EP1721674B1 - Device for processing components being composite - Google Patents

Device for processing components being composite Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1721674B1
EP1721674B1 EP06009665.8A EP06009665A EP1721674B1 EP 1721674 B1 EP1721674 B1 EP 1721674B1 EP 06009665 A EP06009665 A EP 06009665A EP 1721674 B1 EP1721674 B1 EP 1721674B1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
rotor
impact
base
disk
shaped
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP06009665.8A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1721674A1 (en
Inventor
Ralf Schäfer
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ProActor Schutzrechtsverwaltungs GmbH
Original Assignee
ProActor Schutzrechtsverwaltungs GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE102005021503A priority Critical patent/DE102005021503A1/en
Application filed by ProActor Schutzrechtsverwaltungs GmbH filed Critical ProActor Schutzrechtsverwaltungs GmbH
Publication of EP1721674A1 publication Critical patent/EP1721674A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1721674B1 publication Critical patent/EP1721674B1/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/14Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with vertical rotor shaft, e.g. combined with sifting devices
    • B02C13/18Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with vertical rotor shaft, e.g. combined with sifting devices with beaters rigidly connected to the rotor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/20Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with two or more co-operating rotors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/282Shape or inner surface of mill-housings
    • B02C13/284Built-in screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/12Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged below container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • B02C18/182Disc-shaped knives

Description

  • The invention relates to a device for processing components from mixtures of substances, according to the preamble of claim 1.
  • In order to process components from mixtures of substances or articles composed of different materials, such as metal parts, glass, rubber, wood, polymers, fibrous materials, composites or the like, in particular for economic recycling, impact reactors are used, in which by a impact stress be crushed by impact elements, the components. Such a baffle reactor is off US 6 325 306 known.
  • In the document EP 0 859 693 B1 are a method and an apparatus for processing components of mixtures, in particular mixed plastics, described. An impact reactor has in its cylindrical base body a rotatable by a drive motor rotor. The adjustable in height in the body rotor is made of wear-resistant steel and has at its propeller-shaped or wing-shaped ends (individual arms or rods) releasably received, exchangeable blades (baffles). The front blunt surfaces of the blades serve in the direction of rotation as a baffle for processing the material to be shredded, so that in further processing steps, the various materials of the mixture can be at least roughly separated into fractions.
  • From the document EP 1 057 531 B1 It is also known that a baffle reactor with a height-adjustable in the base body rotor can have a plurality of different ejection openings. The ejection openings located at different positions in the impact reactor can be provided with slotted or perforated cover plates, so that a differentiated discharge in different fractions, such as size or degree of digestion, is made possible. In order to promote the formation of different discharge zones in the impact reactor, impact elements are received on the wing-shaped arm structures of the rotor, which differ in their impact edges Shapes may have. The baffles can also interact with counter-elements on the inner surface of the body.
  • When processing components with widely varying sizes, shapes or volumes or materials with foreign matter fractions, large or hard components introduced into machine gaps, for example between the blades of the rotor and the main body, can jam or jam, which can cause the machine to lock, possibly even lead to damage to the device.
  • Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a device for processing components from mixtures of substances in which the risk of blocking the device is reduced, as well as the adaptation to different shredding tasks is easily feasible.
  • This object is achieved according to the invention by an apparatus for processing components of mixtures with the features of claim 1. Further features of the invention are described in the dependent claims.
  • A device according to the invention for processing components from mixtures of substances has a baffle reactor with a substantially cylindrical base body and with a disc-shaped rotor rotatable or rotating therein with a number of baffle elements received thereon. In other words, the rotor is disc-shaped or pronounced. The number of baffles can also be one. The baffle elements are detachably connected to the rotor. The disk-shaped rotor may be (preferably) substantially cylindrical or lenticular (concave or convex), in particular it may be circular disk-shaped. The disc-shaped rotor can have arranged on its outer circumference, in particular radially extending recesses or recesses, whereby he but his disc-shaped character, in particular the facts that the main surface portion of the circular surface of the disc-shaped rotor is closed or solid, and / or the mass of disc-shaped rotor is distributed substantially uniformly in the azimuthal direction, not loses.
