EP2263950B1 - Method of manufacturing a foam wedging element for transporting objects and wedging element obtained - Google Patents

Method of manufacturing a foam wedging element for transporting objects and wedging element obtained Download PDF

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Publication number
EP2263950B1
EP2263950B1 EP20100290313 EP10290313A EP2263950B1 EP 2263950 B1 EP2263950 B1 EP 2263950B1 EP 20100290313 EP20100290313 EP 20100290313 EP 10290313 A EP10290313 A EP 10290313A EP 2263950 B1 EP2263950 B1 EP 2263950B1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
foam
finish coating
foam part
wedging element
cavity
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Not-in-force
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EP20100290313
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP2263950A1 (en
Inventor
Dominique Antoni
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Cellulaires Techniques Sa Ste
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Cellulaires Techniques Sa Ste
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Priority to FR0953909A priority Critical patent/FR2946628B1/en
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Publication of EP2263950A1 publication Critical patent/EP2263950A1/en
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Publication of EP2263950B1 publication Critical patent/EP2263950B1/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D81/00Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents
    • B65D81/02Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents specially adapted to protect contents from mechanical damage
    • B65D81/05Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents specially adapted to protect contents from mechanical damage maintaining contents at spaced relation from package walls, or from other contents
    • B65D81/107Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents specially adapted to protect contents from mechanical damage maintaining contents at spaced relation from package walls, or from other contents using blocks of shock-absorbing material
    • B65D81/113Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents specially adapted to protect contents from mechanical damage maintaining contents at spaced relation from package walls, or from other contents using blocks of shock-absorbing material of a shape specially adapted to accommodate contents

Description

Domaine technique :Technical area :

La présente invention concerne un procédé de fabrication d'un élément de calage en mousse pour le transport d'objets dans lequel on découpe au moins une pièce correspondant audit élément de calage à fabriquer dans un bloc de mousse et on réalise au moins une empreinte dans ladite pièce en mousse, ladite empreinte correspondant au moins à une partie de l'objet à transporter.The present invention relates to a method of manufacturing a foam wedging element for the transport of objects in which at least one piece corresponding to said wedging element to be manufactured in a foam block is cut out and at least one fingerprint is made in said foam member, said fingerprint corresponding to at least a portion of the object to be transported.

L'invention concerne également un élément de calage en mousse obtenu par ledit procédé de fabrication et comportant au moins une pièce en mousse pourvue d'au moins une empreinte correspondant au moins à une partie de l'objet à transporter.The invention also relates to a foam wedging element obtained by said manufacturing method and comprising at least one foam part provided with at least one impression corresponding at least to a part of the object to be transported.

Technique antérieure :Prior art:

