EP1576553B1 - Method and device for the checking of banknotes - Google Patents

Method and device for the checking of banknotes Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1576553B1
EP1576553B1 EP03813130.6A EP03813130A EP1576553B1 EP 1576553 B1 EP1576553 B1 EP 1576553B1 EP 03813130 A EP03813130 A EP 03813130A EP 1576553 B1 EP1576553 B1 EP 1576553B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
data
checked
property
characterized
bank note
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP03813130.6A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1576553A2 (en
Inventor
Hendrik Derks
Matthias Hecht
Norbert Holl
Nikolai Lipkowitsch
Dieter Stein
Holger Trumpfheller
Bernd Wunderer
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Giesecke and Devrient GmbH
Original Assignee
Giesecke and Devrient GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE10259288 priority Critical
Priority to DE10259288A priority patent/DE10259288A1/en
Application filed by Giesecke and Devrient GmbH filed Critical Giesecke and Devrient GmbH
Priority to PCT/EP2003/014334 priority patent/WO2004055740A2/en
Publication of EP1576553A2 publication Critical patent/EP1576553A2/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1576553B1 publication Critical patent/EP1576553B1/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D7/00Testing specially adapted to determine the identity or genuineness of valuable papers or for segregating those which are unacceptable, e.g. banknotes that are alien to a currency
    • G07D7/181Testing mechanical properties or condition, e.g. wear or tear
    • G07D7/185Detecting holes or pores
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D7/00Testing specially adapted to determine the identity or genuineness of valuable papers or for segregating those which are unacceptable, e.g. banknotes that are alien to a currency
    • G07D7/06Testing specially adapted to determine the identity or genuineness of valuable papers or for segregating those which are unacceptable, e.g. banknotes that are alien to a currency using wave or particle radiation
    • G07D7/08Acoustic waves
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D7/00Testing specially adapted to determine the identity or genuineness of valuable papers or for segregating those which are unacceptable, e.g. banknotes that are alien to a currency
    • G07D7/06Testing specially adapted to determine the identity or genuineness of valuable papers or for segregating those which are unacceptable, e.g. banknotes that are alien to a currency using wave or particle radiation
    • G07D7/12Visible light, infra-red or ultraviolet radiation
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D7/00Testing specially adapted to determine the identity or genuineness of valuable papers or for segregating those which are unacceptable, e.g. banknotes that are alien to a currency
    • G07D7/181Testing mechanical properties or condition, e.g. wear or tear
    • G07D7/183Detecting folds or doubles
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D7/00Testing specially adapted to determine the identity or genuineness of valuable papers or for segregating those which are unacceptable, e.g. banknotes that are alien to a currency
    • G07D7/181Testing mechanical properties or condition, e.g. wear or tear
    • G07D7/187Detecting defacement or contamination, e.g. dirt

