EP1749182B1 - Safety device for shooting ranges - Google Patents

Safety device for shooting ranges Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1749182B1
EP1749182B1 EP20050746414 EP05746414A EP1749182B1 EP 1749182 B1 EP1749182 B1 EP 1749182B1 EP 20050746414 EP20050746414 EP 20050746414 EP 05746414 A EP05746414 A EP 05746414A EP 1749182 B1 EP1749182 B1 EP 1749182B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
weapon
identification
device
enabling
system according
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP20050746414
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1749182A1 (en
Inventor
Michael Schumacher
Rudi Beckmann
Marc Roth
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Heckler and Koch GmbH
Original Assignee
Heckler and Koch GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE200410025718 priority Critical patent/DE102004025718B4/en
Application filed by Heckler and Koch GmbH filed Critical Heckler and Koch GmbH
Priority to PCT/EP2005/005674 priority patent/WO2005116568A1/en
Publication of EP1749182A1 publication Critical patent/EP1749182A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1749182B1 publication Critical patent/EP1749182B1/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A17/00Safety arrangements, e.g. safeties
    • F41A17/06Electric or electromechanical safeties
    • F41A17/063Electric or electromechanical safeties comprising a transponder

Description

  • The present invention relates to a weapon fuse in which the weapon release (ie, the weapon is put in a ready-to-use state) is controlled via an identification exchange between a weapon and a release device. Such a weapon security is from the US 5 953 844 A known. The weapon itself has an individual weapon identification, as well as a security device, wherein the release device detects the weapon identifier and emits a release signal to the safety device set up in the weapon. The enabling means comprises a controller and an identifier memory and is controlled to output the enable signal only when the detected weapon identifier coincides with a weapon identifier registered in the identifier memory. Such or similar weapons security systems are for example off DE 25 05 604 . DE 29 40 513 or US 3,703,845 and DE 102 22 332 known. To DE 25 05 604 serves a source of radiation, which is directed to a radiation receiver on the weapon, the receiver can only receive signals (eg light signals) from a certain direction. To DE 29 40 513 this idea is further developed in that the signals, here infrared light signals, are coded and the weapon has a decoding device which releases only certain functions of the weapon, depending on which coded signal is received in the safety device of the weapon (eg a signal for unlocking the weapon for loading and unloading and another signal for the release for firing).
  • US 3,703,845 moreover goes into an electromagnetic unlocking / locking device. According to DE 102 22 332 a pattern transmitter (code transmitter) is provided, which emits signals in the form of radio waves, acoustic, optical or electrical signals to the weapon, wherein in the weapon itself, an electronic comparison circuit is provided which the received signal pattern is checked for validity and an unlocking (release of the weapon) only takes place when a valid signal is received.
  • All of these systems are, in principle, suitable for use in a shooting facility or shooting range in order to limit the use of weapons to a particular spatial area. That is, the weapon can be fired, for example, only in a certain direction or only in a certain zone in which they can receive appropriate release signals. It is also possible, as in the DE 102 22 332 described to set up the weapon for different release signals. In this case, changing signal patterns can also be used via corresponding dialog functions. Here, such weapons can be used, which can receive the signals of the corresponding release device. However, the information exchange between the weapon and the release device is limited to the fact that the weapon emits a request signal to the pattern transmitter, which then in turn emits a corresponding enable signal to the weapon. The pattern transmitter releases any weapon that lies within its transmission range and issues a corresponding request signal. An individually controllable release of weapons is not provided. That is, the flexibility of these systems with respect to the controllable or to be controlled weapons is limited. Thus, for example, only then can it be ensured that a lost or stolen weapon can no longer be activated by the pattern transmitter when the signal patterns for release and / or the request signal are changed. For this purpose, the signal receiver or the request signal transmitter must then be changed accordingly to the (authorized) weapons to be released.
