EP1703020B1 - Road verge - Google Patents

Road verge Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1703020B1
EP1703020B1 EP06075354.8A EP06075354A EP1703020B1 EP 1703020 B1 EP1703020 B1 EP 1703020B1 EP 06075354 A EP06075354 A EP 06075354A EP 1703020 B1 EP1703020 B1 EP 1703020B1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
stones
cover
travel
verge
concrete
Prior art date
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Application number
EP06075354.8A
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP1703020A1 (en
Inventor
Jakob Gerrit Hendrik Pannekoek
Jan Bockhoven
Original Assignee
Jakob Gerrit Hendrik Pannekoek
Jan Bockhoven
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Filing date
Publication date
Priority to NL1028289 priority Critical
Priority to NL1028441A priority patent/NL1028441C2/en
Application filed by Jakob Gerrit Hendrik Pannekoek, Jan Bockhoven filed Critical Jakob Gerrit Hendrik Pannekoek
Publication of EP1703020A1 publication Critical patent/EP1703020A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1703020B1 publication Critical patent/EP1703020B1/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C9/00Special pavings; Pavings for special parts of roads or airfields
    • E01C9/004Pavings specially adapted for allowing vegetation
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C19/00Machines, tools or auxiliary devices for preparing or distributing paving materials, for working the placed materials, or for forming, consolidating, or finishing the paving
    • E01C19/50Removable forms or shutterings for road-building purposes; Devices or arrangements for forming individual paving elements, e.g. kerbs, in situ
    • E01C19/508Devices or arrangements for forming individual paving elements in situ, e.g. by sectioning a freshly-laid slab
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C5/00Pavings made of prefabricated single units
    • E01C5/06Pavings made of prefabricated single units made of units with cement or like binders
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C5/00Pavings made of prefabricated single units
    • E01C5/06Pavings made of prefabricated single units made of units with cement or like binders
    • E01C5/08Reinforced units with steel frames
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C2201/00Paving elements
    • E01C2201/06Sets of paving elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C2201/00Paving elements
    • E01C2201/14Puzzle-like connections
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C2201/00Paving elements
    • E01C2201/16Elements joined together
    • E01C2201/162Elements joined together with breaking lines
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C2201/00Paving elements
    • E01C2201/16Elements joined together
    • E01C2201/167Elements joined together by reinforcement or mesh
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/30Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation in transportation, e.g. on roads, waterways or railways

