EP2143565A1 - Safety paper and method for its production - Google Patents

Safety paper and method for its production Download PDF

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Publication number
EP2143565A1
EP2143565A1 EP09009275A EP09009275A EP2143565A1 EP 2143565 A1 EP2143565 A1 EP 2143565A1 EP 09009275 A EP09009275 A EP 09009275A EP 09009275 A EP09009275 A EP 09009275A EP 2143565 A1 EP2143565 A1 EP 2143565A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
security paper
characterized
paper
security
opening
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP09009275A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP2143565B1 (en
Inventor
Jürgen Ruck
Manfred Heim
Andreas Pretsch
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Giesecke and Devrient GmbH
Original Assignee
Giesecke and Devrient GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE102005022018A priority Critical patent/DE102005022018A1/en
Application filed by Giesecke and Devrient GmbH filed Critical Giesecke and Devrient GmbH
Priority to EP06724688A priority patent/EP1904311B1/en
Publication of EP2143565A1 publication Critical patent/EP2143565A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP2143565B1 publication Critical patent/EP2143565B1/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/40Manufacture
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/20Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof characterised by a particular use or purpose
    • B42D25/29Securities; Bank notes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/40Manufacture
    • B42D25/405Marking
    • B42D25/43Marking by removal of material
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H21/00Non-fibrous material added to the pulp, characterised by its function, form or properties; Paper-impregnating or coating material, characterised by its function, form or properties
    • D21H21/14Non-fibrous material added to the pulp, characterised by its function, form or properties; Paper-impregnating or coating material, characterised by its function, form or properties characterised by function or properties in or on the paper
    • D21H21/40Agents facilitating proof of genuineness or preventing fraudulent alteration, e.g. for security paper
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H25/00After-treatment of paper not provided for in groups D21H17/00 - D21H23/00
    • D21H25/005Mechanical treatment
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H27/00Special paper not otherwise provided for, e.g. made by multi-step processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D2035/00Nature or shape of the markings provided on identity, credit, cheque or like information-bearing cards
    • B42D2035/34Markings visible under particular conditions or containing coded information
    • B42D2035/36Markings visible under particular conditions or containing coded information visible in transmitted light, e.g. in a window region
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/30Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery
    • B42D25/333Watermarks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/30Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery
    • B42D25/346Perforations

Abstract

Claimed is a security paper for the production of e.g. banknotes or identity cards, and incorporating two or more holes (12, 16). The first hole (12) is formed during the paper manufacturing process and bears characteristic marginal (14) irregularities. The second hole is incorporated after the paper manufacturing process has been completed. The second hole is formed by cutting or punching and has a sharply defined edge (18). The two holes have a spatial relationship to each other. The margins around each hole bear supplementary information relating to each other e.g. an image, mark or code. The second hole is surrounded by foil and cut by laser beam. The security paper product is of pre-determined thickness and further incorporates a zone of reduced thickness incorporating the second aperture and a watermark. Further claimed is a process to manufacture a commensurate security document.

Description

  • The invention relates to a security paper for the production of security or value documents, such as banknotes, ID cards and the like.
  • Security documents or documents of value are often provided with various authenticity features for the purposes of security, which permit verification of the authenticity of the security paper or value document and at the same time serve as protection against unauthorized reproduction.
  • For the purposes of the invention, the term "security paper" here refers to the unprinted paper, which is usually in quasi-endless form and is further processed at a later time. A "document of value" is a document that has been completed for its intended use. Value documents within the meaning of the present invention are, in particular, bank notes, shares, bonds, certificates, vouchers, checks, high-quality admission tickets, but also other papers which are subject to counterfeiting, such as passports and other identification documents, as well as product security elements such as labels, seals, packaging and the like. The simplified term "security paper" or "value document" below includes all such documents and product security means.
  • The publication WO 95/10420 describes a document of value, in which after its production a continuous opening is punched, which is then closed on one side with a cover projecting the opening on all sides. The cover film is transparent at least in a partial area, so that when attempting to copy the document of value, the substrate shines through and reproduced by the copying machine accordingly. On This way counterfeits can be easily recognized. However, the hole created by punching can be generated by a counterfeiter as well. Although the color copy of a true value document no longer has the transparent area, this area can subsequently be punched out analogously to the real value document and closed again with a suitable cover film. Such counterfeits are difficult to recognize.
  • The remedy is in the document WO 03/054297 has been proposed already to produce a through opening during papermaking. Such an opening, which is produced during sheet formation, has characteristic irregularities in the edge region which subsequently can not be produced on the finished paper. The irregularities are manifested in particular by the absence of a sharp cutting edge or by irregular attachment of fibers in the edge region and by protruding into the opening of individual fibers. Openings produced in this way have a similarly high security value as a watermark produced during papermaking or a security thread embedded in papermaking.
  • However, such apertures produced in papermaking often vary in quality and are not easily reproducible to make. Partly there is also the danger that fiber bundles close the opening to part.
  • Proceeding from this, the object of the invention is to provide a security paper which avoids the disadvantages of the prior art. In particular, the security paper is intended to ensure high counterfeit security of the openings produced in papermaking with high reproducibility connect in the manufacture and good recognizability of the authenticity features formed by the openings.
  • This object is solved by the features of the independent claims. Further developments of the invention are the subject of the dependent claims.
