EP2250093B1 - Method and device for inserting (tube) bags into cartons - Google Patents

Method and device for inserting (tube) bags into cartons Download PDF

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Publication number
EP2250093B1
EP2250093B1 EP09712909.2A EP09712909A EP2250093B1 EP 2250093 B1 EP2250093 B1 EP 2250093B1 EP 09712909 A EP09712909 A EP 09712909A EP 2250093 B1 EP2250093 B1 EP 2250093B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
carton
bags
capable
folding
device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP09712909.2A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP2250093A1 (en
Inventor
Andreas Prahm
Mimke Bohlen
Frank Sachs
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Focke and Co GmbH and Co KG
Original Assignee
Focke and Co GmbH and Co KG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE200810010432 priority Critical patent/DE102008010432A1/en
Application filed by Focke and Co GmbH and Co KG filed Critical Focke and Co GmbH and Co KG
Priority to PCT/EP2009/000908 priority patent/WO2009103441A1/en
Publication of EP2250093A1 publication Critical patent/EP2250093A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP2250093B1 publication Critical patent/EP2250093B1/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B5/00Packaging individual articles in containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, jars
    • B65B5/06Packaging groups of articles, the groups being treated as single articles
    • B65B5/061Filled bags
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B5/00Packaging individual articles in containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, jars
    • B65B5/06Packaging groups of articles, the groups being treated as single articles
    • B65B5/064Potato chips
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B5/00Packaging individual articles in containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, jars
    • B65B5/10Filling containers or receptacles progressively or in stages by introducing successive articles, or layers of articles
    • B65B5/106Filling containers or receptacles progressively or in stages by introducing successive articles, or layers of articles by pushers

Description

  • The invention relates to a method for introducing objects into a container, in particular of packages, such as (hose) bags in a carton to form an ordered formation of the articles or packages within the container or carton, the articles or packages on a Feed conveyors are fed one by one or in groups to a packing station and introduced into the container or carton open at least on one side, the container or carton being moved into a relative position to be produced for introducing the articles or bags into a formation of the articles or bags to be produced , according to the preamble of claim 1.
  • Primarily, the invention is concerned with the filling of tubular bags with sensitive consumer goods, such as (potato) chips in shipping cartons. The pillow-like shaped bags are positioned in a particular formation, namely in rows, plies, etc. within the carton.
  • Because of the different size of the objects, in particular bags and / or because of different dimensions of the cartons, it is necessary to specify different formations of the bags within the carton, taking into account the predetermined dimensions, so that optimum filling is provided.
  • The US 5,542,238 shows a method according to the preamble of claim 1, wherein the container (200) through a fixed shaft (105) fall into a carton. For positioning of the container, the cardboard can be moved laterally and also lifted ( Fig. 2 ). However, this solution is rather unsuitable for sensitive goods such as the chips mentioned at the outset, because there is a risk that they will be lost during feeding into the machine the cardboard will be damaged. In addition, it is not possible with this device to influence the orientation of the container within the carton.
  • From the DE 43 44 744 A1 a similar method is known in which tubular bags are deposited in a carton. Again, the relative position of the feed conveyor is changed to the carton during the feeding of successive bags, so that the bags can be stored side by side in a row in the carton. The method shown is well suited for delicate goods, but allows only a certain predetermined formation of the bags in the carton.
  • The invention is therefore based on the object of carrying out the introduction of objects into containers, in particular of bags in cartons so that the formation of objects / bag can be changed within the carton in a simple manner to adapt to the given dimensions with gentle treatment of the contents of the package ,
  • To solve this problem, the method according to the invention is characterized in that the change in the relative position of the container or carton by a robot as a handling device, wherein the robot is designed as a six-axis robot, such that the container or carton in the area The packing station is rotatable, tiltable and movable in all directions.
  • In the invention, it is therefore assumed that the objects or bags to be packaged are kept ready in the filling station in the predetermined position and that the container or carton is brought into a relative position, that of the formation to be produced, for example an upright longitudinal row, a transverse row or a flat position of the bag corresponds. According to the invention, the procedure is such that, during a filling phase, the cardboard may, if appropriate, change the relative position several times, in order to also allow complex but ordered formations of the bags within the cardboard box without changing the bag position during the filling process.
  • The device according to the invention is equipped with at least one handling unit in the region of the packing station, which effects the different relative positions of the box open on one side in accordance with the formation of the filling to be produced. For this purpose, said robot is provided with a holding head for detecting the carton and for carrying out the movements for different relative positions. To increase the performance, a further handling device for the cartons may be provided, in particular a further robot. The two robots can be positioned within a common machine frame so that they alternately pick up boxes in the area of a cardboard station and feed them to the filling station. The filled boxes are deposited by the robots on a carton conveyor.
