EP2340876A1 - Ski shoe and binding system comprising a ski shoe and a ski binding - Google Patents

Ski shoe and binding system comprising a ski shoe and a ski binding Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP2340876A1
EP2340876A1 EP11150232A EP11150232A EP2340876A1 EP 2340876 A1 EP2340876 A1 EP 2340876A1 EP 11150232 A EP11150232 A EP 11150232A EP 11150232 A EP11150232 A EP 11150232A EP 2340876 A1 EP2340876 A1 EP 2340876A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
ski
opening
binding
bearing pin
openings
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP11150232A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP2340876B1 (en
Inventor
Fritz Barthel
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Salewa Sport AG
Original Assignee
Salewa Sport AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE202010000614U priority Critical patent/DE202010000614U1/en
Application filed by Salewa Sport AG filed Critical Salewa Sport AG
Publication of EP2340876A1 publication Critical patent/EP2340876A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP2340876B1 publication Critical patent/EP2340876B1/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B5/00Footwear for sporting purposes
    • A43B5/04Ski boots; Similar boots
    • A43B5/0415Accessories
    • A43B5/0417Accessories for soles or associated with soles of ski boots; for ski bindings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B5/00Footwear for sporting purposes
    • A43B5/04Ski boots; Similar boots
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B5/00Footwear for sporting purposes
    • A43B5/04Ski boots; Similar boots
    • A43B5/0415Accessories
    • A43B5/0417Accessories for soles or associated with soles of ski boots; for ski bindings
    • A43B5/0423Accessories for soles or associated with soles of ski boots; for ski bindings located on the sides of the sole
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B5/00Footwear for sporting purposes
    • A43B5/04Ski boots; Similar boots
    • A43B5/0496Ski boots; Similar boots boots for touring or hiking skis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63CSKATES; SKIS; ROLLER SKATES; DESIGN OR LAYOUT OF COURTS, RINKS OR THE LIKE
    • A63C9/00Ski bindings
    • A63C9/08Ski bindings yieldable or self-releasing in the event of an accident, i.e. safety bindings
    • A63C9/0807Ski bindings yieldable or self-releasing in the event of an accident, i.e. safety bindings for both towing and downhill skiing
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63CSKATES; SKIS; ROLLER SKATES; DESIGN OR LAYOUT OF COURTS, RINKS OR THE LIKE
    • A63C9/00Ski bindings
    • A63C9/08Ski bindings yieldable or self-releasing in the event of an accident, i.e. safety bindings
    • A63C9/085Ski bindings yieldable or self-releasing in the event of an accident, i.e. safety bindings with sole hold-downs, e.g. swingable
    • A63C9/08507Ski bindings yieldable or self-releasing in the event of an accident, i.e. safety bindings with sole hold-downs, e.g. swingable with a plurality of mobile jaws
    • A63C9/08528Ski bindings yieldable or self-releasing in the event of an accident, i.e. safety bindings with sole hold-downs, e.g. swingable with a plurality of mobile jaws pivoting about a longitudinal axis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63CSKATES; SKIS; ROLLER SKATES; DESIGN OR LAYOUT OF COURTS, RINKS OR THE LIKE
    • A63C9/00Ski bindings
    • A63C9/08Ski bindings yieldable or self-releasing in the event of an accident, i.e. safety bindings
    • A63C9/085Ski bindings yieldable or self-releasing in the event of an accident, i.e. safety bindings with sole hold-downs, e.g. swingable
    • A63C9/08535Ski bindings yieldable or self-releasing in the event of an accident, i.e. safety bindings with sole hold-downs, e.g. swingable with a mobile body or base or single jaw
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63CSKATES; SKIS; ROLLER SKATES; DESIGN OR LAYOUT OF COURTS, RINKS OR THE LIKE
    • A63C9/00Ski bindings
    • A63C9/08Ski bindings yieldable or self-releasing in the event of an accident, i.e. safety bindings
    • A63C9/085Ski bindings yieldable or self-releasing in the event of an accident, i.e. safety bindings with sole hold-downs, e.g. swingable
    • A63C9/08557Details of the release mechanism
    • A63C9/08564Details of the release mechanism using cam or slide surface
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63CSKATES; SKIS; ROLLER SKATES; DESIGN OR LAYOUT OF COURTS, RINKS OR THE LIKE
    • A63C9/00Ski bindings
    • A63C9/08Ski bindings yieldable or self-releasing in the event of an accident, i.e. safety bindings
    • A63C9/086Ski bindings yieldable or self-releasing in the event of an accident, i.e. safety bindings using parts which are fixed on the shoe of the user and are releasable from the ski binding

Abstract

The shoe (112) has openings (123) respectively provided in opposite side and front shoe sections and defining an opening axis. Bearing pins of a touring ski binding are inserted into the openings along the axis to hold the shoe tiltable around the axis at the ski binding. One of the openings has upper and lower attachment sections (152a, 152b) that contact with an upper side and/or a lower side of the associated bearing pins for blocking sliding of the bearing pins from the openings in a vertical direction. An independent claim is also included for a binding system comprising a ski shoe.