Description

  • The invention relates to a road verge.
  • In rural areas it is known to cover the verges of paved roads, in particular asphalted roads, with concrete stones, in particular with concrete stones with holes for plants to grow through, in order to increase the passable surface with respect to temporary swerving manoeuvres, such as when vehicles meet, or for temporary parking situations.
  • Such concrete stones are known for example from NL1019170C .
  • According to a known embodiment a combined mat is used, which consists of a geotextile and a bond of square concrete stones which are attached thereto by means of pins and which are provided with grow-through holes, and the sides of which are aligned with respect to each other.
  • According to another known embodiment a geotextile is laid and onto it a bond of square concrete stones provided with grow-through holes is placed, which are bound together by means of horizontal wires.
  • The known systems are complex and therefore they are expensive. Nevertheless in case of settings the stones may tip over in a direction transverse to the direction of travel and thereby form gaps, which may be dangerous for the traffic.
  • It is an object of the invention to provide a verge cover, which may provide an improvement in this respect.
  • According to the invention a road verge according to claim 1 is provided.
  • The road verge is formed as a verge strip which extends along a paving, composed of equal groups of concrete stones, forming a bond which may or may not be permanent, said bond being oriented transversely to the direction of travel or main direction of the paving, wherein the transition areas or joints, between the stones parallel to the direction of travel are staggered with respect to each other. In case of a bond with loose concrete stones the transition areas between the stones, when considered in the direction of travel, will be successively shifted in transverse direction, so that in use continuous gaps extending in the direction of travel, are prevented. A possible gap is interrupted at the end of a stone or a pair of adjacent stones. In case of an optional coherent bond of concrete stones, in the form of a slab (vide below), the concrete stones will form intended fracture areas at the location of the transition areas and, after being fractured, they will form a joint there at the desired location, with a similar effect as would be obtained with separate stones.
  • The formation of gaps in case of separately arranged stones is furthermore prevented if, at least at the joint edges which extend transversely to the direction of travel, the stones are provided with concave and convex profiles for mutually interlocking engagement, whereby the stones which connect to each other in the direction of travel, will be kept in place with respect to each other, through the bond according to the invention for the stones which alternately connect to each other at that location.
  • The integrity of the stone pattern is enhanced and the formation of gaps is further prevented when, at least at the joint edges which extend parallel to the direction of travel, the stones are provided with concave and convex profiles for mutually interlocking engagement.
  • The verge cover according to the invention can be formed in a simple manner: the stones may be placed on a geotextile and be connected with it merely by support, in particular be freely supported. The stone bond may be void of horizontal bonding elements passed through the stones. Additional connection or attachment means need not be necesssary.
  • In an embodiment with grow-through holes the stones are provided with vertically continous holes.
  • In the above mentioned embodiment with a coherent bond various stones are interconnected in said groups to form slabs by means of transition areas which are formed by continuation of the concrete material of the stones, wherein the transition areas are formed as intended fracture areas. According to this embodiment larger areas can be made and placed simultaneously. When a load is exerted on the slab which exceeds the failure load of a transition area, the slab will break there at the anticipated location. The intended bond will not change then. The verge cover will therefore act as anticipated and intended.
  • According to one embodiment the intended fracture areas are preferably formed by a notch along more than half the stone height, starting from the upper surface of the stones, in the tensile zone. The notch extends preferably along approximately 2/3 of the stone height, starting from the upper surface of the stones.
  • When the intended fracture areas are formed as concave and convex transition areas, the stones will be prevented from shifting with respect to each other also after the intended fracture.
  • According to an alternative embodiment loose stones are laid. Since the stones are laid in equal groups, they can be laid more easily.
  • According to the invention, the groups are composed of a number of first stones with longitudinal and lateral sides and a number of second stones with longitudinal sides which correspond with the lateral sides of the first stones. The first stones have equal lateral and longitudinal sides. The second stones have lateral sides of half a longitudinal side.
  • According to the invention, when considered in the direction of travel, the groups are formed of two first stones, which are adjacent to each other in a direction transverse to the direction of travel, succeeded by a set formed by a first stone having at both sides, in a direction transverse to the direction of travel, connecting second stones which are located with their longitudinal direction parallel to the direction of travel, the set being succeeded by two first stones adjacent to each other in the direction transverse to the direction of travel.
  • According to an embodiment which may be produced or assembled well, the group has a length x width of approximately 122 x 82 cm.
  • The first stones may have a length x width of approximately 41 x 41 cm and the second stones may have a length x width of approximately 41 x 21 cm.
  • According to an embodiment, in which the formation of a gap is also prevented at the connection to the road paving, the edge of the road verge cover which borders the edge of the paving, is straight.
  • In a method for forming a cover for a road verge, not covered by the present invention, a pattern of concrete stones is produced in a bond, wherein at the location of the transition areas the stones are interconnected by the concrete material while forming intended fracture areas and the pattern of stones is placed in situ as a single slab.
