EP2094585B1 - Device for dispensing a fluid product - Google Patents

Device for dispensing a fluid product Download PDF

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Publication number
EP2094585B1
EP2094585B1 EP20070858576 EP07858576A EP2094585B1 EP 2094585 B1 EP2094585 B1 EP 2094585B1 EP 20070858576 EP20070858576 EP 20070858576 EP 07858576 A EP07858576 A EP 07858576A EP 2094585 B1 EP2094585 B1 EP 2094585B1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
blocking
head
locking
breakable
opening
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP20070858576
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP2094585A2 (en
Inventor
Samuel Pruvot
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Aptar France SAS
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Aptar France SAS
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Publication date
Priority to FR0654401A priority Critical patent/FR2907434B1/en
Application filed by Aptar France SAS filed Critical Aptar France SAS
Priority to PCT/FR2007/052149 priority patent/WO2008047032A2/en
Publication of EP2094585A2 publication Critical patent/EP2094585A2/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP2094585B1 publication Critical patent/EP2094585B1/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D55/00Accessories for container closures not otherwise provided for
    • B65D55/02Locking devices; Means for discouraging or indicating unauthorised opening or removal of closure
    • B65D55/10Locking pins
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B11/00Single-unit, i.e. unitary, hand-held apparatus comprising a container and a discharge nozzle attached thereto, in which flow of liquid or other fluent material is produced by the muscular energy of the operator at the moment of use or by an equivalent manipulator independent from the apparatus
    • B05B11/30Single-unit, i.e. unitary, hand-held apparatus comprising a container and a discharge nozzle attached thereto, in which flow of liquid or other fluent material is produced by the muscular energy of the operator at the moment of use or by an equivalent manipulator independent from the apparatus the flow being effected by a pump
    • B05B11/3042Components or details
    • B05B11/3059Means for locking a pump or its actuation means in a fixed position
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D83/00Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents
    • B65D83/14Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents for delivery of liquid or semi-liquid contents by internal gaseous pressure, i.e. aerosol containers comprising propellant for a product delivered by a propellant
    • B65D83/75Aerosol containers not provided for in groups B65D83/16 - B65D83/74
    • B65D83/757Tamper-indicating means
    • B65D83/7575Separate tamper-elements

Abstract

Device for dispensing a fluid product, comprising: a fluid product dispensing member (10), such as a manually actuated valve or pump, said fluid product dispensing member being fixed by a fixing ring (30) to a tank (1), an actuating head (20) mounted on said dispensing member and movable to actuate said dispensing member, and a removable locking element (40) which, in the locked position, prevents actuation of the dispensing member, said locking element being mounted on the actuating head and engaging with the fixing ring or an element connected thereto, through at least one opening (21) provided in the actuating head.

Description

  • La présente invention concerne un dispositif de distribution de produit fluide, et plus particulièrement un tel dispositif comportant un élément de blocage permettant d'empêcher l'actionnement dudit dispositif entre deux utilisations.The present invention relates to a fluid dispenser device, and more particularly to such a device comprising a locking element for preventing the actuation of said device between two uses.
  • Les systèmes qui servent à empêcher l'actionnement d'un dispositif de distribution de produit fluide entre deux actionnements sont bien connus, et comportent généralement des dispositifs amovibles, tels que des clips que l'on vient fixer sous la tête d'actionnement ou poussoir pour empêcher son déplacement. L'inconvénient d'un tel dispositif amovible est qu'il peut parfois se détacher de lui-même pendant son transport dans un sac par exemple. Il existe des systèmes intégrés dans le dispositif et qui ne sont pas amovibles mais ces systèmes sont généralement très compliqués à réaliser et à assembler, et impliquent une modification de plusieurs pièces du dispositif de distribution, ce qui en augmente considérablement le coût. Les documents US 6 186 365 et LU 84 436 décrivent des dispositifs existants.Systems that serve to prevent the actuation of a fluid dispensing device between two actuations are well known, and generally include removable devices, such as clips that are just fixed under the actuating head or push to prevent his movement. The disadvantage of such a removable device is that it can sometimes come off itself during its transport in a bag for example. There are systems integrated in the device that are not removable but these systems are generally very complicated to perform and assemble, and involve a modification of several parts of the dispensing device, which greatly increases the cost. The documents US 6,186,365 and LU 84,436 describe existing devices.
  • La présente invention a pour but de fournir un dispositif de distribution de produit fluide qui ne reproduit pas les inconvénients susmentionnés.The present invention aims to provide a fluid dispensing device that does not reproduce the aforementioned drawbacks.