Description

  • The present invention relates to a ski boot, which in each case has an opening in opposite, lateral, front shoe sections, wherein the openings define an opening axis along which bearing bolts of a ski binding can be inserted into the openings, in order to keep the ski boot pivotable about the opening axis on the ski binding , Furthermore, the invention relates to a binding system comprising such a ski boot and a ski binding. The invention finds particular application in the field of touring skiing and with special advantages in touring ski racing. For the purposes of the present invention, however, the term "ski" also includes splitboards, i. longitudinally divisible snowboards whose parts can be used in the manner of skis for ascent.
  • In touring skiing, a binding system has been established, which keeps the ski on two lateral bearing pin of a touring ski binding about an orthogonal to the ski axis pivot axis by the bearing bolts are inserted into corresponding side openings of the ski boot. A generic ski boot with a corresponding binding system is for example in the EP 0 199 098 A2 disclosed. The lateral openings provided on the ski boot are formed as conical depressions, so that they are adapted to the conical tips of the bearing bolts and both a slight sliding in of the bearing pin in the opening when entering the bond and a sliding out of the bolt when the bond, ie the release of the ski boot in case of a fall.
  • During the ascent, when the ski binding in a touring ski mode is set, so that an heel machine releases the heel of the ski boot and the ski boot can pivot about the bearing pin, a release of the toe is generally undesirable. In ski touring mode, a ski's ski brake is often disabled, so if the ski is lost there is a risk of the ski sliding off the slope. In the racing sector, unintentional triggering of the front jaw also means loss of time. In order to avoid the release of the binding during the rise, it is known to lock the toe in the tour position, wherein clamping levers which carry the bearing pins are blocked by a locking lever so that it does not move even when a load on the binding in the transverse direction and the bearing bolts can not slip out of the openings of the ski boot. A disadvantage of this solution, however, is the necessity of the locking mechanism, which increases the design effort and the weight of the ski binding. In addition, a manual operation of the binding for locking is necessary. However, especially in the field of competitive sports, reducing the weight of the equipment and shortening the time required to operate the equipment are of particular importance.
  • Further improvement for the from the EP 0 199 098 A2 Known binding system has also shown downhill in sporty downhill, especially in the racing field. Although designed as conical recesses openings of the ski boot allow in case of a fall reliable sliding out of the ski boot from the binding, so that injuries to the skier can be avoided, however, it often comes in demanding maneuvers and associated high loads between ski boot and ski to unwanted false triggering during the descent, which inevitably leads to the fall of the skier. To prevent such false trips, it was thought to lock the binding also during departure with the locking mechanism described above, so that any triggering and thus any false triggering is prevented. simultaneously However, this means that even in the case of a fall no triggering of the bond takes place, which carries considerable risk of injury to the skier.
  • Furthermore, from the EP 1 224 958 A1 a snowshoe locking system is known for pivotally holding a boot on the snowshoe. The locking system comprises two lateral bearing pins, which engage in adapted to the bearing pin side openings of the boot. Both bearing pins are axially displaceable and biased by a coil spring in the engaged position and have at their axial ends actuating lever. This known arrangement makes use of the existing on snowshoes on both sides of the boot surface of the snowshoe-unlike skis - to mount the bolts and their actuation mechanisms.
  • Object of the present invention is to provide a ski boot and a binding system for skis, which on the one hand can be produced inexpensively and with low weight and on the other hand allow a simple and secure locking between the ski boot and ski binding.
  • In order to achieve this object, the invention according to a first aspect provides a ski boot, which in each case has an opening in opposite lateral front shoe sections, wherein the openings define an opening axis along which bearing bolts of a ski binding can be inserted into the openings, around the ski boot the opening axis to be held pivotably on the ski binding, wherein at least one of the openings has at least one abutment portion which is adapted to come into abutting contact with an upper side and / or an underside of the associated bearing pin to slid out of the bearing pin from the opening in the vertical To block direction.
  • It should be pointed out at this point that in connection with the present disclosure, directional information such as "vertika!", "horizontal", "parakeet", "lateral", "top", "bottom", "front", "rear" and the like from the perspective of the skier to understand and focus on Obtain a ski boot that is deployed in a downhill operating position in a ski-mounted ski binding with the ski resting on a horizontal plane and the skier standing upright in the ski boot.
  • In tests on conventional touring ski bindings has been shown that false triggering, especially in sporty downhill at high loads, mainly caused by the fact that the bearing bolts slide out in a vertical direction from the openings of the ski boot. In the conventional conical-shaped openings, the tips of the bearing bolts slide along the upper or lower portions of the tapered walls, and the bearing bolts are simultaneously urged outwardly and upwardly downward against the spring force of the ski binding mechanism until they engage leave with the openings so that the ski boot triggers. It has also been recognized that, in the event of a fall, primarily forces in the direction of a rotation of the ski boot relative to the ski about a vertical axis to the ski, so that the bearing pins along the conical walls are pushed horizontally forward or backward out of the openings.
  • The invention according to the first aspect takes into account this finding that it modifies the design of the openings in the ski boot and deviates from the rotationally symmetric, conical design of the openings according to the prior art and instead proposes at least one abutment portion, which slides out of the bearing pin from the associated opening blocked in the vertical direction. This can be prevented in particular in sporting downhill even without additional locking mechanism or without locking the locking mechanism accidental release of the bond. The ski boot is then especially in racing Reliable and can be driven with very high loads without risking false triggering.
  • Preferably, at least one of the openings of the ski boot in the horizontal direction (in the ski longitudinal direction in front of and / or behind the opening) is limited by a triggering section which has a release surface extending obliquely to the opening axis, on which a bearing pin inserted into the opening slides and in the horizontal direction the opening can slip out. In such an embodiment, on the one hand the frequency of false triggering is reduced by blocking the bearing pin in the vertical direction, on the other hand, however, a triggering in the horizontal direction is still possible, so that in case of fall, especially with a rotation of the ski relative to the ski boot, the ski boot of the binding can be solved to avoid injury to the skier.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the at least one contact section may have a substantially horizontally extending contact surface. At this horizontal, in particular flat bearing surface then the bearing pin can be supported when a force acts with a vertical component between the bearing pin and ski boot, so that the bearing pin in the vertical direction can not slide out of the opening. At the same time, upon the occurrence of a substantially horizontal force between the bearing pin and the ski boot, the bearing pin can be displaced along the horizontal contact surface and - in the event that, for example, the abovementioned triggering section is provided - slide out of the opening in a horizontal direction forwards or backwards.
  • Advantageously, the opening may have an upper abutment section and a lower abutment section, the opening then being arranged between two mutually facing, substantially horizontally extending and in particular flat abutment surfaces of the abutment sections can. In this way, a sliding out of the bearing pin is blocked from the opening both upwards and downwards.
  • In order to solve the problem, the invention further provides, according to a second aspect, a ski boot which has an opening in opposite lateral front shoe sections, the openings defining an opening axis along which bearing bolts of a ski binding can be inserted into the openings around the ski boot the opening axis to be held pivotably on the ski binding, wherein at least one of the openings has at least one inner abutment portion for abutment against an outer peripheral portion of the bearing pin, wherein the abutment portion permits a displacement of the bearing pin in the direction of the opening axis and a pivoting movement of the bearing pin about the opening axis, but a Displacement or pivotal movement of the bearing pin in other directions substantially prevented.
  • An important concept of the invention according to the second aspect is therefore also to address the problem of trigger-safe locking between ski boot and ski binding by a modification to the ski boot, rather than, as previously provided exclusively in the art, to provide suitable locking means on the side of the ski binding. According to the invention, the inner geometry of the lateral openings of the ski boot is modified so as to provide an inner abutment portion which can be supported on an outer peripheral portion of the bearing pin inserted into the opening. In this case, the contact section is set up in accordance with the outer geometry of the bearing pin such that it guides the bearing pin in the direction of the opening axis and also permits pivoting movement of the bearing pin about the opening axis for normal use of the ski binding in touring ski mode. At the same time, however, according to the second aspect of the invention, the abutment of the abutment portion on the bearing pin prevents a displacement of the bearing pin in any other direction, ie transverse to the opening axis, and also prevents pivotal movement of the bearing pin about an axis other than the opening axis. Thus, the bearing bolt can not slide out of the opening or be levered out even with transverse load of the ski boot with respect to the ski or the ski binding, so that the bond remains securely locked even at high loads. The design effort and the weight for a locking device on the ski binding can be saved and at the same time an accidental loss of the ski can be prevented during the climb.
  • As an alternative or in addition to the second aspect, according to a third aspect of the invention, the abovementioned object of the invention is achieved by a ski boot which has an opening in opposite lateral front shoe sections, the openings defining an opening axis along which bearing bolts of a ski binding are inserted into the openings can be to hold the ski boot about the opening axis pivotally mounted on the ski binding, wherein at least one of the openings has at least one inner abutment portion for abutment against an outer peripheral portion of the bearing pin, wherein the abutment portion defines an opening axis of the circumferential cylinder surface.
