EP1803852A1 - Floors structure - Google Patents

Floors structure Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1803852A1
EP1803852A1 EP20070008210 EP07008210A EP1803852A1 EP 1803852 A1 EP1803852 A1 EP 1803852A1 EP 20070008210 EP20070008210 EP 20070008210 EP 07008210 A EP07008210 A EP 07008210A EP 1803852 A1 EP1803852 A1 EP 1803852A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
steel
floor
flanges
displacement preventing
stocks
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP20070008210
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1803852B1 (en
Inventor
Mitsushiro Tokuno
Fumihiro Saito
Kazutoshi Tsuda
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Asahi Engineering Co Ltd
Eco Japan Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Asahi Engineering Co Ltd
Eco Japan Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Asahi Engineering Co Ltd, Eco Japan Co Ltd filed Critical Asahi Engineering Co Ltd
Priority to EP20040253102 priority Critical patent/EP1600558B1/en
Priority to EP20070008210 priority patent/EP1803852B1/en
Publication of EP1803852A1 publication Critical patent/EP1803852A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1803852B1 publication Critical patent/EP1803852B1/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C5/00Pavings made of prefabricated single units
    • E01C5/22Pavings made of prefabricated single units made of units composed of a mixture of materials covered by two or more of groups E01C5/008, E01C5/02 - E01C5/20 except embedded reinforcing materials
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D15/00Movable or portable bridges; Floating bridges
    • E01D15/12Portable or sectional bridges
    • E01D15/133Portable or sectional bridges built-up from readily separable standardised sections or elements, e.g. Bailey bridges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D19/00Structural or constructional details of bridges
    • E01D19/12Grating or flooring for bridges; Fastening railway sleepers or tracks to bridges
    • E01D19/125Grating or flooring for bridges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D21/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for erecting or assembling bridges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/02Load-carrying floor structures formed substantially of prefabricated units
    • E04B5/10Load-carrying floor structures formed substantially of prefabricated units with metal beams or girders, e.g. with steel lattice girders
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/29Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces built-up from parts of different material, i.e. composite structures
    • E04C3/292Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces built-up from parts of different material, i.e. composite structures the materials being wood and metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D2101/00Material constitution of bridges
    • E01D2101/30Metal

