EP2075358A2 - Spinning machine - Google Patents

Spinning machine Download PDF

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Publication number
EP2075358A2
EP2075358A2 EP20080020013 EP08020013A EP2075358A2 EP 2075358 A2 EP2075358 A2 EP 2075358A2 EP 20080020013 EP20080020013 EP 20080020013 EP 08020013 A EP08020013 A EP 08020013A EP 2075358 A2 EP2075358 A2 EP 2075358A2
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
yarn
slack eliminating
winding
spinning
spun
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP20080020013
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Kenji Baba
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Murata Machinery Ltd
Original Assignee
Murata Machinery Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2007335166A priority Critical patent/JP2009155757A/en
Application filed by Murata Machinery Ltd filed Critical Murata Machinery Ltd
Publication of EP2075358A2 publication Critical patent/EP2075358A2/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01HSPINNING OR TWISTING
    • D01H4/00Open-end spinning machines or arrangements for imparting twist to independently moving fibres separated from slivers; Piecing arrangements therefor; Covering endless core threads with fibres by open-end spinning techniques
    • D01H4/48Piecing arrangements; Control therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H51/00Forwarding filamentary material
    • B65H51/20Devices for temporarily storing filamentary material during forwarding, e.g. for buffer storage
    • B65H51/22Reels or cages, e.g. cylindrical, with storing and forwarding surfaces provided by rollers or bars
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01HSPINNING OR TWISTING
    • D01H13/00Other common constructional features, details or accessories
    • D01H13/10Tension devices
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01HSPINNING OR TWISTING
    • D01H13/00Other common constructional features, details or accessories
    • D01H13/10Tension devices
    • D01H13/104Regulating tension by devices acting on running yarn and not associated with supply or take-up devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2701/00Handled material; Storage means
    • B65H2701/30Handled filamentary material
    • B65H2701/31Textiles threads or artificial strands of filaments

Abstract

An object of the present invention is to provide a spinning machine which enables proper energy saving and which offers a proper durability and a high production efficiency. In the spinning machine, a control section 73 controls operation of a yarn slack eliminating device 12. The control section 73 can switch between a first mode in which the yarn slack eliminating device 12 is switchably operated and stopped, and a second mode in which the yarn slack eliminating device 12 is always operated. In the first mode, the yarn slack eliminating device 12 is operated during an operation time for an operation (for example, a yarn splicing operation or a doffing operation) of allowing a yarn spun by a spinning device to be wound by a winding device.

Description

    Field of the Invention
  • The present invention relates to a spinning machine including a yarn slack eliminating device.
  • Background of the Invention
  • With a conventional high-speed spinning machine such as a pneumatic spinning machine which winds a spun yarn to form a package, when carrying out a yarn splicing operation to splice the spun yarn and a yarn at the package side, or when carrying out a doffing operation to attach the spun yarn to an empty bobbin, a winding operation at the package side is stopped. However, even with the winding stopped, the yarn is continuously fed from a spinning device. Thus, the yarn needs to be prevented from being slackened or detained.
  • In view of this, the Unexamined Japanese Patent Application Publication (Tokkai) No. 2006-306588 discloses a yarn slack eliminating device including a yarn slack eliminating roller rotationally driven by an electric motor and a yarn hooking member that is rotatable relative to the yarn slack eliminating roller. The yarn slack eliminating device uses a magnetic means to apply a relative rotation torque to the yarn hooking member. The yarn slack eliminating device is thus excellent in following a variation in yarn tension. The yarn slack eliminating device configured as described above can also be allowed to function as a kind of tension control device inhibiting a variation in yarn tension.
  • When forming a cone winding package by a spinning machine, the tension is likely to vary depending on a traverse position. Thus, the yarn slack eliminating device is effective for controlling the tension. However, for a cheese winding package, since the tension variation depending on the traverse position is insignificant, the necessity of the tension control is small. It is thus sufficient to be able to prevent the yarn from being detained.
  • Conversely, when the yarn slack eliminating device is operated in spite of the insignificant effect thereof, power is wasted and the durability of the yarn hooking member, the electric motor, and the like is degraded. Furthermore, the winding speed on the package side needs to be reduced depending on the situation so as to keep the yarn wound around the yarn slack eliminating roller. This also reduces the durability of the mechanism. Moreover, the yarn is often entangled with the rotating yarn hooking member. This may disadvantageously reduce productivity.
  • Summary of the Invention
  • The present invention has been made in view of the above-described circumstances. An object of the present invention is to provide a spinning machine that operates the yarn slack eliminating device only when required.
  • According to an aspect of the present invention, a spinning machine includes a spinning device, a winding device, a yarn slack eliminating device, and a control section. The spinning device spins a yarn. The winding device winds the spun yarn to form a package. The yarn slack eliminating device has a yarn slack eliminating roller and a yarn hooking member. The control section controls operation of the yarn slack eliminating device. The control section can switch between a first mode in which the yarn slack eliminating device is switchably operated and stopped, and a second mode in which the yarn slack eliminating device is always operated. In the first mode, the yarn slack eliminating device is operated at least during an operation time for an operation of allowing the yarn spun by the spinning device to be wound by the winding device.