  • In a first aspect of the invention, a generic security paper includes at least two through openings wherein a first one of the through openings is formed during papermaking and has characteristic irregularities in the periphery, and a second of the through openings is made after papermaking by cutting or punching with a sharply defined edge area is.
  • The outline shapes of the first and second through openings are preferably in a sense context. In particular, it may be provided that the outline shapes of the first and the second through opening represent information that is related or complementary to one another, such as a picture motif, characters or an encoding.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the second, sharply defined opening is produced by laser cutting. The sharply delimited edge surfaces of the second opening can run parallel and perpendicular to the paper surface. In other embodiments, however, the second opening is formed with edge surfaces inclined towards the surface normal. This can be achieved, for example, in laser cutting by a suitable choice of the beam divergence and the beam inclination relative to the paper surface. In particular, beam divergence and beam tilt to the paper surface can be adjusted so that the second aperture is against the surface normal different inclined edge surfaces is generated. Flattened edges result in a smoother transition between a covering foil arranged over the openings and the paper substrate, and thus, inter alia, a lower susceptibility to soiling.
  • In addition, differently inclined edge surfaces offer advantages in laminating the opening on both sides with foils, and in particular minimize the problem of air entrapment in the case of mutual lamination. Furthermore, the openings with inclined edge surfaces with respect to vertical edge surfaces on an additional visual effect, since they appear different sizes depending on the viewing direction.
  • In an advantageous development of the invention, the security paper has a predetermined paper thickness and a thin point with reduced paper thickness, wherein at least the second through opening is introduced in the region of the thin point. The thin spot may in particular comprise a watermark.
  • The two openings are expediently closed on at least one side of the security paper with a film element. In some designs, the openings are even closed on both sides with a foil. In this case, possible problems of air entrapment can be minimized by the above-mentioned inclined edges.
  • According to a further aspect of the invention, a generic security paper contains at least one through opening, wherein the edge surface of the through opening has first, sharply delimited partial areas and second partial areas with characteristic irregularities. First and second portions preferably alternate with each other along the contour of the opening. In particular, it can be provided that first and second portions alternate with each other along the contour of the opening in an irregular sequence.
  • In one embodiment, first and second partial regions each extend through the entire paper thickness. It can also be provided that first and second subareas follow one another in a direction along the thickness of the security paper and supplement one another to the through opening. For example, in one edge portion, sharply defined portions may extend through 90% of the paper thickness while the edge surface is irregular for the remaining 10% of the paper thickness. Such edge portions may also be combined with other edge portions in which first or second portions extend completely through the entire paper thickness.
  • Such a sequence of first and second subregions along the thickness of the security paper can be produced, for example, by producing a continuous opening with characteristic edge irregularities during papermaking, and modifying the edge region of the resulting opening after papermaking by cutting or punching and characterized sharply limited, at least in some areas. The modification is preferably produced by laser cutting, wherein here too the above-mentioned possibilities of inclination of the edge surfaces exist.
  • The sequence of first and second portions along the thickness of the security paper may also be created, for example, by defining a piece of paper having the desired shape of the opening with broken, sharply defined cut lines in the security paper, and then tearing the piece of paper thus defined out of the security paper . in particular blown out or pulled out. The piece of paper is preferably defined by laser cutting, in turn, there are the above-mentioned possibilities of inclination of the edge surfaces.
  • A further possibility of generating the sequence of first and second partial areas is that a sharply delimited thin spot having the shape of the desired opening is produced in the security paper, and that the piece of paper formed in the region of the thin spot by the residual paper thickness is torn out of the security paper, in particular blown out or pulled out. Also, the sharply defined thin spot is produced in a preferred process control by laser cutting, if desired, with inclined edge surfaces, as explained above.
  • In an expedient embodiment, the security paper has a predetermined paper thickness and a thin area with reduced paper thickness, for example a watermark, wherein the through opening is introduced in the region of the thin point.
  • The through opening is suitably closed on one or even on both sides of the security paper with a film element.
  • In a further aspect of the invention, a generic security paper contains at least one through opening produced during papermaking, which has characteristic irregularities in the edge region. The through-hole is combined with an engraving created by laser etching, which complements the aperture to a projection image. Preferably, the through opening is closed on one or even on both sides of the security paper with a film element.
  • According to yet a further aspect of the invention, a generic security paper contains an embedded film element, which is visible in partial areas by papermaking-made window areas. The security paper further has, in the region of the film element, an opening produced by papermaking by cutting or punching with a sharply delimited edge area.
  • In an advantageous embodiment, the sharply defined opening is arranged above and / or directly next to the film element. Preferably, the sharply defined opening is formed with the exception of a possible overlap region with the film element continuously.
  • The window areas are arranged according to a preferred embodiment on a first main surface of the security paper, while the sharply defined opening extends from the opposite major surface of the security paper to the film element.
  • In all embodiments, the film element may be a security element, in particular a security thread or a security band.
  • The sharply defined opening is advantageously produced by laser cutting. In this case, the edge surfaces of the opening may be inclined, as explained above. In an expedient embodiment, the security paper has a predetermined paper thickness and a thin location with reduced paper thickness, for example a watermark, wherein the sharply defined opening is introduced in the region of the thin location. The well-defined opening is suitably closed on one or even on both sides of the security paper with a film element.
  • The invention also includes a value document, such as a banknote, an identity card and the like, with a security paper of the type described. The security paper or document of value according to the invention can be used for the counterfeiting of goods of any kind.
