EP1939095B1 - Machine for labelling receptacles - Google Patents

Machine for labelling receptacles Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1939095B1
EP1939095B1 EP07021069A EP07021069A EP1939095B1 EP 1939095 B1 EP1939095 B1 EP 1939095B1 EP 07021069 A EP07021069 A EP 07021069A EP 07021069 A EP07021069 A EP 07021069A EP 1939095 B1 EP1939095 B1 EP 1939095B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
labeling
machine
labeling module
motor
m4
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP07021069A
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German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1939095A1 (en
Inventor
Rupert Meinzinger
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Krones AG
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Krones AG
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Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE102006062510A priority Critical patent/DE102006062510A1/en
Application filed by Krones AG filed Critical Krones AG
Publication of EP1939095A1 publication Critical patent/EP1939095A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1939095B1 publication Critical patent/EP1939095B1/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65CLABELLING OR TAGGING MACHINES, APPARATUS, OR PROCESSES
    • B65C9/00Details of labelling machines or apparatus
    • B65C9/0062Interchangeable modules, e.g. applicator heads with label magazines and glue rollers

Description

  • The invention relates to a machine for labeling vessels, in particular bottles or the like, with a stationary machine frame, on which a turntable for conveying the vessels is mounted, and at least one on or on the machine frame exchangeable to be arranged labeling module for labeling with the turntable on Etikettiermodul Passable vessels, wherein the turntable and the at least one labeling module is assigned in each case a separate motor.
  • Such labeling machines are for example from the DE19741476 known. In the labeling machine described there, a turntable is rotatably mounted on a table top arranged on a base. On the circumference of the turntable labeling are arranged, which serve to attach labels on the transported on the turntable vessels. Each labeling unit has its own motor, with which it forms a spatially sealed unit. This unit is placed on the turntable.
  • Thanks to the Etikettieragregate it is possible the labeling machine to different equipment variants and / or vessel types, for example, different bottles to adapt. For this purpose, the units can be removed with their associated motors of the table top and replaced by new, the modified vessels corresponding units with their own engines.
  • The W02005 / 068302 shows a similar labeling machine. Here the engines with their engines are not stored on a table, but on the machine frame. This freestanding labeling units are used, which are arranged on the machine frame so that the vessels can be labeled accordingly on the turntable. In this labeling machine, the units can be exchanged with their engines, with the additional advantage that thanks to its own carrying frame, the units can be easily and easily positioned.
  • In these known in the art labeling machines each labeling was assigned a separate motor to limit the use of gears, chains, timing belt, cardan shafts or the like, which are required in the use of a single central drive motor, thus high manufacturing and To curb assembly costs. In addition, these labeling machines run quieter.
  • A disadvantage of these labeling machines has been found, however, that these relatively large aggregates, if they are not used, need a lot of space, and can be exchanged or replaced only under difficult conditions due to their high mass. Furthermore, the labeling units are still very expensive due to the large number of different components. Since often a labeling machine for different types of vessels and equipment variants is used, forcibly have a large number of temporarily unused labeling.
  • It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a machine for labeling of vessels, wherein the Replacing or changing the labeling is simplified without losing the benefit of its own engine.
  • This object is achieved with the machine for labeling of vessels, in particular bottles or the like according to claim 1. The separation of a labeling unit into a labeling module and an associated motor, whereby the motor of the labeling module remains on the stationary machine frame when changing or replacing the labeling module, makes possible the size and weight of the part of the labeling unit that is exchanged or exchanged, ie the labeling module. Significantly reduce so that replacement or replacement is simplified and also reduces the storage volume and the drive engineering effort is reduced. At the same time, the at least one labeling module retains its own motor, which, as in the prior art, limits the use of gears, chains, toothed belts, etc. Furthermore, the machine cost is reduced, as compared to the prior art, fewer total motors are used, if several replaceable labeling units are used. It should only be noted that the motor remaining on the stationary machine frame is suitable, if necessary, also to drive different labeling units synchronously with the other motors.
