EP1894553A1 - Adjustable shower- and toilet chair - Google Patents

Adjustable shower- and toilet chair Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP1894553A1
EP1894553A1 EP06018378A EP06018378A EP1894553A1 EP 1894553 A1 EP1894553 A1 EP 1894553A1 EP 06018378 A EP06018378 A EP 06018378A EP 06018378 A EP06018378 A EP 06018378A EP 1894553 A1 EP1894553 A1 EP 1894553A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
chair
frame
backrest
head support
characterized
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP06018378A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1894553B1 (en
Inventor
Robertus Johannes Barnhoorn
Jan Van Rijswijk
Leonardus Johannes Maria Gerardus Dhanpat
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SPARK DESIGN & INNOVATION B.V.
Original Assignee
SPARK DESIGN ENGINEERING BV
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SPARK DESIGN ENGINEERING BV filed Critical SPARK DESIGN ENGINEERING BV
Priority to EP06018378A priority Critical patent/EP1894553B1/en
Publication of EP1894553A1 publication Critical patent/EP1894553A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1894553B1 publication Critical patent/EP1894553B1/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/1002Parts, details or accessories with toilet facilities
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/1056Arrangements for adjusting the seat
    • A61G5/1059Arrangements for adjusting the seat adjusting the height of the seat
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/1056Arrangements for adjusting the seat
    • A61G5/1075Arrangements for adjusting the seat tilting the whole seat backwards
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/12Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or the feet
    • A61G5/121Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or the feet for head or neck
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/12Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or the feet
    • A61G5/128Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or the feet for feet

Abstract

Height-adjustable shower and toilet chair with a mobile support frame (1) and a secondary frame (2) which bears a chair part with seat (9), backrest (10) and a head support (11). Support frame (1) and secondary frame(2) are mutually connected by frame tubes (15,16) which are slidable into each other as a telescope and which connect longitudinal bars (3) of the support frame (1) to the top side of the backrest (10) on either side of the chair. The connection between frame tube (15) and support frame (1) is rigid and the connection between frame tube (16) and secondary frame (2) is rotatable.
By means of a linear actuator inside the frame tubes (15,16) the chair is adjustable in the height and by means of another linear actuator (18,19) the chair is tiltable to the rear by rotating the secondary frame (2) relative to the upper frame tube (16).
The head support (11) is rotatable in forward and backward direction relative to the seat (9) and backrest (10), wherein this rotation is automatically less than the tilt of the chair.

