EP1631792A1 - Sensor for the detection of the position of a mechanical force-transmitting device - Google Patents

Sensor for the detection of the position of a mechanical force-transmitting device

Info

Publication number
EP1631792A1
EP1631792A1 EP20040738545 EP04738545A EP1631792A1 EP 1631792 A1 EP1631792 A1 EP 1631792A1 EP 20040738545 EP20040738545 EP 20040738545 EP 04738545 A EP04738545 A EP 04738545A EP 1631792 A1 EP1631792 A1 EP 1631792A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
ß
characterized
device according
preceding
position
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Ceased
Application number
EP20040738545
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Frank Schmidt
Oliver Sczesny
Andreas Schneider
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
EnOcean GmbH
Original Assignee
EnOcean GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE2003125800 priority Critical patent/DE10325800A1/en
Application filed by EnOcean GmbH filed Critical EnOcean GmbH
Priority to PCT/DE2004/001076 priority patent/WO2004109236A1/en
Publication of EP1631792A1 publication Critical patent/EP1631792A1/en
Application status is Ceased legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B7/00Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of electric or magnetic means
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B1/00Knobs or handles for wings; Knobs, handles, or press buttons for locks or latches on wings
    • E05B1/003Handles pivoted about an axis perpendicular to the wing
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B47/00Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means
    • E05B2047/0048Circuits, feeding, monitoring
    • E05B2047/0057Feeding
    • E05B2047/0064Feeding by solar cells
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B47/00Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means
    • E05B2047/0048Circuits, feeding, monitoring
    • E05B2047/0067Monitoring

Abstract

The invention relates to a device for the wireless determination of a position (4, 5, 6) of a mechanical force-transmitting device (2a), comprising at least one unit (11) for storing electric power and at least one sensor element (10) which detects the position and is monitored by at least one electronic sensor mechanism (7) encompassing at least one radio transmitter. At least one photovoltaic power supply unit (8) supplies electric power to the storage unit (11).

Description

description

Sensor for detecting the position of a mechanical power transmission apparatus

The invention relates to a sensor for detecting the position of a mechanical force transmission device.

Sensors for detecting the position of a mechanical power transmission device can be used for example, in windows, over the locking state, for example an alarm system or a plant for building automation, a signal is to be transmitted. This applies, for example, the requirement for sharp circuit of alarm systems, which calls for ER- that all windows and doors must be in a closed and locked state. Another example is the use of the locking state of a window for the regulation of space heaters, for example, stop the supply of further heat energy for this space in the unlocked or open windows or at least limit. In addition, a variety of other application examples in which a detection and / or determination of the position of mechanical Kraftübertragungsvorrichungen is conceivable advantageous.

Sensors that are suitable for the above applications are often provided with electronic circuits that transmit information via a radio signal to a remote evaluation. Thus, the Installati- is reduced expenditure required for "Wireless Sensors" with electrical energy by the saving of electrical leads for supplying the. A disadvantage is that thus increasing maintenance costs, since the realized by batteries supply of electrical energy has to be renewed at regular intervals. Another drawback is the problem of a subsequent retrofitting with such "radio sensors". These are usually not covered retroactively by the use of batteries as a power supply attached. One example is sensors of the type mentioned above in window frames or window levers.

It is the object of the invention to provide an apparatus of the above type, which also later is covered attachable over the known devices, without increasing the installation effort or expense artungs-.

This object is achieved by an apparatus for wireless detection of a position of a mechanical power transmission device, with at least one storage device for storing electrical energy, at least one sensor element which detects the position and including at least one electronic sensor system, at least one radio transmitter is monitored Ü, wherein at least provides a photovoltaic power supply device, the storage device with electrical energy.

The photovoltaic power supply device, such as a solar cell, allows in an advantageous manner, physically much smaller storage devices, as is always, charged by the solar cell in the presence of sufficient light, the memory device. The capacity of the memory device can be accordingly chosen to be smaller, the constructional size is reduced significantly.

The smaller size of the memory device, includes its part the advantage of Nachrustbarkeit of the device in for example, arranged around window handles aperture.

