EP2705239B1 - Fuel injection unit and system - Google Patents

Fuel injection unit and system Download PDF

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Publication number
EP2705239B1
EP2705239B1 EP12716483.8A EP12716483A EP2705239B1 EP 2705239 B1 EP2705239 B1 EP 2705239B1 EP 12716483 A EP12716483 A EP 12716483A EP 2705239 B1 EP2705239 B1 EP 2705239B1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
fuel
fuel injection
gallery
injection unit
flow
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP12716483.8A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
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EP2705239A1 (en
Inventor
Anders Hultqvist
Steffen Jung
Luca Zuanigh
Anton Wintersteller
Patrick ORIE
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wartsila Finland Oy
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Wartsila Finland Oy
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Filing date
Publication date
Priority to FI20115418A priority Critical patent/FI20115418A0/en
Application filed by Wartsila Finland Oy filed Critical Wartsila Finland Oy
Priority to PCT/FI2012/050297 priority patent/WO2012150377A1/en
Publication of EP2705239A1 publication Critical patent/EP2705239A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP2705239B1 publication Critical patent/EP2705239B1/en
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Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M63/00Other fuel-injection apparatus having pertinent characteristics not provided for in groups F02M39/00 - F02M57/00 or F02M67/00; Details, component parts, or accessories of fuel-injection apparatus, not provided for in, or of interest apart from, the apparatus of groups F02M39/00 - F02M61/00 or F02M67/00; Combination of fuel pump with other devices, e.g. lubricating oil pump
    • F02M63/0012Valves
    • F02M63/0014Valves characterised by the valve actuating means
    • F02M63/0028Valves characterised by the valve actuating means hydraulic
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M47/00Fuel-injection apparatus operated cyclically with fuel-injection valves actuated by fluid pressure
    • F02M47/04Fuel-injection apparatus operated cyclically with fuel-injection valves actuated by fluid pressure using fluid, other than fuel, for injection-valve actuation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M45/00Fuel-injection apparatus characterised by having a cyclic delivery of specific time/pressure or time/quantity relationship
    • F02M45/02Fuel-injection apparatus characterised by having a cyclic delivery of specific time/pressure or time/quantity relationship with each cyclic delivery being separated into two or more parts
    • F02M45/04Fuel-injection apparatus characterised by having a cyclic delivery of specific time/pressure or time/quantity relationship with each cyclic delivery being separated into two or more parts with a small initial part, e.g. initial part for partial load and initial and main part for full load
    • F02M45/08Injectors peculiar thereto
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M45/00Fuel-injection apparatus characterised by having a cyclic delivery of specific time/pressure or time/quantity relationship
    • F02M45/02Fuel-injection apparatus characterised by having a cyclic delivery of specific time/pressure or time/quantity relationship with each cyclic delivery being separated into two or more parts
    • F02M45/04Fuel-injection apparatus characterised by having a cyclic delivery of specific time/pressure or time/quantity relationship with each cyclic delivery being separated into two or more parts with a small initial part, e.g. initial part for partial load and initial and main part for full load
    • F02M45/08Injectors peculiar thereto
    • F02M45/086Having more than one injection-valve controlling discharge orifices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M63/00Other fuel-injection apparatus having pertinent characteristics not provided for in groups F02M39/00 - F02M57/00 or F02M67/00; Details, component parts, or accessories of fuel-injection apparatus, not provided for in, or of interest apart from, the apparatus of groups F02M39/00 - F02M61/00 or F02M67/00; Combination of fuel pump with other devices, e.g. lubricating oil pump
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M63/00Other fuel-injection apparatus having pertinent characteristics not provided for in groups F02M39/00 - F02M57/00 or F02M67/00; Details, component parts, or accessories of fuel-injection apparatus, not provided for in, or of interest apart from, the apparatus of groups F02M39/00 - F02M61/00 or F02M67/00; Combination of fuel pump with other devices, e.g. lubricating oil pump
    • F02M63/0003Fuel-injection apparatus having a cyclically-operated valve for connecting a pressure source, e.g. constant pressure pump or accumulator, to an injection valve held closed mechanically, e.g. by springs, and automatically opened by fuel pressure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M63/00Other fuel-injection apparatus having pertinent characteristics not provided for in groups F02M39/00 - F02M57/00 or F02M67/00; Details, component parts, or accessories of fuel-injection apparatus, not provided for in, or of interest apart from, the apparatus of groups F02M39/00 - F02M61/00 or F02M67/00; Combination of fuel pump with other devices, e.g. lubricating oil pump
    • F02M63/0003Fuel-injection apparatus having a cyclically-operated valve for connecting a pressure source, e.g. constant pressure pump or accumulator, to an injection valve held closed mechanically, e.g. by springs, and automatically opened by fuel pressure
    • F02M63/0005Fuel-injection apparatus having a cyclically-operated valve for connecting a pressure source, e.g. constant pressure pump or accumulator, to an injection valve held closed mechanically, e.g. by springs, and automatically opened by fuel pressure using valves actuated by fluid pressure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M2200/00Details of fuel-injection apparatus, not otherwise provided for
    • F02M2200/44Valves, e.g. injectors, with valve bodies arranged side-by-side

