EP1834059B1 - Positively controlled hinge for a concealed arrangement between a frame and leaf - Google Patents

Positively controlled hinge for a concealed arrangement between a frame and leaf Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1834059B1
EP1834059B1 EP05850239A EP05850239A EP1834059B1 EP 1834059 B1 EP1834059 B1 EP 1834059B1 EP 05850239 A EP05850239 A EP 05850239A EP 05850239 A EP05850239 A EP 05850239A EP 1834059 B1 EP1834059 B1 EP 1834059B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
hinge
frame
leaf
sash
lever
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP05850239A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1834059A1 (en
Inventor
Markus Lenze
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Dr Hanh GmbH and Co KG
Original Assignee
Dr Hanh GmbH and Co KG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE202005000064U priority Critical patent/DE202005000064U1/en
Application filed by Dr Hanh GmbH and Co KG filed Critical Dr Hanh GmbH and Co KG
Priority to PCT/EP2005/013135 priority patent/WO2006072331A1/en
Publication of EP1834059A1 publication Critical patent/EP1834059A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1834059B1 publication Critical patent/EP1834059B1/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D3/00Hinges with pins
    • E05D3/06Hinges with pins with two or more pins
    • E05D3/12Hinges with pins with two or more pins with two parallel pins and one arm
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D11/00Additional features or accessories of hinges
    • E05D11/10Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts
    • E05D11/1007Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts with positive locking
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/13Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/132Doors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/13Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/148Windows

