EP2398709B1 - Method and device for the commissioning of piece goods - Google Patents

Method and device for the commissioning of piece goods Download PDF

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Publication number
EP2398709B1
EP2398709B1 EP20100716052 EP10716052A EP2398709B1 EP 2398709 B1 EP2398709 B1 EP 2398709B1 EP 20100716052 EP20100716052 EP 20100716052 EP 10716052 A EP10716052 A EP 10716052A EP 2398709 B1 EP2398709 B1 EP 2398709B1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
device
piece goods
unit
piece
marking
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP20100716052
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German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP2398709A1 (en
Inventor
Dirk Deruytere
Joost Deseyne
Hannelore Kiepe
Marieke Samyn
Henry Shaw
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ethilog Sas
Original Assignee
ETHILOG Sas
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to BE200900091A priority Critical patent/BE1018661A3/en
Priority to BE200900090A priority patent/BE1018660A3/en
Priority to BE200900089A priority patent/BE1018659A3/en
Application filed by ETHILOG Sas filed Critical ETHILOG Sas
Priority to PCT/IB2010/050711 priority patent/WO2010095102A1/en
Publication of EP2398709A1 publication Critical patent/EP2398709A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP2398709B1 publication Critical patent/EP2398709B1/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=42330997&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=EP2398709(B1) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D75/00Packages comprising articles or materials partially or wholly enclosed in strips, sheets, blanks, tubes, or webs of flexible sheet material, e.g. in folded wrappers
    • B65D75/28Articles or materials wholly enclosed in composite wrappers, i.e. wrappers formed by associating or interconnecting two or more sheets or blanks
    • B65D75/30Articles or materials enclosed between two opposed sheets or blanks having their margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding
    • B65D75/32Articles or materials enclosed between two opposed sheets or blanks having their margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding one or both sheets or blanks being recessed to accommodate contents
    • B65D75/325Articles or materials enclosed between two opposed sheets or blanks having their margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding one or both sheets or blanks being recessed to accommodate contents one sheet being recessed, and the other being a flat not- rigid sheet, e.g. puncturable or peelable foil
    • B65D75/326Articles or materials enclosed between two opposed sheets or blanks having their margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding one or both sheets or blanks being recessed to accommodate contents one sheet being recessed, and the other being a flat not- rigid sheet, e.g. puncturable or peelable foil and forming one compartment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B5/00Packaging individual articles in containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, jars
    • B65B5/10Filling containers or receptacles progressively or in stages by introducing successive articles, or layers of articles
    • B65B5/101Filling containers or receptacles progressively or in stages by introducing successive articles, or layers of articles by gravity
    • B65B5/103Filling containers or receptacles progressively or in stages by introducing successive articles, or layers of articles by gravity for packaging pills or tablets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B61/00Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages
    • B65B61/26Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages for marking or coding completed packages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2203/00Decoration means, markings, information elements, contents indicators

Description

  • The invention relates to a method and a device for the commissioning of piece goods from a storage pack.
  • The documents NL1033807 and EP 1800645 disclose a method and a device according to the preambles of claims 1 and 4, whereby the piece good units are attached to a card which may be marked or coded.
  • Piece goods, in particular medication such as tablets or pills, are normally sold in storage packs. In the storage packs, so-called blister packs, separate pills or tablets are packed individually and hygienically. In a clinic, in a clinical pharmacy, in a supply pharmacy and/or in other places, medicinal products are taken from the storage pack and placed in a patient bowl, for example. If the medicinal product is not administered immediately there is a risk that it may become contamined by contact with the surrounding area. There is also a risk that a contact with the surrounding area may result in the decay of the medicinal product.
  • WO 98/29084 discloses a method and a device for the automatic commissioning of single piece goods wherein the piece good to be commissioned, together with the part of the pack immediately surrounding it, is eut off with a cutting knife from the rest of a blister pack and, packed singly and hygienically, is ejected into a set ready collecting bowl.
  • Information on the medicinal product is usually printed on the storage pack. As soon as the medicinal product has been separated from the storage pack, this information is no longer available. Consequently the medicinal product may no longer be identifiable and the information on the batch number and use by date, amongst other things, is also lost.
  • One object of this invention is to provide a method and a device whereby piece goods from a storage pack can be automatically separated without information relating to the piece good being lost.
  • This object of this invention is achieved by the method defined in claim 1.
  • This object of this invention is also achieved by the device for the commissioning of piece goods defined in claim 4.
  • Since the piece good in the piece goods unit is surrounded by part of the storage pack, contact of the piece good with the surrounding area is guaranteed to be avoided. A separation of the piece good from the storage pack does not therefore have any negative influences on hygiene and/or a use by date. By applying a marking which comprises the required information it is ensured that the piece goods unit carries the information for an unequivocal identification even after the separation from the storage pack. This information may include, for example, a description of the medicinal product, an indication of active ingredients, a use by date, a manufacturer, an origin, a history or similar information. The unequivocal identification may also include, for example, data that are relevant for the destination or other parameters for the piece good.
  • The marking is applied automatically by a marking device so that mistakes due to human error can be largely eliminated.
  • In the context of the invention a separate unit of the piece good is considered to be a piece goods unit. This may, for example, be a single pill or tablet. In other cases it is nevertheless also conceivable that two or three or more pills or tablets constitute a piece goods unit, this unit being taken from a larger number. According to the invention commissioning refers to separating and/or orderly collecting something from a greater whole.
