EP1900889A2 - Flooring panel - Google Patents

Flooring panel Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1900889A2
EP1900889A2 EP07022665A EP07022665A EP1900889A2 EP 1900889 A2 EP1900889 A2 EP 1900889A2 EP 07022665 A EP07022665 A EP 07022665A EP 07022665 A EP07022665 A EP 07022665A EP 1900889 A2 EP1900889 A2 EP 1900889A2
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
spring
characterized
floor panel
side edge
panel according
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP07022665A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1900889B1 (en
EP1900889A3 (en
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Flooring Technologies Ltd
Original Assignee
Flooring Technologies Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE2002124540 priority Critical patent/DE10224540B4/en
Priority to DE2002130819 priority patent/DE10230819B4/en
Priority to DE2002152864 priority patent/DE10252864A1/en
Priority to DE2002153236 priority patent/DE10253236A1/en
Application filed by Flooring Technologies Ltd filed Critical Flooring Technologies Ltd
Priority to EP03011897A priority patent/EP1367194B1/en
Publication of EP1900889A2 publication Critical patent/EP1900889A2/en
Publication of EP1900889A3 publication Critical patent/EP1900889A3/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1900889B1 publication Critical patent/EP1900889B1/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/18Separately-laid insulating layers; Other additional insulating measures; Floating floors
    • E04F15/181Insulating layers integrally formed with the flooring or the flooring elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0107Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0107Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edges
    • E04F2201/0115Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edges with snap action of the edge connectors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0138Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels perpendicular to the main plane
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0153Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by rotating the sheets, plates or panels around an axis which is parallel to the abutting edges, possibly combined with a sliding movement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/02Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • E04F2201/023Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections with a continuous tongue or groove
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/02Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • E04F2201/026Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections with rabbets, e.g. being stepped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/02Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • E04F2201/028Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections connected by tongues and grooves with triangular shape
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/05Separate connectors or inserts, e.g. pegs, pins, keys or strips
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/05Separate connectors or inserts, e.g. pegs, pins, keys or strips
    • E04F2201/0523Separate tongues; Interlocking keys, e.g. joining mouldings of circular, square or rectangular shape
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/05Separate connectors or inserts, e.g. pegs, pins, keys or strips
    • E04F2201/0523Separate tongues; Interlocking keys, e.g. joining mouldings of circular, square or rectangular shape
    • E04F2201/0529Separate tongues; Interlocking keys, e.g. joining mouldings of circular, square or rectangular shape the interlocking key acting as a dovetail-type key
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2290/00Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for
    • E04F2290/04Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire
    • E04F2290/041Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire against noise
    • E04F2290/043Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire against noise with a bottom layer for sound insulation

Abstract

The panel (1) has a high density or medium density fiberboard, and a decorative layer provided at an upper side. A spring (10) extends in a longitudinal direction of a side edge, and a recess corresponding to the spring is formed at another side edge. The recess is designed as groove (3) with an upper lip (4) and a lower lip (6), where the spring is lockable in the lower lip in a transverse direction. A lower front area (11) of the spring is designed in a rounded manner, and a horizontally running support area is connected to the front area.

