EP2275773A2 - Mine protection - Google Patents

Mine protection Download PDF

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Publication number
EP2275773A2
EP2275773A2 EP20100006649 EP10006649A EP2275773A2 EP 2275773 A2 EP2275773 A2 EP 2275773A2 EP 20100006649 EP20100006649 EP 20100006649 EP 10006649 A EP10006649 A EP 10006649A EP 2275773 A2 EP2275773 A2 EP 2275773A2
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
profiles
mine protection
vehicle
characterized
steel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP20100006649
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP2275773A3 (en
EP2275773B1 (en
Inventor
Frank Boeckmann
Michael Ernst
Frank Hass
Ralf Koch
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Rheinmetall Landsysteme GmbH
Original Assignee
Rheinmetall Landsysteme GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE200910033563 priority Critical patent/DE102009033563A1/en
Application filed by Rheinmetall Landsysteme GmbH filed Critical Rheinmetall Landsysteme GmbH
Publication of EP2275773A2 publication Critical patent/EP2275773A2/en
Publication of EP2275773A3 publication Critical patent/EP2275773A3/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP2275773B1 publication Critical patent/EP2275773B1/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H7/00Armoured or armed vehicles
    • F41H7/02Land vehicles with enclosing armour, e.g. tanks
    • F41H7/04Armour construction
    • F41H7/042Floors or base plates for increased land mine protection
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H5/00Armour; Armour plates
    • F41H5/013Mounting or securing armour plates
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H7/00Armoured or armed vehicles
    • F41H7/02Land vehicles with enclosing armour, e.g. tanks
    • F41H7/04Armour construction

Abstract

To attach a mine protection (2) is proposed to incorporate U-profiles (3), which provide for the distance between a steel sandwich (6, 9) and the vehicle outer wall or the vehicle floor and at the same time fixing screws for the cultivation of mine protection plates (6 , 9) can record. To accommodate the mounting screws further square sections (7) with threaded holes (11) are provided, which can be inserted into the U-profiles (3), etc.

