EP2113963A1 - An enclosure and mounting assembly for an antenna - Google Patents

An enclosure and mounting assembly for an antenna Download PDF

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Publication number
EP2113963A1
EP2113963A1 EP20080155601 EP08155601A EP2113963A1 EP 2113963 A1 EP2113963 A1 EP 2113963A1 EP 20080155601 EP20080155601 EP 20080155601 EP 08155601 A EP08155601 A EP 08155601A EP 2113963 A1 EP2113963 A1 EP 2113963A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
tube
radome
apparatus according
preceding
chimney
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP20080155601
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Tuomas Nylén
Matti Mikkola
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nokia Solutions and Networks Oy
Original Assignee
Nokia Solutions and Networks Oy
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nokia Solutions and Networks Oy filed Critical Nokia Solutions and Networks Oy
Priority to EP20080155601 priority Critical patent/EP2113963A1/en
Publication of EP2113963A1 publication Critical patent/EP2113963A1/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/22Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles
    • H01Q1/24Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set
    • H01Q1/241Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM
    • H01Q1/246Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM specially adapted for base stations
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/42Housings not intimately mechanically associated with radiating elements, e.g. radome
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/44Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas using equipment having another main function to serve additionally as an antenna, e.g. means for giving an antenna an aesthetic aspect

Abstract

An apparatus comprising: a radome; and a tube disposed within, and mounted to, the radome, wherein the tube has an outer surface adapted for mounting transmitter and/or receiver components thereon and an inner surface defining a cooling chimney, and wherein the radome has an opening at each end of the tube for allowing air to circulate through the cooling chimney.

