EP2028017A2 - Security devices for security substrates - Google Patents

Security devices for security substrates

Info

Publication number
EP2028017A2
EP2028017A2 EP20080252744 EP08252744A EP2028017A2 EP 2028017 A2 EP2028017 A2 EP 2028017A2 EP 20080252744 EP20080252744 EP 20080252744 EP 08252744 A EP08252744 A EP 08252744A EP 2028017 A2 EP2028017 A2 EP 2028017A2
Authority
EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
security
substrate
device
layer
polymeric
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP20080252744
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP2028017B1 (en )
EP2028017A3 (en )
Inventor
Marguerite Waters
Jim Snelling
Malcolm Baker
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
De la Rue International Ltd
Original Assignee
De la Rue International Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/40Manufacture
    • B42D25/45Associating two or more layers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/20Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof characterised by a particular use or purpose
    • B42D25/29Securities; Bank notes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/30Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery
    • B42D25/351Translucent or partly translucent parts, e.g. windows
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/30Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery
    • B42D25/355Security threads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/30Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery
    • B42D25/36Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery comprising special materials
    • B42D25/373Metallic materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/30Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery
    • B42D25/36Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery comprising special materials
    • B42D25/378Special inks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/30Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery
    • B42D25/36Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery comprising special materials
    • B42D25/378Special inks
    • B42D25/387Special inks absorbing or reflecting ultra-violet light
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H21/00Non-fibrous material added to the pulp, characterised by its function, form or properties; Paper-impregnating or coating material, characterised by its function, form or properties
    • D21H21/14Non-fibrous material added to the pulp, characterised by its function, form or properties; Paper-impregnating or coating material, characterised by its function, form or properties characterised by function or properties in or on the paper
    • D21H21/40Agents facilitating proof of genuineness or preventing fraudulent alteration, e.g. for security paper
    • D21H21/42Ribbons or strips

Abstract

A security device (10) for security substrates, such as paper, used for making security documents, such as bank notes, has anti-counterfeitable features. The security device comprises a first opaque layer (14) and a second opaque layer (15), said opaque layers each having a plurality of clear regions (18,19). A first fluorescent layer (16) is positioned between the first and second opaque layers and a second fluorescent layer (17) is positioned which is separated from the first fluorescent layer by one of the opaque layers. The first and second fluorescent layers exhibit different visible colours under ultraviolet light. The clear regions (18) in the first opaque layer form indicia and the clear regions (19) in the second opaque layer overlap with only some of the clear regions in the first opaque layer such that only a portion of the indicia are visible in transmitted light.

Description

  • [0001]
    The invention relates to a security device for security substrates, such as paper, used for making security documents, such as bank notes, having anti-counterfeitable features.
  • [0002]
    It is generally known to include elongate elements in paper or other substrates, usually as a security feature. Such elements can be threads, strips or ribbons of, for example, plastic film, metal foil, metallised plastic, metal wire. These elongate elements are included in the thickness of the substrate to render imitation of documents produced therefrom more difficult. These elements help in the verification of the documents as they render the view of the documents in reflected light different from that in transmitted light. To increase the security provided by the inclusion of such an elongate element, it is also known to endow the element itself with one or more verifiable properties over and above its presence or absence. Such additional properties include magnetic properties, electrical conductivities, the ability to absorb x-rays, fluorescence, phosphorescence, optically variable effects and thermochromic behaviour.
  • [0003]
    As a further security feature, it has been found to be particularly advantageous to provide windows in one side of the surface of the substrate, which expose such elongate elements at spaced locations. Examples of methods of manufacturing paper incorporating security elements with or without windows are described below. It should be noted that references to "windowed thread paper" include windowed paper incorporating any elongate security element.
  • [0004]
    EP-A-0059056 describes a method of manufacture of windowed thread paper on a cylinder mould paper-making machine. The technique involves embossing the cylinder mould cover to form raised regions and bringing an impermeable elongate security element into contact with the raised regions of the mould cover, prior to the contact entry point into a vat of aqueous paper stock. Where the impermeable security element makes intimate contact with the raised regions of the embossing, no fibre deposition can occur and windows are formed in the surface of the paper. After the paper is fully formed and couched from the cylinder mould cover, water is extracted from the wet fibre mat and the paper is passed through a drying process. In the finished paper the regions of the security element which are exposed in the windows are visible in reflected light on one side of the paper. This feature is commonly used for banknotes.
  • [0005]
    The widespread use of security documents having security elements exposed in windows along the length of the element has resulted in enhanced security. A security document of this type provides this enhancement as, when viewed in transmitted light, the security element provides a different view from that which is seen under reflected light, where parts of the security element are readily visible in the windows. However, there is a continual need for further enhanced security features to render the task of a would-be counterfeiter more difficult.
  • [0006]
    A significant development is described in EP-A-0319157 which describes the incorporation in security paper of a security thread which has a recognisable pattern, design or indicia provided by partially demetallising a metallised carrier substrate. The metal free portions are preferably letters which are clearly visible, when the security paper is viewed in transmitted light, as strong highlights against a much darker metal background. The indicia can advantageously be legends or numerals relating to the security document itself, e.g. the denomination of a banknote.
  • [0007]
    A further development is described in GB-A-2323814 whereby a security element has a reflective metal layer in the form of a design which consists of at least one repeating geometric pattern of which the frequency, instantaneous amplitude or maximum amplitude of the pattern varies along the length of the element. Such complex fine line patterns are extremely difficult for counterfeiters to generate by the commonly used technique of foil blocking. Additionally it has been found that such geometric designs are more easily recognised on a narrow thread than alphanumeric characters, which become less legible as they get smaller.
  • [0008]
    In addition to demetallisation it is also well known to provide security threads with a wide range of additional security features. One class of additional security features are those commonly referred to as teller assist features. These are features that require a simple hand held device to view them. A common teller assist security feature is one based on luminescent materials. Luminescent materials are known to those skilled in the art to include materials having fluorescent or phosphorescent properties. It is also well known to use other materials that respond visibly to invisible radiation, such as photochromic materials and thermochromic materials. The use of luminescent security features on threads has been described in EP-A-303725 , EP-A-319157 and WO-A-2006051231 , as well as in numerous other patent publications.
  • [0009]
    In one embodiment described in EP-A-319157 , there is present on either or both sides of the security thread a dye or a fluorescent material, which may be the same or different when the dye or fluorescent material is present on both sides of the strip or thread. An example is given where a demetallised security thread is uniformly coated on one side with a layer containing one fluorescent material and uniformly coated on the other side with another fluorescent material of a different colour. When viewed under ultra violet (UV) reflected light, each side will exhibit its own particular colour more or less uniformly, although there may be some colour mix in the demetallised areas. In transmitted light, however, the demetallised areas will be perceived as a third colour which will be a mix of the other two and markedly distinguishable from them. In a further embodiment of EP-A-319157 the strip or thread comprises a plastics substrate with demetallised indicia on one side thereof, and a dye or fluorescent material is present in the plastics substrate or on the surface of said substrate. When viewed under UV reflected light from the side of the demetallised indicia, the demetallised indicia are highlighted in the colour of the fluorescent material.
