EP2837411B1 - Glove for a hockey or lacrosse player - Google Patents

Glove for a hockey or lacrosse player Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP2837411B1
EP2837411B1 EP20130180766 EP13180766A EP2837411B1 EP 2837411 B1 EP2837411 B1 EP 2837411B1 EP 20130180766 EP20130180766 EP 20130180766 EP 13180766 A EP13180766 A EP 13180766A EP 2837411 B1 EP2837411 B1 EP 2837411B1
Authority
EP
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
dorsal
hockey
glove
hand
player
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP20130180766
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP2837411A1 (en )
Inventor
Mathieu Contant
Marco Beauregard
Alexandre Leblanc
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Bauer Hockey Corp
Original Assignee
Bauer Hockey Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/08Body-protectors for players or sportsmen, i.e. body-protecting accessories affording protection of body parts against blows or collisions
    • A63B71/14Body-protectors for players or sportsmen, i.e. body-protecting accessories affording protection of body parts against blows or collisions for the hands, e.g. baseball, boxing or golfing gloves
    • A63B71/141Body-protectors for players or sportsmen, i.e. body-protecting accessories affording protection of body parts against blows or collisions for the hands, e.g. baseball, boxing or golfing gloves in the form of gloves
    • A63B71/143Baseball or hockey gloves
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2102/00Application of clubs, bats, rackets or the like to the sporting activity ; particular sports involving the use of balls and clubs, bats, rackets, or the like
    • A63B2102/14Lacrosse
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2102/00Application of clubs, bats, rackets or the like to the sporting activity ; particular sports involving the use of balls and clubs, bats, rackets, or the like
    • A63B2102/24Ice hockey