Description

    Field of the Invention
  • Embodiments of the present invention relate to an enclosure and mounting assembly for an antenna.
  • Background
  • In 2G and 3G cellular wireless networks, base stations provide the coverage for end user access. The most popular macro base station has one or several radios or transmitters and receivers (TRX) inside, configured in one or several sector fashion, and covers a radius of a few kilometres. Antennas are mostly external, large in size, and connected to the TRX via cables and connectors. The whole base station needs a specialized cellular site to install, due to the physical size of equipment, high power consumption, and height requirements.
  • For broadband wireless service beyond 3G, a lot more smaller base stations need to be deployed in areas where there is a concentration of heavy data traffic. They need multiple-sector and multiple-radio support to maximize capacity. The traditional Macro cells have to be scaled down to Micro or even Pico cells, with a radius shrinking from a few kilometres to a few hundred meters. The mounting sites for such small base stations are less cellular specific, such as walls of building, rooftop of building, street light post, utility poles, traffic lights, etc...
  • Due to the large number of sites required for small broadband wireless base stations, on-location weather proof and temperature controlled cabinets are normally unavailable. Also the physical infrastructure will not be able to support very large or heavy equipment due to weight and wind load. The present applicant has identified a need for smaller, lighter base stations that consume less energy.
  • From an operations point of view, the present applicant has identified the need to make the installation process simple and fool proof since there will be many units to install and it would be advantageous if the base stations could be installed without requiring a highly skilled engineer. The most time consuming operations involved in installing current base stations are antenna mounting, orientation, cable connection with TRX, and cable connector weather proofing.
  • There is increasing pressure on reducing the cost of small base stations themselves. Downsized Macro base stations are ill-fit to achieve the cost target due to their over engineered designs.
  • It is an aim of certain embodiments of the present invention to solve one or more of the aforementioned problems.
  • Summary
  • According to a first embodiment of the present invention there is provided an apparatus comprising: a radome; and a tube disposed within, and mounted to, the radome, wherein the tube has an outer surface adapted for mounting transmitter and/or receiver components thereon and an inner surface defining a cooling chimney, and wherein the radome has an opening at each end of the tube for allowing air to circulate through the cooling chimney.
  • The aforementioned arrangement has been found to provide a low cost, compact, and readily constructed apparatus for embedding multiple active antennas in an enclosed structure. The central tube serves to form both a mounting and isolation structure for the transmitter and/or receiver components and also a cooling chimney for removing heat generated by the transmitter and/or receiver components. The tube also acts as a structural backbone for the apparatus.
  • The tube may have a plurality of sides and be adapted for mounting a transmitter and/or receiver on each one of the sides. For example, the tube may have a substantially triangular cross-section. An active antenna may be mounted on each of the three sides of the triangular cross-sectioned tube. In such a triangular cross-sectioned arrangement, the radome may also have a substantially triangular cross-section for compactness and ease of mounting the tube therein. The complementary shape of the tube and radome also aids in sealing areas where the transmitter and/or receiver components are mounted.
  • The tube may be made of aluminium. An aluminium tube is lightweight and has been found to be ideal in functioning as a structural backbone, a radio frequency insulator among sectors, and a heat sink for electronic components. In order to further strengthen the structure, the tube may comprise one or more cross-bracing elements disposed within the cooling chimney between points on the inner surface of the tube. The one or more cross-bracing elements function to strengtheming the apparatus while still allowing air to flow through the cooling chimney.
  • The radome may be made of plastic which is lightweight and provides RF-transparency to embedded antennas. In order to aid transportation and installation, the radome may comprise a handle on an outer surface thereof for carrying the apparatus. According to one arrangement, the handle is disposed over one of the openings in the radome for reducing ingress of moisture, dust, and/or other debris while still allowing air to exit the opening. For example, the apparatus may be adapted to be mounted with the tube orientated in a vertical direction with a top and bottom opening. Air can then circulate up the chimney with cool air entering through the bottom opening and heated air exiting through the top opening by convection. In order to avoid debris falling into the top opening, the handle may be disposed thereover.
  • A bottom plate may be provided for mounting the tube to the radome. In this case, one of the openings in the radome for allowing air to circulate through the cooling chimney may be defmed by the bottom plate.
  • The tube may be mounted to the radome to form a seal at each end of the tube isolating air within the cooling chimney from a region between the outer surface of the tube and an inner surface of the radome. For example, a gasket may be provided at each end of the tube to form the seal. The region between the outer surface of the tube and the inner surface of the radome may be sealed to an ingress protection rating of at least 67 (IP67). Such a seal protects electronic components mounted therein from dust and moisture.
  • The transmitter and/or receiver components can be provided in various forms. In one arrangement the outer surface of the tube is adapted for mounting electronic boards comprising the transmitter and/or receiver components.
  • The apparatus of certain embodiments of the present invention may be provided with transmitter and/or receiver components to form a base station of a wireless communications network, for example, a mobile phone network.
  • Brief Description of the Figures
  • For a better understanding of the present invention and to show how the same may be carried into effect, embodiments of the present invention will now be described by way of example only with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
    • Figure 1 shows an exploded view of a wireless base station according to an embodiment of the invention;
    • Figure 2 shows a top view illustrating the cross-section of a central triangular aluminium tube of the wireless base station of Figure 1 with electronic boards mounted thereon;
    • Figure 3 shows a side cross-section view of the wireless base station of Figure 1 illustrating convection cooling through a cooling chimney defmed by the central triangular aluminium tube of Figure 2;
    • Figure 4 shows a perspective view of the fully constructed wireless base station of Figure 1; and
    • Figure 5 shows the wireless base station mounted to a post.
    Description of Exemplifying Embodiments
  • Certain embodiments of the invention provide multiple-sector multiple-radio base stations with embedded antennas. These embodiments can be used as micro or pico base stations deployed outdoors in high density to provide broadband wireless access.
  • The mechanical design of one such wireless base station consists of the following three elements: a central aluminium chimney; a plastic radome disposed around the central aluminium chimney with a handle; and a bottom plate for mounting the chimney in the radome. Figure 1 shows an exploded view of such a wireless base station.
  • This design centers around an aluminium chimney (1), which acts simultaneously as the structural backbone, a radio frequency insulator among sectors, a heat sink for electronic components, and a chimney for self convection.
  • The external enclosure, or radome (2), is integrated with a handle doubled as a rain/dust cover for the ventilation holes. The plastic radome is transparent to radio waves so that the embedded antennas can function properly.
  • The bottom plate (3) provides an interface to a mounting unit (shown in Figure 5) and weather proof external connectors (4) for power and data. It is also the mechanical foundation for securing the aluminium chimney (1) and the radome (2). Cool air is flown inside the chimney through the bottom plate (3).