  • The single plate can be placed loosely on a geotextile.
  • As an alternative, during the production of the concrete slab, the concrete material may be brought in adherance or intimate material connection with a cloth or sheet, preferably at the bottom side of the concrete slab. This carrier (cloth, sheet, geotextile) then forms an additional connection (without pins or the like) for the concrete parts which are interconnected by the transition areas of the concrete at the location of the intended fracture areas, such as notches. Should the concrete slab break before being placed, possibly at the location of the notches, the carrier will keep the concrete parts together which are separated then, and the slab can still be handled as such. If, in use, the concrete slab would break at an unexpected location at a distance from the notches as a consequence of a special load, then the concrete parts at both sides of the fracture line will still be held together by the carrier. Then the carrier also ensures that at the location of the usually craggy fracture line, these concrete parts may remain interlocked, so that mutual shift is furthermore prevented.
  • The concrete material may be cast on the cloth or sheet and cures on it.
  • According to one embodiment the bond in the slab is directed transversely to the direction of travel or main direction of the paving.
  • The transition areas may be formed as concave and convex transition areas.
  • At least at the joint edges which extend transversely to the direction of travel, the stones may be provided with concave and convex profiles for mutually interlocking engagement, and/or, at least at the joint edges which extend parallel to the direction of travel, they may be provided with concave and convex profiles for mutually interlocking engagement.
  • Notches may be formed in the slabs so as to form intended fracture areas. The concrete slab may be stored, transported and placed as such, and in use the concrete slab may break at the intended locations, so that an undesirable fracture area is prevented. Undesirable tipping over of the parts which remain after fracture, the size of which may possibly be fixed as well, can also be prevented then.
  • Preferably the notches are provided starting from the upper side of the slab and end at a distance starting from the bottom side of the slab.
  • In a direction parallel to the surface of the upper side/bottom side the notches may substantially continue from the one slab edge to the opposite slab edge. The notches extend preferably in two directions which are perpendicular to each other.
  • In a direction transverse to the notch, the notches preferably extend in an alternating manner, such as in a zigzag or undulatory manner. After a fracture at the notches the released edges will interlock, by which a mutual shift in longitudinal direction of the joint, which is formed by the fracture, is prevented.
  • If the notches extend along more than half the slab thickness, preferably along approximately 2/3 of the slab thickness, the concrete slab can be stored, transported and placed as such, but in use the concrete slab may break at the intended locations. The notches may define the (intended) stone pattern.
  • According to one embodiment the material of the slab is intimately connected with a carrier in the form of a sheet or cloth, such as a geotextile.
  • Optionally it is possible, also when forming the concrete stones loosely in a mould, to allow the material of the concrete stones to form an intimate connection with a cloth or sheet, such as geotextile. Thus one makes more sure that the concrete stones will not move away from each other or alongside each other, for instance when a convex section breaks off.
  • The invention will be elucidated on the basis of a number of exemplary embodiments which are shown in the attached drawings, in which:
    • Figure 1 shows a schematic cross-section of a motorway with paved verges;
    • Figure 2 shows a schematic top view of the verge area of the motorway of figure 1, not according to the present invention;
    • Figure 3 shows a group of concrete stones to construct the verge paving of the road of figure 2;
    • Figure 4 shows a group of concrete stones to construct the verge paving of the road of figure 1, not according to the present invention;
    • Figure 5 shows a group of concrete stones to construct the verge paving of the road of figure 1, according to the invention;
    • Figure 6 shows a side view of an embodiment of the group of concrete stones of figure 3, in the configuration of a slab; and
    • Figure 7 shows a side view of an alternative embodiment of the slab of figure 6, connected to a carrier.
  • The road 1 as illustrated in figure 1 comprises an asphalt cover 2, placed on a foundation 3, which forms the normal road surface. Verge pavings 4 are arranged at both sides of the asphalt cover 2, composed of a paving of concrete blocks 5 which are placed along the edge of the asphalt cover 2, and which are freely/loosely supported on a geotextile 6.
  • As can be seen in figure 2, the paving of concrete stones 5 consists of a series of groups 8, which are shown in figures 3-6 in a number of exemplary embodiments, of which only the embodiment of figure 5 is according to the present invention.
  • In the embodiment of figure 3 the group 8 has short sides 9c and 9d and long sides 9a and 9b, wherein the long side 9a or 9b is destined to abut against the edge 7 of the asphalt cover 2.
  • It can be seen that the edges 9c and 9d, respectively, are provided with recesses 20 and protrusions 21, with which concave/convex connections with adjoining edges 9d and 9c, respectively, of longitudinally connecting next groups 8 can be formed. The edges 9a and 9b are also provided with recesses 20, for optional connection of a next series of groups 8 with concave/convex couplings.
  • The group 8 of figure 3 is composed of concrete blocks 11 (12) with a width (B) and a length (L) of equal dimension, and concrete blocks 10, with an L/B-ratio of 2. Two blocks 10, with their longitudinal edges placed against each other, form a surface which is similar to the surface of the concrete block 11 (12).
  • In this example all sides of the concrete blocks 10 and 11 are provided with respective recesses 20 and protrusions 21.