Description

    Technical field of the invention
  • The present invention relates to a fuel injection unit for an internal combustion engine according to the preamble of claim 1. The invention also concerns a fuel injection system in accordance with the preamble of the other independent claim.
  • Background of the invention
  • In large compression ignition internal combustion engines, such as those used in ships or at power plants, smoke formation at low loads is a common problem (s. for example US 2003 098371 ). The fuel injectors of the engines must be capable of delivering the fuel amount needed for the operation at maximum load. Since large internal combustion engines need to run reliably and efficiently at maximum or near maximum power, the injectors are usually optimized for high loads. This means that at low loads the injectors do not work optimally and smoke is formed. If the injector performance at low loads is improved, this usually leads to higher fuel consumption at high loads.
  • Summary of the invention
  • An object of the present invention is to provide an improved fuel injection unit for an internal combustion engine. The characterizing features of the fuel injection unit according to the present invention are given in the characterizing part of claim 1. Another object of the invention is to provide an improved fuel injection system for an internal combustion engine. The characterizing features of the fuel injection system according to the present invention are given in the characterizing part of the other independent claim.
  • According to the present invention, the fuel injection unit comprises a body, a first fuel gallery and a second fuel gallery, a first fuel injection nozzle and a second fuel injection nozzle, a first injector needle for opening and closing flow communication between the first fuel gallery and the first fuel injection nozzle, and a second injector needle for opening and closing flow communication between the second fuel gallery and the second fuel injection nozzle.
  • The fuel injection system in accordance with the invention comprises a fuel injection pump and a fuel injection unit for each cylinder of the engine, means for connecting the fuel injection pump to the fuel injection unit, and a control valve for controlling the operation of the fuel injection unit. The fuel injection unit comprises a body, a first fuel gallery and a second fuel gallery, a first fuel injection nozzle and a second fuel injection nozzle, a first injector needle for opening and closing flow communication between the first fuel gallery and the first fuel injection nozzle, and a second injector needle for opening and closing flow communication between the second fuel gallery and the second fuel injection nozzle.
  • With the fuel injection unit and system in accordance with the invention, a suitable fuel injection nozzle can be chosen for different operating conditions of the engine. As a result, the fuel consumption of the engine can be reduced and at the same time it is possible to achieve lower NOx, CO and hydrocarbon emissions and lower smoke formation.
  • According to an embodiment of the invention, the flow area past the second injector needle is smaller than the flow area past the first injector needle. The first fuel injection nozzle can thus be used for injecting large amounts of fuel and the second fuel injection nozzle can be used for injecting smaller amounts of fuel. For instance, the first fuel injection nozzle can be used when the engine load is over 30 percent of the maximum load, and the second fuel injection nozzle can be used for lower engine loads.
  • According to the invention, the control valve comprises a valve member having at least a first position where fuel flow from an inlet port of the control valve to the first fuel gallery is allowed and fuel flow from the inlet port to the second fuel gallery is prevented, and a second position where fuel flow from the inlet port to the second fuel gallery is allowed and fuel flow from the inlet port to the first fuel gallery is prevented. The control valve is integrated into the fuel injection unit or into the fuel injection pump.
  • According to the invention, the system comprises means for pneumatically actuating the valve member.
  • According to an embodiment of the invention, the valve member has a third position, where fuel flow from the inlet port to both the first and the second fuel gallery is allowed.
  • Brief description of the drawings
    • Fig. 1 shows a cross-sectional view of a fuel injection unit according to an embodiment of the invention.
    • Fig. 2 shows a cross-sectional view of the fuel injection unit of Fig. 1 from another direction.
    • Fig. 3 shows the fuel injection unit of Fig. 1 in connection with a cylinder head.
    • Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 show a detailed cross-sectional view of a valve member that controls fuel injection.
    Detailed description of the invention
  • Embodiments of the invention are now described in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
  • Figures 1 and 2 show a fuel injection unit 1 for a large internal combustion engine, such as an engine that is used in a ship or at a power plant. In figure 3 is shown the same fuel injection unit 1 in connection with a cylinder head 21 of an internal combustion engine. The fuel injection unit 1 is arranged to receive pressurized fuel directly from a fuel injection pump 22. According to the embodiment shown in the figures, the fuel injection unit 1 comprises an injector part 20, a middle part 30, a control valve 9 and a pneumatic actuator 11. The fuel injection unit 1 is connected to the fuel injection pump 22 with a fuel delivery duct 23. Each cylinder 33 of the engine is provided with an own fuel injection pump 22. The fuel injection pump 22 is a high-pressure pump that comprises means for controlling injection timing and the amount of the injected fuel.