  • According to one embodiment information from the storage pack relating to the piece good is automatically recorded by a recording unit and the marking is applied to the piece goods unit according to the recorded information. The recording unit comprises, for example, a camera and/or a reading unit enabling a barcode present on the storage pack to be read, for example. The piece good in the storage pack is unequivocally identifiable on the basis of this information. The marking applied to the piece goods unit may in this case correspond to the recorded information in terms of form, language and/or content. According to other embodiments it is conceivable, for example, to record a barcode or the like and link the information to the piece goods unit in the form of readable or comprehensible text as marking.
  • According to the invention the piece goods unit is connected to at least one belt element for marking. A marking is applied, in particular printed and/or written, to the belt element. A plurality of piece goods units is connected to at least one common belt element, the belt element preferably having a perforation between the separate piece goods units so that the piece goods units can easily be separated from each other. A separation is in this case preferably such that a part of the belt element connected to a separate piece goods unit shows the necessary marking. A belt element with thereto attached piece goods units can, for example, be rolled up and then made available to a department of a hospital or the like.
  • A piece goods unit or a plurality of piece goods units is preferably received in sandwich fashion between two belt elements running parallel to each other and more particularly received between the belt elements. The separate belt elements which form part of a packing device may in this case each have an adhesive layer or the like on the sides facing each other so that a connection of the separate belt elements to each other and/or a connection of the belt elements to the piece goods unit is easily achievable.
  • According to a further embodiment a recess, in particular a through opening, is made in the at least one belt element for the at least one piece goods unit. The piece goods unit can be inserted in the recess of the belt element, and more particularly can extend through the recess. In this case a connection of the piece goods unit to the belt element is possible without the belt element getting folds or similar. Moreover, a particularly reliable connection is possible because the belt element lies tightly against the piece goods unit and there are no seams or the like present between the belt element and the piece goods unit after the connecting.
  • According to the invention provision is made for piece goods units from different storage packs to be connected to at least one common belt element, wherein parts of the belt element are each marked according to the associated piece goods unit. Piece goods units are, according to a usual form of supply, attached to a common belt element such that the belt element preferably has perforations or the like so that the piece goods units can be individually separated from the belt element.
  • According to one embodiment a further marking is applied to the piece goods unit itself, more particularly by means of a laser device.
  • According to an advantageous embodiment the piece goods unit is separated from the storage pack by cutting, in particular by cutting by means of a laser beam, by means of an air jet, by punching and/or by cutting with a knife blade. With a laser beam and/or an air jet an extremely accurate separation of the separate piece goods unit is possible. In particular, if cutting is carried out with an air jet it is possible to separate the piece goods unit from the storage pack so that a part of the storage pack separated with the piece goods unit is minimised. Due to possible heating up of the piece good when using a laser beam, it is recommended that a certain distance between the piece good to be separated and a line of separation be taken into consideration.
  • According to one embodiment the device comprises a recording unit by which information on the piece good, in particular the characteristics and/or a position of the piece good in the storage pack may be registered from the storage pack. The registering unit comprises, for example, a reading device for reading a barcode and/or an RFID chip and/or another marking present on the storage pack and/or on a packing enclosing the storage pack. An arrangement of the piece goods in a storage pack, in particular a blister pack, has not been standardised. An accurate positioning of the piece good in the storage pack is therefore preferably recorded by means of a camera or the like, thereby enabling a piece goods unit to be separated from the storage pack, without the piece good coming into contact with the surrounding area and/or without the piece good being damaged.
  • According to the invention the device for commissioning comprises a packing device with a fixing device enabling the piece goods unit to be connected to at least one belt element. The belt element receives the marking. A least one belt element provided with a marking is connectable to a piece goods unit. The packing device comprises a fixing device which, for example, performs as a glueing device, stapling device, welding device and/or the like, thus enabling the separated piece goods unit to be connected to a belt element. The fixing device is designed so that a plurality of separated piece goods units can be connected to at least one common belt element. The belt element with piece goods units fitted to it is available, for example, for supplying a department of a hospital or the like. According to one embodiment a perforation or another separating possibility can be provided on the belt element, thus enabling the piece goods units to be easily separated from the belt element.
  • According to an advantageous embodiment the packing device comprises guiding elements for the guidance of at least two belt elements, wherein the piece goods unit or piece goods units can be arranged in sandwich fashion between the belt elements. Rolls, rollers, rigid deflecting elements or the like serve as guiding elements, for example, thus enabling the belt elements to be guided in such a manner that the piece goods units are received between the belt elements. According to one possible embodiment the belt elements are unwound from a storage roll provided with a belt or the like and fed to a receiving point for receiving the piece goods units. Depending on how the piece goods units are arranged or fitted between the belt elements, the belt elements can be rewound onto a second roll or the like together with the piece goods units.
  • According to one embodiment the commissioning device comprises a cutting device for producing recesses in the at least one belt element for the piece goods unit or piece goods units to be received. A laser cutting device, an air jet cutting device, shears, a punch or the like may, for example, be used as the cutting device. The shape and/or size of the recesses is in this case preferably adapted to the piece goods unit or piece goods units to be received.
  • According to the invention the commissioning device comprises a marking device by which inscription elements, in the form of information, can be written, printed, engraved, lasered or the like onto the at least one belt element. The inscription elements are preferably designed so that information in text form can be applied to the belt element so that information for use, for example for administering a medicinal product, is easily and quickly understandable.
  • According to a further embodiment provision is made for the separating device for separating the piece goods unit from the rest of the storage pack to be designed as a laser cutting device, an air jet cutting device, shears, a punch or the like. It is possible, by means of such a device, to carry out a separation and an orderly collection of the piece goods fully automatically. In this case information relating to the piece good is preferably recorded by the registering device and this information is fed to the separating device, so that separation according to the recorded information is possible. The piece good thus separated is connected by means of a fixing device to the belt elements and is, in particular, received between the belt elements.
