EP1716384B1 - Weapon with a mounting rail - Google Patents

Weapon with a mounting rail Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1716384B1
EP1716384B1 EP20050726409 EP05726409A EP1716384B1 EP 1716384 B1 EP1716384 B1 EP 1716384B1 EP 20050726409 EP20050726409 EP 20050726409 EP 05726409 A EP05726409 A EP 05726409A EP 1716384 B1 EP1716384 B1 EP 1716384B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
rail
sight
mounting
mounting rail
slide rail
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP20050726409
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1716384A1 (en
Inventor
Thomas Romer
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Heckler und Koch GmbH
Original Assignee
Heckler und Koch GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE200410007916 priority Critical patent/DE102004007916A1/en
Application filed by Heckler und Koch GmbH filed Critical Heckler und Koch GmbH
Priority to PCT/EP2005/001654 priority patent/WO2005078374A1/en
Publication of EP1716384A1 publication Critical patent/EP1716384A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1716384B1 publication Critical patent/EP1716384B1/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41GWEAPON SIGHTS; AIMING
    • F41G11/00Details of sighting or aiming apparatus; Accessories
    • F41G11/001Means for mounting tubular or beam shaped sighting or aiming devices on firearms
    • F41G11/003Mountings with a dove tail element, e.g. "Picatinny rail systems"
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41CSMALLARMS, e.g. PISTOLS, RIFLES; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • F41C27/00Miscellaneous attachments for smallarms; Accessories; Details not otherwise provided for