  • The fuel injection unit 1 comprises a body 29, which can consist of several parts. Two fuel injection nozzles 3, 4 are arranged in the injector part 20 of the fuel injection unit 1. The first fuel injection nozzle 3 is intended for injecting large amounts of fuel and the second fuel injection nozzle 4 is intended for injecting small amounts of fuel into a cylinder 33 of the engine. The same fuel is injected through both fuel injection nozzles 3, 4. The second fuel injection nozzle 4 can be used for instance when the engine load is 30 percent or less of the maximum load, and the first fuel injection nozzle 3 is used when the engine load is more than 30 percent of the maximum load. Conventionally, fuel injection nozzles have been optimized for the full load, which has led to higher fuel consumption and smoke formation at part load. Also NOx, CO and hydrocarbon emissions have been higher. With two different fuel injection nozzles 3, 4, each nozzle can be optimized for different engine load. It is also possible that the fuel injection nozzles 3, 4 are identical and only one of the nozzles 3, 4 is used at low engine loads and both nozzles 3, 4 are used at high engine loads.
  • A first fuel gallery 31 is arranged inside the body 29 of the fuel injection unit 1 upstream from the first fuel injection nozzle 3, and a second fuel gallery 32 is arranged upstream from the second fuel injection nozzle 4. The fuel galleries 31, 32 are used for storing the fuel before injection. The fuel injection unit 1 further comprises a first injector needle 7 and a second injector needle 8. The first injector needle 7 opens and closes flow communication between the first fuel gallery 31 and the first fuel injection nozzle 3. The second injector needle 8 opens and closes flow communication between the second fuel gallery 32 and the second fuel injection nozzle 4. The diameter of the second injector needle 8 is smaller than the diameter of the first injector needle 7. Therefore, also the flow area past the second injector needle 8 is smaller than the flow area past the first injector needle 7. The injector needles 7, 8 are pushed towards their closed positions by springs 27, 28. The injector needles 7, 8 are actuated by the pressure of the fuel that is supplied to the fuel injection unit 1 by the fuel injection pump 22. The injection unit 1 further comprises leakage bores 5 for draining leakages out of the injection unit 1.
  • For choosing through which of the fuel injection nozzles 3, 4 the fuel is injected into the cylinder 33, the fuel injection unit 1 is provided with a control valve 9. The control valve 9 comprises an inlet port 14 that is in flow communication with the fuel inlet 2 of the fuel injection unit 1. The fuel delivery duct 23 from the fuel injection pump 22 is connected to the fuel inlet 2 of the fuel injection unit 1. The control valve 9 further comprises two outlet ports 15, 16. The first outlet port 15 is connected to a first fuel duct 25 that connects the control valve 9 to the first fuel gallery 31, and the second outlet port 16 is connected to a second fuel duct 26 that connects the control valve 9 to the second fuel gallery 32. The control valve 9 comprises a valve member 10 that has three different positions. In the first position of the valve member 10, fuel flow from the inlet port 14 through the first outlet port 15 to the first fuel duct 25 is allowed. Fuel flow from the inlet port 14 to the second outlet port 16 is prevented. In the second position of the valve member 10, fuel flow from the inlet port 14 through the second fuel port 16 to the second fuel duct 26 is allowed. Fuel flow from the inlet port 14 to the first outlet port 15 is prevented. In the third position of the valve member 10, the valve member 10 is in its middle position, where flow both to the first fuel duct 25 and the second fuel duct 26 is allowed. In the figures is shown a situation where the valve member 10 is in its first position. The second outlet port 16 is thus blocked and flow through the first outlet port 15 into the first fuel duct 25 is allowed. Through the first fuel duct 25, fuel can flow to the first fuel gallery 31. The control valve 9 comprises a spring 17 that pushes the valve member 10 towards the first position.
  • For selecting the position of the control valve 9, the fuel injection unit 1 is provided with an actuator. The actuator is a pneumatic actuator 11. In the embodiment of the figures, the actuator 11 comprises a first piston 18 that is arranged in a cylindrical chamber 24. A second piston 12 is arranged inside the first piston 18. The second piston 12 is provided with a rod 19 that is contact with the valve member 10 of the control valve 9. When the pneumatic actuator 11 is not activated, the spring 17 of the control valve 9 pushes via the valve member 10 of the control valve 9 the rod 19 of the second piston 12 upwards. The second piston 12 pushes also the first piston 18 upwards. A spring 13 is arranged above the first piston 18 for pressing the first piston 18 downwards. The spring 13 keeps the first piston 18 in contact with the second piston 12 and the rod 19 of the second piston 12 in contact with the valve member 10 of the control valve 9 even when the pneumatic actuator 11 is not activated. When pressurized air is introduced between the first piston 18 and the second piston 12, the second piston 12 is pushed downwards, i.e. towards the control valve 9. The rod 19 of the second piston 12 pushes the valve member 10 of the control valve 9 to the second position. This position is used when the engine is operated at low load, for instance at load that is 30 percent or less of the maximum load.
  • When pressurized air is introduced into the chamber 24 above the first piston 18, the first piston 18 is pushed downwards, i.e. towards the control valve 9. The first piston 18 pushes also the second piston 12 downwards, and the rod 19 of the second piston 12 pushes the valve member 10 of the control valve 9 to the third position. The third position can be used occasionally to prevent sticking of the injector needles 7, 8. For instance, when the engine is operated for a long period of time at high load, the control valve 9 can be switched to the third position for a short period of time to allow fuel injection also through the second nozzle 4. This flushing can take place according to a predetermined schedule.
  • It will be appreciated by a person skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, but may vary within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (5)