Ce type d'éléments de calage est couramment utilisé dans le domaine de l'emballage ou similaire, pour lequel la plaque en mousse est découpée et utilisée à l'état brut, sans habillage, ni revêtement d'aspect. DE 1938272 décrit un tel élément de calage. Les empreintes peuvent être réalisées par différents procédés tel que par découpage ou déformation de matière. En fonction de l'objet à emballer, des caractéristiques mécaniques du calage, des contraintes liées au transport et/ou au stockage, et de l'esthétique recherchée, on choisit le type de matière synthétique à expanser pour réaliser la mousse, sa couleur par l'ajout de pigments, sa densité, sa dureté, etc. Ce type d'élément de calage en mousse reste fragile, sensible aux éraflures, insuffisamment rigide aux chocs et présente des caractéristiques esthétiques limitées et un toucher très insatisfaisant pour certaines applications. Notamment, dans le domaine particulier du conditionnement des produits de luxe ou similaires, on utilise l'élément de calage à la fois comme calage efficace pour préserver le produit pendant son transport et comme présentoir pour mettre en valeur le produit. On cherche par conséquent à améliorer les caractéristiques techniques et esthétiques de l'élément de calage pour qu'il puisse répondre à ces différentes fonctions. On connaît par ailleurs d'autres types d'éléments de calage qui sont des produits complexes constitués d'au moins une pièce en mousse recouverte d'un revêtement de finition permettant notamment d'améliorer l'esthétique et le toucher desdits éléments. GB 924889 décrit un tel élément de calage. Dans ce cas, les empreintes sont réalisées soit par thermoformage et elles ne peuvent pas avoir un contour précis délimité par une arête périphérique, soit par estampage et elles sont obligatoirement traversantes. La découpe par estampage s'effectue au moyen d'un outil traversant tel qu'un emporte pièce d'où l'impossibilité de créer des découpes borgnes c'est à dire non traversantes. De plus l'estampage a l'inconvénient d'écraser et de déformer la pièce en mousse au moment de la découpe d'où la nécessité de faire une reprise d'usinage des bords de la pièce pour rectifier leur planéité.This type of wedging element is commonly used in the field of packaging or the like, for which the foam plate is cut and used in the raw state, without covering, or appearance coating. DE 1938272 describes such a wedging element. The imprints can be made by different methods such as cutting or deformation of material. Depending on the object to be packaged, the mechanical characteristics of the setting, the constraints related to transport and / or storage, and the aesthetics sought, one chooses the type of synthetic material to be foamed to produce the foam, its color by the addition of pigments, its density, hardness, etc. This type of foam wedging element remains fragile, sensitive to scratches, insufficiently rigid impact and has limited aesthetic characteristics and a very unsatisfactory touch for certain applications. In particular, in the particular field of packaging of luxury goods or the like, the wedging element is used both as an effective cushion for preserving the product during its transport and as a display for highlight the product. It is therefore sought to improve the technical and aesthetic characteristics of the wedging element so that it can respond to these different functions. There are also known other types of wedging elements which are complex products consisting of at least one foam part covered with a finishing coating in particular to improve the aesthetics and feel of said elements. GB 924889 describes such a wedging element. In this case, the impressions are made either by thermoforming and they can not have a precise contour delimited by a peripheral edge, or by stamping and they are necessarily through. Cutting by stamping is performed by means of a traversing tool such as a cutter from where the impossibility of creating blind cutouts ie not through. In addition the stamping has the disadvantage of crushing and deforming the foam part at the time of cutting, hence the need to make a machining recovery of the edges of the piece to rectify their flatness.

Il n'existe pas à ce jour de solution permettant de fabriquer des éléments de calage à base d'un produit complexe associant une mousse et un revêtement de finition dans lequel on peut créer des empreintes précises, nettes et non traversantes, sans reprise d'usinage donc à des coûts compétitifs.To date, there is no solution for manufacturing setting elements based on a complex product combining a foam and a finishing coating in which precise, clear and non-through impressions can be created without reworking. machining therefore at competitive costs.

Exposé de invention :Invention:

La présente invention vise à apporter une solution aux problèmes évoqués ci-dessus en proposant un procédé de fabrication simple, facile à mettre en oeuvre, utilisant des procédés connus et peu onéreux, permettant la fabrication d'un élément de calage dont les caractéristiques mécaniques et esthétiques sont grandement améliorées.The present invention aims to provide a solution to the problems mentioned above by proposing a simple manufacturing process, easy to implement, using known and inexpensive methods, allowing the manufacture of a wedging element whose mechanical characteristics and aesthetics are greatly improved.

Dans ce but, l'invention concerne un procédé de fabrication du genre indiqué en préambule, caractérisé en ce qu'avant de réaliser ladite empreinte, on applique au moins un revêtement de finition sur au moins une partie d'une des faces de ladite pièce en mousse, en ce qu'on lie intimement le revêtement de finition à ladite pièce en mousse et en ce qu'on réalise ladite empreinte par découpage simultané de ladite pièce en mousse et dudit revêtement de finition.For this purpose, the invention relates to a manufacturing method of the kind indicated in the preamble, characterized in that before making said impression, at least one finishing coating is applied to at least a part of one of the faces of said part. made of foam, in that the finishing coating is intimately bonded to the said piece in foam and in that said impression is made by simultaneous cutting of said foam part and said finishing coating.

Dans ce but, l'invention concerne également un élément de calage du genre indiqué en préambule, caractérisé en ce qu'il comporte sur au moins une partie d'une des faces de ladite pièce en mousse au moins un revêtement de finition intimement lié à ladite pièce en mousse par des moyens d'assemblage et en ce que ladite empreinte traverse ledit revêtement de finition et ladite pièce en mousse au moins en partie.For this purpose, the invention also relates to a wedging element of the kind indicated in the preamble, characterized in that it comprises on at least a part of one of the faces of said foam part at least one finishing coating intimately related to said foam member by means of assembly and in that said fingerprint passes through said finishing coating and said foam part at least in part.

