EP1851503B1 - Bullet - Google Patents

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Publication number
EP1851503B1
EP1851503B1 EP06704542A EP06704542A EP1851503B1 EP 1851503 B1 EP1851503 B1 EP 1851503B1 EP 06704542 A EP06704542 A EP 06704542A EP 06704542 A EP06704542 A EP 06704542A EP 1851503 B1 EP1851503 B1 EP 1851503B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
projectile
core
cores
bullet
cylindrical
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP06704542A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1851503A1 (en
Inventor
Manuel F. Salvel
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Saltech AG
Original Assignee
Saltech AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CH2702005 priority Critical
Application filed by Saltech AG filed Critical Saltech AG
Priority to PCT/CH2006/000093 priority patent/WO2006086902A1/en
Publication of EP1851503A1 publication Critical patent/EP1851503A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1851503B1 publication Critical patent/EP1851503B1/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B30/00Projectiles or missiles, not otherwise provided for, characterised by the ammunition class or type, e.g. by the launching apparatus or weapon used
    • F42B30/02Bullets

Abstract

The invention relates to a bullet (10), optionally covered by a casing, comprising a front-side core (1) and a rear-side core (2). The rear-side core (2) rests in a positive and centered manner against the front-side core (1), and this rear-side core (2) completely fills the entire cylindrical and the truncated conical rear area (2) of the bullet (10). An engaging area (11, 12) is provided on both cores (1, 2) and permits the bullet (10) to be assembled with press fit thus resulting in a flush outer shape (3) of the bullet (10), and the contact surfaces (15; 13; 11 to 12) of the cores (1, 2) directly touch essentially over the entire contact surface (15; 13; 11 to 12) without a distance or gap. When the bullet (10) strikes a surface oriented in any manner with regard to the direction of firing (20), the bullet (10) splits into two harmless bullet parts.

