EP2540849B1 - Aluminum alloy conductor - Google Patents

Aluminum alloy conductor Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP2540849B1
EP2540849B1 EP11747541.8A EP11747541A EP2540849B1 EP 2540849 B1 EP2540849 B1 EP 2540849B1 EP 11747541 A EP11747541 A EP 11747541A EP 2540849 B1 EP2540849 B1 EP 2540849B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
conductor
wire
intermetallic compound
aluminum alloy
mass
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP11747541.8A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP2540849A4 (en
EP2540849A1 (en
Inventor
Shigeki Sekiya
Kyota Susai
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Furukawa Electric Co Ltd
Furukawa Automotive Systems Inc
Original Assignee
Furukawa Electric Co Ltd
Furukawa Automotive Systems Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2010043488 priority Critical
Application filed by Furukawa Electric Co Ltd, Furukawa Automotive Systems Inc filed Critical Furukawa Electric Co Ltd
Priority to PCT/JP2011/054398 priority patent/WO2011105585A1/en
Publication of EP2540849A1 publication Critical patent/EP2540849A1/en
Publication of EP2540849A4 publication Critical patent/EP2540849A4/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP2540849B1 publication Critical patent/EP2540849B1/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B1/00Conductors or conductive bodies characterised by the conductive materials; Selection of materials as conductors
    • H01B1/02Conductors or conductive bodies characterised by the conductive materials; Selection of materials as conductors mainly consisting of metals or alloys
    • H01B1/023Alloys based on aluminium
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C1/00Manufacture of metal sheets, metal wire, metal rods, metal tubes by drawing
    • B21C1/003Drawing materials of special alloys so far as the composition of the alloy requires or permits special drawing methods or sequences
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C21/00Alloys based on aluminium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22FCHANGING THE PHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF NON-FERROUS METALS AND NON-FERROUS ALLOYS
    • C22F1/00Changing the physical structure of non-ferrous metals or alloys by heat treatment or by hot or cold working
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22FCHANGING THE PHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF NON-FERROUS METALS AND NON-FERROUS ALLOYS
    • C22F1/00Changing the physical structure of non-ferrous metals or alloys by heat treatment or by hot or cold working
    • C22F1/04Changing the physical structure of non-ferrous metals or alloys by heat treatment or by hot or cold working of aluminium or alloys based thereon

Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD
  • The present invention relates to an aluminum alloy conductor that is used as a conductor of an electrical wiring.
  • BACKGROUND ART
  • Hitherto, a member in which a terminal (connector) made of copper or a copper alloy (for example, brass) is attached to electrical wires composed of conductors of copper or a copper alloy, which is called a wire harness, has been used as an electrical wiring for movable bodies, such as automobiles, trains, and aircrafts. In weight reduction of movable bodies in recent years, studies have been progressing on use of aluminum or an aluminum alloy that is lighter than copper or a copper alloy, as a conductor for an electrical wiring.
  • The specific gravity of aluminum is about one-third of that of copper, and the electrical conductivity of aluminum is about two-thirds of that of copper (when pure copper is considered as a criterion of 100%IACS, pure aluminum has about 66%IACS). Therefore, in order to pass a current through a conductor of pure aluminum, in which the intensity of the current is identical to that through a conductor of pure copper, it is necessary to adjust the cross-sectional area of the conductor of pure aluminum to about 1.5 times larger than that of the conductor of pure copper, but aluminum conductor is still more advantageous than copper conductor in that the former has an about half weight of the latter.
  • Herein, the term "%IACS" mentioned above represents an electrical conductivity when the resistivity 1.7241 × 10-8 Ωm of International Annealed Copper Standard is defined as 100%IACS.
  • There are some problems in using the aluminum as a conductor of an electrical wiring for movable bodies, one of which is improvement in resistance to bending fatigue. The reason why resistance to bending fatigue is required for an aluminum conductor that is used in an electrical wiring of a movable body is that a repeated bending stress is applied to a wire harness attached to a door or the like, due to opening and closing of the door. A metal material such as aluminum is broken by fatigue breakage at a certain number of times of repeating of applying a load when the load is applied to or removed repeatedly as in opening and closing of a door, even at a low load at which the material is not broken by one time of applying the load thereto. When the aluminum conductor is used in an opening and closing part, if the conductor is poor in resistance to bending fatigue, it is concerned that the conductor is broken in the use thereof, to result in a problem of lack of durability and reliability.
  • In general, it is considered that as a material is higher in mechanical strength, it is better in fatigue property. Thus, it is preferable to use an aluminum conductor high in mechanical strength. On the other hand, since a wire harness is required to be readily in wire-running (i.e. an operation of attaching of it to a vehicle body) in the installation thereof, an annealed material is generally used in many cases, by which 10% or more of tensile elongation at breakage can be ensured.
  • According to the above, for an aluminum conductor that is used in an electrical wiring of a movable body, a material is required, which is excellent in mechanical strength that is required in handling and attaching, and which is excellent in electrical conductivity that is required for passing much electricity, as well as which is excellent in resistance to bending fatigue.
  • For applications for which such a demand is exist, ones of pure aluminum-systems represented by aluminum alloy wires for electrical power lines (JIS A1060 and JIS A1070) cannot sufficiently tolerate a repeated bending fatigue that is generated by opening and closing of a door or the like. Further, although an alloy in which various additive elements are added is excellent in mechanical strength, the alloy has problems that the electrical conductivity is lowered due to solid-solution phenomenon of the additive elements in aluminum, flexibility is lowered, and wire breaking occurs in wire-drawing due to formation of excess intermetallic compounds in aluminum. Therefore, it is necessary to limit and select additive elements, to avoid wire breaking, to prevent lowering in electrical conductivity and flexibility, and to enhance mechanical strength and resistance to bending fatigue.
  • Typical aluminum conductors used in electrical wirings of movable bodies include those described in Patent Literatures 1 to 4. However, as mentioned below, the inventions described in the patent literatures each have a further problem to be solved.
  • Since the invention described in Patent Literature 1 does not conduct finish annealing, flexibility that is required for operations of attaching in a vehicle body cannot be ensured.
  • The invention described in Patent Literature 2 discloses finish annealing, but the condition therefor is different from a condition by which intermetallic compounds can be controlled so as to improve resistance to bending fatigue, electrical conductivity, and the like, while keeping excellent flexibility.
  • Since, in the invention described in Patent Literature 3, the content of Si is large, the resultant intermetallic compounds cannot be suitably controlled, which results in wire breakage in wire drawing and the like.
  • The invention described in Patent Literature 4 contains 0.01 to 0.5% of antimony (Sb), and thus is a technique that is being substituted by an alternate product in view of environmental load.
  • CITATION LIST PATENT LITERATURES
    • Patent Literature 1: JP-A-2006-19163 ("JP-A" means unexamined published Japanese patent application)
    • Patent Literature 2: JP-A-2006-253109
    • Patent Literature 3: JP-A-2008-112620
    • Patent Literature 4: JP-B-55-45626 ("JP-B" means examined Japanese patent publication)
  • US 3,697,260 discloses a method of producing an electrical conductor wire, an aluminum base alloy, and an aluminum conductor wire which is composed of an aluminum base alloy consisting essentially of aluminum and (a) at least one element selected from the group consisting of up to 0.35% magnesium and 0.1 to 0.65% copper, the percent Mg plus 0.4 times the percent Cu amounting to at least 0.04%, and (b) at least one element selected from the group consisting of up to 1.2% iron and up to 1.2% nickel, the total amount of iron plus nickel falling within the range of 0.3 to 1.2% and, in addition, amounting to at least twice the amount of any silicon impurity present, wherein said alloy has the following maximum limits for impurities: 0.15% Si, 0.05% Zn, 0.05% Ga, 0.01% Sn, 0.008% Mn, 0.008% Cr. 0.005% Ti, 0.005% V, and 0.005% Zr.
  • SUMMARY OF INVENTION TECHNICAL PROBLEM
  • The present invention is contemplated for providing an aluminum alloy conductor, which has sufficient electrical conductivity and tensile strength, and which is excellent in flexibility, resistance to bending fatigue, and the like.
  • SOLUTION TO PROBLEM
  • The inventors of the present invention, having studied keenly, found that an aluminum alloy conductor, which has excellent resistance to bending fatigue, mechanical strength, flexibility, and electrical conductivity, can be produced, by controlling the particle sizes and area ratios of three kinds of intermetallic compounds in an aluminum alloy to which specific additive elements are added, by controlling production conditions, such as a cooling speed in casting, and those in an intermediate annealing and a finish annealing. The present invention is attained based on those findings.
  • That is, according to the present invention, there is provided the following means:
  1. (1) An aluminum alloy conductor, consisting of: 0.4 to 1.5 mass% of Fe, 0.1 to 0.3 mass% of Mg, and 0.04 to 0.3 mass% of Si, with the balance being Al and inevitable impurities,
    wherein the conductor contains three kinds of intermetallic compounds A, B, and C, in which
    the intermetallic compound A has a particle size within the range of 0.1 µm or more but 2 µm or less,
    the intermetallic compound B has a particle size within the range of 0.03 µm or more but less than 0.1 µm,
    the intermetallic compound C has a particle size within the range of 0.001 µm or more but less than 0.03 µm, and
    an area ratio a of the intermetallic compound A, an area ratio b of the intermetallic compound B, and an area ratio c of the intermetallic compound C, in an arbitrary region in the conductor, satisfy the relationships of 1% ≤ a ≤ 9%, 1% ≤ b ≤ 6%, and 1% ≤ c ≤ 10%, respectively.
  2. (2) An aluminum alloy conductor, consisting of: 0.4 to 1.5 mass% of Fe, 0.1 to 0.3 mass% of Mg, 0.04 to 0.3 mass% of Si, and 0.01 to 0.4 mass% of Zr, with the balance being Al and inevitable impurities,
    wherein the conductor contains three kinds of intermetallic compounds A, B, and C, in which
    the intermetallic compound A has a particle size within the range of 0.1 µm or more but 2 µm or less,
    the intermetallic compound B has a particle size within the range of 0.03 µm or more but less than 0.1 µm,
    the intermetallic compound C has a particle size within the range of 0.001 µm or more but less than 0.03 µm, and
    an area ratio a of the intermetallic compound A, an area ratio b of the intermetallic compound B, and an area ratio c of the intermetallic compound C, in an arbitrary region in the conductor, satisfy the relationships of 1% ≤ a ≤ 9%, 1% ≤ b ≤ 8.5%, and 1% ≤ c ≤ 10%, respectively.
  3. (3) The aluminum alloy conductor according to (1) or (2), which has a grain size at a vertical cross-section in the wire-drawing direction of 1 to 10 µm, by subjecting to a continuous electric heat treatment, which comprises the steps of rapid heating and quenching at the end of the production process of the conductor.
  4. (4) The aluminum alloy conductor according to any one of (1) to (3), which has a tensile strength of 100 MPa or more, and an electrical conductivity of 55%IACS or more.
  5. (5) The aluminum alloy conductor according to any one of (1) to (4), which has a tensile elongation at breakage of 10% or more.
  6. (6) The aluminum alloy conductor according to any one of (1) to (5), which has the number of repeating times at breakage of 60,000 or more.
  7. (7) The aluminum alloy conductor according to any one of (1) to (6), which has a recrystallized microstructure.
  8. (8) Use of the aluminum alloy conductor according to any one of (1) to (7) as a wiring for a battery cable, a harness, or a motor, in a movable body.
  9. (9) The use according to (8), wherein the movable body is a vehicle, a train, or an aircraft.
ADVANTAGEOUS EFFECTS OF INVENTION
  • The aluminum alloy conductor of the present invention is excellent in the mechanical strength, the flexibility, and the electrical conductivity, and is useful as a conductor for a battery cable, a harness, or a motor, each of which is mounted on a movable body, and thus can also be preferably used for a door, a trunk, a hood (or a bonnet), and the like, for which an excellent resistance to bending fatigue is required.
  • Other and further features and advantages of the invention will appear more fully from the following description, appropriately referring to the accompanying drawing.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • {Fig. 1}
    Fig. 1 is an explanatory view of the test for measuring the number of times of repeated breakage, which was conducted in the Examples.
  • MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION
  • A preferable first embodiment of the present invention is an aluminum alloy conductor, which consists of 0.4 to 1.5 mass% of Fe, 0.1 to 0.3 mass% of Mg, and 0.04 to 0.3 mass% of Si, with the balance being Al and inevitable impurities,
    wherein the conductor contains three kinds of intermetallic compounds A, B, and C, in which