Description

  • The invention relates to a floor panel according to the preamble of claim 1 and claim 33.
  • From the WO 01/75247 A1 For example, a floor panel is known which has connecting means for locking in a transverse and vertical direction at a first side edge. These locking means are arranged on the longitudinal side of the panel and effect the locking by inserting and pivoting the connecting means into a corresponding recess of a second panel. The transverse side of the panel has two snap hooks, which engage in corresponding undercuts of an adjacent panel during installation and impede the vertical movement between the laid panels. The two snap hooks lie in vertical direction with each other.
  • A disadvantage of such a profile is the fact that such a profile design does not ensure a secure locking of the panels with each other, since the snap hooks arranged one below the other are pressed in during the laying movement and, in the case of a resilient substrate, for example a carpet, in a strong occurrence, the transverse side jumps out of the lock. This is also due to the fact that the provided with the Einschnapphaken panel relative to the corresponding panel in an occurrence slightly angled, so that the panel is virtually unscrewed.
  • Object of the present invention is to provide a panel with which a simple installation is possible and the secure locking both in the transverse direction and in the vertical direction is ensured.
  • According to the invention the object is achieved by a floor panel with the features of claim 1 and by a panel having the features of claim 33. The method of laying such a profile allows a quick and easy installation, whereby the durable locking of the panels is ensured with each other. Advantageous embodiments and further developments of the invention are listed in the dependent claims.
  • By the spacing of form-fitting elements in the transverse and vertical directions, two spatially separated locking points on the second side edge, in particular the transverse side, created, whereby a safer locking of each other laid and laid panels is guaranteed. The arrangement of the positive locking elements on two different walls increases the stability of the entire connection and prevents by sliding over a plurality of successively arranged interlocking elements a deformation of the interlocking elements and ensures the effectiveness of the lock.
  • The second side edge has, in one embodiment of the invention, an outgoing from the bottom, step-shaped cutout with an inner wall and an outer wall. On each of these walls, a form-locking element extending in the transverse direction is formed, preferably milled out, which engage in corresponding undercuts of a step-shaped cut-out of the second panel to be connected, starting from the upper side. The outgoing from the top, stepped cutout also has an inner and an outer wall, where the corresponding Undercuts are formed so that it can come to a positive locking in the vertical direction at the second side edge.
  • The step-shaped cut-out starting from the underside has a shoulder projecting in the direction of the underside, which forms a substantially horizontally oriented head surface, this shoulder providing a locking effective in the transverse direction, perpendicular to the second side edge. The substantially horizontally oriented head surface is used to set the minimum height offset and provides a relatively large contact surface for introducing vertically acting forces.
  • A further embodiment provides that in the top surface of the paragraph, a groove aligned in the longitudinal extent of the second side edge is incorporated. This grooving creates a dust bag that can be trapped in the abrasion or imperfections created during installation without adversely affecting installation accuracy. The groove further causes a slight spring effect, so that the locking on the second side edge is under a certain bias.
  • The walls of the shoulder are aligned to the top surface at an acute angle, which has either an easy insertion into a corresponding recess of the corresponding cutout of the second panel or when forming an undercut to the top surface an additional locking effect result.
  • It has been found that a transverse extension of the top surface in a range of 2 mm to 6 mm provides very good durability values and a very good locking effect, wherein preferably the top surface has 0.25 to 0.4 times the total transverse extent of the step-shaped cut-out.
  • A particularly effective and simple locking on the second side edge is given when a positive locking element projects horizontally beyond the terminal edge of the top. It may be appropriate that between the Top and the excellent positive locking element is arranged a recess which undercuts the end edge of the panel to accommodate any existing abrasion or deforming material of the panel, so that a precise fit possible with minimal gap width is possible because no abraded or deformed material exerts a barrier effect ,
  • The side edge of the panel opposite the second side edge has a step-shaped cutout projecting from the upper side, with a shoulder projecting in the direction of the upper side. This paragraph also has a substantially horizontally oriented head surface, wherein in the lower region of the Absatzaußenwandung an undercut is formed, which corresponds to the corresponding positive locking element of the inner wall of the male side edge. The arrangement of the recess in the lower portion of the Absatzaußenwandung increases the effectiveness of the lock.
  • A further development provides that a horizontal base surface is formed between the inner wall of the recess and the inner wall of the cutout, which is designed in such a way that, when the panels are laid, the top surface rests on the base surface and the tops of the panels lie in one plane, which means There is a minimum or no height offset between the panels. Due to the interaction of horizontal base surfaces and top surfaces, a particularly accurate assignment and adjustment of the height offset is possible, as well as the Abwinkelneigung adjacent panels is reduced, which increases the strength of the lock.
  • The heel inside of the cutout emanating from the top extends parallel or at a shallower angle than the corresponding heel inside of the laid-in heel to either make a precise fit or provide a component of movement for the two panels in the transverse direction. By forming an undercut through the heel inner wall to the top surface of the corresponding paragraph an additional locking effect is achieved.
  • In order to effect a particularly simple installation, the upwardly projecting shoulder of the cutout emanating from the top is not formed over the entire length of the second side edge, but is in particular at an end region of the second side edge, which is in the direction of the spring-loaded first Side edge is directed, milled to the base surface or not formed. The removal or non-formation of the protruding shoulder facilitates pivoting about the axis parallel to the first side edge, so that a blocking effect by the positive locking elements only takes place when the adjacent at the second and the opposite side edge panels at an acute angle to each other lie. This means that only a short distance in the vertical direction must be covered in order to fully lock the panels at the second and opposite side edge.
  • In a further development of the invention it is provided that on the first side edge in the longitudinal direction of the side edge extending spring and on the opposite side edge corresponding to the spring recess is formed, wherein the spring is designed such that a lock by insertion into the recess the second panel and pivoting about an axis parallel to the first side edge takes place. The formation of the connecting elements on the first side edge as a so-called pivoting profile allows easy and safe installation and effective locking in the vertical and transverse directions. By dispensing with an elastic deformation during installation by pivoting the material structure of the panels is maintained and a good strength of the connection is ensured. Overall, a lock on such a Einschwenkprofil be performed stable with the same effort during installation.
  • The formation of the recess as a groove with an upper lip and a lower lip ensures that a reliable assignment of the panels to be laid is done to each other, so that a minimum height offset of the panels can be achieved, which is a quality feature in floor panels. The spring is latched in the transverse direction in the groove, wherein the lower front portion of the spring rounded to allow easy pivoting into the corresponding, trained groove. The spring is rounded at the bottom to allow easy pivoting into the groove.
  • In a further development of the invention, it is provided that the underside of the spring has a continuous curved contour, wherein the radius of curvature of the contour of the underside of the spring remains substantially constant over at least 90 °, so that a uniform pivoting movement and a simple sliding on the corresponding Recess can be made.
  • By providing corresponding interlocking elements on a front shoulder and a subsequent to an undercut and a support area wall is achieved that additional locking in the vertical direction is effected when these interlocking elements engage in the assembled state. A second locking point in the vertical direction makes it possible for an effective connection to be successfully carried out already by the insertion and pivoting about a first side edge. The spring and the groove itself require no training such that a bias between the panels is present, so that the profile is less loaded during installation. This additionally ensures that the laying process is simplified as such.
  • In a further development, it is provided that the positive-locking element on the wall is a projection and on the front shoulder a corresponding recess, which were produced by a corresponding cutout.
  • For locking in the vertical direction on the first side edge, it is provided that an upper side of the spring rests in the mounted state on an underside of the upper lip in order to effect a further positive locking. The parallel formation of the underside of the spring and the top of the lower lip to the top of the panels allows a large-area support of a panel on the other panels, so that a low surface pressure in the tongue and groove connection prevails and a very low height offset of the panels can be realized to each other.
  • The formation of the recess as a groove with an upper lip and a lower lip ensures that a reliable assignment of the panels to be laid is done to each other, so that a minimal height offset of the panels can be achieved, which is a quality feature in floor panels. The spring is latched in the transverse direction in the recess, wherein the spring and the recess in cross section have a wedge-shaped contour to allow easy insertion and to achieve a good self-centering of the spring in the groove.