Description

  • The invention relates to a running rail according to the preamble of claim 1 and a handgun with such a running rail. Finally, the invention also relates to such a running rail, which can be built on the rifle instead of the support bracket.
  • Such a running rail is from the US 5,590,484 A known.
  • Location labels used hereafter, such as "top", "front", etc., always refer to the fire-ready, normally-held, horizontal-barreled weapon which is "forward", i. against the target, points.
  • In the field of mostly produced using elaborate handcraft hunting Kipplaufwaffen it is known to provide expensive triplets with a sight, which is folded down and usually opens automatically when switching to ball shot. Will put back on shotgun, then the rear sight works and provides with the running rail a continuous surface. Furthermore, such rifles often have a hinged, coarse shotgun grain that covers the firmly mounted bush grain in shotgun. A grain remains visible under all circumstances and protrudes over the front end of the track.
  • This track, which is designed as a straight running rail or as a hollow rail, serves primarily to facilitate the targets in the volatile shot or shotgun in particular.
  • In a very different field of mostly fully machined weapons has a modern automatic rifle usually mounted on the top of the rifle mounting bracket, the controls of the rifle protects from above and forms a carrying handle, in which an optical or mechanical visor embedded or attached to it. Namely, since the axis of the axis (central axis of the barrel) usually passes through the bottom plate of the shoulder support to minimize the impact of the recoil, the visor must be placed a considerable distance above the barrel for the shooter to adopt a casual posture. This distance is made by the embedded in the mounting bracket visor so that the sighting line is located at an ideal distance above the rifle. This visor forms the standard sight of the weapon.
  • If now a special target device (night vision, riflescope, laser sight, etc.) are also attached to the rifle, then often results in a faulty position of the sighting line, since their ideal position is already taken by the standard sight.
  • For the purpose of accommodating a special aiming device, it would of course be possible to use it instead of the carrying handle, which is removable in most rapid-fire guns. In this case, but the standard sight would be omitted. This is disadvantageous because the special target device is usually not as universally applicable as the standard sight.
  • Moreover, it is known, especially in repeating rifles, but also in pistols, submachine guns and rapid-fire rifles, to dissuade additional prismatic rails on which said special aiming devices, but also others Devices (eg headlamps), can be mounted removably so that they do not obstruct the sight line.
  • For sniper rifles, disc rifles and hunting rifles, it is common practice to either omit the standard sights altogether or obscure them by the riflescope so that they can only be used with the riflescope removed. There are also riflescope mountings for hunting rifles under which one can see through to the standard visor; here, however, what has already been said in rapid-fire guns: both lines of sight are on top of each other, so that at best only one can be optimal.
  • A hunting rifle with a narrow prism rail for holding the riflescope must be re-injected each time the scope is removed and replaced. With wider sight rails, this is unnecessary, especially in the so-called "Picatinny rail". It is therefore convenient, especially in military use, to remove the special aiming device each time (e.g., after use) when it is not needed to protect it from damage. This means that a standard weapon is usually equipped with its standard sight.
  • But even with a change in the conditions of use, it is then appropriate to remove the special target device if it has become inappropriate (for example, a Nachvisier on the day). Then it is necessary for the standard sight to be shot (i.e., adjusted) and its line of sight as close as possible to the correct height.
  • This also applies to pistols: a meaningful in the twilight laser sight is meaningless, for example, when the batteries are empty or outdoors on a sunny day.
  • Here is the invention intervene and find a solution for handguns, especially ordnance, especially for rapid-fire rifles, with the best possible installation of special targets should be possible without the standard sight suffers losses in its optimal position possible.
  • This object is achieved in that the grain assembly is also retractable into the track rail, and that the entire track rail is designed as a mounting rail for attaching an additional device and having a width that exceeds the retractable grain and visor assembly.
  • On this mounting rail can be pushed both from the front and from behind an accessory when grain and visor are sunk, because the recessed parts of the target close at most and preferably flush with the upper surface of the mounting rail, and the width of the mounting rail exceeds the Target devices, so that they do not affect the displacement of an attachment on the mounting rail in the lowered state.
  • The lowering of the grain and visor is most easily and therefore preferably understood by folding down the lowerable parts about a horizontal, transverse axis.
  • Incidentally, it is already known to form the upper part of a heavy self-loading pistol as a broad rail ("Desert Eagle" IMI, Israel), but even with this weapon, the standard visor towers over the front and back of the mounting rail, so that attachments are not from the front or slid on the back of the rail or pulled off can be. There are in this known pistol always assemblies for the additional equipment required that can be spread far enough to be placed on top of the mounting rail. In addition, if necessary, the standard sight obstructs the view through an attachment whose sight line coincides with or collides with that of the standard sight.