Description

  • The invention relates to a band for a concealed arrangement between the frame and wing in particular a door or a window of the preamble of claim 1 corresponding type.
  • Such a band is from the GB 2 203 483 A known. To ensure that the pivoting movements of the hinge bracket controlled at opening angles of the wing to 90 degrees to the wing hinge axis, at opening angles> 90 degrees about the Zargenscharnierachse, this band has a pawl arrangement. The latter comprises a lever which is pivotally mounted on the hinge bracket about a parallel to the hinge axes on the hinge bracket.
  • The frame and wing hinge members each include a cam assembly that cooperates with one of the two end portions of the lever. The lever is spring loaded with a rotation spring acting between it and the hinge bracket so that the wing-side end portion of the lever is pressed against the cam surface of the wing cam assembly.
  • The cam arrangement of the wing hinge part has a Aufnehmung, in which the wing-side end portion of the lever can engage after reaching an opening position of the wing about 90 degrees, thereby the frame-side end portion of the lever from a recess of the cam assembly of the Zargenbandteils ausrückt and pivoting of the hinge bracket to the Zargenscharnierachse releases.
  • In the from the GB 2 203 483 A Known band is such for the door of a vehicle, in particular for the rear door of a van. Especially for larger and thus heavier wings, such as door or window sash this band is not suitable because it does not sufficiently ensure the controlled pivoting sequence of the hinge bracket to the frame and wing hinge axes.
  • The invention is therefore based on the object to further develop a generic tape such that it is also suitable for door or window sash.
  • This object is achieved by the reproduced in claim 1 band.
  • Characterized in that the cam assembly and the lever are designed such that a pivoting of the lever is positively controlled, is reliably prevented that the lever passes over the spring force out of engagement of the recess in the cam assembly and it to an uncontrolled pivoting of the hinge lever about both hinge axes comes.
  • By "positively controlled" is meant that the lever is guided over the entire opening path of the wing in both pivoting directions of the lever. An unintentional "disengagement" of an end portion of the lever from the associated recess of the cam assembly, as may occur in particular if play has due to wear of the end portions of the lever in the associated recess or the spring force subsides, is thus excluded.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the band according to the invention means are provided which limit pivoting of the hinge bracket about the Zargenscharnierachse to a certain Zargenschwenkwinkel. By this measure, the band according to the invention can be adapted to certain frames / wing systems. Furthermore, it is ensured that a pivoting of the hinge bracket about the Zargenscharnierachse by a greater than the maximum desired angle is impossible.
  • In a preferred constructional variant, these means have an extension provided on the hinge bracket.
  • On the Zargenbandteil then a recess may be provided, in which engages the extension and whose ends form the Zargenschwenkwinkel limiting stops for the extension.
  • The recess can-as particularly preferably-be designed in the form of a gallery and concentric with the frame hinge axis. The extension is then mounted in the appropriate distance to the Zargenscharnierachse on the hinge bracket and follows between the two longitudinal end portions during pivoting the course of the backdrop.
  • It has made sense in most applications to restrict the Zargenschwenkwinkel to a maximum of 90 degrees. In the preferred embodiment, the scenery thus extends approximately over the length of a quarter circle.
  • In a particularly preferred constructive variant of the band according to the invention, the cam arrangement of the Zargenbandteils a flat, extending approximately radially to the Zargenscharnierachse stop surface for the front side of the frame-side end portion of the lever. By this measure it is ensured that it can not come to relative movements between the frame-side end portion of the lever and the cam assembly with the result of increased wear or jamming when closing the wing in angular ranges in which the wing is pivoted exclusively about the wing hinge axis.
  • To ensure that in this angular range of the frame-side end portion reliably remains in engagement with the abutment surface, the cam assembly of the frame hinge part has a cam surface with which the wing-side end portion of the lever cooperates, wherein the cam surface is designed such that after reaching the maximum frame pivot angle of Lever is pivoted so that the frame-side end portion engages behind the stop surface and the pivoting of the hinge bracket is released to the wing hinge axis.
  • In order to release this pivoting movement when closing the wing upon reaching the critical opening angle at which further closing is possible only by releasing the pivoting movement about the Zargenscharnierachse, the cam surface of the frame hinge part preferably has an effective range, the pivot angle of the wing to the wing hinge axis Closing limited and pivoted upon reaching the minimum pivot angle, the lever so that the frame-side end portion is disengaged from the stop. Due to this measure, the pivoting of the lever is again forcibly controlled.
  • If the band according to the invention, as is particularly preferred, has a pawl arrangement of the type described on both sides of the hinge bracket, the operational reliability of the band is increased and it is avoided that the band is loaded asymmetrically by the actuating forces of the pawl arrangement.
  • In the drawing -schematisch- an embodiment of a tape according to the invention is shown. Show it:
  • Fig. 1
    the band with the wing closed;
    Fig. 2
    the band at an opening angle of the wing of about 70 degrees;
    Fig. 3
    the band at an opening angle of the wing of about 90 degrees;
    Fig. 4
    the band at an opening angle of the wing of about 180 degrees;
    Fig. 5
    the band during the closing of the wing at an opening angle of about 80 degrees;
    Fig. 6
    the band during the closing of the wing at an opening angle of about 70 degrees as well
    Fig. 7
    the band after completion of the closing of the wing.
  • The designated 100 in the drawing tape comprises a frame, not shown in the drawing, in particular in a provided for this purpose in the frame mounting frame Zargenbandteil 1 and on a likewise not shown in the drawing wings, especially in a provided in the wing mounting space attachable wing hinge part 2. Further, the band 100 comprises a hinge bracket 3, which is approximately U-shaped.
