EP1564519B1 - Vehicle with land mine protection - Google Patents

Vehicle with land mine protection Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1564519B1
EP1564519B1 EP04029760A EP04029760A EP1564519B1 EP 1564519 B1 EP1564519 B1 EP 1564519B1 EP 04029760 A EP04029760 A EP 04029760A EP 04029760 A EP04029760 A EP 04029760A EP 1564519 B1 EP1564519 B1 EP 1564519B1
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Prior art keywords
vehicle
module
main module
cab
housing
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EP04029760A
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP1564519A1 (en
Inventor
Manfred Krützfeldt
Frank Hass
Eitel Runow
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Rheinmetall Landsysteme GmbH
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Rheinmetall Landsysteme GmbH
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Priority to DE102004006819A priority Critical patent/DE102004006819B4/en
Priority to DE102004006819 priority
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Publication of EP1564519A1 publication Critical patent/EP1564519A1/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H7/00Armoured or armed vehicles
    • F41H7/02Land vehicles with enclosing armour, e.g. tanks
    • F41H7/04Armour construction
    • F41H7/042Floors or base plates for increased land mine protection
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H7/00Armoured or armed vehicles
    • F41H7/02Land vehicles with enclosing armour, e.g. tanks
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H7/00Armoured or armed vehicles
    • F41H7/02Land vehicles with enclosing armour, e.g. tanks
    • F41H7/04Armour construction
    • F41H7/048Vehicles having separate armoured compartments, e.g. modular armoured vehicles

Description

  • Die Erfindung bezieht sich auf ein Fahrzeug mit Schutz gegen die Wirkung einer Landmine, insbesondere ein gepanzerten Radfahrzeug, für den Schutz von Personen sowie auch des Fahrzeuggehäuses in gepanzerten Fahrzeugen insgesamt gegen die Wirkung der Explosion von Minen, die auf oder im Erdboden verlegt sind.The invention relates to a vehicle with protection against the action of a landmine, in particular an armored wheeled vehicle, for the protection of persons as well as the vehicle body in armored vehicles in total against the effect of the explosion of mines, which are laid on or in the ground.
  • Diese Fahrzeuge haben am Chassis in der Regel einen glatten Unterboden und eine möglichst hohe Bodenfreiheit zwischen Unterboden und Erdboden, die von entsprechend ausgebildeten Rad- oder Kettenfahrwerken sichergestellt wird, damit sich das Fahrzeug auch im Gelände möglichst ungehindert fortbewegen kann. Die brisante Druckwirkung der unter dem Fahrzeug explodierenden Mine wirkt auf den relativ großflächigen Fahrzeug- oder Wannenboden, verformt und beschädigt diesen und kann erhebliche Schäden im Fahrzeug verursachen.These vehicles have on the chassis usually a smooth underbody and the highest possible ground clearance between the subfloor and ground, which is ensured by appropriately trained wheel or track suspensions, so that the vehicle can move as freely as possible in the field. The explosive pressure effect of the exploding below the vehicle mine acts on the relatively large vehicle or tub floor, deformed and damaged it and can cause significant damage in the vehicle.
  • Bisher sind folgende Vorrichtungen und Prinzipien für den Minenschutz bezüglich des Wannenbodens ausgeführt worden.
    Die einfachste Vorkehrung ist die Auslegung des Wannenbodens mit einer Plattendicke, die gegen eine vorgegebene Minenansprengung sicher ist, wobei ein hohes Gewicht die Folge ist, was sich ungünstig auswirken kann.
    Eine andere Möglichkeit liegt darin, die Bodenplatte einer Wanne mittels einer Sandwichplatte, die sich aus verschiedenen übereinanderliegenden Materialien aufbaut und die gegen eine vorgegebene Minenansprengung sicher ist, aufzubauen. Schließlich kann die Bodenstruktur aus übereinanderliegenden Platten und Hohlräumen, dabei auch zum Beispiel Luftschichten, ausgebildet sein, so dass die oberste Platte keine oder nur eine geringe Aufbeulung bei einer vorgegebenen Minenansprengung aufweist.