  • Advantageously, the motor of the at least one labeling module can be arranged on its own support frame on or under the machine frame, in particular detachably. Thanks to its own carrying frame, replacement or replacement of the motor can be carried out quickly and easily. Furthermore, it is possible, the engine with respect to its position on, on or under the machine frame and the circumferential position on the turntable variable to use so depending on the type of vessel and Etikettiervorhaben to use the engine in the appropriate place.
  • Preferably, the labeling module can be designed to be dockable on the support frame. If the carrying frame of the motor is already at the intended and suitable location on the stationary machine frame, then the labeling module can simply be docked to the carrying frame of the motor. As a result, on the one hand the transmission of movement of the motor on the Etikettiermodul allows and at the same time the correct orientation of the Etikettiermoduls respect. The turntable achieved.
  • According to a variant, the machine frame can additionally have a table top for supporting the turntable and / or the one labeling module, wherein the motor of the labeling module is arranged on, on or under the table top. Thus, the advantages of the invention can also be achieved in the labeling machines that work with conventional table tops.
  • According to the invention, the motor, in particular a servomotor, has a power take-off shaft, wherein in the docked state the labeling module is tapped onto the power take-off shaft. A protruding PTO facilitates alignment and docking of the labeling modules. At the same time, the PTO allows the spatial separation of the drive through the engine function from the labeling function carried out by the labeling module.
  • According to a preferred embodiment, the machine may have a control unit and the at least one labeling module may have a recognition unit, whereby in the docked state identification data is sent to the control unit are transferable. In particular, if the labeling machine is to be used for various vessels, it is important to provide the control unit of the machine with information about how the labeling module is designed. Thus, it is possible the motors or, the moving elements of the machine position and speed synchronously to drive. Consequently, a motor can then be used for various labeling modules.
  • According to a preferred variant, in particular when multiple labeling modules are used, each motor of the labeling modules may have its own control unit which, in the docked state, receives corresponding identification data from the associated labeling module via the respective detection modules. Since the motors are specified for the turntable and the labeling modules, an adaptation must be carried out only for the motor on which a new labeling module has been placed. It is therefore sufficient if this engine, or its control unit, receives the necessary changed information.
  • The identification data may preferably include synchronization data, in particular for determining the speed of the engine. For correct labeling, the various motors must run in position and speed synchronous. To make this possible, for example, the pitch ratio of the turntable and the pitch ratio of the rotors of the labeling modules must be taken into account. In a 20-part turntable, so with 20 vessel positions on the turntable, and a 5-part Etikettierrotor the label-carrying rotor of the labeling or the Etikettierrotors compared to the turntable itself in the speed or speed ratio 4: 1 driven, ie the Engines must be translated according to each other. If, for example, an 8-part labeling module is then used, the ratio is only 2.5: 1, and the motor of the labeling module must be controlled synchronously in this application at a lower speed. When using so-called. Spendeaggregaten the identification data include the necessary acceleration, synchronous driving and stopping phases. This periodically non-uniform movement is also dependent on the respective label length.
  • The invention is explained below with reference to some embodiments with reference to the figures in detail. Show it:
    • the FIGS. 1a and 1b a schematic plan view of a first embodiment of a labeling machine according to the invention,
    • the FIG. 2 a schematic side view of the labeling machine according to the first embodiment,
    • the FIG. 3 A second embodiment of the labeling machine in side view,
    • the FIGS. 4a and 4b a third embodiment of a labeling machine according to the invention, and
    • the FIGS. 5a and 5b A fourth embodiment of a labeling machine according to the invention.
  • In the FIG. 1a Labeling machine shown comprises a turntable 1, also called carousel, on a stationary machine frame 3, wherein an inlet star wheel 5 and an outlet star wheel 7, which are also supported by the stationary machine frame 3. The turntable 1, the Inlet star wheel 5 and the outlet star 7 are rotatably mounted and are driven synchronously by associated own motors M1, M2 and M3 in the direction of the arrow. At the inlet star wheel 5 and the outlet star wheel 7, a conveyor belt 9 is also arranged. About this conveyor belt 9 are the inlet star wheel 5 vessels 11, in particular bottles or the like article supplied. After passing through the turntable 1 and the outlet starwheel 7, the vessels 11 are then returned to the conveyor belt 9 and further transported. Not shown here is a possibly additionally existing one-piece worm, which is upstream of the inlet star wheel 5 and is arranged parallel to the conveyor belt.