  • The hinge bracket 3 is pivotally mounted at one end by means of a Zargenbandzapfens 4 on the Zargenbandteil 1 about a Zargenscharnierachse S. The other end of the hinge bracket 3 is by means of a wing hinge pin 5 on the wing hinge part 2 about a wing hinge axis T, which is parallel to the Zargenscharnierachse S, also mounted pivotably. The hinge bracket 3 carries at its in the drawing above and below shown end faces 6, 7 each one belonging to a pawl assembly 8.9 lever 10, 11, wherein the lever about a to the frame and the wing hinge axis S, T parallel pivot axis U pivoted each by means of a pivot axis U defining screw 12, of which only the upper is shown in the drawing, is attached.
  • Furthermore, in each case an extension is attached to the end faces 6, 7 of the hinge bracket 3 at the zargenseitigem end portion, in the drawing, in turn, only the upwardly projecting extension 13 can be seen. The extensions are arranged at a radial distance R from the Zargenscharnierachse S and each project into a link 14, 15, wherein each link extends along a Zargenscharnierachse S concentric arc of an angle of about 90 degrees.
  • The longitudinal ends of the scenes 14, 15 form stops 16, 17 for the extension 13 and thus limit the maximum pivot angle of the hinge bracket 3 about the Zargenscharnierachse S.
  • The Zargen- and the wing hinge part 1, 2 each comprises 2 cam assemblies 18, 19, which are each arranged above and below the hinge bracket 3. The cam arrangements of the Zargen- or wing hinge parts on both sides of the hinge bracket 3 are similar in their function and mode of operation, so that only the better recognizable in the drawing, shown above cam assemblies are to be described below.
  • The cam assembly 18 of the Zargenbandteils 1, which forms a pawl assembly 8 together with the lever 10 and the cam assembly 19 of the wing hinge part 2 comprises a cam surface 20 which is parallel to the link 14 on a Zargenscharnierachse S concentric arc running. The cam surface 20 forms a contact surface for the frame-side end portion 21 of the lever 10, on which it expires during pivoting of the hinge bracket 3 about the Zargenscharnierachse S.
  • As in particular in Fig. 2 can be seen, the cam surface 20 is at its end shown in the drawing on the right about a radially extending Zargenscharnierachse S surface forming a stop surface 23 for the front end 24 of the frame-side end portion 21 of the lever 10 in a recess 22 on.
  • The cam arrangement 19 of the wing hinge part 2 has a cam surface 25 which runs along a concentric to the wing hinge axis T pitch circle. It forms a contact surface on which the wing-side end portion 26 of the lever 10 expires when the hinge bracket 3 is pivoted about the wing hinge axis T.
  • The outer contour 29 of the wing-side end portion of the lever 10 is arcuate convexly curved. In particular Fig. 3 can be removed, the cam surface 25 of the wing-side cam assembly 19 on the right side shown in the drawing in a concave shaped effective region 27, which is adapted to the design of the wing-side end portion 26 of the lever 10.
  • The function of the band will now be explained with reference to the drawing sequence.
  • In the closed state of the wing, the extension 13 is located on the stop 17 shown on the left in the drawing, the convex portion of the wing-side end portion 26 of the lever 10 is in contact with the corresponding concave active region 27, which is located on the cam surface 25 of the cam assembly 19th followed. If now a pivoting movement is initiated by opening the wing on the wing, not shown in the drawing, so first slides the frame-side end portion 21 of the lever 10 on the cam surface 20 of the cam assembly 18 from. Since a pivoting of the lever 10 about the pivot axis U in the clockwise direction is not possible, the wing-side end portion 26 of the lever 10 remains in the in Fig. 1 shown position and prevents so that the hinge bracket 3 can pivot about the wing hinge axis T.
  • The opening of the wing therefore initially leads to a pivoting of the hinge bracket 3 exclusively to the Zargenscharnierachse S until in Fig. 2 shown position is reached, which is limited by abutment of the extension 13 to the stop 16. In this position, the frame-side end portion of the lever 10 is no longer on the cam surface 20, but is completely above the recess 22nd
  • Especially as a result of Fig. 3 is apparent causes a further opening of the wing that the transition region between the cam surface 25 and the concave effective portion 27 of the cam assembly 19 runs at the circular segment-shaped end 28 of the wing-side end portion 26 of the lever 10 and so pivoting the lever clockwise about the pivot axis U causes. The result is that the frame-side end portion 21 engages in the recess 22 and is supported on the abutment surface 23, whereby the hinge bracket 3 is blocked against rotation about the Zargenscharnierachse S.
  • Upon further opening of the wing up to an opening angle of 180 degrees, the wing-side end portion 26 of the lever 10 slides on the cam surface 25, whereby the frame-side end portion 21 is held in the recess 22.
  • Will the wing now out of the Fig. 4 When the 180-degree opening position shown is closed again, first a pivoting takes place exclusively about the wing hinge axis T until the wing-side end area 26 engages again in the concave effective area 27 of the cam arrangement 19 (cf. Fig. 5 ). The sliding of this area on the convexly curved outer contour 29 of the lever 10 causes it to pivot about the pivot axis U in the counterclockwise direction, so that the frame-side end portion 21, the stop surface 23 releases again (s. Fig. 6 ). Further closing of the wing then causes only a pivoting of the hinge bracket 3 to the Zargenscharnierachse S, in turn, the in Fig. 7 shown state of the tape is achieved with the sash closed.
  • LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS
  • 100
    tape
    1
    Zargenbandteil
    2
    Leaf hinge part
    3
    hinge bracket
    4
    Zargenbandzapfen
    5
    Leaf hinge pin
    6, 7
    front sides
    8, 9
    Ratchet assembly
    10, 11
    lever
    12
    screw
    13
    extension
    14, 15
    scenery
    16, 17
    attacks
    18, 19
    cam assemblies
    20
    cam surface
    21
    frame-side end region
    22
    deepening
    23
    stop surface
    24
    frontal end
    25
    cam surface
    26
    wing-side end region
    27
    effective range
    28
    The End
    29
    outer contour
    S
    Zargenscharnierachse
    T
    Wing hinge axis
    U
    swivel axis
    R
    radial distance