  • [0010]
    A similar type of security thread to the one described in EP-A-319157 is disclosed in WO-A-2006051231 . In this document a security thread comprises an opaque layer with gaps to form indicia on a transparent polymeric carrier film. Different fluorescent materials are applied to either side of the security thread such that in reflection the two surfaces emit a different colour when exposed to UV light. When viewed in transmission in UV light, a third and potentially fourth colour, depending on from which surface the security thread is viewed, is observed in the gaps in the opaque layer resulting from the combination of the two surface colours.
  • [0011]
    The examples in the prior art describe a security element comprising an image created by gaps in an opaque layer that is visible in transmission or on exposure to UV light. Furthermore the security feature comprises zones fluorescing in two or more colours. A problem with the structure of the security devices described in the prior art is that, in order to achieve multiple coloured fluorescent zones, the fluorescent material is applied to the opaque materials. In most cases the opaque material is metallic and has a characteristic sheen which, when exposed in a secure document, attracts the attention of the authenticator. If a fluorescent material is applied to the metallic layer there will be an undesirable reduction in the metallic sheen. This is of particular concern if the fluorescent material is a pigmented lacquer. The superior lightfastness of pigmented fluorescent lacquers compared to organic dyes means that they are the preferred materials in security devices employed in documents, such as banknotes, where the feature must withstand a long lifetime in circulation.
  • [0012]
    It is an object of the present invention to provide a security device which comprises a multilayer structure that exhibits the aforementioned fluorescent security features of the prior art without the need for applying the fluorescent material to a glossy metallic layer. It is a further object to provide a multilayer structure which enables a different identifying image to be observed depending on whether the appropriate illumination source, for example a UV light, is in front or behind the document.
  • [0013]
    The invention therefore provides a security device comprising a first opaque layer and a second opaque layer, said opaque layers each having a plurality of clear regions, a first fluorescent layer positioned between the first and second opaque layers, a second fluorescent layer, separated from the first fluorescent layer by one of the opaque layers, said first and second fluorescent layers exhibiting different visible colours under ultraviolet light wherein the clear regions in the first opaque layer form indicia and the clear regions in the second opaque layer overlap with only some of the clear regions in the first opaque layer.
  • [0014]
    Preferred embodiments of the present invention will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:-
    • Figure 1 is a plan view of a security substrate incorporating a security device according to the invention;
    • Figure 2 is a cross-sectional end elevation of the security device of Figure 1;
    • Figures 3a and 3b are plan views of two partially metallised polymeric substrates which are laminated together to form an alternative security device, plan views of which are shown in Figures 3c to 3f illustrating different viewing conditions;
    • Figures 4a and 4b are plan views of the front and rear of a security substrate incorporating a further alternative security device;
    • Figures 5a and 5b are plan views of two partially metallised polymeric substrates which are laminated together to form a further alternative security device, plan views of which are shown in Figures 5c to 5f illustrating different viewing conditions;
    • Figures 6a and 6b are plan views of two partially metallised polymeric substrates which are laminated together to form a yet further alternative security device, plan views of which are shown in Figures 6c to 6f illustrating different viewing conditions;
    • Figures 7a and 7b are cross-sectional end elevations of two partially metallised polymeric substrates which are laminated together to form a still further alternative security device, cross-sectional end elevations of which are shown in Figures 7c and 7d;
    • Figure 8 is a cross-sectional end elevation of another embodiment of a security device of the present invention;
    • Figures 9a to 9e are plan views of the front and rear of a substrate in which the security devices of Figure 8 is incorporated illustrating different viewing conditions;
    • Figures 10 to 15 are cross-sectional end elevations of still further embodiments of a security device of the present invention; and
    • Figures 16a and 16b are plan views of two polymeric substrates which are laminated together to form a further alternative security device, plan views of which are shown in Figures 16c to 16f illustrating different viewing conditions.
  • [0015]
    A security device 10 according to the present invention has two opaque layers which are preferably supported by one or more substantially transparent carrier layers. The opaque layers may be opaque to visible light and/or opaque to light (radiation) in the non-visible spectrum. Each opaque layer is provided with gaps which partially overlap with the gaps in the other layer. The gaps are transparent to, and therefore allows transmission of, the relevant form of light. Two fluorescent layers are located so as to provide a range of different visual effects when the device 10 is viewed under different viewing conditions.
  • [0016]
    Figure 1 shows a security device 10 according to the present invention incorporated into a security substrate 11, used to make secure documents, as a "windowed thread" with windows 12 in which areas of the device 10 are exposed and bridges 13 under which areas of the device 10 are embedded. The security device 10 can be incorporated into or arranged on the substrate 11 in any of the conventional formats known in the prior art, for example as patches, foils, stripes, strips or threads. The security device 10 can be arranged either wholly on the surface of the substrate 11, as in the case of a stripe or patch, or can be visible only partly on one surface of the substrate 11 in the form of a windowed security thread as shown in Figure 1. EP-A-0860298 and WO-A-03095188 describe different approaches for the embedding of wider, partially exposed threads into a paper substrate. Wide threads, typically having a width of 2-6mm, are particularly useful as the additional exposed thread surface area allows for better use of optically variable devices, such as those used in the present invention.
  • [0017]
    The security device 10 of the present invention may be incorporated into a substrate 11 such that regions of the device 10 are visible on both sides of the substrate 11. Methods of incorporating a security device such that it is viewable from both sides of the substrate 11 are described in EP-A-1141480 and WO-A-3054297 . In the method described in EP-A-1141480 one side of the device is wholly exposed at one surface of the substrate 11 in which it is partially embedded, and partially exposed in windows at the other surface of the substrate.
  • [0018]
    The security device 10 can be incorporated into the substrate 11 using a registration system such that the designs formed by the indicia are coincident with the windows or apertures in the substrate. One possible thread registration system, described in GB-A-2395959 , monitors the location of a control feature on a security element as it is being unwound and fed into the papermaking machine and a control feature on the substrate as it is formed. The system uses these position indicators to control the tension of the security element and rate of its embedment, so that the control features of the security element and substrate are in register.
  • [0019]
    In the case of a stripe or patch, the security device 10 is preferably prefabricated on a carrier strip and transferred to the substrate 11 in a subsequent working step. The security device 10 can be applied to the substrate 11 using an adhesive layer, which is applied either to the security device 10 or the surface of the security substrate 11 to which the device 10 is to be applied. After transfer the carrier strip is removed leaving the security device 10 exposed. Alternatively the carrier strip can be left in place to provide an outer protective layer.
  • [0020]
    The security device 10 of the present invention can be used to authenticate documents made from a variety of substrates 11, but is particularly suitable for application to flexible substrates such as paper and polymer films. Such substrates 11 are particularly useful for making documents of value such as banknotes, travellers cheques, certificates of authenticity, stamps, bonds, tax discs, fiscal stamps, secure labels, passports or vouchers.
