EP2882626B1 - Method and arrangement for monitoring a route section which is bounded by two axle-counting sensor units - Google Patents

Method and arrangement for monitoring a route section which is bounded by two axle-counting sensor units Download PDF

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Publication number
EP2882626B1
EP2882626B1 EP13765303.6A EP13765303A EP2882626B1 EP 2882626 B1 EP2882626 B1 EP 2882626B1 EP 13765303 A EP13765303 A EP 13765303A EP 2882626 B1 EP2882626 B1 EP 2882626B1
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Prior art keywords
axle
rail vehicle
axles
track
counting
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EP13765303.6A
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP2882626A2 (en
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Hartwig Ohmstede
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Siemens Mobility GmbH
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Siemens Mobility GmbH
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Priority to DE102012217591.1A priority Critical patent/DE102012217591A1/en
Application filed by Siemens Mobility GmbH filed Critical Siemens Mobility GmbH
Priority to PCT/EP2013/068606 priority patent/WO2014048708A2/en
Publication of EP2882626A2 publication Critical patent/EP2882626A2/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61LGUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC
    • B61L1/00Devices along the route controlled by interaction with the vehicle or vehicle train, e.g. pedals
    • B61L1/16Devices for counting axles; Devices for counting vehicles
    • B61L1/162Devices for counting axles; Devices for counting vehicles characterised by the error correction
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61LGUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC
    • B61L25/00Recording or indicating positions or identities of vehicles or vehicle trains or setting of track apparatus
    • B61L25/02Indicating or recording positions or identities of vehicles or vehicle trains
    • B61L25/025Absolute localisation, e.g. providing geodetic coordinates

Description

  • Es ist bekannt (vgl. beispielsweise F. Fenner, P. Naumann, J. Trinkauf "Bahnsicherungstechnik", 2003, Seite 80 ), dass bei einem Verfahren zum Überwachen eines durch zwei Achszähl-Sensoreinheiten begrenzten Streckenabschnitts Zählfehler der Achszähl-Sensoreinheiten zu einer Besetzt-Meldung des Streckenabschnitts führen können. ) that in a method for monitoring a route section delimited by two axle counting sensor units, counting errors of the axle counting sensor units can lead to an occupied message for the route section. Diese Meldung bleibt auch dann bestehen, wenn bei nachfolgenden Schienenfahrzeugen die Achszähl-Sensoreinheiten fehlerfrei funktionieren. This message remains even if the axle counting sensor units in the following rail vehicles are working properly. Deshalb ist eine so genannte Grundstellungstaste vorgesehen, mit der eine Besetzt-Meldung gelöscht und eine mit den Achszähl-Sensoreinheiten verbundene Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung in ihre Grundstellung gebracht werden kann. Therefore, a so-called basic position button is provided with which an occupied message can be deleted and an axle counting evaluation device connected to the axle counting sensor units can be brought into its basic position. Diese Grundstellungstaste darf nur von dazu autorisiertem Bahnbetriebspersonal bedient werden, nachdem dieses sich davon überzeugt hat, dass der Streckenabschnitt tatsächlich frei ist. This home key may only be operated by authorized railway operating personnel after they have made sure that the section of the route is actually free. Dazu reicht es aus, wenn das autorisierte Bahnbetriebspersonal den Streckenabschnitt einsieht; To do this, it is sufficient for the authorized railway operating personnel to inspect the route section; ist dies nicht möglich, ist eine so genannte Bügelfahrt mit langsamer Geschwindigkeit mit Fahrerverantwortung durch den Streckenabschnitt erforderlich, um eine Achszählgrundstellung sicher zu erreichen. If this is not possible, a so-called stirrup travel at slow speed with driver responsibility through the route section is necessary in order to safely achieve a basic axle counting position. It is known (cf., for example It is known (cf., for example F. Fenner, P. Naumann, J. Trinkauf "Bahnsicherungstechnik", 2003, page 80 F. Fenner, P. Naumann, J. Trinkauf "Bahnsicherungstechnik", 2003, page 80 ) that in a method for monitoring a limited by two axle counting sensor units track count errors in the axle counting sensor units can lead to a busy message of the track section. ) that in a method for monitoring a limited by two axle counting sensor units track count errors in the axle counting sensor units can lead to a busy message of the track section. This message remains even if the axle counting sensor units are working properly on subsequent rail vehicles. This message remains even if the axle counting sensor units are working properly on subsequent rail vehicles. Therefore, a so-called home position key is provided, with a busy message deleted and connected to the axle counting sensor units axle counting evaluation can be brought into its normal position. Therefore, a so-called home position key is provided, with a busy message deleted and connected to the axle counting sensor units, axle counting evaluation can be brought into its normal position. This basic position button may only be operated by authorized railway operating personnel after they have satisfied themselves that the section of the line is actually free. This basic position button may only be operated by authorized railway operating personnel after they have satisfied themselves that the section of the line is actually free. For this purpose, it is sufficient if the authorized train operating personnel recognizes the section of the route; For this purpose, it is sufficient if the authorized train operating personnel recognizes the section of the route; if this is not possible, a so-called slow-speed ironing with driver responsibility through the section is required in order to achieve an axle counting basic position safely. if this is not possible, a so-called slow-speed ironing with driver responsibility through the section is required in order to achieve an axle counting basic position safely.
  • Außerdem ist eine so genannte vorbereitende Achszählgrundstellung bekannt, die als sicherheitsrelevante Hilfsbedienung ebenfalls nur von autorisiertem Bahnbetriebspersonal bedient werden kann. Bei dieser vorbereitenden Achszählgrundstellung muss eine Bügelfahrt nach der Hilfsbedienung stattfinden, bevor das Achszählsystem den Streckenabschnitt wieder "Frei" meldet.In addition, a so-called preparatory Achszählgrundstellung is known, which can be operated as a safety-related auxiliary operation also only authorized train operating personnel. In this preparatory axis counting basic position, a hoist must travel after the auxiliary control before the axle counting system returns the route section to "free".
  • Ferner ist die so genannte redundante Freimeldung bekannt, die dafür genutzt werden kann, Zugfahrten mit Zügen, die ihre Position kontinuierlich melden, auf gestörten Achszählabschnitten durchzuführen. Furthermore, the so-called redundant free message is known, which can be used to train trains with trains that report their position continuously to perform disturbed Achszählabschnitten.
  • Aus der veröffentlichten europäischen Patentanmeldung EP 0 623 499 A1 Aus der veröffentlichten europäischen Patentanmeldung EP 0 623 499 A1 ist ein Verfahren zur Gleisfreimeldung mittels Achszählung mit automatischer Zählfehlerkorrektur bekannt. a method for track vacancy detection by means of axle counting with automatic counting error correction is known. Hierbei wird eine Korrektur eines Zählerstandes eines Zählpunktes vorgenommen, wenn die für die in Fahrtrichtung nächstfolgenden beiden Zählpunkte gespeicherten Zählerstände gleich und höher als der zu korrigierende Zählerstand sind. Here, a counter reading of a metering point is corrected if the meter readings stored for the next two metering points in the direction of travel are equal to and higher than the meter reading to be corrected. Weiterhin erfolgt eine entsprechende Korrektur auch dann, wenn die für die beiden in Fahrtrichtung unmittelbar vorausgehenden Zählpunkte gespeicherten Zählerstände gleich und niedriger als der zu korrigierende Zählerstand sind. Furthermore, a corresponding correction also takes place if the counter readings stored for the two counting points immediately preceding in the direction of travel are the same and lower than the counter reading to be corrected. From the published European patent application From the published European patent application EP 0 623 499 A1 EP 0 623 499 A1 is a method for track release by means of axle counting with automatic Zählfehlerkorrektur known. is a method for track release by means of axle counting with automatic counting error correction known. Here, a correction of a count of a counting point is made when the stored for the next two counting points in the direction of travel counter readings are equal to and higher than the counter reading to be corrected. Here, a correction of a count of a counting point is made when the stored for the next two counting points in the direction of travel counter readings are equal to and higher than the counter reading to be corrected. Furthermore, a corresponding correction takes place even if the counter readings stored for the two counting points immediately preceding in the direction of travel are the same and lower than the counter reading to be corrected. Furthermore, a corresponding correction takes place even if the counter readings stored for the two counting points immediately preceding in the direction of travel are the same and lower than the counter reading to be corrected.