Description

  • The invention is concerned with a steel sandwich mine protection, in particular for horizontal floors in vehicles.
  • An armor to ward off a balancing projectile with protective elements preferably made of steel describes the DE 43 10 737 A1 ,
  • An armored vehicle is the DE 43 14 094 C2 removable. This has a frame construction of profiles with grooves. The grooves are provided on its inside with teeth, while the legs have a bead at the other end.
  • A device for fastening of armor elements is also in the DE 44 26 082 A1 demonstrated. This device also has a frame to which a unit of armor elements is attached. The frame is in turn connected to the structure by telescopic struts.
  • An armoring device further describes the DE 102 58 411 A1 , This is formed from at least two layers of different materials. At least one of the layers is made of steel. It is envisaged that a layer formed of wood between two plate layers of steel is arranged.
  • Another device for protecting an armored vehicle gives the DE 196 79 709 A1 again. The housing has two plate elements, between which an explosive occupancy is involved. The housing forms a vehicle front protection and is oriented for this purpose with its longitudinal direction obliquely upwards and forwards.
  • An armor element of bombardment inhibiting fabric mats or moldings reveals the DE 199 00 716 A1 , The bent regions or edge regions are provided with elements which are suitable for absorbing the energy of a projectile.
  • With a mine-protected tub structure, the EP 1 564 520 A2 , Here, the welds are reinforced with a heat-influencing zones covering fender, which in turn have an angular shape.
  • A method for attaching an additional armor can the EP 2 017 569 A1 be removed. In this case, a clamping element is arranged in a space between the auxiliary armor plates and clamped by means of oblique contact surfaces wedge-shaped against the side surfaces.
  • A bullet inhibiting wall element also reveals the DE 36 33 349 A1 , This consists of two sheet steel walls with intermediate steel sheet walls, which are arranged in the interstices of the two sheets. These intermediate walls have a shape which is not parallel to the respective adjacent walls.
  • The DE 10 2007 005 301 A1 describes in turn a protective armor for vehicles with bulletproof steel plates, which include an angle to adapt to the outer body shape of the vehicle.
  • A sandwich structure in the WO 2004/011871 A1 consists of an outer plate of highly ductile material and an inner layer of high hardness. The distance between the two can be variably adjusted.
  • From the WO 2004/088238 A1 Furthermore, a protective device designed as a composite armor is known, in particular for protecting armored vehicles against projectile-forming mines. This composite armor consists essentially of two layers of a high-strength material, such as armor steel, and a middle layer of a material that is plastically flowable under dynamic load. The middle layer can be a metal, but also a thermoplastic or an elastomer.
  • In the not pre-published DE 10 2009 012 251.6 A protective device for protecting an object against projectile-forming mines is also dealt with. The protective device here consists of at least two plates of a high-strength metal, preferably armored steel, which are connected to each other only in the edge region non-positively and otherwise lie loosely together without space. As a result, the two plates arranged parallel to one another can be deformed largely independently of one another under load from mines or bombardment. The protective device is also arranged inclined at an angle preferably between 40 ° and 50 ° relative to the vertical vehicle axis.
  • The DE 198 42 629 C1 includes an armor for a vehicle whose fasteners are attached on the one hand to the protective element and on the other hand to the vehicle outer panel. These allow an adjusting movement of the protective element relative to the vehicle outer panel at least in the direction of the vehicle interior and can thereby be plastically deformed. The protective element is in this case between the vehicle interior and exterior trim.
  • Here, the invention has the object to show a simple mine protection, which ensures adequate protection against projectile-forming mines and / or blast mines, especially from below.
  • The object is achieved by the features of claim 1. Advantageous embodiments are contained in the subclaims.
  • The invention is based on the idea to incorporate U-profiles that provide the distance between a steel sandwich and the vehicle outer wall or the vehicle floor and at the same time can accommodate mounting screws for the cultivation of mine protection plates. To accommodate the mounting screws further square profiles are provided with threaded holes that can be inserted into the U-profiles, etc. This ensures that in case of an explosion, the nuts do not act as projectiles, which can then penetrate the vehicle floor. In addition, after damage to the mine protection, the screw can be replaced easily. By integrating the other (square) profiles, it is also unimportant whether the screws were torn off and / or the threads were destroyed because the entire profile (as a whole) can be replaced.
  • A pure steel solution of the mine protection or the sandwich is preferred, but is not a requirement. A structure with two or more steel plates reduces the necessary thickness of a single plate to provide adequate protection.
  • The curved around the lateral edges of the vehicle floor panels in turn provide for a favorable force application and provide an additional EFP protection (Explosively-Formed Penetrator). With the curved edges, it is also possible, for example in a tracked vehicle, the lateral area between the rollers in addition to protect against EFP's.
  • The proposed mine protection floor is so strongly stiffened by the constructive measures that the blast pressure resulting from the explosion can only cause small denting. The projectile of the projectile-forming mine (EFP), however, is prevented from penetrating the vehicle floor. The mine protection can be changed and aligned to specific threats. The simple installation or attachment of the protection allows a repair or a change of protection on site. They are also less expensive than glued sandwich floors with plastic or similar layers.
  • Reference to an embodiment with drawing, the invention will be explained in more detail. It shows:
  • Fig. 1
    a protective floor as a steel sandwich in a plan view with U-profiles aligned parallel to the floor panel,
    Fig. 2
    the steel sandwich protection floor Fig. 1 on a vehicle,
    Fig. 3
    a bottom view of a tracked vehicle with U-profiles aligned in a cross pattern to the bottom plate of the vehicle.
  • Fig. 1 shows a protective floor 2 with U-profiles 3 for vehicle 1 (partially shown in FIG Fig. 2 ). These are turned with the opening to the floor panel 4 of the vehicle 1 parallel to each other ( Fig. 2 ) or in a cross pattern 10 ( Fig. 3 - For example, a tracked vehicle) arranged. The pattern and the distance between the U-profiles 3 is vehicle-specific and is thus usually specified by the respective vehicle type. Additional, laterally extending crimping tubes 5 prevent the mine protection plates 6, 9 from being drawn around the lateral edges when the soil is dented (constriction).
  • In the U-profiles 3 profiles 7, preferably square profiles are inserted. These are provided with threaded holes 11. The U-profiles 3 have with these threaded holes corresponding holes / holes or a narrow slot or the like (not shown in detail). For the complete insertion 5 recesses 12 are provided in the squeeze tubes. For better mounting the lateral square sections 7 are provided with attached rods 13, through which the square sections 7 can be fixed before screwing.
  • On the U-profiles 3, two or more steel plates 9, 6 are screwed. The result is a composite of vehicle floor 4 (base plates) - air gap - and steel sandwich (additional plates 9, 6), which dent only slightly in an explosion. The air gap between the vehicle floor 4 and the sandwich 9, 6 adjusts itself by the height / shape of the U-profiles 3.
  • In an explosion of a blast mine thus the stiff composite withstands the load and prevents or reduces the damage to the vehicle 1. In an explosion of a projectile-forming mine (eg TMRP 7) acts the steel sandwich 9, 6. The projectile is broken by the first, harder plate 6 and the fragments etc. held by the second softer sheet 9.
  • It has proven to be advantageous to screw the two sheets only on the edge (and on the U-profiles), so that the sheets 6, 9 can dent independently.
  • The different hardness and thickness of the additional and the base plates allow a variation of the protective properties, so that by replacing the additional plates against thicker plates, the level of protection can be adapted to the threat scenario.

