EP2122292B1 - Connecting piece and connecting piece comprising a sight - Google Patents

Connecting piece and connecting piece comprising a sight Download PDF

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Publication number
EP2122292B1
EP2122292B1 EP20080715670 EP08715670A EP2122292B1 EP 2122292 B1 EP2122292 B1 EP 2122292B1 EP 20080715670 EP20080715670 EP 20080715670 EP 08715670 A EP08715670 A EP 08715670A EP 2122292 B1 EP2122292 B1 EP 2122292B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
piece
holding
rail
sighting
sight
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP20080715670
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP2122292A1 (en
Inventor
Norbert Fluhr
Wolfgang Bantle
Johannes-August Bantle
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Heckler und Koch GmbH
Original Assignee
Heckler und Koch GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE200710005142 priority Critical patent/DE102007005142B4/en
Application filed by Heckler und Koch GmbH filed Critical Heckler und Koch GmbH
Priority to PCT/EP2008/000731 priority patent/WO2008092668A1/en
Publication of EP2122292A1 publication Critical patent/EP2122292A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP2122292B1 publication Critical patent/EP2122292B1/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41GWEAPON SIGHTS; AIMING
    • F41G11/00Details of sighting or aiming apparatus; Accessories
    • F41G11/001Means for mounting tubular or beam shaped sighting or aiming devices on firearms
    • F41G11/003Mountings with a dove tail element, e.g. "Picatinny rail systems"
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41GWEAPON SIGHTS; AIMING
    • F41G1/00Sighting devices
    • F41G1/02Foresights
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41GWEAPON SIGHTS; AIMING
    • F41G1/00Sighting devices
    • F41G1/02Foresights
    • F41G1/033Foresights adjustable
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41GWEAPON SIGHTS; AIMING
    • F41G1/00Sighting devices
    • F41G1/06Rearsights
    • F41G1/08Rearsights with aperture ; tubular or of ring form; Peep sights
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41GWEAPON SIGHTS; AIMING
    • F41G1/00Sighting devices
    • F41G1/06Rearsights
    • F41G1/16Adjusting mechanisms therefor; Mountings therefor
    • F41G1/26Adjusting mechanisms therefor; Mountings therefor screw

Abstract

The invention relates to a connecting piece (1) for fixing on a profiled rail (19), comprising retaining elements (3; 5) that can be moved between a working and a release position, said elements engaging with corresponding receiving regions (22;24) of the profiled rail (19) releasing the connecting piece (1) in the release position. The retaining elements (3; 5) are coupled by means of a guide slot (41), which is designed in such a way that when the retaining elements (3;5) are displaced in the longitudinal direction of the profiled rail (19), said elements are also moved obliquely, following the course of the slot. The invention also relates to a connecting piece (1) comprising a sight (57;104) with an adjustment element (69;75), which can be moved in opposition to a spring force from a sight position into an adjustment position, said adjustment element (69; 75) being releasably fixed in the sight position in relation to the sight (57; 104) by means of a detent mechanism and can be moved into various sight positions in the adjustment position. The invention further relates to a second connecting piece (1) comprising a second sight (104) that can be mounted directly on the hand guard (109) of a weapon (105) and can be pivoted about a pivoting element (125) from an unused position into a working position, said second sight (104) having a safety element (165) that fixes the sight (104) in the working position against a stop (171), transversely to the axis of the bore.

