EP2407529A1 - Peroxygen composition - Google Patents

Peroxygen composition Download PDF

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Publication number
EP2407529A1
EP2407529A1 EP20100169207 EP10169207A EP2407529A1 EP 2407529 A1 EP2407529 A1 EP 2407529A1 EP 20100169207 EP20100169207 EP 20100169207 EP 10169207 A EP10169207 A EP 10169207A EP 2407529 A1 EP2407529 A1 EP 2407529A1
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Prior art keywords
composition
carbon atoms
peracid
preceding
comprises
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EP20100169207
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German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Thomas E. Candy
Joseph W. Malone
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Solvay SA
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Solvay SA
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/48Medical, disinfecting agents, disinfecting, antibacterial, germicidal or antimicrobial compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/38Cationic compounds
    • C11D1/62Quaternary ammonium compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/835Mixtures of non-ionic with cationic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/39Organic or inorganic per-compounds
    • C11D3/3945Organic per-compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/72Ethers of polyoxyalkylene glycols

Abstract

A composition comprising at least one peracid and a quaternary ammonium salt of the formula: [R1R2R3R4Nm+]n Xx p- Yy q- wherein: R1, R2, R3 and R4 are independently, optionally substituted, alkyl, aryl or alkoxy groups; m *n = (x * p) + (y * q); m and n are independently equal to 1 or 2; x and y are integers or non integers and are independently from 0 to 2; x+y is at least 1; at least one of Xp- and Yq- is R5-COO-and R5 contains from 0 to 5 carbon atoms.

Description

    Field of the invention
  • This invention concerns peroxygen compositions. More specifically, this invention concerns solutions of peracids and additives such as quaternary ammonium salts.
  • Introduction
  • It is well known that certain classes of compound exert a very strong microbicidal effect which renders them suitable for use as disinfectants in a wide range of applications, especially domestic and industrial hard surface disinfection. One of the most commonly employed compounds is sodium hypochlorite solution, because it is readily available at low cost and is reasonably effective as a disinfectant over short contact times. In recent years, however, there has been increasing concern expressed at the possible environmental consequences of the use of hypochlorite solutions, including the possible formation of chlorinated organic compounds, such as trihalomethanes, and so attempts have been made to identify alternative disinfectants.
  • Peracids and peracid compositions, for example Perestane, are rapid acting oxidising biocides. Perestane is an aqueous mixture comprising peracids. Perestane is typically an aqueous equilibrium mixture comprising mixed peracids. Perestane can be formulated into compositions which are effective low temperature bleaches, colourless, non-staining liquids which are easily rinsed from surfaces without leaving a residue. Compositions including Perestane or other peracids may also be thickened or perfumed.
  • Further, Perestane containing compositions or other compositions containing peracids are effective instantly and react quickly with the microbial agent thereafter decomposing quickly leaving no residue.
  • As a consequence of these properties, Perestane and other peracids are typically used as household disinfectants and surface cleaners.
  • Quaternary ammonium salts are effective disinfecting agents active against microbial agents, e.g. yeast, virus, bacteria, moulds and spores. Known as "quats", quaternary ammonium salts have been used as antimicrobial agents for cleaning agents and for fabric softeners ( US 2003/0109403 ). Quats have also been used in compositions to reduce the antimicrobial burden in food products ( US 2002/0192340 ).
  • Quats have a longer lasting effect and provide disinfectant efficacy over a longer time period.
  • It is advantageous to formulate aqueous compositions containing peracids, such as Perestane, but also quaternary ammonium salts and/or surfactants, which lead respectively to a longer term effect and better wetting properties, which will both result in a better efficacy or performance as biocide. However, formulation of peroxygen compounds is known to be difficult. The additive needs to be resistant to oxidation (as it will be in presence of powerful oxidant) and also it must not destabilize the peroxygen compound giving rise to oxygen evolution and lack of activity (as measured by available oxygen "AvOx"). The addition of quaternary ammonium salts and/or of surfactants to peracids is known to cause destabilisation of the peracids leading to loss of efficacy in the short term.
  • However the inventors of the present invention have found a narrow range of quats and other additives which are stable in compositions including peracids.
  • According to a first aspect of the invention there is provided an aqueous composition comprising at least:
  1. (a) one peracid and
  2. (b) a quaternary ammonium salt of the formula:

             [R1R2R3R4Nm+]n Xx P- Yy q-

    wherein:
    • R1, R2, R3 and R4 are independently, optionally substituted, alkyl, aryl or alkoxy groups; m * n = x * p + y * q ;
      Figure imgb0001

      m and n are independently equal to 1 or 2;
      x and y are integers or non integers and are independently from 0 to 2;
      x+y is at least 1;
      at least one of Xp- and Yq- is R5-COO-; and
    • R5 contains from 0 to 5 carbon atoms, in particular from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, particularly from 2 to 3 carbon atoms, for instance 2 carbon atoms, which then corresponds to a propionate group with the COO-.
  • In this first aspect of the invention, R1 may further be of the formula [R6-O]p wherein p is from 1 to 10, in particular from 2 to 5. In this first aspect of the invention, R6 may for instance have from 1 to 5 carbon atoms, particularly from 2 to 4 carbon atoms, for instance 2 or 3 carbon atoms, advantageously 2 carbon atoms.
  • According to a second aspect of the invention, there is provided an aqueous composition comprising at least:
    1. (a) one peracid and
    2. (b) a quaternary ammonium salt of the formula:

               [R1R2R3R4Nm+]n Xx p- Yy q-

      wherein:
      • R1, R2, R3 and R4 are independently, optionally substituted, alkyl, aryl or alkoxy groups; m * n = x * p + y * q ;
        Figure imgb0002