  • In this design, all external antennas, cables, and connectors are eliminated. The number of parts in the wireless base station is low for cost-efficiency, fast assembly and installation.
  • The bottom plate (3) is a single injection moulded part made of glass-reinforced PA66. With the aluminium chimney (1), it forms the rigid backbone of the base station. The bottom plate (3) has a cylindrical interface for mounting to a cylindrical fastening element of a mounting unit (showing in Figure 5). The cylindrical interface also doubles as an inlet channel for cool air. Cable entry areas are located on the bottom of the bottom plate (3) and provide fastening points for the cable glands.
  • Two cable hatches (4) (one for power, one for data connectors) provide weather protection for the areas of cable entry to an ingress protection rating of 67 (IP 67). The two cable hatches (4) also provide strain relief to the cables. Cable glands are integrated with flexible drop stopper arms and captive screws to avoid accidental fall of parts.
  • A top gasket (5a) is provided between the aluminium chimney (1) and the radome (2). A bottom gasket (5b) is provided between aluminium chimney (1) and the bottom plate (3). A partition gasket (5c) is provided between the radome (2) and bottom plate (3). Electronic boards (6a, 6b, 6c) are mounted on outer faces of the triangular aluminium chimney. The gaskets serve to seal the electronics area within an enclosure between the outer surface of the aluminium chimney (1) and the inner surface of the radome (2) to an ingress protection rating of 67. The top and bottom gaskets (5a, 5b) can be stamped out of a sheet of elastic material. The partition gasket (5c) may be an injection moulded elastomer.
  • The core of the wireless base station is provided by the triangular cross-sectioned aluminium chimney (1) which is shown in more detail in Figure 2. The chimney (1) has multiple functions: it forms the rigid chassis of the apparatus onto which electronics are fixed; and it defines a cooling chimney though which air can flow. A cross-bracing structure (7) in the middle of the triangular profile adds additional heat sink capability to the chimney by increasing surface area. The cross-bracing structure (7) also serves to strengthen the apparatus.
  • Electronic boards (6a, 6b, 6c) are mounted on outer faces of the triangular aluminium chimney. Recesses (8) may be provided in the outer surface of the chimney for receiving electronic components (9) therein. The recesses (8) allow mounting of electronic components (9) that have a building height beyond a few millimetres. This enables integration of an AC/DC power supply and external interface circuits in a compact arrangement.
  • The aluminium chimney (1), together with radome (2), bottom plate (3), and the gaskets (5a, 5b, 5c) form an extremely strong sandwich structure. Attached to the stiff sheet metal mounting unit (shown in Figure 5), the wireless base station can withstand severe wind loads and vibration. Inside the triangular profile the cross bracing pattern (7) is applied to make it easier to produce and add additional mechanical sturdiness.
  • Thermal management is illustrated in Figure 3. There are two methods to transfer excess heat from the electronic components: conduction of heat from the electronic components into the aluminium profile (2); and convection from the aluminium profile to the outside of the apparatus via air flowing through the chimney. In order to improve heat transfer, conductive thermal pads may be provided between hot electronic components and the aluminium profile. Heat conducts to the inner surface of the profile and eventually heats the air in the chimney. Warm air rises towards the top of the wireless base station through the chimney and out of ventilation holes (10). Rising hot air produces lower pressure inside the chimney and cool air starts to flow into the chimney from the bottom through the cylindrical fastening element (12). Due to low flow rate, only the smallest dust particles enter inside the base station.
  • The triangular, closed shape of the aluminium chimney (1) provides isolation and RF-shielding between antenna sectors. With the top and bottom gaskets (5a, 5b), the aluminium chimney (1) separates the IP-protected area and the open cooling area within. The triangular shape that hides the antennas from each other delivers about 40dB isolation in between the sectors.
  • The outer surface of the radome (2) is illustrated in Figure 4 showing the ventilation holes (10) and handle (14). The radome may be formed as a single injection moulded PC/ABS part. With the chimney and the gaskets it protects the electronics and allows the heated air to flow outside the apparatus. The radome provides RF-transparency to the embedded antennas. The integrated handle (14) is disposed over the ventilation holes (10) to protect against ingress of rain and debris. This structure allows easy handling and installation of the apparatus, while also providing a protected thermal exit.
  • Figure 5 shows the wireless base station mounted to a post (15) by a mounting unit (16). The mounting unit (16) provides the means to install the wireless base station to vertical, horizontal or slanted poles (such as lamp posts) or onto a wall. The mounting unit (16) has a swivel mechanism to provide tilt adjustment of 90 degrees.
  • The wireless base station is designed such that assembly is efficient and fast, following top to bottom logic. The steps involved in assembly are as follows:
  1. 1. The bottom gasket is placed in its position into the bottom plate and secured with adhesive;
  2. 2. The top gasket is placed in its position inside the top of the radome and secured with adhesive;
  3. 3. The aluminium chimney is secured to the bottom plate with self-tapping screws;
  4. 4. Antenna/radio sub-assemblies, PWR and I/F boards are secured to the chimney with self-tapping screws;
  5. 5. The chimney, equipped with electronics boards, is slid inside the radome and secured to it with screws through the bottom plate; and
  6. 6. The cable hatches are secured into their positions with captive screws.
  • The wireless base station can be installed by one person only, in less than half an hours time. The typical installation of the base station involves the following steps:
    1. 1. Fixing the mounting unit to the selected mounting interface (pole or a wall).
    2. 2. Measuring and adjusting the planarity of the mounting unit (the base station is generally mounted in an upright position).
    3. 3. Positioning the wireless base station node on the mounting unit and aligning the node towards neighbouring nodes by rotating it around its vertical axis.
    4. 4. Opening cable hatches and connecting cables (pwr or pwr + data).
    5. 5. Closing hatches and securing with captive screws.
  • After performing the aforementioned installation steps the base station is ready to be powered up.
  • Embodiments provide a small multi-sector base station design with embedded antenna without sacrificing high performance as all the benefits of multiple-sector design such as frequency re-use, noise reduction, and radio energy focusing are retained. Excellent heat dissipation is provided purely by self convection. No fans are required and there is no need for environmentally controlled site cabinets. Embodiments are cheap to manufacture and assemble. The aluminium profile can be formed by extrusion and then cut to a desired length. No post-processing is needed. Self threading screw holes, alignment rails and heat sink are all designed into the profile. The radome with integral handle and bottom plate can both be single-shot injection moulded parts well suited for mass production. Sectors may be symmetrical which enables per sector sub-assembly of antenna and radio.
  • Installation is simple due to the light weight of the apparatus and single hand operation via the built-in handle. No external antennas are required and few or no cables and connectors are required to be attached at mounting height. Little or no node orientation is needed. The unit may be easily mounted on any vertical or horizontal pole or attached to a wall. The final assembly of the whole unit should not take one person more than 15 minutes of labour.
  • The base station may be used as a node in any broadband radio technology. Examples include WLAN, WiMAX, and 2G/3G/nG cellular base stations. Embodiments can significantly reduce the size and cost of multi-sector base station.
  • While this invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to preferred embodiments, it will be understood to those skilled in the art that various changes in form and detail may be made without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the appendant claims.
  • Claims (17)