An advantageous embodiment of the invention provides a timer circuit that activates the sensor electronics at predetermined time intervals. In order for the power-consuming components of the device are temporarily out of service. This results in a lower energy requirement compared to a continuous operation. in another embodiment Advantageously, the timing, or set the time interval of activation, so that a nearly constant transmission of the sensor information DAR is adjustable. For various applications, it is essential as a permanent information on the position of a lever is required. This causes a further energy saving still smaller design of the memory device, so that the entire device is small and thus slight ter subsequently covered mountable.

If the concealed mounting of the device a diaphragm, for example, a window handle, so the solar cell, there is attached outside the aperture, being to provide a connection with the memory device. It is therefore advantageous, the solar cell in the aperture to be integrated such that it can not be accidentally removed or destroyed from the outside.

As storage devices, various principles are. It is the function of the device is of minor importance, which principle corresponds to the storage device. First priority is the size of the memory device should be sufficiently small so that in aperture o- the other cavities not described in detail, in the vicinity of a mechanical power transmission Eirich Tung such Example of a lever, for example a window lever, a concealed mounting of the device is feasible ,

Furthermore, the capacity of the memory device should be selected so that during which stands during dark phases, the solar cell does not provide energy sufficient energy. For example, storage devices are such as electrical capacitors as well as electrochemical accu- simulators. The detection of the postition of the mechanical power transmission device by means of a magnet-sensitive sensor or a magnetic field detector. in this embodiment is advantageous in the simple Nachrustbarkeit, since one or more small magnets, to a mechanical force transmitting device, for example, a shaft of the lever are easily attached. of the mechanical power transmission device, for example of the lever at the respective points of the magnetic field detector is advantageously arranged arrival at the end positions. Is a magnet relative to a magnetic field detector, thus saith this, and transmits this information to the sensor electronics. The sensor electronics transmits this information by means of a radio signal to a remote evaluation. This evaluation is not part of the invention and not described further here for this reason.

In the following the invention is explained in more detail using an exemplary embodiment and with reference to a figure.

The Figure shows a frame portion of a window frame with a mechanical power transmission device such as a lever, connected to a villages, which is equipped with a device according to the aforementioned principle.

The window frame 1, which is indicated symbolically here by means of a section, includes a lever 2, by means of a shaft 2a, which engages in a locking mechanism, transmits exceeds the movement of the lever 2 to the locking mechanism. Consequently, the position of the window lever is an indication of the position of the locking mechanism.

Under a to the shaft 2a of the window lever 2 disposed aperture 3 are arranged components of Vorrich- processing described herein. The compact and small design of the components permits the assembly within the abovementioned aperture. With the arrangement in the aperture a simple yet concealed mounting arrangement can be realized.

A solar cell 8 is disposed in the upper portion of the diaphragm 3, wherein the aperture is provided with a cutout 3, which may take on the solar cell 8 by the light. Alternatively, this cut can be filled with a transparent layer to protect the solar cell 8 from mechanical damage.

The solar cell 8 is connected to a, in the lower portion of the shutter 3 shown storage device. 11 These stores supplied by the solar cell 8 electrical energy. Exemplary suitable as Speichereinrich- processing both electrochemical batteries or electrical capacitors.

The storage device 11 is in turn connected to a timer circuit 12 at predetermined time intervals, which are also connected to it, the sensor electronics 7 supplied with electric power. The sensor electronics 7 includes a radio transmitter which sends a radio signal. The time intervals at which the timer circuit 12, the sensor electronics 7 are supplied with electric power adjusted so that an optimized operating point of the entire device is adjustable. To evaluate an optimum operating point of the entire device, various parameters must be observed:

• the amount of available light,

• the size of the available installation site,

• the frequency of the transmitting events to a remote evaluation,

• etc.

The sensor electronics 7 is in turn connected to sensors 10. The sensors 10 are suitable Magnetfelddetekto- ren or magnetically actuated reed contacts. The sensors 10 are arranged around a shaft 2a around and turn when an arranged on the shaft 2a permanent magnet 9 is to them. By the rotation of the shaft 2a, upon actuation of the lever 2a, the position of the lever is determined.

Upon actuation of the lever 2, a window switching operation on one of the sensors 10, whereby the sensor electronics 7 is an alternative to the timer circuit 12 can be activated is carried out. The sensor electronics 7 sends the position of the window lever 2 together with an identification number of the device by radio to the remote evaluation device.

