EP2492590A1 - Light with passive cooling - Google Patents

Light with passive cooling Download PDF

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Publication number
EP2492590A1
EP2492590A1 EP11155452A EP11155452A EP2492590A1 EP 2492590 A1 EP2492590 A1 EP 2492590A1 EP 11155452 A EP11155452 A EP 11155452A EP 11155452 A EP11155452 A EP 11155452A EP 2492590 A1 EP2492590 A1 EP 2492590A1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
luminaire according
luminaire
preceding
lamp
air
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP11155452A
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German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Stefan Tasch
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Lumitech Holding GmbH
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Lumitech Holding GmbH
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Publication date
Application filed by Lumitech Holding GmbH filed Critical Lumitech Holding GmbH
Priority to EP11155452A priority Critical patent/EP2492590A1/en
Publication of EP2492590A1 publication Critical patent/EP2492590A1/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V29/00Protecting lighting devices from thermal damage; Cooling or heating arrangements specially adapted for lighting devices or systems
    • F21V29/50Cooling arrangements
    • F21V29/70Cooling arrangements characterised by passive heat-dissipating elements, e.g. heat-sinks
    • F21V29/83Cooling arrangements characterised by passive heat-dissipating elements, e.g. heat-sinks the elements having apertures, ducts or channels, e.g. heat radiation holes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V29/00Protecting lighting devices from thermal damage; Cooling or heating arrangements specially adapted for lighting devices or systems
    • F21V29/50Cooling arrangements
    • F21V29/60Cooling arrangements characterised by the use of a forced flow of gas, e.g. air
    • F21V29/67Cooling arrangements characterised by the use of a forced flow of gas, e.g. air characterised by the arrangement of fans
    • F21V29/673Cooling arrangements characterised by the use of a forced flow of gas, e.g. air characterised by the arrangement of fans the fans being used for intake
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V29/00Protecting lighting devices from thermal damage; Cooling or heating arrangements specially adapted for lighting devices or systems
    • F21V29/50Cooling arrangements
    • F21V29/70Cooling arrangements characterised by passive heat-dissipating elements, e.g. heat-sinks
    • F21V29/74Cooling arrangements characterised by passive heat-dissipating elements, e.g. heat-sinks with fins or blades
    • F21V29/77Cooling arrangements characterised by passive heat-dissipating elements, e.g. heat-sinks with fins or blades with essentially identical diverging planar fins or blades, e.g. with fan-like or star-like cross-section
    • F21V29/773Cooling arrangements characterised by passive heat-dissipating elements, e.g. heat-sinks with fins or blades with essentially identical diverging planar fins or blades, e.g. with fan-like or star-like cross-section the planes containing the fins or blades having the direction of the light emitting axis
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21KNON-ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES USING LUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING ELECTROCHEMILUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING CHARGES OF COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL; LIGHT SOURCES USING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AS LIGHT-GENERATING ELEMENTS; LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21K9/00Light sources using semiconductor devices as light-generating elements, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] or lasers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S8/00Lighting devices intended for fixed installation
    • F21S8/02Lighting devices intended for fixed installation of recess-mounted type, e.g. downlighters
    • F21S8/026Lighting devices intended for fixed installation of recess-mounted type, e.g. downlighters intended to be recessed in a ceiling or like overhead structure, e.g. suspended ceiling
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2105/00Planar light sources
    • F21Y2105/10Planar light sources comprising a two-dimensional array of point-like light-generating elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2115/00Light-generating elements of semiconductor light sources
    • F21Y2115/10Light-emitting diodes [LED]

Abstract

The invention relates to a lamp (10) comprising a lamp (100) and a cooling device, the lamp being a light-emitting diode, and the cooling device having at least one hollow chamber (500) for forming a free flow (700).