  • Also according to the third aspect, the problem of locking the binding system is thus realized by a special design of the inner geometry of the lateral openings by means of an inner abutment portion for abutment against an outer peripheral portion of the bearing pin, wherein according to the third aspect of the abutment portion defines a cylinder jacket surface surrounding the opening axis. The circumferential cylinder jacket surface in the interior of the opening can positively enclose a substantially cylindrical outer circumference of the bearing pin introduced into the opening, so that a transverse movement or tilting of the bearing pin in the contact section is blocked and thus the bearing pin can not slide out of the opening with a transverse load on the binding , Also work with a non-cylindrical bearing pin the openings according to the invention advantageously together, for example, with bearing pin with barrel-shaped outer peripheral surface, which is adapted to the inner abutment portions of the openings, that although an accidental release of the binding during lateral rotation of the ski boot is prevented, however, a slight tilting of the bearing pin for the purpose of the intended Opening and closing the binding without jamming is possible.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the invention according to the second and / or the third aspect, the abutment portion is formed by a substantially completely circumferential cylindrical surface of the opening axis, so that the contact portion can be produced by simple means, for example by a bore and at the same time the bearing pin in the circumferential direction around the Can completely enclose opening axis and thus secure against tilting or slipping out of the opening. Conceivable, however, are also variants in which the contact section comprises a plurality of separate contact zones (contact surfaces, abutment lines or contact points), which ensure the described blocking of the bearing pin against tilting or transverse displacement or mutually arranged so that they define a circumferential axis of the cylinder surface.
  • The at least one inner abutment portion of the opening should be designed so that the bearing pin is supported in the axial direction to a length which is equal to or greater than half the diameter of the bearing pin in the region of its outer peripheral portion, preferably equal to or greater than the diameter of the Bearing in the region of its outer peripheral portion. For common dimensions of the bearing pin has been found in experiments that the said axial length over which the bearing pin is supported by the at least one inner abutment portion of the opening, should preferably be greater than 1 mm. Too small lengths can endanger the positive retention of the bearing pin and an unwanted release of the bond lead with cross load of the ski boot.
  • In itself, it is known to provide openings of generic ski boots in a metal insert, which is integrated in a sole portion of the ski boot, so that the storage points of sufficiently stable material and thus can be made wear-resistant. In combination with a ski boot of the present invention can be achieved by the use of an insert, in particular a metal insert additionally a particularly stable and wear-resistant guidance of the bearing pin, so that only the said movements along or around the opening axis are possible. In particular, the sometimes considerable tilting moments, which are introduced at a transverse load of the ski boot relative to the ski of the bearing pin in the inner abutment portions of the openings, can be particularly stable and wear-resistant from the opening are received when the abutment portions of such an insert, in particular of metal, are provided.
  • In a further preferred embodiment of the ski boot of the second aspect or / and the third aspect of the invention, at least one opening at its mouth has a Einweisungsfläche along which a bearing pin is displaceable before entering the opening in a direction transverse to the opening axis direction the Einweisungsfläche leads the bearing pin to the opening axis. The features of this embodiment allow for easier entry into the ski binding, the engagement surface providing a positioning stop against which the user can support the ski boot for entry into the binding and from which the bearing pin slides reliably into the opening.
  • According to a fourth aspect of the invention, the above-mentioned object of the invention is achieved by a binding system comprising a ski boot according to the first and / or the second and / or the third aspect of the invention and a ski binding, wherein the ski binding two Clamping lever comprises, each having a bearing pin which is insertable into an associated one of the openings of the ski boot. The ski boot may be designed according to one of the embodiments described above in order to provide the advantages and effects described in connection with the respective embodiment also for the binding system of the fourth aspect.
  • A particular synergistic interaction arises between a ski boot according to the invention and a ski binding, in which the clamping levers are attachable to the ski or to an element of the binding system, or fixed to the binding system, such that movement of the bearing pins with respect to the ski or the binding system associated with an elastic deformation of at least one of the clamping lever. Such, especially suitable for racing ski binding is extremely light and has a minimum possible number of components, as the bearing pin holding the clamping lever are mounted directly skifest and thus the entire opening and closing mechanism for pivotal movement of the clamping lever between open and closed positions can be saved. To get into the binding, the clamping levers are bent slightly outwards by the pressure force of the shoe and / or by additional manual exertion of force until the bearing bolts engage in the openings. To release the binding, one of the levers is bent manually outwards, for which purpose the lever preferably has a gripping portion, in particular a gripping lever, on which the gripping lever can be moved manually until the bearing pin is pulled out of the opening. The use of such a ski binding with a conventional ski boot with conventionally shaped openings would have the disadvantage that due to the required for the opening and closing of the binding elasticity of the clamping lever accidental release of the binding in touring ski mode, for example, in a cross-loading of the binding during the climb, hardly too would prevent. For such a ski binding known locking systems can not be applied and also intended for the specialized use in Racing area any weight gain and any additional operating effort can be avoided.
  • This problem is also solved by a ski boot according to the invention in a surprisingly simple way by the special design of the openings, i. by providing the inner abutment portions for abutment with an outer peripheral portion of the bearing bolts. By the guidance of the bearing pin in the opening, the movement of the bearing pin is limited to movements along and around the opening axis and an unwanted release of the bond by transverse load, i. Tilting or transverse movement of the bearing pin is reliably prevented. It has been shown in experiments of the inventors that despite a certain elasticity of the clamping lever, the bearing bolts can occur even at higher loads such as when ski touring in performance port, slipping out of the bearing pin from the openings and thus accidental release of the bond can be avoided.
  • In principle, the bearing bolts of the ski binding of the binding system according to the fourth aspect of the invention may have an outer peripheral shape deviating from a cylindrical shape, as long as a tilting of the ski boot out of the ski binding prevents tilting of the bearing bolts in the openings of the ski boot. For example, the bearing bolts could have a crowned or barrel-shaped outer peripheral portion, thereby facilitating the slight pivotal movement of the bearing bolts for opening or closing the ski binding when intended to disembark from the binding. However, in order to achieve an unintentional release of the binding in case of transverse load of the ski boot with particularly high reliability, it is proposed that the bearing bolts have, at least in sections, a cylinder jacket-shaped outer circumference. Towards the tip, this cylindrical surface can pass into a tapered conical surface.
  • In a further embodiment of the invention, a binding system of the aforesaid kind is proposed in connection with a ski boot according to the first aspect of the present invention, the ski binding having a triggering mechanism which exerts a predetermined tensioning force on the clamping levers in a closed position of the ski binding the bearing pin presses in the associated openings of the ski boot, wherein at least one of the openings of the ski boot in the horizontal direction (forward and / or backward) is limited by a triggering section and in the vertical direction by the contact section, wherein in a closed position of use of the ski binding, with the action of a horizontal force between the opening and the bearing pin inserted therein, which force is horizontal and orthogonal to the opening axis and has an absolute value equal to or greater than a predetermined fall triggering force, the bearing pins against the spa nn force of the ski binding in the horizontal direction slides out of the opening, and wherein in a closed position of use of the ski binding, with effect of a vertical force between the opening and inserted therein bearing bolt, which force is vertical and orthogonal to the opening axis and has an absolute value equal to or greater as the predetermined camber release force, the bearing pin in the vertical direction abuts against the abutment portion and is prevented from slipping out of the opening.
  • In this embodiment, a release mechanism of the ski binding advantageously cooperates with a ski boot of the first aspect of the invention, so that the ski boot reliably releases upon occurrence of a high lateral load or high torque about a vertical axis, for example in the event of a fall Fehlauslösungen be prevented by sliding out of the bearing pin from the openings in the vertical direction. The release mechanism of the ski binding may be provided by any means capable of exerting on the bearing bolts of the ski binding a predetermined tensioning force in the direction of engagement with the openings, these predetermined clamping force determines the predetermined camber release force, which must act between the bearing pin and the openings of the ski boot in the horizontal direction (horizontal and orthogonal to the opening axis) at least, so that the bearing pins slide horizontally out of the openings. In the case of the action of a magnitude comparable force in the vertical direction, however, according to the invention triggering of the ski binding is prevented by the at least one contact portion.
  • The invention will be explained in more detail below with reference to preferred embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings.
  • Show it:
  • FIG. 1
    a perspective view of a ski boot and a binding system according to a first embodiment of the invention,
    FIG. 2
    a cross-sectional view of the ski boot and the binding system of the first embodiment of the invention,
    FIG. 3
    an excerpt from a section III FIG. 2 .
    FIGS. 4a and 4b
    Cross-sectional views along a line IV-IV in FIG. 3 for two variants of the invention,
    FIG. 5
    a perspective view of a touring ski binding of a binding system according to a second embodiment of the invention,
    FIG. 6
    a side view of in FIG. 5 shown touring,
    FIG. 7
    a perspective view of a ski boot of the binding system of the second embodiment of the invention, including an enlarged detail of a left front portion of the ski boot, and
    FIG. 8
    an enlarged view of the binding system of the second embodiment of the invention in a rough schematic representation illustrating the function of the binding system.
  • FIG. 1 shows a binding system 10 according to a first embodiment of the invention, comprising a ski boot 12 and touring ski binding 14. From the ski boot 12 is in FIG. 1 for illustration, only a front shoe section shown. A sole 16 of the ski boot 12 has an opening 18a, 18b in opposite lateral, front sections, wherein the openings 18a, 18b extend along a common opening axis Q and are introduced into the sole 16 of the ski boot 12 from opposite sides.
  • As in particular in FIG. 2 As can be seen, the openings 18a, 18b are provided in a metal insert 20, which is integrated into the sole 16 of the ski boot 12, in particular cast in, and extends between the openings 18a, 18b over the entire width of the front sole portion of the sole 16.
  • The touring ski binding 14 comprises two clamping brackets 22a, 22b, which are fastened to a ski 28 with an angle section 24a, 24b by means of fastening screws 26a, 26b, and which respectively carry a bearing bolt 32a, 32b at their second angle sections 30a, 30b. The bearing pins 32a, 32b, extend on a common axis, which in a Use state in which the ski boot 12 is inserted into the touring ski binding 14 and the bearing bolts 32a, 32b are engaged in the openings 18a, 18b, coincides with the opening axis Q of the openings 18a, 18b, as in FIG Figures 1 and 2 is shown. When the touring ski binding 14 is mounted on the ski 28, the common axis of the bearing bolts 18a, 18b is substantially parallel to a surface 34 of the ski 28 and substantially orthogonal to a ski center axis M of the ski 28.
