EP1960726A1 - Refrigerant circuit - Google Patents

Refrigerant circuit

Info

Publication number
EP1960726A1
EP1960726A1 EP06819959A EP06819959A EP1960726A1 EP 1960726 A1 EP1960726 A1 EP 1960726A1 EP 06819959 A EP06819959 A EP 06819959A EP 06819959 A EP06819959 A EP 06819959A EP 1960726 A1 EP1960726 A1 EP 1960726A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
refrigerant
outlet
refrigerator
inlet
compressor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
EP06819959A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Sander Kaart
Robert Klein Nagelvoort
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij BV
Original Assignee
Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij BV
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to EP05112327 priority Critical
Application filed by Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij BV filed Critical Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij BV
Priority to EP06819959A priority patent/EP1960726A1/en
Priority to PCT/EP2006/069693 priority patent/WO2007068730A1/en
Publication of EP1960726A1 publication Critical patent/EP1960726A1/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B1/00Compression machines, plant, or systems with non-reversible cycle
    • F25B1/10Compression machines, plant, or systems with non-reversible cycle with multi-stage compression
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25JLIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS OR LIQUEFIED GASEOUS MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT OR BY BRINGING THEM INTO THE SUPERCRITICAL STATE
    • F25J1/00Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures
    • F25J1/0002Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures characterised by the fluid to be liquefied
    • F25J1/0022Hydrocarbons, e.g. natural gas
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25JLIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS OR LIQUEFIED GASEOUS MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT OR BY BRINGING THEM INTO THE SUPERCRITICAL STATE
    • F25J1/00Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures
    • F25J1/003Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures characterised by the kind of cold generation within the liquefaction unit for compensating heat leaks and liquid production
    • F25J1/0047Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures characterised by the kind of cold generation within the liquefaction unit for compensating heat leaks and liquid production using an "external" refrigerant stream in a closed vapor compression cycle
    • F25J1/0052Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures characterised by the kind of cold generation within the liquefaction unit for compensating heat leaks and liquid production using an "external" refrigerant stream in a closed vapor compression cycle by vaporising a liquid refrigerant stream
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25JLIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS OR LIQUEFIED GASEOUS MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT OR BY BRINGING THEM INTO THE SUPERCRITICAL STATE
    • F25J1/00Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures
    • F25J1/02Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures requiring the use of refrigeration, e.g. of helium or hydrogen Details and kind of the refrigeration system used; Integration with other units or processes; Controlling aspects of the process
    • F25J1/0243Start-up or control of the process; Details of the apparatus used; Details of the refrigerant compression system used
    • F25J1/0279Compression of refrigerant or internal recycle fluid, e.g. kind of compressor, accumulator, suction drum etc.
    • F25J1/0294Multiple compressor casings/strings in parallel, e.g. split arrangement
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2400/00General features or devices for refrigeration machines, plants or systems, combined heating and refrigeration systems or heat-pump systems, i.e. not limited to a particular subgroup of F25B
    • F25B2400/07Details of compressors or related parts
    • F25B2400/075Details of compressors or related parts with parallel compressors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2400/00General features or devices for refrigeration machines, plants or systems, combined heating and refrigeration systems or heat-pump systems, i.e. not limited to a particular subgroup of F25B
    • F25B2400/13Economisers

Abstract

The present invention relates to a refrigerant circuit (1), in particular for use in a liquefaction plant, the refrigerant circuit (1) at least comprising: - a refrigerator (2) having an inlet (21) for refrigerant (10) at a refrigeration pressure, and at least five outlets (22, 23, 24, 25, 26, ...) for evaporated refrigerant (20, 30, 40, 50, 60, ...) evaporated at different pressure levels, the at least five outlets (22, 23, 24, 25, 26, ...) being preferably intended for refrigerants evaporated at increasing pressures from the first outlet (22) to the fifth (26) and optional higher outlets; - a first compressor (3) having one or more inlets for receiving evaporated refrigerant from the refrigerator and an outlet (34) that can be connected to the inlet (21) of the refrigerator (2); and - a second compressor (4) having one or more inlets for receiving evaporated refrigerant from the refrigerator and an outlet (44) that can be connected to the inlet (21) of the refrigerator (2).