Description

  • The invention relates to a connection piece for fixing to a rail with adjustable between a working and a release position holding elements that engage in their working position with receiving areas on corresponding extending in the longitudinal direction of the rail mating surfaces of the rail and release in its release position, the connector for removing.
  • It is known in the field of weaponry to attach various special aiming devices, such as night vision devices, riflescopes, laser sights, etc., to a weapon. The auxiliary devices are usually mounted firmly on a weapon, for example using screw mechanisms.
  • Furthermore, various fasteners for attaching Waffenzusatzeinrichtungen to weapons are known. It shows, for example, the US 7,107,716 a support member for weapons accessories in the manner of a quick-change system. The support member includes profiles which engage in a Picatinny rail and extendable transversely to the rail. For this purpose, a lateral spring-loaded pivot lever is arranged on the carrier element, which clamps the fastening element on the Picatinny rail like a clamp.
  • Also, in a rail guide movably arranged engagement profiles for fasteners for attachment to a Picatinny rail - for example, from US 6,606,813 - known. Here, the determination is made via an eccentric connected to a pivot lever.
  • From the DE 199 186 35 Cl is a mounting device is known in which two mutually and transversely to the axis of gravity of the weapon slidable parts are provided, which are loaded by a spring assembly against each other movable, that alone their load as a result of the spring assembly whose engagement between a longitudinal profile rail on a weapon and the mounting base produces , The spring force is overcome by squeezing the two parts to cancel the engagement. Such an arrangement may possibly be sensitive to violent cross-passages and detach from the weapon without additional locking.
  • Out DE 9116166 U a wedge assembly is known, which form a clamping block whose strength is adjustable by two wedge elements sliding against each other, wherein the adjusting effect is applied via a screw passing through both wedge elements. This clamping device is used for fastening plates of different thickness in slotted hollow profiles. As a fastener for attachment of Waffenzusatzeinrichtungen this device is not suitable.
  • Next shows the US 2004/0128900 A1 a fastening device for attachments to a handgun. The fastener is fastened over transversely spring-loaded bolts or levers to a rail, such as a Picatinny rail.
  • From the US 2006 0,156,609 Various variants are known to fasten a fastener to a rail or a Picatinny rail vise-like using screw elements.
  • Furthermore, the shows DE 200 02 859 U1 a target device holder with adjustable locking lever. For attaching or removing the target device holder on or from a rail, the locking lever is screwed or screwed over a threaded bolt in the transverse direction of or to the rail.
  • For hunting weapons, there are swivel mountable visor sights. The sight grain is usually rigid. For mass-produced weapons, such as rapid-fire rifles or the like, permanently mounted sighting devices are known, which are partially turned on and swung out.
  • In the military sector visor sights are often designed as simple, more or less vertical plates with a sight notch, which must be brought with a sighting in a sighting line. The use of pivotable and partially laterally or height adjustable sighting is known. The visor is often designed as a Schiebevisier, in which the blade is mounted on a movable Kimmenbodenplatte that can be adjusted in height to the respective shooting distance.
  • So revealed the DE 701801 (Walther ) a swivel visor with multi-adjustable and interchangeable Kimsplatte and a coarse and fine height adjustment of the sighting device. The adjustment of the sighting via a spring-loaded screw with locking grooves. The lateral adjustment of the sighting device is based on oppositely arranged screw and retaining bolts. In this case, preferred screw positions are set via ball detents.
  • The front sighting part, the sighting grain is usually mounted on hunting guns at the front end of the barrel on a grain base. In the military field, the sighting is bolted to the system box or a mounting rail or otherwise rigidly attached. In the American M16, the grain is mounted on a far-reaching pedestal, as here the visor is arranged in a high carrying handle. With the more modern AR 15 versions this carrying handle can be removed and instead on a mounting rail be postponed, in which case the grain and the grain base are removed.
  • From the DE 10 2004 007 916 A1 is a weapon with a mounting rail for the attachment of additional equipment known in which the visor and the visor is designed swivel in the mounting rail.
  • Known fittings for attachment of additional equipment have the disadvantage that for their attachment to a rail usually additional tool is required and the installation is cumbersome.
  • Known sighting devices often have to be laboriously and usually rigidly fastened. Thus, in hunting weapons, the open sights become unusable the moment a riflescope is placed over an assembly, as the mounting device collides with the open sights.
  • In the military field, the visor and the sighting grain must often be removed for the attachment of additional equipment, such as a sighting device, since otherwise the attachment can not be pushed onto a mounting rail, such as a Picatinny rail. In the case of pivotable sighting elements, it is not always possible to ensure exact guidance and arrangement of the pivotable grain and the sight. However, this is necessary to maintain the desired sighting and aiming accuracy.
  • The invention has for its object to provide an improved fastener in the form of a connector for attachment to a rail, which is easy and quick to install and easy to solve and gives a secure fit.
  • This object is achieved by the subject matter of claim 1. According to claim 1, an inventive fastener or connector has a coupling of the holding elements over a obliquely to the longitudinal direction of the rail extending guide slot, which is designed so that when adjusting of one of the two holding elements in the longitudinal direction of the rail, they are also adjusted according to the backdrop course transverse to each other. The connector according to the invention can be used on a variety of fastening devices, in particular profile rails of any kind.
  • In addition, the connection piece according to the invention is in principle also suitable for attachment to all types of weapons: handguns; lafettierte weapons; automatic, semi-automatic, small-caliber, high-caliber weapons; Assault rifles, machine guns, submachine guns, repeaters; light machine cannons or grenade launchers.
  • Likewise, a sighting element can also be mounted and used directly on one of the above-mentioned weapons. Of course, such a sighting element is also suitable for other weapons which are not firearms, for example a crossbow and similar systems.
  • The connector according to the invention can be attached to a dovetail profile of a profile rail. For this purpose, its engagement profile via an inclined sliding link is so expandable that it can be placed in the release position of its holding elements on the dovetail profile transversely to the longitudinal axis of the profile rail. There, the fitting then takes its working position, in which it engages with its retaining elements on the receiving areas of the rail.