  • With the impact reactor according to the invention, an apparatus for processing components from mixtures of substances with a high flexibility is provided. Furthermore, the disk-shaped rotor has a more uniform mass distribution compared to arm-shaped rotors. A significantly reduced drive effort results from the fact that a careful slow startup or shutdown of the speed of the rotor is not required. Due to the disc-shaped surface of the rotor according to the invention can process in the processing of tire carcasses no carcass pieces to the rotating shaft of the rotor and clog the baffle reactor.
  • The baffles may be received on the top and / or bottom of the disc-shaped rotor. In other words, the disc-shaped rotor may include baffles acting on components located above the rotor and / or baffles acting on components located below the rotor. As a function of the shredding application, the area above the rotor and / or the area below the rotor can be used, so that multiple use or multiple use is possible.
  • The recesses of the rotor are, in particular in a flange, added. In particular, an insert for receiving a impact element may have a groove. The baffle may be bolted to the insert from the same side or from the other side, and in the preferred embodiment of the invention has a width substantially equal to the width of the insert. However, according to a further embodiment of the invention, at least one baffle element may also have a width which extends beyond the width of the insert, or the baffle element may extend laterally beyond the edge of the insert along the top or bottom of the rotor. The inserts with the baffles are in this case preferably removed from the baffle reactor.
  • The rotor may further include a number of cutting elements received on the top and / or bottom of the disk-shaped rotor. In other words, the disk-shaped rotor may have cutting elements disposed on above the Rotor located components act, and / or separating elements, which act on located below the rotor components have.
  • In a simple way, the impact reactor can be adapted to different comminution tasks depending on the material of the components introduced by influencing the impact properties of the rotor by the type of impact elements and / or cutting elements used or their height, their number and / or angle are varied. For example, for hard, heavy material short impact elements and / or cutting elements can be selected which have a tooth-like tearing or grinding or abrasive paper-like or abrasive effect. In contrast, for soft material, such as plastics, long baffles and / or cutting elements can be used.
  • The cutting elements can be detachably received on inserts which are received in recesses of the rotor, in particular in the manner of a flange connection. In particular, an insert for receiving a separating element may have a groove. The cutting element may be bolted to the insert from the same side or from the other side. The inserts with the cutting elements are the baffle reactor removed.
  • Preferably, the inserts are round or disc-shaped and / or the azimuthal angle of at least one of the inserts is changeable orientable in the recess. The azimuthal angle may be infinitely or at least incrementally adjustable insofar as the inserts are positionable and attachable in a number of different angular positions in the recesses.
  • In particular, at least one of the recesses may extend continuously from the top to the bottom. In this way, conveniently and easily in the disk-shaped rotor attachment of the insert with a baffle element or cutting element, which acts on one side of the rotor, be made from the other side of the rotor. The insert is thus easily accessible for removal or installation.
  • At least one insert may have at least one passage opening, so that an air or material flow between the areas above the rotor and below the rotor or vice versa can be generated.
  • The hole guide of the at least one passage opening may be inclined in at least one insert, so that depending on Azimutalwinkelorientierung the hole guide or inclined bore compared to the axis of rotation of the rotor, an air flow or material flow from the area below the rotor in the area above the rotor or vice versa generated. The air flow conditions are determined by the angular position of the oblique passage opening with respect to the direction of rotation.
  • The baffle elements and / or cutting elements, which are accommodated on the disk-shaped rotor, can have different lengths and / or heights for adaptation to different cutting and comminution tasks. They can also have a different shape and consist of different materials. For different shredding applications, different impact elements and / or cutting elements are available to the user of the device.
  • In an advantageous further development of the device according to the invention, the baffle elements and / or cutting elements can interact with stationary, preferably radially adjustable counter-elements which are received on the essentially cylindrical base body. Between the baffles and / or cutting elements and the counter-elements, a machine nip, the width of which can be adjusted, is formed. It can be achieved in cooperation of the elements, for example by shearing, a crushing of the components.
  • The disk surface of the rotor can have substantially the same area, in particular the same diameter, as the base area of the cylindrical base body, so that the volume of the base body is divided into an upper area and a lower area. In a particular embodiment, the disk-shaped rotor may extend into a lateral circumferential groove or formation in the main body of the baffle reactor. In this way, a gap is formed, which after a pre-shredding of the in the material introduced into the upper region of the impact reactor allows material pieces to pass into the lower region. Such a gap may be followed by a further gap, preferably of variable width, downstream, so that subsequent shredding is effected by shearing action.