Description sommaire des dessins :Brief description of the drawings:

  • La présente invention et ses avantages apparaîtront mieux dans la description suivante de plusieurs modes de réalisation donnés à titre d'exemples non limitatifs, en référence aux dessins annexés, dans lesquels:
    • la figure 1A est une vue en perspective d'un premier mode de réalisation d'un élément de calage selon l'invention, et les figures 1B et 1C sont respectivement des vues de face et en coupe selon l'axe AA de la figure 1B de l'élément de calage de la figure 1A,
    • la figure 2A est une vue en perspective d'un deuxième mode de réalisation d'un élément de calage selon l'invention, et les figures 2B, 2C et 2D sont respectivement des vues de face, en coupe selon l'axe BB de la figure 2B et de dessous, et
    • la figure 3A est une vue en perspective d'un troisième mode de réalisation d'un élément de calage selon l'invention, et les figures 3B et 3C sont respectivement des vues de face et en coupe selon l'axe CC de la figure 3B.
    The present invention and its advantages will appear better in the following description of several embodiments given as non-limiting examples, with reference to the appended drawings, in which:
    • the Figure 1A is a perspective view of a first embodiment of a wedging element according to the invention, and the Figures 1B and 1C are respectively front views and in section along the axis AA of the Figure 1B of the wedging element of the Figure 1A ,
    • the Figure 2A is a perspective view of a second embodiment of a wedging element according to the invention, and the Figures 2B, 2C and 2D are respectively front views, in section along the axis BB of the Figure 2B and from below, and
    • the figure 3A is a perspective view of a third embodiment of a wedging element according to the invention, and the Figures 3B and 3C are respectively front views and in section along the axis CC of the figure 3B .
Illustrations de l'invention et différentes manières de réaliser l'invention :Illustrations of the invention and different ways of carrying out the invention:

En référence aux figures 1 à 3, l'élément de calage 10, 20 et 30 en mousse pour le transport d'objets est illustré selon trois modes de réalisation différents donnés uniquement à titre d'exemple et obtenus selon le procédé de fabrication de l'invention décrit plus loin.With reference to Figures 1 to 3 , the wedging element 10, 20 and 30 foam for the transport of objects is illustrated according to three different embodiments given solely by way of example and obtained according to the manufacturing method of the invention described below.

Dans les figures 1A à 1C, l'élément de calage 10 comporte une pièce en mousse 11 de forme parallélépipédique et d'une épaisseur déterminée, définissant une face avant 12 plane, une face arrière 13 plane et un pourtour 14 droit. L'élément de calage 10 comporte sur sa face avant 12 et sur sa face arrière 13, un revêtement de finition respectivement 15, 16 lié intimement à ladite pièce en mousse par un adhésif 17 (cf. fig. 1C). L'élément de calage 10 comporte cinq empreintes 18, 18' non traversantes, réparties sur sa face avant 12 et disposées parallèlement entre elles. Quatre empreintes 18 sont identiques et une des empreintes 18' est différente notamment dans ses dimensions. Elles correspondent chacune à une partie au moins d'un objet à transporter (non représentés). Lorsque les objets sont placés dans l'élément de calage 10, l'ensemble peut être conditionné dans une boîte, sous film ou sous blister, les objets pouvant rester visibles.In the Figures 1A to 1C , the wedging element 10 comprises a foam piece 11 of parallelepipedal shape and of a determined thickness, defining a flat front face 12, a flat rear face 13 and a straight edge 14. The wedging element 10 has on its front face 12 and on its rear face 13, a finishing coating respectively 15, 16 intimately bonded to said foam part by an adhesive 17 (cf. Fig. 1 C ). The wedging element 10 comprises five indentations 18, 18 'that do not pass through, distributed over its front face 12 and arranged parallel to each other. Four prints 18 are identical and one of the prints 18 'is different in particular in its dimensions. They each correspond to at least part of an object to be transported (not shown). When the objects are placed in the wedging element 10, the assembly can be packaged in a box, film or blister, the objects can remain visible.