  • In order to absorb any existing abrasion that may arise when laying the first side edges, without this presses the panels apart, the spring and the recess are formed such that in the assembled state between the front of the spring and the adjoining the upper lip area the recess has a gap in which the abrasion can accumulate and serves as a movement space of the two panels each other. The gap tapers toward the front lip of the lower lip to provide a smooth transition between the areas of full surface area and clearance for moving and accumulating debris. Any existing abrasion can also be absorbed in a space formed between the spring and the top of the panels by an undercut.
  • The distal end of the spring is formed vertically and serves as a conclusion of the first side edge. Corresponding to the groove bottom is also formed perpendicular to the top, so that a good assignment of the panels can be made in the transverse direction.
  • In order to achieve a transversely effective locking of two panels, a substantially flat surface at an angle to the horizontal, preferably 45 °, is formed in the rear region of the spring. This surface interacts with a corresponding projection in the groove of the adjacent panels and causes a locking in the transverse direction, so that slipping perpendicular to the first side edge is effectively prevented.
  • In order to further increase the contact surface, the spring is adjoined by a support region for supporting on a shoulder terminating the groove of the second panel, which increases the effective contact surface and allows a uniform distribution of force. The support area extends substantially horizontally, but may have a slight inclination to the horizontal to effect a horizontal movement under vertical load.
  • To accommodate any existing abrasion that may arise when laying the first side edges, without this creates a gap between the panels, an undercut is provided between the spring and the top of the panels, which forms a cavity in the installed state in which Can collect abrasion.
  • In an alternative solution, the floor panel is delimited in a horizontal plane by an upper side provided with a decorative layer or the like and an underside provided for resting on a lower floor and provided with means for detachably connecting at least two panels, at least one first lateral edge being longitudinally oriented the side edge extending spring and at the opposite side edge is formed a recess corresponding to the spring, wherein the spring is formed so that a locking by inserting into the recess of the second panel and pivoting about an axis parallel to the first side edge and a lock in the transverse direction and vertical direction causes. The recess is formed as a groove with an upper lip and a lower lip, in which the spring is latched in the transverse direction, the lower front portion of the spring is rounded and connects to the rounded front portion of the spring a flattened, substantially horizontally extending support area. As a result, a precise and large contact surface is achieved, which leads to a stable support due to the increased effective contact surface and a reduced bending tendency of adjacent panels. The support area ensures a large-scale support and thus a precise assignment of the two adjacent panels and is arranged on the underside of the spring.
  • By providing corresponding interlocking elements on a front shoulder and a subsequent to an undercut and a support area wall is achieved that additional locking in the vertical direction is effected when these interlocking elements engage in the assembled state. A second locking point in the vertical direction makes it possible for an effective connection to be successfully carried out already by the insertion and pivoting about a first side edge. The spring and the groove itself require no training such that a bias between the panels is present, so that the profile is less loaded during installation. This additionally ensures that the laying process is simplified as such.
  • In a further development, it is provided that the positive-locking element on the wall is a projection and on the front shoulder a corresponding recess, which were produced by a corresponding cutout.
  • For locking in the vertical direction on the first side edge, it is provided that an upper side of the spring rests in the mounted state on an underside of the upper lip in order to effect a further positive locking.
  • In order to further increase the contact surface, the spring is adjoined by a support region for supporting on a shoulder terminating the groove of the second panel, which increases the effective contact surface and allows a uniform distribution of force. The support area extends substantially horizontally, but may have a slight inclination to the horizontal to effect a horizontal movement under vertical load. To accommodate any existing abrasion that may arise when laying the first side edges, without this creates a gap between the panels, an undercut is provided between the spring and the top of the panels, which forms a cavity in the installed state in which Can collect abrasion.
  • Advantageously, the first side edge is formed on the longitudinal side and the second side edge on the transverse side of the panel, so that the Einschwenkbewegung takes place over the longitudinal side. In this way it is ensured that a large locking length is achieved by means of the secure and stable pivoting lock. Alternatively, it is provided that the spring and corresponding thereto on the opposite side surface, the groove is formed on the transverse side and a positive locking takes place via the insertion into a cut-out introduced on the longitudinal side.
  • A further alternative consists in a floor panel, which is bounded in a horizontal plane by an upper side provided with a decorative layer or the like and an underside provided for resting on a lower floor and provided with means for detachably connecting at least two panels. On at least one first side edge of a first panel, a spring extending in the longitudinal direction of the side edge and on the opposite side edge a recess corresponding to the spring is formed, wherein the spring is designed such that a locking by insertion into the recess of the second panel and pivoting about an axis parallel to the first side edge and causes a locking in the transverse direction and vertical direction. The parallel formation of the underside of the spring and the top of the lower lip to the top of the panels allows a large surface of a panel on the other panels, so that a low surface pressure in the tongue and groove connection prevails and a very low height offset of the panels to each other can be realized.
  • For locking in the vertical direction on the first side edge, it is provided that an upper side of the spring rests in the mounted state on an underside of the upper lip in order to effect a further positive locking.
  • The formation of the recess as a groove with an upper lip and a lower lip ensures that a reliable assignment of the panels to be laid is done to each other, so that a minimum height offset of the panels can be achieved, which is a quality feature in floor panels. The spring is in Transversely latched in the recess, wherein the spring and the recess in cross section have a wedge-shaped contour to allow easy insertion and to achieve a good self-centering of the spring in the groove.
  • In order to absorb any existing abrasion that may arise when laying the first side edges, without this presses the panels apart, the spring and the recess are formed such that in the assembled state between the front of the spring and the adjoining the upper lip area the recess has a gap in which the abrasion can accumulate and serves as a movement space of the two panels each other. The gap tapers toward the front lip of the lower lip to provide a smooth transition between the areas of full surface area and clearance for moving and accumulating debris. Any existing abrasion can also be absorbed in a space formed between the spring and the top of the panels by an undercut.
  • The distal end of the spring is formed vertically and serves as a conclusion of the first side edge. Corresponding to the groove bottom is also formed perpendicular to the top, so that a good assignment of the panels can be made in the transverse direction.
  • In order to achieve a transversely effective locking of two panels, a substantially flat surface at an angle to the horizontal, preferably 45 °, is formed in the rear region of the spring. This surface interacts with a corresponding projection in the groove of the adjacent panels and causes a locking in the transverse direction, so that slipping perpendicular to the first side edge is effectively prevented.
  • In order to further increase the contact surface, the spring is adjoined by a support region for supporting on a shoulder terminating the groove of the second panel, which increases the effective contact surface and allows a uniform distribution of force. The support area essentially runs horizontal, but may have a slight inclination to the horizontal to effect a horizontal movement under vertical load.
  • For the absorption of abrasion, which may arise when laying the first side edges so that it does not create a gap between the panels, an undercut is provided between the spring and the top of the panels, which forms a cavity in the installed state in which the Can collect abrasion.
  • Advantageously, the second side edge is formed in both described alternatives to the first side edge as already described above, so that a combination of the correspondingly formed first and second side edges realizes the respective advantages. To avoid repetition, reference is made to the above statements, the described variants of the first and second side edges can be combined.
  • In a further variant of the invention, it is provided that the floor panel, which is delimited in a horizontal plane by an upper side provided with a decorative layer or the like and an underside provided for resting on a lower floor, is provided with means for detachably connecting at least two panels. At at least one first side edge of a first panel, a spring extending in the longitudinal direction of the side edge and at the opposite side edge a recess corresponding to the spring is formed, wherein the recess consists of an upper lip and a lower lip and the lower lip has a shoulder with a shoulder top and a Forming front shoulder, which blocks the laid panels in the transverse direction with a corresponding undercut of the spring. At least one spring is formed on the second side edge, which extends at an angle to the first side edge, and at least one groove with a first lip and a second lip is formed on the opposite side edge,
    wherein at least one parallel to the top extending recess is arranged on the spring and at least on one of the lips. The recesses are arranged to each other such that they form a channel for receiving a separate locking element with correctly connected panels form. By this configuration, it is possible to use a conventional spring / groove configuration for locking in the vertical direction, as they have been used for decades in floor panels, which are glued together. The locking in the vertical direction is effected by the insertion of the locking element, whereby a stress-free and thus easy mounting of the second and the opposite side edge of a panel takes place. Also, the profile is not damaged and the production of the profile is simple and inexpensive.