  • In the region of the mouth of each opening 18a, 18b, the metal insert 20 is widened radially to the opening axis Q and forms a respective Einweisungsfläche 36a, 36b. Along the Einweisungsflächen 36a, 36b, the shoe widened gradually approaching the opening axis Q. When entering the touring ski binding 14 of the ski boot 12 is so introduced to the bearing pins 32a, 32b that tapered tips 38a, 38b of the bearing pin 32a, 32b initially the Einweisungsfläche 36a, 36b contact. When pressure is exerted by the ski boot 12 in the direction of the bearing bolts 32a, 32b, the tips 38a, 38b of the bearing bolts 32a, 32b slide on the guide surfaces 36a, 36b, whereby the bearing bolts 32a, 32b and thus the second angle sections 30a, 30b of the clamping brackets 22a, 22b gradually pushed to the outside. The clamping angle 22a, 22b are bent elastically outward. This movement can be assisted manually by gripping the second angle section 30a of the clamping angle 22a on a handle lever 40 which extends upward the second angle section 30a and is likewise pressed outward.
  • When the bearing pins 38a, 38b are sufficiently close to the opening axis Q, the bearing pins 32a, 32b enter the openings 18a, 18b pushing into the openings 18a, 18b under the bias of the elastically resilient second angle sections 30a, 30b and be held there. To open the ski touring binding 14, ie to release the ski boot 12 from its engagement with the bearing pins 32a, 32b, For example, the handle lever 40 is manually pushed outwardly so that the second angle portion 30a of the clamp lever 22a bends elastically outwardly again, thereby retracting the bearing pin 32a from the opening 18a.
  • Hereinafter, an inventive locking of the engagement of the bearing pins 32a, 32b in the openings 18a, 18b with reference to the Figures 3, 4a, and 4b described on the example of the opening 18a and the bearing pin 32a. In the exemplary embodiment, the second opening 18b is formed analogously to the opening 18a, in particular has the same locking system, so that the description of the opening 18a in a corresponding manner to the second opening 18b is transferable.
  • As in FIG. 3 can be seen, the opening 18a has a cylinder jacket-shaped inner boundary wall or cylinder jacket surface 42, which rotates the opening axis Q coaxial. The cylinder jacket surface 42 extends in the axial direction of the opening axis Q from an opening 44 of the opening 18a over an axial length I of approximately... Mm into an inner end portion 46 of the opening 18a, at which the cylinder jacket surface 42 merges into a conically recessed bottom surface 48 , Such an opening 18a can be formed in a simple manner, for example, through a hole by means of a twist drill along the opening axis Q and is completely accommodated in the metal insert 20 in the exemplary embodiment.
  • In the FIGS. 3 and 4a It can also be seen that the cylinder jacket surface 42 of the opening 18a is adapted to a cylindrical outer peripheral portion 50 of the bearing pin 32a, in particular slightly larger in diameter, than the bearing pin 32a on its outer peripheral portion 50, so that the bearing pin 32a with some play in the opening 18a sitting. At the free end of the bearing pin 32a, the cylindrical outer peripheral portion 50 merges into the conical tip 38a whose cone angle is smaller than the cone angle of the cone Bottom surface 48 (at most the same size), so that the tip 38a of the bearing pin 32a abuts almost point-like at the lowest point of the bottom surface 48 and thus a low-friction rotation possible between bearing pin 32a and ski boot 12.
  • Due to the described configuration of the inner boundary of the opening 18a with respect to the bearing pin 32a of the bearing pin 32a is positively guided in the opening 18a and can move in the opening 18a substantially only along the opening axis Q or rotate about the opening axis Q. Thus, by rotation between the bearing pin 32a and ski boot 12 about the opening axis Q of the ski boot 12 pivot forward to use the binding system 10 in touring ski mode. Further, upon operation of the handle lever 40 and bending of the second angle portion 30a of the clamp angle 22a outwardly, the bearing bolt 32 can be pulled out of the opening 18a along the opening axis Q.
  • It should be noted that the clearance between the bearing pin 32 a and the cylinder jacket surface 42 should be sufficiently large to allow the strictly taken on a circular path of large diameter movement of the bearing pin 32 a when opening the ski touring binding 14. At the same time, however, the cylinder jacket surface 42 of the opening 18a is adapted to the cylindrical outer peripheral portion 50 of the bearing pin 32a so far that the ski boot 12 can not be tilted or pivoted relative to the bearing pin such that the bearing pin 32a slips out of the opening 18a.
  • Acts in a particular use situation on the ski boot 12 a lateral load, for example, a torque about an axis perpendicular to the surface 34 of the ski 28 extending axis T ( FIG. 2 ), so the bolts 32a, 32b tilt at most a slight angular amount corresponding to the clearance between their cylindrical outer peripheral portions 50 and the cylinder jacket surfaces 42 of the openings 18a, 18b, but then become positively held in the cylinder jacket surfaces 42. The forces thereby transmitted to the bearing pins 32a, 32b may possibly lead to a generation of a torque Ta or Tb in the second angle sections 30a, 30b of the clamping angles 22a, 22b about an axis orthogonal to the ski surface 34 or to a force parallel to the ski center axis M. the second angle sections 30a, 30b lead. Thus, essentially no force or torque component acts in the sense of bending the second angle sections 30a, 30b outward, ie in the sense of a movement of the bearing pins 32a, 32b out of the openings 18a, 18b. Consequently, even with a transverse load of the ski boot 12, the ski touring binding 14 remains securely locked.
  • FIG. 4b shows an embodiment of the invention in one of FIG. 4a corresponding sectional view, wherein in the following only the differences from the embodiment of the FIGS. 1 to 3 . 4a and, with regard to the rest of the configuration, expressly refer to the description of FIGS. 1 to 3 . 4a is referenced, which also applies to the second embodiment variant.
  • In the second embodiment, the opening 18b is not limited by a completely circumferential cylindrical surface, but has three separate abutment portions 42a, 42b, 42c, which each form peripheral portions of the opening axis Q circumferential cylinder surface and are separated by axial grooves 54. The grooves 54 can absorb snow, which is displaced upon insertion of the bearing pin 32b from the opening 18b.
  • The width of the grooves 54 in the circumferential direction of the imaginary cylinder jacket surface is significantly smaller than the diameter of the bearing pin 32b, so that the bearing pin 32b is positively and securely supported at each loading angle on the abutment portions 42a, 42b, 42c and thus only a movement of the bearing pin 32b or along the opening axis Q is possible. Despite the interruption of closed cylinder jacket surface on the grooves 54 thus define the abutment portions 42a, 42b, 42c a circumferential axis of the cylinder Q circumferential surface due to their adapted to the outer peripheral portion 50 of the bearing pin 32 shape.
  • The first embodiment is not limited to the aforementioned embodiments. For example, those skilled in the art can imagine further forms of abutment sections in the interior of the openings 18a, 18b with which the bearing pins 32a, 32b can be suitably guided or supported so that they essentially only extend along and around the opening axis Q of the openings 18a. 18b can move. Thus, instead of a substantially circular cross-section, the openings 18a, 18b could also have a polygonal cross-section, for example a square cross-section.
  • With reference to FIGS. 5 to 8 a second embodiment of the invention will be explained below. A binding system of the second embodiment includes a touring ski binding 110 and a ski boot 112 mountable thereto.
  • A base portion 113 of the touring ski binding 110 has attachment means for securing the touring ski binding 110 to the surface of a ski (not shown). The attachment means may be formed by a plurality of holes 114 through which screws 116 to be screwed into the ski may be passed. The attachment means define an attachment position of touring ski binding 110 to a touring ski, thereby defining an X direction along a horizontal longitudinal axis L corresponding to a ski longitudinal axis, a Y direction extending horizontally and orthogonal to the X direction, and a Z direction. which in the vertical direction, d. H. orthogonal to the X direction and the Y direction, fixed.
  • At the base portion 113 are a left bearing angle 118I and a right Bearing angle 118r pivotally mounted on different sides of the longitudinal axis L containing and parallel to the Z-direction, vertical center plane extending in each case in the X direction pivot axes 1201, 120r. At their upper free ends, the bearing brackets 1181, 118r have bearing bolts 1221, 122r which together define a transverse axis to the X-direction for the ski boot 112 and which are adapted to provide corresponding openings 123 in front lateral portions of a sole region of the ski boot 112 to engage the ski boot 112 about the common pivot axis pivotally mounted on the touring ski binding 110.
  • Actuation legs 124I, 124R of the bearing angles 118I, 118R lying away from the bearing pins 1221, 122r essentially run towards one another and are in contact with each other at end caps 1261, 126r of the actuating limbs 1241, 124r. The length of the actuating legs 1241, 124r from their respective pivot axis 120I, 120R to the end caps 1261, 126R is variable by a movable mounting of the end caps 126I, 126R with respect to the bearing angles 1181, 118R. Tension springs 1281, 128r act between the end caps 1261, 126r and the bearing brackets 1181, 118r, respectively, to bias the end caps 1261, 126r into contact with each other. The tension springs 128I, 128R thus hold the bearing angles 118I, 118R in two stable states, namely, a first state in which the contact point between the end caps 126I, 126R is located below a connecting line between the pivot axes 120I, 120R such that the bearing bolts 122I, 122R are biased toward each other by the tension springs 128I, 128R and are in tension with the abutment elements of the ski boot, and a second state in which the contact point between the end caps 126I, 126R is above a connection line between the pivot axes 120I; 120r, so that the bearing angles 118I, 118r are urged in the opposite direction, so that the two bearing bolts 122I, 122r are pushed away from each other and the ski boot release. The first state forms a closed position of the touring ski binding 110, while the second state corresponds to an open position of the touring ski binding 110.
  • In a manner known per se, the pivotal movement of the bearing angles 1181, 118r between the closed position and the open position can be coupled to a pivoting movement of an actuating lever 130, in which a first end 132 of the actuating lever 130 is motion-coupled to the two end caps 126I, 126R, and the actuating lever 30 is pivotally mounted on the base portion 113 on a bearing axis 134 extending transversely to the X-direction, so that a pivoting movement of the lever 130 about the bearing axis 134 into a substantially vertical movement of the two end caps 126I, 126R and thus a pivotal movement of the bearing angles 118I, 118R is reacted about the pivot axes 120I, 120R. On the other hand, the coupling between the operating lever 130 and the end caps 126I, 126R causes a pivotal movement of the bearing angles 1181, 118r is converted into a pivoting movement of the lever 130.
  • At a second end 136 of the actuating lever 130, a locking lever 140 is pivotally mounted about a transversely to the X direction, in particular substantially in the Y direction extending pivot axis 138, so that this between a in FIGS. 5 and 6 shown unlocking position (downhill) and a not shown in the figures locking position (walking position) is pivotable. At an operating portion 142, the locking lever 140 can be manually operated by the skier's hand or the tip of a ski pole to move the locking lever 140 between the unlocking position and the locking position. Furthermore, the locking lever has a locking portion 144 which blocks a pivoting movement of the actuating lever 130 in the locking position of the locking lever 140 and allows the pivoting movement of the actuating lever 130 in the unlocked position.