  • Plus particulièrement, la présente invention a pour but de fournir un dispositif de distribution de produit fluide comportant un élément de blocage d'actionnement qui soit simple et peu coûteux à fabriquer et à assembler.More particularly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a fluid dispensing device having an actuating locking member which is simple and inexpensive to manufacture and assemble.
  • La présente invention a également pour but de fournir un tel dispositif de distribution de produit fluide qui s'adapte facilement sur les dispositifs existants et ne nécessite pas de modification majeure des pièces constitutives du dispositif de distribution.The present invention also aims to provide such a fluid dispenser device that easily adapts to existing devices and does not require major modification of the constituent parts of the dispensing device.
  • La présente invention a aussi pour but de fournir un tel dispositif qui permette de visualiser simplement si le dispositif a déjà été utilisé ou non.The present invention also aims to provide such a device that allows to simply visualize whether the device has already been used or not.
  • La présente invention a également pour but de fournir un tel dispositif dont le fonctionnement est sûr et fiable, et dont l'actionnement est aisé pour l'utilisateur.The present invention also aims to provide such a device whose operation is safe and reliable, and whose operation is easy for the user.
  • La présente invention a donc pour objet un dispositif de distribution de produit fluide, comprenant un organe de distribution de produit fluide, tel qu'une pompe ou une valve actionnée manuellement, ledit organe de distribution de produit fluide étant fixé par une bague de fixation sur un réservoir, une tête d'actionnement, montée sur ledit organe de distribution et déplaçable pour actionner ledit organe de distribution, et un élément de blocage amovible qui, en position de blocage empêche l'actionnement de l'organe de distribution, ledit élément de blocage étant assemblé sur la tête d'actionnement, et coopérant avec la bague de fixation ou un élément solidaire de celle-ci, à travers au moins une ouverture prévue dans la tête d'actionnement.The subject of the present invention is therefore a device for dispensing fluid product, comprising a fluid product dispensing member, such as a pump or a manually operated valve, said fluid product dispensing member being fixed by a fixing ring on a reservoir, an actuating head, mounted on said dispensing member and movable to actuate said dispensing member, and a removable locking member which, in the locking position prevents the actuation of the dispensing member, said element of blocking being assembled on the actuating head, and cooperating with the fixing ring or an element secured thereto, through at least one opening provided in the actuating head.
  • Avantageusement, ledit élément de blocage est déplaçable en translation, transversalement à l'axe longitudinal de l'organe de distribution.Advantageously, said locking element is displaceable in translation, transversely to the longitudinal axis of the dispensing member.
  • Avantageusement, l'élément de blocage comporte au moins une projection de blocage traversant ladite au moins une ouverture.Advantageously, the locking element comprises at least one locking projection passing through said at least one opening.
  • Avantageusement, ledit élément de blocage comporte au moins un élément sécable adapté à se casser lorsque l'élément de blocage est retiré pour la première fois de sa position de blocage.Advantageously, said locking element comprises at least one breakable element adapted to break when the locking element is removed for the first time from its locking position.
  • Avantageusement, ledit au moins un élément sécable est formé par une languette coopérant avec au moins un bord de ladite au moins une ouverture.Advantageously, said at least one breakable element is formed by a tab cooperating with at least one edge of said at least one opening.
  • Avantageusement, ladite tête comporte au moins deux ouvertures, dont au moins une reçoit une projection de blocage et au moins une reçoit un élément sécable.Advantageously, said head comprises at least two openings, of which at least one receives a locking projection and at least one receives a breakable element.
  • Avantageusement, l'élément de blocage, en position de blocage, s'étend au moins partiellement autour de ladite tête.Advantageously, the locking element, in the locking position, extends at least partially around said head.
  • Avantageusement, l'élément de blocage comporte une bague ouverte comprenant deux projections de blocage et dont chaque bord d'extrémité est pourvu d'un élément sécable, ladite tête comportant quatre ouvertures, dont deux reçoivent lesdites projections de blocage en position de blocage et deux reçoivent lesdits éléments sécables, en position de blocage avant la première utilisation.Advantageously, the locking element comprises an open ring comprising two locking projections and each end edge is provided with a breakable element, said head having four openings, two of which receive said locking projections in the locking position and two receive said breakable elements, in blocking position before the first use.
  • Avantageusement, l'élément de blocage comporte deux branches sensiblement parallèles, lesdites branches formant deux projections de blocage et les extrémités libres desdites branches comportant chacune un élément sécable, ladite tête comportant quatre ouvertures, chaque branche, en position de blocage, pénétrant à l'intérieur de la tête par une première ouverture et ressortant hors de la tête par une seconde ouverture, chaque élément sécable coopérant avec ladite seconde ouverture en position de blocage avant la première utilisation.Advantageously, the locking element comprises two substantially parallel branches, said branches forming two locking projections and the free ends of said branches each having a breakable element, said head having four openings, each branch, in the locking position, penetrating the inside the head by a first opening and springing out of the head by a second opening, each breakable element cooperating with said second opening in the locked position before the first use.