  • [0021]
    Following the application of the security device 10, the security substrate 11 generally undergoes further standard security printing processes to produce the secure document, including one or more of the following; wet or dry lithographic printing, intaglio printing, letterpress printing, flexographic printing, screen-printing, and/or gravure printing. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, and to increase the effectiveness of the security device 10 against counterfeiting, the design of the security device 10 is linked to the document it is protecting by content and registration to the designs and identifying information provided on the document.
  • [0022]
    Figure 2 shows a cross-sectional view of one embodiment of the security device 10 of the present invention suitable for application as a windowed security thread. The security device 10 is created by laminating together two layers which are opaque to visible light with clear regions which allow the transmission of visible light. These are provided by two partially metallised polymeric substrates 14, 15, for example Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) or Bi-axially Oriented Polypropylene (BOPP) which form transparent carrier layers for opaque metal layers.
  • [0023]
    The first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 is produced such that no metal is present in controlled and clearly defined metal free (clear)regions 18. Such partially metallised film can be made in a number of ways. One way is to selectively demetallise regions using a resist and etch technique such as is described in US4652015 . Other techniques are known for achieving similar effects; for example it is possible to vacuum deposit aluminium through a mask or aluminium can be selectively removed from a composite strip of a plastic support and aluminium using an excimer laser. The metal free regions 18 take the form of indicia and are preferably in the form of images such as patterns, symbols and alphanumeric characters and combinations thereof. Possible characters include those from non-Roman scripts of which examples include but are not limited to, Chinese, Japanese, Sanskrit and Arabic. A layer of a first fluorescent material 16, which in this case is colourless in normal daylight but emits red light when excited by UV radiation, is then applied uniformly over the partially metallised side of the first substrate 14 including the metal free regions 18.
  • [0024]
    The second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 also comprises metal free regions 19 in the metallised film. A layer of a second fluorescent material 17, which in this case is colourless in normal daylight but emits blue light when excited by UV radiation, is applied uniformly to the non-metallised side of the second polymeric substrate 15. The two partially metallised polymeric substrates 14,15 are then laminated together with an adhesive layer 20 such that the red fluorescent layer 16 lies between the two substrates 14,15, as illustrated in Figure 2. The lamination process is registered such that metal regions 22 in the second metallised substrate 15 are positioned to block out part of the indicia provided by the metal free regions 18 in the first metallised substrate 14. A masking coat may be applied to the surface of the security device 10 which is not exposed in the windows of the security document. In this case the masking coat would be applied to the fluorescent layer 17. Adhesive layers 23 may be applied to the outer surfaces of the device 10 to improve adherence to the security substrate 11.
  • [0025]
    The registration between the first and second partially metallised substrates 14, 15 and how this can be used to achieve the final security feature will now be described with reference to Figures 3-6. Figures 3a to f illustrate one example of a security feature that could be generated from a security device 10 with the structure shown in Figure 2 and incorporated in a secure substrate 11, for example as a windowed security thread. Figure 3a is a plan view of the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 with the metal free regions 18 designed in the form of an image repeating along the length of the substrate 14, in this case a logo. Figure 3b is a plan view of the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 comprising alternating blocks of metal free regions 19 and metal regions 21. Both polymeric substrates 14, 15 are provided with a fluorescent layer 16,17 as indicated in Figure 2. The two partially metallised polymeric substrates 14,15 are laminated together such that the metal regions 22 on the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 coincide with every other metal free region 18 on the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14.
  • [0026]
    On viewing the security device 10 formed from the laminated structure in transmissive visible light in ambient conditions, the metal regions 22 in the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 block the light passing through every other image 18 such that only half of the indicia formed by the metal free regions 18 in the first partially metallised substrate 14 are visible in transmissive light, as illustrated in Figure 3c.
  • [0027]
    On viewing the security device 10 formed from the laminated structure 10 under transmitted UV illumination, a combination of the visible colours emitted by the fluorescent layers 16,17 are observed in the metal free regions 18 in the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 that are not coincident with the metal areas 22 in the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 (Figure 3d). For the structure described in Figure 2 the images will appear in a magenta colour 24 as a result of a combination of the red light emitted by the fluorescent layer 16 on the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 and the blue light emitted by the fluorescent layer 17 on the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15. The exact colour observed in transmitted UV light will vary depending on which surface the security device 10 is viewed from due to the fact that the combined colour depends on the order in which the light passes through them. For example, when viewed from the surface closest to the red fluorescent layer 16 the magenta colour 24 will have a noticeable red tint, and when viewed from the surface closest to the blue fluorescent layer 17 the observed magenta colour 24 will have a noticeable blue tint.
  • [0028]
    On viewing the top surface 27 of the security device 10 under reflected UV light, the metal free regions 18 in the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 that are not coincident with the metal areas 22 in the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 will again appear in a magenta colour 24. However, the metal free regions 18 in the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 that are coincident with the metal areas 22 in the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 will appear red 25 as the metal areas 22 on the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 prevent the UV light from exciting the blue fluorescent layer 17. In this manner the authenticator observes a series of metal free regions 18 in alternate magenta 24 and red 25 colours (Figure 3e).
  • [0029]
    On viewing the security device 10 under reflected UV light from the bottom surface 26, the metal free regions 19 in the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 will appear magenta 24 as a result of a combination of the red light emitted by the fluorescent layer 16 and the blue light emitted by the fluorescent layer 17. As the device 10 is being viewed in reflected light, the metal free regions 18 on the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 will appear in silhouette 29 within the magenta regions 24. The metal areas 22 on the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 will appear blue 28 as only the light from the blue fluorescent layer 17 is observed in these regions 18 due to the opacity of the metal areas 22 blocking the red fluorescent layer 16. The authenticator observes an alternating series of magenta and blue blocks 24,28 with a silhouette 29 of an image formed by the metal free regions 18 inside each magenta block 24 (Figure 3f).
  • [0030]
    When the security device 10 illustrated in Figures 2 and 3 is incorporated into a security substrate 11 as a windowed security thread such that the top surface of the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 is exposed in the windows 12, the authenticity of a document made from the substrate 11 can be checked in a number of ways:-
  1. 1. By viewing the document in transmission in ambient lighting conditions to check the clear images formed by the metal free regions 18;
  2. 2. By viewing the document in transmitted UV light to check the single fluorescent colour 24 of the images formed by the metal free regions 18;
  3. 3. By viewing the front of the document in reflected UV light to check for multicoloured 24,25 fluorescent images formed by the metal free regions 18 appearing in the windows;
  4. 4. By viewing the back of the document in reflected UV light to check for a different pattern of multicoloured 24,28 fluorescent images to that observed on the front of the document.
  • [0031]
    In a further example the security device 10 is incorporated into a security substrate 11 such that in localised regions, known as apertures, it is viewable from both sides of the substrate 11. One method for creating such apertures in a paper substrate is described in WO-A-0039391 , in which one side of an elongate security device is wholly exposed at one surface of a paper substrate in which it is partially embedded, and partially exposed in apertures at the other surface of the substrate. Figure 4 illustrates an example of such a paper substrate 11 into which an elongate security device 10 is incorporated to create an aperture 30. In the aperture 30 both surfaces of the security device 10 are visible. However the remainder of the device 10 is only visible from the front side of the substrate 11, as shown in Figure 4a, and not from the reverse side where the security device 10 is covered by paper fibres, as shown in Figure 4b.