  • In the FIGS. 5 and 6 the touring ski binding 110 is shown in the closed position, respectively, in which, when the binding is used, the ski boot 112 engages with the bearing bolts 1221, 122r. Is the locking lever 140 according to FIGS. 5 and 6 pivoted into the unlocked position, so the locking lever 140 abuts against a stop on the actuating lever 130. Further actuation of the locking lever 140 in the direction of unlocking position is thus converted into a pivoting operation of the actuating lever 130 about the bearing axis 134, so that the first end 132 of the actuating lever 130 moves the end caps 126I, 126R upwards and the bearing angles 1181, 118R are pivoted outwardly to adjust the touring ski binding 110 in the open position.
  • Conversely, in the unlocked closed position shown in the figures, a trip mechanism of the toe binding 110 can be effective, which is formed by the bearing angles 118I, 118R with the tension springs 128I, 128R, the operating lever 130 and the locking lever 140. In the later to be described in more detail triggering the ski binding 110, the bearing angles 118I, 118r are pivoted against the tension of the tension springs 1281, 128r to the outside. The forced movement of the bearing angles 1181, 118r at the triggering leads to a forced pivotal movement of the actuating lever 130th
  • As in FIGS. 5 and 6 can be seen, when a triggering of the touring ski binding 110 a release movement of the actuating lever 130 (here a downward movement of the second end 136 of the actuating lever 130 towards the ski back) possible because the locking portion 144 of the locking lever 140 does not block this pivotal movement. If, however, the locking lever 140 is pivoted into the locking position (in Fig. 6 in a clockwise direction), the locking portion 144 slides on a binding or ski portion, here a projection 148 of the base portion 113, so that the operating lever 130 is locked and in a locking position is held. Even with the action of a high force between the ski boot 112 and touring ski binding 110, which would lead to release of the touring ski binding 110 in the unlocked position, the actuating lever 130 can no longer pivot into the open position, so that the bearing pin 122I, 122R no longer from the Can solve engagement with the openings 123 of the ski boot 112. Triggering can then take place only when a significantly higher locking triggering force is exceeded, for example due to elastic deformation of the clamping angles 118I, 118R or the actuating lever 130, or triggering is no longer possible without damaging the binding or the shoe. In this locking position, touring ski binding 110 can be used in particular for ascent on the mountain, when a release for safety reasons is not necessary and instead even any release should be prevented.
  • As described above, in the unlocked position of the touring ski binding 110, by the pivotal mounting of the bearing angles 118I, 118R and the force of the tension springs 128I, 128R, a trigger mechanism is provided which presses the bearing bolts 122I, 122R into the openings 123 of the ski boot 112 with a predetermined tension force , The predetermined clamping force is significantly determined by the clamping force of the tension springs 1281, 128r. Depending on the geometry of the openings 123 of the ski boot, particularly the shape of the walls of the openings 123, the release mechanism may act such that upon application of a force between the ski boot and touring ski binding 110 exceeding a predetermined camber release force, the bearing bolts 122I, 122R along the walls the openings 123 slide while at the same time to the outside, ie, are forced out of the openings 123, the latter movement takes place against the clamping force of the trigger mechanism, in particular against the clamping force of the tension springs 128I, 128R. The predetermined tensioning force of the triggering mechanism thus establishes a predetermined camber release force which must act between ski boot 112 and touring ski binding 110, so that the bearing pins 1221, 122r slide out of the openings 123 of the ski boot 112 and the touring ski binding 110 triggers.
  • However, according to the invention, this triggering is restricted. The following, with reference to FIGS. 7 and 8th Namely, the described configuration of the opening 123 of the ski boot 112 allows slipping out of the bearing bolts 122I, 122R substantially only in the horizontal direction while blocking the release in the vertical direction. In the present disclosure, when a vertical release is mentioned, it is understood to mean a movement or force in a direction that has a not insignificant vertical component, preferably a direction that coincides with the vertical Z. Axis includes an angle ≤ 45 °. Accordingly, a triggering, a force action or a movement in the horizontal direction is understood to mean a corresponding action in such a direction, which has a not insignificant component in the horizontal direction, ie in the X direction, preferably a direction which coincides with the X direction. Direction an angle of ≤ 45 °.
  • FIG. 7 shows a front left portion of the ski boot 112 in the region of the left opening 123, which is intended for engagement with the left bearing pin 122I. A corresponding right-hand opening 123 is formed on the front-right portion of the ski boot 112. Both openings 123 are, preferably as blind holes, introduced from the outside along a common, opening in the Y direction opening axis Q in the ski boot. The opening axis Q coincides with the above-mentioned pivot axis about which the ski boot 112 is pivotally mounted on the bearing pin 122I, 122R of the touring ski binding 110.
  • At its top, the opening 123 is bounded by an upper abutment portion 152a in the form of a substantially horizontal, planar, downwardly facing surface, while the opening 123 at its bottom by a lower abutment portion 152b in the form of a substantially horizontal, planar, upwardly facing surface is limited. The opening 123 is thus located between two substantially mutually parallel flat surfaces of the abutment portions 152a and 152b.
  • In the X direction, the opening 123 is delimited by a rear, cylinder-section-shaped wall 154, which is defined by a cylinder concentric with the opening axis Q. The rear wall 154 preferably extends so far around the opening axis Q that it merges at the top into the surface of the upper abutment portion 152a and merges below into the surface of the lower abutment portion 152b.
  • In the X direction, the opening 123 is further delimited at its front by a trigger surface 156, which extends obliquely to the opening axis Q forward. In the exemplary embodiment, the trigger surface 156 is bounded above and below by the surfaces of the upper and lower abutment sections 152a, 152b. The trigger surface 156 thus forms the bottom of a groove extending in the X-direction, the groove walls of which are formed by the upper and lower abutment portions 152a, 152b and whose depth increases in the course of the groove in the rearward direction.
  • Between the opening 123 and a sole 158 of the ski boot 112 further extends an insertion portion 160 in the form of a substantially Z-directional groove 162. The groove 162 is open to the sole 158, so that when inserting the ski boot 112 in the binding of the Ski boot 112 can be brought from above to the bearing pin 1221 until the bearing pin 1221 penetrates from the sole 158 into the groove 162. The groove 162 leads to the opening 123 and passes through the lower abutment portion 152b.
  • In the area of the groove 162, the lower abutment portion 152b may be slightly recessed according to the shape of the groove 162 ( FIG. 7 ) so that the width of the surface of the lower abutment portion 152b is slightly reduced in the Y direction is, but also in the region of the groove 162, the surface of the lower abutment portion 152b has a minimum width in the Y direction to prevent slipping out of the bearing pin 122I from the opening 123 vertically downwards. Alternatively, the depth of the groove 162 from the sole 158 to the surface of the lower abutment portion 152b may drop to zero, so that the width of the surface of the lower abutment portion 152b in the Y direction is not affected by the groove 162.
  • In operation of touring ski binding 110, bearing pin 1221 engages opening 123, as in FIG FIG. 8 is illustrated. For a downhill ski touring binding 110 is placed in the unlocked position, in which both bearing pins 122I, 122R are biased by the clamping force of the tension springs 128I, 128R in the respective openings 123 on both sides of the ski boot 112. The locking lever 40 is in accordance with the unlocking position FIGS. 5 and 6 pivoted so that it does not lock a Abspreizbewegung the clamping bracket 1181, 118r against the tension of the tension springs 128I, 128r, ie a fall triggering allows.
  • Now acts on the downhill, for example during a fall of the skier, between the ski boot 112 and touring ski binding 110 a torque about the Z-axis, which rotates the ski boot 112 with respect to the ski viewed from above counterclockwise, so this leads to a force effect in the X direction (horizontal force action) between the left bearing pin 1221 and the left opening 123, whereby the bearing pin 122I is pressed in the horizontal direction to the front trigger surface 156 back. If this force is greater than a predetermined fall triggering force, which depends on the slope of the trigger surface 156 and on the clamping force of the tension springs 128I, 128R, the bearing pin 122I slides on the trigger surface 156, displacing the bearing pin 122I against the bias of the tension springs 128I, 128r from the opening 123 until the bearing pin 1221 slides forward from the trigger surface 156 and the ski boot 112 is released or released from the touring ski binding 110. Is the force described above in On the other hand, in the X direction, smaller than the predetermined camber release force, the biasing force of the tension springs 1281, 128r keeps the bearing pin 122I engaged with the opening 123.
  • In another case, in the downhill position of the ski binding 110 between the ski boot 112 and the touring ski binding 110, torque acts such that the bearing pin 1221 inserted in the opening 123 moves up or down or obliquely in the Z direction is pushed up or obliquely downward (vertical force), so abuts the top or the bottom of the bearing pin 122 to the upper abutment portion 152 a or the lower abutment portion 152 b and is blocked by these. Since the abutment portions 152a, 152b each have substantially horizontally extending abutment surfaces, the bearing pin 122I can not slide on these surfaces so that it is forced out of the opening 123. Even if the force acting in the Z direction is greater in magnitude than the aforementioned fall triggering force, i. even if the vertical force is so great in magnitude that a force equal amount in the X direction would cause a release of the bearing pin 1221 on the front trigger surface 156, the touring ski binding 110 remains securely locked under vertical force and unwanted false triggering can be avoided become.
  • If a torque acting on the ski boot in a clockwise direction relative to the ski acts on the ski boot, the bearing pin 1221 is pressed against the rear, cylinder-section-shaped wall 154 of the opening 123 and likewise blocked there, so that it does not slide out of the opening 123 can. At the same time, however, the right-hand bearing pin 122r is pushed forward at the correspondingly symmetrically designed right-hand opening 123 of the ski boot and slides out of the right-hand opening 123 via the corresponding right-hand release surface (designed on the model of the trigger surface 156), so that the touring ski binding 110 also triggers ,
  • From the above representation in connection with particular FIG. 8 It will be seen that in the binding system of the second embodiment of the invention, the bearing pin 1221 between the upper abutment portion 152a and the lower abutment portion 152b is restricted in movement so as to extend out of the opening 123 only along the opening axis Q, along the X direction forward or along a direction extending between opening axis Q and X direction direction. Thus, the triggering of the ski boot in the vertical direction, which was recognized as the main cause of unwanted tripping during sport downhill, clearly inhibited, while at a mostly occurring under fall conditions twist between ski boot 112 and ski about a rotation axis in the Z direction tripping can be done reliably in that the bearing pin 112I slides forward out of the opening 123 in the X-direction. In this way, the binding system is also suitable for sporty driving while providing a minimum of security.