        m and n are independently equal to 1 or 2;
        x and y are integers or non integers and are independently from 0 to 2;
        x+y is at least 1;
      • R1 is of the formula [R6-O]p wherein p is from 1 to 10, in particular from 1 to 5; and
      • R6 has from 1 to 5 carbon atoms, particularly from 2 to 4 carbon atoms, for instance 2 or 3 carbon atoms, advantageously 2 carbon atoms.
  • The following may apply to both the first and the second aspects of the present invention as defined above, independently from one another, but also combined to one another, advantageously combined to one another.
  • Typically, at least one of, and more frequently only two of R1, R2, R3 and R4, comprises 5 to 15 carbon atoms, for instance 9 to 11 carbon atoms. Conveniently, these chains may be saturated.
  • Also typically, at least one of the other of the R1, R2, R3 and R4 groups, particularly only one of these groups, comprises 1 to 3 carbon atoms, in particular 1 carbon atom (i.e. a methyl group). Conveniently, this chain may be saturated.
  • Often, n is 1.
  • Xp- and Yp- are the anions which act as counterpart of the ammonium cation. Xp- and Yp- can be selected from any kind of typical anions, including chloride, bromide, and carboxylates, advantageously carboxylates.
  • In many cases, y is 0.
  • In a certain embodiment of the present invention, the first and second aspects described above may be combined together. An example of quaternary ammonium salt corresponding to this certain embodiment is didecyl-methyl-poly(oxyethyl) ammonium carboxylate, preferably N,N-didecyl-N-methyl-poly(oxyethyl) ammonium propionate.
  • The quaternary ammonium may be present in the composition according to the first or second aspect of the present invention or according to the certain embodiment of the present invention, in an amount from 1 to 5 wt%.
  • According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a composition comprising at least:
    1. (a) one peracid; and
    2. (b) an alcohol ethoxylate;
      wherein the alcohol ethoxylate comprises carbon chains in the range of from C9 to C11 which have been condensed with from 2.5 to 10 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol.
  • The alcohol ethoxylate may typically be present in the composition according to the third aspect of the present invention in an amount from 0.5 to 5 wt%.
  • In a further aspect of the present invention, the various aspects as defined above can be combined to one another, to provide a composition comprising at least:
    1. (a) one peracid,
    2. (b) a quaternary ammonium salt of the formula [R1R2R3R4Nm+]n Xx p- Yy q- as defined in the first or second aspects of the invention, and
    3. (c) an alcohol ethoxylate as defined in the third aspect of the invention.
  • The following applies to the various aspects and embodiments of the present invention, as defined above. The following may apply, independently from one another, but also combined to one another, advantageously combined to one another.
  • The at least one peracid present into the compositions according to any of the above-mentioned aspects and embodiments of the present invention may typically comprise from 3 to 10 carbon atoms, in particular from 4 to 6 carbon atoms. For instance, it can be a mixture of from C4 to C6 peracids.
  • The peracid may be present in the composition of the present invention in an amount from 0.1 to 7 wt%, in particular from 1 to 5 wt%, especially from 3 to 5wt%.
  • Said peracid may comprise at least one monopercarboxylic acid and/or at least one ester percarboxylic acid (or ester peracid, i.e. a compound comprising an ester group and a CO3H group), such as methylester percarboxylic acid(s). Advantageously, the peracid comprises both at least one monopercarboxylic acid and at least one ester percarboxylic acid. Said monopercarboxylic acid may for instance be present into the composition of the present invention in an amount from 1 to 3 wt%. Said ester percarboxylic acid may for example be present into the composition of the present invention in an amount from 1 to 3 wt%. The composition could also comprise from 1 to 3 wt% of monopercarboxylic acid(s) and from 1 to 3 wt% of ester percarboxylic acid(s).
  • Other components may also be present in the composition according to any previous aspects and embodiments of the invention, and these may include at least one of hydrogen peroxide, dicarboxylic acids, dipercarboxylic acids (that is with two CO3H groups), esters, diesters, and ester acids (that is with an ester group and a COOH group). For these additional components, typically the carbon chains lengths are in the range of from 3 to 10 carbon atoms, especially from 4 to 6 carbon atoms, for instance a mixture of from C4 to C6 chain lengths.
  • In particular, the composition according to any aspects or embodiments of the present invention may comprise the reaction mixture of an acid or an ester, especially an ester acid (i.e. a compound comprising an ester group and a COOH group) or a diester, and hydrogen peroxide.
  • In especially preferred aspects and embodiments, the composition of the present invention comprises the composition sold by Solvay SA under the brand name Perestane .
  • The present invention also provides a use of a composition as described herein as a biocide, usually after dilution in water.