  • Der Erfindung liegt die Aufgabe zugrunde, ein Verfahren zum Überwachen eines durch zwei Achszähl-Sensoreinheiten begrenzten Streckenabschnitts hinsichtlich eines auf dem Streckenabschnitt befindlichen Schienenfahrzeugs vorzuschlagen, mit dem sich eine Besetzt-Meldung des Streckenabschnitts bei Zählfehlern der Achszähl-Sensoreinheiten unterdrücken lässt.The object of the invention is to propose a method for monitoring a section of road delimited by two axle counting sensor units with regard to a rail vehicle located on the section, with which a busy message of the section can be suppressed in case of counting errors of the axle counting sensor units.
  • Zur Lösung dieser Aufgabe dient erfindungsgemäß ein Verfahren zum Überwachen eines durch zwei Achszähl-Sensoreinheiten begrenzten Streckenabschnitts hinsichtlich eines auf dem Streckenabschnitt befindlichen Schienenfahrzeugs mittels einer mit den Achszähl-Sensoreinheiten verbundenen Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung und mittels einer automatischen Zugsicherungseinheit mit einer Schienenfahrzeug-Positionsbestimmungseinrichtung und mit einer Schienenfahrzeug-Achsanzahlfeststellungseinheit, bei dem die Anzahl der von der Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung erfassten Achsen des Schienenfahrzeugs mit der Anzahl der von der Schienenfahrzeug-Achsanzahlfeststellungseinheit bei dem Schienenfahrzeug festgestellten Achsen verglichen wird; bei einer Differenz der Anzahl der erfassten und der festgestellten Achsen wird die Anzahl der erfassten Achsen der Anzahl der festgestellten Achsen angepasst, wobei Positionsdaten und Achsanzahl-Daten des Schienenfahrzeugs von dem Schienenfahrzeug zu der automatischen Zugsicherungseinheit übertragen werden und die automatische Zugsicherungseinheit anhand der übertragenen Positionsdaten überprüft, ob sich das Schienenfahrzeug vollständig auf dem Streckenabschnitt befindet; bei einem vollständig auf dem Streckenabschnitt befindlichen Schienenfahrzeug werden die Achsanzahl-Daten des Schienenfahrzeugs zur Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung übertragen. Auf diese Weise ist gewährleistet, dass eine Rückstellung der Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung in ihre Achszählgrundstellung korrekt vorbereitet ist.In order to achieve this object, the invention provides a method for monitoring a track section bounded by two axle counting sensor units with respect to a rail vehicle located on the track section by means of an axle counting evaluation device connected to the axle counting sensor units and by means of an automatic train control unit with a rail vehicle position determination device and with a rail vehicle Axle number determining unit, in which the number of axles of the rail vehicle detected by the axle counting evaluator is compared with the number of axles detected by the rail vehicle axle number determining unit in the rail vehicle; with a difference in the number of detected and detected axes, the number of detected axes is adjusted to the number of detected axes, wherein position data and number of axes data of the rail vehicle are transmitted from the rail vehicle to the automatic train control unit and the automatic Train safety unit based on the transmitted position data checks whether the rail vehicle is completely on the stretch; in the case of a rail vehicle completely located on the section, the number of axle data of the rail vehicle is transmitted to the axle counting evaluation device. In this way it is ensured that a provision of the axle counting evaluation is prepared correctly in their Achszählgrundstellung.
  • Die der Erfindung zugrunde liegende Aufgabe wird weiterhin gelöst durch ein Verfahren zum Überwachen eines durch zwei Achszähl-Sensoreinheiten begrenzten Streckenabschnitts hinsichtlich eines auf dem Streckenabschnitt befindlichen Schienenfahrzeugs mittels einer mit den Achszähl-Sensoreinheiten verbundenen Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung und mittels einer automatischen Zugsicherungseinheit mit einer Schienenfahrzeug-Positionsbestimmungseinrichtung und mit einer Schienenfahrzeug-Achsanzahlfeststellungseinheit, bei dem die Anzahl der von der Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung erfassten Achsen des Schienenfahrzeugs mit der Anzahl der von der Schienenfahrzeug-Achsanzahlfeststellungseinheit bei dem Schienenfahrzeug festgestellten Achsen verglichen wird; bei einer Differenz der Anzahl der erfassten und der festgestellten Achsen wird die Anzahl der erfassten Achsen der Anzahl der festgestellten Achsen angepasst, wobei Positionsdaten des Schienenfahrzeugs von dem Schienenfahrzeug zu der automatischen Zugsicherungseinheit übertragen werden, und die automatische Zugsicherungseinheit überprüft anhand der Positionsdaten, ob sich das Schienenfahrzeug vollständig auf dem Streckenabschnitt befindet; aus der Anzahl von in der automatischen Zugsicherungseinheit gespeicherten Achsanzahl-Daten verschiedener Schienenfahrzeuge werden nach Identifizierung des jeweiligen Schienenfahrzeugs auf dem Streckenabschnitt die Achsanzahl-Daten des identifizierten Schienenfahrzeugs ausgewählt und zur Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung übertragen. Bei diesem Verfahren werden in vorteilhafter Weise nur die Positionsdaten des Schienenfahrzeugs von dem Schienenfahrzeug zu der automatischen Zugsicherungseinheit übertragen, weil diese abgespeichert die verschiedenen Achsanzahlen enthält; die entsprechenden Achsanzahl-Daten werden nach Identifizierung des jeweiligen Schienenfahrzeugs zur Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung übertragen.The object underlying the invention is further achieved by a method for monitoring a track section delimited by two axle counting sensor units with respect to a rail vehicle located on the track section by means of an axle counting evaluation device connected to the axle counting sensor units and by means of an automatic train control unit with a rail vehicle position determining device and a rail vehicle axle number determining unit, wherein the number of axles of the rail vehicle detected by the axle counting evaluator is compared with the number of axles detected by the rail vehicle axle number determining unit in the rail vehicle; with a difference in the number of detected and detected axles, the number of detected axles is adjusted to the number of detected axles, position data of the rail vehicle is transmitted from the rail vehicle to the automatic train control unit, and the automatic train security unit checks whether the Rail vehicle is completely located on the section of track; from the number of axle data of different rail vehicles stored in the automatic train control unit, the number of axles of the identified rail vehicle are selected after identification of the respective rail vehicle on the track section and transmitted to the axle counting evaluation device. In this method, only the position data of the rail vehicle are advantageously transmitted from the rail vehicle to the automatic train protection unit, because they are stored contains the different numbers of axes; the corresponding number of axles data are transmitted to the axle counting evaluation device after identification of the respective rail vehicle.
  • Ein wesentlicher Vorteil der beiden erfindungsgemäßen Verfahren besteht darin, dass bei ihnen Zählfehler der Achszähl-Sensor-einheiten während des Aufenthalts des Schienenfahrzeugs auf dem Streckenabschnitt vorbereitend korrigiert werden, so dass bereits unmittelbar nach dem Herausfahren des Schienenfahrzeugs aus dem Streckenabschnitt die Achszähl-Auswerteein-richtung in ihre Achszählgrundstellung gelangt. Eine -unnötige - Besetzt-Meldung des Streckenabschnitts ist dadurch vermieden, und es bedarf nicht mehr Hilfsbedienungen seitens des autorisierten Betriebspersonals bzw. Bügelfahrten, um eine falsche Besetzt-Meldung zu löschen.A significant advantage of the two methods according to the invention is that in them counting errors of the axle counting sensor units during the stay of the rail vehicle are preliminarily corrected on the route section, so that immediately after moving out of the rail vehicle from the track section, the axle counting Auswerteein-direction get into their Achszählgrundstellung. An unnecessary - busy message of the route section is thereby avoided, and it requires no more auxiliary operations by the authorized operating personnel or ironing to clear a wrong busy message.
  • Durch die Verwendung einer automatischen Zugsicherungseinheit ist das erfindungsgemäße Verfahren besonders zuverlässig. By using an automatic train protection unit, the inventive method is particularly reliable.
  • Die Positionsdaten können im Rahmen der erfindungsgemäßen Verfahren auf unterschiedliche bekannte Weise erzeugt werden. The position data can be generated in different known ways in the context of the inventive method.
  • Die Erfindung betrifft ferner eine Anordnung zum Überwachen eines durch zwei Achszähl-Sensoreinheiten begrenzten Streckenabschnitts und stellt sich die Aufgabe, eine Anordnung dieser Art so auszugestalten, dass sich mit ihr eine Besetzt-meldung bei Zählfehlern der Achszähl-Sensoreinheiten unterdrücken lässt.The invention further relates to an arrangement for monitoring a limited by two axle counting sensor units section and has set itself the task of designing an arrangement of this kind so that it can suppress a busy message in counting errors of Achszähl sensor units.