  • For feeding or conveying the storage pack and/or the separated piece goods unit or piece goods units, the device comprises conveyor belts.
  • Further characteristics, advantages and advantageous embodiments of the invention appear from the dependent claims and from the following description of embodiments of the invention, which are represented schematically in the drawings. The same references are used for the same or comparable parts in the drawings. Characteristics described or represented as part of an embodiment may equally be used in another embodiment to create a further embodiment of the invention.
    • Figure 1 shows a device according to the invention for the commissioning of piece goods from a storage pack in a perspective view.
    • Figure 2 shows the device according to figure 1 in a top view.
    • Figure 3 shows schematically and partially a view along arrow F3 in figure 2 of a variant conveying device for piece goods units.
    • Figure 4 shows, enlarged, the section denoted by F4 in figure 3.
    • Figure 5 shows schematically a view along arrow F5 in figure 2 of a packing device with a guiding device and a fixing device.
    • Figure 6 shows, enlarged, the section denoted by F6 in figure 5.
    • Figure 7 shows a storage pack with possible lines of separation for the separation of piece goods units.
    • Figure 8 shows a number of piece goods units which have been removed from a storage pack.
    • Figure 9 shows an empty storage pack from which piece goods units have been removed.
    • Figure 10 shows a longitudinal section with a number of piece goods units, wherein the piece goods units are fitted in a sandwich manner between two belt elements.
    • Figure 11 shows, enlarged, the section denoted by F11 in figure 10.
    • Figure 12 shows a top view of a number of marked units, each with one piece goods unit.
    • Figure 13 shows a perspective view of a number of marked units each with one single piece goods unit.
    • Figure 14 shows a perspective view of a marked unit with one single piece goods unit.
    • Figure 15 shows a variant embodiment of a device according to the invention in a top view according to figure 2.
    • Figure 16 shows an alternative embodiment of a device according to figure 1 in a perspective view.
    • Figure 17 shows a further alternative embodiment of a device in a perspective view according to figure 1.
    • Figure 18 shows a top view of a marked unit with one single piece goods unit, which is not part of the invention.
    • Figure 19 shows a top view of a further marked unit with one single piece goods unit.
    • Figure 20 shows a variant of the embodiment of figure 14.
    • Figure 21 shows a further variant of the embodiment of figure 14.
    • Figure 22 shows a marked unit with two piece goods units.
    • Figure 23 shows a marked unit with three piece goods units.
    • Figure 24 shows a marked unit with one piece goods unit.
    • Figure 25 shows a marked unit with a plurality of piece goods units and associated markings.
    • Figure 26 shows a further marked unit with a plurality of piece goods units and associated markings.
  • Figures 1 to 4 show schematically a device 1 for the commissioning of piece goods which are supplied in storage packs 2. Storage packs 2 are so-called blister packs in which the piece goods are packed separately with hygiene assured. The device 1 comprises a separating device 10, by which piece goods units 3 are separable from the rest of the storage pack 2. The piece goods units 3 each comprise the piece good to be commissioned, in this case one single pill, and a part of storage pack 2 enclosing the piece good. The proposed separating device 10 is, for example, an air jet separating device, wherein the piece goods units 3 are cut out by means of an air jet. Here a directed air jet is used which engages locally in the proximity of the storage pack 2. The separating device 10 can be controlled by a control unit 12 according to information from a registering device 11 which is able to interact with the control unit 12.
  • A marking 40 is added to the cut-out piece goods units 3 according to the invention. For this purpose the device 1 shown comprises a marking device 4 by which for each of piece goods units 3 a marking 40 is applicable for an unequivocal identification. The proposed device 1 for the commissioning of piece goods units 3 comprising a marking device 4 also comprises a packing device 5 which is designed so that the piece goods units 3 can be fitted between two belt elements 50, 51 in sandwich fashion. Both belt elements 50, 51 are connected to each other by means of a fixing device 52, more particularly they are connected together to form a string 45, wherein the fixing device 52, for example, welds together the belt elements 50, 51 from a foil material, glues together self-adhesive belt elements or the like. The fixing means can of course be suitably selected and are selected, for example, so that they can be combined or can be assembled with the piece goods units with which they are to interact. The fixing device 52 according to figure 1 comprises two fixing rolls 38 and 39, wherein the fixing roll 39 is driven by a motor 53 controllable by a control unit 12. In this case the string 45 and the belt elements 50, 51 are driven in transport direction Q by the fixing rolls 38 and 39.
  • For an unequivocal identification of the separate piece goods units 3 a marking 40, designed as a text element according to the proposed embodiment, is preferablyapplied to the one belt element 50 by means of a marking device 4, which, for example, comprises a laser printing device 41. The marking device 4 may also take the form of a printer. The invention allows to the characteristics of marking 40 to be applied to be determined, and hence also of the applied marking 40, by control device 12 according to the characteristics of the associated piece goods unit 3 with piece good 7. In this case the control device 12 can make use of information from the registering device 11 and/or of information from the separating device 10 in order to determine the characteristics of the associated piece goods unit 3 and the associated piece good 7.
  • For this purpose the control device 12 can also incorporate a memory with a file of characteristics of the piece good 7 and associated characteristics which are to be added to piece goods unit 3 by means of marking device 4. These associated characteristics may, for example, be entered manually in the control unit 12 or processed by the control unit 12. These associated characteristics may, for example be related to the destination of the piece good 7, and more particularly, for example, to the patient, the patient's room and/or the department where the patient is located in the hospital. The control device 12 may form part of a computer.