  • Should the disclosure of any patents, patent applications, and publications which are incorporated herein by reference conflict with the description of the present application to the extent that it might render a term unclear, the present description shall take precedence.
  • Examples
  • Embodiments of the present invention will now be described, by way of example only, without limiting the scope of the invention thereto.
  • Example 1 (samples A1, B1 and C1)
  • Three samples were made, all comprising Perestane. Perestane is a mixture including C4 to C6 dicarboxylic acids, monocarboxylic percarboxylic acids , di-percarboxylic acids, monoester percarboxylic acids (or ester peracids), ester acids, diesters and hydrogen peroxide. Perestane is available from Solvay SA.
  • The samples were:
    • (A1) 3.5g water + 96.6 g Perestane.
    • (B1) 3.5g benzalkonium chloride + 96.5 g Perestane as a comparative experiment.
    • (C1) 3.5g Bardap 26 + 96.5 g Perestane in accordance with the present invention. Bardap is a brand of Lonza Group Ltd, Switzerland and Bardap 26 corresponds to the chemical N,N-didecyl-N-methyl-poly(oxyethyl) ammonium propionate.
  • To determine the stability of the samples, their peracid content as well as the percentage of available oxygen (AvOx) were determined over a period of time up to 91 days. The total available oxygen (AvOx) in the compositions was calculated from the free H2O2 content and peracid content. The H2O2 content was measured by a standard ceric sulphate titration method. The peracid content was determined by iodometric titration. Between the measurements, samples A1, B1 and C1 were stored in the same conditions, at about 20°C in glass brown bottles with screw caps (non vented). The results are presented below in tables 1 and 2. Table 1: Results expressed as %w/w peracid
    Days after mixing Sample A1 Perestane & water Sample B1 Perestane & benzalkonium chloride Sample C1 Perestane & Bardap-26
    3 4 2.2 4
    9 4.1 1.6 4
    16 4.2 1.2 4
    41 4 4.1
    91 4.2 4.5
    Table 2: Results expressed as % available oxygen (AvOx)
    Days after mixing Sample A1 Perestane & water Sample B1 Perestane & benzalkonium chloride Sample C1 Perestane & Bardap-26
    3 6.1 5.1 6.2
    9 6.3 3.0 6.2
    16 6.2 0.5 6.2
    41 6.2 6.1
    91 6.2 6.1
  • As noted above, sample A1 (comprising water) is stable, showing no loss of peracid or of available oxygen. However when Perestane is combined with a known quat, such as benzalkonium chloride (sample B1), the stability is lost: a strong decrease of the peracids concentration and an almost total loss of available oxygen are observed after 16 days.
  • In contrast when a quat in accordance with the present invention is used (sample C1), the mixture shows surprising stability, maintaining the peracid and available oxygen content even after 91 days. Surprisingly this stability is comparable to that of the water sample A1 rather than the known quat B1.
  • Example 2 (samples A2, B2 and C2)
  • A further series of experiments were conducted to show that the combination of Neodol 91-8 with Perestane provides a stable composition, as measured by peracid content and available oxygen (AvOx) over time.
  • Three samples were made:
    • (A2) 1.1 g water + 98.1 g Perestane.
    • (B2) 1.1g Mirataine D40 + 98.1 g Perestane as a comparative experiment. Mirataine D40 is a brand name for lauryldimethylbetaine which is a type of surfactant used in household formulations supplied by Rhodia and has an aqueous composition comprising water and an alkyldimethylbetaine, wherein the alkyl is a mixture of about 70 weight % lauryl (C12) and 30 weight % tetradecyl (C14), the composition having a solid content of the alkyldimethylbetaine of 40 weight %.
    • (C2) 1.1g Neodol 91-8 + 98.1 g Perestane in accordance with the present invention. Neodol is a brand name for Shell Chemicals Ltd and Neodol 91-8 corresponds to a soluble C9-11 linear alcohol ethoxylate, ethoxylated with an average of approximately 8 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol. An alternative supplier of such a chemical is Croda, under the brand Synperonic 91/8.
  • The peracid content and available oxygen (AvOx) of these three samples were determined using the same method as in Example 1. The results are shown in tables 3 and 4 below. Table 3: Results expressed as %w/w peracid
    Days after mixing Sample A2 PerestaneTM & water Sample B2 PerestaneTM & MirataineTM D40 Sample C2 PerestaneTM & NeodolTM 91/8
    3 4 3.6 4.1%
    9 4.1 3.4 4.7
    16 4.2 3.1 4.2
    41 4 2.3 4.2
    91 4.2 1.1 4.2
    Table 4: Results expressed as % available oxygen (AvOx)
    Days after mixing Sample A2 PerestaneTM & water Sample B2 PerestaneTM & MirataineTM D40 Sample C2 PerestaneTM & NeodolTM 91/8
    3 6.3 6.0 6.3
    9 6.3 5.5 6.4
    16 6.3 5.0 6.3
    41 6.3 3.5 6.3
    91 6.3 1.8 6.3
  • Thus, as shown above, the stability of the peracid composition is maintained in the control experiment, with water. When mixed with Mirataine D40 however, the stability is lost: after 91 days, the content in peracid and the available oxygen are significantly reduced. However, on using Neodol 91/8 in accordance with the present invention the stability of the peracid composition was maintained.
  • Thus the above results demonstrate a good stability of a peracid composition with different embodiments of the invention in comparison to similar compositions which are outwith the scope of the invention, which exhibit a poor stability.
  • Claims (15)