  • In the peripheral surface of the cylindrical base body may be arranged above and / or below the disc-shaped rotor, a number of sieves. The number can also be one. The screens may have different mesh or opening widths so that different fractions of shredded material can leave the baffle reactor through the screens.
  • In addition or alternatively, the main body of the impact reactor may have one or more ejection flaps, which are arranged laterally on the peripheral surface and / or on the bottom of the base body.
  • The main body of the impact reactor can have a flap on the underside, in particular on its bottom surface, so that the lower region of the impact reactor can be accessed for replacement or adjustment of the impact elements and / or the cutting elements.
  • In a further advantageous embodiment of the device according to the invention can be introduced into the underside of the disc-shaped rotor extending in the radial direction or at an angle recesses, grooves or spaces, so that material in the radial direction in the recesses, grooves or spaces to the peripheral surface of the body can be transported ,
  • In addition, with particular advantage, the impact reactor can have a further jacket body which is essentially coaxial with the peripheral surface of the base body within the base body. In an advantageous manner, the components to be comminuted are supplied centrally here and initially experience only slight acceleration, since the path velocity of impact elements, which are located at points close to the rotary shaft on the disk-shaped rotor, is only slight. As a consequence, the power requirement of the drive motor of the rotor is reduced compared to a non-targeted one Muterialzufuhr. The material comminuted in the lower part of the further jacket body then migrates into the outer region of the rotor, where secondary comminution takes place, in particular by impact elements with higher web speed, and separation of the individual fractions.
  • In a special refinement, the impact reactor can have at least one further rotor, which can be disc-shaped in particular. In combination with the above-mentioned gaps or passages, this results in the possibility of a cascade-like comminution of the components or separation of the individual fractions. In particular, the rotor and the at least one further rotor, which are arranged one above the other, can be driven at different speeds, wherein simultaneously or alternatively, the directions of rotation of the two rotors can be different. The overhead rotor can be used with a first speed for pre-shredding. The lower rotor can then cause fractionation or separation by a high momentum transfer at a second speed, which is greater, in particular considerably higher, than the first one. It is particularly advantageous in this case if the rotor and the at least one further rotor can be driven by means of separate coaxial shafts.
  • Furthermore, the impact reactor may comprise at least one heating element and / or a cooling element for influencing different materials, wherein the at least one heating element and / or cooling element in the peripheral surface of the base body or in the bottom surface of the base body, preferably in the region above the rotor or in the region below of the rotor, is arranged in order to be able to influence different materials. In a further development of the idea on which the invention is based, the heating or cooling element can also be arranged in the additional jacket body, in order, e.g. In the region of the second jacket body, for example, the material fed centrally to it is cooled in order to embrittle it before it reaches the outer area of the rotor in pre-shredded form
  • In this case, it may also be advantageous if one or more rotatable rollers are accommodated in the inner additional jacket body, which are in particular eccentric to the Rotary axis of the rotor can be arranged, and the pre-crushing of the material after. Making a type of roll crusher by the material between the roller, or the rollers and the inner peripheral surface of the further shell body is pressed through to crush this by the resulting pressure. The roller can be driven in this case, for example by the drive of the rotor and possibly a suitable reduction gear.
  • The device according to the invention for processing components from mixtures of substances can in various, already from the documents EP 0 859 693 B1 and EP 1057 531 B1 known and there explicitly listed crushing and separation applications, such as in Müllverwertungs- or waste incineration plants, are used. In connection with the invention but especially the particularly advantageous use of the device according to the invention with the features or feature combinations according to this illustration, for the comminution of tire carcasses, which consist of several vulcanized rubber layers and metal wire braids, and for the separation of tire carcasses in material fractions, in particular into a fraction with a main rubber content and a fraction with a main metal content.
  • Further embodiments and advantageous developments are described in detail below, explained in more detail and illustrated by the attached figures, to which reference is made in the examples for the purpose of illustration. In the drawings show:
  • Fig. 1
    a top view of a disc-shaped rotor of an embodiment of the device according to the invention for processing components,
    Fig. 2
    a view of the underside of a disc-shaped rotor of an embodiment of the device according to the invention,
    Fig. 3
    a schematic representation of an embodiment of a baffle reactor of a device according to the invention,
    Fig. 4
    an embodiment of an insert with inclined hole,
    Fig. 5
    three embodiments of machine gaps between disc-shaped rotor and lateral surface of the main body of the impact reactor,
    Fig. 6
    a schematic view of a further development of the device according to the invention with a further jacket inside the impingement reactor,
    Fig. 7
    a schematic view of an alternative development of the device according to the invention with baffles of different heights in the impact reactor, and
    Fig. 8
    a schematic view of a further alternative development of the device according to the invention with two rotors which are driven independently.