Description

  • The invention relates to a shower and toilet chair, particularly suitable for disabled persons, comprising a support frame provided with means with which it can support on the ground, a secondary frame which bears a seat and a backrest, which support frame and which secondary frame respectively carry on either side at least a first frame tube and at least a second frame tube which are slidable into each other as a telescopic guiding for the purpose of height adjustment of the secondary frame.
  • Such a shower/toilet chair is known from the German Gebrauchsmusterschrift DE 202 18 195 U1 . Described herein is a height-adjustable, mobile shower chair in which the telescopically operating height adjustment consists of two sets of tubes, of which the one set are tubes slidable in and out of each other by means of a drive and the other set only provide the guiding. The sets of tubes of this known adjusting mechanism are however located in this known chair in the space directly beneath the sides of the chair seat, so on the side of the backrest directed toward the seat. This chair hereby has inconvenient obstacles between the chair seat and the longitudinal bars connecting the wheels.
  • The invention has for its object to provide a shower/toilet chair as according to the preamble which, while retaining essentially the same functionality, has no inconvenient obstacles under the sides of the chair seat and can take a compact form.
  • This objective is achieved according to the invention in that the frame tubes extend on the side of the support surface of the backrest remote from the chair seat, and in that drive means are present in the telescopic frame tubes for the purpose of adjusting the height of the shower/toilet chair by telescopic sliding of the frame tubes.
  • Hereby achieved is that no obstacles are present beneath the chair seat which may cause discomfort to a person sitting in the chair and/or a person caring for the person sitting in the chair. Also achieved is that, owing to its open nature, the shower/toilet chair is easy to clean and has an aesthetically pleasing appearance.
  • Both the function of raising and lowering the secondary frame when adjusting the height of the chair and the function of guiding the secondary frame during the height adjustment are preferably carried out by the frame tubes of the telescopic guiding. In a particularly advantageous embodiment the frame tubes are therefore embodied so as to form the only load-bearing coupling between the support frame and the secondary frame. By combining the function of height adjustment of the secondary frame and the function of guiding the secondary frame during such a height adjustment, the construction can then be simpler and therefore cheaper to manufacture.
  • In a further preferred embodiment the frame tubes extend on either side of the backrest, which enhances the stability during raising and lowering of the secondary frame.
  • In an embodiment of a shower chair according to the invention each second frame tube is connected at its upper end to the secondary frame by means of a pivoting connection.
  • This achieves that the secondary frame of the shower/toilet chair with seat and backrest can be tilted rearward in any height position, so that a person standing next to the chair can easily wash the hair of and attend to the feet of a person sitting in the chair.
  • In an attractive embodiment of a rearward tiltable shower chair according to the invention the pivoting connections between each second frame tube and the secondary frame are situated close to the top side of the backrest, and extending rods are mounted between respectively one of the front corner points of the chair seat and one of the lower ends of the second frame tubes, and drive means are present for tilting the shower/toilet chair by telescopically sliding the frame tubes.
  • This achieves that, during rearward tilting of the shower chair, the chair seat also moves upward over a relatively great distance so that the telescopic height adjustment of the chair can remain limited in order to achieve the same height position of the chair seat.
  • In a further attractive embodiment according to the invention of a rearward tiltable shower chair, wherein the backrest already inclines slightly rearward when the chair is not in the rearward tilted position, the frame tubes which are telescopically slidable into each other extend in a plane parallel to the plane in which the backrest lies.
  • In addition to an aesthetically pleasing positioning of the frame tubes, this achieves that the centre of gravity of the chair is displaced to a higher position slightly to the rear during the telescopic adjustment, thus forming a compensation for the forward displacement of the centre of gravity during rearward tilting of the chair via pivoting about the upper side of the backrest. This has the advantage that the distance between the front and the rear wheels can remain limited without the risk that the chair can fall over easily in its highest and/or tilted position.
  • An alternative embodiment of a shower/toilet chair, wherein the pivoting connections between each second frame tube and the secondary frame are situated close to the underside of the backrest, has the advantage that a shorter telescopic guiding is necessary, which enables the same height adjustment of the chair with the use of a telescopic guiding consisting of for instance three parts.