    the intermetallic compound A has a particle size within the range of 0.1 µm or more but 2 µm or less,
    the intermetallic compound B has a particle size within the range of 0.03 µm or more but less than 0.1 µm,
    the intermetallic compound C has a particle size within the range of 0.001 µm or more but less than 0.03 µm, and
    the area ratio a of the intermetallic compound A, the area ratio b of the intermetallic compound B, and the area ratio c of the intermetallic compound C, in an arbitrary region in the conductor, satisfy the relationships of 1% ≤ a ≤ 9%, 1% ≤ b ≤ 6%, and 1% ≤ c ≤ 10%, respectively.
  • In this embodiment, the reason why the content of Fe is set to 0.4 to 1.5 mass% is to utilize various effects by mainly Al-Fe-based intermetallic compounds. Fe is made into a solid solution in aluminum in an amount of only 0.05 mass% at 655°C, and is made into a solid solution lesser at room temperature. The remainder of Fe is crystallized or precipitated as intermetallic compounds, such as Al-Fe, Al-Fe-Si, and Al-Fe-Si-Mg. The crystallized or precipitated product acts as a refiner for grains to make the grain size fine, and enhances the mechanical strength and resistance to bending fatigue. When the content of Fe is too small, these effects are insufficient, and when the content is too large, the aluminum conductor is poor in the wire drawing property due to coarsening of the precipitated product, the intended resistance to bending fatigue cannot be obtained, and the flexibility is also lowered. Furthermore, the conductor is in a supersaturated solid solution state and the electrical conductivity is also lowered. The content of Fe is preferably 0.6 to 1.3 mass%, more preferably 0.8 to 1.1 mass%.
  • In this embodiment, the reason why the content of Mg is set to 0.1 to 0.3 mass% is to make Mg into a solid solution in the aluminum matrix, and to strengthen the resultant alloy. Further, another reason is to make a part of Mg form a precipitate with Si, to make it possible to enhance mechanical strength, and to improve resistance to bending fatigue and heat resistance. When the content of Mg is too small, the above-mentioned effects are insufficient, and when the content is too large, electrical conductivity and flexibility are lowered. Furthermore, when the content of Mg is too large, the yield strength becomes excessive, the formability and twistability are deteriorated, and the workability becomes worse. The content of Mg is preferably 0.15 to 0.28 mass%, more preferably 0.2 to 0.28 mass%.
  • In this embodiment, the reason why the content of Si is set to 0.04 to 0.3 mass% is to make Si form a compound with Mg, to act to enhance the mechanical strength, and to improve resistance to bending fatigue and heat resistance, as mentioned above. When the content of Si is too small, the above-mentioned effects become insufficient, and when the content is too large, the electrical conductivity and flexibility are lowered, and the formability and twistability are deteriorated, and the workability becomes worse. Furthermore, the precipitation of a single body of Si in the course of the heat treatment in the production of a wire results in wire breakage. The content of Si is preferably 0.1 to 0.3 mass%, more preferably 0.15 to 0.25 mass%.
  • A preferable second embodiment of the present invention is an aluminum alloy conductor, which consists of 0.4 to 1.5 mass% of Fe, 0.1 to 0.3 mass% of Mg, 0.04 to 0.3 mass% of Si, and 0.01 to 0.4 mass% of Zr, with the balance being Al and inevitable impurities. The conductor contains three kinds of intermetallic compounds A, B, and C, in which
    the intermetallic compound A has a particle size within the range of 0.1 µm or more but 2 µm or less,
    the intermetallic compound B has a particle size within the range of 0.03 µm or more but less than 0.1 µm,
    the intermetallic compound C has a particle size within the range of 0.001 µm or more but less than 0.03 µm, and
    the area ratio a of the intermetallic compound A, the area ratio b of the intermetallic compound B, and the area ratio c of the intermetallic compound C, in an arbitrary region in the conductor, satisfy the relationships of 1% ≤ a ≤ 9%, 1% ≤ b ≤ 8.5%, and 1% ≤ c ≤ 10%, respectively.
  • In the second embodiment, the alloy composition is that 0.01 to 0.4 mass% of Zn is further contained, in addition to the alloy composition of the above-mentioned first embodiment. Zr forms an intermetallic compound with Al, and is made into a solid solution in Al, thereby to contribute to enhancement in mechanical strength and improvement in heat resistance of the aluminum alloy conductor. When the content of Zr is too small, the effect thereof cannot be expected, and when the content is too large, the melting temperature becomes high and thus formation of a drawn wire is difficult. Furthermore, the electrical conductivity and flexibility are deteriorated, and resistance to bending fatigue also becomes worse. The content of Zr is preferably 0.1 to 0.35 mass%, more preferably 0.15 to 0.3 mass%.
  • Other alloy composition and the effect thereof are similar to those in the above-mentioned first embodiment.
  • In the aluminum alloy conductor of the present invention, by defining the sizes (particle sizes) and area ratios of the intermetallic compounds, besides the above-mentioned alloying elements, an aluminum alloy conductor can be obtained, which has the desired excellent resistance to bending fatigue, mechanical strength, and electrical conductivity.
  • (Sizes (particle sizes) and area ratios of intermetallic compounds)
  • As shown in the first and second embodiments, the present invention contains three kinds of intermetallic compounds different in particle size each other at the respective predetermined area ratios. Herein, the intermetallic compounds are particles of crystallized products, precipitated products, and the like, which are present inside the grains. Mainly, the crystallized products are formed upon melt-casting, and the precipitated products are formed in intermediate annealing and finish annealing, such as particles of Al-Fe, Al-Fe-Si, and Al-Zr. The area ratio refers to the ratio of the intermetallic compound contained in the present alloy as represented in terms of area, and can be calculated as mentioned in detail below, based on a picture observed by TEM.
  • The intermetallic compound A is mainly constituted by Al-Fe, and is partially composed of Al-Fe-Si, Al-Zr, and the like. These intermetallic compounds act as refiners for grains, and enhance the mechanical strength and resistance to bending fatigue. The reason why the area ratio a of the intermetallic compound A is set to 1% ≤ a ≤ 9% is that, when the area ratio is too small, these effects are insufficient. When the area ratio is too large, wire breaking is apt to occur due to the intermetallic compound. Furthermore, the intended resistance to bending fatigue cannot be obtained, and the flexibility is also lowered.
  • The intermetallic compound B is mainly constituted by Al-Fe-Si, Al-Zr, and the like. These intermetallic compounds enhance the mechanical strength and improve resistance to bending fatigue, through precipitation. The reason why the area ratio b of the intermetallic compound B is set to 1% ≤ b ≤ 6% in the first embodiment and 1% ≤ b ≤ 8.5% in the second embodiment is that, when the area ratio is too small, these effects are insufficient, and when the area ratio is too large, it becomes a cause of wire breakage due to excess precipitation. Furthermore, the flexibility is also lowered.
  • The intermetallic compound C enhances the mechanical strength and significantly improves the resistance to bending fatigue. The reason why the area ratio c of the intermetallic compound C is set to 1% ≤ c ≤ 10% is that, when the area ratio is too small, these effects are insufficient, and when the area ratio is too large, it becomes a cause of wire breakage due to excess precipitation. Furthermore, the flexibility is also lowered.
  • In the first and second embodiments of the present invention, to adjust the area ratios of the intermetallic compounds A, B and C of three kinds of sizes to the above-mentioned values, it is necessary to set the respective alloy compositions to the above-mentioned ranges. Furthermore, the area ratios can be realized by suitably controlling the cooling speed in casting, the intermediate annealing temperature, the conditions in finish annealing, and the like.
  • The cooling speed in casting refers to an average cooling speed from the initiation of solidification of an aluminum alloy ingot to 200°C. As the method for changing this cooling speed, for example, the following three methods may be exemplified. Namely, (1) changing the size (wall thickness) of an iron casting mold, (2) forcedly-cooling by disposing a water-cooling mold on the bottom face of a casting mold (the cooling speed is changed also by changing the amount of water), and (3) changing the casting amount of a molten metal. When the cooling speed in casting is too slow, the crystallized product of the Al-Fe system is coarsened and thus the intended microstructure cannot be obtained, which results in being apt to occur cracking. When the speed is too fast, excess solid-solution of Fe occurs, and thus the intended microstructure cannot be obtained, to lower the electrical conductivity. In some cases, casting cracks may occur. The cooling speed in casting is preferably 1 to 20°C/sec, more preferably 5 to 15°C/sec.
  • The intermediate annealing temperature refers to a temperature when a heat treatment is conducted in the mid way of wire drawing. The intermediate annealing is mainly conducted for recovering the flexibility of a wire that has been hardened by wire drawing. In the case where the intermediate annealing temperature is too low, recrystallization is insufficient and thus the yield strength is excessive and the flexibility cannot be ensured, which result in a high possibility that wire breakage may occur in the later wire drawing and a wire cannot be obtained. On the other hand when too high, the resultant wire is in an excessively annealed state, and the recrystallized grains become coarse and thus the flexibility is significantly lowered, which result in a high possibility that wire breakage may occur in the later wire drawing and a wire cannot be obtained. The intermediate annealing temperature is generally 300 to 450°C, preferably 350 to 450°C. The time period for intermediate annealing is generally 30 min or more. If the time period is less than 30 min, the time period required for the formation and growth of recrystallized grains is insufficient, and thus the flexibility of the wire cannot be recovered. The time period is preferably 1 to 6 hours. Furthermore, although the average cooling speed from the heat treatment temperature in the intermediate annealing to 100°C is not particularly defined, it is desirably 0.1 to 10°C/min.
  • The finish annealing is conducted, for example, by a continuous electric heat treatment in which annealing is conducted by the Joule heat generated from the wire in interest itself that is running continuously through two electrode rings, by passing an electrical current through the wire. The continuous electric heat treatment has the steps of: rapid heating and quenching, and can conduct annealing of the wire, by controlling the temperature of the wire and the time period. The cooling is conducted, after the rapid heating, by continuously passing the wire through water. In one of or both of the case where the wire temperature in annealing is too low or too high and the case where the annealing time period is too short or too long, an intended microstructure cannot be obtained. Furthermore, in one of or both of the case where the wire temperature in annealing is too low and the case where the annealing time period is too short, the flexibility that is required for attaching the resultant wire to vehicle to mount thereon cannot be obtained; and in one of or both of the case where the wire temperature in annealing is too high and in the case where the annealing time period is too long, the mechanical strength is lowered and the resistance to bending fatigue also becomes worse. Namely, when a numerical formula represented by a wire temperature y (°C) and an annealing time period x (sec) is utilized, it is necessary to utilize the annealing conditions that satisfy: 24x-0.6 + ≤ y ≤ 17x-0.6 + 502, within the range of: ≤ x ≤ 0.55. The wire temperature represents the highest temperature of the wire at immediately before passing through water.