  • The FIG. 1 shows a plan view of the top of a disc-shaped rotor 14 of an embodiment of the device according to the invention for processing components, as shown for example in the in FIG. 3 illustrated embodiment of the impact reactor can be used. The disk-shaped rotor 14 is rotated by a drive motor not shown here about the rotary shaft 16 in the rotational direction 20 in rotational movement. In the disc-shaped rotor 14 four recesses for inserts 22 are provided, each having a baffle element 24 in a groove 26 (see below, in particular FIG. 3 ) take up. Shown is a symmetrical arrangement of the recesses, but it is also possible embodiments in which the distribution is not uniform or symmetrical. The inserts 22 are fixed in flange-like connection by means of eight screws 28 in the recesses. An impact element 24 defines an orientation of the receiving insert 22. In the FIG. 1 For example, a situation is shown in which the inserts 22 are each connected to the disc-shaped rotor 14 such that the baffles 24 are radially aligned or oriented. In this way, the side surfaces of the baffles 24 as Baffles upon rotation of the disc-shaped rotor 14 for the crushing of the introduced into the baffle reactor components available. The baffles of the baffles 24 are made of a solid metallic or crystalline material, such as a hardened steel. However, the inserts can also be fastened to the disk-shaped rotor 14 in angular position deviating from this radial orientation, in the case of eight uniformly distributed screw connections, obviously in 45 degree increments. In this way, pulse transmissions with components in the radial direction can be realized on components so that predetermined movements of the crushed pieces of material are generated above the rotor, which allow separation of different materials.
  • In the FIG. 2 is a view of the bottom 36 of a disc-shaped rotor 14 of an embodiment of the device according to the invention shown, in particular in a form in which the rotor 14 in the embodiment of a baffle reactor according to FIG. 3 can be used. In the bottom 36 of the rotor 14 recesses 38 are provided which serve the transport of crushed pieces of components from the inside out in the baffle reactor when the disk-shaped rotor 14 is rotated about its rotation shaft 16 in the rotational direction 20 in rotational movement. In this embodiment, the underside 36 has four substantially radially extending recesses 38 and four at an angle to the radial recesses 38 on. The recesses 38 may also have a curved course in other embodiments. The recesses 38 may further in different embodiments have a constant or tapering with increasing depth cross-section.
  • The FIG. 3 is a schematic representation of another embodiment of a baffle reactor 10 of a device according to the invention. The impact reactor 10 has a substantially cylindrical base body 12, also referred to as a processing container, in which a disk-shaped rotor 14 by means of a rotary shaft 16 by a drive motor 18, for example, an electric motor or a diesel engine, is set in rotational motion. Between drive motor 18 and rotary shaft 16 may preferably be arranged a transmission. The lid of the body 12 is removable, so that the interior of the main body 12 with the disc-shaped rotor 14 is accessible. The inner volume, more precisely the upper region 44, components 42, here for example tire carcasses, are fed through a material supply shaft 40 in the arrow direction. The components 42 impinge on the top of the rotating disc-shaped rotor and are subjected to an impact stress or the momentum transfer of the baffles of the recorded impact elements 24 and the cutting action of the recorded cutting elements 30 (in FIG. 3 one element is shown graphically).
  • In FIG. 3 is in the disc-shaped rotor 14 in the left part further shown an insert 22, in the groove 26, a baffle element 24 is fixed by means of screws 28. In the right part of the FIG. 3 an insert 22 of the disc-shaped rotor 14 is shown in the groove 26, a cutting element 30 is secured by screws 28. The cutting elements 30 have a shape which has a cutting action on the components 42 introduced into the impact reactor 10. The screws 28 are accessible from the other side of the disk-shaped rotor 14 and detachable or attractable.