  • Fig. 1
    a (hose) bag as an example of an object to be handled in perspective,
    Fig. 2
    a carton as a container for receiving bags according to Fig. 1 in a particular formation, also in perspective,
    Fig. 3
    another embodiment of the formation of bags within a carton,
    Fig. 4
    a device with filling and closing station for cartons in a simplified side view,
    Fig. 5
    the device according to Fig. 4 in plan view and in horizontal section in the plane VV of Fig. 4 .
    Fig. 6
    a transverse view or a cross section of the device in a sectional plane VI-VI of Fig. 4 .
    Fig. 7
    a detail of the device in a representation analog Fig. 6 on an enlarged scale,
    Fig. 8
    the detail according to Fig. 7 with altered relative position of organs,
    Fig. 9
    the detail according to Fig. 8 in a bottom view or in a horizontal section of the sectional plane IX-IX of the Fig. 8 .
    Fig. 10
    the detail according to Fig. 9 in vertical section corresponding to section XX of the Fig. 9 on an enlarged scale,
    Fig. 11 to Fig. 13
    different positions when filling a box in side view corresponding to a portion of the representation in Fig. 6 .
    Fig. 14
    a detail of a closing station for cartons in transverse view according to sectional plane XIV-XIV of Fig. 4 .
    Fig. 15
    the detail according to Fig. 14 in side view,
    Fig. 16
    the detail according to Fig. 14 in plan view according to arrow 16 in Fig. 4 .
    Fig. 17 to Fig. 19
    Representations of FIGS. 14 to 16 at different fold positions of folding flaps of the carton,
    Fig. 20
    a detail XX of the Fig. 17 on an enlarged scale,
    FIGS. 21 to 27
    different representations of the folding step for the folding flaps of the carton analog Fig. 17 to Fig. 19 ,
  • The examples in the drawings are concerned with the handling of bags 10 of foil in the form of tubular bags. This consists of a tube portion of the packaging material with upper and lower sealing seams 11, 12. Furthermore, this bag 10 is formed with gussets 13. The bag 10 is suitable for receiving different products. In the present case, the bags 10 are exemplary for receiving potato chips, so of sensitive goods.
  • An important issue is the introduction of the pouches 10 into a container, here into a (folding) carton 14. A number of pouches 10 are positioned in an ordered formation within the carton 14. The aim is to completely fill boxes 14 of different sizes with bags 10 and / or to position them in a product-appropriate manner, wherein the bags 10 can likewise have different dimensions. In the example according to Fig. 2 the bags 10 are arranged in two lower rows in an upright and row-staggered arrangement and with an upper flat row. The carton 14 according to Fig. 3 For example, the bags 10 are juxtaposed in two rows, the bags being one row transverse and the other row bags longitudinal. A variety of other formations is possible to adapt to the size of the bag 10 on the one hand and the boxes to be filled 14 on the other.
  • The bags 10 are mechanically introduced into the boxes 14 to form one or the other formation, namely by appropriate filling members. For this purpose, the bags 10, for example, coming from a bag packer (not shown) are fed in succession, in this case at a distance, on a feed conveyor 15 to a packing station 16. In the area of the same bag 10 are successively introduced (even as small groups, each with a plurality of juxtaposed and / or stacked bags 10) in a prepared carton 14 to form one or the other ordered formation. In the packing station 16, the bags 10 are provided in a predetermined insertion level and inserted into the open carton 14. The positions of the bag 10 within the carton 14 - in accordance with the formation to be formed - are caused by variable relative position of the carton 14. This is therefore positioned so that upon entry of the bag 10 into the box 14, the respectively required relative to the formation to be produced corresponding relative position occurs. The cardboard 14 is movable for this purpose in the packing station 16, namely, rotatable, tiltable and displaceable in all directions.
  • The packing station 16 is located with the associated organs and units within a cell-like machine frame with upright supports 17, upper side rails 18 and cross beams 19. For stabilizing a frame framework thus formed lower longitudinal beams 20 are provided for connecting the supports 17.
  • The packing station 16 is associated with at least one handling device for holding and moving the carton 14 during filling. In the present embodiment, a (first) robot 21 is provided as a handling device. It is a six-axis robot, which is mounted in an upper pivot bearing 22 on a support member of the machine frame. In the area of the rotary bearing 22, the robot 21 is rotatable about a vertical axis. Two articulated arms 23, 24 form a boom of the robot 21. On the handling device or at the end of the articulated arm 24, a holding head 25 is mounted. This is designed so that an (open) cardboard 14 can be detected. The holding head 25 is movable so that it can be done automatically for the filling of the carton 14 at a predetermined formation of the bag 10.
  • By default, the carton 14 consists of a bottom wall 26 (formed from folding tabs), two longitudinal side walls 27, 28, two transverse transverse walls 29, 30 and closing tabs, namely longitudinal tabs 31, 32 and transverse tabs 33, 34 at the top of the Boxes 14.
