EP1655441A2 - Fixing system for plates or shells - Google Patents

Fixing system for plates or shells Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1655441A2
EP1655441A2 EP05450181A EP05450181A EP1655441A2 EP 1655441 A2 EP1655441 A2 EP 1655441A2 EP 05450181 A EP05450181 A EP 05450181A EP 05450181 A EP05450181 A EP 05450181A EP 1655441 A2 EP1655441 A2 EP 1655441A2
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
holding
support
zug
qtl
pieces
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP05450181A
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German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1655441A3 (en
EP1655441B1 (en
Inventor
Alfons Oberhofer
Original Assignee
Alfons Oberhofer
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Publication date
Priority to AT18702004 priority Critical
Application filed by Alfons Oberhofer filed Critical Alfons Oberhofer
Publication of EP1655441A2 publication Critical patent/EP1655441A2/en
Publication of EP1655441A3 publication Critical patent/EP1655441A3/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1655441B1 publication Critical patent/EP1655441B1/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/54Fixing of glass panes or like plates
    • E06B3/5427Fixing of glass panes or like plates the panes mounted flush with the surrounding frame or with the surrounding panes

Abstract

The system has a load carrying system with supporting components (ZUG), where components are fastened parallel to edge surfaces of plates (PLT) in close range. Retaining pieces are attached to the components in given intervals, where the components are prestressed tension components that run in longitudinal joints (LFU) of the plates and surface concisely to a plate main surface.