  • Furthermore, the in FIG. 3 illustrated embodiment, a gap in the lateral surface in the amount of the disk-shaped rotor 14, so that crushed pieces of components with sufficiently small size from the upper portion 44 can reach 46 in the lower region. On the underside 36 of the disc-shaped rotor 14 is a further baffle element 24, which is fastened by means of detachable or attractable from the top of screws 28 in the groove 26 of an insert 22. In other words, the rotor 14 can also act on crushed pieces of components in the lower region 46. The main body 12 has in the lateral surface of the upper region 44, ie above the disk-shaped rotor 14, an upper ejection flap 48, which can be closed in particular with a grid or a sieve of different width to influence the passing grain size, and preferably in the pivoting direction 50 opens and closes. Through this upper ejection flap 48, a first fraction of shredded material can be removed. In addition, the base body 12 has on its bottom surface a lower ejection flap 52, which opens and closes in the pivoting direction 54. Through this lower ejection flap 52 may be a second, from the first Fraction can be taken from different fraction of crushed material. Also, such a lower discharge flap 52 may allow access to the disc-shaped rotor 14 from below, so that inserts 22 can be changed. At this point, it should again be emphasized that the impact elements 24 and / or cutting elements 30 used can have different lengths and / or heights, which are selected as a function of the respective comminution and separation tasks.
  • In FIG. 4 schematically an embodiment of a insert 58 is shown with through hole. In part 4A (upper part of the FIG. 4 ) is a section through the recorded in a disc-shaped rotor 14 insert 58 is shown. The insert is positively received and is fixed by means of screws 56 non-positively. The hole passing through from the upper side to the lower side of the rotor 14 is hereby designed as an oblique hole 60, that is to say in the partial image 4A the parallelogram projection of the bore extending at an angle different from zero to the perpendicular to the disc-shaped rotor 14 can be seen. In the partial image 4B is a plan view of the insert 58 with inclined hole 60 is shown. The insert 58 is the geometry of the already described inserts 22 for baffles 24 and cutting elements 30 (see also FIGS. 1 to 3 ), so that the insert 58 can optionally be installed instead of the other inserts. As already described with reference to the inserts 22, the insert 58 can also be accommodated with different angular orientations in the disk-shaped rotor 14, so that different flow conditions can be achieved upon rotation of the rotor 14. The orientation of the oblique hole 60 relative to the axis of rotation determines in particular whether an air flow and / or material flow from the area above the rotor 14 in the area below the rotor 14 passes or vice versa or if an air flow and / or a material flow in the radial direction of inside to outside or from outside to inside is induced.
  • The FIG. 5 shows three embodiments of machine gaps between disc-shaped rotor and lateral surface of the main body of the impact reactor. As already described, the gap width has the function of the mesh size of a screen. In other words, it determines the grain size of the crushed pieces that can pass from the upper portion to the lower portion of the baffle reactor. In the upper part of figure 5A is based a section of the baffle reactor illustrates how the disc-shaped rotor 14 with a recorded baffle 24 in cooperation with a Gegenelcmcnt 32 on the shell of the body, here without limiting the general solid, in other embodiments also movable, in particular in the radial direction, a gap 34 for comminution of components forms. Such a counter element 32 preferably extends in the circumferential direction only over a limited angular range. Along the circumference, a number of counter-elements 32 are arranged here in an advantageous manner. The number can also be one. In the middle part of the image 5B is a machine gap 34 can be seen, which is formed by a circumferential recess or a shape of the lateral surface of the main body of the baffle reactor and the disc-shaped rotor 14 which carries on its upper side baffle elements 24. As related to FIG. 3 has been explained, arrive only pieces of crushed by impact stress or impact stress material of maximum size through the gap 34 from the top to the bottom of the baffle reactor.
  • In the lower partial image 5C, an embodiment of a gap 34 is shown, which is formed by a cooperation of a crash element 24 on the disk-shaped rotor 14 with the lateral surface of the base body 12. Since the baffle extends only over a limited angular range, pieces of components between the rotor 14 and the body 12 undergo momentum transfer.
  • In the FIG. 6 is a schematic sectional view of a further development of the device according to the invention with a further jacket inside the impingement reactor 10 is shown. In the base body 12 is a disk-shaped rotor 14 which is rotatable about its rotation shaft 16. Der Rotor 14 ist in der Grundkörper 12 angeordnet. On the top of the rotor 14 baffles 24 are added. The components are centrally supplied to the disk-shaped rotor 14 within an inner shell 64 in the vicinity of the rotary shaft 16. In this embodiment, cutting elements 30 (alternatively also impact elements 24) which move at low line speed preferably first act on the components, as a result of which only roughly comminuted pieces first reach the upper region 44, by continuing their impact stress in the previously described manner be crushed.