Dans les figures 2A à 2D, l'élément de calage 20 comporte deux pièces en mousse 21, 21', chacune ayant une forme parallélépipédique et une épaisseur déterminée, définissant une face avant 22 plane, une face arrière 23 plane et un pourtour 24 droit. Ces deux pièces en mousse 21, 21' sont assemblées cote à cote par une charnière 29 pour former un élément de calage 20 en forme de livre apte à se refermer sur l'objet à transporter pour constituer un conditionnement à part entière. Chaque pièce en mousse 21, 21' comporte sur sa face avant 22 et sur sa face arrière 23, un revêtement de finition respectivement 25, 26 lié intimement à chaque pièce en mousse par un adhésif 27 (cf. fig. 2C). De manière avantageuse, on utilise le revêtement de finition 25 pour couvrir d'un seul tenant les faces avant 22 des deux pièces en mousse 21, 21' disposées cote à cote, de sorte que ce revêtement de finition 25 constitue la charnière 29 sous la forme un film charnière entre lesdites pièces (cf. fig. 2D). Cet élément de calage 20 comporte deux empreintes 28, 28' non traversantes, disposées en miroir sur la face avant 22 de chaque pièce en mousse 21, 21'. Ces empreintes 28, 28' présentent un contour identique mais des formes intérieures différentes, compatibles avec le produit à transporter. Lorsque l'objet est placé dans l'élément de calage 20 et que ce dernier est refermé autour dudit objet, l'ensemble peut être conditionné dans une boîte, sous film ou sous blister, l'objet n'étant plus visible. Dans les figures 3A à 3C, l'élément de calage 30 ressemble à l'élément de calage 20 de l'exemple précédent. Toutefois, il ne comporte qu'une seule pièce en mousse 31 de forme parallélépipédique et d'épaisseur déterminée, définissant une face avant 32 plane, une face arrière 33 plane et un pourtour 34 droit. La pièce en mousse 31 comporte sur sa face avant 32 et sur sa face arrière 33, un revêtement de finition respectivement 35, 36 lié intimement à ladite pièce en mousse 31 par un adhésif 37 (cf. fig. 3C). La pièce en mousse 31 est divisée en plusieurs tronçons par deux découpes 40 centrales, disposées cote à cote, en forme de V en angle droit, pour créer avec le revêtement de finition 36 appliqué sur la face arrière 33 de la pièce en mousse 31 deux charnières 39 parallèles (cf. fig. 3C). Cette forme de réalisation permet de créer un élément de calage 30 sous la forme d'un livre apte à se refermer sur l'objet à transporter pour constituer un conditionnement à part entière (cf. fig. 3A). Cet élément de calage 30 comporte deux empreintes 38, 38' non traversantes, disposées en miroir sur la face avant 32 de part et d'autre des découpes 40 centrales. Ces empreintes 38, 38' présentent un contour identique mais des formes intérieures différentes, compatibles avec le produit à transporter. Lorsque l'objet est placé dans l'élément de calage 30 et que ce dernier est refermé autour dudit objet, l'ensemble peut être conditionné dans une boîte, sous film ou sous blister, l'objet n'étant plus visible.In the Figures 2A to 2D , the wedging element 20 comprises two foam parts 21, 21 ', each having a parallelepipedal shape and a predetermined thickness, defining a flat front face 22, a flat rear face 23 and a rim 24 right. These two foam parts 21, 21 'are assembled side by side by a hinge 29 to form a wedge member 20 in the form of a book adapted to close on the object to be transported to constitute a separate packaging. Each foam piece 21, 21 'has on its front face 22 and on its rear face 23, a finishing coating respectively 25, 26 intimately bonded to each foam piece by an adhesive 27 (cf. Fig. 2C ). Advantageously, the finishing coating 25 is used to cover the front faces 22 of the two foam parts 21, 21 'arranged side by side so that this finishing coating 25 constitutes the hinge 29 under the forms a hinge film between said parts (cf. Fig. 2D ). This element of wedging 20 comprises two indentations 28, 28 'not through, arranged in mirror on the front face 22 of each foam part 21, 21'. These impressions 28, 28 'have an identical contour but different inner shapes, compatible with the product to be transported. When the object is placed in the wedging element 20 and the latter is closed around said object, the assembly can be packaged in a box, film or blister, the object is no longer visible. In the FIGS. 3A to 3C , the wedging element 30 resembles the wedging element 20 of the previous example. However, it comprises only one piece of foam 31 of parallelepiped shape and determined thickness, defining a flat front face 32, a flat rear face 33 and a rim 34 right. The foam part 31 has on its front face 32 and on its rear face 33, a finishing coating respectively 35, 36 intimately bonded to said foam part 31 by an adhesive 37 (cf. Fig. 3C ). The foam piece 31 is divided into several sections by two central cutouts 40 arranged side by side, V-shaped at right angles, to create with the finishing coating 36 applied to the rear face 33 of the foam piece 31 hinges 39 parallel (cf. Fig. 3C ). This embodiment makes it possible to create a wedging element 30 in the form of a book able to close on the object to be transported to constitute a complete packaging (cf. Fig. 3A ). This wedging element 30 comprises two indentations 38, 38 'that do not pass through, arranged in a mirror on the front face 32 on either side of the central cutouts 40. These imprints 38, 38 'have an identical contour but different internal shapes, compatible with the product to be transported. When the object is placed in the wedging element 30 and the latter is closed around said object, the assembly can be packaged in a box, film or blister, the object is no longer visible.