  • [0032]
    Figures 5a to 5f illustrate another example of a security feature generated from a security device 10 with the structure shown in Figure 2, incorporated into a paper substrate 11 according to the method described in W0-A-0039391 . Figure 5a is a plan view of the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 with the metal free regions 18 forming the word "ONE" oriented horizontally and repeating along the length of the security device 10 separated by metal areas 21. Figure 5b is a plan view of the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 comprising metal free regions 19 and metal areas 22. Both polymeric substrates 14,15 comprise a fluorescent layer 16,17 as indicated in Figure 2. The two partially metallised polymeric substrates 14,15 are laminated together in register with the metal regions 22 on the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 coinciding with a number of the letters formed by the metal free regions 18 on the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14. When the security device 10 is viewed in transmission (Figure 5c) a series of words "ONE" are visible in a diagonal orientation. The security device 10 with the demetallised designs illustrated in Figures 5a and 5b is preferably incorporated into a substrate, such as paper, such that the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 is wholly exposed on the front surface of the paper substrate (Figures 5c-5e) and the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 is partially exposed in an aperture 30 on the back surface of the paper substrate 11 (Figure 5f).
  • [0033]
    On viewing the substrate 11 in transmissive light in ambient conditions a repeating pattern comprising the diagonally oriented word "ONE" is observed (Figure 5c).
  • [0034]
    On viewing the substrate 11 under transmitted UV illumination the diagonal repeating pattern "ONE" is observed in a combination of the visible colours emitted by the fluorescent layers 16,17(Figure 5d). For the structure described in Figure 2 the diagonal word "ONE" will appear in a magenta colour 24 as a result of a combination of the red light emitted by the fluorescent layer 16 on the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 and the blue light emitted by the fluorescent layer 17 on the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15.
  • [0035]
    On viewing the front surface of the paper substrate 11 under reflected UV light the diagonal word "ONE" will appear in a magenta colour 24. The metal free regions 18 forming the letters in the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 that are coincident with the metal areas 22 in the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 will appear red 25 due to the metal areas 22 on the second polymeric substrate 15 preventing the UV light from exciting the blue fluorescent layer 17. In this manner the authenticator observes the word "ONE" oriented horizontally and repeating along the length of the security device 10 with the colour of the letters arranged in magenta 24 and red 25 such that the diagonal word "ONE" is highlighted in magenta 24 (Figure 5e).
  • [0036]
    On viewing the back surface of the substrate 11 the security device 10 is only exposed in the aperture 30 and embedded in the substrate 11 outside the aperture 30. In reflected ambient light the portion of the security device 10 exposed in the aperture 30 appears uniformly metallic with a silhouette 29 of the diagonal word "ONE" (Figure 5f).
  • [0037]
    In reflected UV light the device 10 will appear coloured in both the aperture 30 and embedded regions 31 although the colours will be significantly more intense on the part of the security device 10 exposed in the aperture 30. In reflected UV light the metal free regions 19 in the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 will appear magenta 24 as a result of a combination of the red light emitted by the fluorescent layer 16 on the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 and the blue light emitted by the fluorescent layer 17 on the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15. As it is being viewed in reflected light, the diagonal word "ONE" will appear as a silhouette 29 within the blocks of magenta 24. The metal regions 22 in the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 will appear blue 28 as only the light from the blue fluorescent layer 17 is observed in these regions due to the opacity of the metal regions 22 blocking the red fluorescent layer 16. The authenticator observers an arrangement of magenta and blue blocks 24,28 with the magenta blocks 24 arranged in a diagonal pattern with the silhouette 29 of the word "ONE" running through the magenta blocks 27 (Figure 5f).
  • [0038]
    Figures 6a to 6f illustrate a further example of a design for a security feature generated from a security device 10 of the present invention with the structure shown in Figure 2. In this example the security device 10 is in the form of a security thread. Figure 6a is a plan view of the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 with metal free regions 18 in the form of characters forming the word "FACET" repeating along the length of the security device 10 separated by metal areas 21. Figure 6b is a plan view of the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 comprising metal free regions 19 and metal areas 22. Each polymeric substrate 14,15 comprises a fluorescent layer 16,17 as indicated in Figure 2. The two polymeric substrates 14,15 are laminated together in register, with the metal areas 22 on the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 coinciding with the demetallised "F" and the "T" characters on the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 such that when the security device 10 is viewed in transmission (Figure 6c) in ambient lighting the word "ACE" is observed repeating along the device 10.
  • [0039]
    On viewing the security device 10 under transmitted UV illumination the word "ACE" is observed in a combination of the visible colours emitted by the fluorescent layers. For the structure described with reference to Figure 2 the word "ACE" will appear in a magenta colour 24 (Figure 6d) as a result of a combination of the red light emitted by the fluorescent layer 16 on the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 and the blue light emitted by the fluorescent layer 17 on the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15.
  • [0040]
    On viewing the security device 10 under reflected UV light from the top surface 27 the word "ACE" will again appear in a magenta colour 24. The letters formed by the metal free regions 18 in the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 that are coincident with the metal areas 22 on the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 will appear red 25 due to the areas 22 on the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 preventing the UV light from exciting the blue fluorescent layer 17. In this manner the authenticator observes the word "FACET" repeating along the length of the security device 10 with the letters "ACE" being in magenta 24 and the letters "F" and "T" being in red 25(Figure 6e).
  • [0041]
    On viewing the security device 10 under reflected UV light from the bottom surface 26, the metal free regions 19 in the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 will appear magenta 24. As it is being viewed in reflected light the word "ACE" will appear as a silhouette 29 within the magenta regions 24. The metal areas 22 in the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 will appear blue 28 as only the light from the blue fluorescent layer 17 is observed in these areas 22 due to the opacity of the metal areas 21 blocking out the red fluorescent layer 16. The authenticator observes a series of magenta blocks 24, inside which is a silhouette of the word "ACE", separated by blue blocks 28(Figure 6f)
  • [0042]
    In an alternative embodiment of the invention the first or the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 14,15 is a sacrificial carrier film and is discarded after the lamination process. The use of a sacrificial carrier film is illustrated in Figures 7a to 7d. Figure 7a illustrates the first metallised polymeric film 14, which is as described in relation to Figure 2 except in that it now comprises a release layer 32 between the first polymeric substrate 14 and the metal areas 21. Figure 7b illustrates the second metallised polymeric substrate 15 which comprises the layers described in relation to Figure 2. The two partially metallised polymeric substrates 14,15 are laminated together with an adhesive layer 20 using a registered process such that the metal areas 22 on the second partially metallised substrate 15 are positioned to block out some of the indicia formed by the metal free regions 21 on the first partially metallised substrate 14, see figure 7c The first polymeric substrate 14 is then stripped away at the release layer 32 to leave the final structure of the security device 10 as shown in Figure 7d.