    So far, the following devices and principles have been implemented for mine protection with respect to the bottom of the tank.
    The simplest precaution is the design of the tub floor with a plate thickness that is safe against a given mine exposure, with a high weight is the result, which may have an adverse effect.
    Another possibility is to build the bottom plate of a tub by means of a sandwich plate, which is made of different superimposed materials and which is safe against a given mine exposure. Finally, the bottom structure of superimposed plates and cavities, including, for example, air layers, be formed so that the top plate has little or no buckling at a given mine exposure.
  • Nach dem Stand der Technik sind verschiedene Vorschläge zur Vermeidung von Beschädigungen gemacht worden.In the prior art, various proposals have been made to avoid damage.
  • Aus der DE 31 19 786 ist es bekannt, zum Schutz gegen Minen auf der Unterseite des Fahrzeugs flächige Panzerungselemente anzubringen.From the DE 31 19 786 It is known to attach surface armor elements for protection against mines on the underside of the vehicle.
  • In der DE 196 31 715 A1 ist der Fahrzeugboden mit einem keilförmig zum Boden ausgebildeten Deflektor ausgerüstet, wobei der Deflektor auch mit einem Gasgenerator ausgerüstet sein kann zur Abstützung von innen und Gegenwirkung gegen die Explosion.In the DE 196 31 715 A1 the vehicle floor is equipped with a wedge-shaped deflector formed to the bottom, wherein the deflector can also be equipped with a gas generator for support from the inside and counteraction to the explosion.
  • In der DE 196 53 283 C1 wird eine Raumzelle als Besatzungsraum im Fahrzeuggehäuse separat elastisch aufgehängt, um damit auch Schockwirkungen, die von außen auf das Fahrzeug wirken, in Bezug auf die Personen im Fahrzeug zu beseitigen. Als elastische Lagerung werden Lager mit Punktberührung, mit Linienberührung und / oder Flächenberührung eingesetzt.In the DE 196 53 283 C1 a space cell is suspended separately as a crew room in the vehicle housing elastically, so as to eliminate shock effects that act on the vehicle from the outside, with respect to the persons in the vehicle. As elastic bearing bearings are used with point contact, with line contact and / or surface contact.
  • In weiteren Anmeldungen werden Verformungskörper am Fahrzeugboden angebracht, um die Druckwirkung von Minen auf das Fahrzeug zu vermindern.In other applications, deformation bodies are attached to the vehicle floor to reduce the pressure effect of mines on the vehicle.
  • In der DE 199 41 928 C2 werden Dämpfungselemente in einem Zwischenboden unter dem Fahrzeug vorgesehen, die die Minenwirkung mindern und aufnehmen sollen.In the DE 199 41 928 C2 Damping elements are provided in an intermediate floor under the vehicle, which should reduce the mine action and absorb.
  • In der DE 196 19 865 C2 wird ein straßen- und geländegeeignetes Fahrzeug, insbesondere ein militärisches Radfahrzeug, beschrieben, welches aus mehreren trennbaren Modulen besteht. Ein Grundgehäuse ist als zentrale tragende Einheit ausgebildet und nimmt den Verbrennungsmotor auf, hat Räume als Nutzlastaufnahme und dient als Fahrgastzelle. Unterhalb des Grundgehäuses ist ein Fahrschemel angebracht, der ein zwischen Motor mit Schaltgetriebe und den Rädern angeordnetes Zwischengetriebe aufnimmt.In the DE 196 19 865 C2 a road and terrain suitable vehicle, in particular a military wheeled vehicle is described, which consists of several separable modules. A basic housing is designed as a central supporting unit and takes on the engine, has spaces as a payload and serves as a passenger compartment. Below the basic housing a subframe is mounted, which receives a between the engine with gearbox and the wheels arranged intermediate gear.
