EP1938026A1 - System reheat control by pulse width modulation - Google Patents

System reheat control by pulse width modulation

Info

Publication number
EP1938026A1
EP1938026A1 EP05792297A EP05792297A EP1938026A1 EP 1938026 A1 EP1938026 A1 EP 1938026A1 EP 05792297 A EP05792297 A EP 05792297A EP 05792297 A EP05792297 A EP 05792297A EP 1938026 A1 EP1938026 A1 EP 1938026A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
refrigerant
reheat
set forth
condenser
system
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP05792297A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1938026A4 (en
Inventor
Michael F. Taras
Alexander Lifson
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Carrier Corp
Original Assignee
Carrier Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Carrier Corp filed Critical Carrier Corp
Priority to PCT/US2005/030603 priority Critical patent/WO2007024237A1/en
Publication of EP1938026A1 publication Critical patent/EP1938026A1/en
Publication of EP1938026A4 publication Critical patent/EP1938026A4/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/14Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification
    • F24F3/153Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification with subsequent heating, i.e. with the air, given the required humidity in the central station, passing a heating element to achieve the required temperature
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2400/00General features or devices for refrigeration machines, plants or systems, combined heating and refrigeration systems or heat-pump systems, i.e. not limited to a particular subgroup of F25B
    • F25B2400/04Refrigeration circuit bypassing means
    • F25B2400/0403Refrigeration circuit bypassing means for the condenser
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2600/00Control issues
    • F25B2600/25Control of valves
    • F25B2600/2521On-off valves controlled by pulse signals

Abstract

A refrigerant system is provided with a reheat circuit. A pulse width modulation control is provided to achieve variable reheat capacity and thus to satisfy a wide spectrum of temperature and humidity levels in an environment conditioned by a refrigerant system. The pulse width modulation signal provided for the reheat flow control device achieves incremental amounts of reheat while avoiding temperature and humidity variations in the conditioned space.

Description

SYSTEM REHEAT CONTROL BY PULSE WIDTH

MODULATION

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This application relates to a pulse width modulation control that allows for continuous or precise stepwise reheat capacity to be provided by a refrigerant system.

Refrigerant systems are utilized in many applications such as to condition an environment. Air conditioners and heat pumps are used to cool and/or heat the air entering an environment. The cooling or heating load on the environment may change with ambient conditions, and as the temperature and/or humidity levels demanded by an occupant of the environment vary. Obviously, the refrigerant system operation and control have to adequately reflect these changes to maintain stable temperature and humidity conditions within the environment.

In some cases, while the system is operating in a cooling mode, the temperature level of the indoor air stream to provide a comfortable environment in a conditioned space may need to be higher than the temperature that would provide the ideal humidity level. On the other hand, by lowering the temperature of the air stream, more moisture can be removed from the air. These contradicting trends presented challenges to refrigerant system designers. One way to address such challenges is to utilize various schematics incorporating reheat coils. In many cases, a reheat coil, placed in the indoor air path downstream of the evaporator, is employed for the purposes of reheating the air supplied to the conditioned space, after it has been cooled in the evaporator, and where the moisture has been removed.

In the prior art, controls can be programmed to optionally actuate the reheat function. However, the capacity provided by the reheat circuit is increased or decreased in steps. It would be desirable to provide the ability to vary the reheat capacity and overall system performance between these discrete steps.

While pulse width modulation controls have been provided for various purposes in refrigerant systems, they have not been utilized to provide varying steps in a reheat capacity. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In a disclosed embodiment of this invention, a pulse width modulation control is provided for selectively varying capacity provided by a reheat circuit and thus overall system performance. The "on/off cycle time interval is selected such that the overall effect on the system in terms of external operational characteristics, due to system thermal inertia, is negligible. That is, an occupant of an environment being conditioned would not recognize that the flow of refrigerant to the reheat circuit is being periodically turned on and off.

In various embodiments, the control is operable to vary the width of the pulse to achieve a desired time interval for a flow control device such as a valve being opened to direct refrigerant to the reheat heat exchanger. In this manner, a broad range of reheat capacities can be covered and variable reheat control can be provided.

In specific schematics, the present invention may also be provided in combination with a circuit that allows for bypass of refrigerant around a condenser to allow for additional operational flexibility in the reheat functionality and control.