Claims (7)

  1. Mine protection (2) for a vehicle (1) with at least one steel plate or sheet (6, 9), wherein the mine protection (2) in particular in the bottom region (4) of the vehicle (1) is integrated and secured thereto, characterized in that U-profiles (3) for fastening the steel plate (6, 9) are incorporated, into which profiles (7) with threaded bores can be introduced, to which the steel plates (6, 9) are fastened via a screw connection.
  2. Mine protection according to claim 1, characterized in that the U-profiles (3) are fastened to the vehicle floor (4).
  3. Mine protection according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that several, preferably two, steel plates (6, 9) are used with different thicknesses and hardnesses and form a steel sandwich.
  4. Mine protection according to claim 3, characterized in that the steel plates (6, 9) are screwed only on the edge and on the U-profiles (3).
  5. Mine protection according to one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the profiles (7) are square profiles, which can be inserted into the U-profiles (3).
  6. Mine protection according to one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the U-profiles (3) with the threaded holes (11) of the profiles (7) have corresponding holes / holes or a narrow slot.
  7. Mine protection according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that in addition laterally extending squeezing tubes (5) between the U-profiles (3) are integrated.
EP20100006649 2009-07-16 2010-06-26 Mine protection Active EP2275773B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE200910033563 DE102009033563A1 (en) 2009-07-16 2009-07-16 mine protection

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP2275773A2 true EP2275773A2 (en) 2011-01-19
EP2275773A3 EP2275773A3 (en) 2012-07-25
EP2275773B1 EP2275773B1 (en) 2013-09-11

Family

ID=42799879

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP20100006649 Active EP2275773B1 (en) 2009-07-16 2010-06-26 Mine protection

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP2275773B1 (en)
DE (1) DE102009033563A1 (en)
ES (1) ES2437667T3 (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8240239B1 (en) 2011-07-16 2012-08-14 Kevin Mark Diaz Green energy mine defeat system
WO2013036924A1 (en) * 2011-09-09 2013-03-14 Bae Systems Land & Armaments L.P. Armored vehicle with bolt-on bottom
EP2997324B1 (en) 2013-05-15 2018-04-11 NEXTER Systems Floor structure for an armoured vehicle body
EP3012571B1 (en) 2010-04-23 2018-06-13 Krauss-Maffei Wegmann GmbH & Co. KG Vehicle floor pan comprising additional armouring

Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3633349A1 (en) 1986-10-01 1988-04-14 Jung Akustik Gmbh Shot-penetration resistant (bulletproof) wall element for protection of industrial plants, production machines and such apparatuses
DE4310737A1 (en) 1993-04-01 1994-10-06 Deutsch Franz Forsch Inst Armour
DE4426082A1 (en) 1993-07-22 1995-01-26 Giat Ind Sa Device for fastening armored elements to a receiving structure, in particular to an armored vehicle
DE4314094C2 (en) 1992-07-11 1996-10-31 Wendler Karosseriebau Gmbh Armored vehicle
DE19649709A1 (en) 1996-11-29 1998-06-04 Diehl Gmbh & Co Reactive armour for tank
DE19900716A1 (en) 1998-01-29 1999-08-12 Sachsenring Entwicklungsgesell Armor component, particularly for security vehicle
DE19842629C1 (en) 1998-09-17 2000-03-16 Daimler Chrysler Ag Armor for vehicle for protection of vehicle interior comprises protective component fixed to inside of vehicle outer covering, facing vehicle interior, by at least one fixture component
WO2004011871A1 (en) 2002-07-24 2004-02-05 Société Nouvelle Des Automobiles Auverland (S.N.A.A.) Sandwich structure
DE10258411A1 (en) 2002-12-13 2004-07-08 Blohm + Voss Gmbh Armor device
WO2004088238A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2004-10-14 Geke Technologie Gmbh Anti-mine arrangement
EP1564520A2 (en) 2004-02-05 2005-08-17 Steyr-Daimler-Puch Spezialfahrzeug AG & Co. KG Hull structure of an armored vehicle with protection against landmines
DE102007005301A1 (en) 2007-02-02 2008-08-07 Audi Ag Protective armor for use on side door of passenger car, has bullet proof steel plates which are curved or enclosed at one angle for adjustment to outer body design of vehicle, where one steel plate is strengthened by deposit welding
EP2017569A1 (en) 2007-07-18 2009-01-21 Steyr-Daimler-Puch Spezialfahrzeug GmbH Method for mounting add-on armour and mounting produced according to the method
DE102009012251A1 (en) 2009-03-07 2010-09-09 Rheinmetall Landsysteme Gmbh Protective device for protecting an object against projectile-forming mines