Description

  • The invention relates to a projectile having a front core and a rear core, wherein the outer shape of the projectile, viewed from the projectile nose, is formed in ogiver form, merges into a cylindrical central region and ends in a conical rear region, wherein the rear core form-fitting centered on the front core is present and wherein this rear-side core fills the entire cylindrical and the truncated cone shaped rear portion of the projectile.
  • Such a projectile is as a coat bullet from the WO 99/10703 known, with two-part projectiles for more than 60 years, for example GB 601 686 , are known. The centric positive fit of the rear core to the front core allows one after the WO 99/10703 designed missile to provide good aerodynamic, ballistic and, above all, penetration characteristics for sniper missions.
  • From the DE 100 05 412 is a practice floor known, which has a reduced range. It consists of a projectile nose, which is connected via predetermined breaking points with a tail core. When shooting the projectile breaks through the inertia of the projectile nose the bullet, so that only a reduced flying distance is achieved.
  • The US 6,263,798 describes a projectile which is generated at elevated temperature but below the sintering temperature, so that it decomposes directly and completely in powder form during the impact. This document indicates that this method is also suitable for the production of lead-free practice ammunition.
  • The aforementioned practice munitions according to the prior art are expensive to produce and their shooting behavior does not correspond to that of combat ammunition at greater distances.
  • From the EP 0 563 552 is a projectile known which is suitable for long-haul flights. The projectile is formed in two parts, wherein, for example, the tip of heavy metal and a guide member is Tombak. This bullet forms a basis for the preamble of claim 1.
  • Based on this prior art, the present invention seeks to provide a bullet, which is cheaper than exercise ammunition and also lead-free manufacture.
  • A further object is to improve the ricochet behavior in the event of a non-frontal impact of the projectile designed as a training ammunition, that is to say to exclude the danger to third parties by rebounds and onward flight of the projectile more securely.
  • Finally, it is an object of the present invention to provide a training ammunition that can be used at the same distances as combat ammunition, that is, which has the same ballistic properties substantially until the impact.
  • This object is achieved for a projectile of the type mentioned by the features of claim 1.
  • The fact that the projectile as an integral element leaves the barrel of the firearm, a combat ammunition similar flight behavior for speed and trajectory is achievable. By dismantling the projectile into two, for example, approximately equal parts upon impact under a more or less arbitrary rebound angle, a risk to third parties is excluded, without having to fall back to a bursting of the training ammunition in powder form or the like. The conception of ammunition as a pure steel bullet makes production less costly. There are further special functions such as tracer, etc. integrated in a simple manner.
  • Advantageous embodiments are characterized in the subclaims.
  • The invention will now be described in more detail with reference to the single figure, which is an exploded view of a projectile.
  • The single figure shows a two-part projectile 10, which is designed here without a coat. It has a front core 1 and a rear core 2. The outer shape 3 of the projectile 10, viewed from the projectile nose 4, is formed in ogiver shape and merges into a cylindrical central region 5 and ends in a conical rear region 6. The middle region 5 has a circumferential rounded groove 7. The two cores 1 and 2 are made of solid material.
  • In this case, the rear-side core 2 is positively placed centered on the front core 1 by means of an engagement region which carries the reference numerals 11 and 12. The size ratios of the front-side core 1 and the rear-side core 2 are such that this rear-side core 2 fills the entire cylindrical central region 5 and the truncated cone-shaped rear region 6 of the projectile 10. The connection between the two cores 1 and 2 may be an interference fit, which means here, for example, that by simply loading both cores 1 and 2 with shearing forces by a user, the two cores 1 and 2 can not be separated. The fits can be specified exactly according to ISA. In this respect, other seats are possible. Essential is the effect of the assembly of the projectile 10, which leads to a non-gravity connection. It is also possible that the connection of the projectile halves is a clamping connection and / or a frictional connection, provided that it is ensured that only the parts only come apart in the event of an impact, even at a low angle. Supportive acts in the cohesion of the projectile, which act on the projectile 10 in the use of substantially forces in the longitudinal direction.
  • If, on the other hand, the projectile 10 fired from a firearm does not strike a surface face-to-face, for example a surface which is at an angle between 5 and 30 degrees to the direction of flight, ie longitudinal axis 20, of the projectile 10, sufficient shear forces are applied the projectile 10 and it breaks down into the two cores 1 and 2, whereby the other danger area is greatly reduced after the rebound. In a collision of the projectile 10 on an arbitrary oriented to the firing direction 20 surface, the projectile 10 is thus decomposed into two safer bullets.
  • Suitable embodiments of the engagement region of the two cores 1 and 2 comprise a central butt cone 11 of the front core 1 at an angle between 1 and 20 degrees, preferably between 2 and 10 degrees, in particular 3 degrees relative to the longitudinal axis 20 of the projectile 10, and a for This advantageously has almost the same angle, in particular a slightly smaller angle, as the truncated cone 11, for example a smaller by 0.2 to 1 degree, in particular 0.5 degrees smaller Angle, that means here an angle of 2.5 degrees with respect to the longitudinal axis 20 by 0.03 millimeters smaller inner diameter of the rear frustoconical core cone 12 when the two abutment surfaces 13 of the two cores 1 and 2 are pressed together, so that no air gap at the surfaces 13 is.
  • The thickness of the wall 14 of the rear core cone 12 is in the embodiment shown here on the stop surface 13, that is, in the cylindrical central region 5, 1.17 millimeters at an outer diameter of 10.884 millimeters. In particular, the wall thickness of the frustoconical hollow cone 12 can be between 1/5 and 1/3 of the diameter of the projectile 10 in its cylindrical section.
  • The dimensions of the stop surfaces 15, however, are identical on both cores 1 and 2. The stop surfaces 15 extend like the surfaces 13 in a plane perpendicular to the longitudinal direction 20 of the projectile 10. The depth or height of the cones 11 and 12 is preferably identical, so that in successive set and pressed or pressed cores 1 and 2 on the outside flush bullet 10 results. The height of the front core cone 11 in this embodiment is 4 millimeters and thus between 1/4 to 1/8, here 1/6 of the length of one of the two cores 1 or 2.
  • Instead of the cones 11 and 12 of the cores 1 and 2 also substantially complementary cylindrical elements can interlock.
  • The cores 1 and 2 here are advantageously formed of identical material. In particular, the two cores 1 and 2 can both be made of steel of similar hardness or the same steel, resulting in a material-like connection, clamping connection or press fit. The production is opposite the storeys very simple according to the state of the art. In particular, it is not necessary to press the hard front core 1 and then the soft rear core 2 into a shell of the projectile 10.
  • The length of the front core 1 is for example 24 millimeters, while the length of the rear core 2 is for example 23 millimeters. Thus, due to the external shape of the cores 1 and 2, an equal weight distribution is given. Thus, in an impact of the projectile 10, two substantially equal and equally heavy fragments. The length or weight ratio of the cores 1 and 2 to one another can be selected, for example, between 1: 3 to 3: 1, advantageously between 1: 2 to 2: 1 and even more preferably between 1: 1.3 to 1.3: 1.
  • The projectile 10 may be configured as a shell projectile in another embodiment of the invention, the shell of the projectile 10 then only has leadership properties in the tube and is made so thin that the mantle in any way with the destruction of the projectile 10 upon impact of the projectile 10 interferes with a target. In the production of such a mantle projectile then advantageously the two-piece cores 1 and 2 shown in the figure are first compressed before a jacket is over-pressed over the resulting projectile 10. This jacket can be crimped in particular in the groove 7.
  • Instead of a truncated cone 11 on the front core 1 and a hollow truncated cone 12 on the rear core 2, the two-part projectile 10 can also be constructed exactly the other way round, whereby the walls 14 are thus formed on the front core 1.