  • Avantageusement, l'élément de blocage est maintenu en position de blocage par des moyens de retenue, lesdits moyens de retenue étant élastiquement déformables.Advantageously, the locking element is held in the locking position by retaining means, said retaining means being elastically deformable.
  • Avantageusement, lesdits moyens de retenue sont formés par ladite bague ouverte coopérant avec la surface périphérique de la tête.Advantageously, said retaining means are formed by said open ring cooperating with the peripheral surface of the head.
  • Avantageusement, lesdits moyens de retenue sont formés par au moins une projection de retenue coopérant avec au moins une ouverture de la tête.Advantageously, said retaining means are formed by at least one retaining projection cooperating with at least one opening of the head.
  • Avantageusement, l'élément de blocage coopère, en position de blocage, avec la surface supérieure de la bague de fixation ou d'un élément solidaire de ladite bague.Advantageously, the locking element cooperates, in locking position, with the upper surface of the fixing ring or an element integral with said ring.
  • Avantageusement, ledit élément de blocage comporte au moins un moyen de préhension.Advantageously, said locking element comprises at least one gripping means.
  • D'autres caractéristiques et avantages de l'invention apparaîtront plus clairement au cours de la description détaillée suivante de deux modes de réalisation avantageux de la présente invention, faite en référence aux dessins joints, donnés à titre d'exemples non limitatifs, et sur lesquels :
    • La figure 1 est une vue schématique en perspective d'un dispositif de distribution de produit fluide selon un premier mode de réalisation, en position de blocage.
    • La figure 2 est une vue schématique de côté du dispositif de la figure 1, en position de blocage.
    • La figure 3 est une vue schématique en section transversale de la figure 2.
    • La figure 4 est une vue schématique similaire à celle de la figure 2, sans élément de blocage.
    • La figure 5 est une vue en section horizontale du dispositif, avant l'assemblage de l'élément de blocage sur la tête d'actionnement.
    • La figure 6 est une vue similaire à celle de la figure 5, montrant le dispositif de distribution, une fois l'élément de blocage assemblé en position de blocage, et avant la première utilisation.
    • Les figures 7, 8 et 9 montrent, en section horizontale, le positionnement de l'élément de blocage selon un second mode de réalisation, sur le dispositif de distribution respectivement avant, pendant et après son insertion par les ouvertures de la tête d'actionnement.
    • La figure 10 est une vue schématique en perspective d'un dispositif de distribution selon le second mode de réalisation, en position de blocage.
    • La figure 11 est une vue schématique en section du dispositif de la figure 10.
    Other features and advantages of the invention will emerge more clearly in the following detailed description of two advantageous embodiments of the present invention, with reference to the accompanying drawings, given by way of non-limiting examples, and on which :
    • The figure 1 is a schematic perspective view of a fluid dispenser device according to a first embodiment, in the locking position.
    • The figure 2 is a schematic side view of the device of the figure 1 , in blocking position.
    • The figure 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the figure 2 .
    • The figure 4 is a schematic view similar to that of the figure 2 , without blocking element.
    • The figure 5 is a horizontal sectional view of the device, before the assembly of the locking element on the actuating head.
    • The figure 6 is a view similar to that of the figure 5 , showing the dispensing device, once the blocking element assembled in the blocking position, and before the first use.
    • The Figures 7, 8 and 9 show, in horizontal section, the positioning of the locking element according to a second embodiment, on the dispensing device respectively before, during and after its insertion through the openings of the actuating head.
    • The figure 10 is a schematic perspective view of a dispensing device according to the second embodiment, in the locking position.
    • The figure 11 is a schematic sectional view of the device of the figure 10 .