  • Zur Lösung dieser Aufgabe dient eine Anordnung zum Überwachen eines durch zwei Achszähl-Sensoreinheiten begrenzten Streckenabschnitts hinsichtlich eines auf dem Streckenabschnitt befindlichen Schienenfahrzeugs mit einer mit den Achszähl-Sensoreinheiten verbundenen Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung, mit einer automatischen Zugsicherungseinheit mit einer Schienenfahrzeug-Positionsbestimmungseinrichtung und mit einer Achsanzahlfeststellungseinheit, einer der Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung zugeordneten Achsanzahl-Vergleichs- und Anpassungseinrichtung, in der die Anzahl der von der Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung erfassten Achsen des Schienenfahrzeugs mit der Anzahl der seitens der Achsanzahlfeststellungseinheit festgestellten Anzahl von Achsen des Schienenfahrzeugs verglichen wird und bei einer Differenz der Anzahl der erfassten und der festgestellten Achsen die Anzahl der erfassten Achsen der Anzahl der festgestellten Achsen angepasst wird, wobei die automatische Zugsicherungseinheit einen Empfänger zum Empfangen von Positionsdaten und Achsanzahl-Daten des Schienenfahrzeugs aufweist, und die Schienenfahrzeug-Positionsbestimmungseinrichtung derart ausgebildet ist, dass sie anhand der empfangenen Positionsdaten überprüft, ob sich das Schienenfahrzeug vollständig auf dem Streckenabschnitt befindet; zwischen der automatischen Zugsicherungseinheit und der Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung ist eine bidirektionale Kommunikationsverbindung vorhanden, über die die Achsanzahl-Daten zur Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung übertragen werden, wenn sich das Schienenfahrzeug vollständig auf dem Streckenabschnitt befindet. Vorteilhaft ist diese Anordnung insofern, als sich mit ihr zuverlässig überprüfen lässt, ob sich das Schienenfahrzeug vollständig auf dem Streckenabschnitt befindet. Mit den empfangenen Achsanzahl-Daten des Schienenfahrzeugs kann dann ein ggf. aufgetretener Zählfehler der Achszähler-Sensoreinrichtungen korrigiert werden, so dass bei der Ausfahrt des Schienenfahrzeugs aus dem Streckenabschnitt unter Vermeidung einer Besetzt-Meldung die Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung in ihre Achszählgrundstellung gebracht wird.To solve this problem, an arrangement is provided for monitoring a track section bounded by two axle counting sensor units with regard to a rail vehicle located on the track section with an axle counting evaluation device connected to the axle counting sensor units, with an automatic train control unit with a rail vehicle position determination device and with an axle number determining unit, one of the axle counting evaluation device assigned number of axes comparing and adjusting device in which the number of detected by the axle counting evaluation of the rail vehicle with the number of determined by the number of axle detection unit number of axles of the rail vehicle is compared and a difference in the number of detected and the detected axes Number of detected axes of the number of detected axes is adjusted, wherein the automatic train control unit has a receiver for receiving position data and number of axes data of the rail vehicle, and the rail vehicle position determination device is designed such that it checks on the basis of the received position data, if the Rail vehicle is completely located on the section of track; between the automatic train protection unit and the axle counting evaluation device, a bidirectional communication connection is present, via which the number of axle data is transmitted to the axle counting evaluation device when the rail vehicle is completely on the route section. This arrangement is advantageous insofar as it can reliably check whether the rail vehicle is completely on the route section. With the received number of axes data of the rail vehicle then possibly occurring counting error of the axle counter sensor devices can be corrected so that the exit of the rail vehicle from the section while avoiding a busy message, the axle counting evaluation is placed in their Achszählgrundstellung.
  • Die der Erfindung zugrunde liegende Aufgabe wird weiterhin gelöst durch eine Anordnung zum Überwachen eines durch zwei Achszähl-Sensoreinheiten begrenzten Streckenabschnitts hinsichtlich eines auf dem Streckenabschnitt befindlichen Schienenfahrzeugs mit einer mit den Achszähl-Sensoreinheiten verbundenen Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung, mit einer automatischen Zugsicherungseinheit mit einer Schienenfahrzeug-Positionsbestimmungseinrichtung und mit einer Achsanzahlfeststellungseinheit, einer der Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung zugeordneten Achsanzahl-Vergleichs- und Anpassungseinrichtung, in der die Anzahl der von der Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung erfassten Achsen des Schienenfahrzeugs mit der Anzahl der seitens der Achsanzahlfeststellungseinheit festgestellten Anzahl von Achsen des Schienenfahrzeugs verglichen wird und bei einer Differenz der Anzahl der erfassten und der festgestellten Achsen die Anzahl der erfassten Achsen der Anzahl der festgestellten Achsen angepasst wird, wobei die automatische Zugsicherungseinheit einen Empfänger zum Empfangen von Positionsdaten und Achsanzahl-Daten des Schienenfahrzeugs aufweist; die Schienenfahrzeug-Positionsbestimmungseinrichtung ist derart ausgebildet, dass sie anhand der empfangenen Positionsdaten überprüft, ob sich das Schienenfahrzeug vollständig auf dem Streckenabschnitt befindet, und die automatische Zugsicherungseinheit weist eine Speichereinheit zur Speicherung von Achsanzahl-Daten verschiedener Schienenfahrzeuge und einen Identifizierungsbaustein zur Identifizierung des jeweiligen Schienenfahrzeugs auf dem Streckenabschnitt auf; zwischen der automatischen Zugsicherungseinheit und der Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung ist eine bidirektionale Kommunikationsverbindung vorhanden, über die die Achsanzahl-Daten des identifizierten Schienenfahrzeugs zur Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung übertragen werden, wenn sich das Schienenfahrzeug vollständig auf dem Streckenabschnitt befindet. Diese erfindungsgemäße Anordnung hat den Vorteil, dass Achsanzahl-Daten des jeweiligen Schienenfahrzeugs nicht übermittelt werden müssen, weil sie in der automatischen Zugsicherungseinheit gespeichert sind, so dass es lediglich einer Identifizierung des jeweiligen Schienenfahrzeugs bedarf, um diesen die entsprechende Achsanzahl zuzuordnen.The object on which the invention is based is furthermore achieved by an arrangement for monitoring a track section delimited by two axle counting sensor units with respect to a rail vehicle located on the track section with an axle counting evaluation device connected to the axle counting sensor units, with an automatic train control unit having a rail vehicle position determination device and with an axle number determining unit, one of the Achszähl evaluation device assigned Axis number comparison and adjustment device in which the number of axes of the rail vehicle detected by the axle counting evaluation device is compared with the number of the number of axles of the rail vehicle detected by the number of axes detection unit and the number with a difference between the number of detected and determined axes the detected axes are adapted to the number of axles detected, the automatic train control unit having a receiver for receiving position data and axle number data of the rail vehicle; the rail vehicle position determination device is designed such that it checks on the basis of the received position data whether the rail vehicle is completely on the track section, and the automatic train protection unit has a memory unit for storing axle data of various rail vehicles and an identification module for identifying the respective rail vehicle the stretch on; A bidirectional communication link is present between the automatic train protection unit and the axle counting evaluation device, via which the number of axles of data of the identified rail vehicle is transmitted to the axle counting evaluation device when the rail vehicle is completely on the route section. This arrangement according to the invention has the advantage that the number of axles of the respective rail vehicle need not be transmitted, because they are stored in the automatic train protection unit, so that it only requires identification of the respective rail vehicle in order to assign the corresponding number of axles.
  • Die erfindungsgemäßen Anordnungen haben sinngemäß dieselben Vorteile, wie sie oben bereits zu den erfindungsgemäßen Verfahren angegeben worden sind. The arrangements according to the invention have, mutatis mutandis, the same advantages as have already been indicated above for the processes according to the invention.
  • Zur weiteren Erläuterung der Erfindung ist in den
  • Figuren 1 bis 6 Figures 1 to 6
    jeweils ein Streckenabschnitt zusammen mit einem angrenzenden weiteren Streckenabschnitt mit unterschiedlicher Besetzung des einen Streckenabschnitts durch ein Schienenfahrzeug und mit einer Anordnung zum Überwachen des Streckenabschnitts und in each a route section together with an adjacent further route section with different occupation of one route section by a rail vehicle and with an arrangement for monitoring the route section and in
    Figur 7 Figure 7
    ein Blockschaltbild einer erfindungsgemäß ergänzten automatischen Zugsicherungseinheit gezeigt, wie sie in den Anordnungen gemäß den a block diagram of an inventive supplemented automatic train protection unit shown, as shown in the arrangements according to Figuren 1 bis 5 Figures 1 to 5 einsetzbar ist. can be used.