  • Thus, the first mode and the second mode can be switched as required.
    This allows the yarn slack eliminating device to be operated only when required, enabling energy consumption to be saved. Furthermore, the durability of devices is improved to allow the devices to last longer. Additionally, the yarn slack eliminating device is prevented from being unnecessarily operated, thus reducing the likelihood of the occurrence of the problem associated with the winding of the yarn around the yarn slack eliminating device.
  • Preferably, the spinning machine further includes a yarn splicing device. The control section performs control such that in the first mode, the yarn slack eliminating device is operated at least during a yarn splicing operation of the yarn splicing device.
  • Thus, during the yarn splicing, the yarn slack eliminating device is operated to enable the yarn to be prevented from being slackened, and the yarn splicing operation can therefore be smoothly performed.
  • Preferably, the spinning machine further includes a doffing device.
    The control section performs control such that in the first mode, the yarn slack eliminating device is operated at least during a doffing operation of the doffing device.
  • Thus, during the doffing, the yarn slack eliminating device is operated to enable the yarn to be prevented from being slackened, and the doffing operation can therefore be smoothly performed.
  • In the spinning machine, the winding device can preferably form a cheese winding package.
  • That is, for the cheese winding, the yarn slack eliminating device need not always be operated. Thus, operating the yarn slack eliminating device in the first mode is advantageous in terms of energy saving and durability.
  • In the spinning machine, the winding device can preferably form a cone winding package.
  • That is, for the cone winding, by operating the yarn slack eliminating device in the second mode, in which the yarn slack eliminating device is always operated, a possible variation in winding tension can be prevented to allow formation of a high-quality package.
  • Other features, elements, processes, steps, characteristics and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description of preferred embodiments of the present invention with reference to the attached drawings.
  • Brief Description of the Drawings
    • Figure 1 is a front view of a spinning machine according to an embodiment of the present invention.
    • Figure 2 is a vertically sectional side view of a spinning machine.
    • Figure 3 is a vertically sectional side view of a yarn slack eliminating device.
    Detailed Description of the Preferred Embodiments
  • A spinning machine according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. In the specification, "upstream" and "downstream" refer to an upstream side and a downstream side, respectively, in a direction in which a yarn travels during spinning.
  • A spinning machine 1 shown in Figure 1 includes a large number of spinning units 2 arranged in a line. The spinning machine 1 includes a yarn splicing vehicle 3, a doffing vehicle 4, a blower box 80, and a motor box 5.
  • A housing 6 of the spinning machine 1 includes a rail 41 and a traveling route 86. The rail 41 and the traveling route 86 are arranged along a direction in which the spinning units 2 are arranged. The yarn splicing vehicle 3 can travel along the rail 41. The doffing vehicle 4 can travel along the traveling route 86.
  • As shown in Figure 1, each of the spinning units 2 includes, as main components, a draft device 7, a spinning device 9, a yarn feeding device 11, a yarn slack eliminating device 12, and a winding device 13 arranged in this order from upstream to downstream. The draft device 7 is provided in the vicinity of an upper end of the housing 6 of the spinning machine 1. A fiber bundle 8 fed from the draft device 7 is spun by the spinning device 9. A spun yarn 10 discharged from the spinning device 9 is fed by the yarn feeding device 11, and the spun yarn 10 passes through a yarn clearer 52 described below and is then wound by the winding device 13. Thus, a package 45 is formed.
  • The draft device 7 drafts a sliver 15 into a fiber bundle 8. As shown in Figure 2, the draft device 7 includes four rollers, that is, a back roller 16, a third roller 17, a middle roller 19, and a front roller 20. The middle roller 19 is provided with an apron belt 18.
  • The configuration of the spinning device 9 is not illustrated in detail. The spinning machine 1 of the present embodiment adopts a pneumatic type that utilizes a whirling stream to generate the spun yarn 10 from the fiber bundle 8.
  • The yarn feeding device 11 includes a delivery roller 39 and a nip roller 40. The delivery roller 39 is supported by the housing 6 of the spinning machine 1. The nip roller 40 is provided in contact with the delivery roller 39. The yarn feeding device 11 rotationally drives the delivery roller 39 using an electric motor (not shown in the drawings), with the spun yarn 10 discharged from the spinning device 9 sandwiched between the delivery roller 39 and the nip roller 40. The yarn feeding device 11 can thus feed the spun yarn 10 toward the winding device 13 side.
  • A yarn clearer 52 is provided closer to a front surface side of the housing 6 of the spinning machine 1 and slightly downstream side of the yarn feeding device 11. The spun yarn 10 spun by the spinning device 9 passes through the yarn clearer 52 before being wound by the winding device 13. The yarn clearer 52 monitors the thickness of the traveling spun yarn 10. Upon detecting a yarn defect in the spun yarn 10, the yarn clearer 52 transmits a yarn defect detection signal to a unit controller (not shown in the drawings).
  • Upon receiving the yarn defect detection signal, the unit controller immediately cuts the spun yarn 10 using a cutter 57 and further stops the draft device 7, the spinning device 9, and the like. Furthermore, the unit controller sends a control signal to the yarn splicing vehicle 3 so that the yarn splicing vehicle 3 travels to the front of the appropriate spinning unit 2. The unit controller thereafter drives the spinning device 9 and the like again to allow the yarn spinning vehicle 3 to perform yarn splicing. Then, a spinning operation and a winding operation can be resumed.