  • The proposed device 1 further comprises cutting devices 42 and 43 by which the respective recesses 54 and 55 are made in belt elements 50 and 51 for the piece goods units 3. The cutting devices 42, 43 consist, for example, of an air jet cutting device or a laser cutting device. A thereby produced waste material is collected by a waste reservoir 60, 61 respectively.
  • The belt elements 50, 51 are guided by suitable positioning devices 56 which incorporate rolls 57, 68 and at least one actuator 59. The actuator 59 shown can interact with the roll 58 for bending the belt element 50 and consists, for example, of an actuator controlled by a control unit 12, more particularly a pneumatically operated actuator.
  • The device 1 also comprises a cutting device 46, by which piece goods units 3, which form part of a marked unit 9 with markings 40 applied to it, can be separated from a string 45 which comprises belt elements 50, 51 attached to one another. The cutting device 46 can be controlled by a control unit 12. According to the present embodiment a separation follows each time after four piece goods units 3. The piece goods units 3 can be collected in a reservoir 62. A separation can of course take place after each piece goods unit or after a different number of piece goods units.
  • According to this embodiment a perforation or another material weakening is produced by a first cutting device 44 or the like, because of which piece goods units 3 are separable from the string 45 with belt elements 50, 51 as necessary. For this purpose the cutting device 44 may, for example, comprise a toothed knife with which perforations can be applied. According to this embodiment a second cutting device 46, as shown in figure 1, can completely cut through the string 45, for example after every four piece goods units 3. In this case the cutting device 44 can only apply a line of separation 47 formed by perforations after each piece goods unit 3 installed between them.
  • Device 1 comprises a registering device 11 by which information relating to the piece good present in storage pack 2 is recordable. Information to be recorded includes, for example, the characteristics of the piece good and/or a positioning of the piece good in storage pack 2. This information is processed and thus can be made available, for example, to the separating device 10 and/or to the marking device 4. According to the proposed embodiment a control device 12 is provided for this purpose making the process on the device 1 controllable. The data transmission between separate stations of the device 1 takes place, for example, along conductors not shown and/or wirelessly.
  • The device 1 further comprises various transport devices by which storage packs 2 and the separate piece goods units 3 are fed to the respective devices of the device 1. A feed device 22 with a screw conveying device is provided for transporting storage packs 2 , wherein storage packs 2, which are stacked on top of one another in a magazine element 14, are guided to the registering device 11 and to the separating device 10. The storage packs 2 are guided in transport direction R by lateral guide rails 15 of feed device 22. The distance between the guide rails 15 can be adapted to the dimensions of the storage packs 2. A driving of the screw conveying device 13 is performed by a motor 16, which can be controlled by the control unit 12. Empty storage packs 20, from which the piece goods units 3 have been separated, are collected in a waste reservoir 6.
  • The device 1 further comprises a transport device 17 which comprises a conveyor belt 18 for transporting the piece goods units 3 in transport direction P to the packing device 5 provided with belt elements 50, 51. A driving of the conveyor belt 18 is performed by a motor 19 controllable by a control unit 12. To ensure a corresponding alignment of piece goods units 3 and the recesses 54, 55 provided in belt elements 50, 51, an aligning device 30 is provided with guiding elements 31, 32 and a stopper 33. The stopper 33 is driven by an actuator 34 which allows one piece goods unit 3 at a time suitably to be released to enable this piece goods unit 3 to be clamped between belt elements 50, 51, wherein actuator 34 can be controlled by a control unit 12.
  • Figure 2 shows a top view of the device 1 according to figure 1, an alignment of the piece goods units 3 by guiding elements 31, 32 being clearly visible in figure 2, more particularly that the piece goods units 3 are rotated almost 90° in the proximity of the aligning device 30 and fit with limited play between guiding elements 31, 32. The distance between the guiding elements 31, 32 may also be adjustable and may be adapted to the piece goods units 3 to be guided.
  • Figure 3 shows schematically transport device 17 with a conveyor belt 18 and piece goods units 3 arranged on it. The conveyor belt 18 is also guided by bending rolls 35 and 36, the bending roll 35 being driven by motor 19. Here it can be seen that the belt element 51 runs underneath the conveyor belt 18, whilst the belt element 50 runs above the conveyor belt 18. The belt element 50 can receive a piece goods unit 3 which has been released at a suitable moment by the stopper 33. In the alternative embodiment shown in figures 3 and 4 a stop 37 is also fitted to the aligning device 30, which stop 37 is of a thin design, which enables a piece goods unit 3 to be positioned in the transport direction of the conveyor belt 18 relative to the belt element 50. In the embodiment shown in figures 1 and 2 such a stop 37 is not provided and the function of such a stop 37 can be performed by for example controlling the motor 19 stepwise and suitably, possibly by means of a positioning sensor, so that piece goods unit 3 can be positioned in the proximity of the belt elements 50, 51.
  • As shown in more detail in figure 4, the piece goods units 3 each time show a part 8 of the storage pack 2 surrounding the commissioned piece good 7, wherein the piece good 7 in this part 8 is packed reliably hygienically between an upper part 63 and a lower part 64, which are joined together in the proximity of the part 8. The piece goods units 3 are received in sandwich fashion between the belt elements 50, 51. For this purpose the piece goods unit 3 is placed in the recess 54 produced as a through opening.
  • In the embodiment shown in figure 3 a device 69 is installed to feed the separated piece goods units 3 to the conveyor belt 18. This device 69 comprises a support plate 70 which is rotatably mounted about an axis 71, and which can be controlled by an actuator 72. During the time of separation of the piece goods units 3 the support plate 70 is mounted at a short distance from the storage pack 20, so that the separated piece goods unit 3 can be caught. Amongst other things this prevents the piece goods unit 3 from being incorrectly separated, from being suspended at an extremely oblique angle during separation and/or from remaining suspended in the storage pack 20 after separation. When the piece goods unit 3 has been separated from the storage pack 20 and rests on the support plate 70, the support plate 70 is rotated about the axis 71 by the actuator 72, for example an electric and/or linear motor, and then moved towards the conveyor belt 18 so that the separated piece goods unit 3 is fed to conveyor belt 18.