  • Further embodiments and advantages of the invention will be explained below with reference to the figures, the representation has been dispensed to scale and proportionate reproduction in order to increase the clarity.
  • Show it:
  • Fig.1
    a schematic representation of a banknote from a security paper according to an embodiment of the invention,
    Fig. 2
    a plan view of a security paper according to another embodiment of the invention,
    3 and 4
    Further embodiments of embodiments according to the invention of two, in a meaningful openings in a security paper,
    Fig. 5 to 7
    in each case in (a) an intermediate step in the production of the security paper shown in plan (b) according to further exemplary embodiments of the invention,
    Fig. 8
    in (a) an intermediate step in the production of a security paper according to a further embodiment of the Invention, and in (b) a section of (a) after the extraction of the cut-out shape,
    Fig. 9
    a plan view of a security paper according to another embodiment of the invention,
    Fig. 10
    in (a) a plan view of a security paper with an embedded film element according to an embodiment of the invention, and in (b) and (c) cross sections through the security paper of (a) along the lines B-B and C-C respectively,
    FIGS. 11 and 12
    each in (a) a top view of a security paper with film element according to further embodiments of the invention, and in (b) and (c) cross-sections through the security paper of (a) along the lines B-B and C-C respectively,
    Fig. 13
    a design in which a laser-cut opening is produced in the region of a paper-made thin spot,
    Fig. 14
    in (a) and (b) in cross-section two steps in the production of a security paper according to a further embodiment of the invention, and in (c) a top view of the security paper of (b),
    Fig. 15
    in (a) to (c) a representation as in Fig. 14 , wherein the laser-cut opening is produced in the region of a papermachined thin spot, and
    Fig. 16
    in (a) and (b) two embodiments of laser-cut openings with against the surface normal inclined edge surfaces.
  • The invention will now be explained in more detail using the example of a banknote. Fig.1 shows a schematic representation of a banknote 10, which has two through openings 12 and 16, respectively. The first of the through openings 12 was produced during the production of the security paper used for the banknote 10 and has a fibrous, irregular edge region 14. Such an edge 14 is characteristic of the openings already made in the sheet formation and can not be subsequently produced by punching or cutting the paper.
  • The second through opening 16 was produced only after the papermaking by laser cutting or by means of a punching tool and has a sharply delimited edge region 18. The two through openings 12 and 16 show, spatially separated, twice the same information, in the embodiment of Fig.1 one isosceles triangle each. It is understood that instead of the triangle also more complex shapes can be used, the outlines of which represent, for example, a number sequence or a simple graphic.
  • Even if the information represented by the first opening 12 should not immediately be recognizable by its irregular edge region 14, the observer can establish the relationship of the two forms through the second opening 16 formed with clear contours and recognize the information without any doubt. By presenting the information twice in different guises, the viewer's attention and attention are directed to the difference between the two openings. The high counterfeiting security of the irregularly bounded opening 12 is thus combined with the clear recognizability of the sharply edged opening 16.
  • The section of the Fig. 2 shows a plan view of a security paper 20 according to a further embodiment of the invention. The security paper 20 has a first paper-made opening 22 with an irregular edge area 24 and a second opening 26 produced by laser cutting with a sharp edge 28. Again, the outline of the two openings 22 and 26 with each other in a context of meaning. In contrast to the embodiment of Fig.1 However, they do not present the same information, but form complementary parts of an overall information.
  • Preferably, the illustrated motif is adapted to the different edge properties of the two openings. For illustration shows Fig. 2 a flower motif in which the flower through the first, irregularly bounded opening 22 and the stem and the leaves through the second, sharply edged opening 26 are formed. Since flowers look very different and variable in nature, the overall picture looks very realistic. At the same time a high protection against counterfeiting is ensured by the use of the two opening forms.
  • Figures 3 and 4 show further embodiments of designs in which the outline shapes of an irregularly bounded first opening and a sharply edged second opening in a meaningful context.
  • The embodiment of Fig. 3 (a) shows a sun in the form of a circular, irregularly edged first opening 32 with radially outward pointing rays, which are formed by laser-cut or punched triangular openings 34. The beams formed by the second openings 34 represent in this embodiment, a dependent of the first opening motif. Also in Fig. 3 (b) For example, the irregularly bounded, star-shaped, first opening 36 is a major motif from which the sharply edged, circular, second openings 38 depend graphically.
  • Fig. 4 shows a further embodiment of the invention, in which the irregularly bounded openings 42 and the sharply edged openings 44 in each case complement the denomination "100" of a banknote 40. As usual, the denomination of the banknote is applied again clearly readable elsewhere, for example, printed. In a real banknote, only one of the designs of the Fig. 4 can be used or it can be provided both at different locations of the bill and possibly other designs.
  • A sense context of the two types of opening can also result from the fact that the irregularly bounded opening is modified by the sharply edged opening, as now with reference to the FIGS. 5 to 7 explained. Fig. 5 (a) shows a plan view of a security paper 50, in the paper making initially a first, irregularly bounded opening 52 has been introduced. The opening 52 is modified after papermaking by laser cutting with two sharply edged openings 54 whose positions in Fig. 5 (a) dashed lines are shown.