  • [0043]
    The advantage of using a sacrificial carrier layer for either the first or second polymeric substrates 14,15 is that it significantly reduces the thickness of the final security device 10. This is particularly important for security devices 10 used in security documents which have to be sorted and distributed using automated cash handling equipment where any localised increase in thickness can result in handling problems.
  • [0044]
    In an alternative embodiment of the security device 10 of the present invention the second partially metallised substrate 15 in Figure 2 is replaced with a coloured opaque layer which has gaps or clear regions. This embodiment will have the same appearance as the structure of Figure 2 when viewed in transmitted ambient light and reflected and transmitted UV light. However when viewed in reflected ambient light from the top surface 27 of the security device 10, an additional visual effect is observed in that the metal free regions 18 in the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 not coincident with the clear regions (which correspond to the metal free regions 19) in the coloured opaque layer will be readily apparent due to the contrast between the coloured opaque layer and the metallic background. This provides the additional benefit in ambient light of revealing one image in reflected light, when viewed from the surface of the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14, and a different image in transmitted light.
  • [0045]
    When the security device 10 is incorporated into a document such that its bottom surface 26 is exposed either wholly or in localised regions/windows 12 on the front or back surface of the document then the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 or the replacement coloured opaque layer will be visible. In the case of a coloured opaque layer, such as a black pigmented ink, the additional security benefit it provides in ambient reflected light is compromised by the poor aesthetic appearance of the exposed coloured opaque layer on the front or back surface of the document.
  • [0046]
    Figure 8 illustrates an alternative structure of the security device 10 of the present invention which provides the additional benefit, in ambient light, of revealing one image in reflected light and a different image in transmitted light whilst still providing an aesthetically pleasing metallic appearance when viewed from both sides of the security device 10. The device 10 has a similar structure to that shown in Figure 2 with an additional opaque coloured material 34 applied between the red fluorescent layer 16 and the second metal areas 22. The opaque coloured material 34 is applied in register with the first metal areas 21 such that it is visible through the metal free regions 18 in the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 that are coincident with the metal areas 22 in the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15. The laminated structure of the security device 10 of Figure 8 will show the same behaviour as the laminated structure of the security device 10 of Figure 2 when viewed in ambient transmitted light and transmitted and reflected UV light. The security device 10 of Figure 8 will show an additional effect when viewed from its top surface 27 in ambient reflected light in which the metal free regions 18 coincident with the opaque coloured material 34 will be readily apparent due to the contrast between the opaque coloured material 34 and the metallic background.
  • [0047]
    Figures 9a to 9e illustrate yet another example of a security feature, generated from security device 10 of the present invention with the structure shown in Figure 8. The two partially metallised polymeric substrates 14,15 have the same demetallised designs as shown in Figures 3a and 3b and the security device 10 is preferably incorporated into a paper substrate 11 as a windowed security device 10 such that the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 (Figure 3b) is exposed in the windows 12. On viewing the substrate 11 in transmissive light in ambient conditions the metal regions 22 on the second polymeric substrate 15 block the light passing through every other image formed by the metal free regions 18. As a result only half of the images in the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 are observed in transmissive light as illustrated in Figure 9a.
  • [0048]
    On viewing the substrate 11 under transmitted UV illumination a combination of the visible colours emitted by the fluorescent layers 16, 17 are observed in the metal free regions 18 in the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 that are not coincident with the metal areas 22 in the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15. As previously described with reference to Figure 2 the images will appear in a magenta colour 24(Figure 9b).
  • [0049]
    On viewing the front surface of the paper substrate 11 under reflected UV light (Figure 9c) the metal free regions 19 in the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 will appear magenta 24. As it is being viewed in reflected light the image formed by the metal free regions 18 on the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 will appear as a silhouette 29 within the magenta regions 24. The metal areas 22 in the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 will appear blue 28 as only the light from the blue fluorescent layer 17 is observed in these areas 22 due to the opacity of the metal areas 22 blocking out the red fluorescent layer 16. The authenticator observers an alternating series of magenta and blue blocks 24,28 with a silhouette of an image inside each magenta block 24. In reflected UV light the images will be visible in both the windows 12 and embedded regions 13 although the colours will be significantly more intense in the windows 12.
  • [0050]
    On viewing the back surface of the paper substrate 11 in ambient reflected light the images coincident with the opaque coloured layer 34, in this example a black pigmented ink, will be visible through the paper substrate 11 as a solid black image 33(Figure 9d).
  • [0051]
    On viewing the back surface of the paper substrate 11 in UV reflected light (Figure 9e) the images formed by the metal free regions 18 in the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 that are not coincident with the metal areas 22 in the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 will appear in a magenta colour 24 and the images formed by the metal free regions 18 in the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 that are coincident with the metal areas 22 in the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 will appear red 25. In this manner the authenticator observes a series of images in alternate magenta and red colours 24,25 embedded in the paper substrate 11.
  • [0052]
    The coloured opaque layer 34, preferably in the form of a pigmented ink or absorbing dye, may be applied onto localised regions of the second partially metallised substrate 15, as shown in Figure 8, using any common printing technique. The localised printed regions are preferably the same width or wider than the corresponding indicia formed by the metal free regions 18 in the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 . Alternatively, if the second partially metallised polymeric substrate 15 is formed using a resist and etch technique to selectively demetallise a metallised polymeric film, the resist forms the opaque coloured layer 34. In this embodiment, as illustrated in Figure 10, the second metallised polymeric film 15 is printed with a resist containing a coloured dye or pigment. Suitable resists include the dye BASF Neozapon X51 or the pigment (well dispersed) "Carbon Black 7" mixed into a material with both good adhesion to metal and caustic resistance. The dye loading can be up to 50% (by weight) of the final coat of resist depending on coat thickness and desired blackness. An example of a class of suitable resist materials is vinyl chlorides/vinyl acetate copolymers such as Union Carbide Ucar resins, Sun VHL 31534, or Wacker Vinnol E 15/45m. The printed second metallised film 15 is then partially demetallised, according to a known demetallisation process using a caustic wash which removes the metal in the regions not printed with the resist. The remaining metal areas 22 are still coated with resist, which provides a dark opaque layer 34 which is visible when the security device 10 of Figure 10 is viewed from its top surface 27 in reflection.
  • [0053]
    The dye or pigment in the coloured opaque layer 34, either as a separate layer or replacing the metal areas 22, may be a conducting material, such as carbon black, to produce a machine-readable or conducting layer. Alternatively it may be a magnetic material, such as magnetite, to produce a machine readable magnetic layer.
  • [0054]
    The inventive structure of the security device 10 of the present invention enables designs to be created that are striking and memorable to the general public, but are very complex which makes is very difficult for a potential counterfeiter to try to reproduce. The highly contrasting appearances when viewed in different light sources and from different sides enables the security device to be readily recognisable to the user. The additional requirement to accurately register the metal free regions 18, 19 on the front and back of the device 10 is very hard to counterfeit effectively.