Claims (9)

  1. Hinge (100) for a concealed arrangement between a frame and a leaf/sash, in particular a door leaf or a window sash,
    with a frame hinge part (1),
    with a leaf/sash hinge part (2),
    with a hinge bracket (3) which is mounted on the frame hinge part (1) such that it can be pivoted about a frame hinge axis (S) and which is mounted on the leaf/sash hinge part (2) such that it can be pivoted about a leaf/sash hinge axis (T),
    and with a lever (10, 11) which is mounted on the hinge bracket (3) such that it can be pivoted about a pivot axis (U) extending parallel to the frame and leaf/sash hinge axes (S, T), and with a check latch arrangement (8, 9) which is provided on the frame and leaf/sash hinge parts (1, 2), comprises cam arrangements (18, 19) interacting with the lever (10, 11) and, dependent on the opening angle of the leaf/sash, causes the pivoting movement to take place either about the frame or leaf/sash hinge axis (S, T),
    characterized in that the cam arrangements (18, 19) and the lever (10, 11) are designed in such a way that the lever (10, 11) pivots in a positively controlled manner.
  2. Hinge according to Claim 1, characterized in that means are provided which limit a pivoting movement of the hinge bracket (3) about the frame hinge axis (S) to a defined frame pivoting angle.
  3. Hinge according to Claim 2, characterized in that the means comprise a lug (13) provided on the hinge bracket (3).
  4. Hinge according to Claim 3, characterized in that the frame hinge part (1) is provided with an aperture in which the lug (13) engages and whose ends form stops (16, 17) which limit the frame pivoting angle.
  5. Hinge according to Claim 4, characterized in that the aperture is a guide slot (14, 15) formed concentrically with respect to the frame hinge axis (S).
  6. Hinge according to one of Claims 2 to 5, characterized in that the means are designed in such a way that the frame pivoting angle is limited to about 90 degrees.
  7. Hinge according to one of Claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the cam arrangement (18) of the frame hinge part (1) has a planar stop face (23), which extends approximately radially to the frame hinge axis (S), for the front end (24) of the frame-side end region (21) of the lever (10), and in that the cam arrangement (19) of the leaf/sash hinge part (2) comprises a cam face (25) with which the leaf/sash-side end region (26) of the lever (10, 11) interacts, wherein the cam face (25) is designed in such a way that, after the maximum frame pivoting angle has been reached, the lever (10, 11) is pivoted in such a way that the frame-side end region (21) engages behind the stop face (23) and the hinge bracket (3) is free to pivot about the leaf/sash hinge axis (T).
  8. Hinge according to Claim 7, characterized in that the cam arrangement (19) of the leaf/sash hinge part has an active region (27) which limits the minimum pivoting angle of the leaf/sash about the leaf/sash hinge axis (T) and on reaching the minimum pivoting angle pivots the lever (10, 11) such that the frame-side end region (21) is disengaged from the stop face (23).
  9. Hinge according to one of Claims 1 to 8, characterized in that a check latch arrangement is provided on both sides of the hinge bracket.
EP05850239A 2005-01-05 2005-12-08 Positively controlled hinge for a concealed arrangement between a frame and leaf Active EP1834059B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE202005000064U DE202005000064U1 (en) 2005-01-05 2005-01-05 Tape for a concealed arrangement between frame and sash
PCT/EP2005/013135 WO2006072331A1 (en) 2005-01-05 2005-12-08 Positively controlled hinge for a concealed arrangement between a frame and leaf

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PL05850239T PL1834059T3 (en) 2005-01-05 2005-12-08 Positively controlled hinge for a concealed arrangement between a frame and leaf

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1834059A1 EP1834059A1 (en) 2007-09-19
EP1834059B1 true EP1834059B1 (en) 2009-03-04

Family

ID=36102973

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP05850239A Active EP1834059B1 (en) 2005-01-05 2005-12-08 Positively controlled hinge for a concealed arrangement between a frame and leaf

Country Status (8)