  • As shown in Figures 1 and 2, the yarn splicing vehicle 3 includes a splicer (splicing device) 43, a suction pipe 44, and a suction mouth 46. When yarn breakage or yarn cut occurs in one spinning unit 2, the yarn spicing vehicle 3 travels on the rail 41 to the appropriate spinning unit 2, and is then stopped. While moving pivotably around a shaft in a vertical direction, the suction pipe 44 sucks and catches a yarn end discharged from the spinning device 9, and guides the yarn end to the splicer 43. While moving pivotably around a shaft in the vertical direction, the suction mouth 46 sucks and catches a yarn end from a package 45 supported by the winding device 13, and guides the yarn end to the splicer 43. The splicer 43 splices the guided yarn ends together.
  • The doffing vehicle 4 includes a doffing device 61. The doffing device 61 includes a cradle operating arm 90, a suction pipe 88, and a bunch winding arm 91. When the package 45 is fully wound in a certain spinning unit 2, the doffing device 4 travels on the traveling route 86 to such spinning unit 2, and is then stopped. The cradle operating arm 90 is configured to be able to operate an arm 71 (described below) of the winding device 13. The suction pipe 88 is configured to be expandable. The suction pipe 88 is configured to suck and catch the yarn end discharged from the spinning device 9, and to guide the yarn end to an empty bobbin 48 installed on the winding device 13. The bunch winding arm 91 is configured to be able to fix the spun yarn 10 to the empty bobbin 48 by straight winding the yarn around the empty bobbin 48.
  • The yarn slack eliminating device 12 is provided further downstream of the yarn clearer 52. As shown in Figure 3, the yarn slack eliminating device 12 includes a yarn slack eliminating roller 21, a yarn hooking member 22, an upstream side guide 23, an air cylinder 24, an electric motor 25, a downstream side guide 26, and a control section 73.
  • The yarn slack eliminating roller 21 includes a yarn slack eliminating roller main body 42 fixed to a motor shaft 25a of the electric motor 25. A side of the yarn slack eliminating roller main body 42 which has the yarn hooking member 22 is defined as a leading end, and a side thereof which is connected to the electric motor 25 is defined as a base end. Then, an outer peripheral surface 42a of the yarn slack eliminating roller main body 42 includes a base end side taper portion 42b, a cylindrical portion 42c, and a leading end side taper portion 42d arranged in this order from the base end towards the leading end. The base end side taper portion 42b and the leading end side taper portion 42d are gently tapered such that an end surface side of each of the taper portions corresponds to a larger diameter side. The cylindrical portion 42c is shaped such that a leading end side thereof is slightly thinned. Moreover, the cylindrical portion 42c is continuous with the taper portions 42b and 42c located on the opposite sides of the cylindrical portion 42c, with no step formed between the cylindrical portion 42c and each of the taper portions 42b and 42d.
  • During a yarn splicing operation of the yarn splicing vehicle 3 and a doffing operation of the doffing device 4, the yarn slack eliminating device 12 allows the yarn hooking member 22 to wind the spun yarn 10 from the spinning device 9 side, around an outer peripheral surface 42a of the yarn slack eliminating roller main body 42. When the yarn splicing operation or the doffing operation is completed, the yarn slack eliminating device 12 allows the yarn hooking member 22 to unwind the spun yarn 10 wound and accumulated around the outer peripheral surface 42a, toward the winding device 13. When the spun yarn 10 is wound around the yarn slack eliminating roller main body 42 for accumulation, the winding starts from the base end of the yarn slack eliminating roller main body 42. When the spun yarn 10 is unwound from the yarn slack eliminating roller main body 42, the unwinding starts from the leading end side of the yarn slack eliminating roller main body 42.
  • The base end side taper portion 42b allows the supplied spun yarn 10 to smoothly move from a larger diameter portion to a smaller diameter portion of the outer peripheral surface 42a of the yarn slack eliminating roller main body 42 to reach the cylindrical portion 42c, located midway between the larger and smaller diameter portions. Thus, the spun yarn 10 can be orderly wound around the surface of the cylindrical portion 42c. Furthermore, the leading end side taper portion 42d has a function of preventing a slip-off phenomenon in which while the spun yarn 10 is being unwound, all of the wound spun yarn 10 slips off from the yarn slack eliminating roller main body 42 at one time. The leading end side taper portion 42d also has a function of winding back the spun yarn 10 from the smaller diameter portion towards the larger diameter portion on the end surface side of the yarn slack eliminating roller main body 42 to allow the spun yarn 10 to be smoothly drawn out.
  • As shown in Figure 3, the yarn hooking member 22, located on the leading end side of the yarn slack eliminating roller 21, is located concentrically with the yarn slack eliminating roller 21. Moreover, the yarn hooking member 22 rotates integrally with or independently of the yarn slack eliminating roller 21 depending on conditions. Specifically, the yarn hooking member 22 includes a flyer shaft 33 and a flyer 38. The flyer shaft 33 is supported so as to be rotatable relative to the yarn slack eliminating roller 21. The flyer 38 is secured to a leading end of the flyer shaft 33.