These and other features of the present invention can be best understood from the following specification and drawings, the following of which is a brief description.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Figure 1 shows a first schematic. Figure 2 shows a second schematic.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS A refrigerant system 20 is illustrated in Figure 1 including a compressor 22 compressing refrigerant and delivering it to a downstream condenser 24. A fan 25 blows air over the condenser 24. Refrigerant passes from the condenser 24 to a downstream expansion device 26, then to an evaporator 28, and finally returns to compressor 22. A three-way valve 30 is placed on a discharge refrigerant line, and as illustrated, between the compressor 22 and the condenser 24. The three-way valve 30 is controlled by a control 38 for a purpose that will be described below. When the three-way valve is in an open position, it will deliver refrigerant through a reheat heat exchanger 34 and a check valve 35, and then return the refrigerant back to a position 31 still upstream of the condenser 24. As is known, a fan 36 blows air over the evaporator 28, and the reheat heat exchanger 34 is placed such that it is in the path of that air stream behind the evaporator 28. The purpose of the reheat heat exchanger 34 is to allow the evaporator 28 to cool the air passing over it to a level that is lower than may be desired by an occupant of an environment and requested through a thermostat 32 in order to remove sufficient amount of moisture from the air and maintain desired humidity level in the environment. Lower temperatures of air passing over the evaporator 28 result in more moisture been removed from the air. The air then passes over the reheat heat exchanger 34, and is reheated back towards the desired temperature. In this manner, utilization of a reheat circuit provides both desired temperature and humidity levels in the conditioned environment.

The control 38 sends a pulse width modulation signal to the valve 30. The valve 30 is of a three-way type that is typically in a normally open position (during a cooling mode of operation) communicates refrigerant from the compressor 22 directly to the condenser 24, and may be driven to an alternate position (during a reheat mode of operation) at which it allows refrigerant to flow from the compressor 22 through the reheat heat exchanger 34 to the condenser 24. When a pulse width modulation signal is provided by the control 38 to the valve 30, it moves the valve to this alternate position. Since the control 38 is determining the required reheat capacity, the control can then determine the width of the pulse and the time interval between the pulses sent to the valve 30, such that the valve 30 can be in the open position precisely for an amount of time to provide this required reheat capacity. In this manner, just the right reheat capacity is provided, and temperature and humidity in a conditioned environment are precisely controlled. The present invention thus offers a relatively inexpensive and efficient method of providing a variable reheat function with essentially an infinite number of reheat stages.

Figure 2 shows another embodiment 37, which is similar to the Figure 1 embodiment, however, rather than having a three-way valve, conventional on/off solenoid valves 38 and 40 are controlled by the pulse width modulation signal. When a reheat branch is active, the valve 40 is opened and the refrigerant is tapped from a point 100 and is returned to point 102 of the main circuit. The pulse width modulation is controlled in a manner similar to that described with the Figure 1 embodiment.

Valve 40 may be opened and closed to achieve a variable reheat capacity similar to the three-way valve 30 in Figure 1. Valve 38 may also be operated by the pulse width nodulation signal and allows control over the refrigerant flow in a main refrigerant circuit in conjunction with the valve 40.

The Figure 2 schematic also provides the option of including a condenser bypass line 42 passing through a bypass valve 44 to allow rerouting of at least a portion of refrigerant around the condenser 24. The bypass valve 44 is activated when dehumidification is desired with little or no cooling of the air. The operation and control of the bypass valve 44 is as known in the art, however the provision of the condenser bypass function that can also be operated by the pulse width modulation signal along with the variable pulse modulation control for the reheat circuit itself provides increased flexibility in operation to precisely achieve desired parameters (in terms of temperature and humidity) in an environment conditioned by the refrigerant system 37.

Obviously both embodiments shown in Figures 1 and 2 may be configured either with a three-way valve or a pair of solenoid valves. Further, although only two reheat concepts are disclosed, any known reheat schematic can benefit from the invention.

Pulse width modulation controls are known, and valves operated by the pulse width modulation signal are known. The present invention utilizes this known technology in a unique manner to achieve goals and benefits as set forth above. Although a preferred embodiment of this invention has been disclosed, a worker of ordinary skill in this art would recognize that certain modifications would come within the scope of this invention. For that reason, the following claims should be studied to determine the true scope and content of this invention.

