S-XXX
    first secondary section XXX
    2S-XXX-Y
    Part Y of the secondary section XXX
    2S-YYY
    second secondary stretch YYY
    2S-ZZZ
    third secondary section ZZZ
    2E-XXX
    first secondary detection object
    2E-XXXY
    Secondary recognition object for a partial section Y of the secondary link section XXX
    2E-YYY
    second secondary detection object
    2E-ZZZ
    third secondary detection object
    Site 1
    first closed town
    Place 2
    second closed village
    G
    Boundary between two coverage areas

Claims (15)

  1. A method for detecting the passage of primary track sections (1S-XXX, 1S-YYY) and secondary track sections (2S-XXX, 2S-YYY) by a vehicle in at least one coverage area for which location data-related primary detection objects (1E-XXX, 1E-YYY), each of which are linked with at least one identifier of a primary track section (1S-XXX, 1S-YYY), are stored decentralized in a vehicle device (100) carried by the vehicle,
    the vehicle device detecting at least one sequence of a plurality of successive vehicle positions in the detection area, wherein
    in a first step, vehicle positions are respectively checked in an initial primary comparison with location data of primary detection objects (1E-XXX, 1E-YYY) by the vehicle device (100) for a spatial correlation of the vehicle position with a determined primary detection object (1E-XXX),
    characterized in that
    secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY), which are spatially data-related to the detection area and which are each linked with at least one identifier of a secondary track section (2S-XXX, 2S-YYY), are stored centrally in a central data processing device (300) arranged outside the vehicle,
    in a second step, vehicle positions, for which no spatial correlation with a primary detection object (1E-XXX, 1E-YYY) was established in the initial primary comparison of the first step, are stored by the vehicle device (100) in a secondary data storage mode of the vehicle device (100) as secondary vehicle positions at least temporarily in the vehicle device (100), and
    in a third step, stored secondary vehicle positions stored are respectively checked in an initial secondary comparison with location data of centrally provided secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY) for a spatial correlation of the secondary vehicle position with a determined secondary detection object (2E-XXX).
  2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that
    the primary detection objects (1E-XXX, 1E-YYY) and the secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY) each comprise at least one georeferenced geometric object characterized at least by location data,
    wherein the primary and secondary comparisons of vehicle positions with primary detection objects (1E-XXX, 1E-YYY) and/or secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY) include a check as to whether the vehicle position lies in a detection area defined by the location data of the respective georeferenced geometric object.
  3. The method according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that
    in addition to the sequence of vehicle positions, at least one further road way measurement and/or at least one sequence of at least one further road way measurement is detected by the vehicle device (100) in connection with the vehicle positions and/or is determined from the detected vehicle positions.
  4. The method according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that
    the storage of secondary position data in the vehicle device (100) in a secondary data non-storage operating mode of the vehicle device (100) is omitted, wherein the vehicle device (100)
    as a consequence of
    the result of a first initial primary comparison of at least one vehicle position with data of a first determined primary detection object (1E-XXX) or a first post-initial primary comparison of at least one further road way measurement, which is detected by the vehicle device in connection with the vehicle positions and/or is determined from the detected vehicle positions, with data of a first determined primary detection object (1E-XXX), that a first determined primary track section (1S-XXX) linked with the first determined primary detection object (1E-XXX) has been passed,
    changes from the secondary data storage operating mode to the secondary data non-storage operating mode, and
    as a consequence of
    the result of a second initial primary comparison of at least one vehicle position with data of a second determined primary detection object (1E-YYY) or a second post-initial primary comparison of at least one further road way measurement, which is detected by the vehicle device in connection with the vehicle positions and/or is determined from the detected vehicle positions, with data of a second determined primary detection object (1E-YYY), that no second determined primary track section (1S-YYY) assigned to the second determined primary detection object (1E-YYY) has been passed,
    changes from the secondary data non-storage operating mode to the secondary data storage operating mode.