  • From the US 6,237,271 is also a generic weapon safety known. Here, a gun-side transmitter issues an interrogation signal which is received by an arm-independent release unit, which then returns an identification signal to a receiver in the weapon, which, in response to this identification signal, activates the weapon-side securing device in such a way that it releases the weapon. In this embodiment, the actual identification and release process is activated by the weapon. That is, for the identification exchange, an active transmitter on the weapon is required. A controlled exclusively by weapon-independent release device identifier exchange is not possible with this arrangement.
  • The object of the present invention is to enable an improved identification or release management.
  • This object is achieved by the subject matter of claim 1, starting from the US 5,953,844 , With such a control, it is possible to control the release of weapons individually, flexibly, centrally and comprehensively. In this case, the weapon identifier is in a tag carrier associated with the weapon, which emits, in response to a control signal of the release device, an identification signal comprising the weapon code, which detects the release device. A release signal is issued only if it was detected in an authorization step, whether the weapon identifier (a weapon that is detected in the sphere of action of the release device) corresponds to a registered in the identifier memory weapon identifier. Only if this authorization has taken place successfully, a corresponding release signal, which can be encrypted and weapon-generated individually, sent to the weapon. If there is no successful authorization, ie, the comparison between detected weapon identifier and registered weapon identifier does not match, the weapon will not be released. Thus, the weapons can be determined centrally by changing the identifier memory in a simple manner, which can be released if necessary. Thus, it can be ruled out that weapons which are in principle suitable for release but whose release is not desired or authorized are released in the area of action of the release device. The identifier of a So lost or stolen weapon must therefore only be removed from the identification memory so that it is no longer released.
  • The dependent claims relate to developments of the invention, wherein the claims 13 and 14 relate to a shooting device, in particular a shooting range, which is provided with a weapon safety device according to the invention and according to claim 14 additionally comprises a passage barrier on which a read / write device with an identification exchange the release device can be made. The controller is set up in such a way that it only releases the transit barrier for entering or leaving the device if the identifier detected at the transit barrier coincides with a correspondingly registered identifier. In this way, effective weapon and weapon-related access control can be implemented. On the one hand, access to the facility can be limited to appropriately registered persons and weapons. Likewise, leaving the device can be coupled to a corresponding identifier exchange. Thus, the weapon safety can be adjusted so that leaving the plant is possible only without a weapon, i. certain or all weapons must remain in the plant itself. When combining personal and weapon-specific data, the removal of a weapon from the system can be restricted to a specific group of people and / or to specific weapons.
  • The extension of the weapon safety device according to the invention by a user-specific identification exchange is specified in claim 2. This combination of weapon and user-specific identifiers allows additional measures to increase security. Thus, the release of a weapon can be limited to certain combinations of user and weapon IDs. That is, only a particular user or user group is registered for one or more weapon IDs and vice versa.
  • Claim 3 relates to a development in which the identifiers themselves are variable via the release device. With this method, cryptological methods are feasible, in which the identifier is changed at each identification exchange according to a specific algorithm, so that forgery of the identifier is impossible or at least difficult, even if the signals should be detected for identification exchange of unauthorized "third parties".
  • According to claim 3, the weapon safety device can additionally be provided with a reading device, via which weapon and / or user identifications can be read into an identification memory. In this way, identification data can be recorded safely and error-free in the identification memory. Alternatively, such data can of course also be entered via a corresponding input device or a terminal.
  • The inclusion of the identifier in or on a tag carrier according to claim 4 allows independent production of weapon and identifier or identifier carrier. For example, weapons that were produced without a suitable identifier can later be equipped with an identifier carrier and possibly with a corresponding security device, with which they are suitable for a weapon safety device according to the invention.
  • Claims 5-7 relate to the design of the identifier carrier as an active or passive transponder, wherein claim 6 relates to a passive transponder, which is activated via the signal energy transmitted by the release device, so that the weapon identifier can be read by the release device and this a corresponding enable signal transmits to the transponder itself, which in turn activates the security device to release the weapon. The switching energy required for actuating the safety device can likewise be transmitted by means of the (emitted by the release device) via the transponder antenna received signal energy are received. But it can also be a separate source of energy, for example in the form of a battery or a small battery, are provided, which supplies the safety device with the required switching energy.