Claims (9)

  1. Projectile (10) having a front-side core (1) and having a rear-side core (2), wherein the external form (3) of the projectile (10), viewed starting from the projectile nose (4), being of ogive-shaped configuration, transforming into a cylindrical middle region (5) and ending in a conical rear region (6), wherein the rear-side core (2) bearing positively fitted in a centred manner against the front-side core (1) and this rear-side core (2) filling the entire cylindrical and the frustoconically configured rear region (2) of the projectile (10), wherein both cores (1, 2) consist of one and the same material namely of steel and wherein a contact zone (11, 12) is respectively configured on the two cores (1, 2), which contact zone allows the projectile (10) to be joined together in a joint which does not weaken under gravitational force, a perfectly aligned external form (3) of the projectile (10) being obtained and the contact faces (15; 13; 11 to 12) of the cores (1, 2) directly touching one another, substantially without a clearance or gap over the whole of the contact face (15; 13; 11 to 12).
  2. Projectile according to Claim 1, characterized in that the projectile comprises a jacket, which is designed sufficiently thin that the jacket in no way interferes with the destruction of the projectile when the projectile hits a target.
  3. Projectile according to Claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the one contact zone is a frustoconical cone (11) and the other contact zone is a frustoconical hollow cone (12).
  4. Projectile according to Claim 3, characterized in that the central truncated cone (11) is configured with an angle of between 1 and 20 degrees, preferably between 2 and 10 degrees, more particularly of 3 degrees, and in that the frustoconical hollow cone (12) has an angle which is 0.2 to 1 degree smaller, more particularly 0.5 degree smaller.
  5. Projectile according to Claim 3 or 4, characterized in that the wall thickness of the frustoconical hollow cone (12) measures between 1/5 and 1/3 of the diameter of the projectile (10) at its cylindrical portion (5).
  6. Projectile according to one of claims 3 to 5, characterized in that the height of the central truncated cone (11) measures between 1/4 and 1/8, in particular 1/6, of the length of one of the two cores (1, 2).
  7. Projectile according to one of Claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the cylindrical portion (5) possesses a circumferential groove (7), which can be used, in particular, for the crimping of a projectile jacket.
  8. Projectile according to one of Claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the length or weight ratio of the cores (1 and 2) one to the other measures, for example, between 1:2 and 2:1.
  9. Projectile according to one of Claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the parts of the joined-together projectile (10) stand in a clamped joint, in a frictional engagement or in a press fit one to the other.
EP06704542A 2005-02-16 2006-02-13 Bullet Active EP1851503B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CH2702005 2005-02-16
PCT/CH2006/000093 WO2006086902A1 (en) 2005-02-16 2006-02-13 Bullet

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PL06704542T PL1851503T3 (en) 2005-02-16 2006-02-13 Bullet
SI200630904T SI1851503T1 (en) 2005-02-16 2006-02-13 Bullet

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1851503A1 EP1851503A1 (en) 2007-11-07
EP1851503B1 true EP1851503B1 (en) 2010-11-10

Family

ID=36121322

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP06704542A Active EP1851503B1 (en) 2005-02-16 2006-02-13 Bullet

Country Status (17)

Country Link
US (1) US8117967B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1851503B1 (en)
KR (1) KR20070106558A (en)
AT (1) AT487919T (en)
BR (1) BRPI0607157B1 (en)
CA (1) CA2598138C (en)
DE (1) DE502006008275D1 (en)
DK (1) DK1851503T3 (en)
ES (1) ES2354988T3 (en)
IL (1) IL185279A (en)
NO (1) NO339446B1 (en)
PL (1) PL1851503T3 (en)
PT (1) PT1851503E (en)
SG (1) SG159552A1 (en)
SI (1) SI1851503T1 (en)
WO (1) WO2006086902A1 (en)
ZA (1) ZA200707788B (en)