Abstract

The present invention makes it possible to dismantle and re-use a floor structure by effectively exhibiting the displacement preventing effect for each steel stock against an active load in case the floor structure is formed by arranged steel stocks in parallel. A floor structure comprises a plurality of steel stocks (4) arranged in parallel, each steel stock (4) including a web (1), an upper flange (2) disposed at an upper end of the web (1), and a lower flange (3) disposed at a lower end of the web (1), a floor surface being formed on the upper flange (2), the floor structure further comprising a displacement preventing spacer (6) interposed between the upper flanges (2) and/or lower flanges (3) of the adjacent steel stocks (4), the displacement preventing spacer (6) including a load receiving part (7) which is brought into engagement with the adjacent upper flanges (2) and/or lower flanges (3) to receive an active load incurred to the individual steel stocks (4) so as to inhibit the steel stocks (4) from displacing downward.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the Invention
  • The present invention relates to a floor structure such as a floor plate bridge structure built on a river or a land, a slab structure of respective hierarchies such as a steel frame building and an iron reinforcement concrete building, a roadbed structure formed on an upper surface of an underground construction, a roadbed structure laid on a ground surface, or the like.
  • Related Art
  • Patent Document 1 shows a bridge structure, in which steel stocks each consisting of an upper flange, a lower flange and a web are arranged in parallel, an iron reinforcement is arranged and a concrete is placed between the adjacent steel stocks, i.e., in a space defined by upper and lower flanges of the adjacent steel stocks and the web, and the iron reinforcement concrete and the web are tightly connected to each other by a PC steel stock piercing the iron reinforcement concrete and the web in the width direction of the bridge.
  • The above bridge structure is based on such a designing idea that the bridge strength against an active load such as vehicles is borne by an iron reinforcement concrete placed between the adjacent steel stocks.
  • Moreover, the slab structure of the respective hierarchies of the conventional steel frame building is formed by supporting a floor plate by beam members, and the slab structure of the respective hierarchies of the iron reinforcement concrete building is normally formed with a monolithically placed concrete. Likewise, the roadbed structure temporarily laid on the upper surface of an underground construction employs a method in which iron plates are supported by beam members, and the construction site where trucks and heavy machines frequently come in and out, typically employs a method in which iron plates are merely laid on a ground surface to form a temporary roadbed.
  • It should be noted that the "Patent Document 1" mentioned above refers to Official Gazette of Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. H08-253912
  • Problems to be Solved by the Invention
  • However, the bridge shown in the above-mentioned Patent Document 1 is a structure in which the integration is achieved by the steel stocks and the iron reinforcement concrete placed at the site, and no consideration is given at all to a unit structure in which the steel stocks are dismantled one by one and re-used.
  • Therefore, the conventional technique is not suited as a floor structure of a temporarily built bridge and the like. At the time of rebuilding, a large scale dismantling operation and a large amount of dismantling expense are required. Moreover, a great deal of scrap is produced thereby to impair the environment. In addition, the form assembling process, the bar arranging process and the concrete placing process are required, thus resulting in increased construction cost.
  • On the other hand, in the above-mentioned roadbed structure, many heavy iron plates are required to be laid or recovered, a step and a gap are formed between the adjacent iron plates, and overly walking noises are generated. Thus, the conventional structure is difficult to say as the original floor structure in view of strength and appearance.
  • Moreover, in case a slab is formed by integral placement of concrete in a concrete building, a complicated form assembling process is required, and much time and labor is required for installation and removal of many jacks. When it is taken into consideration of an additional need for concrete curing, etc., the period required for the total construction process is increased and the total construction cost is increased, too.
  • Furthermore, it is customary in a steel frame building that that load is supported by a joist which is horizontally disposed between a floor plate and a beam member. However, deflection and creaking are liable to occur. Moreover, much time and labor is required for constructing a joist, a floor plate and a ceiling plate.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Object of the Invention
  • It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to provide, a bridge floor structure in a floor plate bridge, a floor structure in a steel frame building, a floor structure and an iron reinforcement building, a floor structure on an upper surface of an underground construction, and a floor structure laid on a ground surface, which are capable of solving the above-mentioned problems.
  • Means for Solving the Problems
  • A floor structure according to the present invention comprises a plurality of steel stocks arranged in parallel, each steel stock including a web, an upper flange disposed at an upper end of the web, and a lower flange disposed at a lower end of the web, a floor surface being formed on the upper flange, the floor structure further comprising a displacement preventing spacer interposed between the upper flanges and/or lower flanges of the adjacent steel stocks, the displacement preventing spacer including a load receiving part which is brought into engagement with the adjacent upper flanges and/or lower flanges to receive an active load incurred to the individual steel stocks so as to inhibit the steel stocks from displacing downward.