  • Embodying the drive for the height adjustment of the chair as a linear actuator which can be operated by an electric motor achieves that the motor can be concealed in the backrest or in the upper part of the second frame tubes so that, particularly in the latter case, a very good watertight seal is possible in simple manner.
  • In another attractive embodiment of a shower/toilet chair according to the invention, wherein a head support is present and wherein the pivoting connection between each second frame tube and the secondary frame is situated close to the upper side of the backrest, the rotation shaft about which the head support is rotatable lies a short distance from said pivoting connection and closer to the support surface of the backrest, a relatively long arm is fixedly connected at an outer end to the rotation shaft about which the head support is rotatable, a relatively short arm is rotatably connected at an outer end to a low-lying part of the backrest, and the other outer ends of the long and short arm are connected rotatably to each other at a rotation point lying on the side, remote from the backrest, of the plane passing through the rotation shaft of the head support and the fastening point of the short arm to the backrest.
  • This achieves that, when the chair is tilted rearward, the head support 11 tilts less far to the rear (for instance 20°) than the rest of the chair (for instance 30°). This is to ensure that a person sitting in the chair does not have the feeling of falling backwards when the chair is tilted rearward.
  • Other features and advantages of the invention will be elucidated hereinbelow with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
    • Fig. 1 shows an embodiment of a shower/toilet chair according to the invention in front/side perspective view in its lowest rest position,
    • Fig. 2 is a side view of the shower/toilet chair according to Fig. 1 in its lowest position,
    • Fig. 3 is a side view of the shower/toilet chair according to Fig. 1 in its highest position,
    • Fig. 4 shows a perspective view of a detail of an embodiment of the coupling between the secondary frame and the base frame and an adjusting mechanism of the head support,
    • Fig. 5 is a side view of the embodiment according to Fig. 4 in its non-tilted position, and
    • Fig. 6 shows a side view of the embodiment according to Fig. 4 in a tilted position.
  • Figure 1 shows a height-adjustable and tiltable shower chair which can also be used as a toilet chair in the shown, non-adjusted situation. The chair consists of two frames, a support frame 1 and a secondary frame 2.
  • Support frame 1 comprises two tubular longitudinal bars 3 which are mutually connected at their front ends by means of a likewise tubular crossbar 4. Longitudinal bars 3 bear swivel wheels 6 at their front ends and swivel wheels 7 at their rear ends. Crossbar 4 is situated as far to the front of the chair as possible so as to enable unimpeded sliding of longitudinal bars 3 along the toilet bowl during use as a toilet chair.
  • Secondary frame 2 is formed substantially by a tube frame 8 to which a chair seat 9 and a backrest 10 are fixed. A head support 11, two footrests 12 and two armrests 13 are further fixed to tube frame 8.
  • The above description of the general construction of the shower/toilet chair is deemed sufficient to understand the type of chair to which the invention relates.
  • Fixed onto each of longitudinal bars 3 of support frame 1 is a tube 15 which protrudes upward while inclining slightly to the rear. As seen from the front side of the chair, the point of attachment 14 lies beyond the centre of longitudinal bars 3. Dropping round each tube 15 is a tube 16, which forms a telescopic guiding together with tube 15. At their top outer ends tubes 16 are fixed to tube frame 8 of secondary frame 2 on either side of the upper edge of backrest 10. A per se known linear actuator 17 is arranged inside each set of tubes 15 and 16 slidable into each other as a telescopic guiding. Such an actuator comprises a spindle in the one tube which co-acts with a nut in the other tube. An electric motor for rotating the spindle can be incorporated in the backrest or, in a very compact embodiment, in the upper part of each tube 16.
  • In the latter case a watertight construction can be realized in simple manner, this of course being of great importance in the use as shower chair.
  • Linear actuators are a normal commercial product, for instance type LA 22 from the firm LINAK, for forming a compact construction for the direct conversion of a rotating movement to a linear movement, and do not therefore require detailed explanation. Actuator 17 consists of three main components: motor, gear transmission and spindle including nut. The spindle part and the nut form the heart of actuator 17. The transmission transmits the rotation movement of the motor to the spindle.
  • Extending rod assemblies consisting of two tubes 18 and 19 sliding telescopically into each other are mounted under each side of chair seat 9 for the purpose of tilting the chair rearward. Tube 18 is mounted at an outer end on tube frame 8 of secondary frame 2 under one of the front corner points of chair seat 9. Tubes 19 are each mounted at their free end on one of the lower ends of frame tubes 16. Each set of tubes 18,19 is embodied as a linear actuator (not shown) of the same type as actuator 17.