  • A permanent magnet is attached to one of the flyer shaft 33 and the roller main body 42, whereas a magnetic hysteresis material is attached to the other. These magnetic means serve to generate a torque acting against the rotation of the yarn hooking member 22 relative to the yarn slack eliminating roller 21.
  • The flyer 38 is configured to rotate integrally with the flyer shaft 33. Furthermore, the flyer 38 is shaped to be appropriately curved toward the outer peripheral surface 42a of the yarn slack eliminating roller main body 42. Thus, the flyer 38 can engage with the spun yarn 10 (can catch the spun yarn 10) to guide the spun yarn 10 to the outer peripheral surface of the yarn slack eliminating roller main body 42.
  • The upstream side guide 23 is located slightly upstream side of the yarn slack eliminating roller 21. The upstream side guide 23 is provided so as to be movable between an advanced position and a retracted position by means of the air cylinder 24. When the upstream side guide 23 is located at the advanced position (the position shown by a solid line in Figure 3), the yarn path of the spun yarn 10 is held by the upstream side guide 23 so as to prevent the spun yarn 10 from being engaged with the yarn slack eliminating device 12. When the upstream side guide 23 is moved to the retracted position (the position shown by a dashed line in Figure 3), the yarn path is moved to a position where the spun yarn 10 engages with the yarn hooking member 22 of the yarn slack eliminating device 12 and is wound around the yarn slack eliminating roller 21.
  • As shown in Figure 2, the winding device 13 includes a cradle arm 71 swingably supported around a support shaft 70. The cradle arm 71 can rotatably support the bobbin 48 so that the spun yarn 10 can be wound around the bobbin 48.
  • The winding device 13 further includes a winding drum 72 and a traverse device 75. The winding drum 72 is configured to contact with and drive the bobbin 48 or an outer peripheral surface of the package 45 formed by winding the spun yarn 10 around the bobbin 48. Furthermore, the traverse device 75 includes a traverse guide 76 that can be engaged with the spun yarn 10. By driving the traverse guide 76 by a driving means (not illustrated in the drawings) to reciprocate the spun yarn 10 and driving the winding drum 72 by an electric motor (not illustrated in the drawings), the package 45 making contact with the winding drum 72 is rotated and the spun yarn 10 is wound while being traversed.
  • Figure 1 shows that a cheese-shaped package is formed. However, the spinning machine 1 can form a cone-shaped package using the winding device 13.
  • Next, the operation of the spinning machine 1 configured as described above will be described.
  • First, the operation of the yarn slack eliminating device 12 will be described.
  • The yarn slack eliminating device 12 hooks the flyer 38 on the spun yarn 10 to wind the spun yarn 10 around the yarn slack eliminating roller 21. Thus, the yarn slack eliminating device 12 avoids slackening and detaining of the spun yarn 10, and adjusts winding tension.
  • As described above, the yarn hooking member 22 is independently rotatable relative to the yarn slack eliminating roller 21, and the magnetic means applies the resistance torque acting in a direction in which the torque resists the rotation. Furthermore, the yarn slack eliminating roller 21 is rotated at a predetermined rotation speed by the electric motor 25. When the flyer 38 is engaged with the spun yarn 10, in case the tension exerted on the spun yarn 10 is strong enough to overcome the resistance torque, the yarn hooking member 22 rotates independently of the yarn slack eliminating roller 21 to unwind the spun yarn 10 from the yarn slack eliminating roller 21. In contrast, in case the tension exerted on the spun yarn 10 is weak, the yarn hooking member 22 rotates integrally with the yarn slack eliminating roller 21 to wind the yarn around the yarn slack eliminating roller 21.
  • As described above, the yarn slack eliminating device 12 operates to wind the spun yarn 10 when the tension of the spun yarn 10 decreases (when the spun yarn 10 is about to be slackened) and to unwind the spun yarn 10 when the tension of the spun yarn 10 increases. The yarn slack eliminating device 12 can thus avoid slackening of the spun yarn 10 to apply an appropriate tension to the spun yarn 10.
  • The tension exerted on the spun yarn 10 is basically determined by a yarn feeding speed of the yarn feeding device 11 (a spinning speed of the spinning device 9) and a winding speed of the winding device 13. That is, when the winding speed is higher than the yarn feeding speed, a tension exerted on the spun yarn 10 increases. When the winding speed is lower than the yarn feeding speed, a tension exerted on the spun yarn 10 decreases. Since the yarn feeding device 11 normally feeds the spun yarn 10 at a constant yarn feeding speed (spinning speed), the tension exerted on the spun yarn 10 varies mainly depending on the winding speed of the winding device 13.
  • When the winding device 13 winds the spun yarn 10 into a cone winding package, since the winding speed varies between the larger diameter side and smaller diameter side of the package, the yarn tension is varied by traversing performed by the traverse device 75. However, such a variation in yarn tension can be appropriately absorbed by the yarn slack eliminating device 12.