  • After laser cutting results in a single continuous and continuous opening 56, which, as in Fig. 5 (b) shown due to the two-stage production on the one hand part areas 58 with irregular edge and on the other hand, portions 59 with sharp edge. By a such modification, the edge properties of the two types of openings can be combined in a single through opening.
  • In the embodiment of the Fig. 6 During papermaking, in a first step, an irregularly bounded opening 62 in the form of a predetermined figure, for example in the form of in FIG Fig. 6 (a) shown four-headed figure, generated in a security paper 60. The irregular edge region 64 of this figure is then partially recut with a laser. As in Fig. 6 (b) illustrates, there is thus a through opening 66, which on the one hand has partial regions 68 with an irregular edge and, on the other hand, partial regions 69 with a sharp edge. The ratio and the sequence of subregions 68, 69 can be chosen arbitrarily.
  • Fig. 7 shows a further embodiment in which, as in the embodiment of Fig. 6 Initially, an irregularly bounded opening 72 is inserted into a security paper 70, as in Fig. 7 (a) shown. After papermaking, the aperture 72 is completely re-cut with a laser (reference numeral 74), the size of the re-cut 74 being selected to be slightly smaller than the size of the aperture 72. In this way, a through opening 76 is formed, which has portions 78 with an irregular edge and portions 79 with a sharp edge in an irregular sequence, as in FIG Fig. 7 (b) shown.
  • A sequence of regular and irregular marginal areas can also be achieved without the involvement of an opening already created in papermaking. For example, the desired shape of a through opening 82 can be cut out of a security paper 80 by means of a laser in such a way that the cut lines 84 do not form a continuous cut curve, but rather through uncut cuts 86 are interrupted, as in Fig. 8 (a) shown. The sections 86 form holding webs, which initially prevent the release of the cut-out shape.
  • The cut-out shape can then be blown out, for example, with an air jet or pulled out by means of vacuum. As in the in Fig. 8 (b) illustrated in detail section 85, tears the cut piece of paper in this procedure on the support webs 86 in an irregular manner, while the cutting lines 84 form sharp edges. The edge region to the opening 82 thus has a sequence of irregular subregions 88 and sharply cut subareas 89, the relative size and sequence of which can be selected almost arbitrarily by the cutting guide during laser cutting.
  • In the further, in Fig. 9 In the embodiment of the invention shown, the security paper 90 has a continuous opening 92 with an irregular, fibrous edge, which is produced during papermaking. The opening 92 is combined with engraving lines 94 created by laser etching. The engraving lines 94 are formed by locally thinned areas in the security paper 90, such as in the document WO 98/03348 described, whose disclosure content is included in this description in this respect. Location and arrangement of the engraving lines 94 are inventively chosen so that they complement the opening 92 to a projection view.
  • When viewed in incident light, the engraving lines 94 are virtually invisible, where the flat shape of the opening 92 determines the appearance. If, on the other hand, the security paper is viewed in transmitted light, the engraving lines 94 clearly emerge due to the smaller paper thickness and supplement the two-dimensional opening 92 into a three-dimensional projection representation. The combination of the irregular opening 92 with the engraving lines 94 thus leads to an optically conspicuous interplay between 2D and 3D representation.
  • According to a further embodiment of the invention, which now with reference to the FIGS. 10 to 12 is described, the security paper with a film element, such as an embedded security thread or a one-sided covered film strip provided.
  • Figure 10 shows by way of example a security paper 100 in which a film strip 102 is embedded. It puts Figure 10 (a) a supervision of the security paper that FIGS. 10 (b) and 10 (c) show cross sections through the security paper of Fig. 10 (a) along the lines BB and CC. Before being embedded in the security paper on the underside 104, the film strip 102 was coated over its entire surface with hot-sealing lacquer 107. On the other hand 106, on the other hand, only traces 108 on the edge of the film have been provided with heat-sealing lacquer, so that the middle film region of the upper side 106 remains uncoated.
  • During papermaking, a nonwoven fabric now forms on both sides of the film. In addition, a window 110, for example by means of electrotypes, is recessed on the lower side 104 of the foil strip in which the foil element becomes visible. On the underside 104, which is coated all over with heat sealing lacquer 107, the fiber fleece is fixed except for the recessed window 110 in the drying section. On the opposite front side 106, on the other hand, only the heat-sealing lacquer-covered edge regions 108 are fixed in the drying section.
  • Subsequently, a mold 112 is cut out with a laser over the recessed window 110 of the opposite side 104, as best seen in the cross-sectional view of FIG Fig. 10 (c) to recognize. The laser parameters are chosen so that only the paper, but not the film strip 110 is cut. This can be achieved, for example, by performing the laser cutting with a laser wavelength for which the film strip 102 is transparent and non-absorbent.
  • The cut-out mold 112 can then be removed with a suction device, since no connection of the cut piece of paper with the film has been achieved due to the lack of heat-sealing lacquer coating on the front side 106 and the non-stick film surface.
  • Another embodiment with foil element will now be described with reference to Figures 11 and 12 explained. First, poses 11 (a) a view of a security paper 120 and the FIGS. 11 (b) and 11 (c) show cross sections through the security paper of 11 (a) along the lines BB and CC. Embedded in the security paper 120 is a security thread 122, which is primarily visible in the paper-made generated areas 124 of the paper back, as in FIG Figure 11 (b) shown.