  • Two handles in the form of two brackets 21 and 22 connecting frame tubes 16 are arranged for moving the chair. These brackets also ensure a good stability of the chair in transverse direction. The upper bracket 21 is suitable for a somewhat taller operating person and lower bracket 22 for a somewhat shorter person and for allowing easy moving of the chair in its upwardly adjusted position.
  • Figure 2 shows the chair in its lowest position. In this position a person can sit down in the chair and get out of the chair, and the chair can serve as toilet chair. The chair can also be tilted rearward (shown with broken lines), for instance in order to attend the feet of a person sitting in the chair.
  • Figure 3 shows the chair in its highest position. In this position a person sitting in the chair can easily be helped during showering without the caring person having to bend. The latter is also the case when the chair is tilted rearward in the highest position (shown with broken lines), for instance for washing the hair of a person sitting in the chair.
  • The drive for the height adjustment and the tilting of the chair according to the invention will be further described hereinbelow.
  • For the embodiment shown in the figures this will be done first with reference to figures 2 and 3.
  • For the height adjustment use is made of electric motors which are located in the linear actuator inside backrest 10 or inside frame tubes 16.
  • When the motor is activated the extending parts 25 and 26 of actuators 17 move apart. Part 25 is mounted hingedly at its upper end in frame tube 16 and part 26 is mounted hingedly at its lower end in frame tube 15. When actuators 17 extend the chair moves upward from the position shown in figure 2 to no further than the position shown in figure 3. The centre of gravity of the chair is displaced slightly here to the rear.
  • When the linear actuator formed by extending rods 18 and 19 is activated, secondary frame 2 of the chair rotates about the rotation point between secondary frame 2 and frame tubes 16 at the position of the top side of backrest 10. The chair herein rotates to the position shown with broken lines in figures 2 and 3, wherein the centre of gravity of the chair is displaced slightly to the front side of the chair. The high position of the rotation point during tilting also moves the chair seat upward, so that less than the normal height adjustment is necessary in order to reach the same height position.
  • When the rearward inclination of the frame tubes in combination with the maximum angular rotation of the chair during tilting are chosen such that the centres of gravity in the highest position of the chair in the tilted and non-tilted positions lie roughly equally far from a vertical plane lying centrally between front wheels 6 and rear wheels 7, it is achieved that the stability of the chair is as great as possible with the smallest possible distance between front and rear wheels 6 and 7.
  • An elegant alignment of the chair is also obtained by choosing the rearward inclining position of frame tubes 15,16 the same as the inclining position of the backrest.
  • The details of an embodiment of a shower/toilet chair according to the invention shown in figures 4-6 relate to an adjustable head support 11 above backrest 10 of the chair.
  • According to an aspect of the present invention, head support 11 tilts less far back (for instance 20') than the rest of the chair (for instance 30') when the chair is tilted rearward. This is to ensure that a person sitting in the chair does not get the feeling of falling backward when the chair is tilted rearward. This sensation is easily created when the head support tilts rearward to the same extent as the seat and backrest of the chair. Tilting the head support less far to the rear achieves according to the invention that the person sitting in the chair remains looking straight ahead more instead of at the ceiling, and is thus given less of a sensation of falling backward.
  • An example of a transmission mechanism 27 for achieving the above stated tilting of the head support is shown in figure 4. Figures 5 and 6 show a shower/toilet chair provided with such a mechanism in its extreme positions. This mechanism, essentially consisting of a 4-rod mechanism, will now be described with reference to figure 4. It will be apparent that there are other mechanisms for realizing said tilting of the head support, for instance mechanisms with a different number of rods or a mechanism in which use is made of a gear transmission, these mechanisms all lying within the reach of the skilled person.
  • As can be clearly seen in figure 4, a connecting rod 28 is mounted fixedly between upper outer ends of frame tubes 16. Connecting rod 28 forms the pivoting shaft between support frame 1 and secondary frame 2 for tilting the chair.
  • Backrest 10 is fixed to a sub-frame 29. Mounted on either side of this sub-frame are arms 30, which are mounted at their free ends with a bushing for rotation round the connecting rod 28 between second frame tubes 16.
  • Fixed close to the centre of connecting rod 28 is a short arm 31 which protrudes obliquely upward in the direction of the top side of backrest 10 and has on its free end a round hole into which protrudes a pin 32 extending parallel to connecting rod 28. Fastened to pin 32 is a collar 33 which is fixedly connected to a tube 34 extending centrally between second frame tubes 16 in vertical direction.