  • The holding head 25 of the handling device is designed so that the open carton 14 is held stable and preferably the folding tabs 31..34 are fixed in the open position or spread position. Furthermore, the holding head 25 is formed such that at least a predominant portion of an open (upper) side of the carton 14 is free to insert the bags 10.
  • The holding head 25 is formed in the present embodiment in side view U-shaped ( Fig. 10 ). A carrying part connected to the handling device or robot 21 has transverse holding members which engage the carton 14 on two opposite sides, in the present case on the open side and opposite in the region of the bottom wall 26. The holding head 25 transmits one Holding or clamping force on the cardboard 14, without mechanical interference the carton 14 generates sufficient for the implementation of movements holding action.
  • The holding head 25 is rotatably connected via a transverse connection or via a transverse shaft journal 41 with the robot 21 or its arm. The holding head 25 has a connected to the robot 21 supporting member, namely a transverse profile 40. At this the shaft journal 41 is attached. At the ends of the transverse profile 40 are again on both sides transverse (in Fig. 7, Fig. 8 upright) support legs 37 attached. The support frame connected to the robot 21 is therefore designed in a H-shaped side view. At the free end of the (two) supporting leg 37, the carton 14 to each other opposite sides detected holding members are attached.
  • In the present embodiment, the carton 14 is held in a carton station 42 with shut-down tabs 31..34 facing down. A lower support member is formed as a cantilevered support arm 38, namely two edge of the carton 14 detecting support arms 38 are provided on which the carton 14 is supported with free edges in the region of the open side. At the ends of the support arms 38 each angle pieces 39 are arranged, which fix the associated closing tabs, here the longitudinal tabs 31, 32, in an open position or in a transverse spread. The transverse tabs 33, 34 are held by the support arms 38 in the open position. The flaps 31, 32; 33, 34 are directed horizontally.
  • Opposite to the support arms 38 corresponding, movable holding members are arranged, in particular folding leg 36. These are at the (in the position upon adoption of a box 14 according to FIG Fig. 10 ) upper ends of the support legs 37, namely articulated, so pivotally. The upper, erected starting position is in Fig. 7 shown the stop position in Fig. 10 , The folding legs 36 are formed angularly in cross-section and detect the carton in the area of bottom and side walls over corner ( Fig. 11 to Fig. 13 ). The angle pieces 39 opposite are formed so that they enter with a leg 35 in the corner in the box 14. This results in a backup of the carton 14 on the holding head 25 against movements in each direction.
  • The empty cartons 14 are fed to the carton station 42 and held ready for detection by the holding head 25 of the robot 21. The cardboard station 42 is arranged approximately centrally to the machine frame. The empty cartons 14 are fed with the open side facing upwards from a position above the machine frame, ie from above. For this purpose, a vertical conveyor for the boxes 14 in the area of the cardboard station 42 is provided. In the present case, this is a servo axis 43, which is mounted in an upright position on the machine frame, here on a longitudinal member 18. A servo axis is a well-known organ for the linear transport of objects. A carriage is movable within a hollow profile, for example by a spindle. This is driven by a servomotor. On the servo axis, namely on the carriage (not shown), a cardboard carrier 44 is moved up and down and also rotatable about a pivot bearing 45. The cardboard carrier 44 has a (rotatable) support member 46, on which holding arms 47 are arranged, which detect the cardboard 14 on both sides, here in the region of the transverse walls 29, 30. Each retaining arm 47 preferably has a plurality of suction pads 48, which detect and hold the cardboard 14 by means of negative pressure or suction air. The cardboard 14 is rotated during the downward movement by 180 ° and placed with the open side facing down on support elements in the area of the cardboard station 42.
  • Before receiving the carton 14 by the holding head 25 of the manipulator ensures that the closing tabs 31..34 are outside of the carton 14. For this purpose, folding members enter the carton 14. In the area of the cardboard station 42 stationary folding lever 49 are arranged. These are pivotally mounted on a console 50 connected to the machine frame. The carton 14 is moved or inverted during the downward movement via the inwardly pivoted folding lever 49. The folding lever 49 have transverse folding heads 51. By moving the folding lever 49 against the inside of the side walls of the box 14 reach the transverse, web-like folding heads 51 in the range of about inwardly folded, applied to the side walls folding tabs or closing tabs 31..34. The flap in question is detected and swung out of the box 14 by relative movement, in particular by upward movement of the box 14. The folding heads 51 are arranged so that they detect a free, upwardly facing edge of any remaining in the carton 14 closing tab 31..34 due to corresponding relative position. The thereby running up and down movement of the carton 14 is effected by the cardboard carrier 44, which is thus used as a handling device of the carton 14 in the region of the carton station 42.