  • En référence aux figures, le dispositif de distribution comporte un organe de distribution 10 qui, dans l'exemple représenté sur les figures, est une pompe. L'invention pourrait s'appliquer bien sûr à tous types d'organes de distribution, et notamment aussi aux valves. La pompe peut être assemblée sur un réservoir 1 au moyen d'une bague de fixation 30, qui peut être quelconque, et notamment vissable, sertissable ou encliquetable. Cette bague pourrait être une pièce rapportée spécifique ou être formée monobloc avec une partie du dispositif. Un poussoir ou tête d'actionnement 20 est monté déplaçable sur la pompe pour actionner cette dernière. Dans l'exemple représenté sur les figures, la tête d'actionnement est un poussoir nasal qui comporte une partie allongée 24 destinée à pénétrer dans la narine et une zone d'appui 22 sur laquelle l'utilisateur appuie pour actionner le dispositif. Il est entendu que l'exemple de réalisation représenté sur les figures, notamment le type de pompe ou le type de poussoir n'est absolument pas limitatif, et que la présente invention peut au contraire s'appliquer à tous types de dispositifs de distribution de produit fluide.With reference to the figures, the dispensing device comprises a dispensing member 10 which, in the example shown in the figures, is a pump. The invention could apply of course to all types of dispensing members, including the valves. The pump can be assembled on a tank 1 by means of a fixing ring 30, which can be any, and in particular screwable, crimpable or snap-fit. This ring could be a specific insert or be formed in one piece with a part of the device. A pusher or actuating head 20 is movably mounted on the pump to actuate the latter. In the example shown in the figures, the actuating head is a nasal pusher which comprises an elongate portion 24 intended to penetrate into the nostril and a bearing zone 22 on which the user presses to actuate the device. It is understood that the exemplary embodiment shown in the figures, in particular the type of pump or the type of pusher, is in no way limitative, and that the present invention may, on the contrary, be applied to all types of dispensing devices. fluid product.
  • Selon l'invention, le dispositif comporte un élément de blocage d'actionnement 40 qui est assemblé de manière amovible sur le dispositif. En position de blocage représentée sur les figures 1, 2, 3, 6 et 9, 10, 11, l'élément de blocage empêche l'actionnement de la pompe, notamment en empêchant le déplacement de la tête d'actionnement 20 par rapport à la pompe. En position retirée, représentée sur les figures 4, 5 et 7, l'actionnement de la pompe est possible. De préférence, l'élément de blocage 40 en position de blocage est assemblé sur la tête d'actionnement 20, comme représenté sur les figures 1 et 10. La tête d'actionnement comporte au moins une ouverture 21 à travers laquelle l'élément de blocage 40 est adapté à coopérer avec la bague de fixation 30. L'élément de blocage pourrait aussi coopérer avec un élément fixé ou solidaire de ladite bague de fixation.According to the invention, the device comprises an actuating locking element 40 which is removably assembled on the device. In blocking position shown on the figures 1 , 2 , 3 , 6 and 9 , 10, 11 , the blocking element prevents the actuation of the pump, in particular by preventing the displacement of the actuating head 20 relative to the pump. In the withdrawn position, shown on figures 4 , 5 and 7 , actuation of the pump is possible. Preferably, the blocking element 40 in the blocking position is assembled on the actuating head 20, as shown in FIGS. figures 1 and 10 . The actuating head comprises at least one opening 21 through which the locking element 40 is adapted to cooperate with the fixing ring 30. The locking element could also cooperate with an element fixed or secured to said fixing ring. .
  • Avantageusement, l'élément de blocage 40 comporte aussi des moyens servant de témoin de premier usage, pour indiquer si l'élément de blocage 40 a déjà été retiré de sa position de blocage.Advantageously, the locking element 40 also comprises means serving as a first-use indicator, to indicate whether the locking element 40 has already been removed from its locking position.
  • Avantageusement, l'élément de blocage 40 est déplaçable transversalement à l'axe longitudinal de l'organe de distribution 10. Au moins un moyen de préhension 43 de l'élément de blocage permet à l'utilisateur de mettre en place ou de retirer aisément l'élément de blocage sur la tête d'actionnement.Advantageously, the locking element 40 is displaceable transversely to the longitudinal axis of the dispensing member 10. At least one gripping means 43 of the locking element allows the user to easily place or remove the locking element on the actuating head.
  • L'élément de blocage 40 selon le premier mode de réalisation, comporte une bague ouverte 45 élastiquement déformable destinée à être assemblée autour de la tête 20. La figure 5 montre la bague ouverte 45 avant son montage sur la tête 20. La bague ouverte 45 comprend dans cet exemple deux projections de blocage 41, et chaque bord d'extrémité 44 de la bague peut être pourvu d'un élément sécable 42, servant de témoin de premier usage. Les deux projections et les deux éléments sécables se projettent vers l'intérieur de la bague ouverte 45.The locking element 40 according to the first embodiment, comprises an open ring 45 elastically deformable to be assembled around the head 20. The figure 5 shows the open ring 45 before its mounting on the head 20. The open ring 45 comprises in this example two locking projections 41, and each end edge 44 of the ring may be provided with a breakable element 42 serving as a control of first use. The two projections and the two breakable elements project towards the inside of the open ring 45.