  • Preferably, the recesses are congruent to each other, so that a symmetrical locking element can be used, which is also inexpensive to produce. In particular, it is advantageous if the channel formed by the recesses is cylindrical, thereby the complete symmetry of the channel, the insertion of the locking element can be accomplished particularly easily. Alternatively, triangular or quadrangular polygonal X or V-shaped channels are provided and suitable. If the channel is not round in cross-section, arises after insertion of the locking element, a toothing effect, so that the transferable forces are increased in the connection point.
  • To effect a secure locking of the entire panels, it is provided that the channel extends over the entire length of the tongue and groove, whereby the force-transmitting surface is increased, the channel preferably extends below and parallel to the butt joint of the panels, as close as possible to forces absorb or initiate the butt joint of the panels.
  • An advantageous embodiment of the invention provides that the floor panel is at least partially made of a HDF or MDF material. Alternatively, the entire floor panel may be made of OSB material. The use of an OSB material results in a natural wood look as well as a textured surface. Likewise, the top of the panel may have no decorative layer, but be made of a wood material. The structure of the wood material can make a decorative layer superfluous, so that as a top example, a layer of wood, wood fibers or wood chips can be applied. Likewise, the panel may be wholly or partly formed from a plastic, wherein preferably the region of the connecting means with spring and recess (groove) is made of a plastic.
  • The embodiment with a separate locking element on the second side edge can be combined with the embodiments of the first side edge as described above.
  • A method for laying a floor panel provides that first a plurality of panels are connected and locked at their second side edges for laying out a first row on the floor of a room. Subsequently, another panel is connected and locked with its first side edge on at least one panel designed in the row as the beginning of a second row by inserting and pouring the spring into the corresponding groove. A new panel is placed with its second side edge immediately abutting on the second side edge of the previously designed further panel in the second row opposite side edge, wherein the spring is inserted in the groove and the new panel is angled to the first row of laid-out panels.
  • Subsequently, the new panel is pivoted about an axis parallel to the first side edge in the direction of the floor until the interlocking elements of the second side edge of the new panel rest against the corresponding cutout of the further panel. Finally, the new panel is depressed until a positive locking has taken place over the entire length of the second side edge. A further embodiment provides that the pressing down is preferably pulse-like, in particular by means of one or more hammer blows or a hand ball assembly.
  • An alternative method of laying provides that placing the new panel at a distance between the second side edge and the second one Side edge of a previously designed another panel opposite side edge takes place, the spring is not inserted into the groove. The new panel is angled to the first row of laid-out panels. Subsequently, the new panel is pivoted about an axis parallel to the first side edge in the direction of the floor and displaced along the first side edge until the spring is received in the groove to form a butt joint and a channel. Subsequently, a locking element is inserted into the channel and causes a locking in the transverse direction along the first side edge.
  • In an embodiment of the profile of the second side edge and the opposite side edge such that the groove and spring causes a locking in the transverse direction, the placing of a new panel with its second side edge is directly abutting the corresponding side edge of the previously designed further panel, wherein the Spring is inserted into the groove and the new panel is angled to the first panel laid out. Subsequently, the new panel is pivoted about an axis parallel to the first side edge in the direction of the floor until the spring is received in the groove to form a butt joint and a channel. Subsequently, a locking element is inserted into the channel to lock the panels and prevent pivoting in the horizontal direction.
  • The method for unlocking a floor panel without separate locking means provides that at first a series of panels, which are connected to the second and corresponding opposite side edges, is pivoted about the axis parallel to the first side edge, ie preferably parallel to the longitudinal sides. By pivoting takes place an unlocking on this side edge and the panels can be removed from the groove of the still laid row panels. The removed row panels is still connected to each other at the second and these opposite side edges, preferably transverse sides. To separate the panels, a panel of the row is pivoted about an axis parallel to the second side edge. When the row lies on the ground, the locked end is raised so that the angle between the undersides of the panels is reduced and displacing the locking point done away from the ground. The interlocking elements of the panel are brought out of engagement with the interlocking elements of the corresponding cutout of the other panel, without the interlocking elements are destroyed, and the isolated panel can be removed.
  • Hereinafter, embodiments of the invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings. Like reference numerals in different figures indicate like objects. Show it:
  • FIG. 1 -
    a cross-sectional view of a floor panel having a first side edge;
    FIG. 2 -
    two interconnected panels at the junction in the partial cross section;
    FIG. 3 -
    a floor panel in cross-sectional view with a second side edge;
    FIG. 4 -
    two interconnected panels at a second connection point in the partial cross section;
    FIG. 4a -
    a variant of Figure 4;
    FIG. 5 -
    an alternative embodiment of the second and corresponding, opposite side edge in the partial cross section;
    FIGS. 6 to 13
    - Variants of the configuration of the tongue and groove and inserted locking elements;
    FIGS. 14 to 16 -
    Variants of the profile at the first side edge in cross section; such as
    FIGS. 17 to 19 -
    Cross-sectional views of a panel with an alternative profile design.
  • FIG. 1 shows a floor panel 1 which consists of a medium density or high density fiberboard (MDF or HDF). At its upper side 15, the floor panel 1 is provided with a decorative layer 16, which may be formed, for example, by a paper layer having a wood grain, which is coated with a synthetic resin layer serving as wear protection. On the bottom 7 a Schalldämmlage 8 may be glued to improve the footfall sound properties of the installed floor panels. As an alternative to using an HDF or MDF board, the panel 1 can be made of an oriented strand board (OSB) material. At a first side edge, preferably at the longitudinal side of the panel 1, the panel 1 is provided with a spring 10 and at the opposite side with a groove 3. The groove 3 and the spring 10 extend over the full length of the side edge. On the spring 10 an outwardly projecting, rounded nose is provided, which merges into a rounded front portion 11. At this front area 11, a flattened, in the installed state substantially horizontally extending support region 12 connects to the underside of the spring, over which the panel 1 on a corresponding surface of the groove 3 of a second panel 2, as shown in Figure 2, supported.
  • At the support region 12, an inclined surface 13 connects, which causes a locking in the transverse direction Q with a corresponding projection 5 of the corresponding groove 3 of the second panel 2. In the assembled state, the spring 10 engages in an undercut formed by an upper lip 4 of the groove 3, so that along the first side edge also takes place a locking in the vertical direction V. The projection 5 is formed by a groove 3 final paragraph 9, on its upper side a horizontally extending surface is formed. This surface serves as a support for a support region 14, which adjoins the inclined surface 13 on the groove 10. By the support area 12 and the support area 14, a relatively large support surface is provided, on which the two panels 1, 2 are in the connected state to each other. The beveled surface 13, in conjunction with the projection 5, at a force component acting from above a movement component in the transverse direction towards each other, so that in the locked state in a force component acting from above, the gap between the two panels 1, 2 is reduced.
  • The paragraph 9 is formed so that in the transverse direction Q no contact between a vertically extending surface of the paragraph and an opposite, also vertically extending surface of the first side edge exists. There is thus a free space 30, so that there can be no unwanted blocking effect and thus no gap between the two panels 1, 2 on the upper side 15.
  • Between the spring 10 and the top 15 of the panel 1, an undercut 17 is formed, which forms a free space 18 in the assembled state, can be included in the abrasion or not removed chips from the manufacturing process. Also, a corresponding design of the rounded front portion 11 is provided so that at the top of the spring 10 in the assembled state, a free space 19 is also formed, which can act as a dust bag.
  • The laying and locking of two panels 1, 2 takes place with such a profile picture, in which the first panel 1 is attached with the spring 10 at an angle to the second panel 2 and the spring 10 is inserted into the groove 3 of the second panel 2. Subsequently, the angled first panel 1 is pivoted about an axis parallel to the longitudinal direction of the first side edge, in this case clockwise, so that the rounded front portion 11 slides along in the groove 3 until the support portion 12 rests flat on the corresponding surface of the groove 3. In this state, as shown in Figure 2, is achieved by the undercut of the upper lip 4 and the projection 5 of the paragraph 9 effective locking in the vertical direction V and transverse direction Q.
  • In order not to allow locking with another panel not only on two opposite side edges of one panel, is at a second side edge, which at an angle, preferably a right angle to the first Side edge extends, a profile formed, which is shown in the figure 3. Here, too, corresponding profiles are formed on opposite side edges, whose interaction is shown in FIG.
  • Figure 3 shows such a profile at a second side edge in cross-section, which is preferably formed on the transverse side of the panel. Starting from the bottom 7, a step-shaped cutout 20 is incorporated in the panel 2, which forms an inner wall 21 and an outer wall 22. Both on the inner wall 21 and on the outer wall 22 form-fitting elements 23, 24 are formed, milled out here, which engage in the form of projections in corresponding undercuts 230, 240 of a corresponding recess 200 of a second panel 1. In the cutout 20, a shoulder 25 is formed, which protrudes in the direction of the bottom 7, wherein the Absatzaußenwandung is formed by the outer wall 22 and the paragraph inner wall 27 in the illustrated embodiment forms an upwardly flared cross-section. The underside of the shoulder 25 forms a head surface 26, which runs parallel to the top 15 of the panel 2 and on which the panel 2 is supported in the mounted state via a corresponding base surface 280 of a corresponding recess 200 of a second panel 1.