  • Further, in the region of the window 124, from the front side of the security paper 120, a sharp-edged opening 126 is inserted into the paper substrate with a laser and extends over the security thread 122. For this purpose, the laser parameters are selected so that, although the paper substrate 120, but not the security thread 122 is cut by the laser. In the region of the opening 126, the security thread 122 is then recognizable from both sides, as in FIG Figure 11 (c) shown.
  • At the in Figure 12 As shown alternative design is the laser cut opening 128 in contrast to the embodiment of Figure 11 not passed over the security thread 122, the security thread is rather framed by the opening 128. Except for this difference, the views of the FIGS. 12 (a) to (c) those of FIGS. 11 (a) to (c) ,
  • Unlike Figure 11 is in the embodiment of Fig. 12 the surface of the security thread 122 can be seen only in the window areas 124. Such a configuration is particularly suitable when the laser radiation could damage or undesirably affect the film material of the security thread 122. Typically, because the security thread is oscillating, the opening 128 in this configuration can not be perfectly centered on the security thread 122, as shown in FIGS FIGS. 12 (a) and (c) indicated Passerschwankungen indicated.
  • Figure 13 shows a design in which a sharp-edged opening 132 is produced in the region of a thin spot 134 of the security paper 130 with a laser. The thin spot 134 can be produced, for example, by a suctioned short-forming layer (a paper layer produced by spraying the pulp onto a round screen) or by means of electrotypes. Since the paper thickness is reduced in the region of the thin spot 134, can be used in laser cutting with lower laser power. As a result, higher cutting speeds are achieved, so that more complex shapes can be realized. This modification can be combined with all embodiments in which a laser is used to inscribe a sharply edged opening in a paper substrate.
  • Further embodiments of the invention will now be described with reference to FIG Figures 14 and 15 explained. In the embodiment of the Fig. 14 At first, a thin spot 142 of predetermined shape is produced in the paper substrate 140 by means of a laser. The paper material is vaporized, burned or otherwise removed. It is just removed so much material that still a small residual thickness 144 of the substrate remains, as in Fig. 14 (a) shown. Depending on the thickness tolerance of the substrate can be removed in some places so much that no material is no longer available. Since the thin spot is produced by laser cutting, the peripheral surface 146 is sharply defined and smooth.
  • The piece of paper 144 remaining after the laser treatment is then removed by blowing out or sucking it out. Since it is only a very thin paper layer, the piece of paper 144 tears at the edges and thereby creates an irregular portion 148 in the edge surface of the now continuous opening 145, as in the cross-sectional view of Figure 14 (b) and the supervision of Fig. 14 (c) shown.
  • Following the edge surface of the aperture 145 along a direction extending through the paper thickness beginning at the surface 141 of the paper substrate, the sharply defined portion 146 and the characteristically irregular shaped portion 148 follow each other.
    When viewing the security paper, the through opening 145 appears from opposite sides of the security paper with varying degrees of impression, depending on whether the sharp bounded edge area 146 or the irregular edge area 148 is adjacent to the paper surface.
  • As an exemplary combination of laser-generated openings with thin spots in the paper substrate ( Fig. 13 ) shows the embodiment of Figure 15 first, a thin paper 151 produced in the security paper 150, such as a watermark. In the area of this thin spot 151 is then, as in Related to Fig. 14 described with the laser generates a second sharply edged thin spot 152, which leaves only a small residual thickness 154 of the paper substrate, as in Fig. 15 (a) shown.
  • This remaining paper piece 154 is torn out by blowing or sucking, so that an irregular edge surface 158 is formed on the underside of the paper substrate 150, as in FIG Figure 15 (b) shown. By contrast, the edge region 156 produced by laser cutting is sharply delimited. The resulting through opening 160 is embedded in a watermark area 151, which clearly appears when viewed in phantom, see Figure 15 (c) , It is understood that the shape of the opening 160 and the watermark area 151 may also be correlated with each other.
  • Overall, the edge surface of the opening 160 has, along a direction extending through the paper thickness, successively a sharply delimited subregion 156 and a characteristically irregularly shaped subregion 158. Again, when viewed from opposite sides of the security paper, the through opening 160 will appear to have a different impression depending on whether the sharp bounded edge area 156 or the irregular edge area 158 is adjacent the paper surface.
  • In the described embodiments, the sharp-edged opening can be generated by a punching tool instead of a laser. Also, it is not necessary for the edge surfaces of the laser-cut apertures to be parallel and perpendicular to the paper surface, as shown in the figures for ease of illustration. Rather, it can be beneficial to skew the laser source and / or the paper as it cuts so that "flattened" edges are created.
  • Fig. 16 shows in (a) and (b) two embodiments in which sharp-edged, laser-cut openings 172 and 174 are introduced into paper substrates 170. The slope of the marginal surfaces 178 of the apertures can be adjusted as desired by choosing an appropriate beam divergence and beam tilt. The openings 172 and 174 are each covered with a film 176. As can be seen immediately, the flattened edges result in a smoother transition between the film 176 and the paper substrate 170. Such edge shapes significantly reduce the susceptibility of the openings to fouling.
  • The design of the Figure 16 (b) in which the edge surfaces have different inclinations, moreover, in a (not shown) mutual lamination of the openings with films has proven to be particularly advantageous. Problems with the possible inclusion of air between the opposing films can be minimized by such an edge design.
  • Also have the openings of the Fig. 16 as an additional advantage an additional optical effect, since they appear different sizes depending on the viewing direction.