  • Après son assemblage sur la tête, c'est-à-dire en position de blocage et avant la première utilisation du dispositif de distribution, la bague 45 s'étend au moins partiellement autour de la tête d'actionnement 20, comme schématisé sur la figure 6. Dans l'exemple représenté, la tête d'actionnement comporte sur sa paroi latérale quatre ouvertures 21, dont deux reçoivent lesdites projections de blocage 41 en position de blocage et les deux autres reçoivent lesdits éléments sécables 42 en position de blocage, avant la première utilisation. Il est entendu que l'invention n'est pas limitée par l'exemple représenté sur les dessins et on peut envisager un nombre différent de projections de blocage et/ou d'éléments sécables ainsi que des ouvertures correspondantes de la tête d'actionnement.After its assembly on the head, that is to say in the locking position and before the first use of the dispensing device, the ring 45 extends at least partially around the actuating head 20, as shown schematically on the figure 6 . In the example shown, the actuating head has on its lateral wall four openings 21, two of which receive said projections of blocking 41 in the locking position and the other two receive said breakable elements 42 in the locked position, before the first use. It is understood that the invention is not limited by the example shown in the drawings and it is possible to envisage a different number of locking projections and / or breakable elements as well as corresponding openings of the actuating head.
  • Comme le montrent les figures 3 et 6, l'élément de blocage, en position de blocage, coopère par l'intermédiaire de ses projections de blocage 41, à la fois avec une surface supérieure ou un rebord 31 de la bague de fixation 30 (ou un élément solidaire de celle-ci) et les ouvertures 21 de la tête d'actionnement 20, pour empêcher un déplacement axial de la tête 20 par rapport à la bague 30. En effet, les projections de blocage 41 s'étendent depuis l'anneau de la bague ouverte 45, à travers les ouvertures 21 de la tête, sur le rebord 31 de la bague de fixation 30, perpendiculairement à l'axe de coulissement entre la tête 20 et la bague de fixation 30.As shown by figures 3 and 6 , the blocking element, in the locked position, cooperates via its blocking projections 41, both with an upper surface or a flange 31 of the fixing ring 30 (or an integral element thereof). ) and the openings 21 of the actuating head 20, to prevent axial movement of the head 20 relative to the ring 30. In fact, the locking projections 41 extend from the ring of the open ring 45, through the openings 21 of the head, on the flange 31 of the fixing ring 30, perpendicular to the axis of sliding between the head 20 and the fixing ring 30.
  • Lors de la première utilisation, c'est-à-dire lorsque l'élément de blocage 40 est retiré pour la première fois de sa position de blocage, les deux éléments sécables 42, situés à chaque bord d'extrémité 44 de la bague, sont adaptés à se casser ou à se déformer. Comme représenté sur les figures 5 et 6, ces éléments sécables peuvent être formés par deux languettes 42. Celles-ci coopèrent avec le bord des ouvertures 21 de la tête, de façon à être séparées, dans cet exemple, de l'élément de blocage, sous l'effet du désengagement de l'élément de blocage 40 par l'utilisateur. La présence de languettes intactes 42 garantit donc à l'utilisateur que l'élément de blocage n'a encore jamais été déplacé hors de sa position de blocage. Ainsi il est certain que le dispositif n'a encore jamais été actionné.During the first use, that is to say when the locking element 40 is removed for the first time from its locking position, the two breakable elements 42, located at each end edge 44 of the ring, are adapted to break or deform. As shown on Figures 5 and 6 these breakable elements can be formed by two tongues 42. These cooperate with the edge of the openings 21 of the head, so as to be separated, in this example, from the locking element, under the effect of the disengagement of the locking element 40 by the user. The presence of intact tabs 42 thus guarantees the user that the locking element has never been moved out of its locking position. Thus it is certain that the device has never been activated.
  • Après la première utilisation, la bague ouverte 45 peut être remise en place en position de blocage. Il suffit à l'utilisateur d'encliqueter la bague ouverte autour de la tête d'actionnement 20. L'encliquetage peut être facilité par la forme des bords des deux extrémités 44. Comme le montre la figure 5, les deux bords d'extrémité 44, mis au contact de la tête d'actionnement 20, sont sensiblement tangents par rapport à la paroi circulaire de la tête, pour permettre un engagement par glissement, plus aisé, des extrémités de la bague autour de la tête jusqu'à l'encliquetage. La forme des bords des extrémités de la bague présente aussi l'avantage de ne pas endommager la tête d'actionnement au cours des encliquetages et désencliquetages successifs. Une fois encliquetée, la bague ouverte s'étend ainsi de nouveau au moins partiellement autour de la tête d'actionnement, chaque projection de blocage 41 coopérant avec la bague de fixation ou un élément solidaire de celle-ci, à travers une des ouvertures 21 de la tête d'actionnement, pour empêcher l'actionnement de la pompe.After the first use, the open ring 45 can be replaced in the locked position. It is sufficient for the user to snap the open ring around the actuating head 20. The snapping can be facilitated by the shape of the edges of the two ends 44. As shown in FIG. figure 5 the two end edges 44, brought into contact with the actuating head 20, are substantially tangent with respect to the circular wall of the head, to allow sliding engagement, easier, of the ends of the ring around the head until snapping. The shape of the edges of the ends of the ring also has the advantage of not damaging the actuating head during successive snaps and disengages. Once snapped, the open ring thus extends again at least partially around the actuating head, each locking projection 41 cooperating with the fixing ring or an element secured thereto, through one of the openings 21. of the actuating head, to prevent actuation of the pump.