  • Die US 4,031,807 A offenbart ein geländefähiges Fahrzeug, dass aus einem mittleren Chassis besteht, an dessen beiden Enden je ein sich quer und längs zur Fahrtrichtung gerichtete Achse schwenkbares Fahrgestell angeordnet sind. Zwischen diesem Chassis und den Fahrgestellen sind Steuermittel zur Steuerung der Neigung der Fahrgestelle gegenüber dem Chassis um die quer zur Fahrtrichtung gerichtete Achse vorgesehen. Im vorderen als auch im hinteren Fahrgestell ist jeweils ein Gruppenantrieb eingebunden.The US 4,031,807A discloses an off-road vehicle that consists of a middle chassis, at both ends of which are each a transversely and longitudinally directed to the direction of travel axis pivoting chassis are arranged. Between this chassis and the chassis control means are provided for controlling the inclination of the chassis relative to the chassis about the axis directed transversely to the direction of travel. In each case a group drive is integrated in the front and in the rear chassis.
  • Ein Kampffahrzeug, bei dem eine Aufteilung des Fahrzeugrumpfes aus beschusstechnischen Gründen in mehrere Teilräume vorgenommen wird, betrifft auch die DE 32 06 794 A1 . Hierbei soll der Besatzung die Möglichkeit gegeben werden, sich im Gefahrfall mit der sie umgebenen Panzerung von dem übrigen Teil des Kampffahrzeuges zu trennen. Dazu werden der Antrieb, Brennstoff, die Bewaffnung und die Munition in einen vorderen Teil des Fahrzeugrumpfes untergebracht, der zwei nach vom ragende Hohlraumfortsätze aufweist, welche eine vom Fahrzeugrumpf getrennte, den Besatzungsraum bildende Kapsel tragen. Im Gefahrfall ist ein Lösen der Kapsel vom Fahrzeugrumpf durch eine Sprengvorrichtung in den Hohlraumfortsätzen vorgesehen, wobei der Fahrzeugrumpf mittels der am Fahrzeugrumpf verbleibenden Antriebe von der getrennten Kapsel entfernt wird.A combat vehicle, in which a division of the vehicle body is made for firing reasons in several sub-areas, also applies to DE 32 06 794 A1 , Here, the crew should be given the opportunity to separate in case of danger with the surrounding armor of the remaining part of the combat vehicle. For this purpose, the drive, fuel, armament and ammunition are housed in a front part of the vehicle body, which has two protruding from the cavity projections, which carry a separate from the vehicle body, the crew compartment forming capsule. In case of danger, a detachment of the capsule from the vehicle body is provided by an explosive device in the cavity extensions, wherein the vehicle body is removed by means of the drives remaining on the vehicle body of the separate capsule.
  • Aus der nach veröffentlichten DE 102 56 918 A1 ist eine Minenschutzvorrichtung insbesondere für Radfahrzeuge bekannt, bei der aus einer detektierten Schockwelle /Körperschallwelle bzw. Blastwelle ein Detektionssignal von einer Zünd- und Auswerteeinheit erfasst wird, die an ein pyrotechnisches Trennelement angeschlossen ist und zu einer Trennung der Radbaugruppe bzw. des Rades von der Fahrzeugstruktur führt. Die pyrotechnische Trennung der Tragstruktur kann durch eine Schneidladung oder durch geeignete Ausführungen der Trennstelle mittels pyrotechnischen Trennschrauben erfolgen.From the after published DE 102 56 918 A1 a mine protection device is known, in particular for wheeled vehicles, in which a detection signal from an ignition and evaluation unit is detected from a detected shockwave / structure-borne sound wave or blast wave, which is connected to a pyrotechnic separating element and to a separation of the wheel assembly and the wheel of the vehicle structure leads. The pyrotechnic separation of the support structure can be done by a cutting charge or by suitable embodiments of the separation point by means of pyrotechnic separating screws.