  5. The method according to one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that
    the storage of secondary position data in the vehicle device (100) in a secondary data non-storage operating mode of the vehicle device (100) is omitted, wherein the vehicle device (100)
    as a consequence of
    the result of a first initial primary comparison of at least one vehicle position with data of a first determined primary detection object (1E-XXX) or a first post-initial primary comparison of at least one further road way measurement, which is detected by the vehicle device in connection with the vehicle positions and/or is determined from the detected vehicle positions, with data of a first determined primary detection object (1E-XXX), that no first determined primary track section (1S-XXX) assigned to the first determined primary detection object (1E-XXX) has been passed,
    changes from the secondary data non-storage operating mode to the secondary data storage operating mode and
    as a consequence of
    the result of a second initial primary comparison of at least one vehicle position with data of a second determined primary detection object (1E-YYY) or a second post-initial primary comparison of at least one further road way measurement, which is detected by the vehicle device in connection with the vehicle positions and/or is determined from the detected vehicle positions, with data of a second determined primary detection object (1E-YYY), that a second determined primary track section (1S-YYY) linked with the second determined primary detection object (1E-YYY) has been passed,
    changes from the secondary data storage operating mode to the secondary data non-storage operating mode.
  6. The method according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that
    vehicle positions, for which a spatial correlation with a determined primary detection object (1E-XXX) was established in each case in the initial primary comparison of the first step, are stored by the vehicle device (100) as primary vehicle positions at least temporarily in a first data storage area of the vehicle device (100), and
    stored primary vehicle positions are stored as secondary vehicle positions by the vehicle device (100) in a second data storage area of the vehicle device (100) in a further step,
    when
    in the course of a post-initial primary comparison of at least one stored primary vehicle position or at least one further road way measurement, which is detected by the vehicle device in connection with the vehicle positions and/or is determined from the detected vehicle positions, with data of the determined primary detection object (1E-XXX), it has been established by the vehicle device that no determined primary track section (1S-XXX) assigned to the determined primary detection object (1E-XXX) has been passed.
  7. The method according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that
    at least one stored secondary vehicle position is transmitted by the vehicle device (100) to the central data processing device (300) in an intermediate step following the second step and preceding the third step by means of a mobile radio communication device (140) encompassed by the vehicle device (100),
    the central data processing device (300) ascertains, based on the received at least one secondary vehicle position from a plurality of secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY, 2E-ZZZ), a set of selected secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY), the location data of which spatially correlate with the secondary vehicle position in a predetermined amount,
    and transmits the selected secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY) along with the identifiers of the secondary track sections linked therewith to the vehicle device (100),
    and the vehicle device (100) receives and at least temporarily stores the selected secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY) in the vehicle device (100) in order to perform, in the third step, the initial secondary comparison of secondary vehicle positions with respect to the selected secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY), wherein
    the vehicle device deletes at least the received selected secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY) from the vehicle device after it has performed the third step.
  8. The method according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that
    a set of a plurality of stored secondary vehicle positions is transmitted by the vehicle device (100) to the central data processing device (300) in an intermediate step following the second step and preceding the third step by means of a mobile radio communication device (140) encompassed in the vehicle device (100),
    and the central data processing device (300) performs the initial secondary comparison of received secondary vehicle positions with location data of the secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY) in the third step,
    wherein the central data processing device (300) transmits a response message to the vehicle device (100) after performance of the third step for all those secondary vehicle positions of the set of stored secondary vehicle positions, for which the performance of the third step was provided,
    and the vehicle device (100) deletes stored secondary vehicle positions from the vehicle device (100) after receipt of the response message.