  • The FIG. 7 shows a schematic view of an alternative development of the device according to the invention with baffles of different heights in the impact reactor 10. In the base body 12, a disc-shaped rotor 14 is rotatably arranged by means of the rotary shaft 16. Two recorded baffle elements 24 are shown, these having a height difference 66, so that a different momentum transfer is obtained when these impact elements 24 act on the components. Furthermore, in the embodiment of the FIG. 7 the independent of the said feature of baffles of different heights independent feature, which can be realized in other embodiments, recognizable that the figure axis of the substantially rotationally symmetrical body does not coincide with the axis of the rotary shaft 16 of the disc-shaped rotor 14. In this way, in this embodiment, a gap 34 is realized in cooperation of the arranged at the edge of the rotor 14 impact element 24 and a counter element 32 for the comminution of components.
  • The FIG. 8 shows a schematic sectional view of an embodiment of another alternative embodiment of the device according to the invention comprising a baffle reactor 10 with two rotors, which are independently drivable. Inside the main body 12 are a disc-shaped rotor 14 with recorded impact elements 24 and second rotor 68, which is in particular also designed disc-shaped. While the rotor 14 is rotated by a first drive motor 74 by means of a Koaxialhohlwelle 70 via a first deflection gear 72, here by way of example two meshing bevel gears in rotation, the second rotor 68 by means of a rotary shaft 16 via a second deflection gear 76, here two by way of example meshing bevel gears, moved by a second drive motor 78. The two rotors 14, 68 can thereby rotate at different speeds. The width of the gap 34 for subsequent comminution is variable, as indicated by the double arrow. Furthermore, in FIG. 8 For example, it can be shown that prismatic or trapezoidally shaped impact elements 80 and / or cutting elements 30 with tooth surface structure 82 can be used. In addition, and as an alternative to the features already explained, is in FIG. 8 the use of heating elements 84 and / or cooling elements 86 can be seen, which in the region between the disk-shaped rotor fourteenth and the second rotor 68 can be accommodated on the inner circumferential surface of the main body 12, so that a controlled supply of heat in the processing of components is possible, whereby material properties can be influenced during the impact stress. In the region below the disk-shaped rotor 14, a cooling element 86 is preferably accommodated on the bottom surface of the main body 12, by means of which the associated region is cooled, and thus influence on the material properties of the comminuted material can be taken from the impact reactor 10 before removal or ejection.
  • List of reference numbers
  • 10
    baffle reactor
    12
    body
    14
    rotor
    16
    rotary shaft
    18
    drive motor
    20
    direction of rotation
    22
    commitment
    24
    baffle
    26
    groove
    28
    screw
    30
    cutting element
    32
    against segment
    34
    Gap in lateral surface
    36
    Bottom of the rotor
    38
    recesses
    40
    Material feed chute
    42
    component
    44
    upper area
    46
    lower area
    48
    upper ejection flap
    50
    pan direction
    52
    lower ejection flap
    54
    pan direction
    56
    screw
    58
    Insert with through hole
    60
    oblique hole
    62
    head Start
    64
    inner coat
    66
    height difference
    68
    second rotor
    70
    Koaxialhohlwelle
    72
    first deflection gear
    74
    first drive motor
    76
    second deflection gear
    78
    second drive motor
    80
    shaped impact element
    82
    tooth surface
    84
    heating element
    86
    cooling element

Claims (24)

  1. An apparatus for processing components (42) made of compositions of substances, comprising an impact reactor (10) which has a substantially cylindrical base body (12) and a disk-shaped rotor (14) which is rotatable in said base body and comprises a number of impact elements (24) accommodated thereon, characterized in that the base body (12) comprises one or several ejection flaps (48) arranged in the region of the circumferential area for the ejection of the materials separated by the rotor, and that the impact elements (24) are releasably accommodated in inserts (22) which are arranged in recesses of the rotor (14).
  2. An apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the impact elements (24) are arranged on the upper side and/or bottom side (36) of the disk-shaped rotor (14).
  3. An apparatus according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the rotor (14) comprises a number of cutting elements (30) which are accommodated on the upper side and/or bottom side (36) of the disk-shaped rotor (14).
  4. An apparatus according to claim 3, characterized in that the cutting elements (30) are releasably accommodated in inserts (22) which are arranged in recesses of the rotor (14).