Possibilités d'application industrielle :Possibilities of industrial application:

Le procédé de fabrication d'un élément de calage 10, 20, 30 en mousse pour le transport d'objets selon l'invention comporte au moins les étapes suivantes :

  • ○ on découpe dans au moins un bloc de mousse au moins une pièce en mousse 11, 21, 31 aux dimensions dudit élément de calage 10, 20, 30 à fabriquer,
  • ○ on applique au moins un revêtement de finition 15, 16, 25, 26, 35, 36 sur au moins une partie d'une des faces 12, 13, 22, 23, 32, 33 de ladite pièce en mousse,
  • ○ on lie intimement le revêtement de finition à ladite pièce en mousse par des moyens d'assemblage 17, 27, 37, et
  • ○ on réalise au moins une empreinte 18, 18', 28, 28', 38, 38' dans ladite pièce en mousse, ladite empreinte correspondant au moins à une partie de l'objet à transporter.
The method of manufacturing a wedging element 10, 20, 30 made of foam for transporting objects according to the invention comprises at least the following steps:
  • In at least one block of foam, at least one foam part 11, 21, 31 is cut to the dimensions of said setting element 10, 20, 30 to be produced,
  • At least one finishing coating 15, 16, 25, 26, 35, 36 is applied to at least a portion of one of the faces 12, 13, 22, 23, 32, 33 of said foam part,
  • ○ the finishing coating is intimately bonded to said foam part by assembly means 17, 27, 37, and
  • At least one impression 18, 18 ', 28, 28', 38, 38 'is produced in said foam part, said impression corresponding at least to a part of the object to be transported.

La mousse utilisée pour fabriquer cet élément de calage 10, 20, 30 peut être une mousse traditionnelle, obtenue par expansion de matières synthétiques telles que du polyuréthanne, polyester, polypropylène, polyéthylène, éthylène, vinyle, acétate ou similaire, ou un mélange de ces matières. Il peut s'agir d'une mousse réticulée ou non, à cellules ouvertes ou non, de densité plus ou moins forte, de tous coloris.The foam used to make this wedging element 10, 20, 30 may be a traditional foam, obtained by expanding synthetic materials such as polyurethane, polyester, polypropylene, polyethylene, ethylene, vinyl, acetate or the like, or a mixture of these materials. It may be a reticulated foam or not, open cell or not, more or less dense density of all colors.

La découpe du bloc de mousse peut être effectuée par toute technique connue telle qu'une découpe au fil à froid, par sciage, découpe laser, ou similaire, sous réserve de pouvoir obtenir une découpe propre, précise, sans bavure, ni déformation de la matière. Dans un processus industriel, on découpe de préférence le bloc de mousse en plaques dont l'épaisseur correspondant à l'épaisseur voulue pour fabriquer lesdits éléments de calage et on détaille ces éléments de calage dans une phase ultérieure, notamment lors de la découpe des empreintes, ce qui permet de rationnaliser la fabrication.The cutting of the foam block can be carried out by any known technique such as cutting with cold wire, by sawing, laser cutting, or the like, provided that it is possible to obtain a clean, precise cutting, without burr, or deformation of the material. In an industrial process, the foam block is preferably cut into plates whose thickness corresponds to the thickness required to manufacture said wedging elements and these calibration elements are detailed in a subsequent phase, in particular during the cutting of the impressions. , which makes it possible to rationalize manufacturing.