  1. A fuel injection unit (1) for an internal combustion engine, which fuel injection unit (1) comprises
    - a body (29),
    - a first fuel gallery (31) and a second fuel gallery (32),
    - a first fuel injection nozzle (3) and a second fuel injection nozzle (4),
    - a first injector needle (7) for opening and closing flow communication between the first fuel gallery (31) and the first fuel injection nozzle (3),
    - a second injector needle (8) for opening and closing flow communication between the second fuel gallery (32) and the second fuel injection nozzle (4), and
    - a control valve (9) comprising a valve member (10) having at least a first position where fuel flow from a fuel inlet (2) of the fuel injection unit (1) to the first fuel gallery (31) is allowed and fuel flow from the fuel inlet (2) to the second fuel gallery (32) is prevented, and a second position where fuel flow from the fuel inlet (2) to the second fuel gallery (32) is allowed and fuel flow from the fuel inlet (2) to the first fuel gallery (31) is prevented,
    characterized in that the fuel injection unit (1) comprises a pneumatic actuator (11) for actuating the valve member (10) of the control valve (9) and that the control valve (9) is integrated into the fuel injection unit (1).
  2. A fuel injection unit (1) according to claim 1, characterized in that the flow area past the second injector needle (8) is smaller than the flow area past the first injector needle (7).
  3. A fuel injection unit (1) according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the valve member (10) has a third position, where fuel flow from the fuel inlet (2) to both the first and the second fuel gallery (31, 32) is allowed.
  4. A fuel injection system for an internal combustion engine, the fuel injection system comprising a fuel injection pump (22) and a fuel injection unit (1) for each cylinder (33) of the engine, means (23) for connecting the fuel injection pump (22) to the fuel injection unit (1), and a control valve (9) for controlling the operation of the fuel injection unit (1), the fuel injection unit (1) comprising
    - a body (29),
    - a first fuel gallery (31) and a second fuel gallery (32),
    - a first fuel injection nozzle (3) and a second fuel injection nozzle (4),
    - a first injector needle (7) for opening and closing flow communication between the first fuel gallery (31) and the first fuel injection nozzle (3), and
    - a second injector needle (8) for opening and closing flow communication between the second fuel gallery (32) and the second fuel injection nozzle (4),
    the control valve (9) comprising a valve member (10) having at least a first position where fuel flow from an inlet port (14) of the control valve (9) to the first fuel gallery (31) is allowed and fuel flow from the inlet port (14) to the second fuel gallery (32) is prevented, and a second position where fuel flow from the inlet port (14) to the second fuel gallery (32) is allowed and fuel flow from the inlet port (14) to the first fuel gallery (31) is prevented,
    characterized in that the system comprises a pneumatic actuator (11) for actuating the valve member (10) of the control valve (9) and that the control valve (9) is integrated into the fuel injection unit (1).
  5. A fuel injection system according to claim 4, characterized in that the valve member (10) has a third position, where fuel flow from the inlet port (14) to both the first and the second gallery (31, 32) is allowed.
EP12716483.8A 2011-05-03 2012-03-23 Fuel injection unit and system Active EP2705239B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FI20115418A FI20115418A0 (en) 2011-05-03 2011-05-03 FUEL INJECTION UNIT AND SYSTEM
PCT/FI2012/050297 WO2012150377A1 (en) 2011-05-03 2012-03-23 Fuel injection unit and system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP2705239A1 EP2705239A1 (en) 2014-03-12
EP2705239B1 true EP2705239B1 (en) 2015-08-12