  • At the edge of the stationary machine frame 3, a further motor M4 is arranged. This serves as a drive means for a labeling module 13, which in the FIG. 1a not yet docked to the machine for labeling. However, instead of at the edge, the motor M4 could also be arranged below the turntable 1.
  • In the illustrated embodiment, the turntable 1 is substantially flush with the stationary machine frame 3 as viewed from above, but it may be otherwise. Furthermore, the turntable 1 does not have to be round. Further, the motor M1 need not be formed in the center. Rather, a drive via a gear or the like can be done with an eccentrically arranged motor M1. It is crucial, however, that quickly changeable labeling units can be attached to the peripheral area of the turntable between the vessel inlet and outlet.
  • The labeling module 13 comprises, for example, a label container 15 with a label supply, a rotor 17, which serves to pass labels from the label container 15 to a glue roller 19 and then deliver it to a gripper cylinder 21, which transfers it to the vessels 11 in the further course. In the illustrated embodiment, only one labeling module 13 is shown. Depending on the application, however, it is also possible to use a plurality of modules, possibly different ones. Then, correspondingly more motors are arranged on the stationary machine frame 3. Instead of the described labeling module, other types of labeling modules, such as dispenser labeling modules, as described in the DE 600 15 376 T2 are described, are used. Furthermore, roll cutting labeling units for separating individual labels from a label roll can also be used.
  • The motors M1 to M4, for example servomotors, are synchronized with each other, so that the different elements can be driven in synchronism with one another in terms of speed and position. In particular, the motor M4 must be designed so that it can operate different labeling modules with different requirements.
  • FIG. 1b shows the docked state of the labeling unit 13. In this case, motor M4 is used to drive the components of the labeling module 13. In the docked state, the rotor 17 can take labels from the label container 15, lead past the glue roller 19 and transferred to the gripping cylinder 21. Vessels 11 on the turntable 1 then run past the labeling module 13 in such a way that the labels provided by the gripper cylinder 21 can be glued onto the vessels 11 in a positionally accurate position.
  • To simplify the docking of the Etikettiermoduls 13, this has connectors for energy and Compressed air supply and signal transmission, which can be plugged into corresponding counterparts on the machine frame 1 and / or motor 4.
  • The special thing about the in FIGS. 1a and 1b The labeling machine shown is that the motor M4 and the labeling module 13 are formed so that the motor M4 remains at an exchange or a change of the labeling module 13 on the machine frame 3 of the labeling machine.
  • Due to the fact that the motor M4 remains on the stationary machine frame 3 or an assembly carrier when the labeling module 13 is replaced or changed, the labeling module 13 is more compact and lighter than the labeling units in the prior art. Thus, the exchange or change is simplified and reduced storage space. Thus, the labeling machine according to the invention can be quickly and easily adapted to new vessels and / or equipment variants and in case of failure of a Etikettiermoduls according to schell also be repaired again. In addition, the costs are significantly reduced, since for several labeling modules 13, which are used in particular when the labeling machine is used for various products, yet only one motor is needed.
  • An optionally fixed spatial arrangement of the motor M4 and possibly other motors, if several labeling modules are used, has not been found to be disadvantageous because flexibility begl. The place of use of the labeling on the turntable is not always necessary.
  • FIG. 2 shows a schematic sectional view, along the section line AA in FIG. 1a , from the side of the labeling machine according to the first embodiment without labeling module 13.
  • It can be seen the stationary machine frame 3 with its motor M1, the vertical shaft 23 is mounted in a hollow bearing column 25 of the machine frame 3. About the vertical shaft 23 of the turntable 1 and possibly over existing upper part 27 is driven. On the turntable further motors 29, 31 are arranged, which serve to turntable 33, 35 to drive. On these turntables 33, 35 to be labeled vessels 11 are carried and passed during the labeling process on the gripping cylinder 21 of the labeling module 13. The motors 29, 31 are position and speed synchronously operated with the other engines.
  • The stationary machine frame 3 integrally formed in this embodiment further comprises a support frame 37 which carries the motor M4 serving to drive the labeling module 13. The motor M4 has a PTO shaft 39, via which the rotating elements of the labeling unit 13 can be driven in the docked state.