  • As one embodiment thereof, the floor structure further comprises a displacement preventing spacer, the displacement preventing spacer including a left fitting part fitted between the upper and lower flanges of the adjacent left side steel stocks, a right fitting part fitted between the upper and lower flanges of the adjacent right side steel stocks, an upper interposing part interposed between the upper flanges of the adjacent steel stocks, and a lower interposing part interposed between the adjacent lower flanges.
  • Left side upper and lower step parts formed at an interlocking part between the upper and lower interposing parts and the left fitting part are engaged with a lower surface of the upper flange and an upper surface of the lower flange of the left side steel stock, right side upper and lower step parts formed at an interlocking part between the upper and lower interposing parts and the right fitting part being engaged with a lower surface of the upper flange and an upper surface of the lower flange of the right side steel stock, owing to those engagements, the steel individual stocks being inhibited from being displaced downward.
  • As another embodiment, in the floor structure using the H-shaped steel, the floor structure further comprises a left displacement preventing block fitted to a space defined between the upper and lower flanges and the web of the adjacent left side steel stocks, and a right displacement preventing block fitted to a space defined between the upper and lower flanges and the web of the adjacent right side steel stocks, mutually opposing side surfaces of the left and right displacement preventing blocks being press butted between the adjacent steel stocks, the individual steel stocks being inhibited from displacing downward due to a surface pressure and a friction engagement between the press butted surfaces.
  • As a further embodiment, in the floor structure using the H-shaped steel, the floor structure further comprises a left displacement preventing block fitted to a space defined between the upper and lower flanges and the web of the adjacent left side steel stocks, and a right displacement preventing block fitted to a space defined between the upper and lower flanges and the web of the adjacent right side steel stocks, mutually opposing side surfaces of the left and right displacement preventing blocks being press butted between the adjacent steel stocks, a mutually engaging concave and convex part or a step part being formed on the two press butted surfaces, thereby inhibiting the individual steel stocks from being displaced downward.
  • Preferably, the left and right displacement preventing blocks are formed of a wood, or lightweight cellular concrete or rigid foamed resin.
  • The floor structure is effective as displacement means against an active load in case a floor structure is formed by arranging steel stocks in parallel. The displacement spacer is preliminarily prepared, and the displacement preventing spacer is fitted between the steel stocks which are arranged in parallel. By doing so, the individual steel stocks is effectively prevented from being displaced downward against the active load.
  • Likewise, the preliminarily prepared left and right displacement preventing blocks are fitted to each steel stock, and two such blocks are merely press butted with each other while arranging the steel stocks in parallel. By doing so, the vertical displacement effect can properly be obtained against the active load.
  • In any of the above cases, the floor structure can easily be assembled using steel stocks, and the cost down can be achieved.
  • Moreover, in any of the above cases, the floor structure can be made into a unit structure, and dismantling and re-use are possible.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING
    • FIG. 1 is a sectional view of a floor structure showing a first embodiment using a displacement preventing spacer.
    • FIG. 2 is a sectional view of a floor structure showing a second embodiment using a displacement preventing spacer.
    • FIG. 3 is a sectional view of a floor structure showing a third embodiment using a displacement preventing spacer.
    • FIG. 4 is a sectional view of a floor structure showing a fourth embodiment using a displacement preventing spacer.
    • FIG. 5 is a sectional view of a floor structure showing the first embodiment using a displacement preventing block.
    • FIG. 6 is a sectional view of a floor structure showing the second embodiment using a displacement preventing block.
    • FIG. 7 is a sectional view of a floor structure showing the third embodiment using a displacement preventing block.
    • FIG. 8 is a sectional view exemplifying an attachment structure for attaching the displacement preventing block to the steel stock in the above-mentioned respective embodiments.
    • FIG. 9(A) is a sectional view showing an example in which a laminated wood is used as the displacement preventing block.
    • FIG. 9(B) is a sectional view showing another example in which a tube member is used as the displacement preventing block.
    • FIG. 10(A) is a side view, in the axial direction of a steel stock, of a floor structure using the above displacement preventing spacer.
    • FIG. 10(B) is a side view, in the axial direction of a steel stock, of a floor structure using the above displacement preventing block.
    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS
  • Embodiments of a floor structure according to the present invention will be described hereinafter with reference to FIGS. 1 through 10.
  • The floor structures shown in FIGS. 1 through 10 show a bridge floor structure in a floor plate bridge, a floor structure in a steel frame building and an iron reinforcement concrete building, a floor structure of an upper surface of an underground construction, and a floor structure laid on a ground surface, in which a plurality of steel stocks 4 each having an upper flange 2 at the upper end of a web 1 and a lower flange 3 at the lower end are arranged in parallel, and a floor surface is formed on the upper flange 2.
  • The steel stock 4 is obtained by welding the upper flange 2, which bulges out symmetrically in the left and right direction, to the upper end of the web 1 and welding the lower flange 3, which bulges out symmetrically in the left and right direction, to the lower end of the web 1, so that the resultant steel stock 4 exhibits an H-shape. Preferably, a general purpose H-steel as specified in Japan Industrial Standards is employed as it is.