  • According to claim 7, a so-called. Active transponder is provided, which is activated via a switching signal and then emits its own signal. Such transponders require a power source or power supply. The security device and the transponder on the weapon can use a common power supply.
  • According to claim 8, the securing device acts by means of e.g. electromechanical actuator on the trigger mechanism of the weapon in particular on the trigger bar. It is possible that the trigger bar is locked, so that the trigger mechanism can not be triggered. Alternatively, it is also possible that the trigger bar is posted on the actual trigger guard or the knock lever on the actuator, so that tee or trigger guard are decoupled from each other.
  • The embodiments according to claim 9-11 relate to embodiments in which, according to claim 9, an exchange of identifiers via an antenna coupled to the release device simultaneously with multiple weapons and / or users. At the same time, it is also to be understood here that the exchange of identifiers actually takes place one after the other, that is to say sequentially, but that these cycles run so fast that they are imperceptible to a user, so that the weapon release of several weapons is perceived as simultaneous.
  • In accordance with claim 10 is ensured by the assignment of a weapon to an antenna that in a certain receiving range of an antenna even a single weapon can be unlocked. This means that, for example, in a shooting lane only one weapon can be operated simultaneously can, therefore, an antenna is required per shooting range. The development according to claim 10 relates to an embodiment in which the identifier carrier can be located over a plurality of antennas. That is, a weapon or weapon user may be located in the area of action of the antennas, and the release of the weapon may be made dependent on whether the weapon and / or user are in an area where a weapon release is provided. Thus, on the one hand, certain areas can be defined in the range of action of the antennas, in which a weapon release is even possible. At the same time, each weapon can be assigned a specific area (eg a shooting range) in which it can be released. It is also possible to provide that the weapon is only unlocked when both a particular user and a particular weapon are in a particular area.
  • According to claim 12, the control of the release device via a computer, for example, via a PC.
  • Embodiments of the invention will now be explained with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which
  • Fig. 1
    a schematic representation of a weapon safety device according to the invention,
    Fig. 2
    shows an arrangement in which a plurality of antennas each cover a certain range of action,
    Fig. 3
    shows an arrangement in which can be located on a plurality of antenna tag carrier and the release takes place in certain areas, and
    Fig. 4
    is the schematic representation of a shooting range, which additionally has an access / removal control.
  • Fig. 1 shows an embodiment of a weapon safety device according to the invention. The schematic diagram shows a release device 1 with a controller 2, wherein the controller identification memory 3 and 4, the function will be explained below. In addition, the controller 2 is provided with an antenna 5 via which signals are emitted and received, which are generated or processed by the controller 2. The weapon 6 has a weapon identifier 7 and is provided with a safety device 8, which engages via a switching or adjusting element 9 in the mechanics (not shown) of the weapon. The weapon identifier 7 is located on an identifier carrier 10, which is indicated by the triple frame. The securing device 8 is also connected to an antenna 13 for the delivery or reception of signals. The dashed connecting line between antenna 13 and securing device 8 indicates that this equipment is optional. Alternatively, the signal exchange can also take place via the antenna of the identifier carrier 10 designed as a transponder. The weapon tag carrier 10 and the security device are powered by a power supply 14 with energy. Again, the dashed lines indicate the weapon identifier that the identifier carrier 10 is only optionally powered by the power supply 14 with energy. An energy intake via the signal energy is possible.
  • In addition, a user identifier 11 is shown, which is located on a further identifier carrier 12, which is also designed as a so-called. Transponder with its own transmitting and receiving antennas.