  • The support frame 37 of this embodiment also serves as a support for the labeling module 13. Centering units 41, 43 are furthermore provided on the support frame 37, which engage in corresponding recesses (not shown) on the labeling module 13 in order to be able to arrange the labeling module 13 with precise positioning during docking.
  • FIG. 3 shows a schematic side view of a second embodiment of the inventive machine for labeling, in comparison to the first embodiment, which in the FIGS. 1a, 1b and 2 is shown, only differs in that the support frame 51 is a separate component that can be releasably secured to the stationary machine frame 3.
  • For this purpose, corresponding coupling elements 53, 55 are provided on the stationary machine frame 3 and on the support frame 51. These are, for example, bolts or pins, which are inserted into corresponding holes and connected to each other via clamping plates. Otherwise, the second embodiment of the labeling machine, the same components as the first embodiment, to the description of which reference is hereby on. With the machine according to the second embodiment, the same advantages are achieved as with the machine of the first embodiment.
  • As an alternative to the first and second embodiments, it is conceivable to arrange the motor M4 for driving the labeling module 13 below the turntable 1 on the stationary machine frame. In this case, for example, the PTO shaft 39 extend horizontally and preferably radially, wherein via corresponding deflecting elements in the labeling module, the vertical direction of rotation, which is required to drive the various elements of the Etikettiermoduls 13 is achieved. In this case, the labeling module 13 is then not placed on the support frame 37,51, but can be brought as a free-standing module to the turntable 1. There it can then be fixed in a known manner on the stationary machine frame 3 or the support frame on the labeling machine.
  • The FIGS. 4a and 4b show a third embodiment of the machine for labeling of vessels. In addition to the features of the first or second embodiment, the labeling machine of the third embodiment has a central control unit 61 communicating with the motors M1, M2, M3, and M4. The central control unit 61 controls the motors in conjunction with a not shown Machine rotary encoders in such a way that they work synchronously with each other in terms of position and speed. The other elements and their features correspond to those of the first or second embodiment, the description of which is referred to above.
  • Furthermore, in the third embodiment, the labeling module 13 additionally has a recognition unit 63, which, in the docked state (FIG. FIG. 4b ) is in communication with the control unit 61. The compounds mentioned can be plug connections, but it is also conceivable to realize them wirelessly, for example by radio or optically.
  • The detection unit 63 transmits the identification data to the control unit 61, so that the motor M4 is activated by the control unit 61 in accordance with the requirements of the labeling module 13. If, for example, a 20-part turntable 1 is used and a 5-part labeling module, then the motors M1 and M4 must drive the turntable 1 or the gripper cylinder 21 in a speed ratio of 1: 4. If the labeling module 13 is then replaced by another labeling module in which an 8-part gripper cylinder 21 is used, the control unit 61 must control the motors M1 and M4 so that a speed ratio of 1: 2.5 results. Thus, the use of different labeling modules 13 ensures that the labeling machine can work position and speed synchronous.
  • Alternatively, the recognition unit 63 can deliver the identification data directly to its own control unit of the motor M4. This then in turn may be in communication with the central control unit 61.
  • With the machine according to the third embodiment, the same advantages are obtained as with the machine of the first embodiment. It also allows for automatic adaptation to other labeling modules.
  • The FIGS. 5a and 5b show a fourth embodiment of the machine according to the invention for labeling, wherein FIG. 5b again the machine with docked labeling module 13 shows. In contrast to the previous embodiments one to three, here the machine frame has a table top 71, as used in conventional labeling machines. The table top 71 carries in the docked state (see FIG. 5b ) two labeling modules 13 and 73, and depending on the application, more or fewer modules can be used. The motors M4 and M5 for driving the units 13 and 73 may be disposed on or under the table top 71 as long as the respective power take-off 39 can drive the labeling modules 13 and 83, respectively. The other elements of the machine according to the fourth embodiment correspond to the elements of the machine of the embodiments described above.
  • Even with the machine according to the fourth embodiment, the same advantages as with the machine of the first embodiment are obtained.
  • The above-described embodiments one to four and their variants can be combined with each other as desired. Incidentally, elements of the various embodiments having the same reference numerals are corresponding elements having the same features.