  5. An apparatus according to one of the claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the inserts (22) are arranged in a round way and/or the azimuth angle of at least one of the inserts (22) in the recess is variable.
  6. An apparatus according to one of the claims 1 to 5, characterized in that at least one of the recesses extends continuously from the upper side to the bottom side (36) of the rotor (14).
  7. An apparatus according to one of the claims 1 to 5, characterized in that at least one insert (58) comprises at least one lead-through opening (60) in such a way that a flow can be produced between the region above the rotor (14) and beneath the rotor (14), or vice versa.
  8. An apparatus according to claim 7, characterized in that the guidance of the hole of the at least one lead-through opening (60) is angular in at least one insert, so that depending on the orientation of the azimuth angle of the guidance of the hole in comparison with the rotational axis of the rotor (14) an air flow or a material flow can be produced from the region beneath the rotor (14) into the region above the rotor (14), or vice versa.
  9. An apparatus according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the impact elements (24) and/or the cutting elements (30) which are accommodated on the disk-shaped rotor (14) have a different length and/or height.
  10. An apparatus according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the impact elements (24) and/or the cutting elements (30) cooperate with stationary, preferably radially adjustable counter-elements (32) which are accommodated on the substantially cylindrical base body (12).
  11. An apparatus according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the disk-shaped rotor (14) extends into a lateral circumferential groove in the base body (12) of the impact reactor.
  12. An apparatus according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a number of screens are arranged in the circumferential area of the cylindrical base body above and/or beneath the disk-shaped rotor.
  13. An apparatus according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the base body (12) comprises one or several further ejection flaps (52) which are arranged on the bottom of the base body (12).
  14. An apparatus according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the base body (12) comprises a flap on the bottom side for exchanging or for adjusting the impact elements (24) and/or the cutting elements (30).
  15. An apparatus according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that recesses (38) which extend in the radial direction or are arranged at an angle are introduced into the bottom side (36) of the disk-shaped rotor (14), such that the material in the recesses (38) can be transported in the radial direction relative to the circumferential area.
  16. An apparatus according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the impact reactor (10) comprises a further jacket body (64) which lies within the base body (12) substantially coaxially to the circumferential area of the base body (12).
  17. An apparatus according to claim 16, characterized in that one or several rotatable rollers are accommodated in the interior of the further jacket body, which rotatable rollers can be arranged especially eccentrically in relation to the rotational axis of the rotor and which perform preliminary comminution of the material in the manner of a roll crusher.
  18. An apparatus according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the impact reactor (10) comprises at least one further, especially disk-shaped rotor (68).
  19. An apparatus according to claim 18, characterized in that the rotor (14) and the at least one further rotor (68) are arranged above one another and can be driven with different speeds and/or in different directions of rotation.
  20. An apparatus according to claim 18 or 19, characterized in that the rotor and the at least one further rotor can be driven via mutually separated coaxial shafts (16, 70).
  21. An apparatus according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the impact reactor (10) comprises at least one heating element (84) and/or a cooling element (86) for influencing various materials, with the at least one heating element (84) and/or cooling element (86) being arranged in the circumferential area of the base body (12) or in the base area of the base body (12) in the region above the rotor (14) or in the region beneath the rotor (14).
  22. An apparatus according to claim 16 and 21, characterized in that the cooling element (86) and/or the heating element (84) is arranged in or on the further jacket body (64).
  23. An apparatus according to one of the claim 1 or 4, characterized in that at least one impact element (24) and/or a cutting element (30) extends beyond the edge of the insert (22).
  24. Use of an apparatus according to one of the preceding claims for comminuting tire carcasses and for separating tire carcasses into fractions of material.