  • Illustrative embodiments:
  • Embodiment 1: Security paper for the production of security or value documents, such as banknotes, identity cards and the like with at least two through openings, characterized in that a first one of the through openings is formed during papermaking and has characteristic irregularities in the peripheral area, and a second one of the through openings is made after papermaking by cutting or punching with a sharply defined edge area, the outline shapes of the first and second through openings being in one Context of meaning.
  • Embodiment 2: Security paper according to embodiment 1, characterized in that the outline shapes of the first and the second through opening represent related or complementary information.
  • Embodiment 3: Security paper according to embodiment 2, characterized in that the information represents a picture motif, characters or an encoding.
  • Embodiment 4: Security paper according to at least one of the embodiments 1 to 3, characterized in that the second opening is produced by laser cutting.
  • Embodiment 5: Security paper according to at least one of the embodiments 1 to 4, characterized in that the security paper has a predetermined paper thickness and a thin point with reduced paper thickness, wherein the second through opening is introduced in the region of the thin point.
  • Embodiment 6: Security paper according to embodiment 5, characterized in that the thin spot comprises a watermark.
  • Embodiment 7: Security paper according to at least one of the embodiments 1 to 6, characterized in that the second opening is formed with edge surfaces inclined towards the surface normal.
  • Embodiment 8: Security paper according to embodiment 7, characterized in that the second opening has edge surfaces of different inclination against the surface normal.
  • Embodiment 9: Security paper according to at least one of the embodiments 1 to 8, characterized in that the two openings are closed on one side of the security paper with a film element.
  • Embodiment 10: Security paper according to at least one of the embodiments 1 to 8, characterized in that the two openings are closed on both sides of the security paper with a film element.
  • Embodiment 11: Security paper for the production of security or value documents, such as banknotes, identity cards and the like with at least one through opening, characterized in that the edge surface of the through opening has first, sharply delimited partial areas and second partial areas with characteristic irregularities.
  • Embodiment 12: Security paper according to embodiment 11, characterized in that the first and second subareas alternate with one another along the contour of the opening.
  • Embodiment 13: Security paper according to embodiment 12, characterized in that the first and second subareas alternate with each other along the contour of the opening in an irregular sequence.
  • Embodiment 14: Security paper according to at least one of the embodiments 11 to 13, characterized in that first and second subregions each extend through the entire paper thickness.
  • Embodiment 15: Security paper according to at least one of the embodiments 11 to 14, characterized in that first and second subregions follow one another in a direction along the thickness of the security paper and complement each other to the through opening.
  • Embodiment 16: Security paper according to at least one of the embodiments 11 to 15, characterized in that the security paper has a predetermined paper thickness and a thin point with reduced paper thickness, wherein the through opening is introduced in the region of the thin point.
  • Embodiment 17: Security paper according to embodiment 16, characterized in that the thin spot comprises a watermark.
  • Embodiment 18: Security paper according to at least one of the embodiments 11 to 17, characterized in that the first partial regions are produced by laser cutting.
  • Embodiment 19: Security paper according to at least one of the embodiments 11 to 18, characterized in that the first subregions are formed with edge surfaces inclined towards the surface normal.
  • Embodiment 20: Security paper according to embodiment 19, characterized in that the first partial regions have edge surfaces of different inclination against the surface normal.
  • Embodiment 21: Security paper according to at least one of the embodiments 11 to 20, characterized in that the through opening is closed on one or both sides of the security paper with a film element.
  • Embodiment 22: Security paper for the production of security or value documents, such as banknotes, identity cards and the like with at least one through hole produced during papermaking, which has characteristic irregularities in the edge region, characterized in that the through-opening combined with an engraving generated by laser etching is that complements the opening to a projection display.
  • Embodiment 23: Security paper according to embodiment 22, characterized in that the through opening is closed on one or both sides of the security paper with a film element.
  • Embodiment 24: Security paper for the production of security or value documents, such as banknotes, identity cards and the like with an embedded film element, which is visible in sections by papermaking window areas, characterized in that the security paper in the region of the film element by a papermaking by cutting or punching generated opening with sharply delimited Having edge region, which is arranged above and / or immediately adjacent to the papermaking window areas.
  • Embodiment 25: Security paper according to embodiment 24, characterized in that the sharply defined opening is arranged above and / or directly next to the film element.
  • Embodiment 26: Security paper according to embodiment 24 or 25, characterized in that the sharply defined opening is continuous with the exception of a possible overlap region with the film element.
  • Embodiment 27: Security paper according to embodiment 24 or 25, characterized in that the window areas are arranged on a first main surface of the security paper and the sharply defined opening extends from the opposite main surface of the security paper to the film element.
  • Configuration 28: Security paper according to at least one of the embodiments 24 to 27, characterized in that the film element is a security element, in particular a security thread or a security band.
  • Embodiment 29: Security paper according to at least one of the embodiments 24 to 28, characterized in that the sharply defined opening is produced by laser cutting.
  • Embodiment 30: Security paper according to at least one of the embodiments 24 to 29, characterized in that the security paper has a predetermined paper thickness and a thin location with reduced paper thickness has, wherein the sharply defined opening is introduced in the region of the thin spot.
  • Embodiment 31: Security paper according to embodiment 30, characterized in that the thin spot comprises a watermark.