  • The present embodiment will be described below in detail. That is, suppose that during a winding process of a cone winding package in the spinning machine 1, the spun yarn 10 is traversed towards the larger diameter side of the package and both the winding speed and the yarn tension increase. However, accompanying the increase in yarn tension, the torque causing the spun yarn 10 to rotate the yarn hooking member 22 relative to the yarn slack eliminating roller 21 also increases. Therefore, an amount of the spun yarn 10 unwound from the yarn slack eliminating roller 21 increases. As a result, the increased yarn tension can be decreased.
  • In contrast, when the spun yarn 10 is traversed towards the smaller diameter side of the package and the winding speed is decreased, the yarn tension decreases. However, the torque exerted on the yarn hooking member 22 by the spun yarn 10 also decreases accompanying the decrease in the yarn tension. Thus, the amount of spun yarn 10 accumulated on the yarn slack eliminating roller 21 increases. Therefore, the decreased yarn tension can be recovered.
  • As described above, the yarn slack eliminating device 12 also functions as a device which permits a variation in the winding speed which generates during the formation of the cone winding package and which stabilizes the winding tension.
  • To provide the function of stabilizing the winding tension, a given amount of spun yarn 10 needs to be kept wound around the yarn slack eliminating roller 21. Thus, in the present embodiment, a feedback control is carried out on the cradle arm 71 in accordance with a signal from an accumulated yarn amount sensing means (not shown in the drawings).
  • Specifically, the rotation speed of the winding drum 72 is set such that for normal winding, in order to apply an appropriate winding tension to the spun yarn 10, the winding speed is slightly higher than the yarn feeding speed of the yarn feeding device 11 (a spinning speed of the spinning device 9). Thus, the spun yarn 10 wound around the yarn slack eliminating roller 21 is gradually unwound to reduce the amount of an accumulated yarn.
  • The accumulated yarn amount sensing means is provided on the outer peripheral surface of the yarn slack eliminating roller 21. When the accumulated yarn amount sensing means detects that the amount of yarn accumulated is equal to or smaller than a predetermined value, the unit controller of the spinning unit 2 controls a cradle lifter (not shown in the drawings) such that the cradle arm 71 is pivotably moved leftward in Figure 2. The package 45 is thus separated from the winding drum 72. Consequently, the package 45 loses the driving force and continues inertial rotation. However, the winding speed of the package 45 decreases gradually.
  • As a result, the amount of yarn accumulated on the yarn slack eliminating roller 21 is recovered, and the accumulated yarn amount sensing means eventually detects that the accumulated amount of spun yarn 10 is equal to or larger than the predetermined value. Then, the unit controller pivotably moves the cradle arm 71 rightward in Figure 2 to contact the package 45 with the winding drum 72.
    Thus, the winding speed is recovered, and the spun yarn 10 is unwound from the yarn slack eliminating roller 21 as described above.
  • The winding speed can thus be adjusted by using the cradle lifter to swing the cradle arm 71 to contact the package 45 with the winding drum 72 or separate the package 45 from the winding drum 72. Then, the winding speed is controlled while detecting the amount of yarn accumulated around the yarn slack eliminating roller 21 and carrying out the feedback control. As a result, at least a predetermined amount of spun yarn 10 can always be accumulated on the yarn slack eliminating roller 21.
  • Meanwhile, to form, for example, a cheese winding package, the above-described function of stabilizing the winding tension is not necessarily required, because in this case, variation in the winding speed depending on the traverse position is not significant. Rather, in view of a decrease in component lifetime and energy consumption associated with the operation of the electric motor 25 and the cradle lifter, it is preferable to avoid the yarn slack eliminating device 12 from being operated at all times. Furthermore, the spun yarn 10 is likely to be entangled with the rotating flyer 38. The spun yarn 10 entangled with the flyer 38 may damage the devices, or the entangled spun yarn 10 may be mix into the package to degrade the package quality. Therefore, also in this respect, it is preferable to avoid the yarn slack eliminating device 12 from being operated at all times.
  • However, even when winding a cheese shaped package, the yarn slack eliminating device 12 needs to be operated from the beginning of spinning by the spinning device 9 until the winding device 13 starts winding, in order to prevent the spun yarn 10 from being slackened or detained. Examples of such a case include yarn splicing and doffing.
  • Thus, the control section 73 of the spinning machine 1 according to the present embodiment is configured to be switchable between a first mode in which the yarn slack eliminating device 12 is switchably operated and stopped, and a second mode in which the yarn slack eliminating device 12 is always operated. The spinning machine 1 according to the present embodiment includes a mode selection instructing section 74 composed of, for example, a switch and a button. When an operator operates the mode selection instructing section 74, the mode of the control section 73 can be switched. However, the mode may be automatically selected by determining the package shape.
  • In the first mode, the yarn slack eliminating device 12 operates to eliminate the slack of the spun yarn 10 at least during a winding preparation time (from the beginning of spinning by the spinning device 9 until the winding device 13 starts winding) but is not operated for the rest of the time. In the second mode, the yarn slack eliminating device 12 is operated all the time including the winding preparation time to uniformize the winding tension of the spun yarn 10.
  • In the first mode, the control section 73 of the spinning machine 1 according to the present embodiment controls the yarn slack eliminating device 12 to be operated during yarn splicing. This control will be described below in detail.