Description

REFRIGERANT CIRCUIT
The present invention relates to a refrigerant circuit, in particular for use in a liquefaction plant.
From practice several line-ups for a refrigerant circuit are known. Usually, a refrigerant circuit comprises a refrigerator (or Λrefrigeration zone' ) in which the refrigerant is evaporated in one or more stages thereby withdrawing heat from the gas stream to be cooled; a compressor for recompressing the evaporated refrigerant (s) ; and return lines for returning the recompressed refrigerant to the refrigerator.
The amount of cooling provided per unit of time in the refrigerator is proportional to the mass flow rate of the refrigerant that is passed through the refrigerator in the refrigerant circuit. With increasing amounts of a stream to be cooled (such as natural gas to be liquefied) the mass flow rate of the refrigerant has to increase. Although an increasing mass flow rate does not affect the number of impellers being present in the compressor, it has an effect on the size of the impellers, on the diameter of the housing, and on the inlet velocity into the impellers. Because the latter variables increase with increasing flow rate, an increasing flow rate will result in a larger compressor and higher inlet velocities. Moreover, increasing the diameter of the housing of the compressor requires a thicker wall of the housing. Consequently the compressor is more difficult to manufacture and more difficult to handle.
As plants for the liquefaction of natural gas and other gas processing plants are being designed for ever- increasing production rates in order to realize the favourable economic benefits associated with larger plants, there exists a continuing need in the field to provide alternative plants and methods to eliminate the size and inlet velocity of a single large compressor
To this end WO 01/44734 (which is hereby incorporated by reference) discloses a refrigerant circuit for use in a liquefaction plant, wherein the refrigerant circuit contains a compressing apparatus with two compressors, each compressor being arranged in a separate housing. The compressing apparatus according to WO 01/44734 allows the handling of four different refrigerant streams being evaporated in a refrigerator at multiple pressure levels.
US 3 527 059 and US 6 691 531 disclose refrigerant circuits allowing to handle refrigerant streams evaporated at three different pressure levels.
It is an object of the present invention to fulfil the above need and to provide an alternative refrigerant circuit .
The above or other objects can be achieved according to the present invention by providing a refrigerant circuit, in particular for use in a liquefaction plant, the refrigerant circuit at least comprising: a refrigerator having an inlet for refrigerant at a refrigeration pressure, and at least five outlets for evaporated refrigerant evaporated at different pressure levels; - a first compressor having one or more inlets for receiving evaporated refrigerant from the refrigerator and an outlet that can be connected to the inlet of the refrigerator; and a second compressor having one or more inlets for receiving evaporated refrigerant from the refrigerator and an outlet that can be connected to the inlet of the refrigerator; wherein the at least five outlets are intended for refrigerants evaporated at at least four, preferably at least five, increasing pressures from the first outlet to the fifth and optional higher outlets. An important advantage of the present invention is that it provides a surprisingly simple refrigerant circuit allowing the handling of five or more gaseous refrigerant streams evaporated at four or more, preferably five or more, different pressure levels in the refrigerator .
A further advantage of the present invention is that each of the first and second or even further compressors can be separately protected against overpressure, e.g. by using relief valves or the like. This may reduce the size of the pressure relief system significantly.
Another advantage of the present invention is that evaporation of refrigerant at multiple pressure levels is more efficient; the present invention allows for evaporation at more than four different pressure levels.