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to a glove for a hockey or lacrosse player.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Hockey and lacrosse players typically wear protective gloves during game play in order to prevent injuries to their hands. As such, much attention is given to the design and construction of the gloves in order to provide an appropriate level of protection and comfort.
  • In a traditional glove construction, the dorsal portion comprises a plurality of distinct dorsal protectors (padding elements enclosed in separate pockets) for protecting the dorsal side of the player's hand and that are separated by a plurality of gaps, spaces, grooves, channels or flexion zones. The dorsal portion often includes distinct dorsal protectors of different shapes which are stitched beside one another to cover the entirety of the dorsal side of the player's hand. Each of the padding elements is contained within a respective pocket. The dorsal protectors are thus slightly spaced apart in order to provide flexibility to the dorsal portion of the glove. By virtue of the plurality of distinct dorsal protectors and plurality of flexion zones, the traditional glove therefore permits a level of flexibility while also providing protection.
  • However, it is understood that providing a plurality of dorsal protectors involves a plurality of components and manufacturing steps, because for each dorsal protector, a pocket enclosing a padding element must be stitched to the dorsal sheet.
  • U.S. Patent 3,626,515 relates to a glove comprising finger encasing portions, a thumb encasing portion and hand and wrist encasing portions. The glove also comprises a protector for the back of the hand. The protector comprises a layer of shock absorbing material which is covered by a layer of relative rigid and unbreakable material formed in the desired shape and fitted around the layer of shock absorbent material to cover the material. The two layers are secured in the place by a covering of leather or like material which preferably in the same material used in the glove construction. The protector also comprises a plurality of perforations formed through the covering and layers of material for air circulation.
  • Hence, there is a need in the industry for a hockey or lacrosse glove which is less costly to manufacture while still providing a suitable level of protection and flexion to the player's hand. Thus, it is a feature to produce gloves that provide flexibility, comfort and protection and to produce gloves that reduce design and production costs, that are less complex in design, and that have fewer components and/or require less manufacturing steps.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention provides a glove for protecting a hand of a hockey or lacrosse player, the player's hand having a wrist, a palm, a dorsal side with medial and lateral edges, four fingers and a thumb, each finger extending from a proximal articulation to a distal end, the hockey or lacrosse glove defining a longitudinal axis generally parallel to a longitudinal axis of the player's hand and comprising a hand receiving portion and a cuff for at least partially covering the wrist, the cuff extending longitudinally from a proximal end to a distal end, the hand receiving portion comprising: (a) a thumb sheath for protecting the thumb of the player's hand; (b) four finger sheaths for protecting the four fingers of the player's hand, each finger sheath having a finger gusset for receiving the finger and a finger protector covering the finger gusset, each finger gusset having a proximal end for covering the proximal articulation of the finger and a distal end for covering the distal end of the finger; (c) a palm sheet for covering the palm of the player's hand; (d) a dorsal sheet for covering the dorsal side of the player's hand when the glove is in use, the dorsal sheet extending longitudinally from a proximal end proximate the distal end of the cuff to a distal end proximate the proximal end of each finger gusset and extending transversally from a medial end proximate the medial edge of the dorsal side of the player's hand to a lateral end proximate the lateral edge of the dorsal side of the player's hand, the dorsal sheet having a maximal length measured between its proximal and distal ends and a maximal width measured between its medial and lateral ends; and (e) a dorsal protector covering the dorsal sheet, the dorsal protector comprising (i) a single pocket mounted to the dorsal sheet and occupying at least three-quarters of the maximal length of the dorsal sheet and at least three-quarters of the maximal width of the dorsal sheet and (ii) a padding element contained in the single pocket, the padding element comprising a flexion zone being defined by at least one gap, space, groove or channel provided in the padding element and extending in a direction generally parallel to the longitudinal axis of the hockey or lacrosse glove and/or in a direction generally transverse to the longitudinal axis of the hockey or lacrosse glove such that, in use, flexing of the player's hand imparts movement of the padding element of the dorsal protector.
  • Other aspects and features of the present invention will become apparent to the persons skilled in the art upon review of the following description of embodiments of the invention in conjunction with the accompanying figures.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • A detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention is provided herein below, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
    • Figure 1A is a top view of a human hand with the integument of the hand shown in broken lines and the bones shown in full lines;
    • Figure 1B is a bottom perspective view of a human hand;
    • Figure 1C is a top perspective view of the human hand of Figure 1B;
    • Figure 2 is a perspective view of a prior art glove for a hockey or lacrosse player;
    • Figure 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken along lines 3-3 of Figure 2;
    • Figure 4 is a perspective view of a hockey or lacrosse glove constructed in accordance with a first embodiment of the invention;
    • Figure 5 is a top view of the glove of Figure 4;
    • Figure 6 is a front view of the glove of Figure 4 showing the finger sheaths in an extended (or open) position;
    • Figure 7 is a side view of the glove of Figure 6;