  • When all the folding tabs are moved out of the carton 14 and, in the present case, point downwards, the carton 14 is held ready in a take-over position for the robot 21. The outwardly pivoted folding lever 49 serve with the folding heads 51 as a support member for the carton 14 (FIG. Fig. 8 . Fig. 9 ). Due to the corresponding position of the folding levers 49, the folding heads 51 are positioned in such a way that, at least in the region of the longitudinal tabs 31, 32, they rest against the formed edges of the box 14 and act as a support member. Furthermore, the folding tabs 31, 32 are moved to and held in a transverse or horizontal position. The folding levers 49 arranged transversely thereto are arranged such that they lie with the folding heads 51 outside the box 14 and support only the folding tabs 33, 34 in a horizontal position.
  • The carton 14 is held in the carton station 42 in a predetermined relative position for receipt by the holding head 25. This is brought by horizontal movement with upward folding leg 36 in position. In this case, the cardboard 14 is fixed by a holding member in the position. In the present case, this task is performed by the cardboard carrier 44 with the holding arms 47. When the carton is received by the holding head 25, a relative movement may be required, in particular a downward movement of the carton 14 for the introduction of the legs 35 into the carton 14. This movement is also achieved an actuator carried out, in the present case by the cardboard carrier 44. After taking over the box 14 by the holding head 25, the holding arms 47 are released from the carton 14. The cardboard carrier 44 can now be moved in the upward direction to take over the next carton 14.
  • The carton 14 is moved by the handling device or the robot 21 into the packing station 16. The open side of the carton 14 faces a filling unit for introducing the articles or bags 10.
  • The packing station 16 has an in particular horizontally extending intermediate conveyor 52 following the feed conveyor 15. In the area thereof, the bags 10 are positioned and aligned. If necessary, units or groups are formed. In the present embodiment, two successive bags 10 for the common transfer to a carton 14 on the intermediate conveyor 52th collected. The bags 10 are transported (individually or as a group) to a transfer element arranged adjacent to the cardboard 14 or to the cardboard opening.
  • The transfer member for inserting the bags 10 into the carton 14 consists essentially of a platform or a transfer belt 53. This connects to the intermediate conveyor 52, such that the individual or collected bag 10 as a filling unit on the transfer belt 53 (on an upper strand ). The bags 10 run in the present embodiment of a stop 54, which determines the position of the bag 10 on the transfer member 53.
  • The bags 10 are in the arrangement according to Fig. 5 . Fig. 6 introduced transversely to the conveying direction of the transfer belt 53 in the carton 14. For this purpose, a slide 56 is reciprocable above the transfer belt 53 for pushing the bags 10 into the carton 14. The particular angle-shaped slide 56 is mounted on a linear unit 57 and reciprocated along the same. The slider 56 is movable in a plane parallel to the plane of the platform or the transfer belt 53.
  • A special feature is that the transfer element or transfer belt 53 is movable, ie can be tilted, into an oblique position for insertion of the bags 10 into the cardboard 14, so that an inclined conveying plane is created for the bags 10 (FIG. Fig. 11 to Fig. 13 ). The transfer belt 53 is in feeding the bag 10 in a horizontal and for transfer to the carton 14 in an inclined position. The movements of the transfer belt 53 between the horizontal position and the inclination are effected by a transmission, in particular by a crank mechanism 58, which operates synchronously with the loading operation and the supply of the bag 10. The drive or crank drive 58 engages the edge of the transfer belt 53 and thus causes the tilted positions.
  • Furthermore, an entering into the carton 14 auxiliary member is provided which causes a guide of the bag within the carton and / or protection of the already deposited bag 10. It is a guide member or guide plate 55, which extends in the plane of the transfer belt 53 (below the upper run) and is preferably connected to this. The baffle 55 can be extended laterally so that it forms a continuous or parallel plane of movement for the bag 10 extends into the carton 14, and in a plane slightly above the already deposited bag 10. By retracting the baffle 55, the bag 10 is stored each position accurately in the carton 14. The baffle 55 acts together with the slider 56, which pushes or strips off the bag or bags 10 in the respective position of the baffle 55. The different extension position of the guide plate 55 defines the storage position of the bag 10 in the carton 14.
  • The position and / or design of the guide member or the guide plate 55 may be selected so that in the extended, projecting into the carton 14 position an effect on the already deposited bag 10 is exercised. By appropriate relative position, the baffle 55 can exert a (slight) pressure on the bag 10, so that their formation in the carton 14 is stabilized. Furthermore, if necessary, the guide plate 55 can also make slight displacements of the pouches 10 in the cardboard 14.