  • In case the floor structure is a floor plate bridge, the opposite ends of the steel stock 4 (floor structure), i.e., the opposite ends of the lower flanges 3 are supported between piers 5 in a suspending manner. In this case, the steel stock 4 constitutes a main girder.
  • In case of a building, the opposite ends of the steel stock 4 (floor structure), i.e., the opposite ends of the lower flange 3 are supported between vertical walls in a suspending manner to thereby form a slab of respective hierarchies. In case a roadbed is formed on a ground surface, the steel stock 4 (floor structure) is laid on a ground surface through the lower flange 3. Also, the steel stock (floor structure) is laid on a scaffolding constructed in an underground space through the lower flange 3, and the floor surface is formed on the upper flange 2 in each exemplified case.
  • As a common structure shown in FIGS. 1 through 4, in the floor structure, a displacement spacer 6 is interposed between the upper flanges and/or the lower flanges 3 of the adjacent steel stocks, a load receiving part 7 of the displacement preventing spacer 6 is brought into engagement with the adjacent upper flanges 2 and/or the adjacent lower flanges 3 to receive an active load incurred to the individual steel stocks 4 so as to inhibit the individual steel stocks 4 from displacing downward. That is, the active load incurred to the individual steel stocks 4 is incurred to the adjacent steel stocks 4 through the displacement preventing spacer 6 such that the load is incurred to the entirety and dispersed.
  • As its first embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the floor structure further comprises a displacement preventing spacer 6 interposed between the upper flanges 2 and the lower flanges 3 of the adjacent steel stocks 4, the displacement preventing spacer 6 includes a left fitting part 8 fitted between the upper and lower flanges 2, 3 of the adjacent left side steel stocks 4, a right fitting part 9 fitted between the upper and lower flanges 2, 3 of the adjacent right side steel stocks 4, an upper interposing part 10 interposed between the upper flanges 2 of the adjacent steel stocks 4, and a lower interposing part 11 interposed between the adjacent lower flanges 3.
  • A left side upper step part 12 formed at an interlocking part between the upper interposing part 10 and the left fitting part 8 is engaged with a lower surface of the upper flange 2 of the left side steel stock 4 and a left side lower step part 13 formed at an interlocking part between the upper interposing part 10 and the left fitting part 8 is engaged with an upper surface of the lower flange 3 of the left side steel stock 4.
  • At the same time, a right side upper step part 14 formed at an interlocking part between the upper interposing part 10 and the right fitting part 9 is engaged with a lower surface of the upper flange 2 of the right side steel stock 4 and a right side lower step part 15 formed at an interlocking part between the upper interposing part 10 and the right fitting part 9 is engaged with an upper surface of the lower flange 3 of the right side steel stock 4. Owing to those engagements, the individual steel stocks 4 are inhibited from being displaced downward.
  • As a second embodiment, as shown in FIG. 2, the displacement preventing spacer 6 is provided at an upper end of the upper interposing part 10 with an upper engagement part 18 which is engaged with upper surfaces of the upper flanges 2 of the adjacent steel stocks 4, and the displacement preventing spacer 6 is provided at a lower end of the lower interposing part 11 with a lower engagement part 19 which is engaged with lower surfaces of the lower flanges 3 of the adjacent steel stocks 4.
  • That is, the displacement preventing spacer 6 is provided at the left and right of the upper interposing part 10 with upper engagement grooves 16. The upper flanges 2 of the adjacent steel stocks 4 are brought into engagement with the left and right upper engagement grooves 16, thereby restraining the upper flanges 2. Thus, the load receiving part 7 is formed by the pair of upper step parts 12, 14 which define the left and right upper engagement grooves 16.
  • Likewise, the displacement preventing spacer 6 is provided at the left and right of the lower interposing part 11 with lower engagement grooves 17. The lower flanges 3 of the adjacent steel stocks 4 are brought into engagement with the left and right lower engagement grooves 17, thereby restraining the lower flanges 3. Thus, the load receiving part 7 is formed by the pair of upper step parts 13, 15 which define the left and right lower engagement grooves 17.
  • As a third embodiment, as shown in FIG. 3, the displacement preventing spacer 6 is separated into an upper displacement preventing spacer 6' interposed between the upper flanges 2 of the adjacent steel stocks 4, and a lower displacement preventing spacer 6" interposed between the lower flanges 3 of the adjacent steel stocks 4 (namely, the spacer 6 is formed of separate members). The load receiving parts 7 of the respective displacement preventing spacers 6', 6" are brought into engagement with the adjacent upper flanges 2 and the adjacent lower flanges 3 to receive the active load incurred to the individual steel stocks 4, so that the individual steel stocks 4 are inhibited from displacing downward. That is, the load incurred to the individual steel stocks 4 is incurred to the adjacent steel stocks 4 through the displacement spacers 6', 6" and the load is dispersed to the entirety.
  • More specifically, as shown in FIG. 3, upper engagement grooves 16 are formed at the left and right parts of the upper interposing part 10 of the upper displacement preventing spacer 6', and the upper flanges 2 of the adjacent steel stocks 4 are brought into engagement with the engagement grooves 16, respectively. Thus, the load receiving part 7 is formed by the pair of upper step parts 12, 14 which define the left and right upper engagement grooves 16.