  • The holding elements are coupled via a guide slot such that when adjusting the holding elements in the longitudinal direction of the rail, they are additionally adjusted transversely according to the backdrop course. This has the advantage that the connector can be easily attached, since its clear width is greater than the Outside circumference of the rail is. The connector according to the invention is so quickly and easily placed on a rail on or removed from her. A combination of the connection piece with a sighting element is also easy and quickly adjustable to the respective sighting distance.
  • Claim 2 is based on a connecting piece, wherein the holding elements are held by a spring element in the working position. The spring element may be a helical compression spring, wherein other elastic elements are used. Thus, the fixation is ensured on the rail without further action.
  • Furthermore, the two holding elements can be coupled to each other via any coupling mechanisms. According to claim 3, they are arranged and configured such that a first holding element has a recess into which engages a corresponding projection on the second holding element in the manner of a tongue and groove guide. Such a guide allows sufficient stability of the attachment and secures the positions of the holding elements to each other.
  • According to claim 4, the guide slot of the connection piece preferably comprises a guide passage defining groove and at least one guide element engaged with the guide slot. The guide slot can in principle be inclined, linear and / or (sections) curved. It can run obliquely to the longitudinal axis and thereby describe a straight track, which forms an angle of 2 to 50 ° to the longitudinal axis. Preferably, the angle is 8 to 350 ° and more preferably the angle is 8 to 15 °. Such a course of scenery ensures that the connecting piece against lateral forces - depending on the friction acts self-locking and can not be moved involuntarily in the longitudinal direction. On the other hand, an angle which is too shallow impedes the opening of the connection piece and can lead to jamming.
  • The guide element is designed according to claim 5 as a cam and associated with the first holding element. The cam may be formed as a pin, bolt or the like and extends in the guide slot, which is formed as a groove in the second holding element. This allows a particularly compact and space-saving design.
  • Furthermore, the holding elements of the connecting piece are preferably designed such that the position of the connecting piece is held in the working position in the case of a force acting on the connecting piece in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the profiled rail. This prevents that corresponding recoil effects loosen the connection piece.
  • The connector comprises according to claim 7 arranged on one of the holding elements handle, via which it can be brought into its release position. The handle can be integrally formed as a projection or mounted on the connector. In this case, the handle can be screwed, riveted, glued or otherwise secured and made of the same material as the connector or even other suitable materials. Preferably, it consists of the same material and is integrally formed, for example, during extrusion with and worked out later.
  • Further, according to claim 8, the receiving areas of the holding elements can be arranged on the rail in such a way that their profile tapers transversely to the longitudinal axis and the holding element engages around the rail like a shoe. Alternatively, the holding elements can be arranged at least partially in the manner of a wedge in the rail (claim 9). In both cases, a wedge effect can be achieved via an appropriate design of the receiving areas, which improves the fixation on the rail.
  • In the development according to claim 10, the connecting piece is provided with a training with a in the
  • Rail arranged counter-education is engageable. The training, for example, as a projection, an essay, a retaining pin, a pressure bolt, a screw or the like may be formed. It engages, for example, in a recess in the rail mounted recess or existing recess to lock the connector in the rail. The training can be formed in the production as a recess, such as a groove or as a recess, for example as a bore.
  • If the training is a cam-like locking pin and the counter-training to a transverse groove in the designed as a Picatinny rail profile rail, the locking pin can engage in the transverse groove and set the connector in the longitudinal direction coaxial with the axis of the soul. In the longitudinal direction of the connector acting recoil forces of firearms, then cause a displacement of the connector in the longitudinal direction (claim 12).
  • If a receiving bore is formed in the profile rail, attachment of the connecting piece is only possible at one point of the profile rail. For example, a shooter can arrange the connection piece only at a defined position even in poor visibility conditions. This is especially helpful on Picatinny rails, which have many transverse grooves. In addition, such a bore can be arranged with a transverse offset to the longitudinal axis, so that the connection piece can also be placed on the profile rail only in a defined direction.
  • According to claim 13, the connecting piece preferably comprises a sighting element. Also, any other
  • Attachments, such as a night vision device, are attached to the fitting. For this purpose, the sighting element can be made in one piece with the fastening element or attached to the connection piece be (eg screwed on, riveted, glued). Also, elements of the sighting element can be integrally formed on the connecting piece and further sub-elements of the sighting element are fastened to the connecting piece.
  • In this case, the sighting element can be designed as a simple, open visor or as a Dioptervisierung of any dimension. When attached to a system box of a weapon or even further forward, for example, above the cartridge chamber, the see-through hole of the Dioptervisierung is usually designed larger-sized. Most preferably, however, a sight sight is placed close to the eye of a shooter.
  • Furthermore, the sighting element can be designed as a squared or grain arrangement. Preferably, the visor element, if it is to form in the rear end of a sight line formed as a Visiserkimme and when it is to form the front end of a sight line as a grain assembly is formed.
  • A recess in the connection piece receives the sighting element in its rest position. This allows a protected, compact arrangement of the sighting element in the rest position. Further, it is possible additional devices on a rail or the hand guard, such as a weapon, postpone, with the pivoted visor element is not in the way and / or must be removed.
  • In addition, the connection piece may comprise a second sighting element. The interaction of the first and the second sighting element advantageously makes it possible to provide a sighting line.
  • The second sighting element can be arranged at arbitrary positions on the housing, on the barrel or approximately on a mounting rail of a weapon. For free-swinging runs, a second shot may be inaccurate due to the running vibrations be. An arrangement on the housing leads to a relatively short sighting line, in which the hit image can move much further than with a long line of sight and so reduces the accuracy. Therefore, the second sighting element is arranged directly on a hand guard of a weapon. Advantageously, such a particularly long sighting line can be generated.
  • The second sighting element can be designed as a squib arrangement or as a grain arrangement.