  • Besides the continuous electric heat treatment, the finish annealing may be, for example, a continuous annealing in which annealing is conducted by continuously passing the wire in an annealing furnace kept at a high temperature, or an induction heating in which annealing is conducted by continuously passing the wire in a magnetic field, each of which has the steps of rapid heating and quenching. Although the annealing conditions are not identical with the conditions in the continuous electric heat treatment, since the atmospheres and heat-transfer coefficients are different from each other, even in the cases of these continuous annealing and induction heating each of which has the steps of rapid heating and quenching, the aluminum alloy conductor of the present invention can be prepared, by suitably controlling the finish-annealing conditions (thermal history) by referring to the annealing conditions in the continuous electric heat treatment as a typical example, so that the aluminum alloy conductor of the present invention having a prescribed precipitation state of the intermetallic compounds can be obtained.
  • (Grain size)
  • The aluminum alloy conductor of the present invention has a grain size of 1 to 10 µm in a vertical cross-section in the wire-drawing direction. This is because, when the grain size is too small, a partial recrystallized microstructure remains and the tensile elongation at breakage is lowered conspicuously, and on the other hand, when too large, a coarse microstructure is formed and deformation behavior becomes uneven, and the tensile elongation at breakage is lowered similar to the above, and further the strength is lowered conspicuously. The grain size is more preferably 1 to 8 µm.
  • (Tensile strength and electrical conductivity)
  • The aluminum alloy conductor of the present invention preferably has a tensile strength (TS) of 100 MPa or more and an electrical conductivity of 55%IACS or more, preferably has a tensile strength of 100 to 180 MPa and an electrical conductivity of 55 to 65%IACS, more preferably has a tensile strength of 100 to 170 MPa and an electrical conductivity of 57 to 63%IACS.
  • The tensile strength and the electrical conductivity are conflicting properties, and the higher the tensile strength is, the lower the electrical conductivity is, whereas pure aluminum low in tensile strength is high in electrical conductivity. Therefore, in the case where an aluminum alloy conductor has a tensile strength of less than 100 MPa, the mechanical strength, including that in handling thereof, is insufficient, and thus the conductor is difficult to be used as an industrial conductor. It is preferable that the electrical conductivity is 55%IACS or more, since a high current of dozens of amperes (A) is to pass through it when the conductor is used as a power line.
  • (Flexibility)
  • The aluminum alloy conductor of the present invention has sufficient flexibility. This can be obtained by conducting the above-mentioned finish annealing. As mentioned above, a tensile elongation at breakage is used as an index of flexibility, and is preferably 10% or more. This is because if the tensile elongation at breakage is too small, wire-running (i.e. an operation of attaching of it to a vehicle body) in installation of an electrical wiring becomes difficult as mentioned above. Furthermore, it is desirable that the tensile elongation at breakage is 50% or less, since if too high, the mechanical strength becomes insufficient and the resultant conductor is weak in wire-running, which may results in wire breakage. The tensile elongation at breakage is more preferably 10% to 40%, further preferably 10 to 30%.
  • The aluminum alloy conductor of the present invention can be produced via steps of: [1] melting, [2] casting, [3] hot- or cold-working (e.g. caliber rolling with grooved rolls), [4] wire drawing, [5] heat treatment (intermediate annealing), [6] wire drawing, and [7] heat treatment (finish annealing).
  • [1] Melting
  • To obtain the aluminum alloy composition according to the present invention, Fe, Mg, Si, and Al, or Fe, Mg, Si, Zr, and Al, are melted at amounts that provide the desired contents.
  • [2] Casting and [3] Hot- or cold-working (e.g. caliber rolling with grooved rolls)
  • Then, for example, a molten metal is rolled while the molten metal is continuously cast in a water-cooled casting mold; by using a Properzi-type continuous cast-rolling machine which has a casting ring and a belt in combination, to give a rod of about 10 mm in diameter. The cooling speed in casting at this time is generally 1 to 20°C/sec as mentioned above. The casting and hot rolling may be conducted by billet casting at a cooling speed in casting of 1 to 20°C/sec, extrusion, or the like.
  • [4] Wire drawing
  • Then, peeling of the surface is conducted to adjust the diameter to 9 to 9.5 mm, and the thus-peeled rod is subjected to wire drawing. Herein, when the cross-sectional area of the conductor before the wire drawing is represented by A0, and the cross-sectional area of the conductor after the wire drawing is represented by A1, a working degree represented by η = In(A0/A1) is preferably 1 or more but 6 or less. If the working degree is less than 1, the recrystallized grains are coarsened and the mechanical strength and tensile elongation at breakage are conspicuously lowered in the heat treatment in the subsequent step, which may be a cause of wire breakage. If the working degree is more than 6, the wire drawing becomes difficult due to excess work-hardening, which is problematic in the quality in that, for example, wire breakage occurs upon the wire drawing. Although the surface of the wire (or rod) is cleaned up by conducting peeling of the surface thereof, the peeling may be omitted.
  • [5] Heat treatment (intermediate annealing)
  • The thus-worked product that has undergone cold drawing (i.e. a roughly-drawn wire), is subjected to intermediate annealing. As mentioned above, the conditions for the intermediate annealing are generally 300 to 450°C and 30 minutes or more.
  • [6] Wire drawing
  • The thus-annealed roughly-drawn wire is further subjected to wire drawing. Also at this time, the working degree is desirably 1 or more but 6 or less for the above-mentioned reasons.
  • [7] Heat treatment (finish annealing)
  • The thus-cold-drawn wire is subjected to finish annealing by the continuous electric heat treatment. It is preferable that the conditions for the annealing satisfy: 24x-0.6 + ≤ y ≤ 17x-0.6 + 502, in the range of ≤ x ≤ 0.55, when the numerical formula represented by the wire temperature y (°C) and the annealing time period x (sec) are used as mentioned above.
  • The aluminum alloy conductor of the present invention that is prepared by the heat treatment as mentioned above has a recrystallized microstructure. Herein, the recrystallized microstructure refers to a state of a microstructure that is constituted by grains that have little lattice defects, such as dislocation, introduced by plastic working. Since the conductor has a recrystallized microstructure, the tensile elongation at breakage and electrical conductivity are recovered, and a sufficient flexibility can be obtained.
  • EXAMPLES
  • The present invention will be described in more detail based on examples given below, but the invention is not meant to be limited by these.
  • Examples 1 to 14, and Comparative Examples 101 to 114, 201, and 202
  • Fe, Mg, Si and Al, or Fe, Mg, Si, Zr and Al in the amounts shown in Table 1-1 and Table 2-1 (mass%) were rolled by using a Properzi-type continuous cast-rolling machine while the molten metal was continuously cast in a water-cooled casting mold, to give respective rod materials with diameter about 10 mm. At that time, the cooling speed in casting was 1 to 20°C/sec (in Comparative Examples, the cases of 0.2°C/sec or 50°C/sec were also included).
  • Then, peeling off of the surface was conducted to adjust the diameter to 9 to 9.5 mm, and the thus-peeled rod was subjected to wire drawing to the diameter of 2.6 mm. Then, as shown in Table 1-1 and Table 2-1, the thus-roughly-cold-drawn wire was subjected to intermediate annealing at a temperature of 300 to 450°C (in Comparative Examples, the cases of 200°C or 550°C were also included) for 0.5 to 4 hours (in Comparative Examples, the case of 0.1 hour was also included), followed by wire drawing to a diameter of 0.31 mm in Examples 1 to 12 and Comparative Examples 101 to 114, 201, and 202, to a diameter of 0.37 mm in Example 13, and to a diameter of 0.43 mm in Example 14.
  • Finally, a continuous electric heat treatment as the finish annealing was conducted at a temperature of 477 to 629°C (in Comparative Examples, the case of 465°C was also included) for a time period of 0.03 to 0.54 second. The temperature was measured at immediately above the water surface where the temperature of the wire would be the highest, with a fiber-type radiation thermometer (manufactured by Japan Sensor Corporation).
  • With respect to the wires thus prepared in Examples according to the present invention and Comparative Examples, the properties were measured according to the methods described below, and the results thereof are shown in the following Table 1-2 and Table 2-2.
  • (a) Grain size (GS)
  • The transverse cross-section of the respective wire sample cut out vertically to the wire-drawing direction, was filled with a resin, followed by mechanical polishing and electrolytic polishing. The conditions of the electrolytic polishing were as follows: polish liquid, a 20% ethanol solution of perchloric acid; liquid temperature, 0 to 5°C; voltage, 10 V; current, 10 mA; and time period, 30 to 60 seconds. Then, in order to obtain a contrast of grains, the resultant sample was subjected to anodizing finishing, with 2% hydrofluoroboric acid, under conditions of voltage 20 V, electrical current 20 mA, and time period 2 to 3 min. The resultant microstructure was observed by an optical microscope with a magnification of 200X to 400X and photographed, and the grain size was measured by an intersection method. Specifically, a straight line was drawn arbitrarily on a microscopic picture taken, and the number of intersection points at which the length of the straight line intersected with the grain boundaries was measured, to determine an average grain size. The grain size was evaluated by changing the length and the number of straight lines so that 50 to 100 grains would be counted.
  • (b) Sizes (particle sizes) and area ratios of intermetallic compounds
  • The wires of Examples and Comparative Examples were each formed into a thin film by an electropolishing thin-film method (twin-jet polishing), and an arbitrary region was observed with a magnification of 6,000X to 30.000X, by using a transmission electron microscope (TEM). Then, electron beam was focused on the intermetallic compounds by using an energy-dispersive X-ray detector (EDX), thereby to detect intermetallic compounds of an Al-Fe-based, an Al-Fe-Si-based, an Al-Zr-based, and the like.
