EP1618577B1 - Vacuum circuit breaker - Google Patents

Vacuum circuit breaker Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1618577B1
EP1618577B1 EP20040723435 EP04723435A EP1618577B1 EP 1618577 B1 EP1618577 B1 EP 1618577B1 EP 20040723435 EP20040723435 EP 20040723435 EP 04723435 A EP04723435 A EP 04723435A EP 1618577 B1 EP1618577 B1 EP 1618577B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
circuit breaker
vacuum circuit
characterized
contact
traction
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
EP20040723435
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1618577A4 (en
EP1618577A1 (en
Inventor
Alexei Mikhailovich Chaly
Oleg Igorevich Chervinsky
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TAVRIDA ELECTRIC IND GROUP
Tavrida Electric Industrial Group
Original Assignee
TAVRIDA ELECTRIC IND GROUP
Tavrida Electric Industrial Group
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to RU2003108296/09A priority Critical patent/RU2249874C2/en
Application filed by TAVRIDA ELECTRIC IND GROUP, Tavrida Electric Industrial Group filed Critical TAVRIDA ELECTRIC IND GROUP
Priority to PCT/RU2004/000114 priority patent/WO2004086437A1/en
Publication of EP1618577A1 publication Critical patent/EP1618577A1/en
Publication of EP1618577A4 publication Critical patent/EP1618577A4/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1618577B1 publication Critical patent/EP1618577B1/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=33095916&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=EP1618577(B1) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Application status is Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H33/00High-tension or heavy-current switches with arc-extinguishing or arc-preventing means
    • H01H33/60Switches wherein the means for extinguishing or preventing the arc do not include separate means for obtaining or increasing flow of arc-extinguishing fluid
    • H01H33/66Vacuum switches
    • H01H33/666Operating arrangements
    • H01H33/6662Operating arrangements using bistable electromagnetic actuators, e.g. linear polarised electromagnetic actuators
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H1/00Contacts
    • H01H1/58Electric connections to or between contacts; Terminals
    • H01H1/5833Electric connections to or between contacts; Terminals comprising an articulating, sliding or rolling contact between movable contact and terminal
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H33/00High-tension or heavy-current switches with arc-extinguishing or arc-preventing means
    • H01H33/60Switches wherein the means for extinguishing or preventing the arc do not include separate means for obtaining or increasing flow of arc-extinguishing fluid
    • H01H33/66Vacuum switches
    • H01H33/6606Terminal arrangements
    • H01H2033/6613Cooling arrangements directly associated with the terminal arrangements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H33/00High-tension or heavy-current switches with arc-extinguishing or arc-preventing means
    • H01H33/02Details
    • H01H33/24Means for preventing discharge to non-current-carrying parts, e.g. using corona ring
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H9/00Details of switching devices, not covered by groups H01H1/00 - H01H7/00
    • H01H9/16Indicators for switching condition, e.g. "on" or "off"

Abstract

The device comprises phase modules mounted on metal base (1), inside which drives with magnetic latch (2, 3, 4), synchronizing (6) and interlock (7) shafts, block contacts are situated. The phase modules comprise supporting insulators (9), with vacuum chambers (10) positioned inside, contact terminals (11, 12) and traction insulators (14). Shapes of traction insulator (14) and immovable insulation tubular fragment (16) provide labyrinth air gap between the contact terminals and the base, increasing electrical strength of the clearance. When the circuit breaker operates, resilient conductive spirals (17) roll in the annular clearance between terminal (11) and movable contact bush (18), providing multiple-point contact of high conductivity. Drive magnetic systems (2, 3) constitute two bowl-shaped component parts made of high - coercivity material. The contact terminals are produced of an extrusion profile. Manual deenergization generator (20) is implemented as an independent magnetic system, which, when disconnecting, generates a current pulse, and electrically connected with drive coils (4). Remote indicator of main contact positions (19) is connected with the mechanism of synchronizing shaft with the flexible connection in the form of encapsulated wire cable. Socket contact separators (23) are made of aluminum alloy using extrusion process.