  • Aufgabe der Erfindung ist es, ein gattungsgemäßes Schutzsystem auszubilden, dass eine Verbesserung der Schutzwirkung bei einfachem und robustem Aufbau für die Besatzung eines gepanzerten Fahrzeugs gewährleistet. Dabei soll nach Möglichkeit höchstmöglicher Minenschutz, primär gegen Blastminen, durch Kombination aller Schutzmöglichkeiten in einem Fahrzeugkonzept realisiert werden.The object of the invention is to provide a generic protection system that ensures an improvement in the protective effect with a simple and robust design for the crew of an armored vehicle. In doing so, the highest possible mine protection, primarily against blast mines, should be achieved by combining all protection options in a vehicle concept.
  • Diese Aufgabe wird erfindungsgemäß durch die Merkmale des Anspruchs 1 gelöst. Weitere bevorzugte Ausgestaltungen sind in den Unteransprüchen enthalten.This object is achieved by the features of claim 1. Further preferred embodiments are contained in the subclaims.
  • Erfindungsgemäß wird das Fahrzeug in mehrere Bausteine, beispielsweise drei, unterteilt, die voneinander loslösbar verbunden sind. Dieses Fahrzeug setzt sich aus einem mittlerer Baustein, dem so genannten Hauptbaustein, sowie einem Front- und Heckbaustein zusammen. Heck- und Frontteil werden an den mittleren Baustein angeflanscht oder mittels Sprengbolzen lösbar befestigt. Die Sprengbolzen werden mittels einer eingebauten Ladung gezündet und können so abgesprengt werden. Die Verbindung der Bausteine mit Sollbruchstellen aufweisenden Bolzen ist ebenfalls möglich. Die Radachsen werden so platziert, dass sie nicht unter dem Mannschaftsraum liegen.According to the invention, the vehicle is divided into a plurality of building blocks, for example three, which are detachably connected to one another. This vehicle consists of a middle module, the so-called main module, and a front and rear module together. Rear and front part are flanged to the middle module or releasably secured by means of explosive bolts. The explosive bolts are ignited by means of a built-in charge and can be blasted off. The connection of the blocks with predetermined breaking points having bolts is also possible. The wheel axles are placed so that they are not under the crew compartment.
  • Der eigentliche Mannschaftsraum wird als Kabine oder Schutzzelle in das Fahrzeuggehäuse, dem Hauptbaustein, eingehängt und schwingungsmäßig entkoppelt. Die Tragstruktur wir plastisch deformierbar gehalten und der V-förmige Unterboden wird ohne Durchbrüche wie zum Beispiel Türen aufgebaut. Es erfolgt also eine elastische Aufhängung im Dachbereich des Hauptbausteins, der aus plastisch verformbaren, Energie aufnehmenden, dünnwandigen Hohlprofilen besteht.The actual crew compartment is mounted as a cabin or protective cell in the vehicle housing, the main building block, and vibrationally decoupled. The support structure is held plastically deformable and the V-shaped subfloor is constructed without openings such as doors. So there is an elastic suspension in the roof area of the main block, which consists of plastically deformable, energy-absorbing, thin-walled hollow sections.
  • Im Frontbaustein sind neben der Vorderachse die Lenkung sowie ein Antriebsmotor untergebracht. Der Heckbaustein kann neben der Hinterachse gleichfalls einen Antriebsmotor enthalten. Dies hat den Vorteil, dass ein Frontmotor und ein Heckmotor gleichzeitig betrieben werden können, so dass ein redundanter Antrieb geschaffen und eine Restmobilität sichergestellt werden kann.The front module contains the steering system and a drive motor in addition to the front axle. The tail module may also include a drive motor in addition to the rear axle. This has the advantage that a front engine and a rear engine can be operated simultaneously, so that a redundant drive created and a residual mobility can be ensured.
  • Ein innerhalb des Hauptbausteins zwischen dem V-förmigen Boden der Tragstruktur und der (unten) abgeflachten Kabine entstehender Raum kann die Antriebswelle und / oder Kabel aufnehmen.A space arising within the main module between the V-shaped bottom of the support structure and the flattened (down) cabin may receive the drive shaft and / or cables.