  • As an alternative to the illustrated embodiment, it is provided that the inner surface 27 extends substantially parallel to the outer wall 22, so that the paragraph inner wall 27 to the top surface 26 forms an undercut. It is also provided that in addition to a substantial straight formation of the outer wall 22 at an acute angle α to the vertical, the outer wall 22 has a rounded shape or a vertical course. In this case, it is necessary for the positive-locking element 24 to protrude beyond the terminal edge 28 of the upper side 15 in order to perform a positive locking with the second panel 1.
  • Above the positive-locking element 24, a recess 29 is formed, which acts as a dust bag.
  • If the heel 27 is formed as an undercut to the head surface 26, an additional locking in the vertical direction is provided, in particular if the corresponding paragraph inner wall 270 of the upwardly directed shoulder 250 is also formed as an undercut. A positive locking then takes place by a slight bending or elastic deformation of the profiles, so that the positive-locking elements 23, 24 and the undercut pass through the paragraph inner wall 27 with the corresponding undercuts 230, 240 and the undercut through the paragraph inner wall 270 engage effectively can.
  • The outgoing from the top 15 cutout 200 is formed such that it can accommodate the opposite profile, so that the top surface 26 on the one hand rests completely flat on the base surface 280, on the other hand, the surfaces 15 of the two panels 1, 2 in the assembled state, as it is shown in Figure 4, complete in a plane and lie as flush as possible. Through the recess 29 above the positive-locking element 24, a free space 290 is created, which serves as a dust bag, the same applies to the free space 300, which is formed by a corresponding positioning of the inner wall 210 of the cutout 200.
  • As can be clearly seen in FIG. 4, an effective locking is provided both in the transverse direction Q and in the vertical direction V, wherein the locking in the transverse direction is realized in a form-fitting manner by the shoulders 25, 250. A locking in the vertical direction V is effected by the locking elements 23, 24, which engage positively in the undercuts 230, 240, wherein the positive-locking elements 23, 24 are arranged on spaced-apart walls 21, 22. In addition, the form-fitting elements 23, 24 are arranged at different vertical levels, so that an upper locking point and a lower locking point is formed. The upper locking point is formed by the positive-locking element 24 and the undercut 240, the lower locking point by the positive-locking element 23 and the undercut 230.
  • The upwardly directed shoulder 250 is not formed over the entire length of the second side edge, but is milled over an area to the base surface 280, wherein this cutout is in the direction of the first side edge with a spring 10. By this cutout or non-education of the paragraph 250, the initially angled inserted panel can be further lowered down before laying by a pulse-like assembly movement down a final locking on the second side edge, preferably the transverse side occurs.
  • Between the top surface 260 of the shoulder 250 and the corresponding surface of the cutout 20 in the mounted state, a free space is present, which is necessary so that the positive-locking element 23 can engage behind the undercut 230, Also, this space serves as a dust bag.
  • In addition to the formation of a panel with a groove 3 on one side edge, which has an upper lip 4 and a lower lip 6, can be dispensed with a corresponding profile design on a lower lip 6, provided in another way a lock in the transverse direction Q and vertical direction V. is ensured. This locking is done so that no movement in the direction of the double arrows in the locked state is possible.
  • Due to the presented profile and the laying method described, it is possible to lay panels easily and quickly. The profile also has the advantage that on the one hand, a slight pivoting and locking, on the other hand, a stable support and thus the possibility of a precise setting of the height offset is given on the particular configuration of the spring 10 and the groove. Also, a secure locking of the first side edges in the vertical direction V and transverse direction Q is given and this profile can be particularly well milled in OSB panels.
  • The profile design on the second side edge allows a particularly durable positive lock on the second side edges, preferably the transverse sides of the panels, without elaborate additional equipment or special skills would be necessary during assembly. In addition to the staggered positive locking elements, the large support surface prevents angling and thereby easy opening of the lock on the second side edge. In addition, the keyed interlock, which produces a characteristic noise, indicates to the user of the panels that an effective interlock has occurred.
  • The profile of Figure 4a corresponds substantially to that of Figure 2, through which an effective locking is given both in the transverse direction Q and in the vertical direction V. It can also be clearly seen in FIG. 4a that in the head face 26 of the shoulder 25 a groove 26 'is worked out, which extends over the entire length of the side edge. The groove 26 'serves as a dust bag and as a material weakening, so that a certain spring effect in the locking of the two panels 1, 2 is present.
  • The profile design of Figures 5 to 13 on the second side edge allows a particularly durable positive lock on the second and opposite side edge, preferably the transverse sides of the panels, without complex additional equipment or special skills would be necessary during installation. In addition to the staggered interlocking elements prevents the large bearing surface a Verwinkelung and thereby easy opening of the lock on the third side edge. In addition, the keyed interlock, which produces a characteristic noise, indicates to the user of the panels that an effective interlock has occurred.
  • Figure 5 shows an embodiment of the second and opposite side edge of the panels 1, 2, wherein both panels are each formed with a spring 51, 52 and a groove 61, 62. The springs 51, 52 and the grooves 61, 62 are offset in height from each other arranged such that the springs 51, 52 can engage in the corresponding grooves 62, 61, so as to effect a locking in the transverse direction Q. The panels are first locked to the realization of a corresponding lock on the first side edges and then shifted in the transverse direction Q to each other until the illustrated end position is achieved to form a minimum butt joint 73.
  • The joints 61, 62 are each formed by a first lip 63, 64 and a respective second lip 65, 66, wherein in the first panel 1, the second lip 65 protrudes beyond the first lip 63 in the transverse direction Q. In the second panel 2, this is reversed, the first lip 64 protrudes beyond the second lip 66 in the transverse direction Q, wherein the respective protruding lips 64, 65 pass into the underside or top of the springs 52, 51.
  • In the illustrated embodiment, in the lower, second lip 65 of the first panel and the upper, first lip 64 of the second panel depending a corresponding channel-shaped, semi-circular in cross-section recess 71, 72 milled, which form a channel 75 in the assembled state shown , In this channel 75, a separate locking element 80, preferably made of plastic, is inserted, so that a positive locking in the transverse direction Q is effected. By an elastic configuration of the locking element 80 and a slight oversizing can be achieved that the panels 1, 2 are braced to each other, so that the butt joint 73 can always be kept minimally small. As a result, a bias between the panels 1, 2 is effected after installation by the insertion of the locking element 80, which has a secure assignment of the panels 1, 2 to each other and a minimum surface offset result. Also, the butt joint 73 is kept closed so that no dirt or moisture can penetrate and softens the core of the panels 1, 2.
  • The recesses 71, 72 are arranged so that the channel 75 or the locking element 80 extends parallel and below the butt joint 73, whereby on the one hand an optimal manufacturing possibility due to the almost symmetrical design is given because a cutout only partially within the corresponding grooves 61, 62 must be made, on the other hand, there is still enough material to absorb corresponding forces in the panel material available.
  • FIG. 6 shows a variant of the profile design on the second and opposite side edges of the panels 1, 2, wherein a spring 51 is formed on the first panel 1 and a groove 62 is formed on the second panel along the respective side edges. Both in the top of the spring 51 and in the first lip 64 of the groove 62 are milled in cross-section semicircular recesses, which result in the joining of the two panels 1, 2, a cylindrical channel 75. In this channel 75, a cut to the appropriate length, extruded plastic tube can be inserted as a locking element 80, so that via the locking element 80 takes place a lock in the transverse direction Q. The groove 62 and spring 51 lock the panels 1, 2 in the vertical direction.
  • FIG. 7 shows a variant of FIG. 6, in which the corresponding recesses 71, 72 are formed on the lower side of the spring 51 and the second lip 66 of the groove 62. The recesses 71, 72 are formed corresponding to one another, so that a hexagonal locking element 80 is formed in the correspondingly formed channel 75. The channel 75 is shown in FIG. 9, the corresponding configuration of the recesses 71, 72 as well as the groove 62 and the spring 51 according to FIG. 6 are shown in FIG.
  • The laying of the panels 1, 2 with a profile design according to the figures 5 to 9 at the second and these opposite side edges by first inserted at the first side edge of a panel in one of these opposite side edge and pivoted until the second and this lying opposite side edges to be joined panels in a plane. Subsequently, the panels along the first side edge are moved towards each other until the panels abut each other and form a minimal butt joint 73. At the same time, a channel 75 is formed by the recesses 71, 72, in which a correspondingly shaped locking element 80 is inserted. In this way, an effective locking in the vertical direction and in the transverse direction Q is effected.
  • After removal of the locking element 80, a disassembly of the panels can be made without destroying the profiles, so that any number of laying operations can be performed. Such an embodiment of the lock is particularly suitable for elements of exhibition construction.
  • In Figures 12 and 13 further embodiments of the recesses 71, 72 are shown, which can also be laid with the method described above. In Figure 12, the channel 75 has a triangular cross-sectional shape, wherein the upper recess 72 has the cross section of an isosceles trapezoid and the lower recess 71 in the spring 51 has a triangular shape. The locking member 80 is formed V-shaped and can cause a corresponding force component in the transverse direction Q by a resilient bias, so that the panels 1, 2 are moved towards each other.