    To further explain the invention is in the To further explain the invention is in the
    FIGS. FIGS. 1 to 6 1 to 6
    a section along with an adjacent further section with different occupation of a section of track by a rail vehicle and with an arrangement for monitoring the section and in a section along with an adjacent further section with different occupation of a section of track by a rail vehicle and with an arrangement for monitoring the section and in
    FIG. FIG. 7 7th
    a block diagram of a supplemented according to the invention automatic train control unit shown in the arrangements according to the a block diagram of a supplemented according to the invention automatic train control unit shown in the arrangements according to the FIGS. FIGS. 1 to 5 1 to 5 can be used. can be used.
  • In der Figur 1 In der Figur 1 ist ein Streckenabschnitt 1 dargestellt, der durch eine Achszähl-Sensoreinheit 2 und eine weitere Achszähl-Sensoreinheit 3 begrenzt ist; a route section 1 is shown, which is delimited by an axle counting sensor unit 2 and a further axle counting sensor unit 3; an den einen Streckenabschnitt 1 schließt sich in dem dargestellten Ausführungsspiel ein weiterer Streckenabschnitt 4 an, der einerseits durch die weitere Achszähl-Sensoreinheit 3 und andererseits durch eine zusätzliche Achszähl-Sensoreinheit 5 bestimmt ist. In the embodiment game shown, one route section 1 is followed by a further route section 4, which is determined on the one hand by the further axle counting sensor unit 3 and on the other hand by an additional axle counting sensor unit 5. Die Achszähl-Sensoreinheiten 2 und 3 sind mit einer Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung 6 verbunden, während die weitere Achszähl-Sensoreinheit 3 gemeinsam mit der zusätzlichen Achszähl-Sensoreinheit 5 an eine weitere Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung 7 angeschlossen ist. The axle counting sensor units 2 and 3 are connected to an axle counting evaluation device 6, while the further axle counting sensor unit 3 is connected to a further axle counting evaluation device 7 together with the additional axle counting sensor unit 5. Der Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung 6 ist eine Achsanzahl-Vergleichs- und Anpassungseinrichtung 6a zugeordnet; The axle count evaluation device 6 is assigned a number of axles comparison and adjustment device 6a; eine entsprechende Einrichtung 7a weist die weitere Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung 7 auf. the further axle counting evaluation device 7 has a corresponding device 7a. In the In the FIG. FIG. 1 1 is a section 1 shown, which is limited by an axle counting sensor unit 2 and a further axle counting sensor unit 3; is a section 1 shown, which is limited by an axle counting sensor unit 2 and a further axle counting sensor unit 3; to the one section 1 closes in the illustrated game of execution a further section 4, which is determined on the one hand by the further axle counting sensor unit 3 and on the other hand by an additional axle counting sensor unit 5. The axle counting sensor units 2 and 3 are connected to an axle counting evaluation device 6, while the further axle counting sensor unit 3 is connected together with the additional axle counting sensor unit 5 to a further axle counting evaluation device 7. The axle counting evaluation device 6 is assigned an axle number comparison and adaptation device 6a; to the one section 1 closes in the illustrated game of execution a further section 4, which is determined on the one hand by the further axle counting sensor unit 3 and on the other hand by an additional axle counting sensor unit 5. The axle counting sensor Units 2 and 3 are connected to an axle counting evaluation device 6, while the further axle counting sensor unit 3 is connected together with the additional axle counting sensor unit 5 to a further axle counting evaluation device 7. The axle counting evaluation device 6 is assigned an axle number comparison and adaptation device 6a; a corresponding device 7a has the further axle counting evaluation device 7. a corresponding device 7a has the further axle counting evaluation device 7.
  • Den Streckenabschnitten 1 und 4 ist in dem dargestellten Ausführungsbeispiel eine Zugsicherungseinheit 8 zugeordnet, die somit streckenseitig vorgesehen ist. Die Zugsicherungseinheit 8 ist über eine bidirektionale Kommunikationsverbindung 9 sowohl mit der einen Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung 6 als auch mit der weiteren Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung 7 verbunden. Von der einen Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung 6 werden Achsanzahl-Daten Ael zur automatischen Zugsicherungseinheit 8 übertragen, wenn sich ein Schienenfahrzeug in Richtung eines Pfeils 10 in den einen Streckenabschnitt 1 hineinbewegt. Befindet sich ein Schienenfahrzeug vollständig auf dem einen Streckenabschnitt 1, dann geben diese Achsanzahl-Daten Ael die Anzahl der von der einen Achszähl-Sensoreinheit 2 erfassten Anzahl von Achsen wieder. Entsprechendes gilt hinsichtlich der weiteren Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung 7, die Achsanzahl-Daten Ae2 an die automatische Zugsicherungseinheit 8 sendet, wenn in diesen Streckenabschnitt ein Schienenfahrzeug eingefahren ist. In dem dargestellten Beispiel gemäß Figur 1 Figure 1 werden in der automatischen Zugsicherungseinheit 8 null Achszahlen im ersten Streckenabschnitt 1 und ebenfalls null Achszahlen für den Streckenabschnitt 4 gemeldet; the automatic train protection unit 8 reports zero number of axles in the first route section 1 and also zero number of axles for the route section 4; dies ist korrekt, weil beide Streckenabschnitte 1 und 4 nicht von einem Schienenfahrzeug befahren bzw. besetzt sind. this is correct because both route sections 1 and 4 are not used or occupied by a rail vehicle. Die Einrichtungen 6a und 7a müssen keine Anpassungen der erfassten Achsanzahlen an die festgestellten Achsanzahlen vornehmen. The devices 6a and 7a do not have to adapt the recorded numbers of axles to the determined numbers of axles. The track sections 1 and 4, a train control unit 8 is assigned in the illustrated embodiment, which is thus provided trackside. The track sections 1 and 4, a train control unit 8 is assigned in the illustrated embodiment, which is thus provided trackside. The train protection unit 8 is connected via a bidirectional communication link 9 both to the one axle counting evaluation device 6 and to the further axle counting evaluation device 7. Axis number data Ael is transmitted from the one axle counting evaluation device 6 to the automatic train control unit 8 when a rail vehicle moves in the direction of an arrow 10 into the one track section 1. If a rail vehicle is located completely on the one section 1, then these number of axes data Ael represent the number of the number of axes detected by the one axle counting sensor unit 2. The same applies with regard to the further axle counting evaluation device 7, which transmits axle number data Ae2 to the automatic train control unit 8 when a rail vehicle has retracted into this section. The train protection unit 8 is connected via a bidirectional communication link 9 both to the one axle counting evaluation device 6 and to the further axle counting evaluation device 7. Axis number data Ael is transmitted from the one axle counting evaluation device 6 to the automatic train control unit 8 when a rail vehicle moves in the direction of an arrow 10 into the one track section 1. If a rail vehicle is located completely on the one section 1, then these number of axes data Ael represent the number of the number of axes detected by the one axle counting sensor unit 2. The same applies with regard to the further axle counting evaluation device 7, which transmits axle number data Ae2 to the automatic train control unit 8 when a rail vehicle has retracted into this section. In the illustrated example according to In the illustrated example according to FIG. FIG. 1 1 in the automatic train control unit 8, zero axle numbers in the first track section 1 and also zero axle numbers for the track section 4 are reported; in the automatic train control unit 8, zero axle numbers in the first track section 1 and also zero axle numbers for the track section 4 are reported; This is correct because both sections 1 and 4 are not driven or occupied by a rail vehicle. This is correct because both sections 1 and 4 are not driven or occupied by a rail vehicle. The devices 6a and 7a do not have to make any adjustments of the detected number of axes to the determined number of axes. The devices 6a and 7a do not have to make any adjustments of the detected number of axes to the determined number of axes.