  • The mounting rail can, as in the above-mentioned, known pistol, be integrated into the weapon, but is preferably placed and removed again, so that when manufactured by simple means several versions of a weapon can be manufactured and offered in a cost effective modular design.
  • Since the invention provides virtually the same line of sight with simple means for standard sight and additional equipment, the invention can be used in principle in handguns of all kinds, without restricting their usefulness, ie in sniper rifles, rapid-fire guns, submachine guns and pistols, but also in a bazooka, a portable grenade launcher for direct or quasi-direct shot and many more. Prerequisite, however, is a match of the interface to the weapon housing.
  • However, the invention is particularly well suited for rapid-fire rifles whose top is covered and protected by a handle-like sight. As already mentioned, the formation of such a protective cover as a handle has the purpose of enabling a sighting with a sighting line, which is far above the weapon. The weapon is because of the more favorable recoil because of provided with a shoulder rest, which is approximately at the height of the axis of the soul (running central axis).
  • In such weapons, it is then, if you do not need a protective cover, customary to make grain and visor foldable (for example, the Swiss assault rifle 57). However, as soon as parts have to be protected from rough contact with the environment, such as the cocking slide of the French rifle FA MAS F3, one uses on the top of the weapon a protective or mounting bracket that carries the standard visor above and therefore free of play on the weapon must be attached.
  • Here it is particularly difficult to attach an additional, play-free bracket for additional equipment that allows the view of the standard visor, if necessary, but arranges the sight line of the accessory as anatomically favorable as that of the standard visor.
  • To solve this problem, the invention proposes a kit of a rapid-fire rifle with removable mounting bracket and a mounting rail for receiving additional equipment that can be built instead of the previous bracket on the rifle and on the front of a retractable grain assembly and on the back of a retractable sighting having.
  • Since the mounting bracket must be mounted without play in the transverse direction and high direction of the weapon, since he carries the standard visor, it is readily possible to install as well as a mounting rail play, on the one hand serves as a protective cover for moving parts, but on the other hand can run lower over the weapon as the carrying handle, since the sighting line with effective, so folded up standard sight is arbitrarily above the mounting rail. Conversely, the sight line of ancillary equipment is not too high, as hitherto, because the ancillary equipment is above the Mounting rail in exactly the ideal height can be attached. The position of the mounting rail namely only indirectly affects the sighting line of the standard sight.
  • In addition, additional equipment may be provided with a mounting that allows a simple and quick pushing and unplugging, since the jaws of the assembly so just stretch or release the rail, and not, as before, must be spread so far that a decrease after above is possible.
  • The invention also relates to an attachable to the top of a handgun mounting rail, in which at the front of the mounting rail a retractable grain assembly and at the back of a retractable sighting is formed, which does not obstruct the sliding and removal of a mounting in each folded state, but in the unfolded state has an almost ideal altitude above the mounting rail.
  • Here, the parts of the visor assembly are easily folded. Other ways of sinking the visor were abandoned.
  • The mounting rail can be designed arbitrarily, provided that their cross section does not change so much that the postponement of an assembly from the front or from behind is impossible.
  • However, an arrangement in which the mounting rail has a symmetrically downwardly narrowing cross-section is particularly preferred. It is therefore similar to a swallowtail.
  • In this case, preferably the upper longitudinal edges of the mounting rail are chamfered, so that no sharp angles are formed at which a shooter could hurt.
  • Mounting rails of this type are already known, which optionally have at the top of transverse grooves into which a bolt of the assembly can engage to fix the attachment in the longitudinal direction of the weapon. The best known and preferred within the scope of the invention is the so-called "Picatinny" rail. Such a rail is compared to the dovetail classical Aufschubmontagen, relatively wide and may even be made of plastic.
  • In the context of the present invention, however, it is preferred that the mounting rail made of metal, in particular aluminum alloy. Metal provides surface pressure resistance, but due to the large dimensions of a Picatinny rail, a light metal is quite sufficient to carry heavy equipment such as rangefinders equipped with elevation calculation electronics. In this context, it should also be noted that even heavier, more resistant versions of ancillary equipment can be used than they could previously be attached to the carrying handle, since the height of the mounting rail over the weapon can be much lower.