    • Figure 8 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken along lines 8-8 of Figure 4 showing a finger in broken lines in its corresponding finger sheath;
    • Figure 9 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken along lines 9-9 of Figure 7 showing a finger in broken lines in its corresponding finger sheath;
    • Figure 10 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken along lines 10-10 of Figure 5 in accordance with a first embodiment of the present invention;
    • Figure 11 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken along lines 10-10 of Figure 5 in accordance with a second embodiment of the present invention;
    • Figure 12 is an exploded schematic view of a lower sheet, upper sheet, finger padding elements and dorsal padding elements of the glove of Figures 4 to 7;
    • Figures 13 and 14 are perspective views of dorsal padding elements in accordance with first and second embodiments for the glove of Figures 4 to 7;
    • Figure 15 is a perspective view of a hockey glove constructed in accordance with a second embodiment of the invention; and
    • Figures 16 and 17 are perspective views of dorsal padding elements in accordance with first and second embodiments for the glove of Figure 15.
  • In the drawings, the embodiments of the invention are illustrated by way of examples. It is to be expressly understood that the description and drawings are only for the purpose of illustration and are an aid for understanding. They are not intended to be a definition of the limits of the invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS
  • To facilitate the description, any reference numerals designating an element in one figure will designate the same element if used in any other figures. In describing the embodiments, specific terminology is resorted to for the sake of clarity but the invention is not intended to be limited to the specific terms so selected, and it is understood that each specific term comprises all equivalents.
  • Unless otherwise indicated, the drawings are intended to be read together with the specification, and are to be considered a portion of the entire written description of this invention. As used in the following description, the terms "horizontal", "vertical", "left", "right", "up", "down" and the like, as well as adjectival and adverbial derivatives thereof (e.g., "horizontally", "rightwardly", "upwardly", "radially", etc.), simply refer to the orientation of the illustrated structure. Similarly, the terms "inwardly," "outwardly" and "radially" generally refer to the orientation of a surface relative to its axis of elongation, or axis of rotation, as appropriate.
  • As shown in Figures 1A, 1B and 1C, a human hand comprises a wrist WR, a palm P, a dorsal side D, four fingers (index finger F1, middle finger F2, ring finger F3 and little finger F4) and a thumb T. The wrist WR has a proximal edge WA and a distal edge WB.
  • Each finger has a palm surface PS, a dorsal surface DS, a lateral surface LS, a medial surface MS, a metacarpal M, a proximal articulation PA, a proximal phalanx PP, a middle articulation MA, a middle phalanx MP, a distal articulation DA and a distal phalanx DP.
  • The metacarpals M of the human hand define a metacarpal region MR having a medial edge ME, a lateral edge LE, a proximal edge PE and a distal edge DE. The thumb T also has a palm surface PS and a dorsal surface DS.
  • As best seen in Figures 1A and 1C, the dorsal side D of the hand may be generally seen as a trapezoid having a length LD from the distal edge WB of the wrist WR (or the proximal edge PE of the metacarpal region MR of the hand) to the proximal articulations PA of each finger F (or the distal edge DE of the metacarpal region MR of the hand) and a width WD from the lateral edge of the dorsal side D (i.e. the lateral edge LE of the metacarpal region MR) to the medial edge of the dorsal side D (i.e. the medial edge ME of the metacarpal region MR) (see the trapezoid shown in broken lines).
  • Figures 2 and 3 illustrate a prior art glove 10 for protecting a hand and a wrist of a hockey or lacrosse player. The glove 10 has a hand receiving portion 11 for covering the palm and dorsal side of the hand and a thumb sheath 14 for covering the thumb. The hand receiving portion 11 comprises a palm sheet 12 for facing the palm of the hand. The hand receiving portion 11 also comprises a dorsal sheet 13 for covering the dorsal side of the hand. Each of the palm and dorsal sheets 12, 13 are connected to respective palm and dorsal finger sheets for covering the palm and dorsal surfaces of the respective fingers. The hand receiving portion 11 also has finger sheaths 16 for protecting the player's fingers. Each finger sheath 16 includes a gusset 17 and at least one finger padding element 18 attached to the finger gusset 17 for protecting the fingers. The glove 10 also comprises a cuff 15 for covering the player's wrist.
  • The prior art glove 10 includes a plurality of dorsal protectors 20 which cooperatively cover the dorsal region of the glove and which generally overly the dorsal side of the player's hand. As best seen in Figure 3, each of the dorsal protectors 20 includes a pocket 22 and a padding element 24. The pockets 22 are formed by stitching a layer of material to the dorsal sheet 13 (see stitches 30 in Figure 3). The dorsal sheet 13 therefore acts as a base layer on which pockets 22 are attached. While only portion of the stitches 30 are shown in Figure 3, it is understood that the stitches 30 surround the padding elements 24 to hold the padding elements 24 in place on the dorsal sheet 13.
  • In the prior art glove 10, the dorsal protectors 20 are spaced such as to provide a level of flexibility in both a longitudinal and a lateral direction of the glove 10. The dorsal protectors 20 are thus separated by gaps, spaces, grooves or channels 19 which act as flexion zones that allow flexion of the dorsal region of the glove 10 when the player's hand flexes. For example, as seen in Figure 2, the dorsal region of the glove may have two longitudinal flexion zones 19 and two transversal flexion zones 19 for adding flexibility to the dorsal region and allowing some degree of flexion of the player's hand. Hence, the dorsal region of the prior art glove 10 has nine distinct dorsal protectors 20 made of nine pockets 22 enclosing nine padding elements 24 and these dorsal protectors 20 are separated by four gaps, spaces, grooves, channels or flexion zones 19.
