EP2058061A1 - Negative-angle press-working die - Google Patents

Negative-angle press-working die Download PDF

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Publication number
EP2058061A1
EP2058061A1 EP08011615A EP08011615A EP2058061A1 EP 2058061 A1 EP2058061 A1 EP 2058061A1 EP 08011615 A EP08011615 A EP 08011615A EP 08011615 A EP08011615 A EP 08011615A EP 2058061 A1 EP2058061 A1 EP 2058061A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
cam
slide
die
negative
bending
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP08011615A
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German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP2058061B1 (en
Inventor
Tadatoshi Kinoshita
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yourbusiness Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Yourbusiness Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2007288585A priority Critical patent/JP5014069B2/en
Application filed by Yourbusiness Co Ltd filed Critical Yourbusiness Co Ltd
Publication of EP2058061A1 publication Critical patent/EP2058061A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP2058061B1 publication Critical patent/EP2058061B1/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D5/00Bending sheet metal along straight lines, e.g. to form simple curves
    • B21D5/04Bending sheet metal along straight lines, e.g. to form simple curves on brakes making use of clamping means on one side of the work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D19/00Flanging or other edge treatment, e.g. of tubes
    • B21D19/08Flanging or other edge treatment, e.g. of tubes by single or successive action of pressing tools, e.g. vice jaws
    • B21D19/082Flanging or other edge treatment, e.g. of tubes by single or successive action of pressing tools, e.g. vice jaws for making negative angles
    • B21D19/084Flanging or other edge treatment, e.g. of tubes by single or successive action of pressing tools, e.g. vice jaws for making negative angles with linear cams, e.g. aerial cams
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D22/00Shaping without cutting, by stamping, spinning, or deep-drawing
    • B21D22/02Stamping using rigid devices or tools
    • B21D22/08Stamping using rigid devices or tools with die parts on rotating carriers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D37/00Tools as parts of machines covered by this subclass
    • B21D37/08Dies with different parts for several steps in a process

Abstract

To enable forming a negative angle with deep bending and forming a high-quality panel, a negative-angle press-working die (1) includes an elevatable pad (3) fixed to an upper die (2), a slide cam (4) supported slidable laterally on the upper die (2) or a lower die (14) and having a bending blade (4c), a rotary cam (5) rotatable about a rotational center (5c) having a bending part (5a) which forms a negative-angle portion on a workpiece (12) and a cam surface (5b) abutting on the slide cam (4), an elevatable slide body (7) disposed under the pad (3) rotatably together with the rotary cam (5) and having a hold part (7a) provided at an upper portion on a bending part side of the rotary cam (5) and constituting a part of a male die for workpiece forming, a drive unit (6) that rotates the rotary cam (5) to a workpiece working position, and a slide drive unit (8) that slides the slide body (7) in an up and down direction.