Description

    Field of the invention
  • The present invention relates to a luminaire with a light source and a passive cooling. The invention particularly relates to a luminaire with a light-emitting diode (LED).
  • Background of the invention
  • The generation of light by means of conventional bulbs is accompanied by the generation of heat. While the proportion of heat generated in relation to the energy used in a current-carrying and thus excited to glow conductors up to about 90%, modern light bulbs allow for this compared significantly better efficiency.
  • A by now typical light source is the light emitting diode (also luminescence diode), which is referred to herein for short as LED. It is a semiconductor electronic device in which light is emitted when current flows in the forward direction of the semiconductor. The wavelength of the light depends essentially on the semiconductor material and the selected doping.
  • Although LEDs have low energy consumption and comparatively high efficiency compared to conventional light sources, the cooling of LED lights usually plays an important role as the operating temperature of the LEDs should be low (<120 ° C). Because even LEDs turn most of the electrical power, sometimes up to 80% of it, into heat. However, the area of the semiconductor and the thermally coupled environment, which is at the same time the only original possibility of radiating heat, is relatively small (for example, a semiconductor surface of the order of 1 mm 2 ). In addition, the semiconductor crystal, and also located in the vicinity of electronic components, must regularly not exceed a limit temperature of, for example, 120 ° Celsius. For a long service life, the temperature should also be as far below such a limit temperature.
  • Therefore, it is necessary that the luminaire, which includes a light source such as an LED, also has means for cooling.
  • In the prior art, a distinction is made between passive and active cooling. With active cooling, an air movement is generated by means of technical means (such as a propeller) and with constant use of supplied energy (typically electrical energy). In passive cooling, the resulting heat energy is dissipated by the concrete structure of the lamp and delivered to the environment.
  • However, especially with small lights and lights that are installed in the ceiling, this heat release can be associated with considerable difficulties. In most cases, attempts are made to dissipate the heat from the LED to a heat sink, which then emits the heat over a relatively large surface to the surrounding air.
  • In a known and in Fig. 1 For example, the LEDs 100 are mounted on the underside of an aluminum body of the luminaire 10 to which the heat generated by the LEDs is transmitted. The upper surface of the aluminum body is structured by vertical ridges or fingers 105 so that the surface that is in direct contact with the surrounding air is as large as possible.
  • A disadvantage of this design is that the heated air rises only slowly and must flow cooler air over the entire surface of the heat sink. In general, no stronger steady-state air flow is formed; small local temperature differences always lead to small-scale convection flows, which have only a small cooling effect. However, the cooling effect is largely dependent on higher flow velocities and large temperature differences.
  • Another disadvantage is that the operating electronics necessary for the LED operation can only be arranged laterally and therefore has a higher space requirement. If it were placed over the heat sink, it would hinder the cooling. A second and in the Figures 2-4 The solution shown consists of a cylinder or prism-shaped heat sink 200, on the underside of the LEDs 100 are mounted. On the top is the operating electronics 210. On the cylinder or prismatic jacket are vertically extending cooling fins 220. The heated air rises along the vertically arranged cooling fins and from below, cooler air can flow. However, even in this case along the lamellae, only small-scale convection flows are formed, which reduce the cooling effect by means of small temperature differences and low flow velocities.
  • Summary of the invention
  • It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a luminaire which overcomes the problems described.
  • This object is achieved by a luminaire having a luminous means and a cooling device, wherein the luminous means is a light-emitting diode, and the cooling device has at least one hollow chamber for forming a free flow. Further advantageous embodiments, aspects and details emerge from the subclaims, the description and the drawings.
  • The present invention makes use of the chimney effect. This is based on the principles of aerostatics, according to which warm air has a lower density than cold air. The warm air escapes upward, whereby new air is attracted by the resulting negative pressure within the hollow chamber, which leads to a self-preservation of the effect.
  • The terms "up" and "down" are used herein to describe the vertical position with respect to the luminaire. The orientation is based on an orientation of the luminaire which corresponds to the orientation intended for actual operation. For example, the luminaire may be a ceiling light, such as a downlight, or a so-called "spot". The orientation The luminaire is regularly such that the LEDs are oriented downwards and there to develop their luminosity.