  • As it is well known in the art, the flexibility of the prior art gloves along their dorsal portion is largely dependent on the presence of these gaps, spaces, grooves, channels or flexion zones between the distinct dorsal protectors and a prior art glove thus generally comprises at least three distinct dorsal protectors separated by two gaps, spaces, grooves, channels or flexion zones.
  • Figures 4 to 7 illustrate a glove 100 for protecting a hand of a hockey or lacrosse player and being constructed in accordance with a first embodiment of the invention.
  • The glove 100 has side protectors 101 for protecting the side portion of the player's index finger. The glove 100 also includes a lateral protective region 121 for protecting the lateral portion of the player's hand. In the embodiment shown, the lateral protective region 121 includes a number of protectors (such as lateral protectors 121A, 121B).
  • The glove 100 has a hand covering portion 102 including a dorsal portion 114 for covering the dorsal side of the player's hand.. As best seen in Figures 4 and 5, the dorsal portion 114 extends longitudinally from a proximal dorsal end 114A to a distal dorsal end 114B and extends transversally from a medial dorsal edge 114C to a lateral dorsal edge 114D. The hand covering portion 102 also includes a thumb sheath 105 for covering the player's thumb. The glove 100 further comprises a cuff 103, which extends along a sufficient length for protecting the player's wrist and the lower forearm of the player. The cuff 103 is secured to the hand covering portion 102 of the glove 100 and has a proximal cuff edge 103A and a distal cuff edge 103B.
  • The hand covering portion 102 comprises four finger sheaths 104. Each finger sheath 104 includes a proximal finger sheath end 104A, a distal finger sheath end 104B, a medial finger sheath edge 104C and a lateral finger sheath edge 104D (see Figures 4 and 5). Each finger sheath 104 comprises a finger gusset 115 for enclosing a respective finger of the player as well as a finger protector 116 for protecting a respective finger from impact.
  • As best shown in Figure 12, the hand covering portion 102 also comprises a palm sheet 106 and a dorsal sheet 108 connected to a plurality of palm finger sheets 107 and dorsal finger sheets 109 respectively. In the embodiment shown, the palm and dorsal sheets 106, 108 are formed integral with their respective palm and dorsal finger sheets 107, 109 for defining lower and upper sheets 120, 122 for facing the palmar and dorsal regions of the player's hand of fingers and such lower and upper sheets 120, 122 may also have integrated proximal extensions 111, 113 for facing the lower and upper sides of the players' wrist and lower forearm. In other embodiments, the palm and dorsal sheets may be separate from (and attached to) the palm and dorsal finger sheets. The palm and dorsal sheets 106, 108 overly the metacarpal region MR of the human hand. As such, each of the palm and dorsal sheets 106, 108 respectively define proximal ends 106A, 108A, distal ends 106B, 108B, medial ends 106C, 108C and lateral ends 106D, 108D.
  • As best shown in Figure 9, the respective palm and dorsal finger sheets 107, 109 are connected to each other via a side finger web 112 to create the finger gussets 115.
  • The four finger protectors 116 protect the dorsal surfaces of the index finger F1, middle finger F2, ring finger F3 and little finger F4 respectively. Each of the finger protectors 116 extends from a proximal end 116A to a distal end 116B and has a medial edge 116C and a lateral edge 116D. The proximal end 116A of each finger padding element 116 is positioned near the distal dorsal end 114B of the dorsal portion 114 and the distal end 116B of each finger padding element 116 is generally positioned near the respective distal phalanxes of the player's fingers. Each of the finger protectors 116 has a protective padding element 118 for protecting the fingers of a player's hand. This padding element 118 is contained in a pocket 117 that is affixed to one of the dorsal finger sheets 109.
  • Reverting to Figure 12, the dorsal sheet 108 has a length L and a width W. The length L is measured along an axis generally parallel to a longitudinal axis A-A of the glove 100 and the width W is measured along an axis generally normal the longitudinal axis A-A of the glove 100. The longitudinal axis A-A of the glove 100 would be generally parallel to a longitudinal axis of the hand and wrist WR of the player. More specifically, the length L is measured between the proximal and distal ends 108A, 108B of the dorsal sheet 108 while the width W is measured between the medial and lateral ends 108C, 108D of the dorsal sheet 108. The dorsal sheet 108 will define a trapezoidal shape similar to the one defined by the metacarpal region MR (as shown in Figures 1A and 1C). Thus, while the dorsal sheet 108 is not perfectly rectangular, the dimensions of length L and width W are shown for illustrative purposes. Moreover, the trapezoid of the dorsal sheet 108 may be seen as defining a "maximal length" and a "maximal width". The expression "maximal length" refers to the largest dimension of the trapezoid when taken along the longitudinal axis A-A of the glove 100, while the term "maximal width" refers to the largest dimension of the trapezoid when taken along a direction generally perpendicular to the longitudinal axis A-A of the glove 100.
  • The lower and upper sheets 120, 122 may be made of a suitable flexible material such as soft leather, leather-like materials, synthetic suede, or Nash fabric. An example of a suitable material is commercialized under the name CLARINO. The lower and upper sheets 120, 122 may also be treated with silicone to improve stick control and may further be reinforced with a protective layer.