  • In FIG. 13, two recesses 71, 72 which are triangular in cross-section are milled into the spring 51 or groove 62, respectively, and the locking element 80 has an X-shaped cross section. By inserting the locking elements 80 according to Figures 12 and 13, the legs are pressed together and also keep the butt joint 72 close together and thus tight against dirt and moisture. In order to facilitate the insertion, the locking elements 80 are formed tapered at their ends.
  • In FIGS. 10 and 11, the groove 62 and the spring 51 are formed such that locking takes place when the groove 62 and the spring 51 engage in the transverse direction Q. At the vertical edges of the groove 62 and spring 51 corresponding recesses are milled into which a locking element 80 can be inserted. In the figure 10, these recesses are designed such that a rectangular locking element 80 is inserted.
  • FIG. 11 shows a variant of FIG. 10, in which the channel 75 is formed in a circular shape. By such a configuration of the second and this opposite side edge of the panels 1, 2, an effective locking in the transverse direction Q already takes place by the insertion of the spring 51 into the groove 62. The geometry shown, a very high contact surface is provided so that forces can be well absorbed and diverted, Also, the recesses 71, 72 are relatively easy to manufacture, in particular auszufräsen, and for both side edges only one tool is needed. Furthermore, with a corresponding configuration of the locking elements 80, a pressure is built up, which moves the panels 1, 2 towards each other and braced. The secure locking in the vertical direction V is also ensured.
  • The locking elements 80 and the grooves and springs may also have different geometries, which is eliminated by the locking element or the locking elements that movement component that is not blocked by the tongue and groove connection. Advantageously, the locking element causes a tension of the panels to each other, so that the butt joint is minimized. The channel for inserting the locking element can extend over the entire joint width or groove width, only corresponding interlocking elements must be present in order to effect a lock.
  • FIG. 14 shows a floor panel 1 which consists of a medium density or high density fiberboard (MDF or HDF). At the upper side 15, the floor panel 1 is provided with a decorative layer 16, which may be formed, for example, by a paper layer having a wood grain, which is coated with a synthetic resin layer serving as wear protection. On the bottom 7 a Schalldämmlage be glued to improve the footfall sound properties of the laid floor panels. As an alternative to the use of an HDF or MDF board, the panel 1 may be manufactured from an oriented strand board (OSB), wherein a decorative layer 16 may be dispensed with here. At a first side edge, preferably at the longitudinal side of the panel 1, the panel 1 is provided with a spring 10 and at the opposite side edge with a recess 3.
  • The recess 3 and the spring 10 extend over the full length of the side edges. On the spring 10 is an outwardly projecting, with a tip Providing nose provided, which merges into a front portion having an arcuate contour. At this front region of the spring 10, which forms an undercut 13, a support region 14 connects, which is formed inclined at an angle μ to the top 15 of the panels 1. The support region 14 is adjoined by a substantially vertically oriented wall 111.
  • The undercut 13 causes, as shown in Figure 15, a lock in the transverse direction Q, in which a positive locking with a corresponding shoulder 9 of the recess 3 is made. In the assembled state, the spring 10 engages in an undercut formed by an upper lip 4 of the recess 3, so that the top 120 of the spring 10 abuts an underside 40 of the upper lip and locking in the vertical direction along the first and the opposite side edge , The shoulder 9 is formed on a lower lip 6 of the recess 3 and closes it off, wherein on the top of the paragraph 9, an inclined shoulder surface 5 is formed, which serves as a support for the support area 14. The conclusion of the panel forms a substantially vertically extending shoulder front 81, which merges into the heel top 5 via a rounding.
  • By paragraph top 5 and the support portion 14, a relatively large bearing surface is provided, on which the two panels 1, 2 in the connected state to each other. The bevel by the angle μ causes a component of movement in the transverse direction Q is generated to each other during a vertical load, so that in the locked state in a force component acting from above, the gap between the two panels 1, 2 is reduced and the original locking by Insertion and pivoting of a first panel in a second panel can be done without a bias.
  • The shoulder 9 is designed so that a recess 311 is formed on the front shoulder 81, into which, as shown in FIG. 15, a corresponding projection 300 engages the wall 111 of the first side edge. The recess 311 forms an undercut, so that by a positive Engagement of the projection 300 into the recess 311 is a lock in the vertical direction V is formed. Above the rounded connection from the heel top 5 to the front shoulder 81 in the mounted state, a free space 180 is formed, which allows a certain movement of the panel 1 in the direction of the second panel 2 at a vertical load. Likewise, 180 chips can accumulate in this free space. The underside of the projection 300 rests on a corresponding slope of the recess 311, so that a precise angular allocation of the panels 1, 2 is ensured. In addition to the positive locking on the upper side 120 of the spring 10, a second locking point in the vertical direction is provided by the formation of the positive locking elements 300, 311, so that increased security against unwanted pivoting back of the first panel 1, in the present counterclockwise, is prevented
  • Between the spring 10 and the top 15 of the panel 1, an undercut 17 is formed, which adjoins a running at right angles to the top 15 edge. The undercut 17 forms in the assembled state of a space in which abrasion or not removed chips can be included in the manufacturing process. Also, a corresponding design of the round front portion of the spring 10 is provided, so that the spring 10 in the assembled state also forms a gap 19, which can act as a dust bag and movement space.
  • The laying and locking of two panels 1, 2 with such a profile picture takes place by the first panel 1 with the spring 10 attached at an angle to the second panel 2 and the spring 10 is inserted in the recess 3 of the second panel 2. Subsequently, the angled first panel 1 is pivoted about an axis parallel to the longitudinal direction of the first side edge, in this case in the clockwise direction, so that the provided with a round contour front portion of the spring 10 slides along in the correspondingly shaped recess 3 until the top 120 of the spring 10th on the corresponding bottom 40 of the upper lip 4 is present. In this state, as shown in FIG Undercut of the upper lip 4 and the paragraph 9 reaches an effective locking in the vertical direction V and in the transverse direction Q.
  • FIG. 16 shows a floor panel 1 according to a variant in the profile design of the first side edge, wherein the panel is provided with a spring 10 and on the opposite side with a correspondingly formed groove 3. The groove 3 and the spring 10 extend over the full length of the side edge. On the spring 10 an outwardly projecting, rounded nose is provided, to which the underside 12 of the spring 10 connects with a rounded contour. The radius of this contour is constant over at least 90 degrees of circumference and thus allows easy insertion of the spring 10 in the groove. 3
  • In the assembled state, the spring 10 engages in an undercut formed by the upper lip 4 of the groove 3, so that a locking in the vertical direction V takes place along the first edge. The locking in the transverse direction Q takes place by the positive engagement of the underside 12 of the spring 10 on a shoulder 9, which closes the groove 3. On the top of the paragraph 9, a horizontally extending surface is formed, which serves as a support for a support area 14.
  • Figures 17 and 18 show a floor panel 1 with an alternative profile design. Again, the panel 1 is provided with a spring 10 and at the opposite side edge with a recess 3. The recess 3 and the spring 10 extend over the full length of the opposite side edges. On the spring 10, an outwardly projecting, provided with a vertical front tip 101 is provided, wherein the spring 10 has an upwardly rising, wedge-shaped contour. From the top 101 of the spring 10 extends a horizontal bottom 12, to which an undercut 13 connects, which is formed by an inclined, rectilinear wall 130 which extends at an angle β to the top 15 inclined. A subsequent to the wall 130 support portion 14 extends parallel to the top 15 of the panels 1, and provides a convenient support surface for receiving vertical forces. The support area 14 is panel side by an easy to the Limited vertical inclined wall 111, wherein the angle λ is an acute angle.
  • The undercut 13 causes, as shown in Figure 19, a lock in the transverse direction Q, in which a positive locking with a corresponding shoulder 9 of the recess 3 is made. In the assembled state, the spring 10 engages in an undercut formed by an upper lip 4 of the recess 3, so that a rectilinear, presently inclined top 120 of the spring 10 abuts a lower side 40 of the upper lip 4 and a locking in the vertical direction V along the first and opposite side edge takes place. The shoulder 9 is formed on a lower lip 6, which has a horizontal top 60, the recess 3 and closes it off, wherein on the top of the paragraph 9, a horizontal shoulder surface is formed, which serves as a support for the support area 14. The end of the panel forms a sloping paragraph front 81, which passes over a rounding in the paragraph top.
  • Due to the heel top and the support area 14, a relatively large bearing surface is provided, on which the two panels 1, 2 lie on one another in the connected state. The shoulder 9 is designed so that a recess 311 is formed on the front shoulder 81, into which, as shown in FIG. 19, a corresponding projection 300 engages the wall 111 of the first side edge. The recess 311 forms an undercut, so that a locking in the vertical direction V is effected by a positive engagement of the projection 300 in the recess 311.
  • The top of the projection 300 rests on a corresponding slope of the recess 311, so that a precise angle assignment of the panels 1, 2 is ensured. In addition to the positive locking on the upper side 120 of the spring 10, a second locking point in the vertical direction is provided by the formation of the positive locking elements 300, 311, so that increased security against unwanted pivoting back of the first panel 1, in the present counterclockwise, is prevented. The locking effect is increased by the rectilinear design of the spring top 120, the bottom 40 of the upper lip 4, the top 60 of the lower lip 6 and the bottom 12 of the spring 10, since the rectilinear configuration makes pivoting difficult and kept the profile due to the elastic restoring force of the panels in position becomes. Furthermore, by the parallel formation of the tip 101 of the spring 10 and the groove bottom 50 of the recess 3 causes a further definition.