Family Cites Families (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4351558A (en) * 1979-04-23 1982-09-28 Mueller Frederick N Truck body construction
US5670734A (en) * 1994-10-05 1997-09-23 United Defense, L.P. Modular armor mounting system
DE29500711U1 (en) * 1995-01-18 1996-05-30 Thyssen Industrie Protective wall for shelters, storage spaces or the like. and kit intended for their manufacture
DE19945257A1 (en) * 1999-09-21 2001-03-22 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag Bullet-proof car has plates connected by nuts and bolts, socket mounted in bore in one plate having first section which surrounds nut and second section enclosing bolt head and welded to other plate
EP1182420A1 (en) * 2000-08-23 2002-02-27 SW Schweizerische Unternehmung für Waffensysteme AG System for protecting a vehicle against the effects of an explosive charge
DE10134394B4 (en) * 2001-07-14 2004-02-12 Rheinmetall Landsysteme Gmbh Mine protection floor for an armored vehicle
US6523460B1 (en) * 2001-07-31 2003-02-25 Rita T. Lange Skillet with interchangeable perforated bottom plates
DE20201005U1 (en) * 2002-01-24 2002-07-04 Krauss Maffei Wegmann Gmbh & C Armored vehicle, especially battle tanks
DE202004007765U1 (en) * 2004-05-13 2005-09-22 Ah Worldwide Lp, Edinburgh Double armour plating for fighting vehicle or vehicle carrying civilians threatened by explosion or gunfire
WO2008127272A1 (en) * 2006-09-12 2008-10-23 Protected Vehicles, Inc. Systems and methods for enhancing the protection provided by armored vehicles

Patent Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3633349A1 (en) 1986-10-01 1988-04-14 Jung Akustik Gmbh Shot-penetration resistant (bulletproof) wall element for protection of industrial plants, production machines and such apparatuses
DE4314094C2 (en) 1992-07-11 1996-10-31 Wendler Karosseriebau Gmbh Armored vehicle
DE4310737A1 (en) 1993-04-01 1994-10-06 Deutsch Franz Forsch Inst Armour
DE4426082A1 (en) 1993-07-22 1995-01-26 Giat Ind Sa Device for fastening armored elements to a receiving structure, in particular to an armored vehicle
DE19649709A1 (en) 1996-11-29 1998-06-04 Diehl Gmbh & Co Reactive armour for tank
DE19900716A1 (en) 1998-01-29 1999-08-12 Sachsenring Entwicklungsgesell Armor component, particularly for security vehicle
DE19842629C1 (en) 1998-09-17 2000-03-16 Daimler Chrysler Ag Armor for vehicle for protection of vehicle interior comprises protective component fixed to inside of vehicle outer covering, facing vehicle interior, by at least one fixture component
WO2004011871A1 (en) 2002-07-24 2004-02-05 Société Nouvelle Des Automobiles Auverland (S.N.A.A.) Sandwich structure
DE10258411A1 (en) 2002-12-13 2004-07-08 Blohm + Voss Gmbh Armor device
WO2004088238A1 (en) 2003-04-01 2004-10-14 Geke Technologie Gmbh Anti-mine arrangement
EP1564520A2 (en) 2004-02-05 2005-08-17 Steyr-Daimler-Puch Spezialfahrzeug AG & Co. KG Hull structure of an armored vehicle with protection against landmines
DE102007005301A1 (en) 2007-02-02 2008-08-07 Audi Ag Protective armor for use on side door of passenger car, has bullet proof steel plates which are curved or enclosed at one angle for adjustment to outer body design of vehicle, where one steel plate is strengthened by deposit welding
EP2017569A1 (en) 2007-07-18 2009-01-21 Steyr-Daimler-Puch Spezialfahrzeug GmbH Method for mounting add-on armour and mounting produced according to the method
DE102009012251A1 (en) 2009-03-07 2010-09-09 Rheinmetall Landsysteme Gmbh Protective device for protecting an object against projectile-forming mines

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP3012571B1 (en) 2010-04-23 2018-06-13 Krauss-Maffei Wegmann GmbH & Co. KG Vehicle floor pan comprising additional armouring
US8240239B1 (en) 2011-07-16 2012-08-14 Kevin Mark Diaz Green energy mine defeat system
WO2013036924A1 (en) * 2011-09-09 2013-03-14 Bae Systems Land & Armaments L.P. Armored vehicle with bolt-on bottom
US8998299B2 (en) 2011-09-09 2015-04-07 Bae Systems Land & Armaments, L.P. Armored vehicle with bolt-on bottom
EP2997324B1 (en) 2013-05-15 2018-04-11 NEXTER Systems Floor structure for an armoured vehicle body

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
ES2437667T3 (en) 2014-01-13
DE102009033563A1 (en) 2011-01-20
EP2275773A3 (en) 2012-07-25
EP2275773B1 (en) 2013-09-11

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