  • Figure 5 shows schematically a section of the packing device 5. In this case the belt elements 50, 51 are unwound from storage rolls 48, 49 or the like, respectively. As illustrated in figure 1, recesses 54, 55 can be produced in the belt elements 50, 51 by cutting devices 42, 43 respectively. The dimensions and shape of the recesses 54, 55 can be determined by the control device 12 as a function of the dimensions and shape of the piece goods unit 3 and/or the piece good 7, wherein the control unit 12 can suitably control the cutting devices 42, 43. According to other embodiments corresponding recesses 54, 55 are previously produced in the belt elements 50, 51 stored on storage rolls 48, 49. The belt element 51 is in this case located underneath the conveyor belt 18, whilst the belt element 50 is located above the conveyor belt 18 and allows the piece goods unit 3 to be received.
  • According to the embodiment presented in figures 4 and 6 recesses 54, 55 are provided in both belt elements 50, 51. Recess 55 allows the piece good 7 to be removed from the piece goods unit 3 along the recess 55. According to alternative embodiments a recess 54, 55 is only provided in one of the belt elements 50, 51. According to a further variant a recess 54 can be provided in the belt element 50 as a through opening for the piece goods unit 3, whilst a weakening is provided in the belt element 51 at points in the belt element 51 opposite the piece good 7 in order to facilitate the removal of the piece good 7 through the belt element 51.
  • In order to facilitate the receiving of the piece goods units 3 between the belt elements 50, 51, the belt element 50 can be controlled with the positioning device 56 in the embodiment represented in figure 5. The piece goods unit 3 can easily be placed underneath the belt element 50, whilst the roll 58 of the positioning device 56 is located in the position represented by a dashed line, whilst the piece goods unit 3 is received through a recess 54 in the belt element 50, whilst the roll 58 of the positioning device 56 is located in the position represented by a solid line. This allows the piece goods units 3 to be received easily and in sandwich fashion between the belt elements 50, 51.
  • The piece goods units 3 are separated from the rest of storage packs 2 by means of a separating device 10 according to figure 1. Figure 7 shows schematically possible lines of separation 21 along which the piece goods units 3 may conceivably be cut out. The choice of a suitable line of separation 21 depends in this case on the characteristics of storage pack 2, on the piece goods 7 arranged or ordered in it and/or on a desired method of separation. It is clear that it can be ensured, during a separation, that any corners of the cut-out piece goods units 3 are slightly rounded to enable an easy transport. In this case the piece good 7 should indeed be surrounded by an adequately surrounding part 8. Of course, other lines of separation are also possible, for example lines of separation where the entire storage pack 2 forms part of piece goods units 3 after cutting, which means that there no empty storage pack 20 arises. Figure 8 shows schematically a number of piece goods units 3 which have been removed from the storage pack 2 in figure 7, whilst figure 9 shows the associated empty storage pack 20.
  • Figures 10 and 11 show schematically a section of a side view of piece goods units 3 which have been received in sandwich fashion between two belt elements 50, 51. The piece goods unit 3 comprises an upper part 63 which is, for example, manufactured from a plastic material and a lower part 64 which is, for example, manufactured from foil and a piece good 7, the top part 63 and bottom part 64 being attached to one another in the proximity of the surrounding part 8. The belt elements 50, 51 are connected to one another, for example are welded and/or glued together. The piece goods units 3 are received between two common belt elements 50, 51, belt elements 50, 51 having a perforation 54, 55 in the proximity of the separate piece goods units 3. As can be seen, the piece goods units 3 are clamped between belt elements 50, 51 in the proximity of their part 8, that surrounds the piece goods 7, wherein the surrounding part 8 packs the piece good 7 hygienically and securely.
  • In the top view in figure 12 it can be seen that the belt elements 50, 51 together with the piece goods units 3 received between belt elements 50, 51, form marked units 9. Each marked unit 9 is here marked with a marking 40 in the proximity of each piece goods unit 3. Here the whole also comprises lines of separation 47 between which a marking 40 and a piece goods unit 3 are applied. From the whole of figures 12 and 13 a number of marked units 9 can be formed, each of which comprises at least one piece goods unit 3 and at least one associated marking 40. If a separation takes place in the proximity of each line of separation 47, four marked units can be formed or separated, each of which comprises one piece goods unit 3 and one associated marking 40, as shown in figure 14.
  • If different piece goods units 3 are received in a marked unit 9, a marking 40 can be applied in the proximity of each piece goods unit 3. In this case it is advantageous for the marking 40 also to comprise lines of separation 47, so that it becomes clear which marking 40 relates to which piece goods unit 3 with associated piece good 7.
  • Figure 15 shows schematically an alternative embodiment in which the same references are used for the same parts as in the embodiment shown in figure 2, but no description is given of these parts. In this case, in addition to the feed device 22, other feed devices 23, 24 and 25 are provided to enable piece goods units 3, 26, 27 and 28, which derive from feed devices 22, 23, 24 and 25 respectively, to be placed on the conveyor belt 18 so that they can be fed to belt elements 50, 51 of packing device 5. Here it is both conceivable that the same type of piece good is fed by all feed devices 22, 23, 24 or 25, and that a different type of piece good, for example, is fed by some of feed devices 22, 23, 24 or 25. The control unit 12 may be common to all the feed devices.