  • The relative position of the carton 14 may optionally be changed several times during the filling process. According to Fig. 11 to Fig. 13 For example, the carton 14 is initially positioned in an inclined position, so that a carton wall, in particular a transverse wall 29, serves as an overlay for the bags 10. The first bag 10 is therefore placed on the obliquely directed, in particular parallel to the plane of the transfer belt 53 directed transverse wall 29 ( Fig. 11 ). Thereafter, the bags 10 are stored while maintaining the position of the carton 14 on the already located in the carton 14 bags 10. The bottom 26 serves as an attachment. Due to the inclination of the carton 14, a stable position of the bag 10 in the carton 14 is given.
  • If, as in the example of the Fig. 13 , an additional upper layer of flat-lying bags 10 is to be introduced, the cardboard 14 is turned accordingly, essentially with the open-side facing up. A certain inclination is maintained in order to ensure the stable position of the bag 10 in this filling process. The carton 14 is always positioned so that the storage position for the bag 10 extends in the (inclined) plane of the transfer belt 53 and the guide plate 55.
  • The introduction of the bag 10 in the carton 14 by means of the transfer belt 53 can also be effected in such a way that by conveying movement of the transfer belt 53, ie in a direction transverse to the direction of movement of the slider 56, the bag 10 in the carton 14th be promoted. The feeding or filling direction can therefore also be effected by the transfer belt 53 or another organ, in particular by a correspondingly movable platform.
  • The organ for providing the bags 10 for insertion into the carton 14, that is to say in particular the transfer belt 53, can be designed and / or actuated such that the bags 10 can be conveyed in different conveying directions into the correspondingly positioned carton 14. In particular, the bags 10 can be transported on the transfer belt 53 through this, so that the bags are deposited at the deflection end of the upper strand, either directly or indirectly in the prepared in appropriate position box 14. The device is thus designed so that the bag 10th at different relative position - with respect to the seams 11, 12 - can be inserted into the carton 14.
  • After completion of the filling process, the still particularly open cardboard 14 is transferred to a closing station 59 and, for this purpose, in particular deposited on a discharge conveyor 60, which conveys the cardboard boxes 14 into the region of the closing station 59.
  • To increase the performance of the packing station 16, at least one further handling device for boxes 14 is provided, in the present case a (second) robot 61. The two similar robots 21, 61 are arranged on opposite edge regions of the machine frame, namely on both sides of the packing station 16 The operation of the robot 61 in the present case corresponds to that of the robot 21. The same applies to the holding head 25 and further details. The robots 21, 61 are controlled by a preferably central control in a coordinated manner, so that the one robot of the packing station 16 and the other robot at the same time the cardboard station 42 with the respective holding head 25 faces.
  • A special feature is the closing process for the boxes 14 after filling. The closing station 59 in the region of the discharge conveyor 60 is arranged immediately after the machine frame and connected thereto. The closing station 59 is aligned to a double function. The cartons 14 first pass through a folding station 62 and then a taping station 63. The former is used to fold the flaps 31..34 in the Closed position. In the area of the tape station 63, an adhesive tape is applied to the closed cardboard 14.
  • The folding station 62 can be designed differently. In the present embodiment ( FIGS. 14 to 27 ) creates a special folding "fanfold" in which the folding tabs 31..34 are mutually positioned at the bottom and at the top of adjacent folding tabs.
  • For this purpose, in the folding station 62 stationary folding organs are arranged, which cause an automatic folding of the lobes 31..34 to create the fanfold position. The carton 14 is stopped in the folding station 62 for the folding process, by stoppers 64, 65, act on the front and back of the carton 14, in the present case on the transverse walls 29, 30. In this position, namely with the longitudinal walls 27th 28, pointing in the transport direction, the longitudinal tabs 31, 32 connected to these walls are erected by folding members during transport of the carton 14, namely by folding dividers 66 on both sides of the path of movement of the carton 14. The longitudinal tabs 31, 32 are located in one substantially upright position when the carton 14 reaches the folding station 62. In this position, the folding tabs 31, 32 are held or supported on both sides. On the inside act hook-shaped, pivotable flap holder 67, 68, which detect the folding tabs 31, 32 by a downwardly directed leg 69 and support. On the outside there is a support rod 70 in continuation of the folding switch 66th
  • The stoppers 64, 65 are positioned diametrically opposite one another, that is, on opposite sides of the carton 14. Similarly, the tab holders 67, 68 are positioned on diagonally opposite sides of the carton 14 above it, such that the downwardly directed leg 69 abuts on one side one in the conveying direction rearward and on the other side at a forward in the conveying direction region of the longitudinal tabs 31, 32 can receive conditioning. On the outside of the folding tabs 31, 32 folding or forming members are arranged, which are effective at the initiation of the folding process. These are Schwenkfalter 71, 72, which are also diametrically opposed to each other on the outside of the longitudinal tabs 31, 32, ie on a forward in the conveying direction area on the one hand and on a rear area on the other.