Description

  • The invention relates to a holding system for plates, which are fastened by means of attacking at their edges holders on a support structure and arranged with joint.
  • In prior art retention systems, as e.g. From the documents DE 299 17 489 U1 or WO 03/033 851 A1 emerge, the holders consist of the actual, acting on glass panes disk holders and rods, sitting at one end of the disc holder. With their other ends the bars are fixed to supporting parts of the building, e.g. anchored to a wall. The bars are approximately normal to the glass plates, whereas the pane holders are in the joints between adjacent glass plates.
  • Holding systems of the type described lead to glass panels, e.g. for building walls or glass facades which are substantially "smooth" on their outside, i.e. can be designed without protruding parts, but this does not apply to their inside, since there are the protruding rods. If you do not want to use the known constructions as a mere wall cladding, but as parting surfaces, it must be accepted that one side of such partitions often can not satisfy aesthetically, because in addition to the projecting rods of the holder also the support structure, e.g. Steel rails, located.
  • It is an object of the invention to provide a retention system which allows substantially "smooth" surfaces on both sides of a panel front. Also large and correspondingly heavy glass plates should be used to meet the demands of contemporary architecture.
  • This object is achieved with a holding system of the type specified, in which according to the invention the support structure has support elements which extend flush in parallel to the edge surfaces of the plates in their vicinity, wherein the holding pieces are fastened at predetermined intervals on the support elements.
  • Thanks to the invention results in a plate construction, in which it is possible to avoid these projecting parts entirely, with many variations of the plate surface are possible by appropriate subdivision and management of the support elements.
  • Particularly useful in terms of strength properties, it is when the support elements are prestressed tension elements. In this case, the support elements may extend in longitudinal joints of the plates, but it is also possible that extending from a support element dividing joints between plates to an adjacent support member. These graduation joints can be normal to the longitudinal joints, so that there is a rectangular geometry. In the division joints Quertragelemente can run, which are anchored with at least one end to the support elements.
  • Especially for optical reasons, it is usually expedient if the support elements extend substantially flush with the plate main surfaces and / or the support elements extend substantially centrally to the edge surfaces of the plates.
  • It is advantageous if the retaining pieces can be supported or fastened to fitting elements, wherein the fitting elements can be connected to the support elements. As a result, you can achieve appropriate strength and design freedom in intersection points.
  • In particular, to compensate for tolerances of the plates, e.g. of glass plates, it is expedient if the holding pieces with respect to the support elements in desired relative positions are adjustable and fixable in these.
  • An advantageous embodiment in practice results when the holding pieces have a body with a receiving channel formed therein for a support element or a part of a support element and a receiving profile for the edge of a plate. In this case, the receiving channel may be formed as a closed bore.
  • However, it is also advantageous in many cases when the receiving channel has an insertion opening for a radial placement on a support element. In this case, an assembly is facilitated if the insertion opening is narrowed with respect to the receiving channel so that a snapping the holding piece on the support element is possible.
  • Another expedient variant is characterized in that the body of the holding pieces is formed in two parts, wherein the parts by means of bolts against each other are screwed. In this way, a simple clamping can be done on the support elements.
  • The body of the holding pieces may also be formed in two parts, wherein the parts by means of a positive connection in the axial direction together or pushed apart are. Such an embodiment also facilitates easy installation at the construction site.
  • With regard to the introduction of force, it is advantageous if the holding pieces comprise the supporting elements in a form-fitting manner over at least part of their circumference.
  • An advantageous fixing can take place when the holding pieces have their body passing through bolts whose one ends are screwed against the support members.
  • With regard to an adjustability in the direction of the edge surfaces of the plates or away from these, it is particularly advantageous if the holding pieces have at least one oblique face, with oblique faces interact with end faces adjacent holding pieces or fitting elements in the sense of radial adjustability of the holding pieces together.
  • Another, in many cases convenient way of fixing the holding pieces is that on rod pieces of support elements applied holding pieces with the help of seated on the rod pieces nuts in the axial direction can be pressed against each other.
  • The invention together with further advantages is explained in more detail below by way of example embodiments, which are illustrated in the drawing. In this show
    • 1 is a front view of a glazing structure, which may for example form a partition wall in a building,
    • 2 is a side view of the construction of FIG. 1,
    • 3 is a section along the line III-III of Fig. 1,