    1. An apparatus comprising:
      a radome; and
      a tube disposed within, and mounted to, the radome,
      wherein the tube has an outer surface adapted for mounting transmitter and/or receiver components thereon and an inner surface defining a cooling chimney, and wherein the radome has an opening at each end of the tube for allowing air to circulate through the cooling chimney.
    2. An apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the tube has a plurality of sides and is adapted for mounting a transmitter and/or receiver on each one of the sides.
    3. An apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the tube has a substantially triangular cross-section.
    4. An apparatus according to claim 3, wherein the radome has a substantially triangular cross-section.
    5. An apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein the tube is made of aluminium.
    6. An apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein the tube comprises one or more cross-bracing elements disposed within the cooling chimney between points on the inner surface of the tube for strengthening the tube while still allowing air to flow through the cooling chimney.
    7. An apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein the radome is made of plastic.
    8. An apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein the radome comprises a handle on an outer surface thereof for carrying the apparatus.
    9. An apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the handle is disposed over one of the openings in the radome for reducing ingress of moisture and dust while still allowing air to exit the opening.
    10. An apparatus according to any preceding claim, further comprising a bottom plate for mounting the tube to the radome.
    11. An apparatus according to claim 10, wherein one of the openings in the radome for allowing air to circulate through the cooling chimney is defmed by the bottom plate.
    12. An apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein the tube is mounted to the radome to form a seal at each end of the tube isolating air within the cooling chimney from a region between the outer surface of the tube and an inner surface of the radome.
    13. An apparatus according to claim 12, wherein a gasket is provided at each end of the tube to form the seal.
    14. An apparatus according to claim 12 or 13, wherein the region between the outer surface of the tube and the inner surface of the radome is sealed to a level of at least IP67.
    15. An apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein the outer surface of the tube is adapted for mounting electronic boards comprising the transmitter and/or receiver components.
    16. An apparatus according to any preceding claim, further comprising the transmitter and/or receiver components mounted on the outer surface of the tube.
    17. An apparatus according to claim 16, wherein the apparatus is adapted to form a base station of a wireless communications network.
    EP20080155601 2008-05-02 2008-05-02 An enclosure and mounting assembly for an antenna Withdrawn EP2113963A1 (en)