Description

    Technical Field
  • The invention is related to electrical engineering, particularly to vacuum circuit breaker.
  • Background Art
  • The vacuum circuit breaker having vacuum interrupter, electromagnetic drive, opening springs and compression springs is known [1].
  • Its kinematic scheme comprises a large quantity of friction assemblies loaded, which results in low reliability and working life of the apparatus.
  • The closest in design is the vacuum circuit breaker of TEL line, having drives in segregated - phase arrangement with magnetic latch and synchronizing shaft [2].
  • Disadvantages of this design include considerable length of pulling insulator, relatively high resistance of movable conducting element (flexible current shunt), complexity of magnetic actuator, low rated current due to hindered natural cooling of contact terminals, difficulty in manual tripping and remote mechanical indication of main contact positions, difficulties in connecting up socket contacts and designing interlock mechanisms for various application projects.
  • The invention solves the problem of providing a vacuum circuit breaker having reduced dimensions and cost, while increasing main performance parameters.
  • The technical effect of applying the invention as claimed includes: reduction in traction insulator length, reduction in resistance of movable conducting element, simplification and cost reduction of the magnetic actuator, increase of rated current due to improvement in cooling contact terminals, reduction of the force required for manual tripping, solution of the problem of remote mechanical indication for main contacts, connecting up socket contacts and their simplified designs, facilitation of the task of hooking up interlock mechanisms.
  • Disclosure of Invention
  • The vacuum circuit breaker is characterized in that the traction insulation therein is embodied in such a way that component parts energized by different potentials are covered with insulation, immovable part of the insulation being embodied with a tubular fragment located coaxially inside the insulation sleeve, which is a part of the traction insulator, and resilient conductive spirals are used as movable conducting elements, having a possibility of rolling between surfaces, at least one of which possesses teeth, with the teeth oriented in the direction of motion, two convolutions of said spirals being located between the teeth, and drive magnetic systems constitute two bowl - shaped components made of high - coercivity material with a coil located inside, one bowl - shaped component being attached to the circuit breaker base, the other being attached to the traction insulator, and contact terminals are made of aluminium alloy using extrusion process followed by subsequent mechanical finishing, and the manual deenergization generator constitutes a closed magnetic system having a possibility of mechanical opening thereof, comprising permanent magnet and coil electrically connected with coils of circuit breaker drives, and the manual deenergization button is in a rigid connection with the magnetic system element in such a way that the operation direction coincides with the direction of magnetic system opening, the vacuum circuit breaker is equipped with remote indicator of main contact positions connected with the mechanism of the synchronizing shaft with the flexible link embodied as an encapsulated wire cable, and also equipped with socket contacts having separators made of aluminium alloy, manufactured using extrusion process, and equipped with an interlock shaft having a cam for mechanical opening and interlocking the drive in the deenergized state, and a lever for electrical interlocking.
  • The essence of the invention consists in the fact that the traction insulator and immovable insulation tubular fragment provide labyrinth air-gap between high potential and the earth in such a way that the breakdown path in the air has segments directed oppositely to the direction of the electrical field.
  • Spiral conducting elements rolling in the course of vacuum circuit breaker operation between movable and immovable surfaces provide a permanent multiple - point contact because each half - turn is a separate conductor, which makes it possible to reach low values of transient resistance.
  • The drive magnetic system consisting of two bowl - shaped component parts made of high - coercivity material makes it possible to implement a simple and reliable drive with magnetic latch.
  • Manufacturing the contact terminals by extrusion process followed by subsequent cutting the sections of required length from the profile considerably reduces the cost of the ready article in comparison with other processes of component manufacturing, for example, casting.
  • Employment of the manual deenergization generator facilitates designing distribution devices because the generator is not mechanically connected with the vacuum circuit breaker and may be mounted, similarly to the remote indicator of main contact position, in any convenient place.
  • Extrusion process of manufacturing followed by subsequent cutting the sections of required length considerably reduces the cost of socket contact separators. Employment of the interlock shaft makes it possible implement interlocking without mechanical loading of the synchronizing shaft in the course of operation of the vacuum circuit breaker.