    1. A composition comprising at least:
      (a) one peracid and
      (b) a quaternary ammonium salt of the formula:

               [R1R2R3R4Nm+]n Xp- Yy q-

      wherein:
      R', R2, R3 and R4 are independently, optionally substituted, alkyl, aryl or alkoxy groups; m * n = x * p + y * q ;
      Figure imgb0003

      m and n are independently equal to 1 or 2;
      x and y are integers or non integers and are independently from 0 to 2;
      x+y is at least 1;
      at least one of Xp- and Yq- is R5-COO-; and
      R5 contains from 0 to 5 carbon atoms.
    2. A composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein R1 is of the formula [R6-O]p wherein p is from 1 to 10, in particular from 2 to 5; and R6 has from 1 to 5 carbon atoms, particularly from 2 to 4 carbon atoms, more particularly 2 carbon atoms.
    3. A composition as claimed in either preceding claim, wherein at least one, preferably only two, of R1, R2, R3 and R4, comprises 5 to 15 carbon atoms, in particular 9 to 11 carbon atoms, these chains being conveniently saturated.
    4. A composition as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein at least one, particularly only one, of R1, R2, R3 and R4 groups comprises 1 to 3 carbon atoms, in particular 1 carbon atom, these chains being conveniently saturated.
    5. A composition as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein R5 comprises 1 to 4 carbon atoms, preferably 2 carbon atoms.
    6. A composition as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the quaternary ammonium salt is didecyl-methyl-poly(oxyethyl) ammonium carboxylate, preferably N,N-didecyl-N-methyl-poly(oxyethyl) ammonium propionate.
    7. A composition as claimed in any preceding claim wherein the composition includes an amount of peracid from 0.1 to 7 wt%, in particular from 1 to 5 wt%, especially from 3 to 5 wt%.
    8. A composition as claimed in any preceding claim wherein the peracid comprises at least one monopercarboxylic acid, preferably present into the composition in an amount from 1 to 3 wt%.
    9. A composition as claimed in any preceding claim wherein the peracid comprises at least one ester percarboxylic acid, preferably present into the composition in an amount from 1 to 3 wt%.
    10. A composition as claimed in any preceding claim wherein the composition comprises from 1 to 5 wt% of the quaternary ammonium salt.
    11. A composition as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the peracid comprises from 3 to 10 carbon atoms, especially from 4 to 6 carbon atoms.
    12. A composition comprising at least
      (a) one peracid and
      (b) a quaternary ammonium salt of the formula:

               [R1R2R3R4Nm+]n Xx p- Yy q-

      wherein:
      R1, R2, R3 and R4 are independently, optionally substituted, alkyl, aryl or alkoxy groups; m * n = x * p + y * q ;
      Figure imgb0004

      m and n are independently equal to 1 or 2;
      x and y are integers or non integers and are independently from 0 to 2;
      x+y is at least 1;
      R1 is of the formula [R6-O]p wherein p is from 1 to 10, preferably from 1 to 5; and
      R6 has from 1 to 5 carbon atoms, particularly from 2 to 4 carbon atoms.
    13. A composition comprising at least:
      (a) one peracid and
      (b) an alcohol ethoxylate;
      wherein the alcohol ethoxylate comprises carbon chains in the range of from C9 to C11 which have been condensed with from 2.5 to 10 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol.
    14. A composition according to claim 13, wherein the peracid comprises from 3 to 10 carbon atoms, especially from 4 to 6 carbon atoms.
    15. Use of a composition as claimed in any preceding claim as a biocide.
    EP20100169207 2010-07-12 2010-07-12 Peroxygen composition Withdrawn EP2407529A1 (en)