  • Wie die Figur 7 Wie die Figur 7 zeigt, ist die automatische Zugsicherungseinheit 8 eingangsseitig mit einem Empfänger 11 versehen, über den die Zugsicherungseinheit 8 in dem dargestellten Ausführungsbeispiel Positionsdaten und Achsanzahl-Daten eines Schienenfahrzeugs empfängt, wenn ein Schienenfahrzeug mit einer entsprechenden Ausrüstung in den einen Streckenabschnitt 1 einfährt. shows, the automatic train protection unit 8 is provided on the input side with a receiver 11, via which the train protection unit 8 receives position data and axle number data of a rail vehicle in the illustrated embodiment when a rail vehicle with the appropriate equipment enters a route section 1. Dem Empfänger 11 ist in der automatischen Zugsicherungseinheit 8 eine Schienenfahrzeug-Positionsbestimmungseinheit 12 zur Positionsbestimmung des eingefahrenen Schienenfahrzeuges und eine Achsanzahlfeststellungseinheit 13 nachgeordnet, mit der die Anzahl der an dem eingefahrenen Schienenfahrzeug vorhandenen Achsen festgestellt wird. The receiver 11 is followed in the automatic train protection unit 8 by a rail vehicle position determination unit 12 for determining the position of the retracted rail vehicle and a number of axles determination unit 13 with which the number of axles on the retracted rail vehicle is determined. As the As the FIG. FIG. 7 7th shows, the automatic train control unit 8 is provided on the input side with a receiver 11, via which the train protection unit 8 receives position data and number of axes data of a rail vehicle in the illustrated embodiment, when a rail vehicle with appropriate equipment enters the one section 1. The receiver 11 is followed in the automatic train control unit 8 by a rail vehicle position determination unit 12 for determining the position of the retracted rail vehicle and an axle number determining unit 13 with which the number of axles present on the retracted rail vehicle is determined. shows, the automatic train control unit 8 is provided on the input side with a receiver 11, via which the train protection unit 8 receives position data and number of axes data of a rail vehicle in the illustrated embodiment, when a rail vehicle with appropriate equipment enters the one section 1. The receiver 11 is followed in the automatic train control unit 8 by a rail vehicle position determination unit 12 for determining the position of the retracted rail vehicle and an axle number determining unit 13 with which the number of axles present on the retracted rail vehicle is determined.
  • Wie die Figur 7 Wie die Figur 7 ferner zeigt, ist der Schienenfahrzeug-Positionsbestimmungseinrichtung 12 eine Prüfeinrichtung 14 nachgeordnet, die eine Übertragung von Achsanzahl-Daten Af zu der einen Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung 6 bzw. der weiteren Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung 7 ausschließlich dann zulässt, wenn sich das Schienenfahrzeug vollständig innerhalb des jeweiligen Streckenabschnitts befindet. also shows, the rail vehicle position determination device 12 is followed by a test device 14, which allows a transmission of the number of axles data Af to the one axle counting evaluation device 6 or the further axle counting evaluation device 7 only when the rail vehicle is completely within the respective route section is located. As the As the FIG. FIG. 7 7th Furthermore, the rail vehicle position determination device 12 is followed by a test device 14, which permits transmission of the number of axle data Af to the one axle counting evaluation device 6 or the further axle counting evaluation device 7 only if the rail vehicle is completely within the respective track section located. Furthermore, the rail vehicle position determination device 12 is followed by a test device 14, which permits transmission of the number of axle data Af to the one axle counting evaluation device 6 or the further axle counting evaluation device 7 only if the rail vehicle is completely located within the respective track section.
  • In Figur 2 In Figur 2 ist ein Zustand des einen Streckenabschnitts 1 wiedergegeben, indem sich auf diesem Streckenabschnitt ein Schienenfahrzeug 20 mit insgesamt zwölf Achsen 21 befindet. a state of the one route section 1 is shown in that a rail vehicle 20 with a total of twelve axles 21 is located on this route section. Das Schienenfahrzeug 20 ist mit einer Schienenfahrzeug-Positionsbestimmungseinrichtung 22 versehen, die ihre Ausgangssignale über eine Antenne 23 und eine Nachrichtenübertragungsstrecke 24 an die automatische Zugsicherungseinheit 8 bzw. deren Empfänger 11 überträgt. The rail vehicle 20 is provided with a rail vehicle position determination device 22 which transmits its output signals via an antenna 23 and a communication link 24 to the automatic train protection unit 8 or its receiver 11. Die Positionsbestimmungseinheit ermittelt die Position des Schienenfahrzeugs stets einschließlich der Positionsbestimmungsunsicherheitsbereiche 25 und 26. In dem dargestellten Beispiel ist angenommen, dass über die Nachrichtenübertragungsstrecke 24 auch Achsanzahl-Daten vom Schienenfahrzeug 20 zur automatischen Zugsicherung 8 übertragen werden. The position determination unit always determines the position of the rail vehicle including the position determination uncertainty areas 25 and 26. In the example shown, it is assumed that the number of axles data is also transmitted from the rail vehicle 20 to the automatic train protection 8 via the message transmission path 24. In In FIG. FIG. 2 2 is a state of a track section 1 reproduced by a rail vehicle 20 with a total of twelve axes 21 is located on this section. is a state of a track section 1 reproduced by a rail vehicle 20 with a total of twelve axes 21 is located on this section. The rail vehicle 20 is provided with a rail vehicle position determination device 22, which transmits its output signals via an antenna 23 and a communication link 24 to the automatic train protection unit 8 or its receiver 11. The position determination unit always determines the position of the rail vehicle, including the position determination uncertainty areas 25 and 26. In the illustrated example, it is assumed that also the number of axle data from the rail vehicle 20 to the automatic train control system 8 are transmitted via the communication link 24. The rail vehicle 20 is provided with a rail vehicle position determination device 22, which transmits its output signals via an antenna 23 and a communication link 24 to the automatic train protection unit 8 or its receiver 11. The position determination unit always determines the position of the rail vehicle, including the position determination uncertainty areas 25 and 26. In the illustrated example, it is assumed that also the number of axle data from the rail vehicle 20 to the automatic train control system 8 are transmitted via the communication link 24.
  • Wie die Figur 2 Wie die Figur 2 ferner zeigt, hat die eine Achszähl-Sensoreinheit 2 die Achsen 21 des Schienenfahrzeugs 20 bei dessen Einfahrt in den Streckenabschnitt 1 in Richtung des Pfeils 10 korrekt mit "12" gezählt; also shows that the one axle counting sensor unit 2 correctly counted the axles 21 of the rail vehicle 20 when it entered the route section 1 in the direction of the arrow 10 with "12"; die weitere Achszähleinrichtung 7 zeigt einen Zählerstand "Null", weil der weitere Streckenabschnitt 4 leer ist. the further axle counting device 7 shows a counter reading "zero" because the further route section 4 is empty. Entsprechend sind Achsanzahl-Daten Ael mit der Angabe "12" zu der Zugsicherungseinheit 8 übertragen worden; Correspondingly, the number of axles data Ael with the indication "12" has been transmitted to the train protection unit 8; weitere Achsanzahl-Daten Ae2 von der weiteren Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung haben die Information "Null" zur automatischen Zugsicherungseinheit 8 übertragen. Further axle number data Ae2 from the further axle counting evaluation device have transmitted the information "zero" to the automatic train protection unit 8. Die Einrichtungen 6a und 7a müssen hier keine Anpassungen der erfassten Achsanzahlen an die festgestellten Achsanzahlen vornehmen. The devices 6a and 7a do not have to make any adaptations of the recorded numbers of axles to the determined numbers of axles. As the As the FIG. FIG. 2 2 Further, the one axle counting sensor unit 2 has the axles 21 of the rail vehicle 20 at its Entry into the section 1 in the direction of the arrow 10 correctly counted with "12"; Further, the one axle counting sensor unit 2 has the axles 21 of the rail vehicle 20 at its Entry into the section 1 in the direction of the arrow 10 correctly counted with "12"; the further axle counting device 7 shows a count "zero" because the further track section 4 is empty. the further axle counting device 7 shows a count "zero" because the further track section 4 is empty. Correspondingly, number of axes data Ael with the indication "12" has been transmitted to the train control unit 8; Correspondingly, number of axes data Ael with the indication "12" has been transmitted to the train control unit 8; Further number of axes data Ae2 from the further axle counting evaluation device have transmitted the information "zero" to the automatic train control unit 8. The devices 6a and 7a do not have to make any adjustments to the detected number of axes to the determined number of axes. Further number of axes data Ae2 from the further axle counting evaluation device have transmitted the information "zero" to the automatic train control unit 8. The devices 6a and 7a do not have to make any adjustments to the detected number of axes to the determined number of axes.