Claims (13)

  1. Ski boot (12; 112) having an opening (18a, 18b; 123) in opposite lateral front shoe sections, said openings (18a, 18b; 123) defining an opening axis (Q) along which bearing pins (32a, 32b 122I, 122R) of a ski binding (14; 110) can be inserted into the openings (18a, 18b; 123) to pivot the ski boot (12; 112) about the opening axis (Q) at the ski binding (14; 110) hold,
    characterized in that at least one of the openings (18a, 18b, 123) has at least one abutment section (42; 42a, 42b, 42c; 152a, 152b) which is designed with an upper side or / and a lower side of the associated bearing pin ( 32a, 32b, 1221, 122r) come into abutting contact in order to block the bearing pin (32a, 32b; 1221, 122r) from sliding out of the opening (18a, 18b, 123) in the vertical direction.
  2. Ski boot (112) according to claim 1, characterized in that at least one of the openings (123) is delimited in the horizontal direction by a triggering section which has a triggering surface (156) running obliquely to the opening axis (Q), at which 123) slide in introduced bearing pin (122 I, 122 R) and can slide out of the opening (123) in the horizontal direction.
  3. Ski boot (112) according to claim 1 or claim 2, characterized in that the at least one contact portion (152a, 152b) has a substantially horizontally extending contact surface.
  4. Ski boot (112) according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the opening (123) between two each other facing, substantially horizontally extending contact surfaces (152a, 152b) is arranged.
  5. Ski boot (12), in particular according to claim 1, which in each case has an opening (18a, 18b) in opposite lateral front shoe sections, wherein the openings (18a, 18b) define an opening axis (Q) along which bearing pins (32a, 32b) a ski binding (14) in the openings (18a, 18b) can be introduced to keep the ski boot (12) about the opening axis (Q) pivotally mounted on the ski binding (14),
    characterized in that at least one of the openings (18a, 18b) has at least one inner abutment portion (42; 42a, 42b, 42c) for abutment with an outer peripheral portion (50) of the bearing pin (32a, 32b), the abutment portion (42; 42a , 42b, 42c) allows a displacement of the bearing pin (32a, 32b) in the direction of the opening axis (Q) and a pivoting movement of the bearing pin (32a, 32b) about the opening axis (Q), but a displacement or pivotal movement of the bearing pin (32a, 32b ) is substantially prevented in other directions.
  6. Ski boot (12), in particular according to claim 5, which has in each case an opening (18a, 18b) in opposite lateral front shoe sections, wherein the openings (18a, 18b) define an opening axis (Q) along which bearing pins (32a, 32b) a ski binding (14) in the openings (18a, 18b) can be introduced to keep the ski boot (12) about the opening axis (Q) pivotally mounted on the ski binding (14),
    characterized in that at least one of the openings (18a, 18b) has at least one inner abutment portion (42; 42a, 42b, 42c) for abutment with an outer peripheral portion (50) of the bearing pin (32a, 32b), the abutment portion (42; 42a , 42b, 42c) defines a circumferential cylinder surface surrounding the opening axis.
  7. Ski boot (12) according to claim 1 or claim 6,
    characterized in that the abutment portion (42) is formed by a cylinder jacket surface substantially completely encircling the opening axis (Q).
  8. Ski boot (12) according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized in that the at least one opening (18a, 18b) is formed in an insert (20), in particular a metal insert, which is integrated in a sole portion (16) of the ski boot (12).
  9. Ski boot (12) according to one of the preceding claims,
    characterized in that at least one opening (18a, 18b) has at its mouth (44) a Einweisungsfläche (36a, 36b) along which a bearing pin (32a, 32b) before entering the opening (18a, 18b) in a transverse to the opening axis (Q) extending direction, wherein the insertion surface (36a, 36b) the bearing pin (32a, 32b) leads to the opening axis (Q).
  10. A binding system (10; 110, 112) comprising a ski boot (12; 112) according to one of the preceding claims and a ski binding (14; 110), the ski binding (14; 110) having two clamping levers (22a, 22b; 118I, 118r) each having a bearing pin (32a, 32b; 122I, 122R) insertable into an associated one of the openings (18a, 18b; 123) of the ski boot (12; 112).
  11. Binding system (10) according to claim 10,
    characterized in that the clamping levers (22a, 22b) are fixed to the ski (18) or to an element of the binding system or are fixedly formed on the binding system, and
    a movement of the bearing pins (32a, 32b) relative to the ski (28) or the binding system (14) for adjusting the ski binding (14) between the closed position and open position with an elastic deformation of at least one of the clamping lever (22a, 22b) is accompanied.
  12. Binding system (10) according to claim 10 or claim 11,
    characterized in that at least one of the two clamping levers (22a, 22b) has a handle portion (40), in particular a handle lever, on which the clamping lever (22a) can be moved manually to the bearing pin (32a) of the clamping lever (22a) in To move opening direction.
  13. The binding system (110, 112) according to any one of claims 10 to 12, comprising a ski boot (112) according to claim 1 and a ski binding (110), the ski binding (110) having a release mechanism acting on the clamping levers (1181, 118r) in a closed position of the ski binding (110) exerts a predetermined clamping force which presses the bearing pins (122I, 122R) into the associated openings (123) of the ski boot (112),
    wherein at least one of the openings (123) of the ski boot (112) is bounded in the horizontal direction (X) by a release section (156) and in the vertical direction (Z) by the contact section (152a, 152b),
    wherein in a closed position of use of the ski binding (110), under action of a horizontal force between the opening (123) and inserted therein bearing pin (1221, 122r), which force is horizontal and orthogonal to the opening axis (Q) and has an absolute value, the same or greater than a predetermined camber release force, the bearing pin (122I, 122r) slides against the clamping force of the ski binding (110) in the horizontal direction from the opening (123), and
    wherein in a closed position of use of the ski binding, upon action of a vertical force between the opening (123) and inserted therein bearing pin (122I, 122r), which force vertically and is orthogonal to the opening axis (Q) and has an absolute value equal to or greater than the predetermined camber release force, the bearing pin (1221, 122r) in the vertical direction against the abutment portion (152a, 152b) and slipping out of the opening (123) is prevented.
EP11150232.4A 2010-01-05 2011-01-05 Ski shoe and binding system comprising a ski shoe and a ski binding Active EP2340876B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE202010000614U DE202010000614U1 (en) 2010-01-05 2010-01-05 Ski boot and binding system comprising a ski boot and a ski binding