  • The first folding step is in FIGS. 17 to 20 and are related to the longitudinally facing flaps 31, 32. These are held in an upright position at one end portion and folded inwardly at an opposite end portion, namely a (horizontal) closing plane. The above-mentioned folding or tortuous deformation is opposite in relation to the tabs 31, 32. The helical deformation of the folding tabs 31, 32 results accordingly by fixing the folding tabs at one end and pushing down the folding tabs at the respective opposite end into a horizontal closing plane. The fixation is carried out by the hook-shaped flap holder 67, 68. The deformation by pressing down in the closing plane is effected by the Schwenkfalter 71, 72, each with a pivotable folding leg 73, the folding tabs 31, 32 press down.
  • The transverse folding tabs, namely transverse tabs 33, 34 are not involved in the deformation of the longitudinal tabs 31, 32, initially remain in, for example, horizontal orientation (FIG. Fig. 15 ). After deforming the folding tabs 31, 32, the transverse tabs 33, 34 are erected. In the present embodiment, the stopper 64, 65 are used for this purpose. These are designed as angle-shaped organs with a transverse or horizontally oriented support leg 74. The stoppers 64, 65 are movable in total, namely pivotable. In a first position (stop function), the support legs 74 in a lower region of the carton 14 are effective as stop members, approximately halfway up the carton 14 (FIG. Fig. 14 ). To erect the transverse tabs 33, 34, the stoppers 64, 65 are pivoted overall about a horizontal axis, so that the transverse support legs 74 are moved upwards from the lower stop position, taking along the respective associated transverse tabs 33, 34, until they are erected ( Fig. 24, Fig. 25 ).
  • In the erected position, the transverse tabs 33, 34 are detected by a separate actuator and folded into the shooting plane. The transverse tabs 33, 34 need not be deformed during the folding process. Due to the predetermined opposite twisting position of the longitudinal tabs 31, 32, the one transverse tab 33 is caused to fold thereon in the erected area of the longitudinal tab 31 into the closing plane and in the end area of the other longitudinal tab 32 due to the tortuous position ( Fig. 26 ). Similarly, the opposite transverse tab 34 is directed to a horizontal Area of the longitudinal tab 31 and folded next to the erected portion of the longitudinal tab 32 in the closing plane.
  • The folding, forming and holding members are then withdrawn, namely the folding legs 73 and the flap holders 67, 68. This causes the longitudinal tabs 31, 32 in the (horizontal) closed position, with the proviso that the longitudinal tabs 31, 32 with a final amount above and in each case diagonally opposite to the other end region below the respective associated transverse tabs 33, 34 lie ( Fig. 27 ).
  • The actuator for the transverse tabs 33, 34 is arranged above the movement path of the cartons 14 in the region of the folding station 62. These are about each transverse tabs 33, 34 associated Querfalter 75, 76. These capture about the same time the two transverse tabs 33, 34 on the outside and cause the folding in the closing plane of the box 14. The angular Querfalter 75, 76 are for this purpose from a horizontal starting position ( Fig. 18 ) Downwardly movable, in particular counter-pivoting, so that angled folding pieces 77 obtained at the transverse tabs 33, 34 conditioning and fold inward movement inward. The transverse folders 75, 76 are mounted on an above the cartons 14 fixedly arranged, elongated folding carrier 78, namely at the ends thereof.
  • After performing the above steps, the folding flaps are in the fan formation. The Schwenkfalter 71, 72 and their Faltschenkel 73 are moved out by appropriate movement of the folding position in the region of the carton 14 ( Fig. 27 ), so that the folding tabs 31..34 lie against each other. The carton 14 can now be further transported by the discharge conveyor 60, in the above-described folding through the taping station 63, without attaching a tape. LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS 10 bag 46 supporting part 11 closing seam 47 holding arm 12 closing seam 48 Suction pads 13 gusseted 49 folding lever 14 carton 50 console 15 feeder 51 folding head 16 packing station 52 intermediate conveyor 17 support 53 Pusher 18 longitudinal beams 54 attack 19 crossbeam 55 baffle 20 longeron 56 pusher 21 robot 57 linear unit 22 pivot bearing 58 crankshaft 23 articulated arm 59 closing station 24 articulated arm 60 discharge conveyor 25 holding head 61 robot 26 bottom wall 62 folding station 27 longitudinal wall 63 TapeStation 28 longitudinal wall 64 stopper 29 partition 65 stopper 30 partition 66 Faltweiche 31 longitudinal tabs 67 cloth holder 32 longitudinal tabs 68 cloth holder 33 transverse tabs 69 leg 34 transverse tabs 70 Handrail 35 leg 71 swivel Falter 36 folding legs 72 swivel Falter 37 supporting leg 73 folding legs 38 Beam 74 support legs 39 elbow 75 cross Folder 40 cross Section 76 cross Folder 41 shaft journal 77 folding piece 42 carton station 78 concertina 43 servo axis 44 carton carrier 45 pivot bearing

Claims (17)

  1. A method for the introduction of items into containers, particularly packs such as (tube) bags (10) into a carton (14), involving the creation of an ordered formation of the items or bags (10) inside the container or the carton (14), the bags (10) being fed on a feed conveyor (15) one after the other or in groups (14) to a packing station (16) and being introduced into the container or carton (14) that is open on at least one side, whereby the container or the carton (14), for the purpose of introducing the items or bags (10), is moved into a relative position corresponding to the formation of the items or bags (10) to be produced, characterized in that the change in the relative position of the container or carton (14) is carried out by a robot (21) as a handling device, wherein the robot (21) is configured as a six-axis robot, in such a manner that the container or carton (14) can be rotated, tilted and displaced in all directions in the region of the packing station (16).