  • The dorsal portion 114 of the glove 100 includes a padding element 140 enclosed in a single pocket 138 for forming a first dorsal protector 139 for overlying and protecting the dorsal side of the player's hand. The single pocket 138 is formed by stitching a layer of material to the dorsal sheet 108 via stitches 130 that at least partially surround the padding element 140. The dorsal protector 139 made of the single pocket 138 and padding element 140 overlies a substantial portion of the dorsal side of the player's hand when the player's hand is received in the hand covering portion 102 of the glove. As best shown in Figures 4, 5 and 12, the dorsal portion 114 of the glove 100 also includes a second dorsal protector 139' made of a second single pocket 138' enclosing a second padding element 140', the second dorsal protector 139' overlying the rest of the dorsal side of the player's hand. The padding element 140 has three longitudinal flexion zones 150 and four transversal flexion zones 150 while the padding element 140' has only three transversal flexion zones 150'.
  • The periphery of the dorsal portion 114 can include curved and/or straight profiles. In the embodiment shown, the proximal dorsal end 114A is delimited by a curved profile provided in the proximal end portions of the protectors 139, 139' while the lateral dorsal edge 114D has an inwardly bent profile defined by two substantially straight edges provided in the lateral side portion of the protector 139'. It is therefore understood that a variety of shapes delimiting the first and second dorsal protectors 139, 139' of the dorsal portion 114 may be contemplated by a skilled person in the art.
  • While the length L and width W of the dorsal portion 114 may vary from one embodiment to another, a glove in accordance with the present invention includes one dorsal protector made of a single pocket enclosing a padding element, the dorsal protector covering a substantial portion of the dorsal side of the player's hand. More specifically, the dorsal protector should occupy more than half of the length L of the dorsal sheet 108 and more than half of the width W of the dorsal sheet 108. In some embodiments, the dorsal protector may occupy at least three-quarters of the maximal length L of the dorsal sheet 108 and at least three-quarters of the maximal width W of the dorsal sheet 108. In the embodiment of Figures 4 and 5, the first dorsal protector 139 made of the single pocket 138 and padding element 140 occupies a majority of the maximal length L of the dorsal sheet 108 and a substantial part of the maximal width W of the dorsal sheet 108. Moreover, the padding element 140 contained in the single pocket 138 has at least one flexion zone 150 such that, in use, flexing of the player's hand imparts movement of the padding element 140 of the dorsal protector 139. In the embodiment, the padding element 140 has three longitudinal flexion zones 150 and four transversal flexion zones 150.
  • The glove 100 may also comprise overlay elements 160 mounted, affixed, molded, stitched or glued on an upper surface or layer of the single pocket 138 (or 138'). More specifically, a pattern of overlay elements 160 is provided on the dorsal portion 114 of the glove 100. In the embodiment shown, the overlay elements 160 generally have an elongated shape. Overlay elements 160 may be made of any material that may provide an additional level of protection to the dorsal side of a player's hand thereby acting as reinforcement elements. For example, overlay elements 160 may be made of plastic such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyethylene terephtalate (PET), etc. Furthermore, overlay elements 160 may be attached to the pocket 138 via any appropriate means such as by fusing the plastic to the fabric, sewing, via an adhesive, etc.
  • In some embodiments, a majority of the single pockets 138, 138' may be covered with the overlay elements 160. Other patterns and shapes can however be envisioned by a person of skill in the art to provide a desired level of reinforcement and/or a desired visual appearance to the glove 100.
  • Thus, the overlay elements 160 can provide an inexpensive option to enhance the level of protection provided by the glove 100. Furthermore, the overlay elements 160 can also give the glove 100 a decorative and more detailed visual appearance, thereby mimicking the appearance of a glove having a plurality of different and distinct dorsal protectors separated by a plurality of gaps, spaces, grooves, channels or flexion zones. It is understood that the overlay elements 160 may be primarily aesthetic while providing little additional protection.
  • Other embodiments, such as glove 200 shown in Figure 15, are also possible (it is noted that elements of glove 200 which are similar to those of glove 100 are designated by similar reference numerals in the 200 series). In this embodiment, the glove 200 includes a dorsal protector 239 made of a single pocket 238 enclosing a padding element 240, the dorsal protector 239 occupying substantially all of the maximal length L and width W of the dorsal sheet. In other words, the single pocket 238 and padding element 240 contained therein form the single dorsal protector 239, which is the sole protector of the dorsal portion 214, thereby protecting all of the dorsal side of the player's hand.
  • With specific reference to Figures 13, 14, 16 and 17, different embodiments of the dorsal padding elements will now be described in more detail.
  • Figures 13 and 14 show two different examples of a padding element 140 which would be used in the glove 100 and Figures 16 and 17 show two different examples of a padding element 240 which would be used in the glove 200.
  • The respective padding elements 140, 240 include a plurality of substantially rectangular padding blocks 142, 242, base portions 144, 244 and flexion zones 150, 250 positioned between the rectangular padding blocks 142, 242 to accommodate flexing of the player's hand by easing the flexing of the glove in the dorsal portions 114, 214. In the embodiment shown, the flexion zones 150, 250 are shaped such that they generally extend along flexion axes 151, 251. Flexion axes 151, 251 are arranged in a checkerboard pattern in Figures 13 and 16 such as to permit a generally even amount of flexion in both the lengthwise and widthwise direction of the padding elements 140, 240. More specifically, some of the flexion axes 151, 251 are generally perpendicular to the longitudinal axis A-A of the glove while others are generally parallel to the longitudinal axis A-A of the glove. The flexion axes 151, 251 can however also be arranged generally transverse to the longitudunal axis A-A.