  • In the embodiment shown in figure 15 different types of marked units 9 are formed. For example, figure 15 shows a marked unit 9 with only one single piece goods unit 3 and a marked unit 9, with, for example, piece goods units 3, 26, 27 and/or 28, a marking 40 being applied, for example, in the proximity of each piece goods unit 3, 26, 27 and/or 28. This is, for example, applicable, if a certain patient only requires the medicinal product from piece goods unit 3, whilst another patient requires the medicinal products from piece goods units 3, 26, 27 and/or 28. In this case, for example, the name of the patient can also be included in the marking 40. Of course other combinations are also possible. Here the cutting devices 44 and 46 can be suitably controlled by the control device 12.
  • If a different type of piece good is fed from the different feed devices 22, 23, 24 or 25, the marking device 4 is actuated by the control device 12 in such a manner that a corresponding marking 40 is each time applied to an associated part of a belt element 50. This means that the control device 12 controls the marking device 4 in such a manner that a marking 40 is applied which relates to piece goods unit 3, 26, 27 or 28, which is arranged in the associated marked unit 9, more particularly in the proximity of a part of a belt element which is arranged near the associated piece goods unit 3, 26, 27 or 28. As shown in figure 15, the marking device 4 is in this case installed between the transport device 17 and the fixing device 52.
  • In the case of a defect, for example a power failure, the device 1 should be restarted. This should preferably take place with a limited spoilage of unidentifiable piece goods units. If a recording device 73 is installed in the proximity of the aligning device 30, which can determine what type of piece goods unit 3, 26, 27 or 28 is present, the spoilage of piece goods units can be limited in the event of a defect. In order to be able to identify more easily the piece goods units present in the proximity of the recording device 73, provision can be made for a piece goods unit 3, 26, 27, 28 from a certain feed device 22, 23, 24, 25 to have its own shape, more particularly a shape which has been determined by the associated separating device 10.
  • The marked unit 9, shown in figures 11 and 14, is formed by a marked unit 9, wherein a piece goods unit 3 is individually separated. The marked unit 9 comprises two connected sections of a belt element 50 and 51, a piece goods unit 3 which is fixed with the surrounding part 8 of the piece good 7 between belt elements 50, 51, and a marking 40, which relates to the piece good 7. In this case the piece good 7 remains separated from the surrounding area via piece goods unit 3, more particularly via the upper part 63 and the lower part 64, which are connected together in the proximity of the surrounding part 8 of piece goods unit 3. A marked unit 9 allows a marking 40 to be added by a marking device 4 to a piece goods unit 3, 26, 27, 28. In this case the marking device 4 is controlled by the control device 12 of the device 1 according to the invention.
  • Figure 16 shows schematically a further embodiment of a device 1 according to the invention, which comprises a feed device 22. For the same parts of the embodiment in figure 1 the same references are used, but there is no description of these parts. In this case provision is additionally made for piece goods units 66 to be placed on the conveyor belt 18 by a manual feed device 80. The piece goods units 66 can in this case correspond to the piece goods units 3 or deviate therefrom either in terms of their characteristics or in terms of their size. The piece goods units 66 may comprise a piece good 7 and a part 8 surrounding the piece good. In the embodiment in figure 16 the marking device 4 is arranged in the proximity of the frame 65 of transport device 17. In this case the marking device 4 can, for example, take the formof a printer 29 which is suitably controlled by the control unit 12 in order to apply the required information as marking 40 to the belt element 50.
  • In this embodiment the cutting device 46 can, for example, both produce perforations and cut completely through the belt elements 50, 51, so that the cutting device 46 can also perform the function of the cutting device 44 in figure 1. For example, if the cutting device 46 can also produce perforations, it is advantageous that the cutting device 46 be controlled so that the perforations are produced in the proximity of the line of separation 47, which line of separation 47 can also be applied with marking device 4. This allows the piece goods units 3 to be used as part of a marked unit 9. For this purpose the cutting device 46 may, for example, comprise a toothed knife 44 which is moved along a limited course by an actuator to apply perforations, and which is moved along its full course by the actuator for cutting.
  • In the embodiment in figure 17 the separating device 10 also acts as a marking device 4. In this caste the separating device 10 and hence also the marking device 4 comprise, for example, a laser device 67 which is both able to carry out the separation of the piece goods units 3 from storage packs 2 and the application of a marking 68 on piece goods units 3 themselves. A marked unit 9 can also be formed with such a piece goods unit 3 by means of a packing device 5. A piece goods unit 3 provided with a marking 68 which is applied by means of a laser device 67 and which forms part of a marked unit 9 as shown in figure 18 is not part of the present invention. In the case of this marked unit 9 the marking 68 is applied, for example, to the upper part 63 of piece goods unit 3. Such marking 68 comprises, for example, a barcode or a normal text. A marking 68 applied with a laser device 67 is possible, for example, if the upper part 63 of piece goods unit 3 is manufactured from a synthetic material, for example a polymer or plastic, which enables markings 68 to be applied with a laser beam from the laser device 67. It is clear that the power or strength of the laser beam is in this case suitably adjusted so that a marking 68 can be applied to the piece goods unit 3 without cutting through and/or damaging the piece goods unit 3.
  • Of course, as shown in figure 19, it is also possible, for example, for a marking 40 to be applied to the piece goods unit 9 in the proximity of the belt element 50, in addition to a marking 68, as shown in figure 18, in a similar fashion to the exemplary embodiment in figure 1 or 14, for example. Both markings 40, 68 can comprise the same information, overlapping information or different information. If both markings 40, 68 comprise an overlapping information, a check can also be made for the correctness of markings 40 and 68. To form a piece goods unit 9 as shown in figure 19, use can be made of a device 1, as shown in figure 16, with the provision of a number of marking devices 4, more particularly a marking device 4 with a printer 29 and a marking device 4 with a laser device 67.