  • Suitable transponders for the system according to the invention are, for example, RFID data carriers with a memory function. They can be used as simple read-only transponders right through to transponders be designed sophisticated cryptographic functions. Transponders with a memory function basically include a memory (eg a RAM, ROM, EEPROM or FERAM) and an HF interface for power supply and communication with the read / write device. In this case, the RF interface forms the interface between the transmission channel from the reader to the transponder and the digital circuit elements of the transponder itself. It corresponds in principle to the classical modem (modulator-demodulator), as it is also used for analog data transmission over telephone lines. The RF interface of the transponder has a load or backscatter modulator (or other methods, eg frequency divider), which is driven by the digital transmit data to send data back to the reader. Passive transponders, ie transponders without their own power supply, are supplied with energy via the RF field of the read / write device. The RF interface of the transponder antenna draws current and provides rectified the chip as a regulated supply voltage available. The transponders can be provided with their own microprocessors, which perform the data transmission to and from the transponder, the control of commands, the file management and cryptographic algorithms.
  • It is also possible to equip transponders with sensor functions, so that, for example, temperature, humidity, shock, acceleration or other physical variables can be recorded in the transponder and can be read by a read / write device. For example, it is possible for weapons to capture critical farm sizes. Thus, for example, maximum reached temperatures of a gun barrel can be recorded or the number of shots fired. The capture of such quantities allows to control the weapon release additionally operation-dependent. The weapon is locked, for example, after a certain number of shots or when reaching a limit temperature.
  • For the installation of transponders in a metallic environment glass transponders are used, the coil are wound on a high-permeability ferrite rod (ferrite antenna). When installed in an elongated recess of the metal surface of the transponder can be read easily. Even the cover of such a device with a metal lid is possible if it is attached with a narrow gap of dielectric material (paint, plastic) between the two metal surfaces. Thus, the field lines running parallel to the metal surface can enter the cavity via the dielectric gap, so that the transponder can be read. Even so-called disk tags (disc-shaped transponders) can be embedded between metal plates. For this purpose, the top and bottom of the tags are applied with metal foils of high-permeability amorphous metal, each covering only one half of the day, so that at the gap between the two sub-films, a magnetic flux through the coil of the transponder is created so that it is readable.
  • For mounting in non-metallic bodies, there are a variety of flat, rod-shaped or other types of transponder, which can be glued / glued, cast, screwed or flat so that they can even be applied along the surfaces.
  • The weapon release runs at a weapons fuse gem.
    Fig. 1 as follows: The controller 2 transmits via the antenna 5, a global control signal 15. This control signal is received either arms side via the antenna 13 of the weapon-side security device 8 or directly from the identifier 7 carrying transponder 10. In response to the global control signal, the transponder 10 sends a the weapon identifier 7 comprehensive identification signal 16 back to the release device 1, this over the antenna 5 receives and transmits to the controller 2. In the controller 2, a comparison operation is performed as to whether the transmitted weapon ID 7 coincides with an ID recorded in the ID memory 3. If this is the case, the Control 2 in turn via the antenna 5, an enable signal 17 via the antenna 13 or the transponder 10 to the security device 8. The actuator 9 engages to release in the weapon mechanics to unlock them.
  • The actuator 9 can be designed as an electromechanical switching element, which engages in the trigger mechanism. In this case, e.g. the trigger bar be blocked or released or be on or off the trigger guard or tee.
  • In a further expansion stage, a user ID 11 is requested in addition to the weapon identifier 7. This user identification can also be stored in a transponder 12 which a user of the weapon 6 carries with him. In this case, the global control signal triggers the transmission of the user identification code comprehensive identification signal 18 to the release device 1, which is transmitted from the latter via the antenna 5 to the controller 2. Here, the transmitted user ID is then compared with a user ID contained in the user recognition memory 4. The release signal 17 is sent out in combined query the weapons and user ID 7, 11 only if both identifiers in the respective memories 3, 4 are present. In this way, certain weapon IDs can be assigned to specific users. This means that not every user can use any weapon. The release device can be provided with an input device 19 or with a reader 20 for the care of the identification data. In the embodiment described above, the data or signal exchange is described by radio. The data between the release device 1 and weapon 6 or user identification carrier 10, 12 can also be transmitted visually, acoustically, via lines or in any other suitable manner.