  • For example, in the embodiments of Figure 14 and 17, the flexion axes 151, 251 extend in a direction generally transverse to the longitudinal axis A-A of the glove, without being parallel or perpendicular thereto. In yet other embodiments, the flexion zones 150, 250 may extend along straight, curved, wavy or zigzag lines separating padding blocks of any shape. In addition, some embodiments may include a padding element having a single flexion zone across a portion or the entirety of the padding element. Furthermore, it should be noted that a given flexion zone needs not to extend throughout all the thickness of the padding element.
  • The padding elements 140, 240 may be thermoformed in order to produce the plurality of rectangular blocks 142, 242 and flexion zones 150, 250. A variety of different types of foam may be used for the padding elements 140, 240. For example, the padding elements 140, 240 may be made of polyether foam, polyester foam, ethafoam, volara, etc.
  • Furthermore, the padding elements 140, 240 may each have a thickness T of approximately 1.75 to 2.0 cm while the flexion zones 150, 250 may define channels, grooves, gaps or spaces S of approximately 1.0 to 1.5 mm between the rectangular blocks 142, 242 and may have a thickness of approximately 5% to 95% of the thickness T of the padding element.
  • In other embodiments, the thickness T and spaces S of the padding elements 140, 240 could be of different dimensions in order to modify the amount of flexion and protection provided by the padding elements 140, 240. For example, the padding elements 140, 240 may have a thickness of 1.5 cm and spaces of 2 mm in order to further ease flexion of the dorsal side of the player's hand. Other combinations are possible in order to optimize the desired level of flexion and protection for a given glove.
  • Furthermore, depending on the inherent flexibility of the type of padding material used, the padding element may have only one flexion zone. In addition, other physical characteristics of the padding elements 140, 240 may be selected to satisfy a specific purpose. For example, the padding element may be slightly curved in order to wrap around the player's hand. The curvature may be along the lengthwise and/or widthwise directions of the glove.
  • The padding elements 140, 240 may be cut from a sheet of padding material having a plurality of padding blocks or projections separated by flexing zones in order to produce a shape which is tailored to the dimensions of the dorsal protectors 139, 139' of the gloves 100 and dorsal protector 239 of the glove 200. Thus, a single uniform sheet of padding material may be manufactured and used to form padding elements 140, 240 for a plurality of gloves. As there are a virtually unlimited number of cutting lines along which the padding material may be cut, the shape of the padding elements 140, 240 may be easily shaped to accommodate the requirements of a specific glove. Moreover, the padding material may be cut to accommodate a plurality of gloves having a variety of designs and sizes.
  • While the padding elements 140, 240 have been shown as a single piece held within respective single pockets 138, 138', 238, it is understood that each of the padding elements 140, 240 can refer to a plurality of pieces contained within the respective single pockets 138, 138', 238. In such embodiments, the manufacturing of flexion zones 150, 250 may be omitted and a predefined amount of spacing may be provided between the individual pieces of the dorsal padding elements in order to create an effect similar to that of spaces S of the dorsal padding elements 140, 240. In such embodiments, it is understood that a single pocket 138, 138', 238 would contain the plurality of individual pieces of the dorsal padding elements.
  • Thus, while prior art gloves (such as glove 10) rely on the presence of a plurality of gaps, spaces, grooves, channels or flexing zones between a plurality of dorsal protectors, a glove in accordance with the present invention provides such flexibility with a simpler arrangement. More specifically, a substantial portion or the entirety of the dorsal side of a player's hand is protected with a dorsal protector made of a single pocket enclosing a padding element while still permitting flexion of the player's hand via one or more gaps, spaces, grooves, channels or flexion zones provided in the padding element or between individual pieces of the padding element.
  • With specific reference to Figures 10 and 11, two different embodiments are shown regarding the overlay elements 160.
  • In Figure 10, the overlay elements 160 are affixed to the upper surface or layer of the pocket 138 via any suitable means such as an adhesive, fusion, sewing, etc. and the outer surface of each overlay element 160 is directly exposed.
  • In the embodiment of Figure 11, the overlay elements 160 are contained between the single pocket 138 and a covering layer 162 that is attached to the upper surface or layer of the pocket 138. The overlay elements 160 may be attached to either of the single pocket 138 and covering layer 162. Alternatively, the overlay elements 160 can simply lie between the single pocket 138 and covering layer 162.
  • In both embodiments, namely the one where the overlay elements 160 are directly exposed and the one where the overlay elements are covered by the covering layers 162, the overlay elements 160 form bumps projecting upwardly from the upper surface or layer of the pocket 138 (138' or 238) for creating a decorative pattern on the dorsal portion 114 (or 214) of the glove. The overlay elements 160 or covering layers 162 may be contrastingly colored in comparison to the rest of the dorsal portion 114 (or 214) to emphasize the presence of the overlay elements 160 or simply for aesthetic value.
  • As indicated previously, the overlay elements 160 may provide further protection or may be purely aesthetic for adding decorative value. The overlay elements 160 and covering layers 162 may be patches of additional fabric of different color affixed to the pocket 138 (138' or 238) and/or thermoformed material fused to the pocket 138 (138' or 238).
  • Any feature of any embodiment discussed herein may be combined with any feature of any other embodiment discussed herein in some examples of implementation. Various embodiments and examples have been presented for the purpose of describing, but not limiting, the invention. Various modifications and enhancements will become apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art and are within the scope of the invention, which is defined by the appended claims.