Claims (8)

  1. A machine for labeling containers (11), especially bottles or the like, comprising a stationary machine rack (3) on which a rotary table (1) for conveying containers (11) is supported, and at least one labeling module (13), to be arranged interchangeably at or on the machine rack (3), for labeling the containers (11) being guidable past the labeling module (13) by the rotary table (1), wherein a motor (M1, M4) is assigned respectively to the rotary table (1) and the at least one labeling module (13),
    characterized in that
    the motor (M4) assigned to the labeling module and the labeling module (13) being so designed that the motor (M4) assigned to the labeling module (13) remains one of at or on the machine rack (3) with one or both of a change and replacement of the labeling module (13) to adapt the machine to different equipment variants and/or types of containers;
    wherein the motor (M4) assigned to the labeling module (13), particularly a servo motor, has a p.t.o. shaft (39) whereby the labeling module (13) is pivoted to the p.t.o. shaft (39) in the docked state.
  2. The machine according to claim 1, wherein the motor (M4) assigned to the at least one labeling module (13) is arranged over its own carrying rack (37, 51) one of on or under the machine rack (3), in particular in a removable way.
  3. The machine according to claim 2, wherein the labeling module (13) is designed to be dockable on the carrying rack (37, 51).
  4. The machine according to claim 1, wherein the machine rack (3) has additionally a table top (71) for carrying the rotary table (1) and/or the at least one labeling module (13, 73), whereby the motor (M4) assigned to the labeling module (13), is arranged one of at, on or under the table top (71).
  5. The machine according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the machine has a control unit (61) and the at least one labeling module (13) has a recognition unit (63) by which identification data is transmittable to the control unit (61) in the docked state.
  6. The machine according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein, particularly for several labeling modules (13), each motor (M4) assigned to the labeling modules (13) has its own control unit that receives corresponding identification data in the docked state from the appropriate labeling module (13) via the respective recognition module (63).
  7. The machine according to claim 5 or 6, wherein the identification data comprises synchronization data, particularly for the determination of the speed of the motor (M4).
  8. The machine according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the machine has at least one rotary position transducer for continuous determination of the rotary speed and position of the rotary table (1).
EP07021069A 2006-12-29 2007-10-27 Machine for labelling receptacles Active EP1939095B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102006062510A DE102006062510A1 (en) 2006-12-29 2006-12-29 Machine for labeling containers

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EP1939095A1 EP1939095A1 (en) 2008-07-02
EP1939095B1 true EP1939095B1 (en) 2012-11-21

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US (1) US8757235B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1939095B1 (en)
JP (1) JP2008162699A (en)
CN (1) CN101209758B (en)
DE (1) DE102006062510A1 (en)

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JP2008162699A (en) 2008-07-17
CN101209758B (en) 2010-06-09
EP1939095A1 (en) 2008-07-02
CN101209758A (en) 2008-07-02
DE102006062510A1 (en) 2008-07-03
US20080156442A1 (en) 2008-07-03
US8757235B2 (en) 2014-06-24

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