Description

  • The present invention relates to a negative-angle press-working die, which performs bending or the like of an automobile panel with negative angle working.
  • Negative angle working to be performed on a front pillar, roof and rear window of a body side outer panel of an automobile panel is difficult as the front pillar, roof and rear window have complicated cross-sectional shapes. Because the cross-sectional shape of a portion from the front pillar to the roof needs to keep the strength with a small cross section, negative angle forming of this part is particularly difficult. As a press-working die to overcome such difficulty, a press-working die disclosed in, for example, JP-A-59-197318 is known. As shown in Fig. 8A, the press-working die is of a columnar cam type that includes a lower die having a hold part 16b for holding a raw material on the upper portion of a fixed punch 16a of the lower die, and a cam groove having an arc surface continual to the hold part 16b, a columnar rotary cam 17 which is provided at the lower die 14 to be rotatably inserted in the cam groove and has a bending part 17a at its one end, an elevatable and laterally slidable aerial cam which is provided above the rotary cam 17, has a bending blade at a distal end, and rotates the rotary cam 17 in a direction of holding the raw material, and a pad elevatably disposed above the hold part 16b of the lower die. The press-working die performs complicated bending of the pillar (workpiece 12) with the rotary cam 17.
  • Recently, the demanded cross-sectional shape of a workpiece is getting complicated, for example, from the one shown in Fig. 8A to the one shown in Fig. 8B, so that even the use of the conventional negative-angle press-working die makes it difficult to achieve negative angle forming. That is, as shown in Fig. 8B, the shape is thin and has deep bending, so that the width where the fixed punch 16a or hold part is present cannot be set, and with a clearance 18 for panel removal provided, the space becomes larger, so that the raw material panel cannot be pressed with the pad of the upper die. This leads to reduction in the quality of the formed panel. If the bending of the curved shape of a workpiece is deep and the level difference in the up and down direction is large, the separation line between the fixing punch and the rotary cam has different heights at individual cross sections, and designing the panel with a single cross section is not possible. It is therefore necessary to separate the press-working steps, or separate a die 20 of the columnar cam type into a front pillar A, roofs B, C, a rear D, and so forth, as shown in Fig. 9, which need to be arranged along the inclinations of the respective workpiece and need to be formed in multiple steps.
  • Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a negative-angle press-working die which overcomes the conventional problem and can form a negative angle with deep bending and can form a high-quality panel.
  • To achieve the object, according to the invention, there is provided a negative-angle press-working die including an elevatable pad fixed to an upper die; a slide cam supported on the upper die or a lower die, forming a bending blade at one end portion, having cam surfaces on both upper and lower sides, and supported so as to laterally slide along the both cam surfaces; a rotary cam having, at one end thereof, a bending part which forms a negative-angle portion on a workpiece, having a cam surface abutting on one of the cam surfaces of the slide cam, and being rotatable about a rotational center; a slide body disposed under the pad, having a hold part provided at an upper portion on a bending part side of the rotary cam and constituting a part of a male die for workpiece forming, being elevatably held, and rotatable together with the rotary cam; a drive unit that rotates the rotary cam at a workpiece working position; and a slide drive unit that slides the slide body in an up and down direction.
  • It is preferable that the drive unit should be disposed under the rotary cam, and have a horizontally movable slide block provided at a drive-axial distal end of an air cylinder and having a tapered portion at an upper surface on a distal end side, and the rotary cam should be rotated as the tapered portion abuts on a lower portion of the rotary cam to push up the lower portion.
  • The slide drive unit preferably includes a cam slide having, on an upper side, a cam surface on which the slide body is slidable, and having a lower end supported at an end portion of the rotary cam so as to be movable laterally, an urging section that urges the cam slide in a direction away from the rotational center of the rotary cam, and an upper die driver having, at a lower end portion of a side face thereof, a cam surface which abuts on an upper end portion of a side face of the cam slide to forcibly move the cam slide laterally, and fixed to the upper die.
  • The negative-angle press-working die according to the present invention not only can form a negative angle with deep bending, which cannot be achieved by a columnar cam type using the rotary cam of the prior art, but also need not form a panel removing clearance needed by the prior art to remove a panel, thereby improving the quality of the panel dramatically.
  • Further, it becomes possible to keep separation of a die to a minimum, thereby enabling reduction of the working costs. Furthermore, it becomes possible to set the axis of the rotational center horizontal without inclination of the axis, thereby contributing reduction of production costs of the dies.