Claims (15)

  1. A glove (100; 200) for protecting a hand of a hockey or lacrosse player, the player's hand having a wrist, a palm, a dorsal side with medial and lateral edges, four fingers and a thumb, each finger extending from a proximal articulation to a distal end, the hockey or lacrosse glove defining a longitudinal axis generally parallel to a longitudinal axis of the player's hand and comprising a hand receiving portion (102; 202) and a cuff (103; 203) for at least partially covering the wrist, the cuff extending longitudinally from a proximal end (103A; 203A) to a distal end (103B; 203B), the hand receiving portion comprising a thumb sheath (105; 205) for protecting the thumb of the player's hand; four finger sheaths (104; 204) for protecting the four fingers of the player's hand, each finger sheath having a finger gusset (115; 215) for receiving the finger and a finger protector (116; 216) covering the finger gusset, each finger gusset having a proximal end for covering the proximal articulation of the finger and a distal end for covering the distal end of the finger; a palm sheet (106; 206) for covering the palm of the player's hand; a dorsal sheet (108; 208) for covering the dorsal side of the player's hand when the glove is in use, the dorsal sheet extending longitudinally from a proximal end (108A; 208A) proximate the distal end of the cuff to a distal end (108B; 208B) proximate the proximal end of each finger gusset and extending transversally from a medial end (108C; 208C) proximate the medial edge of the dorsal side of the player's hand to a lateral end (108D; 208D) proximate the lateral edge of the dorsal side of the player's hand, the dorsal sheet having a maximal length (L) measured between its proximal and distal ends and a maximal width (W) measured between its medial and lateral ends; and a dorsal protector (139; 239) covering the dorsal sheet, the dorsal protector being characterized in that it comprises (i) a single pocket (138; 238) mounted to the dorsal sheet and occupying at least three-quarters of the maximal length of the dorsal sheet and at least three-quarters of the maximal width of the dorsal sheet and (ii) a padding element (140; 240) contained in the single pocket, the padding element comprising a flexion zone (150; 250) being defined by at least one gap, space, groove or channel provided in the padding element and extending in a direction generally parallel to the longitudinal axis of the hockey or lacrosse glove or in a direction generally transverse to the longitudinal axis of the hockey or lacrosse glove such that, in use, flexing of the player's hand imparts movement of the padding element of the dorsal protector.
  2. The hockey or lacrosse glove of claim 1, wherein the single pocket (138; 238) and padding element (140; 240) of the dorsal protector occupy substantially all of the maximal length of the dorsal sheet.
  3. The hockey or lacrosse glove of claim 1, wherein the single pocket (138; 238) and padding element (140; 240) of the dorsal protector occupy substantially all of the maximal width of the dorsal sheet.
  4. The hockey or lacrosse glove of any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the at least one gap, space, groove or channel has a straight, curved, wavy or zizag shape.
  5. The hockey or lacrosse glove of any one of claim 1 to 4, wherein the flexion zone (150; 250) includes a plurality of gaps, spaces, grooves or channels arranged in a checkerboard pattern.
  6. The hockey or lacrosse glove of any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the padding element (140; 240) is made of foam.
  7. The hockey or lacrosse glove of any one of claims 1 to 6, further comprising at least one overlay element (160; 260) provided on the single pocket.
  8. The hockey or lacrosse glove of claim 7, wherein the at least one overlay element (160; 260) is adhesively affixed to the single pocket.
  9. The hockey or lacrosse glove of claim 7, wherein the at least one overlay element (160; 260) is fused to the single pocket.
  10. The hockey or lacrosse glove of claim 7, wherein the single pocket forms a first upper layer, and wherein the dorsal protector further comprises a second upper layer (162) affixed to the first upper layer, and wherein the at least one overlay element is contained between the first and second upper layers.
  11. The hockey or lacrosse glove of claim 7, wherein the at least one overlay element (160; 260) is made of plastic.
  12. The hockey or lacrosse glove of any one of claims 1 to 11, wherein the dorsal protector, single pocket, padding element and flexion zone are first dorsal protector (139), first single pocket (138), first padding element (140) and first flexion zone (150) respectively and wherein the glove further comprises a second dorsal protector (139') covering the dorsal sheet, the second dorsal protector comprising (i) a second single pocket (138') mounted to the dorsal sheet and occupying less than one-quarter of the maximal length of the dorsal sheet and less than one-quarter of the maximal width of the dorsal sheet and (ii) a second padding element (140') contained in the second single pocket, the second padding element comprising a second flexion zone (150') such that, in use, flexing of the player's hand imparts movement of the second padding element of the second dorsal protector.
  13. The hockey or lacrosse glove of claim 12, wherein the second flexion zone (150') is defined by at least one second gap, space, groove or channel provided in the second padding element.
  14. The hockey or lacrosse glove of claim 13, wherein the at least one second gap, space, groove or channel extends in a direction generally parallel to the longitudinal axis of the hockey or lacrosse glove.
  15. The hockey or lacrosse glove of claim 13 or 14, wherein the at least one second gap, space, groove or channel extends in a direction generally transverse to the longitudinal axis of the hockey or lacrosse glove.
EP20130180766 2013-08-16 2013-08-16 Glove for a hockey or lacrosse player Active EP2837411B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP20130180766 EP2837411B1 (en) 2013-08-16 2013-08-16 Glove for a hockey or lacrosse player