The person skilled in the art will readily understand that the refrigerator may have various line-ups. According to a particularly preferred embodiment it allows refrigerant to evaporate at at least five different pressure levels. As the person skilled in the art understands what is meant by a refrigerator, this is not further discussed here.
The first and second compressors may be any suitable compressor. If desired, more than two compressors may be present. Also, the first and second (and even further) compressors may each comprise one or more compression stages .
According to a particularly preferred embodiment of the present invention: - the first compressor has a main inlet for receiving the refrigerant from the first outlet, a second inlet for receiving the refrigerant from the third outlet, a third inlet for receiving the refrigerant from the fifth outlet and an outlet that can be connected to the inlet of the refrigerator; and the second compressor has a main inlet for receiving the refrigerant from the second outlet, a second inlet for receiving the refrigerant from the fourth outlet and an outlet that can be connected to the inlet of the refrigerator.
Preferably the odd (i.e. first, third, fifth, seventh, ...) outlets are connected to the second compressor and the even (i.e. second, forth, sixth, eighth, ...) outlets are connected to the first compressor, wherein the pressure of the evaporated outlet increases from the first outlet to the fifth and optional higher outlet .
The advantage of the staggered line-up of compressor stages is that compressor powers may be evenly distributed over the first and second compressors as a result of the almost equal pressure ratios for the compressor stages.
If desired, economizers may be connected to one or more of the outlets of the refrigerator. As economizers are known in the art (see e.g. John M. Campbell, "Gas Conditioning and Processing - Vol. 2: The Equipment Modules", 8th Edition edited by Robert A. Hubbard, 2004 page 219) this is not further discussed here. Preferably, the outlet of the refrigerator intended for the refrigerant evaporated at the highest pressure is connected to an economizer.
In another aspect the present invention provides a plant for the production of a liquefied hydrocarbon product such as liquefied natural gas, the plant comprising the refrigerant circuit according to the present invention for cooling a hydrocarbon stream such as natural gas .
In a further aspect the present invention provides a method for cooling, preferably liquefying a hydrocarbon stream to be cooled, wherein the hydrocarbon stream to be cooled is cooled using the refrigerant circuit according to the present invention.
As methods for cooling and liquefying a hydrocarbon stream are known in the art, this is not further discussed here. Examples of liquefaction processes are given in US 6 389 844 and US 6 370 910 which are hereby specifically incorporated by reference.
The hydrocarbon stream to be cooled and/or liquefied may be any suitable hydrocarbon-containing stream, but is usually a natural gas stream obtained from natural gas or petroleum reservoirs. As an alternative the natural gas may also be obtained from another source, also including a synthetic source such as a Fischer-Tropsch process. Usually the hydrocarbon stream is comprised substantially of methane (e.g. > 60 mol% methane) . Depending on the source, the hydrocarbon stream may contain varying amounts of hydrocarbons heavier than methane such as ethane, propane, butanes and pentanes as well as some aromatic hydrocarbons. The hydrocarbon stream may also contain non-hydrocarbons such as H2O, N2, CO2, H2S and other sulphur compounds, and the like.
If desired, the hydrocarbon stream may be pre-treated before cooling. This pre-treatment may comprise removal of undesired components such as H2O, CO2 and H2S, or other steps such as pre-cooling, pre-pressurizing or the like. As these steps are well known to the person skilled in the art, they are not further discussed here.
The present invention will now be described by way of example in more detail with reference to the accompanying non-limiting drawings, wherein:
Figure 1 schematically shows a refrigerant circuit according to the present invention allowing the handling of five refrigerant streams evaporated at different pressure levels; Figure 2 schematically shows a refrigerant circuit according to the present invention allowing the handling of eight refrigerant streams evaporated at different pressure levels;