  • The present invention particularly and preferably provides to enable forming a negative angle with deep bending and forming a high-quality panel, a negative-angle press-working die (1) including an elevatable pad (3) fixed to an upper die (2), a slide cam (4) supported slidable laterally on the upper die (2) or a lower die (14) and having a bending blade (4c), a rotary cam (5) rotatable about a rotational center (5c) having a bending part (5a) which forms a negative-angle portion on a workpiece (12) and a cam surface (5b) abutting on the slide cam (4), an elevatable slide body (7) disposed under the pad (3) rotatably together with the rotary cam (5) and having a hold part (7a) provided at an upper portion on a bending part side of the rotary cam (5) and constituting a part of a male die for workpiece forming, a drive unit (6) that rotates the rotary cam (5) to a workpiece working position, and a slide drive unit (8) that slides the slide body (7) in an up and down direction.
    • Fig. 1 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view showing the schematic structure of a negative-angle press-working die according to an embodiment of the present invention;
    • Fig. 2 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view showing the movement of the negative-angle press-working die in bending a workpiece;
    • Fig. 3 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view showing the return movement of the negative-angle press-working die after workpiece bending;
    • Fig. 4 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view showing the initial state of the negative-angle press-working die after workpiece bending is completed;
    • Fig. 5 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view showing the schematic structure of a negative-angle press-working die according to another embodiment of the present invention;
    • Fig. 6 is a plan view showing an example of usage of the negative-angle press-working die according to the present invention;
    • Fig. 7 is a front view showing a state where the axis of the rotational center of the negative-angle press-working die is set horizontal to a workpiece having a curved shape;
    • Fig. 8A is a cross-sectional view of essential portions showing a conventional press-working die in use, and Fig. 8B is a cross-sectional view of essential portions showing a state where a workpiece is bent deeper in the press-working die; and
    • Fig. 9 is a front view showing an example of usage where a conventional press-working die is separated into four sections.
  • Fig. 1 shows a negative-angle press-working die 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention, which forms an automobile panel or the like into a complicated cross-sectional shape. The negative-angle press-working die 1 includes an elevatable pad 3 fixed to an upper die 2, a laterally slidable aerial cam 4 serving as a slide cam, a rotary cam 5 which rotates about a rotational center 5c, a drive unit 6 for rotating the rotary cam 5, a slidable slide body 7 having a workpiece hold part 7a, and a slide drive unit 8 that slides the slide body 7. The aerial cam 4 serving as a slide cam is not limited to this aerial type, and may be slidably supported at a lower die.
  • The aerial cam 4 is suspended from the upper die 2 via a cam surface 4b, and has a cam surface 4a on a bottom surface side, and a bending blade 4c formed at its distal end portion. The aerial cam 4 is supported at the upper die 2 so as to laterally slide along the cam surfaces 4a, 4b as the upper die 2 is elevated up and down.
  • The rotary cam 5 is disposed to be rotatable about the rotational center 5c, has, on the top surface side, a bending part 5a for forming a negative angle portion in a workpiece to be subjected to bending and a cam surface 5b corresponding to the cam surface 4a of the aerial cam 4, and has, on one end side of the bottom surface, a slide plate 5d which abuts on the drive unit 6. The whole rotary cam 5 is rotated by the drive unit 6. The drive unit 6 is disposed under the rotary cam 5, and has a horizontally movable slide block 6b provided at a drive-axial distal end of an air cylinder 6a and having a tapered portion 6c on the distal end side of the upper surface. The rotary cam 5 is rotated as the tapered portion 6c abuts on the slide plate 5d of the rotary cam 5 to push up the slide plate 5d.
  • The slide body 7 is disposed under the pad 3, has the hold part 7a provided at an upper portion on the bending part 5a side of the rotary cam 5 and constituting a part of a male die for workpiece forming, and is held to be slidable obliquely upward. As shown in Fig. 1, an end face of the hold part 7a of the slide body 7 and an end face of the bending part 5a of the rotary cam 5 slidably abut on each other, and rotate together with the rotary cam 5 about the rotational center 5c. When the top surface of the hold part 7a slides obliquely upward and is aligned with the top surface of the bending part 5a, a projecting work surface (male die) for forming a workpiece 12 is formed. A recessed work surface (female die) corresponding to the former work surface is formed at the bottom side of the pad 3.