Description

  • The present invention relates to a method and a device for checking banknotes, in which data from at least two different measurements of the banknotes to be checked are evaluated.
  • The checking of banknotes is usually carried out by means of sensors which collect data representing certain banknotes properties. The data of each sensor are usually evaluated independently of the data of the other sensors.
  • From the EP 1172 773 A1 For example, a device and a method for verifying the authenticity of documents are known in which the data of an optical sensor are used to determine the position of a magnetic security thread. The position of the security thread determined by the optical sensor is used to purposefully control a magnetic sensor so that it can read the coding contained in the security thread exactly at the position of the security thread.
  • However, the known methods and devices for checking banknotes do not make any statements as to how the checking of banknotes can be improved by means of at least two different measurements of the banknotes to be checked if at least one of the different measurements contains information or data leading to a faulty check being able to lead.
  • It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a method and an apparatus for the verification of banknotes, in which data from at least two different measurements of the to be checked Banknotes are evaluated, with a faulty check on the basis of the evaluation of the data of at least two different measurements is avoided.
  • This object is achieved by the features of claims 1 and 9.
  • The invention is based on a check of banknotes, in which data from at least two different measurements of the banknotes to be checked are evaluated, wherein a first property of the banknote to be checked is derived from the data of at least one first measurement, at least one second property of banknote to be checked is derived from the data of at least one second measurement, a correlation between first and at least second property is determined for identical locations of the banknote to be checked, and the first property is derived again, wherein at locations of the banknote to be checked for which a Correlation between the first and at least second property was determined, an altered derivative of the first property is made from the data of at least the first measurement. In the context of the present invention, correlation should not only be understood to mean the formation of a correlation function, but any local or nonlocal arithmetic or logical combination of data or of data derived from the data.
  • The invention thus has the particular advantage that disturbing information can be suppressed in the evaluated for the verification of the bill data due to the changed derivative, whereby the quality and plausibility of the review is improved. This also makes it possible that features and / or properties of the examined Banknotes can be safely evaluated, whereas problems occur with only one measurement or two isolated measurements of features and / or properties, eg. B. because the detected features and / or properties are not unique.
  • Further advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the dependent claims and the following description of an embodiment with reference to figures.
  • It shows:
  • FIG. 1
    a schematic representation of a basic structure of a device for the verification of banknotes, and
    FIG. 2
    a schematic representation of a verification of a banknote.
  • FIG. 1 shows a schematic representation of a basic structure of a device 10 for the verification of banknotes.
  • The checking device 10 is designed as a bank-note processing machine and has an input pocket 20 for the input of banknotes 21 to be processed, in which a separator 22 engages. The separator 22 detects one of the banknotes 21 to be processed and transfers the individual banknotes to a transport system 23, which transports the individual banknotes through a sensor arrangement 30.
  • At least two different sensors 31, 32, 33 are present in the sensor arrangement 30, for example a first optical sensor 31, which detects light reflected from the banknote, a second acoustic sensor 33, which detects the banknote originating, in particular transmitted, ultrasound signals detected, and a third optical sensor 32, which detects light transmitted through the banknote. The sensors 31, 32, 33 carry out a measurement for checking the banknotes, in which they record features and / or properties of each individual banknote and generate corresponding data. For this purpose, the sensors 31, 32, 33 detect the banknotes with a certain resolution, which results in a pixel size with which the banknotes are scanned and recorded.
  • From the detected pixels of each of the banknotes, data are formed by the sensors 31, 32, 33 and / or a control device 35, which represent each location on the surface of the respective banknote. The generation of data by the sensors 31, 32, 33 may, for. B. for one side of the banknotes, d. H. for one of the surfaces of the banknotes, as well as both surfaces can be detected and appropriate data is provided. Preferably, the pages or surfaces of the banknotes are each completely detected and corresponding data for the complete page or surface generated.
  • From the data of the sensors 31, 32, 33 properties are derived, which are relevant for the verification of banknotes. These characteristics may concern, for example, the authenticity, the type (currency, denomination), the state (damage, soiling) etc. of the respective banknote. The respective properties can be derived, for example, from the data of one or more of the sensors 31, 32, 33.
  • In the control device 35, the data of the sensors 31, 32, 33 are compared with reference data stored in the control device 35, which is the detection of genuine or counterfeit and / or suspected counterfeit Banknotes, the type of banknotes, the state of banknotes, etc. enable.
  • Based on the check carried out by the control device 35 of the respective bank note arranged in the transport system 23 switches 24, 26 are driven, z. B. to deposit bills in good condition in an output tray 25, whereas banknotes with a bad state can be stored in an output tray 27 or 28 can be fed via the transport system to another processing 28.
  • In FIG. 2 is shown schematically a review of a banknote.
  • During the check, a first property of the banknote is to be determined, eg. For example, the state of the banknote regarding the degree of soiling of the banknote. In this context, the term "staining" should be understood to mean, in particular, stains, impermissibly added inscriptions, etc.