  • Brief Drawings Description
  • The general layout of the vacuum circuit breaker is presented in Fig.1, the plane section for a module of one of the phases is presented for the vacuum circuit breaker in enabled position in Fig. 2, and for the vacuum circuit breaker in disabled position in Fig. 3, the contact terminals are shown in Fig. 4, the principle of contacting for the spiral current collector in cases of one and two toothed surfaces is presented in Fig. 5 and Fig. 6 accordingly, the plane section of the manual deenergization generator is provided in Fig. 7, the construction design of a socket contact is presented in Fig. 8.
  • Detailed Drawings Description
  • The vacuum circuit breaker comprises phase modules mounted on metal base 1, inside which drives with magnetic latch are situated, comprising stator 2, armature 3 and coil 4, opening spring 5, synchronizing 6 and interlock 7 shafts, block contacts. Cam 8 is situated at the end of interlock shaft 7. The phase modules comprise supporting insulators 9, with vacuum chambers 10 embedded in silicone rubber positioned inside, contact terminals 11, 12, compression spring 13 and traction insulators 14.
  • Drive stator 2 faced to contact terminal 11 is covered with hard insulation 15 with the tubular fragment 16. Spiral conducting elements 17 are situated in the clearance between contact terminal 11 I and movable contact bush 18. Indicator of contact positions 19 is connected with synchronizing shaft 6 with the encapsulated wire shaft. Manual deenergization generator 20 with armature 21 is electrically connected with windings of drive coils 4. Socket contacts 22 comprise separators 23, lamels 24 and plate springs 25.
  • The Best Mode for Carrying Out the Invention
  • The device operates in the following way. When a current pulse is provided to drive coils 4, closing stator 2 and armature 3 occurs, which is accompanied by compression of opening 5 and compression 13 springs, and closing contacts of vacuum chambers 10 occurs. Stator 2 and armature 3 may be in closed position infinitely, because they are made of high - coercivity material, retaining therein the residual magnetic flux. When a negative - sequence current pulse is provided to coils 4, "resetting" of the magnetic latch from the drive occurs, and by the action of springs 5 and 13, the drive returns to the position presented in Fig. 3, contacts of vacuum chambers 10 are disconnected. In the course of drive operation, the synchronizing shaft turns to a certain angle, moving the indicator 19 from one position to another. Furthermore, the shaft turn brings about actuation of block contacts (not shown in the Fig. 3). When movable contacts of vacuum chambers 10 and bushes 18 are moved, spiral conducting elements 17 roll between elements 18 and 11. ensuring permanent contact between them. Forces of contact pressures are shown by arrows in Fig. 5 and Fig. 6 for turns of resilient spiral conducting elements in cases of one (Fig. 5) or two (Fig. 6) toothed surfaces.
  • The principle of labyrinth insulation is shown in Fig. 2, wherein possible path of the breakdown in air between terminal 11 and component parts energized by the earth potential is indicated by arrows.
  • While working power is lacking, manual deenergization may be performed using manual deenergization generator 20 by moving its armature 21, resulting in opening the magnetic system enabling the permanent magnet, and inducing a current pulse in the coil of manual deenergization generator 20, fed to drive coils 4, leading to "resetting" of the latter from the magnetic latch.
  • Manual deenergization also may be performed by mechanical disconnection of stator 2 from armature 3 through turning interlock shaft 7, which detaches armature 3 from stator 2 with its cam. Turning of the interlock shaft 7 is performed by 90°, and its design is such that it may be situated only in one of two stable positions of Fig. 2 and Fig. 3.
  • Toggling of interlock shaft 7 with its latching from the position of Fig. 2 to the position of Fig. 3 is accompanied by disconnecting drive circuits (electrical interlocking, not shown in the Fig. 3), mechanical opening drives, if they are closed, mechanical interlocking drives to prevent its enabling, in case of incapacitation of the electrical interlocking.
  • Industrial Applicability
  • The extrusion process of manufacturing articles 11, 12, 23 of complicated spatial shape enables considerable reduction of the cost of the vacuum circuit breaker as claimed. Contact terminals 11 and 12 are also radiators of natural convective cooling of the vacuum circuit breaker, which enables increasing of the current rating.
  • Multiple contact spiral current collector 17 enables obtaining low values of transient resistance, unobtainable for other designs of similar dimensions.
  • Manual deenergization generator 20 and indicator of contact position 19 may be mounted in any convenient place because they are not in a rigid mechanical connection with the vacuum circuit breaker.
  • Application of the interlock shaft makes it possible to develop simple and reliable interlock systems for any type of factory - assembled distribution devices.
  • Information sources:
  1. 1. SU Nº 1552250, H 01 H 33/66, 1990.
  2. 2. RU Nº 2020631, H 01 H 33/66, 1992.