  • The slide drive unit 8 includes a cam slide 9 having, on an upper side, a cam surface 9a on which the slide body 7 slides upward, and having a lower end supported at an end portion of the rotary cam 5 so as to be movable laterally, a coil spring 10 serving as an urging section to urge the cam slide 9 in a direction away from the rotational center of the rotary cam 5, and an upper die driver 11 having, at a lower end portion of a side face thereof, a cam surface 11 a which abuts on a cam surface 9b formed at an upper end portion of a side face of the cam slide 9 to forcibly move the cam slide 9 laterally, and fixed to the upper die 2.
  • In the initial position state where the upper die 2 of the negative-angle press-working die 1 with the foregoing structure is at the top dead center and the pad 3, the aerial cam 4 and the upper die driver 11 are all at the top dead center, the workpiece 12 such as a body side outer panel, is placed in the die, and the drive unit 6 is driven first.
  • As the drive unit 6 is driven, a cylinder rod extends out and the slide block 6b at the distal end slides forward on a plate 13. Then, the tapered portion 6c of the slide block 6b abuts on the slide plate 5d and pushes up the slide plate 5d, so that the rotary cam 5 rotates about the rotational center 5c clockwise. When the slide block 6b further moves forward and the slide plate 5d comes to the horizontal upper surface of the slide block 6b, the rotation of the rotary cam 5 stops.
  • The slide body 7 and cam slide 9, supported on the rotary cam 5, rotate together according to the rotation of the rotary cam 5, so that a side end face 9c of the cam slide 9 becomes in parallel to a vertical side face 11 b of the upper die driver 11.
  • Next, when the upper die 2 moves down toward the lower die 14, first, the cam surface 11 a of the upper die driver 11 abuts on the cam surface 9b of the cam slide 9, moving the cam slide 9 rightward against the urging force of the coil spring 10. The movement of the cam slide 9 causes the lower end face of the slide body 7 to slide on the cam surface 9a, pushing the slide body 7 obliquely upward, so that the top surface of the hold part 7a is level with the top surface of the bending part 5a, both of which abut on the bottom surface of the workpiece 12.
  • Then, the pad 3 supported by a spring 15 (see Fig. 1) or the like presses the workpiece 12 from above. As the upper die 2 further moves downward, the vertical side face 11 b of the upper die driver 11 comes in slide contact with the side end face 9c of the cam slide 9, thus keeping the cam slide 9 moved rightward. Meanwhile, the cam surface 4a of the aerial cam 4 abuts on the cam surface 5b of the rotary cam 5, and moves on the cam surface 5b toward the bending part 5a located obliquely leftward as the upper die 2 further moves downward. It is to be noted that the vertical side face 11 b of the upper die driver 11 and the side end face 9c of the cam slide 9 are formed and arranged so as to provide timings in the up and down direction.
  • The bending blade 4c of the aerial cam 4 presses the workpiece 12 held between the bending blade 4c and the bending part 5a of the rotary cam 5 to effect deep bending (see Fig. 2).
  • Thereafter, when the upper die 2 moves upward, as shown in Fig. 3, the aerial cam 4 and the upper die driver 11 move at the same time, so that the bending blade 4c moves away from the bending part 5a. When the position of contact between the cam slide 9 and the upper die driver 11 is shifted from between the vertical side face 11 b and the side end face 9c to between the cam surface 11a and the cam surface 9b, the cam slide 9 is urged by the coil spring 10 to move leftward. This causes the slide body 7 to slide down on the cam surface 9a obliquely. Accordingly, the hold part 7a moves away from the bottom surface of the workpiece 12. The pad 3 is pulled upward via the spring 15 or the like.
  • Next, the upper die 2 further moves upward, so that the upper die driver 11 and the aerial cam 4 move upward. Then the slide block 6b is moved rightward by the air cylinder 6a of the drive unit 6. Accordingly, the rotary cam 5 rotates about the rotational center 5c counterclockwise, causing the bending part 5a to move away from inside the workpiece 12. As a result, sufficient space for panel removal is secured under the workpiece 12, as shown in Fig. 4. Therefore, such negative angle forming with deep bending is possible.
  • When the workpiece 12 after bending is removed from the die 1, the die 1 returns to the initial state shown in Fig. 1. In the negative-angle press-working die 1 according to the present invention, as apparent from the above, the slide body 7 which has the hold part 7a constituting a part of a male die for workpiece forming, and slides in the up and down direction is provided at the rotary cam 5, so that when the workpiece is subjected to bending, the hold part 7a is separated from the workpiece 12 first and the bending part 5a is rotated into the space formed by the separation of the hold part 7a so as to be separated from the workpiece 12.
  • Fig. 5 shows another embodiment of the present invention. A negative-angle press-working die 1a includes a slide body 7 having a fixed punch 16 and a hold part 7a and being slidable obliquely upward and downward with respect to a workpiece 12a, a rotary cam 5 having a bending part 5a, and a slide cam 4d supported at a lower die and laterally slidable on the rotary cam 5, with a rotational center 5c set at a proper position. This structure can cause the rotary cam 5 to rotate counterclockwise to move the bending part 5a away from the bottom surface of the workpiece 12a, thus securing a panel removal clearance, as in the above-described embodiment.