  • The sizes of the intermetallic compounds were each judged from the scale of the picture taken, which were calculated by converting the shape of the individual particle to the sphere which was equal to the volume of the individual particle. The area ratios a, b, and c of the intermetallic compounds were obtained, based on the picture taken, by setting a region in which about 5 to 10 particles would be counted for the intermetallic compound A, a region in which 20 to 50 particles would be counted for the intermetallic compound B, and a region in which 50 to 100 particles would be counted for the intermetallic compound C, calculating the areas of the intermetallic compounds from the sizes and the numbers of respective intermetallic compounds, and dividing the areas of the respective intermetallic compounds by the areas of the regions for the counting.
  • The area ratios were each calculated, by using a reference thickness of 0.15 µm for the thickness of a slice of the respective sample. In the case where the sample thickness was different from the reference thickness, the area ratio was able to be calculated, by converting the sample thickness to the reference thickness, i.e. by multiplying the area ratio calculated based on the picture taken by (reference thickness/sample thickness). In the Examples and Comparative Examples, the sample thickness was calculated by observing the interval of equal thickness fringes observed on the picture, and was approximately 0.15 µm in all of the samples.
  • (c) Tensile strength (TS) and tensile elongation at breakage
  • Three test pieces for each sample were tested according to JIS Z 2241, and the average value was obtained, respectively.
  • (d) Electrical conductivity (EC)
  • Specific resistivity of three test pieces with length 300 mm for each sample was measured, by using a four-terminal method, in a thermostatic bath kept at 20°C (±0.5°C), to calculate the average electrical conductivity therefrom. The distance between the terminals was set to 200 mm.
  • (e) The number of repeating times at breakage
  • As a criterion for the resistance to bending fatigue, a strain amplitude at an ordinary temperature was set to ±0.17%. The resistance to bending fatigue varies depending on the strain amplitude. When the strain amplitude is large, the resultant fatigue life is short, while when small, the resultant fatigue life is long. Since the strain amplitude can be determined by the wire diameter of a wire 1 and the curvature radii of bending jigs 2 and 3 as shown in Fig. 1, a bending fatigue test can be conducted by arbitrarily setting the wire diameter of the wire 1 and the curvature radii of the bending jigs 2 and 3.
  • Using a reversed bending fatigue test machine manufactured by Fujii Seiki, Co. Ltd. (currently renamed to Fujii, Co. Ltd.), and using jigs that can impart a bending strain of ±0.17% to the wire, the number of repeating times at breakage was measured, by conducting repeated bending. The number of repeating times at breakage was measured from 4 test pieces for each sample, and the average value thereof was obtained. As shown in the explanatory view of Fig. 1, the wire 1 was inserted between the bending jigs 2 and 3 that were spaced by 1 mm, and moved in a reciprocate manner along the jigs 2 and 3. One end of the wire was fixed on a holding jig 5 so that bending can be conducted repeatedly, and a weight 4 of about 10 g was hanged from the other end. Since the holding jig 5 moves in the test, the wire 1 fixed thereon also moves, thereby repeating bending can be conducted. The repeating was conducted under the condition of 1.5 Hz (1.5 times of reciprocation in 1 second), and the test machine has a mechanism in which the weight 4 falls to stop counting when the test piece of the wire 1 is broken.
  • Assuming the use for 15 years with 10 times of opening and closing in a day, the number of openings and closings is 54,750 (calculated by regarding 1 year to be 365 days). Since an electrical wire which is actually used is not a single wire but in a twisted wire structure, and is subjected to a coating treatment, the load on the electrical wire conductor becomes as less as one severalth. The number of repeating times at breakage is preferably 60,000 or more, more preferably 80,000 or more, by which sufficient resistance to bending fatigue can be ensured as an evaluation value in a single wire. (Table 1-1)
    (Examples)
    No. Fe Mg Si Zr Al Cooling speed in casting Intermediate annealing Finish annealing
    (mass%) (°C/s) Temp. (°C) Time (h) Temp. (°C) Time (s) 24x-0.6+402 17x-0.6+502
    1 0.41 0.12 0.10 0.00 bal. 10 400 2 530 0.11 493 567
    2 0.50 0.23 0.15 0.00 5 300 1 610 0.03 599 641
    3 0.60 0.25 0.24 0.00 15 450 1 513 0.54 437 527
    4 0.61 0.12 0.20 0.00 15 400 2 477 0.54 437 527
    5 0.82 0.28 0.28 0.00 20 300 0.5 515 0.18 469 550
    6 1.08 0.13 0.08 0.00 1 350 0.5 508 0.11 493 567
    7 1.07 0.26 0.16 0.00 1 450 4 629 0.03 599 641
    8 1.22 0.12 0.20 0.00 5 400 2 505 0.11 493 567
    9 1.40 0.23 0.21 0.00 10 350 1 535 0.18 469 550
    10 1.50 0.22 0.15 0.00 15 400 2 533 0.11 493 567
    11 0.81 0.20 0.20 0.11 5 400 4 618 0.03 599 641
    12 0.81 0.25 0.21 0.31 5 450 1 482 0.18 469 550
    13 0.60 0.15 0.21 0.00 5 450 1 528 0.11 493 567
    14 0.81 0.25 0.23 0.00 15 350 2 555 0.11 493 567
    (Table 1-2)
    (Examples)
    No. Area ratio (%) GS TS EC The number of repeating times at breakage Tensile elongation at breakage
    a b c (µm) (MPa) (%IACS) (×103) (%)
    1 1.5 1.1 3.0 9.4 109 60.3 63 30.3
    2 2.2 1.6 5.2 8.0 117 58.5 78 25.8
    3 2.2 1.7 5.2 8.8 124 57.0 85 23.9
    4 2.2 1.8 3.5 8.2 119 58.6 71 25.8
    5 2.8 3.0 7.7 6.1 134 55.8 88 21.2
    6 6.3 3.9 3.0 4.3 133 59.3 67 32.3
    7 6.2 3.2 3.5 5.7 139 57.1 70 24.2
    8 6.5 4.1 6.8 3.3 141 57.5 66 25.8
    9 6.9 5.1 4.6 2.9 152 56.1 72 22.5
    10 6.6 5.1 4.3 1.4 153 56.8 68 23.3
    11 4.1 3.2 5.6 6.8 132 57.2 74 22.0
    12 4.1 3.7 7.1 6.2 140 56.0 69 21.9
    13 2.8 1.7 4.3 8.1 120 58.2 72 25.7
    14 3.2 2.8 5.4 7.5 131 56.7 68 22.2
    (Table 2-1)
    (Comparative Examples)
    No. Fe Mg Si Zr Al Cooling speed in casting Intermediate annealing Finish annealing
    (mass%) °C/s Temp. (°C) Time (h) Temp. (°C) Time (s) 24x-0.6+402 17x-0.6+502
    101 0.18 0.21 0.20 0.00 5 350 1 535 0.11 493 567
    102 2.02 0.20 0.20 0.00 5 400 1 -
    103 0.81 0.02 0.21 0.00 15 300 2 504 0.18 469 550
    104 0.80 0.60 0.20 0.00 20 450 2 483 0.54 437 527
    105 0.80 0.20 0.008 0.00 1 400 0.5 482 0.54 437 527
    106 0.80 0.19 0.62 0.00 10 400 0.5 -
    107 0.81 0.19 0.21 0.60 bal. 10 400 1 622 0.03 599 641
    108 0.80 0.20 0.20 0.00 0.2 350 1 -
    109 0.82 0.20 0.18 0.00 50 450 1 525 0.11 493 567
    110 0.81 0.21 0.20 0.00 1 200 1 -
    111 0.81 0.20 0.21 0.00 5 550 1 -
    112 0.80 0.21 0.21 0.00 10 450 0.1 -
    113 0.80 0.20 0.20 0.00 5 300 2 465 0.11 493 567
    114 0.81 0.20 0.20 0.00 15 400 2 586 0.11 493 567
    201 0.82 0.20 0.18 0.00 5 350 1 Finish annealing (batch annealing furnace) 400°C, 2hr
    202 0.80 0.21 0.20 0.00 10 400 1 Finish annealing (batch annealing furnace) 450°C, 2hr
    (Table 2-2)
    (Comparative Examples)
    No. Area ratio (%) GS TS EC The number of repeating times at breakage Tensile elongation at breakage
    a b c (µm) (MPa) (%IACS) (×103) (%)
    101 0.3 0.9 5.9 16.8 92 58.6 48 19.6
    102 Wire breakage
    103 3.2 3.0 0.1 6.0 115 59.0 52 30.3
    104 2.7 2.3 13.1 7.2 141 51.0 57 12.1
    105 4.4 2.5 0.0 6.1 123 60.1 53 32.5
    106 Wire breakage
    107 3.6 10.6 5.3 7.3 138 53.0 45 15.0
    108 Wire breakage
    109 0.2 12.8 5.6 6.8 129 48.0 38 15.8
    110 Wire breakage
    111 Wire breakage
    112 Wire breakage
    113 Not observed due to unannealed state* 190 57.0 75 2.0
    114 3.2 2.6 0.5 12.0 65 57.5 39 4.3
    201 4.0 1.9 0.0 6.2 129 57.8 44 20.8
    202 3.9 2.0 0.0 9.2 127 57.2 39 19.6
    Note: * It was impossible to observe those, due to the un-annealed state of the microstructure.
  • The followings can be understood, from the results in Table 1-1, Table 1-2, Table 2-1, and Table 2-2.
  • In Comparative Examples 101 to 107, the alloying elements added to the aluminum alloy were outside of the ranges according to the present invention. In Comparative Example 101, since the content of Fe was too low, the ratios of the intermetallic compounds A and B were too low, and the tensile strength and the number of repeating times at breakage were poor. In Comparative Example 102, since the content of Fe was too large, the conductor wire was broken in the wire drawing. In Comparative Example 103, since the content of Mg was too low, the ratio of the intermetallic compound C was too low, and the number of repeating times at breakage was poor. In Comparative Example 104, since the content of Mg was too large, the ratio of the intermetallic compound C was too large, and the number of repeating times at breakage and the electrical conductivity were poor. In Comparative Example 105, since the content of Si was too low, the ratio of the intermetallic compound C was too low, and the number of repeating times at breakage was poor. In Comparative Example 106, since the content of Si was too large, the conductor wire was broken in the wire drawing. In Comparative Example 7, since the content of Zr was too large, the ratio of the intermetallic compound B was too large, and the electrical conductivity and the number of repeating times at breakage were poor.
  • Comparative Examples 108 to 114 and 201 to 202 show the cases where the area ratios of the intermetallic compounds in the respective aluminum alloy conductor were outside of the ranges according to the present invention, or the cases where the conductors were broken in the course of production. Those Comparative Examples show that no aluminum alloy conductor as defined in the present invention was able to be obtained, depending on the conditions for the production of the aluminum alloy. In Comparative Example 108, since no finish annealing was conducted, the target conductor wire was broken in the wire drawing step. In Comparative Example 109, since the cooling speed in casting was too fast, the ratio of the intermetallic compound A was too low and the ratio of the intermetallic compound B was too large, and the electrical conductivity and the number of repeating times at breakage were poor. In all of Comparative Examples 110 to 112, since no finish annealing was conducted, the target conductor wires were broken in the wire drawing. In Comparative Example 113, since the resultant alloy was in an unannealed state due to insufficient softening in the finish-annealing step and no intermetallic compound was observed, the tensile elongation at breakage was poor. In Comparative Example 114, since the ratio of the intermetallic compound C was too low due to a too high temperature for the finish annealing, the tensile strength, the number of repeating times at breakage, and the tensile elongation at breakage were poor. In Comparative Examples 201 and 202, in which the finish annealing was conducted by using a batch-type annealing furnace, since the ratio of the intermetallic compound C was too low, the number of repeating times at breakage was poor.
  • Contrary to the above, in Examples 1 to 14 according to the present invention, the aluminum alloy conductors were able to be obtained, which were excellent in the tensile strength, the electrical conductivity, the tensile elongation at breakage (the flexibility), and the number of repeating times at breakage (the resistance to bending fatigue).
  • Having described our invention as related to the present embodiments, it is our intention that the invention not be limited by any of the details of the description, unless otherwise specified, but rather be construed broadly within its spirit and scope as set out in the accompanying claims.
  • This application claims priority on Patent Application No. 2010-043488 filed in Japan on February 26, 2010.
  • REFERENCE SIGNS LIST
    • 1 Test piece (wire)
    • 2, 3 Bending jig
    • 4 Weight
    • 5 Holding jig