  • A rod 35 bearing head support 11 is received slidably in tube 34. Rod 35 fits into tube 34 with friction and can be displaced therein by hand for the purpose of manual height adjustment of the head support.
  • A long arm 36 is further mounted for free rotation round pin 32. Arm 36 is fixedly connected to bush 33 so that tube 34 also rotates round pin 32 when arm 36 is rotated around pin 32. The free outer end of this arm 36 is connected to the outer end of a short arm 38 for free rotation about shaft 37. The other end 39 of this short arm 38 is connected in freely rotatably manner to a low-lying part of sub-frame 29 bearing backrest 10. Shaft 37 lies on the side, remote from backrest 10, of the plane passing through axes of rotation points 32 and 39.
  • Using a turning knob 40 connected to an adjusting mechanism the tube 34 can further be rotated about pin 32 for the purpose of manually tilting head support 11 forward or rearward. For this purpose turning knob 40 carries a spindle with which the distance between the centre of long arm 36 and tube 34 can be changed independently of the automatic rotation of head support 11 during tilting of the chair.
  • The operation of the mechanism shown in figures 4-6 is as follows:
    • Upon rotation of secondary frame 2 of the chair about the rotation axis formed by connecting rod 28 from the position shown in figure 5 to the position shown in figure 6 and back, sub-frame 29 of backrest 10 also rotates about this rotation axis. The outer end 39 of short arm 38, which is fixed to sub-frame 29, herein describes an arc with the rotation axis of connecting rod 28 as centre, as if there were a direct arm connection between rod 28 and outer end 39 of arm 38.
    • As the outer end 39 is displaced, arms 38 and 36 also co-rotate therewith, wherein arm 36 rotates about the outer end (pin 32) of arm 31. During rotation of outer end 39 through a determined angle α (imaginary round rod 28) arm 36 rotates through an angle β about the end of arm 31, wherein β becomes increasingly smaller than α as the ratio between lengths of arms 36 and 38 becomes smaller and/or the length of arm 31 becomes greater. Since during rotation of pin 33 through an angle β the tube 34 with the pin 35 with head support 11 inserted therein also rotates through the same angle β, and β is smaller than α, head support 11 will automatically tilt less far to the rear than the chair during rearward tilting, and the opposite will happen during tilting back. In a determined preferred embodiment a suitable ratio between α and β lies between 1.0 and 2.0, and is preferably about 1.5, so that the head support tilts through about 20' when the chair is tilted through about 30°.
  • Independently of the above described, automatically operating adjustment of the head support, tube 34 will be rotated about pin 32 when turning knob 40 is rotated in order to adjust the initial tilt position of head support 11 relative to the rest of the chair or to adjust the tilt position of the head support after rearward tilting of the chair. The latter is for instance for the purpose of additional tilting of the head support to the rear in the rearward tilted showering position of the chair, so as to thus enable easier washing of the hair of a person sitting in the chair.
  • Finally, the height of head support 11 can be adjusted without additional operating means by pulling pin 35 further out of tube 34 or pressing it further therein by means of a friction connection between tube 34 and pin 35.
  • In an embodiment (not shown) of a shower/toilet chair according to the invention a shorter length of the telescopic guiding can be obtained by fixing the upper end thereof to secondary frame 2 close to the rear edge of seat 9. So as to still obtain a relatively long extended length with such a shorter pushed-in telescopic guiding, a telescopic guiding consisting of three parts may be necessary.
  • Control means for the height adjustment and tilting of the shower/toilet chair according to the invention can be easily concealed in the backrest of the chair, wherein the electrical wiring of these control means can be readily concealed in the tubes of the chair. This is particularly the case for the motor for rearward tilting of the chair, which is situated in tubes 18 close to the front corners of chair seat 9. The wiring then runs via frame tubes 8 of secondary frame 2 and does not therefore have to span any variable distance.
  • One of the most striking advantages of the invention is the absence of components which could possibly get in the way. Only the telescopic guiding 15,16 is situated between base frame 1 and the essential components of the actual chair. Since this is placed far to the rear, there is little danger of a person sitting in the chair and an assisting person being inconvenienced by components getting in the way. This enhances safety.
  • The open design of the construction is also advantageous for cleaning and keeping the chair clean. This greatly enhances hygiene.
  • It will be apparent that only a few possible embodiments of a shower/toilet chair according to the invention are shown in the drawings and described above, and that many modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the present invention as stated in the appended claims.