  2. The method as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the relative position of the carton (14) can be varied repeatedly, if required, during the filling process having regard for the relative position, particularly with the packs (10), in a predetermined and especially horizontal or inclined filling plane, being capable of being supplied to the carton (14) or of being introduced into it, preferably with a variable conveying direction for adaptation to the formation to be produced.
  3. The method as claimed in claim 1 or in one of the further claims, characterized in that, for the production of a row of packs, especially bags (10), arranged in an upright orientation, the carton (14) is retained in an inclined position such that the supplied bags (10), preferably in a similarly obliquely downward-facing plane (at an acute angle), make contact on a downward-facing obliquely oriented side wall (29) of the carton (14), and the row is formed by the positioning of a corresponding number of bags (10) one above the other bearing against an upward-facing bottom wall (26) in an inclined plane.
  4. The method as claimed in claim 1 or in one of the further claims, characterized in that, for the formation of a layer or row of bags (10) from transversely or horizontally arranged bags (10), the carton (14) is capable of movement into a position, in which the bottom wall (26) is slightly inclined in relation to a line horizontal to the filling side.
  5. The method as claimed in claim 1 or in one of the further claims, characterized in that the bags (10) are introduced into the carton (14) on a supporting device that is horizontal or inclined in the conveying direction, especially a guiding plate (55), the supporting device being capable of being introduced partially into the carton (14) corresponding to a depositing point for the respective bag (10).
  6. A device for the insertion of items into a container, especially packs such as (tube) bags (10), into a carton (14), involving the creation of an ordered formation of the items or bags (10) inside the container or the carton (14), it being possible for the items or bags (10) to be fed on a feed conveyor (15) individually one after the other or in groups to a packing station (16) and to be introduced in the vicinity of the same into the container or carton (14) that is open on at least one side, characterized in that the carton (14) or the container is held ready in the vicinity of the packing station (16) by means of a robot (21, 61) as a handling device in such a way that the open side of the container or the carton (14) faces towards a filling device for the items or bags (10), wherein the robot (21, 61) is configured as a six-axis robot and the container or carton (14) is variable by means of the robot (21, 61) with regard to the relative position during the filling process, that is to say it can be rotated, tilted and displaced in all directions corresponding to the formation of the items or bags (10) to be produced inside the carton (14).
  7. The device as claimed in claim 6, characterized in that the bags (10) are retained on a notably movable, and namely tiltable, support or platform for introduction into the carton (14), preferably on a transfer belt (53), the carton (14) being positioned with its open side adjacent to the platform or to the transfer belt (53).
  8. The device as claimed in claim 7 or in one of the further claims, characterized in that the transfer belt (53) is capable of being driven parallel to the carton (14) in the packing station (16) and is tiltable transversely to the conveyor direction, especially by means of a drive mechanism (58).
  9. The device as claimed in claim 6 or in one of the further claims, characterized in that the bags (10) are capable of being introduced into the carton (14) by means of an additional aid, especially by means of a pusher (56) that is capable of back-and-forth movement, which preferably pushes the bags (10) from the transfer belt (53) into the carton (14) in a transverse direction.
  10. The device as claimed in claim 6 or in one of the further claims, characterized in that the bags (10) are capable of being introduced into the open carton (14) on an (additional) guide device, preferably by means of a guiding plate (55) which enters at least partially into the open carton (14), which guiding plate determines the position in which the bag (10) is set down as it is introduced into the carton (14) depending on the position relative to the carton (14), preferably with the guiding plate (55) being arranged in such a way that it is capable of being inserted and retracted on the transfer belt (53) immediately beneath an upper run and is guided in the angle of inclination of the transfer belt (53).