  • Die Vorteile der erfindungsgemäßen Ausbildung des Fahrzeugs liegen vor allem in dem hohen Minenschutz für die Besatzung. Diese wird erreicht durch den V-formigen Boden, den Freiraum über den Rädern (beispielsweise höher angesetzte Radkästen, fehlende Radkästen), die plastisch verformbaren Hohlprofile für die Tragstruktur, das doppelwandige Wannengehäuse aus dünnem Stahlblech, einer Sicherheitszelle für die Besatzung aus dickwandigem Leichtmetall und die Ankopplung der Sicherheitszelle im Dachbereich der Tragstruktur, einzeln, zu Teilen oder in Summe.The advantages of the inventive design of the vehicle are mainly in the high mine protection for the crew. This is achieved by the V-shaped Floor, the clearance above the wheels (for example, higher mounted wheel arches, missing wheel arches), the plastically deformable hollow profiles for the support structure, the double-walled tub housing made of thin sheet steel, a security cell for the crew made of thick-walled light metal and the coupling of the safety cell in the roof area of the support structure, individually, in parts or in total.
  • Die Bausteine sind so konstruiert, dass Minensprengungen möglichst geringe schädliche Auswirkungen haben.The building blocks are designed in such a way that mine blasting has the least possible harmful effects.
  • Des Weiteren ist durch das einfache Anbringen der Kabine ein einfaches Aushängen der einen und das einfache Einhängen einer anderen Kabine möglich. Dies erleichtert ein Umrüstung der Hauptkabine in eine neue Fahrzeug-Variante.Furthermore, by simply attaching the cab, a simple unhooking of the one and the simple mounting of another cabin is possible. This facilitates a conversion of the main cabin in a new vehicle variant.
  • Weitere Vorteile ergeben sich aus den Unteransprüchen.Further advantages emerge from the subclaims.
  • Ausführungsbeispiele der Erfindung sind in den Zeichnungen schematisch dargestellt und werden im folgenden näher beschrieben. Es zeigen:
  • Figur 1:
    Seitenansicht eines Fahrzeugs
    Figur 2:
    Querschnitt einer Sicherheitszelle für die Besatzung
    Figur 3:
    Seitenansicht der aufgehängten Sicherheitszelle
    Figur 4:
    Querschnitt Sicherheitszelle mit Türprinzip
    Figur 5:
    Perspektivansicht eines Beispielfahrzeugs
    Embodiments of the invention are shown schematically in the drawings and will be described in more detail below. Show it:
    FIG. 1:
    Side view of a vehicle
    FIG. 2:
    Cross section of a security cell for the crew
    FIG. 3:
    Side view of the suspended security cell
    FIG. 4:
    Cross-section safety cell with door principle
    FIG. 5:
    Perspective view of a sample vehicle
  • Ein in Figur 1 von der Seite gezeigtes Fahrzeug 4 besitzt ein Frontbaustein 1, hier auch als Motorbaustein bezeichnet, mit einer Radachse 1a und einem Rad 1b, einen Hauptbaustein 2, hier auch als Mannschaftsraumbaustein bezeichnet, und einen Heckbaustein 3 mit einer Radachse 3a und einem Rad 3b. Die Radachsen 1a, 3a sind hierbei nicht wir üblich unter dem Mannschaftsraumbaustein 2 angeordnet. Um den Rädern 1b, 3b wird senkrecht nach oben ein Freiraum eingehalten. Motor- und Heckbaustein 1, 3 sind am Mannschaftraumbaustein 2 angeflanscht bzw. lösbar mittels skizzenhaft angedeuteten Bolzen / Sprengbolzen 4a mit diesem verbunden. Der Frontbaustein 1 weist neben einer nicht näher dargestellten Lenkung einen Antriebsmotor 1c auf. Auch im Heckbaustein 3 kann ein Antriebsmotor 3 vorgesehen werden.An in FIG. 1 Vehicle 4 shown from the side has a front module 1, here also referred to as a motor module, with a wheel axle 1a and a wheel 1b, a main module 2, also referred to here as a crew compartment module, and a rear module 3 with a wheel axle 3a and a wheel 3b. The wheel axles 1 a, 3 a are not arranged here as usual under the crew compartment module 2. Around the wheels 1b, 3b, a free space is maintained vertically upwards. Engine and Heckbaustein 1, 3 are flanged to the team room block 2 or releasably connected by means of sketchy indicated bolt / explosive bolt 4a with this. The front module 1 has a drive motor 1c in addition to a steering, not shown. Also in the tail module 3, a drive motor 3 can be provided.