Families Citing this family (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102011005389B3 (en) * 2011-03-10 2012-03-01 Metallwerk Elisenhütte GmbH Projectile for practice cartridges
USD733835S1 (en) 2011-07-26 2015-07-07 Ra Brands, L.L.C. Firearm bullet
USD733252S1 (en) 2011-07-26 2015-06-30 Ra Brands, L.L.C. Firearm bullet and portion of firearm cartridge
USD733837S1 (en) 2011-07-26 2015-07-07 Ra Brands, L.L.C. Firearm bullet
USD733836S1 (en) 2011-07-26 2015-07-07 Ra Brands, L.L.C. Firearm bullet
US8950333B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2015-02-10 Ra Brands, L.L.C. Multi-component bullet with core retention feature and method of manufacturing the bullet
USD735289S1 (en) 2011-07-26 2015-07-28 R.A. Brands, L.L.C. Firearm bullet
USD733834S1 (en) 2011-07-26 2015-07-07 Ra Brands, L.L.C. Firearm bullet
USD734419S1 (en) 2011-07-26 2015-07-14 Ra Brands, L.L.C. Firearm bullet
US9188414B2 (en) 2013-02-15 2015-11-17 Ra Brands, L.L.C. Reduced friction expanding bullet with improved core retention feature and method of manufacturing the bullet
US9534876B2 (en) 2013-05-28 2017-01-03 Ra Brands, L.L.C. Projectile and mold to cast projectile
RU2556399C2 (en) * 2013-12-05 2015-07-10 Закрытое акционерное общество "Барнаульский патронный завод" Small arms cartridge bullet
USD765215S1 (en) 2015-01-22 2016-08-30 United Tactical Systems, Llc Non-lethal projectile
US9766049B2 (en) * 2015-01-27 2017-09-19 United Tactical Systems, Llc Aerodynamic projectile
KR101568319B1 (en) * 2015-03-13 2015-11-12 주식회사 두레텍 Assembling Type Bullet
USD770005S1 (en) * 2015-03-18 2016-10-25 Silencerco, Llc Projectile
USD821536S1 (en) * 2016-08-24 2018-06-26 Silencerco, Llc Projectile
KR101702955B1 (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-02-09 주식회사 두레텍 Bullet with Increased Effective Range
US20180135950A1 (en) * 2016-11-14 2018-05-17 Erik Agazim Frangible Bullet Tip

Family Cites Families (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB601686A (en) 1942-02-27 1948-05-11 Lumalampan Ab Improvements in and relating to projectiles
NL135092C (en) * 1962-03-17
LU47107A1 (en) * 1964-10-08 1966-04-08
US3580178A (en) * 1967-10-31 1971-05-25 Paul J Kopsch Externally lubricated projectile and method of making same
US3780657A (en) * 1971-09-27 1973-12-25 Colt S Inc Frangible projectile
DE3617460C1 (en) * 1986-05-23 1987-10-01 Nwm De Kruithoorn Bv Decay bullet for cartridge maneuvering
DE4210204A1 (en) 1992-03-28 1993-09-30 Elisenhuette Metallwerk Cartridge for firearms
FR2736426B1 (en) 1995-07-07 1997-08-08 Giat Ind Sa Projectile with shortened trajectory
EP0853228B1 (en) * 1997-01-14 2002-03-06 Oerlikon Contraves Pyrotec AG Projectile and manufacturing method therefor
US6457417B1 (en) * 1997-04-16 2002-10-01 Doris Nebel Beal Inter Vivos Patent Trust Method for the manufacture of a frangible nonsintered powder-based projectile for use in gun ammunition and product obtained thereby
BR9811350A (en) * 1997-08-26 2000-09-12 Eidgenoess Munitionsfab Thun Hard core jacketed projectile
US6090178A (en) 1998-04-22 2000-07-18 Sinterfire, Inc. Frangible metal bullets, ammunition and method of making such articles
DE10005412B4 (en) 2000-02-08 2004-09-23 Rheinmetall W & M Gmbh training projectile

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
ES2354988T3 (en) 2011-03-21
ZA200707788B (en) 2009-08-26
NO339446B1 (en) 2016-12-12
IL185279D0 (en) 2008-02-09
WO2006086902A1 (en) 2006-08-24
BRPI0607157A2 (en) 2009-08-11
US8117967B2 (en) 2012-02-21
NO20074524L (en) 2007-11-12
BRPI0607157B1 (en) 2018-05-15
SG159552A1 (en) 2010-03-30
EP1851503A1 (en) 2007-11-07
SI1851503T1 (en) 2011-02-28
IL185279A (en) 2011-06-30
DK1851503T3 (en) 2011-02-28
US20080264290A1 (en) 2008-10-30
PL1851503T3 (en) 2011-04-29
CA2598138C (en) 2012-02-28
CA2598138A1 (en) 2006-08-24
KR20070106558A (en) 2007-11-01
DE502006008275D1 (en) 2010-12-23
AT487919T (en) 2010-11-15
PT1851503E (en) 2011-02-01

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