Family

ID=44071547

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP12716483.8A Active EP2705239B1 (en) 2011-05-03 2012-03-23 Fuel injection unit and system

Country Status (6)

Country Link
EP (1) EP2705239B1 (en)
JP (2) JP2014513241A (en)
KR (1) KR101930974B1 (en)
CN (1) CN103534474B (en)
FI (1) FI20115418A0 (en)
WO (1) WO2012150377A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR102189094B1 (en) * 2018-01-23 2020-12-10 바르실라 핀랜드 오이 Fuel injection arrangement and how to operate a piston engine

Family Cites Families (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2943896A1 (en) * 1979-10-31 1981-05-14 Robert Bosch Gmbh, 7000 Stuttgart FUEL INJECTION NOZZLE FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
JPH07150965A (en) * 1993-11-26 1995-06-13 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Dual fluid injection device
JP3082622B2 (en) * 1995-07-13 2000-08-28 三菱自動車工業株式会社 Fuel injection control device and control method thereof
DE10010863A1 (en) * 2000-03-06 2001-09-27 Bosch Gmbh Robert Fuel injection nozzle; has nozzle body with two groups of nozzle holes opened and closed by two nozzle needles, which are independently operated and are arranged next to each other
GB0021296D0 (en) * 2000-08-30 2000-10-18 Ricardo Consulting Eng A dual mode fuel injector
JP2002174358A (en) * 2000-12-08 2002-06-21 Smc Corp Solenoid valve with failure diagnostic function
JP2003120845A (en) * 2001-10-12 2003-04-23 Denso Corp Metering valve device and fuel injection pump using the same
DE10205970A1 (en) * 2002-02-14 2003-09-04 Bosch Gmbh Robert Fuel injection valve for internal combustion engines
DE10358861A1 (en) * 2003-12-16 2005-07-14 Robert Bosch Gmbh injection
JP2006029203A (en) * 2004-07-15 2006-02-02 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Diesel engine equipped with pilot fuel device and method for operating the same
DE502005004981D1 (en) * 2005-04-20 2008-09-18 Bucher Hydraulics Ag Neuheim CONTROL VALVE FOR A HYDROMOTOR
US7556017B2 (en) * 2006-03-31 2009-07-07 Caterpillar Inc. Twin needle valve dual mode injector
KR20090012056A (en) * 2007-07-27 2009-02-02 베르트질레 슈바이츠 악티엔게젤샤프트 An injection nozzle for fuel
JP4420097B2 (en) * 2007-10-02 2010-02-24 株式会社デンソー Injection abnormality detection device and fuel injection system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103534474B (en) 2016-08-10
FI20115418A0 (en) 2011-05-03
JP6329999B2 (en) 2018-05-23
EP2705239A1 (en) 2014-03-12
CN103534474A (en) 2014-01-22
JP2016211583A (en) 2016-12-15
WO2012150377A1 (en) 2012-11-08
KR20140032412A (en) 2014-03-14
KR101930974B1 (en) 2018-12-19
JP2014513241A (en) 2014-05-29

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