Claims (8)

  1. A vacuum circuit breaker comprising vacuum chambers (10), supporting (9) and traction insulation (14), drives in segregated - phase arrangement with magnetic latches and common synchronizing shaft (6), characterized in that, with the purpose of decreasing dimensions, the traction insulation (14) is embodied in such a way that component parts energized by different potentials are covered with insulation, immovable part of the insulation (15) being made as having a tubular fragment (16) located coaxially inside insulation sleeve, which is a part of the traction insulator (14).
  2. A vacuum circuit breaker according to claim 1, characterized in that, as a movable current - conducting element, resilient conductive spirals are used capable of rolling between surfaces, at least one of which possesses teeth, with the teeth oriented in the direction of motion, two turns of above-mentioned spirals being located between teeth.
  3. A vacuum circuit breaker according to any of claims 1, 2, characterized in that drive magnetic systems constitute two bowls made of high - coercivity material with a coil located inside, one bowl being attached to the circuit breaker base, the other being attached to the traction insulator.
  4. A vacuum circuit breaker according to any of claims 1, 2, 3, characterized in that contact terminals are made of aluminium alloy by extrusion process followed by subsequent mechanical finishing.
  5. A vacuum circuit breaker according to any of claims 1, 2, 3, 4, characterized in that it is equipped with manual deenergization generator constituting a closed magnetic system capable of mechanical opening thereof, comprising a permanent magnet and a coil electrically connected with coils of circuit breaker drives, and the manual deenergization button is in a rigid connection with the magnetic system element in such a way that the operation direction coincides with the direction of magnetic system opening.
  6. A vacuum circuit breaker according to any of claims 1 - 5, characterized in that it is equipped with remote indicator of main contact position, being connected with the mechanism of synchronizing shaft with the help of flexible connection in the form of encapsulated wire cable.
  7. A vacuum circuit breaker according to any of claims 1 - 6, characterized in that it is equipped with socket contacts having separators made of aluminium alloy, manufactured using extrusion process.
  8. A vacuum circuit breaker according to any of claims 1 - 7, characterized in that it is equipped with interlock shaft having a cam for mechanical opening and interlocking the drive in the deenergized state, and a lever for electrical interlocking.
EP20040723435 2003-03-26 2004-03-25 Vacuum circuit breaker Expired - Fee Related EP1618577B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2003108296/09A RU2249874C2 (en) 2003-03-26 2003-03-26 Vacuum switch
PCT/RU2004/000114 WO2004086437A1 (en) 2003-03-26 2004-03-25 Vacuum circuit breaker

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1618577A1 EP1618577A1 (en) 2006-01-25
EP1618577A4 EP1618577A4 (en) 2006-08-02
EP1618577B1 true EP1618577B1 (en) 2009-03-25

Family

ID=33095916

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP20040723435 Expired - Fee Related EP1618577B1 (en) 2003-03-26 2004-03-25 Vacuum circuit breaker

Country Status (9)

Country Link
EP (1) EP1618577B1 (en)
CN (1) CN100375211C (en)
AT (1) AT426910T (en)
DE (1) DE602004020206D1 (en)
HK (1) HK1093379A1 (en)
RU (1) RU2249874C2 (en)
UA (1) UA79370C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2004086437A1 (en)
ZA (1) ZA200508667B (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102306585A (en) * 2011-07-15 2012-01-04 蒋通军 Remote control and manual dual-purpose electrical high-voltage safety switch
CN102306589A (en) * 2011-05-31 2012-01-04 北京博瑞莱智能科技有限公司 Low-pressure permanent magnetic vacuum load switch
CN102915870A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-02-06 宁夏力成电气集团有限公司 E-shaped mono-stability permanent magnet mechanism with closed magnetic circuit