  • Die automatische Zugsicherungseinheit 8 bzw. deren Schienenfahrzeug-Positionsbestimmungseinrichtung 12 hat außerdem anhand einer über die Nachrichtenstrecke 24 übermittelten Information 24i festgestellt, dass das Schienenfahrzeug 20 insgesamt 12 Achsen hat. Die automatische Zugsicherungseinheit 8 sendet daraufhin ein Achsanzahl-Datensignal Af zu der einen Achszähl-Auswerteinrichtung 6, in der eine Übereinstimmung der mittels der Achszähl-Sensoreinheit 2 erfassten Achsen des Schienenfahrzeugs 20 und der von der automatischen Zugsicherungseinheit 8 festgestellten Achsanzahl erkannt wird. Die erfassten und festgestellten Achsanzahlen Ael und Af des Schienenfahrzeugs 20 stimmen deshalb überein, so dass eine Korrektur des Standes der Achsanzahl-Auswerteeinrichtung 6 durch das Achsanzahl-Datensignal Af mittels der Einrichtung 6a nicht erfolgen muss.The automatic train protection unit 8 or its rail vehicle position determination device 12 has also determined on the basis of an information link 24 transmitted via the information 24i that the rail vehicle 20 has a total of 12 axes. The automatic train protection unit 8 then sends an axle number data signal Af to the one axle counting evaluation device 6 in which a match of the axles of the rail vehicle 20 detected by the axle counting sensor unit 2 and the number of axles determined by the automatic train control unit 8 is detected. The detected and determined numbers of axes Ael and Af of the rail vehicle 20 therefore coincide, so that a correction of the state of the number of axes evaluating device 6 by the number of axes data signal Af by means of the device 6a need not occur.
  • Ist entgegen den obigen Annahmen in der Position des Schienenfahrzeugs gemäß Figur 2 von der einen Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung 6 anstelle der korrekten Achsanzahl von "12" fehlerhaft beispielsweise eine Achsanzahl von "13" ermittelt worden, dann wird auf das Achsanzahl-Datensignal Af von der automatischen Zugsicherungseinheit 8 das fehlerhafte Zählergebnis "13" durch "12" im Rahmen einer Korrektur mittels der Einrichtung 6a verändert. Verlässt danach das Schienenfahrzeug 20 den einen Streckenabschnitt 1, dann werden mit der weiteren Achszähl-Sensoreinheit 3 zwölf Achsen erfasst und somit die Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung 6 auf "Null" gestellt, was einer Achszählgrundstellung entspricht.
    Verlässt das Schienenfahrzeug 20 den Streckenabschnitt 1 und nimmt eine Position ein, wie sie in Figur 3 dargestellt ist, dann übermittelt die eine Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung 6 eine erfasste Achsanzahl "10" mittels der Achsanzahl-Daten Ael und die weitere Auswerteeinrichtung 7 eine Achsanzahl "2" mittels der weiteren Achsanzahl-Daten Ae2 an die automatische Zugsicherungseinheit 8. Diese erkennt zuerst, dass die von der Positionsbestimmungseinrichtung 22 ermittelten Positionsbestimmungsunsicherheitsbereiche 25 und 26 - diese wurden von der Antenne 23 über die Nachrichtenstrecke 24 zur Zugsicherungseinheit 8 übertragen - weder im Streckenabschnitt 1 noch im weiteren Streckensabschnitt 4 liegen. is shown, then the one axle counting evaluation device 6 transmits a recorded number of axles "10" by means of the number of axles data Ael and the further evaluation device 7 a number of axles "2" by means of the further number of axles data Ae2 to the automatic train protection unit 8. This first recognizes that the position determination uncertainty areas 25 and 26 determined by the position determination device 22 - these were transmitted from the antenna 23 via the communication link 24 to the train protection unit 8 - are neither in the route section 1 nor in the further route section 4. Weil in diesem Fall keine Korrektur der erfassten erfolgen darf, veranlasst die Zugsicherungseinheit 8 keine Übertragung von Achsanzahl-Daten Af zu den Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtungen 6 und 7. In der Because in this case no correction of the recorded ones may take place, the train protection unit 8 does not initiate any transmission of the number of axles data Af to the axle counting evaluation devices 6 and 7. In FIG Figur 4 Figure 4 ist gezeigt, dass sich das Schienenfahrzeug 20 nunmehr völlig in dem weiteren Streckenabschnitt 4 befindet, so dass die weitere Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung 7 einen Zählerstand "12" entsprechend den Achsen des Schienenfahrzeugs 20 zeigt. it is shown that the rail vehicle 20 is now completely in the further route section 4, so that the further axle counting evaluation device 7 shows a counter reading “12” corresponding to the axles of the rail vehicle 20. Die eine Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung 6 zeigt nunmehr korrekt den Zählerstand "Null". The one axle counting evaluation device 6 now correctly shows the counter reading "zero". Die automatische Zugsicherungseinheit 8 sendet dennoch kein Achsanzahl-Datensignal Af an die weitere Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung 7, da hier angenommen ist, dass die Positionsbestimmung seitens der Positionsbestimmungseinrichtung 12 der automatischen Zugsicherungseinheit 8 mit dem strichliniert dargestellten Unsicherheitsbereich 26 behaftet ist. The automatic train protection unit 8 nevertheless does not send a number of axles data signal Af to the further axle counting evaluation device 7, since it is assumed here that the position determination by the position determination device 12 of the automatic train protection unit 8 is subject to the uncertainty area 26 shown in dashed lines. Die Positionsbestimmungseinrichtung 12 stellt daher fest, dass sich das Schienenfahrzeug 20 noch nicht vollständig auf dem weiteren Streckenabschnitt 4 befindet und sendet daher kein Achsanzahl-Datensignal Af an die weitere Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung 7. The position determination device 12 therefore determines that the rail vehicle 20 is not yet completely on the further route section 4 and therefore does not send a number of axles data signal Af to the further axle counting evaluation device 7.
    In In Figur 5 Figure 5 ist dargestellt, dass sich auf dem einen Streckenabschnitt 1 gleichzeitig mehrere Schienenfahrzeuge 30 und 31 und auf dem weiteren Streckenabschnitt 4 ein zusätzliches Schienenfahrzeug 32 befinden. it is shown that several rail vehicles 30 and 31 are located simultaneously on one route section 1 and an additional rail vehicle 32 is located on the further route section 4. Alle Schienenfahrzeuge 30 bis 32 sind mit jeweils einer schienenfahrzeugseitigen Positionsbestimmungseinrichtung 33, 34 und 35 versehen, die über Antennen Positionsbestimmungssignale und Achsanzahl-Datensignale von den Schienenfahrzeugen 30 bis 32 zur automatischen Zugsicherung 8 übertragen. All rail vehicles 30 to 32 are each provided with a position determination device 33, 34 and 35 on the rail vehicle side, which transmit position determination signals and data signals for the number of axles from the rail vehicles 30 to 32 to the automatic train protection 8 via antennas. In dem dargestellten Zustand erfasst die eine Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung 6 korrekt sechzehn Achsen und die weitere Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung 7 korrekt zwölf Achsen. In the state shown, one axle counting evaluation device 6 correctly records sixteen axes and the further axle counting evaluation device 7 correctly records twelve axes. Entsprechende Achsanzahlen stellt die Zugsicherungseinheit 8 fest. The train protection unit 8 determines the corresponding number of axles. Außerdem stellt die Zugsicherungseinheit 8 fest, dass sich alle Schienenfahrzeuge einschließlich ihrer Positionsbestimmungsunsicherheitsbereiche 25 und 26 vollständig in den einzelnen Streckenabschnitten lund 4 befinden. In addition, the train protection unit 8 determines that all rail vehicles, including their position determination uncertainty areas 25 and 26, are located completely in the individual route sections 1 and 4. Deswegen sendet die Zugsicherungseinheit 8 die Achsanzahl-Daten Af, und es kann gegebenenfalls eine Korrektur der erfassten Achsanzahl erfolgen. The train protection unit 8 therefore sends the number of axles data Af, and the detected number of axles can be corrected if necessary. Contrary to the above assumptions in the position of the rail vehicle according to Contrary to the above assumptions in the position of the rail vehicle according to FIG. FIG. 2 2 of the one Achszähl evaluation device 6 instead of the correct number of axles of "12" erroneously, for example, a number of axles of "13" has been determined, then the number of axles data signal Af from the automatic train control unit 8, the erroneous count result "13" by "12" in Modified frame of a correction by the means 6a. of the one Achszähl evaluation device 6 instead of the correct number of axles of "12" erroneously, for example, a number of axles of "13" has been determined, then the number of axles data signal Af from the automatic train control unit 8 , the erroneous count result "13" by "12" in Modified frame of a correction by the means 6a. After the rail vehicle 20 leaves the one section 1, then with the further axle counting sensor unit 3 twelve axes are detected and Thus, the axle counting evaluation device 6 is set to "zero", which corresponds to a Achszählgrundstellung. After the rail vehicle 20 leaves the one section 1, then with the further axle counting sensor unit 3 twelve axes are detected and thus, the axle counting evaluation device 6 is set to "zero", which corresponds to a Achszählgrundstellung.