Claims (22)

  1. Height-adjustable shower and toilet chair, particularly suitable for disabled persons, comprising a support frame (1) provided with means (6,7) with which it can support on the ground, a secondary frame (2) which bears a seat (9) and a backrest (11), which support frame (1) and which secondary frame (2) respectively carry on either side at least a first frame tube (15) and at least a second frame tube (16) which are slidable into each other as a telescopic guiding for the purpose of height adjustment of the secondary frame, characterized in that the frame tubes (15,16) extend on the side of the support surface of the backrest (10) remote from the chair seat (9), and that drive means (17) are present in the telescopic frame tubes (15,16) for the purpose of adjusting the height of the shower/toilet chair by telescopic sliding of the frame tubes (15,16).
  2. Chair as claimed in claim 1, wherein the frame tubes (15,16) are embodied so as to form the only load-bearing coupling between the support frame (1) and the secondary frame (2).
  3. Chair as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein the frame tubes (15,16) extend on either side of the backrest.
  4. Chair as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that each second frame tube (16) is connected at its upper end to the secondary frame (2,8) by means of a pivoting connection.
  5. Chair as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that the pivoting connections between each second frame tube (16) and the secondary frame (2,8) are situated close to the top side of the backrest (10), that extending rods (18,19) are mounted between respectively one of the front corner points of the chair seat (9) and one of the lower ends of the second frame tubes (16), and that drive means are present for tilting the shower/toilet chair by telescopically sliding the extending rods (18,19).
  6. Chair as claimed in claim 5, wherein the backrest (10) already inclines slightly rearward when the chair is not in the rearward tilted position, characterized in that the frame tubes (15,16) which are telescopically slidable into each other extend in a plane parallel to the plane in which the backrest (10) lies.
  7. Chair as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that the pivoting connections between each second frame tube (16) and the secondary frame (2,8) are situated close to the underside of the backrest (10).
  8. Chair as claimed in any of the foregoing claims, characterized in that the drive means in the frame tubes (15,16) telescopically slidable into each other are formed by a linear actuator (17:25,26) which can be operated by an electric motor.
  9. Chair as claimed in claim 8, characterized in that the electric motor is accommodated in the backrest (10).
  10. Chair as claimed in claim 8, characterized in that the electric motor is accommodated in the upper part of each of the second frame tubes (16).
  11. Chair as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that the telescopically slidable rods (18,19) are formed by a linear actuator which can be operated by an electric motor.
  12. Chair as claimed in any of the foregoing claims, characterized in that at least one handle (21) is present in the form of a bracket connecting the frame tubes.
  13. Chair as claimed in claim 12, characterized in that two handles (21,22) are present lying one above the other.
  14. Chair as claimed in any of the claims 3-13, comprising a head support (11) arranged above the backrest (10) and a transmission mechanism (27) arranged between the head support and the backrest for causing tilting of the head support relative to the backrest during tilting of the backrest.
  15. Chair as claimed in claim 14, wherein the transmission mechanism (27) is adapted to tilt the head support (11) relative to the backrest (10) in a pre-adjustable ratio.
  16. Chair as claimed in claim 14 or 15, wherein the mechanism is adapted to tilt the head support and backrest in a ratio between the angular rotation of the backrest (10) and of the head support (11) in the range of 1 to 2, preferably of about 1.5.
  17. Chair as claimed in any of the foregoing claims, wherein a head support (11) is present above the backrest (10), characterized in that the head support (11) is connected to the secondary frame (2,8) for rotation about a rotation shaft (32) extending in horizontal direction parallel to the support surface of the backrest (10).
  18. Chair as claimed in claim 17, characterized in that the head support (11) is fixed to a pin (35) which protrudes into a tube (34) which is rotatable about the rotation shaft (32) for making the head support (11) rotatable relative to the backrest (10).
  19. Chair as claimed in claim 17, characterized in that an adjusting mechanism (40) is present for manually rotating the head support (11) in forward or rearward direction about the rotation shaft (32).
  20. Chair as claimed in claim 18, characterized in that the pin (35) bearing the head support (11) protrudes with friction into the tube (34) for the purpose of manual height adjustment of the head support (11).
  21. Chair as claimed in any of the claims 4-18, wherein the pivoting connection (28) between each second frame tube (16) and the secondary frame (2,8) is situated close to the upper side of the backrest (10), wherein the rotation shaft (32) about which the head support (11) is rotatable lies a short distance from said pivoting connection (28) and closer to the support surface of the backrest (10), and that a relatively long arm (36) is fixedly connected at an outer end to the rotation shaft (32) about which the head support (11) is rotatable, and a relatively short arm (38) is rotatably connected at an outer end to a low-lying part (39) of the backrest (10), and the other outer ends of the long and short arm are connected rotatably to each other at a rotation point (37) lying on the side, remote from the backrest (10), of the plane passing through the rotation shaft (32) of the head support (11) and the fastening point (39) of the short arm (38) to the backrest (10).
  22. Chair as claimed in claims 19 and 21, wherein the adjusting mechanism (40) for manual rotation of the head support (11) engages on the long arm (36).
EP06018378A 2006-09-01 2006-09-01 Adjustable shower- and toilet chair Active EP1894553B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP06018378A EP1894553B1 (en) 2006-09-01 2006-09-01 Adjustable shower- and toilet chair