  • First, in the first mode, during the normal spinning, the control section 73 controls the air cylinder 24 to move the upstream side guide 23 to the advanced position. The yarn path is thus held so that the spun yarn 10 does not engage with the yarn slack eliminating device 12. Furthermore, during the normal spinning, the control section 73 controls to stop the rotation of the electric motor 25. Thus, energy required for the yarn slack eliminating device 12 and the cradle lifter can be saved, and duration of the yarn slack eliminating device 12 and the cradle lifter can be extended. Moreover, the spun yarn 10 is unlikely to be entangled with the flyer 38. In addition, it is not necessary to adjust the winding speed by swinging the cradle arm 71. As a result, energy efficiency and duration can further be increased.
  • Suppose that the yarn clearer 52 detects a yarn defect in the spun yarn 10 in a certain spinning unit 2 during spinning. Then, the unit controller of the spinning unit 2 immediately cuts the spun yarn 10 using the cutter 57. Almost simultaneously with the yarn cutting, the unit controller stops the spinning device 9 and further stops rotation of the back roller 16 and third roller 17 of the draft device 7. The fiber bundle 8 is tearingly cut between the stopped third roller 17 and the rotating middle roller 19, and a part of the spun yarn 10 located downstream from the cut portion is sucked and removed by suction means (not shown in the drawings). Furthermore, the control section 73 controls the cradle lifter to pivotably rotate the cradle arm 71 leftward in Figure 2. The package 45 is thus separated from the winding drum 72 to stop rotation of the package 45.
  • Then, the unit controller controls the yarn splicing vehicle 3 to travel to a position where the yarn splicing vehicle 3 is positioned facing the spinning unit 2. The control section 73 then operates the electric motor 25 at an appropriate timing to start rotating the yarn slack eliminating roller 21.
  • Then, almost at the same timing as when the unit controller of the spinning unit 2 resumes driving of the draft device 7 and the spinning device 9, the yarn splicing vehicle 3 pivotably moves the suction pipe 44 upward, while pivotably moving the suction mouth 46 downward. Then, the yarn splicing vehicle 3 catches the yarn end from the spinning device 9 using the suction pipe 44, while catching the yarn end on the package 45 side using the suction mouth 46. The yarn splicing vehicle 3 then guides the respective yarn ends to the splicer 43 for yarn splicing. The above-descried series of operations allow the spun yarn 10 spun by the spinning device 9 to be wound by the winding device 13.
  • After the driving of the spinning device 9 is resumed, the control section 73 controls the air cylinder 24 to move the upstream side guide 23 to the retracted position, and the yarn path of the spun yarn 10 is thus moved to a position where the yarn path of the spun yarn 10 can be engaged with the rotating flyer 38. Accordingly, the spun yarn 10 is wound around the continuously rotating yarn slack eliminating roller 21 to prevent the spun yarn 10 from being slackened or detained during a yarn splicing operation.
  • When the yarn splicing operation is completed, the unit controller pivotably moves the cradle arm 71 rightward in Figure 2, and the package 45 is thus contacted with the winding drum 72 to allow yarn winding to be resumed. Accordingly, the winding tension applies to the spun yarn 10, which is thus gradually unwound from the yarn slack eliminating roller 21.
  • When all of the spun yarn 10 is unwound from the yarn slack eliminating roller 21, the control section 73 controls the air cylinder 24 to move the upstream side guide 23 to the advanced position again. The spun yarn 10 is thus prevented from being engaged with the flyer 38. Furthermore, the control section 73 controls rotation of the electric motor 25. Accordingly, energy efficiency is increased, and duration of the yarn slack eliminating device 12 increases. Additionally, the spun yarn 10 is prevented from traveling while rubbing against the flyer 38 to degrade the quality thereof.
  • The yarn splicing operation is performed not only when the yarn clearer 52 detects a yarn defect and cuts the spun yarn 10 using the cutter 57 but also when the yarn clearer 52 detects that the spun yarn 10 has been broken (yarn breakage) for some reason. Even in the case of the yarn breakage, the control of the yarn slack eliminating device 12 in the first mode is performed in exactly the same manner as described above.
  • Furthermore, in the first mode, the control section 73 of the spinning machine 1 according to the present embodiment performs control such that the yarn slack eliminating device 12 is operated also during doffing. This control will be described below in detail.
  • When a sensor (not shown in the drawings) detects that the package 45 in a certain spinning unit 2 has been fully wound, the unit controller stops the spinning device 9, and also stops the back roller 16 and third roller 17 of the draft device 7. Almost at the same time, the unit controller pivotably moves the cradle arm 71 of the winding device 13 leftward in Figure 2 to separate the full package 45 from the winding drum 72, and stops rotation of the winding drum 72.
  • Subsequently, the control section 73 controls the doffing vehicle 4 to travel to the front of the spinning unit 2. The control section 73 then operates the electric motor 25 at an appropriate timing to start rotating the yarn slack eliminating roller 21.