  • In the pattern of group 8 two subgroups are involved which are each composed of four concrete blocks 10 and one concrete block 11, wherein each concrete block 11, when considered and viewed transversely to the axis of the road, is bounded at both sides by two concrete blocks 10a, and this subgroup 8b, when considered in the direction of the road axis, the direction of travel A, is bounded at one side by a subgroup 8a of two transversely arranged concrete blocks 10b.
  • In this configuration transverse transition areas 13 will be involved, directed transverely to the direction of travel A, which, however, do not extend straight but because of the concave/convex interlocking engagements, form a meandering course of interlocking engagement. As a consequence the subgroup of the concrete blocks 10a, 12 and 10a cannot shift in the direction transverse to the direction of travel A with respect to the connecting subgroups 10b, 10b.
  • Furthermore it is a special aspect that when considered in the direction of travel A, no continuous transition area is present: the transition area 14a between the concrete blocks 10b, 10b is staggered along half a length of a concrete block 10a relative to the transition area 14b between the concrete blocks 10a, 12 and 12, 10a. Thus the concrete stones 10, 11 form a bond which is secured against mutual shift, and no additional means such as pins are necessary to secure the concrete stones in place on the basis, such as geotextile.
  • Figure 4 shows a group 108, which is composed of four concrete blocks 11 and four concrete blocks 10, laid as concrete blocks 10a. Within the group 108 transverse transition areas 13 are involved again, provided with concave/convex interlocking engagements 20/21, as well as groups 108, laid at the location of the transition areas to the next groups in the direction of travel A. The longitudinal transition areas 14 between the subgroup 108b, formed by two concrete blocks 11, and the transition areas in the other subgroups 108a between the blocks 10a, 12 and 12, 10a are again staggered relative to each other, considered in a direction transverse to the direction of travel A.
  • When placing the next groups 108 in the direction parallel to the direction of travel A, the subgroups of concrete blocks 10a, 12, 10a will connect to similar subgroups. This has as a consequence that a continuous transition area 14 with a length 2L in the direction of travel A is present there. Under conditions this need not be problematic, because at a short distance a discontinuation is formed by the subgroup of the blocks 12,12. Should this be problematic, then the group 208, shown in figure 5, can be used, which is composed of five concrete blocks 11 and two concrete blocks 10. The group 208 is composed of three subgroups, 208a, 208b and 208c, wherein the subgroups 208a and 208b correspond with the subgroups 108b and 108a, respectively, of the group 108 of figure 4. As can be seen the transition area 14a between the concrete blocks 12, 12 is staggered relative to the transition areas 14b between the concrete blocks 10b, 12 and 12, 10b in subgroup 208b. When placing a group 108 in the direction of travel A the subgroup 208 will connect to the subgroup 108a of the group 108, and then again the longitudinal transition areas 14 will also be staggered. This embodiment is however not according to the invention.
  • According to the invention, the groups 208 are placed in a connecting series in the direction of travel A.
  • As can be seen in the views of figures 3, 4 and 5 the concrete blocks 10, 11 are provided with continous holes 30, divided according to a regular pattern. This pattern is continued at the location of the transition areas 13, 14 because the concrete blocks 10, 11 are provided with recesses 31, 32, which, at the location of said transition areas, complement each other so as to form similar holes. The distribution of the holes may be in accordance with the one described for the concrete stones which form the subject of Dutch patent NL 1016448 C .
  • The stones of the groups 8, 108 and 208 can each be simultaneously formed in a mould. In said mould provisions can be made then to form the transition areas 13, 14. For a smooth connection to the edge 7 of the asphalt paving 2, it is furthermore an option not to form the protrusions 21 on the edge 9a, so that a straight abutment surface is formed, despite the recesses 32, or in an alternative manner not to form the recess 20 in the edge 9b.
  • It is also possible to form the groups 8, 108, 208 integrally, in the form of a slab, wherein, as shown in figure 6, these transition areas 13 (as well as 14), which comprise concave and convex connections, are not yet provided along the entire height, but as a notch along a part of said height, more than half the height, preferably along two third of the height, counted from the upper surface of the respective group. Thus the concrete blocks 10, 11 are still interconnected by the concrete material by transition areas 15.
  • The formation of the groups 8, 108, 208 in the configuration of a slab in this manner is not only advantageous with respect to production techniques, but it also provides advantages with respect to their handling, with respect to storage, transport and laying. Should the respective slab, when in use as a verge cover, be subjected to a high load, for instance a load caused by a traversing loaded lorry, the slab will break within one of the notches 13, 14 in the concrete transition area 15. The direction of fracture will be induced by said notch, and after being fractured the concrete blocks which adjoin said location, will interlock via the intended concave/convex transition areas, by which the resistance against mutual shift in the horizontal plane is ensured to a high degree.
  • In figure 7 the concrete material is cast onto a cloth or sheet 40, such as geotextile, which is laid in a mould, and will cure on it. Thus the concrete material will be intimately connected with the cloth or sheet. After the concrete slab has been taken out of the mould, the cloth 40 forms an additional connection, which is almost integral with the concrete, so that even after any optional fracture, at unexpected locations, the bond will remain intact.
  • The dimensions of the groups 8, 108, 208 may be 122 x 82 centimetre. The dimensions of the used concrete blocks or the distances between the notches in case of an integrally formed slab, may be 41 x 41 centimetre for the concrete block 11, and 41 x 21 centimetre for the concrete blocks 10. The height h of the concrete blocks may be 12 centimetre.