  • Avantageusement, l'élément de blocage est réalisé en matériau plastique à la fois résistant pour permettre à l'élément de blocage d'être réutilisable, et déformable pour permettre l'encliquetage et le désencliquetage de l'élément de blocage. D'autres matériaux sont aussi envisageables.Advantageously, the locking element is made of plastic material both resistant to allow the locking element to be reusable, and deformable to allow snapping and disengagement of the locking element. Other materials are also possible.
  • Avantageusement, les quatre ouvertures 21 de la tête d'actionnement représentée sur les figures, sont réparties de façon symétrique autour de l'axe longitudinal de l'organe de distribution, en l'occurrence la pompe dans l'exemple représenté. Les deux projections de blocage 41 et les deux languettes 42 adaptées à coopérer avec les quatre ouvertures de la tête d'actionnement sont avantageusement aussi positionnées de façon symétrique sur la bague ouverte par rapport au centre de la bague. L'élément de blocage 40 selon l'invention peut ainsi être engagé sur la tête d'actionnement par n'importe quel côté. Ce mode de réalisation permet un assemblage simple et rapide car il ne nécessite pas d'orienter chaque tête d'actionnement, lors du montage de l'élément de blocage sur la tête. De même, pour l'utilisateur, la remise en place de l'élément de blocage peut se faire très facilement après chaque utilisation. Il suffit d'encliqueter la bague, si besoin, en la faisant tourner légèrement autour de la tête, jusqu'à ce que chaque projection de blocage puisse s'insérer dans l'une quelconque des ouvertures de la tête d'actionnement.Advantageously, the four openings 21 of the actuating head shown in the figures, are distributed symmetrically about the longitudinal axis of the dispensing member, in this case the pump in the example shown. The two locking projections 41 and the two tabs 42 adapted to cooperate with the four openings of the actuating head are advantageously also positioned symmetrically on the ring open relative to the center of the ring. The locking element 40 according to the invention can thus be engaged on the actuating head by any side. This embodiment allows simple and fast assembly because it does not require to orient each actuating head, when mounting the locking element on the head. Similarly, for the user, the replacement of the locking element can be done very easily after each use. Simply snap the ring, if necessary, by rotating it slightly around the head, until each projection blocking can be inserted into any of the openings of the actuating head.
  • Selon un deuxième mode de réalisation, l'élément de blocage comporte deux branches sensiblement parallèles 41', qui constituent deux projections de blocage. L'élément de blocage présente une forme en U, comme visible sur les figures 7 à 9. La paroi transversale 46' qui relie les deux branches parallèles 41' de l'élément de blocage peut dépasser de part et d'autre de la base des branches, pour former les moyens de préhension 43'. Les extrémités libres des branches 44' comportent chacune un élément sécable 42', formé par une languette dans l'exemple représenté. Comme dans le premier mode de réalisation, la tête d'actionnement 20 comporte quatre ouvertures 21, pouvant être disposées symétriquement autour de l'axe longitudinal de la tête. Chaque branche 41', lors de l'assemblage en position de blocage, pénètre à l'intérieur de la tête 20 par une première ouverture 21, traverse l'espace situé entre l'organe de distribution 10 et la paroi interne de la tête, et ressort hors de la tête par une seconde ouverture 21. En position de blocage, chaque branche coopère ainsi à la fois avec deux ouvertures de la tête d'actionnement et le bord 31 de la bague de fixation 30 ou d'un élément solidaire de celle-ci, perpendiculairement à l'axe d'actionnement. Avant la première utilisation, chaque élément sécable coopère avec le bord d'une ouverture. Lorsque que l'élément de blocage est retiré pour la première fois, les languettes 42' sont retenues à l'extérieur de la tête d'actionnement par le bord desdites secondes ouvertures 21 respectives contre lequel elles se cassent. Dans ce mode de réalisation, l'élément sécable 42' se trouve à l'extérieur de la tête, et présente l'avantage de constituer un témoin de première utilisation directement visible. Lors des utilisations ultérieures, l'élément de blocage en forme de U peut s'engager facilement par deux ouvertures de la tête, en faisant glisser les branches sur le rebord 31 de la bague de fixation 30. En variante, après la première utilisation, et donc en l'absence des moyens témoins de premier usage, l'élément de blocage pourrait ne pas ressortir de la tête par les secondes ouvertures.According to a second