  • A marking 68 which is applied with a laser device 67, as shown in figure 17, can also be used to interact with a recording device 73 as shown in figure 15. This allows an additional check to be made on the piece goods units, more particularly on the sequence or presence of them. This also allows the number of piece goods units and/or the number of different piece goods units to be determined which are to be fixed with the fixing device 52.
  • A recording device 73, as shown in Figure 15, may also allow the quality of a line of separation 21 of a piece goods unit to be determined. If this quality is not acceptable, the piece goods unit concerned can be discharged via the conveyor belt 18 to a waste holder 74.
  • Figure 20 shows a unit 9 where a piece goods unit 3 is connected to the underside of a belt element 50 in the proximity of the surrounding part 8 of the piece goods unit 3 and extends through the belt element 50 in the proximity of the recess 54, a marking 40 being applied to belt element 50. Figure 21 shows a unit 9 where a piece goods unit 3 is connected with the surrounding part 8 of piece goods unit 3 to the top of a belt element 51, and where a marking 40 is applied to the belt element 50. According to an embodiment not shown, a marking 68 can also be applied to the piece goods unit 3 in the embodiments shown in figures 20 and 21. The aforementioned belt elements 50, 51 can, for example, be formed by a thin plate.
  • According to a variant such as that shown in figure 22, a marked unit 9 can be provided with two piece goods units 3 and with one single associated marking 40, which relates to the piece good 7 of each piece goods unit 3. According to a further variant such as that shown in figure 23 a marked unit 9 can be provided with three piece goods units 3 and one single associated marking 40, relating to the piece good 7 of each piece goods unit 3. In this case each piece goods unit 3 comprises, for example, the same type of piece good 7.
  • According to a variant such as that shown in figure 24, the marked unit 9 can also be provided with an opening 79 which allows the marked unit 9 to be suspended. Of course other combinations are possible. For example, figure 25 shows a marked unit 9 which comprises two piece goods units 3 with an associated marking 40, and which also comprises three piece goods units 26 with an associated marking 40. This marked unit 9 can be divided into a further two marked units along line of separation 47. In the exemplary embodiment shown in figure 26, two different piece goods units 3 and 26 are, for example, placed next to each other in two rows, each row being provided with a suitable marking 40. Of course further variants are possible, for example where a plurality of piece goods units is provided in a marked unit next to each other, in rows or according to a certain pattern.
  • Of course the marking device 4 can also be arranged at other points relative to a belt element 50, 51 or unit 9 in order to apply a marking 40, 68 for a piece goods unit 3. The marking device 4 may consist of any device which is capable of applying a marking 40 to a belt element 50, 51, notwithstanding the preference for applying a marking 40 which is reliably permanent, such as a marking applied by a laser beam.
  • The belt elements 50, 51 derive from storage rolls 48, 49.
  • The control device 12 can also interact with the registering devices 11 and 73 and with input devices which are operated by an operator in order to record how many piece goods units, which types of piece goods units and at what rate the piece goods units are commissioned with device 1. Other parameters may also be determined or monitored which are representative of the operation of device 1.
  • As shown in figure 15, a plurality of reservoirs 62, 76, 77, 78 can be provided which can be transported backwards and forwards in transport direction S by means of a conveying device 75. The conveying device 75 may, for example, comprise a conveyor belt or a turntable for suitably displacing the reservoirs relative to the fixing device 52. Of course such reservoirs 62, 76, 77, 78 may also be provided with a marking, for example a number, their destination, their position in a warehouse and the like, which may, for example, derive from the control device 12. This enables the device 1 to operate continuously. It is clear that when such a conveying device 75 is used, the different reservoirs 62, 76, 77, 78 can be suitably filled with marked units 9. This permits, for example, different types of marked units 9 to be formed in a certain sequence and suitably fed to different reservoirs 62, 76, 77, 78. This results in reservoirs 62, 76, 77, 78 being filled with different types of marked units 9. The conveying device 75 can be suitably controlled by the control device 12 for this purpose. This is particularly advantageous if, for example, more types of piece goods units 9 are to be commissioned than there are feed devices 22 to 25 present. Of course variant possibilities and combinations are also possible.
  • According to a variant, not shown, different waste reservoirs 6 can also be provided on a conveying device, which reservoirs interact at desired times with the associated feed device. This is advantageous, for example, if certain storage packs have been assessed by the registering device 11 as defective, since in this case these storage packs can be removed separately and are not, for example, to be considered as waste. This is also applicable if only a limited number of piece goods units are separated from a storage pack. If, for example, the registering device 11 establishes that a certain piece good has been damaged, the control unit 12 may control the separating device 10 in such a manner that this piece good is not separated and is removed with the storage pack 20. Of course, it is advantageous for all possible piece goods units from each storage pack to be commissioned according to the invention and, subsequently, can the commissioned piece goods units be suitably stored.
  • According to an embodiment, not shown, piece goods units 3 are received between two belt elements 50, 51 which are, for example, elastic. The two belt elements 50, 51 can in this case be fixed to each other by means of a stamp or pressing element, not shown, and more particularly they can be connected to each other around piece goods unit 3. In this case the belt elements 50, 51 need have no recesses 54, 55, and the piece goods unit 3 can be enclosed by the belt elements 50, 51. Here the two belt elements can be glued or welded together, among other things. The belt elements and the adhesive for fastening the belt elements to one another should of course be suitably chosen so that the characteristics of the piece goods unit are not influenced by the adhesive or the belt elements. In this case the belt elements can be manufactured from stretchable and/or shrinkable material.