Claims (13)

  1. Road verge comprising a cover (4) formed as a verge strip which extends along a paving (2), said cover (4) being composed of concrete stones (5), forming a bond which may or may not be fixed, said bond being oriented transversely and longitudinally to the direction of travel (A) or main direction of the paving (2),
    characterized in that
    transition areas or joints (14a, 14b) between the stones (5) parallel to the direction of travel (A) are staggered with respect to each other,
    wherein the stones (5) are arranged in equal groups (208), the groups (208) being composed of a number of first stones (11) with longitudinal and lateral sides and a number of second stones (10) with longitudinal sides which correspond with the lateral sides of the first stones (11), wherein the first stones (11) have equal lateral and longitudinal sides and wherein the second stones (10) have lateral sides of half a longitudinal side; and
    wherein each group (208) is composed of five first stones (11) and two second stones (10), wherein when considered in the direction of travel (A), two first stones (11), which are adjacent to each other transversely to the direction of travel (A), are succeeded by set (8b) formed by a first stone (11) having at longitudinal sides which are opposite when considered in a direction transverse to the direction of travel (A), connecting second stones (10) which are located with their longitudinal direction parallel to the direction of travel (A), and wherein when considered in the direction of travel (A), the set (8b) is succeeded by two first stones (11), which are adjacent to each other transversely to the direction of travel (A) ; and
    wherein the groups (208) are placed in a connecting series in the direction of travel (A).
  2. Road verge comprising a cover (4) according to claim 1, characterized in that each group has a length x width of approximately 122 x 82 cm.
  3. Road verge comprising a cover (4) according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the first stones (11) have a length x width of approximately 41 x 41 cm and the second stones (10) have a length x width of approximately 41 x 21 cm.
  4. Road verge comprising a cover (4) according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that an edge (9a) of the road verge cover (4) which borders an edge (7) of the paving (2) is straight.
  5. Road verge comprising a cover (4) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that at least at the lateral sides which extend transversely to the direction of travel (A), the stones (10, 11) are provided with concave and convex profiles (20, 21) for mutually interlocking engagement, wherein each stone (10, 11) has two opposite lateral edges, one of which is provided with the concave profiles (20) while the other lateral edge is provided with the convex profiles (21).
  6. Road verge comprising a cover (4) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that at least at the longitudinal sides which extend parallel to the direction of travel (A), the stones (10, 11) are provided with concave and convex profiles (20, 21) for mutually interlocking engagement, wherein each stone (10, 11) has two opposite longitudinal edges, one of which is provided with the concave profiles (20) while the other longitudinal edge is provided with the convex profiles (21).
  7. Road verge comprising a cover (4) according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the stone bond is void of horizontal bonding elements passed through the stones (5).
  8. Road verge comprising a cover (4) according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the stones (5) are provided with vertically continuous holes (30).
  9. Road verge comprising a cover (4) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the stones (5) are laid as loose stones (5) in equal groups.
  10. Road verge comprising a cover (4) according to any of claims 1-8, characterized in that the stones (5) are interconnected in the groups (208) to form slabs by means of transition areas which are formed by continuation of the concrete material of the stones (5), wherein the transition areas are formed as intended fracture areas, the intended fracture areas preferably being formed as concave and convex transition areas.
  11. Road verge comprising a cover (4) according to claim 10, characterized in that the intended fracture areas are formed by a notch along more than half the stone height, starting from the upper surface of the stones (5), wherein the notches extend preferably along approximately 2/3 of the stone height, starting from the upper surface of the stones (5).
  12. Road verge comprising a cover (4) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized by a sheet or cloth, such as a geotextile, on which the stones (5) are freely supported and with which they are connected merely by free support.
  13. Road verge comprising a cover (4) according to claim 10 or 11, characterized by a sheet- or cloth-like support (40), such as a geotextile, with which the slab is intimately connected.
EP06075354.8A 2005-02-16 2006-02-16 Road verge Active EP1703020B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NL1028289 2005-02-16
NL1028441A NL1028441C2 (en) 2005-02-16 2005-03-02 Roadside protection.