embodiment, the locking element comprises two substantially parallel branches 41 ', which constitute two locking projections. The locking element has a U shape, as visible on the Figures 7 to 9 . The transverse wall 46 'which connects the two parallel branches 41' of the locking element may protrude on either side of the base of the branches, to form the gripping means 43 '. The free ends of the branches 44 'each comprise a breakable element 42' formed by a tongue in the example shown. As in the first embodiment, the actuating head 20 has four openings 21, which can be arranged symmetrically about the longitudinal axis of the head. Each branch 41 ', when assembled in the blocking position, penetrates inside the head 20 by a first opening 21, passes through the space between the dispensing member 10 and the inner wall of the head, and spring out of the head by a second opening 21. In the locking position, each branch thus cooperates both with two openings of the actuating head and the edge 31 of the fixing ring 30 or an integral element of this one, perpendicular to the axis of actuation. Before the first use, each breakable element cooperates with the edge of an opening. When the locking element is removed for the first time, the tabs 42 'are retained outside the actuating head by the edge of said respective second openings 21 against which they break. In this embodiment, the breakable element 42 'is on the outside of the head, and has the advantage of constituting a directly visible first-use control. In subsequent uses, the U-shaped locking element can be easily engaged by two openings of the head, by sliding the branches on the flange 31 of the fixing ring 30. Alternatively, after the first use, and therefore in the absence of the control means of first use, the locking element may not come out of the head by the second openings.
  • Avantageusement, l'élément de blocage est maintenu en position de blocage par des moyens de retenue pour empêcher l'élément de blocage de se désengager très facilement de la tête d'actionnement. Ces moyens de retenue peuvent être élastiquement déformables. Ils peuvent consister, comme dans le cas du premier mode de réalisation, en une bague ouverte 45 coopérant avec la surface périphérique extérieure de la tête d'actionnement 20. Ces moyens de retenue peuvent aussi comporter, comme représenté sur la figure 9, au moins une projection de retenue 45' située sur une projection de blocage 41'. La figure 9 montre deux projections de retenue 45' formant deux épaulements symétriques sur les deux projections de blocage 41' respectives. Chaque projection de retenue coopère avec la paroi interne de la tête d'actionnement 20 en créant une sorte d'encliquetage et empêche la sortie de l'élément de blocage hors de la tête d'actionnement. Pour retirer l'élément de blocage, l'utilisateur doit exercer une force de traction seuil qui surmonte lesdites projections de retenue. L'élément de blocage, grâce à ces moyens de retenue, reste en position de blocage, ce qui permet au dispositif de distribution d'être transporté en toute sécurité, sans risque d'être actionné par inadvertance.Advantageously, the locking element is held in the locking position by retaining means to prevent the locking element from disengaging very easily from the actuating head. These retaining means may be elastically deformable. They may consist, as in the case of the first embodiment, in an open ring 45 cooperating with the outer peripheral surface of the actuating head 20. These retaining means may also comprise, as shown in FIG. figure 9 at least one retaining projection 45 'located on a locking projection 41'. The figure 9 shows two retaining projections 45 'forming two symmetrical shoulders on the two respective locking projections 41 '. Each retaining projection cooperates with the inner wall of the actuating head 20 by creating a kind of latching and prevents the exit of the locking element from the actuating head. To remove the locking member, the user must exert a threshold pull force which overcomes said retaining projections. The locking element, thanks to these retaining means, remains in the locking position, which allows the dispensing device to be transported safely, without the risk of being actuated inadvertently.
  • Avantageusement, l'élément de blocage de la présente invention, quels que soient les modes de réalisation, s'applique à tous les dispositifs de distribution de produit fluide existants, sans autre modification du dispositif que la création de trous dans la tête d'actionnement.Advantageously, the blocking element of the present invention, whatever the embodiments, applies to all existing fluid dispensing devices, without any other modification of the device than the creation of holes in the actuating head. .