  • The term "luminaire" as used herein includes the holder for the lamp or illuminant. The term "holder" or "socket" is understood to mean that the LED illuminant or the lamp can be fastened in or on it and can typically form a strong thermal coupling. A luminaire regularly has cables or connecting contacts for connection to the electrical network.
  • The LED lamp is an exchangeable light source that can be placed in the socket or on the holder of a luminaire. This is done, for example, by simple insertion, by combined insertion and rotation, or by turning. The luminaire also regularly contains attached electronics, for example to control the luminaire or to convert the mains voltage into the required voltage.
  • The LED lamp typically contains a base part intended to be received in the lampholder of a lamp, the semiconductor required for light generation, and possibly other elements such as a mirroring applied around the semiconductor, the so-called reflector, and / or at least one protective glass. While the LED lamp is a wear product with a limited lifespan, the luminaire is regularly set up for unrestricted operation, and therefore permanently mounted, for example, on a ceiling.
  • Typically, the at least one hollow chamber according to the invention has an inflow opening, which is normally arranged in the lower region of the hollow chamber. The at least one hollow chamber according to the invention typically has an outflow opening, which is normally arranged in the upper region of the hollow chamber.
  • As a result, air can flow from the outside, which then heats up the walls of the hollow chamber and flows upwards. The hollow chambers are small enough that no small-scale convection flows can form. The resulting chimney effect forms a free flow; the flowing air can heat up optimally and there is a much higher flow velocity, which in turn ensures a higher heat transfer to the air.
  • The at least one hollow chamber typically has a height of at least 3 cm or even at least 5 cm. The air flow through the hollow chambers increases due to a higher altitude (see also the following formula briefing). Therefore, hollow chamber heights of at least 6 cm or even 7 cm may be required to dissipate high amounts of heat.
  • The amount of air flowing through the hollow chambers due to the chimney effect can be described by the following formula: Q = C A 2 G H Δ T T HS
    Figure imgb0001
  • Here are:
  • Q ...
    Air flow in m 3 / s
    C ...
    Flow Coefficient
    A ...
    Cross-sectional area of the hollow chambers
    g ...
    Gravitational constant (9,81 m / s 2 )
    H ...
    Height of the hollow chambers
    ΔT ...
    Temperature difference between outgoing and incoming air
    T HS ...
    Temperature of the outflowing air (heat sink temperature)
    If the air flow Q is divided by the cross-sectional area of the hollow chambers, the flow velocity results. This can, for example, in a downlight at 10 cm height of the hollow chambers and a usable temperature difference of 30 ° C be about 0.3 m / s. Without chimney effect and local convection, this speed would be reduced to one third to one tenth.
  • The cooling device according to the invention may comprise a heat sink, which consists for example of a prism-shaped or cylindrical body. According to embodiments the body is fully open at the top, which guarantees a high outflow of heated air.
  • Typically, the inlet openings are laterally, i. in the lateral Verandung the hollow chambers. This has several advantages. On the one hand, no "holes" can be seen from below, which is not always desirable from an optical point of view. On the other hand, the air sucked into the hollow chambers during operation leads to increased dust removal at the inlet openings. The dust removal leads to discoloration and is perceived as dirt. This is not conducive to the overall appearance of the luminaire. In particular, in ceiling lights, however, such dirt accumulations, which are deposited on the side of the inflow, and thus can not be seen from below, lead to any optical impairments.
  • According to a typical embodiment, the luminaire has an inner space and an outer space which comprises the at least one hollow chamber. Inside the body, the operating and / or control electronics can be located. In this case, operating electronics is understood to mean the power electronics which convert the mains voltage to the necessary direct current. Control electronics are understood to mean the electronics required to drive the LED, with which the parameters of the light emission, such as the intensity or the color locus, are set.
  • The electronics also typically contribute to the development of heat. It can therefore be arranged freely within the interior of the lamp, whereby it participates on the one hand on their version in the lamp material to the cooling by the cooling device, and on the other hand gives off heat to the air flowing around it. However, according to another embodiment, described in more detail below, the electronics may also be embedded in a heat-conductive potting compound.