  • The method and the device according to the invention represented in the claims are not limited to the exemplary embodiments described and presented as examples, but may also comprise variants and combinations thereof which fall under the claims.

Claims (9)

  1. Method for the commissioning of piece goods from a storage pack (2), wherein a piece goods unit (3, 26, 27, 28) which comprises a piece good (7) to be commissioned and a part (8) of the storage pack (2) surrounding the piece good (7) is separated from the rest of the storage pack (2), characterized in that piece goods units (3, 26, 27, 28) which derive from different feed devices (22, 23, 24, 25) are placed on a conveyor belt (18) so as to feed these to at least one belt element (50, 51) of a packing device (5), wherein a fixing device (52) connects the piece goods units (3, 26, 27, 28) to the belt element (50, 51), and a control device (12) controls a marking device (4) in such manner that a corresponding marking (40) is each time applied to an associated part of the belt element (50, 51) unwound from a storage roll (48, 49), said marking (40) enabling the piece good (7) to be unequivocally identified.
  2. Method according to claim 1, characterised in that information relating to the piece good (7) is recorded from the storage pack (2) by means of a registering device (11) of the storage pack (2), and in that a further marking (68) is added to the piece goods unit (3, 26, 27, 28) by means of a marking device (4) in accordance with the recorded information.
  3. Method according to any one of claims 1 or 2, characterised in that a separating device (10) is controlled by a control unit (12) according to information from a registering device (11, 73) which can interact with the control unit (12) and that the separation is carried out by cutting, in particular by means of laser cutting, by means of air jet cutting, by punching and/or by means of a knife blade.
  4. Device for the commissioning of piece goods (7) from a storage pack (2), wherein a piece good (7) to be commissioned and a part (8) of the storage pack (2) surrounding the piece good (7), is separable from the rest of the storage pack (2) by means of a separating device (10) characterized in that said device comprises:
    - different feed devices (22, 23, 24, 25) adapted to feeding piece goods units (3, 26, 27, 28) on a conveyor belt (18) so as to feed these to at least one belt element (50, 51) of a packing device (5), the packing device (5) comprising a fixing device (52), by means of which piece goods units (3, 26, 27, 28) are connected to the belt element (50, 51),
    - a marking device (4) adapted to mark (40, 68) the piece goods unit (3, 26, 27, 28),
    - a control device (12) adapted to controlled said marking device (4) in such manner that a corresponding marking (40) is each time applied to an associated part of the belt element (50, 51) unwound from a storage roll (48, 49), said marking enabling the piece good (7) to be unequivocally identified.
  5. Device according to claim 4, characterised in that the device (1) comprises a recording unit (11), by which information relating to the piece good (7), in particular the characteristics and/or a positioning of the piece good (7) in the storage pack (2), is recordable from the storage pack (2).
  6. Device according to claim 5, characterised in that the packing device (5) comprises a positioning device (56) with rolls (57, 58) and at least one actuator (59), more particularly an actuator (59) which is controlled by a control unit (12) for guiding a belt element (50, 51) to receive in sandwich fashion one or more piece goods units (3, 26, 27, 28) between belt elements (50, 51) running in parallel.
  7. Device according to any one of claims 4 to 6, characterised in that the device (1) comprises an aligning device (30) for guaranteeing an alignment of a piece goods unit (3, 26, 27, 28) and a recess (54, 55) provided in a belt element (50, 51), more particularly an aligning device (30) with guiding elements (31, 32) and a stopper (33).
  8. Device according to claim 7, characterised in that a recording device (73) is arranged in the proximity of the aligning device (30), which can determine what type of piece goods unit (3, 26, 27, 28) is present.
  9. Device according to any one of claims 4 to 8, characterised in that the device (1) comprises cutting devices (42, 43) for applying recesses (54, 55) in at least one belt element (50, 51) for a piece goods unit (3, 26, 27, 28) to be received.
EP20100716052 2009-02-19 2010-02-17 Method and device for the commissioning of piece goods Active EP2398709B1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
BE200900091A BE1018661A3 (en) 2009-02-19 2009-02-19 General cargo unit and a method for marking an article unit.
BE200900090A BE1018660A3 (en) 2009-02-19 2009-02-19 Marked unit and method for the formation of a marked entity.
BE200900089A BE1018659A3 (en) 2009-02-19 2009-02-19 Method and device for picking of piece goods.
PCT/IB2010/050711 WO2010095102A1 (en) 2009-02-19 2010-02-17 Method and device for the commissioning of piece goods

Publications (2)

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EP2398709A1 EP2398709A1 (en) 2011-12-28
EP2398709B1 true EP2398709B1 (en) 2013-09-18

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EP20100716052 Active EP2398709B1 (en) 2009-02-19 2010-02-17 Method and device for the commissioning of piece goods

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WO (1) WO2010095102A1 (en)

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FR2970646B1 (en) * 2011-01-21 2014-03-07 Ethilog Automated system unit dosage for registered delivery of drugs
FR2970645B1 (en) 2011-01-21 2014-03-28 Ethilog Automated system unit dosage for registered delivery of drugs
ITPN20120042A1 (en) * 2012-07-24 2014-01-25 Sinteco S P A Improved device for the singling of drugs and medical articles and relative method of obtaining
EP2999644B1 (en) * 2013-05-21 2019-02-20 4C Care IP BV Tape assembly holding information cards and blisters and method for assembling it
ITBO20130407A1 (en) * 2013-07-26 2015-01-27 Swisslog Italia Spa Device and method for singling products grouped in blister

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