  11. The device as claimed in claim 6 or in one of the further claims, characterized in that at least one handling device, especially a robot (21, 61), exhibits a holding head (25) for the purpose of gripping a carton (14) to be filled, especially with holding devices in the vicinity of a bottom (26) or in the vicinity of carton bottom edges and in the vicinity of edges or rims of the (open) carton (14) lying opposite, preferably with the holding head (25) exhibiting a U-shaped configuration when viewed from the side, a leg of the holding head, especially the holding devices on the bottom, being executed as folding legs (36) which are capable of being pivoted towards the carton (14) as a carton (14) is taken up by a holding head (25).
  12. The device as claimed in claim 11 or in one of the further claims, characterized in that the carton (14) is retained in a carton station (42) that is preferably formed above and offset in relation to the packing station (16) ready to be taken up by the handling device or by the holding head (25), and preferably having a downward-oriented open side, the holding head (25) gripping the carton (14) in a transverse movement.
  13. The device as claimed in claim 6 or in one of the further claims, characterized in that the cartons (14) to be filled are capable of being fed from a position above the carton station (42), preferably by means of a linear, downward movement, particularly with the cartons (14) being capable of being transported in a position with the opening facing upwards and of being rotated through 180° during the downward movement, in such a way that the opening is oriented downwards, the cartons (14) preferably being capable of being transported by a carton carrier (44) that is capable of movement on an upright servo axis (43), which carrier is rotatable during the downward movement, preferably such that the carton (14) is capable of being gripped by the carton carrier (44) with the help of holding arms (47), which arms engage on upright side walls of the carton (14) with holding means, especially with suction grippers (48).
  14. The device as claimed in claim 13 or in one of the further claims, characterized in that the cartons (14) are capable of being set down by the carton carrier (44) in the carton station (42) on carrier devices, especially on folding levers (49) in the folding station (42) serving as support devices, the folding levers (49) preferably exhibiting transversely oriented folding heads (51), on which the carton (14) is supported with edges in the vicinity of the open side, preferably with the folding levers (49) being capable of being introduced into the carton (14) and, as the result of relative movement of the carton (14), causing any inward-facing folding flaps to move into a position outside the folding carton, preferably by means of the appropriate upward and downward movement of the carton (14) by the carton carrier (44).
  15. The device as claimed in claim 6 or in one of the further claims, characterized in that at least two handling devices, especially two robots (21, 61) preferably of matching configuration, are assigned to the packing station (16), the robots (21, 61) being controlled with regard to their movements in such a way that one of the robots (21, 61) is assigned to the packing station (16) and the other robot (61, 21) is assigned to the carton station (42) at about the same time.
  16. The device as claimed in claim 6 or in one of the further claims, characterized in that the filled carton (14) in each case is capable of being set down by the robot (21, 61) in each case on a common discharge conveyor (60), which conveys the cartons (14) through a folding station (62) and optionally through a tape station (63).
  17. The device as claimed in claim 6 or in one of the further claims, characterized in that the bags (10) are capable of being transported to the carton (14) in different directions on the transfer device, especially on the transfer belt (53), or with different relative positions of the bags (10) alternatively by means of the pusher (56) or by conveyor movement of the transfer belt (53).
EP09712909.2A 2008-02-21 2009-02-10 Method and device for inserting (tube) bags into cartons Active EP2250093B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE200810010432 DE102008010432A1 (en) 2008-02-21 2008-02-21 Method and device for inserting (hose) bags into cartons
PCT/EP2009/000908 WO2009103441A1 (en) 2008-02-21 2009-02-10 Method and device for inserting (tube) bags into cartons

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP2250093A1 EP2250093A1 (en) 2010-11-17
EP2250093B1 true EP2250093B1 (en) 2016-08-03

Family

ID=40551028

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP09712909.2A Active EP2250093B1 (en) 2008-02-21 2009-02-10 Method and device for inserting (tube) bags into cartons

Country Status (8)

Country Link
US (1) US8689530B2 (en)
EP (1) EP2250093B1 (en)
JP (1) JP5581223B2 (en)
CN (2) CN103183142B (en)
CA (1) CA2715882C (en)
DE (1) DE102008010432A1 (en)
RU (1) RU2481257C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2009103441A1 (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CA2715882C (en) 2014-01-28
JP5581223B2 (en) 2014-08-27
RU2010138641A (en) 2012-03-27
CN101977816A (en) 2011-02-16
RU2481257C2 (en) 2013-05-10
CN101977816B (en) 2013-04-10
DE102008010432A1 (en) 2009-08-27
US20110005174A1 (en) 2011-01-13
WO2009103441A1 (en) 2009-08-27
JP2011512302A (en) 2011-04-21
CN103183142B (en) 2015-11-18
CA2715882A1 (en) 2009-08-27
US8689530B2 (en) 2014-04-08
EP2250093A1 (en) 2010-11-17
CN103183142A (en) 2013-07-03

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