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1703020A1 EP1703020A1 (en) 2006-09-20
EP1703020B1 true EP1703020B1 (en) 2020-04-08

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EP06075354.8A Active EP1703020B1 (en) 2005-02-16 2006-02-16 Road verge

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NL (1) NL1028441C2 (en)

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NL1033017C2 (en) * 2006-12-07 2008-07-15 Jakob Gerrit Hendrik Pannekoek Road construction, has roadside blocks made from water permeable concrete and designed to allow plants to grow through them
NL1033155C2 (en) * 2007-01-02 2009-02-17 Jakob Gerrit Hendrik Pannekoek Road construction, has reinforced verge with concrete plant blocks and filter material chosen from shells and zeolite
NL2003313C2 (en) * 2009-07-30 2011-02-02 Jaartsveld Holding B V METHOD AND DEVICE FOR APPLYING A COATING STRIP OF CONCRETE BLOCKS ON A SOIL SURFACE AND CONCRETE BLOCKS FOR SUCH COATING STRIP.
GB201203477D0 (en) * 2012-02-28 2012-04-11 Permaban Ltd Concrete shuttering

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DE2707558A1 (en) * 1977-02-22 1978-08-24 Michael Schrankl Large paving slab reproducing cobble effect - has inserted gaps dividing surface into squares, with half width edge cut=outs
DE3533020A1 (en) * 1985-09-16 1987-03-19 Sf Vollverbundstein Floor covering element, in particular (concrete) paving stone

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DE2356742A1 (en) * 1973-11-14 1975-05-28 Bautechnologie Forsch COBBLESTONE
DE20115982U1 (en) * 2001-09-28 2002-01-10 Manzke Gmbh & Co Kg Flooring element with openings
US6612776B1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2003-09-02 Jan Erik Jansson Manufacture of articulated, predominantly concrete mat

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1940943U (en) * 1965-11-17 1966-06-23 Jan Carel Pilaar COBBLESTONE.
DE2707558A1 (en) * 1977-02-22 1978-08-24 Michael Schrankl Large paving slab reproducing cobble effect - has inserted gaps dividing surface into squares, with half width edge cut=outs
DE3533020A1 (en) * 1985-09-16 1987-03-19 Sf Vollverbundstein Floor covering element, in particular (concrete) paving stone

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
"MERKBLATT FUER FLAECHENBEFESTIGUNGEN MIT PFLASTERDECKEN UND PLATTENBELAEGEN", MERKBLATT FUER FLAECHENBEFESTIGUNG MIT PFLASTERDECKEN UNDPLATTEN BELAEGEN, REGELBAUWEISE, FORSCHUNGSGESELLSCHAFT FUER STRASSEN- UND VERKEHRSWESEN, DE, 1 January 2003 (2003-01-01), pages 1 - 28, XP009049637 *

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NL1028441C2 (en) 2006-11-01
EP1703020A1 (en) 2006-09-20
NL1028441A1 (en) 2006-08-17

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