  • The retractable visor in the mounting rail can be an open visor, as it is known from hunting rifles and most military rifles of the early 20th century ago. However, it is preferred that the visor is a sight sight.
  • Although this is inferior in light intensity and insensitivity to dirt and moisture to the open visor, but has quite significant advantages in terms of the accommodation ability of the eye and the experience of the shooter. However, it is particularly preferred that this Dioptervisier can be located close to the eye of the shooter, so that the length of the mounting rail for the standard sight can be fully utilized. Namely, the mounting rail should be able to be brought as close as possible under the eye of the shooter in order not to admit any optical visors of all kinds.
  • If the mounting rail is mounted on a handgun, especially on a rapid-fire rifle, then it is set in the vertical and transverse directions, but in a sense has a floating bearing in the longitudinal direction to tolerances, thermal expansions o. The like. Take the weapon without tensions are generated , Therefore, the mounting rail can also have a considerable length compared to conventional, military Aufschubmontagen. The positional precision, based on the sighting arrangement, is thereby further improved.
  • Therefore, the invention further proposes that the grain and / or the visor assembly of the mounting rail is adjustable in the lateral position to customize the standard visor to each weapon individually and as accurately as possible.
  • If the mounting rail for a rapid-fire rifle is stored together with this, it is also possible to replace the mounting rail depending on your choice and situation against the handle, without it being necessary to re-shoot the respective standard visor.
  • Of course, it is often the case that several ancillary devices are attached to a weapon, such as such as an infrared night aiming device and the associated headlights. So far, it was usually common to arrange these devices lying on top of each other, which led to considerable heights for the weapon equipped.
  • According to the invention it is therefore proposed that laterally and angled at least one second mounting rail, which extends parallel to said mounting rail, can be attached. Therefore, the additional devices are arranged like a wreath around the weapon, which therefore becomes more compact. By attaching the second mounting rail (s) on the back of the first mounting rail, it is also possible to arrange a plurality of visual devices that are in the range of the eye of the shooter.
  • As far as no other means of the weapon are disturbed, it is possible to work out the mounting rail from the weapon or put it directly on the weapon. In general, however, it is preferred that a holder for attachment to the handgun or the rapid-fire rifle is attached to the front and back of the mounting rail.
  • This has the unexpected advantage that the individual brackets can be designed as a fixed bearing and a movable bearing, as is the case with a steel bridge, so that relative thermal expansion between the gun and mounting rail are permitted and have no effect on them.
  • The object of the invention will be explained in more detail on the basis of a non-limiting exemplary embodiment, which is illustrated in the drawing, in which:
    • Fig. 1 the view of a rapid-fire rifle in the oblique image, which is equipped with the mounting rail according to the invention,
    • Fig. 2a and b Views of a dismantled mounting rail with the visor and grain are in an oblique view, diagonally from the front ( Fig. 2a ) and diagonally behind ( Fig. 2b ).
  • In all figures, the same embodiment is shown and are therefore used throughout the same reference numerals.
  • In Fig. 1 a rapid-fire rifle 1 is shown, the carrying handle has been replaced by a Picatinny rail 3, which is spaced above the axis of the soul (not shown) and approximately parallel to this. The distance between the weapon 1 and rail 3 is less than it used to be the distance between the weapon 1 and the carrying handle (not shown).
  • The rear end of the rail 3 has a rear bracket 7, which is pushed onto a rail-like longitudinal training on the top, and back of the gun housing and has the effect of a floating bearing, while the front end 5 by bolts o. The like. At the top of Forearm with a front bracket 5 is fixed and has the effect of a fixed bearing.
  • Opening in the transverse direction of the center of the rail and in the front and rear, there is a front recess 19 and a rear recess 21, both of which are open at the top. At the back of the front recess 19 sits a forward collapsible grain 11, and at the Front of the rear recess 21 is a rearwardly foldable Dioptervisier 13 (see Fig. 2a, b ).
  • Grain 11 and sight 13 can be set up ( Fig.2a, b ), so that they serve as a standard sight of the automatic rifle 1, or be folded forward or back, in which case the rail 3 has a substantially flat, upper surface which is interrupted only by transverse grooves. Laterally, the flat folded grain 11 and sight 13 are not on the contour of the rail 3, so that - with folded grain 11 and sight 13 - an additional device effortlessly pushed from the front or back to the rail 3 or can be deducted from this.
  • On the grain 11, a pair of transverse screws 17 are further arranged, which serve for the transverse adjustment of the grain 11.
  • At the rear, the rail 3 has laterally on each side of the rear bracket 7 on each side rail mounting 15 to which a side rail 9 can be attached, which is similar to the rail 3, but is shorter, laterally offset and tilted 90 ° outwards ,
  • The rail 3 with its brackets 5 and 7 and side rail (s) 9 are made of aluminum alloy and preferably provided with a coating or anodization, which causes even sea air can not damage the aluminum.