    • 4 is an enlarged view of a detail of FIG. 1 in a crossing region of longitudinal joints and transverse joints,
    • 5 is a section along the line IV-IV of Fig. 4,
    • 6 is a perspective exploded view of the crossing region of FIG. 4,
    • Figs. 7 to 11 five variants of advantageously applicable in connection with the invention holding pieces in radial sections and
    • Fig. 12 in a section similar to that of Fig. 3, an embodiment of a holding piece in connection with a supporting element which has an elliptical cross-section.
  • As shown in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, between a floor construction BOD and a ceiling construction DEC three tension elements ZUG are stretched, whose ends are each held in anchors VNK. The tension elements ZUG serve as support elements for plates PLT, z. As glass plates, wherein in the simplified example shown six plates are present.
  • The plates PLT are arranged with joint, i. longitudinal joints LFU and division joints TFU are provided as cross joints. As can be seen in particular from FIG. 3, the tension elements ZUG run parallel and, moreover, substantially in the middle of the edge surfaces RFL of the plates PLT, i. to those surfaces which form the longitudinal joints LFU.
  • In the present example, the plates PLT do not run continuously from top to bottom, which may well be the case in practice, but there is a subdivision by the dividing lines TFU. The division joints TFU extend between the plates PLT from a support element ZUG or a longitudinal joint LFU starting to an adjacent support element ZUG or a neighboring longitudinal joint LFU. Transverse support elements QTL are arranged within the division joints TFU in the same way as the support / traction elements ZUG in the longitudinal joints LFU, which will be seen more clearly below in connection with further figures.
  • The transverse support elements QTL can - as well as the support elements ZUG - be rigid rods or flexible tension elements, in the example shown, the support elements ZUG run vertically and the transverse support elements QTL horizontal. In other, not shown embodiments, the plate construction may also be inclined in the manner of a roof. Furthermore, not all plates PLT must lie in one plane as in FIGS. 1, 2, in which case the construction forms, at least in sections, a prism or a pyramid.
  • As already mentioned, the plates PLT can also run continuously from top to bottom. On the other hand, a subdivision of the plate construction also in other geometric patterns, such. in triangles, possible.
  • All variants of the invention, however, have in common that the support elements extend at least substantially within the joints or at the edges of the construction - where there are of course no joints - in the vicinity of the edge surfaces RFL. The construction according to the invention can thus be realized without projecting holder, as they are inheriting the aforementioned prior art.
  • At least for from top to bottom, inclined or vertical support members training as prestressed tension elements is particularly useful. Steel ropes made of stainless steel or ropes made of high-strength plastics, such as aramid fibers, carbon fibers, etc., can be used here, as well as prestressed rods made of glass fiber reinforced plastic or steel.
  • At nodes of support elements ZUG, QTL fitting elements are provided which serve to connect support elements and in the example of Fig. 1, 2 cross-shaped fitting elements KBE, T-shaped fitting elements TBE or angle-shaped fitting elements WBE can be. Furthermore, you will use with larger dimensions of the plates PLT and rod-shaped fitting elements SBE to support the plates can also. Some of such elements will be described below in connection e.g. 4 to 6 described in more detail with Figs. All of these fitting elements also form part of the support elements ZUG or QTL.
  • From FIGS. 4, 5 and 6, details regarding the attachment of the plates PLT to the support elements ZUG, QTL will now be apparent. It can be used holding pieces whose basic structure in connection with glass plates already in the already mentioned WO 03/033 851 A1 is shown.
  • A cross-shaped fitting KBE consists of two shell-like halves KB1, KB2, which can be braced against each other by means of four bolts SBO. The fitting element KBE on the one hand comprises a tension element ZUG and on the other hand holds the ends of a left or a right rod piece LSS or RSS, these rod pieces being penetrated by the bolt SBO. The bar pieces LSS, RSS form part of the transverse support elements QTL if, as shown here, they are suitably connected to a horizontal or transverse tension element QZU, e.g. a rope made of stainless steel, whose diameter can be 10mm. The traction elements ZUG running through the fitting element KBE, which are vertical in the drawing, can be a prestressed rope, which likewise consists of stainless steel and has a larger diameter, e.g. 16mm owns.
  • The "environment" of one of the cross-shaped fitting element shown in Fig. 1 has been described above, ie the interaction of this element with longitudinal and transverse support elements, holding pieces and plates. Corresponding arrangements are also present in the angular fitting elements WBE, the T-shaped fitting elements TBE and the rod-shaped fitting elements TBE. It should be noted that, for example, in the case of top to bottom continuous, one-piece glass plates no fitting elements provided and the holding pieces can be attached directly to vertical tension elements.