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP2340876A1 true EP2340876A1 (en) 2011-07-06
EP2340876B1 EP2340876B1 (en) 2014-11-26

Family

ID=43901579

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP11150232.4A Active EP2340876B1 (en) 2010-01-05 2011-01-05 Ski shoe and binding system comprising a ski shoe and a ski binding

Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (2) US8793905B2 (en)
EP (1) EP2340876B1 (en)
DE (1) DE202010000614U1 (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2666379A1 (en) * 2012-05-24 2013-11-27 Salomon S.A.S. Assembly comprising a shoe and a crampon
ITTO20120874A1 (en) * 2012-10-09 2014-04-10 Stefano Maruelli of Light Attack System
AT514044A3 (en) * 2013-03-07 2015-08-15 Zoor Reinhold Pin toe with horizontally mounted release jaws
EP2392388B1 (en) * 2010-06-02 2016-03-02 Salewa Sport AG Touring binding
EP3050601A1 (en) * 2015-01-30 2016-08-03 Atk Race S.R.L. A toe-piece for an alpine ski binding
EP3219368A3 (en) * 2016-03-18 2017-12-13 Fritz Barthel Front unit for a slide board
WO2019164457A1 (en) * 2018-02-20 2019-08-29 Gaborik Jozef Front segment of ski binding

Families Citing this family (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AT526840T (en) * 2009-04-08 2011-10-15 Ski Trab S R L Ski boots with means for operating corresponding holding elements of tourenskibindungen
ITTO20110598A1 (en) * 2011-07-07 2013-01-08 Elmi S R L Tip for ski binding or snowshoeing with magnetic self-centering system
FR2990624B1 (en) * 2012-05-18 2014-05-09 Rossignol Sa Ski fixing with brake
FR3002460B1 (en) * 2013-02-22 2017-08-25 Rossignol Sa Torsionally automatic trigger stop
EP2946817B1 (en) * 2014-05-19 2017-05-03 Ski Trab S.r.l. Toe-piece for ski-touring bindings
DE102014112472A1 (en) * 2014-08-29 2016-03-03 Marker Deutschland Gmbh Ski boot with coated pin holder
US9149711B1 (en) 2014-11-14 2015-10-06 The Burton Corporation Snowboard binding and boot
EP3218073A1 (en) 2014-11-14 2017-09-20 The Burton Corporation Snowboard binding and boot
US9220970B1 (en) 2014-11-14 2015-12-29 The Burton Corporation Snowboard binding and boot
DE102015100435A1 (en) * 2015-01-13 2016-07-14 Marker Deutschland Gmbh Riot plate with strong bulge
ITUB20153027A1 (en) * 2015-08-10 2017-02-10 Calzaturificio S C A R P A S P A Ski boot
DE102016204563A1 (en) * 2016-03-18 2017-09-21 Salewa Sport Ag Front unit for a sliding board
DE102017120701A1 (en) * 2017-09-07 2019-03-07 Marker Deutschland Gmbh Ultralight forehead

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4348036A (en) * 1980-08-19 1982-09-07 Settembre Richard J Safety binding for nordic skis
EP0199098A2 (en) 1985-03-25 1986-10-29 Fritz Dipl.-Ing. Barthel Cross-country ski binding
EP1224958A1 (en) 2001-01-22 2002-07-24 TSL Sport Equipment S.A. Improvement for a snow-shoe and its binding
EP1559457A1 (en) * 2004-01-28 2005-08-03 Fritz Dipl.-Ing. Barthel Bearing plate and shoe for the binding of a cross-country touring ski
FR2945185A1 (en) * 2009-05-05 2010-11-12 Gignoux Sarl Fixing insert for fixing sport shoe on sliding or marching board in off-track skiing, has interior stop receiving axle of fixing device in interlocked position, where distance between upper end and stop is less than or equal to four mm