En fonction du résultat recherché, on peut choisir comme revêtement de finition tout type de matériau en film, feuille, peau, tissu, non tissé, voile, de toutes natures, d'épaisseurs et de couleurs variables, d'aspect et de toucher variables également, ainsi que des combinaisons de ces variantes. Le film, la feuille ou la peau peuvent être obtenus à partir de matières synthétiques extrudées à base de polyuréthanne, de polychlorure de vinyle, ou similaire ou d'un mélange de ces matières. De même, le tissu, le non tissé ou le voile peuvent être obtenus à partir de fibres naturelles et/ou synthétiques. On peut combiner plusieurs types de revêtement si l'on veut créer des motifs. Les possibilités de combinaisons sont infinies et permettent d'obtenir des aspects de surface et des touchers très variés du type cuir, métal, gomme, peau de pêche, tissu, granuleux, en écailles, etc.Depending on the desired result, any type of film, sheet, skin, fabric, non-woven material, veil, of any kind, can be chosen as a finishing coating. varying thicknesses and colors, varying appearance and feel, as well as combinations of these variants. The film, sheet or skin may be obtained from extruded synthetic materials based on polyurethane, polyvinyl chloride, or the like or a mixture of these materials. Similarly, the fabric, the nonwoven or the veil can be obtained from natural and / or synthetic fibers. We can combine several types of coating if we want to create patterns. The possibilities of combinations are endless and allow to obtain surface aspects and very varied touches of the leather, metal, rubber, peach skin, fabric, granular, flake, etc. type.

On peut aussi limiter l'application du revêtement de finition à l'une des faces et en particulier la face avant de la pièce en mousse qui sert à présenter le produit, ou étendre cette application au moins aux deux faces avant et arrière.It is also possible to limit the application of the finishing coating to one of the faces and in particular the front face of the foam part used to present the product, or to extend this application at least to both front and rear faces.

Pour assembler le revêtement de finition à la pièce en mousse, on peut utiliser différentes techniques d'assemblage, telles que le collage à froid, le collage à chaud, le flammage. On peut effectuer le collage à froid au moyen d'une colle compatible chimiquement avec les matières à assembler, comme par exemple une colle acrylique, déposée en couche sur la pièce en mousse et/ou sur le revêtement de finition, ou d'un film adhésif double face intercalé entre sur la pièce en mousse et/ou sur le revêtement de finition. Le collage à chaud peut être effectué au moyen d'un film thermofusible par exemple en polyester. Et l'assemblage par flammage consiste à créer directement la fusion de la matière à la surface du revêtement de finition au moyen d'une flamme avant de l'assembler à la pièce en mousse. Dans tous les cas, on complète cette opération d'assemblage par une phase de compression à froid, ou à chaud entre des organes presseurs tels que des rouleaux.To assemble the finishing coat to the foam part, various assembly techniques can be used, such as cold bonding, hot gluing, flaming. The cold bonding may be effected by means of a chemically compatible glue with the materials to be bonded, such as, for example, an acrylic glue, deposited in a layer on the foam part and / or on the finishing coating, or a film double-sided adhesive interposed between the foam part and / or the finishing coating. The hot gluing can be carried out by means of a hot-melt film, for example of polyester. And the flaming assembly is to directly create the melting of the material on the surface of the finish coat by means of a flame before assembling it to the foam piece. In all cases, this assembly operation is completed by a cold compression phase, or hot between pressing members such as rollers.

Pour réaliser la ou les empreintes, on utilise une technique de découpage de matière telle que le fraisage, l'estampage, le sciage, la découpe au fil à froid, la découpe laser. La technique du frisage est particulièrement avantageuse puisqu'elle est simple, facile à programmer et permet de réaliser des empreintes non traversantes, c'est à dire borgnes, pouvant avoir des formes, des contours et des reliefs très variés. De plus, elle permet une découpe précise, propre, sans bavure, ni déformation de matière, et parfaitement reproductible.To achieve the fingerprint or prints, a material cutting technique such as milling, stamping, sawing, cutting with cold wire, laser cutting is used. The technique of crimping is particularly advantageous since it is simple, easy to program and allows for non-through footprints, ie blind, which can have shapes, contours and reliefs very varied. In addition, it allows a precise cutting, clean, without burr, nor deformation of material, and perfectly reproducible.