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE602006020870T DE602006020870D1 (en) 2006-09-01 2006-09-01 Adjustable chair for shower and toilet
EP06018378A EP1894553B1 (en) 2006-09-01 2006-09-01 Adjustable shower- and toilet chair
AT06018378T AT502614T (en) 2006-09-01 2006-09-01 Adjustable chair for shower and toilet

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1894553A1 true EP1894553A1 (en) 2008-03-05
EP1894553B1 EP1894553B1 (en) 2011-03-23

Family

ID=37700910

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP06018378A Active EP1894553B1 (en) 2006-09-01 2006-09-01 Adjustable shower- and toilet chair

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP1894553B1 (en)
AT (1) AT502614T (en)
DE (1) DE602006020870D1 (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2010146376A1 (en) * 2009-06-19 2010-12-23 William Hugh Wilson Chair with height adjustable mast
CN105853087A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-08-17 于久权 Mobile fixing chair for spinal fractures
US9949596B2 (en) 2016-04-18 2018-04-24 Andrew Hoesman Bathing assistance assembly
WO2019019993A1 (en) * 2017-07-27 2019-01-31 Automation For Humanity Limited Sit-down bathing configuration

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2124557A (en) * 1982-03-13 1984-02-22 Peter Arthur Mcardle Wheelchairs
DE19842618A1 (en) * 1997-09-19 1999-03-25 Tgr Srl Motorized invalid chair with adjustable seat position
EP1208830A2 (en) 1999-02-12 2002-05-29 Borringia Industrie AG A lifting and/or transporting device for humans
DE20218195U1 (en) 2002-11-20 2003-02-06 Brandenberger Kurt Transport chair for patient hygiene has simple drive locking using lifting rods
WO2004098479A1 (en) * 2003-05-05 2004-11-18 Arjo Hospital Equipment Ab Patient chair with a vertically movable seat

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2124557A (en) * 1982-03-13 1984-02-22 Peter Arthur Mcardle Wheelchairs
DE19842618A1 (en) * 1997-09-19 1999-03-25 Tgr Srl Motorized invalid chair with adjustable seat position
EP1208830A2 (en) 1999-02-12 2002-05-29 Borringia Industrie AG A lifting and/or transporting device for humans
DE20218195U1 (en) 2002-11-20 2003-02-06 Brandenberger Kurt Transport chair for patient hygiene has simple drive locking using lifting rods
WO2004098479A1 (en) * 2003-05-05 2004-11-18 Arjo Hospital Equipment Ab Patient chair with a vertically movable seat

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2010146376A1 (en) * 2009-06-19 2010-12-23 William Hugh Wilson Chair with height adjustable mast
US8876149B2 (en) 2009-06-19 2014-11-04 Mi-Care Solutions Limited Chair with height adjustable mast
US9949596B2 (en) 2016-04-18 2018-04-24 Andrew Hoesman Bathing assistance assembly
CN105853087A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-08-17 于久权 Mobile fixing chair for spinal fractures
WO2019019993A1 (en) * 2017-07-27 2019-01-31 Automation For Humanity Limited Sit-down bathing configuration

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP1894553B1 (en) 2011-03-23
AT502614T (en) 2011-04-15
DE602006020870D1 (en) 2011-05-05