    The rail vehicle 20 leaves the section 1 and takes a position as in The rail vehicle 20 leaves the section 1 and takes a position as in FIG. FIG. 3 3 1, the one axle counting evaluation device 6 transmits a detected number of axles "10" by means of the number of axle data Ael and the further evaluation device 7 an axle number "2" to the automatic train control unit 8 by means of the further axle number data Ae2. 1, the one axle counting evaluation device 6 transmits a detected number of axles "10" by means of the number of axle data Ael and the further evaluation device 7 an axle number "2" to the automatic train control unit 8 by means of the further axle number data Ae2. the position determination uncertainty ranges 25 and 26 determined by the position determination device 22-these were transmitted from the antenna 23 via the message path 24 to the train control unit 8-lie neither in the track section 1 nor in the further track section 4. Because in this case no correction of the detected may occur, the train control unit 8 does not cause the transmission of axle number data Af to the axle counting evaluation devices 6 and 7. In the the position determination uncertainty ranges 25 and 26 determined by the position determination device 22-these were transmitted from the antenna 23 via the message path 24 to the train control unit 8-lie neither in the track section 1 nor in the further track section 4. Because in this case no correction of the detected may occur, the train control unit 8 does not cause the transmission of axle number data Af to the axle counting evaluation devices 6 and 7. In the FIG. FIG. 4 4th It is shown that the rail vehicle 20 is now completely in the further section 4, so that the further axle counting evaluation device 7 shows a count "12" corresponding to the axes of the rail vehicle 20. The one axle counting evaluation device 6 now correctly displays the count "zero". It is shown that the rail vehicle 20 is now completely in the further section 4, so that the further axle counting evaluation device 7 shows a count "12" corresponding to the axes of the rail vehicle 20. The one axle counting evaluation device 6 now correctly displays the count "zero". Nevertheless, the automatic train protection unit 8 does not transmit an axis number data signal Af to the further axle counting evaluation device 7, since it is assumed here that the position determination by the position determination device 12 of the automatic train security unit 8 is affected by the uncertainty region 26 shown in dashed lines. Nevertheless, the automatic train protection unit 8 does not transmit an axis number data signal Af to the further axle counting evaluation device 7, since it is assumed here that the position determination by the position determination device 12 of the automatic train security unit 8 is affected by the uncertainty region 26 shown in dashed lines. Therefore, the position determining device 12 determines that the rail vehicle 20 is not yet completely located on the further track section 4 and therefore does not transmit an axle number data signal Af to the further axle counting evaluation device 7. Therefore, the position determining device 12 determines that the rail vehicle 20 is not yet completely located on the further track section 4 and therefore does not transmit an axle number data signal Af to the further axle counting evaluation device 7.
    In In FIG. FIG. 5 5 It is shown that on the one section 1 at the same time several rail vehicles 30 and 31 and on the further section 4 an additional Rail vehicle 32 are located. It is shown that on the one section 1 at the same time several rail vehicles 30 and 31 and on the further section 4 an additional rail vehicle 32 are located. All rail vehicles 30 to 32 are each provided with a rail vehicle-side position determining means 33, 34 and 35 which transmit via antenna positioning signals and Achsanzahl data signals from the rail vehicles 30 to 32 to the automatic train security 8. In the illustrated state, the one axle counting evaluation device 6 correctly detects sixteen axles and the further axle counting evaluation device correctly detects twelve axles. All rail vehicles 30 to 32 are each provided with a rail vehicle-side position determining means 33, 34 and 35 which transmit via antenna positioning signals and number of axes data signals from the rail vehicles 30 to 32 to the automatic train security 8. In the illustrated state, the one axle counting evaluation device 6 correctly detects sixteen axles and the further axle counting evaluation device correctly detects twelve axles. Corresponding number of axes determines the Zugsicherungseinheit 8. In addition, the train control unit 8 determines that all rail vehicles, including their position determination uncertainty areas 25 and 26, are located completely in the individual track sections 1 and 4. Therefore, the train control unit 8 transmits the number of axle data Af, and it may optionally be a correction of the detected number of axles. Corresponding number of axes determines the Zugerschutzeinheit 8. In addition, the train control unit 8 determines that all rail vehicles, including their position determination uncertainty areas 25 and 26, are located completely in the individual track sections 1 and 4. Therefore, the train control unit 8 transmits the number of axle data Af, and it may optionally be a correction of the detected number of axles.
  • Bei dem Ausführungsbeispiel gemäß Fig. 6 befindet sich hinter einem Schienenfahrzeug 40 in einer Ausstattung entsprechend den Schienenfahrzeugen nach den vorangehenden Figuren ein Schienenfahrzeug 41, bei dem es sich um ein nicht berichtendes Schienenfahrzeug ohne Schienenfahrzeug-Positionsbestimmungseinrichtung und Sender handelt. Eine Zugsicherungseinheit 42 ist hier mit einer nicht dargestellten Schienenfahrzeug-Achsanzahlfeststellungseinheit versehen, zu der auf hier ebenfalls nicht gezeigte Informationen über die Achsanzahl des Schienenfahrzeugs übermittelt worden sind; diese Informationen wurden von der einen Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtung 6 und von weiteren Achszähl-Auswerteeinrichtungen übermittelt, die sich auf der Strecke von in der Fig. 6 links liegenden Streckenabschnitten befinden. sections on the left are located. Demzufolge ist es auch hier möglich, die von der einen Auswerteeinrichtung erfasste Achsanzahl des Schienenfahrzeugs 41 mit der von der Schienenfahrzeug-Achsanzahlfeststellungseinheit festgestellten Achsanzahl zu vergleichen und ggf. eine Korrektur vorzunehmen, so dass auch unmittelbar nach Ausfahren des Schienenfahrzeugs 41 aus dem Streckenabschnitt 1 ein Streckenabschnittfrei-Signal ausgegeben werden kann. As a result, it is also possible here to compare the number of axles of the rail vehicle 41 detected by the one evaluation device with the number of axles determined by the number of axles determining unit for the rail vehicle and, if necessary, to make a correction so that a route section is free immediately after the rail vehicle 41 has moved out of the route section 1 Signal can be output. In the embodiment according to In the embodiment according to Fig. 6 Fig. 6 is behind a rail vehicle 40 in an equipment corresponding to the rail vehicles according to the preceding figures, a rail vehicle 41, which is a non-reporting rail vehicle without rail vehicle position determination device and transmitter. is behind a rail vehicle 40 in an equipment corresponding to the rail vehicles according to the preceding figures, a rail vehicle 41, which is a non-reporting rail vehicle without rail vehicle position determination device and transmitter. A train protection unit 42 is provided here with a rail vehicle axle number determination unit, not shown, to which information about the number of axles of the rail vehicle, also not shown here, has been transmitted; A train protection unit 42 is provided here with a rail vehicle axle number determination unit, not shown, to which information about the number of axles of the rail vehicle, also not shown here, has been transmitted; This information was transmitted from the one axle counting evaluation device 6 and from further axle counting evaluation devices, which are located on the track from in the This information was transmitted from the one axle counting evaluation device 6 and from further axle counting evaluation devices, which are located on the track from in the Fig. 6 Fig. 6 located on the left. located on the left. Consequently, it is also possible here to compare the number of axles of the rail vehicle 41 detected by the one evaluation device with the number of axles determined by the number of rail vehicle axle detection units and, if necessary, to make a correction, so that a track section is also free from the road section 1 immediately after the rail vehicle 41 has been extended Signal can be output. Consequently, it is also possible here to compare the number of axles of the rail vehicle 41 detected by the one evaluation device with the number of axles determined by the number of rail vehicle axle detection units and, if necessary, to make a correction, so that a track section is also free from the road section 1 immediately after the rail vehicle 41 has been extended signal can be output.