Ce procédé de fabrication permet d'utiliser avantageusement le revêtement de finition 25, 36 comme moyen de liaison et comme film charnière 29, 39 entre au moins deux pièces en mousse 21, 21' distinctes ou entre au moins deux tronçons d'une même pièce en mousse 31, simplifiant ainsi la réalisation d'éléments de calage sous la forme de livre, de boîte ou similaire.This manufacturing method advantageously makes it possible to use the finishing coating 25, 36 as connecting means and as a hinge film 29, 39 between at least two separate foam pieces 21, 21 'or between at least two sections of the same piece. foam 31, thus simplifying the realization of wedging elements in the form of book, box or the like.

De même ce procédé de fabrication permet d'améliorer les performances mécaniques de l'élément de calage grâce au revêtement de finition qui le protège contre les agressions extérieures, renforce sa résistance et améliore son maintien.Likewise, this manufacturing method makes it possible to improve the mechanical performance of the wedging element thanks to the finish coating which protects it against external aggressions, strengthens its resistance and improves its maintenance.

Il ressort clairement de cette description que l'invention permet d'atteindre les buts fixés, à savoir une multitude de combinaisons de matières et de formes possibles pour réaliser des éléments de calage 10, 20, 30 améliorés aussi bien d'un point de vue technique que d'un point de vue esthétique. Le nombre de pièces en mousse assemblées n'est pas limité à un ou à deux comme dans les exemples décrits, mais s'étend à toute combinaison d'assemblage en fonction du ou des objets à transporter. La présente invention n'est pas limitée aux exemples de réalisation décrits mais s'étend à toute modification et variante évidentes pour un homme du métier tout en restant dans l'étendue de la protection définie dans les revendications annexées.It is clear from this description that the invention achieves the goals set, namely a multitude of possible combinations of materials and shapes to achieve wedging elements 10, 20, 30 improved both from a point of view technical only from an aesthetic point of view. The number of assembled foam parts is not limited to one or two as in the examples described, but extends to any combination of assembly as a function of the object or objects to be transported. The present invention is not limited to the embodiments described but extends to any modification and variation obvious to a person skilled in the art while remaining within the scope of protection defined in the appended claims.

Claims (15)