  • That is, the upper engagement parts 18 which define the upper engagement grooves 16 of the upper displacement spacer 6' are brought into engagement with the upper surfaces of the upper flanges 2 of the adjacent steel stocks 4, and the lower engagement parts 19 are likewise brought into engagement with the lower surfaces of the upper flanges 2 of the adjacent steel stocks 4, respectively, and the load receiving part 7 against the active load is formed by the step parts 12, 14 formed at the interlocking part between the upper engagement part 18 forming the upper engagement groove 16 and the upper interposing part 10, and the step parts 12, 14 formed at the interlocking part between the lower engagement part 19 and the upper interposing part 10, so that the individual steel stocks 4 are inhibited from displacing downward.
  • Likewise, upper engagement grooves 17 are formed at the left and right parts of the lower interposing part 11 of the lower displacement preventing spacer 6", and the lower flanges 3 of the adjacent steel stocks 4 are brought into engagement with the engagement grooves 17, respectively. Thus, the load receiving part 7 is formed by the pair of upper step parts 13, 15 which define the left and right lower engagement grooves 17.
  • That is, the upper engagement parts 18 which define the lower engagement grooves 17 of the lower displacement spacer 6" are brought into engagement with the upper surfaces of the lower flanges 3 of the adjacent steel stocks 4, and the lower engagement parts 19 are likewise brought into engagement with the lower surfaces of the lower flanges 3 of the adjacent steel stocks 4, respectively, and the load receiving part 7 against the active load is formed by the step parts 13, 15 formed at the interlocking part between the upper engagement part 18 forming the lower engagement groove 17 and the lower interposing part 11, and the step parts 13, 15 formed at the interlocking part between the lower engagement part 19 and the lower interposing part 10, so that the individual steel stocks 4 are inhibited from displacing downward.
  • As a fourth embodiment, as shown in FIG. 4, a displacement preventing spacer 6 including an upper interposing part 10 interposed between the upper flanges 2 of the adjacent steel stocks 4, and a lower interposing part 11 interposed between the adjacent lower flanges 3 is interposed between the adjacent steel stocks 4, the displacement preventing spacer 6 is provided at an upper end thereof with an upper engagement part 18 which is engaged with the upper surfaces of the upper flanges 2 of the adjacent steel stocks 4, and the displacement preventing spacer 6 is provided at a lower end thereof with a lower engagement part 19 which is engaged with the lower surfaces of the lower flanges 3 of the adjacent steel stocks. 4.
  • Thus, the load receiving part 7 is formed by the step parts 12, 14 which are formed at the interlocking part between the upper interposing part 10 and the upper engagement part 18, and the load receiving part 7 is formed by the step parts 13, 15 which are formed at the interlocking part between the lower interposing part 11 and the lower engagement part 19.
  • Owing to the above arrangement, the active load incurred to the individual steel stocks 4 is received by the load receiving part 7, so that the individual steel stocks 4 are inhibited from displacing downward. That is, the active load incurred to the individual steel stocks 4 is incurred to the adjacent steel stocks 4 through the spacer 6, and the load is incurred to the entirety and dispersed.
  • As other examples, as shown in FIGS. 5 through 8, In a floor structure using the H-shaped steel, the floor structure further comprises a left displacement preventing block 20 fitted to a space defined between the upper and lower flanges 2, 3 and the web 1 of the adjacent left side steel stocks 4, and a right displacement preventing block 20 fitted to a space defined between the upper and lower flanges 2, 3 and the web 1 of the adjacent right side steel stocks 4. That is, each steel stock 4 includes left and right displacement preventing blocks 20.
  • While the steel stocks 4 are arranged in parallel, mutually opposing side surfaces 21 of the left and right displacement preventing blocks 20 are press butted between the adjacent steel stocks 4, and the individual steel stocks 4 are inhibited from displacing downward due to a surface pressure and a friction engagement between the press butted surfaces 21.
  • Also, as shown in FIG. 7, in a floor structure using the H-shaped steel, mutually opposing side surfaces 21 of the left and right displacement preventing blocks 20 are press butted between the adjacent steel stocks 4, and a mutually engaging concave part 22 and convex part 23 or a step part are formed on the two press butted surfaces 21, thereby inhibiting the individual steel stocks 4 from being displaced downward.
  • The left and right displacement preventing blocks 20 are restricted at their upper surface and lower surface by a lower surface of the upper flange 2 and an upper surface of the lower flange 3, respectively, and one side surfaces (opposing side surfaces to the butting surfaces) of the left and right displacement preventing blocks 20 are restricted by the side surfaces of the web 1, and in that condition, the left and right displacement preventing blocks 20 are fitted to the left and right sides of the web 1.
  • In the example shown in FIG. 5, left and right displacement preventing blocks 20 all having the same size are employed. The blocks 20 are fitted to a left side space defined by the upper and lower flanges 2, 3 and the web 1 of each steel stock 4, and they are also each fitted to a right side space defined by the right side upper and lower flanges 2, 3 and the web 1 of each steel stock 4.
  • In the left and right displacement preventing blocks 20, as shown in FIG. 8, a bolt 24 is allowed to pierce into the left and right displacement preventing blocks 20 and opposite ends of the bolt 24 are tightened by nuts 26 in release holes 25 formed in opposing side surfaces 21 of the left and right displacement preventing blocks 20, so that the steel stock 4 and the left and right displacement preventing blocks 20 are integrated.
  • The steel stocks 4 including the left and right displacement preventing blocks 20 are arranged in parallel, such that the displacement preventing blocks 20 are press butted with each other.