  • The doffing vehicle 4 uses the cradle operating arm 90 to appropriately operate the cradle arm 71, and the doffing vehicle 4 then uses a package removing means (not shown in the drawings) to remove the full package 45 from the cradle arm 71. The removed full package 45 rolls down an inclined floor 94 formed in the doffing vehicle 4, and the full package 45 then falls onto a shelf 96 formed like a groove, where the full package 45 comes to rest. Then, an empty bobbin supply means (not shown in the drawings) provided in the doffing vehicle 4 sets an empty bobbin 48 in the cradle arm 71.
  • Then, the unit controller of the spinning unit 2 resumes driving the draft device 7 and the spinning device 9. Furthermore, almost at the same time, the suction pipe 88 expands upward. The suction pipe 88 then sucks and catches the yarn end of the spun yarn 10 discharged from the spinning device 9. The suction pipe 88 thereafter guides the yarn end to the vicinity of the empty bobbin 48. Subsequently, a bunch winding arm 91 performs a bunch winding operation and attaches the yarn end to the empty bobbin 48. The above-described series of operations allows the spun yarn 10 spun by the spinning device 9 to be wound by the winding device 13.
  • After driving of the spinning device 9 is resumed, the control section 73 controls the air cylinder 24 to move the upstream side guide 23 to the retracted position. Thus, the spun yarn 10 is wound around the yarn slack eliminating roller 21 to prevent the spun yarn 10 from being slackened during a doffing operation.
  • When the bunch winding operation is completed, the doffing vehicle 4 uses the cradle operating arm 90 to pivotably move the cradle arm 71 rightward in Figure 2, and the doffing vehicle 4 contacts the bobbin 48 subjected to the bunch winding with the winding drum 72 to start winding the spun yarn 10. This applies winding tension to the spun yarn 10, which is thus gradually unwound from the yarn slack eliminating roller 21.
  • When all of the spun yarn 10 is unwound from the yarn slack eliminating roller 21, the control section 73 controls the air cylinder 24 to move the upstream side guide 23 to the advanced position again. The spun yarn 10 is thus prevented from engaging with the flyer 38. Furthermore, the control section 73 stops rotation of the electric motor 25.
  • As described above, when the control section 73 operates in the first mode, the yarn slack eliminating device 12 operates only during the required period from the beginning of spinning until yarn winding is started. This is advantageous in terms of energy saving, the durability of the devices, production efficiency, and the like. Meanwhile, when the tension varies significantly depending on the traverse position as in the case of winding a cone winding package, the control section 73 is operated in the second mode to always operate the yarn slack eliminating device 12. The winding tension can thus be appropriately controlled to form the package 45 from which the yarn can be properly unwound.
  • As described above, the spinning machine 1 according to the present embodiment includes the spinning device 9, the winding device 13, the yarn slack eliminating device 12, and the control section 73. The spinning device 9 spins the yarn. The winding device 13 winds the spun yarn to form the package. The yarn slack eliminating device 12 has the yarn slack eliminating roller 21 and the yarn hooking member 22. The control section 73 controls operation of the yarn slack eliminating device 12. The control section 73 can switch between a first mode in which the yarn slack eliminating device 12 is switchably operated and stopped, and a second mode in which the yarn slack eliminating device 12 is always operated. In the first mode, the yarn slack eliminating device 12 is operated, at least, during the operation time for the operation (for example, the yarn splicing operation or the doffing operation) of allowing the yarn spun by the spinning device 9 to be wound by the winding device 13.
  • Thus, the first mode and the second mode can be switched as required. This allows the yarn slack eliminating device 12 to be operated only when required, enabling energy consumption to be saved. Furthermore, the durability of devices such as the yarn slack eliminating device 12 and the cradle lifter is improved to allow the devices to last longer. Additionally, the yarn slack eliminating device 12 is prevented from being unnecessarily operated, thus reducing the likelihood of the occurrence of the problem associated with the winding of the yarn around the flyer 38.
  • The spinning machine 1 according to the present embodiment further includes the splicer 43. The control section 73 performs control such that in the first mode, the yarn slack eliminating device 12 is operated at least during a yarn splicing operation of the splicer 43.
  • Thus, during the yarn splicing, the yarn slack eliminating device 12 is operated to enable the spun yarn 10 to be prevented from being slackened. The yarn splicing operation can therefore be smoothly performed.
  • The spinning machine 1 according to the present embodiment further includes the doffing device 61. The control section 73 performs control such that in the first mode, the yarn slack eliminating device 12 is operated at least during a doffing operation of the doffing device 61.
  • Thus, during the doffing, the yarn slack eliminating device 12 is operated to enable the spun yarn 10 to be prevented from being slackened. The doffing operation can therefore be smoothly performed.
  • Furthermore, in the spinning machine 1 according to the present invention, the winding device 13 is configured to be able to form a cheese winding package.
  • Thus, for the cheese winding, the yarn slack eliminating device 12 is not required to be operated at all times. Consequently, the operation in the first mode allows the device to be efficiently operated.
  • Furthermore, in the spinning machine 1 according to the present embodiment, the winding device 13 is configured to be able to form a cone winding package.
  • Thus, for the cone winding, by operating the yarn slack eliminating device 12 in the second mode, in which the yarn slack eliminating device 12 is always operated, a possible variation in winding tension can be prevented to allow formation of a high-quality package.
  • The preferred embodiment of the present invention has been described above. However, the above-described configuration can be varied, for example, as follows.