  • [0055]
    The laminated structure of the security device 10 illustrated in Figure 2 has an additional advantage in that the two sets of metal areas 21,22 are in the middle of the laminated structure and are not exposed. This overcomes a known disadvantage of demetallised security threads which is their susceptibility to corrosive or abrasive effects during paper manufacturing and in circulating banknotes. In the structure illustrated in Figure 2 the two sets of metal areas 21,22 are protected from any corrosion or abrasion by the polymeric substrates 14,15.
  • [0056]
    If the durability of the security device 10 is not a key consideration then alternative structures for the present invention are possible. In Figure 2 the metal areas 21,22 could be on the opposite sides of their respective polymeric substrates 14,15. The only requirement is that there is a fluorescent layer 16 in between the two sets of metal areas 21,22 and a fluorescent layer 17 of a different colour external to the two sets of metal areas 21,22.
  • [0057]
    Figure 11 shows a further alternative structure for a security device 10 of the present invention suitable for incorporation into a security document. The security device 10 comprises a single layer 35 of a polymeric substrate, for example Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) or Bi-axially Oriented Polypropylene (BOPP)which is metallised on both surfaces. A fluorescent material 16 is present in the polymeric substrate 35 or on the top surface of the substrate 35. Preferably the fluorescent material 16 is colourless in normal daylight but emits a specific visible colour when excited by UV radiation. The metallised polymeric substrate 35 is partially demetallised such that the top surface comprises first metal free regions 18 and first metal areas 21 which are used to create indicia in the form of identifying images and the bottom surface comprises second metal free regions 19 and second metal areas 22. A layer of a second fluorescent material 17, which is preferably colourless in normal daylight but emits a different visible colour to the first fluorescent material when excited by UV radiation, is applied uniformly to the bottom surface of the polymeric substrate 35 so as to cover the second metal areas 22. The first metal free regions 18, 19 are arranged such that the second metal areas 22 layer are positioned to block out part of the information provided by the first metal free regions 18. Adhesive layers 20 can be applied to the outer surfaces of the device 10 to improve adherence to the secure document.
  • [0058]
    The invention is not limited to any particular colour combination of the fluorescent layers 16,17, and example colour combinations of the two fluorescent layers 16,17 are given in the table below.
    Fluorescent layer 16 Fluorescent layer 17 Combined colour when viewed in transmitted light.
    Red Yellow Orange
    Yellow Blue Green
    Red Blue Purple
    Green Blue Cyan
    Red Blue Magenta
  • [0059]
    The present invention is also not limited to UV activated fluorescent materials. Any fluorescent materials can be used that respond visibly to invisible radiation such as phosphorescent materials, IR activated materials, photochromic materials and thermochromic materials.
  • [0060]
    As an alternative to metallisation and demetallisation, inks, in particular metallic or metal effect inks and more preferably high reflectivity metallic or metal effect inks, may be deposited on the polymeric substrates 14,15 by a printing technique to form opaque layers with negative indicia. As a further alternate to metal effect inks, other optical effect inks can be used e.g. OVI® optically variable inks. Also opaque-coloured printing inks can be used.
  • [0061]
    As another alternative to metallised films, liquid crystal polymeric films or inks can be used. Figure 12 illustrates an example where the second opaque layer is obtained by combining a layer 36 of a liquid crystal material with a darkly coloured background absorbing layer 37 to enhance the colourshifting effect of the liquid crystal material. In this example the liquid crystal layer 36 exhibits a red to green colourshift when viewed in reflection over the dark absorbing layer 37. In the structure shown in Figure 12 the absorbing layer 36 comprises an opaque design printed on the second polymeric substrate 15 using a dark ink or dye. A liquid crystal film is then applied over the design using a coating or laminating process. Alternatively the opaque designs can be overprinted using a liquid crystal ink e.g. Oasis® ink from SICPA.
  • [0062]
    The security device 10 of Figure 12 will show the same behaviour as the security device 10 of Figure 2 when viewing in ambient transmitted light and transmitted and reflected UV light. Furthermore the security device 10 of Figure 12 will show an additional effect when viewed from its top surface 27 in ambient reflected light in which the first metal free regions 18 coincident with the liquid crystal layer 36 superimposed on the dark absorbing layer 37 will be readily apparent due to the contrast between the optically variable liquid crystal material, exhibiting a red to green colourshift, and the metallic background.
  • [0063]
    If the security device 10 of Figure 12 is incorporated into a substrate 11 such that the bottom surface 26 of the security device 10 is exposed either wholly or in localised regions/windows 12 on the front or back surface of the substrate 11, then the dark absorbing layer 37 may be visible. If this is not desirable then a masking coat may be used to obscure the dark absorbing layer 37 and a suitable material for such a masking coat would be Coates 3188XSN or Coates Heliovyl White S90 353. A typical coat weight is
    suggested to be in the region of 2GSM. Alternatively the dark absorbing layer 37 may be masked by a second metallised layer using similar structures to those described in Figures 8 and 10.
  • [0064]
    Figure 13a shows an embodiment of the security device 10 of the present invention having a similar structure to that shown in Figure 10, but in which the second metallised polymeric layer 15 is selectively demetallised using a resist and etch technique and in which the resist contains a black coloured dye or pigment. A layer 36 of a liquid crystal film is applied over the dark absorbing layer 37 provided by the black resist, such that when the security device 10 is viewed from its top surface 27 in ambient reflected light the first metal free regions 18 coincident with the liquid crystal layer 36 superimposed on the layer 37 of black resist will exhibit a colourshift.
  • [0065]
    Figure 13b shows a further embodiment of the security device 10 of the present invention comprising a liquid crystal layer 36. The structure is similar to that shown in Figure 2, but in which the first metallised polymeric layer 14 is selectively demetallised using a resist and etch technique and in which the resist contains a black coloured dye or pigment. A layer 36 of a liquid crystal film is applied over the dark absorbing layer 37 provided by the black resist, such that when the security device 10 is viewed from its top surface 27 in ambient reflected light an angular dependent colourshift will be observed where the liquid crystal layer 36 is superimposed on the layer 37 of black resist.
  • [0066]
    In addition to displaying visual information, the security device 10 may also be used to provide machine-readable information. For example the opaque layers formed by the first and second metals areas 21,22 may be applied using a magnetic or conductive ink. Alternatively the opaque layers could be applied using a vapour deposited magnetic material for example Fe, Ni or Co.
  • [0067]
    Figure 14 illustrates an approach to forming a machine-readable construction of a security device 10 of the present invention for application as a windowed security device 10. The device 10 has a similar structure to that shown in Figure 2 with a magnetic material applied in localised regions between the two partially metallised polymeric layers 14,15. The magnetic material can be applied in any design but common examples include the use of magnetic tramlines or the use of magnetic blocks 39 to form a coded structure. Suitable magnetic materials include iron oxide pigments (Fe2O3 or Fe3O4), barium or strontium ferrites, iron, nickel, cobalt and alloys of these. In this context the term "alloy" includes materials such as Nickel:Cobalt, Iron:Aluminium:Nickel:Cobalt and the like. Flake Nickel materials can be used; in addition Iron flake materials are suitable. Typical nickel flakes have lateral dimensions in the range 5-50 microns and a thickness less than 2 microns. Typical iron flakes have lateral dimensions in the range 10-30 microns and a thickness less than 2 microns.