  • In FIG. 5, the displacement preventing blocks 20 having a same size are carried on the respective steel stocks 4, and the displacement preventing blocks 20 are allowed to project from the end part of the upper flange 2 or from the end parts of the upper flange 2 and the lower flange 3 so as to be subjected to the butting engagement.
  • On the other hand, in FIG. 6, a displacement preventing block 20 allowed to protrude from one end part of the upper flange 2 or one ends of the upper flange 2 and the lower flange 3 are fitted to and carried by the space (first space) formed on the left side (or right side) of each steel stock 4, and a protruded part of another displacement preventing block 20, which is adjacent to the above-mentioned block 20, is allowed to sink in the space (second space) formed of the right side (left side) of the steel stock 4 so as to be fitted to and carried by the second space.
  • Thus, the protruded part of the displacement preventing block 20 of one of the adjacent steel stocks 4 is fitted to the space of the sink displacement preventing block 20 of the other of adjacent steel stocks 4, i.e., fitted between the upper and lower flanges 2, 3, while the opposing side surfaces 21 of the two displacement preventing blocks 20 are butted with each other. This abutting surface 21 may take the form of a displacement preventing surface under the effect of the press friction engagement as shown in FIG. 5 or the form of a displacement preventing surface under the effect of the concave- and- convex engagement as shown in FIG. 7. Also in this displacement preventing block 20, as shown in FIG. 8, the block 20 is integrated with the steel stocks through the bolt 24.
  • Preferably, the left and right displacement preventing blocks 20 are formed of a wood, or lightweight cellular concrete or rigid foamed resin, so that the blocks 20 can be reduced in weight.
  • In the alternative, as shown in FIG. 9(A), a wood, for example, a spotless wood or a laminated wood, for example, quadrate wood columns are laminated to form a quadrate laminated wood member, and the wood members thus obtained are used as the left and right displacement preventing blocks 20.
  • In the alternative, the left and right displacement preventing blocks 20, as shown in FIG. 9(B), is composed of a metal made tube, for example, a steel tube, a synthetic resin-made tube, or a concrete-made tube.
  • The displacement preventing spacer 6 interposed between the flanges as shown in FIGS. 1 through 4, and the left and right displacement preventing blocks 20 as shown in FIGS. 5 through 9 are integrally tightened with the respective steel stocks 4 through a tightening wire rod 27.
  • That is, each displacement preventing spacer 6 and the web 1 are provided with a through-hole 28 which is communicated in the floor width direction (arranging direction of the steel stocks), and each of the left and right displacement preventing blocks 20 and the web 1 are likewise provided with a through-hole which is communicated in the floor width direction (arranging direction of the steel stocks). An elongate tightening wire rod 27 is allowed to thrust in the through-hole 28, and nuts 29 are threadingly engaged with the opposite ends of the tightening wire rod 27 and tightened, so that the displacement preventing spacer 6 or the left and right displacement preventing blocks 20 and the entire steel stocks 4 are integrally tightened.
  • The tightening wire rod 27 may be a steel wire or a spotless steel bar.
  • Thus, the displacement preventing spacer 6 is press tightened between the upper flanges 2 and/or between the lower flanges 3 of every adjacent steel stocks 4 and intimately contacted with the end parts of the flanges 2, 3.
  • Likewise, the left and right displacement preventing blocks 20 are press tightened with the left and right side surfaces of the web 1 of every adjacent steel stocks 4 and intimately contacted therewith. At the same time, the opposing side surfaces 21 of the left and right displacement preventing blocks 20 are press butted with each other.
  • As shown in FIG. 10(A), the displacement preventing spacers 6 are spacedly arranged in the axial direction of the steel stock 4, or continuously arranged in a mutually intimately contacted manner in the axial direction of the steel stock 4.
  • Likewise, as shown in FIG. 10(B), the left and right displacement preventing blocks 20 are spacedly arranged in the axial direction of the steel stock 4, or continuously arranged in a mutually intimately contacted manner in the axial direction of the steel stock 4.
  • The upper flange 2 and the lower flange 3 of the steel stock 4 used herein may be of a structure mutually bulged out in equal width or a structure in which the upper flange 2 is dimensioned short and the lower flange 3 is dimensioned long in width.
  • In the above floor structure, the upper surface of the upper flange 2 of the steel stock 4 is formed directly into a floor surface, or a pavement 30 of concrete or asphalt or the like is applied to the upper surface of the upper flange 2 and its upper surface is formed into a floor surface. In the alternative, a floor assembly is constructed on the upper flange 2 of the floor structure using a joist and a floor plate, thereby a floor surface is formed on the upper flange 2.
  • Effect of the Invention
  • The present invention is extremely effective as displacement preventing means against an active load in which a floor structure is formed by arranging steel stocks in parallel. That is, the steel stocks are arranged in parallel, and the displacement preventing spacer is fittingly interposed between the steel stocks. By doing so, the individual steel stocks can effectively be prevented from displacing downward which would otherwise occur due to active load.
  • Likewise, the left and right displacement preventing blocks are preliminarily fitted to each steel stock, and such two steel blocks are arranged in parallel and merely press butted with each other. By doing so, the vertical displacement effect against the active load can properly be obtained.
  • Also, in any of the above cases, a floor structure can easily be assembled using steel stocks, and the cost down can be achieved.
  • Moreover, in any of the above cases, the floor structure can be formed into a unit structure, and dismantling and re-use are possible.