    Priority Applications (1)

    Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
    EP20080155601 EP2113963A1 (en) 2008-05-02 2008-05-02 An enclosure and mounting assembly for an antenna

    Applications Claiming Priority (4)

    Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
    EP20080155601 EP2113963A1 (en) 2008-05-02 2008-05-02 An enclosure and mounting assembly for an antenna
    PCT/EP2009/055143 WO2009133112A1 (en) 2008-05-02 2009-04-28 An enclosure and mounting assembly for an antenna
    EP20090738156 EP2389710B1 (en) 2008-05-02 2009-04-28 An enclosure and mounting assembly for an antenna
    ES09738156T ES2392353T3 (en) 2008-05-02 2009-04-28 Enclosure and mounting assembly for an antenna

    Publications (1)

    Publication Number Publication Date
    EP2113963A1 true EP2113963A1 (en) 2009-11-04

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    ID=39710838

    Family Applications (2)

    Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
    EP20080155601 Withdrawn EP2113963A1 (en) 2008-05-02 2008-05-02 An enclosure and mounting assembly for an antenna
    EP20090738156 Active EP2389710B1 (en) 2008-05-02 2009-04-28 An enclosure and mounting assembly for an antenna

    Family Applications After (1)

    Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
    EP20090738156 Active EP2389710B1 (en) 2008-05-02 2009-04-28 An enclosure and mounting assembly for an antenna

    Country Status (3)

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    EP (2) EP2113963A1 (en)
    ES (1) ES2392353T3 (en)
    WO (1) WO2009133112A1 (en)

    Cited By (3)

    * Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
    Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
    EP2676328A1 (en) * 2011-08-25 2013-12-25 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd Antenna assembly
    CN104032932A (en) * 2013-03-05 2014-09-10 四川汇源信息技术有限公司 Efficient dustproof antenna type exhaust device
    WO2015023364A1 (en) * 2013-08-16 2015-02-19 Andrew Llc Modular small cell architecture

    Families Citing this family (4)

    * Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
    Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
    KR101868869B1 (en) * 2012-08-07 2018-06-19 주식회사 케이엠더블유 Compact-type base station for mobile communication system
    JP6250059B2 (en) * 2012-11-16 2017-12-20 ケーエムダブリュ・インコーポレーテッド Small base station apparatus in a mobile communication system
    WO2014209625A1 (en) * 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Andrew Llc Rrh concealment module/methods in natural convection
    WO2018114510A1 (en) * 2016-12-22 2018-06-28 Philips Lighting Holding B.V. Mast, lighting device, and street light pole

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    WO1995016840A1 (en) * 1993-12-15 1995-06-22 Mafi Ab Antenna tower
    GB2289827A (en) * 1994-05-17 1995-11-29 Motorola Ltd Integrated base station and antenna mast
    US20010054494A1 (en) * 2000-06-22 2001-12-27 Nec Corporation Mount structure of communication equipment
    US7043280B1 (en) * 2001-10-11 2006-05-09 Adaptix, Inc. Mechanically rotatable wireless RF data transmission subscriber station with multi-beam antenna
    DE102005063234A1 (en) * 2005-12-19 2007-06-21 Fuß, Torsten, Dr.-Ing. Supporting structure for installation of antenna tower, has arm extended along v-side piece and having angle of specified degrees during extension of side piece over crank, and core supporting thin-walled covering that is attached to core

    Patent Citations (5)

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    WO1995016840A1 (en) * 1993-12-15 1995-06-22 Mafi Ab Antenna tower
    GB2289827A (en) * 1994-05-17 1995-11-29 Motorola Ltd Integrated base station and antenna mast
    US20010054494A1 (en) * 2000-06-22 2001-12-27 Nec Corporation Mount structure of communication equipment
    US7043280B1 (en) * 2001-10-11 2006-05-09 Adaptix, Inc. Mechanically rotatable wireless RF data transmission subscriber station with multi-beam antenna
    DE102005063234A1 (en) * 2005-12-19 2007-06-21 Fuß, Torsten, Dr.-Ing. Supporting structure for installation of antenna tower, has arm extended along v-side piece and having angle of specified degrees during extension of side piece over crank, and core supporting thin-walled covering that is attached to core

    Cited By (8)

    * Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
    Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
    EP2676328A1 (en) * 2011-08-25 2013-12-25 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd Antenna assembly
    EP2676328A4 (en) * 2011-08-25 2015-02-18 Huawei Tech Co Ltd Antenna assembly
    CN104032932A (en) * 2013-03-05 2014-09-10 四川汇源信息技术有限公司 Efficient dustproof antenna type exhaust device
    CN104032932B (en) * 2013-03-05 2016-05-18 四川汇源信息技术有限公司 Efficient dust-antenna outlet device
    WO2015023364A1 (en) * 2013-08-16 2015-02-19 Andrew Llc Modular small cell architecture
    US9433034B2 (en) 2013-08-16 2016-08-30 Commscope Technologies Llc Modular small cell architecture
    US9997825B2 (en) 2013-08-16 2018-06-12 Commscope Technologies Llc Modular small cell architecture
    US10305173B2 (en) 2013-08-16 2019-05-28 Commscope Technologies Llc Modular small cell architecture

    Also Published As

    Publication number Publication date
    WO2009133112A1 (en) 2009-11-05
    EP2389710A1 (en) 2011-11-30
    EP2389710B1 (en) 2012-08-01
    ES2392353T3 (en) 2012-12-10

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