    Priority Applications (1)

    Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
    EP20100169207 EP2407529A1 (en) 2010-07-12 2010-07-12 Peroxygen composition

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    Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
    EP20100169207 EP2407529A1 (en) 2010-07-12 2010-07-12 Peroxygen composition
    PCT/EP2011/061601 WO2012007377A3 (en) 2010-07-12 2011-07-08 Peroxygen composition

    Publications (1)

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    EP2407529A1 true true EP2407529A1 (en) 2012-01-18

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    Cited By (1)

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    EP2724614A1 (en) * 2012-10-24 2014-04-30 Wesso Ag Use of a cleaning composition in particular for disinfecting and/or reduction of germs of eggs and method

    Families Citing this family (2)

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    Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
    DE202011110005U1 (en) 2011-09-06 2012-12-20 Guanglai Xu A new device for charging and discharging a capacitor block chain for electric energy storage
    DE102011113233A1 (en) 2011-09-06 2013-03-07 Guanglai Xu Method for charging and discharging capacitor block used in flashlight for e.g. household application, involves connecting capacitor blocks in cascade arrangement, and charging and discharging capacitor blocks continuously

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    WO1994000548A1 (en) * 1992-06-19 1994-01-06 Laporte E.S.D. Limited Compositions containing organic peracid and quaternary ammonium compound
    EP1192860A1 (en) * 2000-09-29 2002-04-03 Air Liquide Sante (International) UVA-tracer containing disinfectant and method of determining the degree of dilution of disinfectants using UVA-tracers
    US20020128164A1 (en) * 2000-11-30 2002-09-12 Tosoh Corporation Resist stripper
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    US20030109403A1 (en) 2001-06-05 2003-06-12 Ecolab, Inc. Solid cleaning composition including stabilized active oxygen component

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    GB9412051D0 (en) 1994-06-16 1994-08-03 Solvay Interox Ltd Novel peroxygen compounds
    GB9626637D0 (en) 1996-12-21 1997-02-12 Solvay Interox Ltd Percarboxyilic acid solutions
    EP0967203A1 (en) 1998-06-22 1999-12-29 SOLVAY (Société Anonyme) Process for the production of an aqueous monoester peroxycarboxylic acid solution, the solution obtainable by this process, and its use as disinfectant
    US6627593B2 (en) * 2001-07-13 2003-09-30 Ecolab Inc. High concentration monoester peroxy dicarboxylic acid compositions, use solutions, and methods employing them
    US7060301B2 (en) * 2001-07-13 2006-06-13 Ecolab Inc. In situ mono-or diester dicarboxylate compositions

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    WO1994000548A1 (en) * 1992-06-19 1994-01-06 Laporte E.S.D. Limited Compositions containing organic peracid and quaternary ammonium compound
    EP1192860A1 (en) * 2000-09-29 2002-04-03 Air Liquide Sante (International) UVA-tracer containing disinfectant and method of determining the degree of dilution of disinfectants using UVA-tracers
    US20020128164A1 (en) * 2000-11-30 2002-09-12 Tosoh Corporation Resist stripper
    US20020192340A1 (en) 2001-02-01 2002-12-19 Swart Sally Kay Method and system for reducing microbial burden on a food product
    US20030109403A1 (en) 2001-06-05 2003-06-12 Ecolab, Inc. Solid cleaning composition including stabilized active oxygen component

    Cited By (1)

    * Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
    Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
    EP2724614A1 (en) * 2012-10-24 2014-04-30 Wesso Ag Use of a cleaning composition in particular for disinfecting and/or reduction of germs of eggs and method

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    Publication number Publication date Type
    WO2012007377A2 (en) 2012-01-19 application
    WO2012007377A3 (en) 2012-03-22 application

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