  • [0068]
    In an alternative machine-readable embodiment a transparent magnetic composite material can be incorporated at any position within the structure of the security device 10. Suitable transparent magnetic composite materials containing a distribution of particles of a magnetic material of a size and distributed in a concentration at which the magnetic composite material remains transparent are described in WO-A-03091953 and WO-A-03091952 .
  • [0069]
    The security device 10 of the present invention may also include other anti-counterfeiting materials, such as thermochromic materials, liquid crystal coatings or films, colourshifting inks, colourshifting interference films and holographic generating structures.
  • [0070]
    Figure 15 shows an embodiment of the current invention comprising a holographic generating structure. The structure is similar to that shown in Figure 2 but with an additional layer 40 of lacquer applied to the first polymeric substrate 14 before it is metallised. The security device 10 of Figure 15 will show the same behaviour as the security device 10 of Figure 2 when viewing in ambient transmitted light and transmitted and reflected UV light. Furthermore the security device 10 of Figure 15 will display a holographic image when viewed from its top surface 27 in ambient reflected light. On viewing the security device 10 of Figure 15 from its bottom surface in ambient reflected light the holographic image is visible in the metal free regions 18 in the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 that are not coincident with the metal areas 22 in the second partially metallised polymeric substrate.
  • [0071]
    In a further embodiment of the present invention at least one of the opaque layers is provided by a layer which is transparent to visible light but opaque to light in the non-visible ultra-violet wavelength range of the electromagnetic spectrum. In one example the security device will have the structure shown in Figure 2 except that the metal regions 22 are now replaced with a UV absorbing coating which is substantially transparent to visible light but opaque to non-visible UV radiation. Suitable UV absorbing coatings include a UV barrier coating supplied by Sun Chemical with the product code NMHR-70-20669. A suitable UV absorbing compound which could be applied to conventional coatings is a hydroxyphenyl triazine class of UV absorber sold under the name Tinuvin® 400 by Ciba®.
  • [0072]
    Figures 16a to 16f illustrate one example of a security feature that could be generated from a security device with this construction. Figure 16a is a plan view of a polymeric substrate 14 which has been metallised to provide opaque metal regions 21 and comprises metal free regions 18 designed in the form of an image repeating along the length of the substrate 14, in this case a logo. Figure 16b is a plan view of a second polymeric substrate 15 comprising blocks 41 of a UV absorbing coating which is substantially transparent to visible light but is opaque to UV light. Gaps 19 are provided between the blocks 41 which allow the transmission of UV and visible light. Both of the polymeric substrates 14, 15 are provided with a fluorescent layer 16, 17 as indicated in Figure 2. The two polymeric substrates 14, 15 are laminated together such that the UV opaque blocks 41 on the second polymeric substrate 15 coincide with every other metal free region 18 on the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14.
  • [0073]
    On viewing the security device 10 formed from the laminated structure in transmissive visible light in ambient conditions, the viewer observes all of the demetallised images 18 because the UV absorbing blocks 41 allow the visible light to be transmitted, as illustrated in Figure 16c.
  • [0074]
    On viewing the security device 10 under transmitted UV illumination, a combination of the visible colours emitted by the fluorescent layers 16, 17 are observed in the metal free regions 18 in the first metallised polymeric substrate 14 that are not coincident with the UV absorbing blocks 41 on the second polymeric substrate 15(Figure 3d). The images will appear in a magenta colour 24 as a result of a combination of the red light emitted by the fluorescent layer 16 on the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 and the blue light emitted by the fluorescent layer 17 on the second polymeric substrate 15. The exact colour observed in transmitted UV light will vary depending on which surface 26,27 the security device 10 is viewed from due to the fact that the combined colour depends on the order in which the light passes through them. For example, when viewed from the surface closest to the red fluorescent layer 16 the magenta colour 24 will have a noticeable red tint.When viewed from the surface closest to the blue fluorescent layer 17 the observed magenta colour 24 will have a noticeable blue tint.
  • [0075]
    On viewing the top surface 27 of the security device 10 under reflected UV light, the metal free regions 18 in the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 that are not coincident with the UV absorbing blocks 41 on the second polymeric substrate 15 will again appear in a magenta colour 24. However, the metal free regions 18 in the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 that are coincident with the UV absorbing blocks 41 in the second polymeric substrate 15 will appear red as the UV absorbing blocks 41 on the second polymeric substrate 15 prevent the UV light from exciting the blue fluorescent layer 17. In this manner the authenticator observes a series of metal free regions in alternate magenta and red colours 24,25(Figure 16e).
  • [0076]
    On viewing the security device 10 under reflected UV light from the bottom surface 26, the gaps 19 between the UV absorbing blocks 41 on the second polymeric substrate 15 will appear magenta 24 as a result of a combination of the red light emitted by the fluorescent layer 16 and the blue light emitted by the fluorescent layer 17. As the device 10 is being viewed in reflected light, the metal free regions 18 on the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 will appear in silhouette 29 within the magenta regions 24. The UV absorbing blocks 41 on the second polymeric substrate 15 will appear blue as only the light from the blue fluorescent layer 17 is observed in these regions due to the UV absorbing blocks 41 preventing UV light from exciting the red fluorescent layer 16. Visible light will still pass through the UV absorbing blocks 41 and therefore the metal free regions 18 on the first partially metallised polymeric substrate 14 will appear in silhouette 29 within the blue regions 28. The authenticator observes an alternating series of magenta and blue blocks 24,28 with a silhouette 29 of an image formed by the metal free regions inside both the blue and magenta blocks 24, 28(Figure 3f).
  • [0077]
    The use of UV opaque layers is applicable to any of the previously described embodiments of the present invention. For example considering the structure in Figure 11, which comprises a single layer of PET with a patterned opaque metallised layer on either side, one of the metallised layers could be replaced with a UV absorbing layer which is substantially transparent to visible light.
  • Claims (29)

    1. A security device comprising a first opaque layer and a second opaque layer, said opaque layers each having a plurality of clear regions, a first fluorescent layer positioned between the first and second opaque layers, a second fluorescent layer, separated from the first fluorescent layer by one of the opaque layers, said first and second fluorescent layers exhibiting different visible colours under ultraviolet light wherein the clear regions in the first opaque layer form indicia and the clear regions in the second opaque layer overlap with only some of the clear regions in the first opaque layer.
    2. A security device as claimed in claim 1 comprising a substantially transparent carrier layer, the first and second opaque layer being applied to opposing sides of the carrier layer.