Claims (1)

  1. A floor structure comprising a plurality of steel stocks (4) arranged in parallel, each steel stock including a web (1), an upper flange (2) disposed at an upper end of said web, and a lower flange (3) disposed at a lower end of said web (1), a floor surface being formed on said upper flange (2),
    said floor structure further comprising a displacement preventing spacer (6) interposed between said upper flanges (2) and said lower flanges (3) of said adjacent steel stocks, said displacement preventing spacer (6) including a left fitting part (8) fitted between said upper and lower flanges of said adjacent left side steel stocks, a right fitting part (9) fitted between said upper and lower flanges of said adjacent right side steel stocks, an upper interposing part (10) interposed between said upper flanges of said adjacent steel stocks, and a lower interposing part (11) interposed between said adjacent lower flanges, left side (12) upper and lower step (13) parts formed at an interlocking part between said upper (10) and lower (11) interposing parts and said left fitting part (8) being engaged with a lower surface of said upper flange (2) and an upper surface of said lower flange (3) of said left side steel stock, right side upper (14) and lower (15) step parts formed at an interlocking part between said upper (10) and lower (11) interposing parts and said right fitting part (9) being engaged with a lower surface of said upper flange (2) and an upper surface of said lower flange (3) of said right side steel stock, and wherein the left fitting part (8) extends between the upper step part (12) and the lower step part (13); the right fitting part (9) extends between the upper step part (14) and lower step part (15); the left and right fitting parts (8,9) are spaced between the webs (1) and owing to those engagements, said individual steel stocks (4) are inhibited from being displaced downward.
EP20070008210 2004-05-26 2004-05-26 Floors structure Expired - Fee Related EP1803852B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP20040253102 EP1600558B1 (en) 2004-05-26 2004-05-26 Floor structure
EP20070008210 EP1803852B1 (en) 2004-05-26 2004-05-26 Floors structure