  • In Figur 2 ist der Mannschaftsraumbaustein 2 im Querschnitt mit einem abgeschrägten Boden 6, welcher doppelwandig 5 ausgeführt ist, und einem Hohlprofil 7 dargestellt.In FIG. 2 is the team space module 2 in cross-section with a chamfered bottom 6, which is executed double-walled 5, and a hollow section 7.
  • Der Mannschaftsraumbaustein 2 besteht aus einem äußeren 2.1 und einem inneren Bereich 2.2. Der äußere Bereich 2.1 ist als Wanne 2.a und nach unten hin V-förmig ausgebildet. Der innere Bereich 2.2, der eigentliche Mannschaftsraum, wird durch eine Kabine oder Sicherheitszelle 9, 11 voll umschlossen und ist in den äußeren Teil, dem Gehäuseteil 10, eingehängt und an der oberen Kante des äußeren Bereichs 2.1 befestigt.The team room module 2 consists of an outer 2.1 and an inner area 2.2. The outer region 2.1 is formed as a trough 2.a and down V-shaped. The inner area 2.2, the actual crew compartment, is completely enclosed by a cabin or safety cell 9, 11 and is suspended in the outer part, the housing part 10, and fastened to the upper edge of the outer area 2.1.
  • In Figur 3 ist das Prinzip der aufgehängten Kabine 9 gezeigt, wobei diese als Sicherheitszelle 9 mittels elastischen Aufhängungen 8 in dem Gehäuseteil 10 eingehängt ist. Das Gehäuseteil 10 weist eine plastisch deformierbare Tragstruktur auf. Das Material dieser Kabine 9 ist vorzugsweise Aluminium, um Sekundärsplitter aufzufangen.In FIG. 3 the principle of the suspended cabin 9 is shown, which is mounted as a safety cell 9 by means of elastic suspensions 8 in the housing part 10. The housing part 10 has a plastically deformable support structure. The material of this cabin 9 is preferably aluminum to catch secondary splinters.
  • In Figur 4 ist eine unten spitz ausgeformte Sicherheitszelle 11 bzw. Hauptbaustein 2 in Fahrzeuglängsrichtung dargestellt. Hier ist eine Fahrzeugtür 16 in einer geöffnete Stellung 12 und einer geschlossene Stellung 14 dargestellt. Die Tür 16 wird um ein Drehlager 15 mit der Bewegungsrichtung 13 geschwenkt. Das Drehlager 15 bzw. die Scharniere der Tür 16 ist unten am Hauptbaustein 2, vorzugsweise vor der Abschrägung angebracht.In FIG. 4 is a bottom pointed security cell 11 and main module 2 shown in the vehicle longitudinal direction. Here, a vehicle door 16 in an open position 12 and a closed position 14 is shown. The door 16 is pivoted about a pivot bearing 15 with the direction of movement 13. The pivot bearing 15 and the hinges of the door 16 is attached to the bottom of the main block 2, preferably in front of the bevel.
  • In Figur 5 wird ein erfindungsgemäßes Beispielfahrzeug 4 mit den Bausteinen Frontbaustein 1, Hauptbaustein 2 und Heckbaustein 3 gezeigt.In FIG. 5 an example vehicle 4 according to the invention with the blocks front module 1, main module 2 and rear module 3 is shown.