    3. A security device as claimed in claim 1 comprising two transparent carrier layers, the first opaque layer being applied to one side of a first of the carrier layers and the second opaque layer being applied to a surface of a second of the carrier layers, wherein the two carrier layers are laminated together with the first fluorescent layer positioned between the first and second opaque layers.
    4. A security device as claimed in any one of the preceding claims in which the opaque layers are opaque to visible light.
    5. A security device as claimed in any one of the preceding claims in which the opaque layers comprise metal layers.
    6. A security device as claimed in claim 5 in which the metal layers are partially demetallised to provide the clear regions.
    7. A security device as claimed in any one of the preceding claims in which the opaque layers have conductive and/or magnetic properties.
    8. A security device as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 4 in which one or both of the opaque layers comprise layers of printed ink.
    9. A security device as claimed in claim 8 in which the ink is a metallic ink.
    10. A security device as claimed in claim 7 or claim 8 in which the ink has conductive and/or magnetic properties.
    11. A security device as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 3 in which one or both of the opaque layers are opaque only to light in the non-visible spectrum.
    12. A security device as claimed in claim 11 in which one or both of the opaque layers are opaque to ultraviolet light.
    13. A security device as claimed in any one of the preceding claims in which the fluorescent layers are colourless in normal daylight and coloured when excited by ultraviolet radiation.
    14. A security device as claimed in any one of the preceding claims in which the second opaque layer comprises opaque blocks alternating with clear blocks.
    15. A security device as claimed in any one of the preceding claims further comprising an opaque coloured material located between the first fluorescent layer and the second opaque layer such that it is visible in the clear regions in the first opaque layer.
    16. A security device as claimed in claim 15 in which the opaque coloured material is a black ink.
    17. A security device as claimed in claim 15 in which the opaque coloured material is an absorbing dye.
    18. A security device as claimed in claim 15 in which the opaque coloured material is a resist.
    19. A security device as claimed in any one of the preceding claims further comprising a layer of liquid crystal material and a dark coloured absorbing layer having clear regions.
    20. A security device as claimed in claim 19 in which the second opaque layer comprises the dark coloured absorbing layer.
    21. A security device as claimed in claim 20 in which the dark absorbing layer and the second opaque layer are adjacent and the clear regions in each of these layers are coincident with the clear regions in the other layer.
    22. A security device as claimed in any one of the preceding claims further comprising a magnetic material located between the two opaque layers.
    23. A security substrate comprising a security device as claimed in any one of the preceding claims applied to or incorporated in a base substrate.
    24. A security substrate as claimed in claim 23 in which the security device is applied as a patch, foil or strip to the surface of the base substrate.
    25. A security substrate as claimed in claim 23 in which the security device is incorporated in the base substrate as an elongate security element.
    26. A security substrate as claimed in claim 25 in which the elongate security element is at least partially visible in windows in at least one surface of the substrate.
    27. A security substrate as claimed in claim 25 in which at least a part of the elongate security element is visible in at least one aperture through the substrate.
    28. A security document formed from the security substrate of any one of claims 23 to 27.
    29. A security document as claimed in claim 28 in which the security document is a banknote, traveller's cheque, certificate or authenticity, passport, voucher, stamp, security label or other document of value.
    EP20080252744 2007-08-23 2008-08-19 Security devices for security substrates Active EP2028017B1 (en)

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    Cited By (17)

    * Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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    WO2009109343A3 (en) * 2008-03-06 2009-11-19 Leonhard Kurz Stiftung & Co. Kg Method for producing a film element
    US20110042023A1 (en) * 2008-03-19 2011-02-24 Malcolm Paul Baker Making Sheets
    WO2011061495A1 (en) * 2009-11-19 2011-05-26 De La Rue International Limited Improvements in security devices
    WO2011073602A1 (en) * 2009-12-14 2011-06-23 Security Print Solutions Limited Hiding information on a document for use in validation
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    WO2012153116A1 (en) * 2011-05-06 2012-11-15 D W Spinks (Embossing) Limited Improved security device
    WO2014113042A1 (en) 2013-01-17 2014-07-24 Spectra Systems Corporation Covert coating for authentication of materials
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    WO2012153116A1 (en) * 2011-05-06 2012-11-15 D W Spinks (Embossing) Limited Improved security device
    EP2946139A4 (en) * 2013-01-17 2016-09-14 Spectra Systems Corp Covert coating for authentication of materials
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    JP2016524554A (en) * 2013-05-13 2016-08-18 カーベーアー−ノタシ ソシエテ アノニム Printing security structures, objects comprising a printing security structure, and a manufacturing method thereof
    JP2016525959A (en) * 2013-05-13 2016-09-01 カーベーアー−ノタシ ソシエテ アノニム Printing security features, objects and their preparation process comprises the print security features
    EP2803497A1 (en) * 2013-05-13 2014-11-19 KBA-NotaSys SA Printed security feature, object comprising such a printed security feature, and process of producing the same
    EP2803498A1 (en) * 2013-05-13 2014-11-19 KBA-NotaSys SA Printed security feature, object comprising such a printed security feature, and process of producing the same
    US9908361B2 (en) 2013-05-13 2018-03-06 Kba-Notasys Sa Printed security feature, object comprising such a printed security feature, and process of producing the same
    US9751355B2 (en) 2013-05-13 2017-09-05 Kba-Notasys Sa Printed security feature, object comprising such a printed security feature, and process of producing the same
    CN105263718B (en) * 2013-05-13 2017-03-29 卡巴-诺塔赛斯有限公司 Printed security feature, the security feature comprises a print such an object, and a production method thereof
    RU2652052C2 (en) * 2013-05-13 2018-04-24 КБА-НотаСис СА Printed security feature, object comprising such a printed security feature, and process of producing the same
    WO2014188194A1 (en) * 2013-05-21 2014-11-27 D. W. Spinks (Embossing) Limited Improvements in and relating to security documents
    CN105324250B (en) * 2013-08-07 2017-03-08 卡巴-诺塔赛斯有限公司 Printed security feature, the security feature comprises a print such an object, and a production method thereof
    WO2015183243A1 (en) * 2014-05-27 2015-12-03 Rolith, Inc. Anti-counterfeiting features and methods of fabrication and detection
    DE102015005082A1 (en) * 2015-04-21 2016-10-27 Giesecke & Devrient Gmbh Multilayer security element
    EP3088202A3 (en) * 2015-04-28 2017-04-12 Giesecke & Devrient GmbH Valuable document substrate, lamination film and valuable document
    EP3090880A1 (en) * 2015-04-28 2016-11-09 Giesecke & Devrient GmbH Valuable document substrate and valuable document
    US20160333526A1 (en) * 2015-05-11 2016-11-17 Nanotech Security Corp. Security device
    WO2017149284A1 (en) * 2016-02-29 2017-09-08 De La Rue International Limited Security elements and security documents

    Also Published As

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    EP2028017B1 (en) 2017-01-11 grant
    GB0716496D0 (en) 2007-10-03 grant
    GB2452078A (en) 2009-02-25 application
    GB2452078B (en) 2009-12-23 grant
    EP2028017A3 (en) 2015-08-26 application

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