  • The number of hollow chambers is according to embodiments between 5 and 30, in particular between 10 and 20. The outer space serves to cool the lamp, while the interior, for example. The storage of electronic elements is used. Typically, at least one LED illuminant is mounted on the underside of the interior. The bottom can also be mirrored or at least partially reflective, which also reduces the heat absorption through the bottom.
  • According to embodiments, the underside of the outer space is open, so that air can flow into the hollow chamber, or the underside of the outer space is closed, so that the air can flow through laterally arranged inlet openings into the hollow chambers. Typically, the size of the inlet openings is between 2 mm 2 and 5 mm 2 .
  • In order to make the best possible use of the space, the interior can essentially form a cylinder or a prism. Additionally or alternatively, it is typical that also the outer space forms a cylinder or a prism. The interior and the exterior are preferably arranged concentrically.
  • According to preferred embodiments, the individual hollow chambers may be separated by typically vertical cooling fins. The cooling fins represent the separation between the cavities and thus contribute significantly to the cooling capacity of the cooling device.
  • A refinement of the invention provides for the interior space located above the mounting surface of the LEDs, in which, for example, the operating electronics is installed, to be filled with a potting compound which is typically thermally conductive. The potting compound may additionally be designed to be electrically insulating, in particular if the existing electronics would otherwise be short-circuited via the potting compound.
  • By means of this development according to the invention, on the one hand, the heat transfer from the operating electronics to the hollow chambers and thus to the heat dissipating surfaces can be significantly improved. On the other hand, the heat transfer from the LEDs can be improved on the cooling device by the heat pipe volume of the lamp is increased and thus the temperature gradient is reduced in the overall body. Thus, the heat to be dissipated by the bulbs must not flow entirely through the underside of the heat sink to the vertical cooling surfaces of the hollow chambers, sondem can additionally reach the cooling surfaces directly through the potting compound. This reduces the thermal resistance.
  • In a further development of the invention, an active cooling can additionally be provided. For example, a fan is provided over the Luftausströmöffnungen the hollow chambers, the air sucks through the hollow chambers and typically emits upward. Thus, a forced convection can be generated by the hollow chambers, which emits the resulting heat faster to the ambient air. Due to the positive guidance of the air through the hollow chambers, the entire enforced air is effective in terms of cooling technology.
  • Thus, the cooling device according to the invention, which comprises at least one hollow chamber, also for active cooling an improved training, as with typical fan cooling electrical assemblies without the proposed forced guidance by hollow chambers larger amounts of air generally do not reach the cooling surfaces and thus do not contribute to the cooling. Furthermore, in the luminaire according to the invention with active cooling due to the hollow chambers with a lower turbulence of the air is to be expected. This also keeps the noise level low.
  • In order to further increase the cooling effect, the surface may be provided with a corresponding coating, coating or surface treatment. This is in particular the surface of the Hohlkammerbewandungen. Typically, the paint, coating or surface treatment increase the temperature output primarily by convection. For example, the coating or coating may contain particles such as AlN or SiO 2 . By means of a surface treatment, additionally or alternatively, the cooling-technically effective surface can be increased. By the proposed training, a further reduction of the surface temperature can be achieved by up to 25 °.
  • Short illustration of the figures
  • Embodiments of the invention are illustrated in the figures and will be described in more detail below. Show it:
    • Fig. 1 is a schematic longitudinal section through a known from the prior art lamp.
    • Fig. 2 shows a schematic longitudinal section of a known from the prior art lamp.
    • Fig. 3 shows a schematic view from below of the in Fig. 2 illustrated light.
    • Fig. 4 shows a schematic three-dimensional view of the in Fig. 2 illustrated light.
    • Fig. 5 shows a schematic view of an embodiment of the present invention.
    • Fig. 6 shows a schematic view of an embodiment of the present invention.
    • Fig. 7 shows a schematic longitudinal section through an embodiment of the present invention.
    • Fig. 8 shows a schematic longitudinal section through an embodiment of the present invention with additional active cooling.
    • Fig. 9 shows a schematic longitudinal section through an embodiment of the present invention.
    • Fig. 10 shows a schematic longitudinal section through an embodiment of the present invention with additional active cooling.
    • Fig. 11 shows a schematic three-dimensional view of an embodiment, a lamp without cooling device.
    • Fig. 12 shows a schematic three-dimensional view of in Fig. 11 illustrated embodiment, including cooling device.