Claims (10)

  1. A slide rail (3) that can be fitted on or removed from the upper surface of a small arm (1), on the front surface of which a retractable front sight configuration (11) and on the rear surface of which a retractable rear sight configuration (13) are constructed,
    characterised in that the entire slide rail is designed as a mounting rail (3) for mounting an additional component and has a width that exceeds the width of the front sight and rear sight configurations (11, 13) that can be folded away in the mounting rail (3), so that a fitting can be slid on from the front or the rear.
  2. A slide rail according to Claim 1,
    characterised in that the mounting rail (3) comprises a cross section that becomes narrower symmetrically in the downward direction.
  3. A slide rail according to one of Claims 1 to 2,
    characterised in that the upper longitudinal edges of the mounting rail (3) are chamfered.
  4. A slide rail according to one of Claims 1 to 3,
    characterised in that the mounting rail (3) is made from metal, in particular an aluminium alloy.
  5. A slide rail according to one of Claims 1 to 4,
    characterised in that the rear sight configuration is a ring and bead sight (13).
  6. A slide rail according to one of Claim 1,
    characterised in that the lateral position of the front sight configuration (11) and/or of the rear sight configuration (13) of the mounting rail (3) can be adjusted.
  7. A slide rail according to one of Claims 1 to 6,
    characterised in that at least a second mounting rail (9) extending parallel to the mentioned mounting rail (3) can be mounted laterally and angled.
  8. A slide rail according to one of Claims 1 to 7,
    characterised in that a fitting (5, 7) is mounted on the front surface and rear surface respectively of the mounting rail (3), for mounting on the small arm or the rapid-fire rifle (1).
  9. A small arm (1) with a slide rail (3) according to one of Claims 1 to 8.
  10. A module comprising a rapid-fire rifle (1) with a detachable mounting bracket, and a slide rail (3) according to one of Claims 1 to 8 to receive additional components, which can be fitted on the rifle (1) instead of the mounting bracket and comprises a retractable front sight (11) on the front surface and a retractable rear sight configuration (13) on the rear surface.
EP20050726409 2004-02-18 2005-02-17 Weapon with a mounting rail Active EP1716384B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE200410007916 DE102004007916A1 (en) 2004-02-18 2004-02-18 Weapon with mounting rail
PCT/EP2005/001654 WO2005078374A1 (en) 2004-02-18 2005-02-17 Weapon with a mounting rail

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1716384A1 EP1716384A1 (en) 2006-11-02
EP1716384B1 true EP1716384B1 (en) 2008-11-26

Family

ID=34853511

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP20050726409 Active EP1716384B1 (en) 2004-02-18 2005-02-17 Weapon with a mounting rail

Country Status (11)

Country Link
US (1) US7685758B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1716384B1 (en)
KR (1) KR100800735B1 (en)
AT (1) AT415607T (en)
CA (1) CA2557596C (en)
DE (2) DE102004007916A1 (en)
DK (1) DK1716384T3 (en)
ES (1) ES2317216T3 (en)
PT (1) PT1716384E (en)
WO (1) WO2005078374A1 (en)
ZA (1) ZA200606805B (en)

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US6752137B2 (en) * 2001-09-19 2004-06-22 Fn Mfg Llc Less-lethal launcher
US6508027B1 (en) * 2001-10-02 2003-01-21 Surefire, Llc Accessory mounts for firearms
US6725594B2 (en) * 2001-11-04 2004-04-27 Stephen Charles Hines Rail cover for firearm rail systems
US20030140546A1 (en) * 2002-01-31 2003-07-31 Ira Kay Front and rear firearm sights
US6622415B1 (en) * 2002-07-19 2003-09-23 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Compact and self-contained adjustable sight assembly
US6779290B1 (en) * 2002-08-26 2004-08-24 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Semi permanent backup iron sight
US6968643B2 (en) * 2003-02-03 2005-11-29 Martin Woodbury Dual-zero sight for a firearm
US6895708B2 (en) * 2003-05-29 2005-05-24 Surefire, Llc Accessory mounts for firearms
US6732467B1 (en) * 2003-06-23 2004-05-11 Randy E. Luth Flip up gun sight
US7356962B2 (en) * 2003-10-16 2008-04-15 Swan Richard E Low profile flip up site
US7131228B2 (en) * 2004-06-16 2006-11-07 Colt Defense Llc Modular firearm

Also Published As

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KR20070024472A (en) 2007-03-02
DE502005006060D1 (en) 2009-01-08
AT415607T (en) 2008-12-15
WO2005078374A1 (en) 2005-08-25
KR100800735B1 (en) 2008-02-01
DE102004007916A1 (en) 2005-09-15
ZA200606805B (en) 2009-12-30
US7685758B2 (en) 2010-03-30
CA2557596C (en) 2009-10-20
DK1716384T3 (en) 2009-01-19
EP1716384A1 (en) 2006-11-02
US20100037505A1 (en) 2010-02-18
PT1716384E (en) 2008-12-30
CA2557596A1 (en) 2005-08-25
ES2317216T3 (en) 2009-04-16

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