Claims

CLAIMSWe claim:
1. A refrigerant system comprising: a compressor, a condenser downstream of said compressor, an expansion device downstream of said condenser and an evaporator downstream of said expansion device, a reheat circuit for selectively receiving refrigerant through a reheat heat exchanger, an air-moving device passing air over said evaporator and said reheat heat exchanger; and a control for selectively operating a valving system to deliver refrigerant through said reheat heat exchanger, and said control being operable to utilize pulse width modulation signal to operate the valving system to achieve levels of temperature and humidity control between the levels of control with said reheat circuit being continuously operational, and the levels of control without said reheat circuit being operational.
2. The refrigerant system as set forth in claim 1, wherein said reheat circuit receives refrigerant in a serial flow arrangement relative to said condenser.
3. The refrigerant system as set forth in claim 2, wherein said reheat circuit receives refrigerant from a location upstream of said condenser.
4. The refrigerant system as set forth in claim 2, wherein said reheat circuit receives refrigerant from a location downstream of said condenser.
5. The refrigerant system as set forth in claim 1, wherein a bypass is provided for selectively bypassing at least a portion of refrigerant around said condenser.
6. The refrigerant system as set forth in claim 5, wherein said bypass is controlled by a pulse width modulation valve.
7. The refrigerant system as set forth in claim 1, wherein said reheat circuit is controlled by a three-way valve.
8. The refrigerant system as set forth in claim 1, wherein said valving system consists of at least one valve.
9. The refrigerant system as set forth in claim 8, wherein said at least one valve is a three-way valve.
10. A method of controlling a refrigerant system comprising the steps of:
(1) providing a compressor, a condenser downstream of said compressor, an expansion device downstream of said condenser, an evaporator downstream of said expansion device, a reheat circuit to selectively receive a refrigerant through a reheat heat exchanger, and an air-moving device to move air over said evaporator and said reheat heat exchanger; and
(2) operating said refrigerant system by selectively actuating said reheat circuit to pass refrigerant through said reheat heat exchanger, and operating a control to utilize pulse width modulation signal to operate a valving system to direct refrigerant to said reheat circuit to provide levels of temperature and humidity control intermediate discrete levels provided by actuating or not actuating said reheat circuit.
11. The method as set forth in claim 10, further including the steps of selectively bypassing said condenser by routing at least a portion of refrigerant around said condenser.
12. The method as set forth in claim 11, wherein said bypass is controlled by a pulse width modulation valve.
13. The method as set forth in claim 10, wherein said reheat circuit receives refrigerant in a serial fashion relative to said condenser.
14. The method as set forth in claim 13, wherein said reheat circuit receives refrigerant from a location upstream of said condenser.
15. The method as set forth in clam 13, wherein said reheat circuit receives refrigerant from a location downstream of said condenser.
16. The method as set forth in claim 10, wherein said valving system consists of at least one valve.
17. The method as set forth in claim 16, wherein said at least one valve is a three- way valve.
EP05792297A 2005-08-23 2005-08-23 System reheat control by pulse width modulation Withdrawn EP1938026A4 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/US2005/030603 WO2007024237A1 (en) 2005-08-23 2005-08-23 System reheat control by pulse width modulation

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1938026A1 true EP1938026A1 (en) 2008-07-02
EP1938026A4 EP1938026A4 (en) 2011-12-14

Family

ID=37771893

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP05792297A Withdrawn EP1938026A4 (en) 2005-08-23 2005-08-23 System reheat control by pulse width modulation

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (1) US20080196426A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1938026A4 (en)
CN (1) CN101248319A (en)
CA (1) CA2616279A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2007024237A1 (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2318997B1 (en) * 2006-10-17 2010-03-01 Merak Sistemas Integrados De Climatizacion, S.A. Air-conditioning system.
ES2688420T3 (en) * 2008-06-13 2018-11-02 Carrier Corporation Start-up procedure for refrigerant systems that have microchannel condenser and reheat cycle
CN102997517B (en) * 2011-09-09 2015-08-12 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Air conditioner thermostat dehumidification system
JP2015129625A (en) * 2013-12-02 2015-07-16 三星電子株式会社Samsung Electronics Co.,Ltd. Cooling device
CN103791652B (en) * 2014-01-13 2016-01-20 浙江理工大学 A dual heat source heat pump system
CN106500378A (en) * 2016-09-29 2017-03-15 同济大学 High temperature refrigerant mixed reheat mode based high efficiency air conditioner assembly and controlling method