Family Cites Families (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3826022A (en) * 1973-10-24 1974-07-30 J Grzech Ski boot cleaning device
FR2385346B1 (en) * 1977-03-28 1980-08-14 Beyl Jean Joseph Alfred
DE29608353U1 (en) * 1996-05-08 1996-07-18 Sam Sport And Marketing Ag Automatic snowboard binding
US6308979B1 (en) * 1998-01-29 2001-10-30 James A. Ludlow Releasable cross country ski binding
DE10003258A1 (en) * 2000-01-26 2001-08-09 Siemens Ag The digital phase amplifier
US20020089150A1 (en) * 2001-01-05 2002-07-11 Musho Edward J. Snowboard boot with articulating binding interface
AT411018B (en) * 2001-04-11 2003-09-25 Fischer Gmbh Ski binding for cross-country skiing and touring skiing
FR2850031B1 (en) * 2003-01-21 2006-08-11 Salomon Sa Energy fixing deportee
US20080184599A1 (en) * 2006-10-10 2008-08-07 Lane Ekberg Pivoting footwear systems and, configurable traction systems
EP2300111B1 (en) * 2008-04-03 2018-01-31 G3 Genuine Guide Gear Inc. Toe unit for alpine touring binding
AT526840T (en) * 2009-04-08 2011-10-15 Ski Trab S R L Ski boots with means for operating corresponding holding elements of tourenskibindungen
DE102010029647A1 (en) * 2010-06-02 2011-12-08 Salewa Sport Ag Touring binding

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4348036A (en) * 1980-08-19 1982-09-07 Settembre Richard J Safety binding for nordic skis
EP0199098A2 (en) 1985-03-25 1986-10-29 Fritz Dipl.-Ing. Barthel Cross-country ski binding
EP1224958A1 (en) 2001-01-22 2002-07-24 TSL Sport Equipment S.A. Improvement for a snow-shoe and its binding
EP1559457A1 (en) * 2004-01-28 2005-08-03 Fritz Dipl.-Ing. Barthel Bearing plate and shoe for the binding of a cross-country touring ski
FR2945185A1 (en) * 2009-05-05 2010-11-12 Gignoux Sarl Fixing insert for fixing sport shoe on sliding or marching board in off-track skiing, has interior stop receiving axle of fixing device in interlocked position, where distance between upper end and stop is less than or equal to four mm

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2392388B1 (en) * 2010-06-02 2016-03-02 Salewa Sport AG Touring binding
EP2666379A1 (en) * 2012-05-24 2013-11-27 Salomon S.A.S. Assembly comprising a shoe and a crampon
FR2990829A1 (en) * 2012-05-24 2013-11-29 Salomon Sas Assembly comprising a shoe and a crampon
ITTO20120874A1 (en) * 2012-10-09 2014-04-10 Stefano Maruelli of Light Attack System
AT514044A3 (en) * 2013-03-07 2015-08-15 Zoor Reinhold Pin toe with horizontally mounted release jaws
EP3050601A1 (en) * 2015-01-30 2016-08-03 Atk Race S.R.L. A toe-piece for an alpine ski binding
EP3219368A3 (en) * 2016-03-18 2017-12-13 Fritz Barthel Front unit for a slide board
WO2019164457A1 (en) * 2018-02-20 2019-08-29 Gaborik Jozef Front segment of ski binding

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US8793905B2 (en) 2014-08-05
DE202010000614U1 (en) 2011-05-26
US20110271557A1 (en) 2011-11-10
US20140298688A1 (en) 2014-10-09
EP2340876B1 (en) 2014-11-26

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5697631A (en) Snowboard binding
JP2813062B2 (en) Snowboard bindings
US5069463A (en) Releasable binding assembly
US5741023A (en) Binding for touring ski and snowboard
US4348036A (en) Safety binding for nordic skis
US5924719A (en) Apparatus for attaching a gliding element to a shoe
US3944237A (en) Ski binding
US6431578B2 (en) Ski binding
DE602004013078T2 (en) Binding with a swivel arm
US5145202A (en) Snowboard release binding
US20080309053A1 (en) Ski Binding
US9597578B2 (en) Toe unit for alpine touring binding
US5727808A (en) Free heel/anterior release ski binding
US6467795B1 (en) Snowboard binding with highback
US4674766A (en) Alpine-touring ski binding
US20130181427A1 (en) Touring heel binding having a dynamic sliding region
US3992030A (en) Device for mounting a brake on a ski
US4593927A (en) Pivotable cross-country ski binding
JPH10510176A (en) Snowboard strap-less boot binding
EP1563876A1 (en) Cross-country ski
AT502557A1 (en) Snowboard shoe binding mechanism
FR2719230A1 (en) Device for attaching a boot to a cross-country ski.
US8544869B2 (en) Touring binding
EP1097732B1 (en) Binding for snowglider, especially snowboards
US3145027A (en) Safety ski binding

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated contracting states

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

AX Request for extension of the european patent to:

Extension state: BA ME

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 20110922

RIC1 Information provided on ipc code assigned before grant

Ipc: A63C 9/085 20120101ALI20140611BHEP

Ipc: A63C 9/086 20120101ALI20140611BHEP

Ipc: A63C 9/08 20120101AFI20140611BHEP

Ipc: A43B 5/04 20060101ALI20140611BHEP

INTG Intention to grant announced

Effective date: 20140703

AK Designated contracting states

Kind code of ref document: B1

Designated state(s): AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: GB

Ref legal event code: FG4D

Free format text: NOT ENGLISH

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: CH

Ref legal event code: NV

Representative=s name: E. BLUM AND CO. AG PATENT- UND MARKENANWAELTE , CH

Ref country code: CH

Ref legal event code: EP

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: AT

Ref legal event code: REF

Ref document number: 697848

Country of ref document: AT

Kind code of ref document: T

Effective date: 20141215

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: IE

Ref legal event code: FG4D

Free format text: LANGUAGE OF EP DOCUMENT: GERMAN

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: R096

Ref document number: 502011005068

Country of ref document: DE

Effective date: 20150108

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: NL

Ref legal event code: VDEP

Effective date: 20141126

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: LT

Ref legal event code: MG4D

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: NO

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150226

Ref country code: IS

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150326

Ref country code: LT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

Ref country code: PT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150326

Ref country code: NL

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

Ref country code: ES

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

Ref country code: FI

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: HR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

Ref country code: GR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150227

Ref country code: SE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

Ref country code: RS

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

Ref country code: LV

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

Ref country code: CY

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: CZ

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

Ref country code: RO

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

Ref country code: EE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

Ref country code: SK

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

Ref country code: DK

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: R097

Ref document number: 502011005068

Country of ref document: DE

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: PL

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

Ref country code: LU

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150105

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: MC

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

GBPC Gb: european patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 20150226

26N No opposition filed

Effective date: 20150827

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: IE

Ref legal event code: MM4A

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: PLFP

Year of fee payment: 6

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: IE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20150105

Ref country code: GB

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20150226

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: SI

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: MT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: PLFP

Year of fee payment: 7

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: SM

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

Ref country code: HU

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT; INVALID AB INITIO

Effective date: 20110105

Ref country code: BG

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: BE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20150131

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: TR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: PLFP

Year of fee payment: 8

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: MK

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: AL

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20141126

PGFP Annual fee paid to national office [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: CH

Payment date: 20190123

Year of fee payment: 9

Ref country code: FR

Payment date: 20190124

Year of fee payment: 9

Ref country code: DE

Payment date: 20181031

Year of fee payment: 9

Ref country code: IT

Payment date: 20190124

Year of fee payment: 9

PGFP Annual fee paid to national office [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: AT

Payment date: 20190122

Year of fee payment: 9