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3952822A (en) Electrically powered wheel-chair for indoor and outdoor use
EP1689266B1 (en) Adjustable reclining chair
CA2204579C (en) Reclining chair
EP0726723B1 (en) A working chair with synchronous seat and back adjustment
CN102160717B (en) Linkage zero clearance wall for lift recliner
EP0463652A1 (en) Biomechanical body support
US4232901A (en) Adjustable ottoman
US6503212B2 (en) Massage chair for carrying out foot massage by utilizing whirlpool
US6557934B2 (en) Motorized reclining mechanism and furniture item
US6382725B1 (en) Examination chair with lifting and tilting mechanism
US5098158A (en) Articulated relaxation chair
US5984411A (en) Elevator chair
US6000758A (en) Reclining lift chair
US7641277B2 (en) Zero-wall clearance linkage mechanism for a high-leg seating unit
US5556163A (en) Automatically adjustable office and task chairs
US6752459B2 (en) Adjustable chair
US20040148704A1 (en) Articulating bed frame
US5312153A (en) Recline lift wall hugger chair
US4598944A (en) Hand grip controlled, user assisted raising chair
US20070095582A1 (en) Wheelchair with mechanical arm
US6789280B1 (en) Articulated medical bed
EP0057543A1 (en) Mechanism for raising and lowering a seat for handicapped persons
US6076209A (en) Articulation mechanism for a medical bed
CA1098436A (en) Obstetric chair
US6923503B2 (en) Chair with movable seat and backrest

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AX Request for extension of the european patent to

Extension state: AL BA HR MK YU

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC NL PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 20080902

17Q First examination report

Effective date: 20081014

AKX Payment of designation fees

Designated state(s): AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC NL PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

RAP1 Transfer of rights of an ep published application

Owner name: SPARK DESIGN & INNOVATION B.V.

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: B1

Designated state(s): AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC NL PL PT RO SE SI SK TR

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: GB

Ref legal event code: FG4D

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: CH

Ref legal event code: EP

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: IE

Ref legal event code: FG4D

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: R096

Ref document number: 602006020870

Country of ref document: DE

Effective date: 20110505

REF Corresponds to:

Ref document number: 602006020870

Country of ref document: DE

Date of ref document: 20110505

Kind code of ref document: P

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: NL

Ref legal event code: T3

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: GR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110624

Ref country code: LV

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110323

Ref country code: SE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110323

Ref country code: LT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110323

LTIE Lt: invalidation of european patent or patent extension

Effective date: 20110323

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: CY

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110323

Ref country code: SI

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110323

Ref country code: BG

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110623

Ref country code: AT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110323

Ref country code: FI

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110323

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: R082

Ref document number: 602006020870

Country of ref document: DE

Representative=s name: ARNOLD & SIEDSMA, DE

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: EE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110323

Ref country code: PT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110725

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: R082

Ref document number: 602006020870

Country of ref document: DE

Representative=s name: ARNOLD & SIEDSMA, DE

Effective date: 20110930

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: R081

Ref document number: 602006020870

Country of ref document: DE

Owner name: SPARK DESIGN & INNOVATION B.V., NL

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: SPARK DESIGN & INNOVATION B.V., RIDDERKERK, NL

Effective date: 20110930

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: IS

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110723

Ref country code: SK

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110323

Ref country code: ES

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110704

Ref country code: CZ

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110323

Ref country code: RO

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110323

26N No opposition filed

Effective date: 20111227

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: PL

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110323

Ref country code: DK

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110323

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: R097

Ref document number: 602006020870

Country of ref document: DE

Effective date: 20111227

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: CH

Ref legal event code: PL

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: MC

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20110930

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: IT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110323

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: IE

Ref legal event code: MM4A

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: ST

Effective date: 20120531

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: CH

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20110930

Ref country code: IE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20110901

Ref country code: LI

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20110930

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: FR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20110930

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: LU

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20110901

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: TR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110323

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: HU

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20110323

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: DE

Payment date: 20180927

Year of fee payment: 13

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: NL

Payment date: 20180926

Year of fee payment: 13

Ref country code: GB

Payment date: 20180927

Year of fee payment: 13

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: BE

Payment date: 20180927

Year of fee payment: 13