    Detailed description of the embodiments
  • In the following figures, the same reference number designates the same device.
  • FIG. 5 shows a plan view of an embodiment of the present inventive lamp 10 from below. The inner space 510 shown in plan view from below has a plurality of LEDs 100 arranged on its underside. The underside may be mirrored or at least partially reflective.
  • The interior is surrounded by the outer space 530 functioning as a cooling device, which comprises a multiplicity of hollow chambers 500. The number of hollow chambers is in the in Fig. 5 In general, the number is at least 5 or at least 10. Typically, the number of cavities is not greater than 50, preferably not greater than 40. As in FIG Fig. 5 By way of example, the cavities are fully open at the top and bottom so that the air can flow through them.
  • According to embodiments described herein, the at least one cavity, more typically a plurality of the at least one cavity, has a cross-sectional area of from 0.5 cm 2 to 2 cm 2 .
  • The most homogeneous possible heat removal can take place in that the cavities are arranged equidistantly in the outer space.
  • Fig. 6 shows an example of a three-dimensional view of a lamp 10 according to embodiments of the invention. The centrally visible interior 510 is surrounded by a Plurality of cavities 500. As can be seen, it may be advantageous for the shape of the cavities to vary. In the in Fig. 6 shown example, as well as in other, not explicitly illustrated embodiments of the invention, the lamp may have a cylindrical outer shape. Since, for example, arranged in the interior electronics may not have a circular cross-section, but typically rather a rectangular or almost rectangular, it may be advantageous to choose the walling of the interior so that the electronics find space, but there is no excess space. For optimal cooling of the lamp, therefore, the entire other space within the Außenraumbewandung is used to form cavities.
  • According to embodiments, the luminaire can have at least one cavity part extension of the at least one cavity. These are exemplary in Fig. 6 shown and labeled with the reference number 600. The cavity part extensions are typically of the same material as the cavity walls. The cavity part extensions can serve, for example, to receive a reflector.
  • As stated, it is possible that the inflow and / or outflow openings of the cavities are formed such that the cavities are designed to be open at the bottom and / or at the top. "Open" in this sense may also include a partial opening whose opening cross-section is smaller than the cavity cross-section. A complete opening is for example in Fig. 5 shown.
  • Fig. 7 shows by way of example in a longitudinal section an embodiment of the present invention, according to which the inflow openings 710 are not provided below, but to the side. As can be seen, the outer walls of the hollow chambers may have recesses serving as inflow openings. Further shows Fig. 7 at the bottom 720, the LEDs 100, on the generally frequently opposite top of the interior, the electronics 210 is arranged. In the Fig. 7 exemplified Luftausströmöffnungen 730 are directed upward.
  • A laterally arranged inflow opening has, for example, the advantage that the luminaire 10, seen from below, has no opening, but rather the closed underside 720, which may be preferred for optical reasons. The forming airflow 700 leads that is, laterally into the luminaire, in order then to follow the longitudinal course of the cavity 500 upwards and thereby absorb heat from the hollow chamber wall surfaces.
  • Fig. 8 shows a further longitudinal section of an embodiment of the present invention, in which an active ventilation 800 is additionally provided. In the illustrated embodiment, the ventilation in the upper part of the lamp is arranged (so-called. Suction ventilation). The ventilation according to the embodiments contained herein is arranged such that the air movement generated by it has particular influence on the air movement within the at least one cavity. As a result, the flow rate and thus the heat transfer to the air flowing through can be increased. As shown, the ventilation may also create an air flow in or over the interior of the luminaire. According to embodiments, active cooling with a power of between 0.1 W and 10 W, such as 1 W operate.
  • The vent typically includes a propeller 830 located above the cavities. The propeller is operated by an electric motor (not shown) in accordance with embodiments. Ventilation is typically designed to increase the natural airflow that is dictated by the geometry of the luminaire, such as at least tenfold.
  • The propeller 830 may be disposed within a perimeter 820, which is typically a vertical extension of the outer walls of the cavities, in accordance with embodiments. The axis 810 of the propeller 830 is normally centered and, in the case of concentrically arranged interior and exterior, simultaneously forms its center. Furthermore, the propeller has 850 propeller openings, from which the sucked air is conveyed out.
  • In the Fig. 9 shown in longitudinal section embodiment of the present invention illustrates an example of the embedding 900 of the electronics 210 in a potting compound. The electronics may consist of power electronics and / or control electronics. In particular, the power electronics, which may include a transformer, during operation regularly leads to a high heat output.