  • Bei einer Minenexplosion trifft eine nicht näher dargestellte Mine zuerst das Rad 1b bzw. 3b, das sich lösen und nach oben wegfliegen kann (Freiraum oberhalb Räder). Dann kann der ganze Frontbaustein 1 abreißen oder sogar abgesprengt werden mittels der nicht näher dargestellten Sprengbolzen. Dabei wird die gesamte Achse 1a und der Antrieb von Fahrzeug 4 getrennt, ohne von unten in den Hauptbaustein 2 zu schlagen, da die Bausteine 1, 2, 3 vertikale Trennlinien haben. Der Restimpuls, der danach in den mittleren Hauptbaustein 2 fließt, wird durch die doppelwandige Bauweise im unteren Bereich in Verformungsenergie umgewandelt. Danach trifft der Impuls auf dünnwandige Träger im oberen Bereich, die sich zusammenstauchen. Der dann noch vorhandene Restimpuls trifft auf die elastischen Lager bzw. Aufhängung 8 am Dach der Kabine 9, 11. Dort ist der Impuls schon so lang und flach, dass mechanische Federn o.ä. eingesetzt werden können. Der Restimpuls, der über diese Federn in das Dach der Kabine 9, 11 fließt, ist weit genug gedämpft, um die Besatzung nicht mehr zu verletzen.In a mine explosion, a mine not shown first meets the wheel 1b and 3b, which can be solved and fly away upwards (clearance above wheels). Then the whole front module 1 can be torn off or even blown off by means of the explosive bolts, not shown. In this case, the entire axis 1a and the drive of vehicle 4 is separated without hitting the bottom of the main block 2, since the blocks 1, 2, 3 have vertical parting lines. The residual pulse, which then flows into the middle main module 2 is converted by the double-walled construction in the lower area in deformation energy. Thereafter, the impulse hits thin-walled carriers in the upper area, which collapse. The then remaining residual pulse hits the elastic bearings or suspension 8 on the roof of the cabin 9, 11. There, the impulse is so long and flat that mechanical springs or similar. can be used. The residual impulse that flows through these springs in the roof of the cabin 9, 11, is sufficiently muffled to no longer hurt the crew.
  • Weitere ergänzende Eigenschaften sind die V-Form der Tragstruktur, die Dickwandigkeit der Kabine, die mögliche Redundanz der Antriebs-Bausteine.Other complementary features are the V-shape of the supporting structure, the thick walls of the cabin, the possible redundancy of the drive components.
  • Es versteht sich, dass auch Front- und /oder Heckbaustein 1, 3 abgeschrägte Böden besitzen können, die dem Boden 6 des Hauptbausteins 2 entsprechen.It is understood that front and / or rear building block 1, 3 may have beveled floors that correspond to the bottom 6 of the main block 2.
  • BezugszeichenlisteLIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS
  • 11
    Front- bzw. MotorbausteinFront or engine block
    1a1a
    Radachsewheel axle
    1b1b
    Radwheel
    22
    Hauptbaustein, Mannschaftsraum- BausteinMain building block, team room building block
    2.12.1
    äußerer Bereichouter area
    2.22.2
    innerer Bereichinner area
    2.a2.a
    Wannetub
    33
    HeckbausteinHeck block
    3a3a
    Radachsewheel axle
    3b3b
    Radwheel
    44
    Fahrzeugvehicle
    4.a4.a
    Bolzen / SprengbolzenBolt / explosive bolt
    55
    doppelwandiger Bodendouble-walled floor
    66
    abgeschrägter Bodenbevelled floor
    77
    Hohlprofilhollow profile
    88th
    elastische Aufhängungelastic suspension
    99
    Sicherheitszellesafety cell
    1010
    Gehäuseteilhousing part
    1111
    Sicherheitszellesafety cell
    1212
    Tür - geschlossenDoor closed
    1313
    Bewegungsrichtungmovement direction
    1414
    Tür - geöffnetDoor opened
    1515
    Drehlagerpivot bearing
    1616
    Türdoor

Claims (15)

  1. Vehicle (4) for protection against the effect of a land mine, in particular an armoured wheeled vehicle, comprising a plurality of modules (1, 2, 3) by splitting and subdivision of the vehicle (4), wherein
    - the modules comprise at least one main module (3), a front module (1) and a rear module (2), which
    - are detachably connected to one another via means (4a),
    - the front module (1) and the rear module (3) are attached to the main module (2) at the front or rear, the wheel axles (1a, 3a) of the vehicle (4) are placed such that they are not located under the main module (2),
    characterized in that the modules (1, 2, 3) have vertical separating lines and
    the means (4a) are bolts which have weak points and/or explosive bolts which can be detonated and blown off by means of built-in charge.