Country Link
EP (1) EP1834059B1 (en)
CN (1) CN101076647B (en)
AT (1) AT424498T (en)
DE (2) DE202005000064U1 (en)
DK (1) DK1834059T3 (en)
PL (1) PL1834059T3 (en)
RU (1) RU2369710C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2006072331A1 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE202011050913U1 (en) 2011-08-05 2012-11-07 Dr. Hahn Gmbh & Co. Kg Tape for a concealed arrangement between frame and sash
DE202012100127U1 (en) 2012-01-13 2013-04-22 Dr. Hahn Gmbh & Co. Kg Tape for a concealed arrangement between frame and sash
DE102018112708B3 (en) 2018-05-28 2019-01-10 Simonswerk Gmbh Two-stage double joint hinge

Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE202008003694U1 (en) 2008-03-17 2009-08-06 Dr. Hahn Gmbh & Co. Kg Band for pivotally mounting a wing, a door, a window or the like. on a fixed frame
DE102008027219B3 (en) * 2008-06-06 2009-07-16 Simonswerk, Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung Door hinge for arrangement between door frame and welted door leaf, has door leaf support body exhibiting lateral, parallel offset to door frame support body in closing position in one direction, in which door is moved when opened
IT1399873B1 (en) * 2010-05-18 2013-05-09 Blindato Effepi S R L Device hinge
DE102010031046A1 (en) * 2010-07-07 2012-01-12 Alfred Kärcher Gmbh & Co. Kg cleaner
RU2472540C1 (en) * 2011-08-22 2013-01-20 Александр Викторович Цимбалистов Method of treating dental patients with chewing musculature dysfunction
ITUB20160764A1 (en) 2016-01-26 2017-07-26 Stefano Ficco Hinge retractable equipped with two rotation axes operating in sequence
ITUA20164015A1 (en) * 2016-05-31 2017-12-01 Abm Italia S P A Hinge
IT201700041649A1 (en) * 2017-04-13 2018-10-13 Stefano Ficco Concealed Hinge

Family Cites Families (8)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1536228A (en) * 1976-03-31 1978-12-20 Ihw Eng Ltd Hinge
DE2917164C2 (en) * 1979-04-27 1987-12-17 Ed. Scharwaechter Gmbh & Co Kg, 5630 Remscheid, De
GB2203483A (en) * 1987-04-03 1988-10-19 Ford Motor Co A door hinge
DE10059704A1 (en) * 2000-12-01 2001-05-31 Audi Ag Vehicle door hinge arrangement comprises top and bottom multi-linked hinge with top and bottom pillar and door brackets, support arms, limiters and controls
CN1358922A (en) * 2002-01-10 2002-07-17 深圳市龙岗区布吉合丰五金加工店 Built-in all-position open door hinge
CN2583305Y (en) * 2002-09-24 2003-10-29 俞晨晓 Concealed hinge for theft-proof door
US6842945B2 (en) * 2003-01-16 2005-01-18 Ohi Seisakusho Co., Ltd. Hinge mechanism
DE202004004341U1 (en) * 2004-03-19 2005-07-21 Dr. Hahn Gmbh & Co. Kg Hinge mechanism for connecting door leaf to door frame has first set of hinge bands with pivots in frame sliding in grooves in door leaf and second set of bands pivoting on leaf and sliding in frame

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE202011050913U1 (en) 2011-08-05 2012-11-07 Dr. Hahn Gmbh & Co. Kg Tape for a concealed arrangement between frame and sash
WO2013020787A1 (en) 2011-08-05 2013-02-14 Dr. Hahn Gmbh & Co. Kg Hinge for a concealed arrangement between a frame and leaf/casement
DE202012100127U1 (en) 2012-01-13 2013-04-22 Dr. Hahn Gmbh & Co. Kg Tape for a concealed arrangement between frame and sash
WO2013104488A1 (en) 2012-01-13 2013-07-18 Dr. Hahn Gmbh & Co. Kg Hinge for a concealed arrangement between frame and leaf
DE102018112708B3 (en) 2018-05-28 2019-01-10 Simonswerk Gmbh Two-stage double joint hinge

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101076647A (en) 2007-11-21
DK1834059T3 (en) 2009-06-29
AT424498T (en) 2009-03-15
EP1834059A1 (en) 2007-09-19
CN101076647B (en) 2011-04-13
RU2007129843A (en) 2009-02-20
RU2369710C2 (en) 2009-10-10
PL1834059T3 (en) 2009-08-31
WO2006072331A1 (en) 2006-07-13
DE502005006774D1 (en) 2009-04-16
DE202005000064U1 (en) 2006-05-24

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