  • The claims 14 and 15 relate to a hand guard for a weapon with a connector according to the invention or a weapon with a connector according to the invention.
  • Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings. Showing:
  • Fig. 1
    a perspective view of a connector according to the invention in a view obliquely from behind;
    Fig. 2
    a perspective view of the connector in a view obliquely from below;
    Fig. 3
    a perspective view of the connector in a top left view, which is mounted on a Picatinny rail;
    Fig. 4
    a sectional view of the connector from Fig. 3 with exposed backdrops;
    Fig. 5
    the connector off Fig. 4 in release position;
    Fig. 6
    a view from behind the connector in release position with a sighting in working / visor position;
    Fig. 7
    the connector off Fig. 6 in the opened, mounted state on a Picatinny rail;
    Fig. 8
    a perspective view of the connector from Fig. 6 in working position with the sighting element in rest position;
    Fig. 9
    a cross section through the in Fig. 7 shown arrangement with the connector in working position;
    Fig. 10
    a perspective view of the arrangement Fig. 9 with partially exposed visor element;
    Fig. 11
    a perspective view of a connector with visor element with detent handle;
    Fig. 12
    a sectional view of the arrangement Fig. 11 ;
    Fig. 13
    another sectional view of the arrangement Fig. 11 with the sighting element in rest position;
    Fig. 14
    a perspective view, similar Fig. 11 , with handle unlocked for lateral adjustment;
    Fig. 15
    a detailed perspective view of the mechanism for lateral adjustment;
    Fig. 16
    a perspective view of the retaining element in release position with visor element in working position;
    Fig. 17a
    a top view of a connector according to the invention with an alternative adjustment mechanism;
    Fig. 17b
    a Fig. 13 corresponding sectional view of the arrangement Fig. 17a ;
    Fig. 18a
    a top view of a connector according to the invention with a further alternative adjustment mechanism;
    Fig. 18b
    a Fig. 13 and 17b corresponding sectional view of the arrangement Fig. 18a ;
    Fig. 19
    a side view of a weapon with multiple sighting devices and a connector.
  • In the sequence used toponyms, such as top, bottom, front, back, right and left refer to a shooter on a fireproof, held in a normal attack weapon with horizontal barrel. The connecting piece is arranged on a mounting rail running parallel to the axis of the soul.
  • Fig. 1 shows an inventive fastener or connector 1 obliquely from the front. The connecting piece 1 comprises a first holding element 3 and a second holding element 5. The first holding element 3 has a tab-like projection 9 which extends in a slot-like recess 7 in the second holding element 5, wherein both holding elements 3, 5 in the direction of the arrow to each other longitudinally displaceable are designed.
  • In addition, the connection piece 1 for moving on the second holding element 5 comprises a handle (not shown). Within the connector 1 is a spring element 13 (see. Fig. 4 ). The connector 1 is on a rail 19 (see. Fig. 3 ) can be placed. For this purpose, a first receiving region 21 on the first holding element 3 and a second receiving region 23 on the second holding element 5 are provided.
  • On the underside 25 of the receiving region 21 is a wedge-shaped portion 27 of the first receiving portion 21 and a first linear extending portion 33. The second holding member 5 includes a second wedge-shaped portion 29 and a second linear extending portion 35. The wedge-shaped sections 27; 29 engage around during placement corresponding receiving areas forming mating surfaces 22, 24 ( Fig. 6 and 7 ) of the rail 19 dovetailed, wherein the sections 27, 29 while the mating surfaces 22, 24 contact the rail 19 flat. In other embodiments, the sections 27, 29 and the rail can be formed so that a point or line contact between the elements 1 and 19 takes place.
  • In Fig. 2 is on the bottom 25 of the connector 1, a projection 15 recognizable, which serves as a counter-training transverse groove 37 (see. Fig. 3 and 4 ) of the rail 19 engages and fixes the connector 1 in the longitudinal direction. The projection 15 is here designed as a bolt which can be inserted into a corresponding receiving opening 18 on the second holding element 5 ( Fig. 4 and 5 ).
  • Fig. 3 shows the connector 1, which is mounted on a configured as a Picatinny rail rail 19. The Picatinny rail 19 can be used for attachment to a weapon 61 or other objects. For this purpose, it has a front attachment region 39 and a rear attachment region 40, over which they with suitable fastening elements (not shown), such as bolts, can be fixed. Between the first and the second mounting portion 39 and 40 extend between projections 38 at regular intervals transverse grooves 37. When placing the connector 1 on the Picatinny rail engages the projection 15 (see. Fig. 2 ) in one of the transverse grooves 37 on the Picatinny rail 19 a. The connector 1 is fixed on the Picatinny rail 19 in the longitudinal direction. Instead of the transverse groove 37 may also be formed a bore with a corresponding radius. In the case of bores arranged eccentrically to the longitudinal axis, it can be ensured that the connecting piece 1 can be placed on the mounting rail 19 only in the correct orientation to the front or rear. Is the diameter of the bore and the bolt 15 is greater than the width of the. Quernut 37, the connector can also be placed only in a certain position in the longitudinal direction. This can be helpful in particular when the connection piece carries sighting elements.
  • Furthermore, in Fig. 4 shown in the second holding member 5, the circular receiving opening 18, which schematically illustrates the projection 15 which is in engagement with the Picatinny rail 19. The projection 15 can be used in the context of the manufacturing process in a recess or in a recess after manufacture and be designed as a bolt or firmly connected to the holding element or be worked on this.
  • To remove the connector 1 from the Picatinny rail 19 again, both holding elements 3 and 5 are moved with the handle (not shown) against each other in the longitudinal direction. The opening mechanism will be from the following Fig. 4 to 7 seen.
  • In Fig. 4 is in the first holding element 3, a diagonally extending guide slot 41 recognizable, which is formed as a groove. In the guide slot 41 protrudes from the second Holding element 5, starting a guide element, which is designed as a guide cam 43. Parallel to the guide slot 41, the spring 13 extends in a serving as a spring guide recess 47 and acts between a front stop 49 in the first holding element 3 and a rear stop 51 in the second holding element 5 (see also Fig. 5 ). The stops 49, 51 are formed here as projections which act on the ends of a helical compression spring. The spring is stabilized and guided by the parallel to the guide slot 41 extending boundaries of the recess 47. The second holding element 5 has at the right edge on a rectangular recess 11 on which the handle (not shown) can be arranged.
  • Next is in Fig. 4 the oblique course of the tab-like projection 9 of the first holding element 3 is shown, which projects into the slot-like recess 7 in the second holding element 5. The guide cam 43 is connected at its ends to the second holding element 5 and passes through the guide slot 41, and the slot-like recess. 7
  • Within the guide slot 41, the first holding element 3 relative to the second holding member 5 is longitudinally movably displaceable and is guided by the guide cam 43 in its longitudinal movement (see. Fig. 5 ).