  • For this purpose, for example, from the controller 35 from the data of the first optical sensor 31, the z. B. detected by the banknote light of a certain wavelength, the areas or locations of the surface of the bill derived, whose data indicate that there is a contamination. In the FIG. 2 For example, the areas of pollution by dark areas are indicated in a representation 131 representing the bill.
  • Furthermore, at least one second property of the banknote is determined, for. For example, the condition of the bill in terms of the degree of damage or destruction of the bill. Under damage or destruction should be understood in particular holes, cracks, flaws, dog ears, tape, etc.
  • For this purpose, for example, from the controller 35 from the data of the second optical sensor 32, the z. B. detected by the bill transmitted light of a certain wavelength, the areas or locations of the surface of the bill derived, the data indicate that there is damage or destruction. In the FIG. 2 For example, the areas of damage or destruction by black areas 1 to 4 are indicated in a representation 132 representing the bank note. The area 1 indicates a hole in the banknote, the areas 2 and 3 indicate cracks in the banknote and the areas 4 indicate flaws or dog-ears.
  • For checking or confirming the second characteristic of the banknote derived from the data of the second optical sensor 32 (here: damage or destruction), the data of the third acoustic sensor 33 can be used. For this purpose, the data of the acoustic sensor 33 can additionally be evaluated by the control device 35 in various ways.
  • If the data of the acoustic sensor 33, which detects, for example, transmitted ultrasound, are examined for points with high signal strength, the locations of the banknote with holes 1 ', cracks 2' and defects 4 'from the control device 35 can, as shown in a representation 133 be derived.
  • In a step 40, for checking or confirming the deduced holes, cracks and voids previously determined (representations 132 and 133) Holes 1,1 ', cracks 2, 3, 2' and defects 4, 4 'are compared, as shown in a representation 41. It is found, for example, that the crack 3 detected by the optical sensor 32 was not also detected by the acoustic sensor 33. In a next step 45, a representation 42 is therefore determined by the control device 35 in which only the hole 1, the crack 2 and the defects 4 are contained.
  • From the data of the acoustic sensor 33, which detects, for example, transmitted ultrasound, further conclusions can be drawn about the state of the banknote. If the data are examined by the control device 35 for locations which have almost no signal strength, as shown in the illustration 133 ', locations 5 of the banknote with increased thickness or material thickness can be derived from the control device 35. Such locations 5 are, for example, an indication of the presence of dog-ears. If the data of the acoustic sensor 33 are examined for locations with a weak signal strength, as shown in the illustration 133 ", locations 6 of the banknote can be derived from the control device 35, which indicate, for example, the presence of an adhesive strip.
  • The information about dog ears 5 and adhesive strips 6 are matched in a further step 50 with the hole 1, the crack 2 and the defects 4, from the controller 35 to a representation 51, which contains all detected and checked damage or destruction of the bill.
  • In a further step 60, a mask 61 is formed by the control device 35, which contains the spatial distribution of the damage or destruction 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, ie the locations of the banknote to be checked with the corresponding damage or destruction , In a next step 70, the mask 61 is placed by the control device 35 over the areas of soiling of the banknote, which were derived in the derivation of the first property of the bill to be checked from the data of the first sensor 31 and in the representation 131 are shown. This results in a representation 71 from which the spatial or local correlation of the first property (contamination) with the second property (damage or destruction) emerges.
  • To definitively assess the soiling of the banknote, the first characteristic characterizing the soiling is again derived by the controller 35 from the data (dark spots in illustration 131) of the first sensor 31, the derivative being changed from the data.
  • In the case of the changed derivative, it may be provided that the data of the optical sensor 31, which correlate locally with the at least second property (damage or destruction), are not taken into account. In this case, in a final step 80 of the processing by the control device 35, the distribution of contamination on the banknote to be checked, which is shown in a representation 81, is taken into account in the re-derivation of the first property (soiling). Thus, locations on the banknote to be checked that could be erroneously evaluated as fouling (holes 1 ", cracks 3", defects 4 ", dog ears 4 '", adhesive strips 6 ", etc.) are not taken into account, thus improving the verification the banknote yields.
  • From the contamination of the bank note shown in the illustration 81, which is stored in the memory of the control device 35, a final judgment can be made by the control device 35 to the bank note z. B. as dirty, little dirty or not polluted classified. This classification can be used for a decision as to whether the banknote z. B. is still fit.
  • In the modified derivative, it may alternatively or additionally be provided that the data of the optical sensor 31, which correlate locally with the at least second property, are processed analogously, for. B. by means of a linear combination. Likewise, with the changed derivative method of the fuzzy logic can be used alternatively or additionally. In this case, the data of the optical sensor 31 can alternatively or additionally be linked to data from other sensors, with data always being linked, which relate to the same location of the respective banknote to be examined.
  • By the described correlation of the various data can thus be achieved that the result of checking the banknotes is generally improved. This is achieved - as described - by the fact that in all cases of inaccuracy or uncertainty in a decision on the state, the authenticity, the type of banknote, etc. instead of just using data from a sensor, by linking with data of one or more others Sensors is achieved that the quality of the assessment made increases. This also annoying manual rework is superfluous, d. H. Appraisals of banknotes by an operator. In this way, by using the method according to the invention or the device according to the invention, the rejection rate of banknotes when processing with a banknote processing machine can be considerably reduced, as a result of which the reworking can be correspondingly reduced and the throughput of banknotes to be achieved increased.