  • La présente invention a été décrite en référence à deux modes de réalisation avantageux de celle-ci, mais il est bien entendu qu'elle n'est pas limitée par les exemples représentés sur les dessins. Des modifications sont envisageables pour l'homme du métier sans sortir du cadre de la présente invention tel que défini par les revendications annexées.The present invention has been described with reference to two advantageous embodiments thereof, but it is understood that it is not limited by the examples shown in the drawings. Modifications are conceivable for those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims.

Claims (13)

  1. A fluid dispenser device comprising:
    a fluid dispenser member (10) such as a manually-actuated pump or valve, said fluid dispenser member being fastened by a fastener ring (30) on a reservoir (1);
    · an actuator head (20) that is mounted on said dispenser member, and that is movable on a longitudinal axis so as to actuate said dispenser member; and
    · a removable blocking element (40) that, in its blocking position, prevents the dispenser member from being actuated;
    said blocking element being assembled to the actuator head and co-operating with the fastener ring, or with an element that is secured thereto, through at least one opening (21) that is provided in the actuator head, characterized in that said blocking element (40) is movable in translation, transversally relative to the longitudinal axis of the dispenser member (10).
  2. A device according to claim 1, wherein the blocking element (40) includes at least one blocking projection (41) passing through said at least one opening (21).
  3. A device according to any preceding claim, wherein said blocking element (40) includes at least one breakable element (42) that is adapted to break when the blocking element is removed for the first time from its blocking position.
  4. A device according to claim 3, wherein said at least one breakable element (42) is formed by a tab that cooperates with at least one edge of said at least one opening (21).
  5. A device according to claim 3 or claim 4, wherein said head (20) includes at least two openings (21) of which at least one receives a blocking projection (41) and at least one receives a breakable element (42).
  6. A device according to any preceding claim, wherein, in the blocked position, the blocking element (40) extends around said head (20), at least in part.
  7. A device according to claim 6, wherein the blocking element comprises an open ring (45) that includes two blocking projections (41) of which each end edge (44) is provided with a breakable element (42), said head including four openings (21) of which two receive said blocking projections (41) in the blocked position, and two receive said breakable elements (42) in the blocked position before first use.
  8. A device according to claim 5 or claim 6, wherein the blocking element includes two substantially parallel branches (41'), said branches forming two blocking projections, and each of the free ends of said branches including a breakable element (42'), said head including four openings (21), each branch, in the blocked position, penetrating inside the head (20) via a first opening (21) and exiting the head via a second opening (21), each breakable element (42') co-operating with said second opening (21) in the blocked position before first use.
  9. A device according to any preceding claim, wherein the blocking element is held in its blocking position by retaining means (45, 45'), said retaining means being elastically deformable.
  10. A device according to claim 9, wherein said retaining means are formed by said open ring (45) co-operating with the peripheral surface of the head (20).
  11. A device according to claim 9, wherein said retaining means are formed by at least one retaining projection (45') co-operating with at least one opening (21) of the head.
  12. A device according to any preceding claim, wherein, in the blocked position, the blocking element (40) cooperates with the top surface (31) of the fastener ring (30) or with an element that is secured to said ring.
  13. A device according to any preceding claim, wherein said blocking element includes at least one grip means (43, 43').
EP20070858576 2006-10-20 2007-10-15 Device for dispensing a fluid product Active EP2094585B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR0654401A FR2907434B1 (en) 2006-10-20 2006-10-20 DEVICE FOR DISPENSING FLUID PRODUCT.
PCT/FR2007/052149 WO2008047032A2 (en) 2006-10-20 2007-10-15 Device for dispensing a fluid product

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP2094585A2 EP2094585A2 (en) 2009-09-02
EP2094585B1 true EP2094585B1 (en) 2010-09-15

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EP20070858576 Active EP2094585B1 (en) 2006-10-20 2007-10-15 Device for dispensing a fluid product

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US (1) US8104643B2 (en)
EP (1) EP2094585B1 (en)
JP (1) JP5149906B2 (en)
CN (1) CN101547846B (en)
AT (1) AT481337T (en)
DE (1) DE602007009303D1 (en)
FR (1) FR2907434B1 (en)
WO (1) WO2008047032A2 (en)

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Publication number Publication date
WO2008047032A3 (en) 2008-06-19
JP5149906B2 (en) 2013-02-20
FR2907434A1 (en) 2008-04-25
AT481337T (en) 2010-10-15
WO2008047032A2 (en) 2008-04-24
FR2907434B1 (en) 2009-01-09
CN101547846B (en) 2011-12-28
US8104643B2 (en) 2012-01-31
US20100206908A1 (en) 2010-08-19
EP2094585A2 (en) 2009-09-02
JP2010506808A (en) 2010-03-04
CN101547846A (en) 2009-09-30
DE602007009303D1 (en) 2010-10-28

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