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US1837798A (en) * 1928-09-19 1931-12-22 York Ice Machinery Corp Apparatus for conditioning air
US2515842A (en) * 1947-07-16 1950-07-18 Carrier Corp System for providing reheat in bus air conditioning
US2844946A (en) * 1955-03-16 1958-07-29 Donald A Bauer Air conditioning device with reheat means
US3738117A (en) * 1970-10-06 1973-06-12 Friedmann Kg Air conditioner for railroad vehicles
US4548047A (en) * 1981-11-11 1985-10-22 Hitachi, Ltd. Expansion valve
US5305822A (en) * 1992-06-02 1994-04-26 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Air conditioning apparatus having a dehumidifying operation function
JPH06137712A (en) * 1992-10-27 1994-05-20 Toshiba Corp Air conditioner
JP2002221280A (en) * 2001-01-26 2002-08-09 Saginomiya Seisakusho Inc Device for driving fluid control valve
US6672087B1 (en) * 2002-10-30 2004-01-06 Carrier Corporation Humidity and temperature control in vapor compression system
US20040089015A1 (en) * 2002-11-08 2004-05-13 York International Corporation System and method for using hot gas reheat for humidity control
US6826921B1 (en) * 2003-07-03 2004-12-07 Lennox Industries, Inc. Air conditioning system with variable condenser reheat for enhanced dehumidification

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US6047557A (en) * 1995-06-07 2000-04-11 Copeland Corporation Adaptive control for a refrigeration system using pulse width modulated duty cycle scroll compressor
US5651258A (en) * 1995-10-27 1997-07-29 Heat Controller, Inc. Air conditioning apparatus having subcooling and hot vapor reheat and associated methods
FR2756913B1 (en) * 1996-12-09 1999-02-12 Valeo Climatisation refrigerant fluid circuit comprising an air conditioning loop and a heating loop, in particular for a motor vehicle
JP3781147B2 (en) * 1997-04-09 2006-05-31 カルソニックカンセイ株式会社 Heat pump type automotive air conditioning system
US6055818A (en) * 1997-08-05 2000-05-02 Desert Aire Corp. Method for controlling refrigerant based air conditioner leaving air temperature
US6047556A (en) * 1997-12-08 2000-04-11 Carrier Corporation Pulsed flow for capacity control
US6672090B1 (en) * 2002-07-15 2004-01-06 Copeland Corporation Refrigeration control
US7219505B2 (en) * 2004-10-22 2007-05-22 York International Corporation Control stability system for moist air dehumidification units and method of operation

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1837798A (en) * 1928-09-19 1931-12-22 York Ice Machinery Corp Apparatus for conditioning air
US2515842A (en) * 1947-07-16 1950-07-18 Carrier Corp System for providing reheat in bus air conditioning
US2844946A (en) * 1955-03-16 1958-07-29 Donald A Bauer Air conditioning device with reheat means
US3738117A (en) * 1970-10-06 1973-06-12 Friedmann Kg Air conditioner for railroad vehicles
US4548047A (en) * 1981-11-11 1985-10-22 Hitachi, Ltd. Expansion valve
US5305822A (en) * 1992-06-02 1994-04-26 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Air conditioning apparatus having a dehumidifying operation function
JPH06137712A (en) * 1992-10-27 1994-05-20 Toshiba Corp Air conditioner
JP2002221280A (en) * 2001-01-26 2002-08-09 Saginomiya Seisakusho Inc Device for driving fluid control valve
US6672087B1 (en) * 2002-10-30 2004-01-06 Carrier Corporation Humidity and temperature control in vapor compression system
US20040089015A1 (en) * 2002-11-08 2004-05-13 York International Corporation System and method for using hot gas reheat for humidity control
US6826921B1 (en) * 2003-07-03 2004-12-07 Lennox Industries, Inc. Air conditioning system with variable condenser reheat for enhanced dehumidification

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Title
See also references of WO2007024237A1 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20080196426A1 (en) 2008-08-21
CA2616279A1 (en) 2007-03-01
WO2007024237A1 (en) 2007-03-01
CN101248319A (en) 2008-08-20
EP1938026A4 (en) 2011-12-14

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