  • As shown in FIG. 6 further removed, is on the transverse tension element QZU - in the example a wire rope - an end piece ENS pressed, which has an internal thread at its free end. This cooperates with an external thread of the rod piece LSS and for securing a counter nut EMU is provided. By twisting the end piece ENS together with the transverse tension element QZU, the effective length of the transverse support elements QTL can thus be changed, for example in order to achieve re-tensioning. On the tail ENS trained attack surfaces AGF allow twisting with the help of a parent key. If the rod piece LSS or RSS at its other end also has an end piece but with a counter-rotating thread, a change in length of the transverse support element QTL can take place without any torsion of the elements. Appropriate measures can of course be taken for the vertical tension elements ZUG.
  • The holding pieces for the plates PLT, here glass plates with a thickness of e.g. 15 to 30mm, may have different design, in particular from Fig. 6 show several variants.
  • A first variant of a holding piece HL1 (see also FIG. 7) has in its body a through hole BOR, so that it can be pushed onto a supporting element ZUG, QTL in the axial direction. A fixing takes place with the aid of short bolts KBO, which cooperate with threaded holes GBO in the holding piece HL1 and can engage the fixing element in a fixing manner. Like the retaining pieces described below, this embodiment has a receiving profile ANP designed correspondingly to the edge region of a plate PLT or glass pane, which is trapezoidal in cross-section here. The trough-like profile ANP is associated with a softer layer WSC, e.g. Made of applied plastic or vulcanised rubber. The holders themselves may e.g. made of stainless steel or an aluminum alloy.
  • As can be seen from FIG. 8, another holding piece variant HL2, HL3 which can be removed from FIGS. 6 and 8 can be placed on a carrier element in the radial direction, a receiving channel ANK being dimensioned or narrowed at its insertion opening ESO in that snapping-on of the holding pieces HL2, HL3 onto the supporting elements is possible and the holding pieces are then clamped on the supporting element, but nevertheless displaceable in the axial direction and in a radial direction.
  • Finally, Figs. 4 and 6 and in detail Fig. 10 shows a two-piece holding piece HL4, the two parts T41, T42 with the help of four, approximately tangentially located bolts TBO connected to each other and against a support element, here a vertical tension element ZUG can be pressed ,
  • To compensate for tolerances, in particular of the plates PLT, it is appropriate if the position of the holding pieces HL1 ... HL4 with respect to the support elements ZUG, QTL is adjustable. This requirement and possible solutions are already apparent from WO 03/033 851 A1. In the present case, in particular FIG. 5 shows examples of such an adjustment. First, all holding elements HL1 ... HL4 in the axial direction with respect to the support elements ZUG, QTL or their parts LSS, RSS are displaced and those holding pieces HL1, HL3, which have bolts KBO, TBO, are also fixable with respect to the support elements.
  • Furthermore, it can be seen from FIGS. 4 and 6 that the adjacent holding pieces HL1 and HL2, on the one hand, and HL3 and HL4, on the other hand, have mutually facing oblique end faces SS1 and SS2 or SS3 and SS4. In this embodiment, the holding pieces HL1 and HL2 each have an oblique, i. not normal (90 °) on a support element extending end face SS1 and SS2, whereas at the holding pieces HL3 both end faces SS3 obliquely. Further oblique end faces SSK can be found on the cross-shaped fitting element KBE, adjacent to the holding pieces HL3.
  • The said oblique end faces make it possible for the holding pieces HL2 and HL3, which are not fixed with bolts, to be adjusted in the direction of the edge surfaces RFL of the plates PLT, so that a tolerance compensation is possible. A fixing of the holding pieces HL3 on the vertical tension elements ZUG takes place here by the adjacent holding pieces HL4 fixable by means of the bolts TBO, whereas the holding pieces HL2 are fixed by means of special nuts SMU which can be screwed onto an external thread of the bar pieces LSS, RSS. In Fig. 6 can also be seen a tool WZE, with the help of the special nuts SMU can be tightened.
  • It is clear to those skilled in the art that many other types of holding pieces are possible, which can be used in connection with the invention. Thus, FIG. 10 shows a further two-part variant of a holding piece HL5, in which the two parts TS1, TS2 can be pushed together or pushed apart in the axial direction, wherein they are held together in a form-fitting manner by a toothing VEZ in the radial direction. Again, bolts can attack BOZ on the support elements for the purpose of fixing and / or adjusting. A similar but one-piece variant of a retaining piece HL6 is shown in FIG.
  • It should be noted to the holding pieces that their adjustment in the radial direction is always possible if the receptacle for a support element in at least one direction is greater than the diameter of the support element - see, e.g. Fig. 8. If desired, the oblique faces of the holding pieces may further be formed with a corrugation or toothing to prevent mutual slipping in the assembled state.
  • Finally, it should be noted that the support elements, whether rods or tension elements, do not necessarily have to have a circular cross-section and may also consist of several individual elements. In this regard, reference is made to Fig. 12, which shows a holding piece HL7 which substantially corresponds to the embodiment of Fig. 9, but wherein the receiving channel has an elliptical cross-section. The support element ZUG here consists of seven individual tension elements, for example made of carbon fibers, which in turn are held within a squeezed onto these tension elements tube ROR. Bolts TBO press the two parts of the holding piece HL7 against each other and against the pulling element ZUG.