  1. Method of manufacturing a foam wedging element (10, 20, 30) for transporting objects, in which one cuts at least one part (11, 21, 21', 31) corresponding to the wedging element to be manufactured out of a foam block and one produces at least one cavity (18, 18', 28, 28', 38, 38') in said foam part, said cavity corresponding to at least a section of the object to be transported, characterized in that, before producing said cavity, one applies at least one finish coating (15, 16, 25, 26, 35, 36) on at least a part of one of the faces (12, 13, 22, 23, 32, 33) of said foam part, in that one bonds tightly the finish coating with said foam part and in that one produces said cavity by cutting simultaneously said finish coating and said foam part, at least partly.
  2. Method according to claim 1, characterized in that, to bond said finish coating with said foam part, one uses an assembly technique chosen in the group comprising cold gluing by means of an adhesive, hot gluing by means of a hot-melt film, flaming.
  3. Method according to claim 2, characterized in that one completes the assembly of said finish coating with said foam part with a compression phase between pressing devices.
  4. Method according to claim 1, characterized in that, to produce said cavity, one uses a material cutting technique chosen in the group comprising milling, stamping, sawing, cold wire cutting, laser cutting.
  5. Method according to claim 1, in which one manufactures a wedging element (20, 30) out of at least two distinct foam parts (21, 21') or out of at least two sections of a same foam part (31), while these parts or these sections can be assembled around said product in order to form a shell, characterized in that one assembles said foam parts (21, 21') side by side or one holds said sections of a same foam part (31) side by side by means of said finish coating (25, 36), so that it forms a hinge film (29, 39) between said parts or said sections.
  6. Method according to any of the previous claims, characterized in that one applies at least one finish coating on at least a part of the two faces (12, 13, 22, 23, 32, 33) of said foam part.
  7. Method according to any of the previous claims, characterized in that one chooses said finish coating in the group comprising a film, a sheet or a skin based on polyurethane, polyvinyl chloride or a mix of these materials, or a fabric, a non-woven fabric or a veil based on natural and/or synthetic fibers.
  8. Method according to any of the previous claims, characterized in that one chooses said foam in the group comprising polyurethane, polyester, polypropylene, polyethylene, ethylene, vinyl, acetate foams, or foams made of a mix of these materials.
  9. Foam wedging element (10, 20, 30) for transporting objects obtained according to the manufacturing method according to any of the previous claims, comprising at least one foam part (11, 21, 21', 31) provided with at least one cavity (18, 18', 28, 28', 38, 38') corresponding at least to a section of the object to be transported, characterized in that said wedging element comprises on at least a part of one of the faces of said foam part at least one finish covering (15, 16, 25, 26, 35, 36) tightly bonded with said foam part by assembly means (17, 27, 37) and in that said cavity passes through said finish coating and said foam part, at least partly.
  10. Element according to claim 9, characterized in that the assembly means (17, 27, 37) are chosen in the group comprising a cold adhesive, a hot-melt film, said finish coating itself.
  11. Element according to claim 9, characterized in that said cavity is blind.
  12. Element according to claim 9, comprising at least two foam parts (21, 21') or two sections of a same foam part (31) that can be assembled around said product in order to form a shell, characterized in that said two foam parts (21, 21') or said sections of a same foam part (31) are assembled or held side by side by means of said finish coating (25, 36), so that is forms a hinge film (29, 39) between said parts or said sections.
  13. Element according to any of claims 9 to 12, characterized in that it comprises at least one finish coating on at least a part of the two faces of said foam part.
  14. Element according to any of claims 9 to 13, characterized in that said finish coating is chosen in the group comprising a film, a sheet or a skin based on polyurethane, polyvinyl chloride or a mix of these materials, or a fabric, a non-woven fabric or a veil based on natural and/or synthetic fibers.
  15. Element according to any of claims 9 to 14, characterized in that said foam is made of expanded synthetic materials chosen in the group comprising polyurethane, polyester, polypropylene, polyethylene, ethylene, vinyl, acetate foams, or foams made of a mix of these materials.
EP20100290313 2009-06-11 2010-06-10 Method of manufacturing a foam wedging element for transporting objects and wedging element obtained Not-in-force EP2263950B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR0953909A FR2946628B1 (en) 2009-06-11 2009-06-11 METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING FOAM LAYING MEMBER FOR TRANSPORTING OBJECTS AND SETTING ELEMENT OBTAINED

Publications (2)

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EP2263950A1 EP2263950A1 (en) 2010-12-22
EP2263950B1 true EP2263950B1 (en) 2012-05-23

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EP20100290313 Not-in-force EP2263950B1 (en) 2009-06-11 2010-06-10 Method of manufacturing a foam wedging element for transporting objects and wedging element obtained

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EP (1) EP2263950B1 (en)
ES (1) ES2388596T3 (en)
FR (1) FR2946628B1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103692656A (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-04-02 杭州方圆塑机股份有限公司 Double-movable-template automatic plastic foam molding machine

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102014005520B4 (en) * 2014-04-15 2018-01-25 Jenoptik Laser Gmbh laser packaging
CN110963183A (en) * 2019-11-29 2020-04-07 中国航发沈阳黎明航空发动机有限责任公司 Protection method for ring block type parts of case

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB924889A (en) * 1958-02-10 1963-05-01 Hawley Products Ltd Improvements in or relating to the reinforcement of hollow articles moulded from fibrous material
DE1938272A1 (en) * 1969-07-28 1971-02-11 Wilhelm Clement Foam plastic packages for prismatic and - cylindrical goods
DE20314227U1 (en) * 2003-09-12 2003-12-18 Schlaadt Plastics Gmbh Flexible connection for mouldings, esp foamed particle mouldings, comprises embedded connection in the foam

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103692656A (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-04-02 杭州方圆塑机股份有限公司 Double-movable-template automatic plastic foam molding machine
CN103692656B (en) * 2013-12-20 2016-02-03 杭州方圆塑机股份有限公司 Two-track template plastic foam automatic moulding machine

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP2263950A1 (en) 2010-12-22
FR2946628B1 (en) 2011-07-01
ES2388596T3 (en) 2012-10-16
FR2946628A1 (en) 2010-12-17

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