  9. A vehicle device (100) for detecting the passage of at least primary track sections by a vehicle in a detection area comprising primary track section (1S-XXX) and secondary track section (2S-XXX),
    comprising
    at least one position determining device (130) for determining a plurality of successive vehicle positions of the vehicle,
    at least one mobile radio communication device (140) for communicating with a central data processing device (300),
    at least one decentralized data storage arrangement (120) comprising one or more decentralized data memories (121, 122, 123) in which location data-related primary detection objects (1E-XXX, 1E, YYY), which are each linked with at least one identifier of a primary track section (1S-XXX, 1S-YYY), are stored,
    and at least one decentralized processor (110),
    which is configured
    to check vehicle positions transmitted by the position determining device (130) in each case in an initial primary comparison with location data of primary detection objects (1E-XXX, 1E-YYY) for a spatial correlation of the vehicle position with a determined primary detection object (1E-XXX),
    characterized in that
    the decentralized processor is further configured (110)
    to save in a secondary data storage operating mode of the vehicle device (100), vehicle positions, for which no spatial correlation with a primary detection object (1E-XXX, 1E-YYY) was respectively established in the initial primary comparison, as secondary vehicle positions at least temporarily in the decentralized data storage arrangement (120),
    the decentralized processor is further configured (110)
    to hand over from the stored secondary vehicle positions at least one secondary vehicle position to the mobile radio communication device (140) for transmitting the at least one secondary vehicle position to the central data processing device (300), and
    the decentralized processor is further configured (110)
    to receive from the mobile radio communication device centrally provided secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY), which are assigned to the provided secondary vehicle position, and to check the stored secondary vehicle positions respectively in an initial secondary comparison with location data of the centrally provided secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY) for a spatial correlation of the secondary vehicle position with a determined secondary detection object (2E-XXX).
  10. The vehicle device according to claim 9, characterized in that
    the decentralized processor (110) is configured
    in addition to the vehicle positions, to detect at least one further road way measurement and/or at least one sequence of at least one further road way measurement by the vehicle device (100) in connection with the vehicle positions by the position determining device (130) and/or to determine from the vehicle positions transmitted by the position determining device (130), vehicle positions, for each of which in the initial primary comparison of the first step, a spatial correlation with a determined primary detection object (1E-XXX) was established, to store the corresponding vehicle position as a primary vehicle position and/or at least one further road way measurement associated with the corresponding vehicle position, as a primary road way measurement at least temporarily in a first data storage area of the decentralized data storage arrangement (120),
    and
    in the secondary data storage operating mode of the vehicle device (100), to store the secondary vehicle positions in a second data storage area of the decentralized data storage arrangement (120),
    wherein the decentralized processor (110) is further configured,
    to check in the course of an initial or a post-initial primary comparison of at least one primary vehicle position and/or at least one further road way measurement with data of the determined primary detection object (1E-XXX), whether a determined primary track section (1S-XXX) linked with the determined primary detection object (1E-XXX) has been passed.
  11. The vehicle device according to one of claims 9 or 10, characterized in that
    the decentralized processor (110) is configured
    to receive from the mobile radio communication device (140), in response to the transmitted at least one secondary vehicle position, a set of a plurality of selected location data-related secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY) of the coverage area, each of which are linked with least one identifier of a selected track section (2S-XXX, 2S-YYY), along with the identifiers of these selected secondary track sections (2S-XXX, 2S-YYY), and to store in the decentralized data storage arrangement (120),
    to check stored secondary vehicle positions respectively in an initial secondary comparison with location data of selected secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY) for a spatial correlation of the secondary vehicle position with a determined selected secondary detection object (2E-XXX)
    and
    after checking all secondary vehicle positions provided for the initial secondary comparison for spatial correlation with the selected secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY), to delete the set of stored selected secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY) from the decentralized data storage arrangement (120).