  • Fig. 5 shows the connector 1 from Fig. 4 in an open state, arranged on the Picatinny rail 19. The first holding element 3 is displaced against the second holding element 5 in the longitudinal direction. The guide cam 43 is in abutment with the rear end of the guide slot 41. Another opening movement is not possible. The spring 13 acts against the opening movement and urges the first holding element 3 in the direction of its initial position. The rear stop 51 of the recess 47 is exposed. A mandrel or projection of any other type may be attached to the limit stops 49 and 51 in the longitudinal direction be arranged parallel to the recess 47, which projects into the interior of the spring for stabilization.
  • Next is instead of in Fig. 2 shown projection 15 now exposed a recess or recess 18 which receives the projection or bolt 15 (not shown here), which is fixed there, for example, via a press fit or by means of adhesive or welding or other fastening methods. In the open state, the connector 1 can be removed or placed on the Picatinny rail, such as Fig. 6 and 7 shows.
  • Fig. 6 shows the connector: 1 in release position (see. Fig. 5 ) when placing or removing a rail or Picatinny rail 19. The connector 1 is here provided with a swung-out visor element 57.
  • Fig. 7 shows the connector 1 from Fig. 6 placed in the release position on a Picatinny rail 19, wherein the first holding member 3 is displaced against the second holding member 5 in the longitudinal direction. The two holding elements 3 and 5 are also offset laterally due to the diagonal slotted guide of the guide slot 41 against each other.
    This lateral offset is sufficient to attach the connector 1 via projections 53, 55 on the Picatinny rail 19. For this purpose, the wedge-shaped portion 29 of the second holding element 5 engages with the projections 53, 55 of the Picatinny rail 19 and abuts against the mating surfaces 24 of the projections 55. The bottom 25 of the connector 1 lays down on the Picatinny rail 19. And reaches its positive connection in Fig. 7 , Inclination and length of the slotted guide are adjusted so that in the release position, the clear width between the wedge-shaped sections 27, 29 sufficient to put on the connector 1 on the projections 53, 55 and remove.
  • The inclination of the guide slot 41 is such that it acts in the transverse direction self-locking, in other words: the holding elements 3, 5 are movable relative to each other only in the longitudinal direction. The inclination angle is between 7 ° and 15 °. Transverse forces acting on the connection piece 1 have no influence on the fixation. The longitudinal orientation is chosen so that longitudinal forces in a preferred direction (e.g., recoil forces) support the closing action of the spring 13, i. additionally have a fixing effect.
  • After the return movement of the two holding elements 3 and 5 in their rest position (see. Fig. 1-4 ), the spring 13 and the relaxed in Fig. 7 Spaced receiving area 21 sets with the withdrawal of the transverse offset of the two holding elements 3 and 5 to each other to the mating surface 24 of the projections 53 of the Picatinny rail 19 at. The projection 15 is in engagement with a recess 37 (see. Fig. 2 ), so that no longitudinal displacement of the connecting piece 1 is possible. The guide cam 43 is spaced from the rear end of the guide slot 41 to ensure tolerance compensation in the mounted state.
  • In addition, in Fig. 6 and 7 a sighting element 57 is arranged on the connecting piece 1. Also shown is a rudimentarily depicted weapon 61 on which the Picatinny rail 19 is mounted, for example, on the housing or a handguard assembly.
  • The sighting element 57 comprises at its upper end a handle 67, which is designed as a Visierkimme and a second adjusting element 69 for lateral adjustment. The second adjusting element 69 is surrounded by a spring element 71 and forms a pivot axis or adjusting axis for the sighting element 57.
  • In Fig. 7 Furthermore, the sighting element 57 is shown swung out (working position) and is to the rear (see. Fig. 8 ) about a pivot axis designed as an adjustment axis can be swiveled in (rest position). The sighting element 57 comprises a locking element 73 (cf. Fig. 13 ) for locking in working and rest position. In order to bring the sighting element 57 from one to the other position, it must be pivoted against a spring force acting on the sighting element 57 via the arresting element 73.
  • Furthermore, the sighting element 57 comprises a first adjusting element 75, which serves to adjust the height of the visor. In Fig. 7 the first adjusting element 75 is only partially visible and is surrounded by a spring element 77 (cf. Fig. 9 ).
  • Fig. 8 shows the connector 1 from Fig. 6 in working position with pivoted-in sighting element 57 (in the rest position), which is arranged within a recess or recess 58 in the upper side of the connecting piece 1. When swiveled in, the sighting element 57 rests with its rear side on the connection piece 1.
  • Fig. 9 shows the swung-out visor element 57 (in working position). In a cavity of the swung-out visor element 57, the first of the designed as a cylinder spring spring element 77 surrounded adjusting 75 for height adjustment. An externally threaded portion 79 at the upper end of the first adjusting element 75 is coupled via a corresponding internally threaded portion 80 in the handle designed as a sight 67.
  • Fig. 10 shows the swung-out visor member 57 with exposed adjustment 75. The external thread portion 79 acts for height adjustment with the female threaded portion 80 on the visor 67 together (see also Fig. 12 ).
  • Fig. 11 shows the sight 67 slightly twisted. At the upper end of the sighting element 57 are transverse to the axis of the soul 106 (see. Fig. 19 ) extending recesses 87, which are arranged opposite one another on both sides of the shank region of the sight 67. The visor 67 is spring-loaded in these recesses 87. When pulling out the visor 67 from the sighting 57 both recesses 87 are released and the visor 67 is freely rotatable. The Visierkimme 67 can then be rotated on the threaded portion 79, 80 either clockwise or counterclockwise for height adjustment (screwed in or out). In the recess 58, in which the sighting element 57 is pivoted, a not fully inserted bolt 15 is shown.
  • In Fig. 12 the visor 67 is also shown laterally rotated. In the sighting element 57 extends in the longitudinal direction, the first adjusting element 75 for height adjustment at the upper end of the male threaded portion 79 extends, which cooperates with the female threaded portion 80 for height adjustment. A rotation of the sight 67 causes a rotation of the male threaded portion 79 against the inner counter-threaded portion 80 and thus a linear adjustment of the sight 67 either up or down.
  • The lower end of the first adjusting element 75 is spring-loaded on the second adjusting element 69. If the visor 67 pulled upwards, this is rotatable. About a rotation of the sighting element 57 by 180 ° to the first adjustment 75, the Höhenvisierung by certain steps, for example, from 100 m to 150 m distance or in a fine adjustment to a certain distance, adjustable. By an opposite rotation, the height adjustment is reversed. After rotation of the visor 67 by 180 °, it is retracted by the spring element 77 in the sighting element 57.