  • The Fig. 2-4 show the basic structure of the weapon safety described above in appropriately equipped shooting ranges.
  • To Fig. 2 the controller 2 of the release device 1 is connected to the antennas 5a to 5c. The antennas 5a to 5c are arranged in a firing range 21 of a shooting range 27 on respective shooting lanes 22a to c. Each antenna 5a, 5b, 5c is thus associated with a shooting lane 22a, b, c. If a registered weapon user now enters the shooting lane 22a with a registered weapon, for example, the identification exchange described above and the weapon release take place via the antenna 5a. In the identification memories 3, 4 can also be noted that the user or shooter concerned is authorized only for one of the shooting lanes 22a, b, c. That is, the corresponding weapon can be fired only by the appropriate user on one of the authorized shooting lanes 22a, b, c. In addition, it is also possible to cancel the weapon release as soon as more than one shooter is on a shooting lane 22a, b, c. It can also be ensured that the weapon is released only as long as it is in the firing range 21 of one of the corresponding shooting lanes 22a, b, c. The signal processing in this arrangement takes place virtually simultaneously for all detected identifiers. That is, even with sequential signal processing, the delays are so small that are imperceptible to a user or shooter.
  • Fig. 3 shows an embodiment in which the identification carrier 10, 12 can be spatially located in the entire shooting range 27. Here, the release device 1 and the controller 2 with corresponding directional antennas 23a, b, c provided. These directional antennas 23a, b, c allow each identifier carrier 10, 12 (for example, via triangulation) to be located in their common area of action. The controller 2 can now be set up so that a weapon release takes place only in a certain area or certain areas, for example in a firing range 21 of the shooting lanes 22a, b, c. The fact that the entire shooting range 27 can be covered, further conditions for the release of the weapons are possible. For example, the release may be blocked when a user is between the firing range 21 and the target area 24 on one of the firing lanes 22a, b, c. Here, too, the signal processing for several identifier carriers runs quasi simultaneously.
  • Fig. 4 shows an additional access control to a shooting range, with which the technical safety can be further increased. In an access area 25 are antennas 26, 26 ', via which takes place a signal exchange with the release device 1 when leaving or upon entering the shooting range. However, the release device does not act on the security device 8 in the weapon, but on a passage barrier 28, which allows the exit or entering the shooting range 27. In this way, access to the shooting range 27 can be limited to certain users and / or weapons with corresponding identifier carriers 10, 12, as can be ensured that only certain or no weapons, which are provided with corresponding identifiers, taken from the shooting range 27 can be. It is also possible that the removal of weapons is limited only to certain users. By capturing the identification data of removed or introduced weapons, a very accurate and simple logging of such operations is possible. So it is possible, for example, at any time to determine which users or which weapons are within the shooting range, or which weapons which user has taken from the shooting range.

Claims (14)

  1. Weapon safety system, in which weapon enabling is controlled via an identification exchange between a weapon (6) and an enabling device (1), wherein
    the weapon comprises a weapon identification (7) and a safety device (8),
    the enabling device (1) is designed to detect the weapon identification (7) and to output an enabling signal (17) to the safety device (8) in the weapon (6) and is controlled by means of a control unit (2) comprising an identification memory (3, 4) in such a way that the enabling device (1) outputs an enabling signal (17) only if the detected weapon identification (7) matches a weapon identification recorded in the identification memory (4), wherein the weapon identification is located in an identification carrier (10, 12) assigned to the weapon, characterised in that the identification carrier is configured in such a way that, in response to a control signal (15) from the enabling device (1), it outputs to the enabling device (1) an identification signal (16) comprising the weapon identification (7), and the identification (7, 11) can be changed by the enabling device (1).
  2. Weapon safety system according to claim 1, in which a user identification (11) is assigned to a weapon user and the enabling device (1) outputs an enabling signal only if the detected user identification (11) matches a user identification recorded in the identification memory (4).