  • Embodiment 32: Security paper according to at least one of the embodiments 24 to 31, characterized in that the sharply defined opening is formed with edge surfaces inclined towards the surface normal.
  • Embodiment 33: Security paper according to embodiment 32, characterized in that the sharply defined opening has edge surfaces of different inclination against the surface normal.
  • Embodiment 34: Security paper according to at least one of the embodiments 24 to 33, characterized in that the sharply defined opening is closed on one or both sides of the security paper with a film element.
  • Embodiment 35: Method for producing a security paper having at least two through openings, in particular according to one of the embodiments 1 to 10, in which
    • during papermaking a first continuous opening is created with characteristic irregularities in the marginal area, and
    • after papermaking by cutting or punching a second through-hole is created with a sharply defined edge region,
    • wherein the first and second through holes are formed so that their outline shapes are meaningful.
  • Embodiment 36: Method according to embodiment 35, characterized in that in the security paper, a thin layer with reduced paper thickness is formed and that the second through opening is produced in the region of the thin point.
  • Embodiment 37: Method according to embodiment 35 or 36, characterized in that the second opening is produced by laser cutting.
  • Embodiment 38: Method according to embodiment 37, characterized in that the beam divergence and the beam inclination to the paper surface are adjusted such that the second opening is produced with edge surfaces inclined towards the surface normal.
  • Embodiment 39: Method according to embodiment 37 or 38, characterized in that the beam divergence and beam inclination to the paper surface are adjusted so that the second opening is produced with edge surfaces which are differently inclined to the surface normal.
  • Embodiment 40: Method according to at least one of the embodiments 35 to 39, characterized in that the two openings are closed on one or both sides of the security paper with a film element.
  • Embodiment 41: Method for producing a security paper having at least one through opening, in particular according to one of the embodiments 11 to 21, in which the continuous opening is produced with an edge surface which has first, sharply delimited partial regions and second partial regions with characteristic irregularities.
  • Embodiment 42: Method according to embodiment 41, characterized in that
    • during papermaking a continuous opening with characteristic irregularities in the edge area is produced, and
    • the edge region of the opening produced after papermaking is modified by cutting or punching and thereby sharply limited, at least in some areas.
  • Embodiment 43: Method according to embodiment 42, characterized in that the modification is produced by laser cutting.
  • Embodiment 44: Method according to embodiment 41, characterized in that
    • a piece of paper having the desired shape of the opening is defined with broken, sharply defined cutting lines in the security paper, and
    • the paper piece is torn out of the security paper, in particular blown out or pulled out.
  • Embodiment 45: Method according to embodiment 44, characterized in that the piece of paper is defined by laser cutting.
  • Embodiment 46: Method according to embodiment 41, characterized in that
    • in the security paper, a sharply defined thin spot is produced with the shape of the desired opening, and
    • the paper piece formed in the area of the thin spot by the residual paper thickness is torn out of the security paper, in particular blown out or pulled out.
  • Embodiment 47: Method according to embodiment 46, characterized in that the sharply defined thin spot is produced by laser cutting.
  • Embodiment 48: Method according to embodiment 46 or 47, characterized in that the sharply delimited thin point is produced in the region of a paper-made thin point, such as a watermark.
  • Embodiment 49: Method according to embodiment 43, 45 or 47, characterized in that the beam divergence and beam inclination are set to the paper surface so that the modification, cut line or thin spot is generated with inclined against the surface normal edge surfaces.
  • Embodiment 50: Method according to embodiment 43, 45 or 47, characterized in that the beam divergence and beam inclination to the paper surface are adjusted so that the modification, cut line or thin spot is produced with marginal surfaces differently inclined to the surface normal.
  • Embodiment 51: Method according to at least one of the embodiments 41 to 50, characterized in that the through opening is closed on one or both sides of the security paper with a film element.
  • Embodiment 52: Method for producing a security paper having at least one through-opening, in particular according to one of the embodiments 22 or 23, in which
    • during papermaking a continuous opening with characteristic irregularities in the edge area is produced, and
    • an engraving is introduced into the security paper by laser etching, which completes the through opening to a projection representation.
  • Embodiment 53: Method for producing a security paper with an embedded film element, in particular according to one of the embodiments 24 to 34, in which
    • during paper production a film element is embedded in the security paper,
    • Window areas are created in which the film element is visible, and
    • after papermaking by cutting or punching in the region of the film element above and / or immediately adjacent to the window areas an opening with a sharply delimited edge region is produced.
  • Embodiment 54: Method according to embodiment 53, characterized in that the sharply defined opening is produced by laser cutting.
  • Embodiment 55: Method according to embodiment 53 or 54, characterized in that a continuous, sharply delimited opening is produced directly next to the film element.
  • Embodiment 56: Method according to embodiment 54, characterized in that the sharply defined opening overlaps the film element, wherein the laser parameters are adjusted so that the laser cuts only the paper substrate, but not the film element.
  • Embodiment 57: Method according to at least one of embodiments 53 to 56, characterized in that before being embedded on a first main surface , the film element is coated over its entire surface with hot-seal lacquer and only on the film edge on a second, opposing main surface is spun with heat sealing lacquer, so that the central region of the film element remains uncoated.
  • Embodiment 58: Method according to embodiment 57, characterized in that the window areas are produced on the main surface coated over the entire area.
  • Embodiment 59: Method according to embodiment 57 or 58, characterized in that the sharply delimited opening is produced in the middle region of the main surface coated only at the edge.