  • The first adjusting element 75 is arranged linearly displaceable in the visor body 59 and secured by a foot plate 70 against withdrawal. Front and rear Footplate area 82, 86 (cf. Fig. 15 ) protrude into a guide slot and secure the adjustment against rotation. The spring 77 is supported between the base plate 70 and an inner wall 84 in the visor body. The spring 77 thus holds the Visierkimme 67 on the first adjustment 75 and the threaded coupling in the recesses 87 and prevents unwanted adjustment (see also Fig. 15 ).
  • Transverse to the first adjusting element 75 extends the second adjusting element 69, which is loaded with the spring element 71 and a handle 89 includes. If the adjusting element 69 is pulled out of the connecting piece 1 on the handle 89 against the action of the spring ( Fig. 14 ) and brought into its adjustment position, the lateral adjustment of the sighting element 57 is possible. For this purpose, in the front portion of the adjusting element 69, an externally threaded portion 83 cooperates with counter-threaded portions 81 in the visor body 59 (cf. Fig. 12 and 13 ). When turning the adjusting element 69 and the threaded portion 83 in the counter-threaded portions 81 of the visor body 59 and thus the sighting element 57 is adjusted linearly to the left or right. The rotation takes place by defined fixed amounts, so that a desired sighting line can be adjusted with a sighting grain, not shown.
  • Fig. 13 illustrates the effect of a tensioned by a spring element 74 locking member 73. The spring element 74 is formed here as a cylinder compression spring. The locking element 73 holds the sighting element 57 in its respective pivot position. When pivoting the sighting member 57, the locking member 73 presses with the Arretierfuß 78 and the spring load against the lower portion of the visor body 59th
  • The frictional effect thus generated inhibits the pivoting mobility of the visor body 59 and thus of the sighting element 57. Flattening on the visor body 59 defines preferred pivotal positions, namely the rest position in which the sighting element 57 is folded against its receptacle (FIG. Fig. 8 . 13 . 17 . 18 ), and the working position in which the sighting element swung out or unfolded from the receptacle protrudes ( Fig. 6 . 7 . 9-12 . 14 . 16 ).
  • Depending on the embodiment, the spring 74 projects into a guide sleeve 72 of the locking element 73 and engages directly on the locking foot 78 (FIG. Fig. 13 ), or at the end of the guide sleeve 72 ( Fig. 17b ). In both versions, the other end of the spring 74 is supported in the receptacle 76.
  • Fig. 14 shows the swung-out visor element 57 during the adjustment process. For lateral adjustment, the second adjusting element 69, which serves as a pivot axis or adjustment axis, is pulled out of the connection piece 1 and is rotated approximately 45 ° here. Behind the handle 89 of the adjusting element 69 is a square-shaped locking head 91 is arranged, which can occur in this embodiment, in each case after a rotation by 90 ° in a corresponding recess 93. If the adjusting element 69 is rotated by less than 90 degrees, as shown, the locking head 91 can not engage in the recess 93 and rests on it. This ensures an exact stepwise lateral adjustment of the sighting element 57. An involuntary adjustment is ensured by the interaction of spring 77, locking head 91 and recess 93.
  • Fig. 16 shows a perspective view of the visor element in the visor position with the connector 1. The two holding elements 3 and 5 are longitudinally displaced from each other for removal from the Picatinny rail.
  • Fig. 17a to 18b show alternative versions for lateral adjustment. The sighting element 57 is shown pivoted in each case and lies in the recess 58 within the connection piece 1 in the upper part region of the second holding element 5.
  • The spring-loaded locking element 73 presses with its Arretierfuß 78 against the lower end of the sighting element 57th When pivoting the sighting element 57 of Arretierfuß 78 rubs by the spring pressure on the visor 57, thus inhibits the pivotal movement and thus exerts a detent action - possibly in conjunction with appropriate flats at the lower end of the sighting 57, define the preferred pivot positions.
  • In the execution according to Figs. 17a and 17b the first adjustment element 69 'is fixed axially but rotatably via a holding element 97. For this purpose, it engages in an annular recess 99 in the first adjusting element 69 '. At one end of the first adjusting element 69 ', an adjusting wheel 89 is formed, which protrudes laterally from the connecting piece 1. About the adjusting wheel 89, the axially fixed first adjusting element 69 'is rotated and the sighting element 57 via the threaded coupling 81, 83 adjusted accordingly laterally. On the inside of the setting wheel 89 engages a spring-loaded detent ball 101, on which the spring 103 acts. Correspondingly provided depressions on the inside of the setting wheel 89 correspond to certain rotational position of the knurling wheel 89 or of the adjusting element 69 'and thus to certain side positions of the sighting element 57.
  • The Figs. 18a and 18b show another embodiment of the locking mechanism: Here, instead of the detent ball 101, a spring-loaded latch 101 'is formed, which can be unlocked via a handle 101a' against the spring force of the spring 103 '(this position is in Fig. 18b shown). In this position, the setting wheel 89 'and thus the first adjusting element 69' can be adjusted. Recesses 89a 'are provided in the setting wheel, into which, upon release of the handle 101a', a locking portion 101b 'engages. The setting wheel 89 'is now locked and can not be accidentally adjusted (this position is in Fig. 18a shown). The recesses 89a 'are formed according to preferred rotation intervals of the first adjusting element 69' and thus allow a lateral adjustment in certain steps.
  • Fig. 19 shows a side view of a weapon 105 with a connector 1 according to the invention with a first sighting element 57 which is arranged on the housing 107 mounted on the Picatinny rail 19. A second sighting element 104 is attached directly to the handguard 109. Furthermore, the weapon 105 comprises a tube 111, a handle 113, a trigger 115 over which a securing lever 117 is arranged. At the rear end, on the side facing away from the pipe end is on the shaft 120, a shoulder support 119. A hand guard 109 is parallel to the run, laterally another Picatinny rail 121 is arranged.
  • The sighting elements 57, 104 are swung out and the longitudinal axes of the connecting piece 1 and the Picatinny rail 19 extend parallel to the axis of the soul 106 of the weapon 105.
  • In addition to the embodiments described above, further embodiments of this invention are possible:
  • The connecting piece 1 can be designed as described above in conjunction with a sighting element 57. But it can also serve to accommodate other attachments, not shown. The connector 1 can also be provided for connection to other objects and devices (not shown) as weapons. In particular, when it is desirable to attach the connector from the side on a rail without it being necessary to postpone this connector from the ends.
  • The illustrated sighting element 57 can be arranged either on the illustrated connection piece 1 or via another suitable connection piece on a weapon. The sighting element 57 can be designed as a squared or grain element.
  • The same applies to the sighting element 104, which can be arranged in addition to the illustrated arrangement on a hand guard 109 also via a connector 1 or directly to a weapon component (for example, weapon barrel, weapon housing).
  • Further embodiments and variations of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art within the scope of the following claims.