  3. Weapon safety system according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the enabling device (1) comprises an input device (19, 20) for the corresponding recording of the weapon identification and/or user identification (7, 11).
  4. Weapon safety system according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the user identification (7, 11) is located in an identification carrier (10, 12).
  5. Weapon safety system according to claim 4, wherein the identification carrier (10, 12) is configured as an active or passive transponder.
  6. Weapon safety system according to claim 5, wherein the signal energy transmitted by the enabling device (1) is sufficient to activate a passive transponder (10) coupled to the safety device (8) in such a way that said transponder transmits the weapon identification (7) to the enabling device and/or, by means of the received enabling signal (17), activates the safety device (8) to enable the weapon (6).
  7. Weapon safety system according to claim 6, wherein the safety device (8) and an active transponder (10) on the weapon (6) are provided with a common power supply (14), in particular a battery or an accumulator.
  8. Weapon safety system according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the safety device (8) acts on the trigger mechanism of the weapon (6), in particular on a trigger bar, by means of an actuating element (9), in particular an electromechanical actuating element.
  9. Weapon safety system according to one of claims 4 to 8, wherein the enabling device (1) comprises an antenna (5), via which the identification exchange takes place simultaneously with a plurality of weapons and/or users.
  10. Weapon safety system according to one of claims 4 to 8, wherein the enabling device comprises a plurality of antennas (5a, b, c) and the identification exchange with a weapon (6) and/or a user takes place in each case via a given antenna (5a, b, c).
  11. Weapon safety system according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the location of the weapon (6) and/or of the user is determined during the identification exchange and the enabling takes place as a function of the spatial positioning of the weapon and/or of the user.
  12. Weapon safety system according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the control unit (2) comprises a computer, in particular a PC.
  13. Shooting facility, in particular a shooting range (27), comprising at least one shooting area (22a, b, c), e.g. a shooting lane, wherein the shooting range (27) is provided with a weapon safety system according to one of the preceding claims.
  14. Shooting facility according to claim 13, which comprises an entry/exit barrier (28) with a read/write device (26, 26') which is controllably connected to the enabling device (1), and the control unit (2) is designed in such a way that the entry/exit barrier (28) allows entry to and/or exit from the shooting facility or a shooting area (22a, b, c) only if the identification (7, 11) detected at the entry/exit barrier (28) matches a correspondingly recorded identification.
EP20050746414 2004-05-26 2005-05-25 Safety device for shooting ranges Active EP1749182B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE200410025718 DE102004025718B4 (en) 2004-05-26 2004-05-26 shooting assurance
PCT/EP2005/005674 WO2005116568A1 (en) 2004-05-26 2005-05-25 Safety device for shooting ranges

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1749182A1 EP1749182A1 (en) 2007-02-07
EP1749182B1 true EP1749182B1 (en) 2010-04-07

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EP20050746414 Active EP1749182B1 (en) 2004-05-26 2005-05-25 Safety device for shooting ranges

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US (1) US7600339B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1749182B1 (en)
KR (1) KR100925086B1 (en)
AT (1) AT463711T (en)
CA (1) CA2568332C (en)
DE (2) DE102004025718B4 (en)
WO (1) WO2005116568A1 (en)
ZA (1) ZA200609800B (en)

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KR20070043723A (en) 2007-04-25
ZA200609800B (en) 2008-08-27
CA2568332C (en) 2009-10-06
DE102004025718A1 (en) 2005-12-22
DE502005009365D1 (en) 2010-05-20
CA2568332A1 (en) 2005-12-08
DE102004025718B4 (en) 2009-01-15
US7600339B2 (en) 2009-10-13
KR100925086B1 (en) 2009-11-05
AT463711T (en) 2010-04-15
US20070180749A1 (en) 2007-08-09
WO2005116568A1 (en) 2005-12-08
EP1749182A1 (en) 2007-02-07

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