  2. Vehicle according to Claim 1, characterized in that a free space is included vertically above the wheels (1b, 3b) and the wheel axles (1a, 3a), as a result of which the wheel (1b, 3b) can fly away upwards in the event of a mine explosion.
  3. Vehicle according to Claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the front module (1) contains the front axle (1a) and the steering.
  4. Vehicle according to Claim 3, characterized in that the front module (1) contains a drive motor (1c).
  5. Vehicle according to one of Claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the rear module (3) contains the rear axle (3a).
  6. Vehicle according to Claim 5, characterized in that the rear module (3) contains a drive motor (3c).
  7. Vehicle according to one of Claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the main module (2) has a V-shaped lower floor (6).
  8. Vehicle according to one of Claims 1 to 7, characterized in that a hull housing (2a) of the main module (2) has double walls and is composed of thin sheet steel.
  9. Vehicle according Claim 8, characterized in that the hull housing (2a) is formed from hollow profiles (7).
  10. Vehicle according to one of the abovementioned claims, characterized in that the main module (2) is provided with doors (16) which are folded down in the open position (12) and can be used as a stepping aid.
  11. Vehicle according to one of the abovementioned claims 1 to 10, characterized in that the main module contains a cab and/or a protective compartment (9, 11) which is suspended in the housing part (10) and is decoupled in terms of vibration by means of elastic suspensions (8).
  12. Vehicle according to Claim 11, characterized in that the cab (9, 11) is composed of thick-walled, tough material, such as aluminium.
  13. Vehicle according to one of Claims 11 or 12, characterized in that a space for the drive shaft or for cables is formed within the main module (2), between the V-shaped floor (6) of the supporting structure and the cab (9, 11) which is flattened at the bottom.
  14. Vehicle according to Claim 11, characterized in that the housing part (10) has a plastically deformable supporting structure.
  15. Vehicle according to one of Claims 11 to 14, characterized in that the vehicle can be converted to a new vehicle version simply by unhooking the cab (9, 11) and hooking in a different cab (9, 11).
EP04029760A 2004-02-11 2004-12-16 Vehicle with land mine protection Active EP1564519B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102004006819A DE102004006819B4 (en) 2004-02-11 2004-02-11 Vehicle with protection against the action of a landmine
DE102004006819 2004-02-11

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1564519A1 EP1564519A1 (en) 2005-08-17
EP1564519B1 true EP1564519B1 (en) 2010-02-17

Family

ID=34684014

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP04029760A Active EP1564519B1 (en) 2004-02-11 2004-12-16 Vehicle with land mine protection

Country Status (5)

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US (1) US7594561B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1564519B1 (en)
AT (1) AT458176T (en)
DE (2) DE102004006819B4 (en)
ES (1) ES2339446T3 (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE102004006819B4 (en) 2007-01-04
ES2339446T3 (en) 2010-05-20
DE102004006819A1 (en) 2005-09-08
DE502004010766D1 (en) 2010-04-01
EP1564519A1 (en) 2005-08-17
US20050257679A1 (en) 2005-11-24
AT458176T (en) 2010-03-15
US7594561B2 (en) 2009-09-29

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