Claims (3)

  1. A negative-angle press-working die (1) comprising an elevatable pad (3) fixed to an upper die (2); a slide cam (4) supported on the upper die (2) or a lower die (14), forming a bending blade (4c) at one end portion, having cam surfaces (4a, 4b) on both upper and lower sides, and supported so as to laterally slide along the both cam surfaces (4a, 4b); and a rotary cam (5) having, at one end thereof, a bending part (5a) that forms a negative-angle portion on a workpiece (12), having a cam surface (5b) abutting on one of the cam surfaces of the slide cam, and being rotatable about a rotational center (5c); characterized by further comprising:
    a slide body (7) disposed under the pad (3), having a hold part (7a) provided at an upper portion on a bending part side of the rotary cam (5) and constituting a part of a male die for workpiece forming, elevatably held, and being rotatable together with the rotary cam;
    a drive unit (6) that rotates the rotary cam (5) at a workpiece working position; and
    a slide drive unit (8) that slides the slide body (7) in an up and down direction.
  2. The negative-angle press-working die according to claim 1, wherein the drive unit (6) is disposed under the rotary cam (5), and has a horizontally movable slide block (6b) provided at a drive-axial distal end of an air cylinder (6a) and having a tapered portion (6c) at an upper surface on a distal end side, and the rotary cam (5) is rotated as the tapered portion (6c) abuts on a lower portion (5d) of the rotary cam (5) to push up the lower portion.
  3. The negative-angle press-working die according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the slide drive (8) unit includes a cam slide (9) having, on an upper side, a cam surface (9a) on which the slide body (7) is slidable, and having a lower end supported at an end portion of the rotary cam (5) so as to be movable laterally, an urging section that urges the cam slide (9) in a direction away from the rotational center (5c) of the rotary cam (5), and an upper die driver (11) having, at a lower end portion of a side face thereof, a cam surface (11 a) which abuts on a cam surface (9b) formed at an upper end portion of a side face of the cam slide (9) to forcibly move the cam slide laterally, and fixed to the upper die (2).
EP20080011615 2007-11-06 2008-06-26 Negative-angle press-working die Expired - Fee Related EP2058061B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2007288585A JP5014069B2 (en) 2007-11-06 2007-11-06 Press mold

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP2058061A1 true EP2058061A1 (en) 2009-05-13
EP2058061B1 EP2058061B1 (en) 2010-05-19

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP20080011615 Expired - Fee Related EP2058061B1 (en) 2007-11-06 2008-06-26 Negative-angle press-working die

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US7665341B2 (en)
EP (1) EP2058061B1 (en)
JP (1) JP5014069B2 (en)
KR (1) KR20090046676A (en)
CN (1) CN101428315A (en)
DE (1) DE602008001300D1 (en)

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KR100971354B1 (en) 2009-12-28 2010-07-20 주식회사 현대알비 A plate edge banding machine
EP2431108A1 (en) * 2010-09-17 2012-03-21 Yourbusiness Co., Ltd. Press die assembly
WO2012075363A1 (en) * 2010-12-02 2012-06-07 Norgren Automation Solutions, Inc. Bending die with radial cam unit
EP2705913A1 (en) * 2012-09-10 2014-03-12 Peugeot Citroën Automobiles Sa Die for a press for deep-drawing a metal sheet
DE102012210960A1 (en) 2012-06-27 2014-04-03 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Filling device for metal plate press processing mold, has eccentric mechanism provided with filling piece for filling kinematic locking device, and eccentric disk supported on eccentric disk accommodating part
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FR3031322A1 (en) * 2015-01-06 2016-07-08 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa SHAPING A BOTTOM EDGE WITH COUNTER-TILE REFLEX
EP3100795A1 (en) 2015-06-03 2016-12-07 Peugeot Citroën Automobiles SA Punch for forming by deep drawing an undercut edge of the deep drawn piece

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US8516874B2 (en) * 2007-12-27 2013-08-27 Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc. Pillar for motor vehicle and tool for making the same
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KR101714256B1 (en) * 2015-11-04 2017-03-08 현대자동차주식회사 Swivel jig cam for machining burring hole of door inner panel and operation method thereof
WO2017107004A1 (en) * 2015-12-21 2017-06-29 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa Press tool with combined slides operating in a same press stroke
US10486216B2 (en) 2016-10-17 2019-11-26 Ford Motor Company Draw die and binder lock
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JP2009113078A (en) 2009-05-28
US20090113978A1 (en) 2009-05-07
KR20090046676A (en) 2009-05-11
EP2058061B1 (en) 2010-05-19
CN101428315A (en) 2009-05-13
US7665341B2 (en) 2010-02-23
DE602008001300D1 (en) 2010-07-01
JP5014069B2 (en) 2012-08-29

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