Claims (4)

  1. Method for monitoring a track section (1) delimited by two axle-counting sensor units (2, 3) with regard to a rail vehicle (20) situated on the track section (1) by means an axle-counting evaluation device (6) connected to the axle-counting sensor units (2, 3) and by means of an automatic train protection unit (8) with a rail vehicle position determination device (12) and with a rail vehicle axle number detection unit (13), in which
    • the number of axles of the rail vehicle (20) acquired by the axle-counting evaluation device (6) is compared with the number of axles detected by the rail vehicle axle number detection unit (13) for the rail vehicle (20),
    • if the number of acquired and detected axles differs, the number of acquired axles is adjusted to the number of detected axles,
    wherein
    • position data and axle number data of the rail vehicle (20) are transferred from the rail vehicle (20) to the automatic train protection unit (8),
    • the automatic train protection unit (8) checks, on the basis of the transferred position data, whether the rail vehicle (20) is situated entirely on the track section (1), and
    • if the rail vehicle (20) is situated entirely on the track section (1), an axle number data signal (Af) is transferred from the train protection (8) to the axle-counting evaluation device (6).
  2. Method for monitoring a track section (1) delimited by two axle-counting sensor units (2, 3) with regard to a rail vehicle (20) situated on the track section (1) by means an axle-counting evaluation device (6) connected to the axle-counting sensor units (2, 3) and by means of an automatic train protection unit (8) with a rail vehicle position determination device (12) and with a rail vehicle axle number detection unit (13), in which
    • the number of axles of the rail vehicle (20) acquired by the axle-counting evaluation device (6) is compared with the number of axles detected by the rail vehicle axle number detection unit (13) for the rail vehicle (20),
    • if the number of acquired and detected axles differs, the number of acquired axles is adjusted to the number of detected axles,
    wherein
    • position data of the rail vehicle is transferred from the rail vehicle (20) to the automatic train protection unit (8),
    • the automatic train protection unit (8) checks, on the basis of the position data, whether the rail vehicle (20) is situated entirely on the track section (1), and
    • after identifying the respective rail vehicle (20) on the track section (1), the axle number data of the identified rail vehicle (20) is selected from the number of axle number data items of different rail vehicles stored in the automatic train protection unit (8) and is transferred to the axle-counting evaluation device (6).
  3. Arrangement for monitoring a track section (1) delimited by two axle-counting sensor units (2, 3) with regard to a rail vehicle (20) situated on the track section (1) with
    • an axle-counting evaluation device (6) connected to the axle-counting sensor units (2, 3),
    • with an automatic train protection unit (8) with a vehicle position determination device (12) and with an axle number detection unit (13),
    • an axle number comparison and adjustment device (6a) assigned to the axle-counting evaluation device (6), in which the number of axles of the rail vehicle (20) acquired by the axle-counting evaluation device (6) is compared with the number of axles of the rail vehicle (20) detected on the part of the axle number detection unit (13) and
    • if the number of acquired and detected axles differs, the number of acquired axles is adjusted to the number of detected axles, wherein
    • the automatic train protection unit (8) has a receiver (11) for receiving position data and axle number information of the rail vehicle (20),
    • the rail vehicle position determination device (12) is embodied such that it checks, on the basis of the received position data, whether the rail vehicle (20) is situated entirely on the track section (1), and
    • between the automatic train protection unit (8) and the axle-counting evaluation device (6) there is provision for a bidirectional communication connection (9), via which an axle number data signal (Af) is transferred to the axle-counting evaluation device (6), if the rail vehicle (20) is situated entirely on the track section (1) .
  4. Arrangement for monitoring a track section (1) delimited by two axle-counting sensor units (2, 3) with regard to a rail vehicle (20) situated on the track section (1) with
    • an axle-counting evaluation device (6) connected to the axle-counting sensor units (2, 3),
    • with an automatic train protection unit (8) with a vehicle position determination device (12) and with an axle number detection unit (13),
    • an axle number comparison and adjustment device (6a) assigned to the axle-counting evaluation device (6), in which the number of axles of the rail vehicle (20) acquired by the axle-counting evaluation device (6) is compared with the number of axles of the rail vehicle (20) detected on the part of the axle number detection unit (13) and
    • if the number of acquired and detected axles differs, the number of acquired axles is adjusted to the number of detected axles,
    wherein
    • the automatic train protection unit (8) has a receiver (11) for receiving position data and axle number information of the rail vehicle (20),
    • the rail vehicle position determination device (12) is embodied such that it checks, on the basis of the received position data, whether the rail vehicle (20) is situated entirely on the track section (1),
    • the automatic train protection unit (8) has a memory unit for storing the axle number information of different rail vehicles and an identification module for identifying the respective rail vehicle on the track section and
    • between the automatic train protection unit (8) and the axle-counting evaluation device (6) there is provision for a bidirectional communication connection (9), via which an axle number data signal is transferred to the axle-counting evaluation device, if the rail vehicle is situated entirely on the track section.
EP13765303.6A 2012-09-27 2013-09-09 Method and arrangement for monitoring a route section which is bounded by two axle-counting sensor units Active EP2882626B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102012217591.1A DE102012217591A1 (en) 2012-09-27 2012-09-27 Method and arrangement for monitoring a track section delimited by two axle counting sensor units
PCT/EP2013/068606 WO2014048708A2 (en) 2012-09-27 2013-09-09 Method and arrangement for monitoring a route section which is bounded by two axle-counting sensor units

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP2882626A2 EP2882626A2 (en) 2015-06-17
EP2882626B1 true EP2882626B1 (en) 2018-10-31

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP13765303.6A Active EP2882626B1 (en) 2012-09-27 2013-09-09 Method and arrangement for monitoring a route section which is bounded by two axle-counting sensor units

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EP (1) EP2882626B1 (en)
CN (1) CN104661890B (en)
DE (1) DE102012217591A1 (en)
ES (1) ES2708208T3 (en)
HK (1) HK1206312A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2014048708A2 (en)

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FR3029674A1 (en) * 2014-12-03 2016-06-10 Alstom Transp Tech Method of discrimination of the presence of a railway vehicle on a canton, method of calculating a safety interval and associated device
DE102015210427A1 (en) * 2015-06-08 2016-12-08 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for determining a driving license for a tracked vehicle
EP3281838B1 (en) * 2016-08-08 2019-02-20 Siemens Mobility GmbH System and method for track occupancy determination
DE102016218469A1 (en) * 2016-09-26 2018-03-29 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for securing a railway technical system
EP3508395A1 (en) * 2018-01-08 2019-07-10 Siemens S.A.S. System and method for locating guided vehicles by axle count comparison
DE102018210326A1 (en) * 2018-06-25 2020-01-02 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for detecting vehicles traveling behind
CN109291958B (en) * 2018-07-24 2020-08-18 浙江众合科技股份有限公司 Protection method for counting shaft fault misoperation error clearing based on train counting

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DE1455351B2 (en) * 1964-09-16 1971-02-11
DE3236367C2 (en) * 1982-10-01 1985-12-12 Standard Elektrik Lorenz Ag, 7000 Stuttgart, De
DE4233546A1 (en) * 1992-10-01 1994-04-07 Siemens Ag Method for correcting axle counting errors in railway installations and device for carrying out the method
DE4314559A1 (en) * 1993-05-04 1994-11-10 Sel Alcatel Ag Process for track vacancy detection by means of axle counting with automatic counting error correction
DE19515694A1 (en) * 1995-04-28 1996-10-31 Sel Alcatel Ag Procedure for the automatic correction of counting errors in multi-section axle counting systems
EP1728700B1 (en) * 2005-05-09 2007-01-17 Alcatel Alsthom Compagnie Generale D'electricite Method and device for monitoring an information transfer between a counting point and an axle counter evaluation unit in an axle counter system for a railway network
EP2057056B1 (en) * 2006-08-29 2016-11-02 Siemens Schweiz AG Method and device for a modular adaptive system for controlling and monitoring railway safety installations
CN101962029A (en) * 2009-07-24 2011-02-02 黑龙江瑞兴科技股份有限公司 Axle counting automatic interpost block system

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HK1206312A1 (en) 2016-01-08
CN104661890A (en) 2015-05-27
WO2014048708A2 (en) 2014-04-03
ES2708208T3 (en) 2019-04-09
EP2882626A2 (en) 2015-06-17
DE102012217591A1 (en) 2014-03-27
CN104661890B (en) 2017-06-16
WO2014048708A3 (en) 2014-12-11

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