Further, the timer circuit 12 is excluded very low power consumption leads. The timer circuit 12 is automatically activated in fixed or variable time intervals are also the emission of the position of the window lever 2 as well as the identification number of the device by the activation of the sensor electronics 7. In this way, a continuous monitoring window lever realized.

In one, not shown, the remote receiving and evaluation unit, the radio signals of all the device located in the detection area in accordance with the above-mentioned prin- zips are received and evaluated. Thus, a further action can be triggered, for example at a heating control, an alarm or informing the resident via a display, a feed the information into a Gebäudeautomatisations- system.

To avoid false signals or to bypass radio interference, following redundancy measures in the radio transmission and the evaluation of the radio signals are taken.

• multiple transmission of information at each transmission with fixed breaks and pauses, the variable (for example, randomly) are, • brief increase in the transmit activity status change at the window lever 2,

• validation of system faults by waiting for a plurality of signals in the case of the absence of the automatically transmitted status messages.

The embodiment previously illustrated relates to a window handle to a window frame. However, a device according to the invention is suitable not only for Fensterhe- in to window frames, but is also suitable for numerous other mechanical lever. All applications that require an automated determination of lever positions, which is to be transmitted to a remote evaluation, and the assembly is in a small space may be desired subsequently, the mounting is to take place in concealed form.

LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS

1 Joinery-Neck

2 window handle 2a mechanical transmission device

3 iris

4 of movement of the operating handle, for example, here,

5 "open"

6 "closed" 4 "tilted"

7 Sensor Electronics

8 solar cell

9 + 10 probe, consisting for example of 9 magnet 10 and sensor magnetsesitiver

Claims

claims
1. An apparatus for wireless detection of a position (4,5,6) of a mechanical power transmission device (2a), with at least one memory means (11) for storing electrical energy, at least one sensor element (10) which detects the position and (at least one sensor electronics 7), at least one radio transmitter is comprising, monitored, characterized in that ß supplies at least a photovoltaic power supply means (8), said memory means (11) with electrical energy.
2. Device according to claim 1, characterized in that ß actuation of a sensor element (10), the sensor electronics (7) is activated.
3. A device according to claim 12, characterized in that ß at least one timer circuit (12) to said storage means (11) and the sensor electronics (7) is activated at predetermined or predeterminable intervals.
4. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that ß the photovoltaic energy supply means (8) in an aperture (3) of a mechanical power transmission device (2a) is embedded.
5. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that ß the memory means (11) is an electrical capacitor and / or an electrochemical accumulator.
6. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that ß is the sensor element (10) a magnetic field detector, preferably a solenoid operated reed contact.
7. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that ß the sensor element at an end position of the mechanical power transmission device (2a) is arranged.
8. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that ß the mechanical transmission device (2a) comprises a magnetic field.
9. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that ß the mechanical transmission device (2a), a lever and / or a wave and / or a wheel and / or a rod, for example a connecting rod and / or a piston.
EP20040738545 2003-06-06 2004-05-24 Sensor for the detection of the position of a mechanical force-transmitting device Ceased EP1631792A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE2003125800 DE10325800A1 (en) 2003-06-06 2003-06-06 Sensor for detecting the position of a mechanical power transmission device
PCT/DE2004/001076 WO2004109236A1 (en) 2003-06-06 2004-05-24 Sensor for the detection of the position of a mechanical force-transmitting device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1631792A1 true EP1631792A1 (en) 2006-03-08

Family

ID=33494874

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP20040738545 Ceased EP1631792A1 (en) 2003-06-06 2004-05-24 Sensor for the detection of the position of a mechanical force-transmitting device

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (3) US7698093B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1631792A1 (en)
DE (1) DE10325800A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2004109236A1 (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE10325800A1 (en) 2005-01-05
US20070075852A1 (en) 2007-04-05
US8112244B2 (en) 2012-02-07
US20120004885A1 (en) 2012-01-05
WO2004109236A1 (en) 2004-12-16
US7698093B2 (en) 2010-04-13
US20100198551A1 (en) 2010-08-05
US8793100B2 (en) 2014-07-29

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