Claims (20)

  1. Plate holding system (PLT), which is fastened to a supporting structure (ZUG, QTL) by means of holding pieces (HST) acting on its edge areas and arranged with a joint (LFU, TFU),
    characterized in that
    the support structure has support elements (ZUG, QTL) which run parallel to the edge surfaces (RFL) of the plates (PLT) in their vicinity, wherein the holding pieces (HST) can be fastened at predeterminable distances on the support elements.
  2. Holding system according to claim 1, characterized in that the support elements are prestressed tension elements (ZUG).
  3. Holding system according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the support elements (ZUG, QTL) in longitudinal joints (LFU) of the plates (PLT) extend.
  4. Holding system according to one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the support elements (ZUG, QTL) extend substantially flush with the plate main surfaces.
  5. Holding system according to one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the support elements (ZUG, QTL) extend substantially centrally to the edge surfaces (RFL) of the plates (PLT).
  6. Holding system according to one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that starting from a support element (ZUG) dividing lines (TFU) between plates (PLT) extend to an adjacent support element (ZUG).
  7. Holding system according to claim 6, characterized in that the dividing lines (TFU) are normal to the longitudinal joints (LFU).
  8. Holding system according to claim 6 or 7, characterized in that in the division joints (TFU) transverse support elements (QTL) extend, which are anchored with at least one end to the support elements (ZUG).
  9. Holding system according to one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the holding pieces (HST) on fitting elements (KBE, LSS, RSS, WBE, TBE, SBE) can be supported or fastened, wherein the fitting elements with the support elements (ZUG, QTL) connectable are.
  10. Holding system according to one of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that the holding pieces (HL1 ... HL6) with respect to the support elements (ZUG, QTL) in desired relative positions adjustable and can be fixed in these.
  11. Holding system according to one of claims 1 to 10, characterized in that the holding pieces (HL1 ... HL6) a body with a receiving channel formed therein (BOR, ANK) for a support element (ZUG, QTL) or a part (KBE, LSS , RSS, WBE, TBE, SBE) of a supporting element and a recording profile (ANP) for the edge of a plate (PLT).
  12. Holding system according to claim 11, characterized in that the receiving channel is formed as a closed bore (BOR).
  13. Holding system according to claim 11, characterized in that the receiving channel (ANK) has an insertion opening (ESO) for a radial placement on a support element (ZUG, QLT).
  14. Holding system according to claim 13, characterized in that the insertion opening (ESO) with respect to the receiving channel (ANK) is narrowed so that snapping the holding piece (HL2, HL3) on the support element is possible.
  15. Holding system according to one of claims 11 to 14, characterized in that the body of the holding pieces (HL4, HL5) is formed in two parts, wherein the parts (T41, T42) by means of bolts (TBO) are screwed against each other.
  16. Holding system according to one of claims 11 to 15, characterized in that the body of the holding pieces (HL5) is formed in two parts, wherein the parts (T51, T52) by means of a positive connection (VEZ) in the axial direction are pushed together or apart.
  17. Holding system according to one of claims 11 to 16, characterized in that the holding pieces (HL1 ... HL6) comprise the support elements (ZUG, QTL) at least over a part of its circumference form fit.
  18. Holding system according to one of claims 11 to 17, characterized in that the holding pieces (HL1, HL5, HL6) have their body passing through bolt (BOZ), one end of which against the support elements (ZUG, QTL) can be screwed.
  19. Holding system according to one of claims 11 to 18, characterized in that the holding pieces (HL1 ... HL4) at least one oblique end face (SS1 ... SS4), wherein oblique faces with end faces of adjacent holding pieces or fitting elements (KBE) in the sense of Radial adjustability of the holding pieces interact.
  20. Holding system according to one of claims 11 to 19, characterized in that on rod pieces (LSS, RSS) of supporting elements (QTL) applied holding pieces (HL1, HL2) by means of sitting on the rod pieces nuts (SMU) in the axial direction are pressed against each other.
EP20050450181 2004-11-09 2005-11-07 Fixing system for plates or shells Expired - Fee Related EP1655441B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AT18702004 2004-11-09

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1655441A2 true EP1655441A2 (en) 2006-05-10
EP1655441A3 EP1655441A3 (en) 2007-01-10
EP1655441B1 EP1655441B1 (en) 2010-01-06

Family

ID=35788236

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP20050450181 Expired - Fee Related EP1655441B1 (en) 2004-11-09 2005-11-07 Fixing system for plates or shells

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EP (1) EP1655441B1 (en)
AT (1) AT454525T (en)
DE (1) DE502005008818D1 (en)

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5163257A (en) 1991-01-18 1992-11-17 James Crowell Glazing bar system
WO2005061220A1 (en) 2003-12-22 2005-07-07 Neugebauer Juergen Composite glass pane

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3734576A1 (en) * 1987-10-13 1989-04-27 Conzelmann Flachglas Retaining device for glass facades of buildings
DE10037683C2 (en) * 2000-07-31 2002-11-07 Dorma Gmbh & Co Kg Fastening device for sheet-like elements
EP1436480B1 (en) * 2001-10-16 2007-12-19 Alfons Oberhofer Fixing system for plate-shaped cladding panels

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5163257A (en) 1991-01-18 1992-11-17 James Crowell Glazing bar system
WO2005061220A1 (en) 2003-12-22 2005-07-07 Neugebauer Juergen Composite glass pane

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
AT454525T (en) 2010-01-15
EP1655441A3 (en) 2007-01-10
DE502005008818D1 (en) 2010-02-25
EP1655441B1 (en) 2010-01-06

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