    Claims (9)

    1. An aluminum alloy conductor, consisting of:
      0.4 to 1.5 mass% of Fe, 0.1 to 0.3 mass% of Mg, and 0.04 to 0.3 mass% of Si, with the balance being Al and inevitable impurities,
      wherein the conductor contains three kinds of intermetallic compounds A, B, and C, in which
      the intermetallic compound A has a particle size within the range of 0.1 µm or more but 2 µm or less,
      the intermetallic compound B has a particle size within the range of 0.03 µm or more but less than 0.1 µm,
      the intermetallic compound C has a particle size within the range of 0.001 µm or more but less than 0.03 µm, and
      an area ratio a of the intermetallic compound A, an area ratio b of the intermetallic compound B, and an area ratio c of the intermetallic compound C, in an arbitrary region in the conductor, satisfy the relationships of 1% ≤ a ≤ 9%, 1% ≤ b ≤ 6%, and 1% ≤ c ≤ 10%, respectively.
    2. An aluminum alloy conductor, consisting of:
      0.4 to 1.5 mass% of Fe, 0.1 to 0.3 mass% of Mg, 0.04 to 0.3 mass% of Si, and 0.01 to 0.4 mass% of Zr, with the balance being Al and inevitable impurities,
      wherein the conductor contains three kinds of intermetallic compounds A, B, and C, in which
      the intermetallic compound A has a particle size within the range of 0.1 µm or more but 2 µm or less,
      the intermetallic compound B has a particle size within the range of 0.03 µm or more but less than 0.1 µm,
      the intermetallic compound C has a particle size within the range of 0.001 µm or more but less than 0.03 µm, and
      an area ratio a of the intermetallic compound A, an area ratio b of the intermetallic compound B, and an area ratio c of the intermetallic compound C, in an arbitrary region in the conductor, satisfy the relationships of 1% ≤ a ≤ 9%, 1% ≤ b ≤ 8.5%, and 1% ≤ c ≤ 10%, respectively.
    3. The aluminum alloy conductor according to claim 1 or 2, which has a grain size at a vertical cross-section in the wire-drawing direction of 1 to 10 µm, by subjecting to a continuous electric heat treatment, which comprises the steps of rapid heating and quenching at the end of the production process of the conductor.
    4. The aluminum alloy conductor according to any one of claims 1 to 3, which has a tensile strength of 100 MPa or more, and an electrical conductivity of 55%IACS or more.
    5. The aluminum alloy conductor according to any one of claims 1 to 4, which has a tensile elongation at breakage of 10% or more.
    6. The aluminum alloy conductor according to any one of claims 1 to 5, which has the number of repeating times at breakage of 60,000 or more.
    7. The aluminum alloy conductor according to any one of claims 1 to 6, which has a recrystallized microstructure.
    8. Use of the aluminum alloy conductor according to any one of claims 1 to 7, as a wiring for a battery cable, a harness, or a motor, in a movable body.
    9. The use according to claim 8, wherein the movable body is a vehicle, a train, or an aircraft.
    EP11747541.8A 2010-02-26 2011-02-25 Aluminum alloy conductor Active EP2540849B1 (en)