EP06009665.8A 2005-05-10 2006-05-10 Device for processing components being composite Active EP1721674B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102005021503A DE102005021503A1 (en) 2005-05-10 2005-05-10 Device for processing components from mixtures of substances

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PL06009665T PL1721674T3 (en) 2005-05-10 2006-05-10 Device for processing components being composite
SI200631670T SI1721674T1 (en) 2005-05-10 2006-05-10 Device for processing components being composite

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1721674A1 EP1721674A1 (en) 2006-11-15
EP1721674B1 true EP1721674B1 (en) 2013-07-17

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EP06009665.8A Active EP1721674B1 (en) 2005-05-10 2006-05-10 Device for processing components being composite

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EP (1) EP1721674B1 (en)
DE (1) DE102005021503A1 (en)
ES (1) ES2431317T3 (en)
PL (1) PL1721674T3 (en)
SI (1) SI1721674T1 (en)

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DE202015100504U1 (en) 2015-02-03 2016-04-05 Dieffenbacher GmbH Maschinen- und Anlagenbau Crushing device for the recovery of secondary raw materials from discarded material
DE102015101530A1 (en) 2015-02-03 2016-08-04 Dieffenbacher GmbH Maschinen- und Anlagenbau Crushing device for the recovery of secondary raw materials from discarded material and method for their control
DE202015105080U1 (en) 2015-09-25 2016-11-28 Dieffenbacher GmbH Maschinen- und Anlagenbau Apparatus for shredding materials
WO2017050981A1 (en) 2015-09-25 2017-03-30 Dieffenbacher GmbH Maschinen- und Anlagenbau Device for the comminution of materials
DE102017108106B3 (en) 2017-04-13 2018-04-26 Dieffenbacher GmbH Maschinen- und Anlagenbau Apparatus and method for separating material composites
DE202017102268U1 (en) 2017-04-13 2018-06-15 Dieffenbacher GmbH Maschinen- und Anlagenbau Device for separating material composites

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EP2358473B1 (en) 2008-11-19 2014-10-01 Bomatic Umwelt- Und Verfahrenstechnik GmbH Device for reducing and decomposing
DE102010002867B4 (en) * 2010-03-15 2013-01-17 Franco Spennato Apparatus and process for the recovery of steel fibers
DE102010060794A1 (en) * 2010-11-25 2012-05-31 Mewa Recycling Maschinen Und Anlagenbau Gmbh Apparatus and method for material shredding
DE202012102026U1 (en) 2012-06-01 2013-07-08 Proactor Schutzrechtsverwaltungs Gmbh Device for crushing parts or goods
DE102012104781A1 (en) 2012-06-01 2013-12-05 Proactor Schutzrechtsverwaltungs Gmbh Apparatus and method for comminuting parts or goods
DE102013104966A1 (en) 2013-05-14 2014-11-20 Agraferm Technologies Ag Method for operating a biogas plant for the continuous fermentation of substrate mixtures and biogas plant for the continuous fermentation of substrate mixtures
CN107744860A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-03-02 嘉善信息技术工程学校 A kind of feed grinder
CN108908794A (en) * 2018-07-06 2018-11-30 林伊莱 A kind of hydrofluoric acid waste recovery processing device

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Cited By (9)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE202015100504U1 (en) 2015-02-03 2016-04-05 Dieffenbacher GmbH Maschinen- und Anlagenbau Crushing device for the recovery of secondary raw materials from discarded material
DE102015101530A1 (en) 2015-02-03 2016-08-04 Dieffenbacher GmbH Maschinen- und Anlagenbau Crushing device for the recovery of secondary raw materials from discarded material and method for their control
WO2016124618A1 (en) 2015-02-03 2016-08-11 Dieffenbacher GmbH Maschinen- und Anlagenbau Comminuting device for reclaiming secondary raw materials from discarded material, and method for controlling same
DE202015105080U1 (en) 2015-09-25 2016-11-28 Dieffenbacher GmbH Maschinen- und Anlagenbau Apparatus for shredding materials
WO2017050981A1 (en) 2015-09-25 2017-03-30 Dieffenbacher GmbH Maschinen- und Anlagenbau Device for the comminution of materials
DE102015116285B3 (en) * 2015-09-25 2017-08-03 Dieffenbacher GmbH Maschinen- und Anlagenbau Apparatus for shredding materials
DE102017108106B3 (en) 2017-04-13 2018-04-26 Dieffenbacher GmbH Maschinen- und Anlagenbau Apparatus and method for separating material composites
DE202017102268U1 (en) 2017-04-13 2018-06-15 Dieffenbacher GmbH Maschinen- und Anlagenbau Device for separating material composites
WO2018189369A1 (en) 2017-04-13 2018-10-18 Dieffenbacher GmbH Maschinen- und Anlagenbau Device and method for separating material composites

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE102005021503A8 (en) 2013-04-11
EP1721674A1 (en) 2006-11-15
DE102005021503A1 (en) 2006-11-30
SI1721674T1 (en) 2014-02-28
PL1721674T3 (en) 2013-12-31
ES2431317T3 (en) 2013-11-26

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