Figure 3 schematically shows a refrigerant circuit according to the present invention using three compressors; and
Figure 4 and Figure 5 schematically show refrigerant circuits according to the present invention allowing the handling of five refrigerant streams, as alternatives to Figure 1. For the purpose of this description, a single reference number will be assigned to a line as well as a stream carried in that line. Same reference numbers refer to similar components.
Reference is made to Figure 1 showing schematically a refrigerant circuit 1 containing a refrigerator (or
Λrefrigeration zone') represented by a box 2, a first compressor 3, a second compressor 4 and a cooler 5 such as an air or water cooler. Since the refrigerator 2 is well known, it is here only schematically shown for the sake of clarity.
The first and second compressors 3 and 4 arranged in separate housings. The first and second compressors in the apparatus according to the present invention may be any type of compressor, but are suitably radial compressors.
Inlet 21 of the refrigerator 2 is intended for refrigerant 10 at a refrigeration pressure. More than one inlet to the refrigerator 2 may be present.
In the embodiment of Figure 1 the refrigerator 2 has five outlets 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 for refrigerant evaporated at different pressure levels, with increasing pressures from the first outlet 22 to the fifth outlet 26. As an example, first outlet 22 is intended for gaseous refrigerant 20 at a low pressure, second outlet 23 for gaseous refrigerant 30 at an intermediate pressure, third outlet 24 for gaseous refrigerant 40 at a high pressure, fourth outlet 25 for gaseous refrigerant 50 at a high-high pressure and fifth outlet 26 for gaseous refrigerant 60 at a high-high-high pressure.
The first compressor 3 and second compressor 4 are each arranged in a single housing. The first compressor 3 has three interconnected sections 51, 52 and 53, and the second compressor 4 has two interconnected sections 61 and 62. Each section can comprise one or more impellers, wherein an impeller is sometimes referred to as a stage. The sections 51, 52, 53, 61 and 62 are referred to as the low pressure sections 51 and 61, intermediate pressure section 52 and high pressure sections 53 and 62.
The first compressor 3 has a main or first inlet 31, a second inlet 32, a third inlet 33 and an outlet 34. The second compressor 4 has a main or first inlet 41, a second inlet 42 and an outlet 44. The main inlet 32 of the first compressor 3 opens into the low pressure section 51, and the second inlet 32 opens into the intermediate pressure section 52. The third inlet 33 opens into the high pressure section 53. The main inlet 41 of the second compressor 4 opens into the low pressure section 61, and the second inlet 42 opens into the high pressure section 62. For the sake of clarity the drivers of the compressors 3 and 4 are not shown. The outlets 34 and 44 of the compressors 3 and 4 are connected to the inlet 21 of the refrigerator 2 by means of conduits 10, 10a and 10b. The first outlet 22 of the refrigerator 2 is connected to the main inlet 31 of the first compressor 3 by means of conduit 20, and the second outlet 23 is connected to the main inlet 41 of the second compressor 4 by means of conduit 30. The third outlet 24 is connected to second inlet 32 of the first compressor 3 by means of conduit 40, the fourth outlet 25 is connected to the second inlet 42 of the second compressor 4 by means of conduit 50, and the fifth outlet 26 is connected to third inlet 33 of the first compressor 3 by means of conduit 60.
During normal operation, the two compressors 3 and 4 each compress a part of the refrigerant to the refrigeration pressure, so that all refrigerant is supplied at the refrigeration pressure via conduits 10, 10a and 10b to the inlet 21 of the refrigerator 2. In five heat exchangers (not shown) in series the refrigerant is allowed to evaporate in the refrigerator 2.