  • Instead of being independently provided, the unit section 73 may be configured as a part of the function of the unit controller of the spinning unit 2.
  • The means for generating the resistance torque, which acts against the relative rotation between the yarn hooking member 22 and the yarn slack eliminating roller 21, may be, instead of the magnetic means, an electromagnetic means based on an electromagnet, a mechanical means based on a frictional force, or the like.
  • Instead of the arrangement in which the yarn splicing vehicle 3 includes the splicer 43, an arrangement may be provided in which the splicer 43 is provided in each of the spinning units 2. Similarly, instead of the arrangement in which the doffing vehicle 4 includes the doffing device 61, an arrangement may be provided in which the doffing device is installed in each of the spinning units 2.
  • While the present invention has been described with respect to preferred embodiments thereof, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the disclosed invention may be modified in numerous ways and may assume many embodiments other than those specifically set out and described above. Accordingly, it is intended by the appended claims to cover all modifications of the present invention that fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (5)

  1. A spinning machine comprising:
    a spinning device (9) spinning a yarn;
    a winding device (13) winding the spun yarn to form a package;
    a yarn slack eliminating device (12) having a yarn slack eliminating roller (21) and a yarn hooking member (22); and
    a control section (73) controlling operation of the yarn slack eliminating device (12), the spinning machine being characterized in that:
    the control section (73) can switch between a first mode in which the yarn slack eliminating device (12) is switchably operated and stopped, and a second mode in which the yarn slack eliminating device (12) is always operated, and
    in the first mode, the yarn slack eliminating device (12) is operated at least during an operation time for an operation of allowing the winding device (13) to wind the yarn spun by the spinning device (9).
  2. The spinning machine according to Claim 1, characterized by further comprising a yarn splicing device (4), and
    in that the control section (73) performs control such that in the first mode, the yarn slack eliminating device (12) is operated at least during a yarn splicing operation of the yarn splicing device (4).
  3. The spinning machine according to Claim 1 or Claim 2,
    characterized by further comprising a doffing device (61), and
    in that the control section (73) performs control such that in the first mode, the yarn slack eliminating device (12) is operated at least during a doffing operation of the doffing device (61).
  4. The spinning machine according to any one of Claim 1 through Claim 3, characterized in that the winding device (13) can form a cheese winding package.
  5. The spinning machine according to any one of Claim 1 through Claim 4, characterized in that the winding device (13) can form a cone winding package.
EP20080020013 2007-12-26 2008-11-17 Spinning machine Withdrawn EP2075358A2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2007335166A JP2009155757A (en) 2007-12-26 2007-12-26 Spinning machine

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EP2284300A1 (en) * 2009-08-06 2011-02-16 Murata Machinery, Ltd. Spinning machine and yarn removing method for removing yarn remaining on yarn accumulating roller
EP2075359A3 (en) * 2007-12-27 2011-05-11 Murata Machinery, Ltd. Yarn slack eliminating device and spinning machine
CZ303880B6 (en) * 2012-07-12 2013-06-05 Rieter Cz S.R.O. Circular interstice bin of yarn on textile machine workstation and controlling method thereof

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JP2011038225A (en) * 2009-08-17 2011-02-24 Murata Machinery Ltd Spinning machine
JP5526885B2 (en) * 2009-10-07 2014-06-18 村田機械株式会社 Spinning unit
JP5599286B2 (en) * 2010-11-01 2014-10-01 Tmtマシナリー株式会社 False twisting machine
CN102154741A (en) * 2010-12-14 2011-08-17 江苏华佳丝绸有限公司 Twist contraction preventing device for over-twisted yarns
JP2013067873A (en) * 2011-09-20 2013-04-18 Murata Mach Ltd Spinning unit and spinning machine
JP2015193451A (en) * 2014-03-31 2015-11-05 村田機械株式会社 Yarn storage roller and yarn winder
JP2017065898A (en) * 2015-09-30 2017-04-06 村田機械株式会社 Thread guard member, yarn storage device, and yarn winding machine

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JP2006306588A (en) 2005-04-28 2006-11-09 Murata Mach Ltd Yarn sag removing device in textile machine

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Cited By (6)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2075359A3 (en) * 2007-12-27 2011-05-11 Murata Machinery, Ltd. Yarn slack eliminating device and spinning machine
EP2284300A1 (en) * 2009-08-06 2011-02-16 Murata Machinery, Ltd. Spinning machine and yarn removing method for removing yarn remaining on yarn accumulating roller
CZ303880B6 (en) * 2012-07-12 2013-06-05 Rieter Cz S.R.O. Circular interstice bin of yarn on textile machine workstation and controlling method thereof
EP2684827A2 (en) 2012-07-12 2014-01-15 Rieter CZ s.r.o. A drum inter-storage of yarn at an operating unit of a textile machine and method of controlling it
US9403656B2 (en) 2012-07-12 2016-08-02 Rieter Cz S.R.O. Drum inter-storage of yarn at an operating unit of a textile machine and method of control for
US9957646B2 (en) 2012-07-12 2018-05-01 Rieter Cz S.R.O. Drum inter-storage of yarn at an operating unit of a textile machine and method of control for

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