Claims (15)

  1. A connecting piece (1) for fixing to a profile rail (19) of a weapon having holding elements (3, 5) which are capable of being moved between an operative position and a release position and which in their operative position engage with receiving regions (21, 23) on corresponding counter faces (22, 24) of the profile rail (19) extending in the longitudinal direction of the profile rail (19), and in their release position free the connecting piece (1) for removal, characterized in that the holding elements (3, 5) are coupled by way of a guide slot (41) which extends obliquely to the longitudinal direction of the profile rail (19) and which is designed in such a way that during the movement of one of the two holding elements (3, 5) in the longitudinal direction of the profile rail (19) the latter are additionally moved transversely in accordance with the course of the guide.
  2. A connecting piece (1) according to claim 1, in which the holding elements (3, 5) are held in the operative position by way of a spring element (13).
  3. A connecting piece (1) according to claim 1 or 2, in which a first holding element (3) has a recess (7) in which a corresponding projection (9) engages on a second holding element (5) in the manner of a tongue-and-groove guide.
  4. A connecting piece (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, in which the guide slot (41) comprises a groove determining the course of the guidance and at least one guide element (43) engaging with the guide slot (41).
  5. A connecting piece (1) according to claim 4, in which the guide element (43) is designed in the form of a cam and is associated with the first holding element (3) and is coupled to the second holding element (5) by way of the groove (41).
  6. A connecting piece (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 5, in which the holding elements (3, 5) are designed in such a way that the position of the connecting piece (1) is held in the operative position in the event of a force acting upon the connecting piece (1) in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the profile rail (19).
  7. A connecting piece (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 6, which is capable of being moved into its release position by a handle arranged on one of the holding elements (3, 5).
  8. A connecting piece (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 7, in which the holding elements (3, 5) engage around the counter faces (22, 24) of the profile rail (19) in the manner of shoes in the operative position.
  9. A connecting piece (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 7, in which in the operative position the holding elements (3, 5) engage on counter faces (22, 24) of the profile rail (19) in the manner of wedges.
  10. A connecting piece (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 9, with a formation (15) which is capable of being brought into engagement with a counter formation (37) arranged on the profile rail (19).
  11. A connecting piece (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 10, which is designed for attachment to a Picatinny rail (19).
  12. A connecting piece (1) according to claim 10, in which the formation (15) is a locking pin (15) which is capable of being brought into engagement with a transverse groove (37) designed in the form of a counter formation in the Picatinny rail (19).
  13. A connecting piece (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, which comprises a sighting element (57, 104).
  14. A hand protection (109) for a weapon (105) with a connecting piece (1) according to any one of the preceding claims.
  15. A weapon (105) with a connecting piece (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 14.
EP20080715670 2007-02-01 2008-01-30 Connecting piece and connecting piece comprising a sight Active EP2122292B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE200710005142 DE102007005142B4 (en) 2007-02-01 2007-02-01 connector
PCT/EP2008/000731 WO2008092668A1 (en) 2007-02-01 2008-01-30 Connecting piece and connecting piece comprising a sight