  • As already stated, the total heat transfer and in particular the heat transfer from the electronics can be optimized by the embedding. Typically, the potting compound fills the entire interior, so that the potting compound is in direct contact with the cavity walls, since - according to generally possible embodiments of the invention - the outer walling of the interior typically represents simultaneously the inner walling of the exterior space.
  • The potting compound typically consists of an electrically insulating and at the same time heat-conducting material. In question, for example, with A1 2 O 3 filled resins such as polyurethane or epoxy.
  • The embedding in potting compound, which now by way of example with reference to the embodiment of FIG. 9 has been illustrated is possible according to all embodiments of the present invention. The other elements of Fig. 9 corresponding to those of Fig. 8 , In particular, all show FIGS. 7 to 10 the laterally arranged inflow openings.
  • In addition, in Fig. 9 the height h of the hollow chambers indicated. According to the nomenclature chosen herein, the height of the hollow chamber may be understood as the length of the vertical walling, with any in-wall inflow or outflow opening, as exemplified in FIG Fig. 9 shown as belonging to the limitation.
  • According to the in Fig. 10 illustrated embodiment of a lamp 10, an active cooling is combined with a filled with potting interior. This possible embodiment benefits synergistically from the advantages already described: The heat transfer from the heat-generating elements, ie the LEDs and, if necessary, the electronics, to the cooling cavities takes place due to the filling with typically heat-conducting potting compound improved. Finally, because of the additional active cooling, cooling by the air flowing in the cavities also takes place better. In this respect, both the heat conduction within the lamp, as well as the heat output to the air is improved, which allows otherwise identical configuration, for example, the arrangement and operation of significantly more LEDs.
  • The orientation of the hollow chambers has always been described exclusively vertically in the embodiments described so far. This corresponds to the classic fireplace arrangement. In addition, however, it is also possible that the hollow chambers also have a horizontal component in addition to a possibly dominant vertical component. For example, if the outer shape of the luminaire is a cylinder, then the hollow chambers would run upwards in a helical line along the outside. This may be advantageous, especially in the lower part, since an increased interaction with the cavity wall takes place as a result of the deflection of the air, so that once again an increased heat transfer can take place. In the upper part of the lamp you may prefer a purely vertical orientation of the hollow chambers, so that the heat can flow as quickly as possible. This embodiment is particularly relevant for lights whose orientation in the application can be arbitrary, as the z. B. in the case of spots.
  • The FIGS. 11 and 12 Illustrate exemplary embodiments of the present invention, according to which the lamp is designed as a LED recessed ceiling luminaire (so-called "LED downlights"). These are usually recessed in the ceiling (flush-mounted installation) and connected directly to the mains. The entire electronics, especially for transforming the voltage, are already integrated in the downlights.
  • The LED downlight 1100 in a schematic three-dimensional view Fig. 11 is shown for illustration without the outer chamber comprising the hollow chambers. It can be seen the Bewandung the interior 510 and above the LED lamp 1130 and thus also above the LED light source 100 arranged operating electronics 210. The reflector 1120 surrounds the LED light-emitting means 100, where it obscures it in the illustration shown. Furthermore, a fastening device 1110 is shown, which serves the attachment of the lamp, for example in the ceiling.
  • Fig. 12 shows the same light as Fig. 11 However, this time including the outer space 530 containing the hollow chambers 500 for cooling. Evident are the Luftausströmöffnungen 730 of the outer space 530. Furthermore, the laterally arranged in the cavity wall Lufteinströmöffnungen 710 can be seen. According to general possible and in Fig. 12 By way of example illustrated embodiments, the air inflow openings are at a height of up to 35% of the luminaire height, in particular between 5% and 30% of the luminaire height.
  • According to further embodiments described herein, the luminaire can also be designed as a ceiling luminaire or as a spot. A spot differs from a downlight or a ceiling light in that a mechanism is provided which allows pivoting of the bulb and thus the emission direction. In a spot according to the invention, the lighting means is regularly fixedly connected to the cooling device. This means that pivoting of the luminous means is accompanied by simultaneous pivoting of the cooling device. A ceiling light corresponds to a recessed ceiling light with the difference that the lamp is mounted on the ceiling.