    Priority Applications (2)

    Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
    JP2010043488 2010-02-26
    PCT/JP2011/054398 WO2011105585A1 (en) 2010-02-26 2011-02-25 Aluminum alloy conductor

    Publications (3)

    Publication Number Publication Date
    EP2540849A1 EP2540849A1 (en) 2013-01-02
    EP2540849A4 EP2540849A4 (en) 2013-11-06
    EP2540849B1 true EP2540849B1 (en) 2017-10-18

    Family

    ID=44506982

    Family Applications (1)

    Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
    EP11747541.8A Active EP2540849B1 (en) 2010-02-26 2011-02-25 Aluminum alloy conductor

    Country Status (5)

    Country Link
    US (1) US20120328471A1 (en)
    EP (1) EP2540849B1 (en)
    JP (1) JP4986252B2 (en)
    CN (1) CN102812140B (en)
    WO (1) WO2011105585A1 (en)

    Families Citing this family (11)

    * Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
    Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
    EP2597168B1 (en) * 2010-07-15 2019-09-11 Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd. Aluminum alloy conductor
    US9440272B1 (en) 2011-02-07 2016-09-13 Southwire Company, Llc Method for producing aluminum rod and aluminum wire
    KR101624270B1 (en) * 2011-09-05 2016-05-25 다이덴 가부시키가이샤 Aluminum-based electroconductive material, and electric wire and cable obtained using same
    JPWO2013146762A1 (en) * 2012-03-29 2015-12-14 大電株式会社 Microcrystalline metal conductor and method for producing the same
    US20140270072A1 (en) * 2013-03-13 2014-09-18 Robert L. McCormick Grain size inspection of a gas turbine component by x-ray refraction
    CN104781433B (en) * 2013-03-29 2017-07-07 古河电器工业株式会社 The manufacture method of aluminium alloy conductor, aluminium alloy stranded conductor, coated electric wire, wire harness and aluminium alloy conductor
    CN103572103A (en) * 2013-11-05 2014-02-12 吴高峰 Aluminum alloy material for manufacturing lead wire
    US10553327B2 (en) 2014-05-26 2020-02-04 Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd. Aluminum alloy conductor wire, aluminum alloy stranded wire, coated wire, wire harness and method of manufacturing aluminum alloy conductor wire
    JP6678579B2 (en) 2014-05-26 2020-04-08 古河電気工業株式会社 Aluminum alloy wire and method for manufacturing aluminum alloy wire
    CN107363121B (en) * 2017-07-30 2019-05-28 山东豪门铝业有限公司 A kind of production method of surface imitation wood line aluminium alloy building-material
    CN111733349A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-10-02 安徽电气集团股份有限公司 Aluminum alloy conductor material for wind power generation transmission cable and preparation method thereof

    Family Cites Families (18)

    * Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
    Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
    US3697260A (en) * 1969-12-30 1972-10-10 Aluminum Co Of America Aluminum conductor wire
    US3670401A (en) * 1970-04-01 1972-06-20 Southwire Co Method of fabricating aluminum alloy rod
    GB1475330A (en) * 1970-07-13 1977-06-01 Southwire Co Aluminum alloy used for electrical conductors and other articles and method of making same
    US3914009A (en) * 1971-11-19 1975-10-21 Southwire Co Electrical contact device and method of preparation thereof
    US3901691A (en) * 1972-01-20 1975-08-26 Ethyl Corp Aluminum-silicon alloy
    JPS525289B2 (en) * 1972-12-04 1977-02-12
    FR2286886B1 (en) * 1974-10-04 1977-03-18 Pechiney Aluminium
    GB1524355A (en) * 1975-10-31 1978-09-13 Alcan Res & Dev Aluminium alloy sheet products
    JPS5545626B2 (en) 1976-12-27 1980-11-19
    JP2001245160A (en) * 2000-02-29 2001-09-07 Canon Inc Device and method for image data processing device
    JP2001254160A (en) * 2000-03-09 2001-09-18 Mitsubishi Cable Ind Ltd Method of manufacturing aluminum alloy wire, and aluminum alloy
    JP4477295B2 (en) * 2002-10-10 2010-06-09 古河電気工業株式会社 Aluminum wire for automobile wire harness
    JP4330003B2 (en) * 2004-07-02 2009-09-09 古河電気工業株式会社 Aluminum conductive wire
    JP4728603B2 (en) * 2004-07-02 2011-07-20 古河電気工業株式会社 Aluminum conductive wire for automobile wiring and electric wire for automobile wiring
    JP4927366B2 (en) 2005-02-08 2012-05-09 古河電気工業株式会社 Aluminum conductive wire
    JP5128109B2 (en) 2006-10-30 2013-01-23 株式会社オートネットワーク技術研究所 Electric wire conductor and manufacturing method thereof
    JP4787885B2 (en) * 2008-08-11 2011-10-05 住友電気工業株式会社 Wire harness for wire harness and wire harness for automobile
    JP5388327B2 (en) 2008-08-15 2014-01-15 株式会社長谷工コーポレーション Disposer drain cleaning mechanism

    Non-Patent Citations (1)

    * Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
    Title
    None *

    Also Published As

    Publication number Publication date
    JPWO2011105585A1 (en) 2013-06-20
    EP2540849A4 (en) 2013-11-06
    CN102812140A (en) 2012-12-05
    EP2540849A1 (en) 2013-01-02
    US20120328471A1 (en) 2012-12-27
    JP4986252B2 (en) 2012-07-25
    CN102812140B (en) 2016-08-03
    WO2011105585A1 (en) 2011-09-01

    Similar Documents

    Publication Publication Date Title
    EP2540848B1 (en) Aluminum alloy conductor
    US9580784B2 (en) Aluminum alloy wire and method of producing the same
    EP2540849B1 (en) Aluminum alloy conductor
    EP2383357B1 (en) Aluminum alloy wire
    US8951370B2 (en) Aluminum alloy wire material
    EP2597169A1 (en) Aluminium alloy conductor and manufacturing method for same
    EP2597168B1 (en) Aluminum alloy conductor
    EP2692880B1 (en) Aluminum alloy conductor
    JP2013044038A (en) Aluminum alloy conductor
    EP2540850B1 (en) Aluminum alloy conductor
    JP5939530B2 (en) Aluminum alloy conductor
    US9496064B2 (en) Copper alloy for electric and electronic device, copper alloy sheet for electric and electronic device, conductive component for electric and electronic device, and terminal
    US20160111179A1 (en) Copper alloy for electric and electronic device, copper alloy sheet for electric and electronic device, conductive component for electric and electronic device, and terminal
    US20160300634A1 (en) Copper alloy for electric and electronic device, copper alloy sheet for electric and electronic device, conductive component for electric and electronic device, and terminal

    Legal Events

    Date Code Title Description
    17P Request for examination filed

    Effective date: 20120831

    AK Designated contracting states

    Kind code of ref document: A1

    Designated state(s): AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

    DAX Request for extension of the european patent (deleted)
    RIC1 Information provided on ipc code assigned before grant

    Ipc: C22C 21/00 20060101AFI20130930BHEP

    Ipc: C22F 1/00 20060101ALI20130930BHEP

    Ipc: B21C 1/00 20060101ALI20130930BHEP

    Ipc: H01B 1/02 20060101ALI20130930BHEP

    Ipc: C22F 1/04 20060101ALI20130930BHEP

    Ipc: H01B 5/02 20060101ALI20130930BHEP

    A4 Supplementary search report drawn up and despatched

    Effective date: 20131007

    17Q First examination report despatched

    Effective date: 20161129

    INTG Intention to grant announced

    Effective date: 20170510

    AK Designated contracting states

    Kind code of ref document: B1

    Designated state(s): AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

    REG Reference to a national code

    Ref country code: GB

    Ref legal event code: FG4D

    REG Reference to a national code

    Ref country code: CH

    Ref legal event code: EP

    REG Reference to a national code

    Ref country code: AT

    Ref legal event code: REF

    Ref document number: 938030

    Country of ref document: AT

    Kind code of ref document: T

    Effective date: 20171115

    Ref country code: IE

    Ref legal event code: FG4D

    REG Reference to a national code

    Ref country code: DE

    Ref legal event code: R096

    Ref document number: 602011042513

    Country of ref document: DE

    REG Reference to a national code

    Ref country code: NL

    Ref legal event code: MP

    Effective date: 20171018

    REG Reference to a national code

    Ref country code: LT

    Ref legal event code: MG4D

    REG Reference to a national code

    Ref country code: AT

    Ref legal event code: MK05

    Ref document number: 938030

    Country of ref document: AT

    Kind code of ref document: T

    Effective date: 20171018

    PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

    Ref country code: NL

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

    Ref country code: FI

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    Ref country code: ES

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    Ref country code: LT

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    Ref country code: SE

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    Ref country code: NO

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20180118

    PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

    Ref country code: BG

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20180118

    Ref country code: RS

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    Ref country code: LV

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    Ref country code: AT

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    Ref country code: IS

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20180218

    Ref country code: GR

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20180119

    Ref country code: HR

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    REG Reference to a national code

    Ref country code: DE

    Ref legal event code: R097

    Ref document number: 602011042513

    Country of ref document: DE

    PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

    Ref country code: EE

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    Ref country code: DK

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    Ref country code: SK

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    Ref country code: CZ

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

    Ref country code: RO

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    Ref country code: IT

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    Ref country code: SM

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    Ref country code: PL

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    REG Reference to a national code

    Ref country code: CH

    Ref legal event code: PL

    26N No opposition filed

    Effective date: 20180719

    PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

    Ref country code: MC

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    GBPC Gb: european patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

    Effective date: 20180225

    REG Reference to a national code

    Ref country code: IE

    Ref legal event code: MM4A

    REG Reference to a national code

    Ref country code: BE

    Ref legal event code: MM

    Effective date: 20180228

    REG Reference to a national code

    Ref country code: FR

    Ref legal event code: ST

    Effective date: 20181031

    PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

    Ref country code: LU

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

    Effective date: 20180225

    Ref country code: CH

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

    Effective date: 20180228

    Ref country code: SI

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    Ref country code: LI

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

    Effective date: 20180228

    PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

    Ref country code: IE

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

    Effective date: 20180225

    PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

    Ref country code: BE

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

    Effective date: 20180228

    Ref country code: FR

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

    Effective date: 20180228

    Ref country code: GB

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

    Effective date: 20180225

    PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

    Ref country code: MT

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

    Effective date: 20180225

    PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

    Ref country code: TR

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

    Ref country code: HU

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT; INVALID AB INITIO

    Effective date: 20110225

    Ref country code: PT

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

    Ref country code: MK

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

    Effective date: 20171018

    Ref country code: CY

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

    Ref country code: AL

    Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

    Effective date: 20171018

    PGFP Annual fee paid to national office [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

    Ref country code: DE

    Payment date: 20210209

    Year of fee payment: 11