In the first heat exchanger the refrigerant is allowed to partly evaporate at a high-high-high pressure, which is below the refrigeration pressure; the liquid part of the refrigerant is passed to the second heat exchanger and the remaining vapour is returned to the first compressor 3 through conduit 60. In the second heat exchanger the refrigerant is allowed to partly evaporate at a high-high pressure, which is below the high-high- high pressure; the liquid part of the refrigerant is passed to the third heat exchanger and the remaining vapour is returned to the second compressor 4 through conduit 50. In the third heat exchanger the refrigerant is allowed to partly evaporate at a high pressure, which is below the high-high pressure; the liquid part of the refrigerant is passed to the fourth heat exchanger and the remaining vapour is returned to the first compressor 3 through conduit 40. In the fourth heat exchanger the refrigerant is allowed to partly evaporate at an intermediate pressure, which is below the high pressure; the liquid part of the refrigerant is passed to the fifth heat exchanger and the remaining vapour is returned to the second compressor 4 through conduit 30. In the fifth heat exchanger the refrigerant is allowed to evaporate at a low pressure, which is below the intermediate pressure, and the refrigerant leaving the fifth heat exchanger is returned to the first compressor 3 through conduit 20. If desired, economizers may be connected to one or more of the outlets of the refrigerator 2. Preferably, the outlet of the refrigerator 2 intended for the refrigerant evaporated at the highest pressure (i.e. fifth outlet 26 in Figure 1) is connected to an economizer .
Reference is now made to Figure 2 showing schematically a refrigerant circuit 1 according to the present invention allowing the handling of eight refrigerant streams evaporated at different pressure levels. To this end the refrigerator 2 contains 8 heat exchangers in series (not shown) . Further, the refrigerator 2 has 8 outlets including sixth outlet 27, seventh outlet 28 and eighth outlet 29. Sixth outlet 27 and eighth outlet 29 are connected
(via lines 70 and 90) to third and fourth inlets 43 and 45 of the second compressor 4, while seventh outlet 28 is connected (via line 80) to the fourth inlet 35 of the first compressor 3. In the embodiment of Figure 2 the first and second compressors 3 and 4 have four interconnected sections 51, 52, 53, 54 and 61, 62, 63, 64 respectively.
Although it is preferred according to the present invention that the odd outlets (i.e. first outlet 22, third outlet 24, fifth outlet 26, ...) of the refrigerator 2 are connected to the first compressor 3 and the even outlets (i.e. the second outlet 23, fourth outlet 25, ...) are connected to the second compressor 4 (as is shown in Figures 1 and 2), the present invention also relates to alternative embodiments.
As an example, Figure 3 shows an embodiment of a refrigerant circuit 1 according to the present invention containing more than two compressors; the refrigerant circuit 1 contains also a third compressor 6 having a main inlet 71, outlet 74 and second and third inlets 72 and 73. The embodiment of Figure 3 allows the handling of seven refrigerant streams 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80 evaporated in the refrigerator 2 at four different pressure levels; a first pressure level for evaporated refrigerants 50 and 80, a second pressure level for evaporated refrigerants 40 and 70; a third pressure level for evaporated refrigerants 30 and 60; and a fourth pressure level for evaporated refrigerant 20. The pressure level decreases from the first pressure level to the fourth pressure level, i.e. stream 20 has a lower pressure than streams 50 or 80.
Figures 4 and 5 show examples of alternative refrigerant circuits according to the present invention also allowing the handling of five refrigerant streams evaporated at five different pressure levels, as an alternative for the line-up of Figure 1. The pressure level at which the refrigerants 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 are evaporated decreases from 60 to 20. It goes without saying that the lines 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 may be connected to the first and second compressors 3 and 4 in other ways; in this respect it is noted that many different line-ups may be conceived if more refrigerant streams are to be handled and if three or more compressors are used. The person skilled in the art will readily understand that the present invention may be modified in many ways without departing from the scope of the appended claims.