Families Citing this family (16)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102006041377B3 (en) * 2006-08-29 2007-12-27 Siemens Ag Armature for circuit breaker, has connecting unit made of material with high electrical conductivity, and cooling body made of material with high thermal conductivity, where cooling body encloses connecting unit in form-fit manner
DE102006042101B4 (en) 2006-09-07 2008-09-25 Switchcraft Europe Gmbh Vacuum switch for medium and high voltages
FR2920251B1 (en) * 2007-08-23 2009-11-13 Areva T & D Sa Switching device for switching electrical apparatus
JP5215238B2 (en) * 2009-05-28 2013-06-19 三菱電機株式会社 Circuit breaker
EP2461338B2 (en) * 2010-12-03 2017-03-01 ABB Schweiz AG Circuit breaker arrangement for medium voltage to high voltage applications
FR2971080B1 (en) * 2011-02-02 2013-03-01 Alstom Grid Sas bulb vacuum switchgear comprising locking means
US8729416B2 (en) 2012-01-23 2014-05-20 Electro-Mechanical Corporation Circuit breaker remote tripping
US8729985B2 (en) 2012-01-23 2014-05-20 Electro-Mechanical Corporation Switchgear visible disconnect mechanical interlock
US9070517B2 (en) 2012-08-13 2015-06-30 Electro-Mechanical Corporation Vacuum interrupter and linear disconnect switch
RU2521609C2 (en) * 2012-11-01 2014-07-10 Открытое акционерное общество "Всероссийский научно-исследовательский проектно-конструкторский и технологический институт электромашиностроения" Vacuum switch
RU2551443C2 (en) * 2013-02-13 2015-05-27 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Астер Электро" Modular vacuum circuit breaker
CN103367023B (en) * 2013-06-17 2015-12-02 北海银河产业投资股份有限公司 Full vacuum breaker pole insulated
RU2545163C1 (en) * 2013-10-02 2015-03-27 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Научно-производственная фирма "Радиус" Vacuum circuit breaker
US20150332883A1 (en) * 2014-05-14 2015-11-19 Eaton Corporation Electrical switching apparatus and linear actuator assembly therefor
GB2527800A (en) * 2014-07-02 2016-01-06 Eaton Ind Netherlands Bv Circuit breaker
RU2684175C1 (en) * 2018-05-17 2019-04-04 Акционерное общество "Радио и Микроэлектроника" Three-phase vacuum circuit breaker

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DE2320744C3 (en) * 1973-04-25 1981-05-07 Fritz Driescher Spezialfabrik Fuer Elektrizitaetswerksbedarf, 5144 Wegberg, De
JPS612246B2 (en) * 1980-02-04 1986-01-23 Meidensha Kk
JPS57147829A (en) * 1981-03-06 1982-09-11 Tokyo Shibaura Electric Co Vacuum breaker
SU1552250A1 (en) * 1987-11-24 1990-03-23 Украинское Отделение Всесоюзного Государственного Проектно-Изыскательского И Научно-Исследовательского Института "Сельэнергопроект" Switch with electromagnetic actuator
GB8819166D0 (en) * 1988-08-12 1988-09-14 Ass Elect Ind Magnetic actuator & permanent magnet
RU2020631C1 (en) * 1992-04-02 1994-09-30 Малое внедренческое предприятие "Таврида Электрик" Tel modular series vacuum circuit breaker
US5597992A (en) * 1994-12-09 1997-01-28 Cooper Industries, Inc. Current interchange for vacuum capacitor switch

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102306589A (en) * 2011-05-31 2012-01-04 北京博瑞莱智能科技有限公司 Low-pressure permanent magnetic vacuum load switch
CN102306589B (en) 2011-05-31 2014-01-01 北京博瑞莱智能科技有限公司 Low-pressure permanent magnetic vacuum load switch
CN102306585A (en) * 2011-07-15 2012-01-04 蒋通军 Remote control and manual dual-purpose electrical high-voltage safety switch
CN102306585B (en) 2011-07-15 2013-11-06 蒋通军 Remote control and manual dual-purpose electrical high-voltage safety switch
CN102915870A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-02-06 宁夏力成电气集团有限公司 E-shaped mono-stability permanent magnet mechanism with closed magnetic circuit
CN102915870B (en) * 2012-11-13 2014-11-26 宁夏力成电气集团有限公司 E-shaped mono-stability permanent magnet mechanism with closed magnetic circuit

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE602004020206D1 (en) 2009-05-07
AT426910T (en) 2009-04-15
HK1093379A1 (en) 2008-06-27
CN100375211C (en) 2008-03-12
EP1618577A4 (en) 2006-08-02
CN1795520A (en) 2006-06-28
EP1618577A1 (en) 2006-01-25
WO2004086437A1 (en) 2004-10-07
UA79370C2 (en) 2007-06-11
ZA200508667B (en) 2006-10-25
RU2249874C2 (en) 2005-04-10

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