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP09015008A EP2154468A3 (en) 2007-02-01 2008-01-30 Sighting element
EP09015009A EP2154469A3 (en) 2007-02-01 2008-01-30 Sighting element

Related Child Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP09015009.5 Division-Into 2009-12-03
EP09015008.7 Division-Into 2009-12-03

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP2122292A1 EP2122292A1 (en) 2009-11-25
EP2122292B1 true EP2122292B1 (en) 2012-05-30

Family

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EP09015009A Withdrawn EP2154469A3 (en) 2007-02-01 2008-01-30 Sighting element
EP20080715670 Active EP2122292B1 (en) 2007-02-01 2008-01-30 Connecting piece and connecting piece comprising a sight
EP09015008A Withdrawn EP2154468A3 (en) 2007-02-01 2008-01-30 Sighting element

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP09015009A Withdrawn EP2154469A3 (en) 2007-02-01 2008-01-30 Sighting element

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP09015008A Withdrawn EP2154468A3 (en) 2007-02-01 2008-01-30 Sighting element

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US (1) US7814698B2 (en)
EP (3) EP2154469A3 (en)
KR (1) KR101188974B1 (en)
CA (1) CA2676114C (en)
DE (2) DE102007063611A1 (en)
ES (1) ES2388798T3 (en)
WO (1) WO2008092668A1 (en)
ZA (1) ZA200905323B (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
KR20090113842A (en) 2009-11-02
ES2388798T3 (en) 2012-10-18
US7814698B2 (en) 2010-10-19
CA2676114A1 (en) 2008-08-07
EP2122292A1 (en) 2009-11-25
WO2008092668A1 (en) 2008-08-07
KR101188974B1 (en) 2012-10-08
US20100005697A1 (en) 2010-01-14
EP2154469A3 (en) 2010-03-24
EP2154469A2 (en) 2010-02-17
EP2154468A2 (en) 2010-02-17
ZA200905323B (en) 2010-05-26
DE102007063611A1 (en) 2008-10-02
CA2676114C (en) 2011-10-11
DE102007063610A1 (en) 2008-10-02
EP2154468A3 (en) 2010-03-17

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