Claims (15)

  1. Luminaire (10) comprising a luminous means (100) and a cooling device, wherein the luminous means is a light-emitting diode, and the cooling device has at least one hollow chamber (500) for forming a free flow (700).
  2. Luminaire according to claim 1, wherein the at least one hollow chamber has an air inflow opening (710) and an air outflow opening (730), wherein the air inflow opening is below the air outflow opening and the free flow is formed by the chimney effect.
  3. Luminaire according to claim 2, wherein the at least one hollow chamber has a Hohlkammerbewandung, and the Lufteinströmöffnung (710) is provided laterally in the Hohlkammerbewandung.
  4. Luminaire according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the height (h) of the at least one hollow chamber (500) is at least 3 cm, preferably at least 5 cm, and preferably at most 10 cm.
  5. Luminaire according to one of the preceding claims, further comprising an operating electronics (210).
  6. Luminaire according to claim 5, wherein the operating electronics in a potting compound (900) is embedded.
  7. Luminaire according to claim 5, wherein the potting compound (900) is heat-conducting and typically electrically insulating.
  8. Luminaire according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the hollow chambers form an outer space (530).
  9. Luminaire according to claim 8, wherein the outer space (530) surrounds an inner space (510) and the inner space comprises an operating electronics (210).
  10. Luminaire according to one of the preceding claims, further comprising an electrically operable ventilation device (800), which is typically arranged above the outflow openings of the at least one hollow chamber.
  11. Luminaire according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the surface of the cooling device is at least partially coated with a material for increasing the heat radiation.
  12. Luminaire according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the number of hollow chambers is at least 5, preferably at least 10.
  13. Luminaire according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the lamp is designed as a downlight.
  14. Luminaire according to one of claims 1-12, wherein the lamp is designed as a spot.
  15. Luminaire according to claim 14, wherein the lamp further comprises a mechanism for pivoting the spot, wherein the mechanism is designed such that the cooling device is typically pivoted simultaneously with the lighting means.
EP11155452A 2011-02-22 2011-02-22 Light with passive cooling Withdrawn EP2492590A1 (en)

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EP11155452A EP2492590A1 (en) 2011-02-22 2011-02-22 Light with passive cooling

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EP2492590A1 true EP2492590A1 (en) 2012-08-29

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2009091562A2 (en) * 2008-01-15 2009-07-23 Philip Premysler Omnidirectional led light bulb
US20090296387A1 (en) * 2008-05-27 2009-12-03 Sea Gull Lighting Products, Llc Led retrofit light engine
EP2236917A1 (en) * 2007-12-28 2010-10-06 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Radiator, and lighting device
EP2251595A2 (en) * 2008-03-06 2010-11-17 Fawoo Technology Co., Ltd Fan-less heat ventilation for led lighting apparatus

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2236917A1 (en) * 2007-12-28 2010-10-06 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Radiator, and lighting device
WO2009091562A2 (en) * 2008-01-15 2009-07-23 Philip Premysler Omnidirectional led light bulb
EP2251595A2 (en) * 2008-03-06 2010-11-17 Fawoo Technology Co., Ltd Fan-less heat ventilation for led lighting apparatus
US20090296387A1 (en) * 2008-05-27 2009-12-03 Sea Gull Lighting Products, Llc Led retrofit light engine

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
None

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