Claims (16)

  1. Method for checking bank notes, in which data from at least two different measurings of the bank notes to be checked are evaluated,
    characterized in that
    a first property of the bank note to be checked is derived from the data of at least one first measuring,
    at least one second property of the bank note to be checked is derived from the data of at least one second measuring,
    a correlation between first and at least second property for the same places on the bank note to be checked is determined, and
    the first property is derived once again, wherein at places of the bank note to be checked, for which a correlation between the first and the at least second property was determined, an altered derivation of the first property is effected from the data of the at least first measuring.
  2. Method according to claim 1, characterized in that with the altered derivation data of places with a correlation are not taken into account.
  3. Method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that with the measurings data for at least one side of the bank note to be checked are generated.
  4. Method according to claim 3, characterized in that data for the complete side of the bank note to be checked are generated.
  5. Method according to any of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the first property is a soiling of the bank notes to be checked.
  6. Method according to any of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the first measuring is an optical measuring.
  7. Method according to any of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the second property is a damage of the bank notes to be checked.
  8. Method according to any of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the second measuring is an optical and/or acoustic measuring.
  9. Apparatus for checking bank notes having at least two sensors (31, 32, 33), the data of which are evaluated for the checking of bank notes by a control device (35),
    characterized in that
    the control device (35) derives a first property of the bank note to be checked from the data of at least one first sensor (31),
    the control device (35) derives at least one second property of the bank note to be checked from the data of at least one second sensor (32, 33),
    the control device (35) determines a correlation between first and at least second property for the same places on the bank note to be checked, and
    the control device (35) once again derives the first property, wherein at places of the bank note to be checked, for which a correlation between the first and the at least second property was determined, an altered derivation of the first property is effected from the data of the at least first sensor (31).
  10. Apparatus according to claim 9, characterized in that with the altered derivation the control device (35) does not take into account data of the at least first sensor (31) relating to places with a correlation.
  11. Apparatus according to claim 9 or 10, characterized in that the sensors (31, 32, 33) generate data for at least one side of the bank note to be checked.
  12. Apparatus according to claim 11, characterized in that the sensors (31, 32, 33) generate data for the complete side of the bank note to be checked.
  13. Apparatus according to any of claims 9 to 12, characterized in that the first property is a soiling of the bank notes to be checked.
  14. Apparatus according to any of claims 9 to 13, characterized in that the first sensor (31) is an optical sensor.
  15. Apparatus according to any of claims 9 to 14, characterized in that the second property is a damage of the bank notes to be checked.
  16. Apparatus according to any of claims 9 to 15, characterized in that the second sensor (32, 33) is an optical (32) and/or acoustic sensor (33).
EP03813130.6A 2002-12-18 2003-12-16 Method and device for the checking of banknotes Active EP1576553B1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE10259288 2002-12-18
DE10259288A DE10259288A1 (en) 2002-12-18 2002-12-18 Method and device for checking banknotes
PCT/EP2003/014334 WO2004055740A2 (en) 2002-12-18 2003-12-16 Method and device for the checking of banknotes

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1576553A2 EP1576553A2 (en) 2005-09-21
EP1576553B1 true EP1576553B1 (en) 2013-04-17

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EP03813130.6A Active EP1576553B1 (en) 2002-12-18 2003-12-16 Method and device for the checking of banknotes

Country Status (7)

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US (1) US7607528B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1576553B1 (en)
CN (1) CN100419800C (en)
AU (1) AU2003300526A1 (en)
DE (1) DE10259288A1 (en)
RU (1) RU2310234C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2004055740A2 (en)

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DE102005009332B4 (en) * 2005-03-01 2014-02-13 Giesecke & Devrient Gmbh Device for checking the separation of banknotes
DE102006042186A1 (en) * 2006-09-08 2008-03-27 Giesecke & Devrient Gmbh Procedure for the destruction of banknotes
JP2008250517A (en) * 2007-03-29 2008-10-16 Sanden Corp Paper money discriminating device
JP5210013B2 (en) * 2008-03-19 2013-06-12 株式会社ユニバーサルエンターテインメント Paper sheet processing equipment
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JP5227087B2 (en) * 2008-06-09 2013-07-03 日本金銭機械株式会社 Paper sheet handling equipment
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JP2011028512A (en) * 2009-07-24 2011-02-10 Toshiba Corp Method for creating dictionary for fitness determination of paper sheet, paper sheet processing apparatus, and paper sheet processing method
DE102011121912A1 (en) * 2011-12-21 2013-06-27 Giesecke & Devrient Gmbh Method and device for examining a value document
DE102011121911A1 (en) * 2011-12-21 2013-06-27 Giesecke & Devrient Gmbh Method and device for checking a security feature of a value document
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CN102745606B (en) * 2012-07-12 2014-12-24 中联重科股份有限公司 Control equipment, method and system of super-lifting device as well as engineering machine
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DE102013015200A1 (en) * 2013-09-13 2015-03-19 Giesecke & Devrient Gmbh Method for checking a value document
DE102014010466A1 (en) * 2014-07-15 2016-01-21 Giesecke & Devrient Gmbh Method and device for fitness testing of value documents
CN104821036A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-08-05 深圳怡化电脑股份有限公司 Multi-round banknote examination method of ATM
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CN107730709B (en) * 2017-09-29 2019-07-05 深圳怡化电脑股份有限公司 A kind of method and device of determining paper currency sorting class algorithm versions, storage equipment

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2004055740A3 (en) 2004-11-25
RU2310234C2 (en) 2007-11-10
US20060151282A1 (en) 2006-07-13
US7607528B2 (en) 2009-10-27
AU2003300526A1 (en) 2004-07-09
EP1576553A2 (en) 2005-09-21
CN1729488A (en) 2006-02-01
DE10259288A1 (en) 2004-07-22
WO2004055740A2 (en) 2004-07-01
RU2005122614A (en) 2007-01-27
CN100419800C (en) 2008-09-17

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