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP20130180766 EP2837411B1 (en) 2013-08-16 2013-08-16 Glove for a hockey or lacrosse player

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP2837411A1 true EP2837411A1 (en) 2015-02-18
EP2837411B1 true EP2837411B1 (en) 2015-12-23

Family

ID=48998506

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP20130180766 Active EP2837411B1 (en) 2013-08-16 2013-08-16 Glove for a hockey or lacrosse player

Country Status (1)

Country Link
EP (1) EP2837411B1 (en)

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA899551A (en) * 1969-08-26 1972-05-09 A. G. Spalding And Bros. Of Canada Limited Protector for a hockey glove
US6584615B1 (en) * 1998-11-06 2003-07-01 Mission Hockey Company Asymmetrical hockey glove system with articulated locking thumb
US6959453B2 (en) * 2003-10-31 2005-11-01 Franklin Sports, Inc. Hockey glove
US8132269B1 (en) * 2009-06-15 2012-03-13 XProTeX Sport Group Worldwide, LLC Matched pair of protective baseball batting gloves for right handed and left handed batters to protect the side of the hand and the wrist facing a pitcher with protective shock absorbing members on the exterior of the glove

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP2837411A1 (en) 2015-02-18 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3387306A (en) Golf glove
US5946720A (en) Protective glove with ergonomics features
US5301370A (en) Shin pad with achilles tendon protection
US6305031B1 (en) Protective appliance
US4747163A (en) Cyclist gloves
US4497073A (en) Lacrosse glove
US6065152A (en) Athletic shin guard
US5855022A (en) Golf glove and method of making same
US5815839A (en) Flexible wear-resistant glove
US5511242A (en) Protective sports glove
US6701530B2 (en) Hockey goaltender's blocker glove
US6550069B1 (en) Padded sports glove having improved flexibility and breathability
US6145134A (en) Custom fitted body part protector and method
US6845514B1 (en) Protective device for the median and ulnar nerves
US5581809A (en) Protective glove
US4930162A (en) Hockey glove having lateral padded wart with split and flexible insert
US6453474B2 (en) Hockey goaltender catch glove
US7000256B2 (en) Work glove
US6233744B1 (en) Asymmetrical protective sporting gloves
US4346481A (en) Baseball mitt
US7370373B2 (en) Protective glove with independent pads
US6959453B2 (en) Hockey glove
US4137572A (en) Protective glove, especially intended for ice hockey players
US5067175A (en) Padded garment
US20060179549A1 (en) Adjustable formfitting protective footwear

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AX Request for extension of the european patent to

Extension state: BA ME

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 20141017

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

RAP1 Transfer of rights of an ep published application

Owner name: BAUER HOCKEY CORP.

INTG Announcement of intention to grant

Effective date: 20150602

RAP1 Transfer of rights of an ep published application

Owner name: BAUER HOCKEY CORP.

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: B1

Designated state(s): AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: GB

Ref legal event code: FG4D

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: CH

Ref legal event code: EP

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: IE

Ref legal event code: FG4D

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: AT

Ref legal event code: REF

Ref document number: 766274

Country of ref document: AT

Kind code of ref document: T

Effective date: 20160115

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: R096

Ref document number: 602013004210

Country of ref document: DE

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: SE

Ref legal event code: TRGR

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: CH

Ref legal event code: NV

Representative=s name: PATENTANWAELTE SCHAAD, BALASS, MENZL AND PARTN, CH

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: LT

Ref legal event code: MG4D

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: NL

Ref legal event code: MP

Effective date: 20151223

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: LT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151223

Ref country code: NO

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20160323

Ref country code: HR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151223

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: AT

Ref legal event code: MK05

Ref document number: 766274

Country of ref document: AT

Kind code of ref document: T

Effective date: 20151223

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: RS

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151223

Ref country code: LV

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151223

Ref country code: NL

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151223

Ref country code: GR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20160324

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: CZ

Payment date: 20160212

Year of fee payment: 4

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: ES

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151223

Ref country code: IT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151223

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: RO

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151223

Ref country code: IS

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20160423

Ref country code: SK

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151223

Ref country code: PL

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151223

Ref country code: AT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151223

Ref country code: SM

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151223

Ref country code: EE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151223

Ref country code: PT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20160426

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: R097

Ref document number: 602013004210

Country of ref document: DE

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: DK

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151223

26N No opposition filed

Effective date: 20160926

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: BE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151223

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: SI

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151223

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: R119

Ref document number: 602013004210

Country of ref document: DE

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: SE

Ref legal event code: EUG

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: CH

Ref legal event code: PL

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: MC

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151223

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: CH

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20160831

Ref country code: SE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20160817

Ref country code: FI

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20160816

Ref country code: LI

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20160831

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: ST

Effective date: 20170428

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: IE

Ref legal event code: MM4A

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: DE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20170301

Ref country code: FR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20160831

Ref country code: IE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20160816

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: LU

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20160816

GBPC Gb: european patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 20170816

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: CZ

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20170816

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: HU

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT; INVALID AB INITIO

Effective date: 20130816

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: MK

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151223

Ref country code: MT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20160831

Ref country code: CY

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151223

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: BG

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151223

Ref country code: GB

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20170816