  12. The vehicle device according to one of claims 9 or 11, characterized in that
    the decentralized processor (110) is configured
    to hand over from the stored secondary vehicle positions a set of a plurality of secondary vehicle position to the mobile radio communication device (140) for transmitting the at least one secondary vehicle position to the central data processing device (300),
    to receive from the mobile radio communication device (140), in response to the transmitted set of a plurality of secondary vehicle positions, a response message with at least one identifier of a secondary track section (2S-XXX) or with information that no identifier of a secondary track section (2S-XXX, 2E-YYY) was ascertained for the transmitted plurality of secondary vehicle positions,
    and in reaction to the received response message, delete at least some of the stored secondary vehicle positions from the decentralized data storage arrangement (120).
  13. A toll system with at least one vehicle device (100) according to one of claims 9 to 12
    and a central data processing device (300), which comprises
    at least one central communication device (340) for communication with at least one vehicle device (100) according to one of claims 9 to 12,
    at least one central processor (310) for processing secondary vehicle positions and
    at least one central data storage arrangement (320) comprising one or more central data memories (321, 322, 323), in which a plurality of location data-related secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY, 2E-ZZZ) of the detection area, each of which are linked with at least one identifier of a secondary track section (2S-XXX, 2S-YYY, 2S-ZZZ), are stored,
    wherein the central processor (310) is configured
    to receive from the central communication device (340) at least one secondary vehicle position.
  14. The toll system according to claim 13, having at least one vehicle device (100) according to claim 11,
    characterized in that
    the central processor (310) is configured
    to ascertain, on the basis of the received at least one secondary vehicle position from the plurality of secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY, 2E-ZZZ) stored in the central data storage arrangement, a set of selected secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY), the location data of which correlate with the secondary vehicle position in a predetermined amount,
    and
    to hand over the selected secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY); along with the identifiers of the secondary track sections (2S-XXX, 2S-YYY) linked therewith, to the central communication device (340) for transmitting the set of selected secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY) along with the identifiers of the selected secondary track sections (2S-XXX, 2S-YYY) linked therewith, to the vehicle device (100) according to claim 11, the vehicle device having provided the at least one secondary vehicle position.
  15. The toll system according to claim 13, having at least one vehicle device according to claim 12,
    the central processor (310) is configured
    to check secondary vehicle positions of the received set of a plurality of secondary vehicle positions each in an initial secondary comparison with location data of the plurality of secondary detection objects (2E-XXX, 2E-YYY, 2E-ZZZ) stored in the central data storage arrangement (320) for a spatial correlation of the secondary vehicle position with a determined secondary detection object (2S-XXX),
    and
    after checking all those secondary vehicle positions of the set of secondary vehicle positions for which the performance of the initial secondary comparison for spatial correlation was provided, to hand over the response message to the central communication device (340) for transmission to the vehicle device (100) according to claim 12, which has provided the set of the plurality of secondary vehicle positions.
EP14075002.7A 2014-01-02 2014-01-02 Method, device and toll system for detecting vehicles driving on road sections Active EP2892030B1 (en)

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Citations (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102005055835A1 (en) * 2005-11-23 2007-05-24 Siemens Ag Mobile detection unit for electronic toll collection system, has software and base software for enabling operations in toll collection systems, where mobile detection unit is switchable between operations by software and base software

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EP1855443B1 (en) * 2006-05-11 2009-12-16 AGES International GmbH & Co. KG Method for activation of logging of data in mobile node according to location
DE102008011290A1 (en) * 2008-02-27 2009-09-03 Continental Teves Ag & Co. Ohg Updating system for a map on demand vehicle navigation unit gives a proactive display to show the next stage on a planned route from a remote central server
DK2325807T3 (en) * 2009-11-23 2012-06-18 Kapsch Trafficcom Ag Method and apparatus for producing tax information in a toll system
KR101786737B1 (en) * 2011-06-22 2017-11-15 에스케이플래닛 주식회사 System and method for partial updating of map data based on use's moving path, terminal device and recording medium thereof

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DE102005055835A1 (en) * 2005-11-23 2007-05-24 Siemens Ag Mobile detection unit for electronic toll collection system, has software and base software for enabling operations in toll collection systems, where mobile detection unit is switchable between operations by software and base software

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