Claims (37)

  1. Floor panel bounded in horizontal plane by a top (15) provided with a decorative layer (14) or the like and a bottom (7) provided for resting on a subfloor, comprising means for detachably connecting at least two panels (1, 2) is provided, wherein at least one first side edge extending in the longitudinal direction of the side edge spring (10) and at the opposite side edge to the spring (10) corresponding recess (3) is formed, wherein the spring (10) is formed, a locking by insertion into the recess (3) of the second panel (2) and pivoting about an axis parallel to the first side edge and a locking in the transverse direction (Q) and vertical direction (V) causes, characterized in that the recess as Groove (3) with an upper lip (4) and a lower lip (6) is formed, in which the spring (10) in the transverse direction (Q) can be latched, wherein the lower Vor the region (11) of the spring (10) is rounded and connects to the rounded front portion (11) of the spring (10) is a flattened, substantially horizontally extending support region (12).
  2. Floor panel according to claim 2, characterized in that the lower lip (6) forms a shoulder (9) with a shoulder top (5) and a front shoulder (81), which with a corresponding undercut (13) of the spring (10) the panels (1 2) in the transverse direction (Q), wherein the recess (13) is adjoined by a recess with a support region (14) corresponding to the shoulder (9) and a wall (111) which, in the assembled state, is located on the front shoulder (81). this is opposite, wherein on the wall (11) and the front shoulder side (81) corresponding positive-locking elements (300, 311) are formed, which engage in the assembled state and cause a locking in the vertical direction (V).
  3. Floor panel according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that on the wall (111) has a projection (300) and on the shoulder front side (81) has a recess (311) is formed.
  4. Floor panel according to claim 2 or 3, characterized in that an upper side (120) of the spring (10) rests in the mounted state on an underside (40) of the upper lip (4).
  5. Floor panel according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that adjoining the spring (10) is a support area (14) for supporting on a groove (3) final paragraph (9).
  6. Floor panel according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the spring (10) with an undercut (17) opposite the top (15) is provided.
  7. Floor panel according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the spring (10) and the recess (3) have an arcuate contour in cross-section.
  8. Floor panel according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the spring (10) and the recess (3) are designed such that in the assembled state between the front region of the spring (10) and the region adjoining the upper lip (4) Recess (3) a gap (19) is present, which tapers in the direction of the shoulder (9).
  9. Floor panel according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the rear area of the spring (10) is designed as a substantially straight surface (13) which extends at an angle to the horizontal and which is provided with a corresponding projection (5) in the groove (Fig. 3) causes a locking in the transverse direction (Q).
  10. Floor panel according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that adjoining the spring (10) is a support area (14) for supporting on a groove (3) final paragraph (9).
  11. Floor panel according to claim 10, characterized in that the support area (14) extends substantially horizontally.
  12. Floor panel according to claim 10, characterized in that the support area (14) extends at an angle (p) to the horizontal.
  13. Floor panel according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the spring (10) with an undercut (17) opposite the top (15) is provided.
  14. Floor panel according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that at a second, at an angle to the first side edge extending form-locking elements (23, 24) for locking in the vertical direction (V) formed with another panel and the positive-locking elements (23, 24) two spaced apart, in the Substantially vertically oriented walls (21, 22) in the transverse direction (Q) and in the vertical direction (V) are formed spaced from each other.
  15. Floor panel according to claim 14, characterized in that at the second side edge of the bottom (7) outgoing, step-shaped cutout (20) with an inner wall (21) and an outer wall (22) is formed, wherein on the walls (21 , 22) each one in the transverse direction (Q) extending positive locking element (23, 24) is formed, and that at the second side edge opposite side edge of the top (15) outgoing step-shaped cutout (200) having an inner wall (210 ) and an outer wall (220) is formed, on which with the form-locking elements (23, 24) corresponding undercuts (230, 240) are formed.
  16. Floor panel according to claim 15, characterized in that from the bottom (7) outgoing, step-shaped cutout (20) in the direction of the bottom (7) protruding paragraph (25) forms, having a substantially horizontally oriented head surface (26).
  17. Floor panel according to claim 16, characterized in that in the longitudinal extent to the second side edge of a groove (26 ') in the head surface (26) is formed.
  18. Floor panel according to claim 16 or 17, characterized in that the walls (22, 27) of the shoulder (25) are aligned with the top surface (26) at an acute angle (α).
  19. Floor panel according to one of claims 16 to 18, characterized in that the heel inner wall (27) to the top surface (26) forms an undercut.
  20. Floor panel according to one of claims 16 to 19, characterized in that the head surface (26) has a transverse extent of 2 to 6 mm.
  21. Floor panel according to one of claims 15 to 20, characterized in that the head surface (26) has 0.25 to 0.4 times the total transverse extent of the stepped cut-out (20).
  22. Floor panel according to one of claims 14 to 21, characterized in that a positive locking element (24) of the second side edge projects horizontally beyond the terminal edge (28) of the upper side (15).
  23. Floor panel according to claim 22, characterized in that between the upper side (15) and the outstanding positive locking element (24) has a recess (29) is arranged, which undercut the end edge (28).
  24. Floor panel according to one of Claims 15 to 23, characterized in that the step-shaped cutout (200) starting from the upper side (15) forms a shoulder (250) which protrudes in the direction of the upper side (15) and which has a substantially horizontally oriented head surface (250). 260), wherein in the lower region of the outer wall paragraph (220) an undercut (230) is formed which corresponds to the positive locking element (23) of the inner wall (21) of the cutout (20) of the opposite side edge.
  25. Floor panel according to claim 24, characterized in that between the shoulder inner wall (270) and the inner wall (210) of the cutout (200) a horizontal base surface (280) is formed, which is designed such that when laid panels (1, 2) the top surface (26) rests on the base surface (280) and the tops (15) of the panels (1, 2) lie in one plane.
  26. Floor panel according to claim 24 or 25, characterized in that the heel inner wall (270) extends parallel or at a shallower angle than the corresponding shoulder inner wall (27) of the engaged in the installed state paragraph (25).
  27. Floor panel according to one of claims 24 to 26, characterized in that the paragraph inner wall (270) to the top surface (260) forms an undercut.
  28. Floor panel according to one of claims 24 to 27, characterized in that the upwardly projecting shoulder (250) is not formed or removed in at least one end region of the second side edge.
  29. Floor panel according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that it is made of HDF, MDF or an OSB material.
  30. Floor panel according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that on the upper side (15) no decorative layer is applied.
  31. Floor panel according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the first side edge on the longitudinal side and the second side edge are formed on the transverse side of the panel.
  32. Floor panel according to one of claims 1 to 30, characterized in that the second side edge on the longitudinal side and the first side edge are formed on the transverse side of the panel.
  33. Floor panel which is bounded in a horizontal plane by an upper side (15) provided with a decorative layer (16) or the like and a lower surface (7) provided for resting on a lower floor, which means for releasably connecting at least two panels (1, 2) is provided, wherein at least one first side edge of a first panel (1) extending in the longitudinal direction of the side edge spring (10) and at the opposite side edge to the spring (10) corresponding Recess (3) is formed, wherein the recess (3) consists of an upper lip (4) and a lower lip (6) and the lower lip (6) a shoulder (9) with a shoulder top (5) and a front shoulder (8) is formed with a corresponding undercut (13) of the spring (10) blocks the panels (1, 2) in the transverse direction (Q), characterized in that at the second, at an angle to the first side edge extending side edge at least one spring (51, 52) and at the opposite side edge at least one groove (62, 61) with a first lip (63, 64) and a second lip (65, 66) is formed, wherein on the spring (51, 52) and at least one of Lips (63, 64, 65, 66) each at least one parallel to the top (15) extending recess (71, 72) is arranged, wherein the recesses (71, 72) to each other are arranged so that they in interconnected panels (1, 2) has a channel (75) for receiving a separate locking element (80) form.
  34. Floor panel according to claim 33, characterized in that the channel (75) is cylindrical, triangular or quadrangular, polygonal, x-shaped or v-shaped.
  35. Floor panel according to claim 33 or 34, characterized in that the channel (75) extends over the entire length of the groove (61, 62) and spring (51, 52).
  36. Floor panel according to one of claims 33 to 35, characterized in that the channel (75) extends below and parallel to the butt joint (73) of the panels (1, 2).
  37. Floor panel according to one of claims 33 to 36, characterized in that the groove (62) and the spring (51) are designed so as to effect a locking in the transverse direction (Q).
EP07022665A 2002-05-31 2003-05-27 Flooring panel Active EP1900889B1 (en)