Claims

C L A I M S
1. Refrigerant circuit (1), in particular for use in a liquefaction plant, the refrigerant circuit (1) at least comprising : a refrigerator (2) having an inlet (21) for refrigerant (10) at a refrigeration pressure, and at least five outlets (22, 23, 24, 25, 26, ...) for evaporated refrigerant (20, 30, 40, 50, 60, ...) evaporated at different pressure levels; a first compressor (3) having one or more inlets for receiving evaporated refrigerant from the refrigerator and an outlet (34) that can be connected to the inlet (21) of the refrigerator (2); and a second compressor (4) having one or more inlets for receiving evaporated refrigerant from the refrigerator and an outlet (44) that can be connected to the inlet (21) of the refrigerator (2); wherein the at least five outlets (22, 23, 24, 25, 26, ...) are intended for refrigerants evaporated at at least four, preferably at least five, increasing pressures from the first outlet (22) to the fifth (26) and optional higher outlets.
2. Refrigerant circuit (1) according to claim 1, wherein : the first compressor (3) has a main inlet (31) for receiving the refrigerant (20) from the first outlet (22), a second inlet (32) for receiving the refrigerant (40) from the third outlet (24), a third inlet (33) for receiving the refrigerant (60) from the fifth outlet (26) and an outlet (34) that can be connected to the inlet (21) of the refrigerator (2); and the second compressor (4) has a main inlet (41) for receiving the refrigerant (30) from the second outlet (23), a second inlet (42) for receiving the refrigerant (50) from the fourth outlet (25) and an outlet (44) that can be connected to the inlet of the refrigerator (2).
3. Refrigerant circuit (1) according to claim 2, wherein the refrigerator (2) comprises a sixth outlet (27) for evaporated refrigerant, the sixth outlet (27) being connected to a third inlet (43) of the second compressor (4) .
4. Refrigerant circuit (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the refrigerator (2) comprises more than six outlets (22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, ...) for refrigerant evaporated at different pressure levels, the odd outlets (22, 24, 26, 28, ...) being connected to the second compressor (4) and the even outlets (23, 25, 27, ...) being connected to the first compressor (3) .
5. Refrigerant circuit (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the outlet of the refrigerator (2) intended for the refrigerant evaporated at the highest pressure is connected to an economizer.
6. Plant for the production of a liquefied hydrocarbon product such as liquefied natural gas, the plant comprising the refrigerant circuit (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims for cooling a hydrocarbon stream such as a natural gas stream to be liquefied.
7. Method for cooling, preferably liquefying, a hydrocarbon stream such as natural gas, wherein the hydrocarbon stream to be cooled is cooled using the refrigerant circuit (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims.
EP06819959A 2005-12-16 2006-12-14 Refrigerant circuit Pending EP1960726A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP05112327 2005-12-16
EP06819959A EP1960726A1 (en) 2005-12-16 2006-12-14 Refrigerant circuit
PCT/EP2006/069693 WO2007068730A1 (en) 2005-12-16 2006-12-14 Refrigerant circuit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP06819959A EP1960726A1 (en) 2005-12-16 2006-12-14 Refrigerant circuit

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1960726A1 true EP1960726A1 (en) 2008-08-27

Family

ID=36282823

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP06819959A Pending EP1960726A1 (en) 2005-12-16 2006-12-14 Refrigerant circuit

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US20080289360A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1960726A1 (en)
JP (1) JP2009519429A (en)
AU (1) AU2006325208B2 (en)
RU (1) RU2424477C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2007068730A1 (en)

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AU2008333301B2 (en) * 2007-12-04 2011-09-15 Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij B.V. Method and apparatus for cooling and/or liquefying a hydrocarbon stream
EP2426451A1 (en) 2010-09-06 2012-03-07 Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij B.V. Method and apparatus for cooling a gaseous hydrocarbon stream
EP2426452A1 (en) 2010-09-06 2012-03-07 Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij B.V. Method and apparatus for cooling a gaseous hydrocarbon stream
AU2013204886B2 (en) * 2013-04-12 2015-04-16 Woodside Energy Technologies Pty Ltd Compressor System and Method for Compressing
ITUB20152030A1 (en) * 2015-07-09 2017-01-09 Nuovo Pignone Tecnologie Srl COMPRESSOR SYSTEM WITH A COOLING ARRANGEMENT BETWEEN THE ANTI-PUMPING VALVE AND THE COMPRESSOR SUCTION SIDE, AND ITS METHOD

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20080289360A1 (en) 2008-11-27
RU2008129106A (en) 2010-01-27
RU2424477C2 (en) 2011-07-20
JP2009519429A (en) 2009-05-14
AU2006325208B2 (en) 2009-11-26
WO2007068730A1 (en) 2007-06-21
AU2006325208A1 (en) 2007-06-21

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