  • Embodiment 60: Method according to at least one of the embodiments 57 to 59, characterized in that the sharply defined opening is produced by laser cutting.
  • Embodiment 61: Method according to embodiment 60, characterized in that the beam divergence and beam inclination to the paper surface are adjusted so that the sharply defined opening is produced with edge surfaces inclined towards the surface normal.
  • Embodiment 62: Method according to embodiment 60 or 61, characterized in that the beam divergence and beam inclination to the paper surface are adjusted so that the sharply defined opening is produced with edge surfaces which are differently inclined to the surface normal.
  • Embodiment 63: Method according to at least one of the embodiments 53 to 62, characterized in that the sharply defined opening is closed on one or both sides of the security paper with a film element.
  • Embodiment 64: Use of a security paper according to at least one of the embodiments 1 to 63 for the counterfeiting of goods of any kind.
  • Embodiment 65: Value document such as banknote, ID card and the like with a security paper according to at least one of the embodiments 1 to 63.

Claims (24)

  1. Security paper for the production of security or value documents, such as banknotes, identity cards and the like with an embedded film element, which is visible in sections by papermaking window areas, characterized in that the security paper in the region of the film element produced by a papermaking by cutting or punching Having opening with sharply defined edge region, which is arranged above and / or immediately adjacent to the papermaking window areas.
  2. Security paper according to claim 1, characterized in that the sharply defined opening is arranged above and / or immediately next to the film element.
  3. Security paper according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the sharply defined opening, with the exception of a possible overlap region with the film element is continuous.
  4. Security paper according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the window areas are arranged on a first main surface of the security paper and extends the sharply defined opening from the opposite major surface of the security paper to the film element.
  5. Security paper according to at least one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the film element is a security element, in particular a security thread or a security band.
  6. Security paper according to at least one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the sharply defined opening is produced by laser cutting.
  7. Security paper according to at least one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the security paper has a predetermined paper thickness and a thin point with reduced paper thickness, wherein the sharply defined opening is introduced in the region of the thin point.
  8. Security paper according to claim 7, characterized in that the thin spot comprises a watermark.
  9. Security paper according to at least one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the sharply defined opening is formed with inclined surface surfaces against the normal edge surfaces.
  10. Security paper according to claim 9, characterized in that the sharply defined opening has edge surfaces of different inclination against the surface normal.
  11. Security paper according to at least one of claims 1 to 10, characterized in that the sharply defined opening is closed on one or both sides of the security paper with a film element.
  12. A method for producing a security paper with an embedded film element, in particular according to one of claims 1 to 11, in which
    during paper manufacture, a film element is embedded in the security paper,
    - Window areas are created in which the film element is visible, and
    - After papermaking by cutting or punching in the region of the film element above and / or immediately adjacent to the window areas an opening with a sharply defined edge region is generated.
  13. A method according to claim 12, characterized in that the sharply defined opening is produced by laser cutting.
  14. A method according to claim 12 or 13, characterized in that a continuous, sharply defined opening is produced directly adjacent to the film element.
  15. A method according to claim 13, characterized in that the sharply defined aperture overlaps the film element, the laser parameters being adjusted so that the laser cuts only the paper substrate but not the film element.
  16. A method according to at least one of claims 12 to 15, characterized in that the film element is coated over the entire surface with hot seal lacquer before embedding on a first major surface and spun on a second, opposite major surface only at the film edge with heat sealing lacquer, so that the central region of the film element remains uncoated.
  17. A method according to claim 16, characterized in that the window areas are generated on the entire surface coated main surface.
  18. A method according to claim 16 or 17, characterized in that the sharply defined opening in the central region of the main surface coated only at the edge is generated.
  19. Method according to at least one of claims 16 to 18, characterized in that the sharply defined opening is produced by laser cutting.
  20. A method according to claim 19, characterized in that the beam divergence and jet inclination are set to the paper surface so that the sharply defined opening is generated with inclined surface surfaces against the normal edge surfaces.
  21. A method according to claim 19 or 20, characterized in that the beam divergence and jet inclination are set to the paper surface so that the sharply defined opening is generated with different surface surface normal inclined edge surfaces.
  22. Method according to at least one of claims 12 to 21, characterized in that the sharply defined opening is closed on one or both sides of the security paper with a film element.
  23. Use of a security paper according to at least one of claims 1 to 11 or of a security paper which can be produced according to one of claims 12 to 22 for securing counterfeit goods of any kind.
  24. Security document, such as banknote, identity card and the like with a security paper according to at least one of claims 1 to 11 or a security paper manufacturable according to one of claims 12 to 22.
EP09009275A 2005-05-12 2006-05-03 Safety paper and method for its production Active EP2143565B1 (en)

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RU2007144576A (en) 2009-06-20
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AT520543T (en) 2011-09-15
CN101171145B (en) 2013-09-25
EP1904311A2 (en) 2008-04-02
EP2143565B1 (en) 2012-12-12
BRPI0612347A2 (en) 2010-11-03
WO2006119896A2 (en) 2006-11-16
DE102005022018A1 (en) 2006-11-16
EP1904311B1 (en) 2011-08-17
US20080216976A1 (en) 2008-09-11
WO2006119896A3 (en) 2007-05-10
ES2368498T3 (en) 2011-11-17
CN101171145A (en) 2008-04-30

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