Priority Applications (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE2002124540 DE10224540B4 (en) 2002-05-31 2002-05-31 floor panel
DE2002130819 DE10230819B4 (en) 2002-07-08 2002-07-08 floor panel
DE2002152864 DE10252864A1 (en) 2002-05-31 2002-11-12 Floor panel, of fiberboard materials, has structured stepped edges for neighboring panels to lock together in a positive fit in the lateral and vertical directions
DE2002153236 DE10253236A1 (en) 2002-07-08 2002-11-15 Floor panel, of fiberboard materials, has structured stepped edges for neighboring panels to lock together in a positive fit in the lateral and vertical directions
EP03011897A EP1367194B1 (en) 2002-05-31 2003-05-27 Flooring panel and method of laying such a panel

Related Parent Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP03011897A Division EP1367194B1 (en) 2002-05-31 2003-05-27 Flooring panel and method of laying such a panel
EP03011897.0 Division 2003-05-27

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1900889A2 true EP1900889A2 (en) 2008-03-19
EP1900889A3 EP1900889A3 (en) 2008-07-02
EP1900889B1 EP1900889B1 (en) 2012-03-07

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ID=29424602

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EP03011897A Active EP1367194B1 (en) 2002-05-31 2003-05-27 Flooring panel and method of laying such a panel
EP07022665A Active EP1900889B1 (en) 2002-05-31 2003-05-27 Flooring panel

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP03011897A Active EP1367194B1 (en) 2002-05-31 2003-05-27 Flooring panel and method of laying such a panel

Country Status (4)

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EP (2) EP1367194B1 (en)
AT (2) AT382755T (en)
DE (2) DE50308898D1 (en)
ES (2) ES2297074T3 (en)

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SE518184C2 (en) 2000-03-31 2002-09-03 Perstorp Flooring Ab Flooring material comprising sheet-shaped floor elements which are joined by interconnection means
AT395481T (en) 2002-11-15 2008-05-15 Flooring Technologies Ltd Device consisting of two compound blocks and a use for locking these building blades
NL1024046C2 (en) * 2003-08-05 2005-02-10 Niegel Profiel Ommanteling B V Cladding of form-retaining parts, in particular for a floor, cladding parts to be used and method for joining the cladding parts.
DE202004000084U1 (en) * 2004-01-06 2004-04-29 M. Kaindl einschwenkprofil
PL207167B1 (en) * 2004-05-26 2010-11-30 Fritz Egger Gmbh & Co. Panel, particularly floor panel
FR2885626A1 (en) * 2005-05-10 2006-11-17 Espace Production Internationa Strip/slab fabricating method for flooring, involves pasting entire or part of side of support panel, applying decorative sheet by calandering on side, and arranging safety block for delivering panel in strips and/or slabs of flooring
EP1896271A2 (en) * 2005-05-10 2008-03-12 Espace Production International EPI (Société Anonyme) Floor covering strips or slabs, production method thereof and production facility used for same
DE102008046749B4 (en) 2008-09-11 2010-10-07 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Process for the manufacture of panels from a large-format wood-based panel
EP2524091B1 (en) 2010-01-14 2019-04-03 Unilin, BVBA Floor panel assembly
DE102010004717A1 (en) 2010-01-15 2011-07-21 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for introducing the clip
BR112012025923B1 (en) 2010-04-15 2019-08-27 Spanolux N V Div Balterio floor panel assembly, floor panel and locking element
CN104775594B (en) 2010-05-10 2017-09-22 佩尔戈(欧洲)股份公司 Floor panel assembly
DE102011086846A1 (en) * 2011-01-28 2012-08-02 Akzenta Paneele + Profile Gmbh paneling
UA109705C2 (en) * 2011-04-15 2015-09-25 Set for surface coating containing outer panel and the fixing element
DE102012000468B4 (en) 2012-01-13 2017-08-17 Falquon Gmbh Floor panel and method for its production
CN103572771B (en) * 2012-08-02 2016-12-21 中国石油化工集团公司 Ringwall basis spigot-and-socket prefabricated components and ringwall basis
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP1367194A3 (en) 2005-08-17
EP1900889A3 (en) 2008-07-02
EP1367194B1 (en) 2008-01-02
ES2297074T3 (en) 2008-05-01
AT548526T (en) 2012-03-15
DE50308898D1 (en) 2008-02-14
EP1367194A2 (en) 2003-12-03
ES2383542T3 (en) 2012-06-22
DE20321446U1 (en) 2007-05-10
EP1900889B1 (en) 2012-03-07
AT382755T (en) 2008-01-15

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