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP20070008210 EP1803852B1 (en) 2004-05-26 2004-05-26 Floors structure
DE200460026937 DE602004026937D1 (en) 2004-05-26 2004-05-26 soil structure

Related Parent Applications (2)

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EP20040253102 Division EP1600558B1 (en) 2004-05-26 2004-05-26 Floor structure
EP04253102.0 Division 2004-05-26

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EP1803852A1 true EP1803852A1 (en) 2007-07-04
EP1803852B1 EP1803852B1 (en) 2010-04-28

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EP20070008210 Expired - Fee Related EP1803852B1 (en) 2004-05-26 2004-05-26 Floors structure
EP20040253102 Expired - Fee Related EP1600558B1 (en) 2004-05-26 2004-05-26 Floor structure

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US20070289813A1 (en) * 2006-06-07 2007-12-20 Bothwell Timothy B Scaffold plank with end connector and method of making the same
US9663903B2 (en) 2014-09-23 2017-05-30 Quality Mat Company Industrial mats having plastic or elastomeric side members
WO2017151242A1 (en) * 2016-02-29 2017-09-08 Quality Mat Company Industrial mats having cost effective core support structures
US10753050B2 (en) 2014-09-23 2020-08-25 Quality Mat Company Industrial mats having cost effective core structures
US9617693B1 (en) 2014-09-23 2017-04-11 Quality Mat Company Lifting elements for crane mats
US10273639B2 (en) 2014-09-19 2019-04-30 Quality Mat Company Hybrid industrial mats having side protection
US9845576B2 (en) 2014-09-23 2017-12-19 Quality Mat Company Hybrid crane mat utilizing various longitudinal members
US9863098B2 (en) 2014-09-23 2018-01-09 Quality Mat Company Hybrid crane mat with lifting elements
US9714487B2 (en) 2014-09-23 2017-07-25 Quality Mat Company Industrial mats with lifting elements
US9822493B2 (en) 2014-09-19 2017-11-21 Quality Mat Company Industrial mats having side protection
US20160258115A1 (en) 2014-09-23 2016-09-08 Joe Penland, Jr. Industrial mats having cost effective core structures
WO2016153732A1 (en) * 2015-03-25 2016-09-29 Penland Joe Jr Mat construction with environmentally resistant core
US10273638B1 (en) 2018-03-26 2019-04-30 Quality Mat Company Laminated mats with closed and strengthened core layer

Citations (4)

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FR777125A (en) * 1934-08-11 1935-02-12 Slab floor with sheet piles and special spacers
US2112949A (en) * 1935-10-09 1938-04-05 Herbert H Bunker Slab
JPS57137509A (en) * 1981-02-18 1982-08-25 Nitsukai Giken Kk Construction of concrete bridge beam
WO2001031142A1 (en) * 1999-10-25 2001-05-03 Lage Olofsson Duckboard

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH08253912A (en) 1995-03-16 1996-10-01 Nippon Steel Corp Bride structure

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR777125A (en) * 1934-08-11 1935-02-12 Slab floor with sheet piles and special spacers
US2112949A (en) * 1935-10-09 1938-04-05 Herbert H Bunker Slab
JPS57137509A (en) * 1981-02-18 1982-08-25 Nitsukai Giken Kk Construction of concrete bridge beam
WO2001031142A1 (en) * 1999-10-25 2001-05-03 Lage Olofsson Duckboard

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE602004009896T2 (en) 2008-09-11
DE602004009896D1 (en) 2007-12-20
DE602004026937D1 (en) 2010-06-10
EP1803852B1 (en) 2010-04-28
EP1600558B1 (en) 2007-11-07
EP1600558A1 (en) 2005-11-30

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